275 relations: Abraham Lincoln, Alaska, Alma mater, American Century, American Civil War, American Mafia, American Revolutionary War, Amnesty, Andrew Carnegie, Andrew Johnson, Anglophobia, Anson Morrill, Anti-Catholicism in the United States, Assassination of James A. Garfield, Augusta, Maine, Austria-Hungary, Bachelor of Arts, Baltimore and Potomac Railroad, Baltimore crisis, Battle of Gettysburg, Benjamin Bristow, Benjamin Butler, Benjamin Harrison, Bimetallism, Blaine Amendment, Bland–Allison Act, Blue-collar worker, Bolivia, Boston, Buffalo, New York, C-SPAN, Cantwell v. Connecticut, Caribbean Sea, Carl Schurz, Catholic Church, Charles J. Guiteau, Chester A. Arthur, Chicago, Chile, Chilean Civil War of 1891, Cincinnati, Civil Rights Act of 1875, Clayton–Bulwer Treaty, Coal mining, Coinage Act of 1873, Compromise of 1877, Condominium (international law), Confederate States of America, Crédit Mobilier of America scandal, Cuba, ..., Customs union, Daniel Webster, David Hennessy, Deflation, Democratic Party (United States), Diplomatic rank, Dupont Circle, Duty (economics), Edwin Flye, Enforcement Acts, Enrollment Act, Ephraim Blaine, Establishment Clause, Everson v. Board of Education, Fiat money, First Amendment to the United States Constitution, First International Conference of American States, Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, Frank Furness, Frederick Theodore Frelinghuysen, Free Exercise Clause, George F. Edmunds, George H. Pendleton, George Washington, Georgetown, Kentucky, German Empire, Gold dollar, Gold standard, Grant administration scandals, Greenback (1860s money), Greenback Party, Grover Cleveland, Guano, Guy Gannett Communications, Half-Breeds (politics), Hannibal Hamlin, Hawaii, Henry A. P. Carter, Henry Cabot Lodge, Henry Clay, Henry M. Teller, Henry Ward Beecher, Hypochondriasis, Illinois, Impeachment of Andrew Johnson, Indiana, Iowa, Irish Americans, Irish Catholics, J. Warren Keifer, James A. Garfield, James Frederick Joy, James G. Blaine Mansion, James S. Clarkson, Jefferson Davis, John A. Logan, John C. Frémont, John F. Hartranft, John L. Stevens, John McLean, John Sherman, John Tyler Morgan, John W. Foster, Joseon, Kalākaua, Kennebec Journal, Kingdom of Hawaii, Legal Adviser of the Department of State, Liliʻuokalani, List of amendments to the United States Constitution, List of Maine Civil War units, List of United States Representatives from Maine, List of United States Republican Party presidential tickets, List of United States Senators from Maine, Little Rock and Fort Smith Railroad, Lot M. Morrill, Luther Severance, Maine, Maine House of Representatives, Maine Republican Party, Maine's 3rd congressional district, Maine's 4th congressional district, Manuel Antonio Matta, March 14, 1891 New Orleans lynchings, Matthew Quay, McKinley Tariff, Memoir, Merina Kingdom, Mexico, Michael C. Kerr, Michigan, Missouri, Mount Desert Island, Mugwumps, National Presbyterian Church, Neil Rolde, New Jersey, New Orleans, New York (state), New-York Tribune, North Pacific Fur Seal Convention of 1911, Oak Hill Cemetery (Washington, D.C.), Ohio, Oliver P. Morton, Organization of American States, Overbrook School for the Blind, Overthrow of the Kingdom of Hawaii, Pago Pago, Panama Canal, Patrick Egan (land reformer and diplomat), Pearl Harbor, Peru, Philadelphia, Powell Clayton, Presbyterianism, President of the United States, Pribilof Islands, Protectionism, Protectorate, Protestantism, Puerto Rico, Radical Republican, Reconstruction era, Republican National Committee, Republican Party (United States), Richard P. Bland, Robert G. Ingersoll, Romanism, Roscoe Conkling, Rutherford B. Hayes, Samoa, Samoan Civil War, Samuel C. Fessenden, Samuel D. Burchard (minister), Saverio Fava, Schuyler Colfax, Scotch-Irish Americans, Scotland, Seal hunting, Seldon Connor, Separation of church and state, Seventeenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, Shore leave, Siege of Vicksburg, South Parish Congregational Church and Parish House, Spanish–American War, Speaker of the United States House of Representatives, Specie Payment Resumption Act, Stalwarts (politics), State school, Suffrage, Sugar, Tariff, Telegraphy, Thaddeus Stevens, The Blaine House, The Contenders, The Greenback Era, The New York Times, Theodore M. Pomeroy, Theodore Roosevelt, Thomas F. Bayard, Thomas W. Ferry, Ticket (election), Treaty of Berlin (1889), Ulysses S. Grant, Union Army, Union Pacific Railroad, United Kingdom, United States Assistant Secretary of State, United States Capitol, United States House Committee on Rules, United States House of Representatives, United States House of Representatives elections, 1874, United States House of Representatives elections, 1878, United States House of Representatives elections, 1882, United States House of Representatives elections, 1886, United States Merchant Marine, United States Military Academy, United States Navy, United States presidential election, 1872, United States presidential election, 1876, United States presidential election, 1884, United States Secretary of State, United States Secretary of the Treasury, United States Senate, United States Senate Committee on Appropriations, United States Senate Committee on Civil Service, United States Senate Committee on Rules and Administration, USS Baltimore (C-3), Valparaíso, Virginia, Walker Blaine, War of the Pacific, Washington & Jefferson College, Washington, D.C., Washington, Pennsylvania, West Brownsville, Pennsylvania, Western Hemisphere, Western Military Institute, Western Pennsylvania, Whig Party (United States), William B. Allison, William H. West, William M. Evarts, William P. Frye, William Tecumseh Sherman, Winfield Scott Hancock, Yale Law School, 1856 Republican National Convention, 1860 Republican National Convention, 1872 Republican National Convention, 1876 Republican National Convention, 1880 Republican National Convention, 1884 Democratic National Convention, 1884 Republican National Convention, 1888 Republican National Convention, 1892 Republican National Convention, 38th United States Congress, 39th United States Congress, 41st United States Congress, 42nd United States Congress, 43rd United States Congress, 44th United States Congress, 45th United States Congress. Expand index (225 more) » « Shrink index
Abraham Lincoln (February 12, 1809 – April 15, 1865) was an American statesman and lawyer who served as the 16th President of the United States from March 1861 until his assassination in April 1865.
