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Jamaica is an island country situated in the Caribbean Sea. [1]

505 relations: A Brief History of Seven Killings, Abolitionism in the United Kingdom, Accompong, Ackee, African Americans, Afro-Jamaican, Agriculture, Air Jamaica, Air travel, Airport terminal, Alcan, Alcoa, Aleen Bailey, Alexander Bustamante, Alpart, Aluminium oxide, American crocodile, American eel, American National Rugby League, American Sign Language, Americas, Andrew Holness, Anglicanism, Arawak, Arawakan languages, Area codes 876 and 658, Arthur Wint, Asafa Powell, Ashura, Association football, Asymmetric digital subscriber line, Atlanta, Atlantic goliath grouper, Atlantic Ocean, Audley Harrison, Aviation, Bahá'í Faith in Jamaica, Banana, Baptists, Bat, Bath, Jamaica, Bauxite, Beenie Man, Beres Hammond, Bicameralism, Big Youth, Black Uhuru, Black-billed streamertail, Blue and John Crow Mountains National Park, Blue Mountains (Jamaica), ..., Bob Marley, Bonito, Booker Prize, Boscobel, Jamaica, Botanical garden, Bounty Killer, Breadfruit, Brigitte Foster-Hylton, British African-Caribbean people, British Jamaican, British West Indies, Buddhism, Buffalo, New York, Buju Banton, Bunny Wailer, Busta Rhymes, Cameroon, Canadians, Carangidae, Caribbean, Caribbean Community, Caribbean Sea, Caricel, CARICOM Single Market and Economy, Carriageway, Casino Royale (novel), Cat Island, Bahamas, Cathedral, Catholic Church, Catholic Encyclopedia, Centropomus, Chalice (reggae band), Chicago, Chief Justice, China, Chinese Jamaicans, Chris Blackwell, Chris Eubank, Chris Gayle, Christian, Christianity, Christopher Columbus, Church of God (Anderson, Indiana), Cinchona, Clarendon Parish, Jamaica, Coat of arms of Jamaica, Cockpit Country, Cocktail (1988 film), Code-division multiple access, Coffee, Colombia, Columbus Communications, Commonwealth realm, Constitution, Constitutional monarchy, Construction, Container port, Containerization, Controlled-access highway, Cool Runnings, Cornwall County, Jamaica, County, Courtney Walsh, Cricket, Cuba, Culture (band), Dactyloidae, Dancehall, Data processing, David Haye, De facto, Debt-to-GDP ratio, Delloreen Ennis-London, Dennis Brown, Deon Hemmings, Desmond Dekker, Digicel, Digital AMPS, Discovery Bay, Jamaica, Divestment, Diwali, Dominican Republic, Don Quarrie, Donald Sangster, Dr. No (film), Dr. No (novel), Drink, Dub music, Dunn's River Falls, Education, Edward Seaga, Elaine Thompson, Elizabeth II, Emerging markets, Emigration, English-based creole languages, English-speaking world, Errol Flynn, ESPN, Ethanol, Expatriate, Falmouth, Jamaica, Fiber to the x, FIFA World Cup, Finance, Flow (brand), For Your Eyes Only (short story collection), Foreign direct investment, Foreign exchange market, Frank Bruno, Free people of color, Fuel oil, George Headley, George Rhoden, Ghana, Gleaner Company, Goby, God Save the Queen, Governor-General of Jamaica, Grace Jones, Greater Antilles, Gregory Isaacs, Gross domestic product, GSM, Guyana, H. G. de Lisser, Haiti, Half Pint, Hamilton, Ontario, Hanover Parish, Hartford, Connecticut, Head of government, Head of state, Heavy D, Herb McKenley, Hindu, Hinduism, Hip hop music, Hispaniola, History of the Jews in Jamaica, Honors music, Hope Botanical Gardens, Horace Hearne, Horse racing, Hosay, Hugh Shearer, Hummingbird, Hurricane Alley, Hurricane Charlie (1951), Hurricane Dean, Hurricane Gilbert, Hurricane Gustav, Hurricane Ivan, Hurricanes Rugby League, I Wayne, Ian Fleming, Ian Fleming International Airport, Iguana, Import, Indenture, Indentured servitude, Independence of Jamaica, Index of Jamaica-related articles, Indigenous peoples, Indo-Jamaicans, Industrial engineering, Inflation, Inner Circle (band), Insurance, International Business Times, International Cricket Council, International Futures, International Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans and Intersex Association, International Monetary Fund, International Netball Federation, International Organization for Migration, Invasion of Jamaica, Irish people in Jamaica, Islam, Islamic holidays, Island country, Jacob De Cordova, Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis, Jamaica Constabulary Force, Jamaica Labour Party, Jamaica national bobsleigh team, Jamaica national cricket team, Jamaica national football team, Jamaica national netball team, Jamaica national rugby league team, Jamaica Times, Jamaica, Land We Love, Jamaican Blue Mountain Coffee, Jamaican boa, Jamaican coney, Jamaican Country Sign Language, Jamaican diaspora, Jamaican dollar, Jamaican dry forests, Jamaican English, Jamaican Maroons, Jamaican Patois, Jamaican slider, Jamaican tody, Jamaicans, James Bond, Javan mongoose, Jehovah's Witnesses, Jerk (cooking), Jet aircraft, Jews, Jimmy Cliff, John F. Kennedy, Judaism, Juliet Cuthbert, Jungle music, Justin Masterson, Kentucky Derby, Kenya, Kerron Stewart, Killifish, King mackerel, Kingdom of Great Britain, Kingston Harbour, Kingston Parish, Kingston, Jamaica, Latin America, Latin Americans, Lebanese Jamaicans, Lee "Scratch" Perry, Left- and right-hand traffic, Lennox Lewis, LGBT, LGBT rights by country or territory, Lignum vitae, Lisa Hanna, List of Chief Justices of Jamaica, List of countries and dependencies by area, List of glassware, Live and Let Die (film), Live and Let Die (novel), Live-bearing aquarium fish, Lloyd Honeyghan, Local government, Los Angeles, Louis Farrakhan, Mackerel, Manchester Parish, Mandeville, Jamaica, Mangrove snapper, Manufacturing, Marcus Garvey, Marlon James (novelist), Maroon (people), Mento, Merlene Ottey, Metal fabrication, Methodism, Mexico, Michael Holding, Michael Lee-Chin, Middlesex County, Jamaica, Mike McCallum, Millie Small, Mining, Miss Jamaica Universe, Miss Jamaica World, Mixed economy, Monarchy of Jamaica, Monolingualism, Montego Bay, Montreal, Moravian Church, Morgan Heritage, Mullet (fish), Multilingualism, Multiracial, Music, Muslim, Naomi Campbell, Nation of Islam, National Democratic Movement (Jamaica), National language, Negril, Netball, New York City, Norman Manley International Airport, Northern Caribbean University, Nova Scotia, Ocho Rios, Octopussy and The Living Daylights, Opposition (parliamentary), Orlando, Florida, Ottawa, Outline of Jamaica, Overlay plan, Palisadoes, Panama Canal, Papilio homerus, Parishes of Jamaica, Parliament of Jamaica, Parliament of the United Kingdom, Parliamentary system, Patrice Wymore, Patrick Allen (governor-general), Penn Relays, Pentecostalism, People's National Party, Peter Tosh, Philadelphia, Plantation, Planter's Punch, Plymouth Brethren, Politics of Jamaica, Port Antonio, Port Royal, Portland Bight Protected Area, Portland Parish, Portmore, Jamaica, Prime Minister of Jamaica, Printing, Protestantism, Protoje, Providence, Rhode Island, Psychopathy, Publishing, Puerto Rico, Punk rock, Ragga, Rail transport, Rain shadow, Ralph Lauren, Rastafari, Red Stripe, Red-billed streamertail, Reggae, Reserve power, Resort, Robert Venables, Rocksteady, Round Hill Hotel and Villas, Roy Anthony Bridge, Rum, Runway, Rusal, Sabina Park, Saint Andrew Parish, Jamaica, Saint Ann Parish, Saint Catherine Parish, Saint Elizabeth Parish, Saint James Parish, Jamaica, Saint Mary Parish, Jamaica, Saint Thomas Parish, Jamaica, Sangster International Airport, Scolopendra gigantea, Sea lane, Sean Paul, Seventh-day Adventist Church, Sevilla la Nueva (Jamaica), Shaare Shalom Synagogue, Shabba Ranks, Shaggy (musician), Shaun Bridgmohan, Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce, Sherone Simpson, Sierra Leone, SIL International, Sixth form, Ska, Slave Trade Act 1807, SLOWPOKE reactor, Software, South America, South Florida, Spanish Empire, Spanish Town, Spiritual Assembly, Submarine communications cable, Subsistence agriculture, Sugar, Super Cat, Supreme court, Surrey County, Jamaica, Taíno, Talipariti elatum, Tampa, Florida, Tariff, Telephony, Test cricket, The Bahamas, The Book of Night Women, The Final Call, The Harder They Come, The Jamaica Observer, The Jamaica Regiment, The Man with the Golden Gun (novel), The Notorious B.I.G., Third World (band), Tilapia, Tinson Pen Aerodrome, Tom Cruise, Toronto, Tourism, Track and field, Transport, Tree frog, Trelawny Parish, Trelawny Stadium, Trevor Berbick, Tuna, Two-party system, Tyson Beckford, Unitary state, United and uniting churches, United Kingdom, United Nations, United States, United States national rugby league team, University College of The Caribbean, University of Hamburg, University of Technology, Jamaica, University of the West Indies, USA Rugby League, Usain Bolt, Vancouver, Varieties of American Sign Language, Venezuela, Veronica Campbell-Brown, Vincent "Randy" Chin, VP Records, Wars of the Three Kingdoms, Washington, D.C., Welcome to Jamrock (song), West India Regiments, West Indies cricket team, West Indies Federation, Westmoreland Parish, White Americans, White Jamaicans, Whiting (fish), Wild boar, William Bligh, William Penn (Royal Navy officer), Winnipeg, Winter Olympic Games, Yam (vegetable), Yendi Phillips, Yohan Blake, .jm, 1692 Jamaica earthquake, 17th parallel north, 19th parallel north, 2007 Cricket World Cup, 76th meridian west, 79th meridian west. 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A Brief History of Seven Killings

A Brief History of Seven Killings is the third novel by Jamaican author Marlon James.

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Abolitionism in the United Kingdom

Abolitionism in the United Kingdom was the movement in the late 18th and early 19th centuries to end the practice of slavery, whether formal or informal, in the United Kingdom, the British Empire and the world, including ending the Atlantic slave trade.

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Accompong (from the Akan name Acheampong) is a historical Maroon village located in the hills of St. Elizabeth Parish on the island of Jamaica.

