163 relations: Advanced Comprehensive Operating System, Advanced load address table, Advanced Micro Devices, Altix, AnandTech, Ashlee Vance, Blade server, Canonical (company), CentOS, Central processing unit, Chipset, Columbia (supercomputer), Compaq, Compiler, Complex instruction set computer, Computerworld, CPU cache, DailyTech, Data corruption, DDR2 SDRAM, DDR3 SDRAM, Debian, DEC Alpha, Dell, Dell PowerEdge, Die (integrated circuit), DIMM, Donald Knuth, ECC memory, Emulator, Enterprise information system, ES7000, EWeek, Explicitly parallel instruction computing, FreeBSD, Front-side bus, Fujitsu, Gartner, Gelato Federation, General Comprehensive Operating System, Gentoo Linux, GNU Compiler Collection, GNU Project, Groupe Bull, Heinz Heise, Hertz, Hewlett Packard Enterprise, Hewlett-Packard, Hitachi, Hot Chips, ..., HP Integrity Servers, HP Integrity Virtual Machines, HP-UX, Huawei, Hyper-threading, IA-32, IA-64, IBM, IBM POWER microprocessors, InformationWeek, InfoWorld, Inspur, Instruction set architecture, Instruction set simulator, Instructions per cycle, Intel, Intel C++ Compiler, Intel Fortran Compiler, Intel QuickPath Interconnect, Intel Turbo Boost, International Data Corporation, International Solid-State Circuits Conference, IRIX, Itanium, John C. Dvorak, Kibibyte, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Linux, Linux distribution, List of Intel codenames, List of Intel Itanium microprocessors, Mark Hurd, Mebibyte, Microprocessor, Microsoft, Microsoft SQL Server, Microsoft Visual Studio, Microsoft Windows, MIPS architecture, Montecito (processor), Multi-core processor, National Center for Supercomputing Applications, NEC, Nehalem (microarchitecture), NetBSD, NonStop (server computers), Novell, Ocean liner, Open-source model, Open64, OpenVMS, Operating system, Operating-system-level virtualization, Opteron, Oracle Corporation, Oracle Linux, PA-RISC, PC Magazine, PCI Express, Power Architecture, Project Monterey, Project Trillian, ProLiant, QuickTransit, Red Hat, Red Hat Enterprise Linux, Reduced instruction set computer, RMS Titanic, Santa Cruz Operation, Server (computing), Silicon Graphics, Solaris (operating system), SPARC, SPECfp, Standard Performance Evaluation Corporation, Sun Microsystems, Supercomputer, SUSE Linux Enterprise, Systems integrator, The Inquirer, The New York Times, The Register, TOP500, Transfer (computing), Tru64 UNIX, Tukwila (processor), Turbolinux, UBM plc, Unisys, United States dollar, Unix, Usenet, Very long instruction word, Watt, Windows Server 2003, Windows Server 2008, Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows XP, Wired (magazine), X86, X86-64, Xeon, ZDNet, 130 nanometer, 180 nanometer, 22 nanometer, 32 nanometer, 32-bit, 3DA, 45 nanometer, 64-bit computing, 65-nanometer process, 90 nanometer. Expand index (113 more) » « Shrink index
Advanced Comprehensive Operating System is a family of mainframe computer operating systems developed by NEC for the Japanese market.
The advanced load address table (ALAT) is a functional unit in the Intel Itanium processor architecture.
Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. (AMD) is an American multinational semiconductor company based in Santa Clara, California, that develops computer processors and related technologies for business and consumer markets.
Altix is a line of server computers and supercomputers produced by Silicon Graphics (and successor company Silicon Graphics International), based on Intel processors.
AnandTech is an online computer hardware magazine.
Ashlee Vance (born 1977) is an American business columnist and author.
A blade server is a stripped-down server computer with a modular design optimized to minimize the use of physical space and energy.
Canonical Ltd. is a UK-based privately held computer software company founded and funded by South African entrepreneur Mark Shuttleworth to market commercial support and related services for Ubuntu Linux and related projects.