Alaska (Alax̂sxax̂) is a U.S. state located in the northwest extremity of North America.
Alma mater (Latin: "nourishing/kind", "mother"; pl.) is an allegorical Latin phrase for a university or college.
The American Century is a characterization of the period since the middle of the 20th century as being largely dominated by the United States in political, economic, and cultural terms.
The American Civil War (also known by other names) was a war fought in the United States from 1861 to 1865.
The American Mafia (commonly referred to as the Mafia or the Mob, though "the Mob" can refer to other organized crime groups) or Italian-American Mafia, is the highly organized Italian-American criminal society.
The American Revolutionary War (17751783), also known as the American War of Independence, was a global war that began as a conflict between Great Britain and its Thirteen Colonies which declared independence as the United States of America. After 1765, growing philosophical and political differences strained the relationship between Great Britain and its colonies. Patriot protests against taxation without representation followed the Stamp Act and escalated into boycotts, which culminated in 1773 with the Sons of Liberty destroying a shipment of tea in Boston Harbor. Britain responded by closing Boston Harbor and passing a series of punitive measures against Massachusetts Bay Colony. Massachusetts colonists responded with the Suffolk Resolves, and they established a shadow government which wrested control of the countryside from the Crown. Twelve colonies formed a Continental Congress to coordinate their resistance, establishing committees and conventions that effectively seized power. British attempts to disarm the Massachusetts militia at Concord, Massachusetts in April 1775 led to open combat. Militia forces then besieged Boston, forcing a British evacuation in March 1776, and Congress appointed George Washington to command the Continental Army. Concurrently, an American attempt to invade Quebec and raise rebellion against the British failed decisively. On July 2, 1776, the Continental Congress voted for independence, issuing its declaration on July 4. Sir William Howe launched a British counter-offensive, capturing New York City and leaving American morale at a low ebb. However, victories at Trenton and Princeton restored American confidence. In 1777, the British launched an invasion from Quebec under John Burgoyne, intending to isolate the New England Colonies. Instead of assisting this effort, Howe took his army on a separate campaign against Philadelphia, and Burgoyne was decisively defeated at Saratoga in October 1777. Burgoyne's defeat had drastic consequences. France formally allied with the Americans and entered the war in 1778, and Spain joined the war the following year as an ally of France but not as an ally of the United States. In 1780, the Kingdom of Mysore attacked the British in India, and tensions between Great Britain and the Netherlands erupted into open war. In North America, the British mounted a "Southern strategy" led by Charles Cornwallis which hinged upon a Loyalist uprising, but too few came forward. Cornwallis suffered reversals at King's Mountain and Cowpens. He retreated to Yorktown, Virginia, intending an evacuation, but a decisive French naval victory deprived him of an escape. A Franco-American army led by the Comte de Rochambeau and Washington then besieged Cornwallis' army and, with no sign of relief, he surrendered in October 1781. Whigs in Britain had long opposed the pro-war Tories in Parliament, and the surrender gave them the upper hand. In early 1782, Parliament voted to end all offensive operations in North America, but the war continued in Europe and India. Britain remained under siege in Gibraltar but scored a major victory over the French navy. On September 3, 1783, the belligerent parties signed the Treaty of Paris in which Great Britain agreed to recognize the sovereignty of the United States and formally end the war. French involvement had proven decisive,Brooks, Richard (editor). Atlas of World Military History. HarperCollins, 2000, p. 101 "Washington's success in keeping the army together deprived the British of victory, but French intervention won the war." but France made few gains and incurred crippling debts. Spain made some minor territorial gains but failed in its primary aim of recovering Gibraltar. The Dutch were defeated on all counts and were compelled to cede territory to Great Britain. In India, the war against Mysore and its allies concluded in 1784 without any territorial changes.
Amnesty (from the Greek ἀμνηστία amnestia, "forgetfulness, passing over") is defined as: "A pardon extended by the government to a group or class of people, usually for a political offense; the act of a sovereign power officially forgiving certain classes of people who are subject to trial but have not yet been convicted." It includes more than pardon, inasmuch as it obliterates all legal remembrance of the offense.
Andrew Carnegie (but commonly or;MacKay, p. 29. November 25, 1835August 11, 1919) was a Scottish-American industrialist, business magnate, and philanthropist.
Andrew Johnson (December 29, 1808 July 31, 1875) was the 17th President of the United States, serving from 1865 to 1869.
Anti-English sentiment or Anglophobia (from Latin Anglus "English" and Greek φόβος, phobos, "fear") means opposition to, dislike of, fear of, or hatred towards England or the English people.
Anson Peaslee Morrill (June 10, 1803 – July 5, 1887) was an American politician.
Anti-Catholicism in the United States is historically deeply rooted in the anti-Catholic attitudes brought by British Protestant to the American colonies.
The assassination of James A. Garfield, the 20th President of the United States, began when he was shot at 9:30 am on July 2, 1881, less than four months into his term as President, and ended in his death 79 days later on September 19, 1881.
Augusta is the state capital of the U.S. state of Maine and the county seat of Kennebec County.
Austria-Hungary, often referred to as the Austro-Hungarian Empire or the Dual Monarchy in English-language sources, was a constitutional union of the Austrian Empire (the Kingdoms and Lands Represented in the Imperial Council, or Cisleithania) and the Kingdom of Hungary (Lands of the Crown of Saint Stephen or Transleithania) that existed from 1867 to 1918, when it collapsed as a result of defeat in World War I. The union was a result of the Austro-Hungarian Compromise of 1867 and came into existence on 30 March 1867.