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The ackee, also known as achee, ackee apple or ayee (Blighia sapida) is a fruit, which is the member of the Sapindaceae (soapberry family), as are the lychee and the longan.

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African Americans

African Americans (also referred to as Black Americans or Afro-Americans) are an ethnic group of Americans with total or partial ancestry from any of the black racial groups of Africa.

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Afro-Jamaicans are Jamaicans who are entirely or of partial African descent.

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Agriculture is the cultivation of land and breeding of animals and plants to provide food, fiber, medicinal plants and other products to sustain and enhance life.

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Air Jamaica

Air Jamaica was the national airline of Jamaica.

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Air travel

Air travel is a form of travel in vehicles such as helicopters, hot air balloons, blimps, gliders, hang gliding, parachuting, airplanes, jets, or anything else that can sustain flight.

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Airport terminal

An airport terminal is a building at an airport where passengers transfer between ground transportation and the facilities that allow them to board and disembark from aircraft.

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Alcan was a Canadian mining company and aluminum manufacturer.

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Alcoa Corporation (from Aluminum Company of America) is an American industrial corporation.

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Aleen Bailey

Aleen May Bailey (born 25 November 1980 in Saint Mary) is a track and field sprint specialist, competing internationally for Jamaica.

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Alexander Bustamante

Sir William Alexander Clarke Bustamante (24 February 1884 – 6 August 1977) was a Jamaican politician and labour leader, who, in 1962 became the first prime minister of Jamaica.

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Alumina Partners of Jamaica, also known as Alpart, is a company that owns and operates a bauxite refinery in Nain, Jamaica.

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Aluminium oxide

Aluminium oxide (British English) or aluminum oxide (American English) is a chemical compound of aluminium and oxygen with the chemical formula 23.

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American crocodile

The American crocodile (Crocodylus acutus) is a species of crocodilian found in the Neotropics.

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American eel

The American eel (Anguilla rostrata) is a facultative catadromous fish found on the eastern coast of North America.

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American National Rugby League

The American National Rugby League (AMNRL) was a rugby league organization in the United States that operated from 1997 to 2014.

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American Sign Language

American Sign Language (ASL) is a natural language that serves as the predominant sign language of Deaf communities in the United States and most of Anglophone Canada.

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The Americas (also collectively called America)"America." The Oxford Companion to the English Language.

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Andrew Holness

Andrew Michael Holness, ON, MP (born 22 July 1972) is a Jamaican politician who has been the Prime Minister of Jamaica since 3 March 2016, following the 25 February 2016 general election.

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Anglicanism is a Western Christian tradition that evolved out of the practices, liturgy and identity of the Church of England following the Protestant Reformation.

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The Arawak are a group of indigenous peoples of South America and of the Caribbean.

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Arawakan languages

Arawakan (Arahuacan, Maipuran Arawakan, "mainstream" Arawakan, Arawakan proper), also known as Maipurean (also Maipuran, Maipureano, Maipúre), is a language family that developed among ancient indigenous peoples in South America.

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Area codes 876 and 658

Area codes 876 and 658 are the local telephone area codes of Jamaica.

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Arthur Wint

Arthur Stanley Wint OD MBE (25 May 1920 – 19 October 1992) was the first Jamaican Olympic gold medalist, winning the 400 metres at the 1948 Summer Olympics in London.

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Asafa Powell

Asafa Powell, CD (born 23 November 1982) is a Jamaican sprinter who specialises in the 100 metres.

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Ashura (عاشوراء, colloquially:; عاشورا; عاشورا; Azerbaijani and Turkish: Aşura Günü or Day of Remembrance), and in Jamaica and Trinidad and Tobago 'Hussay' or Hosay, is the tenth day of Muharram in the Islamic calendar.

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Association football

Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a team sport played between two teams of eleven players with a spherical ball.

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Asymmetric digital subscriber line

Asymmetric digital subscriber line (ADSL) is a type of digital subscriber line (DSL) technology, a data communications technology that enables faster data transmission over copper telephone lines than a conventional voiceband modem can provide.

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Atlanta is the capital city and most populous municipality of the state of Georgia in the United States.

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Atlantic goliath grouper

The Atlantic goliath grouper or itajara (Epinephelus itajara), also known as "jewfish", is a large saltwater fish of the grouper family found primarily in shallow tropical waters among coral and artificial reefs at depths from.

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Atlantic Ocean

The Atlantic Ocean is the second largest of the world's oceans with a total area of about.

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Audley Harrison

Audley Hugh Harrison, (born 26 October 1971) is a British former professional boxer who competed from 2001 to 2013.

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Aviation, or air transport, refers to the activities surrounding mechanical flight and the aircraft industry.

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Bahá'í Faith in Jamaica

The Bahá'í Faith in Jamaica begins with a mention by `Abdu'l-Bahá, then head of the religion, in 1916 as Latin America being among the places Bahá'ís should take the religion to.

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A banana is an edible fruit – botanically a berry – produced by several kinds of large herbaceous flowering plants in the genus Musa.

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Baptists are Christians distinguished by baptizing professing believers only (believer's baptism, as opposed to infant baptism), and doing so by complete immersion (as opposed to affusion or sprinkling).

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Bats are mammals of the order Chiroptera; with their forelimbs adapted as wings, they are the only mammals naturally capable of true and sustained flight.

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Bath, Jamaica

Bath is a settlement on the south-east coast of Jamaica.

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Bauxite is a sedimentary rock with a relatively high aluminium content.

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Beenie Man

Anthony Moses Davis (born 22 August 1973), better known by his stage name Beenie Man, is a Jamaican reggae and dancehall singer.

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Beres Hammond

Beres Hammond OJ (born Hugh Beresford Hammond, 28 August 1955, Annotto Bay, Saint Mary, Jamaica)Moskowitz, David V. (2006) Caribbean Popular Music: an Encyclopedia of Reggae, Mento, Ska, Rock Steady, and Dancehall, Greenwood Press,, p. 128-9Huey, Steve "", Allmusic, retrieved 2 February 2010 is a Jamaican reggae singer known in particular for his lovers rock music.

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A bicameral legislature divides the legislators into two separate assemblies, chambers, or houses.

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Big Youth

Manley Augustus Buchanan (born 19 April 1949, Trenchtown, Kingston, Jamaica),Thompson, Dave (2002) "Reggae & Caribbean Music", Backbeat Books, better known as Big Youth (sometimes called Jah Youth), is a Jamaican deejay, mostly known for his work during the 1970s.

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Black Uhuru

Black Uhuru is a Jamaican reggae group formed in 1972, initially as Uhuru (Swahili for 'freedom').

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Black-billed streamertail

The black-billed streamertail (Trochilus scitulus) is a species of hummingbird in the family Trochilidae.

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Blue and John Crow Mountains National Park

Blue and John Crow Mountains National Park is a national park in Jamaica.

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Blue Mountains (Jamaica)

The Blue Mountains are the longest mountain range in Jamaica.

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Bob Marley

Robert Nesta Marley, OM (6 February 1945 – 11 May 1981) was a Jamaican singer-songwriter who became an international musical and cultural icon, blending mostly reggae, ska, and rocksteady in his compositions.

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Bonitos are a tribe of medium-sized, ray-finned predatory fish in the family Scombridae – a family it shares with the mackerel, tuna, and Spanish mackerel tribes, and also the butterfly kingfish.

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Booker Prize

The Man Booker Prize for Fiction (formerly known as the Booker–McConnell Prize and commonly known simply as the Booker Prize) is a literary prize awarded each year for the best original novel written in the English language and published in the UK.

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Boscobel, Jamaica

Boscobel is located in St. Mary Parish on the north shore of Jamaica, ten miles east of Ocho Rios.

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Botanical garden

A botanical garden or botanic gardenThe terms botanic and botanical and garden or gardens are used more-or-less interchangeably, although the word botanic is generally reserved for the earlier, more traditional gardens.

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Bounty Killer

Rodney Basil Price (born 12 June 1972), known as Bounty Killer, is a Jamaican reggae and dancehall deejay.

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Breadfruit (Artocarpus altilis) is a species of flowering tree in the mulberry and jackfruit family (Moraceae) originating in the South Pacific and eventually spreading to the rest of Oceania. British and French navigators introduced a few Polynesian seedless varieties to Caribbean islands during the late 18th century, and today it is grown in some 90 countries throughout South and Southeast Asia, the Pacific Ocean, the Caribbean, Central America and Africa. Its name is derived from the texture of the moderately ripe fruit when cooked, similar to freshly baked bread and having a potato-like flavor. According to DNA fingerprinting studies, breadfruit has its origins in the region of Oceania from New Guinea through the Indo-Malayan Archipelago to western Micronesia. The trees have been widely planted in tropical regions elsewhere, including lowland Central America, northern South America, and the Caribbean. In addition to the fruit serving as a staple food in many cultures, the trees' light, sturdy timber has been used for outriggers, ships and houses in the tropics.

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Brigitte Foster-Hylton

Brigitte Foster-Hylton O.D (born 7 November 1974 in Saint Elizabeth, Jamaica) is a Jamaican 100m hurdler.

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British African-Caribbean people

British African Caribbean (or Afro-Caribbean) people are residents of the United Kingdom whose ancestors were primarily indigenous to Africa.

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British Jamaican

British Jamaican (or Jamaican British) people are British people who were born in Jamaica or who are of Jamaican descent.

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British West Indies

The British West Indies, sometimes abbreviated to the BWI, is a collective term for the British territories in the Caribbean: Anguilla, Bermuda, the Cayman Islands, Turks and Caicos Islands, Montserrat and the British Virgin Islands.

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Buddhism is the world's fourth-largest religion with over 520 million followers, or over 7% of the global population, known as Buddhists.

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Buffalo, New York

Buffalo is the second largest city in the state of New York and the 81st most populous city in the United States.

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Buju Banton

Buju Banton (born Mark Anthony Myrie; 15 July 1973)Larkin, Colin (1998) "The Virgin Encyclopedia of Reggae", Virgin Books, is a Jamaican dancehall, ragga, and reggae musician.

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Bunny Wailer

Bunny Wailer (Neville O'Riley Livingston O.M., born 10 April 1947, also known as Bunny Livingston and affectionately Jah B), is a Jamaican singer songwriter and percussionist and was an original member of reggae group The Wailers along with Bob Marley and Peter Tosh.

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Busta Rhymes

Trevor George Smith Jr. (born May 20, 1972), better known by his stage name Busta Rhymes, is an American rapper, record producer, record executive and actor.

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No description.

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Canadians (Canadiens / Canadiennes) are people identified with the country of Canada.

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The Carangidae are a family of fish which includes the jacks, pompanos, jack mackerels, runners, and scads.

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The Caribbean is a region that consists of the Caribbean Sea, its islands (some surrounded by the Caribbean Sea and some bordering both the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean) and the surrounding coasts.

