68 relations: Acetal, Acetone, Acid, Acid dissociation constant, Acid strength, Adduct, Aldehyde, Alkaloid, Amino acid, Aromaticity, Base (chemistry), Benzaldehyde, Benzene, Benzylamine, Benzylisoquinoline, Bischler–Napieralski reaction, Carbon, Carbon disulfide, Catalysis, Coal tar, Corrosion, Debrisoquine, Derivatization, Diethyl ether, Dopaminergic cell groups, Dye, Enzyme, Ester, Ethanol, Fractional crystallization (chemistry), Fungicide, Glyoxal, Heterocyclic compound, Hygroscopy, Insecticide, Lewis acids and bases, Liquid–liquid extraction, MPTP, Naphthalene, Neurotoxin, Odor, Organic compound, Paint, Papaverine, Parkinson's disease, Phenethylamine, Phosphorus pentoxide, Phosphoryl chloride, Pictet–Spengler reaction, Pomeranz–Fritsch reaction, ..., Pyridine, Quinapril, Quinisocaine, Quinoline, Resin, Royal Society of Chemistry, Salt (chemistry), Simple aromatic ring, Solubility, Solvent, Springer Science+Business Media, Structural analog, Structural isomer, Terpene, Tetrahydroisoquinoline, Tubocurarine chloride, Tyrosine, (S)-norcoclaurine synthase. Expand index (18 more) » « Shrink index
An acetal is a functional group with the following connectivity R2C(OR')2, where both R' groups are organic fragments.
Acetone (systematically named propanone) is the organic compound with the formula (CH3)2CO.
An acid is a molecule or ion capable of donating a hydron (proton or hydrogen ion H+), or, alternatively, capable of forming a covalent bond with an electron pair (a Lewis acid).
An acid dissociation constant, Ka, (also known as acidity constant, or acid-ionization constant) is a quantitative measure of the strength of an acid in solution.
The strength of an acid refers to its ability or tendency to lose a proton (H+).
An adduct (from the Latin adductus, "drawn toward" alternatively, a contraction of "addition product") is a product of a direct addition of two or more distinct molecules, resulting in a single reaction product containing all atoms of all components.
An aldehyde or alkanal is an organic compound containing a functional group with the structure −CHO, consisting of a carbonyl center (a carbon double-bonded to oxygen) with the carbon atom also bonded to hydrogen and to an R group, which is any generic alkyl or side chain.
Alkaloids are a class of naturally occurring chemical compounds that mostly contain basic nitrogen atoms.
Amino acids are organic compounds containing amine (-NH2) and carboxyl (-COOH) functional groups, along with a side chain (R group) specific to each amino acid.
In organic chemistry, the term aromaticity is used to describe a cyclic (ring-shaped), planar (flat) molecule with a ring of resonance bonds that exhibits more stability than other geometric or connective arrangements with the same set of atoms.
In chemistry, bases are substances that, in aqueous solution, release hydroxide (OH−) ions, are slippery to the touch, can taste bitter if an alkali, change the color of indicators (e.g., turn red litmus paper blue), react with acids to form salts, promote certain chemical reactions (base catalysis), accept protons from any proton donor, and/or contain completely or partially displaceable OH− ions.
Benzaldehyde (C6H5CHO) is an organic compound consisting of a benzene ring with a formyl substituent.
Benzene is an important organic chemical compound with the chemical formula C6H6.
Benzylamine is an organic chemical compound with the condensed structural formula C6H5CH2NH2 (sometimes abbreviated as PhCH2NH2 or BnNH2).
1-Benzylisoquinoline is a chemical compound, and the structural backbone of many alkaloids with a wide variety of structures, including papaverine, noscapine, codeine, morphine, apomorphine, berberine, protopine, tubocurarine, and sanguinarine.
The Bischler–Napieralski reaction is an intramolecular electrophilic aromatic substitution reaction that allows for the cyclization of β-arylethylamides or β-arylethylcarbamates.
Carbon (from carbo "coal") is a chemical element with symbol C and atomic number 6.
Carbon disulfide is a colorless volatile liquid with the formula CS2.
Catalysis is the increase in the rate of a chemical reaction due to the participation of an additional substance called a catalysthttp://goldbook.iupac.org/C00876.html, which is not consumed in the catalyzed reaction and can continue to act repeatedly.
Coal tar is a thick dark liquid which is a by-product of the production of coke and coal gas from coal.
Corrosion is a natural process, which converts a refined metal to a more chemically-stable form, such as its oxide, hydroxide, or sulfide.
Debrisoquine is a derivative of guanidine.
Derivatization is a technique used in chemistry which transforms a chemical compound into a product (the reaction's derivate) of similar chemical structure, called a derivative.
Diethyl ether, or simply ether, is an organic compound in the ether class with the formula, sometimes abbreviated as (see Pseudoelement symbols).
Dopaminergic cell groups are collections of neurons in the central nervous system that synthesize the neurotransmitter dopamine.
A dye is a colored substance that has an affinity to the substrate to which it is being applied.
Enzymes are macromolecular biological catalysts.
