70 relations: Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani, Ali Akbar Nategh-Nouri, Ali Larijani, Ali Motahari, Ardabil, Nir, Namin and Sareyn (electoral district), Baharestan, Baharestan (district), Bahman, Bicameralism, Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran, Counties of Iran, Elections in Iran, Followers of Wilayat fraction, Gholam-Ali Haddad-Adel, Guardian Council, Hamid-Reza Haji Babaee, Hope fraction, Hung parliament, Independent politician, Iran, Iranian calendars, Iranian legislative election, 2000, Iranian legislative election, 2016, Iranian Parliament Commission on Economy, Iranian Parliament Commission on Energy, Iranian Parliament religious minority reserved seats, Iranian Revolution, Iranian rial, Isfahan (electoral district), Kazem Jalali, Kyiv Post, Legislature, List of legislatures by country, List of Speakers of the Parliament of Iran, Lower house, Majlis Research Center, Majlis special commission for examining the JCPOA, Majority rule, Mashhad and Kalat (electoral district), Masoud Pezeshkian, Mausoleum of Ruhollah Khomeini, Mehdi Karroubi, Mohammad Reza Aref, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, National Consultative Assembly, Obverse and reverse, Oxford University Press, People's Voice (Iran), Persian Constitution of 1906, Pervasive Coalition of Reformists, ..., Plurality (voting), Politics of Iran, Press TV, Principlists Grand Coalition, Public domain, Qom (electoral district), Reserved political positions, Senate of Iran, Shiraz (electoral district), Supreme Audit Court of Iran, Tabriz, Osku and Azarshahr (electoral district), Tehran, Tehran, Rey, Shemiranat and Eslamshahr (electoral district), Two-round system, Unicameralism, Upper house, Urmia (electoral district), White Revolution, 10th legislature of the Islamic Republic of Iran, 2017 Tehran attacks. Expand index (20 more) » « Shrink index
Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani (Akbar Hāshemī Rafsanjānī or Hashemi Bahramani; 25 August 1934 – 8 January 2017) was an influential Iranian politician, writer and one of the founding fathers of the Islamic Republic who was the fourth President of Iran from 3 August 1989 until 3 August 1997.
Ali Akbar Nateq-Nouri (علیاکبر ناطقنوری; sometimes spelt Nategh-Nouri) (born 6 October 1944) is an Iranian politician.
Ali Larijani (علی لاریجانی,; born 3 June 1957) is an Iranian conservative politician, philosopher and former military officer who has been Speaker of the Parliament of Iran since 2008.
Ali Motahari (علی مطهری; born 26 January 1958) is an Iranian conservative politician who represents Tehran, Rey, Shemiranat and Eslamshahr electoral district in the Parliament of Iran since 2008 and is current Second Deputy of the Parliament of Iran serving since 2016.
Ardabil, Nir, Namin and Sareyn (electoral district) is a biggest electoral district in the Ardabil Province.
Baharestan (بَهارِستان.) is the name given to the historic Iranian parliament building, inaugurated in 1906 (see Persian Constitutional Revolution).
Baharestan (بهارستان.) is a locality east of the central part of Tehran in Iran.
Bahman (بهمن) is the eleventh and penultimate month of the Iranian calendar.
A bicameral legislature divides the legislators into two separate assemblies, chambers, or houses.
The Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran was adopted by referendum on 2 and 3 December 1979, and went into force replacing the Constitution of 1906.
The counties of Iran, called shahrestan (شهرستان), are administrative divisions of larger provinces (ostan).
Iran elects on national level a head of state and head of government (the president), a legislature (the Majlis), and an "Assembly of Experts" (which elects the Supreme Leader).
Followers of Wilayat (رهروان ولایت; Rahrovan Velayat) is an influential principlist parliamentary group active during the 9th term of Iran's Islamic Consultative Assembly (2012–2016).
Gholam Ali Haddad-Adel (غلامعلی حداد عادل, born 4 May 1945) is an Iranian philosopher, politician and former chairman of the Parliament.
