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Anthony Joseph Foyt, Jr. (born January 16, 1935) is an American retired auto racing driver who has raced in numerous genres of motorsports.
Aiyathurai Varnakulasingham Kulasingham (11 October 1890 – 16 January 1978) was a Ceylon Tamil lawyer, politician, journalist and editor of the Ceylon Daily News and Hindu Organ.
Aaliyah Dana Haughton (January 16, 1979 – August 25, 2001) was an American singer, actress, and model.
Abd ar-Rahman III (′Abd ar-Rahmān ibn Muhammad ibn ′Abd Allāh ibn Muhammad ibn ′abd ar-Rahman ibn al-Hakam ar-Rabdi ibn Hisham ibn ′abd ar-Rahman ad-Dakhil; عبد الرحمن الثالث; 11 January 889/9115 October 961) was the Emir and Caliph of Córdoba (912–961) of the Umayyad dynasty in al-Andalus.
Abu Bakr Muhammad ibn Ali al-Madhara'i (871–956) was the last important representative of the bureaucratic al-Madhara'i dynasty of fiscal officials.
The Acts of Union were two Acts of Parliament: the Union with Scotland Act 1706 passed by the Parliament of England, and the Union with England Act passed in 1707 by the Parliament of Scotland.
Adolf Hitler (20 April 1889 – 30 April 1945) was a German politician, demagogue, and revolutionary, who was the leader of the Nazi Party (Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei; NSDAP), Chancellor of Germany from 1933 to 1945 and Führer ("Leader") of Nazi Germany from 1934 to 1945.
Al-Qaeda (القاعدة,, translation: "The Base", "The Foundation" or "The Fundament" and alternatively spelled al-Qaida, al-Qæda and sometimes al-Qa'ida) is a militant Sunni Islamist multi-national organization founded in 1988.
Hamilton Howard "Albert" FishMurder Cases of the Twentieth Century - Biographies and Bibliographies of 280 Convicted or Accused Killers; David K. Frasier — McFarland & Company (Publisher), Copyright September, 1996; (May 19, 1870 – January 16, 1936) was an American serial killer.
José Alberto Pujols Alcántara (born January 16, 1980) is a Dominican American professional baseball first baseman for the Los Angeles Angels of Major League Baseball (MLB).
Alberto Augusto Crespo (16 January 1920 – 14 August 1991) was a racing driver from Buenos Aires, Argentina.
Aleksandr Petrovich Burago (Александр Петрович Бураго) was an officer of the Russian Imperial army.
Alexander Cambridge, 1st Earl of Athlone (Alexander Augustus Frederick William Alfred George; born Prince Alexander of Teck; 14 April 1874 – 16 January 1957), was a British Army commander and major-general who served as the fourth Governor-General of the Union of South Africa and as Governor General of Canada, the 16th since the Canadian Confederation.
Alexander James Dallas (June 21, 1759 – January 16, 1817) was an American statesman who served as the U.S. Treasury Secretary under President James Madison.
Alexander Knox (16 January 1907 – 25 April 1995) was a Canadian actor on stage, screen, and occasionally television.
Alexios I Komnenos (Ἀλέξιος Αʹ Κομνηνός., c. 1048 – 15 August 1118) was Byzantine emperor from 1081 to 1118.
Alfredo Amézaga Delgado (born January 16, 1978 in Ciudad Obregón, Sonora, Mexico) is a former professional baseball player.
Allan Ekelund (16 January 1918 – 4 September 2009) was a Swedish film producer.
Alvin and the Chipmunks, originally David Seville and the Chipmunks or simply The Chipmunks, is an American animated music group created by Ross Bagdasarian Sr. for a novelty record in 1958.
Amandine Hesse (born 16 January 1993) is a French professional tennis player.
The American Revolutionary War (17751783), also known as the American War of Independence, was a global war that began as a conflict between Great Britain and its Thirteen Colonies which declared independence as the United States of America. After 1765, growing philosophical and political differences strained the relationship between Great Britain and its colonies. Patriot protests against taxation without representation followed the Stamp Act and escalated into boycotts, which culminated in 1773 with the Sons of Liberty destroying a shipment of tea in Boston Harbor. Britain responded by closing Boston Harbor and passing a series of punitive measures against Massachusetts Bay Colony. Massachusetts colonists responded with the Suffolk Resolves, and they established a shadow government which wrested control of the countryside from the Crown. Twelve colonies formed a Continental Congress to coordinate their resistance, establishing committees and conventions that effectively seized power. British attempts to disarm the Massachusetts militia at Concord, Massachusetts in April 1775 led to open combat. Militia forces then besieged Boston, forcing a British evacuation in March 1776, and Congress appointed George Washington to command the Continental Army. Concurrently, an American attempt to invade Quebec and raise rebellion against the British failed decisively. On July 2, 1776, the Continental Congress voted for independence, issuing its declaration on July 4. Sir William Howe launched a British counter-offensive, capturing New York City and leaving American morale at a low ebb. However, victories at Trenton and Princeton restored American confidence. In 1777, the British launched an invasion from Quebec under John Burgoyne, intending to isolate the New England Colonies. Instead of assisting this effort, Howe took his army on a separate campaign against Philadelphia, and Burgoyne was decisively defeated at Saratoga in October 1777. Burgoyne's defeat had drastic consequences. France formally allied with the Americans and entered the war in 1778, and Spain joined the war the following year as an ally of France but not as an ally of the United States. In 1780, the Kingdom of Mysore attacked the British in India, and tensions between Great Britain and the Netherlands erupted into open war. In North America, the British mounted a "Southern strategy" led by Charles Cornwallis which hinged upon a Loyalist uprising, but too few came forward. Cornwallis suffered reversals at King's Mountain and Cowpens. He retreated to Yorktown, Virginia, intending an evacuation, but a decisive French naval victory deprived him of an escape. A Franco-American army led by the Comte de Rochambeau and Washington then besieged Cornwallis' army and, with no sign of relief, he surrendered in October 1781. Whigs in Britain had long opposed the pro-war Tories in Parliament, and the surrender gave them the upper hand. In early 1782, Parliament voted to end all offensive operations in North America, but the war continued in Europe and India. Britain remained under siege in Gibraltar but scored a major victory over the French navy. On September 3, 1783, the belligerent parties signed the Treaty of Paris in which Great Britain agreed to recognize the sovereignty of the United States and formally end the war. French involvement had proven decisive,Brooks, Richard (editor). Atlas of World Military History. HarperCollins, 2000, p. 101 "Washington's success in keeping the army together deprived the British of victory, but French intervention won the war." but France made few gains and incurred crippling debts. Spain made some minor territorial gains but failed in its primary aim of recovering Gibraltar. The Dutch were defeated on all counts and were compelled to cede territory to Great Britain. In India, the war against Mysore and its allies concluded in 1784 without any territorial changes.
