318 relations: Abbas I of Persia, Abd-ol-Ghaffar Amilakhori, Abdolali Changiz, Abu Nu`aym, Achaemenid Empire, Adab High School, Adib Boroumand, AFC Champions League, AFC Futsal Club Championship, Afsharid dynasty, Agha Mohammad Khan Qajar, Agha Nour mosque, Ahmad Amir-Ahmadi, Al-Rashid Mausoleum, Alam's House, Alexander the Great, Ali minaret, Ali Reza Eftekhari, Amin's House, Amina Bint al-Majlisi, Archaeology, Armenia, Armenians, Arsalan Kazemi, Arthur Upham Pope, Artifact (archaeology), Asghar Farhadi, Ālī Qāpū, Baalbek, Baalbek-Hermel Governorate, Baba Ghassem Mausoleum, Babylonian captivity, Baden-Württemberg, Bagh-e-Ghoushkhane minaret, Bahāʾ al-dīn al-ʿĀmilī, Bahman Farmanara, Bakhsh, Barcelona, Bedkhem Church, Benazir Bhutto, Birds Garden of Isfahan, Bogdan Saltanov, Borkhar County, Bronze Age, Buyid dynasty, Capital Governorate (Kuwait), Capitals of Persia, Caucasus, Central Bank of the Islamic Republic of Iran, Central District (Isfahan County), ..., Chaharbagh School, Chaharbagh, Isfahan, Chehel Dokhtaran minaret, Chehel Sotoun, China, Circassians, Constantine II of Kakheti, Constantinople, Council of the Islamic Revolution, Counties of Iran, Cuba, Cyrus the Great, Dagestan, Dakar, Dakar Region, Dardasht minarets, Dariush Forouhar, Darozziafe minarets, Darugha, David II of Kakheti, Desert climate, Direct reduced iron, Ehsan Hajsafi, Elam, Emamzadeh Ahmad, Emamzadeh Esmaeil and Isaiah mausoleum, Emamzadeh Haroun-e-Velayat, Emamzadeh Jafar, Isfahan, Emamzadeh Shah Zeyd, Esfahan Steel Company, Falavarjan County, Fath-Ali Shah Qajar, Fire temple, Fire temple of Isfahan, Florence, Flower Garden of Isfahan, Freiburg im Breisgau, Freydoon Rassouli, Geography (Ptolemy), George Bournoutian, Georgia (country), Georgian language, Georgian Orthodox Church, Georgians, Germany, Ghasem Haddadifar, Giti Pasand Isfahan FSC, Grand Bazaar, Isfahan, Greater Isfahan Region, Gyeongju, Hakim Mosque, Isfahan, Hamadan, Hamid Mosadegh, Harati High School, Hasht Behesht, Hassan Kassai, Hassan Shamaizadeh, Hatef Esfahani, Havana, Hellenistic period, Homayoun Ershadi, Hossein Fatemi, Hossein Kharrazi, Houshang Golshiri, Iași, Iași County, Ibn al-Faqih, Ibn Battuta, Ijtihad, Ilchi mosque, International Physics Olympiad, Iran, Iran Aircraft Manufacturing Industrial Company, Iran national basketball team, Iran Standard Time, Iran–Iraq War, Iron Age, Isfahan City Center, Isfahan County, Isfahan International Airport, Isfahan Province, Isfahan University of Art, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan University of Technology, Islamic Azad University, Falavarjan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan (Khorasgan) Branch, Islamic Azad University, Majlesi Branch, Islamic Azad University, Najafabad Branch, Islamic City Council of Isfahan, Italy, Jahangir Forouhar, Jalil Shahnaz, Jameh Mosque of Isfahan, Jarchi hammam, Jarchi mosque, Jean Chardin, Jesse of Kakheti, Jibal, Joubi Bridge, Julfa, Azerbaijan (city), Kamal od-Din Esmail, Kartir, Kassegaran 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Shāh Abbās the Great or Shāh Abbās I of Persia (شاه عباس بزرگ; 27 January 157119 January 1629) was the 5th Safavid Shah (king) of Iran, and is generally considered the strongest ruler of the Safavid dynasty.
Abd-ol-Ghaffar Amilakhori (translit, tr; died) was an early 17th-century noble from the Georgian Amilakhori family of Kartli, prominent in the Safavid Iranian service.
Abdolali Changiz is an Iranian football Forward who played for Iran in the 1984 Asian Cup.
Abu Nu`aym al-Isfahani (أبـو نـعـيـم الأصـفـهـانـي.; full name Ahmad ibn `Abd Allāh ibn Ahmad ibn Ishāq ibn Mūsā ibn Mahrān al-Mihrānī al-Asbahānī (or al-Asfahānī) al-Ahwal al-Ash`arī al-Shāfi`ī, d. 1038 / AH 430) was a medieval Persian Muslim scholar.
The Achaemenid Empire, also called the First Persian Empire, was an empire based in Western Asia, founded by Cyrus the Great.
Adab High School in Isfahan, Iran, was established in the early 20th century by British Anglican missionaries as an all-boys school.
Adib Boroumand (or Adīb Burūmand) (ادیب برومند; 11 June 1924 – 13 March 2017) was an Iranian poet, politician, and lawyer.
The AFC Champions League, commonly known as the Asian Champions League, is an annual continental club football competition organised by the Asian Football Confederation (AFC).
The AFC Futsal Club Championship is the current annual Asian futsal club competition hosted by the Asian Football Confederation.
The Afsharid dynasty (افشاریان) were members of an Iranian dynasty that originated from the Turkic Afshar tribe in Iran's north-eastern province of Khorasan, ruling Persia in the mid-eighteenth century.
Agha Mohammad Khan Qajar (translit; 14 March 1742 – 17 June 1797), also known by his regnal name of Agha Mohammad Shah (آقا محمد شاه), was the founder of the Qajar dynasty of Iran, ruling from 1789 to 1797 as king (shah).
The Agha Nour mosque (مسجد آقانور) is a mosque located in Isfahan, Iran.
Sepahbod Ahmad Amir-Ahmadi (1884–1974) was a military leader and cabinet Minister of Iran.
Al-Rashid Mausoleum(آرامگاه الراشدبالله) is a historical mausoleum in Isfahan, Iran.
The Alam's house is a historical house in Isfahan, Iran.
Alexander III of Macedon (20/21 July 356 BC – 10/11 June 323 BC), commonly known as Alexander the Great (Aléxandros ho Mégas), was a king (basileus) of the ancient Greek kingdom of Macedon and a member of the Argead dynasty.
Ali minaret (مناره علی) is a historical minaret in Isfahan, Iran.
Ali Reza Eftekhari (علیرضا افتخاری), March 30, 1958 in Isfahan, Iran is an Iranian vocalist of Iranian classical and popular music.
The Amin's house is a historical house in Isfahan, Iran.
Amina Begum Bint al-Majlisi was a female Safavid mujtahideh.
Archaeology, or archeology, is the study of humanactivity through the recovery and analysis of material culture.
Armenia (translit), officially the Republic of Armenia (translit), is a country in the South Caucasus region of Eurasia.
Armenians (հայեր, hayer) are an ethnic group native to the Armenian Highlands.
Arsalan Kazemi Naeini (ارسلان کاظمی; born 22 April 1990) is an Iranian professional basketball player for Petrochimi Bandar Imam of the Iranian Basketball Super League.
Arthur Upham Pope (February 7, 1881 – September 3, 1969) was an American expert on Iranian art and the editor of the Survey of Persian Art. He was also a university professor of philosophy and aesthetics, archaeologist, photographer, political activist, museum director and planner, pianist, interior designer, and founder of an international scholarly organization.
An artifact, or artefact (see American and British English spelling differences), is something made or given shape by humans, such as a tool or a work of art, especially an object of archaeological interest.
Asghar Farhadi (اصغر فرهادی; born 7 May 1972) is an Iranian film director and screenwriter.
Ali Qapu (عالی قاپو, ‘Ālī Qāpū) is a grand palace in Isfahan, Iran.
Baalbek, properly Baʿalbek (بعلبك) and also known as Balbec, Baalbec or Baalbeck, is a city in the Anti-Lebanon foothills east of the Litani River in Lebanon's Beqaa Valley, about northeast of Beirut and about north of Damascus.
