213 relations: Admiralty, AEI World Forum, Alan Sked, Alec Douglas-Home, Allan Noble, Alun Michael, Alzheimer's disease, Anthony Crosland, Arthur Charles Evans, Arthur Evans (politician), Arthur Young (police officer), Atheism, Audrey Callaghan, Balance of payments, Bank of England, Bank of Wales, Baptists, Barbara Castle, BBC Radio 4, Bernard Braine, Bernard Donoughue, Baron Donoughue, Board of directors, Bretton Woods system, Buckingham Palace, Cabinet of the United Kingdom, Capital gains tax, Cardiff, Cardiff South (UK Parliament constituency), Cardiff South and Penarth (UK Parliament constituency), Cardiff South East (UK Parliament constituency), Cat's eye (road), Chancellor of the Exchequer, Chief petty officer, Clement Attlee, Commonwealth Immigrants Act 1968, Conservative Party (UK), Copyright, Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988, Council of Europe, Currency crisis, Dai Davies (trade unionist), Daily Express, Daily Mail, Daily Mirror, Decimalisation, Denis Healey, Deutsche Bundesbank, Devaluation, East Sussex, Eastern Fleet, ..., Edward Heath, Egypt, Elizabeth II, European Economic Community, Father of the House, First Lord of the Treasury, First MacDonald ministry, Fred Mulley, Gaitskellism, Geoffrey Rippon, George Brown, Baron George-Brown, George Lucas, 1st Baron Lucas of Chilworth, George Strauss, George Thomas, 1st Viscount Tonypandy, Gerald Ford, Golden Jubilee of Elizabeth II, Gosport, Great Famine (Ireland), Great Offices of State, Great Ormond Street Hospital, Gresham College, Group of Eight, Guadeloupe, Hampshire, Harold Laski, Harold Macmillan, Harold Wilson, Heart failure, Helmut Schmidt, Hertfordshire, Home Secretary, House of Commons of the United Kingdom, House of Lords, Hubris, Hugh Gaitskell, Ian Gilmour, Baron Gilmour of Craigmillar, In Place of Strife, Indians in Kenya, Inland Revenue, Inland Revenue Staff Federation, International Monetary Fund, Iraq, Israel, J. M. Barrie, Jack Lynch, James Callaghan, Jews, John Dugdale (Labour politician), John Major, John Parker (Labour politician), Joop den Uyl, Kenneth O. Morgan, Kuwait, Labour government, 1974–1979, Labour Isn't Working, Labour Party (UK), Labour Party (UK) leadership election, 1976, Labour Party (UK) leadership election, 1980, Leader of the Labour Party (UK), Leader of the Opposition (United Kingdom), Letters of last resort, Lib–Lab pact, Liberal Party (UK), Lieutenant, Lieutenant (navy), Life peer, List of ambassadors of the United Kingdom to the United States, List of Prime Ministers of the United Kingdom by age, Lobar pneumonia, London School of Economics, Lords Temporal, Lyndon B. Johnson, Maidstone, Margaret Jay, Baroness Jay of Paddington, Margaret Thatcher, Mayfield School, Portsmouth, Member of parliament, Members of the House of Lords, Michael Foot, Minister for the Civil Service, Monetarism, Music hall, National Curriculum (England, Wales and Northern Ireland), National Executive Committee, National Union of Seamen, Norman Atkinson, Northern Ireland, O'Neill ministry, Official Opposition Shadow Cabinet (United Kingdom), Open University, Operation Banner, Oxford, Parliamentary and Financial Secretary to the Admiralty, Parliamentary Secretary to the Ministry of Transport, Peter Jay (diplomat), Peter Pan, Peter Shore, Police Federation of England and Wales, Portsmouth, Pound sterling, President of the European Council, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, Quintin Hogg, Baron Hailsham of St Marylebone, Race Relations Act 1968, Reginald Maudling, Ringmer, Rowland Baring, 3rd Earl of Cromer, Roy Jenkins, Royal Hospital Haslar, Royal Naval Reserve, Royal Navy, Royal Ulster Constabulary, Rugby football, Ruskin College, Scottish devolution referendum, 1979, Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, Selective Employment Tax, Shadow Cabinet of James Callaghan, Shadow Chancellor of the Exchequer, Shadow Foreign Secretary, Shadow Home Secretary, Shadow Secretary of State for Employment, Shirley Williams, Six-Day War, Social Contract (Britain), South Glamorgan, Speculative attack, State school, Streatham-Croydon RFC, Swansea, The Daily Telegraph, The Guardian, The Right Honourable, The Sun (United Kingdom), Tony Benn, Tony Blair, Trades Union Congress, Treasurer of the Labour Party, Tuberculosis, Ulster Unionist Party, United Kingdom European Communities membership referendum, 1975, United Kingdom general election, 1945, United Kingdom general election, 1950, United Kingdom general election, 1964, United Kingdom general election, 1966, United Kingdom general election, 1970, United Kingdom general election, 1979, United Kingdom general election, 1983, United Kingdom general election, 1987, United Kingdom general election, 1997, United Kingdom general election, February 1974, Vesta Victoria, Victory in Europe Day, Waiting at the Church, Welsh devolution referendum, 1979, White paper, Whitehall, William Simpson (trade unionist), Winston Churchill, Winter of Discontent, Zebra crossing, 1976 IMF Crisis, 1979 vote of no confidence in the Callaghan ministry. 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The Admiralty, originally known as the Office of the Admiralty and Marine Affairs, was the government department responsible for the command of the Royal Navy firstly in the Kingdom of England, secondly in the Kingdom of Great Britain, and from 1801 to 1964, the United Kingdom and former British Empire.
