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January 1

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January 1 is the first day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. [1]

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Abbot

Abbot, meaning father, is an ecclesiastical title given to the male head of a monastery in various traditions, including Christianity.

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Abdul Ahad Mohmand

Abdul Ahad Mohmand (born January 1, 1959) is a former Afghan Air Force aviator who became the first Afghan citizen and fourth Muslim to journey to outer space.

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Abidjan

Abidjan is the economic capital of Côte d'Ivoire and is one of the most populous French-speaking cities in Africa.

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Achille Guenée

Achille Guenée (sometimes M.A. Guenée; 1 January 1809 – 30 December 1880) was a French lawyer and entomologist.

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Act Prohibiting Importation of Slaves

The Act Prohibiting Importation of Slaves of 1807 (enacted March 2, 1807) is a United States federal law that stated that no new slaves were permitted to be imported into the United States.

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AD 1

AD 1 (I), 1 AD or 1 CE is the epoch year for the Anno Domini calendar era.

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AD 69

AD 69 (LXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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Adalard of Corbie

Saint Adalard of Corbie (Adalhardus Corbeiensis; c. 751, Huise – 1 January 827) was son of Bernard the son of Charles Martel and half-brother of Pepin; Charlemagne was his cousin.

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Adam Air Flight 574

Adam Air Flight 574 (KI574 or DHI574) was a scheduled domestic passenger flight operated by Adam Air between the Indonesian cities of Surabaya and Manado that broke up in mid-air and crashed into the Makassar Strait near Polewali in Sulawesi on 1 January 2007.

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African Americans

African Americans (also referred to as Black Americans or Afro-Americans) are an ethnic group of Americans with total or partial ancestry from any of the black racial groups of Africa.

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Agner Krarup Erlang

Agner Krarup Erlang (1 January 1878 – 3 February 1929) was a Danish mathematician, statistician and engineer, who invented the fields of traffic engineering and queueing theory.

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Air India Flight 855

Air India Flight 855 was a scheduled passenger flight that crashed during the evening of New Year's Day 1978 about off the coast of Bandra, Mumbai.

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Al Hunt

Albert Reinold "Al" Hunt Jr. (born December 4, 1942) is an American columnist for Bloomberg View, the editorial arm of Bloomberg News (which is a subsidiary of Bloomberg L.P.). Hunt hosted the Sunday morning talk show Political Capital on Bloomberg Television and was also a weekly panelist on CNN's Capital Gang and Evans, Novak, Hunt & Shields.

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Alan Berg

Alan Harrison Berg (January 1, 1934 – June 18, 1984) was an American attorney and talk radio show host in Denver, Colorado.

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Alassane Ouattara

Alassane Dramane Ouattara (born 1 January 1942) is an Ivorian politician who has been President of Ivory Coast (Côte d'Ivoire) since 2010.

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Alberigo Evani

Alberigo Evani (born 1 January 1963 in Massa) is an Italian football manager and former player, who was deployed as a midfielder.

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Albert II of Germany

Albert the Magnanimous KG (10 August 139727 October 1439) was King of Hungary and Croatia from 1437 until his death and member of the House of Habsburg.

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Alcatraz Island

Alcatraz Island is located in San Francisco Bay, offshore from San Francisco, California, United States.

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Alexander von Staël-Holstein

Baron Alexander Staël von Holstein (January 1, 1877, in Testama manor, Governorate of Livonia (Russian Empire)March 16, 1937, in Peiping, Republic of China); was a German-baltic aristocrat, Russian and Estonian orientalist, sinologist, sanskritologist, specializing in Buddhist texts.

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Alexandre-Théophile Vandermonde

Alexandre-Théophile Vandermonde (28 February 1735 – 1 January 1796) was a French mathematician, musician and chemist who worked with Bézout and Lavoisier; his name is now principally associated with determinant theory in mathematics.

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Alexandria

Alexandria (or; Arabic: الإسكندرية; Egyptian Arabic: إسكندرية; Ⲁⲗⲉⲝⲁⲛⲇⲣⲓⲁ; Ⲣⲁⲕⲟⲧⲉ) is the second-largest city in Egypt and a major economic centre, extending about along the coast of the Mediterranean Sea in the north central part of the country.

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Alexis Korner

Alexis Andrew Nicholas Koerner (19 April 1928 – 1 January 1984) was a British blues musician and radio broadcaster, who has sometimes been referred to as "a founding father of British blues".

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Alfred Ely Beach

Alfred Ely Beach (September 1, 1826 – January 1, 1896) was an American inventor, publisher, and patent lawyer, born in Springfield, Massachusetts.

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Alfred Stieglitz

Alfred Stieglitz (January 1, 1864 – July 13, 1946) was an American photographer and modern art promoter who was instrumental over his fifty-year career in making photography an accepted art form.

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Algarve

The Algarve (from الغرب "the west") is the southernmost region of continental Portugal.

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Allies of World War II

The Allies of World War II, called the United Nations from the 1 January 1942 declaration, were the countries that together opposed the Axis powers during the Second World War (1939–1945).

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Amazing Grace

"Amazing Grace" is a Christian hymn published in 1779, with words written by the English poet and Anglican clergyman John Newton (1725–1807).

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American Civil War

The American Civil War (also known by other names) was a war fought in the United States from 1861 to 1865.

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American Revolutionary War

The American Revolutionary War (17751783), also known as the American War of Independence, was a global war that began as a conflict between Great Britain and its Thirteen Colonies which declared independence as the United States of America. After 1765, growing philosophical and political differences strained the relationship between Great Britain and its colonies. Patriot protests against taxation without representation followed the Stamp Act and escalated into boycotts, which culminated in 1773 with the Sons of Liberty destroying a shipment of tea in Boston Harbor. Britain responded by closing Boston Harbor and passing a series of punitive measures against Massachusetts Bay Colony. Massachusetts colonists responded with the Suffolk Resolves, and they established a shadow government which wrested control of the countryside from the Crown. Twelve colonies formed a Continental Congress to coordinate their resistance, establishing committees and conventions that effectively seized power. British attempts to disarm the Massachusetts militia at Concord, Massachusetts in April 1775 led to open combat. Militia forces then besieged Boston, forcing a British evacuation in March 1776, and Congress appointed George Washington to command the Continental Army. Concurrently, an American attempt to invade Quebec and raise rebellion against the British failed decisively. On July 2, 1776, the Continental Congress voted for independence, issuing its declaration on July 4. Sir William Howe launched a British counter-offensive, capturing New York City and leaving American morale at a low ebb. However, victories at Trenton and Princeton restored American confidence. In 1777, the British launched an invasion from Quebec under John Burgoyne, intending to isolate the New England Colonies. Instead of assisting this effort, Howe took his army on a separate campaign against Philadelphia, and Burgoyne was decisively defeated at Saratoga in October 1777. Burgoyne's defeat had drastic consequences. France formally allied with the Americans and entered the war in 1778, and Spain joined the war the following year as an ally of France but not as an ally of the United States. In 1780, the Kingdom of Mysore attacked the British in India, and tensions between Great Britain and the Netherlands erupted into open war. In North America, the British mounted a "Southern strategy" led by Charles Cornwallis which hinged upon a Loyalist uprising, but too few came forward. Cornwallis suffered reversals at King's Mountain and Cowpens. He retreated to Yorktown, Virginia, intending an evacuation, but a decisive French naval victory deprived him of an escape. A Franco-American army led by the Comte de Rochambeau and Washington then besieged Cornwallis' army and, with no sign of relief, he surrendered in October 1781. Whigs in Britain had long opposed the pro-war Tories in Parliament, and the surrender gave them the upper hand. In early 1782, Parliament voted to end all offensive operations in North America, but the war continued in Europe and India. Britain remained under siege in Gibraltar but scored a major victory over the French navy. On September 3, 1783, the belligerent parties signed the Treaty of Paris in which Great Britain agreed to recognize the sovereignty of the United States and formally end the war. French involvement had proven decisive,Brooks, Richard (editor). Atlas of World Military History. HarperCollins, 2000, p. 101 "Washington's success in keeping the army together deprived the British of victory, but French intervention won the war." but France made few gains and incurred crippling debts. Spain made some minor territorial gains but failed in its primary aim of recovering Gibraltar. The Dutch were defeated on all counts and were compelled to cede territory to Great Britain. In India, the war against Mysore and its allies concluded in 1784 without any territorial changes.

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Amphilochius of Pochayiv

Amphilochius of Pochayiv (Амфилохий Почаевский, Амфілохій Почаївський) was a 20th-century Ukrainian Orthodox saint, from Ternopil oblast of western Ukraine.

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André Marie Constant Duméril

André Marie Constant Duméril (January 1, 1774 – August 14, 1860) was a French zoologist.

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Andre Marriner

Andre Marriner (born 1 January 1971) confirmation: the Football League official website.

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Andrew Valmon

Andrew Orlando Valmon (born January 1, 1965) is an American former 400 meters runner.

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Andy Andrews (tennis)

---- Andy Andrews (born January 1, 1959) is a former professional tennis player from the United States.

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Andy Gill

Andrew James Dalrymple "Andy" Gill (born 1 January 1956) is a founding member and guitarist for the English rock group Gang of Four.

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Anglican Communion

The Anglican Communion is the third largest Christian communion with 85 million members, founded in 1867 in London, England.

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Anna Burke

Anna Elizabeth Burke (born 1 January 1966) is a former Australian politician and current Member of the Administrative Appeals Tribunal.

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Anno Domini

The terms anno Domini (AD) and before Christ (BC) are used to label or number years in the Julian and Gregorian calendars.

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Anno Mundi

Anno Mundi (Latin for "in the year of the world"; Hebrew:, "to the creation of the world"), abbreviated as AM or A.M., or Year After Creation, is a calendar era based on the biblical accounts of the creation of the world and subsequent history.

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Annunciation

The Annunciation (from Latin annuntiatio), also referred to as the Annunciation to the Blessed Virgin Mary, the Annunciation of Our Lady, or the Annunciation of the Lord, is the Christian celebration of the announcement by the angel Gabriel to the Virgin Mary that she would conceive and become the mother of Jesus, the Son of God, marking his Incarnation.

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Anthony Hamilton-Smith, 3rd Baron Colwyn

Ian Anthony Hamilton-Smith, 3rd Baron Colwyn (born 1 January 1942), commonly known as Anthony Hamilton-Smith, is a peer, dentist and politician.

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Anthony Wayne

Anthony Wayne (January 1, 1745 – December 15, 1796) was a United States Army officer and statesman.

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Anton Melik

Anton Melik (January 1, 1890 – June 8, 1966) was a Slovene geographer.

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Anton Muscatelli

Sir Vito Antonio Muscatelli (born 1962 in Italy) is the Principal of the University of Glasgow and one of the United Kingdom's top economists.

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Apotheosis

Apotheosis (from Greek ἀποθέωσις from ἀποθεοῦν, apotheoun "to deify"; in Latin deificatio "making divine"; also called divinization and deification) is the glorification of a subject to divine level.

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Arbor Day

Arbor Day (or Arbour; from the Latin arbor, meaning tree) is a holiday in which individuals and groups are encouraged to plant trees.

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Arcadius

Arcadius (Flavius Arcadius Augustus; Ἀρκάδιος; 1 January 377 – 1 May 408) was Eastern Roman Emperor from 395 to 408.

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Arleigh Burke

Arleigh Albert Burke (October 19, 1901 – January 1, 1996) was an admiral of the United States Navy who distinguished himself during World War II and the Korean War, and who served as Chief of Naval Operations during the Eisenhower and Kennedy administrations.

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Arnold Drakenborch

Arnold Drakenborch (1 January 168416 January 1748) was a Dutch classical scholar.

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ARPANET

The Advanced Research Projects Agency Network (ARPANET) was an early packet switching network and the first network to implement the protocol suite TCP/IP.

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Arthur C. Parker

Arthur Caswell Parker (April 5, 1881 – January 1, 1955) was an American archaeologist, historian, folklorist, museologist and noted authority on American Indian culture.

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Arthur Hugh Clough

Arthur Hugh Clough (1 January 181913 November 1861) was an English poet, an educationalist, and the devoted assistant to Florence Nightingale.

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Arthur Porritt, Baron Porritt

Colonel Arthur Espie Porritt, Baron Porritt (10 August 1900 – 1 January 1994) was a New Zealand physician, military surgeon, statesman and athlete.

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Arthur Rudolph

Arthur Louis Hugo Rudolph (November 9, 1906 – January 1, 1996) was a German rocket engineer who was a leader of the effort to develop the V-2 rocket for Nazi Germany.

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Artur Rodziński

Artur Rodziński (1 January 189227 November 1958) was a Polish conductor of opera and symphonic music.

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Aruba

Aruba (Papiamento) is an island and a constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands in the southern Caribbean Sea, located about west of the main part of the Lesser Antilles and north of the coast of Venezuela.

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Ashfaq Hussain

Ashfaq Hussain Zaidi, PP, (born 1 January 1951) is a leading modern Urdu poet and an author of more than 10 books of poetry and literary criticism.

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Asteroid belt

The asteroid belt is the circumstellar disc in the Solar System located roughly between the orbits of the planets Mars and Jupiter.

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AT&T Corporation

AT&T Corp., originally the American Telephone and Telegraph Company, is the subsidiary of AT&T that provides voice, video, data, and Internet telecommunications and professional services to businesses, consumers, and government agencies.

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Audrey Wurdemann

Audrey Wurdemann (January 1, 1911 – May 20, 1960) was an American poet.

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Australia

Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands.

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Austria

Austria (Österreich), officially the Republic of Austria (Republik Österreich), is a federal republic and a landlocked country of over 8.8 million people in Central Europe.

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Azali Assoumani

Azali Assoumani (غزالي عثماني, born January 1, 1959) is a Comorian politician and the President of the Comoros.

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Bae Geu-rin

Bae Geu-rin (born January 1, 1989) is a South Korean actress.

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Baldwin III, Count of Flanders

Baldwin III The Young of Flanders (–962) was Count of Flanders, who briefly ruled the County of Flanders (an area that is now northern France, northwestern Belgium and southwestern Netherlands), together with his father Arnulf I (c. 890 – 965).

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Bangkok

Bangkok is the capital and most populous city of the Kingdom of Thailand.

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Baron Franz von der Trenck

Baron Franz von der Trenck (German: Franz Freiherr von der Trenck, Croatian: Barun Franjo Trenk) (Reggio di Calabria. January 1, 1711 – Brno. October 4, 1749) was an Austrian soldier.

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Barron Miles

Barron Miles (born January 1, 1972) is a former professional Canadian football player who played for 12 years in the Canadian Football League (CFL).

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Barry Beath

Barry Beath (born in Eugowra, New South Wales) is an Australian former professional rugby league footballer, a second-row forward for the St. George Dragons in the New South Wales Rugby League premiership competition.

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Barton MacLane

Barton MacLane (December 25, 1902 – January 1, 1969) was an American actor, playwright, and screenwriter.

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Basil Dearden

Basil Dearden (born Basil Clive Dear; 1 January 1911 – 23 March 1971) was an English film director.

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Basil of Caesarea

Basil of Caesarea, also called Saint Basil the Great (Ἅγιος Βασίλειος ὁ Μέγας, Ágios Basíleios o Mégas, Ⲡⲓⲁⲅⲓⲟⲥ Ⲃⲁⲥⲓⲗⲓⲟⲥ; 329 or 330 – January 1 or 2, 379), was the bishop of Caesarea Mazaca in Cappadocia, Asia Minor (modern-day Turkey).

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Beach Pneumatic Transit

The Beach Pneumatic Transit was the first attempt to build an underground public transit system in New York City.

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Becky Kellar-Duke

Rebecca Kellar (born January 1, 1975 in Hagersville, Ontario) is a women's ice hockey player.

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Before Present

Before Present (BP) years is a time scale used mainly in geology and other scientific disciplines to specify when events occurred in the past.

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Belorussian Communist Organisation

The Belorussian Communist Organisation (Белорусская коммунистическая организация, abbreviated БКО, translit. 'BKO') was a communist group in Belarus, led by Vladimir Ignatovsky.

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Bengt Sæternes

Bengt Sæternes (born 1 January 1975) is a Norwegian former professional football player who played as a centre forward from 1991 until 2011.

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Bernardin Frankopan

Bernardin Frankopan (1453–1529) was a Croatian nobleman, diplomat, warrior and patron, a member of the Frankopan noble family, very powerful and influential in the Croatian Kingdom.

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Betsy Ross

Elizabeth Griscom "Betsy" Ross (January 1, 1752 – January 30, 1836), née Griscom,Addie Guthrie Weaver, "The Story of Our Flag...", 2nd Edition, A. G. Weaver, publ., 1898, p. 73 also known by her second and third married names, Ashburn and Claypoole, is widely credited with making the first American flag.

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Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati

Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati (ভক্তিসিদ্ধান্ত সরস্বতী;; 6 February 1874 – 1 January 1937), born Bimala Prasad Datta, also referred to as Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati Thakura, was a prominent guru and spiritual reformer of Gaudiya Vaishnavism in the early 20th century in India.

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Billy Lothridge

William Lamar Lothridge (January 1, 1942 – February 24, 1996) was an American football Punter, Safety and Quarterback in the National Football League for the Dallas Cowboys, Los Angeles Rams, Atlanta Falcons and Miami Dolphins.

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Bishop of Durham

The Bishop of Durham is the Anglican bishop responsible for the Diocese of Durham in the Province of York.

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Bizone

The Bizone or Bizonia was the combination of the American and the British occupation zones on 1 January 1947 during the occupation of Germany after World War II.

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Bob Menendez

Robert Menendez (born January 1, 1954) is an American politician serving as the senior United States Senator from New Jersey, a seat he has held since 2006.

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Bobby Holík

Robert Holík (born January 1, 1971) is a retired Czech-American professional ice hockey center who played 18 seasons in the National Hockey League (NHL).

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Boeing 747

The Boeing 747 is an American wide-body commercial jet airliner and cargo aircraft, often referred to by its original nickname, "Jumbo Jet".

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Boris Bazhanov

Boris Georgiyevich Bazhanov (Борис Георгиевич Бажанов, sometimes spelled Bajanov) (1900 – January 1982) was a secretary of the Soviet Union's Politburo, and personal secretary to Joseph Stalin from August 1923 to 1925.

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Boris Morukov

Boris Vladimirovich Morukov (Бори́с Влади́мирович Моруков; 1 October 1950 – 1 January 2015) was a Russian physician at the State Research Center RF-Institute for Biomedical Problems (IBMP).

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Boris Vladimirovich Gnedenko

Boris Vladimirovich Gnedenko (Бори́с Влади́мирович Гнеде́нко; January 1, 1912 – December 27, 1995) was a Soviet mathematician and a student of Andrey Nikolaevich Kolmogorov.

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Borys Tarasyuk

Borys Ivanovych Tarasyuk (Борис Іванович Тарасюк; born 1 January 1949) is a Ukrainian politician who twice served as the Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine and is now an MP.

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Bouvet Island

Bouvet Island is an uninhabited subantarctic high island and dependency of Norway located in the South Atlantic Ocean at, thus putting it north of and outside the Antarctic Treaty System.

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Bowl game

In North America, a bowl game is one of a number of post-season college football games that are primarily played by teams belonging to the NCAA's Division I Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS).

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Breakup of the Bell System

The breakup of the Bell System was mandated on January 8, 1982, by an agreed consent decree providing that AT&T Corporation would, as had been initially proposed by AT&T, relinquish control of the Bell Operating Companies that had provided local telephone service in the United States and Canada up until that point.

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Brendan Elliot

Brendan Elliot (born 1 January 1994) is an Australian professional rugby league footballer who currently plays for the Gold Coast Titans in the National Rugby League.

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British Empire

The British Empire comprised the dominions, colonies, protectorates, mandates and other territories ruled or administered by the United Kingdom and its predecessor states.

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British Rail

British Railways (BR), which from 1965 traded as British Rail, was the state-owned company that operated most of the rail transport in Great Britain between 1948 and 1997.

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British royal family

The British royal family comprises Queen Elizabeth II and her close relations.

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British subject

The term British subject has had a number of different legal meanings over time.

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Brody Dalle

Brody Dalle (born Bree Joanna Alice Robinson; 1 January 1979) is an Australian-born singer-songwriter and guitarist.

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Brooklyn

Brooklyn is the most populous borough of New York City, with a census-estimated 2,648,771 residents in 2017.

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Brunei

Brunei, officially the Nation of Brunei, the Abode of Peace (Negara Brunei Darussalam, Jawi), is a sovereign state located on the north coast of the island of Borneo in Southeast Asia.

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Bruno Söderström

Vilhelm Bruno Söderström (28 October 1881 – 1 January 1969) was a Swedish track and field athlete.

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Bryan Thao Worra

Bryan Thao Worra (born January 1, 1973) is a Laotian American writer.

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Bud Hollowell

Buddy Ryan "Bud" Hollowell (January 1, 1943 – May 16, 2014) was an American professional baseball player and minor league manager.

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Bulgaria

Bulgaria (България, tr.), officially the Republic of Bulgaria (Република България, tr.), is a country in southeastern Europe.

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Burning of Norfolk

The Burning of Norfolk was an incident that occurred on January 1, 1776, during the American Revolutionary War.

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Buster Nupen

Eiulf Peter "Buster" Nupen (1 January 1902 – 29 January 1977) was a cricketer who played in 17 Test matches for South Africa between 1921–22 and 1935–36.

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Byzantine Empire

The Byzantine Empire, also referred to as the Eastern Roman Empire and Byzantium, was the continuation of the Roman Empire in its eastern provinces during Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages, when its capital city was Constantinople (modern-day Istanbul, which had been founded as Byzantium).

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Calendar (New Style) Act 1750

The Calendar (New Style) Act 1750 (c.23) (also known as Chesterfield's Act after Philip Stanhope, 4th Earl of Chesterfield) was an Act of the Parliament of Great Britain.

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Calendar of saints

The calendar of saints is a traditional Christian method of organizing a liturgical year by associating each day with one or more saints and referring to the day as the feast day or feast of said saint.

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Calum Davenport

Calum Ray Paul Davenport (born 1 January 1983) is an English former footballer.

