209 relations: A Satire of the Three Estates, Abbot of Holyrood, Abbot of Melrose, Adam Otterburn, Alexander Stewart, Duke of Ross, Alison Weir, All Saints' Day, Andrew Mansioun, Antoine d'Arces, Antoinette de Bourbon, Archibald Campbell, 4th Earl of Argyll, Archibald Campbell, 5th Earl of Argyll, Archibald Douglas, 5th Earl of Angus, Archibald Douglas, 6th Earl of Angus, Arnold, Duke of Guelders, Auld Alliance, Bamburgh, Battle of Flodden, Battle of Haddon Rig, Battle of Linlithgow Bridge, Battle of Solway Moss, BBC Radio 3, Blessed sword and hat, Brescia, Bridlington, Burning of Edinburgh, Catherine de' Medici, Catherine of Cleves (1417–1479), Catherine of Valois, Catholic Church, Cecily Neville, Duchess of York, Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor, Charles, Duke of Vendôme, Christian I of Denmark, Christina of Denmark, Claude, Duke of Guise, Compiègne, Court of the Lord Lyon, Craigmillar Castle, Crown of Ireland Act 1542, David Beaton, David Lyndsay, David Peebles, Death by burning, Dietrich, Count of Oldenburg, Dorothea of Brandenburg, Duchy of Urbino, Duke of Rothesay, Dunbar, Dunbar Castle, ..., Earl of Bothwell, Edinburgh, Edmund Tudor, 1st Earl of Richmond, Edward IV of England, Elizabeth Bethune, Elizabeth of York, Elizabeth Woodville, English ship Mary Willoughby, Euphemia Elphinstone, Eustace Chapuys, Falkland Palace, Fife, Francesco II Sforza, Francis I of France, Francis Stewart, 5th Earl of Bothwell, George Douglas of Pittendreich, George Leslie, 4th Earl of Rothes, Gioachino Rossini, Guillaume du Bellay, Hector Boece, Helvig of Schauenburg, Henry FitzRoy, 1st Duke of Richmond and Somerset, Henry II of France, Henry II of Navarre, Henry VII of England, Heresy, Holy Roman Emperor, Holyrood Abbey, Holyrood Palace, Holyrood, Edinburgh, House of Stuart, Ippolito II d'Este, Isabella of Navarre, Viscountess of Rohan, Isle of Arran, Jacquetta of Luxembourg, James Douglas, 7th of Drumlanrig, James Hamilton, Duke of Châtellerault, James Hepburn, 4th Earl of Bothwell, James I of Scotland, James II of Scotland, James III of Scotland, James IV of Scotland, James Kirkcaldy, James Melville of Halhill, James Somerville (family historian), James Stewart, 1st Earl of Moray, James VI and I, James, Duke of Rothesay (born 1540), Jean Hepburn, Joan Beaufort, Queen of Scots, Johann Cochlaeus, John Beaufort, 1st Duke of Somerset, John Bellenden, John Knox, John Stewart, 3rd Earl of Lennox, John Stewart, Duke of Albany, John Tennent, John, Margrave of Brandenburg-Kulmbach, Johnnie Armstrong, Kingdom of Ireland, Kingdom of Northumbria, Kingdom of Scotland, Kirkcaldy, Kirkwall, La donna del lago, Lady Jean Stewart, Lancaster Herald, Latin alphabet, Lauder, Leith, Lewis, Linlithgow, Linlithgow Palace, List of Scottish monarchs, Loches, Lord Lyon King of Arms, Lordship of Ireland, Louis II d'Orléans, Duke of Longueville, Louvre castle, Lute, Madeleine of Valois, Malcolm Fleming, 3rd Lord Fleming, Margaret Beauchamp of Bletso, Margaret Beaufort, Countess of Richmond and Derby, Margaret Erskine, Margaret of Denmark, Queen of Scotland, Margaret Tudor, Marguerite de Navarre, Marjorie Bruce, Martin Luther, Mary of Bourbon, Mary of Guelders, Mary of Guise, Mary of Hungary (governor of the Netherlands), Mary, Queen of Scots, Menagerie, National Archives of Scotland, Notre-Dame de Paris, Oliver Sinclair, Orkney, Outer Hebrides, Owen Tudor, Patrick Hamilton (martyr), PDF, Perth Charterhouse, Pierre de Ronsard, Plate armour, Pope Clement VII, Pope Paul III, Prince of Scotland, Prior of Coldingham, Prior of May (Pittenweem), Prior of St Andrews, Prior of Whithorn, Protestantism, Ralph Sadler, Reformation, Regent, Richard of York, 3rd Duke of York, Richard Woodville, 1st Earl Rivers, Robert Carver (composer), Robert Lindsay of Pitscottie, Robert Maxwell, 5th Lord Maxwell, Robert Reid (bishop), Robert Stewart, 1st Earl of Orkney, Robert the Bruce, Rough Wooing, Royal Scots Navy, Saint-Quentin, Aisne, Salamander of Leith, Scarborough, North Yorkshire, Scota, Scotichronicon, Scottish Gaelic, Scottish Royal tapestry collection, Shawm, Sheriff Hutton Castle, Sight-reading, Somerset Herald, Stirling Castle, Tales of a Grandfather, Tantallon Castle, Tassets, The Lady of the Lake (poem), The Scots Peerage, Thomas D'Arcy McGee, Thomas Erskine of Haltoun, Thomas Magnus, Thomas Trahern, Treasurer of Scotland, Treaty of Rouen, Trossachs, University of St Andrews, Viol, Walter Scott, Walter Scott of Branxholme and Buccleuch, West Lothian, William Drummond of Hawthornden, William Stewart (makar). Expand index (159 more) » « Shrink index
A Satire of the Three Estates (Middle Scots: Ane Pleasant Satyre of the Thrie Estaitis), is a satirical morality play in Middle Scots, written by makar Sir David Lyndsay.
