231 relations: Academy Award for Best Picture, Academy Awards, Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences, Adolf Hitler, Albert Maltz, Albert Warner, Alfa Romeo, All Through the Night (film), Alla Nazimova, Alvah Bessie, American Broadcasting Company, An Empire of Their Own, Antibes, Associated Artists Productions, Audrey Hepburn, Axis powers, Baccarat (card game), Baltimore, Ben Kingsley, Berchtesgaden, Berlin, Bette Davis, Beverly Grove, Los Angeles, Bonnie and Clyde (film), Brass knuckles, Bronco (TV series), Bugs Bunny, Burbank, California, California, Camelot (film), Canada's Walk of Fame, Canadian pioneers in early Hollywood, Cannes, Captain Blood (1935 film), Captains of the Clouds, Carl Laemmle, Casablanca (film), CBS, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Clifford Odets, Cold War, Colt .45 (TV series), Columbia Pictures, Coma, Committee for the First Amendment, Communism, Confessions of a Nazi Spy, Congress Poland, Cordell Hull, Cossacks, ..., Culver City, California, Daffy Duck, Dalton Trumbo, Danny Wells, Darryl F. Zanuck, David O. Selznick, Debbie Reynolds, Democratic Party (United States), Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation, Disraeli (1921 film), Disraeli (1929 film), Dwight D. Eisenhower, East Los Angeles, California, Eddie Albert, Edema, Edward Albee, Edward G. Robinson, Eliza Doolittle, Ernest Lehman, Errol Flynn, FamilySearch, Fascism, Feud (TV series), Film, First National Pictures, Fortune (magazine), Fox Film, Frank McHugh, Franklin D. Roosevelt, FX (TV channel), George Arliss, German Shepherd, Germany, Gleason (2002 film), Gottfried Reinhardt, Hal B. Wallis, Hamburg, Harry Cohn, Harry Warner, Hollywood Palladium, Hollywood Walk of Fame, Home of Peace Cemetery (East Los Angeles), House Un-American Activities Committee, Howard E. Koch, Humphrey Bogart, I Am a Fugitive from a Chain Gang, Idora Park (Youngstown), Irwin Shaw, J. Edgar Hoover, Jack Benny, Jack M. Warner, Jack Valenti, James Cagney, James Dean (2001 film), James Garner, Jews, Joan Blondell, John F. Kennedy, John Howard Lawson, John Huston, Joseph P. Kennedy Sr., Joshua Logan, Julie Andrews, Kay Francis, Kinetoscope, Krasnosielc, Lauren Bacall, Left-wing politics, Leon G. Turrou, Lerner and Loewe, Lieutenant colonel, Life (2015 film), Little Caesar (film), London, London, Ontario, Louis B. Mayer, Mark Rydell, Martin Dies Jr., Mary Poppins (film), Maryland, Maverick (TV series), Mel Blanc, Merv Griffin, Mickey Mouse, Mike Nichols, Mission to Moscow, Moose: Chapters from My Life, Motion Picture Association of America, Motion Picture Patents Company, Motion Picture Production Code, My Fair Lady, Nazi Germany, Nazism, New Castle, Pennsylvania, New Deal, New York City, Norfolk, Virginia, Ohio, Olivia de Havilland, Paramount Pictures, Paul Henreid, Paul Muni, Pennsylvania, Pittsburgh, Pogrom, Porky Pig, Presidency of Franklin D. Roosevelt, President of the United States, Prince Aly Khan, Projectionist, PT 109 (film), Radio City Music Hall, Republican National Committee, Republican Party (United States), Richard Burton, Richard Harris, Richard Nixon, Richard Schickel, Rin Tin Tin, Ring Lardner Jr., Robert B. Sherman, Robert Rossen, Royal Canadian Air Force, Rust Belt, Ruth Chatterton, Sam Warner, Samuel Goldwyn, San Francisco, Sergeant York (film), Seven Arts Productions, Sexually transmitted infection, Show business, Shtetl, Sicilian Mafia, Sicily, Soviet Union, Stanley Tucci, Stroke, Sunset Boulevard, Syndicate, The Charge of the Light Brigade (1936 film), The Great Train Robbery (1903 film), The Jazz Singer, The New York Times, The Pawnbroker (film), The Public Enemy, The Walt Disney Company, This Is the Army, Thomas Edison, Toronto, Turner Classic Movies, Twentieth Century Pictures, Underground (1941 film), United Artists, United Artists Television, United States Army, United States House of Representatives, Universal Pictures, University of Southern California, Vanessa Redgrave, Vaudeville, Vietnam War, Vitaphone, War Brides (film), Warner Bros., Warner Bros. Cartoons, Warner Bros. Presents, Warner Bros. Television, Washington, D.C., Western Electric, Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf? (film), Will H. Hays, William Powell, William S. Paley, Wilshire Boulevard Temple, World War II, Yankee Doodle Dandy, Yiddish, Youngstown, Ohio, 1776 (film), 3D film. Expand index (181 more) » « Shrink index
The Academy Award for Best Picture is one of the Academy Awards presented annually since the awards debuted in 1929, by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS).