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Calum MacKay

Calum "Baldy" MacKay (January 1, 1927 – August 21, 2001) was a Canadian professional ice hockey player.

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Cameroon

No description.

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Canada

Canada is a country located in the northern part of North America.

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Canadian Citizenship Act 1946

The Canadian Citizenship Act (Loi sur la citoyenneté canadienne), S.C. 1946, c. 15, is an Act of the Parliament of Canada which separated Canadian citizenship from British nationality.

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Carl B. Hamilton

Count Carl Peter Bastiat Hamilton (born 1 January 1946 in Gothenburg) is a Swedish, Count, economist and politician.

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Carle Hessay

Carle Hessay (1911–1978) was a German-born Canadian painter.

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Carole Landis

Carole Landis (born Frances Lillian Mary Ridste; January 1, 1919 – July 5, 1948) was an American film and stage actress, who worked as a contract-player for Twentieth Century-Fox in the 1940s.

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Castle Drogo

Castle Drogo is a country house and castle near Drewsteignton, Devon, England.

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Catholic Church

The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with more than 1.299 billion members worldwide.

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César Baldaccini

César (born Cesare Baldaccini, 1 January 1921 – 6 December 1998), also occasionally referred to as César Baldaccini, was a noted French sculptor.

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Ceres (dwarf planet)

Ceres (minor-planet designation: 1 Ceres) is the largest object in the asteroid belt that lies between the orbits of Mars and Jupiter, slightly closer to Mars' orbit.

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Cesar Romero

Cesar Julio Romero Jr. (February 15, 1907 – January 1, 1994) was an American actor, singer, dancer and vocal artist.

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Chancellor of Germany

The title Chancellor has designated different offices in the history of Germany.

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Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster

The Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster is a ministerial office in the Government of the United Kingdom that includes as part of its duties, the administration of the estates and rents of the Duchy of Lancaster.

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Charles Bickford

Charles Ambrose Bickford (January 1, 1891 – November 9, 1967) was an American actor best known for his supporting roles.

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Charles de Lorme

Charles de Lorme, Delorme, d'lorm, or De l'Orme (1 January 1584 – 31 December 1678), was a French medical doctor who practiced in several regions across Europe during the 17th century.

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Charles I of England

Charles I (19 November 1600 – 30 January 1649) was monarch of the three kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland from 27 March 1625 until his execution in 1649.

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Charles II of England

Charles II (29 May 1630 – 6 February 1685) was king of England, Scotland and Ireland.

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Charles II of Navarre

Charles II (10 October 1332 – 1 January 1387), called Charles the Bad, was King of Navarre 1349–1387 and Count of Évreux 1343–1387.

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Charles Turner (Australian cricketer)

Charles Thomas Biass Turner (16 November 1862 – 1 January 1944 in Manly, New South Wales, Australia) was a bowler who is regarded as one of the finest ever produced by Australia.

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Charles, Count of Angoulême

Charles d'Orléans (1459 – 1 January 1496) was the Count of Angoulême from 1467 until his death.

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Charlie Davis (cricketer)

Charles Allan (Charlie) Davis (born 1 January 1944) is a former West Indian cricketer who played in fifteen Tests from 1968 to 1973.

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Charlie Munger

Charles Thomas Munger (born January 1, 1924) is an American investor, businessman and philanthropist.

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Chenogne massacre

The Chenogne massacre is the killing of Wehrmacht prisoners by American troops near the village of Chenogne, Belgium, on January 1, 1945.

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Chiapas

Chiapas, officially the Free and Sovereign State of Chiapas (Estado Libre y Soberano de Chiapas), is one of the 31 states that with Mexico City make up the 32 federal entities of Mexico.

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Chikuhei Nakajima

, was a Japanese naval officer, engineer, and politician, who is most notable for having founded Nakajima Aircraft Company in 1917, a major supplier of airplanes in the Empire of Japan.

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Chiune Sugihara

was a Japanese government official who served as vice consul for the Japanese Empire in Lithuania.

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Chris Anstey

Christopher John Anstey (born 1 January 1975) is an Australian former professional basketball player.

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Chris Potter (jazz saxophonist)

Chris Potter (born January 1, 1971) is an American jazz saxophonist, composer, and multi-instrumentalist.

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Christian

A Christian is a person who follows or adheres to Christianity, an Abrahamic, monotheistic religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus Christ.

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Christian Eigler

Christian Eigler (born 1 January 1984) is a former German footballer who played as a Striker.

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Christian III of Denmark

Christian III (12 August 1503 – 1 January 1559) reigned as King of Denmark from 1534 until his death, and King of Norway from 1537 until his death.

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Christian Paradis

Christian Paradis, (born January 1, 1974) is a Canadian politician who was the Conservative Member of Parliament in the House of Commons of Canada for Mégantic—L'Érable from 2006 to 2015.

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Christian Thomasius

Christian Thomasius (1 January 1655 – 23 September 1728) was a German jurist and philosopher.

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Christine Lagarde

Christine Madeleine Odette Lagarde (née Lallouette,; born 1 January 1956) is a French lawyer and politician who has been the Managing Director (MD) of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) since 5 July 2011.

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Christmas

Christmas is an annual festival commemorating the birth of Jesus Christ,Martindale, Cyril Charles.

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Christoph Bernhard

Christoph Bernhard (1 January 1628 – 14 November 1692) was born in Kolberg, Pomerania, and died in Dresden.

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Christopher Martin-Jenkins

Christopher Dennis Alexander Martin-Jenkins, MBE (20 January 1945 – 1 January 2013), also known as CMJ, was a British cricket journalist and a President of the MCC.

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Cigarette

A cigarette is a narrow cylinder containing tobacco that is rolled into thin paper for smoking.

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Circumcision of Jesus

The circumcision of Jesus is an event from the life of Jesus, according to the Gospel of Luke, which states in verse 2:21 that Jesus was circumcised eight days after his birth (traditionally January 1).

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City of Greater New York

The City of Greater New York was the term used by many politicians and scholars for the expanded City of New York created on January 1, 1898, by consolidating the existing City of New York with the East Bronx, Brooklyn, western Queens County, and Staten Island.

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Claiborne Pell

Claiborne de Borda Pell (November 22, 1918 – January 1, 2009) was an American politician and writer who served as a U.S. Senator from Rhode Island for six terms from 1961 to 1997.

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Claude Steele

Claude Mason Steele (born January 1, 1946) is an African-American social psychologist.

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COBOL

COBOL (an acronym for "common business-oriented language") is a compiled English-like computer programming language designed for business use.

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Cold War

The Cold War was a state of geopolitical tension after World War II between powers in the Eastern Bloc (the Soviet Union and its satellite states) and powers in the Western Bloc (the United States, its NATO allies and others).

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Colin Vaughan

Colin Vaughan (1931 – 1 January 2000) was an Australian-born Canadian television journalist, architect, urban activist and alderman serving the city of Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

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College football

College football is American football played by teams of student athletes fielded by American universities, colleges, and military academies, or Canadian football played by teams of student athletes fielded by Canadian universities.

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Colombia

Colombia, officially the Republic of Colombia, is a sovereign state largely situated in the northwest of South America, with territories in Central America.

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Colony

In history, a colony is a territory under the immediate complete political control of a state, distinct from the home territory of the sovereign.

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Commodus

Commodus (31 August 161– 31 December 192AD), born Lucius Aurelius Commodus and died Lucius Aelius Aurelius Commodus, was Roman emperor with his father Marcus Aurelius from177 to his father's death in 180, and solely until 192.

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Competition law

Competition law is a law that promotes or seeks to maintain market competition by regulating anti-competitive conduct by companies.

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Confederate States of America

The Confederate States of America (CSA or C.S.), commonly referred to as the Confederacy, was an unrecognized country in North America that existed from 1861 to 1865.

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Constantin Marin

Constantin Marin (27 February 1925 – 1 January 2011) was a Romanian award-winning musician, conductor and composer.

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Constantius III

Constantius III (Latin: Flavius Constantius Augustus), was Western Roman Emperor in 421, from 8 February 421 to 2 September 421.

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Constitution Day

Constitution Day is a holiday to honor the constitution of a country.

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Constitution of Pakistan

The Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan (Urdu), also known as the 1973 Constitution is the supreme law of Pakistan.

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Continental Army

The Continental Army was formed by the Second Continental Congress after the outbreak of the American Revolutionary War by the colonies that became the United States of America.

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Copts

The Copts (ⲚⲓⲢⲉⲙ̀ⲛⲭⲏⲙⲓ ̀ⲛ̀Ⲭⲣⲏⲥⲧⲓ̀ⲁⲛⲟⲥ,; أقباط) are an ethnoreligious group indigenous to North Africa who primarily inhabit the area of modern Egypt, where they are the largest Christian denomination in the country.

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Costco

Costco Wholesale Corporation, trading as Costco, is an American multinational corporation which operates a chain of membership-only warehouse clubs.

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Country Joe McDonald

Joseph Allen "Country Joe" McDonald (born January 1, 1942) is an American musician who was the lead singer of the 1960s psychedelic rock group Country Joe and the Fish.

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Craig Murray (footballer)

Craig Murray (born 1 January 1994) is a Scottish professional footballer, who plays for Cumbernauld Colts.

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Craig Reucassel

Craig Bruce Reucassel (born 1 January 1977) is an Australian television and radio comedian.

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Cristero War

Government forces publicly hanged Cristeros on main thoroughfares throughout Mexico, including in the Pacific states of Colima and Jalisco, where bodies would often remain hanging for extended lengths of time. The Cristero War or Cristero Rebellion (1926–29), also known as La Cristiada, was a widespread struggle in many central-western Mexican states against the secularist, anti-Catholic and anti-clerical policies of the Mexican government.

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Cuba

Cuba, officially the Republic of Cuba, is a country comprising the island of Cuba as well as Isla de la Juventud and several minor archipelagos.

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Cuban Revolution

The Cuban Revolution (Revolución cubana) was an armed revolt conducted by Fidel Castro's revolutionary 26th of July Movement and its allies against the authoritarian government of Cuban President Fulgencio Batista.

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Curaçao

Curaçao (Curaçao,; Kòrsou) is a Lesser Antilles island in the southern Caribbean Sea and the Dutch Caribbean region, about north of the Venezuelan coast.

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Czech Republic

The Czech Republic (Česká republika), also known by its short-form name Czechia (Česko), is a landlocked country in Central Europe bordered by Germany to the west, Austria to the south, Slovakia to the east and Poland to the northeast.

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Czechoslovakia

Czechoslovakia, or Czecho-Slovakia (Czech and Československo, Česko-Slovensko), was a sovereign state in Central Europe that existed from October 1918, when it declared its independence from the Austro-Hungarian Empire, until its peaceful dissolution into the:Czech Republic and:Slovakia on 1 January 1993.

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Dale Bumpers

Dale Leon Bumpers (August 12, 1925 – January 1, 2016) was an American politician who served as the 38th Governor of Arkansas (1971–1975) and in the United States Senate (1975–1999).

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Dan Katchongva

Dan Katchongva (January 1, 1860 (Old Oraibi) - February 22, 1972 (Hotevilla)) was a Hopi Native American traditional leader.

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Dana Andrews

Carver Dana Andrews (January 1, 1909 – December 17, 1992) was an American film actor and a major Hollywood star during the 1940s.

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Daniel Gorenstein

Daniel E. Gorenstein (January 1, 1923 – August 26, 1992) was an American mathematician.

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Daniel Kofi Agyei

Daniel Kofi Agyei (born 1 January 1992) is a Ghanaian professional footballer who plays for Carrarese.

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Danny Lloyd

Danny Lloyd (born January 1, 1973) is an American teacher and former actor most known for his role as Danny Torrance in the 1980 film The Shining, an adaptation of Stephen King's 1977 novel of the same name.

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Danny Wilson (footballer, born 1960)

Daniel Joseph Wilson (born 1 January 1960) is a former footballer and manager.

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Darius Slay

Darius Demetrius Slay Jr. (born January 1, 1991) is an American football cornerback for the Detroit Lions of the National Football League (NFL).

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Dattaram Hindlekar

Dattaram Dharmaji Hindlekar (1 January 1909, Bombay – 30 March 1949, Bombay) was a cricketer who kept wicket for India in Test cricket.

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Dave Silk

David Mark "Silky" Silk (born January 1, 1958 in Scituate, Massachusetts) and raised in Scituate and Cohasset, Massachusetts is a retired professional American ice hockey player.

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David Beatty, 1st Earl Beatty

Admiral of the Fleet David Richard Beatty, 1st Earl Beatty (17 January 1871 – 11 March 1936) was a Royal Navy officer.

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David Dinkins

David Norman Dinkins (born July 10, 1927) is an American politician, lawyer, and author who served as the 106th Mayor of New York City, from 1990 to 1993.

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David Nalbandian

David Pablo Nalbandian (born 1 January 1982) is an Argentine retired professional tennis player who played on the ATP Tour from 2000 until his retirement in 2013.

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Davor Šuker

Davor Šuker (born 1 January 1968) is a retired Croatian footballer and the current president of the Croatian Football Federation, a position he has held since July 2012.

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Declaration by United Nations

The Declaration by United Nations was a World War II document agreed on 1 January 1942 during the Arcadia Conference by 26 governments: the Allied "Big Four" (the US, the UK, the USSR, and China), nine other American countries in North and Central America and the Caribbean, the four British Dominions, British India, and eight Allied governments-in-exile, for a total of twenty-six nations.

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Dedee Pfeiffer

Dorothy Diane "Dedee" Pfeiffer (born January 1, 1964) is an American film and television actress.

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Deepa Mehta

Deepa Mehta, (born September 15, 1950) is an Indo-Canadian film director and screenwriter, most known for her Elements Trilogy, ''Fire'' (1996), Earth (1998), and Water (2005).

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Denise Stapley

Denise Marie Stapley (née McCormick; born January 1, 1971) is an American sex therapist known as the winner of Survivor: Philippines, the 25th season of the reality TV competition series Survivor.

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Denmark

Denmark (Danmark), officially the Kingdom of Denmark,Kongeriget Danmark,.

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Dennis Archer

Dennis Wayne Archer (born January 1, 1942) is an American lawyer, jurist and former politician from Michigan.

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Dennis O'Driscoll

Dennis O'Driscoll (1 January 1954 – 24 December 2012) was an Irish poet, essayist, critic and editor.

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Deputy Prime Minister of Greece

The Deputy Prime Minister of Greece (Αντιπρόεδρος της Κυβερνήσεως, "Vice-President of the Government"; older form: Αντιπρόεδρος του Υπουργικού Συμβουλίου, "Vice-President of the Ministerial Council") is the second senior-most member of the Greek Cabinet.

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Deputy Prime Minister of Turkey

The Deputy Prime Minister of Turkey is the official Deputy of the Head of Government of Turkey.

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Derek Parfit

Derek Antony Parfit, FBA (11 December 1942 – 1 January 2017) was a British philosopher who specialised in personal identity, rationality, and ethics.

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Derrick Thomas

Derrick Vincent Thomas (January 1, 1967 – February 8, 2000), nicknamed D.T., was an American football linebacker and defensive end for the Kansas City Chiefs of the National Football League (NFL).

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Devin Setoguchi

Devin Setoguchi (born January 1, 1987) is a Canadian professional ice hockey right winger who is currently an unrestricted free agent.

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Devlet Bahçeli

Devlet Bahçeli (born 1 January 1948) is a Turkish politician who has been the chairman of the Nationalist Movement Party (MHP) since 6 July 1997.

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Dick Quax

Theodorus Jacobus Leonardus "Dick" Quax (1 January 1948 – 28 May 2018) was a Dutch-born New Zealand runner and one-time world record holder in the 5000 metres, and local-body politician.

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Diplomacy

Diplomacy is the art and practice of conducting negotiations between representatives of states.

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Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation

The Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation is the head of the FBI, the United States' primary federal law enforcement agency, and is responsible for its day-to-day operations.

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Dissolution of Czechoslovakia

The Dissolution of Czechoslovakia (Rozdělení Československa, Rozdelenie Česko-Slovenska), which took effect on 1 January 1993, was an event that saw the self-determined split of the federal state of Czechoslovakia into the Czech Republic and Slovakia, entities that had arisen before as the Czech Socialist Republic and the Slovak Socialist Republic in 1969 within the framework of Czechoslovak federalisation.

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Doak Walker

Ewell Doak Walker Jr. (January 1, 1927 – September 27, 1998) was an American football player.

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Don Freeman

Don Freeman (August 11, 1908 – January 1, 1978) was an American painter, printmaker, cartoonist, and an illustrator and writer of children's books.

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Don Nehlen

Donald Eugene Nehlen (born January 1, 1936) is a former American football player and coach.

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Don Novello

Donald Andrew "Don" Novello (born January 1, 1943) is an American writer, film director, producer, actor, singer and comedian.

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Donna Douglas

Donna Douglas (born Doris Ione Smith; September 26, 1932 – January 1, 2015) was an American actress and singer, known for her role as Elly May Clampett in CBS's The Beverly Hillbillies (1962–1971).

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Draupner wave

The Draupner wave or New Year's wave was the first rogue wave to be detected by a measuring instrument, occurring at the Draupner platform in the North Sea off the coast of Norway on 1 January 1995.

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Duchy of Lorraine

The Duchy of Lorraine (Lorraine; Lothringen), originally Upper Lorraine, was a duchy now included in the larger present-day region of Lorraine in northeastern France.

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Duff Cooper

Alfred Duff Cooper, 1st Viscount Norwich, (22 February 1890 – 1 January 1954), known as Duff Cooper, was a British Conservative Party politician, diplomat and author.

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Dutch Republic

The Dutch Republic was a republic that existed from the formal creation of a confederacy in 1581 by several Dutch provinces (which earlier seceded from the Spanish rule) until the Batavian Revolution in 1795.

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Dwight Taylor (writer)

Dwight Oliver Taylor (January 1, 1903, New York City, New York – December 31, 1986, Woodland Hills, California) was an American author, playwright, and film/television screenwriter.

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E. M. Forster

Edward Morgan Forster (1 January 18797 June 1970) was an English novelist, short story writer, essayist and librettist.

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Easter

Easter,Traditional names for the feast in English are "Easter Day", as in the Book of Common Prayer, "Easter Sunday", used by James Ussher and Samuel Pepys and plain "Easter", as in books printed in,, also called Pascha (Greek, Latin) or Resurrection Sunday, is a festival and holiday celebrating the resurrection of Jesus from the dead, described in the New Testament as having occurred on the third day of his burial after his crucifixion by the Romans at Calvary 30 AD.

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Eastern Bloc emigration and defection

Eastern Bloc emigration and defection was a point of controversy during the Cold War.

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Eastern Orthodox Church

The Eastern Orthodox Church, also known as the Orthodox Church, or officially as the Orthodox Catholic Church, is the second-largest Christian Church, with over 250 million members.

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Ed Price (Florida politician)

Edgar Hilleary Price, Jr., (January 1, 1918 – December 1, 2012), was a World War II Bomber pilot, Florida legislator, community leader and agricultural manager who fought for civil rights and public education.

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Edmund Barton

Sir Edmund "Toby" Barton, (18 January 18497 January 1920) was an Australian politician and judge who served as the first Prime Minister of Australia, in office from 1901 to 1903.

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Edward Arthur Thompson

Edward Arthur Thompson (22 May 1914 – 1 January 1994) was an Irish-born British classicist, medievalist and professor at the University of Nottingham from 1948 to 1979.

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Edward Dickinson

Edward Dickinson (January 1, 1803 – June 16, 1874) was an American politician from Massachusetts.

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Edward Joseph Hunkeler

Edward Joseph Hunkeler (January 1, 1894 – October 1, 1970) was an American prelate of the Roman Catholic Church who served as bishop of the Diocese of Grand Island, Nebraska (1945–1951), and Bishop and Archbishop of the Archdiocese of Kansas City, Kansas (1951–1969).

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Edwin Lutyens

Sir Edwin Landseer Lutyens, (29 March 1869 – 1 January 1944) was an English architect known for imaginatively adapting traditional architectural styles to the requirements of his era.

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Egidio Arévalo Ríos

Egidio Raúl Arévalo Ríos (January 1, 1982), nicknamed El Cacha, is an Uruguayan professional footballer currently without a club who plays as a midfielder for the Uruguay national team.

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Egypt

Egypt (مِصر, مَصر, Khēmi), officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a transcontinental country spanning the northeast corner of Africa and southwest corner of Asia by a land bridge formed by the Sinai Peninsula.

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Eiichiro Oda

is a Japanese manga artist, screenwriter and film producer who is best known for his manga series One Piece (1997–present).

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Election in Cetin

The election in Cetin (Cetinski sabor, meaning Parliament on Cetin or Parliament of Cetin) was an assembly of the Croatian Parliament in the Cetin Castle in 1527.

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Electoral College (Pakistan)

The President of Pakistan is chosen by an electoral college, in Pakistan.

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Elizabeth II

Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary; born 21 April 1926) is Queen of the United Kingdom and the other Commonwealth realms.

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Ellis Island

Ellis Island, in Upper New York Bay, was the gateway for over 12 million immigrants to the U.S. as the United States' busiest immigrant inspection station for over 60 years from 1892 until 1954.

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Emancipation Day

Emancipation Day is observed in many former European colonies in the Caribbean and areas of the United States on various dates to commemorate the emancipation of enslaved people of African descent.

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Emancipation Proclamation

The Emancipation Proclamation, or Proclamation 95, was a presidential proclamation and executive order issued by United States President Abraham Lincoln on January 1, 1863.

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Emily Dickinson

Emily Elizabeth Dickinson (December 10, 1830 – May 15, 1886) was an American poet.

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Emma Asson

Emma Asson (13 July 1889 – 1 January 1965), was an Estonian politician (Social Democrat).

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Emperor Go-Sai

, also known as, was the 111th emperor of Japan,Imperial Household Agency (Kunaichō): according to the traditional order of succession.

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Emperor of India

Emperor (or Empress) of India The Indian form of the title was Kaisar-i-Hind.