American Samoa (Amerika Sāmoa,; also Amelika Sāmoa or Sāmoa Amelika) is an unincorporated territory of the United States located in the South Pacific Ocean, southeast of Samoa.
Amilcare Ponchielli (31 August 1834 – 16 January 1886) was an Italian opera composer, best known for his opera ''La Gioconda''.
Anatoli Nikolaevich Boukreev (Анато́лий Никола́евич Букре́ев; January 16, 1958 – December 25, 1997) was a Russian Kazakhstani mountaineer who made ascents of 10 of the 14 eight-thousander peaks, i.e., peaks above, without supplemental oxygen.
André Cassagnes (September 23, 1926 – January 16, 2013) was a French inventor, electrical technician, toymaker, and kite designer.
André Jules Michelin (16 January 1853 – 4 April 1931) was a French industrialist who, with his brother Édouard (1859–1940), founded the Michelin Tyre Company (Compagnie Générale des Établissements Michelin) in 1888 in the French city of Clermont-Ferrand.
Andrew John Refshauge (born 16 January 1949) is a former Australian politician who was Deputy Premier of New South Wales from 1995 to 2005, a member of the New South Wales Legislative Assembly between 1983 and 2005, and a senior minister in the Carr ministry.
Andrew Newell Wyeth (July 12, 1917 – January 16, 2009) was a visual artist, primarily a realist painter, working predominantly in a regionalist style.
Andrija Artuković (19 November 1899 – 16 January 1988) was a Croatian lawyer, politician and senior member of the Croatian nationalist and fascist Ustaše organisation, who held the Interior and Justice portfolios in the Government of the Independent State of Croatia (Nezavisna Država Hrvatska, NDH) during World War II.
Andris Šķēle (born 16 January 1958 in Ape) is a former Latvian politician and business oligarch.
Andriy Anatoliyovych Rusol (Андрій Анатолійович Русол; born 16 January 1983) is a Ukrainian retired footballer, who formerly played as a defender for Dnipro Dnipropetrovsk and the Ukrainian national team.
Ang Christou (born 16 January 1972) is a former Australian rules footballer for Carlton in the Australian Football League.
Anne F. Beiler is an American businesswoman and founder of Auntie Anne's pretzels.
Annelies Marie Frank (12 June 1929 – February or March 1945)Research by The Anne Frank House in 2015 revealed that Frank may have died in February 1945 rather than in March, as Dutch authorities had long assumed.
Sir Anthony Denny (16 January 1501 – 10 September 1549) was a confidant of King Henry VIII of England.
Anthony Evan Hecht (January 16, 1923 – October 20, 2004) was an American poet.
Anton Felix Schindler (13 June 1795 – 16 January 1864) was an associate, secretary, and early biographer of Ludwig van Beethoven.
Ants Laaneots (born 16 January 1948) is an Estonian politician and former military officer.
The Armenian Apostolic Church (translit) is the national church of the Armenian people.
Arnold Böcklin (16 October 182716 January 1901) was a Swiss symbolist painter.
Arnold Drakenborch (1 January 168416 January 1748) was a Dutch classical scholar.
Arthur John Lovett Darby (9 January 1876 – 15 January 1960) was a British rugby union player who competed in the 1900 Summer Olympics.
Arturo Toscanini (March 25, 1867 – January 16, 1957) was an Italian conductor.
Auberon Alexander Waugh (17 November 1939 – 16 January 2001) was an English journalist, and eldest son of Evelyn Waugh.
Augustus (Augustus; 23 September 63 BC – 19 August 14 AD) was a Roman statesman and military leader who was the first Emperor of the Roman Empire, controlling Imperial Rome from 27 BC until his death in AD 14.
Augustus (plural augusti;;, Latin for "majestic", "the increaser" or "venerable"), was an ancient Roman title given as both name and title to Gaius Octavius (often referred to simply as Augustus), Rome's first Emperor.
Auntie Anne's, based in Lancaster, is an American chain of pretzel shops founded by Anne Beiler and her husband, Jonas, in 1988.
Ľubochňa (Fenyőháza) is a village and municipality in Ružomberok District in the Žilina Region of northern Slovakia.
Barbara Lynn (born Barbara Lynn Ozen, later Barbara Lynn Cumby, January 16, 1942) is an American rhythm and blues and electric blues guitarist, singer and songwriter.
Barthold Heinrich Brockes (September 22, 1680 – January 16, 1747) was a German poet.
The Battle of Cape St.
The Battle of Corunna (or A Coruña, La Corunna, La Coruña, Elviña or La Corogne) took place on 16 January 1809, when a French corps under Marshal of the Empire Nicolas Jean de Dieu Soult attacked a British army under Lieutenant-General Sir John Moore.
The Battle of Philippopolis, or Battle of Plovdiv, was one of the final battles of the 1877-1878 Russo-Turkish War.
Bayinnaung Kyawhtin Nawrahta (ဘုရင့်နောင် ကျော်ထင်နော်ရထာ; บุเรงนองกะยอดินนรธา,; 16 January 1516 – 10 October 1581) was king of the Toungoo Dynasty of Burma (Myanmar) from 1550 to 1581.
BBC News is an operational business division of the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) responsible for the gathering and broadcasting of news and current affairs.
Bekir Sami Kunduh (Къуындыхаты Муссæйы фырт Бечыр; 1867 – January 16, 1933) was a Turkish politician of Ossetian origin.
Benjamin Stewart "Benny" Parsons (July 12, 1941 – January 16, 2007) was an American NASCAR driver, and later an announcer/analyst/pit reporter on SETN, TBS, ABC, ESPN, NBC, and TNT.
Berard of Carbio, O.F.M., was a thirteenth-century Franciscan friar who was executed in Morocco for attempting to promote Christianity.
John Bernard Lee (10 January 190816 January 1981), known as Bernard Lee, was an English actor, best known for his role as M in the first eleven Eon-produced James Bond films.
Bertram Barney Wainer (30 December 192816 January 1987) was an Australian doctor who successfully campaigned for legal access to abortion for women in the state of Victoria.
