183 relations: -land, Adirondack Mountains, Africa, Ait, Aleutian Islands, Alluvium, Archipelago, Area, Artificial island, Asia, Atlantic Ocean, Atoll, Austral Islands, Australia, Bananal Island, Barbados, Barrier island, Borneo, Bouvet Island, Brazil, Brunei, Cay, Cognate, Concrete, Coney Island, Continent, Continental shelf, Coral reef, Corinth Canal, Coronado, California, Dalian, Desert island, Devon Island, Dictionary.com, Divergent boundary, Dutch language, Ethiopia, Etymology, Europe, Falkland Islands, False etymology, Fernando de Noronha, Fluvial, Geography of New Caledonia, Geology, German language, Granite, Great Barrier Reef, Great Britain, Greenland, ..., Hainan, Harlem River, Hawaii, Hawaiian Islands, Hawaiian–Emperor seamount chain, Holm (island), Hong Kong, Honshu, Hotspot (geology), Iceland, IJsselmonde (island), Indian Ocean, Indonesia, Inland island, Insular biogeography, Ireland, Island country, Island ecology, Island hopping, Islet, Isostasy, Jan Mayen, Japan, Java, Johor–Singapore Causeway, Kaffeklubben Island, Kangaroo Island, Kansai International Airport, Kerguelen Islands, Kure Atoll, Lagoon, Lake Afrera, Lake island, Lesser Antilles, Liaoning, Line Islands, List of archipelagos, List of artificial islands, List of divided islands, List of fictional islands, List of first human settlements, List of island countries, List of islands by area, List of islands by highest point, List of islands by name, List of islands by population, List of islands by population density, List of islands named after people, Lithosphere, Long Island, Lower Saranac Lake, Macquarie Island, Madagascar, Mainland, Malaysia, Maldives, Manhattan, Manitoulin Island, Mantle (geology), Marajó, Marble Hill, Manhattan, Mariana Islands, Mauritius, Middle English, Nauru, Netherlands, New Guinea, New Zealand, Newfoundland and Labrador, North America, Oceanic crust, Old English, Osaka Bay, Pacific Ocean, Papua New Guinea, Passenger Port of St. Petersburg, Peloponnese, Phantom island, Philippines, Plate tectonics, Polynesia, Private island, Puncak Jaya, Réunion, Reef, Rift, River delta, River island, Ross Island, Sable Island, Saint Helena, Saint Peter and Saint Paul Archipelago, Saint Petersburg, Sakhalin, Samoa, Sand, Seamount, Seychelles, Shoal, Sicily, Singapore, Skerry, Small Island Developing States, Socotra, South America, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, Spuyten Duyvil Creek, Sri Lanka, Stone Age, Subduction, Sumatra, Surtsey, Taiwan, Tasmania, Tectonics, Tidal island, Tide, Tied island, Tioman Island, Tokyo, Tonga, Tourism, Trinidad, Tristan da Cunha, Tropics, Tuamotus, Tuvalu, United Nations, United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, Vasilyevsky Island, Volcano, Waste, Water. Expand index (133 more) » « Shrink index
The suffix -land which can be found in several countries' name and country subdivisions indicates a toponymy—a land.
The Adirondack Mountains form a massif in northeastern New York, United States.
Africa is the world's second largest and second most-populous continent (behind Asia in both categories).
An ait (pronounced, like "eight") or eyot (pronounced,, or) is a small island.
The Aleutian Islands (Tanam Unangaa, literally "Land of the Aleuts", possibly from Chukchi aliat, "island") are a chain of 14 large volcanic islands and 55 smaller ones belonging to both the U.S. state of Alaska and the Russian federal subject of Kamchatka Krai.
Alluvium (from the Latin alluvius, from alluere, "to wash against") is loose, unconsolidated (not cemented together into a solid rock) soil or sediments, which has been eroded, reshaped by water in some form, and redeposited in a non-marine setting.