The Guardian Council of the Constitution (شورای نگهبان قانون اساسی, Shūra-ye negahbān-e qānūn-e āsāsī) is an appointed and constitutionally mandated 12-member council that wields considerable power and influence in the Islamic Republic of Iran.
Hamid-Reza Haji Babaee (حمیدرضا حاجیبابایی, born 1 May 1959) is an Iranian politician who was Minister of Education from 2009 to 2013.
Hope fraction (فراکسیون امید) is a parliamentary group in the Iranian Parliament, established after 2016 elections by reformists and pro-Rouhani administration politicians.
A hung parliament is a term used in legislatures under the Westminster system to describe a situation in which no particular political party or pre-existing coalition (also known as an alliance or bloc) has an absolute majority of legislators (commonly known as members or seats) in a parliament or other legislature.
An independent or nonpartisan politician is an individual politician not affiliated with any political party.
Iran (ایران), also known as Persia, officially the Islamic Republic of Iran (جمهوری اسلامی ایران), is a sovereign state in Western Asia. With over 81 million inhabitants, Iran is the world's 18th-most-populous country. Comprising a land area of, it is the second-largest country in the Middle East and the 17th-largest in the world. Iran is bordered to the northwest by Armenia and the Republic of Azerbaijan, to the north by the Caspian Sea, to the northeast by Turkmenistan, to the east by Afghanistan and Pakistan, to the south by the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman, and to the west by Turkey and Iraq. The country's central location in Eurasia and Western Asia, and its proximity to the Strait of Hormuz, give it geostrategic importance. Tehran is the country's capital and largest city, as well as its leading economic and cultural center. Iran is home to one of the world's oldest civilizations, beginning with the formation of the Elamite kingdoms in the fourth millennium BCE. It was first unified by the Iranian Medes in the seventh century BCE, reaching its greatest territorial size in the sixth century BCE, when Cyrus the Great founded the Achaemenid Empire, which stretched from Eastern Europe to the Indus Valley, becoming one of the largest empires in history. The Iranian realm fell to Alexander the Great in the fourth century BCE and was divided into several Hellenistic states. An Iranian rebellion culminated in the establishment of the Parthian Empire, which was succeeded in the third century CE by the Sasanian Empire, a leading world power for the next four centuries. Arab Muslims conquered the empire in the seventh century CE, displacing the indigenous faiths of Zoroastrianism and Manichaeism with Islam. Iran made major contributions to the Islamic Golden Age that followed, producing many influential figures in art and science. After two centuries, a period of various native Muslim dynasties began, which were later conquered by the Turks and the Mongols. The rise of the Safavids in the 15th century led to the reestablishment of a unified Iranian state and national identity, with the country's conversion to Shia Islam marking a turning point in Iranian and Muslim history. Under Nader Shah, Iran was one of the most powerful states in the 18th century, though by the 19th century, a series of conflicts with the Russian Empire led to significant territorial losses. Popular unrest led to the establishment of a constitutional monarchy and the country's first legislature. A 1953 coup instigated by the United Kingdom and the United States resulted in greater autocracy and growing anti-Western resentment. Subsequent unrest against foreign influence and political repression led to the 1979 Revolution and the establishment of an Islamic republic, a political system that includes elements of a parliamentary democracy vetted and supervised by a theocracy governed by an autocratic "Supreme Leader". During the 1980s, the country was engaged in a war with Iraq, which lasted for almost nine years and resulted in a high number of casualties and economic losses for both sides. According to international reports, Iran's human rights record is exceptionally poor. The regime in Iran is undemocratic, and has frequently persecuted and arrested critics of the government and its Supreme Leader. Women's rights in Iran are described as seriously inadequate, and children's rights have been severely violated, with more child offenders being executed in Iran than in any other country in the world. Since the 2000s, Iran's controversial nuclear program has raised concerns, which is part of the basis of the international sanctions against the country. The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, an agreement reached between Iran and the P5+1, was created on 14 July 2015, aimed to loosen the nuclear sanctions in exchange for Iran's restriction in producing enriched uranium. Iran is a founding member of the UN, ECO, NAM, OIC, and OPEC. It is a major regional and middle power, and its large reserves of fossil fuels – which include the world's largest natural gas supply and the fourth-largest proven oil reserves – exert considerable influence in international energy security and the world economy. The country's rich cultural legacy is reflected in part by its 22 UNESCO World Heritage Sites, the third-largest number in Asia and eleventh-largest in the world. Iran is a multicultural country comprising numerous ethnic and linguistic groups, the largest being Persians (61%), Azeris (16%), Kurds (10%), and Lurs (6%).