The Academy Awards, also known as the Oscars, are a set of 24 awards for artistic and technical merit in the American film industry, given annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS), to recognize excellence in cinematic achievements as assessed by the Academy's voting membership.
The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS (often pronounced as am-pas), also known as simply the Academy) is a professional honorary organization with the stated goal of advancing the arts and sciences of motion pictures.
Adolf Hitler (20 April 1889 – 30 April 1945) was a German politician, demagogue, and revolutionary, who was the leader of the Nazi Party (Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei; NSDAP), Chancellor of Germany from 1933 to 1945 and Führer ("Leader") of Nazi Germany from 1934 to 1945.
Albert Maltz (October 28, 1908 – April 26, 1985) was an American playwright, fiction writer and screenwriter.
Abraham "Albert" Warner (July 23, 1884Sperling, Millner, and Warner (1998), Warner Family Tree. – November 26, 1967) was an American film executive who was one of the founders of Warner Bros. Studios.
Alfa Romeo Automobiles S.p.A. is a car manufacturer, founded by Frenchman Alexandre Darracq as A.L.F.A. (" Anonima Lombarda Fabbrica Automobili", "Lombard Automobile Factory Company") on 24 June 1910, in Milan.
All Through the Night is a light-hearted thriller film released by Warner Brothers in 1942, starring Humphrey Bogart, Conrad Veidt and Kaaren Verne, and featuring many of the Warner Bros.
Alla Nazimova (Алла Назимова; born Marem-Ides Leventon; July 13, 1945) was a Russian actress who immigrated to the United States in 1905.
Alvah Cecil Bessie (June 4, 1904 – July 21, 1985) was an American novelist, journalist and screenwriter who was imprisoned for ten months and blacklisted by the movie studio bosses for being one of the group known as the Hollywood Ten.
The American Broadcasting Company (ABC) is an American commercial broadcast television network that is a flagship property of Disney–ABC Television Group, a subsidiary of the Disney Media Networks division of The Walt Disney Company.
An Empire of Their Own: How the Jews Invented Hollywood is a 1988 non-fiction book whose topic is the careers of several prominent Jewish film producers in the early years of Hollywood.
Antibes (Provençal Occitan: Antíbol) is a Mediterranean resort in the Alpes-Maritimes department of southeastern France, on the Côte d'Azur between Cannes and Nice.
Associated Artists Productions (a.a.p.) was a distributor of theatrical feature films and short subjects for television.
Audrey Hepburn (born Audrey Kathleen Ruston; 4 May 192920 January 1993) was a British actress, model, dancer and humanitarian.
The Axis powers (Achsenmächte; Potenze dell'Asse; 枢軸国 Sūjikukoku), also known as the Axis and the Rome–Berlin–Tokyo Axis, were the nations that fought in World War II against the Allied forces.
Baccarat or baccara is a card game played at casinos.
Baltimore is the largest city in the U.S. state of Maryland, and the 30th-most populous city in the United States.
Sir Ben Kingsley (born Krishna Pandit Bhanji; 31 December 1943) is an English actor with a career spanning over 50 years.
Berchtesgaden is a municipality in the Bavarian Alps of southeastern Germany.
Berlin is the capital and the largest city of Germany, as well as one of its 16 constituent states.
Ruth Elizabeth "Bette" Davis (April 5, 1908 – October 6, 1989) was an American actress of film, television, and theater.
Beverly Grove is a neighborhood within the Beverly-Fairfax neighborhood in the greater Wilshire area of Los Angeles, California, abutting Beverly Hills to the east and West Hollywood to the north.
Bonnie and Clyde is a 1967 American biographical crime film directed by Arthur Penn and starring Warren Beatty and Faye Dunaway as the title characters Clyde Barrow and Bonnie Parker.
Brass knuckles, also sometimes called knuckles, knucks, brass knucks, knucklebusters, knuckledusters, an English punch or a classic, are weapons used in hand-to-hand combat.
Bronco is a Western series on ABC from 1958 through 1962.
Bugs Bunny is an animated cartoon character, created in the late 1930s by Leon Schlesinger Productions (later Warner Bros. Cartoons) and voiced originally by Mel Blanc.
Burbank is a city in Los Angeles County in Southern California, United States, northwest of downtown Los Angeles.
California is a state in the Pacific Region of the United States.
Camelot is a 1967 American musical comedy-drama film directed by Joshua Logan and starring Richard Harris as King Arthur, Vanessa Redgrave as Guenevere, and Franco Nero as Lancelot.
Canada's Walk of Fame (Allée des célébrités canadiennes) in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, is a walk of fame that acknowledges the achievements and accomplishments of Canadians who have excelled in their respective fields.
Motion pictures have been a part of the culture of Canada since the industry began.
Cannes (Canas) is a city located on the French Riviera.
Captain Blood is a 1935 American black-and-white swashbuckling pirate film from First National Pictures and Warner Bros. Pictures, produced by Harry Joe Brown and Gordon Hollingshead (with Hal B. Wallis as executive producer), directed by Michael Curtiz, that stars Errol Flynn, Olivia de Havilland, Basil Rathbone, and Ross Alexander.