An archipelago, sometimes called an island group or island chain, is a chain, cluster or collection of islands, or sometimes a sea containing a small number of scattered islands.
Area is the quantity that expresses the extent of a two-dimensional figure or shape, or planar lamina, in the plane.
An artificial island or man-made island is an island that has been constructed by people rather than formed by natural means.
Asia is Earth's largest and most populous continent, located primarily in the Eastern and Northern Hemispheres.
The Atlantic Ocean is the second largest of the world's oceans with a total area of about.
An atoll, sometimes called a coral atoll, is a ring-shaped coral reef including a coral rim that encircles a lagoon partially or completely.
The Tuha'a Pae, or Austral Islands (Îles Australes or Archipel des Australes), are the southernmost group of islands in French Polynesia, an overseas collectivity of France in the South Pacific.
Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands.
Bananal Island (Ilha do Bananal) is a large river island formed from the bisection of the Araguaia River, in southwestern Tocantins, Brazil.
Barbados is an island country in the Lesser Antilles of the West Indies, in the Caribbean region of North America.
Barrier islands are coastal landforms and a type of dune system that are exceptionally flat or lumpy areas of sand that form by wave and tidal action parallel to the mainland coast.
Borneo (Pulau Borneo) is the third largest island in the world and the largest in Asia.
Bouvet Island is an uninhabited subantarctic high island and dependency of Norway located in the South Atlantic Ocean at, thus putting it north of and outside the Antarctic Treaty System.
Brazil (Brasil), officially the Federative Republic of Brazil (República Federativa do Brasil), is the largest country in both South America and Latin America.
Brunei, officially the Nation of Brunei, the Abode of Peace (Negara Brunei Darussalam, Jawi), is a sovereign state located on the north coast of the island of Borneo in Southeast Asia.
A cay, also spelled caye or key, is a small, low-elevation, sandy island on the surface of a coral reef.
In linguistics, cognates are words that have a common etymological origin.
Concrete, usually Portland cement concrete, is a composite material composed of fine and coarse aggregate bonded together with a fluid cement (cement paste) that hardens over time—most frequently a lime-based cement binder, such as Portland cement, but sometimes with other hydraulic cements, such as a calcium aluminate cement.
Coney Island is a peninsular residential neighborhood, beach, and leisure/entertainment destination of Long Island on the Coney Island Channel, which is part of the Lower Bay in the southwestern part of the borough of Brooklyn in New York City.
A continent is one of several very large landmasses of the world.
The continental shelf is an underwater landmass which extends from a continent, resulting in an area of relatively shallow water known as a shelf sea.
Coral reefs are diverse underwater ecosystems held together by calcium carbonate structures secreted by corals.
The Corinth Canal (Διώρυγα της Κορίνθου, Dhioryga tis Korinthou) is a canal that connects the Gulf of Corinth with the Saronic Gulf in the Aegean Sea.
Coronado is a resort city located in San Diego County, California, across the San Diego Bay from downtown San Diego.
Dalian is a major city and seaport in the south of Liaoning Province, China.
A deserted island or uninhabited island is an island that is not permanently populated by humans.
Devon Island (Inuit: Tatlurutit) is an island in Canada and the largest uninhabited island on Earth.
Dictionary.com is an online dictionary whose domain was first registered on May 14, 1995.
In plate tectonics, a divergent boundary or divergent plate boundary (also known as a constructive boundary or an extensional boundary) is a linear feature that exists between two tectonic plates that are moving away from each other.
The Dutch language is a West Germanic language, spoken by around 23 million people as a first language (including the population of the Netherlands where it is the official language, and about sixty percent of Belgium where it is one of the three official languages) and by another 5 million as a second language.
Ethiopia (ኢትዮጵያ), officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia (የኢትዮጵያ ፌዴራላዊ ዲሞክራሲያዊ ሪፐብሊክ, yeʾĪtiyoṗṗya Fēdēralawī Dēmokirasīyawī Rīpebilīk), is a country located in the Horn of Africa.
