223 relations: A Mathematical Theory of Natural and Artificial Selection, A Short History of Nearly Everything, Abiogenesis, Academy, Accademia dei Lincei, Addendum, Aldous Huxley, Alexander Oparin, Allele frequency, Ammonia, Animal migration, Anoxic event, Antheraea, Anthony Clifford Allison, Antic Hay, Apocrypha, Arthur C. Clarke, Atheism, Beetle, Bhubaneswar, Bill Bryson, Biochemistry, Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society, Biology, Biostatistics, Black Watch, Brave New World, British Army, C. S. Lewis, Captain (British Army and Royal Marines), Carbon dioxide, Chapman Pincher, Charles Kay Ogden, Charlotte Haldane, Chicken, Clan Haldane, Classics, Climate, Cloning, Coal, Color blindness, Communism, Communist Party of Great Britain, Conceptual metaphor, Conservative Party (UK), Coupling reaction, Cowpea, Daedalus; or, Science and the Future, Darwin (unit), Darwin Medal, ..., Darwin–Wallace Medal, Dialectical materialism, Diving chamber, Dragon School, Dronamraju Krishna Rao, Ectogenesis, Elizabeth Haldane, Endemic (epidemiology), Energy economics, Enzyme, Eton College, Evolution, Evolutionary biology, Experiments in the Revival of Organisms, Fellow, Feltrinelli Prize, Floral symmetry, Frederick Gowland Hopkins, Fullerian Professor of Physiology, Gary Botting, Gas exchange, Gastritis, Gene, Gene map, Genetic linkage, Genetics, George Edward Briggs, Gerald Heard, Global citizenship, Government of France, Grafton Elliot Smith, Groff Conklin, Guinea pig, H. G. Wells, Haemophilia, Haldane's dilemma, Haldane's rule, Helen Spurway, Hemoglobin, Heterogametic sex, Hinduism, Honour Moderations, Human genetic resistance to malaria, Hybrid (biology), Hydrochloric acid, Hydrogen, Hydrogen economy, I. A. Richards, In vitro fertilisation, India, Indian Statistical Institute, International law, Jay Gould, Jerzy Neyman, John Desmond Bernal, John Innes Centre, John Maynard Smith, John Scott Haldane, Joseph Stalin, Julian Huxley, Kakinada, Kin selection, Kolkata, Lantana camara, Legion of Honour, Lennard-Jones potential, Leonor Michaelis, Liberal Party (UK), Linnean Society of London, List of Nobel laureates, Literae Humaniores, Lysenkoism, Main Intelligence Directorate, Malaria, Mammal, Marxism, Mathematics, Maud Menten, Maximum likelihood estimation, Mendelian inheritance, Michaelis–Menten kinetics, Miller–Urey experiment, Modern synthesis (20th century), Morning Star (British newspaper), Mouse, Mutation, Mutation rate, Naomi Mitchison, National Academy of Sciences, Nationalization, Natural selection, Neo-Darwinism, New College, Oxford, New Statesman, Nikolai Vavilov, Noah's Ark, Norman Pirie, Novartis Foundation, Odisha, Olaf Stapledon, On Being the Right Size, Oxford, Oxygen saturation, Palo Alto, California, Parliament of the United Kingdom, Perforated eardrum, Periclase, Peter Medawar, Peter Wright, Phenotype, Philosopher, Physiology, Plant genetics, Pollination, Popular science, Population genetics, Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis, Precambrian rabbit, Primordial soup, Quentin Blake, Rangaraya Medical College, Reader (academic rank), Renal function, Richard Haldane, 1st Viscount Haldane, Robert the Bruce, Ronald Fisher, Ronald W. Clark, Royal Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland, Royal Institution, Royal Society, Russian language, Scientism, Secession, Second Spanish Republic, Secular humanism, Secularism, Self-experimentation, Self-replication, Sewall Wright, Sickle cell disease, Socialism, Somersault, Spanish Civil War, Species, Stanford University, Statistics, Steady state, Sterility (physiology), Suez Crisis, Suresh Jayakar, Teleology, Thalassemia, The American Naturalist, The Causes of Evolution, The Space Trilogy, Timeline of hydrogen technologies, Trans-acting, Tropics, University College London, University of California, Berkeley, University of Cambridge, University of Oxford, Vegetarianism, Vertebra, Vertebrate, Vladimir Lenin, Water vapor, Windmill, World War I, World War II, X chromosome, Y chromosome, Yellow-wattled lapwing. Expand index (173 more) » « Shrink index
A Mathematical Theory of Natural and Artificial Selection is the title of a series of scientific papers by the British population geneticist J.B.S. Haldane, published between 1924 and 1934.