CentOS (from Community Enterprise Operating System) is a Linux distribution that provides a free, enterprise-class, community-supported computing platform functionally compatible with its upstream source, Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL).
A central processing unit (CPU) is the electronic circuitry within a computer that carries out the instructions of a computer program by performing the basic arithmetic, logical, control and input/output (I/O) operations specified by the instructions.
In a computer system, a chipset is a set of electronic components in an integrated circuit known as a "Data Flow Management System" that manages the data flow between the processor, memory and peripherals.
Columbia was a supercomputer built by Silicon Graphics (SGI) for the National Aeornautics and Space Administration (NASA), installed in 2004 at the NASA Advanced Supercomputing (NAS) facility located at Moffett Field in California.
Compaq (a portmanteau of Compatibility And Quality; occasionally referred to as CQ prior to its final logo) was a company founded in 1982 that developed, sold, and supported computers and related products and services.
A compiler is computer software that transforms computer code written in one programming language (the source language) into another programming language (the target language).
A complex instruction set computer (CISC) is a computer in which single instructions can execute several low-level operations (such as a load from memory, an arithmetic operation, and a memory store) or are capable of multi-step operations or addressing modes within single instructions.
Computerworld is a publication website and digital magazine for information technology (IT) and business technology professionals.
A CPU cache is a hardware cache used by the central processing unit (CPU) of a computer to reduce the average cost (time or energy) to access data from the main memory.
DailyTech is an online daily publication of technology news, founded by ex-AnandTech editor Kristopher Kubicki on January 1, 2005.
Data corruption refers to errors in computer data that occur during writing, reading, storage, transmission, or processing, which introduce unintended changes to the original data.
DDR2 SDRAM is a double data rate synchronous dynamic random-access memory interface.
Double data rate type three SDRAM (DDR3 SDRAM) is a type of synchronous dynamic random-access memory (SDRAM) with a high bandwidth ("double data rate") interface, and has been in use since 2007.
Debian is a Unix-like computer operating system that is composed entirely of free software, and packaged by a group of individuals participating in the Debian Project.
Alpha, originally known as Alpha AXP, is a 64-bit reduced instruction set computing (RISC) instruction set architecture (ISA) developed by Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC), designed to replace their 32-bit VAX complex instruction set computer (CISC) ISA.
Dell (stylized as DELL) is an American multinational computer technology company based in Round Rock, Texas, United States, that develops, sells, repairs, and supports computers and related products and services.
The Dell PowerEdge (PE) line is Dell's server computer product line.
A die (pronunciation: /daɪ/) in the context of integrated circuits is a small block of semiconducting material, on which a given functional circuit is fabricated.
A DIMM or dual in-line memory module comprises a series of dynamic random-access memory integrated circuits.
Donald Ervin Knuth (born January 10, 1938) is an American computer scientist, mathematician, and professor emeritus at Stanford University.
Error-correcting code memory (ECC memory) is a type of computer data storage that can detect and correct the most common kinds of internal data corruption.
In computing, an emulator is hardware or software that enables one computer system (called the host) to behave like another computer system (called the guest).
An enterprise information system (EIS) is any kind of information system which improves the functions of enterprise business processes by integration.
The ES7000 is Unisys's x86/Windows, Linux and Solaris-based server product line.
eWeek (Enterprise Newsweekly, stylized as eWEEK) is a technology and business magazine, owned by QuinStreet.
Explicitly parallel instruction computing (EPIC) is a term coined in 1997 by the HP–Intel alliance to describe a computing paradigm that researchers had been investigating since the early 1980s.
FreeBSD is a free and open-source Unix-like operating system descended from Research Unix via the Berkeley Software Distribution (BSD).
A front-side bus (FSB) was a computer communication interface (bus) often used in Intel-chip-based computers during the 1990s and 2000s.
is a Japanese multinational information technology equipment and services company headquartered in Tokyo, Japan.
Gartner, Inc. is a global research and advisory firm providing insights, advice, and tools for leaders in IT, Finance, HR, Customer Service and Support, Legal and Compliance, Marketing, Sales, and Supply Chain functions across the world.