William Jefferson Clinton (born August 19, 1946) is an American politician who served as the 42nd President of the United States from 1993 to 2001.
Robert Lenard Bogle (January 16, 1934 – June 14, 2009) was a founding member of the instrumental combo The Ventures.
Robert Reynolds "Bob" Jones Sr. (October 30, 1883 – January 16, 1968) was an American evangelist, pioneer religious broadcaster and the founder and first president of Bob Jones University.
Bob Jones University (BJU) is a private, non-denominational Evangelical university in Greenville, South Carolina, United States, known for its conservative cultural and religious positions.
Brenden Blair Morrow (born January 16, 1979) is a Canadian retired professional ice hockey left winger.
Buqa (or Bugha) (died January 16, 1289) was a Mongol lord and chancellor who was instrumental in sweeping Arghun to power as the fourth Il-Khan of Iran in 1284 and became his chief minister (vizier) and advisor, succeeding Shams ad-Din Juvayni whom Arghun had executed.
The calendar of saints is a traditional Christian method of organizing a liturgical year by associating each day with one or more saints and referring to the day as the feast day or feast of said saint.
California is a state in the Pacific Region of the United States.
The Caliphate of Córdoba (خلافة قرطبة; trans. Khilāfat Qurṭuba) was a state in Islamic Iberia along with a part of North Africa ruled by the Umayyad dynasty.
Cameron Murray (born 16 January 1998) is an Australian professional rugby league footballer who plays as a lock for the South Sydney Rabbitohs in the National Rugby League.
Carl Nicholas Karcher (January 16, 1917 – January 11, 2008) was an American businessman who founded the Carl's Jr. hamburger chain, now owned by parent company CKE Restaurants, Inc.
Carlos Pellicer Cámara (January 16, 1897 – February 16, 1977), born in Villahermosa, Tabasco, was part of the first wave of modernist Mexican poets and was active in the promotion of Mexican art and literature.
Carole Lombard (born Jane Alice Peters, October 6, 1908 – January 16, 1942) was an American film actress.
The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with more than 1.299 billion members worldwide.
The Chapultepec Peace Accords brought peace to El Salvador in 1992 after more than a decade of civil war.
Charles Annibal Fabrot (15 September 1580 – 16 January 1659) was a French jurisconsult.
Charles Henry Davis (January 16, 1807 – February 18, 1877) was a rear admiral in the United States Navy.
Charles Pelham Villiers (3 January 1802 – 16 January 1898) was a British lawyer and politician from the aristocratic Villiers family who sat in the House of Commons from 1835 to 1898, making him the longest-serving Member of Parliament (MP).
Charlotte Henshaw (born 16 January 1987) is a former British Paralympic swimmer.
Chris Smith (born 16 January 1994) is an Australian professional rugby league footballer who plays for the Canterbury-Bankstown Bulldogs in the National Rugby League.
Christiern Pedersen (c. 1480 – 16 January 1554) was a Danish canon, humanist scholar, writer, printer and publisher.
Christine Truman Janes (born 16 January 1941) is a former tennis player from the United Kingdom who was active from the mid-1950s to the mid-1970s.
Claude Percival Buckenham, (born 16 January 1876, at Herne Hill, London, and died 23 February 1937, at Dundee, Scotland), was an English first-class cricketer who played for Essex and England.
Clem Jones AO (16 January 191815 December 2007), a surveyor by profession, was the longest serving Lord Mayor of Brisbane, Australia, representing the Australian Labor Party from 1961 to 1975.
Clement Greenberg, occasionally writing under the pseudonym K. Hardesh (January 16, 1909 – May 7, 1994), was an American essayist known mainly as an influential visual art critic closely associated with American Modern art of the mid-20th century.
Clifford Charles Devlin "Cliff" Thorburn (born January 16, 1948) is a Canadian retired professional snooker player.
The Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria (Coptic: Ϯⲉⲕ̀ⲕⲗⲏⲥⲓⲁ ̀ⲛⲣⲉⲙ̀ⲛⲭⲏⲙⲓ ⲛⲟⲣⲑⲟⲇⲟⲝⲟⲥ, ti.eklyseya en.remenkimi en.orthodoxos, literally: the Egyptian Orthodox Church) is an Oriental Orthodox Christian church based in Egypt, Northeast Africa and the Middle East.
The Council of Nablus was a council of ecclesiastic and secular lords in the crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem, held on January 16, 1120.
The Crusades were a series of religious wars sanctioned by the Latin Church in the medieval period.
The Czechs (Češi,; singular masculine: Čech, singular feminine: Češka) or the Czech people (Český národ), are a West Slavic ethnic group and a nation native to the Czech Republic in Central Europe, who share a common ancestry, culture, history and Czech language.
Daisy Fowler Kennedy (16 January 1893 – 30 July 1981) was an Australian-born concert violinist.
David Joseph Madden (December 17, 1931 – January 16, 2014) was a Canadian-born American actor.
Dear Abby is an American advice column founded in 1956 by Pauline Phillips under the pen name "Abigail Van Buren" and carried on today by her daughter, Jeanne Phillips, who now owns the legal rights to the pen name.
Deborah Kaye "Debbie" Allen (born January 16, 1950) is an American actress, dancer, choreographer, television director, television producer, and a member of the President's Committee on the Arts and Humanities.
The Democratic Republic of the Congo (République démocratique du Congo), also known as DR Congo, the DRC, Congo-Kinshasa or simply the Congo, is a country located in Central Africa.
The Deputy Premier of New South Wales is the second-most senior officer in the Government of New South Wales.
Dian Fossey (January 16, 1932 – c. December 26, 1985) was an American primatologist and conservationist known for undertaking an extensive study of mountain gorilla groups from 1966 until her death in 1985.
Diana Wynyard, CBE (born Dorothy Isobel Cox, 16 January 1906 – 13 May 1964) was an English stage and film actress.
Dieter Moebius (16 January 1944 – 20 July 2015) was a Swiss-born German electronic musician and composer.
Jay Hanna "Dizzy" Dean (January 16, 1910 – July 17, 1974), also known as Jerome Herman Dean, was an American professional baseball player.
The Ingenious Nobleman Sir Quixote of La Mancha (El Ingenioso Hidalgo Don Quijote de la Mancha), or just Don Quixote (Oxford English Dictionary, ""), is a Spanish novel by Miguel de Cervantes.
Dorothe Engelbretsdatter (16 January 163419 February 1716) was a Norwegian author.
Dragoons originally were a class of mounted infantry, who used horses for mobility but dismounted to fight on foot.
