70 relations: Abdominal pain, Abscess, Analgesic, Antibiotic, Antihypotensive agent, Atrial fibrillation, Bacteria, Biopsy, Bleeding, Bowel obstruction, Bowel resection, Brain, Cardiomyopathy, Cocaine, Colitis, Colonoscopy, Colorectal cancer, CT scan, Dehydration, Diverticulosis, Edema, Endoscopy, Ergotamine, Esophageal dilatation, Fever, Gangrene, Gastrointestinal perforation, H&E stain, Heart, Human, Hypotension, Ileus, Infection, Inferior mesenteric artery, Inflammatory bowel disease, Intensive care medicine, Internal iliac artery, Intravenous therapy, Ischemia, Laparotomy, Leukocytosis, Lower gastrointestinal bleeding, Lumen (anatomy), Marginal artery of the colon, Mesenteric ischemia, Metabolic acidosis, Micrograph, Motility, Myocardial infarction, Nasogastric intubation, ..., Necrosis, Peptic ulcer disease, Peripheral artery disease, Physical examination, Preventive healthcare, Rectum, Reperfusion injury, Self-expandable metallic stent, Sepsis, Shock (circulatory), Sigmoidoscopy, Small intestine, Stenosis, Stent, Superior mesenteric artery, Surgery, Tachycardia, Thrombus, Vasoconstriction, X-ray. Expand index (20 more) » « Shrink index
Abdominal pain, also known as a stomach ache, is a symptom associated with both non-serious and serious medical issues.
An abscess is a collection of pus that has built up within the tissue of the body.
An analgesic or painkiller is any member of the group of drugs used to achieve analgesia, relief from pain.
An antibiotic (from ancient Greek αντιβιοτικά, antibiotiká), also called an antibacterial, is a type of antimicrobial drug used in the treatment and prevention of bacterial infections.
An antihypotensive agent, also known as a vasopressor agent or pressor, is any medication that tends to raise reduced blood pressure.
Atrial fibrillation (AF or A-fib) is an abnormal heart rhythm characterized by rapid and irregular beating of the atria.
Bacteria (common noun bacteria, singular bacterium) is a type of biological cell.
A biopsy is a medical test commonly performed by a surgeon, interventional radiologist, or an interventional cardiologist involving extraction of sample cells or tissues for examination to determine the presence or extent of a disease.
Bleeding, also known as hemorrhaging or haemorrhaging, is blood escaping from the circulatory system.
Bowel obstruction, also known as intestinal obstruction, is a mechanical or functional obstruction of the intestines which prevents the normal movement of the products of digestion.
A bowel resection or enterectomy (enter- + -ectomy) is a surgical procedure in which a part of an intestine (bowel) is removed, from either the small intestine or large intestine.
The brain is an organ that serves as the center of the nervous system in all vertebrate and most invertebrate animals.
Cardiomyopathy is a group of diseases that affect the heart muscle.
Cocaine, also known as coke, is a strong stimulant mostly used as a recreational drug.
Colitis is an inflammation of the colon.
Colonoscopy or coloscopy is the endoscopic examination of the large bowel and the distal part of the small bowel with a CCD camera or a fiber optic camera on a flexible tube passed through the anus.
Colorectal cancer (CRC), also known as bowel cancer and colon cancer, is the development of cancer from the colon or rectum (parts of the large intestine).
A CT scan, also known as computed tomography scan, makes use of computer-processed combinations of many X-ray measurements taken from different angles to produce cross-sectional (tomographic) images (virtual "slices") of specific areas of a scanned object, allowing the user to see inside the object without cutting.
In physiology, dehydration is a deficit of total body water, with an accompanying disruption of metabolic processes.
Diverticulosis is the condition of having multiple pouches (diverticula) in the colon that are not inflamed.
Edema, also spelled oedema or œdema, is an abnormal accumulation of fluid in the interstitium, located beneath the skin and in the cavities of the body, which can cause severe pain.
An endoscopy (looking inside) is used in medicine to look inside the body.
Ergotamine is an ergopeptine and part of the ergot family of alkaloids; it is structurally and biochemically closely related to ergoline.
Esophageal dilatation is a therapeutic endoscopic procedure that enlarges the lumen of the esophagus.
Fever, also known as pyrexia and febrile response, is defined as having a temperature above the normal range due to an increase in the body's temperature set-point.
Gangrene is a type of tissue death caused by a lack of blood supply.
Gastrointestinal perforation, also known as ruptured bowel, is a hole in the wall of part of the gastrointestinal tract.
Hematoxylin and eosin stain or haematoxylin and eosin stain (H&E stain or HE stain) is one of the principal stains in histology.
The heart is a muscular organ in most animals, which pumps blood through the blood vessels of the circulatory system.
Humans (taxonomically Homo sapiens) are the only extant members of the subtribe Hominina.
Hypotension is low blood pressure, especially in the arteries of the systemic circulation.
Ileus is a disruption of the normal propulsive ability of the gastrointestinal tract.
Infection is the invasion of an organism's body tissues by disease-causing agents, their multiplication, and the reaction of host tissues to the infectious agents and the toxins they produce.