The Gelato Federation (usually just Gelato) was a "global technical community dedicated to advancing Linux on the Intel Itanium platform through collaboration, education, and leadership." Formed in 2001, membership included more than seventy academic and research organizations around the world, including several that operated Itanium-based supercomputers on the Top500 list.
General Comprehensive Operating System (GCOS,; originally GECOS, General Electric Comprehensive Operating Supervisor) is a family of operating systems oriented toward mainframe computers.
Gentoo Linux (pronounced) is a Linux distribution built using the Portage package management system.
The GNU Compiler Collection (GCC) is a compiler system produced by the GNU Project supporting various programming languages.
The GNU Project is a free-software, mass-collaboration project, first announced on September 27, 1983 by Richard Stallman at MIT.
Bull SAS (also known as Groupe Bull, Bull Information Systems, or simply Bull) is a French-owned computer company headquartered in Les Clayes-sous-Bois, in the western suburbs of Paris.
Heinz Heise is a publishing house based in Hanover, Germany.
The hertz (symbol: Hz) is the derived unit of frequency in the International System of Units (SI) and is defined as one cycle per second.
Hewlett Packard Enterprise Company (commonly referred to as HPE) is an American multinational enterprise information technology company based in Palo Alto, California, founded on 1 November 2015 as part of splitting of the Hewlett-Packard company.
The Hewlett-Packard Company (commonly referred to as HP) or shortened to Hewlett-Packard was an American multinational information technology company headquartered in Palo Alto, California.
() is a Japanese multinational conglomerate company headquartered in Chiyoda, Tokyo, Japan.
Hot Chips is technological symposium held every year in August in Silicon Valley.
HP Integrity is a series of server computers produced by Hewlett Packard Enterprise (formerly Hewlett-Packard) since 2003, based on the Itanium processor.
Integrity Virtual Machines is software from Hewlett-Packard that allows multiple virtual machines to run concurrently on any Itanium server running HP-UX, notably the HP Integrity line.
HP-UX (from "Hewlett Packard Unix") is Hewlett Packard Enterprise's proprietary implementation of the Unix operating system, based on UNIX System V (initially System III) and first released in 1984.
Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. is a Chinese multinational networking, telecommunications equipment, and services company headquartered in Shenzhen, Guangdong.
Hyper-threading (officially called Hyper-Threading Technology or HT Technology, and abbreviated as HTT or HT) is Intel's proprietary simultaneous multithreading (SMT) implementation used to improve parallelization of computations (doing multiple tasks at once) performed on x86 microprocessors.
IA-32 (short for "Intel Architecture, 32-bit", sometimes also called i386) is the 32-bit version of the x86 instruction set architecture, first implemented in the Intel 80386 microprocessors in 1985.
IA-64 (also called Intel Itanium architecture) is the instruction set architecture (ISA) of the Itanium family of 64-bit Intel microprocessors.
The International Business Machines Corporation (IBM) is an American multinational technology company headquartered in Armonk, New York, United States, with operations in over 170 countries.
IBM has a series of high performance microprocessors called POWER followed by a number designating generation, i.e. POWER1, POWER2, POWER3 and so forth up to the latest POWER9.
InformationWeek is a digital magazine which conducts corresponding face-to-face events, virtual events, and research.
InfoWorld (formerly The Intelligent Machines Journal) is an information technology media business.
Inspur, formerly, is a Chinese multinational information technology company headquartered in Jinan, Shandong, China.
An instruction set architecture (ISA) is an abstract model of a computer.
An instruction set simulator (ISS) is a simulation model, usually coded in a high-level programming language, which mimics the behavior of a mainframe or microprocessor by "reading" instructions and maintaining internal variables which represent the processor's registers.
In computer architecture, instructions per cycle (IPC) is one aspect of a processor's performance: the average number of instructions executed for each clock cycle.
Intel Corporation (stylized as intel) is an American multinational corporation and technology company headquartered in Santa Clara, California, in the Silicon Valley.