Captains of the Clouds (Shadows of Their Wings) is a 1942 Warner Bros. war film in Technicolor, directed by Michael Curtiz and starring James Cagney.
Carl Laemmle (born Karl Lämmle; January 17, 1867 – September 24, 1939) was an American filmmaker and a founder of Universal Studios.
Casablanca is a 1942 American romantic drama film directed by Michael Curtiz based on Murray Burnett and Joan Alison's unproduced stage play Everybody Comes to Rick's.
CBS (an initialism of the network's former name, the Columbia Broadcasting System) is an American English language commercial broadcast television network that is a flagship property of CBS Corporation.
Cedars-Sinai Medical Center is a non-profit, tertiary 958-bed hospital and multi-specialty academic health science center located in the Beverly Grove neighborhood of Los Angeles, California.
Clifford Odets (July 18, 1906 – August 14, 1963) was an American playwright, screenwriter, and director.
The Cold War was a state of geopolitical tension after World War II between powers in the Eastern Bloc (the Soviet Union and its satellite states) and powers in the Western Bloc (the United States, its NATO allies and others).
Colt.45 (also known as The Colt Cousins) is an American Western series which aired on ABC between October 1957 and September 1960.
Columbia Pictures Industries, Inc. (commonly known as Columbia Pictures and Columbia, formerly CBC Film Sales Corporation, and stylized as COLUMBIA) is an American film studio, production company and film distributor that is a member of the Sony Pictures Motion Picture Group, a division of Sony Entertainment's Sony Pictures subsidiary of the Japanese multinational conglomerate Sony Corporation.
Coma is a state of unconsciousness in which a person cannot be awaken; fails to respond normally to painful stimuli, light, or sound; lacks a normal wake-sleep cycle; and does not initiate voluntary actions.
The Committee for the First Amendment was an action group formed in September 1947 by actors in support of the Hollywood Ten during the hearings of the House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC).
In political and social sciences, communism (from Latin communis, "common, universal") is the philosophical, social, political, and economic ideology and movement whose ultimate goal is the establishment of the communist society, which is a socioeconomic order structured upon the common ownership of the means of production and the absence of social classes, money and the state.
Confessions of a Nazi Spy is a 1939 American spy thriller film and the first blatantly anti-Nazi film produced by a major Hollywood studio.
The Kingdom of Poland, informally known as Congress Poland or Russian Poland, was created in 1815 by the Congress of Vienna as a sovereign state of the Russian part of Poland connected by personal union with the Russian Empire under the Constitution of the Kingdom of Poland until 1832.
Cordell Hull (October 2, 1871July 23, 1955) was an American politician from the U.S. state of Tennessee.
Cossacks (козаки́, translit, kozaky, казакi, kozacy, Czecho-Slovak: kozáci, kozákok Pronunciations.
Culver City is a city in Los Angeles County, California.
Daffy Duck is an animated cartoon character produced by Warner Bros. Styled as an anthropomorphic black duck, the character has appeared in cartoon series such as Looney Tunes and Merrie Melodies, where he usually has been depicted as a foil of Bugs Bunny.
James Dalton Trumbo (December 9, 1905 – September 10, 1976) was an American screenwriter and novelist who scripted many award-winning films including Roman Holiday, Exodus, Spartacus, and Thirty Seconds Over Tokyo.
Jack Westelman (April 7, 1941 – November 28, 2013), known as Danny Wells, was a Canadian actor, voice actor and composer.
Darryl Francis Zanuck (September 5, 1902December 22, 1979) was an American film producer and studio executive; he earlier contributed stories for films starting in the silent era.
David O. Selznick (May 10, 1902June 22, 1965) was an American film producer, screenwriter and film studio executive.
Mary Frances "Debbie" Reynolds (April 1, 1932 – December 28, 2016) was an American actress, singer, businesswoman, film historian, humanitarian, and mother of the actress and writer Carrie Fisher.
The Democratic Party is one of the two major contemporary political parties in the United States, along with the Republican Party (nicknamed the GOP for Grand Old Party).
The Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation is the head of the FBI, the United States' primary federal law enforcement agency, and is responsible for its day-to-day operations.
Disraeli (1921) is an American silent historical drama film directed by Henry Kolker and starring George Arliss.
Disraeli is a 1929 American historical film directed by Alfred E. Green, released by Warner Bros. Pictures, Inc., and adapted by Julien Josephson and De Leon Anthony from the 1911 play Disraeli by Louis N. Parker.
Dwight David "Ike" Eisenhower (October 14, 1890 – March 28, 1969) was an American army general and statesman who served as the 34th President of the United States from 1953 to 1961.
East Los Angeles, or East L.A., is an unincorporated area in Los Angeles County, California.
Edward Albert Heimberger (April 22, 1906 – May 26, 2005), known professionally as Eddie Albert, was an American actor and activist.
Edema, also spelled oedema or œdema, is an abnormal accumulation of fluid in the interstitium, located beneath the skin and in the cavities of the body, which can cause severe pain.
Edward Franklin Albee III (March 12, 1928 – September 16, 2016) was an American playwright known for works such as The Zoo Story (1958), The Sandbox (1959), Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf? (1962), and A Delicate Balance (1966).
