133 relations: Acute (medicine), Alcohol (drug), Amniotic fluid embolism, Amputation, Anemia, Aneurysm, Angina, Angiography, Anticoagulant, Aorta, Apoptosis, Arteriotomy, Arteriovenous malformation, Artery, Atherosclerosis, Atrial fibrillation, Autolysis (biology), Biochimica et Biophysica Acta, Bleeding, Blood, Blood vessel, Brachial plexus, Brain, Brain ischemia, Cardiac muscle, Cardiomyopathy, Carotid artery, Catheter, Cell membrane, Chronic condition, Circulatory system, Cold compression therapy, Compression (physics), Coronary arteries, Coronary artery disease, Cyanosis, Dementia, Depressant, Dissection (medical), Embolectomy, Embolism, Embolization, Embolus, Enzyme, Femoral artery, Foot drop, Frostbite, G-force, Gangrene, Glutamate receptor, ..., Greek language, Heart, Heart arrhythmia, Heparin, Hypoglycemia, Hypotension, Hypoxia (medical), Iatrogenesis, Infarction, Inflammation, Infusion, Inhibitor protein, Injury, Ischemia, Ischemia-reperfusion injury of the appendicular musculoskeletal system, Ischemic cascade, Ischemic colitis, Kidney, Large intestine, Lumen (anatomy), Macrophage, Mesenteric ischemia, Metabolic waste, Metabolism, Mitochondrion, Mitral insufficiency, Mottle, Myocardial infarction, Necrosis, Neoplasm, Nerve, Nerve injury, Nonprofit organization, Nutrient, Opioid, Organ (anatomy), Oxford English Dictionary, Oxygen, Pain, Pallor, Paralysis, Paresthesia, Perfusion, Peripheral artery disease, Peripheral neuropathy, Poikilotherm, Prosthesis, Proteolysis, Pulmonary embolism, Pulse, Radiation therapy, Radical (chemistry), Reactive oxygen species, Red blood cell, Renal ischemia, Reperfusion injury, Revascularization, Septic shock, Shearing (physics), Sickle cell disease, Streptokinase, Stroke, Superior mesenteric artery syndrome, Tachycardia, Thoracic outlet syndrome, Thrombolysis, Thrombosis, Thrombus, Tissue (biology), Tissue plasminogen activator, Tourniquet, Transient ischemic attack, Trauma triad of death, Unconsciousness, Urokinase, Vascular dementia, Vascular disease, Vascular occlusion, Vascular surgery, Vasoconstriction, Vein, Venous thrombosis, Wound. Expand index (83 more) » « Shrink index
In medicine, describing a disease as acute denotes that it is of short duration and, as a corollary of that, of recent onset.
Alcohol, also known by its chemical name ethanol, is a psychoactive substance or drug that is the active ingredient in alcoholic beverages such as beer, wine, and distilled spirits (hard liquor).
An amniotic fluid embolism (AFE) is a rare childbirth (obstetric) emergency in which amniotic fluid, enters the blood stream of the mother to trigger a serious reaction.
Amputation is the removal of a limb by trauma, medical illness, or surgery.
Anemia is a decrease in the total amount of red blood cells (RBCs) or hemoglobin in the blood, or a lowered ability of the blood to carry oxygen.
An aneurysm is a localized, abnormal, weak spot on a blood vessel wall that causes an outward bulging, likened to a bubble or balloon.
Angina, also known as angina pectoris, is chest pain or pressure, usually due to not enough blood flow to the heart muscle.
Angiography or arteriography is a medical imaging technique used to visualize the inside, or lumen, of blood vessels and organs of the body, with particular interest in the arteries, veins and the heart chambers.
Anticoagulants, commonly referred to as blood thinners, are chemical substances that prevent or reduce coagulation of blood, prolonging the clotting time.
The aorta is the main artery in the human body, originating from the left ventricle of the heart and extending down to the abdomen, where it splits into two smaller arteries (the common iliac arteries).