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Empire of Nicaea

The Empire of Nicaea or the Nicene Empire was the largest of the three Byzantine GreekA Short history of Greece from early times to 1964 by W. A. Heurtley, H. C. Darby, C. W. Crawley, C. M. Woodhouse (1967), page 55: "There in the prosperous city of Nicaea, Theodoros Laskaris, the son in law of a former Byzantine Emperor, establish a court that soon become the Small but reviving Greek empire." rump states founded by the aristocracy of the Byzantine Empire that fled after Constantinople was occupied by Western European and Venetian forces during the Fourth Crusade.

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Eritrea

Eritrea (ኤርትራ), officially the State of Eritrea, is a country in the Horn of Africa, with its capital at Asmara.

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Ernest Tidyman

Ernest Tidyman (January 1, 1928 – July 14, 1984) was an American author and screenwriter, best known for his novels featuring the African-American detective John Shaft.

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Estonia

Estonia (Eesti), officially the Republic of Estonia (Eesti Vabariik), is a sovereign state in Northern Europe.

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Eudokia Makrembolitissa

Eudokia Makrembolitissa (or Eudocia Macrembolitissa) (Εὐδοκία Μακρεμβολίτισσα) (c.1021 – 1096) was a Byzantine Empress by marriage to Emperor Constantine X Doukas.

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Eugène-Anatole Demarçay

Eugène-Anatole Demarçay (1 January 1852 – 5 March 1903) was a French chemist.

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Eugendus

Saint Eugendus (also Augendus; Oyand, Oyan; 449 – January 1, 510) was the fourth abbot of Condat Abbey, at Saint-Claude, Jura.

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Eugene J. Martin

Eugene James Martin (Washington, D.C., July 24, 1938 – Lafayette, Louisiana, January 1, 2005) was an African-American visual artist.

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Eugene Wigner

Eugene Paul "E.

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Eurasian Economic Union

The Eurasian Economic Union (officially EAEU, but sometimes called EEU or EAU)The acronym is used in the.

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Euro

The euro (sign: €; code: EUR) is the official currency of the European Union.

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European Economic Community

The European Economic Community (EEC) was a regional organisation which aimed to bring about economic integration among its member states.

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European Union

The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of EUnum member states that are located primarily in Europe.

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Eurozone

No description.

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Eva Ras

Eva Ras (Ева Рас; born January 1, 1941) is a Serbian actress, writer, and painter.

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Evangelical Lutheran Church in America

The Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) is a mainline Protestant denomination headquartered in Chicago, Illinois.

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Evangelos Venizelos

Evangelos Venizelos (born 1 January 1957) is a Greek politician who was Deputy Prime Minister of Greece and Minister for Foreign Affairs from 25 June 2013 to 27 January 2015.

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F. R. David

"F.

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Falkland Islands

The Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas) is an archipelago in the South Atlantic Ocean on the Patagonian Shelf.

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Father Guido Sarducci

Father Guido Sarducci is a fictional character created by the American comedian Don Novello.

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Fazal Ilahi Chaudhry

Fazal Elahi Chaudhry English IPA: fəzɛl ɪllɑɦi t͡ʃɒɪdɾɪ (Punjabi, فضل الہی چودہری; 1 January 1904 – 2 June 1982), was the 5th President of Pakistan, serving from 1973 until 1978, prior to the martial law led by Chief of Army Staff General Zia-ul-Haq.

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Fazu Aliyeva

Fazu Aliyeva (December 5, 1932 – January 1, 2016) was an Avar-speaking Soviet-born Russian poet, novelist and journalist.

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Feast of Fools

The Feast of Fools (festum fatuorum, festum stultorum) is the name given to a specific feast day celebrated by the clergy in Europe, initially in Northern France, but later more widely.

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Feast of the Holy Name of Jesus

The Feast of the Holy Name of Jesus is a feast of the liturgical year celebrated by a number of Christian denominations, on varying dates.

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Federation of Australia

The Federation of Australia was the process by which the six separate British self-governing colonies of Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania, South Australia, and Western Australia agreed to unite and form the Commonwealth of Australia, establishing a system of federalism in Australia.

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Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland

The Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland, also known as the Central African Federation (CAF), was a semi-independent federation of three southern African territories – the self-governing British colony of Southern Rhodesia and the British protectorates of Northern Rhodesia and Nyasaland – between 1953 and 1963.

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Ferdinand de Lesseps

Ferdinand Marie, Vicomte de Lesseps, GCSI (19 November 1805 – 7 December 1894) was a French diplomat and later developer of the Suez Canal, which in 1869 joined the Mediterranean and Red Seas, substantially reducing sailing distances and times between Europe and East Asia.

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Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor

Ferdinand I (Fernando I) (10 March 1503 – 25 July 1564) was Holy Roman Emperor from 1558, king of Bohemia and Hungary from 1526, and king of Croatia from 1527 until his death.

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Fernando Tatís

Fernando Tatís (born January 1, 1975) is a Dominican former professional baseball third baseman.

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Fidel Castro

Fidel Alejandro Castro Ruz (August 13, 1926 – November 25, 2016) was a Cuban communist revolutionary and politician who governed the Republic of Cuba as Prime Minister from 1959 to 1976 and then as President from 1976 to 2008.

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Filippo Baldinucci

Filippo Baldinucci (1624 – 1 January 1697) was an Italian art historian and biographer.

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Finland

Finland (Suomi; Finland), officially the Republic of Finland is a country in Northern Europe bordering the Baltic Sea, Gulf of Bothnia, and Gulf of Finland, between Norway to the north, Sweden to the northwest, and Russia to the east.

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Fiona Phillips

Fiona Phillips (born 1 January 1961) is an English journalist, broadcaster and television presenter.

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First National Assembly at Epidaurus

The First National Assembly of Epidaurus (1821–1822) was the first meeting of the Greek National Assembly, a national representative political gathering of the Greek revolutionaries.

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Flag Day

A flag day is a flag-related holiday, a day designated for flying a certain flag (such as a national flag) or a day set aside to celebrate a historical event such as a nation's adoption of its flag.

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Flag of the United States

The flag of the United States of America, often referred to as the American flag, is the national flag of the United States.

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Fletcher Norton, 1st Baron Grantley

Fletcher Norton, 1st Baron Grantley PC (23 June 1716 – 1 January 1789) was an English lawyer and politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1756 to 1782 when he was raised to the peerage as Baron Grantley.

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Ford Konno

Ford Hiroshi Konno (born January 1, 1933) is an American former competition swimmer, two-time Olympic champion, and former world record-holder in three events.

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Fox Film

The Fox Film Corporation was an American company that produced motion pictures, formed by William Fox on 1 February 1915.

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Fox Theatres

Fox Theatres was a large chain of movie theaters in the United States dating from the 1920s either built by Fox Film studio owner William Fox, or subsequently merged in 1929 by Fox with the West Coast Theatres chain, to form the Fox West Coast Theatres chain.

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Francesco Guardi

Francesco Lazzaro Guardi (October 5, 1712 – January 1, 1793) was an Italian painter of veduta, nobleman, and a member of the Venetian School.

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Francis I of France

Francis I (François Ier) (12 September 1494 – 31 March 1547) was the first King of France from the Angoulême branch of the House of Valois, reigning from 1515 until his death.

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Francisco Macías Nguema

Francisco Macías Nguema (born Mez-m Ngueme; Africanised to Masie Nguema Biyogo Ñegue Ndong) (1 January 1924 – 29 September 1979) was the first President of Equatorial Guinea, from 1968 until his overthrow and subsequent execution in 1979.

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Frank Knox

William Franklin Knox (January 1, 1874 – April 28, 1944) was an American newspaper editor and publisher.

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Frank Langella

Frank A. Langella Jr. (born January 1, 1938) is an American stage and film actor.

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Frederick Muhlenberg

Frederick Augustus Conrad Muhlenberg (January 1, 1750 – June 4, 1801) was a German American minister and politician who was the first Speaker of the United States House of Representatives.

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Frederick Wiseman

Frederick Wiseman (born January 1, 1930) is an American filmmaker, documentarian, and theatre director.

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French Republican Calendar

The French Republican Calendar (calendrier républicain français), also commonly called the French Revolutionary Calendar (calendrier révolutionnaire français), was a calendar created and implemented during the French Revolution, and used by the French government for about 12 years from late 1793 to 1805, and for 18 days by the Paris Commune in 1871.

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Friedrich Spanheim

Friedrich Spanheim the elder (January 1, 1600, Amberg – May 14, 1649, Leiden) was a Calvinistic theology professor at the University of Leiden.

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Fritz Hollings

Ernest Frederick "Fritz" Hollings (born January 1, 1922) is a former American politician who served as a United States Senator from South Carolina from 1966 to 2005.

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Fulgencio Batista

Fulgencio Batista y Zaldívar (born Rubén Zaldívar; January 16, 1901 – August 6, 1973) was the elected President of Cuba from 1940 to 1944, and U.S.-backed dictator from 1952 to 1959, before being overthrown during the Cuban Revolution.

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Fulgentius of Ruspe

Saint Fulgentius of Ruspe (462 or 467 – 1 January 527 or 533) was bishop of the city of Ruspe, Roman province of Africa, North Africa in modern day Tunisia, during the 5th and 6th century.

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Gaafar Nimeiry

Gaafar Muhammad an-Nimeiry (otherwise spelled in English as Jaafar Nimeiry, Gaafar Nimeiry or Ga'far Muhammad Numayri; جعفر محمد نميري; 1 January 193030 May 2009) was the President of Sudan from 1969 to 1985.

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Galba

Galba (Servius Sulpicius Galba Caesar Augustus; 24 December 3 BC – 15 January 69 AD) was Roman emperor for seven months from 68 to 69.

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Galla Placidia

Aelia Galla Placidia (388 – 27 November 450), daughter of the Roman emperor Theodosius I, was regent to Valentinian III from 423 until his majority in 437, and a major force in Roman politics for most of her life.

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Gary Johnson

Gary Earl Johnson (born January 1, 1953) is an American businessman, author and politician who served as the 29th Governor of New Mexico from 1995 to 2003 as a member of the Republican Party.

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Gaudiya Math

The Gaudiya Math (pronounced matt, IAST: Gauḍīya Maṭha) is a Gaudiya Vaishnava matha (monastic organisation) formed on 6 September 1920,Devamayī dāsi, "A Divine Life: Śrīla Bhaktisiddhānta Saraswatī Ṭhākura Prabhupāda" in Prabhupada Saraswati Thakur: The Life & Precepts of Śrīla Bhaktisiddhānta Saraswatī, Mandala Publishing, Eugene, Oregon: 1997, pp.

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Gennadi Sarafanov

Gennadi Vasiliyevich Sarafanov (b. January 1, 1942 in Sinenkiye, Saratov Oblast, Russia – d. September 29, 2005, Moscow) was a Soviet cosmonaut who flew on the Soyuz 15 spaceflight in 1974.

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Gennady Lyachin

Captain First Rank Gennady Petrovich Lyachin (Генна́дий Петро́вич Ля́чин, (1 January 1955–12 August 2000) was the commanding officer of the Russian submarine ''Kursk'' when the vessel suffered a series of explosions and sank on 12 August 2000. President of the Russian Federation Vladimir Putin awarded the title of Hero of the Russian Federation to Lyachin posthumously "For courage and heroism, during performance of sailor's duties". Lyachin was born in Sarpinsky in Volgograd Oblast. He entered the Navy in 1972 and graduated from the Higher Naval School of Submarine Navigation named for Lenin Komsomol in 1977 and was commissioned as an officer. He served as a weapons officer aboard the diesel-electric ''Juliett'' class cruise missile submarine K-58. From 1984 to 1986, as Captain 3rd Rank, he served as the executive officer of the K-77, also a Juliett Class. In 1986 he attended Advanced Special Officers' Classes during which time he was promoted to Captain 2nd Rank.

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George Bliss (Congressman)

George Bliss (January 1, 1813 – October 24, 1868) was a member of the United States House of Representatives from Ohio.

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George Foster Shepley (Maine and Louisiana)

George Foster Shepley (January 1, 1819July 20, 1878) was a general in the Union Army during the American Civil War.

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George Rooke

Admiral of the Fleet Sir George Rooke (1650 – 24 January 1709) was an English naval officer.

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George Town, Penang

George Town, the capital city of the Malaysian state of Penang, is located at the northeastern tip of Penang Island.

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Georgios Stanotas

Georgios Stanotas (Γεώργιος Στανωτάς, January 1, 1888 – 1965) was a Greek cavalry officer who rose to the rank of Lieutenant General.

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Gerhard Weinberg

Gerhard Ludwig Weinberg (born 1 January 1928) is a German-born American diplomatic and military historian noted for his studies in the history of World War II.

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Germania Superior

Germania Superior ("Upper Germania") was an imperial province of the Roman Empire.

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Gia Long

Gia Long (8 February 1762 – 3 February 1820), born Nguyễn Phúc Ánh or Nguyễn Ánh), was the first Emperor of the Nguyễn Dynasty of Vietnam. Unifying what is now modern Vietnam in 1802, he founded the Nguyễn Dynasty, the last of the Vietnamese dynasties. A nephew of the last Nguyễn lord who ruled over southern Vietnam, Nguyễn Ánh was forced into hiding in 1777 as a fifteen-year-old when his family was slain in the Tây Sơn revolt. After several changes of fortune in which his loyalists regained and again lost Saigon, he befriended the French Catholic priest Pigneau de Behaine. Pigneau championed his cause to the French government—and managed to recruit volunteers when this fell through—to help Nguyễn Ánh regain the throne. From 1789, Nguyễn Ánh was once again in the ascendancy and began his northward march to defeat the Tây Sơn, reaching the border with China by 1802, which had previously been under the control of the Trịnh lords. Following their defeat, he succeeded in reuniting Vietnam after centuries of internecine feudal warfare, with a greater land mass than ever before, stretching from China down to the Gulf of Siam. Gia Long's rule was noted for its Confucian orthodoxy. He overcame the Tây Sơn rebellion and reinstated the classical Confucian education and civil service system. He moved the capital from Hanoi south to Huế as the country's populace had also shifted south over the preceding centuries, and built up fortresses and a palace in his new capital. Using French expertise, he modernized Vietnam's defensive capabilities. In deference to the assistance of his French friends, he tolerated the activities of Roman Catholic missionaries, something that became increasingly restricted under his successors. Under his rule, Vietnam strengthened its military dominance in Indochina, expelling Siamese forces from Cambodia and turning it into a vassal state.

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Gilbert Brulé

Gilbert Jean Marco Brulé (born January 1, 1987) is a Canadian professional ice hockey centre who currently plays for Kunlun Red Star of the Kontinental Hockey League (KHL).

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Giordano Bruno

Giordano Bruno (Iordanus Brunus Nolanus; 1548 – 17 February 1600), born Filippo Bruno, was an Italian Dominican friar, philosopher, mathematician, poet, and cosmological theorist.

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Giovanni Battista Mancini

Giovanni Battista Mancini (1 January 1714 – 4 January 1800) was an Italian soprano castrato, voice teacher, and author of books on singing.

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Giuseppe Maria Tomasi

Saint Joseph Mary Tomasi, C.R. (Giuseppe Maria Tomasi di Lampedusa)(12 September 1649 – 1 January 1713), was an Italian Theatine Catholic priest, scholar, reformer and cardinal.

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Giuseppe Patanè

Giuseppe Patanè (1 January 1932 – 29 May 1989) was an Italian opera conductor.

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Giuseppe Piazzi

Giuseppe Piazzi (16 July 1746 – 22 July 1826) was an Italian Catholic priest of the Theatine order, mathematician, and astronomer.

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Gladiator

A gladiator (gladiator, "swordsman", from gladius, "sword") was an armed combatant who entertained audiences in the Roman Republic and Roman Empire in violent confrontations with other gladiators, wild animals, and condemned criminals.

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Glen Davis (basketball)

Ronald Glen Davis (born January 1, 1986), nicknamed Big Baby, is an American former professional basketball player who previously played for the Boston Celtics, Orlando Magic and Los Angeles Clippers of the National Basketball Association (NBA).

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Global Family Day

Global Family Day, One Day of Peace and Sharing, is celebrated every January 1 in the United States as a global day of peace and sharing.

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Governor of New Jersey

The Governor of the State of New Jersey is head of the executive branch of New Jersey's state government.

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Governor of New Mexico

The Governor of New Mexico (Gobernador de Nuevo México) is the chief executive of the state of New Mexico.

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Governor of New South Wales

The Governor of New South Wales is the viceregal representative of the Australian monarch, Queen Elizabeth II, in the state of New South Wales.

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Governor of New York

The Governor of the State of New York is the chief executive of the U.S. state of New York.

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Governor of South Carolina

The Governor of the State of South Carolina is the head of state for the state of South Carolina.

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Governor of South Dakota

The Governor of South Dakota is the head of the executive branch of the government of the U.S. state of South Dakota.

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Governor-General of New Zealand

The Governor-General of New Zealand (Te Kāwana Tianara o Aotearoa) is the viceregal representative of the monarch of New Zealand, currently Queen Elizabeth II.

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Grace Hopper

Grace Brewster Murray Hopper (December 9, 1906 – January 1, 1992) was an American computer scientist and United States Navy rear admiral.

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Grand Duchy of Lithuania

The Grand Duchy of Lithuania was a European state that lasted from the 13th century up to 1795, when the territory was partitioned among the Russian Empire, the Kingdom of Prussia, and Austria.

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Grandmaster Flash

Joseph Saddler (born January 1, 1958), better known as Grandmaster Flash, is an American hip hop recording artist and DJ.

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Great Western Railway

The Great Western Railway (GWR) was a British railway company that linked London with the south-west and west of England, the Midlands, and most of Wales.

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Greece

No description.

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Greek Constitution of 1822

The Greek Constitution of 1822 was a document adopted by the First National Assembly of Epidaurus on January 1, 1822.

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Gregorian calendar

The Gregorian calendar is the most widely used civil calendar in the world.

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Gregory Blaxland

Gregory Blaxland (17 June 1778 – 1 January 1853) was an English pioneer farmer and explorer in Australia, noted especially for initiating and co-leading the first successful crossing of the Blue Mountains by European settlers.

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Grzegorz Panfil

Grzegorz Panfil (born 1 January 1988) is a Polish professional tennis player.

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Guglielmo Libri Carucci dalla Sommaja

Guglielmo Libri Carucci dalla Sommaja (January 1, 1803 – September 28, 1869) was an Italian count and mathematician, who became known for his love and subsequent theft of ancient and precious manuscripts.

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Guillaume Le Testu

Guillaume Le Testu, sometimes referred to as Guillaume Le Têtu (c. 1509-12 – April 29, 1573), was a French privateer, explorer and navigator.

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Gustav I of Sweden

Gustav I, born Gustav Eriksson of the Vasa noble family and later known as Gustav Vasa (12 May 1496 – 29 September 1560), was King of Sweden from 1523 until his death in 1560, previously self-recognised Protector of the Realm (Riksföreståndare) from 1521, during the ongoing Swedish War of Liberation against King Christian II of Denmark, Norway and Sweden.

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Gustave Whitehead

Gustave Albin Whitehead (born Gustav Albin Weisskopf; 1 January 1874 – 10 October 1927) was an aviation pioneer who emigrated from Germany to the United States where he designed and built gliders, flying machines and engines between 1897 and 1915.

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Haakon III of Norway

Haakon Sverresson (Norwegian: Håkon Sverresson, Old Norse: Hákon Sverrisson) (1182 – 1 January 1204) was King of Norway from 1202 to 1204.

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Hadrian

Hadrian (Publius Aelius Hadrianus Augustus; 24 January 76 – 10 July 138 AD) was Roman emperor from 117 to 138.

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Haiti

Haiti (Haïti; Ayiti), officially the Republic of Haiti and formerly called Hayti, is a sovereign state located on the island of Hispaniola in the Greater Antilles archipelago of the Caribbean Sea.

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Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani

Sheikh Hamad bin Khalifa bin Hamad bin Abdullah bin Jassim bin Mohammed Al Thani (الشيخ حمد بن خليفة آل ثاني; born 1 January 1952) is a member of the ruling Al Thani Qatari royal family.

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Handsel Monday

In Scotland, the first Monday after New Year's Day was traditionally known as Hansel Monday, or Handsel Monday, and gifts (Scots: Hansels) were given at this time.

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Hank Greenberg

Henry Benjamin Greenberg (born Hyman Greenberg; January 1, 1911 – September 4, 1986), nicknamed "Hammerin' Hank", "Hankus Pankus", or "The Hebrew Hammer", was an American professional baseball player and team executive.

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Hank Williams

Hiram "Hank" Williams (September 17, 1923 – January 1, 1953) was an American singer-songwriter.

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Hans von Dohnányi

Hans von Dohnányi (1 January 1902 – 8 or 9 April 1945) was a German jurist of Hungarian ancestry, rescuer of Jews, and German resistance fighter against the Nazi régime.

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Hans-Joachim Stuck

Hans-Joachim Stuck (born 1 January 1951), nicknamed "Strietzel", is a German racing driver who has competed in Formula One and many other categories.

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Harold Corsini

Harold Corsini (August 28, 1919 – January 1, 2008) was an American photographer.

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Harry Magdoff

Harry Samuel Magdoff (August 21, 1913 – January 1, 2006) was a prominent American socialist commentator.

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Heinrich Hertz

Heinrich Rudolf Hertz (22 February 1857 – 1 January 1894) was a German physicist who first conclusively proved the existence of the electromagnetic waves theorized by James Clerk Maxwell's electromagnetic theory of light.

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Helen Wills

Helen Newington Wills (October 6, 1905 – January 1, 1998), also known as Helen Wills Moody and Helen Wills Roark, was an American tennis player.

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Hendrik Goltzius

Hendrick Goltzius (January or February 1558 – 1 January 1617) was a German-born Dutch printmaker, draftsman, and painter.

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Henry of Marcy

Blessed Henry of Marcy (c. 1136 – 1 January 1189 was a Cistercian abbot first of Hautecombe (1160) and then of Clairvaux from 1177 until 1179. He was created Cardinal Bishop of Albano at the Third Lateran Council in 1179. Henry was an important figure in the fight against the late twelfth-century movements of Catharism and Waldensianism and took a leading part at III Lateran. He strongly supported the use of force to suppress heresy and a strong alliance between secular and ecclesiastic authority in the use of force.

