147 relations: ACDSee, Adobe Lightroom, Adobe Photoshop, Affero General Public License, Apple ProRes, Arithmetic coding, AutoCAD, BAE Systems, Bit plane, Blender (software), BSD licenses, C (programming language), C++, Capture One, Chasys Draw IES, Chrominance, CineAsset, Codec, Cognition Network Technology, Cohen–Daubechies–Feauveau wavelet, Color space, Comparison of graphics file formats, Compression artifact, Convolution, Corel Photo-Paint, Darktable, DBGallery, DICOM, DigiKam, Digital cinema, Digital preservation, Discrete cosine transform, Discrete wavelet transform, DjVu, ECW (file format), Encoder, Evince, Exif, Extensible Metadata Platform, FastStone Image Viewer, FFmpeg, FFV1, Filename extension, Firefox, Fotografix, Freeware, Geographic information system, Geography Markup Language, Georeferencing, GeoTIFF, ..., GIMP, GNU General Public License, GNU Lesser General Public License, Google Chrome, GraphicConverter, Grok (JPEG 2000), Gwenview, H.264/MPEG-4 AVC, Harris Geospatial, Hexagon AB, High bit rate media transport, ICER, IDL (programming language), Image compression, Image file formats, ImageMagick, International Electrotechnical Commission, International Organization for Standardization, Internet, IPhoto, IrfanView, ISO base media file format, ITU-T, J2K-Codec, JasPer, Java (programming language), Joint Photographic Experts Group, JPEG, JPEG 2000, JPIP, Kakadu (software), KDE, KolourPaint, Lagrange multiplier, LEAD Technologies, Library of Congress, Lifting scheme, Lossless compression, Lossless JPEG, Lossy compression, Mars, MATLAB, Media type, Metadata, MIT License, Motion JPEG, Motion JPEG 2000, Mozilla Public License, MPEG-4 Part 14, MPEG-4 Part 2, MrSID, Open Geospatial Consortium, OpenJPEG, Opera (web browser), PaintShop Pro, PDF, Peak signal-to-noise ratio, Photodex, PhotoLine, Portable Network Graphics, Preview (macOS), Progressive Graphics File, Proprietary software, Pulse-code modulation, Pyramid (image processing), QGIS, Quantization (image processing), QuickTime, Rate–distortion optimization, Real number, Region of interest, Remote sensing, RGB color model, Ringing artifacts, Safari (web browser), Shareware, Signal-to-noise ratio, SilverFast, Submarine patent, The New York Times, The New York Times Magazine, Trellis quantization, Video compression picture types, Wavelet, Wavelet transform, Web browser, WebM, WebP, Windows Media Video, Wolfram Mathematica, World Meteorological Organization, XML, XnView, YCbCr, Ziproxy, .NET Framework, 3GP and 3G2. Expand index (97 more) » « Shrink index
ACDSee is an image organizer, viewer, and image editor program for Windows, macOS and iOS, developed by ACD Systems International Inc.
Adobe Lightroom (officially Adobe Photoshop Lightroom) is a family of image organization and image manipulation software developed by Adobe Systems for Windows and macOS.
Adobe Photoshop is a raster graphics editor developed and published by Adobe Systems for macOS and Windows.
The Affero General Public License (Affero GPL and informally Affero License) is either of two distinct, though historically related, free software licenses.
Apple ProRes is a lossy video compression format developed by Apple Inc. for use in post-production that supports up to 8K.
Arithmetic coding is a form of entropy encoding used in lossless data compression.
AutoCAD is a commercial computer-aided design (CAD) and drafting software application.
BAE Systems plc is a British multinational defence, security, and aerospace company.
A bit plane of a digital discrete signal (such as image or sound) is a set of bits corresponding to a given bit position in each of the binary numbers representing the signal.
Blender is a professional, free and open-source 3D computer graphics software toolset used for creating animated films, visual effects, art, 3D printed models, interactive 3D applications and video games.
BSD licenses are a family of permissive free software licenses, imposing minimal restrictions on the use and redistribution of covered software.