The AEI World Forum is an annual meeting of business and financial executives, heads of government, government officials, and intellectuals.
Alan Sked (born 22 August 1947) is a British academic and politician.
Alexander Frederick Douglas-Home, Baron Home of the Hirsel, (2 July 1903 – 9 October 1995) was a British statesman of the Conservative Party who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from October 1963 to October 1964.
Sir Allan Herbert Percy Noble, DSO, DSC (1908–1982) was an English naval commander, politician, and diplomat.
Alun Edward Michael, (born 22 August 1943) is a British Labour and Co-operative politician who is the South Wales Police and Crime Commissioner.
Alzheimer's disease (AD), also referred to simply as Alzheimer's, is a chronic neurodegenerative disease that usually starts slowly and worsens over time.
Charles Anthony Raven Crosland (29 August 1918 – 19 February 1977), sometimes known as Tony Crosland or C. A. R. Crosland, was a British Labour Party politician and author.
Arthur Charles Evans CBE (21 March 1916 – 18 March 2011) was best known as the author of Sojourn in Silesia: 1940 – 1945, in which he recounts his experiences of his time in World War II, between 1940 and 1945, in the prisoner-of-war camp, Stalag VIIIB.
Henry Arthur Evans (24 September 1898 – 25 September 1958), known as Arthur Evans, was a UK politician.
Colonel Sir Arthur Edwin Young KPM (15 February 1907 – 20 January 1979) was a British police officer.
Atheism is, in the broadest sense, the absence of belief in the existence of deities.
Audrey Elizabeth Callaghan, Baroness Callaghan of Cardiff (28 July 1915 – 15 March 2005) was the wife of James Callaghan, who served in each of the Great Offices of State including that of Prime Minister.
The balance of payments, also known as balance of international payments and abbreviated B.O.P. or BoP, of a country is the record of all economic transactions between the residents of the country and of the world in a particular period (over a quarter of a year or more commonly over a year).
The Bank of England, formally the Governor and Company of the Bank of England, is the central bank of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and the model on which most modern central banks have been based.
The Bank of Wales (Welsh: Banc Cymru) is a trading name used by Bank of Scotland plc, a subsidiary of Lloyds Banking Group.
Baptists are Christians distinguished by baptizing professing believers only (believer's baptism, as opposed to infant baptism), and doing so by complete immersion (as opposed to affusion or sprinkling).
Barbara Anne Castle, Baroness Castle of Blackburn, PC, GCOT (née Betts; 6 October 1910 – 3 May 2002) was a British Labour Party politician who was the Member of Parliament for Blackburn from 1945 to 1979, making her the longest-serving female MP in the history of the House of Commons, until that record was broken in 2007 by Gwyneth Dunwoody.
BBC Radio 4 is a radio station owned and operated by the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) that broadcasts a wide variety of spoken-word programmes including news, drama, comedy, science and history.
Bernard Richard Braine, Baron Braine of Wheatley, PC (24 June 1914 – 5 January 2000) was a Conservative Party politician in the United Kingdom.
Bernard Donoughue, Baron Donoughue (born 8 September 1934) is a British Labour Party politician, academic, businessman and author.
A board of directors is a recognized group of people who jointly oversee the activities of an organization, which can be either a for-profit business, nonprofit organization, or a government agency.
The Bretton Woods system of monetary management established the rules for commercial and financial relations among the United States, Canada, Western Europe, Australia, and Japan after the 1944 Bretton-Woods Agreement.
Buckingham Palace is the London residence and administrative headquarters of the monarch of the United Kingdom.