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Hephzibah Menuhin

Hephzibah Menuhin (20 May 19201 January 1981) was an American-Australian pianist, writer, and human rights campaigner.

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Herbalife Nutrition

Herbalife Nutrition is a global multi-level marketing corporation that develops, markets, and sells nutrition supplements, weight management, sports nutrition, and personal-care products. The company was founded by Mark Hughes in 1980, and it employs an estimated 8,000 people worldwide. Herbalife reported net sales of US$4.488 billion in 2016, flat with 2015, and net income of $260.0 million, down 23% from the year prior. The business is incorporated in the Cayman Islands, with its corporate headquarters located Los Angeles, California. The company operates in 95 countries (as of July 2015) through a network of approximately 3.2 million independent distributors. The company agreed to "fundamentally restructure" its business and pay a $200 million fine as part of a 2016 settlement with the U.S. Federal Trade Commission (FTC) following accusations of it being a pyramid scheme. As part of the settlement, the FTC dropped its claim that Herbalife was a pyramid scheme without a specific finding of fact on the matter. The FTC said in a press release about the settlement "it’s virtually impossible to make money selling Herbalife products.".

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Higashifushimi Kunihide

Count was the titular head of the Higashifushimi-no-miya, an extinct branch of the Imperial House of Japan, and a Buddhist monk.

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History of the euro

The euro came into existence on 1 January 1999, although it had been a goal of the European Union (EU) and its predecessors since the 1960s.

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Hogmanay

Hogmanay is the Scots word for the last day of the year and is synonymous with the celebration of the New Year (Gregorian calendar) in the Scottish manner.

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Holy day of obligation

In the Catholic Church, holy days of obligation (also called holydays, holidays, or days of obligation) are days on which the faithful are expected to attend Mass, and engage in rest from work and recreation, according to the Third Commandment.

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Holy Roman Empire

The Holy Roman Empire (Sacrum Romanum Imperium; Heiliges Römisches Reich) was a multi-ethnic but mostly German complex of territories in central Europe that developed during the Early Middle Ages and continued until its dissolution in 1806.

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Hong Xiuquan

Hong Xiuquan (洪秀全) (1 January 1814 – 1 June 1864), born Hong Huoxiu and with the courtesy name Renkun, was a Hakka Chinese leader of the Taiping Rebellion against the Qing Dynasty.

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Honorius (emperor)

Honorius (Flavius Honorius Augustus; 9 September 384 – 15 August 423) was Western Roman Emperor from 393 to 423.

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Horatio Nelson, 1st Viscount Nelson

Vice Admiral Horatio Nelson, 1st Viscount Nelson, 1st Duke of Bronté, (29 September 1758 – 21 October 1805) was a British flag officer in the Royal Navy.

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Huế

Huế (is a city in central Vietnam that was the seat of Nguyễn Dynasty emperors from 1802 to 1945, and capital of the protectorate of Annam. A major attraction is its vast, 19th-century citadel, surrounded by a moat and thick stone walls. It encompasses the Imperial City, with palaces and shrines; the Forbidden Purple City, once the emperor's home; and a replica of the Royal Theater. The city was also the battleground for the Battle of Huế, which was one of the longest and bloodiest battles of the Vietnam War.

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Hugh Myddelton

Sir Hugh Myddelton (or Middleton), 1st Baronet (1560 – 10 December 1631) was a Welsh clothmaker, entrepreneur, mine-owner, goldsmith, banker and self-taught engineer.

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Hugh Nelson (Australian politician)

Sir Hugh Muir Nelson, (31 December 1833 – 1 January 1906) was Premier of Queensland from 1893 to 1898.

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Huldrych Zwingli

Huldrych Zwingli or Ulrich Zwingli (1 January 1484 – 11 October 1531) was a leader of the Reformation in Switzerland.

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Immigration to the United States

Immigration to the United States is the international movement of individuals who are not natives or do not possess citizenship in order to settle, reside, study, or work in the country.

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Indonesia

Indonesia (or; Indonesian), officially the Republic of Indonesia (Republik Indonesia), is a transcontinental unitary sovereign state located mainly in Southeast Asia, with some territories in Oceania.

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Inflation

In economics, inflation is a sustained increase in price level of goods and services in an economy over a period of time.

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International Monetary Fund

The International Monetary Fund (IMF) is an international organization headquartered in Washington, D.C., consisting of "189 countries working to foster global monetary cooperation, secure financial stability, facilitate international trade, promote high employment and sustainable economic growth, and reduce poverty around the world." Formed in 1945 at the Bretton Woods Conference primarily by the ideas of Harry Dexter White and John Maynard Keynes, it came into formal existence in 1945 with 29 member countries and the goal of reconstructing the international payment system.

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International Nepali Dhoti and Nepali Topi Day

International Nepali Dhoti and Topi Day (अन्तराष्टिय नेपाली धोती र टोपी दिवस) is an event celebrated by Nepali people globally on 1 January of English Calendar wearing Dhaka or Bhadgaule Topi as their pride.

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International Olympic Committee

The International Olympic Committee (IOC; French: Comité International Olympique, CIO) is a Swiss private non-governmental organisation based in Lausanne, Switzerland, which is the authority responsible for the modern Olympic Games.

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Internet

The Internet is the global system of interconnected computer networks that use the Internet protocol suite (TCP/IP) to link devices worldwide.

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Internet Protocol

The Internet Protocol (IP) is the principal communications protocol in the Internet protocol suite for relaying datagrams across network boundaries.

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Iran

Iran (ایران), also known as Persia, officially the Islamic Republic of Iran (جمهوری اسلامی ایران), is a sovereign state in Western Asia. With over 81 million inhabitants, Iran is the world's 18th-most-populous country. Comprising a land area of, it is the second-largest country in the Middle East and the 17th-largest in the world. Iran is bordered to the northwest by Armenia and the Republic of Azerbaijan, to the north by the Caspian Sea, to the northeast by Turkmenistan, to the east by Afghanistan and Pakistan, to the south by the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman, and to the west by Turkey and Iraq. The country's central location in Eurasia and Western Asia, and its proximity to the Strait of Hormuz, give it geostrategic importance. Tehran is the country's capital and largest city, as well as its leading economic and cultural center. Iran is home to one of the world's oldest civilizations, beginning with the formation of the Elamite kingdoms in the fourth millennium BCE. It was first unified by the Iranian Medes in the seventh century BCE, reaching its greatest territorial size in the sixth century BCE, when Cyrus the Great founded the Achaemenid Empire, which stretched from Eastern Europe to the Indus Valley, becoming one of the largest empires in history. The Iranian realm fell to Alexander the Great in the fourth century BCE and was divided into several Hellenistic states. An Iranian rebellion culminated in the establishment of the Parthian Empire, which was succeeded in the third century CE by the Sasanian Empire, a leading world power for the next four centuries. Arab Muslims conquered the empire in the seventh century CE, displacing the indigenous faiths of Zoroastrianism and Manichaeism with Islam. Iran made major contributions to the Islamic Golden Age that followed, producing many influential figures in art and science. After two centuries, a period of various native Muslim dynasties began, which were later conquered by the Turks and the Mongols. The rise of the Safavids in the 15th century led to the reestablishment of a unified Iranian state and national identity, with the country's conversion to Shia Islam marking a turning point in Iranian and Muslim history. Under Nader Shah, Iran was one of the most powerful states in the 18th century, though by the 19th century, a series of conflicts with the Russian Empire led to significant territorial losses. Popular unrest led to the establishment of a constitutional monarchy and the country's first legislature. A 1953 coup instigated by the United Kingdom and the United States resulted in greater autocracy and growing anti-Western resentment. Subsequent unrest against foreign influence and political repression led to the 1979 Revolution and the establishment of an Islamic republic, a political system that includes elements of a parliamentary democracy vetted and supervised by a theocracy governed by an autocratic "Supreme Leader". During the 1980s, the country was engaged in a war with Iraq, which lasted for almost nine years and resulted in a high number of casualties and economic losses for both sides. According to international reports, Iran's human rights record is exceptionally poor. The regime in Iran is undemocratic, and has frequently persecuted and arrested critics of the government and its Supreme Leader. Women's rights in Iran are described as seriously inadequate, and children's rights have been severely violated, with more child offenders being executed in Iran than in any other country in the world. Since the 2000s, Iran's controversial nuclear program has raised concerns, which is part of the basis of the international sanctions against the country. The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, an agreement reached between Iran and the P5+1, was created on 14 July 2015, aimed to loosen the nuclear sanctions in exchange for Iran's restriction in producing enriched uranium. Iran is a founding member of the UN, ECO, NAM, OIC, and OPEC. It is a major regional and middle power, and its large reserves of fossil fuels – which include the world's largest natural gas supply and the fourth-largest proven oil reserves – exert considerable influence in international energy security and the world economy. The country's rich cultural legacy is reflected in part by its 22 UNESCO World Heritage Sites, the third-largest number in Asia and eleventh-largest in the world. Iran is a multicultural country comprising numerous ethnic and linguistic groups, the largest being Persians (61%), Azeris (16%), Kurds (10%), and Lurs (6%).

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Ismail al-Faruqi

Isma'il Raji al-Faruqi (إسماعيل راجي الفاروقي January 1, 1921 – May 27, 1986), was a Palestinian-American philosopher, widely recognised by his peers as an authority on Islam and comparative religion.

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Istanbul nightclub shooting

At 01:15 am local time on 1 January 2017 a gunman shot and killed at least 39 people and wounded at least 70 others at the Reina nightclub in the Ortaköy neighbourhood of Istanbul, where hundreds had been celebrating the new year.

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István Kühár

István Kühár (Števan Kühar) (August 28, 1887 – January 1, 1922) was a Slovene Roman Catholic priest, politician, and writer in Hungary, and later in Yugoslavia.

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Italian Minister of Foreign Affairs

The Italian Minister of Foreign Affairs is the head of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Italy.

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Ivan Graziani

Ivan Graziani (6 October 1945 – 1 January 1997) was an Italian singer-songwriter and guitarist.

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Ivica Dačić

Ivica Dačić (Ивица Дачић,; born 1 January 1966) is a Serbian politician who has been the Minister of Foreign Affairs since April 2014.

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Ivory Coast

Ivory Coast, also known as Côte d'Ivoire and officially as the Republic of Côte d'Ivoire, is a sovereign state located in West Africa.

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J. D. Salinger

Jerome David "J.

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J. Edgar Hoover

John Edgar Hoover (January 1, 1895 – May 2, 1972) was an American law enforcement administrator and the first Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) of the United States.

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Jack Beresford

Jack Beresford, CBE (1 January 1899 – 3 December 1977) was a British rower who won five medals at five Olympic Games in succession, an Olympic record in rowing which was not surpassed for 60 years.

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Jack Wilshere

Jack Andrew Garry Wilshere (born 1 January 1992) is an English professional footballer who last played as a midfielder for Arsenal and has played for the English national team.

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Jackie Parker

John Dickerson "Jackie" Parker (January 1, 1932 – November 7, 2006) was an American gridiron football player and coach.

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Jacky Ickx

Jacques Bernard "Jacky" Ickx (born 1 January 1945, in Brussels) is a Belgian former racing driver who won the 24 Hours of Le Mans six times, achieved eight wins and 25 podium finishes in Formula One, won the Can-Am Championship in 1979 and is a former winner of the Dakar Rally.

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Jacob Dircksz de Graeff

Jacob Dircksz de Graeff (1579/1571 – 6 October 1638) was one of the most illustrious members of the De Graeff family.

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James George Frazer

Sir James George Frazer (1 January 1854 – 7 May 1941) was a Scottish social anthropologist influential in the early stages of the modern studies of mythology and comparative religion.

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James Hormel

James Catherwood Hormel (born January 1, 1933) is an American philanthropist and a former United States Ambassador to Luxembourg; appointed by U.S. President Bill Clinton in 1999, Hormel was the first openly LGBT person to serve as a U.S. Ambassador and is a noted LGBT activist.

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James Reeb

James Reeb (January 1, 1927 – March 11, 1965) was an American Unitarian Universalist minister, pastor and activist during the Civil rights movement in Washington, D.C. and Boston, Massachusetts.

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James Richardson (poet)

James Richardson (born January 1, 1950) is an American poet.

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James Sinegal

James D. Sinegal (born January 1, 1936, also known as Jim Sinegal) is a retired American businessman, who was the co-founder and former CEO of the Costco Wholesale Corporation,Allison, Melissa,, The Seattle Times, August 31, 2011 an international retail chain.

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Jan Vilímek

Jan Vilímek (Johann Vilimek; 1 January 1860 – 15 April 1938) was a Czech illustrator and painter.

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Jane Marcet

Jane Marcet (née Haldimand) (1 January 1769 – 28 June 1858) was an innovative writer of popular introductory science books.

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January 1 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)

December 31 - Eastern Orthodox liturgical calendar - January 2 All fixed commemorations below are observed on January 14 by Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar.

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January 7

No description.

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Japan

Japan (日本; Nippon or Nihon; formally 日本国 or Nihon-koku, lit. "State of Japan") is a sovereign island country in East Asia.

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Japanese New Year

The is an annual festival with its own customs.

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Jason Pierre-Paul

Jason Andrew Pierre-Paul (born January 1, 1989), nicknamed "JPP", is an American football defensive end for the Tampa Bay Buccaneers of the National Football League (NFL).

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Javanshir

Javanshir (Ջիվանշիր, Jivanshir; Jūvānšīr; meaning "young lion"), was the prince of Caucasian Albania from 637 to 680, hailing from the region of Gardman.

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Javier Pérez de Cuéllar

Javier Felipe Ricardo Pérez de Cuéllar de la Guerra KCMG (born January 19, 1920) is a Peruvian diplomat who served as the fifth Secretary-General of the United Nations from January 1, 1982 to December 31, 1991.

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Jean-Baptiste Charles Bouvet de Lozier

Jean Baptiste Charles Bouvet de Lozier (14 January 1705 – 1786) was a French sailor, explorer, and governor of the Mascarene Islands.

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Jean-Marc Gounon

Jean-Marc Gounon (born 1 January 1963) is a French racing driver.

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Jean-Pierre Duprey

Jean-Pierre Duprey (1 January 1930 in Rouen – 2 October 1959 in Paris) was a French poet and sculptor, one of the modern examples of a poète maudit (accursed poet).

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Jeff Carter

Jeffrey J. Carter (born January 1, 1985) is a Canadian professional ice hockey centre currently playing for and an alternate captain of the Los Angeles Kings of the National Hockey League (NHL).

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Jerilyn Britz

Jerilyn Britz (born January 1, 1943) was an American professional golfer on the LPGA Tour.

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Jerry Robinson

Sherrill David Robinson (January 1, 1922 – December 7, 2011), known as Jerry Robinson, was an American comic book artist known for his work on DC Comics' Batman line of comics during the 1940s.

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Jesus

Jesus, also referred to as Jesus of Nazareth and Jesus Christ, was a first-century Jewish preacher and religious leader.

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Jimmy Hart

James Ray Hart (born January 1, 1943) is an American professional wrestling manager, executive, composer, and musician currently signed with WWE in a Legends deal.

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Joachim du Bellay

Joachim du Bellay (also Joachim Du Bellay;; c. 1522 – 1 January 1560) was a French poet, critic, and a member of the Pléiade.

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Joe Cannon (soccer)

Joseph Cannon (born January 1, 1975) is an American former professional soccer player who played on the United States men's national soccer team.

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Joe Foss

Joseph Jacob Foss (April 17, 1915 – January 1, 2003) was a United States Marine Corps major and the leading Marine fighter ace in World War II.

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Joe Orton

John Kingsley "Joe" Orton (1 January 1933 – 9 August 1967) was an English playwright and author.

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Joe Petagno

Joe Petagno (born January 1, 1948) is an American artist known principally for creating images used on rock album covers for bands such as Pink Floyd, Led Zeppelin, Nazareth, Sweet, Motörhead, Roy Harper, Marduk, Bal-Sagoth, Autopsy, Attick Demons, Illdisposed and Sodom.

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Johann Bernoulli

Johann Bernoulli (also known as Jean or John; – 1 January 1748) was a Swiss mathematician and was one of the many prominent mathematicians in the Bernoulli family.

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Johann Christian Bach

Johann Christian Bach (September 5, 1735 – January 1, 1782) was a composer of the Classical era, the eleventh surviving child and youngest son of Johann Sebastian Bach.

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Johann Ludwig Krebs

Johann Ludwig Krebs (baptized 12 October 1713 – 1 January 1780) was a German Baroque musician and composer for the pipe organ, harpsichord, other instruments and orchestras.

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Johann Weyer

Johann Weyer or Johannes Wier (Ioannes Wierus or Piscinarius; 1515 – 24 February 1588) was a Dutch physician, occultist and demonologist, disciple and follower of Heinrich Cornelius Agrippa.

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John Cassidy (artist)

John Cassidy (1860–1939) was an Irish sculptor and painter who worked in Manchester, England and created many public sculptures.

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John Digweed

John Digweed (born 1 January 1967 in Hastings, England) is an English DJ, record producer and actor.

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John Fuller (poet)

John Fuller FRSL (born 1 January 1937) is an English poet and author, and Fellow Emeritus at Magdalen College, Oxford.

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John Garand

Jean Cantius Garand (January 1, 1888 – February 16, 1974), also known as John C. Garand, was a Canadian-born designer of firearms who created the M1 Garand, a semi-automatic rifle that was widely used by the U.S. Army and U.S. Marine Corps during both World War II and the Korean War.

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John IV Laskaris

John IV Doukas Laskaris (or Ducas Lascaris) (Ἰωάννης Δ΄ Δούκας Λάσκαρις, Iōannēs IV Doukas Laskaris) (December 25, 1250 – c. 1305) was emperor of Nicaea from August 18, 1258, to December 25, 1261.

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John Newton

John Newton (– 21 December 1807) was an English Anglican clergyman who served as a sailor in the Royal Navy for a period, and later as the captain of slave ships.

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John O'Donohue

John O'Donohue (1 January 1956 – 4 January 2008) was an Irish poet, author, priest, and Hegelian philosopher.

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John Strawson (British Army officer)

Major General John Strawson CBE (1 January 1921 – 21 February 2014) was a British Army officer, best known for his service during the Second World War in the Middle East and Italy, and afterwards in Germany and Malaya.

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John Sullivan (Oklahoma)

John A. Sullivan (born January 1, 1965) is an American politician who was the U.S. Representative for (based in the Tulsa area) from 2002 to 2013.

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John Torrington

Petty Officer John Shaw Torrington (1825 — 1 January 1846) was an explorer and Royal Navy stoker.

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John V of Portugal

Dom John V (Portuguese: João V; 22 October 1689 – 31 July 1750), known as the Magnanimous (Portuguese: o Magnânimo) and the Portuguese Sun King (Portuguese: o Rei-Sol Português), was a monarch of the House of Braganza who ruled as King of Portugal and the Algarves during the first half of the 18th century.

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John W. Goff

John William Goff, Sr. (January 1, 1848 – November 9, 1924) was an American lawyer and politician from New York.

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Jon Corzine

Jon Stevens Corzine (born January 1, 1947) is an American financial executive and former politician.

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Jon Flanagan

Jonathon Patrick Flanagan (born 1 January 1993) is an English professional footballer who plays as a full back for Scottish Premiership club Rangers.

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José Quirante

José Quirante Pineda (10 May 1883 in Alicante, Spain – 30 May 1964 in Barcelona, Spain) was a soccer player and manager.

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Joseph Stalin

Joseph Vissarionovich Stalin (18 December 1878 – 5 March 1953) was a Soviet revolutionary and politician of Georgian nationality.

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Juan Carlos Plata

Juan Carlos Plata (born 1 January 1971) is a Guatemalan soccer coach and retired football striker.

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Juanita Moore

Juanita Moore (October 19, 1914 – January 1, 2014) was an American film, television, and stage actress.

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Judy Stone

Judith Anne Stone AM (born 1 January 1942) is an Australian pop and country music singer.

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Julia Phillips

Julia Phillips (April 7, 1944 – January 1, 2002) was an American film producer and author.

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Julian calendar

The Julian calendar, proposed by Julius Caesar in 46 BC (708 AUC), was a reform of the Roman calendar.

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Julius Caesar

Gaius Julius Caesar (12 or 13 July 100 BC – 15 March 44 BC), known by his cognomen Julius Caesar, was a Roman politician and military general who played a critical role in the events that led to the demise of the Roman Republic and the rise of the Roman Empire.

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Jump-up Day

Jump-up Day is a holiday celebrated on January 1 in Montserrat.

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Jyotiraditya Madhavrao Scindia

Jyotiraditya Madhavrao Scindia (born 1 January 1971) is an Indian politician.

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Kabul

Kabul (کابل) is the capital of Afghanistan and its largest city, located in the eastern section of the country.

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Kalpataru Day

Kalpataru Day also called Kalpataru Diwas or Kalpataru Utsav is an annual religious festival observed by monks of the Ramakrishna Math monastic order of Hinduism and lay followers of the associated Ramakrishna Mission, as well as the worldwide Vedanta Societies.

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Kamakura

is a city in Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan.

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Karina Jacobsgaard

Karina Ildor Jacobsgaard (born 1 January 1980) is a Danish tennis player.

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Kashmir

Kashmir is the northernmost geographical region of the Indian subcontinent.

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Kazimieras Petkevičius

Kazys Petkevičius (January 1, 1926 – October 14, 2008) was a Lithuanian basketball player who competed for the Soviet Union in the 1952 Summer Olympics and in the 1956 Summer Olympics.

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Khan Mohammad

Khan Mohammad (January 1, 1928 – July 4, 2009) was a cricket player who was a member of Pakistan's first Test team that played against India in 1952.

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Kim Philby

Harold Adrian Russell "Kim" Philby (1 January 1912 – 11 May 1988) was a high-ranking member of British intelligence who worked as a double agent before defecting to the Soviet Union in 1963.

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King of Hungary

The King of Hungary (magyar király) was the ruling head of state of the Kingdom of Hungary from 1000 (or 1001) to 1918.

