110 relations: Actinolite, Adze, Alexis Damour, Amphibole, Andhra Pradesh, Asbestos, Axstone, British Columbia, Buddhism, Burial, Ceremony, Cheonmachong, China, Comma, Costa Rican jade tradition, Culture, Diamond, Dynasties in Chinese history, Elite, Figurine, Gems & Gemology, Gold, Guatemala, Hardness, Hardstone carving, Hei matau, Hei-tiki, Hieroglyph, Hongshan culture, Hotan, Ideology, India, Indigenous peoples, Infrared spectroscopy, Inner Mongolia, Jade burial suit, Jade trade in Myanmar, Jadeite, Jain temple, Jainism, Jasper, Jean-Pierre Abel-Rémusat, Jessica Rawson, Jewellery, Karakash River, Kidney, Kingdom of Khotan, Knife, Korea, Kulpakji, ..., Kunlun Mountains, Liangzhu culture, Liaoning, Loin, Mahavira, Mana, Maya civilization, Māori culture, Māori language, Mere (weapon), Mesoamerica, Microcline, Mineral, Mogaung, Mohs scale of mineral hardness, Motagua River, Mumun pottery period, Myanmar, Myitkyina, Nalgonda district, National Geographic, Neolithic, Nephrite, New York City, New Zealand, New Zealand English, Olmecs, Opium pipe, Orange (colour), Philippine jade artifacts, Pit-house, Polymer, Pounamu, Pre-Columbian era, Prehistory, Pyroxene, Resin, Richard Burn (Indologist), Ritual, River, Sculpture, Serpentine subgroup, Shaanxi, Silk Road, Silla, Silver, South Island, Symbol, Taklamakan Desert, Taonga, The New York Times, The New York Times Company, Three Kingdoms of Korea, Treaty of Waitangi, Tremolite, Weapon, White Jade River, Xinjiang, Yangtze River Delta, Yarkand River. Expand index (60 more) » « Shrink index
Actinolite is an amphibole silicate mineral with the chemical formula.
The adze (alternative spelling: adz) is a cutting tool shaped somewhat like an axe that dates back to the stone age.
Augustin Alexis Damour (19 July 1808, in Paris – 22 September 1902, in Paris) was a French mineralogist who was also interested in prehistory.
Amphibole is an important group of generally dark-colored, inosilicate minerals, forming prism or needlelike crystals, composed of double chain tetrahedra, linked at the vertices and generally containing ions of iron and/or magnesium in their structures.
Andhra Pradesh is one of the 29 states of India.
Asbestos is a set of six naturally occurring silicate minerals, which all have in common their eponymous asbestiform habit: i.e. long (roughly 1:20 aspect ratio), thin fibrous crystals, with each visible fiber composed of millions of microscopic "fibrils" that can be released by abrasion and other processes.
Axstone is a variety of jade.
British Columbia (BC; Colombie-Britannique) is the westernmost province of Canada, located between the Pacific Ocean and the Rocky Mountains.
Buddhism is the world's fourth-largest religion with over 520 million followers, or over 7% of the global population, known as Buddhists.
Burial or interment is the ritual act of placing a dead person or animal, sometimes with objects, into the ground.
A ceremony is an event of ritual significance, performed on a special occasion.
Cheonmachong, formerly Tomb No.155 in South Korea, is a tumulus located in Gyeongju, South Korea.
China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.
The comma is a punctuation mark that appears in several variants in different languages.
Jadeite is presumed one of the most precious materials of Pre-Columbian Costa Rica.
Culture is the social behavior and norms found in human societies.
Diamond is a solid form of carbon with a diamond cubic crystal structure.
The following is a chronology of the dynasties in Chinese History.
In political and sociological theory, the elite (French élite, from Latin eligere) are a small group of powerful people who hold a disproportionate amount of wealth, privilege, political power, or skill in a society.