The Cabinet of the United Kingdom is the collective decision-making body of Her Majesty's Government of the United Kingdom, composed of the Prime Minister and 21 cabinet ministers, the most senior of the government ministers.
A capital gains tax (CGT) is a tax on capital gains, the profit realized on the sale of a non-inventory asset that was greater than the amount realized on the sale.
Cardiff (Caerdydd) is the capital of, and largest city in, Wales, and the eleventh-largest city in the United Kingdom.
Cardiff South was a borough constituency in Cardiff, Wales.
Cardiff South and Penarth (De Caerdydd a Phenarth) is a constituency created in 1983 represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament.
Cardiff South East was a parliamentary constituency in Cardiff, Wales.
A cat's eye is a retroreflective safety device used in road marking and was the first of a range of raised pavement markers.
The Chancellor and Under-Treasurer of Her Majesty's Exchequer, commonly known as the Chancellor of the Exchequer, or simply the Chancellor, is a senior official within the Government of the United Kingdom and head of Her Majesty's Treasury.
A chief petty officer is a senior non-commissioned officer in many navies and coast guards.
Clement Richard Attlee, 1st Earl Attlee, (3 January 1883 – 8 October 1967) was a British statesman of the Labour Party who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1945 to 1951 and Leader of the Labour Party from 1935 to 1955.
The Commonwealth Immigrants Act 1968 (c. 9) was an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
The Conservative Party, officially the Conservative and Unionist Party, is a centre-right political party in the United Kingdom.
Copyright is a legal right, existing globally in many countries, that basically grants the creator of an original work exclusive rights to determine and decide whether, and under what conditions, this original work may be used by others.
The Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988, also known as the CDPA, is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom that received Royal Assent on 15 November 1988.
The Council of Europe (CoE; Conseil de l'Europe) is an international organisation whose stated aim is to uphold human rights, democracy and the rule of law in Europe.
A currency crisis is a situation in which serious doubt exists as to whether a country's central bank has sufficient foreign exchange reserves to maintain the country's fixed exchange rate.
Sir David H. Davies (1909 – 2 April 1998), known as Dai Davies, was a British trade unionist and Labour Party official.
The Daily Express is a daily national middle market tabloid newspaper in the United Kingdom.
The Daily Mail is a British daily middle-marketPeter Wilby, New Statesman, 19 December 2013 (online version: 2 January 2014) tabloid newspaper owned by the Daily Mail and General Trust and published in London.
The Daily Mirror is a British national daily tabloid newspaper founded in 1903.
Decimalisation is the process of converting a currency from its previous non-decimal denominations to a decimal system (i.e., a system based on one basic unit of currency and one or more sub-units, such that the number of sub-units in one basic unit is a power of 10, most commonly 100).
Denis Winston Healey, Baron Healey, (30 August 1917 – 3 October 2015) was a British Labour Party politician who served as Secretary of State for Defence from 1964 to 1970, Chancellor of the Exchequer from 1974 to 1979 and Deputy Leader of the Labour Party from 1980 to 1983.
The Deutsche Bundesbank is the central bank of the Federal Republic of Germany and as such part of the European System of Central Banks (ESCB).
In modern monetary policy, a devaluation is an official lowering of the value of a country's currency within a fixed exchange rate system, by which the monetary authority formally sets a new fixed rate with respect to a foreign reference currency or currency basket.
East Sussex is a county in South East England.
The British Eastern Fleet (also known after 1944 as the East Indies Fleet and the Far East Fleet) was a fleet of the Royal Navy which existed between 1941 and 1971.
Sir Edward Richard George Heath (9 July 1916 – 17 July 2005), often known as Ted Heath, was a British politician who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1970 to 1974 and Leader of the Conservative Party from 1965 to 1975.
Egypt (مِصر, مَصر, Khēmi), officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a transcontinental country spanning the northeast corner of Africa and southwest corner of Asia by a land bridge formed by the Sinai Peninsula.
Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary; born 21 April 1926) is Queen of the United Kingdom and the other Commonwealth realms.
The European Economic Community (EEC) was a regional organisation which aimed to bring about economic integration among its member states.
Father of the House is a term that has been by tradition bestowed unofficially on certain members of some legislatures, most notably the House of Commons in the United Kingdom.
The First Lord of the Treasury is the head of the commission exercising the ancient office of Lord High Treasurer in the United Kingdom, and is now always also the Prime Minister.
The first MacDonald ministry of the United Kingdom lasted from January to November 1924.
Frederick William Mulley, Baron Mulley, PC (3 July 1918 – 15 March 1995) was a British Labour politician, barrister-at-law and economist.
Gaitskellism was the ideology of a faction of the British Labour Party.