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Caribbean Community

The Caribbean Community (CARICOM) is an organization of fifteen Caribbean nations and dependencies whose main objective is to promote economic integration and cooperation among its members, to ensure that the benefits of integration are equitably shared, and to coordinate foreign policy.

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Caribbean Sea

The Caribbean Sea (Mar Caribe; Mer des Caraïbes; Caraïbische Zee) is a sea of the Atlantic Ocean in the tropics of the Western Hemisphere.

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Symbiote Investments Limited operating under the name Caricel is a Jamaican owned and operated mobile network.

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CARICOM Single Market and Economy

The CARICOM Single Market and Economy, also known as the Caribbean Single Market and Economy (CSME), is an integrated development strategy envisioned at the 10th Meeting of the Conference of Heads of Government of the Caribbean Community (CARICOM) which took place in July 1990 in Grand Anse, Grenada.

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A carriageway (British English) or roadway (North American English) consists of a width of road on which a vehicle is not restricted by any physical barriers or separation to move laterally.

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Casino Royale (novel)

Casino Royale is the first novel by the British author Ian Fleming.

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Cat Island, Bahamas

Cat Island is in the central Bahamas, and is one of its districts.

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A cathedral is a Christian church which contains the seat of a bishop, thus serving as the central church of a diocese, conference, or episcopate.

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Catholic Church

The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with more than 1.299 billion members worldwide.

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Catholic Encyclopedia

The Catholic Encyclopedia: An International Work of Reference on the Constitution, Doctrine, Discipline, and History of the Catholic Church, also referred to as the Old Catholic Encyclopedia and the Original Catholic Encyclopedia, is an English-language encyclopedia published in the United States and designed to serve the Roman Catholic Church.

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Centropomus Lacépède, 1802, is a genus of predominantly marine fish comprising the family Centropomidae The type species is Centropomus undecimalis, the common snoo.

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Chalice (reggae band)

Chalice is a Jamaican reggae band formed in 1980.

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Chicago, officially the City of Chicago, is the third most populous city in the United States, after New York City and Los Angeles.

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Chief Justice

The Chief Justice is the presiding member of a supreme court in any of many countries with a justice system based on English common law, such as the Supreme Court of Bangladesh, the Supreme Court of Canada, the Supreme Court of Singapore, the Court of Final Appeal of Hong Kong, the Supreme Court of Japan, the Supreme Court of India, the Supreme Court of Pakistan, the Supreme Court of Nigeria, the Supreme Court of Nepal, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the Supreme Court of Ireland, the Supreme Court of New Zealand, the High Court of Australia, the Supreme Court of the United States, and provincial or state supreme courts.

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China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.

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Chinese Jamaicans

Chinese Jamaicans are Jamaican people of Chinese ancestry, which include descendants of migrants from China to Jamaica.

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Chris Blackwell

Christopher Percy Gordon Blackwell (born 22 June 1937) is an English businessman and former record producer, and the founder of Island Records, which has been called "one of Britain's great independent labels".

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Chris Eubank

Christopher Livingstone Eubank (born 8 August 1966), is a British former professional boxer who competed from 1985 to 1998.

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Chris Gayle

Christopher Henry Gayle, OD (born 21 September 1979) is a Jamaican cricketer who plays international cricket for the West Indies.

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A Christian is a person who follows or adheres to Christianity, an Abrahamic, monotheistic religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus Christ.

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ChristianityFrom Ancient Greek Χριστός Khristós (Latinized as Christus), translating Hebrew מָשִׁיחַ, Māšîăḥ, meaning "the anointed one", with the Latin suffixes -ian and -itas.

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Christopher Columbus

Christopher Columbus (before 31 October 145120 May 1506) was an Italian explorer, navigator, and colonizer.

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Church of God (Anderson, Indiana)

The Church of God (Anderson, Indiana) is a holiness Christian Movement with roots in Wesleyan pietism and also in the restorationist traditions.

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Cinchona is a genus of flowering plants in the family Rubiaceae containing at least 23 species of trees and shrubs.

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Clarendon Parish, Jamaica

Clarendon (capital May Pen) is a parish in Jamaica.

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Coat of arms of Jamaica

Considered as a legacy from the British with slight modifications, the Jamaican coat of arms was granted to Jamaica in 1661 under Royal Warrant.

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Cockpit Country

Cockpit Country is an area in Trelawny and Saint Elizabeth parishes in Jamaica.

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Cocktail (1988 film)

Cocktail is a 1988 American romantic comedy-drama film directed by Roger Donaldson and written by Heywood Gould, whose screenplay was based on his book of the same name.

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Code-division multiple access

Code-division multiple access (CDMA) is a channel access method used by various radio communication technologies.

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Coffee is a brewed drink prepared from roasted coffee beans, which are the seeds of berries from the Coffea plant.

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Colombia, officially the Republic of Colombia, is a sovereign state largely situated in the northwest of South America, with territories in Central America.

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Columbus Communications

Columbus Communications is a cable television, telephone, and Broadband speed Internet service provider.

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Commonwealth realm

A Commonwealth realm is a sovereign state that is a member of the Commonwealth of Nations and shares the same person, currently Queen Elizabeth II, as its head of state and reigning constitutional monarch, but retains a Crown legally distinct from the other realms.

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A constitution is a set of fundamental principles or established precedents according to which a state or other organization is governed.

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Constitutional monarchy

A constitutional monarchy is a form of monarchy in which the sovereign exercises authority in accordance with a written or unwritten constitution.

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Construction is the process of constructing a building or infrastructure.

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Container port

A container port or container terminal is a facility where cargo containers are transshipped between different transport vehicles, for onward transportation.

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Containerization is a system of intermodal freight transport using intermodal containers (also called shipping containers and ISO containers).

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Controlled-access highway

A controlled-access highway is a type of highway which has been designed for high-speed vehicular traffic, with all traffic flow and ingress/egress regulated.

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Cool Runnings

Cool Runnings is a 1993 American comedy sports film directed by Jon Turteltaub and starring Leon, Doug E. Doug, Rawle D. Lewis, Malik Yoba, and John Candy.

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Cornwall County, Jamaica

Cornwall is the westernmost of the three historic counties into which Jamaica is divided.

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A county is a geographical region of a country used for administrative or other purposes,Chambers Dictionary, L. Brookes (ed.), 2005, Chambers Harrap Publishers Ltd, Edinburgh in certain modern nations.

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Courtney Walsh

Courtney Andrew Walsh OJ (born 30 October 1962) is a former Jamaican cricketer who represented the West Indies from 1984 to 2001, captaining the West Indies in 22 Test matches.

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Cricket is a bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players each on a cricket field, at the centre of which is a rectangular pitch with a target at each end called the wicket (a set of three wooden stumps upon which two bails sit).

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Cuba, officially the Republic of Cuba, is a country comprising the island of Cuba as well as Isla de la Juventud and several minor archipelagos.

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Culture (band)

Culture are a Jamaican roots reggae group founded in 1976.

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Dactyloidae are a family of lizards commonly known as anoles and native to warmer parts of the Americas, ranging from southeastern United States to Paraguay.

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Dancehall is a genre of Jamaican popular music that originated in the late 1970s.

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Data processing

Data processing is, generally, "the collection and manipulation of items of data to produce meaningful information." In this sense it can be considered a subset of information processing, "the change (processing) of information in any manner detectable by an observer." Data processing is distinct from word processing, which is manipulation of text specifically rather than data generally.

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David Haye

David Deron Haye (born 13 October 1980) is a British former professional boxer who competed from 2002 to 2018.

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De facto

In law and government, de facto (or;, "in fact") describes practices that exist in reality, even if not legally recognised by official laws.

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Debt-to-GDP ratio

In economics, the debt-to-GDP ratio is the ratio between a country's government debt (a cumulative amount) and its gross domestic product (GDP) (measured in years).

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Delloreen Ennis-London

Delloreen Ennis-London (born 5 March 1975) is a Jamaican hurdling athlete who won the silver medal in the 100 metre hurdles at the 2005 World Championships.

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Dennis Brown

Dennis Emmanuel Brown(1 February 1957 – 1 July 1999) was a Jamaican reggae singer.

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Deon Hemmings

Deon Hemmings (born 9 October 1968 in Saint Ann, Jamaica) is a former female 400 metres hurdler.

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Desmond Dekker

Desmond Dekker (16 July 1941 – 25 May 2006Thompson, Dave (2002) "Reggae & Caribbean Music", Backbeat Books,, Note: some sources list year of birth as 1942 or 1943) was a Jamaican ska, rocksteady and reggae singer-songwriter and musician.

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Digicel is a mobile phone network provider operating in 31 markets across the Caribbean, Central America, and Oceania regions.

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Digital AMPS

IS-54 and IS-136 are second-generation (2G) mobile phone systems, known as Digital AMPS (D-AMPS), and a further development of the north-American 1G mobile system AMPS.

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Discovery Bay, Jamaica

Discovery Bay is a town in Saint Ann Parish on the northern coast of Jamaica.

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In finance and economics, divestment or divestiture is the reduction of some kind of asset for financial, ethical, or political objectives or sale of an existing business by a firm.

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Diwali or Deepavali is the Hindu festival of lights celebrated every year in autumn in the northern hemisphere (spring in southern hemisphere).

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Dominican Republic

The Dominican Republic (República Dominicana) is a sovereign state located in the island of Hispaniola, in the Greater Antilles archipelago of the Caribbean region.

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Don Quarrie

Donald O'Riley Quarrie CD (born 25 February 1951) is a Jamaican former track and field athlete, one of the world's top sprinters during the 1970s.

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Donald Sangster

Sir Donald Burns Sangster (26 October 1911 – 11 April 1967) was a Jamaican solicitor and an old boy of the prestigious Munro College in St. Elizabeth, Jamaica.

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Dr. No (film)


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Dr. No (novel)


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A drink or beverage is a liquid intended for human consumption.

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Dub music

Dub is a genre of music that grew out of reggae in the 1960s, and is commonly considered a subgenre,Dub: soundscapes and shattered songs in Jamaican reggae, p.2 though it has developed to extend beyond the scope of reggae.

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Dunn's River Falls

Dunn's River Falls is a famous waterfall near Ocho Rios, Jamaica and a major Caribbean tourist attraction that receives thousands of visitors each year.

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Education is the process of facilitating learning, or the acquisition of knowledge, skills, values, beliefs, and habits.

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Edward Seaga

Edward Philip George Seaga (or; ON, PC; born 28 May 1930) is a former Jamaican politician.

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Elaine Thompson

Elaine Thompson (born 28 June 1992) is a Jamaican track and field sprinter.

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Elizabeth II

Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary; born 21 April 1926) is Queen of the United Kingdom and the other Commonwealth realms.

