288 relations: Abbott Lawrence Lowell, Academy of Sciences Leopoldina, Acetic acid, Acetophenone, Acid, Acid strength, Acid–base reaction, Adolf Otto Reinhold Windaus, African American, Albert Einstein, Alfred North Whitehead, Allied High Commission, Alpha Chi Sigma, American Academy of Arts and Sciences, American Association for the Advancement of Science, American Chemical Society, American Institute of Chemists Gold Medal, American Institute of Physics, Anton Julius Carlson, Arthur Amos Noyes, Arthur Rudolf Hantzsch, Athletic scholarship, Atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Atomic Energy Act of 1946, Bachelor of Arts, Bachelor of Science, Base (chemistry), Benjamin Franklin Medal (American Philosophical Society), Benjamin S. Garvey, Benzoic acid, Bernard Baruch, Biochemistry, Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society, Brønsted–Lowry acid–base theory, Buckingham Palace, Calculus, California Institute of Technology, Camp American University, Carl Vinson, Carnegie Corporation of New York, Carnegie Institution for Science, Cengage Learning, Chancellor of Germany (1949–), Charles F. Kettering, Charles Olson, Charles William Eliot, Chemical Corps, Chemical equilibrium, Chemical kinetics, Chemical warfare, ..., Chemical weapons in World War I, Chemische Berichte, Chemist, Chlorophyll, Clark Kerr Award, Class traitor, Cleveland, Columbia University, Commandant of midshipmen, Commencement speech, Communism, Copolymer, Cyclopropane, David E. Lilienthal, David K. E. Bruce, Dean Acheson, Delta Upsilon, Department of Defense Education Activity, Desegregation busing, Detlev Bronk, Diphenylmethane, Doctor of law, Doctor of Philosophy, Dorchester, Boston, Drew Gilpin Faust, DuPont, Dwight D. Eisenhower, Educational Testing Service, Electrochemistry, Enthalpy, Ernst Hanfstaengl, European Defence Community, ExxonMobil, Ferric, Ferrous, Fifth Amendment to the United States Constitution, Finkelstein reaction, Fluorene, Frank Oppenheimer, Frank Westheimer, Franklin D. Roosevelt, Frederick L. Hovde, Frederick Lindemann, 1st Viscount Cherwell, Frederick William University, Fritz Haber, General of the Army, George Kistiakowsky, George VI, German nuclear weapon project, Gilbert N. Lewis, Gloria Patri, Grenville Clark, Haloalkane, Hammett acidity function, Hanover, New Hampshire, Hans Fischer, Hans Luther, Hans Meerwein, Harper's Magazine, Harry S. Truman, Harvard Board of Overseers, Harvard College, Harvard Crimson men's lacrosse, Harvard Law School, Harvard Medical School, Harvard University, Hemoglobin, Henry L. Stimson, Hermann Staudinger, History and philosophy of science, Holloman Air Force Base, Honorary degree, House Un-American Activities Committee, Hydrocarbon, Hydrogenation, Hyperconjugation, Hypoxia (medical), Interim Committee, Iodide, Iron, Isis (journal), Isoprene, J. Robert Oppenheimer, Jakob Meisenheimer, Japanese occupation of Malaya, Japanese occupation of the Dutch East Indies, Jean Tatlock, Jennet Conant, Johannes Nicolaus Brønsted, John F. Kennedy, John Foster Dulles, John J. McCloy, John Leverett the Younger, Johns Hopkins University, Joint Chiefs of Staff, Journal of Biological Chemistry, Journal of the American Chemical Society, Karl Ziegler, Kazimierz Fajans, Kentucky colonel, Konrad Adenauer, Legion of Honour, Lehman Hall (Harvard University), Leslie Groves, Lewisite, Liebigs Annalen, Linus Pauling, List of Nobel laureates in Chemistry, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Angeles Times, Louis Fieser, Louis Plack Hammett, Lyndon B. Johnson, Major, Manhattan Project, Martin Lowry, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, McGeorge Bundy, Medal for Merit, Medal of Freedom, Memorial Church of Harvard University, Meritocracy, Methemoglobin, Methemoglobinemia, Military of the European Union, Mineral acid, Mount Auburn Cemetery, Nathan M. Pusey, National Academy of Sciences, National Defense Research Committee, National Science Foundation, NATO, Natural product, Nature (journal), Navy Midshipmen men's lacrosse, Nazi Germany, Neoprene, New Look (policy), Nieman Fellowship, Nitrile rubber, Norman Cousins, Nuclear fission, Nuclear weapon, Office of Scientific Research and Development, Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany, Order of the British Empire, Organic chemistry, Oxidation state, Patent, Paul Doughty Bartlett, Pharmacological Reviews, Phenylacetylene, Phi Beta Kappa Society, Phlogiston theory, Photoengraving, Physical chemistry, Physical organic chemistry, Polymerization, Polyvinyl chloride, President and Fellows of Harvard College, President of Harvard University, President of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, President of the United States, Presidential Medal of Freedom, Priestley Medal, Purdue University, Q clearance, Quebec Agreement, Quebec Conference, 1943, Queens, Radar, Radcliffe College, Reaction rate, Red Scare, Reichsmark, Reinhold Niebuhr, Religious education, Richard Nixon, Robert A. Lovett, Roger Adams, Roscoe Pound, Roxbury Latin School, Royal Society, Royalties, Salt (chemistry), SAT, Science (journal), Scientific method, Second lieutenant, Signet society, Socialism, Sodium acetate, Solvent, Stan Pennock, Stroke, Styrene-butadiene, Substitution reaction, Sulfur mustard, Superacid, Sylvanus Thayer Award, Synthetic rubber, Tenure, The Churchill Centre, The Examiner (Tasmania), The Harvard Crimson, The New York Times, The New Yorker, The Structure of Scientific Revolutions, Theodor Curtius, Theodore William Richards, Thermonuclear weapon, Thomas Kuhn, Thomas Mann, Time (magazine), Tizard Mission, Trinity (nuclear test), Tube Alloys, United States Ambassador to Germany, United States Atomic Energy Commission, United States declaration of war on Germany (1917), United States Information Agency, United States President's Council of Advisors on Science and Technology, United States Secretary of State, University Hall (Harvard University), University of Bristol, University of California, Santa Barbara, Up or out, Upper East Side, Uprising of 1953 in East Germany, Vannevar Bush, Wallace Akers, West Roxbury, Willard Van Orman Quine, Winston Churchill, Working class, World War I, World War II, 1941 Harvard–Navy lacrosse game. 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Abbott Lawrence Lowell (December 13, 1856 – January 6, 1943) was a U.S. educator and legal scholar.