EtymologyThe New Oxford Dictionary of English (1998) – p. 633 "Etymology /ˌɛtɪˈmɒlədʒi/ the study of the class in words and the way their meanings have changed throughout time".
Europe is a continent located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere.
The Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas) is an archipelago in the South Atlantic Ocean on the Patagonian Shelf.
A false etymology (popular etymology, etymythology, pseudo-etymology, or par(a)etymology), sometimes called folk etymology – although the last term is also a technical term in linguistics - is a popularly held but false belief about the origin or derivation of a specific word.
Fernando de Noronha is an archipelago of 21 islands and islets in the Atlantic Ocean, offshore from the Brazilian coast.
In geography and geology, fluvial processes are associated with rivers and streams and the deposits and landforms created by them.
The geography of New Caledonia (Nouvelle-Calédonie), an overseas collectivity of France located in the subregion of Melanesia, makes the continental island group unique in the southwest Pacific.
Geology (from the Ancient Greek γῆ, gē, i.e. "earth" and -λoγία, -logia, i.e. "study of, discourse") is an earth science concerned with the solid Earth, the rocks of which it is composed, and the processes by which they change over time.
German (Deutsch) is a West Germanic language that is mainly spoken in Central Europe.
Granite is a common type of felsic intrusive igneous rock that is granular and phaneritic in texture.
The Great Barrier Reef is the world's largest coral reef system composed of over 2,900 individual reefs and 900 islands stretching for over over an area of approximately.
Great Britain, also known as Britain, is a large island in the north Atlantic Ocean off the northwest coast of continental Europe.
Greenland (Kalaallit Nunaat,; Grønland) is an autonomous constituent country within the Kingdom of Denmark between the Arctic and Atlantic Oceans, east of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago.
Hainan is the smallest and southernmost province of the People's Republic of China (PRC), consisting of various islands in the South China Sea.
The Harlem River is an tidal strait flowing between the Hudson River and the East River and separating the island of Manhattan from the Bronx on the New York mainland.
Hawaii (Hawaii) is the 50th and most recent state to have joined the United States, having received statehood on August 21, 1959.
The Hawaiian Islands (Mokupuni o Hawai‘i) are an archipelago of eight major islands, several atolls, numerous smaller islets, and seamounts in the North Pacific Ocean, extending some from the island of Hawaiokinai in the south to northernmost Kure Atoll.
The Hawaiian–Emperor seamount chain is a mostly undersea mountain range in the Pacific Ocean that reaches above sea level in Hawaii.
This page is a set index; for other uses of the term, see Holm (disambiguation) There are numerous islands containing the word Holm, especially in Scotland.
Hong Kong (Chinese: 香港), officially the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China, is an autonomous territory of China on the eastern side of the Pearl River estuary in East Asia.
Honshu is the largest and most populous island of Japan, located south of Hokkaido across the Tsugaru Strait, north of Shikoku across the Inland Sea, and northeast of Kyushu across the Kanmon Straits.
In geology, the places known as hotspots or hot spots are volcanic regions thought to be fed by underlying mantle that is anomalously hot compared with the surrounding mantle.
Iceland is a Nordic island country in the North Atlantic, with a population of and an area of, making it the most sparsely populated country in Europe.
IJsselmonde is a river island between the Nieuwe Maas, Noord and Oude Maas branches rivers of the Rhine-Meuse delta in the Dutch province of South Holland.
The Indian Ocean is the third largest of the world's oceanic divisions, covering (approximately 20% of the water on the Earth's surface).
Indonesia (or; Indonesian), officially the Republic of Indonesia (Republik Indonesia), is a transcontinental unitary sovereign state located mainly in Southeast Asia, with some territories in Oceania.
An inland island is an island in a lake (lake island) or an island in a river (river island).
Insular biogeography or island biogeography is a field within biogeography that examines the factors that affect the species richness of isolated natural communities.