A Bachelor of Arts (BA or AB, from the Latin baccalaureus artium or artium baccalaureus) is a bachelor's degree awarded for an undergraduate course or program in either the liberal arts, sciences, or both.
The Baltimore and Potomac Railroad (B&P) operated from Baltimore, Maryland, southwest to Washington, D.C., from 1872 to 1902.
The Baltimore crisis was a diplomatic incident that took place between Chile and the United States, after the 1891 Chilean Civil War, as a result of the growing American influence in Pacific Coast region of Latin America in the 1890s.
The Battle of Gettysburg (with an sound) was fought July 1–3, 1863, in and around the town of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, by Union and Confederate forces during the American Civil War.
Benjamin Helm Bristow (June 20, 1832 – June 22, 1896) was the 30th U.S. Treasury Secretary, the first Solicitor General, an American lawyer, a Union military officer, Republican Party politician, reformer, and civil rights advocate.
Benjamin Franklin Butler (November 5, 1818 – January 11, 1893) was a major general of the Union Army, politician, lawyer and businessman from Massachusetts.
Benjamin Harrison (August 20, 1833 – March 13, 1901) was an American politician and lawyer who served as the 23rd President of the United States from 1889 to 1893.
Bimetallism is the economic term for a monetary standard in which the value of the monetary unit is defined as equivalent to certain quantities of two metals, typically gold and silver, creating a fixed rate of exchange between them.
The term Blaine Amendment refers to either a failed amendment to the U.S. Constitution or actual constitutional provisions in 38 of the 50 state constitutions in the United States that forbid direct government aid to educational institutions that have a religious affiliation.
The Bland–Allison Act, also referred to as the Grand Bland Plan of 1878, was an act of United States Congress requiring the U.S. Treasury to buy a certain amount of silver and put it into circulation as silver dollars.
In the United States and (at least some) other English-speaking countries, a blue-collar worker is a working class person who performs manual labor.
Bolivia (Mborivia; Buliwya; Wuliwya), officially known as the Plurinational State of Bolivia (Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia), is a landlocked country located in western-central South America.
Boston is the capital city and most populous municipality of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in the United States.
Buffalo is the second largest city in the state of New York and the 81st most populous city in the United States.
C-SPAN, an acronym for Cable-Satellite Public Affairs Network, is an American cable and satellite television network that was created in 1979 by the cable television industry as a public service.
Cantwell v. Connecticut,, is a decision by United States Supreme Court holding that the First Amendment's federal protection of religious free exercise incorporates via the Due Process Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment and so applies to state governments too.
The Caribbean Sea (Mar Caribe; Mer des Caraïbes; Caraïbische Zee) is a sea of the Atlantic Ocean in the tropics of the Western Hemisphere.
Carl Christian Schurz (March 2, 1829 – May 14, 1906) was a German revolutionary and an American statesman, journalist, and reformer.
The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with more than 1.299 billion members worldwide.
Charles Julius Guiteau (September 8, 1841June 30, 1882) was an American writer and lawyer who was convicted of the assassination of James A. Garfield, the 20th president of the United States.
Chester Alan Arthur (October 5, 1829 – November 18, 1886) was an American attorney and politician who served as the 21st President of the United States from 1881 to 1885; he succeeded James A. Garfield upon the latter's assassination.
Chicago, officially the City of Chicago, is the third most populous city in the United States, after New York City and Los Angeles.
Chile, officially the Republic of Chile, is a South American country occupying a long, narrow strip of land between the Andes to the east and the Pacific Ocean to the west.
The Chilean Civil War of 1891, also known as Revolution of 1891 was an armed conflict between forces supporting Congress and forces supporting the President, José Manuel Balmaceda.
The Civil Rights Act of 1875 (–337), sometimes called Enforcement Act or Force Act, was a United States federal law enacted during the Reconstruction Era in response to civil rights violations to African Americans, "to protect all citizens in their civil and legal rights", giving them equal treatment in public accommodations, public transportation, and to prohibit exclusion from jury service.
The Clayton–Bulwer Treaty was a treaty between the United States and Great Britain negotiated in 1850 by John M. Clayton and Sir Henry Lytton Bulwer, later Lord Dalling.
Coal mining is the process of extracting coal from the ground.
The Coinage Act of 1873 or Mint Act of 1873, 17 Stat. 424, was a general revision of the laws relating to the Mint of the United States.
The Compromise of 1877 was an informal, unwritten deal that settled the intensely disputed 1876 U.S. presidential election.
In international law, a condominium (plural either condominia, as in Latin, or condominiums) is a political territory (state or border area) in or over which multiple sovereign powers formally agree to share equal dominium (in the sense of sovereignty) and exercise their rights jointly, without dividing it into "national" zones.
The Confederate States of America (CSA or C.S.), commonly referred to as the Confederacy, was an unrecognized country in North America that existed from 1861 to 1865.
The Crédit Mobilier scandal of 1867, which came to public attention in 1872, involved the Union Pacific Rail Road and the Crédit Mobilier of America construction company in the building of the eastern portion of the First Transcontinental Railroad.
Cuba, officially the Republic of Cuba, is a country comprising the island of Cuba as well as Isla de la Juventud and several minor archipelagos.
A customs union was defined by the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade as a type of trade bloc which is composed of a free trade area with a common external tariff.
Daniel Webster (January 18, 1782October 24, 1852) was an American politician who represented New Hampshire (1813–1817) and Massachusetts (1823–1827) in the United States House of Representatives; served as a Senator from Massachusetts (1827–1841, 1845–1850); and was the United States Secretary of State under Presidents William Henry Harrison (1841), John Tyler (1841–1843), and Millard Fillmore (1850–1852).
David C. Hennessy (1858 – October 16, 1890) was a police chief of New Orleans, Louisiana.
In economics, deflation is a decrease in the general price level of goods and services.