Edward G. Robinson (born Emanuel Goldenberg; December 12, 1893January 26, 1973) was a Romanian-American actor of stage and screen during Hollywood's Golden Age.
Eliza Doolittle is a fictional character from London who appears in the play Pygmalion (George Bernard Shaw, 1912) and the musical version of that play, My Fair Lady.
Ernest Paul Lehman (December 8, 1915 – July 2, 2005) was an American screenwriter.
Errol Leslie Flynn (20 June 1909 – 14 October 1959) was an Australian-born American actor who achieved fame in Hollywood after 1935.
FamilySearch is a genealogy organization operated by The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.
Fascism is a form of radical authoritarian ultranationalism, characterized by dictatorial power, forcible suppression of opposition and control of industry and commerce, which came to prominence in early 20th-century Europe.
Feud is an American anthology television series for FX created by Ryan Murphy, Jaffe Cohen, and Michael Zam, presented as the dramatization of actual events.
A film, also called a movie, motion picture, moving pícture, theatrical film, or photoplay, is a series of still images that, when shown on a screen, create the illusion of moving images.
First National Pictures was an American motion picture production and distribution company.
Fortune is an American multinational business magazine headquartered in New York City, United States.
The Fox Film Corporation was an American company that produced motion pictures, formed by William Fox on 1 February 1915.
Francis Curray McHugh, known as Frank McHugh (May 23, 1898 – September 11, 1981), was an American film and television actor.
Franklin Delano Roosevelt Sr. (January 30, 1882 – April 12, 1945), often referred to by his initials FDR, was an American statesman and political leader who served as the 32nd President of the United States from 1933 until his death in 1945.
FX (originally an initialism of Fox Extended, pronounced and suggesting "effects") is an American basic cable and satellite television channel based in Los Angeles, California, owned by 21st Century Fox through FX Networks, LLC.
George Arliss (10 April 1868 – 5 February 1946) was an English actor, author, playwright and filmmaker who found success in the United States.
The German Shepherd (Deutscher Schäferhund) is a breed of medium to large-sized working dog that originated in Germany.
Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a sovereign state in central-western Europe.
Gleason is a 2002 American-Canadian television film directed by Howard Deutch and starring Brad Garrett as Jackie Gleason.
Gottfried Reinhardt (20 March 1913 – 19 July 1994) was an Austrian (naturalized American) film director and producer.
Harold Brent Wallis (born Aaron Blum Wolowicz; October 19, 1898 – October 5, 1986) was an American film producer.
Hamburg (locally), Hamborg, officially the Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg (Freie und Hansestadt Hamburg, Friee un Hansestadt Hamborg),Constitution of Hamburg), is the second-largest city of Germany as well as one of the country's 16 constituent states, with a population of roughly 1.8 million people. The city lies at the core of the Hamburg Metropolitan Region which spreads across four German federal states and is home to more than five million people. The official name reflects Hamburg's history as a member of the medieval Hanseatic League, a free imperial city of the Holy Roman Empire, a city-state and one of the 16 states of Germany. Before the 1871 Unification of Germany, it was a fully sovereign state. Prior to the constitutional changes in 1919 it formed a civic republic headed constitutionally by a class of hereditary grand burghers or Hanseaten. The city has repeatedly been beset by disasters such as the Great Fire of Hamburg, exceptional coastal flooding and military conflicts including World War II bombing raids. Historians remark that the city has managed to recover and emerge wealthier after each catastrophe. Situated on the river Elbe, Hamburg is home to Europe's second-largest port and a broad corporate base. In media, the major regional broadcasting firm NDR, the printing and publishing firm italic and the newspapers italic and italic are based in the city. Hamburg remains an important financial center, the seat of Germany's oldest stock exchange and the world's oldest merchant bank, Berenberg Bank. Media, commercial, logistical, and industrial firms with significant locations in the city include multinationals Airbus, italic, italic, italic, and Unilever. The city is a forum for and has specialists in world economics and international law with such consular and diplomatic missions as the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea, the EU-LAC Foundation, and the UNESCO Institute for Lifelong Learning. In recent years, the city has played host to multipartite international political conferences and summits such as Europe and China and the G20. Former German Chancellor italic, who governed Germany for eight years, and Angela Merkel, German chancellor since 2005, come from Hamburg. The city is a major international and domestic tourist destination. It ranked 18th in the world for livability in 2016. The Speicherstadt and Kontorhausviertel were declared World Heritage Sites by UNESCO in 2015. Hamburg is a major European science, research, and education hub, with several universities and institutions. Among its most notable cultural venues are the italic and italic concert halls. It gave birth to movements like Hamburger Schule and paved the way for bands including The Beatles. Hamburg is also known for several theatres and a variety of musical shows. St. Pauli's italic is among the best-known European entertainment districts.
Harry Cohn (July 23, 1891 – February 27, 1958) was the co-founder, president, and production director of Columbia Pictures Corporation.
Harry Morris Warner (born Hirsz Mojżesz Wonsal; December 12, 1881 – July 25, 1958) was an American studio executive, one of the founders of Warner Bros., and a major contributor to the development of the film industry.