Aubrey Geoffrey Frederick Rippon, Baron Rippon of Hexham, PC, QC (28 May 1924 – 28 January 1997) was a British Conservative politician.
George Alfred Brown, Baron George-Brown, (2 September 1914 – 2 June 1985) was a British Labour politician who served as Deputy Leader of the Labour Party from 1960 to 1970 and also in several Cabinet posts, including Foreign Secretary during the Labour government of the 1960s.
George William Lucas, 1st Baron Lucas of Chilworth (29 March 1896 – 11 October 1967), was a British businessman and Labour politician.
George Russell Strauss, Baron Strauss PC (18 July 1901 – 5 June 1993) was a long-serving British Labour Party politician, who was a Member of Parliament (MP) for 46 years and was Father of the House of Commons from 1974 to 1979.
Thomas George Thomas, 1st Viscount Tonypandy, PC (29 January 1909 – 22 September 1997) was a British Labour Party politician and Speaker of the House of Commons.
Gerald Rudolph Ford Jr. (born Leslie Lynch King Jr; July 14, 1913 – December 26, 2006) was an American politician who served as the 38th President of the United States from August 1974 to January 1977.
The Golden Jubilee of Queen Elizabeth II was the international celebration held in 2002 marking the 50th anniversary of the accession of Queen Elizabeth II to the thrones of seven countries, upon the death of her father, King George VI, on 6 February 1952, and was intended by the Queen to be both a commemoration of her 50 years as monarch and an opportunity for her to officially and personally thank her people for their loyalty.
Gosport is a town in Hampshire on the south coast of England.
The Great Famine (an Gorta Mór) or the Great Hunger was a period of mass starvation, disease, and emigration in Ireland between 1845 and 1849.
The Great Offices of State in the United Kingdom are the four most senior and prestigious posts in the British government.
Great Ormond Street Hospital (informally GOSH or Great Ormond Street, formerly the Hospital for Sick Children) is a children's hospital located in the Bloomsbury area of the London Borough of Camden, and a part of Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children NHS Foundation Trust.
Gresham College is an institution of higher learning located at Barnard's Inn Hall off Holborn in Central London, England.
The G8, reformatted as G7 from 2014 due to the suspension of Russia's participation, was an inter-governmental political forum from 1997 until 2014, with the participation of some major industrialized countries in the world, that viewed themselves as democracies.
Guadeloupe (Antillean Creole: Gwadloup) is an insular region of France located in the Leeward Islands, part of the Lesser Antilles in the Caribbean.
Hampshire (abbreviated Hants) is a county on the southern coast of England in the United Kingdom.
Harold Joseph Laski (30 June 1893 – 24 March 1950) was a British political theorist, economist, author, and lecturer.
Maurice Harold Macmillan, 1st Earl of Stockton, (10 February 1894 – 29 December 1986) was a British statesman of the Conservative Party who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1957 to 1963.
James Harold Wilson, Baron Wilson of Rievaulx, (11 March 1916 – 24 May 1995) was a British Labour politician who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1964 to 1970 and from 1974 to 1976.
Heart failure (HF), often referred to as congestive heart failure (CHF), is when the heart is unable to pump sufficiently to maintain blood flow to meet the body's needs.
Helmut Heinrich Waldemar Schmidt (23 December 1918 – 10 November 2015) was a German politician and member of the Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD), who served as Chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany) from 1974 to 1982.
Hertfordshire (often abbreviated Herts) is a county in southern England, bordered by Bedfordshire to the north, Cambridgeshire to the north-east, Essex to the east, Buckinghamshire to the west and Greater London to the south.
Her Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for the Home Department, normally referred to as the Home Secretary, is a senior official as one of the Great Offices of State within Her Majesty's Government and head of the Home Office.
The House of Commons is the lower house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
The House of Lords of the United Kingdom, also known as the House of Peers, is the upper house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
Hubris (from ancient Greek ὕβρις) describes a personality quality of extreme or foolish pride or dangerous overconfidence, often in combination with (or synonymous with) arrogance.
Hugh Todd Naylor Gaitskell (9 April 1906 – 18 January 1963) was a British politician and Leader of the Labour Party.
Ian Hedworth John Little Gilmour, Baron Gilmour of Craigmillar, (8 July 1926 – 21 September 2007) was a Conservative politician in the United Kingdom.
In Place of Strife (Cmnd 3888) was a UK Government white paper written in 1969.
Indians in Kenya (also referred to as Kenyan Asians) are citizens and residents of Kenya with ancestral roots in the Indian subcontinent.
The Inland Revenue was, until April 2005, a department of the British Government responsible for the collection of direct taxation, including income tax, national insurance contributions, capital gains tax, inheritance tax, corporation tax, petroleum revenue tax and stamp duty.