A Short History of Nearly Everything by American author Bill Bryson is a popular science book that explains some areas of science, using easily accessible language that appeals more so to the general public than many other books dedicated to the subject.
Abiogenesis, or informally the origin of life,Compare: Also occasionally called biopoiesis.
An academy (Attic Greek: Ἀκαδήμεια; Koine Greek Ἀκαδημία) is an institution of secondary education, higher learning, research, or honorary membership.
The Accademia dei Lincei (literally the "Academy of the Lynx-Eyed", but anglicised as the Lincean Academy) is an Italian science academy, located at the Palazzo Corsini on the Via della Lungara in Rome, Italy.
An addendum, in general, is an addition required to be made to a document by its author subsequent to its printing or publication.
Aldous Leonard Huxley (26 July 1894 – 22 November 1963) was an English writer, novelist, philosopher, and prominent member of the Huxley family.
Alexander Ivanovich Oparin (Алекса́ндр Ива́нович Опа́рин) (– April 21, 1980) was a Soviet biochemist notable for his theories about the origin of life, and for his book The Origin of Life.
Allele frequency, or gene frequency, is the relative frequency of an allele (variant of a gene) at a particular locus in a population, expressed as a fraction or percentage.
Ammonia is a compound of nitrogen and hydrogen with the formula NH3.
Animal migration is the relatively long-distance movement of individual animals, usually on a seasonal basis.
Oceanic anoxic events or anoxic events (anoxia conditions) refer to intervals in the Earth's past where portions of oceans become depleted in oxygen (O2) at depths over a large geographic area.
Antheraea is a moth genus belonging to the family Saturniidae.
Anthony Clifford Allison (21 August 1925 – 20 February 2014) was a South African geneticist and medical scientist who made pioneering study on the genetic resistance to malaria.
Antic Hay is a comic novel by Aldous Huxley, published in 1923.
Apocrypha are works, usually written, of unknown authorship or of doubtful origin.
Sir Arthur Charles Clarke (16 December 1917 – 19 March 2008) was a British science fiction writer, science writer and futurist, inventor, undersea explorer, and television series host.
Atheism is, in the broadest sense, the absence of belief in the existence of deities.
Beetles are a group of insects that form the order Coleoptera, in the superorder Endopterygota.
Bhubaneswar, also spelt as Bhubaneshwar or Bhuvanēśvar, is the capital of the Indian state of Odisha.
William McGuire Bryson (born 8 December 1951) is an Anglo-American author of books on travel, the English language, science, and other non-fiction topics.
Biochemistry, sometimes called biological chemistry, is the study of chemical processes within and relating to living organisms.
The Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society is an academic journal on the history of science published annually by the Royal Society.
Biology is the natural science that studies life and living organisms, including their physical structure, chemical composition, function, development and evolution.
Biostatistics is the application of statistics to a wide range of topics in biology.
The Black Watch, 3rd Battalion, Royal Regiment of Scotland (3 SCOTS) is an infantry battalion of the Royal Regiment of Scotland.
Brave New World is a dystopian novel written in 1931 by English author Aldous Huxley, and published in 1932.
The British Army is the principal land warfare force of the United Kingdom, a part of British Armed Forces.
Clive Staples Lewis (29 November 1898 – 22 November 1963) was a British novelist, poet, academic, medievalist, literary critic, essayist, lay theologian, broadcaster, lecturer, and Christian apologist.
Captain (Capt) is a junior officer rank of the British Army and Royal Marines and in both services it ranks above lieutenant and below major with a NATO ranking code of OF-2.
Carbon dioxide (chemical formula) is a colorless gas with a density about 60% higher than that of dry air.
Henry Chapman Pincher (29 March 1914 – 5 August 2014) was an English journalist, historian, and novelist whose writing mainly focused on espionage and related matters, after some early books on scientific subjects.
Charles Kay Ogden (1 June 1889 – 20 March 1957) was an English linguist, philosopher, and writer.
Charlotte Haldane (née Franken, first married name Burghes; 27 April 1894 – 16 March 1969) was a British feminist author.
The chicken (Gallus gallus domesticus) is a type of domesticated fowl, a subspecies of the red junglefowl.