C (as in the letter ''c'') is a general-purpose, imperative computer programming language, supporting structured programming, lexical variable scope and recursion, while a static type system prevents many unintended operations.
C++ ("see plus plus") is a general-purpose programming language.
Capture One (also known as Capture One Pro or C1Pro by users) is a professional raw image file converter and image editing software developed by Phase One.
Chasys Draw IES (formerly known as Chasys Draw Artist) is a suite of applications including a layer-based raster graphics editor with animation, vista-style icon support and super-resolution via image stacking (Chasys Draw IES Artist), a multi-threaded image file converter (Chasys Draw IES Converter) and a fast image viewer (Chasys Draw IES Viewer).
Chrominance (chroma or C for short) is the signal used in video systems to convey the color information of the picture, separately from the accompanying luma signal (or Y for short).
CineAsset is a complete Mastering Software suite by Doremi Labs that can create and playback encrypted (Pro version) and unencrypted DCI compliant packages from virtually any source.
A codec is a device or computer program for encoding or decoding a digital data stream or signal.
Cognition Network Technology (CNT, also known as Definiens Cognition Network Technology) is an object-based image analysis method developed by Nobel laureate Gerd Binnig together with a team of researchers at Definiens AG in Munich, Germany.
Cohen–Daubechies–Feauveau wavelet are the historically first family of biorthogonal wavelets, which was made popular by Ingrid Daubechies.
A color space is a specific organization of colors.
This is a comparison of image file formats.
A compression artifact (or artefact) is a noticeable distortion of media (including images, audio, and video) caused by the application of lossy compression.
In mathematics (and, in particular, functional analysis) convolution is a mathematical operation on two functions (f and g) to produce a third function, that is typically viewed as a modified version of one of the original functions, giving the integral of the pointwise multiplication of the two functions as a function of the amount that one of the original functions is translated.
Corel Photo-Paint is a raster graphics editor developed and marketed by Corel since 1992.
darktable is a free and open-source photography workflow application and raw developer.
DBGallery is a Digital Asset Management software package.
Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine (DICOM) is the standard for the communication and management of medical imaging information and related data.
digiKam is a free and open-source image organizer and tag editor written in C++ utilizing the KDE Platform.
Digital cinema refers to the use of digital technology to distribute or project motion pictures as opposed to the historical use of reels of motion picture film, such as 35 mm film.
In library and archival science, digital preservation is a formal endeavor to ensure that digital information of continuing value remains accessible and usable.
A discrete cosine transform (DCT) expresses a finite sequence of data points in terms of a sum of cosine functions oscillating at different frequencies.
In numerical analysis and functional analysis, a discrete wavelet transform (DWT) is any wavelet transform for which the wavelets are discretely sampled.
DjVu (like English "déjà vu") is a computer file format designed primarily to store scanned documents, especially those containing a combination of text, line drawings, indexed color images, and photographs.
ECW (Enhanced Compression Wavelet) is a proprietary wavelet compression image format optimized for aerial and satellite imagery.
An encoder is a device, circuit, transducer, software program, algorithm or person that converts information from one format or code to another, for the purposes of standardization, speed or compression.
Evince is a document viewer for PDF, PostScript, DjVu, TIFF, XPS and DVI formats.
Exchangeable image file format (officially Exif, according to JEIDA/JEITA/CIPA specifications) is a standard that specifies the formats for images, sound, and ancillary tags used by digital cameras (including smartphones), scanners and other systems handling image and sound files recorded by digital cameras.
The Extensible Metadata Platform (XMP) is an ISO standard, originally created by Adobe Systems Inc., for the creation, processing and interchange of standardized and custom metadata for digital documents and data sets.
FastStone Image Viewer is an image viewer and organizer for Microsoft Windows, provided free of charge for personal and educational use,.
FFmpeg is a free software project, the product of which is a vast software suite of libraries and programs for handling video, audio, and other multimedia files and streams.
FFV1, which stands for "FF video codec 1", is a lossless intra-frame video codec.
A filename extension is an identifier specified as a suffix to the name of a computer file.