The Inland Revenue Staff Federation (IRSF) was a trade union in the United Kingdom.
The International Monetary Fund (IMF) is an international organization headquartered in Washington, D.C., consisting of "189 countries working to foster global monetary cooperation, secure financial stability, facilitate international trade, promote high employment and sustainable economic growth, and reduce poverty around the world." Formed in 1945 at the Bretton Woods Conference primarily by the ideas of Harry Dexter White and John Maynard Keynes, it came into formal existence in 1945 with 29 member countries and the goal of reconstructing the international payment system.
Iraq (or; العراق; عێراق), officially known as the Republic of Iraq (جُمُهورية العِراق; کۆماری عێراق), is a country in Western Asia, bordered by Turkey to the north, Iran to the east, Kuwait to the southeast, Saudi Arabia to the south, Jordan to the southwest and Syria to the west.
Israel, officially the State of Israel, is a country in the Middle East, on the southeastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea and the northern shore of the Red Sea.
Sir James Matthew Barrie, 1st Baronet, (9 May 1860 19 June 1937) was a Scottish novelist and playwright, best remembered today as the creator of Peter Pan.
John Mary Lynch (15 August 1917 – 20 October 1999), known as Jack Lynch, was an Irish Fianna Fáil politician who served as Taoiseach from 1966 to 1973 and 1977 to 1979, Leader of Fianna Fáil from 1966 to 1979, Leader of the Opposition from 1973 to 1977, Minister for Finance from 1965 to 1966, Minister for Industry and Commerce from 1959 to 1965, Minister for Education 1957 to 1959, Minister for Gaeltacht Affairs from March 1957 to June 1957, Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister for Lands and Parliamentary Secretary to the Taoiseach from 1951 to 1954.
Leonard James Callaghan, Baron Callaghan of Cardiff, (27 March 1912 – 26 March 2005), often known as Jim Callaghan, served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1976 to 1979 and Leader of the Labour Party from 1976 to 1980.
Jews (יְהוּדִים ISO 259-3, Israeli pronunciation) or Jewish people are an ethnoreligious group and a nation, originating from the Israelites Israelite origins and kingdom: "The first act in the long drama of Jewish history is the age of the Israelites""The people of the Kingdom of Israel and the ethnic and religious group known as the Jewish people that descended from them have been subjected to a number of forced migrations in their history" and Hebrews of the Ancient Near East.
John Dugdale (16 March 1905 – 12 March 1963) was a British newspaper journalist and politician.
Sir John Major (born 29 March 1943) is a British politician who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom and Leader of the Conservative Party from 1990 to 1997.
Herbert John Harvey Parker (15 July 1906 – 24 November 1987), normally known as John Parker, was a British politician.
Johannes Marten den Uijl, better known as Joop den Uyl (9 August 1919 – 24 December 1987) was a Dutch politician of the Labour Party (PvdA) who served as Prime Minister of the Netherlands from 11 May 1973 until 19 December 1977.
Kenneth Owen Morgan, Baron Morgan, (born 16 May 1934) is a Welsh historian and author, known especially for his writings on modern British history and politics and on Welsh history.
Kuwait (الكويت, or), officially the State of Kuwait (دولة الكويت), is a country in Western Asia.
The Labour Party governed the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland from 1974–1979.
"Labour Isn't Working" was an advertising campaign in the United Kingdom.
The Labour Party is a centre-left political party in the United Kingdom.
The 1976 Labour Party leadership election occurred when Harold Wilson resigned as Leader of the Labour Party and Prime Minister.
The 1980 Labour Party leadership election was held following the resignation of James Callaghan.
The Leader of the Labour Party is the most senior political figure within the Labour Party in the United Kingdom.
The Leader of Her Majesty's Most Loyal Opposition (more commonly known as the Leader of the Opposition) is the politician who leads the official opposition in the United Kingdom.
The letters of last resort are four identically worded handwritten letters from the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom to the commanding officers of the four British ballistic missile submarines.
In British politics, a Lib–Lab pact is a working arrangement between the Liberal Democrats (in previous times, the Liberal Party) and the Labour Party.
The Liberal Party was one of the two major parties in the United Kingdom – with the opposing Conservative Party – in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.
A lieutenant (abbreviated Lt, LT, Lieut and similar) is a junior commissioned officer in the armed forces, fire services, police and other organizations of many nations.
LieutenantThe pronunciation of lieutenant is generally split between,, generally in the United Kingdom, Ireland, and Commonwealth countries, and,, generally associated with the United States.