A figurine (a diminutive form of the word figure) or statuette is a small statue that represents a human, deity or animal, or in practice a pair or small group of them.
Gems & Gemology is a quarterly scientific journal published by the Gemological Institute of America.
Gold is a chemical element with symbol Au (from aurum) and atomic number 79, making it one of the higher atomic number elements that occur naturally.
Guatemala, officially the Republic of Guatemala (República de Guatemala), is a country in Central America bordered by Mexico to the north and west, the Pacific Ocean to the southwest, Belize to the northeast, the Caribbean to the east, Honduras to the east and El Salvador to the southeast.
Hardness is a measure of the resistance to localized plastic deformation induced by either mechanical indentation or abrasion.
Hardstone carving is a general term in art history and archaeology for the artistic carving of predominantly semi-precious stones (but also of gemstones), such as jade, rock crystal (clear quartz), agate, onyx, jasper, serpentine, or carnelian, and for an object made in this way.
A hei matau is a bone or greenstone carving in the shape of a highly stylised fish hook typical of the Māori people of New Zealand.
The hei-tiki is an ornamental pendant of the Māori of New Zealand.
A hieroglyph (Greek for "sacred writing") was a character of the ancient Egyptian writing system.
The Hongshan culture was a Neolithic culture in northeastern China.
Hotan, also transliterated from Chinese as Hetian, is a major oasis town in southwestern Xinjiang, an autonomous region in western China.
An Ideology is a collection of normative beliefs and values that an individual or group holds for other than purely epistemic reasons.
India (IAST), also called the Republic of India (IAST), is a country in South Asia.
Indigenous peoples, also known as first peoples, aboriginal peoples or native peoples, are ethnic groups who are the pre-colonial original inhabitants of a given region, in contrast to groups that have settled, occupied or colonized the area more recently.
Infrared spectroscopy (IR spectroscopy or vibrational spectroscopy) involves the interaction of infrared radiation with matter.
Inner Mongolia, officially the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region or Nei Mongol Autonomous Region (Ѳвѳр Монголын Ѳѳртѳѳ Засах Орон in Mongolian Cyrillic), is one of the autonomous regions of China, located in the north of the country.
A jade burial suit is a ceremonial suit made of pieces of jade in which royal members in Han dynasty China were buried.
The jade trade in Myanmar consists of the mining, distribution, and manufacture of the variety of jade, called jadeite, which is produced in the nation of Myanmar (Burma).
Jadeite is a pyroxene mineral with composition NaAlSi2O6.
A Jain temple is the place of worship for Jains, the followers of Jainism, Derasar is a word used for a Jain temple in Gujarat and southern Rajasthan.
Jainism, traditionally known as Jain Dharma, is an ancient Indian religion.
Jasper, an aggregate of microgranular quartz and/or chalcedony and other mineral phases,Kostov, R. I. 2010.
Jean-Pierre Abel-Rémusat (5 September 1788 – 2 June 1832) was a French sinologist best known as the first Chair of Sinology at the Collège de France.
Jessica Rawson, DBE, FBA (born 20 January 1943) is an English art historian, curator and academic administrator, specializing in Chinese art.
Jewellery (British English) or jewelry (American English)see American and British spelling differences consists of small decorative items worn for personal adornment, such as brooches, rings, necklaces, earrings, pendants, bracelets, and cufflinks.
The Karakash or Black Jade River, also spelled Karakax, is a river in the Xinjiang autonomous region of the People's Republic of China that originates in the disputed Aksai Chin region.
The kidneys are two bean-shaped organs present in left and right sides of the body in vertebrates.
The Kingdom of Khotan was an ancient Iranic Saka Buddhist kingdom located on the branch of the Silk Road that ran along the southern edge of the Taklamakan Desert in the Tarim Basin (modern Xinjiang, China).
A knife (plural knives) is a tool with a cutting edge or blade, hand-held or otherwise, with most having a handle.
Korea is a region in East Asia; since 1945 it has been divided into two distinctive sovereign states: North Korea and South Korea.