Apoptosis (from Ancient Greek ἀπόπτωσις "falling off") is a process of programmed cell death that occurs in multicellular organisms.
Arteriotomy (or arterotomy) is a medical term for an opening or cut of an artery wall.
Arteriovenous malformation (AVM) is an abnormal connection between arteries and veins, bypassing the capillary system.
An artery (plural arteries) is a blood vessel that takes blood away from the heart to all parts of the body (tissues, lungs, etc).
Atherosclerosis is a disease in which the inside of an artery narrows due to the build up of plaque.
Atrial fibrillation (AF or A-fib) is an abnormal heart rhythm characterized by rapid and irregular beating of the atria.
In biology, autolysis, more commonly known as self-digestion, refers to the destruction of a cell through the action of its own enzymes.
Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) is a peer-reviewed scientific journal in the field of biochemistry and biophysics that was established in 1947.
Bleeding, also known as hemorrhaging or haemorrhaging, is blood escaping from the circulatory system.
Blood is a body fluid in humans and other animals that delivers necessary substances such as nutrients and oxygen to the cells and transports metabolic waste products away from those same cells.
The blood vessels are the part of the circulatory system, and microcirculation, that transports blood throughout the human body.
The brachial plexus is a network of nerves formed by the anterior rami of the lower four cervical nerves and first thoracic nerve (C5, C6, C7, C8, and T1).
The brain is an organ that serves as the center of the nervous system in all vertebrate and most invertebrate animals.
Brain ischemia (a.k.a. cerebral ischemia, cerebrovascular ischemia) is a condition in which there is insufficient blood flow to the brain to meet metabolic demand.
Cardiac muscle (heart muscle) is one of the three major types of muscle, the others being skeletal and smooth muscle.
Cardiomyopathy is a group of diseases that affect the heart muscle.
Carotid artery may refer to.
In medicine, a catheter is a thin tube made from medical grade materials serving a broad range of functions.
The cell membrane (also known as the plasma membrane or cytoplasmic membrane, and historically referred to as the plasmalemma) is a biological membrane that separates the interior of all cells from the outside environment (the extracellular space).
A chronic condition is a human health condition or disease that is persistent or otherwise long-lasting in its effects or a disease that comes with time.
The circulatory system, also called the cardiovascular system or the vascular system, is an organ system that permits blood to circulate and transport nutrients (such as amino acids and electrolytes), oxygen, carbon dioxide, hormones, and blood cells to and from the cells in the body to provide nourishment and help in fighting diseases, stabilize temperature and pH, and maintain homeostasis.
Cold compression therapy, also known as hilotherapy, combines two of the principles of rest, ice, compression, elevation to reduce pain and swelling from a sports or activity injury to soft tissues and recommended by orthopedic surgeons following surgery.
In mechanics, compression is the application of balanced inward ("pushing") forces to different points on a material or structure, that is, forces with no net sum or torque directed so as to reduce its size in one or more directions.
The coronary arteries are the arteries of the coronary circulation that transport blood into and out of the cardiac muscle.
Coronary artery disease (CAD), also known as ischemic heart disease (IHD), refers to a group of diseases which includes stable angina, unstable angina, myocardial infarction, and sudden cardiac death.
Cyanosis is defined as the bluish or purplish discolouration of the skin or mucous membranes due to the tissues near the skin surface having low oxygen saturation.
Dementia is a broad category of brain diseases that cause a long-term and often gradual decrease in the ability to think and remember that is great enough to affect a person's daily functioning.
A depressant, or central depressant, is a drug that lowers neurotransmission levels, which is to depress or reduce arousal or stimulation, in various areas of the brain.
In medical pathology, a dissection is a tear within the wall of a blood vessel, which allows blood to separate the wall layers.
Embolectomy is the emergency surgical removal of emboli which are blocking blood circulation.
An embolism is the lodging of an embolus, a blockage-causing piece of material, inside a blood vessel.