The Leopoldina is the national academy of Germany.
Acetic acid, systematically named ethanoic acid, is an organic compound with the chemical formula CH3COOH (also written as CH3CO2H or C2H4O2).
New!!: James Bryant Conant and Acetic acid ·
Acetophenone is the organic compound with the formula C6H5C(O)CH3.
New!!: James Bryant Conant and Acetophenone ·
An acid (from the Latin acidus/acēre meaning sour) is a chemical substance whose aqueous solutions are characterized by a sour taste, the ability to turn blue litmus red, and the ability to react with bases and certain metals (like calcium) to form salts.
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The strength of an acid refers to its ability or tendency to lose a proton (H+).
An acid–base reaction is a chemical reaction that occurs between an acid and a base.
Adolf Otto Reinhold Windaus (25 December 1876 – 9 June 1959) was a German chemist who won a Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1928 for his work on sterols and their relation to vitamins.
African American, also referred to as Black American or Afro-American, is an ethnic group of Americans (citizens or residents of the United States) with total or partial ancestry from any of the native populations of Sub-Saharan Africa.
Albert Einstein (14 March 1879 – 18 April 1955) was a German-born theoretical physicist.
Alfred North Whitehead, OM FRS (15 February 1861 – 30 December 1947) was an English mathematician and philosopher.
The Allied High Commission (also known as the High Commission for Occupied Germany, HICOG; in German Alliierte Hohe Kommission, AHK) was established by the United States of America, the United Kingdom, and France after the 1948 breakdown of the Allied Control Council to regulate and supervise the development of the newly established Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany).
Alpha Chi Sigma (ΑΧΣ) is a professional fraternity specializing in the field of chemistry.
The American Academy of Arts and Sciences, frequently known as the American Academy, is one of the oldest and most prestigious honorary societies and a leading center for policy research in the United States.
The American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) is an American international non-profit organization with the stated goals of promoting cooperation among scientists, defending scientific freedom, encouraging scientific responsibility, and supporting scientific education and science outreach for the betterment of all humanity.
The American Chemical Society (ACS) is a scientific society based in the United States that supports scientific inquiry in the field of chemistry.
The American Institute of Chemists Gold Medal is the highest award of the American Institute of Chemists and has been awarded since 1926.
The American Institute of Physics (AIP) promotes science, the profession of physics, publishes physics journals, and produces publications for scientific and engineering societies.
Anton Julius Carlson (January 29, 1875 – September 2, 1956) was a Swedish American physiologist.
Arthur Amos Noyes (1866–1936) was a U.S. chemist and educator.
Arthur Rudolf Hantzsch (7 March 1857 – 14 March 1935) was a German chemist.
An athletic scholarship is a form of scholarship to attend a college or university or a private high school awarded to an individual based predominantly on his or her ability to play in a sport.
The United States dropped atomic bombs on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in August 1945, during the final stage of the Second World War.
The Atomic Energy Act of 1946 (McMahon Act) determined how the United States federal government would control and manage the nuclear technology it had jointly developed with its wartime allies, the United Kingdom and Canada.
A Bachelor of Arts (BA, B.A., AB or A.B.), from the Latin artium baccalaureus or baccalarium artium is a bachelor's degree awarded for an undergraduate course or program in either the liberal arts, the sciences, or both.
A Bachelor of Science (B.S., BS, B.Sc., BSc or Bc.; less commonly, S.B., SB, or Sc.B. from the Latin Scientiæ Baccalaureus) or a Science Degree is an undergraduate academic degree awarded for completed courses that generally last three to five years.
In chemistry, bases are substances that, in aqueous solution, are slippery to the touch, taste bitter, change the color of indicators (e.g., turn red litmus paper blue), react with acids to form salts, promote certain chemical reactions (base catalysis), accept protons from any proton donor, and/or contain completely or partially displaceable OH− ions.
The Benjamin Franklin Medal presented by the American Philosophical Society located in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.A., also called Benjamin Franklin Bicentennial Medal, is awarded since 1906.
Benzoic acid, C7H6O2 (or C6H5COOH), is a colorless crystalline solid and a simple aromatic carboxylic acid.
New!!: James Bryant Conant and Benzoic acid ·
Bernard Mannes Baruch (August 19, 1870 – June 20, 1965) was an American financier, stock investor, philanthropist, statesman, and political consultant.
Biochemistry, sometimes called biological chemistry, is the study of chemical processes within and relating to living organisms.
New!!: James Bryant Conant and Biochemistry ·
The Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society is an academic journal on the history of science published annually by the Royal Society.
The Brønsted–Lowry theory is an acid–base reaction theory which was proposed independently by Johannes Nicolaus Brønsted and Thomas Martin Lowry in 1923.
Buckingham Palace is the London residence and principal workplace of the monarch of the United Kingdom.
Calculus is the mathematical study of change, in the same way that geometry is the study of shape and algebra is the study of operations and their application to solving equations.
New!!: James Bryant Conant and Calculus ·
The California Institute of Technology or CaltechThe university itself only spells its short form as "Caltech"; other spellings such as.
Camp American University was the name the U.S. military used for the segment of the Washington, DC main campus of American University during World War I and World War II.
Carl Vinson (November 18, 1883 – June 1, 1981) was a United States Representative from Georgia.
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Carnegie Corporation of New York was established by Andrew Carnegie in 1911 "to promote the advancement and diffusion of knowledge and understanding".
The Carnegie Institution for Science (CIS), also called the Carnegie Institution of Washington (CIW), is an organization in the United States established to support scientific research.
Cengage Learning, Inc. is an educational content, technology, and services company for the higher education and K-12, professional and library markets worldwide.
The Chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany (in German called Bundeskanzler(in), literally "Federal Chancellor", or Kanzler for short) is, under the German 1949 constitution, the head of government of Germany.
Charles Franklin Kettering (August 29, 1876 – November 24 or 25, 1958) was an American inventor, engineer, businessman, and the holder of 186 patents.