Clan Haldane is a Lowland Scottish clan.
Classics or classical studies is the study of classical antiquity.
Climate is the statistics of weather over long periods of time.
Cloning is the process of producing genetically identical individuals of an organism either naturally or artificially.
Coal is a combustible black or brownish-black sedimentary rock usually occurring in rock strata in layers or veins called coal beds or coal seams.
Color blindness, also known as color vision deficiency, is the decreased ability to see color or differences in color.
In political and social sciences, communism (from Latin communis, "common, universal") is the philosophical, social, political, and economic ideology and movement whose ultimate goal is the establishment of the communist society, which is a socioeconomic order structured upon the common ownership of the means of production and the absence of social classes, money and the state.
The Communist Party of Great Britain (CPGB) was a British communist party which was the largest communist party in Great Britain, although it never became a mass party like those in France and Italy.
In cognitive linguistics, conceptual metaphor, or cognitive metaphor, refers to the understanding of one idea, or conceptual domain, in terms of another.
The Conservative Party, officially the Conservative and Unionist Party, is a centre-right political party in the United Kingdom.
A coupling reaction in organic chemistry is a general term for a variety of reactions where two hydrocarbon fragments are coupled with the aid of a metal catalyst.
The cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) is an annual herbaceous legume from the genus Vigna.
Daedalus; or, Science and the Future is a book by the British scientist J. B. S. Haldane, published in England in 1924.
The darwin (d) is a unit of evolutionary change, defined by J.B.S. Haldane in 1949.
The Darwin Medal is awarded by the Royal Society every alternate year for "work of acknowledged distinction in the broad area of biology in which Charles Darwin worked, notably in evolution, population biology, organismal biology and biological diversity".
The Darwin–Wallace Medal is a medal awarded by the Linnean Society of London for "major advances in evolutionary biology".
Dialectical materialism (sometimes abbreviated diamat) is a philosophy of science and nature developed in Europe and based on the writings of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels.
A diving chamber is a vessel for human occupation, which may have an entrance that can be sealed to hold an internal pressure significantly higher than ambient pressure, a pressurised gas system to control the internal pressure, and a supply of breathing gas for the occupants.
The Dragon School is one school on two sites based in Oxford, England, U.K..
Dronamraju Krishna Rao (born January 14, 1937) is an Indian-born geneticist and president of the Foundation for Genetic Research in Houston, Texas.
Ectogenesis (from the Greek ecto, "outer," and genesis) is the growth of an organism in an artificial environment outside the body in which it would normally be found, such as the growth of an embryo or fetus outside the mother's body, or the growth of bacteria outside the body of a host.
Elizabeth Sanderson Haldane (27 May 1862 – 24 December 1937) was an author, biographer, philosopher, suffragist, nursing administrator, and social welfare worker.
In epidemiology, an infection is said to be endemic (from Greek ἐν en "in, within" and δῆμος demos "people") in a population when that infection is constantly maintained at a baseline level in a geographic area without external inputs.
Energy economics is a broad scientific subject area which includes topics related to supply and use of energy in societies.
Enzymes are macromolecular biological catalysts.
Eton College is an English independent boarding school for boys in Eton, Berkshire, near Windsor.
Evolution is change in the heritable characteristics of biological populations over successive generations.
Evolutionary biology is the subfield of biology that studies the evolutionary processes that produced the diversity of life on Earth, starting from a single common ancestor.
Experiments in the Revival of Organisms (Эксперименты по оживлению организма) is a 1940 motion picture which documents Soviet research into the resuscitation of clinically dead organisms.
A fellow is a member of a group (or fellowship) that work together in pursuing mutual knowledge or practice.
The Feltrinelli Prize (from the Italian "Premio Feltrinelli", also known as "International Feltrinelli Prize" or "Antonio Feltrinelli Prize") is an award for achievement in the arts, music, literature, history, philosophy, medicine, and physical and mathematical sciences.
Floral symmetry describes whether, and how, a flower, in particular its perianth, can be divided into two or more identical or mirror-image parts.
Sir Frederick Gowland Hopkins (20 June 1861 – 16 May 1947) was an English biochemist who was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1929, with Christiaan Eijkman, for the discovery of vitamins, even though Casimir Funk, a Polish biochemist, is widely credited with discovering vitamins.
The Fullerian Chairs at the Royal Institution in London, England, were established by John 'Mad Jack' Fuller.