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Emerging markets

An emerging market is a country that has some characteristics of a developed market, but does not meet standards to be a developed market.

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Emigration is the act of leaving a resident country or place of residence with the intent to settle elsewhere.

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English-based creole languages

An English-based creole language (often shortened to English creole) is a creole language derived from the English language, for which English is the lexifier.

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English-speaking world

Approximately 330 to 360 million people speak English as their first language.

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Errol Flynn

Errol Leslie Flynn (20 June 1909 – 14 October 1959) was an Australian-born American actor who achieved fame in Hollywood after 1935.

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ESPN (originally an acronym for Entertainment and Sports Programming Network) is a U.S.-based global cable and satellite sports television channel owned by ESPN Inc., a joint venture owned by The Walt Disney Company (80%) and Hearst Communications (20%).

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Ethanol, also called alcohol, ethyl alcohol, grain alcohol, and drinking alcohol, is a chemical compound, a simple alcohol with the chemical formula.

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An expatriate (often shortened to expat) is a person temporarily or permanently residing in a country other than their native country.

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Falmouth, Jamaica

Falmouth is the chief town and capital of the parish of Trelawny in Jamaica.

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Fiber to the x

Fiber to the x (FTTX) or fiber in the loop is a generic term for any broadband network architecture using optical fiber to provide all or part of the local loop used for last mile telecommunications.

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FIFA World Cup

The FIFA World Cup, often simply called the World Cup, is an international association football competition contested by the senior men's national teams of the members of the Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA), the sport's global governing body.

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Finance is a field that is concerned with the allocation (investment) of assets and liabilities (known as elements of the balance statement) over space and time, often under conditions of risk or uncertainty.

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Flow (brand)

FLOW was formerly a brand of Columbus Communications providing residential and business telephone, Internet and television services across the Caribbean.

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For Your Eyes Only (short story collection)

For Your Eyes Only is a collection of short stories by the British author Ian Fleming, featuring the fictional British Secret Service agent Commander James Bond.

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Foreign direct investment

A foreign direct investment (FDI) is an investment in the form of a controlling ownership in a business in one country by an entity based in another country.

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Foreign exchange market

The foreign exchange market (Forex, FX, or currency market) is a global decentralized or over-the-counter (OTC) market for the trading of currencies.

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Frank Bruno

Franklin Roy "Frank" Bruno, (born 16 November 1961) is a British former professional boxer who competed from 1982 to 1996.

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Free people of color

In the context of the history of slavery in the Americas, free people of color (French: gens de couleur libres, Spanish: gente libre de color) were people of mixed African and European descent who were not enslaved.

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Fuel oil

Fuel oil (also known as heavy oil, marine fuel or furnace oil) is a fraction obtained from petroleum distillation, either as a distillate or a residue.

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George Headley

George Alphonso Headley OD (30 May 1909 – 30 November 1983) was a West Indian cricketer who played 22 Test matches, mostly before the Second World War.

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George Rhoden

George Vincent Rhoden (born 13 December 1926) is a former Jamaican athlete, winner of two Olympic gold medals in 1952.

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Ghana, officially the Republic of Ghana, is a unitary presidential constitutional democracy, located along the Gulf of Guinea and Atlantic Ocean, in the subregion of West Africa.

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Gleaner Company

The Gleaner Company Ltd. is a newspaper publishing enterprise in Jamaica.

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Gobies are fishes of the family Gobiidae, one of the largest fish families comprising more than 2,000 species in more than 200 genera.

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God Save the Queen

"God Save the Queen" (alternatively "God Save the King", depending on the gender of the reigning monarch) is the national or royal anthem in a number of Commonwealth realms, their territories, and the British Crown dependencies.

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Governor-General of Jamaica

The Governor-General of Jamaica represents the Jamaican monarch and head of state, currently Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II.

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Grace Jones

Grace Beverly Jones (born 19 May 1948) is a Jamaican-American singer, songwriter, supermodel, record producer, and actress.

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Greater Antilles

The Greater Antilles is a grouping of the larger islands in the Caribbean Sea: Cuba, Hispaniola (containing Haiti and the Dominican Republic), Puerto Rico, Jamaica, and the Cayman Islands.

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Gregory Isaacs

Gregory Anthony Isaacs OD (15 July 1951 – 25 October 2010)Thompson, p. 127.

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Gross domestic product

Gross domestic product (GDP) is a monetary measure of the market value of all final goods and services produced in a period (quarterly or yearly) of time.

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GSM (Global System for Mobile communications) is a standard developed by the European Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI) to describe the protocols for second-generation digital cellular networks used by mobile devices such as tablets, first deployed in Finland in December 1991.

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Guyana (pronounced or), officially the Co-operative Republic of Guyana, is a sovereign state on the northern mainland of South America.

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H. G. de Lisser

Herbert George de Lisser CMG (9 December 1878 – 19 May 1944) was a Jamaican journalist and author.

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Haiti (Haïti; Ayiti), officially the Republic of Haiti and formerly called Hayti, is a sovereign state located on the island of Hispaniola in the Greater Antilles archipelago of the Caribbean Sea.

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Half Pint

Half Pint (born and sometimes credited Lindon Andrew Roberts)Josephs, Karla (2012) "", Jamaica Observer, 7 June 2012, retrieved 8 June 2012 is a Jamaican dancehall, ragga, and reggae singer.

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Hamilton, Ontario

Hamilton is a port city in the Canadian province of Ontario.

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Hanover Parish

Hanover is a parish located on the northwestern tip of the island of Jamaica.

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Hartford, Connecticut

Hartford is the capital of the U.S. state of Connecticut.

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Head of government

A head of government (or chief of government) is a generic term used for either the highest or second highest official in the executive branch of a sovereign state, a federated state, or a self-governing colony, (commonly referred to as countries, nations or nation-states) who often presides over a cabinet, a group of ministers or secretaries who lead executive departments.

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Head of state

A head of state (or chief of state) is the public persona that officially represents the national unity and legitimacy of a sovereign state.

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Heavy D

Dwight Errington MyersCuda, Heidi Sigmund Keeping it reel.

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Herb McKenley

The Hon. Herbert Henry "Herb" McKenley OM (July 10, 1922 – November 26, 2007) was a Jamaican sprint runner.

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Hindu refers to any person who regards themselves as culturally, ethnically, or religiously adhering to aspects of Hinduism.

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Hinduism is an Indian religion and dharma, or a way of life, widely practised in the Indian subcontinent.

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Hip hop music

Hip hop music, also called hip-hopMerriam-Webster Dictionary entry on hip-hop, retrieved from: A subculture especially of inner-city black youths who are typically devotees of rap music; the stylized rhythmic music that commonly accompanies rap; also rap together with this music.

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Hispaniola (Spanish: La Española; Latin and French: Hispaniola; Haitian Creole: Ispayola; Taíno: Haiti) is an island in the Caribbean island group, the Greater Antilles.

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History of the Jews in Jamaica

The history of the Jews in Jamaica predominantly dates back to migrants from Portugal and Spain to the island since 1494.

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Honors music

The honors music for a person, office or rank is music played on formal or ceremonial occasions in the presence of the person, office-holder, or rank-holder, especially by a military band.

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Hope Botanical Gardens

Hope Botanical Gardens, also known as the Royal Botanical Gardens, is a park and gardens located in St Andrew, Jamaica.

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Horace Hearne

Sir Hector Horace Hearne (23 February 1892 – 31 December 1962) was a Judge.

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Horse racing

Horse racing is an equestrian performance sport, typically involving two or more horses ridden by jockeys (or sometimes driven without riders) over a set distance for competition.

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Hosay (originally from Husayn) is a Muslim Indo-Caribbean commemoration that is popularly observed on the islands of Trinidad and Tobago and Jamaica.

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Hugh Shearer

Hugh Lawson Shearer ON OJ PC (18 May 1923 – 5 July 2004) was a Jamaican trade unionist and politician, who served as the 3rd Prime Minister of Jamaica, from 1967 to 1972.

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Hummingbirds are birds from the Americas that constitute the family Trochilidae.

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Hurricane Alley

Hurricane Alley is an area of warm water in the Atlantic Ocean stretching from the west coast of northern Africa to the east coast of Central America and Gulf Coast of the Southern United States.

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Hurricane Charlie (1951)

Hurricane Charlie was the deadliest tropical cyclone of the 1951 Atlantic hurricane season.

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Hurricane Dean

Hurricane Dean was the strongest tropical cyclone of the 2007 Atlantic hurricane season.

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Hurricane Gilbert

Hurricane Gilbert was the most intense Atlantic hurricane on record until it was surpassed in 2005 by Hurricane Wilma.

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Hurricane Gustav

Hurricane Gustav was the second most destructive hurricane of the 2008 Atlantic hurricane season.

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Hurricane Ivan

Hurricane Ivan was a large, long-lived, Cape Verde hurricane that caused widespread damage in the Caribbean and United States.

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Hurricanes Rugby League

Hurricanes Rugby League are a Jamaican rugby league football team.

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I Wayne

I Wayne, Rastafarian stage name for Cliffroy Taylor (born 1980 in Portmore, Jamaica), is a roots reggae singer.

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Ian Fleming

Ian Lancaster Fleming (28 May 1908 – 12 August 1964) was an English author, journalist and naval intelligence officer who is best known for his James Bond series of spy novels.

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Ian Fleming International Airport

Ian Fleming International Airport (previously Boscobel Aerodrome) is an international airport located in Boscobel, Saint Mary Parish, Jamaica, east of Ocho Rios, in northern Jamaica.

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Iguana is a genus of herbivorous lizards that are native to tropical areas of Mexico, Central America, South America, and the Caribbean.

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An import is a good brought into a jurisdiction, especially across a national border, from an external source.

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An indenture is a legal contract that reflects or covers a debt or purchase obligation.

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Indentured servitude

An indentured servant or indentured laborer is an employee (indenturee) within a system of unfree labor who is bound by a signed or forced contract (indenture) to work for a particular employer for a fixed time.

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Independence of Jamaica

The Colony of Jamaica gained independence from the United Kingdom on 6 August 1962.

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Index of Jamaica-related articles

The following is an alphabetical list of topics related to the nation of Jamaica.

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Indigenous peoples

Indigenous peoples, also known as first peoples, aboriginal peoples or native peoples, are ethnic groups who are the pre-colonial original inhabitants of a given region, in contrast to groups that have settled, occupied or colonized the area more recently.

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Indo-Jamaicans or Indian Jamaicans are the descendants of people who came from the Indian subcontinent to Jamaica and are or the descendants of citizens or nationals of Jamaica.

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Industrial engineering

Industrial engineering is a branch of engineering which deals with the optimization of complex processes, systems, or organizations.

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In economics, inflation is a sustained increase in price level of goods and services in an economy over a period of time.