The Iranian calendars (گاهشماری ایرانی Gâhshomâriye Irâni) are a succession of calendars invented or used for over two millennia in Iran (Persia).
Parliamentary elections were held in Iran on 18 February 2000, with a second round on 5 May.
Parliamentary elections were held in Iran on 26 February 2016 to elect members of the Islamic Consultative Assembly for all seats in the 10th parliament in the Islamic Republic era and the 34th since the Persian Constitutional Revolution.
The Iranian Parliament Committee on Economic (کمیسیون اقتصادی مجلس شورای اسلامی), or Economic Committee is a standing committee of the Islamic Consultative Assembly of Representatives.
The Iranian Parliament Committee on Energy (کمیسیون انرژی مجلس شورای اسلامی), or Energy Committee is a standing committee of the Islamic Consultative Assembly of Representatives.
There are 5 reserved seats in the Iranian Parliament for the religious minorities.
The Iranian Revolution (Enqelāb-e Iran; also known as the Islamic Revolution or the 1979 Revolution), Iran Chamber.
The Iranian rial (ریال ایران Riâl Irân; ISO 4217 code IRR) is the currency of Iran.
Isfahan (اصفهان) is a constituency of Isfahan Province for the Islamic Consultative Assembly.
Kazem Jalali (کاظم جلالی) is an Iranian conservative politician and member of the Majlis from Tehran, Rey, Shemiranat and Eslamshahr district.
The Kyiv Post is Ukraine's oldest English language newspaper.
A legislature is a deliberative assembly with the authority to make laws for a political entity such as a country or city.
This is a list of legislatures by country.
Following is a list of Speakers of the Parliament of Iran, from the Persian Constitutional Revolution to present.
A lower house is one of two chambers of a bicameral legislature, the other chamber being the upper house.
The Research Center of Islamic legislative Assembly is the research arm of the Iranian parliament (Majlis).
Majlis special commission for examining the JCPOA (کمیسیون ویژه بررسی برجام مجلس شورای اسلامی) is the select committee of 15 Iran's Islamic Consultative Assembly (Majlis) representatives to review the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action.
Majority rule is a decision rule that selects alternatives which have a majority, that is, more than half the votes.
Mashhad and Kalat (مشهد و کلات) is a constituency for the Islamic Consultative Assembly.
Masoud Pezeshkian (مسعود پزشکیان, born 29 September 1954 in Mahabad from Azerbaijani family) is an Iranian reformist politician who is currently representatiing Tabriz, Osku and Azarshahr electoral district in the Parliament of Iran and serves as its First Deputy Speaker since 29 May 2016.
The Mausoleum of Ayatollah Khomeini houses the tomb of Ruhollah Khomeini and his family—his wife Khadijeh Saqafi and his second son Ahmad Khomeini—and some political figures, such as former President Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani, former Vice President Hassan Habibi, Lieutenant General Ali Sayad Shirazi, Iranian Revolution figure Sadeq Tabatabaei, and MP Marzieh Hadidchi.
Mehdi Karroubi (Mehdī Karrūbĩ, born 26 September 1937) is an Iranian Shia cleric and reformist politician leading the National Trust Party.
Mohammad Reza Aref (محمدرضا عارف, born 19 December 1951) is an Iranian engineer, academic and reformist politician who is currently parliamentary leader of reformists' Hope fraction in the Iranian Parliament, representing Tehran, Rey, Shemiranat and Eslamshahr.
Mohammad Reza Pahlavi (Mohammad Reza Pahlavi,; 26 October 1919 – 27 July 1980), also known as Mohammad Reza Shah (Mohammad Rezā Šāh), was the last Shah of Iran from 16 September 1941 until his overthrow by the Iranian Revolution on 11 February 1979.