The Democratic Party is one of the two major contemporary political parties in the United States, along with the Republican Party (nicknamed the GOP for Grand Old Party).
Diplomatic rank is a system of professional and social rank used in the world of diplomacy and international relations.
Dupont Circle is a traffic circle, park, neighborhood, and historic district in Northwest Washington, D.C. The traffic circle is located at the intersection of Massachusetts Avenue NW, Connecticut Avenue NW, New Hampshire Avenue NW, P Street NW, and 19th Street NW.
In economics, a duty is a kind of tax levied by a state.
Edwin Flye (March 4, 1817 – July 12, 1886) was a nineteenth-century politician, merchant, banker, bank president, and shipbuilder from Maine.
The Enforcement Acts were three bills passed by the United States Congress between 1870 and 1871.
The Enrollment Act,, enacted March 3, 1863, also known as the Civil War Military Draft Act, was legislation passed by the United States Congress during the American Civil War to provide fresh manpower for the Union Army.
Colonel Ephraim Blaine (1741–1804) was an early Pennsylvania settler who served as commissary-general for the middle district of the Continental Army under General George Washington.
In United States law, the Establishment Clause of the First Amendment to the United States Constitution, together with that Amendment's Free Exercise Clause, form the constitutional right of freedom of religion.
Everson v. Board of Education, was a landmark decision of the United States Supreme Court which applied the Establishment Clause in the country's Bill of Rights to State law.
Fiat money is a currency without intrinsic value that has been established as money, often by government regulation.
The First Amendment (Amendment I) to the United States Constitution prevents Congress from making any law respecting an establishment of religion, prohibiting the free exercise of religion, or abridging the freedom of speech, the freedom of the press, the right to peaceably assemble, or to petition for a governmental redress of grievances.
The First International Conference of American States was held in Washington, D.C., United States, from 20 January to 27 April 1890.
The Fourteenth Amendment (Amendment XIV) to the United States Constitution was adopted on July 9, 1868, as one of the Reconstruction Amendments.
Frank Heyling Furness (November 12, 1839 - June 27, 1912) was an American architect of the Victorian era.
Frederick Theodore Frelinghuysen (August 4, 1817May 20, 1885) was an American lawyer and politician from New Jersey who served as a U.S. Senator and later as United States Secretary of State under President Chester A. Arthur.
The Free Exercise Clause accompanies the Establishment Clause of the First Amendment to the United States Constitution.
George Franklin Edmunds (February 1, 1828February 27, 1919) was a Republican U.S. Senator from Vermont.
George Hunt Pendleton (July 19, 1825November 24, 1889) was an American politician and lawyer.
George Washington (February 22, 1732 –, 1799), known as the "Father of His Country," was an American soldier and statesman who served from 1789 to 1797 as the first President of the United States.
Georgetown is a home rule-class city in Scott County, Kentucky, in the United States.
The German Empire (Deutsches Kaiserreich, officially Deutsches Reich),Herbert Tuttle wrote in September 1881 that the term "Reich" does not literally connote an empire as has been commonly assumed by English-speaking people.
The gold dollar or gold one-dollar piece is a gold coin that was struck as a regular issue by the United States Bureau of the Mint from 1849 to 1889.
A gold standard is a monetary system in which the standard economic unit of account is based on a fixed quantity of gold.
Ulysses S. Grant and his administration, including his cabinet, suffered many scandals, leading to continuous reshuffling of officials.
Greenbacks were paper currency (printed in green on the back) issued by the United States during the American Civil War.
The Greenback Party (known successively as the Independent Party, the National Independent Party, and the Greenback Labor Party) was an American political party with an anti-monopoly ideology which was active between 1874 and 1889.
Stephen Grover Cleveland (March 18, 1837 – June 24, 1908) was an American politician and lawyer who was the 22nd and 24th President of the United States, the only president in American history to serve two non-consecutive terms in office (1885–1889 and 1893–1897).
Guano (from Quechua wanu via Spanish) is the accumulated excrement of seabirds and bats.
Guy Gannett Communications was a family-owned business consisting of newspapers in Maine and a handful of television stations in the eastern United States.
The "Half-Breeds" were a political faction of the United States Republican Party in the late 19th century.
Hannibal Hamlin (August 27, 1809July 4, 1891) was an American attorney and politician from the state of Maine.
Hawaii (Hawaii) is the 50th and most recent state to have joined the United States, having received statehood on August 21, 1959.
Henry Alpheus Peirce Carter, also known as Henry Augustus Peirce Carter (August 7, 1837 – November 1, 1891), was an American businessman, politician, and diplomat in the Kingdom of Hawaii.
Henry Cabot Lodge (May 12, 1850 November 9, 1924) was an American Republican Congressman and historian from Massachusetts.
Henry Clay Sr. (April 12, 1777 – June 29, 1852) was an American lawyer, planter, and statesman who represented Kentucky in both the United States Senate and House of Representatives.
Henry Moore Teller (May 23, 1830February 23, 1914) was an American politician from Colorado, serving as a US senator between 1876–1882 and 1885–1909, also serving as Secretary of the Interior between 1882 and 1885.
Henry Ward Beecher (June 24, 1813 – March 8, 1887) was an American Congregationalist clergyman, social reformer, and speaker, known for his support of the abolition of slavery, his emphasis on God's love, and his 1875 adultery trial.
Hypochondriasis or hypochondria is a condition in which a person is excessively and unduly worried about having a serious illness.
Illinois is a state in the Midwestern region of the United States.
The Impeachment of Andrew Johnson occurred in 1868, when the United States House of Representatives resolved to impeach President Andrew Johnson, adopting eleven articles of impeachment detailing his "high crimes and misdemeanors," in accordance with Article Two of the United States Constitution.
Indiana is a U.S. state located in the Midwestern and Great Lakes regions of North America.
Iowa is a U.S. state in the Midwestern United States, bordered by the Mississippi River to the east and the Missouri and Big Sioux rivers to the west.