The Abbot of Holyrood (later Commendator of Holyrood) was the head of the Augustinian monastic community of Holyrood Abbey, now in Edinburgh.
The Abbot and then Commendator of Melrose was the head of the monastic community of Melrose Abbey, in Melrose in the Borders region of Scotland.
Adam Otterburn of Auldhame and Reidhall (died 6 July 1548) was a Scottish lawyer and diplomat.
Alexander Stewart, Duke of Ross (30 April 1514, Stirling Castle–18 December 1515, Stirling Castle) was the fourth and last son of King James IV of Scotland and his queen Margaret Tudor.
Alison Weir (born 8 July 1951) is a British writer of history books, and latterly historical novels, mostly in the form of biographies about British royalty.
All Saints' Day, also known as All Hallows' Day, Hallowmas, Feast of All Saints, or Solemnity of All Saints, is a Christian festival celebrated in honour of all the saints, known and unknown.
Andrew Mansioun, or Mentioun or Manschone, (d. 1579) was a French artist who worked at the court of James V, King of Scots.
Antoine d'Arcy, sieur de la Bastie-sur-Meylan and of Lissieu, (d. 18 September 1517) was a French nobleman involved in the government of Scotland.
Antoinette de Bourbon (25 December 1493 – 22 January 1583) was a French noblewoman of the House of Bourbon.
Archibald Campbell, 4th Earl of Argyll or Archibald "the Red" Campbell (c. 1507 – 1558), was a Scottish nobleman and politician.
Archibald Campbell, 5th Earl of Argyll (1532/1537 – 12 September 1573) was a Scottish nobleman, peer, and politician.
Archibald Douglas, 5th Earl of Angus (c. 1449October 1513), was a Scottish nobleman, peer, politician, and magnate.
Archibald Douglas, 6th Earl of Angus (c. 148922 January 1557) was a Scottish nobleman active during the reigns of James V and Mary, Queen of Scots.
Arnold of Egmond (14 July 1410, Egmond-Binnen, North Holland – 23 February 1473, Grave) was Duke of Guelders, Count of Zutphen.
The Auld Alliance (Scots for "Old Alliance") was an alliance made in 1295 between the kingdoms of Scotland and France.
Bamburgh is a village and civil parish on the coast of Northumberland, England.
The Battle of Flodden, Flodden Field, or occasionally Branxton (Brainston Moor) was a military combat in the War of the League of Cambrai between the Kingdom of England and the Kingdom of Scotland, resulting in an English victory.
The Battle of Hadden Rig was a battle fought about 3 miles east of Kelso, in the Scottish Borders, between Scotland and England on 24 August 1542, during the reign of King James V of Scotland.
The Battle of Linlithgow Bridge is a battle that took place on 4 September 1526 in the village of Linlithgow Bridge, outside the Scottish town of Linlithgow.
The Battle of Solway Moss took place on Solway Moss near the River Esk on the English side of the Anglo-Scottish border in November 1542 between English and Scottish forces.
BBC Radio 3 is a British radio station operated by the BBC.
The blessed sword (ensis benedictus, stocco benedetto or stocco pontificio) and the blessed hat (also: ducal hat, pileus or capellus, berrettone pontificio or berrettone ducale) were a gift offered by popes to Catholic monarchs or other secular recipients in recognition of their defence of Christendom.
Brescia (Lombard: Brèsa,, or; Brixia; Bressa) is a city and comune in the region of Lombardy in northern Italy.
Bridlington is a coastal town and civil parish on the Holderness Coast of the North Sea, situated in the unitary authority and ceremonial county of the East Riding of Yorkshire approximately north of Hull.
The Burning of Edinburgh in 1544 by an English sea-borne army was the first major action of the war of the Rough Wooing.
Catherine de Medici (Italian: Caterina de Medici,; French: Catherine de Médicis,; 13 April 1519 – 5 January 1589), daughter of Lorenzo II de' Medici and Madeleine de La Tour d'Auvergne, was an Italian noblewoman who was queen of France from 1547 until 1559, by marriage to King Henry II.
Catherine of Cleves (25 May 1417 – 10 February 1479) was Duchess of Guelders by marriage to Arnold, Duke of Guelders.
Catherine of Valois (27 October 1401 – 3 January 1437) was the queen consort of England from 1420 until 1422.
The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with more than 1.299 billion members worldwide.
Cecily Neville, Duchess of York (3 May 1415 – 31 May 1495) was an English noblewoman, the wife of Richard Plantagenet, 3rd Duke of York (1411–1460), and the mother of two kings of England, Edward IV and Richard III.
Charles V (Carlos; Karl; Carlo; Karel; Carolus; 24 February 1500 – 21 September 1558) was ruler of both the Holy Roman Empire from 1519 and the Spanish Empire (as Charles I of Spain) from 1516, as well as of the lands of the former Duchy of Burgundy from 1506.
Charles de Bourbon (2 June 1489 – 25 March 1537) was a French prince du sang and military commander at the court of Francis I of France.
Christian I (February 1426 – 21 May 1481) was a Scandinavian monarch under the Kalmar Union.
Christina of Denmark (Christine af Danmark; November 1521 – 10 December 1590) was a Danish princess, the younger surviving daughter of King Christian II of Denmark and Norway and Isabella of Austria.
Claude de Lorraine, duc de Guise (20 October 1496, Château de Condé-sur-Moselle, – 12 April 1550, Château de Joinville) was a French aristocrat and general.
Compiègne is a commune in the Oise department in northern France.
The Court of the Lord Lyon (the Lyon Court) is a standing court of law which regulates heraldry in Scotland.
Craigmillar Castle is a ruined medieval castle in Edinburgh, Scotland.
The Crown of Ireland Act 1542 is an Act of the Parliament of Ireland (33 Hen. 8 c. 1) which created the title of King of Ireland for King Henry VIII of England and his successors, who previously ruled the island as Lord of Ireland.
David Beaton (also Beton or Bethune; 29 May 1546) was Archbishop of St Andrews and the last Scottish Cardinal prior to the Reformation.
Sir David Lyndsay of the Mount (c. 1490 – c. 1555; alias Lindsay) was a Scottish herald who gained the highest heraldic office of Lyon King of Arms.
David Peebles (died 1579?) was a Scottish composer of religious music.
Deliberately causing death through the effects of combustion, or effects of exposure to extreme heat, has a long history as a form of capital punishment.
Dietrich or Theoderic of Oldenburg (c. 1398 – 14 February 1440) was a feudal lord in Northern Germany, holding the counties of Delmenhorst and Oldenburg.
Dorothea of Brandenburg (1430/1431 – 10 November 1495) was Queen consort of Denmark (1445–1448 and 1449–1481), Norway (1445–1448 and 1450–1481), and Sweden (1447–1448 and 1457–1464) two times each by marriage to Christopher of Bavaria and Christian I of Denmark.
The Duchy of Urbino was a sovereign state in central-northern Italy.
Duke of Rothesay (Diùc Baile Bhòid, Duik o Rothesay) is a dynastic title of the heir apparent to the British throne, currently Prince Charles.
Dunbar is a coastal town in East Lothian on the south-east coast of Scotland, approximately east of Edinburgh and from the English border north of Berwick-upon-Tweed.
Dunbar Castle is the remnants of one of the strongest fortresses in Scotland, situated in a prominent position overlooking the harbour of the town of Dunbar, in East Lothian.
Earl of Bothwell was a title that was created twice in the Peerage of Scotland.
Edinburgh (Dùn Èideann; Edinburgh) is the capital city of Scotland and one of its 32 council areas.
Edmund Tudor, 1st Earl of Richmond (Welsh: Edmwnd Tudur, 11 June 1430 – 3 November 1456, also known as Edmund of Hadham), was the father of King Henry VII of England and a member of the Tudor family of Penmynydd, North Wales.
Edward IV (28 April 1442 – 9 April 1483) was the King of England from 4 March 1461 to 3 October 1470, and again from 11 April 1471 until his death.
Elizabeth Bethune, or Beaton (died after 1544), was one of the mistresses of King James V of Scotland.
Elizabeth of York (11 February 1466 – 11 February 1503) was the wife of Henry VII and the first Tudor queen.
Elizabeth Woodville (also spelled Wydville, Wydeville, or WidvileAlthough spelling of the family name is usually modernised to "Woodville", it was spelled "Wydeville" in contemporary publications by Caxton and her tomb at St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle is inscribed thus; "Edward IV and his Queen Elizabeth Widvile".) (c. 1437Karen Lindsey, Divorced, Beheaded, Survived, xviii, Perseus Books, 1995 – 8 June 1492) was Queen consort of England as the spouse of King Edward IV from 1464 until his death in 1483.
Mary Willoughby was a ship of the English Tudor navy.
Euphemia Elphinstone (also written Euphame or Eupheme; 11 May 1509 – either 1542 or after 1547) was a mistress of James V of Scotland and the mother of his son Robert Stewart, 1st Earl of Orkney, born in 1532, as well as another royal bastard who died in childhood.
Eustace Chapuys (c. 1490/92 – 21 January 1556), the son of Louis Chapuys and Guigonne Dupuys, was a Savoyard diplomat who served Charles V as Imperial ambassador to England from 1529 until 1545 and is best known for his extensive and detailed correspondence.
Falkland Palace, in Falkland, Fife, Scotland, is a royal palace of the Scottish Kings.
Fife (Fìobha) is a council area and historic county of Scotland.
Francesco II Sforza (February 4, 1495 – October 24, 1535) was Duke of Milan from 1521 until his death.
Francis I (François Ier) (12 September 1494 – 31 March 1547) was the first King of France from the Angoulême branch of the House of Valois, reigning from 1515 until his death.
Francis Stewart, 5th Earl of Bothwell (c.December 1562 – November 1612) was Commendator of Kelso Abbey and Coldingham Priory, a Privy Counsellor and Lord High Admiral of Scotland.
George Douglas of Pittendreich (died 1552) was a member of the powerful Red Douglas family who struggled for control of the young James V of Scotland in 1528.
George Leslie, 4th Earl of Rothes (born 2 Aug 1484 in Rothes)(died 24 November 1558) was a Scottish nobleman and diplomat.
Gioachino Antonio Rossini (29 February 1792 – 13 November 1868) was an Italian composer who wrote 39 operas as well as some sacred music, songs, chamber music, and piano pieces.
Guillaume du Bellay, seigneur de Langey (1491 – 9 January 1543), was a French diplomat and general from a notable Angevin family under King Francis I. He was born at the château of Glatigny, near Souday, in 1491.
Hector Boece (also spelled Boyce or Boise; 1465–1536), known in Latin as Hector Boecius or Boethius, was a Scottish philosopher and historian, and the first Principal of King's College in Aberdeen, a predecessor of the University of Aberdeen.
Helvig of Schauenburg (Heilwig von Holstein) (1398–1436), also known as Hedwig of Schauenburg, was a duchess of Schleswig and a countess of Holstein from the family of Schauenburg, and ancestor of the Danish Royal houses of Oldenburg and Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg.
Henry FitzRoy, 1st Duke of Richmond and Somerset (15 June 1519 – 23 July 1536), was the son of King Henry VIII of England and his mistress, Elizabeth Blount, and the only illegitimate offspring whom Henry VIII acknowledged.
Henry II (Henri II; 31 March 1519 – 10 July 1559) was a monarch of the House of Valois who ruled as King of France from 31 March 1547 until his death in 1559.
Henry II (18 April 1503 – 25 May 1555), nicknamed Sangüesino because he was born at Sangüesa, was the King of Navarre from 1517, although his kingdom had been reduced to a small territory north of the Pyrenees by the Spanish conquest of 1512.
Henry VII (Harri Tudur; 28 January 1457 – 21 April 1509) was the King of England and Lord of Ireland from his seizure of the crown on 22 August 1485 to his death on 21 April 1509.
Heresy is any belief or theory that is strongly at variance with established beliefs or customs, in particular the accepted beliefs of a church or religious organization.
The Holy Roman Emperor (historically Romanorum Imperator, "Emperor of the Romans") was the ruler of the Holy Roman Empire (800-1806 AD, from Charlemagne to Francis II).
Holyrood Abbey is a ruined abbey of the Canons Regular in Edinburgh, Scotland.
The Palace of Holyroodhouse, commonly referred to as Holyrood Palace, is the official residence of the British monarch in Scotland, Queen Elizabeth II.
Holyrood (Halyruid, Taigh an Ròid) is an area in Edinburgh, the capital of Scotland.
The House of Stuart, originally Stewart, was a European royal house that originated in Scotland.
Ippolito (II) d'Este (25 August 1509 – 2 December 1572) was an Italian cardinal and statesman.
Isabel d'Albret of Navarre (1512–1555) was the daughter of John III of Navarre (died 1516) and Catherine I of Navarre, sister and heiress of Francis Phoebus, King of Navarre.
Arran (Eilean Arainn) or the Isle of Arran is the largest island in the Firth of Clyde and the seventh largest Scottish island, at.
Jacquetta of Luxembourg, Countess Rivers (1415/1416 – 30 May 1472) was the eldest daughter of Peter I of Luxembourg, Count of Saint-Pol, Conversano and Brienne, and his wife Margaret of Baux (Margherita del Balzo of Andria).
Sir James Douglas, 7th of Drumlanrig, (d. 1578) was a Scottish nobleman.
James Hamilton, Duke of Châtellerault and 2nd Earl of Arran (c. 1516 – 22 January 1575), was a regent for Mary, Queen of Scots.
James Hepburn (– 14 April 1578), 1st Duke of Orkney and 4th Earl of Bothwell (better known simply as Lord Bothwell), was a prominent Scottish nobleman.
James I (late July 139421 February 1437), the youngest of three sons, was born in Dunfermline Abbey to King Robert III and his wife Annabella Drummond.
James II (16 October 1430 – 3 August 1460), who reigned as King of Scots from 1437 on, was the son of King James I and Joan Beaufort.
James III (10 July 1451/May 1452 – 11 June 1488) was King of Scots from 1460 to 1488.
James IV (17 March 1473 – 9 September 1513) was the King of Scotland from 11 June 1488 to his death.
James Kirkcaldy of Grange (died 1556) was a Fife laird and treasurer of Scotland.
Sir James Melville (1535–1617) was a Scottish diplomat and memoir writer, and father of the poet Elizabeth Melville.
James Somerville (1632–1690) was a Scottish family historian.
James Stewart, 1st Earl of Moray (c. 1531 – 23 January 1570) a member of the House of Stewart as the illegitimate son of King James V, was Regent of Scotland for his half-nephew, the infant King James VI, from 1567 until his assassination in 1570.
James VI and I (James Charles Stuart; 19 June 1566 – 27 March 1625) was King of Scotland as James VI from 24 July 1567 and King of England and Ireland as James I from the union of the Scottish and English crowns on 24 March 1603 until his death in 1625.
James Stewart, Duke of Rothesay (22 May 1540 – 21 April 1541) was a short-lived heir to the throne of the Kingdom of Scotland.
Jean Hepburn, Lady Darnley, Mistress of Caithness, Lady Morham (died 1599) was a Scottish noblewoman and a member of the Border clan of Hepburn.
Joan Beaufort (c. 1404 – 15 July 1445) was the Queen of Scotland from 1424 to 1437 as the spouse of King James I of Scotland.
Johann Cochlaeus (Cochläus) (1479 – January 10, 1552) was a German humanist, music theorist, and controversialist.
John Beaufort, 1st Duke of Somerset, (1403 – 27 May 1444) was an English nobleman and military commander during the Hundred Years' War.
John Bellenden or Ballantyne (flourished 1533-1587?) of Moray (why Moray, a lowland family) was a Scottish writer of the 16th century.
John Knox (– 24 November 1572) was a Scottish minister, theologian, and writer who was a leader of the country's Reformation.
John Stewart, 3rd Earl of Lennox (c. 1490-4 September 1526, Linlithgow, West Lothian) was a prominent Scottish magnate.
John Stewart, Duke of Albany (1481 or 14842 July 1536 in Mirfleur, France) was Regent of the Kingdom of Scotland, Duke of Albany in peerage of Scotland and Count of Auvergne and Lauraguais in France.
John Tennent of Listonshiels (died c. 1549) was a servant and companion of James V of Scotland.
John, nicknamed the Alchemist (Johann der Alchimist; 1406 – 16 November 1464) was a Margrave of Brandenburg-Kulmbach and served as the peace-loving Margrave of Brandenburg after the abdication of his father, Frederick I, the first member of the House of Hohenzollern to rule Brandenburg.
Johnnie Armstrong or Johnie Armstrong is Child ballad number 169 and relates to the story of Scottish raider and folk-hero Johnnie Armstrong of Gilnockie, who was captured and hanged by King James V in 1530.
The Kingdom of Ireland (Classical Irish: Ríoghacht Éireann; Modern Irish: Ríocht Éireann) was a nominal state ruled by the King or Queen of England and later the King or Queen of Great Britain that existed in Ireland from 1542 until 1800.
The Kingdom of Northumbria (Norþanhymbra rīce) was a medieval Anglian kingdom in what is now northern England and south-east Scotland.
The Kingdom of Scotland (Rìoghachd na h-Alba; Kinrick o Scotland) was a sovereign state in northwest Europe traditionally said to have been founded in 843.
Kirkcaldy (Cair Chaladain) is a town and former royal burgh in Fife, on the east coast of Scotland.
Kirkwall (Scottish Gaelic: Bàgh na h-Eaglaise) is the main settlement of the Northern Isles and capital of Orkney, an archipelago in the north of Scotland, as well as the largest island settlement in Scotland.
La donna del lago (The Lady of the Lake) is an opera composed by Gioachino Rossini with a libretto by Andrea Leone Tottola (whose verses are described as "limpid" by one critic) based on the French translationOsborne, Charles 1994, p. 94 of The Lady of the Lake, a narrative poem written in 1810 by Sir Walter Scott, whose work continued to popularize the image of the romantic highlands.
Lady Jean Stewart (also known as Jane Stuart; c. 1533 – 7 January 1587/88), was an illegitimate daughter of King James V of Scotland by his mistress, Elizabeth Bethune (sometimes spelled Betoun or Beaton).
Lancaster Herald of Arms in Ordinary is an English officer of arms at the College of Arms in London.
The Latin alphabet or the Roman alphabet is a writing system originally used by the ancient Romans to write the Latin language.
The Royal Burgh of Lauder (Labhdar) is a town in the Scottish Borders in the historic county of Berwickshire.
Leith (Lìte) is an area to the north of the city of Edinburgh, Scotland, at the mouth of the Water of Leith.
Lewis (Leòdhas,, also Isle of Lewis) is the northern part of Lewis and Harris, the largest island of the Western Isles or Outer Hebrides archipelago in Scotland.
Linlithgow (Gleann Iucha, Lithgae) is a town in West Lothian, Scotland.
The ruins of Linlithgow Palace are situated in the town of Linlithgow, West Lothian, Scotland, west of Edinburgh.
The monarch of Scotland was the head of state of the Kingdom of Scotland.
Loches is a commune in the Indre-et-Loire department in central France.
The Right Honourable the Lord Lyon King of Arms, the head of Lyon Court, is the most junior of the Great Officers of State in Scotland and is the Scottish official with responsibility for regulating heraldry in that country, issuing new grants of arms, and serving as the judge of the Court of the Lord Lyon, the oldest heraldic court in the world that is still in daily operation.
The Lordship of Ireland (Tiarnas na hÉireann), sometimes referred to retroactively as Norman Ireland, was a period of feudal rule in Ireland between 1177 and 1542 under the King of England, styled as Lord of Ireland.
Louis II d'Orléans, duc de Longueville and comte de Dunois (1510 – 9 June 1537) was a French aristocrat and the first husband of Mary of Guise, who later became queen consort of Scotland.
The Louvre Castle was a castle built by King Philip II of France to reinforce the walls he had built around Paris and further protect the city.
A lute is any plucked string instrument with a neck (either fretted or unfretted) and a deep round back enclosing a hollow cavity, usually with a sound hole or opening in the body.
Madeleine of Valois (10 August 1520 – 7 July 1537) was a French princess who became Queen of Scots as the first spouse of King James V.
Malcolm Fleming, 3rd Lord Fleming (c. 1494 – 10 September 1547), was Lord Chamberlain of Scotland to King James V, from 1524.
Margaret Beauchamp (c. 1410 – before 3 June 1482) was the daughter of Sir John Beauchamp, de jure 3rd Baron Beauchamp of Bletsoe, and his second wife, Edith Stourton.
Lady Margaret Beaufort (usually pronounced:,; or), later Countess of Richmond and Derby (31 May 1441/1443 – 29 June 1509), was the mother of King Henry VII and paternal grandmother of King Henry VIII of England.
Lady Margaret Erskine (died 5 May 1572) was a mistress of King James V of Scotland.
Margaret of Denmark (23 June 1456 – 14 July 1486), also referred to as Margaret of Norway, was Queen of Scotland from 1469 to 1486 by marriage to King James III.
Margaret Tudor (28 November 1489 – 18 October 1541) was Queen of Scots from 1503 until 1513 by marriage to James IV of Scotland and then, after her husband died fighting the English, she became regent for their son James V of Scotland from 1513 until 1515.
Marguerite de Navarre (Marguerite d'Angoulême, Marguerite d'Alençon; 11 April 149221 December 1549), also known as Marguerite of Angoulême and Margaret of Navarre, was the princess of France, Queen of Navarre, and Duchess of Alençon and Berry.
Marjorie Bruce or Marjorie de Brus (probably 1296–1316) was the eldest daughter of Robert the Bruce, King of Scots by his first wife, Isabella of Mar.
Martin Luther, (10 November 1483 – 18 February 1546) was a German professor of theology, composer, priest, monk, and a seminal figure in the Protestant Reformation.
Mary of Bourbon or Marie de Bourbon (29 October 1515 – 28 September 1538) was a daughter of Charles, Duke of Vendôme and Françoise d'Alençon, daughter of René, Duke of Alençon.
Mary of Guelders (c. 1434 – 1 December 1463) was the queen consort of Scotland by marriage to King James II of Scotland.
Mary of Guise (Marie; 22 November 1515 – 11 June 1560), also called Mary of Lorraine, ruled Scotland as regent from 1554 until her death.
Mary of Austria (15 September 1505 – 18 October 1558), also known as Mary of Hungary, was queen consort of Hungary and Bohemia as the wife of King Louis II, and was later Governor of the Habsburg Netherlands.
Mary, Queen of Scots (8 December 1542 – 8 February 1587), also known as Mary Stuart or Mary I, reigned over Scotland from 14 December 1542 to 24 July 1567.
A menagerie is a collection of captive animals, frequently exotic, kept for display; or the place where such a collection is kept, a precursor to the modern zoological garden.
The National Archives of Scotland (NAS) are the national archives of Scotland, based in Edinburgh.
Notre-Dame de Paris (meaning "Our Lady of Paris"), also known as Notre-Dame Cathedral or simply Notre-Dame, is a medieval Catholic cathedral on the Île de la Cité in the fourth arrondissement of Paris, France.