Embolization or embolisation refers to the passage and lodging of an embolus within the bloodstream.
An embolus (plural emboli; from the Greek ἔμβολος "wedge", "plug") is an unattached mass that travels through the bloodstream and is capable of clogging arterial capillary beds (create an arterial occlusion) at a site distant from its point of origin.
Enzymes are macromolecular biological catalysts.
The femoral artery is a large artery in the thigh and the main arterial supply to the leg.
Foot drop is a gait abnormality in which the dropping of the forefoot happens due to weakness, irritation or damage to the common fibular nerve including the sciatic nerve, or paralysis of the muscles in the anterior portion of the lower leg.
Frostbite occurs when exposure to low temperatures causes freezing of the skin or other tissues.
The gravitational force, or more commonly, g-force, is a measurement of the type of acceleration that causes a perception of weight.
Gangrene is a type of tissue death caused by a lack of blood supply.
Glutamate receptors are synaptic and non synaptic receptors located primarily on the membranes of neuronal and glial cells.
Greek (Modern Greek: ελληνικά, elliniká, "Greek", ελληνική γλώσσα, ellinikí glóssa, "Greek language") is an independent branch of the Indo-European family of languages, native to Greece and other parts of the Eastern Mediterranean and the Black Sea.
The heart is a muscular organ in most animals, which pumps blood through the blood vessels of the circulatory system.
Heart arrhythmia (also known as arrhythmia, dysrhythmia, or irregular heartbeat) is a group of conditions in which the heartbeat is irregular, too fast, or too slow.
Heparin, also known as unfractionated heparin (UFH), is medication which is used as an anticoagulant (blood thinner).
Hypoglycemia, also known as low blood sugar, is when blood sugar decreases to below normal levels.
Hypotension is low blood pressure, especially in the arteries of the systemic circulation.
Hypoxia is a condition in which the body or a region of the body is deprived of adequate oxygen supply at the tissue level.
Iatrogenesis (from the Greek for "brought forth by the healer") refers to any effect on a person resulting from any activity of one or more persons acting as healthcare professionals or promoting products or services as beneficial to health that does not support a goal of the person affected.
Infarction is tissue death (necrosis) due to inadequate blood supply to the affected area.
Inflammation (from inflammatio) is part of the complex biological response of body tissues to harmful stimuli, such as pathogens, damaged cells, or irritants, and is a protective response involving immune cells, blood vessels, and molecular mediators.
Infusion is the process of extracting chemical compounds or flavors from plant material in a solvent such as water, oil or alcohol, by allowing the material to remain suspended in the solvent over time (a process often called steeping).
The inhibitor protein (IP) is situated in the mitochondrial matrix and protects the cell against rapid ATP hydrolysis during momentary ischaemia.
Injury, also known as physical trauma, is damage to the body caused by external force.
Ischemia or ischaemia is a restriction in blood supply to tissues, causing a shortage of oxygen that is needed for cellular metabolism (to keep tissue alive).
Ischemia-reperfusion (IR) tissue injury is the resultant pathology from a combination of factors, including tissue hypoxia, followed by tissue damage associated with re-oxygenation.
The ischemic (ischaemic) cascade is a series of biochemical reactions that are initiated in the brain and other aerobic tissues after seconds to minutes of ischemia (inadequate blood supply).
Ischemic colitis (also spelled ischaemic colitis) is a medical condition in which inflammation and injury of the large intestine result from inadequate blood supply.
The kidneys are two bean-shaped organs present in left and right sides of the body in vertebrates.
The large intestine, also known as the large bowel or colon, is the last part of the gastrointestinal tract and of the digestive system in vertebrates.
In biology, a lumen (plural lumina) is the inside space of a tubular structure, such as an artery or intestine.
Macrophages (big eaters, from Greek μακρός (makrós).
Mesenteric ischemia is a medical condition in which injury of the small intestine occurs due to not enough blood supply.