Gary Norman Arthur Botting (born 19 July 1943) is a Canadian legal scholar and criminal defense lawyer as well as a poet, playwright, novelist, and critic of literature and religion, in particular Jehovah's Witnesses.
Gas exchange is the physical process by which gases move passively by diffusion across a surface.
Gastritis is inflammation of the lining of the stomach.
In biology, a gene is a sequence of DNA or RNA that codes for a molecule that has a function.
Gene maps help describe the spatial arrangement of genes on a chromosome.
Genetic linkage is the tendency of DNA sequences that are close together on a chromosome to be inherited together during the meiosis phase of sexual reproduction.
Genetics is the study of genes, genetic variation, and heredity in living organisms.
George Edward Briggs FRS (25 June 1893 – 7 February 1985) was Professor of Botany at the University of Cambridge.
Henry FitzGerald Heard (6 October 1889 – 14 August 1971), commonly called Gerald Heard, was a British-born American historian, science writer, public lecturer, educator, and philosopher.
Global citizenship is the idea of all persons having rights and civic responsibilities that come with being a member of the world, with whole-world philosophy and sensibilities, rather than as a citizen of a particular nation or place.
The Government of the French Republic (Gouvernement de la République française) exercises executive power in France.
Sir Grafton Elliot Smith, FRS FRCP (15 August 1871 – 1 January 1937) was an Australian-British anatomist, Egyptologist and a proponent of the hyperdiffusionist view of prehistory.
Edward Groff Conklin (September 6, 1904 – July 19, 1968) was an American science fiction anthologist.
The guinea pig or domestic guinea pig (Cavia porcellus), also known as cavy or domestic cavy, is a species of rodent belonging to the family Caviidae and the genus Cavia.
Herbert George Wells.
Haemophilia, also spelled hemophilia, is a mostly inherited genetic disorder that impairs the body's ability to make blood clots, a process needed to stop bleeding.
Haldane's dilemma is a limit on the speed of beneficial evolution, first calculated by J. B. S. Haldane in 1957, and clarified further by later commentators.
Haldane's rule is an observation about the early stage of speciation, formulated in 1922 by the British evolutionary biologist J.B.S. Haldane, that states that if in a species hybrid only one sex is inviable or sterile, that sex is more likely to be the heterogametic sex.
Helen Spurway (Helen Haldane) (c. 1917 – 15 February 1978, Hyderabad) was a biologist and the second wife of J. B. S. Haldane.
Hemoglobin (American) or haemoglobin (British); abbreviated Hb or Hgb, is the iron-containing oxygen-transport metalloprotein in the red blood cells of all vertebrates (with the exception of the fish family Channichthyidae) as well as the tissues of some invertebrates.
Heterogametic sex (digametic sex) refers to the sex of a species in which the sex chromosomes are not the same.
Hinduism is an Indian religion and dharma, or a way of life, widely practised in the Indian subcontinent.
Honour Moderations (or Mods) are a set of examinations at the University of Oxford at the end of the first part of some degree courses (e.g., Greats or Literae Humaniores).
Human genetic resistance to malaria refers to inherited changes in the DNA of humans which increase resistance to malaria and result in increased survival of individuals with those genetic changes.
In biology, a hybrid, or crossbreed, is the result of combining the qualities of two organisms of different breeds, varieties, species or genera through sexual reproduction.
Hydrochloric acid is a colorless inorganic chemical system with the formula.
Hydrogen is a chemical element with symbol H and atomic number 1.
The hydrogen economy is a proposed system of delivering energy using hydrogen.
Ivor Armstrong Richards (26 February 1893 – 7 September 1979), known as I. A. Richards, was an English educator, literary critic, and rhetorician whose work contributed to the foundations of the New Criticism, a formalist movement in literary theory, which emphasized the close reading of a literary text, especially poetry, in an effort to discover how a work of literature functions as a self-contained, self-referential æsthetic object.
In vitro fertilisation (IVF) is a process of fertilisation where an egg is combined with sperm outside the body, in vitro ("in glass").
India (IAST), also called the Republic of India (IAST), is a country in South Asia.
Indian Statistical Institute (ISI) is an academic institute of national importance as recognised by a 1959 act of the Indian parliament.
International law is the set of rules generally regarded and accepted as binding in relations between states and between nations.
Jason "Jay" Gould (May 27, 1836 – December 2, 1892) was a leading American railroad developer and speculator.