Baalbek-Hermel Governorate (محافظة بعلبك - الهرمل) is a governorate of Lebanon.
Baba Ghassem mausoleum(آرامگاه باباقاسم) is a historical mausoleum in Isfahan, Iran.
The Babylonian captivity or Babylonian exile is the period in Jewish history during which a number of people from the ancient Kingdom of Judah were captives in Babylonia.
Baden-Württemberg is a state in southwest Germany, east of the Rhine, which forms the border with France.
Bagh-e-Ghoushkhane minaret(مناره باغ قوشخانه) is a historical minaret in Isfahan, Iran.
Bahāʾ al‐Dīn Muḥammad ibn Ḥusayn al‐ʿĀmilī (also known as Sheikh Baha'i, شیخ بهایی) (18 February 1547 – 1 September 1621) was a Shia Islamic scholar, philosopher, architect, mathematician, astronomer and poet who lived in the late 16th and early 17th centuries in Safavid Iran.
Bahman Farmanara (بهمن فرمانآرا, also Romanized as Bahman Farmānārā; born 23 January 1942 in Isfahan) is an Iranian film director, screenwriter, and film producer.
A bakhsh (بخش) is a type of administrative division of Iran.
Barcelona is a city in Spain.
The Bedkhem Church (Other names: Bedghehem church or Beyt Lahm church or Bethlehem church) is an Armenian Apostolic church in the Julfa quarter in Isfahan, Iran.
Benazir Bhutto (بينظير ڀُٽو; 21 June 1953 – 27 December 2007) was a Pakistani politician who served as Prime Minister of Pakistan from 1988 to 1990 and again from 1993 to 1996.
The Birds garden of Isfahan was founded in 1990s by the municipality of Isfahan and it's now under supervision of the recreation and welfare organization of the municipality.
Bogdan Saltanov (Богдан Салтанов; 1630s – 1703Kazaryan, 1969, asserted that in 1703 Saltanov did not die, but left Russia and returned to Persia as Russian envoy. This assumption was refuted by subsequently found archive evidence (Komashko, p.47).), also known as Ivan Ievlevich Saltanov, was a Persian-born Armenian painter at the court of Alexis I of Russia and his successors.
95389 Borkhar County (شهرستان برخوار) is a county in Isfahan Province in Iran.
The Bronze Age is a historical period characterized by the use of bronze, and in some areas proto-writing, and other early features of urban civilization.
The Buyid dynasty or the Buyids (آل بویه Āl-e Buye), also known as Buwaihids, Bowayhids, Buyahids, or Buyyids, was an Iranian Shia dynasty of Daylamite origin.
Al Asimah (العاصمة), also called Al Kuwayt or Capital is one of the six governorates of Kuwait, and consists of the following districts.
Persia (Iran) has had numerous capital cities and royal centers throughout its history.
The Caucasus or Caucasia is a region located at the border of Europe and Asia, situated between the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea and occupied by Russia, Georgia, Azerbaijan, and Armenia.
The Central Bank of the Islamic Republic of Iran (CBI; Bank Markazi-ye Jomhuri-ye Eslāmi-ye Irān, also known as Bank Markazi) is the central bank of Iran.
The Central District of Isfahan County (بخش مرکزی شهرستان اصفهان) is a district (bakhsh) in Isfahan County, Isfahan Province, Iran.
Chahār Bāgh school (Madreseye Chahār Bāgh in Persian or مدرسه چهار باغ), also known as Shah school, is a 17-18th century cultural complex in Isfahan, Iran.
Chahar Bagh Boulevard (Persian: چهارباغ, translation: Four Gardens) is a historical avenue in Isfahan constructed in the Safavid era of Iran.
Chehel Dokhtaran minaret (مناره چهل دختران) is a historical minaret in Isfahan, Iran.
Chehel Sotoun (also Chihil Sutun or Chehel Sotoon; چهل ستون, literally: “Forty Columns”) is a pavilion in the middle of a park at the far end of a long pool, in Isfahan, Iran, built by Shah Abbas II to be used for his entertainment and receptions.
China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.
The Circassians (Черкесы Čerkesy), also known by their endonym Adyghe (Circassian: Адыгэхэр Adygekher, Ады́ги Adýgi), are a Northwest Caucasian nation native to Circassia, many of whom were displaced in the course of the Russian conquest of the Caucasus in the 19th century, especially after the Russian–Circassian War in 1864.
Constantine II (კონსტანტინე II) (died December 28, 1732) also known as Mahmād Qulī Khān (მაჰმად ყული-ხანი) in Iran, was a king of Kakheti in eastern Georgia of the Bagrationi Dynasty from 1722 to 1732.
Constantinople (Κωνσταντινούπολις Konstantinoúpolis; Constantinopolis) was the capital city of the Roman/Byzantine Empire (330–1204 and 1261–1453), and also of the brief Latin (1204–1261), and the later Ottoman (1453–1923) empires.
The Council of the Islamic Revolution (Šūrā-ye enqelāb-e eslāmī) was a group formed by Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini to manage the Iranian Revolution on 10 January 1979, shortly before he returned to Iran.
The counties of Iran, called shahrestan (شهرستان), are administrative divisions of larger provinces (ostan).
Cuba, officially the Republic of Cuba, is a country comprising the island of Cuba as well as Isla de la Juventud and several minor archipelagos.
Cyrus II of Persia (𐎤𐎢𐎽𐎢𐏁 Kūruš; New Persian: کوروش Kuruš;; c. 600 – 530 BC), commonly known as Cyrus the Great  and also called Cyrus the Elder by the Greeks, was the founder of the Achaemenid Empire, the first Persian Empire.
The Republic of Dagestan (Респу́блика Дагеста́н), or simply Dagestan (or; Дагеста́н), is a federal subject (a republic) of Russia, located in the North Caucasus region.
Dakar is the capital and largest city of Senegal.
Dakar region is the smallest and most populated region of Senegal, encompassing the capital city of the country, Dakar, and all its suburbs along the Cap–Vert Peninsula, Africa's most westerly point.
Dardasht minarets (مناره های دردشت) are two historical minarets in Isfahan, Iran.
Dariush Forouhar (داریوش فروهر; 1928 – 22 November 1998) was an Iranian pan-Iranist politician and leader of Nation Party of Iran.
Darozziafe minarets (مناره های دارالضیافه) are two historical minarets in Isfahan, Iran.
Darugha (даруга, daruğa, from Mongol: daru-, 'to press, to seal') was a territorial subdivision in the Mongol Empire.
David II (დავით II, Davit' II) also known as Imām Qulī Khān (იმამყული-ხანი) (1678 — November 2, 1722), of the Bagrationi Dynasty, was a king of Kakheti in eastern Georgia from 1709 to 1722.
The Desert climate (in the Köppen climate classification BWh and BWk, sometimes also BWn), also known as an arid climate, is a climate in which precipitation is too low to sustain any vegetation at all, or at most a very scanty shrub, and does not meet the criteria to be classified as a polar climate.
Direct-reduced iron (DRI), also called sponge iron, is produced from the direct reduction of iron ore (in the form of lumps, pellets, or fines) to iron by a reducing gas or elemental carbon produced from natural gas or coal.
Ehsan Hajsafi (احسان حاجصفی, born 25 February 1990) is an Iranian footballer who plays for Olympiacos.
Elam (Elamite: haltamti, Sumerian: NIM.MAki) was an ancient Pre-Iranian civilization centered in the far west and southwest of what is now modern-day Iran, stretching from the lowlands of what is now Khuzestan and Ilam Province as well as a small part of southern Iraq.
Emamzadeh Ahmad(امامزاده احمد) is an imamzadeh in Isfahan, Iran.
Emamzadeh Esmaeil and Isaiah mausoleum (امامزاده اسماعیل و مسجد شعیا) is a historical complex in Isfahan, Iran, which dates back to the Seljuk and Safavid era.
Emamzadeh Haroun-e-Velayat (امامزاده هارون ولایت) is an imamzadeh in Isfahan, Iran.
Emamzadeh Jafar (امامزاده جعفر) is an imamzadeh in Isfahan, Iran.
Emamzadeh Shah Zeyd (امامزاده شاه زید) is an imamzadeh in Isfahan, Iran.