In human anatomy, the inferior mesenteric artery, often abbreviated as IMA, is the third main branch of the abdominal aorta and arises at the level of L3, supplying the large intestine from the left colic (or splenic) flexure to the upper part of the rectum, which includes the descending colon, the sigmoid colon, and part of the rectum.
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a group of inflammatory conditions of the colon and small intestine.
Intensive care medicine, or critical care medicine, is a branch of medicine concerned with the diagnosis and management of life-threatening conditions that may require sophisticated life support and monitoring.
The internal iliac artery (formerly known as the hypogastric artery) is the main artery of the pelvis.
Intravenous therapy (IV) is a therapy that delivers liquid substances directly into a vein (intra- + ven- + -ous).
Ischemia or ischaemia is a restriction in blood supply to tissues, causing a shortage of oxygen that is needed for cellular metabolism (to keep tissue alive).
A laparotomy is a surgical procedure involving a large incision through the abdominal wall to gain access into the abdominal cavity.
Leukocytosis is white cells (the leukocyte count) above the normal range in the blood.
Lower gastrointestinal bleeding, commonly abbreviated LGIB, is any form of gastrointestinal bleeding in the lower gastrointestinal tract.
In biology, a lumen (plural lumina) is the inside space of a tubular structure, such as an artery or intestine.
In human anatomy, the marginal artery of the colon, also known as the marginal artery of Drummond and artery of Drummond is an artery that connects the inferior mesenteric artery with the superior mesenteric artery.
Mesenteric ischemia is a medical condition in which injury of the small intestine occurs due to not enough blood supply.
Metabolic acidosis is a condition that occurs when the body produces excessive quantities of acid or when the kidneys are not removing enough acid from the body.
A micrograph or photomicrograph is a photograph or digital image taken through a microscope or similar device to show a magnified image of an item.
Motility is the ability of an organism to move independently, using metabolic energy.
Myocardial infarction (MI), commonly known as a heart attack, occurs when blood flow decreases or stops to a part of the heart, causing damage to the heart muscle.
Nasogastric intubation is a medical process involving the insertion of a plastic tube (nasogastric tube or NG tube) through the nose, past the throat, and down into the stomach.
Necrosis (from the Greek νέκρωσις "death, the stage of dying, the act of killing" from νεκρός "dead") is a form of cell injury which results in the premature death of cells in living tissue by autolysis.
Peptic ulcer disease (PUD) is a break in the lining of the stomach, first part of the small intestine or occasionally the lower esophagus.
Peripheral artery disease (PAD) is a narrowing of the arteries other than those that supply the heart or the brain.
A physical examination, medical examination, or clinical examination (more popularly known as a check-up) is the process by which a medical professional investigates the body of a patient for signs of disease.
Preventive healthcare (alternately preventive medicine, preventative healthcare/medicine, or prophylaxis) consists of measures taken for disease prevention, as opposed to disease treatment.
The rectum is the final straight portion of the large intestine in humans and some other mammals, and the gut in others.
Reperfusion injury or reperfusion insult, sometimes called ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) or reoxygenation injury, is the tissue damage caused when blood supply returns to tissue (re- + perfusion) after a period of ischemia or lack of oxygen (anoxia or hypoxia).
A self-expandable metallic stent (or SEMS) is a metallic tube, or stent, used in order to hold open a structure in the gastrointestinal tract in order to allow the passage of food, chyme, stool, or other secretions required for digestion.
Sepsis is a life-threatening condition that arises when the body's response to infection causes injury to its own tissues and organs.
Shock is the state of low blood perfusion to tissues resulting in cellular injury and inadequate tissue function.
Sigmoidoscopy (from the Greek term for letter "s/ς" + "eidos" + "scopy": namely, to look inside an "s"/"ς"-like object) is the minimally invasive medical examination of the large intestine from the rectum through the nearest part of the colon, the sigmoid colon.
The small intestine or small bowel is the part of the gastrointestinal tract between the stomach and the large intestine, and is where most of the end absorption of food takes place.
A stenosis is an abnormal narrowing in a blood vessel or other tubular organ or structure.
In medicine, a stent is a metal or plastic tube inserted into the lumen of an anatomic vessel or duct to keep the passageway open, and stenting is the placement of a stent.
In human anatomy, the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) arises from the anterior surface of the abdominal aorta, just inferior to the origin of the celiac trunk, and supplies the intestine from the lower part of the duodenum through two-thirds of the transverse colon, as well as the pancreas.
Surgery (from the χειρουργική cheirourgikē (composed of χείρ, "hand", and ἔργον, "work"), via chirurgiae, meaning "hand work") is a medical specialty that uses operative manual and instrumental techniques on a patient to investigate or treat a pathological condition such as a disease or injury, to help improve bodily function or appearance or to repair unwanted ruptured areas.
Tachycardia, also called tachyarrhythmia, is a heart rate that exceeds the normal resting rate.
A thrombus, colloquially called a blood clot, is the final product of the blood coagulation step in hemostasis.
Vasoconstriction is the narrowing of the blood vessels resulting from contraction of the muscular wall of the vessels, in particular the large arteries and small arterioles.
X-rays make up X-radiation, a form of electromagnetic radiation.