Ireland (Éire; Ulster-Scots: Airlann) is an island in the North Atlantic.
An island country is a country whose primary territory consists of one or more islands or parts of islands.
Island ecology is the study of island organisms and their interactions with each other and the environment.
Island hopping is the crossing of an ocean by a series of shorter journeys between islands, as opposed to a single journey directly to the destination.
An islet is a very small island.
Isostasy (Greek ''ísos'' "equal", ''stásis'' "standstill") is the state of gravitational equilibrium between Earth's crust and mantle such that the crust "floats" at an elevation that depends on its thickness and density.
Jan Mayen is a Norwegian volcanic island situated in the Arctic Ocean.
Japan (日本; Nippon or Nihon; formally 日本国 or Nihon-koku, lit. "State of Japan") is a sovereign island country in East Asia.
Java (Indonesian: Jawa; Javanese: ꦗꦮ; Sundanese) is an island of Indonesia.
The Johor–Singapore Causeway (Tambak Johor) is a 1,056-metre causeway that links the city of Johor Bahru in Malaysia across the Straits of Johor to the town of Woodlands in Singapore.
Kaffeklubben Island or Coffee Club Island (Kaffeklubben Ø; Inuit Qeqertaat) is a small island lying off the northern tip of Greenland.
Kangaroo Island is Australia's third-largest island, after Tasmania and Melville Island.
is an international airport located on an artificial island in the middle of Osaka Bay off the Honshu shore, southwest of Ōsaka Station, located within three municipalities, including Izumisano (north),.
The Kerguelen Islands (or; in French commonly Îles Kerguelen but officially Archipel des Kerguelen), also known as the Desolation Islands (Îles de la Désolation in French), are a group of islands in the southern Indian Ocean constituting one of the two exposed parts of the mostly submerged Kerguelen Plateau.
(Mokupāpapa) or Ocean Island is an atoll in the Pacific Ocean beyond Midway Atoll in the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands at.
A lagoon is a shallow body of water separated from a larger body of water by barrier islands or reefs.
Lake Afrera (also transliterated as Lake Afdera) is a hypersaline lake in northern Ethiopia.
A lake island is any landmass within a lake.
The Lesser Antilles are a group of islands in the Caribbean Sea.
Liaoning is a province of China, located in the northeast of the country.
The Line Islands, Teraina Islands or Equatorial Islands, is a chain of atolls (with partially or fully enclosed lagoons) and coral islands (with a surrounding reef).
This is a list of archipelagoes, organized by oceans and seas and then arranged alphabetically.
This is a list of artificial islands.
This is a list of islands whose land is divided by one or more international borders.
Below is a list of islands that have been invented for films, literature, television, or other media.
This is a list of dates associated with the prehistoric peopling of the world (first known presence of Homo sapiens).
This is a list of island countries.
This list of islands by area includes all islands in the world greater than and several other islands over, sorted in descending order by area.
This is a list of islands in the world ordered by their highest point.
This is a list of islands in the world ordered by population.
The following is a list of islands, sorted by population density, and including islands that connect to other island or inland with land mean of transportation (e.g. bridge or tunnel).
This is a list of islands known to be named after individual people.
A lithosphere (λίθος for "rocky", and σφαίρα for "sphere") is the rigid, outermost shell of a terrestrial-type planet, or natural satellite, that is defined by its rigid mechanical properties.
Long Island is a densely populated island off the East Coast of the United States, beginning at New York Harbor just 0.35 miles (0.56 km) from Manhattan Island and extending eastward into the Atlantic Ocean.
Lower Saranac Lake is one of three connected lakes, part of the Saranac River, near the village of Saranac Lake in the Adirondacks in northern New York.
Macquarie Island, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, lies in the southwest Pacific Ocean, about halfway between New Zealand and Antarctica, at 54° 30' S, 158° 57' E.