Esfahan Steel Company (Persian: شرکت ذوب آهن اصفهان), formerly known as Esfahan Aryamehr Steel Company (Persian: شرکت ذوب آهن آریامهر) prior to 1979 Revolution, opened in late 1960s, based close to the cities of Fooladshahr and Zarrinshahr, Esfahan Province.
Falavarjan County (شهرستان فلاورجان) is a county in Isfahan Province in Iran.
Fath-Ali Shah Qajar (فتحعلى شاه قاجار; var. Fathalishah, Fathali Shah, Fath Ali Shah; 25 September 1772 – 23 October 1834) was the second Shah (Qajar emperor) of Iran.
A fire temple in Zoroastrianism is the place of worship for Zoroastrians, often called dar-e mehr (Persian) or agiyari (Gujarati).
The Fire temple of Isfahan (آتشگاه اصفهان Âtašgâh-e Esfahân, also Romanized as Ātashgāh-e Esfahān) is a Sassanid-era archaeological complex located on a hill of the same name about eight kilometers west of city center of Isfahan, Iran.
Florence (Firenze) is the capital city of the Italian region of Tuscany.
The Flower garden of Isfahan was one of Iran's great green space projects, which was completed in 1990s in Isfahan.
Freiburg im Breisgau (Alemannic: Friburg im Brisgau; Fribourg-en-Brisgau) is a city in Baden-Württemberg, Germany, with a population of about 220,000.
Freydoon Rassouli is an Iranian-Born, American abstract surrealist and visionary artist and author.
The Geography (Γεωγραφικὴ Ὑφήγησις, Geōgraphikḕ Hyphḗgēsis, "Geographical Guidance"), also known by its Latin names as the Geographia and the Cosmographia, is a gazetteer, an atlas, and a treatise on cartography, compiling the geographical knowledge of the 2nd-century Roman Empire.
George A. Bournoutian (جورج بورنوتیان., 25 September 1943, Isfahan, Iran) is an Iranian-American professor, historian, and author of Armenian descent.
Georgia (tr) is a country in the Caucasus region of Eurasia.
Georgian (ქართული ენა, translit.) is a Kartvelian language spoken by Georgians.
The Georgian Apostolic Autocephalous Orthodox Church (საქართველოს სამოციქულო ავტოკეფალური მართლმადიდებელი ეკლესია, sakartvelos samotsikulo avt’ok’epaluri martlmadidebeli ek’lesia) is an autocephalous Eastern Orthodox Church in full communion with the other churches of Eastern Orthodoxy.
The Georgians or Kartvelians (tr) are a nation and Caucasian ethnic group native to Georgia.
Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a sovereign state in central-western Europe.
Ghasem Haddadifar (قاسم حدادیفر; born July 12, 1983) is an Iranian footballer who plays for Zob Ahan in the Iran Pro League.
Sanaye Giti Pasand Futsal Club (باشگاه فوتسال صنایع گیتی پسند) is part of Giti Pasand Sports Club in Iran.
The Grand Bazaar (in Persian: Bazar Bozorg, بازار بزرگ) is a historical market located in Isfahan, Iran, also known as "Qeysarriyeh Bazaar" (in Persian: بازار قيصريه).
Greater Isfahan Metropolitan Area is a metropolitan region in Isfahan Province, central Iran.
Gyeongju (경주), historically known as Seorabeol (서라벌), is a coastal city in the far southeastern corner of North Gyeongsang Province in South Korea.
Hakim Mosque is one of the oldest mosques in Isfahan, Iran.
Hamadān or Hamedān (همدان, Hamedān) (Old Persian: Haŋgmetana, Ecbatana) is the capital city of Hamadan Province of Iran.
Hamid Mosadegh (also spelled Mosaddegh and Mosadeq, حمید مصدق, January 31, 1940, Shahreza, Isfahan, Iran – 28 November 1998, Tehran, Iran) was a contemporary Iranian poet, author and lawyer.
Harati High School is located in Esfahan, Iran.
Hasht Behesht (هشت بهشت), meaning "Eight Paradises" is a Safavid era palace in Isfahan, Iran.
Hassan Kassai (حسن کسائی‎; 25 September 1928 – 14 June 2012) was a musician and player of Persian classical music.
Hassan Shamaizadeh (حسن شماعیزاده, born November 22, 1943) is an Iranian pop singer, songwriter(9 July 2010).
Seyyed Ahmad Hatef Esfahani (سید احمد هاتف اصفهانی) (also spelled as Hatif Isfahani) is a famous Iranian poet of the 18th century.
Havana (Spanish: La Habana) is the capital city, largest city, province, major port, and leading commercial center of Cuba.
The Hellenistic period covers the period of Mediterranean history between the death of Alexander the Great in 323 BC and the emergence of the Roman Empire as signified by the Battle of Actium in 31 BC and the subsequent conquest of Ptolemaic Egypt the following year.
Homayoun Ershadi (sometimes spelled Homayon Ershadi, همایون ارشادی, born March 25, 1947) is an Iranian actor best known for his role in the film Taste of Cherry.
Hossein Fatemi (10 February 1917 – 10 November 1954) was a scholar, journalist, and famous politician of Iran.
Major General Hossein Kharrazi (حسین خرازی) (1957 – 27 February 1987) was the commander of IRGC's 14th Imam Hussein Division during Iran-Iraq War.
Houshang Golshiri (هوشنگ گلشیری; March 16, 1938 – June 6, 2000) was an Iranian fiction writer, critic and editor.
Iași (also referred to as Jassy or Iassy) is the second-largest city in Romania, after the national capital Bucharest, and the seat of Iași County.
Iași is a county (județ) of Romania, in Moldavia, with the administrative seat at Iași.
Ibn al-Faqih al-Hamadani (ابن فقیه الهمذانی) was a 10th-century Persian historian and geographer, famous for his Mukhtasar Kitab al-Buldan ("Concise Book of Lands").
Ibn Battuta (محمد ابن بطوطة; fully; Arabic: أبو عبد الله محمد بن عبد الله اللواتي الطنجي بن بطوطة) (February 25, 13041368 or 1369) was a Moroccan scholar who widely travelled the medieval world.
Ijtihad (اجتهاد, lit. effort, physical or mental, expended in a particular activity) is an Islamic legal term referring to independent reasoning or the thorough exertion of a jurist's mental faculty in finding a solution to a legal question.
Ilchi mosque (مسجد ایلچی) is a historical mosque in Isfahan, Iran.
The International Physics Olympiad (IPhO) is an annual physics competition for high school students.