Intel C++ Compiler, also known as icc or icl, is a group of C and C++ compilers from Intel available for Windows, Mac, Linux, FreeBSD and Intel-based Android devices.
Intel Fortran Compiler, also known as IFORT, is a group of Fortran compilers from Intel for Windows, OS X, and Linux.
The Intel QuickPath Interconnect (QPI) is a point-to-point processor interconnect developed by Intel which replaced the front-side bus (FSB) in Xeon, Itanium, and certain desktop platforms starting in 2008.
Intel Turbo Boost is Intel's trade name for a feature that automatically raises certain of its processors' operating frequency, and thus performance, when demanding tasks are running.
International Data Corporation (IDC) is a provider of market intelligence, advisory services, and events for the information technology, telecommunications, and consumer technology markets.
International Solid-State Circuits Conference is a global forum for presentation of advances in solid-state circuits and Systems-on-a-Chip.
IRIX is a discontinued operating system developed by Silicon Graphics (SGI) to run on their MIPS workstations and servers.
Itanium is a family of 64-bit Intel microprocessors that implement the Intel Itanium architecture (formerly called IA-64).
John Charles Dvorak (born April 5, 1952) is an American columnist and broadcaster in the areas of technology and computing.
The kibibyte is a multiple of the unit byte for quantities of digital information.
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) is an American federal research facility in Livermore, California, United States, founded by the University of California, Berkeley in 1952.
Linux is a family of free and open-source software operating systems built around the Linux kernel.
A Linux distribution (often abbreviated as distro) is an operating system made from a software collection, which is based upon the Linux kernel and, often, a package management system.
Intel has historically named integrated circuit (IC) development projects after geographical names of towns, rivers or mountains near the location of the Intel facility responsible for the IC.
The Itanium from Intel is a high-end server and supercomputer microprocessor.
Mark Vincent Hurd (born January 1, 1957) is CEO of Oracle Corporation and serves on the board of directors.
The mebibyte is a multiple of the unit byte for digital information.
A microprocessor is a computer processor that incorporates the functions of a central processing unit on a single integrated circuit (IC), or at most a few integrated circuits.
Microsoft Corporation (abbreviated as MS) is an American multinational technology company with headquarters in Redmond, Washington.
Microsoft SQL Server is a relational database management system developed by Microsoft.
Microsoft Visual Studio is an integrated development environment (IDE) from Microsoft.
Microsoft Windows is a group of several graphical operating system families, all of which are developed, marketed, and sold by Microsoft.
MIPS (an acronym for Microprocessor without Interlocked Pipeline Stages) is a reduced instruction set computer (RISC) instruction set architecture (ISA)Price, Charles (September 1995).
Montecito is the code-name of a major release of Intel's Itanium 2 Processor Family (IPF), which implements the Intel Itanium architecture on a dual-core processor.
A multi-core processor is a single computing component with two or more independent processing units called cores, which read and execute program instructions.
The National Center for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA) is a state-federal partnership to develop and deploy national-scale cyberinfrastructure that advances research, science and engineering based in the United States of America.
is a Japanese multinational provider of information technology (IT) services and products, headquartered in Minato, Tokyo, Japan.
Nehalem is the codename for an Intel processor microarchitecture released in November 2008.
NetBSD is a free and open source Unix-like operating system that descends from Berkeley Software Distribution (BSD), a Research Unix derivative developed at the University of California, Berkeley.
NonStop is a series of server computers introduced to market in 1976 by Tandem Computers Inc., beginning with the NonStop product line, which was followed by the Hewlett-Packard Integrity NonStop product line extension.
Novell, Inc. was a software and services company headquartered in Provo, Utah.
An ocean liner is a passenger ship primarily used as a form of transportation across seas or oceans.
The open-source model is a decentralized software-development model that encourages open collaboration.
Open64 is a free, open source, optimizing compiler for the Itanium and x86-64 microprocessor architectures.
OpenVMS is a closed-source, proprietary computer operating system for use in general-purpose computing.