Irish Americans (Gael-Mheiriceánaigh) are an ethnic group comprising Americans who have full or partial ancestry from Ireland, especially those who identify with that ancestry, along with their cultural characteristics.
Irish Catholics are an ethnoreligious group native to Ireland that are both Catholic and Irish.
Joseph Warren Keifer (January 30, 1836 – April 22, 1932) was a major general during the Spanish–American War and a prominent U.S. politician during the 1880s.
James Abram Garfield (November 19, 1831 – September 19, 1881) was the 20th President of the United States, serving from March 4, 1881, until his assassination later that year.
James Frederick Joy (December 20, 1810 – September 24, 1896) was an American railroad magnate and politician in Detroit, Michigan.
The James G. Blaine Mansion is an historic house, located at 2000 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, D.C., in the Dupont Circle neighborhood.
James S. Clarkson (May 17, 1842 – May 30, 1918) was born in Brookville, Indiana, but raised a native of Polk County, Iowa.
Jefferson Davis (June 3, 1808 – December 6, 1889) was an American politician who served as the only President of the Confederate States from 1861 to 1865.
John Alexander Logan (February 9, 1826 – December 26, 1886) was an American soldier and political leader.
John Charles Frémont or Fremont (January 21, 1813July 13, 1890) was an American explorer, politician, and soldier who, in 1856, became the first candidate of the Republican Party for the office of President of the United States.
John Frederick Hartranft (December 16, 1830 – October 17, 1889) was an American politician, the 17th Governor of Pennsylvania from 1873 to 1879.
John Leavitt Stevens (August 1, 1820 – February 8, 1895) was the United States Minister to the Kingdom of Hawaii in 1893 when he was accused of conspiring to overthrow Queen Liliuokalani in association with the Committee of Safety, led by Lorrin A. Thurston and Sanford B. Dole – the first Americans attempting to overthrow a foreign government under the auspices of a United States government officer.
John McLean (March 11, 1785 – April 4, 1861) was an American jurist and politician who served in the United States Congress, as U.S. Postmaster General, and as a justice of the Ohio and U.S. Supreme Courts.
John Sherman (May 10, 1823October 22, 1900) was a politician from the U.S. state of Ohio during the American Civil War and into the late nineteenth century.
John Tyler Morgan (June 20, 1824 – June 11, 1907) was a general in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War, a six-term U.S. senator from the state of Alabama after the war.
John Watson Foster (March 2, 1836 – November 15, 1917) was an American diplomat and military officer, as well as a lawyer and journalist.
The Joseon dynasty (also transcribed as Chosŏn or Chosun, 조선; officially the Kingdom of Great Joseon, 대조선국) was a Korean dynastic kingdom that lasted for approximately five centuries.
Kalākaua (November 16, 1836 – January 20, 1891), born David Laamea Kamananakapu Mahinulani Naloiaehuokalani Lumialani Kalākaua and sometimes called The Merrie Monarch, was the last king and penultimate monarch of the Kingdom of HawaiOkinai.
The Kennebec Journal is a seven-day morning daily newspaper published in Augusta, Maine.
The Kingdom of Hawaiʻi originated in 1795 with the unification of the independent islands of Hawaiʻi, Oʻahu, Maui, Molokaʻi, and Lānaʻi under one government.
The Legal Adviser of the Department of State is a position within the United States Department of State.
Liliʻuokalani (born Lydia Liliʻu Loloku Walania Kamakaʻeha; September 2, 1838 – November 11, 1917) was the first queen and last monarch of the Kingdom of Hawaiokinai, ruling from January 29, 1891, until the overthrow of the Kingdom of Hawaiokinai on January 17, 1893.
Thirty-three amendments to the United States Constitution have been proposed by the United States Congress and sent to the states for ratification since the Constitution was put into operation on March 4, 1789.
List of military units raised by the state of Maine during the American Civil War.
The following is an alphabetical list of members of the United States House of Representatives from the state of Maine.
This is a list of the candidates for the offices of President of the United States and Vice President of the United States of the Republican Party of the United States.
Maine was admitted to the Union on March 15, 1820.
The Little Rock and Fort Smith Railroad was a railroad that operated in the state of Arkansas between 1853 and 1875.
Lot Myrick Morrill (May 3, 1813January 10, 1883) was an American statesman who served as the 28th Governor of Maine, in the United States Senate and as Secretary of the Treasury appointed by President Ulysses S. Grant.
Luther Severance (October 26, 1797 – January 25, 1855) was a United States Representative and diplomat from Maine.
Maine is a U.S. state in the New England region of the northeastern United States.
The Maine House of Representatives is the lower house of the Maine Legislature.
The Maine Republican Party is an affiliate of the United States Republican Party (GOP) in Maine.
Maine's 3rd congressional district is an obsolete congressional district.
Maine's 4th congressional district is a former congressional district in Maine.
Manuel Antonio Matta (February 27, 1826 – June 12, 1892) was a Chilean politician, lawyer and writer and founder of the Radical Party of Chile along with Pedro Leon Gallo.
The March 14, 1891 New Orleans lynchings were the murders of eleven Italian Americans in New Orleans, Louisiana, by a mob for their alleged role in the murder of police chief David Hennessy after some of them had been acquitted at trial.
Matthew Stanley "Matt" Quay (September 30, 1833May 28, 1904) was a Pennsylvania political boss once dubbed a "kingmaker" by President Benjamin Harrison.
The Tariff Act of 1890, commonly called the McKinley Tariff, was an act of the United States Congress framed by Representative William McKinley that became law on October 1, 1890.
A memoir (US: /ˈmemwɑːr/; from French: mémoire: memoria, meaning memory or reminiscence) is a collection of memories that an individual writes about moments or events, both public or private, that took place in the subject's life.
The Merina Kingdom, or Kingdom of Madagascar, officially the Kingdom of Imerina (1540–1897) was a pre-colonial state off the coast of Southeast Africa that, by the 19th century, dominated most of what is now Madagascar.