Sir Oliver Sinclair de Pitcairnis (or St Clair) (died 1576?) was a favourite courtier of James V of Scotland.
Orkney (Orkneyjar), also known as the Orkney Islands, is an archipelago in the Northern Isles of Scotland, situated off the north coast of Great Britain.
The Outer Hebrides, also known as the Western Isles (Na h-Eileanan Siar or Na h-Eileanan an Iar), Innse Gall ("islands of the strangers") or the Long Isle or the Long Island (An t-Eilean Fada), is an island chain off the west coast of mainland Scotland.
Sir Owen Tudor (Owain ap Maredudd ap Tudur,Tudur is sometimes given as Tewdwr, an etymologically unrelated name, see House of Tudor#Ascent to the throne for details. 1400 – 2 February 1461) was a Welsh courtier and the second husband of Catherine of Valois (1401–1437), Henry V's widow.
Patrick Hamilton (1504 – 29 February 1528) was a Scottish churchman and an early Protestant Reformer in Scotland.
The Portable Document Format (PDF) is a file format developed in the 1990s to present documents, including text formatting and images, in a manner independent of application software, hardware, and operating systems.
Perth Charterhouse or Perth Priory, known in Latin as Domus Vallis Virtutis ("House of the Valley of Virtue"), was a monastic house of Carthusian monks based at Perth, Scotland.
Pierre de Ronsard (11 September 1524 – 27 December 1585) was a French poet or, as his own generation in France called him, a "prince of poets".
Plate armor is a historical type of personal body armour made from iron or steel plates, culminating in the iconic suit of armour entirely encasing the wearer.
Pope Clement VII (26 May 1478 – 25 September 1534), born Giulio di Giuliano de' Medici, was head of the Catholic Church and ruler of the Papal States from 19 November 1523 to his death on 25 September 1534.
Pope Paul III (Paulus III; 29 February 1468 – 10 November 1549), born Alessandro Farnese, was Pope from 13 October 1534 to his death in 1549.
Prince and Great Steward of Scotland are two of the titles of the heir apparent to the throne of the United Kingdom.
The Prior of Coldingham was the head of the Benedictine monastic community of Coldingham Priory in Berwickshire.
The Prior of May then Prior of Pittenweem (later Commendator of Pittenweem) was the religious superior of the Benedictine monks of Isle of May Priory, which later moved to the mainland became called Pittenweem Priory.
The Prior of St Andrews was the head of the property and community of Augustinian canons of St Andrews Cathedral Priory, St Andrews, Fife, Scotland.
The Prior of Whithorn was the head of the monastic community at Whithorn Priory, attached to the bishopric of Galloway at Whithorn.
Protestantism is the second largest form of Christianity with collectively more than 900 million adherents worldwide or nearly 40% of all Christians.
Sir Ralph Sadler PC, Knight banneret (1507 – 30 March 1587; also spelled Sadleir, Sadlier) was an English statesman, who served Henry VIII as Privy Councillor, Secretary of State and ambassador to Scotland.
The Reformation (or, more fully, the Protestant Reformation; also, the European Reformation) was a schism in Western Christianity initiated by Martin Luther and continued by Huldrych Zwingli, John Calvin and other Protestant Reformers in 16th century Europe.
A regent (from the Latin regens: ruling, governing) is a person appointed to govern a state because the monarch is a minor, is absent or is incapacitated.
Richard of York (also known as Richard Plantagenet), 3rd Duke of York KG (21 September 1411 – 30 December 1460), was a leading medieval English magnate, a great-grandson of King Edward III through his father, and a great-great-great-grandson of the same king through his mother.
Richard Woodville (or Wydeville), 1st Earl Rivers (1405 – 12 August 1469) was an English nobleman, best remembered as the father of Queen consort Elizabeth Woodville and the maternal grandfather of Edward V and the maternal great-grandfather of Henry VIII.
Robert Carver CRSA (also Carvor, Arnot; c. 1485 – c. 1570) was a Scottish Canon regular and composer of Christian sacred music during the Renaissance.
Robert Lindsay of Pitscottie (also Lindesay or Lyndsay; c. 1532–1580) was a Scottish chronicler, author of The Historie and Chronicles of Scotland, 1436–1565, the first history of Scotland to be composed in Scots rather than Latin.
Robert Maxwell, 5th Lord Maxwell (1493 – 9 July 1546) was a member of the Council of Regency (1536) of the Kingdom of Scotland, Regent of the Isle of Arran and like his father before him patriarch of the House of Maxwell/Clan Maxwell.
Robert Reid (died 1558) was abbot of Kinloss, commendator-prior of Beauly Priory, and Bishop of Orkney.
Robert Stewart, Knt., 1st Earl of Orkney and Lord of Zetland (Shetland) (1533 – 4 February 1593) was a recognized illegitimate son of James V, King of Scotland, and his mistress Eupheme Elphinstone.
