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Jan Ambrus

Index Jan Ambrus

Ján Ambruš, OBE (1899–1994) was a Slovak aerobatics and fighter pilot. [1]

86 relations: Aerobatics, Aeroplane (magazine), Alois Vašátko, Anglo-Egyptian Sudan, Armistice of 22 June 1940, Austria-Hungary, Battle of Britain, Battle of France, Bordeaux, Bratislava, Brigadier general, Budapest, Cambridgeshire, Canada, Chester, Chicago, Chicago Tribune, Czechoslovak Air Force, Czechoslovak Army, Czechoslovak government-in-exile, Czechoslovak War Cross 1939–1945, Czechs and Slovaks in Bulgaria, Defence Medal (United Kingdom), Design engineer, Duxford Aerodrome, Falmouth, Cornwall, Fighter pilot, First Czechoslovak Republic, Flight (military unit), French Air Force, French Third Republic, Friendly fire, German occupation of Czechoslovakia, Irish Sea, Isle of Man, Josef Stehlík, Kampfgruppe, Khartoum, Kingdom of Bulgaria, Kingdom of Hungary, Kingdom of Romania, Kingdom of Yugoslavia, Liberation of Bulgaria, Light bomber, Lightvessel, Lincolnshire, List of Royal Air Force Operational Training Units, Luftwaffe, Medal bar, Milan Rastislav Stefanik Order, ..., Morecambe Bay, No. 29 Squadron RAF, No. 310 Squadron RAF, No. 312 (Czechoslovak) Squadron RAF, No. 611 Squadron RAF, Operation Aerial, Order of the Crown (Romania), Ottawa, Pilot officer, Pleven Province, Point of Ayre, Prague, Prestatyn, RAF Sutton Bridge, RAF Ternhill, Royal Air Force, Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve, Royal Hungarian Honvéd, Shropshire, Slávičie údolie cemetery, Slovakia, Slovaks, Squadron leader, Tatra T.101, The History Press, Third Czechoslovak Republic, Tribune Media, United Kingdom, Vincennes, War Medal 1939–1945, Wing commander (rank), World War I, World War II, 1936 Summer Olympics, 1939–1945 Star, 1948 Czechoslovak coup d'état. Expand index (36 more) »


Aerobatics (a portmanteau of aerial-acrobatics) is the practice of flying maneuvers involving aircraft attitudes that are not used in normal flight.

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Aeroplane (magazine)

Aeroplane (formerly Aeroplane Monthly) is a British magazine devoted to aviation, with a focus on aviation history and preservation.

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Alois Vašátko

Alois Vašátko DFC (25 August 1908 – 23 June 1942) was a Czechoslovak artillery officer who became an air force pilot.

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Anglo-Egyptian Sudan

The Anglo-Egyptian Sudan (السودان الإنجليزي المصري) was a condominium of the United Kingdom and Egypt in the eastern Sudan region of northern Africa between 1899 and 1956, but in practice the structure of the condominium ensured full British control over the Sudan.

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Armistice of 22 June 1940

The Armistice of 22 June 1940 was signed at 18:36.

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Austria-Hungary, often referred to as the Austro-Hungarian Empire or the Dual Monarchy in English-language sources, was a constitutional union of the Austrian Empire (the Kingdoms and Lands Represented in the Imperial Council, or Cisleithania) and the Kingdom of Hungary (Lands of the Crown of Saint Stephen or Transleithania) that existed from 1867 to 1918, when it collapsed as a result of defeat in World War I. The union was a result of the Austro-Hungarian Compromise of 1867 and came into existence on 30 March 1867.

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Battle of Britain

The Battle of Britain (Luftschlacht um England, literally "The Air Battle for England") was a military campaign of the Second World War, in which the Royal Air Force (RAF) defended the United Kingdom (UK) against large-scale attacks by Nazi Germany's air force, the Luftwaffe.

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Battle of France

The Battle of France, also known as the Fall of France, was the German invasion of France and the Low Countries during the Second World War.

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Bordeaux (Gascon Occitan: Bordèu) is a port city on the Garonne in the Gironde department in Southwestern France.

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Bratislava (Preßburg or Pressburg, Pozsony) is the capital of Slovakia.

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Brigadier general

Brigadier general (Brig. Gen.) is a senior rank in the armed forces.

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Budapest is the capital and the most populous city of Hungary, and one of the largest cities in the European Union.

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Cambridgeshire (abbreviated Cambs.), is an East Anglian county in England, bordering Lincolnshire to the north, Norfolk to the north-east, Suffolk to the east, Essex and Hertfordshire to the south, and Bedfordshire and Northamptonshire to the west.