Madagascar (Madagasikara), officially the Republic of Madagascar (Repoblikan'i Madagasikara; République de Madagascar), and previously known as the Malagasy Republic, is an island country in the Indian Ocean, off the coast of East Africa.
Mainland is a contiguous landmass that is larger and often politically, economically and/or demographically more significant than politically associated remote territories, such as exclaves or oceanic islands situated outside the continental shelf.
Malaysia is a federal constitutional monarchy in Southeast Asia.
The Maldives (or; ދިވެހިރާއްޖެ Dhivehi Raa'jey), officially the Republic of Maldives, is a South Asian sovereign state, located in the Indian Ocean, situated in the Arabian Sea.
Manhattan is the most densely populated borough of New York City, its economic and administrative center, and its historical birthplace.
Manitoulin Island is a Canadian lake island in Lake Huron, in the province of Ontario.
The mantle is a layer inside a terrestrial planet and some other rocky planetary bodies.
Marajó is a large delta island in the state of Pará, Brazil.
Marble Hill is the northernmost neighborhood in the New York City borough of Manhattan.
The Mariana Islands (also the Marianas) are a crescent-shaped archipelago comprising the summits of fifteen mostly dormant volcanic mountains in the western North Pacific Ocean, between the 12th and 21st parallels north and along the 145th meridian east.
Mauritius (or; Maurice), officially the Republic of Mauritius (République de Maurice), is an island nation in the Indian Ocean about off the southeast coast of the African continent.
Middle English (ME) is collectively the varieties of the English language spoken after the Norman Conquest (1066) until the late 15th century; scholarly opinion varies but the Oxford English Dictionary specifies the period of 1150 to 1500.
Nauru (Naoero, or), officially the Republic of Nauru (Repubrikin Naoero) and formerly known as Pleasant Island, is an island country in Micronesia, a subregion of Oceania, in the Central Pacific.
The Netherlands (Nederland), often referred to as Holland, is a country located mostly in Western Europe with a population of seventeen million.
New Guinea (Nugini or, more commonly known, Papua, historically, Irian) is a large island off the continent of Australia.
New Zealand (Aotearoa) is a sovereign island country in the southwestern Pacific Ocean.
Newfoundland and Labrador (Terre-Neuve-et-Labrador; Akamassiss; Newfoundland Irish: Talamh an Éisc agus Labradar) is the most easterly province of Canada.
North America is a continent entirely within the Northern Hemisphere and almost all within the Western Hemisphere; it is also considered by some to be a northern subcontinent of the Americas.
Oceanic crust is the uppermost layer of the oceanic portion of a tectonic plate.
Old English (Ænglisc, Anglisc, Englisc), or Anglo-Saxon, is the earliest historical form of the English language, spoken in England and southern and eastern Scotland in the early Middle Ages.
Osaka Bay (大阪湾 Ōsaka-wan) is a bay in western Japan.
The Pacific Ocean is the largest and deepest of Earth's oceanic divisions.
Papua New Guinea (PNG;,; Papua Niugini; Hiri Motu: Papua Niu Gini), officially the Independent State of Papua New Guinea, is an Oceanian country that occupies the eastern half of the island of New Guinea and its offshore islands in Melanesia, a region of the southwestern Pacific Ocean north of Australia.
The Passenger Port of St.
The Peloponnese or Peloponnesus (Πελοπόννησος, Peloponnisos) is a peninsula and geographic region in southern Greece.
A phantom island is a purported island that appeared on maps for a period of time (sometimes centuries) during recorded history, but was removed from later maps after it was proven not to exist.
The Philippines (Pilipinas or Filipinas), officially the Republic of the Philippines (Republika ng Pilipinas), is a unitary sovereign and archipelagic country in Southeast Asia.
Plate tectonics (from the Late Latin tectonicus, from the τεκτονικός "pertaining to building") is a scientific theory describing the large-scale motion of seven large plates and the movements of a larger number of smaller plates of the Earth's lithosphere, since tectonic processes began on Earth between 3 and 3.5 billion years ago.