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Inner Circle (band)

Inner Circle, also known as The Inner Circle Band or The Bad Boys of Reggae, are a Jamaican reggae band formed in Kingston, Jamaica, in 1968.

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Insurance is a means of protection from financial loss.

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International Business Times

The International Business Times is an American online news publication that publishes seven national editions and four languages.

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International Cricket Council

The International Cricket Council (ICC) is the international governing body of cricket.

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International Futures

International Futures (IFs) is a global integrated assessment model designed to help in thinking strategically and systematically about key global systems (economic, demographic, education, health, environment, technology, domestic governance, infrastructure, agriculture, energy and environment) housed at the Frederick S. Pardee Center for International Futures.

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International Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans and Intersex Association

The International Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans and Intersex Association (ILGA) is an international organization bringing together more than 750 LGBTI groups from around the world.

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International Monetary Fund

The International Monetary Fund (IMF) is an international organization headquartered in Washington, D.C., consisting of "189 countries working to foster global monetary cooperation, secure financial stability, facilitate international trade, promote high employment and sustainable economic growth, and reduce poverty around the world." Formed in 1945 at the Bretton Woods Conference primarily by the ideas of Harry Dexter White and John Maynard Keynes, it came into formal existence in 1945 with 29 member countries and the goal of reconstructing the international payment system.

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International Netball Federation

The International Netball Federation (INF), formerly the "International Federation of Netball Associations" (IFNA), is the worldwide governing body for Netball.

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International Organization for Migration

The International Organization for Migration (IOM) is an intergovernmental organization that provides services and advice concerning migration to governments and migrants, including internally displaced persons, refugees, and migrant workers.

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Invasion of Jamaica

The Invasion of Jamaica was an amphibious expedition conducted by the English in the Caribbean in 1655 that resulted in the capture of the island from Spain.

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Irish people in Jamaica

Irish Jamaicans are Jamaican citizens whose ancestors originated from Ireland.

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IslamThere are ten pronunciations of Islam in English, differing in whether the first or second syllable has the stress, whether the s is or, and whether the a is pronounced, or (when the stress is on the first syllable) (Merriam Webster).

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Islamic holidays

There are two official holidays in Islam: Eid Al-Fitr and Eid Al-Adha.

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Island country

An island country is a country whose primary territory consists of one or more islands or parts of islands.

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Jacob De Cordova

Jacob Raphael De Cordova, (6 June 1808 – 26 January 1868), was the founder of the Jamaica Gleaner.

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Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis

Jacqueline Lee Kennedy Onassis (born Bouvier; July 28, 1929 – May 19, 1994) was the wife of the 35th President of the United States, John F. Kennedy, and the First Lady of the United States from 1961 until his assassination in 1963.

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Jamaica Constabulary Force

The Jamaica Constabulary Force (JCF) is the official police force of Jamaica.

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Jamaica Labour Party

The Jamaica Labour Party (JLP) is one of the two major political parties in Jamaica, the other being the People's National Party (PNP).

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Jamaica national bobsleigh team

The Jamaican national bobsleigh team represents Jamaica in international bobsledding competitions.

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Jamaica national cricket team

The Jamaica national cricket team is the representative first-class cricket team of Jamaica.

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Jamaica national football team

The Jamaica national football team is controlled by the Jamaica Football Federation (JFF), the governing body for football in Jamaica.

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Jamaica national netball team

The Jamaica national netball team, commonly known as the Sunshine Girls, represent Jamaica in international netball competition.

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Jamaica national rugby league team

The Jamaica national rugby league team represents Jamaica in international rugby league football tournaments.

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Jamaica Times

The Jamaica Times was a literary newspaper for literature from Jamaica and the Caribbean.

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Jamaica, Land We Love

"Jamaica, Land We Love" is the official national anthem of Jamaica, adopted in July 1962.

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Jamaican Blue Mountain Coffee

Jamaican Blue Mountain Coffee or Jamaica Blue Mountain Coffee is a classification of coffee grown in the Blue Mountains of Jamaica.

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Jamaican boa

The Jamaican boa or yellow snake at.

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Jamaican coney

The Jamaican coney (Geocapromys brownii), also known as the Jamaican hutia and the Browns Hutia, is a terrestrial land mammal found in the rocky, forested areas of Jamaica, and is endemic to the Island.

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Jamaican Country Sign Language

Jamaican Country Sign Language, also Country Sign, or Konchri Sain (KS) in Jamaican Patois, is an indigenous village sign language of Jamaica.

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Jamaican diaspora

The Jamaican diaspora refers to the body of Jamaicans who have left the island of Jamaica, their dispersal and to a lesser extent the subsequent developments of their culture.

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Jamaican dollar

The dollar has been the currency of Jamaica since 1969.

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Jamaican dry forests

Jamaican dry forests are subtropical dry forests located in southern Jamaica.

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Jamaican English

Jamaican English, which includes Jamaican Standard English, is a variety of English spoken in Jamaica.

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Jamaican Maroons

The Jamaican Maroons are descendants of maroons, Africans who escaped from slavery on the island of Jamaica and established free communities in the mountainous interior, primarily in the eastern parishes.

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Jamaican Patois

Jamaican Patois, known locally as Patois (Patwa or Patwah) and called Jamaican Creole by linguists, is an English-based creole language with West African influences (a majority of loan words of Akan origin) spoken primarily in Jamaica and the Jamaican diaspora; it is spoken by the majority of Jamaicans as a native language.

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Jamaican slider

The Jamaican slider (Trachemys terrapen) also known as the Cat Island slider is a species of fresh water turtle in the family Emydidae.

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Jamaican tody

Found only in Jamaica, the Jamaican tody (Todus todus) is a small and colourful bird, predominantly green above, with a red throat and yellow underparts, with some pink on the sides.

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Jamaicans are the citizens of Jamaica and their descendants in the Jamaican diaspora.

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James Bond

The James Bond series focuses on a fictional British Secret Service agent created in 1953 by writer Ian Fleming, who featured him in twelve novels and two short-story collections.

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Javan mongoose

The Javan mongoose (Herpestes javanicus) is a species of mongoose found in the wild in South and Southeast Asia.

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Jehovah's Witnesses

Jehovah's Witnesses is a millenarian restorationist Christian denomination with nontrinitarian beliefs distinct from mainstream Christianity.

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Jerk (cooking)

Jerk is a style of cooking native to Jamaica, in which meat is dry-rubbed or wet marinated with a hot spice mixture called Jamaican jerk spice.

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Jet aircraft

A jet aircraft (or simply jet) is an aircraft (nearly always a fixed-wing aircraft) propelled by jet engines (jet propulsion).

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Jews (יְהוּדִים ISO 259-3, Israeli pronunciation) or Jewish people are an ethnoreligious group and a nation, originating from the Israelites Israelite origins and kingdom: "The first act in the long drama of Jewish history is the age of the Israelites""The people of the Kingdom of Israel and the ethnic and religious group known as the Jewish people that descended from them have been subjected to a number of forced migrations in their history" and Hebrews of the Ancient Near East.

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Jimmy Cliff

James Chambers, OM (1 April 1948), known professionally as Jimmy Cliff, is a Jamaican ska and reggae musician, multi-instrumentalist, singer, and actor.

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John F. Kennedy

John Fitzgerald "Jack" Kennedy (May 29, 1917 – November 22, 1963), commonly referred to by his initials JFK, was an American politician who served as the 35th President of the United States from January 1961 until his assassination in November 1963.

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Judaism (originally from Hebrew, Yehudah, "Judah"; via Latin and Greek) is the religion of the Jewish people.

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Juliet Cuthbert

Juliet Cuthbert (born 9 April 1964, in Saint Thomas, Jamaica) is a Jamaican athlete who competed mainly in the sprints (100 and 200 metres).

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Jungle music

Jungle is a genre of electronic music derived from breakbeat hardcore that developed in England in the early 1990s as part of UK rave scenes.

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Justin Masterson

Justin Daniel Masterson (born March 22, 1985) is a Jamaican-born American professional baseball starting pitcher who is a free agent.

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Kentucky Derby

The Kentucky Derby, is a horse race that is held annually in Louisville, Kentucky, United States, on the first Saturday in May, capping the two-week-long Kentucky Derby Festival.

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Kenya, officially the Republic of Kenya, is a country in Africa with its capital and largest city in Nairobi.

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Kerron Stewart

Kerron Stewart (born 16 April 1984) is a Jamaican sprinter who specializes in the 100 metres and 200 metres.

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A killifish is any of various oviparous (egg-laying) cyprinodontiform fish (including families Aplocheilidae, Cyprinodontidae, Fundulidae, Profundulidae and Valenciidae).

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King mackerel

The king mackerel or kingfish (Scomberomorus cavalla) is a migratory species of mackerel of the western Atlantic Ocean and Gulf of Mexico.

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Kingdom of Great Britain

The Kingdom of Great Britain, officially called simply Great Britain,Parliament of the Kingdom of England.

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Kingston Harbour

Kingston Harbour in Jamaica is the seventh-largest natural harbour in the world.

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Kingston Parish

Kingston is one of the 14 Parishes of Jamaica.

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Kingston, Jamaica

Kingston is the capital and largest city of Jamaica, located on the southeastern coast of the island.

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Latin America

Latin America is a group of countries and dependencies in the Western Hemisphere where Spanish, French and Portuguese are spoken; it is broader than the terms Ibero-America or Hispanic America.

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Latin Americans

Latin Americans (Latinoamericanos, Latino-americanos) are the citizens of the Latin American countries and dependencies.

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Lebanese Jamaicans

Lebanese Jamaicans refers to Jamaican citizens of Lebanese origin or descent.

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Lee "Scratch" Perry

Lee "Scratch" Perry OD (born Rainford Hugh Perry; 20 March 1936) is a Jamaican music producer and inventor noted for his innovative studio techniques and production style.

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Left- and right-hand traffic

The terms right-hand traffic (RHT) and left-hand traffic (LHT) refer to the practice, in bidirectional traffic situations, to keep to the right side or to the left side of the road, respectively.

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Lennox Lewis

Lennox Claudius Lewis,, (born 2 September 1965) is a former professional boxer who competed from 1989 to 2003.

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LGBT, or GLBT, is an initialism that stands for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender.

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LGBT rights by country or territory

Laws affecting lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people vary greatly by country or territory; everything from the legal recognition of same-sex marriage to the death penalty as punishment for same-sex romantic/sexual activity or identity.

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Lignum vitae

Lignum vitae is a wood, also called guayacan or guaiacum, and in parts of Europe known as pockholz, from trees of the genus Guaiacum.

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Lisa Hanna

Lisa Rene Hanna (born August 27, 1975) is a Jamaican politician and beauty queen who was crowned Miss World 1993, becoming the third Jamaican to win the title.