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Canada is a country located in the northern part of North America.

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Chester (Caer) is a walled city in Cheshire, England, on the River Dee, close to the border with Wales.

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Chicago, officially the City of Chicago, is the third most populous city in the United States, after New York City and Los Angeles.

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Chicago Tribune

The Chicago Tribune is a daily newspaper based in Chicago, Illinois, United States, owned by Tronc, Inc., formerly Tribune Publishing.

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Czechoslovak Air Force

The Czechoslovak Air Force (Československé letectvo) or the Czechoslovak Army Air Force (Československé vojenské letectvo) was the air force branch of the Czechoslovak Army formed in October 1918.

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Czechoslovak Army

Czechoslovak Army (Czech and Slovak: Československá armáda) was the name of the armed forces of Czechoslovakia.

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Czechoslovak government-in-exile

The Czechoslovak government-in-exile, sometimes styled officially as the Provisional Government of Czechoslovakia (Czech: Prozatímní státní zřízení československé), was an informal title conferred upon the Czechoslovak National Liberation Committee, initially by British diplomatic recognition.

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Czechoslovak War Cross 1939–1945

The Czechoslovak War Cross 1939–1945 (Československý válečný kříž 1939–1945 in Czech, Československý vojnový kríž 1939–1945 in Slovak) is a military decoration of the former state of Czechoslovakia which was issued for those who had provided great service to the Czechoslovak state (in exile) during the years of World War II.

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Czechs and Slovaks in Bulgaria

Czechs (чехи, chehi) and Slovaks (словаци, slovatsi) are a minority ethnic group in Bulgaria (Czech and Bulharsko).

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Defence Medal (United Kingdom)

The Defence Medal is a campaign medal which was instituted by the United Kingdom in May 1945, to be awarded to subjects of the British Commonwealth for both non-operational military and certain types of civilian service during the Second World War.

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Design engineer

A design engineer is a person who may be involved in any of various engineering disciplines including civil, mechanical, electrical, chemical, textiles, aerospace, nuclear, manufacturing, systems, and structural /building/architectural.

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Duxford Aerodrome

Duxford Aerodrome is located south of Cambridge, within the Parish of Duxford, Cambridgeshire, England and nearly west of the village.

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Falmouth, Cornwall

Falmouth (Aberfala) is a town, civil parish and port on the River Fal on the south coast of Cornwall, England, United Kingdom.

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Fighter pilot

A fighter pilot is a military aviator trained to engage in air-to-air combat while in the cockpit of a fighter aircraft.

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First Czechoslovak Republic

The first Czechoslovak Republic (Czech / Československá republika) was the Czechoslovak state that existed from 1918 to 1938.

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Flight (military unit)

A flight is a military unit in an air force, naval air service, or army air corps.

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French Air Force

The French Air Force (Armée de l'Air Française), literally Aerial Army) is the air force of the French Armed Forces. It was formed in 1909 as the Service Aéronautique, a service arm of the French Army, then was made an independent military arm in 1934. The number of aircraft in service with the French Air Force varies depending on source, however sources from the French Ministry of Defence give a figure of 658 aircraft in 2014. The French Air Force has 241 combat aircraft in service, with the majority being 133 Dassault Mirage 2000 and 108 Dassault Rafale. As of early 2017, the French Air Force employs a total of 41,160 regular personnel. The reserve element of the air force consisted of 5,187 personnel of the Operational Reserve. The Chief of Staff of the French Air Force (CEMAA) is a direct subordinate of the Chief of the Defence Staff (CEMA).

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French Third Republic

The French Third Republic (La Troisième République, sometimes written as La IIIe République) was the system of government adopted in France from 1870 when the Second French Empire collapsed during the Franco-Prussian War until 1940 when France's defeat by Nazi Germany in World War II led to the formation of the Vichy government in France.

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Friendly fire

Friendly fire is an attack by a military force on non-enemy, own, allied or neutral, forces while attempting to attack the enemy, either by misidentifying the target as hostile, or due to errors or inaccuracy.

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German occupation of Czechoslovakia

The German occupation of Czechoslovakia (1938–1945) began with the German annexation of Czechoslovakia's northern and western border regions, formerly being part of German-Austria known collectively as the Sudetenland, under terms outlined by the Munich Agreement.

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Irish Sea

The Irish Sea (Muir Éireann / An Mhuir Mheann, Y Keayn Yernagh, Erse Sea, Muir Èireann, Ulster-Scots: Airish Sea, Môr Iwerddon) separates the islands of Ireland and Great Britain; linked to the Celtic Sea in the south by St George's Channel, and to the Inner Seas off the West Coast of Scotland in the north by the Straits of Moyle.

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Isle of Man

The Isle of Man (Ellan Vannin), also known simply as Mann (Mannin), is a self-governing British Crown dependency in the Irish Sea between the islands of Great Britain and Ireland.

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Josef Stehlík

Josef Stehlík (1915–91) was a Czechoslovak fighter ace.

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In military history and military slang, the German term Kampfgruppe (pl. Kampfgruppen; abbrev. KG, or KGr in Luftwaffe usage during World War II) can refer to a combat formation of any kind, but most usually to that employed by the Wehrmacht of Nazi Germany and its allies during World War II and, to a lesser extent, of the German Empire in World War I. It also referred to bomber groups in Luftwaffe usage, which themselves consisted of three or four Staffeln (squadrons), and usually (but not exclusively) existed within Kampfgeschwader bomber wings of three or four Kampfgruppen per wing.

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Khartoum is the capital and largest city of Sudan.

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Kingdom of Bulgaria

The Kingdom of Bulgaria (Царство България, Tsarstvo Bǎlgariya), also referred to as the Tsardom of Bulgaria and the Third Bulgarian Tsardom, was a constitutional monarchy in Eastern and Southeastern Europe, which was established on 5 October (O.S. 22 September) 1908 when the Bulgarian state was raised from a principality to a kingdom.

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Kingdom of Hungary

The Kingdom of Hungary was a monarchy in Central Europe that existed from the Middle Ages into the twentieth century (1000–1946 with the exception of 1918–1920).

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Kingdom of Romania

The Kingdom of Romania (Regatul României) was a constitutional monarchy in Southeastern Europe which existed from 1881, when prince Carol I of Romania was proclaimed King, until 1947, when King Michael I of Romania abdicated and the Parliament proclaimed Romania a republic.

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Kingdom of Yugoslavia

The Kingdom of Yugoslavia (Serbo-Croatian, Slovene: Kraljevina Jugoslavija, Краљевина Југославија; Кралство Југославија) was a state in Southeast Europe and Central Europe, that existed from 1918 until 1941, during the interwar period and beginning of World War II.

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Liberation of Bulgaria

In Bulgarian historiography, the Liberation of Bulgaria refers to those events of the Russo-Turkish War of 1877-78 that led to the re-establishment of the Bulgarian state under the Treaty of San Stefano of March 3, 1878.

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Light bomber

A light bomber is a relatively small and fast type of military bomber aircraft that was primarily employed before the 1950s.

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A lightvessel, or lightship, is a ship which acts as a lighthouse.

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Lincolnshire (abbreviated Lincs) is a county in east central England.

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List of Royal Air Force Operational Training Units

Royal Air Force Operational Training Units (OTU) were training units that prepared aircrew for operations on a particular type or types of aircraft or roles.

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The Luftwaffe was the aerial warfare branch of the combined German Wehrmacht military forces during World War II.

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Medal bar

A medal bar or medal clasp is a thin metal bar attached to the ribbon of a military decoration, civil decoration, or other medal.

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Milan Rastislav Stefanik Order

The Milan Rastislav Stefanik Order is an award given "to recognize eminent contributions to the defence and security of the Czech and Slovak Federative Republic".

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Morecambe Bay

Morecambe Bay is a large estuary in northwest England, just to the south of the Lake District National Park.

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No. 29 Squadron RAF


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No. 310 Squadron RAF


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No. 312 (Czechoslovak) Squadron RAF


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No. 611 Squadron RAF


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Operation Aerial

Operation Aerial (also Operation Ariel) was the name given to the World War II evacuation of Allied forces and civilians from ports in western France from 1940, following the military collapse in the Battle of France against Nazi Germany.

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Order of the Crown (Romania)

The Order of the Crown of Romania is a chivalric order set up on 14 March 1881 by King Carol I of Romania to commemorate the establishment of the Kingdom of Romania.

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Ottawa is the capital city of Canada.

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Pilot officer

Pilot officer (Plt Off officially in the RAF; PLTOFF in the RAAF and RNZAF; formerly P/O in all services, and still often used in the RAF) is the lowest commissioned rank in the Royal Air Force and the air forces of many other Commonwealth countries.

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Pleven Province

Pleven Province (Област Плевен or Plevenska Oblast Плевенска Област, former name Pleven okrug) is a province located in central northern Bulgaria, bordering the Danube river, Romania and the Bulgarian provinces of Vratsa, Veliko Tarnovo and Lovech.