Polynesia (from πολύς polys "many" and νῆσος nēsos "island") is a subregion of Oceania, made up of more than 1,000 islands scattered over the central and southern Pacific Ocean.
A private island is a disconnected body of land wholly owned by a single private citizen or corporation.
Puncak Jaya or Carstensz Pyramid (4,884 m) is the highest summit of Mount Jayawijaya or Mount Carstensz in the Sudirman Range of the western central highlands of Papua Province, Indonesia (within Puncak Jaya Regency).
Réunion (La Réunion,; previously Île Bourbon) is an island and region of France in the Indian Ocean, east of Madagascar and southwest of Mauritius.
A reef is a bar of rock, sand, coral or similar material, lying beneath the surface of water.
In geology, a rift is a linear zone where the lithosphere is being pulled apart and is an example of extensional tectonics.
A river delta is a landform that forms from deposition of sediment carried by a river as the flow leaves its mouth and enters slower-moving or stagnant water.
A river island is any exposed land within a river.
Ross Island is an island formed by four volcanoes in the Ross Sea near the continent of Antarctica, off the coast of Victoria Land in McMurdo Sound.
Sable Island (île de Sable) is a small island situated southeast of Halifax, Nova Scotia, and about southeast of the closest point of mainland Nova Scotia in the Atlantic Ocean.
Saint Helena is a volcanic tropical island in the South Atlantic Ocean, east of Rio de Janeiro and 1,950 kilometres (1,210 mi) west of the Cunene River, which marks the border between Namibia and Angola in southwestern Africa.
The Saint Peter and Saint Paul Archipelago (Arquipélago de São Pedro e São Paulo) is a group of 15 small islets and rocks in the central equatorial Atlantic Ocean.
Saint Petersburg (p) is Russia's second-largest city after Moscow, with 5 million inhabitants in 2012, part of the Saint Petersburg agglomeration with a population of 6.2 million (2015).
Sakhalin (Сахалин), previously also known as Kuye Dao (Traditional Chinese:庫頁島, Simplified Chinese:库页岛) in Chinese and in Japanese, is a large Russian island in the North Pacific Ocean, lying between 45°50' and 54°24' N.
Samoa, officially the Independent State of Samoa (Malo Saʻoloto Tutoʻatasi o Sāmoa; Sāmoa) and, until 4 July 1997, known as Western Samoa, is a unitary parliamentary democracy with eleven administrative divisions.
Sand is a naturally occurring granular material composed of finely divided rock and mineral particles.
A seamount is a mountain rising from the ocean seafloor that does not reach to the water's surface (sea level), and thus is not an island, islet or cliff-rock.
Seychelles (French), officially the Republic of Seychelles (République des Seychelles; Creole: Repiblik Sesel), is an archipelago and sovereign state in the Indian Ocean.
In oceanography, geomorphology, and earth sciences, a shoal is a natural submerged ridge, bank, or bar that consists of, or is covered by, sand or other unconsolidated material, and rises from the bed of a body of water to near the surface.
Sicily (Sicilia; Sicìlia) is the largest island in the Mediterranean Sea.
Singapore, officially the Republic of Singapore, is a sovereign city-state and island country in Southeast Asia.
A skerry is a small rocky island, usually too small for human habitation.
Small Island Developing States (SIDS) are a group of small island countries that tend to share similar sustainable development challenges, including small but growing populations, limited resources, remoteness, susceptibility to natural disasters, vulnerability to external shocks, excessive dependence on international trade, and fragile environments.
Socotra سُقُطْرَى Suqadara, also called Soqotra, located between the Guardafui Channel and the Arabian Sea, is the largest of four islands of the Socotra archipelago.
South America is a continent in the Western Hemisphere, mostly in the Southern Hemisphere, with a relatively small portion in the Northern Hemisphere.
South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands (SGSSI) is a British Overseas Territory in the southern Atlantic Ocean.