Mexico (México; Mēxihco), officially called the United Mexican States (Estados Unidos Mexicanos) is a federal republic in the southern portion of North America.
Michael Crawford Kerr (March 15, 1827 – August 19, 1876) was an American legislator, and the first Democratic Speaker of the United States House of Representatives after the Civil War.
Michigan is a state in the Great Lakes and Midwestern regions of the United States.
Missouri is a state in the Midwestern United States.
Mount Desert Island (MDI) in Hancock County, Maine, is the largest island off the coast of Maine.
The Mugwumps were Republican political activists who bolted from the United States Republican Party by supporting Democratic candidate Grover Cleveland in the United States presidential election of 1884.
The National Presbyterian Church is a Christian congregation of approximately 1,500 members of all ages from the greater metropolitan Washington, D.C., area.
Neil Rolde (July 25, 1931 – May 15, 2017) was an American historian, author, philanthropist, and politician.
New Jersey is a state in the Mid-Atlantic region of the Northeastern United States.
New Orleans (. Merriam-Webster.; La Nouvelle-Orléans) is a major United States port and the largest city and metropolitan area in the state of Louisiana.
New York is a state in the northeastern United States.
The New-York Tribune was an American newspaper, first established in 1841 by editor Horace Greeley (1811–1872).
The North Pacific Fur Seal Convention of 1911, formally known as the Convention between the United States and Other Powers Providing for the Preservation and Protection of Fur Seals, was an international treaty signed on July 7, 1911, designed to manage the commercial harvest of fur bearing mammals (such as Northern fur seals and sea otters) in the Pribilof Islands of the Bering Sea.
Oak Hill Cemetery is a historic cemetery located in the Georgetown neighborhood of Washington, D.C., in the United States.
Ohio is a Midwestern state in the Great Lakes region of the United States.
Oliver Hazard Perry Throck Morton (August 4, 1823 – November 1, 1877), commonly known as Oliver P. Morton, was a U.S. Republican Party politician from Indiana.
The Organization of American States (Organización de los Estados Americanos, Organização dos Estados Americanos, Organisation des États américains), or the OAS or OEA, is a continental organization that was founded on 30 April 1948, for the purposes of regional solidarity and cooperation among its member states.
The Overbrook School for the Blind was established in 1832 in Overbrook, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
The overthrow of the Kingdom of Hawaii began on January 17, 1893, with a coup d'état against Queen Liliokinauokalani on the island of Oahu by foreign residents residing in Honolulu, mostly United States citizens, and subjects of the Kingdom of Hawaii.
Pago Pago (Samoan:; pronounced pahng-oh pahng-oh)Harris, Ann G. and Esther Tuttle (2004).
The Panama Canal (Canal de Panamá) is an artificial waterway in Panama that connects the Atlantic Ocean with the Pacific Ocean.
Patrick Egan (August 31, 1841 – 1919) was an Irish and American political leader.
Pearl Harbor is a lagoon harbor on the island of Oahu, Hawaii, west of Honolulu.
Peru (Perú; Piruw Republika; Piruw Suyu), officially the Republic of Peru, is a country in western South America.
Philadelphia is the largest city in the U.S. state and Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, and the sixth-most populous U.S. city, with a 2017 census-estimated population of 1,580,863.
Powell Clayton (born Powell Foulk Clayton; August 7, 1833August 25, 1914) was an American politician and diplomat who served as a United States Senator from Arkansas from 1871 to 1877 and United States Ambassador to Mexico from 1899 to 1905.
Presbyterianism is a part of the reformed tradition within Protestantism which traces its origins to Britain, particularly Scotland, and Ireland.
The President of the United States (POTUS) is the head of state and head of government of the United States of America.
The Pribilof Islands (formerly the Northern Fur Seal Islands) are a group of four volcanic islands off the coast of mainland Alaska, in the Bering Sea, about north of Unalaska and 200 miles (320 km) southwest of Cape Newenham.
Protectionism is the economic policy of restricting imports from other countries through methods such as tariffs on imported goods, import quotas, and a variety of other government regulations.
A protectorate, in its inception adopted by modern international law, is a dependent territory that has been granted local autonomy and some independence while still retaining the suzerainty of a greater sovereign state.
Protestantism is the second largest form of Christianity with collectively more than 900 million adherents worldwide or nearly 40% of all Christians.
Puerto Rico (Spanish for "Rich Port"), officially the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico (Estado Libre Asociado de Puerto Rico, "Free Associated State of Puerto Rico") and briefly called Porto Rico, is an unincorporated territory of the United States located in the northeast Caribbean Sea.
The Radical Republicans were a faction of American politicians within the Republican Party of the United States from around 1854 (before the American Civil War) until the end of Reconstruction in 1877.
The Reconstruction era was the period from 1863 (the Presidential Proclamation of December 8, 1863) to 1877.
The Republican National Committee (RNC) is a U.S. political committee that provides national leadership for the Republican Party of the United States.
The Republican Party, also referred to as the GOP (abbreviation for Grand Old Party), is one of the two major political parties in the United States, the other being its historic rival, the Democratic Party.
Richard Parks Bland (August 19, 1835 – June 15, 1899) was an American politician, lawyer, and educator from Missouri.
Robert Green "Bob" Ingersoll (August 11, 1833 – July 21, 1899) was an American lawyer, father of the feminist Eva Ingersoll Brown, a Civil War veteran, politician, and orator of the United States during the Golden Age of Free Thought, noted for his broad range of culture and his defense of agnosticism.
Romanism was a derogatory term for Roman Catholicism in the past when anti-Catholicism was more common in the United States and the United Kingdom.
Roscoe Conkling (October 30, 1829April 18, 1888) was a politician from New York who served both as a member of the United States House of Representatives and the United States Senate.
Rutherford Birchard Hayes (October 4, 1822 – January 17, 1893) was the 19th President of the United States from 1877 to 1881, an American congressman, and governor of Ohio.