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Kingdom of Galicia

The Kingdom of Galicia (Reino de Galicia, or Galiza; Reino de Galicia; Reino da Galiza; Galliciense Regnum) was a political entity located in southwestern Europe, which at its territorial zenith occupied the entire northwest of the Iberian Peninsula.

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Kingdom of Great Britain

The Kingdom of Great Britain, officially called simply Great Britain,Parliament of the Kingdom of England.

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Kingdom of Ireland

The Kingdom of Ireland (Classical Irish: Ríoghacht Éireann; Modern Irish: Ríocht Éireann) was a nominal state ruled by the King or Queen of England and later the King or Queen of Great Britain that existed in Ireland from 1542 until 1800.

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Kingdom of León

The Kingdom of León (Astur-Leonese: Reinu de Llïón, Reino de León, Reino de León, Reino de Leão, Regnum Legionense) was an independent kingdom situated in the northwest region of the Iberian Peninsula.

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Kinue Hitomi

was a Japanese athlete.

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Kiro Gligorov

Kiro Gligorov (Киро Глигоров); May 3, 1917January 1, 2012) was the first President of the Republic of Macedonia, serving from 1991 to 1999. He held various high positions in the political establishment of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, including as Secretary of State for Finance in the Federal Executive Council, a member of the Yugoslav Presidency, as well as President of the Assembly of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia from May 15, 1974 to May 15, 1978.

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Knox Church, Dunedin

Knox Church is a notable building in Dunedin, New Zealand.

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Koesbini

Koesbini (Perfected Spelling: Kusbini; 1 January 1910 – 28 February 1991) was an Indonesian musician and composer.

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Koichi Domoto

is a Japanese idol, singer, singer-songwriter, composer, lyricist, television personality, voice actor and actor.

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Konstantinos Tsaldaris

Konstantinos Tsaldaris (1884–15 November 1970) was a Greek politician and twice Prime Minister of Greece.

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Kornelije Kovač

Kornelije "Bata" Kovač (Корнелије Ковач, Kovács Kornél; born 1 January 1942) is a famous Serbian composer.

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Kristijonas Donelaitis

Kristijonas Donelaitis (1 January 1714 – 18 February 1780; Christian Donalitius) was a Prussian Lithuanian poet and Lutheran pastor.

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Kwanzaa

Kwanzaa is a celebration held in the United States and in other nations of the African diaspora in the Americas and lasts a week.

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Lachlan Cattanach Maclean, 11th Chief

Lachlan Catanach Maclean (circa 1465 – 10 November 1523) was the 11th Clan Chief of Clan MacLean from 1515 until his murder in 1523.

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Lachlan Macquarie

Major General Lachlan Macquarie, CB (Lachann MacGuaire; 31 January 1762 – 1 July 1824) was a British Army officer and colonial administrator from Scotland.

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Lady Day

In the western liturgical year, Lady Day is the traditional name in some English speaking countries of the Feast of the Annunciation (25 March), known in the 1549 Prayer Book of Edward VI and the 1667 Book of Common Prayer as "The Annunciation of the (Blessed) Virgin Mary" but more accurately (as currently in the 1997 Calendar of the Church of England) termed "The Annunciation of our Lord to the Blessed Virgin Mary".

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Lakhdar Brahimi

Lakhdar Brahimi (Algerian pronunciation:; الأخضر الإبراهيمي;; born 1 January 1934) is an Algerian United Nations diplomat who served as the United Nations and Arab League Special Envoy to Syria until 14 May 2014.

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LaMarr Hoyt

Dewey LaMarr Hoyt, Jr. (born January 1, 1955, in Columbia, South Carolina) is a former Major League Baseball right-handed pitcher who won the American League Cy Young Award.

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Lance Brooks

Lance Brooks (born January 1, 1984) is an American national champion discus thrower who also competed in the 2012 Summer Olympics.

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Larry L. King

Larry L. King (January 1, 1929 –December 20, 2012) was an American playwright, journalist, and novelist, best remembered for his 1978 Tony Award-nominated play The Best Little Whorehouse in Texas, which became a long-running production on Broadway and was later turned into a feature film starring Burt Reynolds, Charles Durning and Dolly Parton.

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Latin America

Latin America is a group of countries and dependencies in the Western Hemisphere where Spanish, French and Portuguese are spoken; it is broader than the terms Ibero-America or Hispanic America.

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Lee Sung-min (singer)

Lee Sung-min (born January 1, 1986) is a South Korean singer and actor.

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Leoš Friedl

Leoš Friedl (born 1 January 1977 in Jindřichův Hradec) is an inactive Czech professional tennis player best known for his doubles play with František Čermák.

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Leon Davidson

Leon Davidson (October 18, 1922 – January 1, 2007) was a chemical engineer and scientist, one of the team that developed the atomic bomb.

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Leon Patillo

Leon Norman Patillo (born January 1, 1947) is an American Contemporary Christian singer and evangelist.

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Leonard Bacon (poet)

Leonard Bacon was an American poet, translator, and literary critic.

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Leonard Thompson (golfer)

Leonard Stephen Thompson (born January 1, 1947) is an American professional golfer who has played on the PGA Tour, Nationwide Tour and Champions Tour.

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Lhasa de Sela

Lhasa de Sela (September 27, 1972 – January 1, 2010), also known by the mononym Lhasa, was an American-born singer-songwriter who was raised in Mexico and the United States, and divided her adult life between Canada and France.

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Lilian Thuram

Ruddy Lilian Thuram-Ulien (born 1 January 1972), known as Lilian Thuram, is a French retired professional football defender and the most capped player in the history of the France national team with 142 appearances between 1994 and 2008.

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Lionel Kieseritzky

Lionel Adalbert Bagration Felix Kieseritzky (in Tartu – in Paris) was a Baltic German chess master, famous primarily for a game he lost against Adolf Anderssen, which because of its brilliance was named "The Immortal Game".

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List of ambassadors of the United States to Luxembourg

The United States Ambassador to Luxembourg oversees the U.S. Embassy in that country.

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List of Amirs of Qatar

The Amir of the State of Qatar is the monarch and head of state of Qatar.

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List of Byzantine emperors

This is a list of the Byzantine emperors from the foundation of Constantinople in 330 AD, which marks the conventional start of the Byzantine Empire (or the Eastern Roman Empire), to its fall to the Ottoman Empire in 1453 AD.

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List of Governors of Alaska

The Governor of Alaska is the chief executive of the U.S. state of Alaska.

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List of Governors of Arkansas

The Governor of Arkansas is the chief executive of the U.S. state of Arkansas.

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List of governors of Rajasthan

The following is a list of governors of Rajasthan.

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List of heads of state of Ivory Coast

The following is a list of heads of state of Ivory Coast, officially the Republic of Côte d'Ivoire, since the country gained independence from France in 1960.

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List of heads of state of Sudan

This article lists the heads of state of Sudan since the country's independence in 1956.

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List of heads of state of the Comoros

The following is a list of heads of state of the Comoros, since the country gained independence from France in 1975.

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List of mayors of Detroit

This is a list of mayors of Detroit, Michigan.

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List of national independence days

An Independence Day is an annual event commemorating the anniversary of a nation's independence or statehood, usually after ceasing to be a group or part of another nation or state; more rarely after the end of a military occupation; and in the unique case of Singapore, expulsion from Malaysia.

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List of Presidents of Equatorial Guinea

The following is a list of Presidents of Equatorial Guinea, since the establishment of the office of President in 1968.

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List of Prime Ministers of Mali

This is a list of Prime Ministers of Mali since the country gained independence from France in 1960 to the present day.

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List of Scottish monarchs

The monarch of Scotland was the head of state of the Kingdom of Scotland.

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Liu Song dynasty

The Song dynasty, better known as the Liu Song dynasty (420–479 CE;; Wade-Giles: Liu Sung), also known as Former Song (前宋) or Southern Song (南宋), was the first of the four Southern Dynasties in China, succeeding the Eastern Jin and followed by the Southern Qi.

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Liu Ziye

Former Deposed Emperor of Liu Song ((劉)宋前廢帝) (25 February 449 – 1 January 466) or Emperor Qianfei, personal name Liu Ziye (劉子業), nickname Fashi (法師), was an emperor of the Chinese dynasty Liu Song.

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Ljubodrag Simonović

Ljubodrag "Duci" Simonović (Љубодраг Дуци Симоновић); born 1 January 1949) is a Serbian philosopher, author and retired basketball player. He played with Red Star Belgrade, with which he won two National Championships, three National Cups and one FIBA European Cup Winners' Cup. From 1976 to 1978, he played for 1. FC 01 Bamberg in the top-tier level German Basketball Bundesliga. Simonović played for the senior Yugoslav national basketball team that won the gold medal at the 1970 FIBA World Championship. He was also a three time FIBA European Selection.

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London and North Eastern Railway

The London and North Eastern Railway (LNER) was the second largest (after LMS) of the "Big Four" railway companies created by the Railways Act 1921 in Britain.

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London, Midland and Scottish Railway

The London, Midland and Scottish Railway (LMS)It has been argued that the initials LMSR should be used to be consistent with LNER, GWR and SR.

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Lorenzo de' Medici

Lorenzo de' Medici (1 January 1449 – 8 April 1492) was an Italian statesman, de facto ruler of the Florentine Republic and the most powerful and enthusiastic patron of Renaissance culture in Italy.

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Louis Auguste Blanqui

Louis Auguste Blanqui (8 February 1805 – 1 January 1881) was a French socialist and political activist, notable for his revolutionary theory of Blanquism.

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Louis Bertrand (saint)

St.

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Louis Vauxcelles

Louis Vauxcelles (1 January 1870, Paris21 July 1943, Paris), born Louis Meyer, was an influential French Jewish art critic.

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Louis XII of France

Louis XII (27 June 1462 – 1 January 1515) was a monarch of the House of Valois who ruled as King of France from 1498 to 1515 and King of Naples from 1501 to 1504.

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Lucius Aelius

Lucius Aelius Caesar (January 13, 101 – January 1, 138) was the father of Emperor Lucius Verus.

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Ludovic Halévy

Ludovic Halévy (1 January 1834 – 7 May 1908) was a French author and playwright.

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Luftwaffe

The Luftwaffe was the aerial warfare branch of the combined German Wehrmacht military forces during World War II.

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Luke Rodgers

Luke John Rodgers (born 1 January 1982) is an English professional footballer who plays as a striker for Midland League Premier Division club Highgate United.

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Lutheranism

Lutheranism is a major branch of Protestant Christianity which identifies with the theology of Martin Luther (1483–1546), a German friar, ecclesiastical reformer and theologian.

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Lynn Jones

Lynn Morris Jones (born January 1, 1953 in Meadville, Pennsylvania) is a former outfielder in Major League Baseball who played for the Detroit Tigers (1979–83) and Kansas City Royals (1984–86).

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M1 Garand

The M1 GarandOfficially designated as U.S. rifle, caliber.30, M1, later simply called Rifle, Caliber.30, M1, also called US Rifle, Cal.

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MacAndrews & Forbes

MacAndrews & Forbes Incorporated is an American diversified holding company wholly owned by billionaire investor Ronald Perelman.

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Magister militum

Magister militum (Latin for "Master of the Soldiers", plural magistri militum) was a top-level military command used in the later Roman Empire, dating from the reign of Constantine the Great.

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Magnus Heinason

Magnus Heinason (or Mogens Heinesøn) (1548 – 18 January 1589) was a Faroese naval hero, trader and privateer.

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Magnus I, Duke of Saxe-Lauenburg

Magnus I of Saxe-Lauenburg (Ratzeburg, 1 January 1470 – 1 August 1543, Ratzeburg) was a Duke of Saxe-Lauenburg from the House of Ascania.

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Magnus Sahlgren

Magnus Sahlgren (born January 1, 1973) is a Swedish computational linguist and guitarist.

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Mahadev Desai

Mahadev Desai (1 January 1892 – 15 August 1942) was an Indian independence activist and writer best remembered as Mahatma Gandhi's personal secretary.

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Mahmoud Zoufonoun

'Ostad (“Master”) Mahmoud Zoufonoun' (Persian: محمود ذوالفنون, sometimes pronounced "Zolfonoon" or "Zolfonun" in Persian, 1 January 1920 – 19 October 2013) was an accomplished musician in the art of Persian traditional music.

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Malawi

Malawi (or; or maláwi), officially the Republic of Malawi, is a landlocked country in southeast Africa that was formerly known as Nyasaland.

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Malmedy massacre

The Malmedy massacre (1944) was a war crime in which 84 American prisoners of war were killed by their German captors near Malmedy, Belgium, during World War II.

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Manhattan

Manhattan is the most densely populated borough of New York City, its economic and administrative center, and its historical birthplace.

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Manuel Roxas

Manuel Acuña Roxas (born Manuel Róxas Acuña; January 1, 1892 – April 15, 1948) was the fifth President of the Philippines who served from 1946 until his death in 1948.

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María de la Paz Hernández

María ("Maripi") de la Paz Hernández (born January 1, 1977 in Buenos Aires) is a retired field hockey player from Argentina, who won the silver medal with the national women's hockey team at the 2000 Summer Olympics in Sydney and bronze medals at the 2004 Summer Olympics in Athens and 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing.

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Margaret Leijonhufvud

Margaret Leijonhufvud (née Margareta Eriksdotter; 1 January 1516 in Ekeberg Castle, Närke – 26 August 1551 in Tynnelsö Castle, Södermanland) was Queen of Sweden from 1536 to 1551 by marriage to King Gustav I.

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Margaret Sullavan

Margaret Brooke Sullavan (May 16, 1909 – January 1, 1960) was an American actress of stage and film.

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Maria Edgeworth

Maria Edgeworth (1 January 1768 – 22 May 1849) was a prolific Anglo-Irish writer of adults' and children's literature.

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Marie-Louise Lachapelle

Marie-Louise Lachapelle (1 January 1769 – 4 October 1821) was a French midwife, head of obstetrics at the Hôtel-Dieu, the oldest hospital in Paris.

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Mario Cuomo

Mario Matthew Cuomo (June 15, 1932 – January 1, 2015) was an American politician of the Democratic Party.

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Mark R. Hughes

Mark Reynolds Hughes (January 1, 1956 – May 21, 2000) was an American businessman who was the founder, chairman and CEO of Herbalife International Ltd, a multi-level marketing company.

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Martha P. Haynes

Martha Patricia Haynes (born 1951) is an American astronomer who specializes in radio astronomy and extragalactic astronomy.

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Martin Evans

Sir Martin John Evans (born 1 January 1941) is a British biologist who, with Matthew Kaufman, was the first to culture mice embryonic stem cells and cultivate them in a laboratory in 1981.

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Martin Heinrich Klaproth

Martin Heinrich Klaproth (1 December 1743 – 1 January 1817) was a German chemist who discovered uranium (1789), zirconium (1789), and cerium (1803), and named titanium (1795) and tellurium (1798).

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Martin Plaza

Martin Plaza is the pseudonym of Martin Edward Murphy (born 1 January 1956), who is a vocalist/guitarist/songwriter with Australian pop/new wave band Mental As Anything.

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Martin Schanche

Martin Schanche (born 1 January 1945 in Trondheim), nicknamed.

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Martinus Beijerinck

No description.

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Martyr

A martyr (Greek: μάρτυς, mártys, "witness"; stem μάρτυρ-, mártyr-) is someone who suffers persecution and death for advocating, renouncing, refusing to renounce, or refusing to advocate a belief or cause as demanded by an external party.

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Mary Acworth Evershed

Mary Acworth Evershed (née Orr; 1 January 1867 Plymouth Hoe, Devon – 25 October 1949, Ewhurst, Surrey) was a British astronomer and scholar.

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Mary Beard (classicist)

Dame Winifred Mary Beard, (born 1 January 1955) is an English scholar and classicist.

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Mary Forbes

Mary Forbes (born Ethel Louise Young, 1 January 1883 – 22 July 1974) was a British-American film actress, based in the United States in her latter years, where she died.

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Mati Unt

Mati Unt (1 January 1944 Linnamäe, Voore Parish (now Voore, Mustvee Parish), Jõgeva County, Estonia – 22 August 2005, Tallinn) was an Estonian writer, essayist and theatre director.

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Matt Robinson (actor)

Matthew Thomas Robinson Jr. (January 1, 1937 – August 5, 2002) was an American actor, writer and television producer.

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Matthew Beard (American actor)

Matthew Beard Jr. (January 1, 1925 – January 8, 1981) was an American child actor, most famous for portraying the character of Stymie in the Our Gang short films from 1930-35.

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Maurice Béjart

Maurice Béjart (1 January 1927 – 22 November 2007) was a French-born dancer, choreographer and opera director who ran the Béjart Ballet Lausanne in Switzerland.

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Maurice Chevalier

Maurice Auguste Chevalier (September 12, 1888 – January 1, 1972) was a French actor, cabaret singer and entertainer.

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Mayor of Chicago

The Mayor of Chicago is the chief executive of Chicago, Illinois, the third-largest city in the United States.

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Melaine Walker

Melaine Walker O.D (born 1 March 1983, Kingston) is a Jamaican 400 metres hurdler.

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Member state of the European Union

The European Union (EU) consists of 28 member states.

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Merger (politics)

A merger, consolidation or amalgamation, in a political or administrative sense, is the combination of two or more political or administrative entities, such as municipalities (in other words cities, towns, etc.), counties, districts, etc., into a single entity.

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Meryl Davis

Meryl Elizabeth Davis (born January 1, 1987) is an American ice dancer.

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Michael Joseph Owens

Michael Joseph Owens (January 1, 1859 – December 27, 1923) was an inventor of machines to automate the production of glass bottles.

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Michael Olaitan

Michael Olaitan Oyeneye (born 1 January 1993) is a Nigerian footballer who plays as a forward for Georgian club Samtredia.

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Michael Seibert (figure skater)

Michael Seibert (born January 1, 1960) is an American figure skating choreographer and former competitive ice dancer.

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Michael VIII Palaiologos

Michael VIII Palaiologos or Palaeologus (Μιχαὴλ Η΄ Παλαιολόγος, Mikhaēl VIII Palaiologos; 1223 – 11 December 1282) reigned as Byzantine Emperor 1259–1282.

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Michael Witt

Michael Witt (born 1 January 1984) is an Australian former professional rugby league footballer who played in Australasia's National Rugby League (NRL) competition for the Parramatta Eels, Manly-Warringah Sea Eagles and the New Zealand Warriors, before a season playing rugby union in the Air New Zealand Cup.

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Michèle Mercier

Michèle Mercier (born 1 January 1939 as Jocelyne Yvonne Renée Mercier) is a French actress.

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Michel Onfray

Michel Onfray (born 1 January 1959) is a contemporary French writer and philosopher who promotes hedonism, atheism, and anarchism.

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Michele Lega

Michele Lega S.T.D. J.U.D. (1 January 1860 – 16 December 1935) was a Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church who served as Prefect of the Congregation for the Discipline of Sacraments.

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Middle Ages

In the history of Europe, the Middle Ages (or Medieval Period) lasted from the 5th to the 15th century.

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Mike Mitchell (basketball, born 1956)

Michael Anthony Mitchell (January 1, 1956 – June 9, 2011) was an American professional basketball player in the National Basketball Association (NBA), over eleven seasons, from 1978 to 1990.

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Mike Oxley

Michael Garver Oxley (February 11, 1944 – January 1, 2016) was an American politician of the Republican Party who served as a U.S. Representative from the 4th congressional district of Ohio.

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Mikhail Drozdovsky

Mikhail Gordeevich Drozdovsky (Михаил Гордеевич Дроздовский) (October 7, 1881 – January 1, 1919) was a Russian army officer and one of the military leaders of the anti-Bolshevik White movement during the Russian Civil War.

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Mikhail Ostrogradsky

Mikhail Vasilyevich Ostrogradsky (transcribed also Ostrogradskiy, Ostrogradskiĭ) (Михаил Васильевич Остроградский, Михайло Васильович Остроградський, September 24, 1801 – January 1, 1862) was a Ukrainian mathematician, mechanician and physicist in the Russian Empire.

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Miki Higashino

is a Japanese video game composer best known for her works in the Suikoden series.

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Milt Jackson

Milton "Bags" Jackson (January 1, 1923 – October 9, 1999) was an American jazz vibraphonist, usually thought of as a bebop player, although he performed in several jazz idioms.

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Minister of Finance (Tanzania)

The Minister of Finance is the head of the Ministry of Finance and Economic Affairs of the Government of Tanzania.

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Minister of Innovation, Science and Economic Development

The Minister of Innovation, Science and Economic Development is the Minister of the Crown in the Canadian Cabinet who is responsible for overseeing the federal government's economic development and corporate affairs department, Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada.

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Ministry of Defence (Russia)

The Ministry of Defence of the Russian Federation (Министерство обороны Российской Федерации, Минобороны России, informally abbreviated as МО, МО РФ or Minoboron) exercises administrative and operational leadership of the Russian Armed Forces.

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Ministry of Environment and Urban Planning (Turkey)

The Ministry of Environment and Urban Planning (Çevre ve Şehircilik Bakanlığı) is a government ministry office of the Republic of Turkey, responsible for the environment, public works, and urban planning in Turkey.

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Ministry of Finance (Greece)

The Ministry of Finance (Υπουργείο Οικονομικών) is the government department responsible for Greece's public finances.

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Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Algeria)

The Ministry of Foreign Affairs (وزارة الشؤون الخارجية, Ministère des Affaires étrangères) is the Algerian government ministry which oversees the foreign relations of Algeria.

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Ministry of Justice (Estonia)

The Minister of Justice (justiitsminister) is the senior minister at the Ministry of Justice (Eesti Vabariigi Justiitsministeerium) in the Estonian Government.

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Modern Jazz Quartet

The Modern Jazz Quartet (MJQ) was a jazz combo established in 1952 that played music influenced by classical, cool jazz, blues and bebop.

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Mohamed Albuflasa

Mohamed Yousif Rashid Albuflasa (Arabic: محمد يوسف راشد البوفلاسة; born 1 January 1975) is a Bahraini poet, writer, former independent candidate for the Bahraini Parliament in the 2010 Parliamentary elections and a member of the Bahraini youth parliament.