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List of Chief Justices of Jamaica

This is a list of Chief Justices of Jamaica.

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List of countries and dependencies by area

This is a list of the world's countries and their dependent territories by area, ranked by total area.

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List of glassware

This list of glassware includes drinking vessels (drinkware) and tableware used to set a table for eating a meal, general glass items such as vases, and glasses used in the catering industry.

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Live and Let Die (film)

Live and Let Die is a 1973 British spy film, the eighth in the ''James Bond'' series to be produced by Eon Productions, and the first to star Roger Moore as the fictional MI6 agent James Bond.

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Live and Let Die (novel)

Live and Let Die is the second novel in Ian Fleming's James Bond series of stories, and is set in London, the US and Jamaica.

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Live-bearing aquarium fish

Live-bearing aquarium fish, often simply called livebearers, are fish that retain the eggs inside the body and give birth to live, free-swimming young.

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Lloyd Honeyghan

Lloyd Honeyghan (born 22 April 1960) is a British former professional boxer who competed from 1980 to 1995.

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Local government

A local government is a form of public administration which, in a majority of contexts, exists as the lowest tier of administration within a given state.

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Los Angeles

Los Angeles (Spanish for "The Angels";; officially: the City of Los Angeles; colloquially: by its initials L.A.) is the second-most populous city in the United States, after New York City.

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Louis Farrakhan

Louis Farrakhan Sr. (born Louis Eugene Walcott; May 11, 1933), formerly known as Louis X, is an American religious leader, black nationalist, activist, and social commentator.

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Mackerel is a common name applied to a number of different species of pelagic fish, mostly, but not exclusively, from the family Scombridae.

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Manchester Parish

The Parish of Manchester is an administrative civil parish located in west-central Jamaica, in the county of Middlesex.

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Mandeville, Jamaica

Mandeville is the capital and largest town in the parish of Manchester in the county of Middlesex, Jamaica.

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Mangrove snapper

The mangrove snapper or gray snapper (Lutjanus griseus) is a species of snapper native to the western Atlantic Ocean from Massachusetts to Brazil, the Gulf of Mexico,Pacific islands like Guam, Palau ect.

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Manufacturing is the production of merchandise for use or sale using labour and machines, tools, chemical and biological processing, or formulation.

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Marcus Garvey

Marcus Mosiah Garvey Jr. ONH (17 August 188710 June 1940) was a proponent of Black nationalism in the United States and most importantly Jamaica.

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Marlon James (novelist)

Marlon James (born 24 November 1970) is a Jamaican writer.

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Maroon (people)

Maroons were Africans who had escaped from slavery in the Americas and mixed with the indigenous peoples of the Americas, and formed independent settlements.

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Mento is a style of Jamaican folk music that predates and has greatly influenced ska and reggae music.

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Merlene Ottey

Merlene Joyce Ottey OD (born 10 May 1960) is a Jamaican former track and field sprinter.

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Metal fabrication

Metal fabrication is the building of metal structures by cutting, bending, and assembling processes.

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Methodism or the Methodist movement is a group of historically related denominations of Protestant Christianity which derive their inspiration from the life and teachings of John Wesley, an Anglican minister in England.

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Mexico (México; Mēxihco), officially called the United Mexican States (Estados Unidos Mexicanos) is a federal republic in the southern portion of North America.

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Michael Holding

Michael Anthony Holding (born 16 February 1954) is a former West Indian cricketer.

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Michael Lee-Chin

Michael Lee-Chin (born 3 January 1951) is a Jamaican business magnate, investor, and philanthropist who serves as the Chairman and CEO of Portland Holdings Inc., a privately-held investment holding company headquartered in Ontario, Canada.

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Middlesex County, Jamaica

Middlesex is the central of the three historic counties into which Jamaica is divided.

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Mike McCallum

Mike McCallum (born 7 December 1956) is a Jamaican former professional boxer who competed from 1981 to 1997.

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Millie Small

Millicent Dolly May "Millie" Small, CD (born 6 October 1946), is a Jamaican singer-songwriter, best known for her 1964 recording of "My Boy Lollipop".

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Mining is the extraction of valuable minerals or other geological materials from the earth, usually from an orebody, lode, vein, seam, reef or placer deposit.

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Miss Jamaica Universe

Miss Jamaica Universe is a beauty pageant that selects the contestant to represent Jamaica at the Miss Universe beauty pageant.

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Miss Jamaica World

Miss Jamaica World is a national beauty pageant in Jamaica.

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Mixed economy

A mixed economy is variously defined as an economic system blending elements of market economies with elements of planned economies, free markets with state interventionism, or private enterprise with public enterprise.

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Monarchy of Jamaica

The monarchy of Jamaica is a constitutional system of government in which a hereditary monarch is the sovereign of Jamaica.

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Monoglottism (Greek μόνοσ monos, "alone, solitary", + γλώττα glotta, "tongue, language") or, more commonly, monolingualism or unilingualism, is the condition of being able to speak only a single language, as opposed to multilingualism.

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Montego Bay

Montego Bay is the capital of the parish of St. James and is also Jamaica's only other officially incorporated city, referred to as The Second City or more widely known as MoBay in local lingo and sometimes Bay by the locals.

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Montreal (officially Montréal) is the most populous municipality in the Canadian province of Quebec and the second-most populous municipality in Canada.

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Moravian Church

The Moravian Church, formally named the Unitas Fratrum (Latin for "Unity of the Brethren"), in German known as Brüdergemeine (meaning "Brethren's Congregation from Herrnhut", the place of the Church's renewal in the 18th century), is one of the oldest Protestant denominations in the world with its heritage dating back to the Bohemian Reformation in the fifteenth century and the Unity of the Brethren (Czech: Jednota bratrská) established in the Kingdom of Bohemia.

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Morgan Heritage

Morgan Heritage is a reggae band formed in 1994 by five children of reggae artist Denroy Morgan, namely Peter "Peetah" Morgan, Una Morgan, Roy "Gramps" Morgan, Nakhamyah "Lukes" Morgan, and Memmalatel "Mr.

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Mullet (fish)

The mullets or grey mullets are a family (Mugilidae) of ray-finned fish found worldwide in coastal temperate and tropical waters, and some species in fresh water.

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Multilingualism is the use of more than one language, either by an individual speaker or by a community of speakers.

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Multiracial is defined as made up of or relating to people of many races.

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Music is an art form and cultural activity whose medium is sound organized in time.

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A Muslim (مُسلِم) is someone who follows or practices Islam, a monotheistic Abrahamic religion.

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Naomi Campbell

Naomi Elaine Campbell (born 22 May 1970) is an English model, actress, and singer.

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Nation of Islam

The Nation of Islam, abbreviated as NOI, is an African American political and religious movement, founded in Detroit, Michigan, United States, by Wallace D. Fard Muhammad on July 4, 1930.

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National Democratic Movement (Jamaica)

The National Democratic Movement (NDM) is a nationalist political party in Jamaica, led by Peter Townsend.

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National language

A national language is a language (or language variant, e.g. dialect) that has some connection—de facto or de jure—with people and the territory they occupy.

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Negril is a small (pop. 6,900) but widely dispersed beach resort town located across parts of two Jamaican parishes, Westmoreland and Hanover.

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Netball is a ball sport played by two teams of seven players.

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New York City

The City of New York, often called New York City (NYC) or simply New York, is the most populous city in the United States.

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Norman Manley International Airport

Norman Manley International Airport, formerly Palisadoes Airport, is an international airport serving Kingston, Jamaica and is located south of the island 19 km away from the centre of New Kingston.

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Northern Caribbean University

Northern Caribbean University (NCU) is a private, liberal-arts institution owned and operated by the and the of Seventh-day Adventists, and is located in Jamaica.

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Nova Scotia

Nova Scotia (Latin for "New Scotland"; Nouvelle-Écosse; Scottish Gaelic: Alba Nuadh) is one of Canada's three maritime provinces, and one of the four provinces that form Atlantic Canada.

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Ocho Rios

Ocho Rios (Spanish for "Eight Rivers") is a town in the parish of Saint Ann on the north coast of Jamaica.

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Octopussy and The Living Daylights

Octopussy and The Living Daylights (sometimes published as Octopussy) is the fourteenth and final James Bond book written by Ian Fleming in the Bond series.

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Opposition (parliamentary)

Parliamentary opposition is a form of political opposition to a designated government, particularly in a Westminster-based parliamentary system.

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Orlando, Florida

Orlando is a city in the U.S. state of Florida and the county seat of Orange County.

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Ottawa is the capital city of Canada.

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Outline of Jamaica

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Jamaica: Jamaica – sovereign island nation located on the Island of Jamaica of the Greater Antilles archipelago in the Caribbean Sea.

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Overlay plan

In telecommunications, an overlay numbering plan is the practice of introducing a new area code by assigning it to an existing numbering plan area (NPA) that already has an area code assigned.

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Palisadoes (word apparently of Portuguese origin) is the thin tombolo of sand that serves as a natural protection for Kingston Harbour, Jamaica.

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Panama Canal

The Panama Canal (Canal de Panamá) is an artificial waterway in Panama that connects the Atlantic Ocean with the Pacific Ocean.

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Papilio homerus

Papilio homerus, the Homerus swallowtail or Jamaican swallowtail, is the largest butterfly in the Western Hemisphere.

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Parishes of Jamaica

Administratively, Jamaica is divided into fourteen parishes.

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Parliament of Jamaica

The Parliament of Jamaica is the legislative branch of the government of Jamaica.

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Parliament of the United Kingdom

The Parliament of the United Kingdom, commonly known as the UK Parliament or British Parliament, is the supreme legislative body of the United Kingdom, the Crown dependencies and overseas territories.

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Parliamentary system

A parliamentary system is a system of democratic governance of a state where the executive branch derives its democratic legitimacy from its ability to command the confidence of the legislative branch, typically a parliament, and is also held accountable to that parliament.

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Patrice Wymore

Patrice Wymore Flynn (December 17, 1926 – March 22, 2014) was an American film, television and stage actress of the 1950s and 1960s, known for her marriage to Errol Flynn.

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Patrick Allen (governor-general)

Sir Patrick Linton Allen (born 7 February 1951) is the sixth and current Governor-General of Jamaica.

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Penn Relays

The Penn Relays (also Penn Relays Carnival) is the oldest and largest track and field competition in the United States, hosted annually since April 21, 1895 by the University of Pennsylvania at Franklin Field in Philadelphia.

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Pentecostalism or Classical Pentecostalism is a renewal movement"Spirit and Power: A 10-Country Survey of Pentecostals",.

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People's National Party

The People's National Party (PNP) is a social-democratic political party in Jamaica founded in 1938 by Activist Osmond Theodore Fairclough.