Samoa, officially the Independent State of Samoa (Malo Saʻoloto Tutoʻatasi o Sāmoa; Sāmoa) and, until 4 July 1997, known as Western Samoa, is a unitary parliamentary democracy with eleven administrative divisions.
The First Samoan Civil War refers to the conflict between rival Samoan factions in the Samoan Islands of the South Pacific.
Samuel Clement Fessenden (March 7, 1815 – April 18, 1882) was a United States Congressman from Maine, son of abolitionist Samuel Fessenden, and brother of Treasury Secretary William Pitt Fessenden and Congressman T. A. D. Fessenden.
Samuel Dickerson Burchard (September 6, 1812 – September 25, 1891) was a 19th-century Presbyterian minister from New York.
Baron Saverio Fava (1832–1913) was known for his founding of the Italian Ministry in Washington, D.C..
Schuyler Colfax Jr. (March 23, 1823 – January 13, 1885) was an American journalist, businessman, and politician from Indiana.
Scotch-Irish (or Scots-Irish) Americans are American descendants of Presbyterian and other Ulster Protestant Dissenters from various parts of Ireland, but usually from the province of Ulster, who migrated during the 18th and 19th centuries.
Scotland (Alba) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and covers the northern third of the island of Great Britain.
Seal hunting, or sealing, is the personal or commercial hunting of seals.
Seldon Connor (January 25, 1839July 9, 1917) was an American soldier, banker, and politician who was the 35th Governor of the U.S. state of Maine.
The separation of church and state is a philosophic and jurisprudential concept for defining political distance in the relationship between religious organizations and the nation state.
The Seventeenth Amendment (Amendment XVII) to the United States Constitution established the popular election of United States Senators by the people of the states.
Shore leave is the leave that professional sailors get to spend on dry land.
The Siege of Vicksburg (May 18 – July 4, 1863) was the final major military action in the Vicksburg Campaign of the American Civil War.
The South Parish Congregational Church and Parish House is a historic church at 9 Church Street in Augusta, Maine.
The Spanish–American War (Guerra hispano-americana or Guerra hispano-estadounidense; Digmaang Espanyol-Amerikano) was fought between the United States and Spain in 1898.
The Speaker of the House is the presiding officer of the United States House of Representatives.
The Specie Payment Resumption Act of January 14, 1875 was a law in the United States that restored the nation to the gold standard through the redemption of previously-unbacked United States Notes and reversed inflationary government policies promoted directly after the American Civil War.
The Stalwarts were a faction of the Republican Party that existed briefly in the United States during and after Reconstruction and the Gilded Age, that is, during the 1870s and 1880s.
State schools (also known as public schools outside England and Wales)In England and Wales, some independent schools for 13- to 18-year-olds are known as 'public schools'.
Suffrage, political franchise, or simply franchise is the right to vote in public, political elections (although the term is sometimes used for any right to vote).
Sugar is the generic name for sweet-tasting, soluble carbohydrates, many of which are used in food.
A tariff is a tax on imports or exports between sovereign states.
Telegraphy (from Greek: τῆλε têle, "at a distance" and γράφειν gráphein, "to write") is the long-distance transmission of textual or symbolic (as opposed to verbal or audio) messages without the physical exchange of an object bearing the message.
Thaddeus Stevens (April 4, 1792 – August 11, 1868) was a member of the United States House of Representatives from Pennsylvania and one of the leaders of the Radical Republican faction of the Republican Party during the 1860s.
The Blaine House, also known as James G. Blaine House, is the official residence of the Governor of Maine and his or her family.
The Contenders is a 14-program series that was produced and aired by C-SPAN in the fall of 2011.
The Greenback Era: A Social and Political History of American Finance, 1865-1879 is a book by American historian Irwin Unger, published in 1964 by Princeton University Press, which won the 1965 Pulitzer Prize for History.
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
Theodore Medad Pomeroy (December 31, 1824 – March 23, 1905) was an American businessman and politician from New York who served as the 26th Speaker of the United States House of Representatives from March 3, 1869, to March 4, 1869, the shortest American speakership term in history.
Theodore Roosevelt Jr. (October 27, 1858 – January 6, 1919) was an American statesman and writer who served as the 26th President of the United States from 1901 to 1909.
Thomas Francis Bayard (October 29, 1828 – September 28, 1898) was an American lawyer, politician, and diplomat from Wilmington, Delaware.
Thomas White Ferry (June 10, 1827October 13, 1896) was a U.S. Representative and U.S. Senator from the state of Michigan.
A ticket refers to a single election choice which fills more than one political office or seat.
The Treaty of Berlin (1889) was the concluding document of the conference at Berlin in 1889 on Samoa.
Ulysses Simpson Grant (born Hiram Ulysses Grant; April 27, 1822 – July 23, 1885) was an American soldier and statesman who served as Commanding General of the Army and the 18th President of the United States, the highest positions in the military and the government of the United States.
During the American Civil War, the Union Army referred to the United States Army, the land force that fought to preserve the Union of the collective states.
The Union Pacific Railroad (or Union Pacific Railroad Company and simply Union Pacific) is a freight hauling railroad that operates 8,500 locomotives over 32,100 route-miles in 23 states west of Chicago and New Orleans.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.
Assistant Secretary of State (A/S) is a title used for many executive positions in the United States Department of State, ranking below the Under Secretaries.
The United States Capitol, often called the Capitol Building, is the home of the United States Congress, and the seat of the legislative branch of the U.S. federal government.
The Committee on Rules, or (more commonly) Rules Committee, is a committee of the United States House of Representatives.
The United States House of Representatives is the lower chamber of the United States Congress, the Senate being the upper chamber.
Elections to the United States House of Representatives were held in 1874 and 1875 for Representatives to the 44th Congress, occurring in the middle of President Ulysses S. Grant's second term with a deep economic depression underway.
Elections to the United States House of Representatives were held in 1878In 1879, California held its last regular Congressional election in an odd-numbered year.
Elections to the United States House of Representatives were held in 1882 for the 48th Congress, during President Chester A. Arthur's term.