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Mohamed El Yazghi

Mohamed El Yazghi (محمد اليازغي; born 1 January 1939 in Fes, Morocco) is a Moroccan politician and former head of the Socialist Union of Popular Forces party.

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Monk

A monk (from μοναχός, monachos, "single, solitary" via Latin monachus) is a person who practices religious asceticism by monastic living, either alone or with any number of other monks.

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Montagu Toller

Montagu Henry Toller (1 January 1871 in Barnstaple, Devon – 5 August 1948 in Titchfield, Hampshire) was an English cricket player.

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Montreal Protocol

The Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer (a protocol to the Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer) is an international treaty designed to protect the ozone layer by phasing out the production of numerous substances that are responsible for ozone depletion.

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Montserrat

Montserrat is a Caribbean island in the Leeward Islands, which is part of the chain known as the Lesser Antilles, in the West Indies.

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Mordechai Frizis

Mordechai Frizis (Μαρδοχαίος Φριζής; 1 January 1893 – 5 December 1940) was a Greek military officer, who fought in World War I, distinguished himself in World War II, and was killed on 5 December 1940, fighting against the Julia Division.

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Morris Chestnut

Morris Lamont Chestnut Jr. (born January 1, 1969) is an American actor.

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Morristown, New Jersey

Morristown is a town and county seat of Morris County, New Jersey, United States.

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Motion of no confidence

A motion of no confidence (alternatively vote of no confidence, no-confidence motion, or (unsuccessful) confidence motion) is a statement or vote which states that a person(s) in a position of responsibility (government, managerial, etc.) is no longer deemed fit to hold that position, perhaps because they are inadequate in some respect, are failing to carry out obligations, or are making decisions that other members feel are detrimental.

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Mr. Bean

Mr.

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Mumbai

Mumbai (also known as Bombay, the official name until 1995) is the capital city of the Indian state of Maharashtra.

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Mustafa Doğan

Mustafa Doğan (born 1 January 1976) is a retired German footballer of Turkish descent who played as a central defender.

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Mustafa Necati

Mustafa Necati (1894 - January 1, 1929) was a Turkish statesman in the early years of the Turkish Republic.

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Nakajima Aircraft Company

The was a prominent Japanese aircraft manufacturer and aviation engine manufacturer throughout World War II.

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Nana Patekar

Nana Patekar (born 1 January 1951) is an Indian actor, writer, philanthropist and filmmaker, mainly working in Hindi and Marathi cinema.

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Nathaniel Peteru

Nathaniel Peteru (born 1 January 1992) is a New Zealand professional rugby league footballer who plays for the Leeds Rhinos in the Super League.

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Nationalization

Nationalization (or nationalisation) is the process of transforming private assets into public assets by bringing them under the public ownership of a national government or state.

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Nativity of Jesus

The nativity of Jesus or birth of Jesus is described in the gospels of Luke and Matthew.

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Nay Win Maung

Nay Win Maung (နေဝင်းမောင်; June 30, 1962 – January 1, 2012) was a Burmese physician, businessman and pro-democracy activist.

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Nazi eugenics

Nazi eugenics (Nationalsozialistische Rassenhygiene, "National Socialist racial hygiene") were Nazi Germany's racially based social policies that placed the biological improvement of the Aryan race or Germanic "Übermenschen" master race through eugenics at the center of Nazi ideology.

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Nazi Germany

Nazi Germany is the common English name for the period in German history from 1933 to 1945, when Germany was under the dictatorship of Adolf Hitler through the Nazi Party (NSDAP).

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New South Wales

New South Wales (abbreviated as NSW) is a state on the east coast of:Australia.

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New Year

New Year is the time or day at which a new calendar year begins and the calendar's year count increments by one.

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New Year's Day

New Year's Day, also called simply New Year's or New Year, is observed on January 1, the first day of the year on the modern Gregorian calendar as well as the Julian calendar.

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Nicolas Steno

Nicolas Steno (Niels Steensen; Latinized to Nicolaus Stenonis or Nicolaus Stenonius; 1 January 1638 – 25 November 1686 – Aber, James S. 2007. Retrieved 11 January 2012.) was a Danish scientist, a pioneer in both anatomy and geology who became a Catholic bishop in his later years.

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Nigeria

Nigeria, officially the Federal Republic of Nigeria is a federal republic in West Africa, bordering Benin in the west, Chad and Cameroon in the east, and Niger in the north.

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Nikiforos Vrettakos

Nikiforos Vrettakos (Νικηφόρος Βρεττάκος; 1 January 1912 – 4 August 1991) was a Greek writer and poet.

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Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences

The Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences (officially Sveriges riksbanks pris i ekonomisk vetenskap till Alfred Nobels minne, or the Swedish National Bank's Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel), commonly referred to as the Nobel Prize in Economics, is an award for outstanding contributions to the field of economics, and generally regarded as the most prestigious award for that field.

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Nobel Prize in Physics

The Nobel Prize in Physics (Nobelpriset i fysik) is a yearly award given by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences for those who conferred the most outstanding contributions for mankind in the field of physics.

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Noor Inayat Khan

Noor-un-Nisa Inayat Khan, GC (1 January 1914 – 13 September 1944), aka Nora Inayat-Khan, was a British heroine of World War II renowned for her service in the Special Operations Executive.

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Norfolk, Virginia

Norfolk is an independent city in the Commonwealth of Virginia in the United States.

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North American Free Trade Agreement

The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA; Spanish: Tratado de Libre Comercio de América del Norte, TLCAN; French: Accord de libre-échange nord-américain, ALÉNA) is an agreement signed by Canada, Mexico, and the United States, creating a trilateral trade bloc in North America.

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North Sea

The North Sea (Mare Germanicum) is a marginal sea of the Atlantic Ocean located between Great Britain, Scandinavia, Germany, the Netherlands, Belgium, and France.

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Novy God

Novy God is the Russian phrase for "New Year", and also designates the Russian New Year's Eve and New Year's Day celebration.

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Obstetrics

Obstetrics is the field of study concentrated on pregnancy, childbirth, and the postpartum period.

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Octave (liturgy)

"Octave" has two senses in Christian liturgical usage.

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Odo of France

Odo (or Eudes) (c. 859/860 – 1 January 898) was the elected King of Francia from 888 to 898 as the first king from the Robertian dynasty.

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Okinawa Islands

The are an island group in Okinawa Prefecture, Japan, and are the principal island group of the prefecture.

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Olivia Goldsmith

Olivia Goldsmith (January 1, 1949 – January 15, 2004) was an American author, best known for her first novel The First Wives Club (1992), which was adapted into the movie The First Wives Club (1996).

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Olney, Buckinghamshire

Olney (rarely) is a market town and civil parish in the Borough of Milton Keynes, Buckinghamshire in South East England.

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Om Prakash Chautala

Om Prakash Chautala (born 1 January 1935) is a former Chief Minister of Haryana from Indian National Lok Dal.

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Omar al-Bashir

Omar Hassan Ahmad al-Bashir (عمر حسن أحمد البشير; pronunciation:; born 1944) is a Sudanese politician who is currently the seventh president of Sudan and head of the National Congress Party.

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Omar Karami

Omar Abdul Hamid Karami (last name also spelled Karamé and Karameh) (عمر عبد الحميد كرامي; 7 September 1934 – 1 January 2015) was the 55th Prime Minister of Lebanon on two separate occasions.

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Operation Bodenplatte

Operation Bodenplatte (Baseplate), launched on 1 January 1945, was an attempt by the Luftwaffe to cripple Allied air forces in the Low Countries during the Second World War.

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Orange Sky Golden Harvest

Orange Sky Golden Harvest (OSGH), previously known as Golden Harvest from 1970 to 2009, is a film production, distribution, and exhibition company based in Hong Kong.

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Orthodoxy

Orthodoxy (from Greek ὀρθοδοξία orthodoxía "right opinion") is adherence to correct or accepted creeds, especially in religion.

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Osvaldo Cavandoli

Osvaldo Cavandoli (1 January 1920 – 3 March 2007), also known by his pen name Cava, was an Italian cartoonist.

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Otago Boys' High School

Otago Boys' High School (OBHS) is one of New Zealand's oldest boys' secondary schools, located in Dunedin, Otago, New Zealand.

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Ouida

Ouida (1 January 1839 – 25 January 1908) was the pseudonym of the English novelist Maria Louise Ramé (although she preferred to be known as Marie Louise de la Ramée).

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Ozone depletion

Ozone depletion describes two related events observed since the late 1970s: a steady lowering of about four percent in the total amount of ozone in Earth's atmosphere(the ozone layer), and a much larger springtime decrease in stratospheric ozone around Earth's polar regions.

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Pablo Cuevas

Pablo Gabriel Tito Cuevas Urroz (born January 1, 1986) is an Argentine-born Uruguayan professional tennis player.

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Pakistan

Pakistan (پاکِستان), officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan (اِسلامی جمہوریہ پاکِستان), is a country in South Asia.

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Panagiotis Giannakis

Panagiotis Giannakis (Παναγιώτης Γιαννάκης,; born January 1, 1959), nicknamed "The Dragon", is a retired Greek professional basketball player and a current professional basketball coach for Aris Thessaloniki.

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Panama Canal

The Panama Canal (Canal de Panamá) is an artificial waterway in Panama that connects the Atlantic Ocean with the Pacific Ocean.

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Panther Westwinds

Panther Westwinds (commonly known as Panther) was a manufacturer of niche sports cars and luxury cars, based in Surrey, United Kingdom.

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Panuganti Lakshminarasimha Rao

Panuganti Lakshmi Narasimha chary (Telugu - పానుగంటి లక్ష్మీ నరసింహా రావు) (2 november 1865 – 1 January 1940) was one of the famous modern Telugu writers.

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Paolo Guerrero

José Paolo Guerrero Gonzales (born 1 January 1984) is a Peruvian footballer who plays as a striker for Brazilian club Flamengo and the Peru national team.

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Park Sung-hyun

Park Sung-hyun (born January 1, 1983, in Gunsan, North Jeolla) is a world champion and former world No. 1 archer from South Korea.

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Pasadena, California

Pasadena is a city in Los Angeles County, California, United States, located 10 miles (16 kilometers) northeast of Downtown Los Angeles.

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Patrick Anthony Porteous

Colonel Patrick Anthony Porteous VC (1 January 1918 – 9 October 2000) was a Scottish recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.

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Patron saint

A patron saint, patroness saint, patron hallow or heavenly protector is a saint who in Roman Catholicism, Anglicanism, Eastern Orthodoxy, or particular branches of Islam, is regarded as the heavenly advocate of a nation, place, craft, activity, class, clan, family or person.

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Patti Page

Clara Ann Fowler (November 8, 1927 – January 1, 2013), known by her stage name Patti Page, was an American singer of pop and country music.

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Pau Claris i Casademunt

Pau Claris i Casademunt (January 1, 1586 – February 27, 1641) was a Catalan lawyer, clergyman and 94th President of the Deputation of the General of Catalonia at the beginning of the Catalan Revolt.

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Paul Bomani

Paul Lazaro Bomani (January 1, 1925 – April 1, 2005) was a Tanzanian politician and ambassador to the United States and Mexico.

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Paul Lawrie

Paul Stewart Lawrie (born 1 January 1969) is a Scottish professional golfer who is best known for winning The Open Championship in 1999.

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Paul Revere

Paul Revere (December 21, 1734 O.S.May 10, 1818) was an American silversmith, engraver, early industrialist, and Patriot in the American Revolution.

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Pavel Grachev

Pavel Sergeyevich Grachev (Па́вел Серге́евич Грачё́в; 1 January 1948 – 23 September 2012), sometimes transliterated as Grachov, was a Russian Army General and the Defence Minister of the Russian Federation from 1992 to 1996; in 1988 he was awarded Hero of the Soviet Union gold star.

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Pennsylvania Line Mutiny

The Pennsylvania Line Mutiny was a mutiny of Continental Army soldiers, who demanded higher pay and better housing conditions, and was the cause of the legend and stories surrounding the American heroine Tempe Wick. The mutiny began on January 1, 1781, and ended with a negotiated settlement on January 8, 1781.

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People's Democratic Party of Afghanistan

The People's Democratic Party of Afghanistan (حزب دموکراتيک خلق افغانستان, Hezb-e dimūkrātĩk-e khalq-e Afghānistān, د افغانستان د خلق دموکراټیک ګوند, Da Afghanistān da khalq dimukrātīk gund; abbreviated PDPA) was a political party established on 1 January 1965.

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Pertinax

Pertinax (Publius Helvius Pertinax Augustus; 1 August 126 – 28 March 193) was a Roman military leader and Roman Emperor for the first three months of 193, succeeding Commodus to become the first emperor during the tumultuous Year of the Five Emperors.

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Peru

Peru (Perú; Piruw Republika; Piruw Suyu), officially the Republic of Peru, is a country in western South America.

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Pervez Musharraf

Pervez Musharraf (پرویز مشرف; born 11 August 1943) is a Pakistani politician and a retired four-star army general who was the tenth President of Pakistan from 2001 until tendering resignation, to avoid impeachment, in 2008.

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Pete DeCoursey

Peter L. "Pete" DeCoursey (September 1, 1961 – January 1, 2014) was a prominent reporter of political news in Pennsylvania.

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Phil Read

Phillip William Read M.B.E. (born 1 January 1939) is an English former Grand Prix motorcycle road racer.

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Philip Mulryne

Philip Patrick Stephen Mulryne, OP (born 1 January 1978) is a Northern Irish Dominican friar and priest in the Roman Catholic Church, and retired professional footballer.

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Pierre de Coubertin

Pierre de Frédy, Baron de Coubertin (born Pierre de Frédy; 1 January 1863 – 2 September 1937, also known as Pierre de Coubertin and Baron de Coubertin) was a French educator and historian, and founder of the International Olympic Committee, as well as its second President.

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Pietro Nenni

Pietro Sandro Nenni (February 9, 1891 – January 1, 1980) was an Italian socialist politician, the national secretary of the Italian Socialist Party (PSI) and lifetime Senator since 1970.

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Pittsburgh

Pittsburgh is a city in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania in the United States, and is the county seat of Allegheny County.

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Polar bear plunge

A polar bear plunge is an event held during the winter where participants enter a body of water despite the low temperature.

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Pope Alexander VI

Pope Alexander VI, born Rodrigo de Borja (de Borja, Rodrigo Lanzol y de Borja; 1 January 1431 – 18 August 1503), was Pope from 11 August 1492 until his death.

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Pope Sylvester II

Pope Sylvester II or Silvester II (– 12 May 1003) was Pope from 2 April 999 to his death in 1003.

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Poppy (singer)

Moriah Rose Pereira (born January 1, 1995), known professionally as Poppy, is an American singer, songwriter, ambient music composer, actress, dancer, and YouTuber.

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Porfirio Díaz

José de la Cruz Porfirio Díaz Mori (15 September 1830 – 2 July 1915) was a Mexican general and politician who served seven terms as President of Mexico, a total of three and a half decades, from 1876 to 1880 and from 1884 to 1911.

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Pratap Chandra Chunder

Pratap Chandra Chunder (1 September 1919 – 1 January 2008) was a union minister of India, educationist and author.

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Precious (wrestling)

Patricia Williams (born January 1, 1955) is a Canadian retired professional wrestling valet better known as Precious.

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Premier of New South Wales

The Premier of New South Wales is the head of government in the state of New South Wales, Australia.

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Premier of Queensland

The Premier of Queensland is the head of government in the Australian state of Queensland.

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President of France

The President of the French Republic (Président de la République française) is the executive head of state of France in the French Fifth Republic.

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President of Macedonia

The President of the Republic of Macedonia (Претседател на Република Македонија) is the head of state of the Republic of Macedonia.

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President of Pakistan

The President of Pakistan (صدر مملکت پاکستان —), is the ceremonial head of state of Pakistan and a figurehead who represents the "unity of the Republic." in Chapter 1: The President, Part III: The Federation of Pakistan in the Constitution of Pakistan.

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President of the Philippines

The President of the Philippines (Pangulo ng Pilipinas, informally referred to as Presidente ng Pilipinas; or in Presidente de Filipinas) is the head of state and head of government of the Philippines.

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Prime Minister of Australia

The Prime Minister of Australia (sometimes informally abbreviated to PM) is the head of government of Australia.

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Prime Minister of Croatia

The Prime Minister of Croatia (Premijer/ Premijerka Hrvatske), officially the President of the Government of the Republic of Croatia (Predsjednik/ Predsjednica Vlade Republike Hrvatske), is Croatia's head of government, and is the de facto the most powerful and influential state officeholder in the Croatian system of government.

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Prime Minister of Greece

The Prime Minister of the Hellenic Republic (Πρωθυπουργός της Ελληνικής Δημοκρατίας, Pro̱thypourgós ti̱s Elli̱nikí̱s Di̱mokratías), colloquially referred to as the Prime Minister of Greece (Πρωθυπουργός της Ελλάδας, Pro̱thypourgós ti̱s Elládas), is the head of government of the Hellenic Republic and the leader of the Greek cabinet.

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Prime Minister of Lebanon

The Prime Minister of Lebanon, officially the President of the Council of Ministers, is the head of government and the head of the Council of Ministers.

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Prime Minister of Pakistan

The Prime Minister of Pakistan (وزِیرِ اعظم —,; lit. "Grand Vizier") is the head of government of Pakistan and designated as the "chief executive of the Republic".

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Prime Minister of Serbia

The Prime Minister of Serbia (Премијер Србије / Premijer Srbije), officially the President of the Government of the Republic of Serbia (Председник Владе Републике Србије / Predsednik Vlade Republike Srbije), is the head of the Government of Serbia.

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Prussia

Prussia (Preußen) was a historically prominent German state that originated in 1525 with a duchy centred on the region of Prussia.

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Public Domain Day

Public Domain Day is an observance of when copyrights expire and works enter into the public domain.

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Public holidays in Slovakia

National holidays in Slovakia See also Remembrance days in Slovakia.

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Public holidays in Taiwan

The following are considered holidays in Taiwan.

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Public holidays in the Czech Republic

Public holidays in the Czech Republic.

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Qi Baishi

Qi Baishi (1 January 1864 – 16 September 1957) was a Chinese painter, noted for the whimsical, often playful style of his watercolor works.

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Queen Victoria

Victoria (Alexandrina Victoria; 24 May 1819 – 22 January 1901) was Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 20 June 1837 until her death.

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Queens

Queens is the easternmost and largest in area of the five boroughs of New York City.

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Queensland

Queensland (abbreviated as Qld) is the second-largest and third-most populous state in the Commonwealth of Australia.

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Radia Perlman

Radia Joy Perlman (born 1951) is an American computer programmer and network engineer.

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Ramakrishna Mission

Ramakrishna Mission named after Ramakrishna Paramhamsa is an Indian socio-religious organisation which forms the core of a worldwide spiritual movement known as the Ramakrishna Movement or the Vedanta Movement.

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Ramiro II of León

Ramiro II (c. 900 – 1 January 951), son of Ordoño II, was a King of León from 931 until his death.

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Ramses Barden

Ramses Alexander Barden (born January 1, 1986) is a former American football wide receiver.

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Randa (rapper)

Mainard Larkin (born 1 January 1993, Auckland, New Zealand), better known by their stage name "Randa", also known as "Larz Randa" is a transgender rapper and recording artist.

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Ray Walston

Herman Raymond Walston (November 2, 1914 – January 1, 2001) was an American actor and comedian, best known as the title character on My Favorite Martian.

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Raymond Chow

Raymond Chow Man-Wai GBS (born 8 October 1927) is a Hong Kong film producer, and presenter.

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Rear admiral

Rear admiral is a naval commissioned officer rank above that of a commodore (U.S equivalent of Commander) and captain, and below that of a vice admiral.

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Regina Bianchi

Regina Bianchi (1 January 1921 – 5 April 2013) was an Italian stage and film actress.

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Religious denomination

A religious denomination is a subgroup within a religion that operates under a common name, tradition, and identity.

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René Binder

René Binder (born 1 January 1992 in Innsbruck) is an Austrian racing driver.

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Republic of China (1912–1949)

The Republic of China was a sovereign state in East Asia, that occupied the territories of modern China, and for part of its history Mongolia and Taiwan.

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Republic of Ireland

Ireland (Éire), also known as the Republic of Ireland (Poblacht na hÉireann), is a sovereign state in north-western Europe occupying 26 of 32 counties of the island of Ireland.

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Republic of Venice

The Republic of Venice (Repubblica di Venezia, later: Repubblica Veneta; Repùblica de Venèsia, later: Repùblica Vèneta), traditionally known as La Serenissima (Most Serene Republic of Venice) (Serenissima Repubblica di Venezia; Serenìsima Repùblica Vèneta), was a sovereign state and maritime republic in northeastern Italy, which existed for a millennium between the 8th century and the 18th century.

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Reza Sheykholeslam

Reza Sheykholeslam (رضا شیخ‌الاسلام) is an Iranian politician who is the former Minister of Cooperatives, Labour and Social Welfare.

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Rhodesia

Rhodesia was an unrecognised state in southern Africa from 1965 to 1979, equivalent in territory to modern Zimbabwe.

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Richard Edson

Richard Edson (born January 1, 1954) is an American actor and musician.

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Richie Faulkner

Richard Ian Faulkner (born January 1, 1980), is an English guitarist.

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Rio de Janeiro

Rio de Janeiro (River of January), or simply Rio, is the second-most populous municipality in Brazil and the sixth-most populous in the Americas.

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Rivellino

Roberto Rivellino (also Rivelino,;; born 1 January 1946 in São Paulo) is a former Brazilian professional footballer.

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Robert Jankel

Robert Jankel (1 January 1938 – 25 May 2005) was a British designer of limousines, armoured cars and other speciality vehicles.

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Robert Lawson (architect)

Robert Arthur Lawson (1 January 1833 – 3 December 1902) was one of New Zealand's pre-eminent 19th century architects.

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Robert Mann

Robert Nathaniel Mann (July 19, 1920 – January 1, 2018) was a violinist, composer, conductor, and founding member of the Juilliard String Quartet, as well as a faculty member at the Manhattan School of Music.