Spuyten Duyvil Creek is a short tidal estuary in New York City connecting the Hudson River to the Harlem River Ship Canal and then on to the Harlem River.
Sri Lanka (Sinhala: ශ්රී ලංකා; Tamil: இலங்கை Ilaṅkai), officially the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka, is an island country in South Asia, located in the Indian Ocean to the southwest of the Bay of Bengal and to the southeast of the Arabian Sea.
The Stone Age was a broad prehistoric period during which stone was widely used to make implements with an edge, a point, or a percussion surface.
Subduction is a geological process that takes place at convergent boundaries of tectonic plates where one plate moves under another and is forced or sinks due to gravity into the mantle.
Sumatra is an Indonesian island in Southeast Asia that is part of the Sunda Islands.
Surtsey ("Surtr's island" in Icelandic) is a volcanic island located in the Vestmannaeyjar archipelago off the southern coast of Iceland.
Taiwan, officially the Republic of China (ROC), is a state in East Asia.
Tasmania (abbreviated as Tas and known colloquially as Tassie) is an island state of Australia.
Tectonics is the process that controls the structure and properties of the Earth's crust and its evolution through time.
A tidal island is a piece of land that is connected to the mainland by a natural or man-made causeway that is exposed at low tide and submerged at high tide.
Tides are the rise and fall of sea levels caused by the combined effects of the gravitational forces exerted by the Moon and the Sun and the rotation of Earth.
Tied islands, or land-tied islands as they are often known, are landforms consisting of an island that is connected to land only by a tombolo: a spit of beach materials connected to land at both ends.
Tioman Island (Pulau Tioman) is a mukim and an island in Rompin District, Pahang, Malaysia.
, officially, is one of the 47 prefectures of Japan and has been the capital since 1869.
Tonga (Tongan: Puleʻanga Fakatuʻi ʻo Tonga), officially the Kingdom of Tonga, is a Polynesian sovereign state and archipelago comprising 169 islands, of which 36 are inhabited.
Tourism is travel for pleasure or business; also the theory and practice of touring, the business of attracting, accommodating, and entertaining tourists, and the business of operating tours.
Trinidad is the larger and more populous of the two major islands of Trinidad and Tobago.
Tristan da Cunha, colloquially Tristan, is both a remote group of volcanic islands in the south Atlantic Ocean and the main island of that group.
The tropics are a region of the Earth surrounding the Equator.
The Tuamotus, also referred to in English as the Tuamotu Archipelago or the Tuamotu Islands (Îles Tuamotu, officially Archipel des Tuamotu), are a French Polynesian chain of almost 80 islands and atolls forming the largest chain of atolls in the world.
Tuvalu, formerly known as the Ellice Islands, is a Polynesian island nation located in the Pacific Ocean, about midway between Hawaii and Australia, lying east-northeast of the Santa Cruz Islands (belonging to the Solomons), southeast of Nauru, south of Kiribati, west of Tokelau, northwest of Samoa and Wallis and Futuna and north of Fiji.
The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization tasked to promote international cooperation and to create and maintain international order.
The United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS), also called the Law of the Sea Convention or the Law of the Sea treaty, is the international agreement that resulted from the third United Nations Conference on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS III), which took place between 1973 and 1982.
Vasilyevsky Island (Васи́льевский о́стров, Vasilyevsky Ostrov, V.O.) is an island in St. Petersburg, Russia, bordered by the Bolshaya Neva and Malaya Neva Rivers (in the delta of the Neva River) in the south and northeast, and by the Gulf of Finland in the west.
A volcano is a rupture in the crust of a planetary-mass object, such as Earth, that allows hot lava, volcanic ash, and gases to escape from a magma chamber below the surface.
Waste (or wastes) are unwanted or unusable materials.
Water is a transparent, tasteless, odorless, and nearly colorless chemical substance that is the main constituent of Earth's streams, lakes, and oceans, and the fluids of most living organisms.