41 relations: Albéric O'Kelly de Galway, Aleksandar Matanović, Bishop's Opening, Checkmate, Chess opening, Correspondence chess, David Bronstein, David Levy (chess player), Encyclopaedia of Chess Openings, Evans Gambit, Four Knights Game, Gambit, Gambit Publications, Göttingen manuscript, George Botterill, Giambattista Lolli, Gioachino Greco, Giulio Cesare Polerio, Giuoco Piano, Giuoco Piano, Jerome Gambit, Hungarian Defense, Italian Gambit, Italian Game, Blackburne Shilling Gambit, Italian Game, Rousseau Gambit, King's Knight Opening, List of chess openings, List of chess openings named after places, Mikhail Chigorin, Open Game, Pavel Blatný, Pedro Damiano, Ruy Lopez, Scotch Game, Semi-Italian Opening, Tim Harding (chess player), Two Knights Defense, Two Knights Defense, Fried Liver Attack, Two Knights Defense, Max Lange Attack, Vladimir Zagorovsky, Wolfgang Unzicker, Yakov Estrin.
Albéric Joseph Rodolphe Marie Robert Ghislain O'Kelly de Galway (17 May 1911, Anderlecht – 3 October 1980, Brussels) was a Belgian chess Grandmaster (1956), an International Correspondence Chess Grandmaster (1962), and the third ICCF World Champion in correspondence chess (1959–1962).
Aleksandar Matanović (born May 23, 1930) is a Serbian chess Grandmaster.
The Bishop's Opening is a chess opening that begins with the moves: White attacks Black's f7-square and prevents Black from advancing his d-pawn to d5.
Checkmate (often shortened to mate) is a game position in chess and other chess-like games in which a player's king is in check (threatened with) and there is no way to remove the threat.
A chess opening or simply an opening refers to the initial moves of a chess game.
Correspondence chess is chess or variant chess played by various forms of long-distance correspondence, often through a correspondence chess server, a public internet chess forum, email, or the postal system.
David Ionovich Bronstein (Дави́д Ио́нович Бронште́йн; February 19, 1924 – December 5, 2006) was a Soviet chess grandmaster, who narrowly missed becoming World Chess Champion in 1951.
David Neil Laurence Levy (born 14 March 1945) is a British International Master of chess, a businessman noted for his involvement with computer chess and artificial intelligence, and the founder of the Computer Olympiads and the Mind Sports Olympiads.
The Encyclopedia of Chess Openings is a classification system for the opening moves in chess.
The Evans Gambit is a chess opening characterised by the moves: The Evans Gambit is an aggressive line of the Giuoco Piano, which normally continues with the positional moves 4.c3 or 4.d3.
The Four Knights Game is a chess opening that begins with the moves: This is the most common sequence, but the knights may in any order to reach the same position.
A gambit (from ancient Italian gambetto, meaning "to trip") is a chess opening in which a player, more often White, sacrifices, usually a pawn, with the hope of achieving a resulting advantageous position.
Gambit Publications is a major publisher of chess books.
The Göttingen manuscript is the earliest known work devoted entirely to modern chess.
George Steven Botterill (born 8 January 1949) is a Welsh chess player, writer and philosopher.
Giambattista Lolli (1698 in Nonantola, Italy – 4 June 1769) was an Italian chess player.
Gioacchino Greco (c. 1600 – c. 1634) was an Italian chess player and writer.
Giulio Cesare Polerio (c. 1550, Lanciano – c. 1610, Rome; reconstruction of places and dates by Adriano Chicco) was an Italian chess theoretician and player.
The Giuoco Piano (Italian: "Quiet Game"), also called the Italian Opening,Hooper & Whyld (1996), p. 183.
The Jerome Gambit is an unsound chess opening which is an offshoot of the Giuoco Piano.
The Hungarian Defense is a chess opening that begins with the moves: The Hungarian Defense is a line in the Italian Game typically chosen as a response to the aggressive 3.Bc4.
The Italian Gambit is a chess opening that begins with the moves: It is often played as an alternative to the quiet and closed lines of the Giuoco Piano or Giuoco Pianissimo openings.
The Blackburne Shilling Gambit is the name facetiously given to a dubious chess opening, derived from an offshoot of the Italian Game, that begins: It is also sometimes referred to as the Kostić Gambit after the Serbian grandmaster Borislav Kostić, who played it in the early 20th century.
The Rousseau Gambit (or Ponziani Countergambit) is a chess opening that begins with the moves: The gambit is named after French chess master Eugène Rousseau.
The King's Knight Opening is a chess opening consisting of the moves: The opening is likely to continue into one of a number of other named openings, depending mainly on Black's second move.
This is a list of chess openings, organized by the Encyclopaedia of Chess Openings code.
The Oxford Companion to Chess lists 1,327 named openings and variants.
Mikhail Ivanovich Chigorin (also Tchigorin; Михаи́л Ива́нович Чиго́рин; –) was a leading Russian chess player.
An Open Game (or Double King's Pawn Opening) is a chess opening that begins with the following moves: White has moved the king's pawn two squares and Black has replied in kind.
Pavel Blatný (born June 22, 1968 in Brno, Czechoslovakia) is a Czech chess grandmaster.
Pedro Damiano (in Portuguese, Pedro Damião; Damiano is the Italian form, much like the Latin Damianus) was a Portuguese chess player who lived from 1480 to 1544.
The Ruy Lopez, also called the Spanish Opening or Spanish Game, is a chess opening characterised by the moves: The Ruy Lopez is named after 16th-century Spanish bishop Ruy López de Segura.
The Scotch Game, or Scotch Opening, is a chess opening that begins with the moves: Ercole del Rio, in his 1750 treatise Sopra il giuoco degli Scacchi, Osservazioni pratiche d’anonimo Autore Modenese ("On the game of Chess, practical Observations by an anonymous Modenese Author"), was the first author to mention what is now called the Scotch Game.
The Semi-Italian Opening (also known as Half Giuoco Piano, Lesser Giuoco Piano, and Paris Defence) is one of Black's responses to the Italian Game.
Timothy David (Tim) Harding (born 6 May 1948 in London) is a chess player and author with particular expertise in correspondence chess.
The Two Knights Defense is a chess opening that begins with the moves: First recorded by Polerio (c. 1550 – c. 1610) in the late 16th century, this line of the Italian Game was extensively developed in the 19th century.
The Fried Liver Attack, also called the Fegatello Attack (named after an Italian idiom meaning "dead as a piece of liver"), is a chess opening.
The Max Lange Attack is a chess opening that can arise from many different opening lines, including the Two Knights Defense, Petroff's Defense, Scotch Gambit, Bishop's Opening, Center Game, and Giuoco Piano.
Vladimir Pavlovich Zagorovsky (Влади́мир Па́влович Загоро́вский; 29 June 1925, Voronezh, Russia, formerly USSR – 6 November 1994, Voronezh, Russia) was a Russian chess grandmaster of correspondence chess.
Wolfgang Unzicker (26 June 1925 – 20 April 2006) was one of the strongest German chess Grandmasters from 1945 to about 1970.
Yakov Borisovich Estrin (Russian: Яков Борисович Эстрин, April 21, 1923 – February 2, 1987) was a Russian chess International Master, International Correspondence Chess Grandmaster and world champion, chess theoretician, and writer.