Jerzy Neyman (April 16, 1894 – August 5, 1981), born Jerzy Spława-Neyman, was a Polish mathematician and statistician who spent the first part of his professional career at various institutions in Warsaw, Poland and then at University College London, and the second part at the University of California, Berkeley.
John Desmond Bernal (10 May 1901 – 15 September 1971) was an Irish scientist who pioneered the use of X-ray crystallography in molecular biology.
The John Innes Centre (JIC), located in Norwich, Norfolk, England, is an independent centre for research and training in plant and microbial science.
John Maynard Smith (6 January 1920 – 19 April 2004) was a British theoretical and mathematical evolutionary biologist and geneticist.
John Scott Haldane (2 May 1860 – 14/15 March 1936) was a Scottish physiologist famous for intrepid self-experimentation which led to many important discoveries about the human body and the nature of gases.
Joseph Vissarionovich Stalin (18 December 1878 – 5 March 1953) was a Soviet revolutionary and politician of Georgian nationality.
Sir Julian Sorell Huxley FRS (22 June 1887 – 14 February 1975) was a British evolutionary biologist, eugenicist, and internationalist.
Kakinada (formerly called Cocanada) is one of the largest cities and the district headquarters of East Godavari district in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh.
Kin selection is the evolutionary strategy that favours the reproductive success of an organism's relatives, even at a cost to the organism's own survival and reproduction.
Kolkata (also known as Calcutta, the official name until 2001) is the capital of the Indian state of West Bengal.
Lantana camara, also known as big-sage (Malaysia), wild-sage, red-sage, white-sage (Caribbean) and tickberry (South Africa), is a species of flowering plant within the verbena family, Verbenaceae, that is native to the American tropics.
The Legion of Honour, with its full name National Order of the Legion of Honour (Ordre national de la Légion d'honneur), is the highest French order of merit for military and civil merits, established in 1802 by Napoléon Bonaparte and retained by all the divergent governments and regimes later holding power in France, up to the present.
The Lennard-Jones potential (also termed the L-J potential, 6-12 potential, or 12-6 potential) is a mathematically simple model that approximates the interaction between a pair of neutral atoms or molecules.
Leonor Michaelis (January 16, 1875 – October 8, 1949) was a German biochemist, physical chemist, and physician, known primarily for his work with Maud Menten on enzyme kinetics and Michaelis–Menten kinetics in 1913.
The Liberal Party was one of the two major parties in the United Kingdom – with the opposing Conservative Party – in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.
The Linnean Society of London is a society dedicated to the study of, and the dissemination of information concerning, natural history, evolution and taxonomy.
The Nobel Prizes (Nobelpriset, Nobelprisen) are prizes awarded annually by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, the Swedish Academy, the Karolinska Institutet, and the Norwegian Nobel Committee to individuals and organizations who make outstanding contributions in the fields of chemistry, physics, literature, peace, and physiology or medicine.
Literae Humaniores is the name given to an undergraduate course focused on Classics (Ancient Rome, Ancient Greece, Latin, ancient Greek and philosophy) at the University of Oxford and some other universities.
Lysenkoism (Lysenkovshchina) was a political campaign against genetics and science-based agriculture conducted by Trofim Lysenko, his followers and Soviet authorities.
Main Intelligence Directorate (p), abbreviated GRU (p), is the foreign military intelligence agency of the General Staff of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation (formerly the Soviet Army General Staff of the Soviet Union).
Malaria is a mosquito-borne infectious disease affecting humans and other animals caused by parasitic protozoans (a group of single-celled microorganisms) belonging to the Plasmodium type.
Mammals are the vertebrates within the class Mammalia (from Latin mamma "breast"), a clade of endothermic amniotes distinguished from reptiles (including birds) by the possession of a neocortex (a region of the brain), hair, three middle ear bones, and mammary glands.
Marxism is a method of socioeconomic analysis that views class relations and social conflict using a materialist interpretation of historical development and takes a dialectical view of social transformation.
Mathematics (from Greek μάθημα máthēma, "knowledge, study, learning") is the study of such topics as quantity, structure, space, and change.
Maud Leonora Menten (March 20, 1879 – July 26, 1960) was a Canadian physician-scientist who made significant contributions to enzyme kinetics and histochemistry.
In statistics, maximum likelihood estimation (MLE) is a method of estimating the parameters of a statistical model, given observations.
Mendelian inheritance is a type of biological inheritance that follows the laws originally proposed by Gregor Mendel in 1865 and 1866 and re-discovered in 1900.