The Hollywood Palladium is a theater located at 6215 Sunset Boulevard in Hollywood, California.
The Hollywood Walk of Fame comprises more than 2,600 five-pointed terrazzo and brass stars embedded in the sidewalks along 15 blocks of Hollywood Boulevard and three blocks of Vine Street in Hollywood, California.
The Home of Peace Cemetery is a Jewish cemetery in Los Angeles, California.
The House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC, or House Committee on Un-American Activities, or HCUA) was an investigative committee of the United States House of Representatives.
Howard E. Koch (December 12, 1901 – August 17, 1995) was an American playwright and screenwriter who was blacklisted by the Hollywood movie studio bosses in the 1950s.
Humphrey DeForest Bogart (December 25, 1899January 14, 1957) was an American screen and stage actor.
I Am a Fugitive from a Chain Gang is an American pre-Code crime-drama film directed by Mervyn LeRoy and starring Paul Muni as a wrongfully convicted convict on a chain gang who escapes to Chicago.
Idora Park (1899–1984) was a northeastern Ohio amusement park popularly known as "Youngstown's Million Dollar Playground." Built by the Youngstown Park and Falls Street Railway Company, the park's expansion coincided with the growth of the South Side of Youngstown, Ohio, in the Fosterville neighborhood.
Irwin Shaw (February 27, 1913 – May 16, 1984) was an American playwright, screenwriter, novelist, and short-story author whose written works have sold more than 14 million copies.
John Edgar Hoover (January 1, 1895 – May 2, 1972) was an American law enforcement administrator and the first Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) of the United States.
Jack Benny (born February 14, 1894 – December 26, 1974) was an American comedian, vaudevillian, radio, television and film actor, and violinist.
Jack Milton Warner (March 27, 1916 – April 1, 1995) was an American film producer and son of legendary Hollywood movie mogul Jack L. Warner.
Jack Joseph Valenti (September 5, 1921 – April 26, 2007) was a longtime president of the Motion Picture Association of America.
James Francis Cagney Jr. (July 17, 1899March 30, 1986) was an American actor and dancer, both on stage and in film, though he had his greatest impact in film.
James Dean is a 2001 biographical television film based on the life of the American actor James Dean.
James Garner (born James Scott Bumgarner; April 7, 1928 – July 19, 2014) was an American actor, producer, and voice artist.
Jews (יְהוּדִים ISO 259-3, Israeli pronunciation) or Jewish people are an ethnoreligious group and a nation, originating from the Israelites Israelite origins and kingdom: "The first act in the long drama of Jewish history is the age of the Israelites""The people of the Kingdom of Israel and the ethnic and religious group known as the Jewish people that descended from them have been subjected to a number of forced migrations in their history" and Hebrews of the Ancient Near East.
Rose Joan Blondell (August 30, 1906 – December 25, 1979) was an American actress who performed in movies and on television for half a century.
John Fitzgerald "Jack" Kennedy (May 29, 1917 – November 22, 1963), commonly referred to by his initials JFK, was an American politician who served as the 35th President of the United States from January 1961 until his assassination in November 1963.
John Howard Lawson (September 25, 1894 – August 11, 1977) was an American writer.
John Marcellus Huston (August 5, 1906 – August 28, 1987) was an American-Irish film director, screenwriter and actor.
Joseph Patrick Kennedy Sr. (September 6, 1888 – November 18, 1969) was an American businessman, investor, and politician known for his high-profile positions in United States politics.
Joshua Lockwood Logan III (October 5, 1908 – July 12, 1988) was an American stage and film director and writer.
Dame Julia Elizabeth Andrews, (born 1 October 1935) is an English actress, singer, and author.
Katherine Edwina "Kay" Francis (née Gibbs, January 13, 1905 – August 26, 1968) was an American stage and film actress.
The Kinetoscope is an early motion picture exhibition device.
Krasnosielc is a village in Maków County (Masovian Voivodeship), on the river Orzyc, in east-central Poland.
Lauren Bacall (born Betty Joan Perske; September 16, 1924 – August 12, 2014) was an American actress known for her distinctive voice and sultry looks.
Left-wing politics supports social equality and egalitarianism, often in opposition to social hierarchy.
Leon George Turrou (September 14, 1895 - December 10, 1986) was an FBI Special Agent who was tasked with leading an investigation that located and interrogated Nazi German spies within the United States.
Lerner and Loewe were the team of lyricist and librettist Alan Jay Lerner and composer Frederick Loewe, known primarily for the music and lyrics of some of Broadway's most successful musicals, including My Fair Lady, Camelot, and Brigadoon.
Lieutenant colonel is a rank of commissioned officer in the armies, most marine forces and some air forces of the world, above a major and below a colonel.
Life is a 2015 biographical drama film directed by Anton Corbijn and written by Luke Davies.
Little Caesar is a 1931 American pre-Code crime film distributed by Warner Brothers, directed by Mervyn LeRoy, and starring Edward G. Robinson, Glenda Farrell, and Douglas Fairbanks Jr. The film tells the story of a hoodlum who ascends the ranks of organized crime until he reaches its upper echelons.