Mozilla Firefox (or simply Firefox) is a free and open-source web browser developed by Mozilla Foundation and its subsidiary, Mozilla Corporation.
Fotografix is a freeware graphics editing program for Microsoft Windows.
Freeware is software that is available for use at no monetary cost.
A geographic information system (GIS) is a system designed to capture, store, manipulate, analyze, manage, and present spatial or geographic data.
The Geography Markup Language (GML) is the XML grammar defined by the Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) to express geographical features.
Georeferencing means that the internal coordinate system of a map or aerial photo image can be related to a ground system of geographic coordinates.
GeoTIFF is a public domain metadata standard which allows georeferencing information to be embedded within a TIFF file.
GIMP (GNU Image Manipulation Program) is a free and open-source raster graphics editor used for image retouching and editing, free-form drawing, converting between different image formats, and more specialized tasks.
The GNU General Public License (GNU GPL or GPL) is a widely used free software license, which guarantees end users the freedom to run, study, share and modify the software.
The GNU Lesser General Public License (LGPL) is a free software license published by the Free Software Foundation (FSF).
Google Chrome is a freeware web browser developed by Google LLC.
GraphicConverter is computer software that displays and edits raster graphics files.
In computer software, Grok is a library to encode and decode images in the JPEG 2000 format.
Gwenview is an image viewer for Unix-like systems (including Linux) and is released as part of the KDE Applications bundle.
H.264 or MPEG-4 Part 10, Advanced Video Coding (MPEG-4 AVC) is a block-oriented motion-compensation-based video compression standard.
Harris Geospatial Solutions provides software for the analysis and visualization of scientific data and imagery.
Hexagon AB is a global technology group headquartered in Sweden.
High bit rate media transport (HBRMT) formerly known as High bit rate audio video over IP (HBRAV-IP), is a proposed standard for data encapsulation and forward error correction (FEC) of high bit rate contribution oriented video/audio feed services, up to 3 Gbit/s over Ethernet networks.
ICER is a wavelet-based image compression file format used by the NASA Mars Rovers.
IDL, short for Interactive Data Language, is a programming language used for data analysis.
Image compression is a type of data compression applied to digital images, to reduce their cost for storage or transmission.
Image file formats are standardized means of organizing and storing digital images.
ImageMagick is a free and open-source software suite for displaying, converting, and editing raster image and vector image files.
The International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC; in French: Commission électrotechnique internationale) is an international standards organization that prepares and publishes International Standards for all electrical, electronic and related technologies – collectively known as "electrotechnology".
The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) is an international standard-setting body composed of representatives from various national standards organizations.
The Internet is the global system of interconnected computer networks that use the Internet protocol suite (TCP/IP) to link devices worldwide.
iPhoto is a discontinued digital photograph manipulation software application developed by Apple Inc. It was included with every Macintosh personal computer from 2002 to 2015, when it was replaced with Apple's Photos application.
IrfanView is an image viewer, editor, organiser and converter program for Microsoft Windows.
ISO base media file format (ISO/IEC 14496-12 – MPEG-4 Part 12) defines a general structure for time-based multimedia files such as video and audio.
The ITU Telecommunication Standardization Sector (ITU-T) is one of the three sectors (divisions or units) of the International Telecommunication Union (ITU); it coordinates standards for telecommunications.
J2K-Codec is a commercial library to decode JPEG 2000 images.
JasPer is a computer software project to create a reference implementation of the codec specified in the JPEG-2000 Part-1 standard (i.e. ISO/IEC 15444-1) - started in 1997 at Image Power Inc.
Java is a general-purpose computer-programming language that is concurrent, class-based, object-oriented, and specifically designed to have as few implementation dependencies as possible.
The Joint Photographic Experts Group is the joint committee founded by Jim Judkins between ISO/IEC JTC 1 and ITU-T (formerly CCITT) that created the JPEG, JPEG 2000, and JPEG XR standards.
JPEG is a commonly used method of lossy compression for digital images, particularly for those images produced by digital photography.
JPEG 2000 (JP2) is an image compression standard and coding system.
JPIP (JPEG 2000 Interactive Protocol) is a compression streamlining protocol that works with JPEG 2000 to produce an image using the least bandwidth required.