Iran (ایران), also known as Persia, officially the Islamic Republic of Iran (جمهوری اسلامی ایران), is a sovereign state in Western Asia. With over 81 million inhabitants, Iran is the world's 18th-most-populous country. Comprising a land area of, it is the second-largest country in the Middle East and the 17th-largest in the world. Iran is bordered to the northwest by Armenia and the Republic of Azerbaijan, to the north by the Caspian Sea, to the northeast by Turkmenistan, to the east by Afghanistan and Pakistan, to the south by the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman, and to the west by Turkey and Iraq. The country's central location in Eurasia and Western Asia, and its proximity to the Strait of Hormuz, give it geostrategic importance. Tehran is the country's capital and largest city, as well as its leading economic and cultural center. Iran is home to one of the world's oldest civilizations, beginning with the formation of the Elamite kingdoms in the fourth millennium BCE. It was first unified by the Iranian Medes in the seventh century BCE, reaching its greatest territorial size in the sixth century BCE, when Cyrus the Great founded the Achaemenid Empire, which stretched from Eastern Europe to the Indus Valley, becoming one of the largest empires in history. The Iranian realm fell to Alexander the Great in the fourth century BCE and was divided into several Hellenistic states. An Iranian rebellion culminated in the establishment of the Parthian Empire, which was succeeded in the third century CE by the Sasanian Empire, a leading world power for the next four centuries. Arab Muslims conquered the empire in the seventh century CE, displacing the indigenous faiths of Zoroastrianism and Manichaeism with Islam. Iran made major contributions to the Islamic Golden Age that followed, producing many influential figures in art and science. After two centuries, a period of various native Muslim dynasties began, which were later conquered by the Turks and the Mongols. The rise of the Safavids in the 15th century led to the reestablishment of a unified Iranian state and national identity, with the country's conversion to Shia Islam marking a turning point in Iranian and Muslim history. Under Nader Shah, Iran was one of the most powerful states in the 18th century, though by the 19th century, a series of conflicts with the Russian Empire led to significant territorial losses. Popular unrest led to the establishment of a constitutional monarchy and the country's first legislature. A 1953 coup instigated by the United Kingdom and the United States resulted in greater autocracy and growing anti-Western resentment. Subsequent unrest against foreign influence and political repression led to the 1979 Revolution and the establishment of an Islamic republic, a political system that includes elements of a parliamentary democracy vetted and supervised by a theocracy governed by an autocratic "Supreme Leader". During the 1980s, the country was engaged in a war with Iraq, which lasted for almost nine years and resulted in a high number of casualties and economic losses for both sides. According to international reports, Iran's human rights record is exceptionally poor. The regime in Iran is undemocratic, and has frequently persecuted and arrested critics of the government and its Supreme Leader. Women's rights in Iran are described as seriously inadequate, and children's rights have been severely violated, with more child offenders being executed in Iran than in any other country in the world. Since the 2000s, Iran's controversial nuclear program has raised concerns, which is part of the basis of the international sanctions against the country. The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, an agreement reached between Iran and the P5+1, was created on 14 July 2015, aimed to loosen the nuclear sanctions in exchange for Iran's restriction in producing enriched uranium. Iran is a founding member of the UN, ECO, NAM, OIC, and OPEC. It is a major regional and middle power, and its large reserves of fossil fuels – which include the world's largest natural gas supply and the fourth-largest proven oil reserves – exert considerable influence in international energy security and the world economy. The country's rich cultural legacy is reflected in part by its 22 UNESCO World Heritage Sites, the third-largest number in Asia and eleventh-largest in the world. Iran is a multicultural country comprising numerous ethnic and linguistic groups, the largest being Persians (61%), Azeris (16%), Kurds (10%), and Lurs (6%).
Iran Aircraft Manufacturing Industrial Company (HESA), (fa), is an Iranian aircraft production company.
The Iranian national basketball team is controlled by the IR Iran Basketball Federation.
Iran Standard Time (IRST) or Iran Time (IT) is the time zone used in Iran.
The Iran–Iraq War was an armed conflict between Iran and Iraq, beginning on 22 September 1980, when Iraq invaded Iran, and ending on 20 August 1988, when Iran accepted the UN-brokered ceasefire.
The Iron Age is the final epoch of the three-age system, preceded by the Stone Age (Neolithic) and the Bronze Age.
Isfahan City Center is a large commercial and entertainment complex in Isfahan, Iran.
Isfahan County (شهرستان اصفهان) is a county in Isfahan Province in Iran.
Isfahan International Airport (فرودگاه اصفهان – Farūdegāh-e Eşfahān) is an international airport serving the city of Isfahan, Iran.
Isfahan province (Ostāne Esfahan), also transliterated as Esfahan, Espahan, Isfahan, or Isphahan, is one of the thirty-one provinces of Iran.
Art University of Isfahan (AUI) (دانشگاه هنر اصفهان) is a public University in Isfahan, Iran.
Isfahan University of Medical Sciences (IUMS) (دانشگاه علوم پزشکی و خدمات بهداشتی درمانی اصفهان) is a university specializing in basic medical sciences, clinical science, and health services, located in Isfahan, Iran.
Isfahan University of Technology (IUT) (دانشگاه صنعتی اصفهان Dāneshgāh-e San'ati-ye Esfahān) is an engineering university in Iran.
The Islamic Azad University, Falavarjan Branch was founded in 1984 by Dr.
The Islamic Azad University, Isfahan (Khorasgan) Branch is a branch of the Islamic Azad University and is located in the eastern zone of Isfahan, the cultural capital of Iran. It was established in 1987. The university serves more than 19000 students at undergraduate and postgraduate levels. It has 386 full and part-time faculty members carrying out education and research in 196 fields and has more than 60,000 alumni throughout country.
The Islamic Azad University, Majlesi Branch is one of the branches of Islamic Azad University which is located in south of Isfahan.
The Islamic Azad University, Najafabad Branch (IAUN) (Persian: دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد نجفآباد), also known as the University of Najafabad, is an independent comprehensive branch of the Islamic Azad University system, located in Najafabad, Isfahan, Iran.
The Islamic City Council of Isfahan (شورای اسلامی شهر اصفهان) is the directly elected council that presides over the city of Isfahan and elects the Mayor of Isfahan in a mayor–council government system.
Italy (Italia), officially the Italian Republic (Repubblica Italiana), is a sovereign state in Europe.
Jahangir Forouhar (1916 – November 6, 1997) was an Iranian actor.
Jalil Shahnaz (Persian: جلیل شهناز) was one of the greatest maestros of Persian classical music and a virtuoso of the tar.
The Jāmeh Mosque of Isfahān or Jāme' Mosque of Isfahān (مسجد جامع اصفهان – Masjid-e-Jāmeh Isfahān) is the grand, congregational mosque (Jāmeh) of Isfahān city, within Isfahān Province, Iran.
The Jarchi hammam or Jarchibashi hammam is a historical structure in Isfahan, Iran.The hammam belongs to the safavid era.
The Jarchi mosque (مسجد جارچی) was built according to a Thuluth inscription above its spandrel in 1610 under the supervision of Shah Abbas' herald.
Jean Chardin (16 November 1643 – 5 January 1713), born Jean-Baptiste Chardin, and also known as Sir John Chardin, was a French jeweller and traveller whose ten-volume book The Travels of Sir John Chardin is regarded as one of the finest works of early Western scholarship on Persia and the Near East in general.
Jesse (იესე) or Isā Khān (ისა-ხანი) (died September 15, 1615), of the Bagrationi Dynasty, was a Safavid-appointed ruler of Kakheti in eastern Georgia from 1614 to 1615.
Jibāl (جبال) was the name given by the Arabs to a region and province located in western Iran, under the Umayyad and Abbasid Caliphates.
Joui Bridge (پل جویی Pol-e Joui), also called the Choobi Bridge, is a bridge in Isfahan, Iran.
Julfa (Culfa, Ҹулфа, جولفا), formerly Jugha (Ջուղա, sometimes transliterated as Djugha) and also rendered as Djulfa, Dzhul’fa, Jolfa, Dzhulfa, Džulfa, Jolfā, Jolfā-ye Nakhjavān (جلفای نخجوان), is the administrative capital of the Julfa Rayon administrative region of the Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic in Azerbaijan.
Kamal ed-Din Esmail (کمال الدین اسماعیل) was a Persian writer of odes.
Kartir Hangirpe (alternatively, Karder or Kerdir) was a highly influential Zoroastrian high-priest of the late 3rd century CE who served as advisor to at least three Sassanid emperors.
Kassegaran Madrasa (مدرسه کاسه گران) is a historical madrasa in Isfahan, Iran.
The Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification systems.
Khaju Bridge (پل خواجو Pol-e Khāju) is a bridge in the province of Isfahan, Iran, which has been described as the finest in the province.
Khomeyni Shahr County (شهرستان خمینیشهر) is a county in Isfahan Province in Iran.
The Second Kingdom of Kakheti (კახეთის სამეფო, k'axetis samepo; also spelled Kaxet'i or Kakhetia) was a late medieval/early modern monarchy in eastern Georgia, centered at the province of Kakheti, with its capital first at Gremi and then at Telavi.
The Kingdom of Kartli (ქართლის სამეფო) was a feudal Georgian state that existed from 1466/84 to 1762, with the city of Tbilisi as its capital.
Kiumars Pourahmad (کیومرث پوراحمد., born December 16, 1949 in Najaf Abad, Isfahan, Iran) is an Iranian film director, screenwriter, film editor and film producer.
Atiq Square or Atigh Square or Kohneh Square or Old Square, in Persian:(میدان عتيق or میدان کهنه) was a focal point of the city of Isfahan for centuries.
Kuala Lumpur, officially the Federal Territory of Kuala Lumpur (Wilayah Persekutuan Kuala Lumpur), or commonly known as KL, is the national capital of Malaysia as well as its largest city in the country.
Kuwait (الكويت, or), officially the State of Kuwait (دولة الكويت), is a country in Western Asia.