Elections to the United States House of Representatives were held in 1886 for Representatives to the 50th Congress, taking place in the middle of President Grover Cleveland's first term.
The United States Merchant Marine refers to either United States civilian mariners, or to U.S. civilian and federally owned merchant vessels.
The United States Military Academy (USMA), also known as West Point, Army, Army West Point, The Academy or simply The Point, is a four-year coeducational federal service academy located in West Point, New York, in Orange County.
The United States Navy (USN) is the naval warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces and one of the seven uniformed services of the United States.
The United States presidential election of 1872 was the 22nd quadrennial presidential election, held on Tuesday, November 5, 1872.
The United States presidential election of 1876 was the 23rd quadrennial presidential election, held on Tuesday, November 7, 1876.
The United States presidential election of 1884 was the 25th quadrennial presidential election, held on Tuesday, November 4, 1884.
The Secretary of State is a senior official of the federal government of the United States of America, and as head of the U.S. Department of State, is principally concerned with foreign policy and is considered to be the U.S. government's equivalent of a Minister for Foreign Affairs.
The Secretary of the Treasury is the head of the U.S. Department of the Treasury which is concerned with financial and monetary matters, and, until 2003, also included several federal law enforcement agencies.
The United States Senate is the upper chamber of the United States Congress, which along with the United States House of Representatives—the lower chamber—comprise the legislature of the United States.
The United States Senate Committee on Appropriations is a standing committee of the United States Senate.
United States Senate Committee on Civil Service is a defunct committee of the United States Senate.
The Senate Committee on Rules and Administration (also called the Senate Rules Committee) is responsible for the rules of the United States Senate, administration of congressional buildings, and with credentials and qualifications of members of the Senate, including responsibility for dealing with contested elections.
The fourth USS Baltimore (C-3) (later CM-1) was a United States Navy cruiser, the fifth protected cruiser to be built by an American yard.
Valparaíso is a major city, seaport, and educational center in the commune of Valparaíso, Chile.
Virginia (officially the Commonwealth of Virginia) is a state in the Southeastern and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States located between the Atlantic Coast and the Appalachian Mountains.
Walker Blaine (May 8, 1855 – January 15, 1890) was an official in the United States Department of State.
The War of the Pacific (Guerra del Pacífico), also known as the Salpeter War (Guerra del Salitre) and by multiple other names (see the etymology section below) was a war between Chile on one side and a Bolivian-Peruvian alliance on the other.
Washington & Jefferson College, also known as W & J College or W&J, is a private liberal arts college in Washington, Pennsylvania, in the United States, which is south of Pittsburgh.
Washington, D.C., formally the District of Columbia and commonly referred to as Washington or D.C., is the capital of the United States of America.
Washington is a city in and the county seat of Washington County, Pennsylvania, United States, within the Greater Pittsburgh Region in the southwestern part of the state.
West Brownsville is a former important transportation nexus and a present-day borough in Washington County, Pennsylvania, United States and part of the Pittsburgh metropolitan area.
The Western Hemisphere is a geographical term for the half of Earth which lies west of the prime meridian (which crosses Greenwich, London, United Kingdom) and east of the antimeridian.
The Western Military Institute was a preparatory school and college located first in Kentucky, then in Tennessee.
Western Pennsylvania refers to the western third of the state of Pennsylvania in the United States.
The Whig Party was a political party active in the middle of the 19th century in the United States.
William Boyd Allison (March 2, 1829 – August 4, 1908) was an early leader of the Iowa Republican Party, who represented northeastern Iowa in the United States House of Representatives before representing his state in the United States Senate.
William Henry West (February 9, 1824 – March 14, 1911) was a Republican Party politician in the U.S. state of Ohio who served as Ohio Attorney General from 1866 to 1868, and a member of the Ohio Supreme Court from February 1872 to 1873.
William Maxwell Evarts (February 6, 1818February 28, 1901) was an American lawyer and statesman from New York who served as U.S. Secretary of State, U.S. Attorney General and U.S. Senator from New York.
William Pierce Frye (September 2, 1830August 8, 1911) was an American politician from the state of Maine.
William Tecumseh Sherman (February 8, 1820 – February 14, 1891) was an American soldier, businessman, educator, and author.
Winfield Scott Hancock (February 14, 1824 – February 9, 1886) was a career U.S. Army officer and the Democratic nominee for President of the United States in 1880.
Yale Law School (often referred to as Yale Law or YLS) is the law school of Yale University, located in New Haven, Connecticut, United States.
The 1856 Republican National Convention, also known as the first Republican National Convention, met from June 17 to June 19, 1856, at the Musical Fund Hall in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.
The 1860 Republican National Convention, also known as the 2nd Republican National Convention, was a nominating convention of the Republican Party of the United States, held in Chicago, Illinois, from May 16 to 18, 1860.
The 1872 Republican National Convention was held in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, June 5–6, 1872.
The 1876 Republican National Convention was a presidential nominating convention held at the Exposition Hall in Cincinnati, Ohio on June 14–16, 1876.
The 1880 Republican National Convention convened from June 2 to June 8, 1880, at the Interstate Exposition Building in Chicago, Illinois, United States, and nominated Representative James A. Garfield of Ohio and Chester A. Arthur of New York as the official candidates of the Republican Party for President and Vice President, respectively, in the 1880 presidential election.
In 1884, the Democrats gathered in Chicago for their National Convention.
The 1884 Republican National Convention was a presidential nominating convention held at the Exposition Hall in Chicago, Illinois, on June 3–6, 1884.
The 1888 Republican National Convention was a presidential nominating convention held at the Auditorium Building in Chicago, Illinois, on June 19–25, 1888.
The 1892 National Convention of the Republican Party of the United States was held at the Industrial Exposition Building, Minneapolis, Minnesota, from June 7 to June 10, 1892.
The Thirty-eighth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives.
The Thirty-ninth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives.
The Forty-first United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives.
The Forty-second United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives.
The Forty-third United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives.
The Forty-fourth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives.
The Forty-fifth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives.