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Index JAXA

The is the Japanese national aerospace and space agency. [1]

197 relations: ADEOS II, Advanced Land Observation Satellite, Advanced Satellite for Cosmology and Astrophysics, Akari (satellite), Akatsuki (spacecraft), Akebono (satellite), ALOS-2, Apollo program, Aqua (satellite), Arase (satellite), Asteroid, Astro-G, Atmosphere of Earth, Atmosphere of Mars, Aurora, BepiColombo, Cabinet Office (Japan), Calorimetric Electron Telescope, Carbon dioxide, Chōfu, Tokyo, Climate, CNES, Concorde, CUTE-1.7 + APD, Deci-hertz Interferometer Gravitational wave Observatory, Deimos (moon), DESTINY+, Dnepr (rocket), Earth Observation Center, EarthCARE, Epsilon (rocket), ETS-VIII, Europa Jupiter System Mission – Laplace, European Space Agency, Exploration of the Moon, Fuji (spacecraft), Gaia (spacecraft), Gamma-ray burst, Ganymede (moon), Geocentric orbit, Geotail, Ginga (satellite), Global Change Observation Mission, Global Precipitation Measurement, Gravitational-wave observatory, Greenhouse gas, Greenhouse Gases Observing Satellite, H-II, H-IIA, H-IIB, ..., H3 (rocket), Hakucho, HALCA, Halley's Comet, Hatoyama, Saitama, Hayabusa, Hayabusa Mk2, Hayabusa2, Herschel Space Observatory, Hinode, Hinotori (satellite), Hisaki (satellite), Hiten, Hitomi (satellite), HOPE-X, HTV-1, Hyflex, IKAROS, Independent Administrative Institution, Inflation (cosmology), Infrared, Infrared astronomy, Infrared Space Observatory, Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, International Space Station, Ion thruster, IRAS, Japan Space Systems, Jupiter, Jupiter Icy Moons Explorer, Jupiter Magnetospheric Orbiter, Jupiter trojan, Kakuda Space Center, Kakuda, Miyagi, Kankoh-maru, Kenya, Kibo (ISS module), Kyushu, Lagrangian point, Lambda (rocket family), Laser communication in space, List of government space agencies, Living With a Star, Lunar-A, M-V, Mach number, Magnetosphere, Mamoru Mohri, Mars, Martian Moons Exploration, MAXI (ISS Experiment), MDS-1, Mercury (planet), Methane, Micrometre, Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications, Ministry of the Environment (Japan), Mir, Moon, Moon landing, Moons of Mars, Multi-Functional Transport Satellite, Nano-JASMINE, NASA, National Aerospace Laboratory of Japan, National Institute of Information and Communications Technology, National Space Development Agency of Japan, Near-Earth object, Next Generation Supersonic Transport, Noshiro Rocket Testing Center, Noshiro, Akita, Nozomi (spacecraft), Ocean Surface Topography Mission, Ohsumi (satellite), OICETS, OREX, Outer space, Peregrine falcon, Phobos (moon), Quasi-Zenith Satellite System, Reimei, Remote sensing, Reusable launch system, Reusable Vehicle Testing, Rocket, S-Series (rocket family), Sagamihara Campus, Sakigake, Satellite, SELENE, SELENE-2, Single-stage-to-orbit, Small satellite, Smart Lander for Investigating Moon, Solar sail, Sony, Sounding rocket, Soviet Union, Soyuz (spacecraft), Soyuz TM-11, Space Brothers (manga), Space Flyer Unit, Space Foundation, Space rendezvous, Space Shuttle, Space-based solar power, Spacelab, Spaceplane, SPICA (spacecraft), STS-123, STS-124, STS-127, STS-47, Suisei (spacecraft), Super Low Altitude Test Satellite, Supersonic transport, Suzaku (satellite), Tanegashima, Tanegashima Space Center, Tenma, The Japan Times, THEMIS, Thermosphere, Tokyo Broadcasting System, Toyohiro Akiyama, Trojan (astronomy), Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission, Tsukuba Space Center, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Uchinoura Space Center, Van Allen radiation belt, Venus, Very-long-baseline interferometry, VTOL, Warm–hot intergalactic medium, WINDS, X-ray astronomy, X-ray Astronomy Recovery Mission, X-ray spectroscopy, X-ray telescope, XEUS, Yahoo!, Yohkoh, Yomiuri Shimbun, 25143 Itokawa, 3200 Phaethon. Expand index (147 more) »


ADEOS II (Advanced Earth Observing Satellite 2) was an Earth observation satellite launched by NASDA, with contributions from NASA and CNES, in December 2002.

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Advanced Land Observation Satellite

Advanced Land Observing Satellite (ALOS), also called Daichi (a Japanese word meaning "land"), is a 4-ton Japanese satellite launched in 2006.

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Advanced Satellite for Cosmology and Astrophysics

The Advanced Satellite for Cosmology and Astrophysics (ASCA, formerly named ASTRO-D) was the fourth cosmic X-ray astronomy mission by JAXA, and the second for which the United States provided part of the scientific payload.

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Akari (satellite)

Akari (ASTRO-F) is an infrared astronomy satellite developed by Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, in cooperation with institutes of Europe and Korea.

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Akatsuki (spacecraft)

, also known as the Venus Climate Orbiter (VCO) and Planet-C, is a Japanese (JAXA) space probe tasked to study the atmosphere of Venus.

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Akebono (satellite)

Akebono (known as EXOS-D before launch) is a satellite to study aurora and Earth's magnetosphere environment.

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Advanced Land Observing Satellite 2 (ALOS 2), also called Daichi 2, is a 2-ton Japanese satellite launched in 2014.

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Apollo program

The Apollo program, also known as Project Apollo, was the third United States human spaceflight program carried out by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), which accomplished landing the first humans on the Moon from 1969 to 1972.

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Aqua (satellite)

Aqua (EOS PM-1) is a multi-national NASA scientific research satellite in orbit around the Earth, studying the precipitation, evaporation, and cycling of water.

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Arase (satellite)

Arase, formerly known as Exploration of energization and Radiation in Geospace (ERG), is a scientific satellite to study the Van Allen belts.

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Asteroids are minor planets, especially those of the inner Solar System.

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ASTRO-G (also known as VSOP-2, and very rarely called VSOP-B) was a planned radio telescope satellite by JAXA.

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Atmosphere of Earth

The atmosphere of Earth is the layer of gases, commonly known as air, that surrounds the planet Earth and is retained by Earth's gravity.

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Atmosphere of Mars

The atmosphere of the planet Mars is composed mostly of carbon dioxide.

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An aurora (plural: auroras or aurorae), sometimes referred to as polar lights, northern lights (aurora borealis) or southern lights (aurora australis), is a natural light display in the Earth's sky, predominantly seen in the high-latitude regions (around the Arctic and Antarctic).

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BepiColombo is a joint mission of the European Space Agency (ESA) and the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) to the planet Mercury.

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Cabinet Office (Japan)

The is an agency of the Cabinet of Japan.

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Calorimetric Electron Telescope

The CALorimetric Electron Telescope (CALET) is a space telescope being mainly used to perform high precision observations of electrons and gamma rays.

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Carbon dioxide

Carbon dioxide (chemical formula) is a colorless gas with a density about 60% higher than that of dry air.

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Chōfu, Tokyo

is a city located in Tokyo Metropolis, Japan.

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Climate is the statistics of weather over long periods of time.

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The Centre national d'études spatiales (CNES) (English: National Centre for Space Studies) is the French government space agency (administratively, a "public administration with industrial and commercial purpose").

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The Aérospatiale/BAC Concorde is a British-French turbojet-powered supersonic passenger airliner that was operated from 1976 until 2003.

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CUTE-1.7 + APD

CUTE-1.7 + APD (Cubical Tokyo Tech Engineering satellite 1.7) or CO-56 (Cubesat-Oscar-56) is an amateur radio satellite in the form of a double CubeSat.

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Deci-hertz Interferometer Gravitational wave Observatory

The Deci-Hertz Interferometer Gravitational wave Observatory (or DECIGO) is a proposed Japanese, space-based, gravitational wave observatory.

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Deimos (moon)

Deimos (systematic designation: Mars II) is the smaller and outer of the two natural satellites of the planet Mars, the other being Phobos.

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DESTINY+ (Demonstration and Experiment of Space Technology for INterplanetary voYage Phaethon fLyby dUSt science) is a planned mission to flyby the meteor shower parent body 3200 Phaethon, as well as various minor bodies originating from the "rock comet".

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Dnepr (rocket)

The Dnepr rocket (translit; translit) is a space launch vehicle named after the Dnieper River.

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Earth Observation Center

Earth Observation Center 地球観測センター is a facility of the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency.

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EarthCARE is a planned joint European/Japanese (ESA/JAXA/NICT) satellite, the sixth of ESA's Living Planet Programme.

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Epsilon (rocket)

The (formerly Advanced Solid Rocket) is a Japanese solid-fuel rocket designed to launch scientific satellites.

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JAXA Engineering Test Satellite ETS-VIII (Kiku 8) is the eighth technology test satellite in a series which started with ETS-1 in 1975 by NASDA.

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Europa Jupiter System Mission – Laplace

The Europa Jupiter System Mission – Laplace (EJSM/Laplace) was a proposed joint NASA/ESA unmanned space mission slated to launch around 2020 for the in-depth exploration of Jupiter's moons with a focus on Europa, Ganymede and Jupiter's magnetosphere.

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European Space Agency

The European Space Agency (ESA; Agence spatiale européenne, ASE; Europäische Weltraumorganisation) is an intergovernmental organisation of 22 member states dedicated to the exploration of space.

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Exploration of the Moon

The physical exploration of the Moon began when Luna 2, a space probe launched by the Soviet Union, made an impact on the surface of the Moon on September 14, 1959.

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Fuji (spacecraft)

Fuji (ふじ) was a manned spacecraft of the space capsule kind, proposed by Japan's National Space Development Agency (NASDA) Advanced mission Research center in December 2001.

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Gaia (spacecraft)

Gaia is a space observatory of the European Space Agency (ESA) designed for astrometry: measuring the positions and distances of stars with unprecedented precision.

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Gamma-ray burst

In gamma-ray astronomy, gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) are extremely energetic explosions that have been observed in distant galaxies.

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Ganymede (moon)

Ganymede (Jupiter III) is the largest and most massive moon of Jupiter and in the Solar System.

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Geocentric orbit

A geocentric orbit or Earth orbit involves any object orbiting Planet Earth, such as the Moon or artificial satellites.

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Geotail is a satellite observing the Earth's magnetosphere.

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Ginga (satellite)

ASTRO-C, renamed Ginga (Japanese for 'galaxy'), was an X-ray astronomy satellite launched from the Kagoshima Space Center on 5 February 1987 using M-3SII launch vehicle.

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Global Change Observation Mission

GCOM (Global Change Observation Mission), is a JAXA project of long-term observation of Earth environmental changes.

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Global Precipitation Measurement

Global Precipitation Measurement (GPM) or Global Precipitation Index (GPI) is a joint mission between JAXA and NASA as well as other international space agencies to make frequent (every 2–3 hours) observations of Earth’s precipitation.

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Gravitational-wave observatory

A gravitational-wave observatory (or gravitational-wave detector) is any device designed to measure gravitational waves, tiny distortions of spacetime that were first predicted by Einstein in 1916.

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Greenhouse gas

A greenhouse gas is a gas in an atmosphere that absorbs and emits radiant energy within the thermal infrared range.

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Greenhouse Gases Observing Satellite

The Greenhouse Gases Observing Satellite (GOSat), also known as, is an Earth observation satellite and the world's first satellite dedicated to greenhouse-gas-monitoring.

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The H-II (H2) rocket was a Japanese satellite launch system, which flew seven times between 1994 and 1999, with five successes.

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H-IIA (H2A) is an active expendable launch system operated by Mitsubishi Heavy Industries (MHI) for the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency.

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H-IIB (H2B) is an expendable launch system used to launch H-II Transfer Vehicles (HTV, or Kounotori) towards the International Space Station.

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H3 (rocket)

The H3 Launch Vehicle is an expendable launch system in development in Japan.

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Hakucho (also known as CORSA-b before launch) was Japan's first X-ray astronomy satellite, developed by the Institute of Space and Aeronautical Science (then a division of the University of Tokyo).

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HALCA (Highly Advanced Laboratory for Communications and Astronomy), also known for its project name VSOP (VLBI Space Observatory Programme), or the code name MUSES-B (for the second of the Mu Space Engineering Spacecraft series), is a Japanese 8 meter diameter radio telescope satellite which was used for Very Long Baseline Interferometry (VLBI).

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Halley's Comet

Halley's Comet or Comet Halley, officially designated 1P/Halley, is a short-period comet visible from Earth every 74–79 years.

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Hatoyama, Saitama

is a town located in Saitama Prefecture, in the central Kantō region of Japan.

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No description.

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Hayabusa Mk2

was a proposed Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) space mission aimed at visiting a small primitive asteroid and returning a sample to Earth for laboratory analysis.

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Hayabusa2 is an asteroid sample-return mission operated by the Japanese space agency, JAXA.

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Herschel Space Observatory

The Herschel Space Observatory was a space observatory built and operated by the European Space Agency (ESA).

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Hinode (ひので,, Sunrise), formerly Solar-B, is a Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency Solar mission with United States and United Kingdom collaboration.

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Hinotori (satellite)

Hinotori, also known as ASTRO-A before launch, was Japan's first X-ray astronomy satellite.

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Hisaki (satellite)

Hisaki, also known as the Spectroscopic Planet Observatory for Recognition of Interaction of Atmosphere (SPRINT-A) is a Japanese ultraviolet astronomy satellite operated by the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA).

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The Hiten Spacecraft (ひてん), given the English name Celestial Maiden and known before launch as MUSES-A (Mu Space Engineering Spacecraft A), part of the MUSES Program, was built by the Institute of Space and Astronautical Science of Japan and launched on January 24, 1990.

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Hitomi (satellite)

, also known as ASTRO-H and New X-ray Telescope (NeXT), was an X-ray astronomy satellite commissioned by the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) for studying extremely energetic processes in the Universe.

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HOPE was a Japanese experimental spaceplane project designed by a partnership between NASDA and NAL (both now part of JAXA), started in the 1980s.

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HTV-1, also known as the HTV Demonstration Flight or HTV Technical Demonstration Vehicle, was the first Japanese Space Agency (JAXA) H-II Transfer Vehicle, launched in September 2009 to resupply the International Space Station and support the JAXA Kibo (きぼう, Kibō?, Hope) laboratory or JEM.

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HYFLEX (Hypersonic Flight Experiment) was a National Space Development Agency of Japan reentry demonstrator prototype which was launched in 1996 on the only flight of the J-I launcher.

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IKAROS (Interplanetary Kite-craft Accelerated by Radiation Of the Sun) is a Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) experimental spacecraft.

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Independent Administrative Institution

An Incorporated Administrative Agency, or in lay terms Independent Administrative Corporation or Independent Administrative Institution (独立行政法人, Dokuritsu gyōsei hōjin or Dokugyo in abbreviation), is a type of legal body for organizations of the Japanese government regulated by the Basic Law on Reforming Government Ministries under the Act on General Rules for incorporated Administrative Agencies (Law No. 103 of 1999, modified in 2014).

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Inflation (cosmology)

In physical cosmology, cosmic inflation, cosmological inflation, or just inflation, is a theory of exponential expansion of space in the early universe.

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Infrared radiation (IR) is electromagnetic radiation (EMR) with longer wavelengths than those of visible light, and is therefore generally invisible to the human eye (although IR at wavelengths up to 1050 nm from specially pulsed lasers can be seen by humans under certain conditions). It is sometimes called infrared light.

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Infrared astronomy

Infrared astronomy is the branch of astronomy and astrophysics that studies astronomical objects visible in infrared (IR) radiation.

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Infrared Space Observatory

The Infrared Space Observatory (ISO) was a space telescope for infrared light designed and operated by the European Space Agency (ESA), in cooperation with ISAS (part of JAXA as of 2003) and NASA.

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Institute of Space and Astronautical Science

(ISAS) is a Japanese national research organization of astrophysics using rockets, astronomical satellites and interplanetary probes which played a major role in Japan's space development.

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International Space Station

The International Space Station (ISS) is a space station, or a habitable artificial satellite, in low Earth orbit.

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Ion thruster

An ion thruster or ion drive is a form of electric propulsion used for spacecraft propulsion.

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The Infrared Astronomical Satellite (IRAS) was the first-ever space telescope to perform a survey of the entire night sky at infrared wavelengths.

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Japan Space Systems

The was a Japanese space agency, which was founded by the Ministry of International Trade and Industry in 1986.

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Jupiter is the fifth planet from the Sun and the largest in the Solar System.

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Jupiter Icy Moons Explorer

The JUpiter ICy moons Explorer (JUICE) is an interplanetary spacecraft in development by the European Space Agency (ESA) with Airbus Defence and Space as the main contractor.

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Jupiter Magnetospheric Orbiter

The Jupiter Magnetospheric Orbiter (木星磁気圏オービター, JMO) is a cancelled space probe proposed by the Japanese Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA), to undertake detailed in situ studies of the magnetosphere of Jupiter as a template for an astrophysical magnetised disk.

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Jupiter trojan

The Jupiter trojans, commonly called Trojan asteroids or just Trojans, are a large group of asteroids that share the planet Jupiter's orbit around the Sun.

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Kakuda Space Center

is a facility of the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA), located in the city of Kakuda in Miyagi Prefecture in northern Japan, specializing in the development and testing of rocket engines and space propulsion systems.

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Kakuda, Miyagi

is a city located in Miyagi Prefecture, Japan.

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The is the name of a proposed vertical takeoff and landing (VTVL), single-stage-to-orbit (SSTO), reusable launch system (rocket-powered spacecraft).

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Kenya, officially the Republic of Kenya, is a country in Africa with its capital and largest city in Nairobi.

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Kibo (ISS module)

The Japanese Experiment Module (JEM), nicknamed, is a Japanese science module for the International Space Station (ISS) developed by JAXA.

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is the third largest island of Japan and most southwesterly of its four main islands.

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Lagrangian point

In celestial mechanics, the Lagrangian points (also Lagrange points, L-points, or libration points) are positions in an orbital configuration of two large bodies, wherein a small object, affected only by the gravitational forces from the two larger objects, will maintain its position relative to them.

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Lambda (rocket family)

Lambda is the name of a series of Japanese carrier rockets.

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Laser communication in space

Laser communication in space is free-space optical communication in outer space.

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List of government space agencies

This is a list of government agencies engaged in activities related to outer space and space exploration.

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Living With a Star

Living With a Star (LWS) is a NASA scientific program to study those aspects of the connected Sun-Earth system that directly affect life and society.

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LUNAR-A is a cancelled Japanese spacecraft project that was originally scheduled to be launched in August 2004.

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The M-V rocket, also called M-5 or Mu-5, was a Japanese solid-fuel rocket designed to launch scientific satellites.

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Mach number

In fluid dynamics, the Mach number (M or Ma) is a dimensionless quantity representing the ratio of flow velocity past a boundary to the local speed of sound.

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A magnetosphere is the region of space surrounding an astronomical object in which charged particles are manipulated or affected by that object's magnetic field.

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Mamoru Mohri

, AM is a Japanese scientist, a former NASDA astronaut, and a veteran of two NASA space shuttle missions.

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Mars is the fourth planet from the Sun and the second-smallest planet in the Solar System after Mercury.

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Martian Moons Exploration

The Martian Moons Exploration (MMX) is a robotic space probe set for launch in 2024 to bring back the first samples from Mars' largest moon Phobos.

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MAXI (ISS Experiment)

The Monitor of All-sky X-ray Image (MAXI) is an X-ray slit camera aboard the International Space Station.

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Mission Demonstration Satellite 1 "Tsubasa" (MDS-1) was a Japanese technology test mission.

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Mercury (planet)

Mercury is the smallest and innermost planet in the Solar System.

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Methane is a chemical compound with the chemical formula (one atom of carbon and four atoms of hydrogen).

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The micrometre (International spelling as used by the International Bureau of Weights and Measures; SI symbol: μm) or micrometer (American spelling), also commonly known as a micron, is an SI derived unit of length equaling (SI standard prefix "micro-".

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Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology

The, also known as MEXT, Monka-shō, and formerly the, is one of the ministries of the Japanese government.

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Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications

The is a cabinet-level ministry in the Government of Japan.

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Ministry of the Environment (Japan)

The is a Cabinet-level ministry of the government of Japan responsible for global environmental conservation, pollution control, and nature conservation.

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Mir (Мир,; lit. peace or world) was a space station that operated in low Earth orbit from 1986 to 2001, operated by the Soviet Union and later by Russia.

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The Moon is an astronomical body that orbits planet Earth and is Earth's only permanent natural satellite.

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Moon landing

A Moon landing is the arrival of a spacecraft on the surface of the Moon.

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Moons of Mars

The two moons of Mars are Phobos and Deimos.

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Multi-Functional Transport Satellite

Multifunctional Transport Satellites (MTSAT) were a series of weather and aviation control satellites.

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The Nano-Japan Astrometry Satellite Mission for Infrared Exploration (Nano-JASMINE) is an astrometric microsatellite developed by the National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, with contributions by the University of Tokyo Intelligent Space Systems Laboratory.

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The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is an independent agency of the executive branch of the United States federal government responsible for the civilian space program, as well as aeronautics and aerospace research.

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National Aerospace Laboratory of Japan

The National Aerospace Laboratory of Japan (NAL) was established in July 1955.

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National Institute of Information and Communications Technology

The is Japan's primary national research institute for information and communications.

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National Space Development Agency of Japan

The of Japan, or NASDA, was a Japanese national space agency established on October 1, 1969 under the National Space Development Agency Law only for peaceful purposes.

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Near-Earth object

A near-Earth object (NEO) is any small Solar System body whose orbit can bring it into proximity with Earth.

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Next Generation Supersonic Transport

The Next Generation Supersonic Transport is a supersonic transport (SST) being developed by the Japanese Space Agency JAXA.

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Noshiro Rocket Testing Center

The is a facility of the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA), located on the coast of the Sea of Japan in the city of Noshiro in Akita Prefecture, Japan.

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Noshiro, Akita

is a city located in Akita Prefecture, Japan.

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Nozomi (spacecraft)

Nozomi (のぞみ) (Japanese for "Wish" or "Hope," and known before launch as Planet-B) was a planned and launched Mars-orbiting aeronomy probe.

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Ocean Surface Topography Mission

The Ocean Surface Topography Mission (OSTM) on the Jason-2 satellite is an international Earth observation satellite mission that continues the sea surface height measurements begun in 1992 by the joint NASA/CNES TOPEX/Poseidon mission and followed by the NASA/CNES Jason-1 mission launched in 2001.

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Ohsumi (satellite)

Ōsumi (or Ohsumi) is the name of the first Japanese satellite put into orbit, named after the Ōsumi Province in the southern islands of Japan.

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The Optical Inter-orbit Communications Engineering Test Satellite (OICETS), also called Kirari, is an experimental satellite launched by JAXA to demonstrate interorbital communication between satellites through optical (laser) means.

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OREX (Orbital Re-entry Experiment) was a NASDA re-entry demonstrator prototype which was launched in 1994 on the H-II launcher; the satellite was renamed.

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Outer space

Outer space, or just space, is the expanse that exists beyond the Earth and between celestial bodies.

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Peregrine falcon

The peregrine falcon (Falco peregrinus), also known as the peregrine, and historically as the duck hawk in North America, is a widespread bird of prey (raptor) in the family Falconidae.

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Phobos (moon)

Phobos (systematic designation) is the innermost and larger of the two natural satellites of Mars, the other being Deimos.

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Quasi-Zenith Satellite System

The Quasi-Zenith Satellite System (QZSS) (or in Japanese) is a project of the Japanese government for the development of a four-satellite regional time transfer system and a satellite-based augmentation system for the United States operated Global Positioning System (GPS) to be receivable in the Asia-Oceania regions, with a focus on Japan.

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Reimei ('Dawn') is the in-flight name for a small Japanese satellite known during development as INDEX (INnovative-technology Demonstration Experiment), developed in-house at JAXA both to serve as a demonstration of small-satellite technologies (particularly high-performance and high-accuracy attitude control) and to perform simultaneous optical and charged-particle observation of the aurora.

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Remote sensing

Remote sensing is the acquisition of information about an object or phenomenon without making physical contact with the object and thus in contrast to on-site observation.

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Reusable launch system

A reusable launch system (RLS, or reusable launch vehicle, RLV) is a space launch system intended to allow for recovery of all or part of the system for later reuse.

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Reusable Vehicle Testing

The Reusable Vehicle Testing (RVT) project was conducted by the Japanese Space Agency (JAXA) from 1998 until 2003.

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A rocket (from Italian rocchetto "bobbin") is a missile, spacecraft, aircraft or other vehicle that obtains thrust from a rocket engine.

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S-Series (rocket family)

S-Series is a fleet of sounding rockets funded by the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) that have been in service since the late 1960s.

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Sagamihara Campus

Sagamihara Campus is a facility of the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency.

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, known before launch as MS-T5, was Japan's first interplanetary spacecraft, and the first deep space probe to be launched by any country other than the USA or the Soviet Union.

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In the context of spaceflight, a satellite is an artificial object which has been intentionally placed into orbit.

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SELENE (Selenological and Engineering Explorer), better known in Japan by its nickname, was the second Japanese lunar orbiter spacecraft following the Hiten probe.

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SELENE-2, or the Selenological and Engineering Explorer 2, is a planned Japanese robotic spacecraft to the Moon that will include an orbiter, a lander and a rover.

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A single-stage-to-orbit (or SSTO) vehicle reaches orbit from the surface of a body without jettisoning hardware, expending only propellants and fluids.

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Small satellite

Small satellites, miniaturized satellites, or smallsats, are satellites of low mass and size, usually under.

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Smart Lander for Investigating Moon

Smart Lander for Investigating Moon (SLIM) is a lunar lander being developed by the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA).

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Solar sail

Solar sails (also called light sails or photon sails) are a proposed method of spacecraft propulsion using radiation pressure exerted by sunlight on large mirrors.

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is a Japanese multinational conglomerate corporation headquartered in Kōnan, Minato, Tokyo.

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Sounding rocket

A sounding rocket, sometimes called a research rocket, is an instrument-carrying rocket designed to take measurements and perform scientific experiments during its sub-orbital flight.

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Soviet Union

The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.

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Soyuz (spacecraft)

Soyuz is a series of spacecraft designed for the Soviet space program by the Korolev Design Bureau (now RKK Energia) in the 1960s that remains in service today.

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Soyuz TM-11

Soyuz TM-11 was the eleventh expedition to the Russian Space Station Mir, using a Soyuz-TM crew transport vessel.

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Space Brothers (manga)

is a Japanese manga series by Chūya Koyama which has been serialized in Kodansha's Weekly Morning since December 2007.

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Space Flyer Unit

The was a spacecraft which was launched by Japan on Mar.

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Space Foundation

Space Foundation is a Colorado-based nonprofit organization that advocates for all sectors of the global space industry through space awareness activities, educational programs and major industry events.

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Space rendezvous

A space rendezvous is an orbital maneuver during which two spacecraft, one of which is often a space station, arrive at the same orbit and approach to a very close distance (e.g. within visual contact).

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Space Shuttle

The Space Shuttle was a partially reusable low Earth orbital spacecraft system operated by the U.S. National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), as part of the Space Shuttle program.

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Space-based solar power

Space-based solar power (SBSP) is the concept of collecting solar power in outer space and distributing it to Earth.

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Spacelab was a reusable laboratory used on certain spaceflights flown by the Space Shuttle.

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A spaceplane is an aerospace vehicle that operates as an aircraft in Earth's atmosphere, as well as a spacecraft when it is in space.

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SPICA (spacecraft)

The Space Infrared Telescope for Cosmology and Astrophysics (SPICA), initially called HII-L2 after the launch vehicle and orbit, is a proposed infrared space telescope, follow-on to the successful Akari space observatory.

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STS-123 was a Space Shuttle mission to the International Space Station (ISS) which was flown by Space Shuttle ''Endeavour''.

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STS-124 was a Space Shuttle mission, flown by Space Shuttle ''Discovery'' to the International Space Station.

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STS-127 (ISS assembly flight 2J/A) was a NASA Space Shuttle mission to the International Space Station (ISS).

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STS-47 was the 50th Space Shuttle mission of the program, as well as the second mission of Space Shuttle Endeavour.

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Suisei (spacecraft)

, originally known as Planet-A, was an unmanned space probe developed by the Institute of Space and Astronautical Science (now part of the Japanese Aerospace Exploration Agency, or JAXA).

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Super Low Altitude Test Satellite

SLATS, the Super Low Altitude Test Satellite, is a JAXA satellite intended to demonstrate operations in very low Earth orbit (below 200 km), using ion engines to cancel out aerodynamic drag and equipped with sensors to determine atomic oxygen density, an exposure facility to measure material degradation in the 200 km orbit, and a small camera.

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Supersonic transport

A supersonic transport (SST) is a civilian supersonic aircraft designed to transport passengers at speeds greater than the speed of sound.

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Suzaku (satellite)

Suzaku (formerly ASTRO-EII) was an X-ray astronomy satellite developed jointly by NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center and the Institute of Space and Aeronautical Science at JAXA to probe high energy X-ray sources, such as supernova explosions, black holes and galactic clusters.

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is one of the Ōsumi Islands belonging to Kagoshima Prefecture, Japan.

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Tanegashima Space Center

The (TNSC) is a Japanese space development facility.

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Tenma, known as ASTRO-B before launch, was Japan's second X-ray astronomy satellite, developed by the Institute of Space and Astronautical Science.

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The Japan Times

The Japan Times is Japan's largest and oldest English-language daily newspaper.

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The Time History of Events and Macroscale Interactions during Substorms (THEMIS) mission began in February 2007 as a constellation of five NASA satellites (THEMIS A through THEMIS E) to study energy releases from Earth's magnetosphere known as substorms, magnetic phenomena that intensify auroras near Earth's poles.

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The thermosphere is the layer of the Earth's atmosphere directly above the mesosphere and below the exosphere.

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Tokyo Broadcasting System

, TBS Holdings, Inc. or TBSHD, is a stockholding company in Tokyo, Japan.

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Toyohiro Akiyama

is a Japanese TV journalist best known for his flight to the Mir space station aboard a Soviet Soyuz spacecraft in 1990.