Kakadu is a closed-source library to encode and decode JPEG 2000 images.
KDE is an international free software community that develops Free and Open Source based software.
KolourPaint is a free and open-source raster graphics editor by KDE.
In mathematical optimization, the method of Lagrange multipliers (named after Joseph-Louis Lagrange) is a strategy for finding the local maxima and minima of a function subject to equality constraints (i.e., subject to the condition that one or more equations have to be satisfied exactly by the chosen values of the variables).
LEAD Technologies Inc. is a privately held software company headquartered in Charlotte, North Carolina, USA.
The Library of Congress (LOC) is the research library that officially serves the United States Congress and is the de facto national library of the United States.
The lifting scheme is a technique for both designing wavelets and performing the discrete wavelet transform (DWT).
Lossless compression is a class of data compression algorithms that allows the original data to be perfectly reconstructed from the compressed data.
Lossless JPEG is a 1993 addition to JPEG standard by the Joint Photographic Experts Group to enable lossless compression.
In information technology, lossy compression or irreversible compression is the class of data encoding methods that uses inexact approximations and partial data discarding to represent the content.
Mars is the fourth planet from the Sun and the second-smallest planet in the Solar System after Mercury.
MATLAB (matrix laboratory) is a multi-paradigm numerical computing environment and proprietary programming language developed by MathWorks.
A media type (formerly known as MIME type) is a two-part identifier for file formats and format contents transmitted on the Internet.
Metadata is "data that provides information about other data".
The MIT License is a permissive free software license originating at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).
In multimedia, Motion JPEG (M-JPEG or MJPEG) is a video compression format in which each video frame or interlaced field of a digital video sequence is compressed separately as a JPEG image.
Motion JPEG 2000 (MJ2 or MJP2) is a file format for motion sequences of JPEG 2000 images and associated audio, based on the MP4/QuickTime format.
The Mozilla Public License (MPL) is a free and open source software license developed and maintained by the Mozilla Foundation.
MPEG-4 Part 14 or MP4 is a digital multimedia container format most commonly used to store video and audio, but it can also be used to store other data such as subtitles and still images.
MPEG-4 Part 2, MPEG-4 Visual (formally ISO/IEC 14496-2) is a video compression format developed by MPEG.
MrSID (pronounced Mister Sid) is an acronym that stands for multiresolution seamless image database.
The Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC), an international voluntary consensus standards organization, originated in 1994.
OpenJPEG is an open-source library to encode and decode JPEG 2000 images.
Opera is a web browser for Windows, macOS, and Linux operating systems developed by Opera Software AS.
PaintShop Pro (PSP) is a raster and vector graphics editor for Microsoft Windows.
The Portable Document Format (PDF) is a file format developed in the 1990s to present documents, including text formatting and images, in a manner independent of application software, hardware, and operating systems.
Peak signal-to-noise ratio, often abbreviated PSNR, is an engineering term for the ratio between the maximum possible power of a signal and the power of corrupting noise that affects the fidelity of its representation.
Photodex is a software company specializing in the digital imaging market.
PhotoLine is a raster and vector graphics editor for Windows and Mac OS X. Its features include 16 bits of color depth, full color management, support of RGB, CMYK and Lab color models, layer support, and non-destructive image manipulation.
Portable Network Graphics (PNG, pronounced or) is a raster graphics file format that supports lossless data compression.
Preview is the image viewer and PDF viewer of the macOS operating system; it enables users to view and print digital images and Portable Document Format (PDF) files.
PGF (Progressive Graphics File) is a wavelet-based bitmapped image format that employs lossless and lossy data compression.
Proprietary software is non-free computer software for which the software's publisher or another person retains intellectual property rights—usually copyright of the source code, but sometimes patent rights.
Pulse-code modulation (PCM) is a method used to digitally represent sampled analog signals.
Pyramid, or pyramid representation, is a type of multi-scale signal representation developed by the computer vision, image processing and signal processing communities, in which a signal or an image is subject to repeated smoothing and subsampling.