Charles Olson (27 December 1910 – 10 January 1970) was a second generation American poet who was a link between earlier figures such as Ezra Pound and William Carlos Williams and the New American poets, which includes the New York School, the Black Mountain School, the Beat poets, and the San Francisco Renaissance.
Charles William Eliot (March 20, 1834 – August 22, 1926) was an American academic who was selected as Harvard's president in 1869.
The Chemical Corps is the branch of the United States Army tasked with defending against chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear (CBRN) weapons.
In a chemical reaction, chemical equilibrium is the state in which both reactants and products are present in concentrations which have no further tendency to change with time.
Chemical kinetics, also known as reaction kinetics, is the study of rates of chemical processes.
Chemical warfare (CW) involves using the toxic properties of chemical substances as weapons.
Chemical weapons in World War I were primarily used to demoralize, injure, and kill entrenched defenders, against whom the indiscriminate and generally slow-moving or static nature of gas clouds would be most effective.
Until 1998, Chemische Berichte (usually abbreviated as Ber. or Chem. Ber.) was a German-language scientific journal featuring chemistry of all disciplines.
A chemist is a scientist trained in the study of chemistry.
New!!: James Bryant Conant and Chemist ·
Chlorophyll (also chlorophyl) is a term used for several closely related green pigments found in cyanobacteria and the chloroplasts of algae and plants.
New!!: James Bryant Conant and Chlorophyll ·
The Clark Kerr Award, fully the Clark Kerr Award for Distinguished Leadership in Higher Education or the Clark Kerr Medal is an award given to a person who has made "an extraordinary and distinguished contribution to the advancement of higher education." The award, established in 1968, is given annually by the Academic Senate of the University of California, Berkeley.
Class traitor is a term used mostly in socialist discourse to refer to a member of the proletariat class who works directly or indirectly against their class interest, or what is against their economic benefit as opposed to that of the bourgeoisie.
Cleveland is a city in the U.S. state of Ohio and the county seat of Cuyahoga County, the most populous county in the state.
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Columbia University (officially Columbia University in the City of New York) is a private Ivy League research university in Upper Manhattan, New York City.
The Commandant of Midshipmen is the second-in-command at the United States Naval Academy.
A commencement speech or commencement address is a speech given to graduating students, generally at a university, generally in the US, although the term is also used for secondary education institutions.
In political and social sciences, communism (from Latin communis – common, universal) is a social, political, and economic ideology and movement whose ultimate goal is the establishment of the communist society, which is a socioeconomic order structured upon the common ownership of the means of production and the absence of social classes, money, and the state.
New!!: James Bryant Conant and Communism ·
When two or more different monomers unite together to polymerize, their result is called a copolymer and its process is called copolymerization.
New!!: James Bryant Conant and Copolymer ·
Cyclopropane is a cycloalkane molecule with the molecular formula C3H6, consisting of three carbon atoms linked to each other to form a ring, with each carbon atom bearing two hydrogen atoms resulting in D3h molecular symmetry.
New!!: James Bryant Conant and Cyclopropane ·
David Eli Lilienthal (July 8, 1899 – January 15, 1981) was an American attorney and public administrator, best known for leading the Tennessee Valley Authority and later the Atomic Energy Commission (AEC).
David Kirkpatrick Este Bruce (February 12, 1898 – December 5, 1977) was an American diplomat and politician.
Dean Gooderham Acheson (pronounced; April 11, 1893 – October 12, 1971) was an American statesman and lawyer.
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Delta Upsilon (ΔΥ) is the seventh oldest extant, all-male, college Greek-letter organization in North America.
The Department of Defense Education Activity (DoDEA) is a civilian agency of the United States Department of Defense that manages all schools for military children and teenagers in the United States and also overseas at American military bases worldwide.
Desegregation busing in the United States (also known as forced busing or simply busing) is the practice of assigning and transporting students to schools in such a manner as to redress prior racial segregation of schools, or to overcome the effects of residential segregation on local school demographics.
Detlev Wulf Bronk (August 13, 1897 – November 17, 1975) was a prominent American scientist, educator, and administrator.
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Diphenylmethane is an organic compound with the formula (C6H5)2CH2.
Doctor of Law or Doctor of Laws is a degree in law.
A Doctor of Philosophy degree (often abbreviated Ph.D., PhD, D.Phil., or DPhil) or a Doctorate of Philosophy, from the Latin Doctor Philosophiae, is a type of doctorate awarded by universities in many countries.
Dorchester is a historic neighborhood comprising over in Boston, Massachusetts, United States.
Catharine Drew Gilpin Faust (born September 18, 1947) is an American historian, college administrator and the President of Harvard University.
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Dwight David "Ike" Eisenhower (pronounced,; October 14, 1890 – March 28, 1969) was the 34th President of the United States from 1953 until 1961, and the last U.S. President to have been born in the 19th century.
Educational Testing Service (ETS), founded in 1947, is the world's largest private nonprofit educational testing and assessment organization.
Electrochemistry is the branch of physical chemistry that studies chemical reactions which take place at the interface of an electrode, usually a solid metal or a semiconductor, and an ionic conductor, the electrolyte.
Enthalpy is defined as a thermodynamic potential, designated by the letter "H", that consists of the internal energy of the system (U) plus the product of pressure (p) and volume (V) of the system: Since U, p and V are all functions of the state of the thermodynamic system, enthalpy is a state function.
New!!: James Bryant Conant and Enthalpy ·
Ernst Franz Sedgwick Hanfstaengl (February 2, 1887 – November 6, 1975) was a German businessman who was an intimate of Adolf Hitler before falling out of favor and defecting.
The European Defence Community (EDC) was a plan proposed in 1950 by René Pleven, then the French Prime Minister, in response to the American call for the rearmament of West Germany.
Exxon Mobil Corp. (ExxonMobil) is an American multinational oil and gas corporation headquartered in Irving, Texas.
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Ferric refers to iron-containing materials or compounds.
New!!: James Bryant Conant and Ferric ·
Ferrous (Fe2+), in chemistry, indicates a divalent iron compound (+2 oxidation state), as opposed to ferric, which indicates a trivalent iron compound (+3 oxidation state).