Kuwait City (مدينة الكويت) is the capital and largest city of Kuwait.
Havana Province (Provincia de la Habana) was one of the provinces of Cuba, prior to being divided into two new provinces of Artemisa and Mayabeque on January 1, 2011.
Hajiyeh Seyyedeh Nosrat Begum Amin, also known as Banu Amin, Lady Amin (بانو امين; 1886–1983), was Iran's most outstanding female jurisprudent, theologian and great Muslim mystic (‘arif) of the 20th century, a Lady Mujtahideh.
Lahore (لاہور, لہور) is the capital city of the Pakistani province of Punjab, and is the country’s second-most populous city after Karachi.
Lebanon (لبنان; Lebanese pronunciation:; Liban), officially known as the Lebanese RepublicRepublic of Lebanon is the most common phrase used by Lebanese government agencies.
Leila Forouhar (لیلا فروهر, Leylâ Foruhar) (born 23 February 1959, Isfahan, Iran) is a Prominent Iranian pop and classical singer.
Lenjan County (شهرستان لنجان) is a county in Isfahan Province in Iran.
This is a list of Armenian ethnic enclaves, containing cities, districts, and neighborhoods with predominantly Armenian population, or are associated with Armenian culture, either currently or historically.
This article lists the largest city squares, ordered by area.
This is a list of historical structures in Isfahan Province, Iran.
Iran has one of the highest urban population growth rates in the world.
Lonban (لنبان), one of the oldest quarters of Isfahan, is famous for its mosque.
Madrasa (مدرسة,, pl. مدارس) is the Arabic word for any type of educational institution, whether secular or religious (of any religion), and whether a school, college, or university.
Maghsoudbeyk mosque (مسجد مقصودبیک) is near the northeastern corner of Naqsh-e Jahan Square.
Mahmoud Farshchian (محمود فرشچیان, Mahmud Faršciyân; born January 24, 1930) is a master of Persian painting and miniatures.
Mahmoud Yavari (محمود یاوری, born 7 October 1939) is an Iranian football coach and retired player.
Malaysia is a federal constitutional monarchy in Southeast Asia.
The Malek vineyard is a historical house in Isfahan, Iran.
Jalāl al-Dawla Mu'izz al-Dunyā Wa'l-Din Abu'l-Fatḥ ibn Alp Arslān (8 August 1053 – 19 November 1092, full name: معزالدنیا و الدین ملکشاه بن محمد الب ارسلان قسیم امیرالمومنین), better known by his regnal name of Malik-Shah I (ملکشاه) (Melikşah), was Sultan of the Seljuq Empire from 1072 to 1092.
Mansour Ebrahimzadeh (منصور ابراهیمزاده; born 29 May 1956 in Isfahan) is an Iranian retired football player and former manager of Sepahan.
Marnan Bridge is a historical bridge in Isfahan, Iran.
Mashhad (مشهد), also spelled Mashad or Meshad, is the second most populous city in Iran and the capital of Razavi Khorasan Province.
The Mausoleum of Safavid princes(آرامگاه شاهزادگان صفوی) or Setti Fateme mausoleum(آرامگاه ستی فاطمه) is a historical mausoleum in Isfahan, Iran.
The Medes (Old Persian Māda-, Μῆδοι, מָדַי) were an ancient Iranian people who lived in an area known as Media (northwestern Iran) and who spoke the Median language. At around 1100 to 1000 BC, they inhabited the mountainous area of northwestern Iran and the northeastern and eastern region of Mesopotamia and located in the Hamadan (Ecbatana) region. Their emergence in Iran is thought to have occurred between 800 BC and 700 BC, and in the 7th century the whole of western Iran and some other territories were under Median rule. Its precise geographical extent remains unknown. A few archaeological sites (discovered in the "Median triangle" in western Iran) and textual sources (from contemporary Assyrians and also ancient Greeks in later centuries) provide a brief documentation of the history and culture of the Median state. Apart from a few personal names, the language of the Medes is unknown. The Medes had an ancient Iranian religion (a form of pre-Zoroastrian Mazdaism or Mithra worshipping) with a priesthood named as "Magi". Later during the reigns of the last Median kings, the reforms of Zoroaster spread into western Iran.
Media (Old Persian: Māda, Middle Persian: Mād) is a region of north-western Iran, best known for having been the political and cultural base of the Medes.
Merv (Merw, Мерв, مرو; مرو, Marv), formerly Achaemenid Persian Satrapy of Margiana, and later Alexandria (Margiana) (Ἀλεξάνδρεια) and Antiochia in Margiana (Ἀντιόχεια τῆς Μαργιανῆς), was a major oasis-city in Central Asia, on the historical Silk Road, located near today's Mary in Turkmenistan.
In Old World archaeology, Mesolithic (Greek: μέσος, mesos "middle"; λίθος, lithos "stone") is the period between the Upper Paleolithic and the Neolithic.
Metres above mean sea level (MAMSL) or simply metres above sea level (MASL or m a.s.l.) is a standard metric measurement in metres of the elevation or altitude of a location in reference to a historic mean sea level.
The Metropolitan City of Florence (Città Metropolitana di Firenze) is a metropolitan city in the Tuscany region, Italy.
Middle Persian is the Middle Iranian language or ethnolect of southwestern Iran that during the Sasanian Empire (224–654) became a prestige dialect and so came to be spoken in other regions of the empire as well.
Mirza Abbas Khan Sheida, or Sheida-ye-Esfahani (1873 – 1949), was an Iranian sufi, poet and Journalist.
Mobarakeh County (شهرستان مبارکه) is a county in Isfahan Province in Iran.
Mobarakeh Steel Company (MSC, فولاد مبارکه, Foolad Mobarakeh) is an Iranian steel company, located 65 km south west of Esfahan, near the city of Mobarakeh, Esfahan Province, Iran.
Nasrollah Moein Najafabadi (نصرالله معین نجفآبادی, born 19 January 1951), more commonly known as Moein (معین), is a prominent, Iranian singer.
Mohammad Ali Foroughi (1 January 1875 – 26 November 1942, محمدعلی فروغی) also known as Zaka-ol-Molk (Persian: ذُکاءالمُلک) was a teacher, diplomat, nationalist, writer, politician and Prime Minister of Iran.
Seyyed Mohammad Hosseini Beheshti (سیّد محمد حسینی بهشتی; 24 October 1928 – 28 June 1981) was an Iranian jurist, philosopher, cleric and politician who was known as the second person in the political hierarchy of Iran after the revolution.
Mohammad Mahdi Vaezi Esfahani (محمدمهدی واعظی اصفهانی; born 5 July 1966 in Tehran) also known as Mohammad Esfahani is an Iranian Persian pop and Traditional singer.
Mohammad Jafar Abadei Mosque (مسجد محمد جعفرآبادهای) is a historical mosque in Isfahan, Iran.
Mohammad Javad Zarif Khonsari (محمدجواد ظریف خونساری;; born 7 January 1960) is an Iranian career diplomat, academic and current Minister of Foreign Affairs.
Mohammad Talaei (محمد طلایی., born April 7, 1973 in Esfahan) is an Iranian retired wrestler.
Mohammad-Ali Jamālzādeh Esfahani (محمد علی جمالزاده اصفهانی) (January 13, 1892, Isfahan, Iran – November 8, 1997, Geneva, Switzerland), was one of the most prominent writers of Iran in the 20th century, best known for his unique style of humour.
Mohamad Ali Keshavarz (محمدعلی کشاورز, born April 15, 1930) is an Iranian cinema and theater actor.
Mohammad Baqer Majlesi (1627–1699) (علامه مجلسی Allameh Majlesi; also Romanized as: Majlesi, Majlessi, Majlisi, Madjlessi), known as Allamah Majlesi or Majlesi Al-Thani (Majlesi the Second), was a renowned and very powerful Iranian Twelver Shi'a cleric, during the Safavid era.
Moharram Navidkia (محرم نویدکیا, born 1 November 1982 in Isfahan, Iran) is a retired Iranian footballer who plays as the captain of Sepahan in Iran's Premier League.
Seyed Mohsen Nourbakhsh (سید محسن نوربخش; 18 May 1948 – 23 March 2003) was an Iranian economist, most known as governor of the Central Bank of Iran and the former minister of economic and finance of Iran.