Edwin Myer Doolan MBE (20 July 1941 – 16 January 2018) was an Australian born naturalised British radio presenter who was a veteran of Birmingham's first commercial radio station BRMB, and subsequently the BBC.
Eddie Burns (16 January 1916 – 30 June 2004) was an Australian rugby league footballer and coach of the mid 20th century.
Edgar Melvin Sampson (October 31, 1907 – January 16, 1973), nicknamed "The Lamb", was an American jazz composer, arranger, saxophonist, and violinist.
Edith Frank (née Holländer; 16 January 1900 – 6 January 1945) was the mother of Holocaust diarist Anne Frank, and her older sister Margot.
Edmond François Valentin About (14 February 182816 January 1885) was a French novelist, publicist and journalist.
Edmund Crouchback (16 January 1245 – 5 June 1296), a member of the House of Plantagenet, was the second surviving son of Henry III of England and Eleanor of Provence.
Eduardo Nicanor Frei Montalva (January 16, 1911 – January 22, 1982) was a Chilean political leader.
Edward Fiennes de Clinton, 1st Earl of Lincoln, KG (1512 – 16 January 1584/85) was an English nobleman and Lord High Admiral.
Edward Gibbon FRS (8 May 173716 January 1794) was an English historian, writer and Member of Parliament.
Egypt (مِصر, مَصر, Khēmi), officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a transcontinental country spanning the northeast corner of Africa and southwest corner of Asia by a land bridge formed by the Sinai Peninsula.
The Eighteenth Amendment (Amendment XVIII) of the United States Constitution effectively established the prohibition of alcoholic beverages in the United States by declaring the production, transport, and sale of alcohol (though not the consumption or private possession) illegal.
El Salvador, officially the Republic of El Salvador (República de El Salvador, literally "Republic of The Savior"), is the smallest and the most densely populated country in Central America.
Elaine Murphy, Baroness Murphy (born 16 January 1947) is a British politically independent politician and a member of the House of Lords.
Ellen Johnson Sirleaf (born 29 October 1938) is a Liberian politician who served as the 24th President of Liberia from 2006 to 2018.
Edgeworth Blair "Elliott" Reid (January 16, 1920 – June 21, 2013) was an American actor.
Emanuel Pogatetz (born 16 January 1983) is an Austrian footballer who currently plays for LASK Linz.
An emir (أمير), sometimes transliterated amir, amier, or ameer, is an aristocratic or noble and military title of high office used in a variety of places in the Arab countries, West African, and Afghanistan.
was the 113th emperor of Japan,Imperial Household Agency (Kunaichō): according to the traditional order of succession.
Emperor Shengzong of Liao (16 January 972 – 25 June 1031), personal name Wenshunu, sinicised name Yelü Longxu, was the sixth emperor of the Khitan-led Liao dynasty.
Erasmo of Narni (1370 – 16 January 1443), better known as "Gattamelata" (meaning "Speckled Cat") was an Italian condottiero of the Renaissance.
Eric Henry Liddell (16 January 1902 – 21 February 1945) was a Scottish Olympic Gold Medalist runner, rugby union international player, and Christian missionary.
Eric Mottram (29 December 1924 – 16 January 1995) was a teacher, critic, editor and poet who was one of the central figures in the British Poetry Revival.
Sir Ernest Henry Shackleton (15 February 1874 – 5 January 1922) was a polar explorer who led three British expeditions to the Antarctic, and one of the principal figures of the period known as the Heroic Age of Antarctic Exploration.
Ernesto Halffter Escriche (16 January 19055 July 1989) was a Spanish composer and conductor.
Ernst Scheller (18 July 1899 in Lintel (East Frisia) – 16 January 1942 in Simferopol) was a German Nazi Hauptmann and politician.
Etch A Sketch is a mechanical drawing toy invented by André Cassagnes of France and subsequently manufactured by the Ohio Art Company and now owned by Spin Master of Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Ethel Merman (born Ethel Agnes Zimmermann, January 16, 1908 – February 15, 1984) was an American actress and singer.
Eugene Andrew Cernan (March 14, 1934 – January 16, 2017) was an American astronaut, naval aviator, electrical engineer, aeronautical engineer, and fighter pilot.
Evripidis Bakirtzis (16 January 1895 – 9 March 1947), born in Kozani (or according to other sources in Serres), Ottoman Empire, was a Hellenic Army officer and politician.
Extravehicular activity (EVA) is any activity done by an astronaut or cosmonaut outside a spacecraft beyond the Earth's appreciable atmosphere.
Ezra Hendrickson (born 16 January 1972 in Layou, St. Vincent) is a retired Vincentian footballer.
The Führerbunker was an air raid shelter located near the Reich Chancellery in Berlin, Germany.
François de Vendôme, Duc de Beaufort (16 January 1616 – 15 June 1669) was the son of César de Vendôme and Françoise de Lorraine.
Francesco Scavullo (January 16, 1921 – January 6, 2004) was an American fashion photographer best known for his work on the covers of Cosmopolitan and his celebrity portraits.
Francis Blomefield (23 July 1705 – 16 January 1752) was an English antiquary, who projected a county history of Norfolk.
Francis Eugene George (January 16, 1937 – April 17, 2015) was an American cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church and Archbishop Emeritus of Chicago.
Francis II (Francesco II, christened Francesco d'Assisi Maria Leopoldo, 16 January 1836 – 27 December 1894) was King of the Two Sicilies from 1859 to 1861.
Francisco de Paula Rodrigues Alves, PC (7 July 1848 – 16 January 1919) was a Brazilian politician who first served as governor of the State of São Paulo in 1887, then as Treasury minister in the 1890s.
James Francis Hurley, OBE (15 October 1885 – 16 January 1962) was an Australian photographer and adventurer.
Frank Joseph Zamboni, Jr. (January 16, 1901 – July 27, 1988) was an American inventor and engineer, whose most famous invention is the modern ice resurfacer, with his surname being registered as a trademark for these resurfacers.
Franz Clemens Honoratus Hermann Brentano (16 January 1838 – 17 March 1917) was an influential German philosopher, psychologist, and priest whose work strongly influenced not only students Edmund Husserl, Sigmund Freud, Tomáš Masaryk, Rudolf Steiner, Alexius Meinong, Carl Stumpf, Anton Marty, Kazimierz Twardowski, and Christian von Ehrenfels, but many others whose work would follow and make use of his original ideas and concepts.