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Rocky Graziano

Thomas Rocco Barbella (January 1, 1919 – May 22, 1990), better known as Rocky Graziano, was an American professional boxer who held the World Middleweight title.

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Rogue wave

Rogue waves (also known as freak waves, monster waves, episodic waves, killer waves, extreme waves, and abnormal waves) are large, unexpected and suddenly appearing surface waves that can be extremely dangerous, even to large ships such as ocean liners.

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Roland Levinsky

Professor Roland Levinsky (16 October 1943 – 1 January 2007) was an academic researcher in biomedicine and a university senior manager.

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Roman consul

A consul held the highest elected political office of the Roman Republic (509 to 27 BC), and ancient Romans considered the consulship the highest level of the cursus honorum (an ascending sequence of public offices to which politicians aspired).

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Roman emperor

The Roman Emperor was the ruler of the Roman Empire during the imperial period (starting in 27 BC).

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Roman legion

A Roman legion (from Latin legio "military levy, conscription", from legere "to choose") was a large unit of the Roman army.

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Roman Senate

The Roman Senate (Senatus Romanus; Senato Romano) was a political institution in ancient Rome.

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Roman Totenberg

Roman Totenberg (1 January 1911 – 8 May 2012) was a Polish-American violinist and educator.

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Romania

Romania (România) is a sovereign state located at the crossroads of Central, Eastern, and Southeastern Europe.

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Romanos IV Diogenes

Romanos IV Diogenes (Ρωμανός Δ΄ Διογένης, Rōmanós IV Diogénēs), also known as Romanus IV, was a member of the Byzantine military aristocracy who, after his marriage to the widowed empress Eudokia Makrembolitissa, was crowned Byzantine emperor and reigned from 1068 to 1071.

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Ronald Perelman

Ronald Owen Perelman (born January 1, 1943) is an American businessman, investor, and philanthropist.

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Rosario Marchese

Rosario Marchese (born January 1, 1952) is a Canadian former politician in Ontario, Canada.

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Rose Bowl Game

The Rose Bowl Game, officially the Rose Bowl Game presented by Northwestern Mutual for sponsorship purposes, and more frequently known as simply the Rose Bowl is an annual American college football bowl game, usually played on January 1 (New Year's Day) at the Rose Bowl stadium in Pasadena, California.

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Rosena Allin-Khan

Rosena Chantelle Allin-Khan is a British Labour Party politician who has been the Member of Parliament (MP) for Tooting since 17 June 2016.

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Roswell B. Mason

Roswell B. Mason (September 19, 1805January 1, 1892; buried in Rosehill Cemetery) served as mayor of Chicago, Illinois (1869–1871) for the Citizens Party.

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Rowan Atkinson

Rowan Sebastian Atkinson, CBE (born 6 January 1955) is an English actor, comedian, and screenwriter best known for his work on the sitcoms Blackadder and Mr. Bean.

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Royal Navy

The Royal Navy (RN) is the United Kingdom's naval warfare force.

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Royce D. Applegate

Royce Dwayne Applegate (December 25, 1939 – January 1, 2003) was an American actor and screenwriter.

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Roz Howard

Roswell "Roz" Howard, Sr. (January 1, 1922 - January 1, 2013) was an American stock car racing driver.

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Rubens Sambueza

Rubens Oscar Estuardo Sambueza (born 1 January 1984) is an Argentinean professional footballer who plays for Liga MX club Toluca.

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Russia

Russia (rɐˈsʲijə), officially the Russian Federation (p), is a country in Eurasia. At, Russia is the largest country in the world by area, covering more than one-eighth of the Earth's inhabited land area, and the ninth most populous, with over 144 million people as of December 2017, excluding Crimea. About 77% of the population live in the western, European part of the country. Russia's capital Moscow is one of the largest cities in the world; other major cities include Saint Petersburg, Novosibirsk, Yekaterinburg and Nizhny Novgorod. Extending across the entirety of Northern Asia and much of Eastern Europe, Russia spans eleven time zones and incorporates a wide range of environments and landforms. From northwest to southeast, Russia shares land borders with Norway, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland (both with Kaliningrad Oblast), Belarus, Ukraine, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, China, Mongolia and North Korea. It shares maritime borders with Japan by the Sea of Okhotsk and the U.S. state of Alaska across the Bering Strait. The East Slavs emerged as a recognizable group in Europe between the 3rd and 8th centuries AD. Founded and ruled by a Varangian warrior elite and their descendants, the medieval state of Rus arose in the 9th century. In 988 it adopted Orthodox Christianity from the Byzantine Empire, beginning the synthesis of Byzantine and Slavic cultures that defined Russian culture for the next millennium. Rus' ultimately disintegrated into a number of smaller states; most of the Rus' lands were overrun by the Mongol invasion and became tributaries of the nomadic Golden Horde in the 13th century. The Grand Duchy of Moscow gradually reunified the surrounding Russian principalities, achieved independence from the Golden Horde. By the 18th century, the nation had greatly expanded through conquest, annexation, and exploration to become the Russian Empire, which was the third largest empire in history, stretching from Poland on the west to Alaska on the east. Following the Russian Revolution, the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic became the largest and leading constituent of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, the world's first constitutionally socialist state. The Soviet Union played a decisive role in the Allied victory in World War II, and emerged as a recognized superpower and rival to the United States during the Cold War. The Soviet era saw some of the most significant technological achievements of the 20th century, including the world's first human-made satellite and the launching of the first humans in space. By the end of 1990, the Soviet Union had the world's second largest economy, largest standing military in the world and the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. Following the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, twelve independent republics emerged from the USSR: Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and the Baltic states regained independence: Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania; the Russian SFSR reconstituted itself as the Russian Federation and is recognized as the continuing legal personality and a successor of the Soviet Union. It is governed as a federal semi-presidential republic. The Russian economy ranks as the twelfth largest by nominal GDP and sixth largest by purchasing power parity in 2015. Russia's extensive mineral and energy resources are the largest such reserves in the world, making it one of the leading producers of oil and natural gas globally. The country is one of the five recognized nuclear weapons states and possesses the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. Russia is a great power as well as a regional power and has been characterised as a potential superpower. It is a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council and an active global partner of ASEAN, as well as a member of the G20, the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO), the Council of Europe, the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC), the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), and the World Trade Organization (WTO), as well as being the leading member of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO) and one of the five members of the Eurasian Economic Union (EEU), along with Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan.

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Russian ruble

The Russian ruble or rouble (рубль rublʹ, plural: рубли́ rubli; sign: ₽, руб; code: RUB) is the currency of the Russian Federation, the two partially recognized republics of Abkhazia and South Ossetia and the two unrecognized republics of Donetsk and Luhansk.

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Ryan Perrilloux

Ryan Anthony Perrilloux (born January 1, 1987) is a former American football quarterback.

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Ryukyuan festivals and observances

This is an overview of festivals and observances held as part of the practice of Ryukyuan religion or tradition on the Ryukyu Islands.

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Saint Joseph

Joseph (translit) is a figure in the Gospels who was married to Mary, Jesus' mother, and, in the Christian tradition, was Jesus's legal father.

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Saint Telemachus

Saint Telemachus (also Almachus or Almachius) was a monk who, according to the Church historian Theodoret, tried to stop a gladiatorial fight in a Roman amphitheatre, and was stoned to death by the crowd.

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Sam Backo

Sam Backo (born 1 January 1961) is an Australian former professional rugby league footballer of the 1980s.

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Sam Berger

Samuel "Sam" Berger, (January 1, 1900 – July 24, 1992) was a Canadian owner of the Canadian Football League's Ottawa Rough Riders and Montreal Alouettes and president of the CFL.

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Sammie Henson

Samuel "Sammie" Henson (born January 1, 1971) is a World Champion wrestler, winning a gold medal in freestyle for the USA at the 1998 FILA Wrestling World Championships, held in Tehran, Iran.

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Samoa

Samoa, officially the Independent State of Samoa (Malo Saʻoloto Tutoʻatasi o Sāmoa; Sāmoa) and, until 4 July 1997, known as Western Samoa, is a unitary parliamentary democracy with eleven administrative divisions.

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Sampurnanand

Dr Sampurnanand (1 January 1891 – 10 January 1969) was a teacher and politician in Uttar Pradesh, India.

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Sandford Fleming

Sir Sandford Fleming (January 7, 1827 – July 22, 1915) was a Scottish Canadian engineer and inventor.

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Santika Club fire

The Santika Club fire occurred on Thursday 1 January 2009, in the Santika Club nightclub in Watthana, Bangkok, Thailand, where New Year celebrations were taking place.

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Satyendra Nath Bose

Satyendra Nath Bose, (সত্যেন্দ্র নাথ বসু Sôtyendronath Bosu,; 1 January 1894 – 4 February 1974) was an Indian physicist specialising in theoretical physics.

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Sándor Petőfi

Sándor Petőfi (né Petrovics;LUCINDA MALLOWS,, Bradt Travel Guides, 2008, p. 7Sándor Petőfi, George Szirtes,, Hesperus Press, 2004, p. 1 Alexander Petrovič; Александар Петровић; 1 January 1823 – most likely 31 July 1849) was a Hungarian poet and liberal revolutionary.

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Scotland

Scotland (Alba) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and covers the northern third of the island of Great Britain.

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Secretary-General of the United Nations

The Secretary-General of the United Nations (UNSG or just SG) is the head of the United Nations Secretariat, one of the six principal organs of the United Nations.

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Senfronia Thompson

Senfronia Calpernia Thompson (born January 1, 1939) is a Democratic member of the Texas House of Representatives, representing the 141st District since 1972.

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Serdar Özkan

Serdar Özkan (born 1 January 1987) is a Turkish professional footballer who plays as a winger for Turkish club Gençlerbirliği in Süper Lig.

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Sergei Avdeyev

Sergei Vasilyevich Avdeyev (Сергей Васильеви Авдеев, born 1 January 1956) is a Russian engineer and cosmonaut.

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Sergei Babayan

Sergei Babayan (Սերգեյ Բաբայան; born 1 January 1961, Gyumri, Soviet Armenia) is an Armenian-American concert pianist.

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Sergei Kiriakov

Sergei Vyacheslavovich Kiriakov (Серге́й Вячеславович Кирьяков; born 1 January 1970 in Oryol) is a Russian football coach and a former player.

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Shaji N. Karun

Shaji Neelakantan Karun (born 1 January 1952) is a National Award-winning Indian film director and cinematographer.

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Shane Carruth

Shane Carruth (born January 1, 1972) is an American filmmaker, screenwriter, composer, and actor.

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Shannon Bolin

Ione Shannon Bolin (January 1, 1917 – March 25, 2016) was an American actress and singer.

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Shelby Steele

Shelby Steele (born January 1, 1946) is an American conservative author, columnist, documentary film maker, and a Robert J. and Marion E. Oster Senior Fellow at Stanford University's Hoover Institution.

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Shelda Bede

Shelda Kelly Bruno Bede (born January 1, 1973 in Fortaleza) is a retired beach volleyball player from Brazil who won silver medals in beach volleyball at the 2000 Summer Olympics in Sydney and the 2004 Summer Olympics in Athens.

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Shirley Chisholm

Shirley Anita Chisholm (née St. Hill; November 30, 1924 – January 1, 2005) was an American politician, educator, and author.

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Shrikrishna Narayan Ratanjankar

Shrikrishna Narayan Ratanjankar (31 December 1900 – 14 February 1974) or S N Ratanjankar was a distinguished scholar and teacher of Hindustani classical music, from the Agra gharana.

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Shute Barrington

Shute Barrington (26 May 173425 March 1826) was an English churchman, Bishop of Llandaff in Wales, as well as Bishop of Salisbury and Bishop of Durham in England.

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Sigerson Clifford

Sigerson Clifford (1913 – 1 January 1985) was an Irish poet, playwright and civil servant.

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Sigismund I the Old

Sigismund I of Poland (Zygmunt I Stary, Žygimantas I Senasis; 1 January 1467 – 1 April 1548), of the Jagiellon dynasty, reigned as King of Poland and also as the Grand Duke of Lithuania from 1506 until 1548.

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Simon Schaffer

Simon J. Schaffer (born 1 January 1955) is a professor of the history and philosophy of science at the Department of History and Philosophy of Science at the University of Cambridge and was editor of The British Journal for the History of Science from 2004 to 2009.

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Sisters of Mercy

The Religious Sisters of Mercy (R.S.M.) are members of a religious institute of Catholic women founded in 1831 in Dublin, Ireland by Catherine McAuley (1778–1841).

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Slovakia

Slovakia (Slovensko), officially the Slovak Republic (Slovenská republika), is a landlocked country in Central Europe.

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Soame Jenyns

Soame Jenyns (1 January 1704 – 18 December 1787) was an English writer and Member of Parliament.

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Solemnity of Mary, Mother of God

The Solemnity of Mary, the Holy Mother of God is a feast day of the Blessed Virgin Mary under the aspect of her motherhood of Jesus Christ, whom Christians see as the Lord, Son of God.

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Solomon Molcho

Solomon Molcho (שלמה מולכו Shelomo Molkho), or Molko, originally Diogo Pires, (1500 – 13 December 1532) was a Portuguese mystic and pseudomessiah.

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Sonali Bendre

Sonali Bendre (born 1 January 1975) is an Indian film actress and model who predominantly worked in Hindi films.

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South Australia

South Australia (abbreviated as SA) is a state in the southern central part of Australia.

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Southern Netherlands

The Southern Netherlands, also called the Catholic Netherlands, was the part of the Low Countries largely controlled by Spain (1556–1714), later Austria (1714–1794), and occupied then annexed by France (1794–1815).

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Southern Railway (UK)

The Southern Railway (SR), sometimes shortened to 'Southern', was a British railway company established in the 1923 Grouping.

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Speaker of the Australian House of Representatives

The Speaker of the House of Representatives is the presiding officer of the House of Representatives, the lower house of the Parliament of Australia.

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Speaker of the Croatian Parliament

The Speaker of the Croatian Parliament (Predsjednik Hrvatskog sabora, literally the President of the Croatian Parliament) is the presiding officer in the Croatian Parliament (Sabor), Croatia's legislative body.

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Speaker of the House of Commons (United Kingdom)

The Speaker of the House of Commons is the presiding officer of the House of Commons, the United Kingdom's lower chamber of Parliament.

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Speaker of the United States House of Representatives

The Speaker of the House is the presiding officer of the United States House of Representatives.

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Special Operations Executive

The Special Operations Executive (SOE) was a British World War II organisation.

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Spencer Tunick

Spencer Tunick (born January 1, 1967) is an American photographer best known for organizing large-scale nude shoots.

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Srđan Dragojević

Srđan Dragojević (Срђан Драгојевић,, born 1 January 1963) is a Serbian film director and screenwriter, who emerged in the 1990s as a significant figure in Serbian cinema.

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St. Petersburg–Tampa Airboat Line

The St.

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Stade Félix Houphouët-Boigny

Stade Félix Houphouët-Boigny, nicknamed Le Félicia, is a multi-purpose stadium, which can host football, rugby union and athletics, in Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire.

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Standard time

Standard time is the synchronization of clocks within a geographical area or region to a single time standard, rather than using solar time or a locally chosen meridian (longitude) to establish a local mean time standard.

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Stanisław Mazur

Stanisław Mazur (1 January 1905, Lwów – 5 November 1981, Warsaw) was a Polish mathematician and a member of the Polish Academy of Sciences.

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Staten Island

Staten Island is the southernmost and westernmost of the five boroughs of New York City in the U.S. state of New York.

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Stefan Reinartz

Stefan Reinartz (born 1 January 1989) is a retired German footballer who played a defensive midfielder or defender.

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Stefano Pastrello

Stefano Pastrello (born 1 January 1984) is an Italian footballer.

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Stepan Bandera

Stepan Andriyovych Bandera (Степан Андрійович Бандера, Stepan Andrijowycz Bandera; 1 January 1909 – 15 October 1959) was a Ukrainian political activist and a leader of the nationalist and independence movement of Ukraine.

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Stephen Bocskai

Stephen Bocskai or Bocskay (Bocskai István; 1 January 155729 December 1606) was Prince of Transylvania and Hungary from 1605 to 1606.

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Stephen I of Hungary

Stephen I, also known as King Saint Stephen (Szent István király; Sanctus Stephanus; Štefan I. or Štefan Veľký; 975 – 15 August 1038 AD), was the last Grand Prince of the Hungarians between 997 and 1000 or 1001, and the first King of Hungary from 1000 or 1001 until his death in 1038.

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Steven Davis

Steven Davis MBE (born 1 January 1985) is a Northern Irish professional footballer who plays as a midfielder and is the captain of both Premier League club Southampton and the Northern Ireland national team.

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Sudan

The Sudan or Sudan (السودان as-Sūdān) also known as North Sudan since South Sudan's independence and officially the Republic of the Sudan (جمهورية السودان Jumhūriyyat as-Sūdān), is a country in Northeast Africa.

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Survivor: Philippines

Survivor: Philippines is the twenty-fifth season of the American CBS competitive reality television series Survivor.

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Susannah McCorkle

Susannah McCorkle (January 1, 1946 – May 19, 2001) was an American jazz singer.

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Sweden

Sweden (Sverige), officially the Kingdom of Sweden (Swedish), is a Scandinavian country in Northern Europe.

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Tanzania

Tanzania, officially the United Republic of Tanzania (Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania), is a sovereign state in eastern Africa within the African Great Lakes region.

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Tasmania

Tasmania (abbreviated as Tas and known colloquially as Tassie) is an island state of Australia.

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Tawera Nikau

Tawera Nuieia Nikau (born 1 January 1967) is a former professional rugby league footballer of the 1990s and 2000s.

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Tây Sơn dynasty

The name Tây Sơn (Hán Việt: 西山朝) is used in Vietnamese history in various ways to refer to the period of peasant rebellions and decentralized dynasties established between the end of the figurehead Lê dynasty in 1770 and the beginning of the Nguyễn dynasty in 1802.

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Teresa Torańska

Teresa Torańska (January 1, 1944 – January 2, 2013) was a Polish journalist and writer.

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Thames Television

Thames Television was a franchise holder for a region of the British ITV television network serving London and surrounding area on weekdays from 30 July 1968 until the night of 31 December 1992.

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The Address Downtown Dubai

Address Downtown, (فندق العنوان داون تاون) formerly The Address Downtown Dubai, is a 63-story, supertall hotel and residential skyscraper in the Burj Dubai Development Area of Dubai, United Arab Emirates.

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The Bronx

The Bronx is the northernmost of the five boroughs of New York City, in the U.S. state of New York.

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The Times

The Times is a British daily (Monday to Saturday) national newspaper based in London, England.

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Theobald von Bethmann-Hollweg

Theobald Theodor Friedrich Alfred von Bethmann-Hollweg (29 November 1856 – 1 January 1921) was a German politician who was the Chancellor of the German Empire from 1909 to 1917.

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Thibaw Min

Thibaw Min, also Thebaw or Theebaw (သီပေါ‌မင်း,; 1 January 1859 – 19 December 1916) was the last king of the Konbaung Dynasty of Burma (Myanmar) and also the last Burmese sovereign in the country's history.

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Thiepval Memorial

The Thiepval Memorial to the Missing of the Somme is a war memorial to 72,337 missing British and South African servicemen who died in the Battles of the Somme of the First World War between 1915 and 1918, with no known grave.

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Thomas Bromley

Sir Thomas Bromley (1530 – 11 April 1587) was a 16th-century lawyer, judge and politician who established himself in the mid-Tudor period and rose to prominence during the reign of Elizabeth I. He was successively Solicitor General and Lord Chancellor of England.

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Thomas Waddell

Thomas Waddell (1 January 1854 – 25 October 1940), an Australian politician, was a member of the New South Wales Legislative Assembly from 1887 to 1917, was briefly the premier of New South Wales during 1904, and was a member of the New South Wales Legislative Council from 1917 to 1934.

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Thomas Walsingham (literary patron)

Sir Thomas Walsingham (c. 1561 – 11 August 1630) was a courtier to Queen Elizabeth I and literary patron to such poets as Thomas Watson, Thomas Nashe, George Chapman and Christopher Marlowe.

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Tiago Splitter

Tiago Splitter Beims (born January 1, 1985) is a Brazilian former professional basketball player who played seven seasons in the National Basketball Association (NBA).

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Tihomir Orešković

Tihomir "Tim" Orešković (born 1 January 1966) is a Croatian Canadian businessman who was the Prime Minister of Croatia from 22 January 2016 to 19 October 2016.

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Tillie Olsen

Tillie Lerner Olsen (January 14, 1912 – January 1, 2007) was an American writer associated with the political turmoil of the 1930s and the first generation of American feminists.

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Tim Keefe

Timothy John Keefe (January 1, 1857 – April 23, 1933), nicknamed "Smiling Tim" and "Sir Timothy", was an American Major League Baseball pitcher.

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Time zone

A time zone is a region of the globe that observes a uniform standard time for legal, commercial, and social purposes.

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Times Square

Times Square is a major commercial intersection, tourist destination, entertainment center and neighborhood in the Midtown Manhattan section of New York City at the junction of Broadway and Seventh Avenue.

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Times Square Ball

The Times Square Ball is a time ball located in New York City's Times Square.

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Tommy Mont

Thomas Allison "Tommy" Mont (June 20, 1922 – January 1, 2012) was an American educator, university administrator, college football coach, and National Football League (NFL) player.

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Tony Atkinson

Sir Anthony Barnes "Tony" Atkinson (4 September 1944 – 1 January 2017) was a British economist, senior research fellow of Nuffield College, Oxford, and Centennial Professor at the London School of Economics.

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Tony Currie (footballer)

Anthony William Currie (born 1 January 1950) is an English former footballer who had significant spells for Sheffield United, Leeds United and Queens Park Rangers as well as representing England.

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Tony Knowles (politician)

Anthony Carroll Knowles (born January 1, 1943) is an American politician and businessman who served as the seventh Governor of Alaska from December 1994 to December 2002.

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Toomas Vitsut

Toomas Vitsut (born January 1, 1960 in Tallinn) is an Estonian politician, the Chairman of the City Council of Tallinn since 2005.