Metabolic wastes or excretes are substances left over from metabolic processes (such as cellular respiration) which cannot be used by the organism (they are surplus or toxic), and must therefore be excreted.
Metabolism (from μεταβολή metabolē, "change") is the set of life-sustaining chemical transformations within the cells of organisms.
The mitochondrion (plural mitochondria) is a double-membrane-bound organelle found in most eukaryotic organisms.
Mitral insufficiency (MI), mitral regurgitation or mitral incompetence is a disorder of the heart in which the mitral valve does not close properly when the heart pumps out blood.
Mottle is a pattern of irregular marks, spots, streaks, blotches or patches of different shades or colours.
Myocardial infarction (MI), commonly known as a heart attack, occurs when blood flow decreases or stops to a part of the heart, causing damage to the heart muscle.
Necrosis (from the Greek νέκρωσις "death, the stage of dying, the act of killing" from νεκρός "dead") is a form of cell injury which results in the premature death of cells in living tissue by autolysis.
Neoplasia is a type of abnormal and excessive growth of tissue.
A nerve is an enclosed, cable-like bundle of axons (nerve fibers, the long and slender projections of neurons) in the peripheral nervous system.
Nerve injury is injury to nervous tissue.
A non-profit organization (NPO), also known as a non-business entity or non-profit institution, is dedicated to furthering a particular social cause or advocating for a shared point of view.
A nutrient is a substance used by an organism to survive, grow, and reproduce.
Opioids are substances that act on opioid receptors to produce morphine-like effects.
Organs are collections of tissues with similar functions.
The Oxford English Dictionary (OED) is the main historical dictionary of the English language, published by the Oxford University Press.
Oxygen is a chemical element with symbol O and atomic number 8.
Pain is a distressing feeling often caused by intense or damaging stimuli.
Pallor is a pale color of the skin that can be caused by illness, emotional shock or stress, stimulant use, or anemia, and is the result of a reduced amount of oxyhaemoglobin and is visible in skin conjuctivae or mucous membrane.
Paralysis is a loss of muscle function for one or more muscles.
Paresthesia is an abnormal sensation such as tingling, tickling, pricking, numbness or burning of a person's skin with no apparent physical cause.
Perfusion is the passage of fluid through the circulatory system or lymphatic system to an organ or a tissue, usually referring to the delivery of blood to a capillary bed in tissue.
Peripheral artery disease (PAD) is a narrowing of the arteries other than those that supply the heart or the brain.
Peripheral neuropathy (PN) is damage to or disease affecting nerves, which may impair sensation, movement, gland or organ function, or other aspects of health, depending on the type of nerve affected.
A poikilotherm is an animal whose internal temperature varies considerably.
In medicine, a prosthesis (plural: prostheses; from Ancient Greek prosthesis, "addition, application, attachment") is an artificial device that replaces a missing body part, which may be lost through trauma, disease, or congenital conditions.
Proteolysis is the breakdown of proteins into smaller polypeptides or amino acids.
Pulmonary embolism (PE) is a blockage of an artery in the lungs by a substance that has moved from elsewhere in the body through the bloodstream (embolism).
In medicine, a pulse represents the tactile arterial palpation of the heartbeat by trained fingertips.
Radiation therapy or radiotherapy, often abbreviated RT, RTx, or XRT, is therapy using ionizing radiation, generally as part of cancer treatment to control or kill malignant cells and normally delivered by a linear accelerator.
In chemistry, a radical (more precisely, a free radical) is an atom, molecule, or ion that has an unpaired valence electron.
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are chemically reactive chemical species containing oxygen.
Red blood cells-- also known as RBCs, red cells, red blood corpuscles, haematids, erythroid cells or erythrocytes (from Greek erythros for "red" and kytos for "hollow vessel", with -cyte translated as "cell" in modern usage), are the most common type of blood cell and the vertebrate's principal means of delivering oxygen (O2) to the body tissues—via blood flow through the circulatory system.