The National Consultative Assembly (Mad̲j̲lis-i s̲h̲ūrā-yi millī) or simply Majlis, was the national legislative body of Iran from 1906 to 1979.
Obverse and its opposite, reverse, refer to the two flat faces of coins and some other two-sided objects, including paper money, flags, seals, medals, drawings, old master prints and other works of art, and printed fabrics.
Oxford University Press (OUP) is the largest university press in the world, and the second oldest after Cambridge University Press.
The People's Voice, Nation's Voice or Voice of Nation Coalition (ائتلاف صدای ملت) was an electoral list for Iranian 2012 and 2016 legislative elections, led by Ali Motahari.
The Persia Constitution of 1906 (قانون اساسی مشروطه 1906), was the first constitution of Persia (Iran) that resulted from the Persian Constitutional Revolution and it was written by Hassan Pirnia, Hossein Pirnia, and Ismail Mumtaz, among others.
Pervasive Coalition of Reformists: The Second Step (ائتلاف فراگير اصلاحطلبان: گام دوم), named The List of Hope (لیست امید) by Mohammad Khatami, is the sole coalition and electoral list affiliated with the Iranian reform movement for the 2016 legislative election.
A plurality vote (in North America) or relative majority (in the United Kingdom) describes the circumstance when a candidate or proposition polls more votes than any other, but does not receive a majority.
The politics of Iran take place in a framework of a theocracy in a format of syncretic politics that is guided by Islamic ideology.
Press TV (stylised as PRESSTV) is a 24-hour English- and French-language news and documentary network affiliated with Islamic Republic of Iran Broadcasting (IRIB).
Principlists Grand Coalition (ائتلاف بزرگ اصولگرایان) is a principlist coalition and electoral list for the Iranian legislative election, 2016.
The public domain consists of all the creative works to which no exclusive intellectual property rights apply.
Qom (قم) is the sole constituency of Qom Province for the Islamic Consultative Assembly.
Several politico-constitutional arrangements use reserved political positions, especially when endeavoring to ensure the rights of minorities or preserving a political balance of power.
The Senate (Mad̲j̲lis-i Sinā) was the upper house legislative chamber in Iran from 1949 to 1979.
Shiraz (شیراز) is a constituency for the Islamic Consultative Assembly.
The Supreme Audit Court of Iran (SAC) (Persian: دیوان محاسبات کشور) is a government agency of the Islamic Republic of Iran.
Tabriz, Osku and Azarshahr (electoral district) is the biggest electoral district in the East Azerbaijan Province.
Tehran (تهران) is the capital of Iran and Tehran Province.
Tehran, Rey, Shemiranat and Eslamshahr (تهران، ری، شمیرانات و اسلامشهر) is a constituency for the Islamic Consultative Assembly.
The two-round system (also known as the second ballot, runoff voting or ballotage) is a voting method used to elect a single winner, where the voter casts a single vote for their chosen candidate.
In government, unicameralism (Latin uni, one + camera, chamber) is the practice of having one legislative or parliamentary chamber.
An upper house is one of two chambers of a bicameral legislature (or one of three chambers of a tricameral legislature), the other chamber being the lower house.
Urmia (electoral district) is a biggest electoral district in the West Azerbaijan Province.
The White Revolution (انقلاب سفید Enqelāb-e Sefid) or the Shah and People Revolution (انقلاب شاه و مردم Enqelāb-e Shāh va Mardom) was a far-reaching series of reforms in Iran launched in 1963 by Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi and lasted until 1978.
The 10th Islamic Consultative Assembly is the 34th and current Parliament of Iran that commenced on 28 May 2016 following the legislative elections on 26 February and 29 April 2016.
On 7 June 2017, two terrorist attacks were simultaneously carried out by five terrorists belonging to the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) against the Iranian Parliament building and the Mausoleum of Ruhollah Khomeini, both in Tehran, Iran, leaving 17 civilians dead and 43 wounded.
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