In the United Kingdom, life peers are appointed members of the peerage whose titles cannot be inherited, in contrast to hereditary peers.
The British Ambassador to the United States is in charge of the British Embassy, Washington, D.C., the United Kingdom's diplomatic mission to the United States.
This is a list of Prime Ministers of the United Kingdom by age.
Lobar pneumonia is a form of pneumonia that affects a large and continuous area of the lobe of a lung.
The London School of Economics (officially The London School of Economics and Political Science, often referred to as LSE) is a public research university located in London, England and a constituent college of the federal University of London.
In the Parliament of the United Kingdom, the Lords Temporal are secular members of the House of Lords.
Lyndon Baines Johnson (August 27, 1908January 22, 1973), often referred to by his initials LBJ, was an American politician who served as the 36th President of the United States from 1963 to 1969, assuming the office after having served as the 37th Vice President of the United States from 1961 to 1963.
Maidstone is a large, historically important town in Kent, England, of which it is the county town.
Margaret Ann Jay, Baroness Jay of Paddington, (née Callaghan; born 18 November 1939) is a British politician for the Labour Party and former BBC television producer and presenter.
Margaret Hilda Thatcher, Baroness Thatcher, (13 October 19258 April 2013) was a British stateswoman who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1979 to 1990 and Leader of the Conservative Party from 1975 to 1990.
Mayfield School is a mixed all-through school for pupils ages 4 to 16 located in Portsmouth.
A member of parliament (MP) is the representative of the voters to a parliament.
This is a list of members of the House of Lords, the upper house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
Michael Mackintosh Foot (23 July 1913 – 3 March 2010) was a British Labour Party politician and man of letters.
In the Government of the United Kingdom, the Minister for the Civil Service is responsible for regulations regarding Her Majesty's Civil Service, the role of which is to assist the governments of the United Kingdom in formulating and implementing policies.
Monetarism is a school of thought in monetary economics that emphasizes the role of governments in controlling the amount of money in circulation.
Music hall is a type of British theatrical entertainment that was popular from the early Victorian era circa 1850 and lasting until 1960.
The National Curriculum was introduced into England, Wales and Northern Ireland as a nationwide curriculum for primary and secondary state schools following the Education Reform Act (1988).
The National Executive Committee (NEC) is the governing body of the UK Labour Party, setting the overall strategic direction of the party and policy development.
The National Union of Seamen (NUS) was the principal trade union of merchant seafarers in the United Kingdom from the late 1880s to 1990.
Norman Atkinson (25 March 1923 – 8 July 2013) was a British politician who served as Labour Member of Parliament for the London constituency of Tottenham from 1964 until 1987.
Northern Ireland (Tuaisceart Éireann; Ulster-Scots: Norlin Airlann) is a part of the United Kingdom in the north-east of the island of Ireland, variously described as a country, province or region.
The Parliament of Northern Ireland was the home rule legislature created under the Government of Ireland Act 1920, which existed from 7 June 1921 to 30 March 1972, when it was suspended.
The Official Opposition Shadow Cabinet (usually known simply as the Shadow Cabinet) is, in British parliamentary practice, senior members of Her Majesty's Loyal Opposition who scrutinise their corresponding Government ministers, develop alternative policies, and hold the Government to account for its actions and responses.
The Open University (OU) is a public distance learning and research university, and one of the biggest universities in the UK for undergraduate education.
Operation Banner was the operational name for the British Armed Forces' operation in Northern Ireland from August 1969 to July 2007, as part of the Troubles.
Oxford is a city in the South East region of England and the county town of Oxfordshire.
The Parliamentary and Financial Secretary to the Admiralty also known as the Parliamentary and Financial Secretary to the Board of Admiralty was a position on the Board of Admiralty and civil officer of the British Royal Navy.
Parliamentary Secretary to the Ministry of Transport was a junior position at the British Ministry of Transport.
Peter Jay (born 7 February 1937) is an English economist, broadcaster and one-time diplomat.
Peter Pan is a fictional character created by Scottish novelist and playwright J. M. Barrie.
Peter David Shore, Baron Shore of Stepney, PC (20 May 1924 – 24 September 2001) was a British Labour politician and former Cabinet Minister, noted in part for his opposition to the United Kingdom's entry into the European Economic Community.
The Police Federation of England and Wales (PFEW) is the statutory staff association for police Constables, Sergeants, Inspectors and Chief Inspectors in the 43 territorial police forces in England and Wales.
Portsmouth is a port city in Hampshire, England, mainly on Portsea Island, south-west of London and south-east of Southampton.
The pound sterling (symbol: £; ISO code: GBP), commonly known as the pound and less commonly referred to as Sterling, is the official currency of the United Kingdom, Jersey, Guernsey, the Isle of Man, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, the British Antarctic Territory, and Tristan da Cunha.