New!!: James Bryant Conant and Ferrous ·
The Fifth Amendment (Amendment V) to the United States Constitution is part of the Bill of Rights and protects a person against being compelled to be a witness against himself or herself in a criminal case.
The Finkelstein reaction, named for the German chemist Hans Finkelstein, is an SN2 reaction that involves the exchange of one halogen atom for another.
Fluorene, or 9H-fluorene, is a polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon.
New!!: James Bryant Conant and Fluorene ·
Frank Henry Westheimer (January 15, 1912 – April 14, 2007) was an American chemist.
Franklin Delano Roosevelt (his own pronunciation, or) (January 30, 1882 – April 12, 1945), commonly known by his initials FDR, was an American statesman and political leader who served as the 32nd President of the United States.
Frederick Lawson Hovde (1908-1983) was an American chemical engineer, researcher, educator and president of Purdue University.
Frederick Alexander Lindemann, 1st Viscount Cherwell CH PC FRS (5 April 18863 July 1957), pronounced, was an English physicist and an influential scientific adviser to the British government from the early 1940s to the early 1950s, particularly to Winston Churchill.
The Frederick William University (Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität, Alma Mater Berolinensis) was a university in Berlin, Germany.
Fritz Haber (9 December 1868 – 29 January 1934) was a German chemist who received the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1918 for his invention of the Haber-Bosch process, the method used in industry to synthesize ammonia from nitrogen and hydrogen gases.
New!!: James Bryant Conant and Fritz Haber ·
General of the Army (GA) is a military rank used (primarily used in the United States of America) to denote a senior military leader, usually a general in command of a nation's army.
George Bogdanovich Kistiakowsky (November 18, 1900 – December 7, 1982) (Георгій Богданович Кістяківський,Георгий Богданович Кистяковский) was a Ukrainian-American physical chemistry professor at Harvard who participated in the Manhattan Project and later served as President Dwight D. Eisenhower's Science Advisor.
George VI (Albert Frederick Arthur George; 14 December 1895 – 6 February 1952) was King of the United Kingdom and the Dominions of the British Commonwealth from 11 December 1936 until his death.
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The German nuclear weapon project (Uranprojekt; informally known as the Uranverein; Uranium Society or Uranium Club), was a clandestine scientific effort led by Germany to develop and produce nuclear weapons during World War II.
Gilbert Newton Lewis (October 23, 1875 – March 23, 1946) was an American physical chemist known for the discovery of the covalent bond and his concept of electron pairs; his Lewis dot structures and other contributions to valence bond theory have shaped modern theories of chemical bonding.
Gloria Patri, also known as the Glory Be to the Father or, colloquially, the Glory Be, is a doxology, a short hymn of praise to God in various Christian liturgies.
New!!: James Bryant Conant and Gloria Patri ·
Grenville Clark (November 5, 1882 – January 13, 1967) was the writer of the book World Peace Through World Law.
The haloalkanes (also known, as halogenoalkanes or alkyl halides) are a group of chemical compounds derived from alkanes containing one or more halogens.
New!!: James Bryant Conant and Haloalkane ·
The Hammett acidity function (H0) is a measure of acidity that is used for very concentrated solutions of strong acids, including superacids.
Hanover is a town along the Connecticut River in Grafton County, New Hampshire, United States.
Hans Fischer (27 July 1881 – 31 March 1945) was a German organic chemist and the recipient of the 1930 Nobel Prize for Chemistry.
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Hans Luther (10 March 1879 – 11 May 1962) was a German politician and Chancellor of Germany for 482 days in 1925 to 1926.
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Hans Meerwein (May 20, 1879, Hamburg, Germany – October 24, 1965, Marburg, Germany) was a German chemist.
Harper's Magazine (also called Harper's) is a monthly magazine of literature, politics, culture, finance, and the arts.
Harry S. Truman (May 8, 1884December 26, 1972) was the 33rd President of the United States (1945–53).
The Harvard Board of Overseers (more formally The Honorable and Reverend the Board of Overseers) is one of Harvard University's two governing boards.
Harvard College is one of two schools within Harvard University granting undergraduate degrees (the other being Harvard Extension School).
The Harvard Crimson men's lacrosse team represents Harvard University in National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Division I men's lacrosse.
Harvard Law School (also known as Harvard Law or HLS) is one of the professional graduate schools of Harvard University in Cambridge, Massachusetts.
Harvard Medical School (HMS) is the graduate medical school of Harvard University.
Harvard University is a private Ivy League research university in Cambridge, Massachusetts, established in 1636.
Hemoglobin; also spelled haemoglobin and abbreviated Hb or Hgb, is the iron-containing oxygen-transport metalloprotein in the red blood cells of all vertebrates (with the exception of the fish family Channichthyidae) as well as the tissues of some invertebrates.
New!!: James Bryant Conant and Hemoglobin ·
Henry Lewis Stimson (September 21, 1867 – October 20, 1950) was an American statesman, lawyer and Republican Party politician and spokesman on foreign policy.
Hermann Staudinger (23 March 1881 – 8 September 1965) was a German chemist who demonstrated the existence of macromolecules, which he characterized as polymers.
The history and philosophy of science (HPS) is an academic discipline that encompasses the philosophy of science and the history of science.
Holloman Air Force Base is a United States Air Force base located six miles (10 km) southwest of the central business district of Alamogordo, and a census-designated place in Otero County, New Mexico, United States.
An honorary degree or a degree honoris causa (Latin: "for the sake of the honor") is an academic degree for which a university (or other degree-awarding institution) has waived the usual requirements, such as matriculation, residence, study and the passing of examinations.
The House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC) was an investigative committee of the United States House of Representatives.
In organic chemistry, a hydrocarbon is an organic compound consisting entirely of hydrogen and carbon.
New!!: James Bryant Conant and Hydrocarbon ·
Hydrogenation – to treat with hydrogen – is a chemical reaction between molecular hydrogen (H2) and another compound or element, usually in the presence of a catalyst such as nickel, palladium or platinum.
In organic chemistry, hyperconjugation is the interaction of the electrons in a sigma bond (usually C–H or C–C) with an adjacent empty (or partially filled) non-bonding p-orbital, antibonding σ or π orbital, or filled π orbital, to give an extended molecular orbital that increases the stability of the system.
Hypoxia (also known as hypoxiation or anoxemia) is a condition in which the body or a region of the body is deprived of adequate oxygen supply.