London is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.
London is a city in Southwestern Ontario, Canada along the Quebec City–Windsor Corridor.
Louis Burt Mayer (born Lazar Meir; July 12, 1884 – October 29, 1957; Лазарь Меир) was an American film producer and co-founder of Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer studios (MGM) in 1924.
Mark Rydell (born March 23, 1928) is an American actor, film director and producer.
Martin Dies Jr. (November 5, 1900 – November 14, 1972) was a Texas politician and a Democratic member of the United States House of Representatives.
Mary Poppins is a 1964 American musical-fantasy film directed by Robert Stevenson and produced by Walt Disney, with songs written and composed by the Sherman Brothers.
Maryland is a state in the Mid-Atlantic region of the United States, bordering Virginia, West Virginia, and Washington, D.C. to its south and west; Pennsylvania to its north; and Delaware to its east.
Maverick is an American Western television series with comedic overtones created by Roy Huggins and originally starring James Garner.
Melvin Jerome Blanc (May 30, 1908 – July 10, 1989) was an American voice actor, comedian, singer, radio personality, and recording artist.
Mervyn Edward Griffin Jr. (July 6, 1925 – August 12, 2007) was an American television host and media mogul.
Mickey Mouse is a funny animal cartoon character and the mascot of The Walt Disney Company.
Mike Nichols (born Mikhail Igor Peschkowsky; November 6, 1931 – November 19, 2014) was an American film and theater director, producer, actor, and comedian.
Mission to Moscow is a 1943 film directed by Michael Curtiz, based on the 1941 book by the former U.S. ambassador to the Soviet Union, Joseph E. Davies.
Moose: Chapters From My Life is the 459-page autobiography by the Academy Award winning songwriter, Robert B. Sherman.
The Motion Picture Association of America (MPAA) is an American trade association representing the six major film studios of Hollywood.
The Motion Picture Patents Company (MPPC, also known as the Edison Trust), founded in December 1908 and terminated seven years later in 1915 after conflicts within the industry, was a trust of all the major USA film companies and local foreign-branches (Edison, Biograph, Vitagraph, Essanay, Selig Polyscope, Lubin Manufacturing, Kalem Company, Star Film Paris, American Pathé), the leading film distributor (George Kleine) and the biggest supplier of raw film stock, Eastman Kodak.
The Motion Picture Production Code was the set of industry moral guidelines that was applied to most United States motion pictures released by major studios from 1930 to 1968.
My Fair Lady is a musical based on George Bernard Shaw's Pygmalion, with book and lyrics by Alan Jay Lerner and music by Frederick Loewe.
Nazi Germany is the common English name for the period in German history from 1933 to 1945, when Germany was under the dictatorship of Adolf Hitler through the Nazi Party (NSDAP).
National Socialism (Nationalsozialismus), more commonly known as Nazism, is the ideology and practices associated with the Nazi Party – officially the National Socialist German Workers' Party (Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei or NSDAP) – in Nazi Germany, and of other far-right groups with similar aims.
New Castle is a city in and the county seat of Lawrence County, Pennsylvania, United States, northwest of Pittsburgh and near the Pennsylvania–Ohio border just east of Youngstown, Ohio.
The New Deal was a series of programs, public work projects, financial reforms and regulations enacted in the United States 1933-36, in response to the Great Depression.
The City of New York, often called New York City (NYC) or simply New York, is the most populous city in the United States.
Norfolk is an independent city in the Commonwealth of Virginia in the United States.
Ohio is a Midwestern state in the Great Lakes region of the United States.
Dame Olivia Mary de Havilland (born July 1, 1916) is a British-American actress, whose career spanned from 1935 to 1988.
Paramount Pictures Corporation (also known simply as Paramount) is an American film studio based in Hollywood, California, that has been a subsidiary of the American media conglomerate Viacom since 1994.
Paul Henreid (10 January 1908 – 29 March 1992) was an Austrian-born American actor and film director.
Paul Muni (born Frederich Meshilem Meier Weisenfreund; September 22, 1895 – August 25, 1967) was an American stage and film actor who grew up in Chicago.
Pennsylvania (Pennsylvania German: Pennsylvaani or Pennsilfaani), officially the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, is a state located in the northeastern and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States.
Pittsburgh is a city in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania in the United States, and is the county seat of Allegheny County.
The term pogrom has multiple meanings, ascribed most often to the deliberate persecution of an ethnic or religious group either approved or condoned by the local authorities.
Porky Pig is an animated cartoon character in the Warner Bros. Looney Tunes and Merrie Melodies series of cartoons.
The presidency of Franklin D. Roosevelt began on March 4, 1933, when he was inaugurated as the 32nd President of the United States, and ended upon his death on April 12, 1945, a span of (4,422 days).
The President of the United States (POTUS) is the head of state and head of government of the United States of America.
Prince Ali Salman Aga Khan (13 June 1911 – 12 May 1960), known as Aly Khan, was a son of Sultan Mahommed Shah, Aga Khan III, the leader of the Nizārī Ismā'īlī Muslims, a sect of Shia Islam, and the father of Aga Khan IV.