The Monar Jonban (Shaking Minarets), or Menar-e-jomban, is a monument located in Isfahan, in central Iran.
Mount Soffeh or Kuh-e Soffeh is a mountain that is situated just south of the city of Isfahan, southeast of Mount Donbeh and south of the Zayanderud River in Iran.
Muhammad Husayn Khan (died 1823) was an architect and political leader in Isfahan, Persia under the rule of Qajar Persian emperor Fath Ali Shah.
The Isfahan Museum of Contemporary Art (aka the Museum of Contemporary Art) is a contemporary art museum in Isfahan, Iran, located next to the Museum of Natural History.
The museum of decorative arts in Isfahan was founded in 1995.
Najafabad County (شهرستان نجفآباد) is a county in Isfahan Province in Iran.
Naqsh-e Jahan Square (میدان نقش جهان Maidān-e Naqsh-e Jahān; trans: "Image of the World Square"), also known as Meidan Emam, is a square situated at the center of Isfahan city, Iran.
Nasser David Khalili (ناصر داوود خلیلی, born 18 December 1945) is a British-Iranian scholar, collector, and philanthropist based in London.
The National Front of Iran (Jebha-ye Mellī-e Īrān) is an opposition political organization in Iran, founded by Mohammad Mosaddegh in 1949.
The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA; pronounced, like "Noah") is an American scientific agency within the United States Department of Commerce that focuses on the conditions of the oceans, major waterways, and the atmosphere.
The Natural History Museum of Isfahan is located in a building from the Timurid era in the 15th century.
The Nazhvan Forest Park is one of the few gardens in Isfahan, which has been rather safe from expansion and development of the city and freshens the air of Isfahan.
The Neolithic was a period in the development of human technology, beginning about 10,200 BC, according to the ASPRO chronology, in some parts of Western Asia, and later in other parts of the world and ending between 4500 and 2000 BC.
New Julfa (نو جلفا – Now Jolfā, جلفای نو – Jolfā ye Now; Նոր Ջուղա – Nor Jugha) is the Armenian quarter of Isfahan, Iran, located along the south bank of the Zayande River.
Nimavar school (مسجد نیماور) is a historical school in Isfahan, Iran.
North Gyeongsang Province (경상북도; RR: Gyeongsangbuk-do), also known as Gyeongbuk, is a province in eastern South Korea.
Northwestern Federal District (Се́веро-За́падный федера́льный о́круг, Severo-Zapadny federalny okrug) is one of the eight federal districts of Russia.
Nosratollah Vahdat (نصرتالله وحدت. born 1925 in Isfahan), is an Iranian comedian, actor, and director.
A nuclear reactor, formerly known as an atomic pile, is a device used to initiate and control a self-sustained nuclear chain reaction.
Nusrat Bhutto (بیگم نصرت بھٹو, بیگم نصرت ڀٽو.; بێگوم نوسرهت بوتو; born Nusrat Ispahani; 23 March 1929 – 23 October 2011) was an Iranian-Kurdish public figure who served as Pakistan's first lady between 1971 until the 1977 coup, and as a senior member of the federal cabinet between 1988 and 1990. Born in Isfahan to a family of Kurdish descent, the family had settled in Bombay before moving to Karachi after the Partition of India. Ispahani joined a paramilitary women's force in 1950, but left a year later when she married Zulfikar Ali Bhutto. She moved to Oxfordshire with her husband who then was pursuing his legal education. She returned to Pakistan alongside Bhutto who went on to serve as the Foreign Minister. After her husband founded Pakistan Peoples Party, Ispahani worked to lead party's women’s wing. After Bhutto was elected as the Prime Minister in 1971, Ispahani became the First Lady of Pakistan and remained so until her husband's removal in 1977. She immediately succeeded her husband as the leader of the Peoples Party, and, while under house arrest, fought an unsuccessful legal battle to prevent her husband's execution. After Bhutto's execution, Ispahani, along with her children, went into exile to London, from where in 1981 she co-founded the Movement for the Restoration of Democracy, a nonviolent opposition to Zia's regime. Ispahani returned to Pakistan in 1988, as the party's national leader she campaigned for her daughter, Benazir's, election to the premiership. After the People's Party's victory in 1988, she joined Benazir's cabinet as a minister without portfolio while representing Larkana District in the National Assembly. She remained in the cabinet until Benazir's government was dismissed in 1990. Afterwards, during a family dispute between her son, Murtaza, and her daughter, Benazir, Ispahani favoured Murtaza leading Benazir to sack Ispahani as the party leader. Ispahani stopped talking to the media and refrained from political engagement's after the assassination of her son Murtaza in 1996 during a police encounter, during her daughter's second government. Ispahani moved to Dubai in 1996, suffering from Alzheimer's disease, she was kept out of public eye's by Benazir, until she made headline's in 23 October 2011 when she died. Ispahani's body was flown to Pakistan, and was buried next to the grave of her husband Zulfikar at Garhi Khuda Bakhsh two day's later. In Pakistan, Ispahani is remembered for her contribution to empowerment of women in Pakistan and for advocating for democracy in Pakistan, for which she is dubbed as "Mādar-e-Jamhooriat" (English "Mother of Democracy"), a title she was honored with by the parliament following her death.
Olympiacos S.F.P. Football Club (ΠΑΕ Ολυμπιακός Σ.Φ.Π.), also known simply as Olympiacos, Olympiakos, Olympiacos Piraeus or with its full name as Olympiacos C.F.P. (Oλυμπιακός Σύνδεσμος Φιλάθλων Πειραιώς Olympiakós Sýndesmos Filáthlo̱n Peiraió̱s, "Olympic Association of Piraeus Sportsmen"), is a Greek professional football club, part of the major multi-sport club Olympiacos CFP, based in Piraeus, Attica.
The Oregon Ducks men's basketball team is an intercollegiate basketball program that competes in the NCAA Division I and is a member of the Pac-12 Conference, representing the University of Oregon.
The Ottoman Turks (or Osmanlı Turks, Osmanlı Türkleri) were the Turkish-speaking population of the Ottoman Empire who formed the base of the state's military and ruling classes.
Pakistan (پاکِستان), officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan (اِسلامی جمہوریہ پاکِستان), is a country in South Asia.
The Pakistan Peoples Party (پاکِستان پیپلز پارٹی, commonly referred to as the PPP) is a left-wing, socialist-progressive political party of Pakistan.
The Paleolithic or Palaeolithic is a period in human prehistory distinguished by the original development of stone tools that covers c. 95% of human technological prehistory.
Parthia (𐎱𐎼𐎰𐎺 Parθava; 𐭐𐭓𐭕𐭅 Parθaw; 𐭯𐭫𐭮𐭥𐭡𐭥 Pahlaw) is a historical region located in north-eastern Iran.
The Parthian Empire (247 BC – 224 AD), also known as the Arsacid Empire, was a major Iranian political and cultural power in ancient Iran and Iraq.
Persepolis (𐎱𐎠𐎼𐎿) was the ceremonial capital of the Achaemenid Empire.
Persian, also known by its endonym Farsi (فارسی), is one of the Western Iranian languages within the Indo-Iranian branch of the Indo-European language family.
The Prime Minister of Iran was a political post in Iran that had existed during several different periods of time starting with the Qajar era (when the country was internationally known as Persia) until its most recent revival from 1979 to 1989 following the Iranian Revolution.
| The Prix d'Ispahan is a Group 1 flat horse race in France open to thoroughbreds aged four years or older.
Barcelona is a province of eastern Spain, in the center of the autonomous community of Catalonia.
Iran is subdivided into thirty-one provinces (استان Ostān, plural استانها Ostānhā), each governed from a local center, usually the largest local city, which is called the capital (Persian: مرکز, markaz) of that province.
Punjab (Urdu, Punjabi:, panj-āb, "five waters") is Pakistan's second largest province by area, after Balochistan, and its most populous province, with an estimated population of 110,012,442 as of 2017.
The Qajar dynasty (سلسله قاجار; also Romanised as Ghajar, Kadjar, Qachar etc.; script Qacarlar) was an IranianAbbas Amanat, The Pivot of the Universe: Nasir Al-Din Shah Qajar and the Iranian Monarchy, 1831–1896, I. B. Tauris, pp 2–3 royal dynasty of Turkic origin,Cyrus Ghani.