Kulpakji also Kolanupaka Temple is a 2,000 year old Jain temple at the village of Kolanupaka in Nalgonda district, Telangana, India.
The Kunlun Mountains (Хөндлөн Уулс, Khöndlön Uuls) are one of the longest mountain chains in Asia, extending more than.
The Liangzhu culture (3400–2250 BC) was the last Neolithic jade culture in the Yangtze River Delta of China.
Liaoning is a province of China, located in the northeast of the country.
The loins (or: lumbus) are the sides between the lower ribs and pelvis, and the lower part of the back.
Mahavira (IAST), also known as Vardhamāna, was the twenty-fourth Tirthankara (ford-maker) of Jainism which was revived and re-established by him.
Mana, in Austronesian languages, means "power", "effectiveness", and "prestige".
The Maya civilization was a Mesoamerican civilization developed by the Maya peoples, and noted for its hieroglyphic script—the only known fully developed writing system of the pre-Columbian Americas—as well as for its art, architecture, mathematics, calendar, and astronomical system.
Māori culture is the culture of the Māori of New Zealand (an Eastern Polynesian people) and forms a distinctive part of New Zealand culture.
Māori, also known as te reo ("the language"), is an Eastern Polynesian language spoken by the Māori people, the indigenous population of New Zealand.
The mere is a type of short, broad-bladed weapon in the shape of an enlarged tear drop.
Mesoamerica is an important historical region and cultural area in the Americas, extending from approximately central Mexico through Belize, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, and northern Costa Rica, and within which pre-Columbian societies flourished before the Spanish colonization of the Americas in the 15th and 16th centuries.
Microcline (KAlSi3O8) is an important igneous rock-forming tectosilicate mineral.
A mineral is a naturally occurring chemical compound, usually of crystalline form and not produced by life processes.
Mogaung (မိုးကောင်း; Shan: Mong Kawng) is a town in Kachin State, Myanmar.
The Mohs scale of mineral hardness is a qualitative ordinal scale characterizing scratch resistance of various minerals through the ability of harder material to scratch softer material.
The Motagua River is a long river in Guatemala.
The Mumun pottery period is an archaeological era in Korean prehistory that dates to approximately 1500-300 BC This period is named after the Korean name for undecorated or plain cooking and storage vessels that form a large part of the pottery assemblage over the entire length of the period, but especially 850-550 BC.
Myanmar, officially the Republic of the Union of Myanmar and also known as Burma, is a sovereign state in Southeast Asia.
Myitkyina ((Eng; mitchinar) Kachin: Myitkyina) is the capital city of Kachin State in Myanmar (Burma), located from Yangon, and from Mandalay.
Nalgonda district is a district in the Telangana state of India.
National Geographic (formerly the National Geographic Magazine and branded also as NAT GEO or) is the official magazine of the National Geographic Society.
The Neolithic was a period in the development of human technology, beginning about 10,200 BC, according to the ASPRO chronology, in some parts of Western Asia, and later in other parts of the world and ending between 4500 and 2000 BC.
Nephrite is a variety of the calcium, magnesium, and iron-rich amphibole minerals tremolite or actinolite (aggregates of which also make up one form of asbestos).
The City of New York, often called New York City (NYC) or simply New York, is the most populous city in the United States.
New Zealand (Aotearoa) is a sovereign island country in the southwestern Pacific Ocean.
New Zealand English (NZE) is the variant of the English language spoken by most English-speaking New Zealanders.
The Olmecs were the earliest known major civilization in Mexico following a progressive development in Soconusco.
An opium pipe is a pipe designed for the evaporation and inhalation of opium.
Orange is the colour between yellow and red on the spectrum of visible light.
Philippine Jade Artifacts made from white and green nephrite and dating as far back as 2000–1500 BC, has been discovered at a number of archeological excavations in the Philippines since the 1930s.