An operating system (OS) is system software that manages computer hardware and software resources and provides common services for computer programs.
Operating-system-level virtualization, also known as containerization, refers to an operating system feature in which the kernel allows the existence of multiple isolated user-space instances.
Opteron is AMD's x86 former server and workstation processor line, and was the first processor which supported the AMD64 instruction set architecture (known generically as x86-64).
Oracle Corporation is an American multinational computer technology corporation, headquartered in Redwood Shores, California.
Oracle Linux (OL, formerly known as Oracle Enterprise Linux) is a Linux distribution packaged and freely distributed by Oracle, available partially under the GNU General Public License since late 2006.
PA-RISC is an instruction set architecture (ISA) developed by Hewlett-Packard.
PC Magazine (shortened as PCMag) is an American computer magazine published by Ziff Davis.
PCI Express (Peripheral Component Interconnect Express), officially abbreviated as PCIe or PCI-e, is a high-speed serial computer expansion bus standard, designed to replace the older PCI, PCI-X, and AGP bus standards.
Power Architecture is a registered trademark for similar reduced instruction set computing (RISC) instruction sets for microprocessors developed and manufactured by such companies as IBM, Freescale/NXP, AppliedMicro, LSI, Teledyne e2v and Synopsys.
Project Monterey was an attempt to build a single Unix operating system that ran across a variety of 32-bit and 64-bit platforms, as well as supporting multi-processing.
Project Trillian was an effort by an industry consortium to port the Linux kernel to the Itanium processor.
ProLiant is a brand of server computers that was originally developed and marketed by Compaq.
QuickTransit is a cross-platform virtualization program developed by Transitive Corporation.
Red Hat, Inc. is an American multinational software company providing open-source software products to the enterprise community.
Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL) is a Linux distribution developed by Red Hat and targeted toward the commercial market.
A reduced instruction set computer, or RISC (pronounced 'risk'), is one whose instruction set architecture (ISA) allows it to have fewer cycles per instruction (CPI) than a complex instruction set computer (CISC).
RMS Titanic was a British passenger liner that sank in the North Atlantic Ocean in the early hours of 15 April 1912, after colliding with an iceberg during its maiden voyage from Southampton to New York City.
Santa Cruz Operation (SCO) was a software company based in Santa Cruz, California which was best known for selling three Unix variants for Intel x86 processors: Xenix, SCO UNIX (later known as SCO OpenServer), and UnixWare.
In computing, a server is a computer program or a device that provides functionality for other programs or devices, called "clients".
Silicon Graphics, Inc. (later rebranded SGI, historically known as Silicon Graphics Computer Systems or SGCS) was an American high-performance computing manufacturer, producing computer hardware and software.
Solaris is a Unix operating system originally developed by Sun Microsystems.
SPARC, for Scalable Processor Architecture, is a reduced instruction set computing (RISC) instruction set architecture (ISA) originally developed by Sun Microsystems.
SPECfp is a computer benchmark designed to test the floating point performance of a computer.
The Standard Performance Evaluation Corporation (SPEC) is an American non-profit organization that aims to "produce, establish, maintain and endorse a standardized set" of performance benchmarks for computers.
Sun Microsystems, Inc. was an American company that sold computers, computer components, software, and information technology services and created the Java programming language, the Solaris operating system, ZFS, the Network File System (NFS), and SPARC.
A supercomputer is a computer with a high level of performance compared to a general-purpose computer.
SUSE Linux Enterprise Server (SLES) is a Linux-based operating system developed by SUSE.
A systems integrator (or system integrator) is a person or company that specializes in bringing together component subsystems into a whole and ensuring that those subsystems function together, a practice known as system integration.
The Inquirer is a British technology tabloid website founded by Mike Magee after his departure from The Register (of which he was one of the founding members) in 2001.
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
The Register (nicknamed El Reg) is a British technology news and opinion website co-founded in 1994 by Mike Magee, John Lettice and Ross Alderson.
The TOP500 project ranks and details the 500 most powerful non-distributed computer systems in the world.