The Interim Committee was a secret high-level group created in May 1945 by United States Secretary of War, Henry L. Stimson at the urging of leaders of the Manhattan Project and with the approval of President Harry S. Truman to advise on matters pertaining to nuclear energy.
An iodide ion is the ion I−.
New!!: James Bryant Conant and Iodide ·
Iron is a chemical element with symbol Fe (from ferrum) and atomic number 26.
New!!: James Bryant Conant and Iron ·
Isis, a quarterly peer-reviewed academic journal published by University of Chicago Press, focuses on the history of science, history of medicine, and the history of technology, as well as on their cultural influences.
Isoprene, or 2-methyl-1,3-butadiene, is a common organic compound with the formula CH2.
New!!: James Bryant Conant and Isoprene ·
Julius Robert Oppenheimer (April 22, 1904 – February 18, 1967) was an American theoretical physicist and professor of physics at the University of California, Berkeley.
Jakob Meisenheimer (14 June 1876 – 2 December 1934) was a German chemist.
Throughout much of World War II, Malaya, North Borneo (later known as Sabah), Labuan, and Sarawak were under Japanese occupation.
The Japanese Empire occupied the Dutch East Indies, modern Indonesia, during World War II from March 1942 until after the end of the War in 1945.
Jean Frances Tatlock, M.D. (February 21, 1914"’96 Harvard College — Class 1896". Harvard College: Class of 1896 Thirty-fifth Anniversary Report. Norwood, Mass.: Plimpton Press. Number VIII. June, 1931.1930 United States Federal Census for Alameda County, California. – January 5, 1944Herken, Gregg (2003). Brotherhood of the Bomb. New York: Henry Holt and Company, p. 119. ISBN 978-0-8050-6589-3.Herken, Greeg. Letters to the Editor: "Comment on book review of: Brotherhood of the Bomb by Gregg Herken ". American Journal of Physics. July 2003. Volume 71, Issue 7, p. 647.Crease, Robert P. (1998). Peace & War: Reminiscences of a Life on the Frontiers of Science, p. 86.Pais, Abraham, and Robert P. Crease (2006). J. Robert Oppenheimer: A Life, p. 36.Porter, Neil A. (1998). Physicists in Conflict: From Antiquity to the New Millennium, p. 133.Thorpe, Charles (2006). Oppenheimer: The Tragic Intellect, p. 55.), was an American psychiatrist, physician, and a member of the Communist Party.
New!!: James Bryant Conant and Jean Tatlock ·
Jennet Conant (born 15 July 1959) is an American non-fiction author and journalist.
Johannes Nicolaus Brønsted (February 22, 1879 – December 17, 1947) born in Varde, was a Danish physical chemist.
John Fitzgerald "Jack" Kennedy (JFK), (May 29, 1917 – November 22, 1963), was an American politician who served as the 35th President of the United States from January 1961 until his assassination in November 1963.
John Foster Dulles (February 25, 1888May 24, 1959) served as U.S. Secretary of State under Republican President Dwight D. Eisenhower from 1953 to 1959.
John Jay McCloy (March 31, 1895 – March 11, 1989), was an American lawyer and banker who served as Assistant Secretary of War during World War II, where he made many major decisions. After the war he served as president of the World Bank, U.S. High Commissioner for Germany, chairman of Chase Manhattan Bank, and chairman of the Council on Foreign Relations. He later became a prominent United States presidential adviser, served on the Warren Commission, and was a member of the foreign policy establishment group of elders called "The Wise Men.".
John Leverett (August 25, 1662 – May 3, 1724) was an early American lawyer, politician, educator, and President of Harvard College.
The Johns Hopkins University (commonly referred to as Johns Hopkins, JHU, or simply Hopkins) is a private research university in Baltimore, Maryland.
The Joint Chiefs of Staff (JCS) is a body of senior uniformed leaders in the United States Department of Defense who advise the Secretary of Defense, the Homeland Security Council, the National Security Council and the President of the United States on military matters.
The Journal of Biological Chemistry is a weekly peer-reviewed scientific journal that was established in 1905.
The Journal of the American Chemical Society is a weekly peer-reviewed scientific journal that was established in 1879 by the American Chemical Society.
Karl Waldemar Ziegler (November 26, 1898 – August 12, 1973) was a German chemist who won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1963, with Giulio Natta, for work on polymers.
New!!: James Bryant Conant and Karl Ziegler ·
Kazimierz Fajans (Kasimir Fajans in many American publications; 1887–1975) was a Polish American physical chemist of Polish-Jewish origin and a pioneer in the science of radioactivity.
Kentucky colonel is the highest title of honor bestowed by the Commonwealth of Kentucky.
Konrad Hermann Joseph Adenauer (5 January 1876 – 19 April 1967) was a German statesman.
The Legion of Honour, or in full the National Order of the Legion of Honour (Ordre national de la Légion d'honneur), is a French order established by Napoleon Bonaparte on 19 May 1802.
Lehman Hall is a Georgian-revival building by Charles Coolidge completed in 1925 as part of Harvard President Abbott Lawrence Lowell's program to "cloister" Harvard Yard.
Lieutenant General Leslie Richard Groves, Jr. (17 August 1896 – 13 July 1970) was a United States Army Corps of Engineers officer who oversaw the construction of the Pentagon and directed the Manhattan Project, a top secret research project that developed the atomic bomb during World War II.
Lewisite is an organoarsenic compound.
New!!: James Bryant Conant and Lewisite ·
Justus Liebig's Annalen der Chemie (often cited as just Liebigs Annalen) was one of the oldest and historically most important journals in the field of organic chemistry worldwide.
Linus Carl Pauling (February 28, 1901 – August 19, 1994) was an American chemist, biochemist, peace activist, author, and educator.
The Nobel Prize in Chemistry (Nobelpriset i kemi) is awarded annually by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences to scientists in the various fields of chemistry.
Los Alamos National Laboratory (or LANL; previously known at various times as Project Y, Los Alamos Laboratory, and Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory) is the only laboratory in the United States where classified work towards the design of nuclear weapons has been undertaken besides the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory.
The Los Angeles Times, commonly referred to as the Times, is a paid daily newspaper published in Los Angeles, California, since 1881.