The President of the European Council is a principal representative of the European Union (EU) on the world stage, and the person presiding over and driving forward the work of the European Council.
The Prime Minister of the United Kingdom is the head of the United Kingdom government.
Quintin McGarel Hogg, Baron Hailsham of St Marylebone, (9 October 1907 – 12 October 2001), who held the title 2nd Viscount Hailsham from 1950 to 1963, was a British politician known for the length of his career, the vigour with which he campaigned for the Conservative Party, and the influence of his political writing.
The Race Relations Act 1968 was an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom making it illegal to refuse housing, employment, or public services to a person on the grounds of colour, race, ethnic or national origins.
Reginald Maudling (7 March 1917 – 14 February 1979) was a British politician who held several Cabinet posts, including Chancellor of the Exchequer.
Ringmer is a village and civil parish in the Lewes District of East Sussex, England.
Lieutenant-Colonel George Rowland Stanley Baring, 3rd Earl of Cromer, (28 July 1918 – 16 March 1991), styled Viscount Errington before 1953, was a British banker and diplomat.
Roy Harris Jenkins, Baron Jenkins of Hillhead, (11 November 1920 – 5 January 2003) was a British Labour Party, SDP and Liberal Democrat politician, and biographer of British political leaders.
Founded in the reign of King George I, the Royal Hospital Haslar in Gosport, Hampshire, was one of several hospitals serving the Portsmouth Urban Area, but had previously been the country's foremost – and ultimately last – military hospital.
The Royal Naval Reserve (RNR) is the volunteer reserve force of the Royal Navy in the United Kingdom.
The Royal Navy (RN) is the United Kingdom's naval warfare force.
The Royal Ulster Constabulary was the police force in Northern Ireland from 1922 to 2001.
Rugby football refers to the team sports rugby league and rugby union.
Ruskin College, originally known as Ruskin Hall, Oxford, is an independent educational institution in Oxford, England.
The Scottish referendum of 1979 was a post-legislative referendum to decide whether there was sufficient support for a Scottish Assembly proposed in the Scotland Act 1978 among the Scottish electorate.
Her Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, normally referred to as the Foreign Secretary, is a senior, high-ranking official within the Government of the United Kingdom and head of the Foreign and Commonwealth Office.
Selective Employment Tax (SET) was a weekly payroll tax in the United Kingdom.
James Callaghan became Leader of the Opposition on 4 May 1979 after losing the 1979 election and remained in that office until Michael Foot was elected Leader of the Labour Party on 2 October 1980.
The Shadow Chancellor of the Exchequer in the British Parliamentary system is the member of the Shadow Cabinet who is responsible for shadowing the Chancellor of the Exchequer.
In British politics, the shadow foreign secretary is a position within the opposition's shadow cabinet that deals mainly with issues surrounding the Foreign Office.
In British politics, the Shadow Home Secretary is the person within the shadow cabinet who 'shadows' the Home Secretary; this effectively means scrutinising government policy on home affairs including policing, national security, immigration, the criminal justice system, the prison service, and matters of citizenship.
The Shadow Secretary of State for Employment was an office within British politics held by a member of Her Majesty's Loyal Opposition.
Shirley Vivian Teresa Brittain Williams, Baroness Williams of Crosby, (née Catlin; born 27 July 1930) is a British politician and academic who represents the Liberal Democrats.
The Six-Day War (Hebrew: מלחמת ששת הימים, Milhemet Sheshet Ha Yamim; Arabic: النكسة, an-Naksah, "The Setback" or حرب ۱۹٦۷, Ḥarb 1967, "War of 1967"), also known as the June War, 1967 Arab–Israeli War, or Third Arab–Israeli War, was fought between 5 and 10 June 1967 by Israel and the neighboring states of Egypt (known at the time as the United Arab Republic), Jordan, and Syria.
The Social Contract was a policy by the Labour government of Harold Wilson in 1970s Britain.
South Glamorgan (De Morgannwg) is a preserved county of Wales.
In economics, a speculative attack is a precipitous acquisition of some assets (currencies, gold, emission permits, remaining quotas) by previously inactive speculators.
State schools (also known as public schools outside England and Wales)In England and Wales, some independent schools for 13- to 18-year-olds are known as 'public schools'.
The Streatham-Croydon Rugby Football Club, is an historic Rugby Union club, founded in 1871, based at Frant Road, Thornton Heath, in the London Borough of Croydon, south London.
Swansea (Abertawe), is a coastal city and county, officially known as the City and County of Swansea (Dinas a Sir Abertawe) in Wales, UK.