In computer technology, transfers per second and its more common secondary terms gigatransfers per second (abbreviated as GT/s) and megatransfers per second (MT/s) are informal language that refer to the number of operations transferring data that occur in each second in some given data-transfer channel.
Tru64 UNIX is a discontinued 64-bit UNIX operating system for the Alpha instruction set architecture (ISA), currently owned by Hewlett-Packard (HP).
The Itanium 9300 series, code-named Tukwila, is the generation of Intel's Itanium processor family following Itanium 2 and Montecito.
Turbolinux is a Japanese Linux distribution targeting Asian users.
UBM plc is a global business-to-business (B2B) events organiser headquartered in London, United Kingdom.
The United States dollar (sign: $; code: USD; also abbreviated US$ and referred to as the dollar, U.S. dollar, or American dollar) is the official currency of the United States and its insular territories per the United States Constitution since 1792.
Unix (trademarked as UNIX) is a family of multitasking, multiuser computer operating systems that derive from the original AT&T Unix, development starting in the 1970s at the Bell Labs research center by Ken Thompson, Dennis Ritchie, and others.
Usenet is a worldwide distributed discussion system available on computers.
Very long instruction word (VLIW) refers to instruction set architectures designed to exploit instruction level parallelism (ILP).
The watt (symbol: W) is a unit of power.
Windows Server 2003 is a server operating system produced by Microsoft and released on April 24, 2003.
Windows Server 2008 is the second major release of the Windows Server family of operating systems for server computers.
Windows Server 2008 R2 is a server operating system produced by Microsoft.
Windows XP (codenamed Whistler) is a personal computer operating system that was produced by Microsoft as part of the Windows NT family of operating systems.
Wired is a monthly American magazine, published in print and online editions, that focuses on how emerging technologies affect culture, the economy, and politics.
x86 is a family of backward-compatible instruction set architectures based on the Intel 8086 CPU and its Intel 8088 variant.
x86-64 (also known as x64, x86_64, AMD64 and Intel 64) is the 64-bit version of the x86 instruction set.
Xeon is a brand of x86 microprocessors designed, manufactured, and marketed by Intel, targeted at the non-consumer workstation, server, and embedded system markets.
ZDNet is a business technology news website published by CBS Interactive, along with TechRepublic.
The 130 nanometer (130 nm) process refers to the level of semiconductor process technology that was reached in the 2000–2001 timeframe, by most leading semiconductor companies, like Intel, Texas Instruments, IBM, and TSMC.
The 180 nanometer (180 nm) process refers to the level of semiconductor process technology that was reached in the 1999-2000 timeframe by most leading semiconductor companies, like Intel, Texas Instruments, IBM, and TSMC.
The 22 nanometer (22 nm) node is the process step following the 32 nm in CMOS semiconductor device fabrication.
The 32 nanometer (32 nm) node is the step following the 45 nanometer process in CMOS semiconductor device fabrication.
32-bit microcomputers are computers in which 32-bit microprocessors are the norm.
3DA was an alliance formed between The Santa Cruz Operation (SCO) and Hewlett Packard (HP) in September 1995.
Per the International Technology Roadmap for Semiconductors, the 45 nanometer (45 nm) technology node should refer to the average half-pitch of a memory cell manufactured at around the 2007–2008 time frame.
In computer architecture, 64-bit computing is the use of processors that have datapath widths, integer size, and memory address widths of 64 bits (eight octets).
The 65-nanometer (65 nm) process is advanced lithographic node used in volume CMOS semiconductor fabrication.
The 90 nanometer (90 nm) process refers to the level of CMOS process technology that was reached in the 2004–2005 timeframe, by most leading semiconductor companies, like Intel, AMD, Infineon, Texas Instruments, IBM, and TSMC.
Iantium, Intel Itanium, Intel Itanium 2, Itanic, Itanium (original), Itanium 1, Itanium 2, Itanium Processor Family, Itanium microprocessor, Itanium2, Kittson (processor), Montvale (processor), Poulson (processor).