Louis Frederick Fieser (April 7, 1899 – July 25, 1977) was an American organic chemist, professor, and in 1968, professor emeritus at Harvard University.
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Louis Plack Hammett (April 7, 1894 – February 9, 1987) was an American physical chemist.
Lyndon Baines Johnson (August 27, 1908 – January 22, 1973), often referred to as LBJ, was the 36th President of the United States (1963–1969), a position he assumed after his service as the 37th Vice President (1961–1963).
Major is a military rank of commissioned officer, with corresponding ranks existing in many military forces.
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The Manhattan Project was a research and development project that produced the first nuclear weapons during World War II.
Thomas Martin Lowry CBE FRS (26 October 1874 – 2 November 1936) was an English physical chemist who developed the Brønsted–Lowry acid–base theory simultaneously with and independently of Johannes Nicolaus Brønsted and was a founder-member and president (1928–1930) of the Faraday Society.
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The Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) is a private research university in Cambridge, Massachusetts.
McGeorge "Mac" Bundy (March 30, 1919 – September 16, 1996) was an American expert in foreign and defense policy, serving as United States National Security Advisor to Presidents John F. Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson from 1961 through 1966.
The Medal for Merit was, during the period it was awarded, the highest civilian decoration of the United States, awarded by the President of the United States to civilians for "exceptionally meritorious conduct in the performance of outstanding services...
The Medal of Freedom was a decoration established by President Harry S. Truman to honor civilians whose actions aided in the war efforts of the United States and its allies.
The Memorial Church of Harvard University, more commonly known as the Harvard Memorial Church (or simply MemChurch) is a building on the campus of Harvard University.
Meritocracy (merit, from Latin mereō "I earn" and -cracy, from Ancient Greek κράτος "strength, power") is a political philosophy which holds that power should be vested in individuals almost exclusively according to merit.
New!!: James Bryant Conant and Meritocracy ·
Methemoglobin (English: methaemoglobin) (pronounced "met-hemoglobin") is a form of the oxygen-carrying metalloprotein hemoglobin, in which the iron in the heme group is in the Fe3+ (ferric) state, not the Fe2+ (ferrous) of normal hemoglobin.
Methemoglobinemia (or methaemoglobinaemia) is a disorder characterized by the presence of a higher than normal level of methemoglobin (metHb, i.e., ferric rather than ferrous haemoglobin) in the blood.
The military of the European Union comprises the various cooperative structures that have been established between the armed forces of the member states, both intergovernmentally and within the institutional framework of the union; the Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP) branch of the Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP).
A mineral acid (or inorganic acid) is an acid derived from one or more inorganic compounds.
New!!: James Bryant Conant and Mineral acid ·
Mount Auburn Cemetery is the first rural cemetery in the United States, located on the line between Cambridge and Watertown in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, west of Boston.
Nathan Marsh Pusey (April 4, 1907 – November 14, 2001) was a prominent American university educator.
The National Academy of Sciences (NAS) is a private non-profit organization in the United States.
The National Defense Research Committee (NDRC) was an organization created "to coordinate, supervise, and conduct scientific research on the problems underlying the development, production, and use of mechanisms and devices of warfare" in the United States from June 27, 1940, until June 28, 1941.
The National Science Foundation (NSF) is a United States government agency that supports fundamental research and education in all the non-medical fields of science and engineering.
The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO; Organisation du traité de l'Atlantique Nord; OTAN), also called the North Atlantic Alliance, is an intergovernmental military alliance based on the North Atlantic Treaty which was signed on 4 April 1949.
New!!: James Bryant Conant and NATO ·
A natural product is a chemical compound or substance produced by a living organism—that is, found in nature.
Nature is a British interdisciplinary scientific journal, first published on 4 November 1869.
The Navy Midshipmen men's lacrosse team represents the United States Naval Academy in National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Division I men's lacrosse.
Nazi Germany or the Third Reich (Drittes Reich) are common English names for the period of history in Germany from 1933 to 1945, when it was a dictatorship under the control of Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party (NSDAP).
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Neoprene or polychloroprene is a family of synthetic rubbers that are produced by polymerization of chloroprene.
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The New Look was the name given to the national security policy of the United States during the administration of President Dwight D. Eisenhower.
The Nieman Foundation for Journalism at Harvard awards multiple types of fellowships.
Nitrile rubber, also known as Buna-N, Perbunan, acrylonitrile butadiene rubber, and NBR, is a synthetic rubber copolymer of acrylonitrile (ACN) and butadiene.
Norman Cousins (June 24, 1915 – November 30, 1990) was an American political journalist, author, professor, and world peace advocate.
In nuclear physics and nuclear chemistry, nuclear fission is either a nuclear reaction or a radioactive decay process in which the nucleus of an atom splits into smaller parts (lighter nuclei).
A nuclear weapon is an explosive device that derives its destructive force from nuclear reactions, either fission (fission bomb) or a combination of fission and fusion (thermonuclear weapon).
The Office of Scientific Research and Development (OSRD) was an agency of the United States federal government created to coordinate scientific research for military purposes during World War II.
The Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany (Verdienstorden der Bundesrepublik Deutschland) is the only federal decoration of Germany.
The Most Excellent Order of the British Empire is the "order of chivalry of British democracy", rewarding contributions to the arts and sciences, work with charitable and welfare organisations and public service outside the Civil Service.
Organic chemistry is a chemistry subdiscipline involving the scientific study of the structure, properties, and reactions of organic compounds and organic materials, i.e., matter in its various forms that contain carbon atoms.
The oxidation state, often called the oxidation number, is an indicator of the degree of oxidation (loss of electrons) of an atom in a chemical compound.
A patent is a set of exclusive rights granted by a sovereign state to an inventor or assignee for a limited period of time in exchange for detailed public disclosure of an invention.
New!!: James Bryant Conant and Patent ·
Paul Doughty Bartlett (August 14, 1907 – October 11, 1997) was an American chemist.
Pharmacological Reviews is a quarterly peer-reviewed scientific journal publishing review articles on all aspects of pharmacology and related topics.
Phenylacetylene is an alkyne hydrocarbon containing a phenyl group.
The Phi Beta Kappa Society is the oldest honor society for the liberal arts and sciences, with 283 active chapters in the United States.
The phlogiston theory is an obsolete scientific theory that postulated a fire-like element called phlogiston is contained within combustible bodies and released during combustion.