Robert I (11 July 1274 – 7 June 1329), popularly known as Robert the Bruce (Medieval Gaelic: Roibert a Briuis; modern Scottish Gaelic: Raibeart Bruis; Norman French: Robert de Brus or Robert de Bruys; Early Scots: Robert Brus; Robertus Brussius), was King of Scots from 1306 until his death in 1329.
The Rough Wooing (December 1543 – March 1551) was a war between Scotland and England.
The Royal Scots Navy (or Old Scots Navy) was the navy of the Kingdom of Scotland from its origins in the Middle Ages until its merger with the Kingdom of England's Royal Navy per the Acts of Union 1707.
Saint-Quentin is a commune in the Aisne department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.
The Salamander was a warship of the 16th-century Royal Scots Navy.
Scarborough is a town on the North Sea coast of North Yorkshire, England.
Scota is the name given to mythological daughters of two different Egyptian pharaohs in Irish mythology, Scottish mythology and pseudohistory.
The Scotichronicon is a 15th-century chronicle or legendary account, by the Scottish historian Walter Bower.
Scottish Gaelic or Scots Gaelic, sometimes also referred to simply as Gaelic (Gàidhlig) or the Gaelic, is a Celtic language native to the Gaels of Scotland.
The Scottish royal tapestry collection was a group of tapestry hangings assembled to decorate the palaces of sixteenth-century kings and queens of Scotland.
The shawm (/ʃɔːm/) is a conical bore, double-reed woodwind instrument made in Europe from the 12th century to the present day.
Sheriff Hutton Castle is a quadrangular castle in the village of Sheriff Hutton, North Yorkshire, England.
Sight-reading, also called a prima vista (Italian meaning "at first sight"), is the reading and performing of a piece of music or song in music notation that the performer has not seen before.
Somerset Herald of Arms in Ordinary is an officer of arms at the College of Arms in London.
Stirling Castle, located in Stirling, is one of the largest and most important castles in Scotland, both historically and architecturally.
Tales of a Grandfather is a series of books on Scottish history, written by Sir Walter Scott beginning around 1827, and published by A & C Black.
Tantallon Castle is a semi-ruined mid-14th-century fortress, located east of North Berwick, in East Lothian, Scotland.
Tassets are a piece of plate armour designed to protect the upper thighs.
The Lady of the Lake is a narrative poem by Sir Walter Scott, first published in 1810.
The Scots Peerage is a nine-volume book series of the Scottish nobility compiled and edited by Sir James Balfour Paul, published in Edinburgh from 1904 to 1914.
Thomas D'Arcy Etienne Grace Hughes McGee, (13 April 1825 – 7 April 1868) was an Irish-Canadian politician, Catholic spokesman, journalist, poet, and a Father of Canadian Confederation.
Sir Thomas Erskine of Haltoun and Brechin was the royal secretary to James V of Scotland from 1524.
Thomas Magnus (1463/4–1550) was an English churchman, administrator and diplomat.
Thomas Trahern (died 25 November 1542) was Somerset Herald, an English officer of arms.
The Treasurer was a senior post in the pre-Union government of Scotland, the Privy Council of Scotland.
The Treaty of Rouen was signed on 26 August 1517 between France and Scotland.
The Trossachs (Scottish Gaelic, Na Tròiseachan, meaning "bristly") generally refers to an area of wooded glens and braes with quiet lochs, lying to the east of Ben Lomond in the Stirling council area of Scotland.
The University of St Andrews (informally known as St Andrews University or simply St Andrews; abbreviated as St And, from the Latin Sancti Andreae, in post-nominals) is a British public research university in St Andrews, Fife, Scotland.
The viol, viola da gamba, or (informally) gamba, is any one of a family of bowed, fretted and stringed instruments with hollow wooden bodies and pegboxes where the tension on the strings can be increased or decreased to adjust the pitch of each of the strings.
Sir Walter Scott, 1st Baronet (15 August 1771 – 21 September 1832) was a Scottish historical novelist, playwright, poet and historian.
Sir Walter Scott, 1st of Branxholme, 3rd of Buccleuch (c. 1495 – killed 4 October 1552), known as "Wicked Wat", was a nobleman of the Scottish Borders and the chief of Clan Scott who briefly served as Warden of the Middle March.
West Lothian (Wast Lowden, Lodainn an Iar) is one of the 32 council areas of Scotland, and one of its historic counties.
William Drummond (13 December 15854 December 1649), called "of Hawthornden", was a Scottish poet.
William Stewart (c. 1476 – c. 1548) was a Scottish poet working in the first half of the 16th century.
Arthur Stewart, Duke of Albany, Cultural depictions of James V of Scotland, Goodman of Ballengeich, James V, James V (Scotland), James V King of Scots, James V Stuart, James V, King of Scots, King James V, King James V of Scotland, Seumas V, Seumas V of Scotland.