QGIS (previously known as Quantum GIS) is a free and open-source cross-platform desktop geographic information system (GIS) application that supports viewing, editing, and analysis of geospatial data.
Quantization, involved in image processing, is a lossy compression technique achieved by compressing a range of values to a single quantum value.
QuickTime is an extensible multimedia framework developed by Apple Inc., capable of handling various formats of digital video, picture, sound, panoramic images, and interactivity.
Rate-distortion optimization (RDO) is a method of improving video quality in video compression.
In mathematics, a real number is a value of a continuous quantity that can represent a distance along a line.
A region of interest (often abbreviated ROI), are samples within a data set identified for a particular purpose.
Remote sensing is the acquisition of information about an object or phenomenon without making physical contact with the object and thus in contrast to on-site observation.
The RGB color model is an additive color model in which red, green and blue light are added together in various ways to reproduce a broad array of colors.
In signal processing, particularly digital image processing, ringing artifacts are artifacts that appear as spurious signals near sharp transitions in a signal.
Safari is a web browser developed by Apple based on the WebKit engine.
Shareware is a type of proprietary software which is initially provided free of charge to users, who are allowed and encouraged to make and share copies of the program.
Signal-to-noise ratio (abbreviated SNR or S/N) is a measure used in science and engineering that compares the level of a desired signal to the level of background noise.
SilverFast is the name of a family of software for image scanning and processing, including photos, documents and slides, developed by LaserSoft Imaging.
A submarine patent is a patent whose issuance and publication are intentionally delayed by the applicant for a long time, which can be several years, or a decade.
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
The New York Times Magazine is a Sunday magazine supplement included with the Sunday edition of The New York Times.
Trellis quantization is an algorithm that can improve data compression in DCT-based encoding methods.
In the field of video compression a video frame is compressed using different algorithms with different advantages and disadvantages, centered mainly around amount of data compression.
A wavelet is a wave-like oscillation with an amplitude that begins at zero, increases, and then decreases back to zero.
In mathematics, a wavelet series is a representation of a square-integrable (real- or complex-valued) function by a certain orthonormal series generated by a wavelet.
A web browser (commonly referred to as a browser) is a software application for accessing information on the World Wide Web.
WebM is an audiovisual media file format.
WebP is an image format employing both lossy and lossless compression.
Windows Media Video (WMV) is a series of video codecs and their corresponding video coding formats developed by Microsoft.
Wolfram Mathematica (usually termed Mathematica) is a modern technical computing system spanning most areas of technical computing — including neural networks, machine learning, image processing, geometry, data science, visualizations, and others.
The World Meteorological Organization (WMO) is an intergovernmental organization with a membership of 191 Member States and Territories.
In computing, Extensible Markup Language (XML) is a markup language that defines a set of rules for encoding documents in a format that is both human-readable and machine-readable.
XnView is an image organizer and general-purpose file manager used for viewing, converting, organizing and editing raster images, as well as general purpose file management.
YCbCr, Y′CbCr, or Y Pb/Cb Pr/Cr, also written as YCBCR or Y'CBCR, is a family of color spaces used as a part of the color image pipeline in video and digital photography systems.
Ziproxy is a forwarding, non-caching, compressing, HTTP proxy server targeted for traffic optimization.
.NET Framework (pronounced dot net) is a software framework developed by Microsoft that runs primarily on Microsoft Windows.
3GP (3GPP file format) is a multimedia container format defined by the Third Generation Partnership Project (3GPP) for 3G UMTS multimedia services.
.jp2, .jpm, .jpx, .mj2, .mjp2, EBCOT, ISO/IEC 15444, JP2K, JPEG 2K, JPEG 2k, JPEG-2000, JPEG2000, JPEG2K, JPEG2k, JPG 2000, JPG 2K, JPG 2k, JPG2000, JPG2K, JPG2k, Jp2k, Jpeg 2000, Jpeg 2K, Jpeg 2k, Jpeg2, Jpeg2000, Jpeg2K, Jpeg2k, Jpg 2000, Jpg 2k, Jpg2000, Jpg2k, Lossless JPEG 2000.