Michaelis–Menten saturation curve for an enzyme reaction showing the relation between the substrate concentration and reaction rate. In biochemistry, Michaelis–Menten kinetics is one of the best-known models of enzyme kinetics.
The Miller–Urey experiment (or Miller experiment) was a chemical experiment that simulated the conditions thought at the time to be present on the early Earth, and tested the chemical origin of life under those conditions.
The modern synthesis was the early 20th-century synthesis reconciling Charles Darwin's theory of evolution and Gregor Mendel's ideas on heredity in a joint mathematical framework.
Morning Star is a left-wing British daily tabloid newspaper with a focus on social, political and trade union issues.
A mouse (Mus), plural mice, is a small rodent characteristically having a pointed snout, small rounded ears, a body-length scaly tail and a high breeding rate.
In biology, a mutation is the permanent alteration of the nucleotide sequence of the genome of an organism, virus, or extrachromosomal DNA or other genetic elements.
In genetics, the mutation rate is the frequency of new mutations in a single gene or organism over time.
Naomi Mary Margaret Mitchison, Baroness Mitchison, CBE (née Haldane; 1 November 1897 – 11 January 1999) was a Scottish novelist and poet.
The National Academy of Sciences (NAS) is a United States nonprofit, non-governmental organization.
Nationalization (or nationalisation) is the process of transforming private assets into public assets by bringing them under the public ownership of a national government or state.
Natural selection is the differential survival and reproduction of individuals due to differences in phenotype.
Neo-Darwinism is the interpretation of Darwinian evolution through natural selection as it has variously been modified since it was first proposed.
New College is one of the constituent colleges of the University of Oxford in the United Kingdom.
The New Statesman is a British political and cultural magazine published in London.
Nikolai Ivanovich Vavilov (a) (– January 26, 1943) was a prominent Russian and Soviet agronomist, botanist and geneticist best known for having identified the centres of origin of cultivated plants.
Noah's Ark (תיבת נח; Biblical Hebrew: Tevat Noaḥ) is the vessel in the Genesis flood narrative (Genesis chapters 6–9) by which God spares Noah, his family, and a remnant of all the world's animals from a world-engulfing flood.
Norman Wingate (Bill) Pirie FRS (1 July 1907 – 29 March 1997), was a British biochemist and virologist who, along with Frederick Bawden, discovered that a virus can be crystallized by isolating tomato bushy stunt virus in 1936.
The Novartis Foundation (formerly known as the Novartis Foundation for Sustainable Development) is a non-profit organization and part of the corporate responsibility portfolio of Novartis in Basel, Switzerland.
Odisha (formerly Orissa) is one of the 29 states of India, located in eastern India.
William Olaf Stapledon (10 May 1886 – 6 September 1950) – known as Olaf Stapledon – was a British philosopher and author of science fiction.
"On Being the Right Size" is a 1926 essay by J. B. S. Haldane which discusses proportions in the animal world and the essential link between the size of an animal and these systems an animal has for life.
Oxford is a city in the South East region of England and the county town of Oxfordshire.
Oxygen saturation (symbol SO2) is a relative measure of the concentration of oxygen that is dissolved or carried in a given medium as a proportion of the maximal concentration that can be dissolved in that medium.
Palo Alto is a charter city located in the northwest corner of Santa Clara County, California, in the San Francisco Bay Area of the United States.
The Parliament of the United Kingdom, commonly known as the UK Parliament or British Parliament, is the supreme legislative body of the United Kingdom, the Crown dependencies and overseas territories.
A perforated eardrum or punctured eardrum is a rupture or perforation (hole) of the eardrum which can occur as a result of otitis media (ear infection), trauma (e.g. by trying to clean the ear with sharp instruments), explosion, loud noise or surgery (accidental creation of a rupture).
Periclase is a magnesium mineral that occurs naturally in contact metamorphic rocks and is a major component of most basic refractory bricks.
Sir Peter Brian Medawar (28 February 1915 – 2 October 1987) was a British biologist born in Brazil, whose work on graft rejection and the discovery of acquired immune tolerance was fundamental to the practice of tissue and organ transplants.
Peter Maurice Wright (9 August 191627 April 1995) was the principal scientific officer for MI5, the British counter-intelligence agency.
A phenotype is the composite of an organism's observable characteristics or traits, such as its morphology, development, biochemical or physiological properties, behavior, and products of behavior (such as a bird's nest).