Photoengraving is a process that uses a light-sensitive photoresist applied to the surface to be engraved to create a mask that shields some areas during a subsequent operation which etches, dissolves, or otherwise removes some or all of the material from the unshielded areas.
Physical chemistry is the study of macroscopic, atomic, subatomic, and particulate phenomena in chemical systems in terms of laws and concepts of physics.
Physical organic chemistry, a term coined by Louis Hammett in 1940, refers to a discipline of organic chemistry that focuses on the relationship between chemical structures and reactivity, in particular, applying experimental tools of physical chemistry to the study of organic molecules.
In polymer chemistry, polymerization is a process of reacting monomer molecules together in a chemical reaction to form polymer chains or three-dimensional networks.
Polyvinyl chloride, more correctly but unusually poly(vinyl chloride), commonly abbreviated PVC, is the third-most widely produced synthetic plastic polymer, after polyethylene and polypropylene.
The President and Fellows of Harvard College (also called the Harvard Corporation) is the smaller of Harvard University's two governing boards, the other being its Board of Overseers.
The President of Harvard University is the chief administrator of the university and the ex officio chairman of the Harvard Corporation.
The American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), founded in 1848, is the world's largest general scientific society.
The President of the United States of America (POTUS) is the elected head of state and head of government of the United States.
The Presidential Medal of Freedom is an award bestowed by the President of the United States and is—along with the comparable Congressional Gold Medal, bestowed by an act of U.S. Congress—the highest civilian award of the United States.
The Priestley Medal is the highest honor conferred by the American Chemical Society (ACS) and is awarded for distinguished service in the field of chemistry.
Purdue University, located in West Lafayette, Indiana, United States is the flagship university of the six-campus Purdue University system.
Q clearance is a United States Department of Energy (DOE) security clearance that is more or less equivalent to a United States Department of Defense Top Secret (TS) clearance.
New!!: James Bryant Conant and Q clearance ·
The Quebec Agreement is an Anglo-American document outlining the terms of coordinated development of the basic science and advanced engineering developments as related to nuclear energy; and, specifically weapons that employ nuclear energy.
The First Quebec Conference (codenamed "QUADRANT") was a highly secret military conference held during World War II between the British, Canadian and United States governments.
Queens is the easternmost and largest in area of the five boroughs of New York City, geographically adjacent to the borough of Brooklyn at the western end of Long Island.
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Radar is an object-detection system that uses radio waves to determine the range, angle, or velocity of objects.
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Radcliffe College was a women's liberal arts college in Cambridge, Massachusetts, and functioned as a female coordinate institution for the all-male Harvard College.
The reaction rate (rate of reaction) or speed of reaction for a reactant or product in a particular reaction is intuitively defined as how fast or slow a reaction takes place.
A Red Scare is the promotion of fear of a potential rise of communism or radical leftism, used by anti-leftist proponents.
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The (sign: ℛℳ) was the currency in Germany from 1924 until 20 June 1948 and in Austria from 1938 to 1945.
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Karl Paul Reinhold Niebuhr (June 21, 1892June 1, 1971) was an American theologian, ethicist, public intellectual, commentator on politics and public affairs, and professor at Union Theological Seminary for more than 30 years.
In secular usage, religious education is the teaching of a particular religion (although in England the term religious instruction would refer to the teaching of a particular religion, with religious education referring to teaching about religions in general) and its varied aspects —its beliefs, doctrines, rituals, customs, rites, and personal roles.
Richard Milhous Nixon (January 9, 1913 – April 22, 1994) was the 37th President of the United States, serving from 1969 to 1974 when he became the only U.S. president to resign the office.
Robert Abercrombie Lovett (September 14, 1895May 7, 1986) was the fourth United States Secretary of Defense, having been promoted to this position from Deputy Secretary of Defense.
Roger Adams (January 2, 1889 – July 6, 1971) was an American organic chemist.
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Nathan Roscoe Pound (October 27, 1870 – June 30, 1964) was a distinguished American legal scholar and educator.
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The Roxbury Latin School, which was founded in Roxbury, Massachusetts, by the Rev.
The President, Council, and Fellows of the Royal Society of London for Improving Natural Knowledge, commonly known as the Royal Society, is a learned society for science and is possibly the oldest such society still in existence.
A royalty is a payment made by one party (the "licensee") to another that owns a particular asset (the "licensor") for the right to ongoing use of that asset.
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In chemistry, a salt is an ionic compound that results from the neutralization reaction of an acid and a base.
The SAT is a standardized test widely used for college admissions in the United States.
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Science, also widely referred to as Science Magazine, is the academic journal of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) and is one of the world's top scientific journals.
The scientific method is a body of techniques for investigating phenomena, acquiring new knowledge, or correcting and integrating previous knowledge.
Second lieutenant (called under-lieutenant in some countries) is a junior commissioned officer military rank in many armed forces.
The Signet Society of Harvard University was founded in 1870 by members of the class of 1871.
Socialism is a social and economic system characterised by social ownership and/or social control of the means of production and co-operative management of the economy, as well as a political theory and movement that aims at the establishment of such a system.
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Sodium acetate, CH3COONa, also abbreviated NaOAc, also known as sodium ethanoate, is the sodium salt of acetic acid.
A solvent (from the Latin solvō, "I loosen, untie, I solve") is a substance that dissolves a solute (a chemically different liquid, solid or gas), resulting in a solution.
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Stanley Bagg "Bags" Pennock (June 15, 1892 – November 27, 1916) was an American football player.
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Stroke, also known as cerebrovascular accident (CVA), cerebrovascular insult (CVI), or brain attack, is when poor blood flow to the brain results in cell death.
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Styrene-butadiene or styrene-butadiene rubber (SBR) describe families of synthetic rubbers derived from styrene and butadiene (the version developed by Goodyear is called Neolite).
Substitution reaction (also known as single displacement reaction or single replacement reaction) is a chemical reaction during which one functional group in a chemical compound is replaced by another functional group.
Mustard agent, or the sulphur mustards, commonly, but erroneously, known as mustard gas, is a class of related cytotoxic and vesicant chemical warfare agents with the ability to form large blisters on the exposed skin and in the lungs.
According to the classical definition, a superacid is an acid with an acidity greater than that of 100% pure sulfuric acid, which has a Hammett acidity function (H0) of −12.