Fuad II (II.; born 16 January 1952 as Prince Ahmad Fuad) is a member of the Egyptian Muhammad Ali dynasty.
Fulgencio Batista y Zaldívar (born Rubén Zaldívar; January 16, 1901 – August 6, 1973) was the elected President of Cuba from 1940 to 1944, and U.S.-backed dictator from 1952 to 1959, before being overthrown during the Cuban Revolution.
Gail Anderson Graham (born January 16, 1964) is a Canadian professional golfer who played on the LPGA Tour.
Gao Feng (596 – January 16, 654), courtesy name Jifu, better known as Gao Jifu, posthumously known as Duke Xian of Tiao, was a Chinese official who served as a chancellor during the reigns of the emperors Taizong and Gaozong in the Tang dynasty.
Gary Edson Arlington (October 7, 1938 – January 16, 2014) was an American retailer, artist, editor, and publisher, who became a key figure in the underground comix movement of the 1960s and 1970s.
Richard Gavin Bryars (born 16 January 1943) is an English composer and double bassist.
Günther Prien (16 January 1908 – presumed 7 March 1941) was a German U-boat commander during World War II.
Gene Feist (January 16, 1923 – March 17, 2014, New York City) was an American playwright, theater director and co-founder of the Roundabout Theater Company.
George Dewey (December 26, 1837January 16, 1917) was Admiral of the Navy, the only person in United States history to have attained the rank.
Georg(e) Spalatin was the pseudonym taken by Georg Burkhardt (17 January 1484 – 16 January 1545), was a German humanist, theologian, reformer, secretary of the Saxon Elector Frederick the Wise, as well as an important figure in the history of the Reformation.
Gintaras Januševičius (Born 16 January 1985 in Moscow) is a Lithuanian pianist.
Glen William Bell Jr. (September 3, 1923 – January 16, 2010) was an American entrepreneur who founded the Taco Bell chain of restaurants.
Glen Parmelee Robinson, Jr. (September 10, 1923 – January 16, 2013), called the "father of high-tech industry in Georgia", was an American businessman and founder of Scientific Atlanta, now a subsidiary of Cisco Systems.
The Gothic War between the Byzantine Empire during the reign of Emperor Justinian I and the Ostrogothic Kingdom of Italy took place from 535 until 554 in the Italian peninsula, Dalmatia, Sardinia, Sicily and Corsica.
The Croatian State Government (Hrvatska državna vlada) was the government of the Independent State of Croatia from 16 April 1941 until 8 May 1945.
The Governor General of Canada (Gouverneure générale du Canada) is the federal viceregal representative of the.
The Governor of Colorado is the chief executive of the U.S. state of Colorado.
Gramática de la lengua castellana ("Grammar of the Castilian Language", originally titled in Latin: Grammatica Antonii Nebrissensis) is a book written by Antonio de Nebrija and published in 1492.
In linguistics, grammar (from Greek: γραμματική) is the set of structural rules governing the composition of clauses, phrases, and words in any given natural language.
The Grand Duchy or Grand Principality of Moscow (Великое Княжество Московское, Velikoye Knyazhestvo Moskovskoye), also known in English simply as Muscovy from the Moscovia, was a late medieval Russian principality centered on Moscow and the predecessor state of the early modern Tsardom of Russia.
Greedy Smith is the pseudonym of Andrew McArthur Smith or Andy Smith, who is a vocalist, keyboardist, harmonicist and songwriter with Australian pop/new wave band Mental As Anything.
The Gulf War (2 August 199028 February 1991), codenamed Operation Desert Shield (2 August 199017 January 1991) for operations leading to the buildup of troops and defense of Saudi Arabia and Operation Desert Storm (17 January 199128 February 1991) in its combat phase, was a war waged by coalition forces from 35 nations led by the United States against Iraq in response to Iraq's invasion and annexation of Kuwait.
Guru Har Rai (16 January 1630 – 6 October 1661) revered as the seventh Nanak, was the seventh of ten Gurus of the Sikh religion.
Gertrude Augusta "Gussy" Moran (September 8, 1923 – January 16, 2013) was an American tennis player who was active in the late 1940s and 1950s.
Gustav Leonhardt (30 May 1928 16 January 2012) was a Dutch keyboard player, conductor, musicologist, teacher and editor.
Hannes Anier (born 16 January 1993) is an Estonian professional football striker who plays for Danish club Thisted FC.
Henry DeWitt Carey II (January 16, 1878 – September 21, 1947) was an American actor and one of silent film's earliest superstars.
The Hartley Colliery disaster (also known as the Hartley Pit disaster or Hester Pit disaster) was a coal mining accident in Northumberland, England that occurred on Thursday 16 January 1862 and resulted in the deaths of 204 men.
Keith Harvey Proctor (born 16 January 1947) is a British former Conservative Member of Parliament.
The Head of State of Estonia or State Elder (Riigivanem) (a literal translation: Elder of State) was the official title of the Estonian head of state from 1920 to 1937.
Hello, Dolly! is a 1964 musical with lyrics and music by Jerry Herman and a book by Michael Stewart.
Henri Büsser (Toulouse, 16 January 1872 Paris, 30 December 1973) was a French classical composer, organist, and conductor.
Henry Wager Halleck (January 16, 1815 – January 9, 1872) was a United States Army officer, scholar, and lawyer.
Henry VIII (28 June 1491 – 28 January 1547) was King of England from 1509 until his death.
Herbert W. Armstrong (July 31, 1892 – January 16, 1986) founded the Radio Church of God which was incorporated October 21, 1933 and was renamed Worldwide Church of God on June 1, 1968, as well as starting Ambassador College (later Ambassador University) October 8, 1947.
Hiram Rhodes Revels (September 27, 1827Different sources list his birth year as either 1827 or 1822. – January 16, 1901) was a Republican U.S. Senator, minister in the African Methodist Episcopal Church (AME), and a college administrator.
was an Imperial Japanese Army intelligence officer who fought in World War II and was a Japanese holdout who did not surrender in August 1945.
Homer Burton Adkins (16 January 1892 in Newport, Ohio – 10 August 1949 in Madison, Wisconsin) was an American chemist who studied the hydrogenation of organic compounds.
Honoratus (Saint Honorat or Saint Honoré; c. 350 – January 6, 429) was an early Archbishop of Arles, who was also the Abbot of Lérins Abbey.
The House of Medici was an Italian banking family and political dynasty that first began to gather prominence under Cosimo de' Medici in the Republic of Florence during the first half of the 15th century.
Humphrey de Bohun, 7th Earl of Hereford, 6th Earl of Essex, 2nd Earl of Northampton, KG (25 March 1341 – 16 January 1373) was the son of William de Bohun, 1st Earl of Northampton and Elizabeth de Badlesmere, and grandson of Humphrey de Bohun, 4th Earl of Hereford by Elizabeth of Rhuddlan, daughter of King Edward I. He became heir to the Earldom of Hereford after the death of his childless uncle Humphrey de Bohun, 6th Earl of Hereford.
General Sir Ian Standish Monteith Hamilton, (16 January 1853 – 12 October 1947) was a senior officer in the British Army, who is most notable for commanding the Mediterranean Expeditionary Force during the Gallipoli Campaign.
Iran (ایران), also known as Persia, officially the Islamic Republic of Iran (جمهوری اسلامی ایران), is a sovereign state in Western Asia. With over 81 million inhabitants, Iran is the world's 18th-most-populous country. Comprising a land area of, it is the second-largest country in the Middle East and the 17th-largest in the world. Iran is bordered to the northwest by Armenia and the Republic of Azerbaijan, to the north by the Caspian Sea, to the northeast by Turkmenistan, to the east by Afghanistan and Pakistan, to the south by the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman, and to the west by Turkey and Iraq. The country's central location in Eurasia and Western Asia, and its proximity to the Strait of Hormuz, give it geostrategic importance. Tehran is the country's capital and largest city, as well as its leading economic and cultural center. Iran is home to one of the world's oldest civilizations, beginning with the formation of the Elamite kingdoms in the fourth millennium BCE. It was first unified by the Iranian Medes in the seventh century BCE, reaching its greatest territorial size in the sixth century BCE, when Cyrus the Great founded the Achaemenid Empire, which stretched from Eastern Europe to the Indus Valley, becoming one of the largest empires in history. The Iranian realm fell to Alexander the Great in the fourth century BCE and was divided into several Hellenistic states. An Iranian rebellion culminated in the establishment of the Parthian Empire, which was succeeded in the third century CE by the Sasanian Empire, a leading world power for the next four centuries. Arab Muslims conquered the empire in the seventh century CE, displacing the indigenous faiths of Zoroastrianism and Manichaeism with Islam. Iran made major contributions to the Islamic Golden Age that followed, producing many influential figures in art and science. After two centuries, a period of various native Muslim dynasties began, which were later conquered by the Turks and the Mongols. The rise of the Safavids in the 15th century led to the reestablishment of a unified Iranian state and national identity, with the country's conversion to Shia Islam marking a turning point in Iranian and Muslim history. Under Nader Shah, Iran was one of the most powerful states in the 18th century, though by the 19th century, a series of conflicts with the Russian Empire led to significant territorial losses. Popular unrest led to the establishment of a constitutional monarchy and the country's first legislature. A 1953 coup instigated by the United Kingdom and the United States resulted in greater autocracy and growing anti-Western resentment. Subsequent unrest against foreign influence and political repression led to the 1979 Revolution and the establishment of an Islamic republic, a political system that includes elements of a parliamentary democracy vetted and supervised by a theocracy governed by an autocratic "Supreme Leader". During the 1980s, the country was engaged in a war with Iraq, which lasted for almost nine years and resulted in a high number of casualties and economic losses for both sides. According to international reports, Iran's human rights record is exceptionally poor. The regime in Iran is undemocratic, and has frequently persecuted and arrested critics of the government and its Supreme Leader. Women's rights in Iran are described as seriously inadequate, and children's rights have been severely violated, with more child offenders being executed in Iran than in any other country in the world. Since the 2000s, Iran's controversial nuclear program has raised concerns, which is part of the basis of the international sanctions against the country. The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, an agreement reached between Iran and the P5+1, was created on 14 July 2015, aimed to loosen the nuclear sanctions in exchange for Iran's restriction in producing enriched uranium. Iran is a founding member of the UN, ECO, NAM, OIC, and OPEC. It is a major regional and middle power, and its large reserves of fossil fuels – which include the world's largest natural gas supply and the fourth-largest proven oil reserves – exert considerable influence in international energy security and the world economy. The country's rich cultural legacy is reflected in part by its 22 UNESCO World Heritage Sites, the third-largest number in Asia and eleventh-largest in the world. Iran is a multicultural country comprising numerous ethnic and linguistic groups, the largest being Persians (61%), Azeris (16%), Kurds (10%), and Lurs (6%).
Iraq (or; العراق; عێراق), officially known as the Republic of Iraq (جُمُهورية العِراق; کۆماری عێراق), is a country in Western Asia, bordered by Turkey to the north, Iran to the east, Kuwait to the southeast, Saudi Arabia to the south, Jordan to the southwest and Syria to the west.
Irving Harold Mills (né Isadore Minsky; 16 January 1894 in Odessa, Ukraine – 21 April 1985 in Palm Springs, California) was an American music publisher, musician, lyricist, and jazz artist promoter.
Irving Rapper (16 January 1898, or 1902 – 20 December 1999) was an England-born American film director.
Isaac Komnenos or Comnenus (Ἰσαάκιος Κομνηνός, Isaakios Komnēnos; 16 January 1093 – after 1152) was the third son of Byzantine Emperor Alexios I Komnenos (r. 1081–1118) and Empress Irene Doukaina.
Isabella I (Isabel, 22 April 1451 – 26 November 1504) reigned as Queen of Castile from 1474 until her death.
Isauria (or; Ἰσαυρία), in ancient geography, is a rugged isolated district in the interior of South Asia Minor, of very different extent at different periods, but generally covering what is now the district of Bozkır and its surroundings in the Konya Province of Turkey, or the core of the Taurus Mountains.
Israel Abramofsky (September 10, 1888 - January 16, 1975) was a Russian-born artist, who trained in Paris and settled in the United States, known for his landscape works and works depicting Jewish life in Eastern Europe.
Ivanhoe Mordecai Barrow (6 January 1911 – 2 April 1979) was a Jamaican cricketer who played 11 Tests for the West Indies.
Ivan Meštrović (Vrpolje, 15 August 1883 - South Bend, 16 January 1962) was a renowned Croatian sculptor, architect and writer of the 20th century.
Ivan IV Vasilyevich (pron; 25 August 1530 –), commonly known as Ivan the Terrible or Ivan the Fearsome (Ivan Grozny; a better translation into modern English would be Ivan the Formidable), was the Grand Prince of Moscow from 1533 to 1547, then Tsar of All Rus' until his death in 1584.
Ivan Yurievich Trubetskoy (Иван Юрьевич Трубецкой; 18 June 1667 – 16 January 1750 in Aleksandr Nevsky Monastery) was a Russian Field Marshal, promoted in 1728.
Jack Burns McDowell (born January 16, 1966) is a former Major League Baseball player.
Jake Epstein (born January 16, 1987) is a Canadian actor and singer who played Craig Manning, a bipolar musician, on Degrassi: The Next Generation.
Princess Jakobea of Baden (16 January 1558 – 3 September 1597 in Düsseldorf, buried in the St. Lambert Church in Düsseldorf) was daughter of the Margrave Philibert of Baden-Baden and Mechthild of Bavaria.
James Daniel May (born 16 January 1963) is an English television presenter and journalist.
James Robinson "Robbie" Risner (January 16, 1925 – October 22, 2013) was a general and a fighter pilot in the United States Air Force.
Jamie Lundmark (born January 16, 1981) is a Canadian former professional ice hockey forward.
Jan Palach (11 August 1948 – 19 January 1969) was a Czech student of history and political economy at Charles University in Prague.
January 15 - Eastern Orthodox liturgical calendar - January 17 All fixed commemorations below are observed on January 29 by Eastern Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar.
Jason Robert Ward (born January 16, 1979) is a former Canadian professional ice hockey right winger.
Jayde Matthew Herrick (born 16 January 1985) is an Australian cricketer who plays for Victoria in Australian domestic cricket.
Jüri Jaakson VR III/1 (in Karula, Kreis Fellin, Livonia, Russian Empire – 20 April 1942 in Sosva, Sverdlovsk Oblast, Soviet Union) was an Estonian businessman and politician.
Jean Nicolas Pierre Hachette (6 May 1769 – 16 January 1834), French mathematician, was born at Mézières, where his father was a bookseller.
Jeffrey Douglas Foster (born January 16, 1977) is a former American professional basketball player who spent the entirety of his 13-year career with the Indiana Pacers of the NBA.
Jerome Phillip Horwitz (January 16, 1919 – September 6, 2012) was an American scientist; his affiliations included the Barbara Ann Karmanos Cancer Institute, the Wayne State University School of Medicine and the Michigan Cancer Foundation.
Jerry Michael Linenger (born January 16, 1955) is a retired Captain in the United States Navy Medical Corps, and a former NASA astronaut who flew on the Space Shuttle and Space Station Mir.
Jill Cornell Tarter (born January 16, 1944) is an American astronomer best known for her work on the search for extraterrestrial intelligence (SETI).
James Robert "Diamond Jim" McClelland (3 June 1915 – 16 January 1999) was an Australian solicitor, jurist, Senator, Minister in the Third Whitlam Ministry, Royal Commissioner looking at British nuclear tests in Australia, and the first chief judge of the Land and Environment Court of NSW.
James Wayne Stafford (born January 16, 1944) is an American comedian, musician, and singer-songwriter.
James Walter Castor (January 23, 1940 – January 16, 2012) was an American funk, R&B, and soul musician.
Joanna of Châtillon or Joan, Jeanne; (c. 1285 – 16 January 1354) was the wife of Walter V of Brienne (1305).
Joannis Avramidis (23 September 1922 – 16 January 2016) (Iωάννης Aβραμίδης) was a Greek-Austrian sculptor.
Joe Bygraves (26 May 1931 – 16 January 2012) was a British heavyweight boxer.
Joseph Harold "Joey" Erskine (October 17, 1930 – January 16, 2009) was an American athlete who was active as a welterweight boxer in 1953 and 1954, and as a long distance runner from 1975 to 1980.
Joseph Vincent Flacco (born January 16, 1985) is an American football quarterback for the Baltimore Ravens of the National Football League (NFL).
Joseph Horn (born January 16, 1972) is a former American football wide receiver and current assistant coach at Northeast Mississippi Community College.
Joel Andrew Fitzgibbon (born 16 January 1962) is an Australian politician and Australian Labor Party (ALP) member of the Australian House of Representatives since March 1996, representing the Division of Hunter in New South Wales.
Johannes Brenner (16 January 1906 in Mäo - 9 September 1975 in Tallinn) was an Estonia football forward, who played for ESS Kalev Tallinn, Tallinna Jalgpalli Klubi and the Estonia national football team.
Johannes Rahn (born 16 January 1986 in Hachenburg) is a German footballer who plays for SV Elversberg.
Johannes Rau (16 January 193127 January 2006) was a German politician of the SPD.
Johannes Schöner (16 January 1477 in Karlstadt am Main – 16 January 1547 in Nürnberg) (aka, Johann Schönner, Johann Schoener, Jean Schönner, Joan Schoenerus) was a renowned and respected German polymath.
John Cabell Breckinridge (January 16, 1821 – May 17, 1875) was an American lawyer, politician, and soldier.
John Charles Frémont or Fremont (January 21, 1813July 13, 1890) was an American explorer, politician, and soldier who, in 1856, became the first candidate of the Republican Party for the office of President of the United States.
John Howard Carpenter (born January 16, 1948) is an American film director, screenwriter, film producer, musician, editor and composer.
Sir John (Edwin) Enderby CBE, FRS One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from the royalsociety.org website where: is a British physicist, and was Professor of Physics at University of Bristol from 1976 to 1996.
John Holland, 1st Duke of Exeter KG (c. 1352 – 16 January 1400) also 1st Earl of Huntingdon, was an English nobleman, a half-brother of King Richard II (1377–1399), to whom he remained strongly loyal.
John Hopoate (born 16 January 1974) is a Tongan former professional rugby league footballer, and boxer.
Lieutenant-General Sir John Moore,, (13 November 1761 – 16 January 1809) was a British soldier and General, also known as Moore of Corunna.
Sir John Clifford Mortimer, CBE, QC (21 April 1923 – 16 January 2009) was an English barrister, dramatist, screenwriter, and author.
Sir Johnston Forbes-Robertson (16 January 1853 – 6 November 1937Sir Johnston Forbes Robertson, Beauty And Grace In Acting, Obituaries, The Times, 8 November 1937.) was an English actor and theatre manager.
Jonathan Mangum (born January 16, 1971) is an American actor and comedian.
Jonathan Richter (born 16 January 1985) is a Danish disabled professional football midfielder, who played for the Danish Superliga side FC Nordsjælland.