The Daily Telegraph, commonly referred to simply as The Telegraph, is a national British daily broadsheet newspaper published in London by Telegraph Media Group and distributed across the United Kingdom and internationally.
The Guardian is a British daily newspaper.
The Right Honourable (The Rt Hon. or Rt Hon.) is an honorific style traditionally applied to certain persons and to certain collective bodies in the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Fiji, India, some other Commonwealth realms, the Anglophone Caribbean, Mauritius, and occasionally elsewhere.
The Sun is a tabloid newspaper published in the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland.
Anthony Neil Wedgwood Benn (3 April 1925 – 14 March 2014), originally known as Anthony Wedgwood Benn, but later as Tony Benn, was a British politician, writer, and diarist.
Anthony Charles Lynton Blair (born 6 May 1953) is a British politician who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1997 to 2007 and Leader of the Labour Party from 1994 to 2007.
The Trades Union Congress (TUC) is a national trade union centre, a federation of trade unions in England and Wales, representing the majority of trade unions.
The Treasurer of the Labour Party is a position on the National Executive Committee of the British Labour Party.
Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease usually caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB).
The Ulster Unionist Party (UUP) is a unionist political party in Northern Ireland.
The United Kingdom European Communities membership referendum, also known as the Referendum on the European Community (Common Market), the Common Market referendum and EEC membership referendum took place on 5 June 1975 in the United Kingdom to gauge support for the country's continued membership of the European Communities (EC)—often known at the time as the "European Community” and the "Common Market" which it had entered on 1 January 1973 under the Conservative government of Edward Heath under the provisions of the Referendum Act 1975.
The 1945 United Kingdom general election was held on 5 July 1945, with polls in some constituencies delayed until 12 July and in Nelson and Colne until 19 July, because of local wakes weeks.
The 1950 United Kingdom general election was the first ever general election to be held after a full term of Labour government.
The 1964 United Kingdom general election was held on 15 October 1964, five years after the previous election, and thirteen years after the Conservative Party, first led by Winston Churchill, had entered power.
The 1966 United Kingdom general election on 31 March 1966 was won by incumbent Labour Prime Minister Harold Wilson and was regarded as an easy victory.
The 1970 United Kingdom general election was held on Thursday 18 June 1970.
The 1979 United Kingdom general election was held on 3 May 1979 to elect 635 members to the British House of Commons.
The 1983 United Kingdom general election was held on Thursday 9 June 1983.
The 1987 United Kingdom general election was held on Thursday 11 June 1987, to elect 650 members to the House of Commons of the United Kingdom.
The 1997 United Kingdom general election was held on Thursday 1 May 1997, five years after the previous election on 9 April 1992, to elect 659 members to the British House of Commons.
The February 1974 United Kingdom general election was held on the 28th day of that month.
Vesta Victoria (1873-1951) was an English music hall singer and comedian.
Victory in Europe Day, generally known as V-E Day, VE Day or simply V Day, celebrated on May 8, 1945 to mark the formal acceptance by the Allies of World War II of Nazi Germany's unconditional surrender of its armed forces.
"Waiting at the Church" is a popular British music hall song written by Fred Leigh (words) and Henry Pether (music) for Vesta Victoria.
The Welsh referendum of 1979 was a post-legislative referendum held on 1 March 1979 (Saint David's Day) to decide whether there was sufficient support for a Welsh Assembly among the Welsh electorate.
A white paper is an authoritative report or guide that informs readers concisely about a complex issue and presents the issuing body's philosophy on the matter.
Whitehall is a road in the City of Westminster, Central London, which forms the first part of the A3212 road from Trafalgar Square to Chelsea.
Sir William James Simpson (20 May 1920–November 2001), often known as Bill Simpson, was a Scottish trade unionist and political activist.
Sir Winston Leonard Spencer-Churchill (30 November 187424 January 1965) was a British politician, army officer, and writer, who was Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1940 to 1945 and again from 1951 to 1955.
The Winter of Discontent was the winter of 1978–79 in the United Kingdom, during which there were widespread strikes by public sector trade unions demanding larger pay rises, following the ongoing pay caps of the Labour Party government led by James Callaghan against Trades Union Congress opposition to control inflation, during the coldest winter for 16 years.
A zebra crossing is a type of pedestrian crossing used in many places around the world.
The 1976 IMF Crisis was a financial crisis in the United Kingdom in 1976 which forced James Callaghan's Labour Party government to borrow $3.9 billion from the International Monetary Fund (IMF), the largest loan ever to have been requested from the IMF.
A vote of no confidence in the British Labour government of James Callaghan occurred on 28 March 1979.
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