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Trojan (astronomy)

In astronomy, a trojan is a minor planet or moon that shares the orbit of a planet or larger moon, wherein the trojan remains in the same, stable position relative to the larger object.

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Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission

The Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) was a joint space mission between NASA and the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) designed to monitor and study tropical rainfall.

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Tsukuba Space Center

Tsukuba Space Center (TKSC) is the operations facility and headquarters for the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) located in Tsukuba Science City in Ibaraki Prefecture.

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Tsukuba, Ibaraki

is a city located in Ibaraki Prefecture, Japan.

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Uchinoura Space Center

The is a space launch facility close to the Japanese town of Kimotsuki, in Kagoshima Prefecture.

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Van Allen radiation belt

A Van Allen radiation belt is a zone of energetic charged particles, most of which originate from the solar wind, that are captured by and held around a planet by that planet's magnetic field.

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Venus is the second planet from the Sun, orbiting it every 224.7 Earth days.

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Very-long-baseline interferometry

Very-long-baseline interferometry (VLBI) is a type of astronomical interferometry used in radio astronomy.

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A vertical take-off and landing (VTOL) aircraft is one that can hover, take off, and land vertically.

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Warm–hot intergalactic medium

The warm–hot intergalactic medium (WHIM) refers to a sparse, warm-to-hot (105 to 107 K) plasma that cosmologists believe to exist in the spaces between galaxies and to contain 40–50% of the baryons (that is, 'normal matter' which exists as plasma or as atoms and molecules, in contrast to dark matter) in the universe at the current epoch.

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WINDS (Wideband InterNetworking engineering test and Demonstration Satellite, also known as Kizuna), is a Japanese communication satellite.

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X-ray astronomy

X-ray astronomy is an observational branch of astronomy which deals with the study of X-ray observation and detection from astronomical objects.

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X-ray Astronomy Recovery Mission

The X-ray Astronomy Recovery Mission (XARM, pronounced "charm")According to Paul Hertz, director of NASA's astrophysics division, this is because the project "does need some luck" is an X-ray astronomy satellite project of the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) to provide breakthroughs in the study of structure formation of the universe, outflows from galaxy nuclei, and dark matter.

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X-ray spectroscopy

X-ray spectroscopy is a gathering name for several spectroscopic techniques for characterization of materials by using x-ray excitation.

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X-ray telescope

An X-ray telescope (XRT) is a telescope that is designed to observe remote objects in the X-ray spectrum.

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XEUS (X-ray Evolving Universe Spectroscopy) was a space observatory plan developed by the European Space Agency as a successor to the successful XMM-Newton X-ray satellite telescope.

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Yahoo! is a web services provider headquartered in Sunnyvale, California and wholly owned by Verizon Communications through Oath Inc..

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Yohkoh (ようこう, Sunbeam in Japanese), known before launch as Solar-A, was a Solar observatory spacecraft of the Institute of Space and Astronautical Science (Japan), in collaboration with space agencies in the United States and the United Kingdom. It was launched into Earth orbit on August 30, 1991 by the M-3S-5 rocket from Kagoshima Space Center. It took its first soft X-ray image on September 13, 1991 21:53:40, and movie representations of the X-ray corona over 1991-2001 are available at the.

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Yomiuri Shimbun

The is a Japanese newspaper published in Tokyo, Osaka, Fukuoka, and other major Japanese cities.

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25143 Itokawa

25143 Itokawa (イトカワ,いとかわ,糸川) is a stony sub-kilometer asteroid, classified as near-Earth object of the Apollo group and potentially hazardous asteroid, that measures approximately 350 meters in diameter.

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3200 Phaethon

3200 Phaethon (sometimes incorrectly spelled Phaeton), provisional designation, is an Apollo asteroid with an orbit that brings it closer to the Sun than any other named asteroid (though there are numerous unnamed asteroids with smaller perihelia, such as). For this reason, it was named after the Greek myth of Phaëthon, son of the sun god Helios.

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Redirects here:

Dokuritsu-gyōsei-hōjin Uchū Kōkū Kenkyū Kaihatsu Kikō, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, Japan Space Agency, Japan space agency, Japanese Aerospace Exploration Agency, Japanese Space Agency, Japanese space agency, Japanese space program, Jaxa, National Research and Development Agency on Aerospace Research and Development, Space program of Japan, Space programme of Japan, Uchu-Koku-Kenkyu-Kaihatsu-Kiko, Uchū-Kōkū-Kenkyū-Kaihatsu-Kikō, 宇宙航空研究開発機構, 独立行政法人宇宙航空研究開発機構.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/JAXA

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