A projectionist is a person who operates a movie projector.
PT 109 is a 1963 Technicolor biographical war film, filmed in Panavision, which depicts the actions of John F. Kennedy (JFK) as an officer of the United States Navy in command of Motor Torpedo Boat ''PT-109'' during the Pacific War of World War II.
Radio City Music Hall is an entertainment venue located at 1260 Avenue of the Americas at Rockefeller Center in Midtown Manhattan, New York City.
The Republican National Committee (RNC) is a U.S. political committee that provides national leadership for the Republican Party of the United States.
The Republican Party, also referred to as the GOP (abbreviation for Grand Old Party), is one of the two major political parties in the United States, the other being its historic rival, the Democratic Party.
Richard Burton, CBE (born Richard Walter Jenkins Jr.; 10 November 19255 August 1984) was a Welsh actor.
Richard Milhous Nixon (January 9, 1913 – April 22, 1994) was an American politician who served as the 37th President of the United States, serving from 1969 until 1974, when he resigned from office, the only U.S. president to do so.
Richard Warren Schickel (February 10, 1933 – February 18, 2017) was an American film historian, journalist, author, documentarian, and film and literary critic.
Rin Tin Tin (often hyphenated as Rin-Tin-Tin; September 1918 – August 10, 1932) was a male German Shepherd that was an international star in motion pictures.
Ringgold Wilmer "Ring" Lardner Jr. (August 19, 1915 – October 31, 2000) was an American journalist and screenwriter blacklisted by the Hollywood film studios during the Red Scare of the late 1940s and 1950s.
Robert Bernard Sherman (December 19, 1925 – March 6, 2012)Robert B. Sherman IMDB.com Profile> was an American songwriter who specialized in musical films with his brother Richard Morton Sherman.
Robert Rossen (March 16, 1908 – February 18, 1966) was an American screenwriter, film director, and producer whose film career spanned almost three decades.
The Royal Canadian Air Force (RCAF; Aviation royale canadienne, ARC) is the air force of Canada.
The Rust Belt is a region of the United States, made up mostly of places in the Midwest and Great Lakes, though the term may be used to include any location where industry declined starting around 1980.
Ruth Chatterton (December 24, 1892 – November 24, 1961) was an American stage, film, and television actress.
Samuel Louis "Sam" Warner (born Szmuel Wonsal, August 10, 1887 – October 5, 1927) was an American film producer who was the co-founder and chief executive officer of Warner Bros. Studios.
Samuel Goldwyn (born Szmuel Gelbfisz; שמואל געלבפֿיש; c. August 27, 1879 – January 31, 1974), also known as Samuel Goldfish, was a Polish American film producer of Jewish descent.
San Francisco (initials SF;, Spanish for 'Saint Francis'), officially the City and County of San Francisco, is the cultural, commercial, and financial center of Northern California.
Sergeant York is a 1941 biographical film about the life of Alvin York, one of the most-decorated American soldiers of World War I. It was directed by Howard Hawks and was the highest-grossing film of the year.
Seven Arts Productions was a production company which made films for release by other studios.
Sexually transmitted infections (STI), also referred to as sexually transmitted diseases (STD) or venereal diseases (VD), are infections that are commonly spread by sexual activity, especially vaginal intercourse, anal sex and oral sex.
Show business, sometimes shortened to show biz or showbiz (since 1945), is a vernacular term for all aspects of the entertainment industry.
Shtetlekh (שטעטל, shtetl (singular), שטעטלעך, shtetlekh (plural)) were small towns with large Jewish populations, which existed in Central and Eastern Europe before the Holocaust.
The Sicilian Mafia, also known as simply the Mafia and frequently referred to by members as Cosa Nostra (this thing of ours), is a criminal syndicate in Sicily, Italy.
Sicily (Sicilia; Sicìlia) is the largest island in the Mediterranean Sea.
The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.
Stanley Tucci (born November 11, 1960) is an American character actor, writer, producer, and film director.
A stroke is a medical condition in which poor blood flow to the brain results in cell death.
Sunset Boulevard is a boulevard in the central and western part of Los Angeles County, California that stretches from Figueroa Street in Downtown Los Angeles to the Pacific Coast Highway at the Pacific Ocean.
A syndicate is a self-organizing group of individuals, companies, corporations or entities formed to transact some specific business, to pursue or promote a shared interest.
The Charge of the Light Brigade is a 1936 American historical adventure film made by Warner Bros. It was directed by Michael Curtiz and produced by Samuel Bischoff, with Hal B. Wallis as executive producer, from a screenplay by Michael Jacoby and Rowland Leigh, from a story by Michael Jacoby based on the poem The Charge of the Light Brigade by Alfred, Lord Tennyson.
The Great Train Robbery is a 1903 American silent short Western film written, produced, and directed by Edwin S. Porter, a former Edison Studios cameraman.
The Jazz Singer is a 1927 American musical film.
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
The Pawnbroker is a 1964 American drama film directed by Sidney Lumet, starring Rod Steiger, Geraldine Fitzgerald, Brock Peters, Jaime Sánchez and Morgan Freeman in his feature film debut.