In chemistry, an ester is a chemical compound derived from an acid (organic or inorganic) in which at least one –OH (hydroxyl) group is replaced by an –O–alkyl (alkoxy) group.
Ethanol, also called alcohol, ethyl alcohol, grain alcohol, and drinking alcohol, is a chemical compound, a simple alcohol with the chemical formula.
In chemistry, fractional crystallization is a method of refining substances based on differences in solubility.
Fungicides are biocidal chemical compounds or biological organisms used to kill parasitic fungi or their spores.
Glyoxal is an organic compound with the chemical formula OCHCHO.
A heterocyclic compound or ring structure is a cyclic compound that has atoms of at least two different elements as members of its ring(s).
Hygroscopy is the phenomenon of attracting and holding water molecules from the surrounding environment, which is usually at normal or room temperature.
Insecticides are substances used to kill insects.
A Lewis acid is a chemical species that contains an empty orbital which is capable of accepting an electron pair from a Lewis base to form a Lewis adduct.
Liquid–liquid extraction (LLE), also known as solvent extraction and partitioning, is a method to separate compounds or metal complexes, based on their relative solubilities in two different immiscible liquids, usually water (polar) and an organic solvent (non-polar).
MPTP (1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine) is a prodrug to the neurotoxin MPP+, which causes permanent symptoms of Parkinson's disease by destroying dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra of the brain.
Naphthalene is an organic compound with formula.
Neurotoxins are toxins that are poisonous or destructive to nerve tissue (causing neurotoxicity).
An odor, odour or fragrance is always caused by one or more volatilized chemical compounds.
In chemistry, an organic compound is generally any chemical compound that contains carbon.
Paint is any liquid, liquefiable, or mastic composition that, after application to a substrate in a thin layer, converts to a solid film.
Papaverine (Latin papaver, "poppy") is an opium alkaloid antispasmodic drug, used primarily in the treatment of visceral spasm and vasospasm (especially those involving the intestines, heart, or brain), and occasionally in the treatment of erectile dysfunction.
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a long-term degenerative disorder of the central nervous system that mainly affects the motor system.
Phenethylamine (PEA) is an organic compound, natural monoamine alkaloid, and trace amine which acts as a central nervous system stimulant in humans.
Phosphorus pentoxide is a chemical compound with molecular formula P4O10 (with its common name derived from its empirical formula, P2O5).
Phosphoryl chloride (commonly called phosphorus oxychloride) is a colourless liquid with the formula 3.
The Pictet–Spengler reaction is a chemical reaction in which a β-arylethylamine such as tryptamine undergoes ring closure after condensation with an aldehyde or ketone.
The Pomeranz–Fritsch reaction, also named Pomeranz–Fritsch cyclization, is a name reaction in the organic chemistry.
Pyridine is a basic heterocyclic organic compound with the chemical formula C5H5N.
Quinapril (marketed under the brand name Accupril by Pfizer) is an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor (ACE inhibitor) used in the treatment of hypertension and congestive heart failure.
Quinisocaine (INN) or dimethisoquin (BAN and USAN) is a topical anesthetic used as an antipruritic.
Quinoline is a heterocyclic aromatic organic compound with the chemical formula C9H7N.
In polymer chemistry and materials science, resin is a "solid or highly viscous substance" of plant or synthetic origin that is typically convertible into polymers.
The Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC) is a learned society (professional association) in the United Kingdom with the goal of "advancing the chemical sciences".
In chemistry, a salt is an ionic compound that can be formed by the neutralization reaction of an acid and a base.
Simple aromatic rings, also known as simple arenes or simple aromatics, are aromatic organic compounds that consist only of a conjugated planar ring system.
Solubility is the property of a solid, liquid or gaseous chemical substance called solute to dissolve in a solid, liquid or gaseous solvent.
A solvent (from the Latin solvō, "loosen, untie, solve") is a substance that dissolves a solute (a chemically distinct liquid, solid or gas), resulting in a solution.
Springer Science+Business Media or Springer, part of Springer Nature since 2015, is a global publishing company that publishes books, e-books and peer-reviewed journals in science, humanities, technical and medical (STM) publishing.
A structural analog, also known as a chemical analog or simply an analog, is a compound having a structure similar to that of another compound, but differing from it in respect to a certain component.
Structural isomerism, or constitutional isomerism (per IUPAC), is a form of isomerism in which molecules with the same molecular formula have different bonding patterns and atomic organization, as opposed to stereoisomerism, in which molecular bonds are always in the same order and only spatial arrangement differs.
Terpenes are a large and diverse class of organic compounds, produced by a variety of plants, particularly conifers, and by some insects.
Tetrahydroisoquinoline (TIQ) is an organic compound with the chemical formula C9H11N.
Tubocurarine (also known as d-tubocurarine or DTC) is a toxic alkaloid historically known for its use as an arrow poison.
Tyrosine (symbol Tyr or Y) or 4-hydroxyphenylalanine is one of the 20 standard amino acids that are used by cells to synthesize proteins.
In enzymology, a (S)-norcoclaurine synthase is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are 4-hydroxyphenylacetaldehyde and 4-(2-aminoethyl)benzene-1,2-diol, whereas its two products are (S)-norcoclaurine and H2O.