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Peter Tosh

Peter Tosh, OM (born Winston Hubert McIntosh; 19 October 1944 – 11 September 1987) was a Jamaican reggae musician.

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Philadelphia is the largest city in the U.S. state and Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, and the sixth-most populous U.S. city, with a 2017 census-estimated population of 1,580,863.

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A plantation is a large-scale farm that specializes in cash crops.

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Planter's Punch

Planter's Punch is an IBA Official Cocktail made of dark rum, several juices, grenadine syrup, sugar syrup, and Angostura bitters.

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Plymouth Brethren

The Plymouth Brethren are a conservative, low church, nonconformist, evangelical Christian movement whose history can be traced to Dublin, Ireland, in the late 1820s, originating from Anglicanism.

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Politics of Jamaica

Politics in Jamaica takes place in the framework of a representative parliamentary democratic constitutional monarchy.

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Port Antonio

Port Antonio is the capital of the parish of Portland on the northeastern coast of Jamaica, about 60 miles (100 km) from Kingston.

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Port Royal

Port Royal is a village located at the end of the Palisadoes at the mouth of the Kingston Harbour, in southeastern Jamaica.

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Portland Bight Protected Area

The Portland Bight Protected Area (PBPA) was created by the Jamaican government in 1999 to protect a large marine and terrestrial area on the island of Jamaica located southeast of Kingston.

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Portland Parish

Portland, with its capital town Port Antonio, is a parish located on Jamaica's northeast coast.

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Portmore, Jamaica

Portmore is a large coastal town in southern Jamaica in Saint Catherine, and a dormitory town for the neighbouring city of Kingston and Spanish Town.

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Prime Minister of Jamaica

The Prime Minister of Jamaica is Jamaica's head of government, currently Andrew Holness.

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Printing is a process for reproducing text and images using a master form or template.

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Protestantism is the second largest form of Christianity with collectively more than 900 million adherents worldwide or nearly 40% of all Christians.

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Oje Ken Ollivierre, popularly known as Protoje, is a contemporary reggae singer and songwriter from Jamaica.

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Providence, Rhode Island

Providence is the capital and most populous city of the U.S. state of Rhode Island and is one of the oldest cities in the United States.

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Psychopathy, sometimes considered synonymous with sociopathy, is traditionally defined as a personality disorder characterized by persistent antisocial behavior, impaired empathy and remorse, and bold, disinhibited, and egotistical traits.

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Publishing is the dissemination of literature, music, or information—the activity of making information available to the general public.

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Puerto Rico

Puerto Rico (Spanish for "Rich Port"), officially the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico (Estado Libre Asociado de Puerto Rico, "Free Associated State of Puerto Rico") and briefly called Porto Rico, is an unincorporated territory of the United States located in the northeast Caribbean Sea.

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Punk rock

Punk rock (or "punk") is a rock music genre that developed in the mid-1970s in the United States, United Kingdom, and Australia.

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Raggamuffin music, usually abbreviated as ragga, is a subgenre of dancehall and reggae music, in which the instrumentation primarily consists of electronic music.

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Rail transport

Rail transport is a means of transferring of passengers and goods on wheeled vehicles running on rails, also known as tracks.

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Rain shadow

A rain shadow is a dry area on the leeward side of a mountainous area (away from the wind).

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Ralph Lauren

Ralph Lauren (born Ralph Lifshitz; October 14, 1939) is an American fashion designer, philanthropist, and business executive, best known for the Ralph Lauren Corporation, a global multibillion-dollar enterprise.

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Rastafari, sometimes termed Rastafarianism, is an Abrahamic religion that developed in Jamaica during the 1930s.

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Red Stripe

Red Stripe is a 4.7% ABV pale lager brewed by Desnoes & Geddes in Jamaica.

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Red-billed streamertail

The red-billed streamertail (Trochilus polytmus), also known as the doctor bird, scissor-tail or scissors tail hummingbird, is indigenous to Jamaica, where it is the most abundant and widespread member of the hummingbird family.

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Reggae is a music genre that originated in Jamaica in the late 1960s.

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Reserve power

In a parliamentary or semi-presidential system of government, a reserve power is a power that may be exercised by the head of state without the approval of another branch of the government.

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A resort (North American English) is an isolated place, self-contained commercial establishment that tries to provide most of a vacationer's wants, such as food, drink, lodging, sports, entertainment, and shopping, on the premises.

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Robert Venables

Robert Venables (ca. 1613–1687), was a soldier during the English Civil War and noted angler.

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Rocksteady is a music genre that originated in Jamaica around 1966.

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Round Hill Hotel and Villas

The historic Round Hill hotel and villa resort near Montego Bay in Hopewell, Hanover, Jamaica opened in 1952.

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Roy Anthony Bridge

Roy Anthony (Tony) Bridge, O.B.E. (1921–2000) was a Jamaican member of the International Olympic Committee ("IOC").

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Rum is a distilled alcoholic beverage made from sugarcane byproducts, such as molasses or honeys, or directly from sugarcane juice, by a process of fermentation and distillation.

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According to the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), a runway is a "defined rectangular area on a land aerodrome prepared for the landing and takeoff of aircraft".

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United Company RUSAL (OK RUSAL) is the world's second largest aluminium company by primary production output (as of 2016).

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Sabina Park

Sabina Park is a cricket ground and the home of the Kingston Cricket Club, and is the only Test cricket ground in Kingston, Jamaica.

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Saint Andrew Parish, Jamaica

Saint Andrew is a parish, situated in the southeast of Jamaica in the county of Surrey.

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Saint Ann Parish

Saint Ann is the largest parish in Jamaica.

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Saint Catherine Parish

St Catherine (capital Spanish Town) is a parish in the south east of Jamaica.

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Saint Elizabeth Parish


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Saint James Parish, Jamaica


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Saint Mary Parish, Jamaica

Saint Mary is a parish located in the northeast section of Jamaica.

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Saint Thomas Parish, Jamaica

Saint Thomas, once known as Saint Thomas in the East, is a suburban parish situated at the south eastern end of Jamaica, within the county of Surrey.

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Sangster International Airport

Sangster International Airport is an international airport located east of Montego Bay, Jamaica.

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Scolopendra gigantea

Scolopendra gigantea, also known as the Peruvian giant yellow-leg centipede or Amazonian giant centipede, is one of the largest centipedes of the genus Scolopendra with a length up to.

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Sea lane

A sea lane, sea road or shipping lane is a regularly used route for vessels on oceans and large lakes.

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Sean Paul

Sean Paul Francis Henriques (born 9 January 1973) is a Jamaican dancehall singer and record producer.

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Seventh-day Adventist Church

The Seventh-day Adventist Church is a Protestant Christian denomination distinguished by its observance of Saturday, the seventh day of the week in Christian and Jewish calendars, as the Sabbath, and by its emphasis on the imminent Second Coming (advent) of Jesus Christ.

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Sevilla la Nueva (Jamaica)

Sevilla La Nueva or New Seville was the first permanent European settlement in Jamaica, the first capital of Jamaica and the third capital established by Spain in the Americas.

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Shaare Shalom Synagogue

Kahal Kadosh Shaare Shalom "Holy Congregation of the Gates of Peace", also known as the United Congregation of Israelites, is a historic synagogue in the city of Kingston on the island of Jamaica.

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Shabba Ranks

Shabba Ranks (born Rexton Rawlston Fernando Gordon; 17 January 1966) is a Jamaican dancehall musician.

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Shaggy (musician)

Orville Richard Burrell CD (born October 22, 1968), better known by his stage name Shaggy, is a Jamaican musician, singer, DJ, and former United States Marine.

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Shaun Bridgmohan

Shaun Xavier Bridgmohan (born June 24, 1979 in Spanish Town, Jamaica) is a jockey in American Thoroughbred horse racing.

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Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce

Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce, OD (née Fraser on 27 December 1986).

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Sherone Simpson

Sherone Simpson (born 12 August 1984) is a Jamaican track and field sprint athlete.

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Sierra Leone

Sierra Leone, officially the Republic of Sierra Leone, is a country in West Africa.

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SIL International

SIL International (formerly known as the Summer Institute of Linguistics) is a U.S.-based, worldwide, Christian non-profit organization, whose main purpose is to study, develop and document languages, especially those that are lesser-known, in order to expand linguistic knowledge, promote literacy, translate the Christian Bible into local languages, and aid minority language development.

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Sixth form

In the education systems of England, Northern Ireland, Wales and some other Commonwealth countries, sixth form (sometimes referred to as Key Stage 5) represents the final 1-3 years of secondary education (high school), where students (typically between 16 and 18 years of age) prepare for their A-level (or equivalent) examinations.

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Ska is a music genre that originated in Jamaica in the late 1950s and was the precursor to rocksteady and reggae.

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Slave Trade Act 1807

The Slave Trade Act 1807, officially An Act for the Abolition of the Slave Trade, was an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom prohibiting the slave trade in the British Empire.

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SLOWPOKE reactor

The SLOWPOKE (acronym for Safe LOW-POwer Kritical Experiment) is a low-energy, tank-in-pool type nuclear research reactor designed by Atomic Energy of Canada Limited (AECL) in the late 1960s.

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Computer software, or simply software, is a generic term that refers to a collection of data or computer instructions that tell the computer how to work, in contrast to the physical hardware from which the system is built, that actually performs the work.

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South America

South America is a continent in the Western Hemisphere, mostly in the Southern Hemisphere, with a relatively small portion in the Northern Hemisphere.

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South Florida

South Florida is a region of the U.S. state of Florida, comprising the southernmost part of the state.

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Spanish Empire

The Spanish Empire (Imperio Español; Imperium Hispanicum), historically known as the Hispanic Monarchy (Monarquía Hispánica) and as the Catholic Monarchy (Monarquía Católica) was one of the largest empires in history.

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Spanish Town

Spanish Town is the capital and the largest town in the parish of St. Catherine in the historic county of Middlesex, Jamaica.

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Spiritual Assembly

Spiritual Assembly is a term given by `Abdu'l-Bahá to refer to elected councils that govern the Bahá'í Faith.

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Submarine communications cable

A submarine communications cable is a cable laid on the sea bed between land-based stations to carry telecommunication signals across stretches of ocean and sea.

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Subsistence agriculture

Subsistence agriculture is a self-sufficiency farming system in which the farmers focus on growing enough food to feed themselves and their entire families.

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Sugar is the generic name for sweet-tasting, soluble carbohydrates, many of which are used in food.

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Super Cat

Super Cat (born William Anthony Maragh in Kingston, Jamaica, 25 June 1963)Huey, Steve "", Allmusic, retrieved 18 July 2010 is a deejay who achieved widespread popularity during the late 1980s and early 1990s dancehall movement.

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Supreme court

A supreme court is the highest court within the hierarchy of courts in many legal jurisdictions.