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Point of Ayre

The Point of Ayre (Kione ny h-Ayrey) is the northernmost point of the Isle of Man.

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Prague (Praha, Prag) is the capital and largest city in the Czech Republic, the 14th largest city in the European Union and also the historical capital of Bohemia.

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Prestatyn is a seaside resort, town and community in Denbighshire, Wales.

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RAF Sutton Bridge

Royal Air Force Sutton Bridge or more simply RAF Sutton Bridge is a former Royal Air Force station found next to the village of Sutton Bridge in the south-east of Lincolnshire.

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RAF Ternhill

Royal Air Force Ternhill or RAF Ternhill was a Royal Air Force station at Ternhill in Shropshire, England, near the towns of Newport and Market Drayton.

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Royal Air Force

The Royal Air Force (RAF) is the United Kingdom's aerial warfare force.

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Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve

The Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve (RAFVR) consists of a number of groupings of Royal Air Force reservists for the management and operation of the RAF's Volunteer Gliding Squadrons and Air Experience Flights of the Royal Air Force Air Cadets.

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Royal Hungarian Honvéd

The Royal Hungarian Honvéd (Magyar Királyi Honvédség) or Royal Hungarian Landwehr (königlich ungarische Landwehr), commonly known as the Honvéd, was one of the four armed forces (Bewaffnete Macht or Wehrmacht) of Austria-Hungary from 1867 to 1918.

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Shropshire (alternatively Salop; abbreviated, in print only, Shrops; demonym Salopian) is a county in the West Midlands of England, bordering Wales to the west, Cheshire to the north, Staffordshire to the east, and Worcestershire and Herefordshire to the south.

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Slávičie údolie cemetery

Slávičie údolie cemetery (Cintorín Slávičie údolie, literally "Nightingale Valley") is a cemetery in the Karlova Ves borough in Bratislava, Slovakia.

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Slovakia (Slovensko), officially the Slovak Republic (Slovenská republika), is a landlocked country in Central Europe.

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The Slovaks or Slovak people (Slováci, singular Slovák, feminine Slovenka, plural Slovenky) are a nation and West Slavic ethnic group native to Slovakia who share a common ancestry, culture, history and speak the Slovak language.

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Squadron leader

Squadron leader (Sqn Ldr in the RAF; SQNLDR in the RAAF and RNZAF; formerly sometimes S/L in all services) is a commissioned rank in the Royal Air Force and the air forces of many countries which have historical British influence.

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Tatra T.101

The Tatra T.101 is a two-seat monoplane general aviation aircraft that was built in 1937 by Tatra.

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The History Press

The History Press is a British publishing company specialising in the publication of titles devoted to local and specialist history.

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Third Czechoslovak Republic

During World War II, Czechoslovakia disappeared from the map of Europe.

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Tribune Media

Tribune Media, also known as Tribune Media Company and formerly known as the Tribune Company, is an American conglomerate that is headquartered in Chicago, Illinois, United States.

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United Kingdom

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.

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Vincennes is a commune in the Val-de-Marne department in the eastern suburbs of Paris, France.

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War Medal 1939–1945

The War Medal 1939–1945 is a campaign medal which was instituted by the United Kingdom on 16 August 1945, for award to subjects of the British Commonwealth who had served full-time in the Armed Forces or the Merchant Navy for at least 28 days between 3 September 1939 and 2 September 1945.

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Wing commander (rank)

Wing commander (Wg Cdr in the RAF, the IAF, and the PAF, WGCDR in the RNZAF and RAAF, formerly sometimes W/C in all services) is a senior commissioned rank in the Royal Air Force and the air forces of many countries which have historical British influence, including many Commonwealth countries but not including Canada and South Africa.

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World War I

World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.

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World War II

World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.

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1936 Summer Olympics

The 1936 Summer Olympics (German: Olympische Sommerspiele 1936), officially known as the Games of the XI Olympiad, was an international multi-sport event held in 1936 in Berlin, Nazi Germany.

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1939–1945 Star

The 1939–1945 Star is a military campaign medal, instituted by the United Kingdom on 8 July 1943 for award to subjects of the British Commonwealth for service in the Second World War.

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1948 Czechoslovak coup d'état

The 1948 Czechoslovak coup d'état (often simply the Czech coup) (Únor 1948, Február 1948, both meaning "February 1948") – in Marxist historiography known as "Victorious February" (Vítězný únor, Víťazný február) – was an event late that February in which the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia, with Soviet backing, assumed undisputed control over the government of Czechoslovakia, marking the onset of four decades of communist rule in the country.

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Ján Ambruš.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jan_Ambrus

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