A philosopher is someone who practices philosophy, which involves rational inquiry into areas that are outside either theology or science.
Physiology is the scientific study of normal mechanisms, and their interactions, which work within a living system.
Plant genetics is the study of genes, genetic variation, and heredity specifically in Plants.
Pollination is the transfer of pollen from a male part of a plant to a female part of a plant, enabling later fertilisation and the production of seeds, most often by an animal or by wind.
Popular science (also called pop-science or popsci) is an interpretation of science intended for a general audience.
Population genetics is a subfield of genetics that deals with genetic differences within and between populations, and is a part of evolutionary biology.
Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis OBE, FNA, FASc, FRS (29 June 1893 – 28 June 1972) was an Indian scientist and applied statistician.
"Precambrian rabbits" or "fossil rabbits in the Precambrian" are reported to have been among responses given by the biologist J.B.S. Haldane when asked what evidence could destroy his confidence in the theory of evolution and the field of study.
Primordial soup, or prebiotic soup, is a hypothetical condition of the Earth's atmosphere before the emergence of life.
Sir Quentin Saxby Blake, CBE, FCSD, FRSL, RDI (born 16 December 1932) is an English cartoonist, illustrator and children's writer.
Rangaraya Medical College is one of the old and premier Government Medical colleges in Andhra pradesh.
The title of reader in the United Kingdom and some universities in the Commonwealth of Nations, for example India, Australia and New Zealand, denotes an appointment for a senior academic with a distinguished international reputation in research or scholarship.
Renal function, in nephrology, is an indication of the kidney's condition and its role in renal physiology.
Richard Burdon Haldane, 1st Viscount Haldane, (30 July 1856 – 19 August 1928) was an influential Scottish Liberal and later Labour imperialist politician, lawyer and philosopher.
Robert I (11 July 1274 – 7 June 1329), popularly known as Robert the Bruce (Medieval Gaelic: Roibert a Briuis; modern Scottish Gaelic: Raibeart Bruis; Norman French: Robert de Brus or Robert de Bruys; Early Scots: Robert Brus; Robertus Brussius), was King of Scots from 1306 until his death in 1329.
Sir Ronald Aylmer Fisher (17 February 1890 – 29 July 1962), who published as R. A. Fisher, was a British statistician and geneticist.
Ronald William Clark (2 November 1916 – 9 March 1987) was a British author of biography, fiction and non-fiction.
The Royal Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland (RAI) is a long-established anthropological organisation, with a global membership.
The Royal Institution of Great Britain (often abbreviated as the Royal Institution or Ri) is an organisation devoted to scientific education and research, based in London.
The President, Council and Fellows of the Royal Society of London for Improving Natural Knowledge, commonly known as the Royal Society, is a learned society.
Russian (rússkiy yazýk) is an East Slavic language, which is official in Russia, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan, as well as being widely spoken throughout Eastern Europe, the Baltic states, the Caucasus and Central Asia.
Scientism is the ideology of science.
Secession (derived from the Latin term secessio) is the withdrawal of a group from a larger entity, especially a political entity, but also from any organization, union or military alliance.
The Spanish Republic (República Española), commonly known as the Second Spanish Republic (Segunda República Española), was the democratic government that existed in Spain from 1931 to 1939.
Secular humanism is a philosophy or life stance that embraces human reason, ethics, and philosophical naturalism while specifically rejecting religious dogma, supernaturalism, pseudoscience, and superstition as the basis of morality and decision making.
Secularism is the principle of the separation of government institutions and persons mandated to represent the state from religious institution and religious dignitaries (the attainment of such is termed secularity).
Self-experimentation refers to the special case of single-subject research in which the experimenter conducts the experiment on themself.
Self-replication is any behavior of a dynamical system that yields construction of an identical copy of itself.
Sewall Green Wright (December 21, 1889March 3, 1988) was an American geneticist known for his influential work on evolutionary theory and also for his work on path analysis.
Sickle cell disease (SCD) is a group of blood disorders typically inherited from a person's parents.
Socialism is a range of economic and social systems characterised by social ownership and democratic control of the means of production as well as the political theories and movements associated with them.
A somersault (also flip, heli, and in gymnastics salto) is an acrobatic exercise in which a person's body rotates 360° around a horizontal axis with the feet passing over the head.