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Surrey County, Jamaica

Surrey is the easternmost and the smallest by area of the three historic counties into which Jamaica is divided.

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The Taíno people are one of the indigenous peoples of the Caribbean.

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Talipariti elatum

The blue mahoe, Talipariti elatum, is a species of flowering tree in the mallow family, Malvaceae.

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Tampa, Florida

Tampa is a major city in, and the county seat of, Hillsborough County, Florida, United States.

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A tariff is a tax on imports or exports between sovereign states.

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Telephony is the field of technology involving the development, application, and deployment of telecommunication services for the purpose of electronic transmission of voice, fax, or data, between distant parties.

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Test cricket

Test cricket is the longest form of the sport of cricket and is considered its highest standard.

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The Bahamas

The Bahamas, known officially as the Commonwealth of The Bahamas, is an archipelagic state within the Lucayan Archipelago.

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The Book of Night Women

The Book of Night Women is a 2009 novel by Jamaican author Marlon James.

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The Final Call

The Final Call is a newspaper published in Chicago.

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The Harder They Come

The Harder They Come is a 1972 Jamaican crime film directed by Perry Henzell and co-written by Trevor D. Rhone, and starring Jimmy Cliff.

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The Jamaica Observer

Jamaica Observer Limited is a daily newspaper published in Kingston, Jamaica.

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The Jamaica Regiment

The Jamaica Regiment is the main formation of land troops in the Jamaican Defence Force.

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The Man with the Golden Gun (novel)

The Man with the Golden Gun is the twelfth novel (and thirteenth book) of Ian Fleming's James Bond series.

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The Notorious B.I.G.

Christopher George Latore Wallace (May 21, 1972 – March 9, 1997), known professionally as The Notorious B.I.G., Biggie Smalls, or simply Biggie, was an American rapper.

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Third World (band)

Third World is a Jamaican reggae band formed in 1973.

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Tilapia is the common name for nearly a hundred species of cichlid fish from the tilapiine cichlid tribe.

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Tinson Pen Aerodrome

Tinson Pen Aerodrome in Kingston, Jamaica is the largest of Jamaica's three domestic airports.

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Tom Cruise

Thomas Cruise (born Thomas Cruise Mapother IV; July 3, 1962) is an American actor and producer.

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Toronto is the capital city of the province of Ontario and the largest city in Canada by population, with 2,731,571 residents in 2016.

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Tourism is travel for pleasure or business; also the theory and practice of touring, the business of attracting, accommodating, and entertaining tourists, and the business of operating tours.

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Track and field

Track and field is a sport which includes athletic contests established on the skills of running, jumping, and throwing.

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Transport or transportation is the movement of humans, animals and goods from one location to another.

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Tree frog

A tree frog is any species of frog that spends a major portion of its lifespan in trees, known as an arboreal state.

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Trelawny Parish

Trelawny (Jamaican Patois: Trilaani) is a parish in Cornwall County in northwest Jamaica.

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Trelawny Stadium

Trelawny Stadium is a multi-purpose stadium in Trelawny, Jamaica that was completed in 2007.

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Trevor Berbick

Trevor Berbick (August 1, 1954 – October 28, 2006) was a Jamaican Canadian professional boxer who competed from 1976 to 2000.

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A tuna is a saltwater fish that belongs to the tribe Thunnini, a sub-grouping of the mackerel family (Scombridae).

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Two-party system

A two-party system is a party system where two major political parties dominate the government.

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Tyson Beckford

Tyson Beckford (born December 19, 1970) is an American model and actor, best known as a Ralph Lauren Polo model.

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Unitary state

A unitary state is a state governed as a single power in which the central government is ultimately supreme and any administrative divisions (sub-national units) exercise only the powers that the central government chooses to delegate.

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United and uniting churches

A united church, also called a uniting church, is a church formed from the merger or other form of union of two or more different Protestant denominations.

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United Kingdom

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.

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United Nations

The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization tasked to promote international cooperation and to create and maintain international order.

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United States

The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.

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United States national rugby league team

The United States national rugby league team represents the United States in international rugby league football competitions.

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University College of The Caribbean

The University College of The Caribbean (UCC), is Jamaica's largest privately held tertiary education consortium.

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University of Hamburg

The University of Hamburg (Universität Hamburg, also referred to as UHH) is a comprehensive university in Hamburg, Germany.

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University of Technology, Jamaica

The University of Technology, Jamaica (UTech, Ja.) is a university in Jamaica.

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University of the West Indies

The University of the West Indies (UWI), originally University College of the West Indies, is a public university system established to serve the higher education needs of the residents of 18 English-speaking countries and territories in the Caribbean: Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, The Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Bermuda, British Virgin Islands, Cayman Islands, Dominica, Grenada, Guyana, Jamaica, Montserrat, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, Trinidad and Tobago, and Turks and Caicos Islands.

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USA Rugby League

The USA Rugby League (USARL) is the official governing body for rugby league in the USA and runs a rugby league football competition in the United States.

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Usain Bolt

Usain St Leo Bolt (born 21 August 1986) is a retired Jamaican sprinter and world record holder in the 100 metres, 200 metres and 4 × 100 metres relay.

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Vancouver is a coastal seaport city in western Canada, located in the Lower Mainland region of British Columbia.

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Varieties of American Sign Language

American Sign Language (ASL) developed in the United States and Canada, but has spread around the world.

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Venezuela, officially denominated Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela (República Bolivariana de Venezuela),Previously, the official name was Estado de Venezuela (1830–1856), República de Venezuela (1856–1864), Estados Unidos de Venezuela (1864–1953), and again República de Venezuela (1953–1999).

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Veronica Campbell-Brown

Veronica Campbell Brown C.D (born 15 May 1982) is a Jamaican track and field sprinter, who specializes in the 100 and 200 meters.

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Vincent "Randy" Chin

Vincent "Randy" Chin (3 October 1937, Kingston, Jamaica – 2 February 2003, Fort Lauderdale, Florida, United States) was a Jamaican record producer and label owner who ran the Randy's shop, recording studio, and record label, later moving to New York City and setting up the VP Records empire, now the world's largest independent label and distributor of Caribbean music.

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VP Records

VP Records is an independent record label in Queens, New York.

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Wars of the Three Kingdoms

The Wars of the Three Kingdoms, sometimes known as the British Civil Wars, formed an intertwined series of conflicts that took place in the kingdoms of England, Ireland and Scotland between 1639 and 1651.

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Washington, D.C.

Washington, D.C., formally the District of Columbia and commonly referred to as Washington or D.C., is the capital of the United States of America.

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Welcome to Jamrock (song)

"Welcome to Jamrock" is a song by Jamaican reggae artist Damian Marley.

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West India Regiments

The West India Regiments (WIR) were infantry units of the British Army recruited from and normally stationed in the British colonies of the Caribbean between 1795 and 1927.

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West Indies cricket team

The West Indies cricket team, colloquially known as and (since June 2017) officially branded as the Windies, is a multi-national cricket team representing the Caribbean region and administered by Cricket West Indies.

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West Indies Federation

The West Indies Federation, also known as the West Indies, the Federation of the West Indies or the West Indian Federation, was a short-lived political union that existed from 3 January 1958 to 31 May 1962.

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Westmoreland Parish

Westmoreland is the westernmost parish in Jamaica, located on the south side of the island.

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White Americans

White Americans are Americans who are descendants from any of the white racial groups of Europe, the Middle East, and North Africa, or in census statistics, those who self-report as white based on having majority-white ancestry.

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White Jamaicans

White Jamaicans or European Jamaicans are Jamaicans whose ancestry lies within the continent of Europe, most notably England, Ireland, Scotland, Spain, Germany, and Portugal As of 2013, people of solely European descent are a small minority in Jamaica making up only 0.2% of the population.

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Whiting (fish)

A number of Actinopterygiian fish have been given the common name whiting.

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Wild boar

The wild boar (Sus scrofa), also known as the wild swine,Heptner, V. G.; Nasimovich, A. A.; Bannikov, A. G.; Hoffman, R. S. (1988), Volume I, Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Libraries and National Science Foundation, pp.

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William Bligh

Vice-Admiral William Bligh (9 September 1754 – 7 December 1817) was an officer of the British Royal Navy and a colonial administrator.

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William Penn (Royal Navy officer)

Sir William Penn (23 April 1621 – 16 September 1670) was an English admiral and politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1660 to 1670.

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Winnipeg is the capital and largest city of the province of Manitoba in Canada.

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Winter Olympic Games

The Winter Olympic Games (Jeux olympiques d'hiver) is a major international sporting event held once every four years for sports practised on snow and ice.

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Yam (vegetable)

Yam is the common name for some plant species in the genus Dioscorea (family Dioscoreaceae) that form edible tubers.

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Yendi Phillips

Yendi Amira Phillipps (born September 8, 1985) is a Jamaican TV Host, model and beauty queen who the winner of the Miss Jamaica World 2007 beauty pageant, as well as the Miss Jamaica Universe 2010 pageant.

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Yohan Blake

Yohan Blake (born 26 December 1989), is a Jamaican sprinter of the 100-metre and 200-metre sprint races.

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.jm is the Internet country code top-level domain (ccTLD) for Jamaica.

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1692 Jamaica earthquake

The 1692 Jamaica earthquake struck Port Royal, Jamaica on 7 June.

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17th parallel north

The 17th parallel north is a circle of latitude that is 17 degrees north of the Earth's equatorial plane.

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19th parallel north

The 19th parallel north is a circle of latitude that is 19 degrees north of the Earth's equatorial plane.

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2007 Cricket World Cup

The 2007 Cricket World Cup (officially known as ICC Cricket World Cup 2007) was the 9th edition of the Cricket World Cup tournament that took place in the West Indies from 13 March to 28 April 2007, using the sport's One Day International (ODI) format.

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76th meridian west

The meridian 76° west of Greenwich is a line of longitude that extends from the North Pole across the Arctic Ocean, North America, the Atlantic Ocean, the Caribbean Sea, South America, the Pacific Ocean, the Southern Ocean, and Antarctica to the South Pole.

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79th meridian west

The meridian 79° west of Greenwich is a line of longitude that extends from the North Pole across the Arctic Ocean, North America, the Atlantic Ocean, the Caribbean Sea, Central America, South America, the Pacific Ocean, the Southern Ocean, and Antarctica to the South Pole.

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Redirects here:

Castleton Botanical Garden, Castleton Botanical Gardens, Jamaica, Flora and fauna of Jamaica, ISO 3166-1:JM, Indigenous peoples of Jamaica, Jamaca, Jamacian, Jamaica (the country), Jamaica, West Indies, Jamaica, the Nation, Jameca, Jamiaca, Jamica, Jamrock, Lambsriver, Westmoreland, Jamaica, Name of Jamaica, Xamayca, Xaymaca.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jamaica

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