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The Sylvanus Thayer Award is an award that is given each year by the United States Military Academy at West Point.
Synthetic rubber, invariably a polymer, is any type of artificial elastomer mainly synthesised from petroleum byproducts.
In the United States and Canada, tenure is a contractual right of a teacher or professor not to have his or her position terminated without just cause.
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The Churchill Centre and Churchill Museum at the Cabinet War Rooms was founded in 1968 to educate new generations on the leadership, statesmanship, vision, courage and boldness of Sir Winston Churchill.
The Examiner is the daily newspaper of the city of Launceston and north-eastern Tasmania, Australia.
The Harvard Crimson, the daily student newspaper of Harvard University, was founded in 1873.
The New York Times (NYT) is an American daily newspaper, founded and continuously published in New York City since September 18, 1851, by the New York Times Company.
The New Yorker is an American magazine of reportage, commentary, criticism, essays, fiction, satire, cartoons, and poetry.
The Structure of Scientific Revolutions is a 1962 book about the history of science by philosopher Thomas S. Kuhn.
Geheimrat Julius Wilhelm Theodor Curtius (27 May 1857 – 8 February 1928) was professor of Chemistry at Heidelberg University and elsewhere.
Theodore William Richards (January 31, 1868 – April 2, 1928) was the first American scientist to receive the Nobel Prize in Chemistry, earning the award "in recognition of his exact determinations of the atomic weights of a large number of the chemical elements.".
A thermonuclear weapon is a nuclear weapon that uses the energy from a primary nuclear fission reaction to compress and ignite a secondary nuclear fusion reaction.
Thomas Samuel Kuhn (July 18, 1922 – June 17, 1996) was an American physicist, historian, and philosopher of science whose controversial 1962 book The Structure of Scientific Revolutions was influential in both academic and popular circles, introducing the term "paradigm shift", which has since become an English-language idiom.
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Paul Thomas Mann (6 June 1875 – 12 August 1955) was a German novelist, short story writer, social critic, philanthropist, essayist, and the 1929 Nobel Prize in Literature laureate.
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Time (styled within the magazine as TIME) is an American weekly news magazine published in New York City.
The Tizard Mission, officially the British Technical and Scientific Mission, was a British delegation that visited the United States during the Second World War in order to obtain the industrial resources to exploit the military potential of the research and development (R&D) work completed by the UK up to the beginning of World War II, but that Britain itself could not exploit due to the immediate requirements of war-related production.
Trinity was the code name of the first detonation of a nuclear weapon, conducted by the United States Army on July 16, 1945, as part of the Manhattan Project.
Tube Alloys was a codename of the clandestine research and development programme, authorised by the Government of the United Kingdom with participation from Canada, aiming to develop nuclear weapons for the United Kingdom's nuclear weapons programme during the Second World War.
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The United States has had diplomatic relations with the nation of Germany and its principal predecessor nation, the Kingdom of Prussia, since 1835.
The United States Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) was an agency of the United States government established after World War II by Congress to foster and control the peacetime development of atomic science and technology.
On April 6, 1917, the United States Congress declared war upon the German Empire; on April 2, President Woodrow Wilson had asked a special joint session of Congress for this declaration.
The United States Information Agency (USIA), which existed from 1953 to 1999, was a United States agency devoted to public diplomacy.
The United States President's Council of Advisors on Science and Technology (PCAST) is a council, chartered (or re-chartered) in each administration with a broad mandate to advise the President on science and technology.
The Secretary of State is a senior official of the federal government of the United States of America heading the U.S. Department of State, principally concerned with foreign affairs and is considered to be the U.S. government's equivalent of a Minister for Foreign Affairs.
University Hall is a white granite building designed by the great early American architect Charles Bulfinch and built by the noted early engineer Loammi Baldwin, Jr. It is located in Harvard Yard on the campus of Harvard University in Cambridge, Massachusetts.
The University of Bristol (abbreviated as Bris. in post-nominal letters, sometimes referred to as Bristol University) is a red brick research university located in Bristol, United Kingdom.
The University of California, Santa Barbara (commonly referred to as UC Santa Barbara or UCSB) is a public research university and one of the 10 campuses of the University of California system.
In a hierarchical organization, "up or out", also known as a tenure or partnership system, is the requirement that each member of the organization must achieve a certain rank within a certain period of time.
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The Upper East Side is a neighborhood in the borough of Manhattan in New York City, between Central Park/Fifth Avenue, 59th Street, the East River, and 110th Street.
The Uprising of 1953 in East Germany started with a strike by East Berlin construction workers on 16 June 1953.
Vannevar Bush (March 11, 1890 – June 28, 1974) was an American engineer, inventor and science administrator, who during World War II headed the U.S. Office of Scientific Research and Development (OSRD), through which almost all wartime military R&D was carried out, including initiation and early administration of the Manhattan Project.
Sir Wallace Alan Akers (9 September 1888 – 1 November 1954) was a British chemist and industrialist.
West Roxbury is a neighborhood in Boston, Massachusetts bordered by Roslindale to the northeast, the Towns of Dedham and Needham to the west and south, the Town of Brookline to the north, and the City of Newton to the west.
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Willard Van Orman Quine (June 25, 1908 – December 25, 2000) (known to intimates as "Van") was an American philosopher and logician in the analytic tradition, recognized as "one of the most influential philosophers of the twentieth century." From 1930 until his death 70 years later, Quine was continually affiliated with Harvard University in one way or another, first as a student, then as a professor of philosophy and a teacher of logic and set theory, and finally as a professor emeritus who published or revised several books in retirement.
Sir Winston Leonard Spencer-Churchill, (30 November 1874 – 24 January 1965) was a British statesman who was the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1940 to 1945 and again from 1951 to 1955.
The working class (also labouring class and proletariat) are the people employed for wages, especially in manual-labour occupations and in skilled, industrial work.
World War I (WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War or the Great War, was a global war centered in Europe that began on 28 July 1914 and lasted until 11 November 1918.
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World War II (WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, though related conflicts began earlier.
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The Harvard-Navy lacrosse game of 1941 was an intercollegiate lacrosse game played in Annapolis, Maryland, between the Harvard University Crimson and the United States Naval Academy Midshipmen on April 4, 1941.