The Spanish Civil War (Guerra Civil Española),Also known as The Crusade (La Cruzada) among Nationalists, the Fourth Carlist War (Cuarta Guerra Carlista) among Carlists, and The Rebellion (La Rebelión) or Uprising (Sublevación) among Republicans.
In biology, a species is the basic unit of classification and a taxonomic rank, as well as a unit of biodiversity, but it has proven difficult to find a satisfactory definition.
Stanford University (officially Leland Stanford Junior University, colloquially the Farm) is a private research university in Stanford, California.
Statistics is a branch of mathematics dealing with the collection, analysis, interpretation, presentation, and organization of data.
In systems theory, a system or a process is in a steady state if the variables (called state variables) which define the behavior of the system or the process are unchanging in time.
Sterility is the physiological inability to effect sexual reproduction in a living thing, members of whose kind have been produced sexually.
The Suez Crisis, or the Second Arab–Israeli War, also named the Tripartite Aggression (in the Arab world) and Operation Kadesh or Sinai War (in Israel),Also named: Suez Canal Crisis, Suez War, Suez–Sinai war, Suez Campaign, Sinai Campaign, Operation Musketeer (أزمة السويس /‎ العدوان الثلاثي, "Suez Crisis"/ "the Tripartite Aggression"; Crise du canal de Suez; מבצע קדש "Operation Kadesh", or מלחמת סיני, "Sinai War") was an invasion of Egypt in late 1956 by Israel, followed by the United Kingdom and France.
Suresh Dinakar Jayakar (21 September 1937, Bombay-21 January 1988) was an Indian biologist who pioneered in the use of quantitative approaches in genetics and biology.
Teleology or finality is a reason or explanation for something in function of its end, purpose, or goal.
Thalassemias are inherited blood disorders characterized by abnormal hemoglobin production.
The American Naturalist is a monthly peer-reviewed scientific journal that was established in 1867.
The Causes of Evolution is a 1932 book on evolution by J.B.S. Haldane (1990 edition), based on a series of January 1931 lectures entitled "A Re-examination of Darwinism".
The Space Trilogy or Cosmic Trilogy is a series of science fiction novels by C. S. Lewis, famous for his later series The Chronicles of Narnia.
This is a timeline of the history of hydrogen technology.
In the field of molecular biology, trans-acting (trans-regulatory, trans-regulation), in general, means "acting from a different molecule" (i.e., intermolecular).
The tropics are a region of the Earth surrounding the Equator.
University College London (UCL) is a public research university in London, England, and a constituent college of the federal University of London.
The University of California, Berkeley (UC Berkeley, Berkeley, Cal, or California) is a public research university in Berkeley, California.
The University of Cambridge (informally Cambridge University)The corporate title of the university is The Chancellor, Masters, and Scholars of the University of Cambridge.
The University of Oxford (formally The Chancellor Masters and Scholars of the University of Oxford) is a collegiate research university located in Oxford, England.
Vegetarianism is the practice of abstaining from the consumption of meat (red meat, poultry, seafood, and the flesh of any other animal), and may also include abstention from by-products of animal slaughter.
In the vertebrate spinal column, each vertebra is an irregular bone with a complex structure composed of bone and some hyaline cartilage, the proportions of which vary according to the segment of the backbone and the species of vertebrate.
Vertebrates comprise all species of animals within the subphylum Vertebrata (chordates with backbones).
Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov, better known by the alias Lenin (22 April 1870According to the new style calendar (modern Gregorian), Lenin was born on 22 April 1870. According to the old style (Old Julian) calendar used in the Russian Empire at the time, it was 10 April 1870. Russia converted from the old to the new style calendar in 1918, under Lenin's administration. – 21 January 1924), was a Russian communist revolutionary, politician and political theorist.
A windmill is a mill that converts the energy of wind into rotational energy by means of vanes called sails or blades.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
The X chromosome is one of the two sex-determining chromosomes (allosomes) in many organisms, including mammals (the other is the Y chromosome), and is found in both males and females.
The Y chromosome is one of two sex chromosomes (allosomes) in mammals, including humans, and many other animals.
The yellow-wattled lapwing (Vanellus malabaricus) is a lapwing that is endemic to the Indian Subcontinent.
A Reply to Professor Haldane, H.B.S Haldane, Haldane's principle, Haldane, John Burdon Sanderson, J B S Haldane, J. B. Haldane, J.B.S Haldane, J.B.S. Haldane, JBS Haldane, Jack Haldane, John B. Haldane, John B. S. Haldane, John Burdon Sanderson Haldane.