A pit-house (or pithouse) is a building that is partly dug into the ground, and covered by a roof.
A polymer (Greek poly-, "many" + -mer, "part") is a large molecule, or macromolecule, composed of many repeated subunits.
Pounamu refers to several types of hard, durable and highly valued nephrite jade, bowenite, or serpentinite stone found in southern New Zealand.
The Pre-Columbian era incorporates all period subdivisions in the history and prehistory of the Americas before the appearance of significant European influences on the American continents, spanning the time of the original settlement in the Upper Paleolithic period to European colonization during the Early Modern period.
Human prehistory is the period between the use of the first stone tools 3.3 million years ago by hominins and the invention of writing systems.
The pyroxenes (commonly abbreviated to Px) are a group of important rock-forming inosilicate minerals found in many igneous and metamorphic rocks.
In polymer chemistry and materials science, resin is a "solid or highly viscous substance" of plant or synthetic origin that is typically convertible into polymers.
Sir Richard Burn, CSI (1 February 1871 – 26 July 1947), was a civil servant in British India, historian of India and numismatist.
A ritual "is a sequence of activities involving gestures, words, and objects, performed in a sequestered place, and performed according to set sequence".
A river is a natural flowing watercourse, usually freshwater, flowing towards an ocean, sea, lake or another river.
Sculpture is the branch of the visual arts that operates in three dimensions.
The serpentine subgroup (part of the kaolinite-serpentine group) are greenish, brownish, or spotted minerals commonly found in serpentinite rocks.
Shaanxi is a province of the People's Republic of China.
The Silk Road was an ancient network of trade routes that connected the East and West.
Silla (57 BC57 BC according to the Samguk Sagi; however Seth 2010 notes that "these dates are dutifully given in many textbooks and published materials in Korea today, but their basis is in myth; only Goguryeo may be traced back to a time period that is anywhere near its legendary founding." – 935 AD) was a kingdom located in southern and central parts of the Korean Peninsula.
Silver is a chemical element with symbol Ag (from the Latin argentum, derived from the Proto-Indo-European ''h₂erǵ'': "shiny" or "white") and atomic number 47.
The South Island (Māori: Te Waipounamu) is the larger of the two major islands of New Zealand, the other being the smaller but more populous North Island.
A symbol is a mark, sign or word that indicates, signifies, or is understood as representing an idea, object, or relationship.
The Taklamakan Desert (Xiao'erjing: تَاكْلامَاقًا شَاموْ; تەكلىماكان قۇملۇقى; Такәламаган Шамә), also spelled "Taklimakan" and "Teklimakan", is a desert in southwest Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, northwest China.
A taonga is now a treasure in Māori culture; it can be anything from a word to a memory.
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
The New York Times Company is an American media company which publishes its namesake, The New York Times.
The concept of the Three Kingdoms of Korea refers to the three kingdoms of Baekje (백제), Silla (신라) and Goguryeo (고구려).
The Treaty of Waitangi (Te Tiriti o Waitangi) is a treaty first signed on 6 February 1840 by representatives of the British Crown and Māori chiefs (Rangatira) from the North Island of New Zealand.
Tremolite is a member of the amphibole group of silicate minerals with composition: ☐Ca2(Mg5.0-4.5Fe2+0.0-0.5)Si8O22(OH)2.
A weapon, arm or armament is any device used with intent to inflict damage or harm.
The White Jade River, also known by the native names Baiyu or Yurungkash, is a river in the southern Xinjiang region of China.
Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region (شىنجاڭ ئۇيغۇر ئاپتونوم رايونى; SASM/GNC: Xinjang Uyĝur Aptonom Rayoni; p) is a provincial-level autonomous region of China in the northwest of the country.
The Yangtze River Delta or YRD is a triangle-shaped metropolitan region generally comprising the Wu Chinese-speaking areas of Shanghai, southern Jiangsu province and northern Zhejiang province.
The Yarkand River is a river in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region of western China.