Renal ischemia also known asnephric ischaemia, is the deficiency of blood in one or both kidneys or nephrons, usually due to functional constriction or actual obstruction of a blood vessel.
Reperfusion injury or reperfusion insult, sometimes called ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) or reoxygenation injury, is the tissue damage caused when blood supply returns to tissue (re- + perfusion) after a period of ischemia or lack of oxygen (anoxia or hypoxia).
In medical and surgical therapy, revascularization is the restoration of perfusion to a body part or organ that has suffered ischemia.
Septic shock is a serious medical condition that occurs when sepsis, which is organ injury or damage in response to infection, leads to dangerously low blood pressure and abnormalities in cellular metabolism.
Shearing in continuum mechanics refers to the occurrence of a shear strain, which is a deformation of a material substance in which parallel internal surfaces slide past one another.
Sickle cell disease (SCD) is a group of blood disorders typically inherited from a person's parents.
Streptokinase (SK) is a thrombolytic medication and enzyme.
A stroke is a medical condition in which poor blood flow to the brain results in cell death.
Superior mesenteric artery (SMA) syndrome is a gastro-vascular disorder in which the third and final portion of the duodenum is compressed between the abdominal aorta (AA) and the overlying superior mesenteric artery.
Tachycardia, also called tachyarrhythmia, is a heart rate that exceeds the normal resting rate.
Thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS) is a condition in which there is compression of the nerves, arteries, or veins in the passageway from the lower neck to the armpit.
Thrombolysis is the breakdown (lysis) of blood clots formed in blood vessels, using medication.
Thrombosis (from Ancient Greek θρόμβωσις thrómbōsis "clotting”) is the formation of a blood clot inside a blood vessel, obstructing the flow of blood through the circulatory system.
A thrombus, colloquially called a blood clot, is the final product of the blood coagulation step in hemostasis.
In biology, tissue is a cellular organizational level between cells and a complete organ.
Tissue plasminogen activator (abbreviated tPA or PLAT) is a protein involved in the breakdown of blood clots.
A tourniquet can be defined as a constricting or compressing device used to control arterial and venous blood flow to a portion of an extremity for a period of time.
A transient ischemic attack (TIA) is a brief episode of neurological dysfunction caused by loss of blood flow (ischemia) in the brain, spinal cord, or retina, without tissue death (infarction).
The trauma triad of death is a medical term describing the combination of hypothermia, acidosis and coagulopathy.
Unconsciousness is a state which occurs when the ability to maintain an awareness of self and environment is lost.
Urokinase, also known as urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA), is a serine protease present in humans and other animals.
Vascular dementia, also known as multi-infarct dementia (MID) and vascular cognitive impairment (VCI), is dementia caused by problems in the supply of blood to the brain, typically a series of minor strokes, leading to worsening cognitive decline that occurs step by step.
Vascular disease is a class of diseases of the blood vessels – the arteries and veins of the circulatory system of the body.
Vascular occlusion is a blockage of a blood vessel, usually with a clot.
Vascular surgery is a surgical subspecialty in which diseases of the vascular system, or arteries, veins and lymphatic circulation, are managed by medical therapy, minimally-invasive catheter procedures, and surgical reconstruction.
Vasoconstriction is the narrowing of the blood vessels resulting from contraction of the muscular wall of the vessels, in particular the large arteries and small arterioles.
Veins are blood vessels that carry blood toward the heart.
A venous thrombus is a blood clot (thrombus) that forms within a vein.
A wound is a type of injury which happens relatively quickly in which skin is torn, cut, or punctured (an open wound), or where blunt force trauma causes a contusion (a closed wound).
Acute arterial ischemic disorder, Cardiac ischemia, Cold ischemia, Eskemic, Heart ischemia, Intermittent blood supply, Ischaemia, Ischaemic, Ischemic, Ischemic damage, Ischemic fiber degeneration, Ischemic injury, Ischæmia, Non-ischemic, Nonischemic, Peripheral ischaemia, Vascular obstruction, Warm ischemia.