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Townes Van Zandt

John Townes Van Zandt (March 7, 1944 – January 1, 1997), better known as Townes Van Zandt, was an American singer-songwriter.

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Traveler's cheque

A traveler's cheque is a medium of exchange that can be used in place of hard currency.

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Triumph of the Revolution

Triumph of the Revolution (Triunfo de la Revolución) is a celebration in Cuba of the anniversary of the victory of the revolution led by Fidel Castro in 1959 which established the present government in Cuba.

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Tuscany

Tuscany (Toscana) is a region in central Italy with an area of about and a population of about 3.8 million inhabitants (2013).

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Twelve Days of Christmas

The Twelve Days of Christmas, also known as Twelvetide, is a festive Christian season celebrating the Nativity of Jesus Christ.

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Ty Hardin

Orison Whipple Hungerford Jr. (January 1, 1930 – August 3, 2017), known as Ty Hardin, was an American actor best known as the star of the 1958 to 1962 ABC/Warner Bros. Western television series Bronco.

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United Kingdom

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.

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United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland was established by the Acts of Union 1800, which merged the kingdoms of Great Britain and Ireland.

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United Nations

The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization tasked to promote international cooperation and to create and maintain international order.

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United States

The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.

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United States Department of Justice

The United States Department of Justice (DOJ), also known as the Justice Department, is a federal executive department of the U.S. government, responsible for the enforcement of the law and administration of justice in the United States, equivalent to the justice or interior ministries of other countries. The department was formed in 1870 during the Ulysses S. Grant administration. The Department of Justice administers several federal law enforcement agencies including the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), and the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA). The department is responsible for investigating instances of financial fraud, representing the United States government in legal matters (such as in cases before the Supreme Court), and running the federal prison system. The department is also responsible for reviewing the conduct of local law enforcement as directed by the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994. The department is headed by the United States Attorney General, who is nominated by the President and confirmed by the Senate and is a member of the Cabinet. The current Attorney General is Jeff Sessions.

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United States Secretary of the Navy

The Secretary of the Navy (or SECNAV) is a statutory officer and the head (chief executive officer) of the Department of the Navy, a military department (component organization) within the Department of Defense of the United States of America.

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UPMC Mercy

UPMC Mercy is a main hospital facility of the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center (UPMC) and is located in the Uptown section of the city of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, adjacent to Duquesne University, and a few blocks from the PPG Paints Arena and downtown Pittsburgh.

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Urmas Arumäe

Urmas Arumäe (born 1 January 1957 in Tootsi) is an Estonian attorney, associate professor at the Estonian Business School, and former Minister of Justice.

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Valentina Cortese

Valentina Cortese (born 1 January 1923) is an Italian actress.

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Vancouver

Vancouver is a coastal seaport city in western Canada, located in the Lower Mainland region of British Columbia.

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Verne Troyer

Verne Jay Troyer (January 1, 1969 – April 21, 2018) was an American actor, comedian, and stunt performer best known for playing Mini-Me in the Austin Powers film series.

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Vernon L. Smith

Vernon Lomax Smith (born January 1, 1927) is an American professor of economics and law at Chapman University's Argyros School of Business and Economics and School of Law in Orange, California, a former professor of economics and law at George Mason University, and a board member of the Mercatus Center in Arlington, Virginia.

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Victor Ashe

Victor Henderson Ashe II (born January 1, 1945) is the former United States Ambassador to Poland.

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Victor Buono

Victor Charles Buono (February 3, 1938January 1, 1982) was an American actor, comic, and briefly a recording artist.

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Victoria (Australia)

Victoria (abbreviated as Vic) is a state in south-eastern Australia.

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Victoria Cross

The Victoria Cross (VC) is the highest award of the British honours system.

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Vietnam

Vietnam, officially the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, is the easternmost country on the Indochina Peninsula in Southeast Asia.

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Vilmos Zsigmond

Vilmos Zsigmond, ASC (June 16, 1930 – January 1, 2016) was a Hungarian-American cinematographer.

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Vincent Auriol

Vincent Jules Auriol (27 August 1884 – 1 January 1966) was a French politician who served as the first president of the Fourth Republic from 1947 to 1954.

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Vitellius

Vitellius (Aulus Vitellius Germanicus Augustus; 24 September 15 – 22 December 69 AD) was Roman Emperor for eight months, from 16 April to 22 December AD 69.

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Vladimir Šeks

Vladimir Šeks (born 1 January 1943) is a Croatian lawyer and Croatian Democratic Union (HDZ) politician.

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Vodafone

Vodafone Group plc is a British multinational telecommunications conglomerate, with headquarters in London.

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Wahiduddin Khan

Wahiduddin Khan (born January 1, 1925), known with the honorific Maulana, is an Islamic scholar and peace activist known for having translated the Quran into contemporary English and for writing a commentary on the Quran.| His televised lectures have appeared on ETV Urdu, Zee Salaam, Bridges TV, ITV, ARY Digital, QTV, Aaj TV, etc.

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Washington Bicentennial stamps of 1932

The Washington Bicentennial stamps of 1932 are postage stamps issued by the United States government in 1932 to commemorate the 200th anniversary of President George Washington's birth.

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Wayne Bennett (rugby league)

Wayne James Bennett AM (born 1 January 1950) is an Australian professional rugby league coach and former player.

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West Germany

West Germany is the common English name for the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG; Bundesrepublik Deutschland, BRD) in the period between its creation on 23 May 1949 and German reunification on 3 October 1990.

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Western Australia

Western Australia (abbreviated as WA) is a state occupying the entire western third of Australia.

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Western Christianity

Western Christianity is the type of Christianity which developed in the areas of the former Western Roman Empire.

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Wilhelm Canaris

Wilhelm Franz Canaris (1 January 1887 – 9 April 1945) was a German admiral and chief of the Abwehr, the German military intelligence service, from 1935 to 1944.

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William Clowes (printer)

William Clowes (1 January 1779 – 26 January 1847) was a printer who developed the use of steam-powered printing presses in the industry.

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William Fox (producer)

William Fox (born as Vilmos Fried, January 1, 1879 – May 8, 1952) was a Hungarian-American motion picture executive, who founded the Fox Film Corporation in 1915 and the Fox West Coast Theatres chain in the 1920s.

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William Gamble (general)

William Gamble (January 1, 1818 – December 20, 1866) was a civil engineer and a United States Army cavalry officer.

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William J. Donovan

William Joseph Donovan (January 1, 1883 – February 8, 1959) was an American soldier, lawyer, intelligence officer and diplomat.

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William Lyon Mackenzie King

William Lyon Mackenzie King (December 17, 1874 – July 22, 1950), also commonly known as Mackenzie King, was the dominant Canadian political leader from the 1920s through the 1940s.

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William Mgimwa

William Augustao Mgimwa (20 January 1950 – 1 January 2014) was a Tanzanian CCM politician and Member of Parliament for Kalenga constituency from 2010 to 2014.

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William Wilfred Campbell

William Wilfred Campbell (1 June ca. 1860 – 1 January 1918) was a Canadian poet.

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William Wycherley

William Wycherley (baptised 8 April 1641 – 1 January 1716) was an English dramatist of the Restoration period, best known for the plays The Country Wife and The Plain Dealer.

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Willy den Ouden

Willemijntje den Ouden (1 January 1918 – 6 December 1997) was a competitive swimmer from the Netherlands, who held the 100-meter freestyle world record for nearly 23 years, from 1933 to 1956.

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Windshield

The windshield (North America) or windscreen (Commonwealth English) of an aircraft, car, bus, motorbike or tram is the front window.

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World Day of Peace

The World Day of Peace is a feast day of the Roman Catholic Church dedicated to universal peace, held on 1 January, the Solemnity of Mary, Mother of God.

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World Trade Organization

The World Trade Organization (WTO) is an intergovernmental organization that regulates international trade.

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World War II

World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.

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Xavier Cugat

Xavier Cugat (English:;; 1 January 1900 – 27 October 1990) was a Spanish-American musician and native of Spain who spent his formative years in Havana, Cuba.

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Yannis Papathanasiou

Yannis Papathanasiou (Γιάννης Παπαθανασίου) (born January 1, 1954) is a Greek politician, former Minister for Economy and Finance of Greece.

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Yoshio Tabata

was a Japanese ryūkōka and enka singer, songwriter, and electric guitarist.

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Younoussi Touré

Younoussi Touré (born 1 January 1941, L'Essor, number 16,042, 28 September 2007.) is a Malian politician.

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Yvon Dupuis

Yvon Dupuis, (October 11, 1926 – January 1, 2017) was a Canadian politician.

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Zafarullah Khan Jamali

Mir Zafarullah Khan Jamali (born 1 January 1944) is a Pakistani politician who served as Prime Minister of Pakistan from 2002 until his resignation in 2004.

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Zambia

Zambia, officially the Republic of Zambia, is a landlocked country in south-central Africa, (although some sources prefer to consider it part of the region of east Africa) neighbouring the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the north, Tanzania to the north-east, Malawi to the east, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Botswana and Namibia to the south, and Angola to the west.

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Zapatista Army of National Liberation

The Zapatista Army of National Liberation (Ejército Zapatista de Liberación Nacional, EZLN), often referred to as the Zapatistas, is a left-wing revolutionary political and militant group based in Chiapas, the southernmost state of Mexico.

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Zsolt Baumgartner

Zsolt Baumgartner (born 1 January 1981 in Debrecen) is a Hungarian former racing driver who raced for the Jordan and Minardi teams in Formula One.

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Zygmunt Gorazdowski

Saint Zygmunt Gorazdowski (1 November 1845 – 1 January 1920) was a Polish Roman Catholic priest and the founder of the Sisters of Saint Joseph.

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1001

Year 1001 (MI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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1068

Year 1068 (MLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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1189

Year 1189 (MCLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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1204

Year 1204 (MCCIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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1259

Year 1259 (MCCLIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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1362

Year 1362 (MCCCLXII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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138

Year 138 (CXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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1387

Year 1387 (MCCCLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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1431

Year 1431 (MCDXXXI) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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1438

Year 1438 (MCDXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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1449

Year 1449 (MCDXLIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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1453

Year 1453 (MCDLIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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1465

Year 1465 (MCDLXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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1467

Year 1467 (MCDLXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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1470

Year 1470 (MCDLXX) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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1484

Year 1484 (MCDLXXXIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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1496

Year 1496 (MCDXCVI) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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1500

Year 1500 (MD) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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1502

Year 1502 ('''MDII''') was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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1509

Year 1509 (MDIX) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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1515

Year 1515 (MDXV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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1516

Year 1516 (MDXVI) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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1522

Year 1522 (MDXXII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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1526

Year 1526 (MDXXVI) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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1527

Year 1527 (MDXXVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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153 BC

Year 153 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar.

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1530

Year 1530 (MDXXX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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1544

No description.

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1545

Year 1545 (MDXLV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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1548

Year 1548 (MDXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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1556

Year 1556 (MDLVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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1557

Year 1557 (MDLVII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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1559

Year 1559 (MDLIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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1560

Year 1560 (MDLX) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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1561

Year 1561 (MDLXI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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1564

Year 1564 (MDLXIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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1576

Year 1576 (MDLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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1579

Year 1579 (MDLXXIX) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar, and a common year starting on Monday of the Proleptic Gregorian calendar.

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1583

No description.

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1584

No description.

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1586

No description.

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1600

No description.

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1617

No description.

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1628

No description.

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1638

No description.

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1650

No description.

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1651

No description.

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1655

No description.

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1684

No description.

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1697

No description.

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1700

As of March 1 (O.S. February 19), when the Julian calendar acknowledged a leap day and the Gregorian calendar did not, the Julian calendar fell one day further behind, bringing the difference to 11 days until 1799.

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1704

In the Swedish calendar it was a leap year starting on Friday, one day ahead of the Julian and ten days behind the Gregorian calendar.

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1707

In the Swedish calendar it was a common year starting on Tuesday, one day ahead of the Julian and ten days behind the Gregorian calendar.

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1711

In the Swedish calendar it was a common year starting on Sunday, one day ahead of the Julian and ten days behind the Gregorian calendar.

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1714

No description.

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1716

No description.

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1721

No description.

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1735

No description.

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1739

No description.

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1745

No description.

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1748

No description.

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1750

Various sources, including the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, use the year 1750 as a baseline year for the end of the pre-industrial era.

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1752

In the British Empire, it was the only year with 355 days, as 3–13 September were skipped when the Empire adopted the Gregorian calendar.

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1768

No description.

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1769

No description.

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1772

No description.

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1773

No description.

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1774

No description.

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1776

No description.

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1779

No description.

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1780

No description.

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1781

No description.

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1782

No description.

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1788

No description.

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1789

No description.

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1793

The French Republic introduced the French Revolutionary Calendar starting with the year I.

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1796

No description.

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1801

No description.

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1803

No description.

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1804

No description.

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1806

No description.

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1808

No description.

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1809

No description.

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1810

No description.

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1812

No description.

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1813

No description.

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1814

No description.

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1817

No description.

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1818

No description.

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1819

No description.

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1822

No description.

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1823

No description.

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1833

No description.

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1834

No description.

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1839

No description.

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1846

No description.

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1847

No description.

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1848

It is historically famous for the wave of revolutions, a series of widespread struggles for more liberal governments, which broke out from Brazil to Hungary; although most failed in their immediate aims, they significantly altered the political and philosophical landscape and had major ramifications throughout the rest of the century.

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1852

No description.

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1853

No description.

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1854

No description.

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1857

No description.

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1859

No description.

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1860

No description.

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1861

No description.

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1862

This year was named by Mitchell Stephens as the greatest year to read newspapers.

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1863

January-March.

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1864

No description.

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1867

No description.

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1870

No description.

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1871

No description.

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1874

No description.

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1877

No description.

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1878

No description.

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1879

No description.

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1881

No description.

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1883

No description.

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1884

No description.

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1885

No description.

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1887

No description.

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1888

In Germany, 1888 is known as the Year of the Three Emperors.

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1889

No description.

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1890

No description.

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1891

No description.

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1892

No description.

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1893

No description.

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1894

No description.

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1895

No description.

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1896

No description.

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1898

No description.

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1899

No description.

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1900

As of March 1 (O.S. February 17), when the Julian calendar acknowledged a leap day and the Gregorian calendar did not, the Julian calendar fell one day further behind, bringing the difference to 13 days until February 28 (O.S. February 15), 2100.

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1901

No description.

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1902

No description.

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1903

No description.

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1904

No description.

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1905

As the second year of the massive Russo-Japanese War began, more than 100,000 died in the largest world battles of that era, and the war chaos lead to a revolution against the Tsar (Shostakovich's 11th Symphony is subtitled The Year 1905 to commemorate this).

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1906

No description.

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1907

No description.

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1908

According to NASA reports, 1908 was the coldest recorded year since 1880.

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1909

No description.

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1910

No description.

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1911

A highlight was the race for the South Pole.

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1912

No description.

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1914

This year saw the beginning of what became known as World War I, after an heir to the Austrian throne was assassinated by a Serbian nationalist.

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1917

This year was famous for the October Revolution in Russia, by Vladimir Lenin.

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1918

This year is famous for the end of the First World War, on the eleventh hour of the eleventh day of the eleventh month, as well as for the flu pandemic, that killed 50-100 million people worldwide.

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1919

No description.

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1920

No description.

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1921

No description.

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1922

No description.

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1923

No description.

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1924

No description.

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1925

No description.

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1926

No description.

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1927

No description.

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1928

No description.

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1929

This year marked the end of a period known in American history as the Roaring Twenties after the Wall Street Crash of 1929 ushered in a worldwide Great Depression.

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193

Year 193 (CXCIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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1930

No description.

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1931

No description.

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1932

No description.

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1933

No description.

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1934

No description.

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1935

No description.

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1936

No description.

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1937

No description.

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1938

No description.

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1939

This year also marks the start of the Second World War, the largest and deadliest conflict in human history.

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1940

Below, the events of World War II have the "WWII" prefix.

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1941

Below, the events of World War II have the "WWII" acronym.

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1942

Below, events of World War II have the "WWII" prefix.

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1943

Below, events of World War II have the "WWII" prefix.

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1944

Below, events of World War II have the "WWII" prefix.

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1945

This year also marks the end of the Second World War, the deadliest conflict in human history.

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1946

No description.

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1947

No description.

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1948

No description.

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1949

No description.

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1950

No description.

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1951

No description.

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1952

No description.

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1953

No description.

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1954

No description.

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1955

No description.

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1956

No description.

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1957

No description.

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1958

No description.

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1959

No description.

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1960

It is also known as the "Year of Africa" because of major events—particularly the independence of seventeen African nations—that focused global attention on the continent and intensified feelings of Pan-Africanism.

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1961

As MAD Magazine pointed out on its cover for the March 1961 issue, this was the first "upside-up" year — i.e., one in which the numerals that form the year look the same as when the numerals are rotated upside down, a strobogrammatic number — since 1881.

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1962

No description.

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1963

No description.

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1964

No description.

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1965

No description.

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1966

No description.

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1967

No description.

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1968

This was the year of the Protests of 1968.

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1969

The year is associated with the first manned landing on the Moon (Apollo 11).

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1970

No description.

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1971

The world population increased by 2.1% this year, the highest increase in history.

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1972

Within the context of Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) it was the longest year ever, as two leap seconds were added during this 366-day year, an event which has not since been repeated.

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1973

No description.

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1974

No description.

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1975

It was also declared the International Women's Year by the United Nations and the European Architectural Heritage Year by the Council of Europe.

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1976

No description.

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1977

No description.

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1978

No description.

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1979

No description.

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1980

No description.

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1981

No description.

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1982

No description.

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1983

The year 1983 saw both the official beginning of the Internet and the first mobile cellular telephone call.

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1984

No description.

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1985

The year 1985 was designated as the International Youth Year by the United Nations.

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1986

The year 1986 was designated as the International Year of Peace by the United Nations.

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1987

No description.

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1988

In the 20th century, the year 1988 has the most Roman numeral digits (11).

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1989

1989 was a turning point in political history because a wave of revolutions swept the Eastern Bloc in Europe, starting in Poland and Hungary, with experiments in power sharing, coming to a head with the opening of the Berlin Wall in November, and the Velvet Revolution in Czechoslovakia, embracing the overthrow of the communist dictatorship in Romania in December, and ending in December 1991 with the dissolution of the Soviet Union.

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1990

Important events of 1990 include the Reunification of Germany and the unification of Yemen, the formal beginning of the Human Genome Project (finished in 2003), the launch of the Hubble Space Telescope, the separation of Namibia from South Africa, and the Baltic states declaring independence from the Soviet Union amidst Perestroika.

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1991

It was the year that is usually considered the final year of the Cold War that had begun in the late 1940s.

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1992

1992 was designated as.

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1993

No description.

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1994

The year 1994 was designated as the "International Year of the Family" and the "International Year of Sport and the Olympic Ideal" by the United Nations.

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1995

This was the first year that the Internet was entirely privatized, with the United States government no longer providing public funding.

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1995 enlargement of the European Union

The 1995 enlargement of the European Union saw Austria, Finland, and Sweden accede to the European Union (EU).

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1996

1996 was designated as.

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1997

No description.

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1998

1998 was designated as the International Year of the Ocean.

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1999

1999 was designated as the International Year of Older Persons.

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2000

2000 was designated as.

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2001

2001 was designated as.

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2002

2002 was designated as.

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2003

2003 was designated the.

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2004

2004 was designated as.

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2005

2005 was designated as.

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2006

2006 was designated as.

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2007

2007 was designated as.

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2007 enlargement of the European Union

The 2007 enlargement of the European Union saw Bulgaria and Romania join the European Union (EU) on 1 January 2007.

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2008

2008 was designated as.

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2009

2009 was designated as.

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2010

2010 was designated as.

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2010 Lakki Marwat suicide bombing

The 2010 Lakki Marwat suicide bombing occurred on 1 January 2010, in the village of Shah Hasan Khel, Lakki Marwat District, in the Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan.

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2011

2011 was designated as.

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2011 Alexandria bombing

The 2011 Alexandria bombing was an attack on Coptic Christians in Alexandria, Egypt, on Saturday, 1 January 2011.

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2012

2012 was designated as.

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2013

2013 was designated as.

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2013 Houphouët-Boigny stampede

The 2013 Houphouët-Boigny stampede occurred as crowds departed a New Year's Eve fireworks display in the early hours of 1 January 2013 near the Félix Houphouët-Boigny Stadium in Abidjan, Ivory Coast.

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2014

2014 was designated as.

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2015

2015 was designated as.

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2016

2016 was designated as.

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2017

2017 was designated as International Year of Sustainable Tourism for Development by the United Nations General Assembly.

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2018

2018 has been designated as the third International Year of the Reef by the International Coral Reef Initiative.

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377

Year 377 (CCCLXXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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404

Year 404 (CDIV) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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417

Year 417 (CDXVII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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42 BC

Year 42 BC was either a common year starting on Monday, Tuesday or Wednesday or a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar (the sources differ, see leap year error for further information) and a common year starting on Tuesday of the Proleptic Julian calendar.

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45 BC

Year 45 BC was either a common year starting on Thursday, Friday or Saturday or a leap year starting on Friday or Saturday (link will display the full calendar) (the sources differ, see leap year error for further information) and the first year of the Julian calendar and a leap year starting on Friday of the Proleptic Julian calendar.

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466

Year 466 (CDLXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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510

Year 510 (DX) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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680

Year 680 (DCLXXX) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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6th Pennsylvania Regiment

The 6th Pennsylvania Regiment, first known as the 5th Pennsylvania Battalion, was a unit of the United States of America (U.S.) Army, raised December 9, 1775, at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, for service with the Continental Army.

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827

Year 827 (DCCCXXVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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898

Year 898 (DCCCXCVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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951

Year 951 (CMLI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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962

Year 962 (CMLXII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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Redirects here:

1 Jan, 1 January, 1st January, 1st of January, Famous New Year's Babies, Historical anniversaries/January 1, Jan 01, Jan 1, Jan. 1, January 01, January 1st, New Year's Babies.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/January_1

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