Qazvin (قزوین,, also Romanized as Qazvīn, Caspin, Qazwin, or Ghazvin) is the largest city and capital of the Province of Qazvin in Iran.
The Qazvinis' House is a historical house in Isfahan, Iran.
The Qeysarie bazaar or Soltani bazaar is a historical bazaar in Isfahan, Iran.
Rahim Khan Mosque (مسجد رحیم خان) is a historical mosque in Isfahan, Iran.
Rapid transit or mass rapid transit, also known as heavy rail, metro, MRT, subway, tube, U-Bahn or underground, is a type of high-capacity public transport generally found in urban areas.
Mohammad Reza Rasoul Korbekandi (رسول کربکندی, born 27 January 1953) is a retired Iranian football player and now manager.
Rasoul Sadrameli was born in December 1954 in Isfahan, Iran.
Rey or Ray (شهر ری, Šahr-e Rey, “City of Ray”), also known as Rhages (Ῥάγαι, or Europos (Ευρωπός) Rhagai; Rhagae or Rhaganae) and formerly as Arsacia, is the capital of Rey County in Tehran Province of Iran, and the oldest existing city in the province.
Roknolmolk Mosque (مسجد رکن الملک) is a historical mosque in Isfahan.
Romania (România) is a sovereign state located at the crossroads of Central, Eastern, and Southeastern Europe.
Russia (rɐˈsʲijə), officially the Russian Federation (p), is a country in Eurasia. At, Russia is the largest country in the world by area, covering more than one-eighth of the Earth's inhabited land area, and the ninth most populous, with over 144 million people as of December 2017, excluding Crimea. About 77% of the population live in the western, European part of the country. Russia's capital Moscow is one of the largest cities in the world; other major cities include Saint Petersburg, Novosibirsk, Yekaterinburg and Nizhny Novgorod. Extending across the entirety of Northern Asia and much of Eastern Europe, Russia spans eleven time zones and incorporates a wide range of environments and landforms. From northwest to southeast, Russia shares land borders with Norway, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland (both with Kaliningrad Oblast), Belarus, Ukraine, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, China, Mongolia and North Korea. It shares maritime borders with Japan by the Sea of Okhotsk and the U.S. state of Alaska across the Bering Strait. The East Slavs emerged as a recognizable group in Europe between the 3rd and 8th centuries AD. Founded and ruled by a Varangian warrior elite and their descendants, the medieval state of Rus arose in the 9th century. In 988 it adopted Orthodox Christianity from the Byzantine Empire, beginning the synthesis of Byzantine and Slavic cultures that defined Russian culture for the next millennium. Rus' ultimately disintegrated into a number of smaller states; most of the Rus' lands were overrun by the Mongol invasion and became tributaries of the nomadic Golden Horde in the 13th century. The Grand Duchy of Moscow gradually reunified the surrounding Russian principalities, achieved independence from the Golden Horde. By the 18th century, the nation had greatly expanded through conquest, annexation, and exploration to become the Russian Empire, which was the third largest empire in history, stretching from Poland on the west to Alaska on the east. Following the Russian Revolution, the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic became the largest and leading constituent of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, the world's first constitutionally socialist state. The Soviet Union played a decisive role in the Allied victory in World War II, and emerged as a recognized superpower and rival to the United States during the Cold War. The Soviet era saw some of the most significant technological achievements of the 20th century, including the world's first human-made satellite and the launching of the first humans in space. By the end of 1990, the Soviet Union had the world's second largest economy, largest standing military in the world and the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. Following the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, twelve independent republics emerged from the USSR: Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and the Baltic states regained independence: Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania; the Russian SFSR reconstituted itself as the Russian Federation and is recognized as the continuing legal personality and a successor of the Soviet Union. It is governed as a federal semi-presidential republic. The Russian economy ranks as the twelfth largest by nominal GDP and sixth largest by purchasing power parity in 2015. Russia's extensive mineral and energy resources are the largest such reserves in the world, making it one of the leading producers of oil and natural gas globally. The country is one of the five recognized nuclear weapons states and possesses the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. Russia is a great power as well as a regional power and has been characterised as a potential superpower. It is a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council and an active global partner of ASEAN, as well as a member of the G20, the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO), the Council of Europe, the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC), the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), and the World Trade Organization (WTO), as well as being the leading member of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO) and one of the five members of the Eurasian Economic Union (EEU), along with Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan.
Sadr Madrasa (مدرسه صدر) is one of the largest madrasas in Isfahan, Iran.
The Saeb mausoleum(آرامگاه صائب) is located in Isfahan, Iran.
The Safavid dynasty (دودمان صفوی Dudmān e Safavi) was one of the most significant ruling dynasties of Iran, often considered the beginning of modern Iranian history.
Saib Tabrizi (صائب تبریزی, Ṣāʾib Tabrīzī, میرزا محمّدعلی صائب تبریزی, Mīrzā Muḥammad ʿalī Ṣāʾib, Saib Təbrizi) also called Saib Isfahani (صائب اصفهاني, Ṣāʾib Eṣfahānī) was a Persian poet and one of the greatest masters of a form of classical Arabic and Persian lyric poetry characterized by rhymed couplets, known as the ghazal.
Saint Petersburg (p) is Russia's second-largest city after Moscow, with 5 million inhabitants in 2012, part of the Saint Petersburg agglomeration with a population of 6.2 million (2015).
Salman the Persian or Salman al-Farsi (سلمان الفارسي Salmān al-Fārisī), born Rouzbeh (روزبه), was a companion of the Islamic prophet Muhammad and the first Persian who converted to Islam.
Sanaye Giti Pasand Isfahan Football Club is an Iranian football club based in Isfahan, Iran.
Sarban minaret (مناره ساربان) is a historical minaret in Isfahan, Iran.
The Sasanian Empire, also known as the Sassanian, Sasanid, Sassanid or Neo-Persian Empire (known to its inhabitants as Ērānshahr in Middle Persian), was the last period of the Persian Empire (Iran) before the rise of Islam, named after the House of Sasan, which ruled from 224 to 651 AD. The Sasanian Empire, which succeeded the Parthian Empire, was recognised as one of the leading world powers alongside its neighbouring arch-rival the Roman-Byzantine Empire, for a period of more than 400 years.Norman A. Stillman The Jews of Arab Lands pp 22 Jewish Publication Society, 1979 International Congress of Byzantine Studies Proceedings of the 21st International Congress of Byzantine Studies, London, 21–26 August 2006, Volumes 1-3 pp 29. Ashgate Pub Co, 30 sep. 2006 The Sasanian Empire was founded by Ardashir I, after the fall of the Parthian Empire and the defeat of the last Arsacid king, Artabanus V. At its greatest extent, the Sasanian Empire encompassed all of today's Iran, Iraq, Eastern Arabia (Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatif, Qatar, UAE), the Levant (Syria, Palestine, Lebanon, Israel, Jordan), the Caucasus (Armenia, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Dagestan), Egypt, large parts of Turkey, much of Central Asia (Afghanistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan), Yemen and Pakistan. According to a legend, the vexilloid of the Sasanian Empire was the Derafsh Kaviani.Khaleghi-Motlagh, The Sasanian Empire during Late Antiquity is considered to have been one of Iran's most important and influential historical periods and constituted the last great Iranian empire before the Muslim conquest and the adoption of Islam. In many ways, the Sasanian period witnessed the peak of ancient Iranian civilisation. The Sasanians' cultural influence extended far beyond the empire's territorial borders, reaching as far as Western Europe, Africa, China and India. It played a prominent role in the formation of both European and Asian medieval art. Much of what later became known as Islamic culture in art, architecture, music and other subject matter was transferred from the Sasanians throughout the Muslim world.
Aramco World (formerly Saudi Aramco World) is a bi-monthly magazine published by Aramco Services Company, U.S.-based subsidiary of Saudi Aramco, the state-owned oil company of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
The Seljuk Empire (also spelled Seljuq) (آل سلجوق) was a medieval Turko-Persian Sunni Muslim empire, originating from the Qiniq branch of Oghuz Turks.