The Public Enemy (Enemies of the Public in the UK) is a 1931 American all-talking pre-Code gangster film produced and distributed by Warner Bros. The film was directed by William A. Wellman and stars James Cagney, Jean Harlow, Edward Woods, Donald Cook, and Joan Blondell.
The Walt Disney Company, commonly known as Disney, is an American diversified multinational mass media and entertainment conglomerate, headquartered at the Walt Disney Studios in Burbank, California.
This Is the Army is a 1943 American wartime musical comedy film produced by Hal B. Wallis and Jack L. Warner, and directed by Michael Curtiz, adapted from a wartime stage musical with the same name, designed to boost morale in the U.S. during World War II, directed by Ezra Stone.
Thomas Alva Edison (February 11, 1847October 18, 1931) was an American inventor and businessman, who has been described as America's greatest inventor.
Toronto is the capital city of the province of Ontario and the largest city in Canada by population, with 2,731,571 residents in 2016.
Turner Classic Movies (TCM) is an American movie-oriented pay-TV network operated by Turner Broadcasting System. Launched in 1994, TCM is headquartered at Turner's Techwood broadcasting campus in the Midtown business district of Atlanta, Georgia. Historically, the channel's programming consisted mainly of classic theatrically released feature films from the Turner Entertainment film library – which comprises films from Warner Bros. Pictures (covering films released before 1950) and Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (covering films released before May 1986). However, TCM now has licensing deals with other Hollywood film studios as well as its WarnerMedia sister company, Warner Bros. (which now controls the Turner Entertainment library and its own later films), and occasionally shows more recent films. The channel is available in the United States, Canada, the United Kingdom, Ireland, Malta, Latin America, France, Spain, the Nordic countries, the Middle East, Africa and Asia-Pacific.
Twentieth Century Pictures was an independent Hollywood motion picture production company created in 1933 by Joseph Schenck (the former president of United Artists) and Darryl F. Zanuck from Warner Bros..
Underground is a 1941 war, drama, suspense, espionage, propaganda, noir film about the German Nazi Resistance opposing the Nazis in World War II.
United Artists (UA) is an American film and television entertainment studio.
United Artists Television (UATV) was an American television production/distribution studio of United Artists Corporation that was formed on New Year's Day (January 1), 1958.
The United States Army (USA) is the land warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces.
The United States House of Representatives is the lower chamber of the United States Congress, the Senate being the upper chamber.
Universal Pictures (also known as Universal Studios) is an American film studio owned by Comcast through the Universal Filmed Entertainment Group division of its wholly owned subsidiary NBCUniversal.
The University of Southern California (USC or SC) is a private research university in Los Angeles, California.
Vanessa Redgrave (born 30 January 1937) is an English actress of stage, screen and television, and a political activist.
Vaudeville is a theatrical genre of variety entertainment.
The Vietnam War (Chiến tranh Việt Nam), also known as the Second Indochina War, and in Vietnam as the Resistance War Against America (Kháng chiến chống Mỹ) or simply the American War, was a conflict that occurred in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia from 1 November 1955 to the fall of Saigon on 30 April 1975.
Vitaphone was a sound film system used for feature films and nearly 1,000 short subjects made by Warner Bros. and its sister studio First National from 1926 to 1931.
War Brides is a lost 1916 American silent war drama film directed by Herbert Brenon and starring Alla Nazimova.
Washington, D.C., formally the District of Columbia and commonly referred to as Washington or D.C., is the capital of the United States of America.
Western Electric Company (WE, WECo) was an American electrical engineering and manufacturing company that served as the primary supplier to AT&T from 1881 to 1996.
Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf? is a 1966 American black comedy-drama film directed by Mike Nichols.
William Harrison Hays, Sr. (November 5, 1879 – March 7, 1954) was a United States politician, chairman of the Republican National Committee (1918–21), U.S. Postmaster General (1921–22), and, from 1922–1945, the first chairman of the Motion Picture Producers and Distributors of America (MPPDA).
William Horatio Powell (July 29, 1892 – March 5, 1984) was an American actor.
William Samuel Paley (September 28, 1901 – October 26, 1990) was the chief executive who built the Columbia Broadcasting System (CBS) from a small radio network into one of the foremost radio and television network operations in the United States.
Wilshire Boulevard Temple, known from 1862 to 1933 as Congregation B'nai B'rith, is the oldest Jewish congregation in Los Angeles, California.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
Yankee Doodle Dandy is a 1942 American biographical musical film about George M. Cohan, known as "The Man Who Owned Broadway".
Yiddish (ייִדיש, יידיש or אידיש, yidish/idish, "Jewish",; in older sources ייִדיש-טײַטש Yidish-Taitsh, Judaeo-German) is the historical language of the Ashkenazi Jews.
Youngstown is a city in and the county seat of Mahoning County in the U.S. state of Ohio, with small portions extending into Trumbull County.
1776 is a 1972 American musical drama film directed by Peter H. Hunt.
A three-dimensional stereoscopic film (also known as three-dimensional sangu, 3D film or S3D film) is a motion picture that enhances the illusion of depth perception, hence adding a third dimension.