The Seljuq dynasty, or Seljuqs (آل سلجوق Al-e Saljuq), was an Oghuz Turk Sunni Muslim dynasty that gradually became a Persianate society and contributed to the Turco-Persian tradition in the medieval West and Central Asia.
Senegal (Sénégal), officially the Republic of Senegal, is a country in West Africa.
Foolad Mobarakeh Sepahan Sport Club (باشگاه ورزشی فولاد مبارکه سپاهان) commonly known as Sepahan, is an Iranian football club based in Isfahan.
Seyyed Mosque (مسجد سید) is the biggest and the most famous mosque from the Qajar era in Isfahan.
Shaanxi is a province of the People's Republic of China.
The Shah Mosque (مسجد شاه), also known as Royal Mosque or Imam Mosque after the Iranian Revolution, is a mosque in Isfahan, Iran, standing in south side of Naghsh-e Jahan Square.
The Shahid Ejei High School (Persian: دبیرستان شهید اژه ای), Ejei high school or Ezhei high school is located in University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran.
Shahin Shahr and Meymeh County (شهرستان شاهینشهر و میمه) is a county in Isfahan Province in Iran.
The Shahrestan bridge is the oldest bridge on the Zayandeh River in Iran.
Shahshahan Mausoleum (آرامگاه شهشهان) is a historical mausoleum in Isfahan, Iran.
Shaykh al-Islām (شيخ الإسلام, Šayḫ al-Islām; Şeyḫülislām) was used in the classical era as an honorific title for outstanding scholars of the Islamic sciences.
Sheikh Lotfollah Mosque (مسجد شیخ لطف الله) is one of the architectural masterpieces of Iranian architecture that was built during the Safavid Empire, standing on the eastern side of Naghsh-i Jahan Square, Esfahan, Iran.
The Sheykh ol-Eslam's house is a historical house in Isfahan, Iran.
Shiraz (fa, Šīrāz) is the fifth-most-populous city of Iran and the capital of Fars Province (Old Persian as Pars).
Shushandukht was the wife of Yazdegerd I and mother of Bahram V. She was the daughter of a Jewish exilarch.
The Allahverdi Khan Bridge (پل اللهوردیخان), popularly known as Si-o-se-pol (lit), is one of the eleven bridges in Isfahan, Iran.
The siege of Isfahan was a six-month-long siege of Isfahan, the capital of the Safavid dynasty of Iran, by the Hotaki-led Afghan army.
Simon II (სიმონ II), also known as Svimon or Semayun Khan (born c. early 1610s – died 1630), was a Persian-appointed king (actually, khan) of Kartli, eastern Georgia, from 1619 to 1630/1631.
Twin towns or sister cities are a form of legal or social agreement between towns, cities, counties, oblasts, prefectures, provinces, regions, states, and even countries in geographically and politically distinct areas to promote cultural and commercial ties.
Sohrab Moradi (سهراب مرادی, born 22 September 1988) is an Iranian weightlifter who won the gold medal in the 94 kg weight division at the 2016 Olympics.
The Soltan Bakht Agha mausoleum(آرامگاه سلطان بخت آقا) is a historical mausoleum in Isfahan, Iran.
Soraya Esfandiary-Bakhtiary (Persian:ثریا اسفندیاری بختیاری, Sorayâ Esfandiyâri-Baxtiyâri; 22 June 1932 – 26 October 2001) was an actress, and the queen consort (Shahbanu) of Iran as the second wife of Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi.
Soroush Sehhat (سروش صحت, born on November 29, 1965 in Nain, Isfahan) is an Iranian director, screenwriter and actor.
South Korea, officially the Republic of Korea (대한민국; Hanja: 大韓民國; Daehan Minguk,; lit. "The Great Country of the Han People"), is a country in East Asia, constituting the southern part of the Korean Peninsula and lying east to the Asian mainland.
Spahis were light cavalry regiments of the French army recruited primarily from the indigenous populations of Algeria, Tunisia and Morocco.
Spain (España), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Reino de España), is a sovereign state mostly located on the Iberian Peninsula in Europe.
Spanish or Castilian, is a Western Romance language that originated in the Castile region of Spain and today has hundreds of millions of native speakers in Latin America and Spain.
Susa (fa Šuš;; שׁוּשָׁן Šušān; Greek: Σοῦσα; ܫܘܫ Šuš; Old Persian Çūšā) was an ancient city of the Proto-Elamite, Elamite, First Persian Empire, Seleucid, Parthian, and Sasanian empires of Iran, and one of the most important cities of the Ancient Near East.
Tabriz (تبریز; تبریز) is the most populated city in Iranian Azerbaijan, one of the historical capitals of Iran and the present capital of East Azerbaijan province.
Takht-e Foulad(تخته فولاد) is a historical cemetery in Isfahan, Iran.
The tar (طار) is an ancient, single-headed frame drum.
Tehran (تهران) is the capital of Iran and Tehran Province.
Teimuraz I (თეიმურაზ I) (1589–1661), of the Bagrationi Dynasty, was a Georgian monarch who ruled, with intermissions, as King of Kakheti from 1605 to 1648 and also of Kartli from 1625 to 1633.
Tiran and Karvan county (Persian: شهرستان تیران و کرون - Shahrestan Tiran va Karvan) is a county in Isfahan Province, Iran.
The Tomb of Nizam al-Mulk (آرامگاه نظامالملک, Aramgah-e Nezamolmolk) is located in Ahmadabad quarter of Isfahan.
Tughril Beg (full name: Rukn al-Dunya wa al-Din Abu Talib Muhammad Toghrul-Beg ibn Mikail) also spelled Toghrul I, Tugril, Toghril, Tugrul or Toghrïl Beg; (Tuğrul) (990 – September 4, 1063) was the Turkic founder of the Seljuk Empire, ruling from 1037 to 1063.
The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO; Organisation des Nations unies pour l'éducation, la science et la culture) is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) based in Paris.
University of Isfahan (UI) (Persian: دانشگاه اصفهان Dāneshgāh-e Esfāhān) is a state-operated university in Isfahan and among the top 10 comprehensive universities of Iran.
The Holy Savior Cathedral (Սուրբ Ամենափրկիչ Վանք – Surb Amenaprkich Vank; کلیسای آمناپرکیچ – Kelisā ye Āmenāperkič), also known the Church of the Saintly Sisters, is a cathedral located in the New Julfa district of Isfahan, Iran.
A wetland is a land area that is saturated with water, either permanently or seasonally, such that it takes on the characteristics of a distinct ecosystem.
A World Heritage site is a landmark or area which is selected by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) as having cultural, historical, scientific or other form of significance, and is legally protected by international treaties.
Xi'an is the capital of Shaanxi Province, China.
Yazdegerd I (𐭩𐭦𐭣𐭪𐭥𐭲𐭩 <yzdkrt|> Yazdekert, meaning "made by God"; New Persian: یزدگرد Yazdegerd) was the twelfth king (shah) of the Sasanian Empire.
Yerevan (Երևան, sometimes spelled Erevan) is the capital and largest city of Armenia as well as one of the world's oldest continuously inhabited cities.
The Zagros Mountains (کوههای زاگرس; چیاکانی زاگرۆس) form the largest mountain range in Iran, Iraq and southeastern Turkey.
The Zand dynasty (سلسله زندیه) was an Iranian dynasty of Lak a branch of Lurs origin founded by Karim Khan Zand that initially ruled southern and central Iran in the 18th century.
Zāyandé-Rūd or Zāyanderūd (زاینده رود, from زاینده “life giver” and رود “river”), also spelled as Zayandeh-Rood or Zayanderood, is the largest river of the Iranian Plateau in central Iran.
Zob Ahan Isfahan Football Club (باشگاه فوتبال ذوبآهن اصفهان) is an Iranian football club based in Fuladshahr, Iran.
Zoroastrianism, or more natively Mazdayasna, is one of the world's oldest extant religions, which is monotheistic in having a single creator god, has dualistic cosmology in its concept of good and evil, and has an eschatology which predicts the ultimate destruction of evil.
Zulfikar Ali Bhutto (5 January 1928 – 4 April 1979) was a Pakistani politician who served as the 9th Prime Minister of Pakistan from 1973 to 1977, and prior to that as the 4th President of Pakistan from 1971 to 1973.
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