Jorge Emmanuel Torres Nilo (born 16 January 1988) is a Mexican professional footballer who plays for Liga MX club Tigres UANL and the Mexico national team.
Joseph Vaz, CO, (Konkani: Sant Zuze Vaz; Portuguese: São José Vaz; புனித யோசப் வாஸ் Punidha Yosap Vaz; ශාන්ත ජුසේ වාස් මුනිතුමා, ලංකා අපොස්තුළුවරයා Santha Juse Vaz Piyathuma, Lanka Aposthuluvaraya), (21 April 165116 January 1711) was an Oratorian priest and missionary in Sri Lanka, then known as Ceylon.
Joshua Evans (born January 16, 1971) is an American filmmaker, screenwriter, author and actor best known for his role in Born on the Fourth of July (1989).
Judy Baar Topinka (January 16, 1944 – December 10, 2014) was an American politician and member of the Republican Party from the U.S. State of Illinois.
Paul Jules Barbier (8 March 182516 January 1901) was a French poet, writer and opera librettist who often wrote in collaboration with Michel Carré.
Julie Anne Peters (born January 16, 1952) is an American author of young adult fiction.
Jurijs Andrejevs (born 16 January 1957 in Riga, Latvia, USSR) is a former footballer who is currently the sporting director of Liepājas Metalurgs.
Jyotirindra Basu (8 July 1914 – 17 January 2010); known as Jyoti Basu was an Indian Marxist politician belonging to the Communist Party of India (Marxist) from West Bengal, India.
Kabir Bedi (born 16 January 1946) is an Indian television and film actor.
Taisto Kalevi Sorsa (21 December 1930 – 16 January 2004) was a Finnish politician who served as Prime Minister of Finland three times: 1972–1975, 1977–1979 and 1982–1987.
Katherine Ann Moss (born 16 January 1974) is an English model and businesswoman.
Katia Ricciarelli (born 16 January, 1946) is an Italian soprano.
María Cristina Estela Marcela Jurado García (16 January 1924 – 5 July 2002), better known as Katy Jurado, was a Mexican film, stage, and television actress.
Kaye Webb, MBE (26 January 1914 – 16 January 1996), was a British editor and publisher.
Keith Hope Shackleton MBE (16 January 1923 – 17 April 2015) was a British painter who concentrated on landscape views and animals.
Kenneth Sivertsen (16 January 1961 – 24 December 2006) was a Norwegian musician, composer, poet, and comedian.
was a Japanese author and translator of English and Russian literature.
The Kingdom of Great Britain, officially called simply Great Britain,Parliament of the Kingdom of England.
The Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem was a crusader state established in the Southern Levant by Godfrey of Bouillon in 1099 after the First Crusade.
Lloyd Blaine Hammond Jr. (born January 16, 1952) is a Gulfstream test pilot, a former United States Air Force officer, and a former NASA astronaut.
Laura Catherine Schlessinger (born January 16, 1947) is an American talk radio host (member of the National Radio Hall of Fame) and author.
Laurent-Désiré Kabila (November 27, 1939 – January 16, 2001), or simply Laurent Kabila (US), was a Congolese revolutionary and politician who served as the third President of the Democratic Republic of the Congo from May 17, 1997, when he overthrew Mobutu Sese Seko, until his assassination by one of his bodyguards on January 16, 2001.
Clément Philibert Léo Delibes (21 February 1836 – 16 January 1891) was a French composer of the Romantic era (1815–1910), who specialised in ballets, operas, and other works for the stage.
The League of Nations (abbreviated as LN in English, La Société des Nations abbreviated as SDN or SdN in French) was an intergovernmental organisation founded on 10 January 1920 as a result of the Paris Peace Conference that ended the First World War.
Lena Ek (born 16 January 1958 in Mönsterås, Kalmar County) is a Swedish politician who served as Minister for the Environment from 2011 to 2014.
Leonor Michaelis (January 16, 1875 – October 8, 1949) was a German biochemist, physical chemist, and physician, known primarily for his work with Maud Menten on enzyme kinetics and Michaelis–Menten kinetics in 1913.
Leslie Herbert "Les" Martinson (January 16, 1915 – September 3, 2016) was an American television and film director.
In Bulgarian historiography, the Liberation of Bulgaria refers to those events of the Russo-Turkish War of 1877-78 that led to the re-establishment of the Bulgarian state under the Treaty of San Stefano of March 3, 1878.
Liberia, officially the Republic of Liberia, is a country on the West African coast.
Lin-Manuel Miranda (born January 16, 1980) is an American composer, lyricist, playwright, and actor of Puerto Rican ancestry best known for creating and starring in the Broadway musicals In the Heights and Hamilton. He co-wrote the songs for Disney's ''Moana'' soundtrack (2016) and is set to co-star in the upcoming film Mary Poppins Returns. Miranda's awards include a Pulitzer Prize, three Grammy Awards, an Emmy Award, a MacArthur Fellowship, and three Tony Awards. Miranda wrote the music and lyrics for the musical In the Heights, which premiered on Broadway in 2008. For this work, he won the 2008 Tony Award for Best Original Score, the show's cast album won the 2009 Grammy Award for Best Musical Theater Album and the show won the Tony Award for Best Musical. Miranda was also nominated for the Tony Award for Best Actor in a Musical for his performance in the show's lead role. Miranda prepared Spanish translations used in the 2009 Broadway production of West Side Story and was co-composer and lyricist for Bring It On: The Musical, which played on Broadway in 2012. His television work includes recurring roles on The Electric Company (2009–2010) and Do No Harm (2013). He hosted Saturday Night Live for the first time in 2016 and earned his first Emmy award nomination for acting. Among other film work, Miranda contributed music and vocals for a scene in Star Wars: The Force Awakens (2015). Miranda is most celebrated for writing the book, music and lyrics for Hamilton: An American Musical, which has been acclaimed as a pop culture phenomenon since its Broadway premiere in August 2015. The show earned the 2016 Pulitzer Prize for Drama, the 2016 Grammy Award for Best Musical Theater Album, and was nominated for a record-setting 16 Tony Awards, of which it won 11, including Best Musical, Best Original Score and Best Book. For his performance in the lead role of Alexander Hamilton, Miranda was nominated for another Tony Award for Best Actor in a Musical. The ''Hamilton'' cast recording spent ten weeks atop Billboards Top Rap Albums chart in 2015, while The Hamilton Mixtape, an album of covers of songs from the musical, developed by and featuring Miranda, reached number one on the Billboard 200 upon release in December 2016. Miranda has emerged as an influential political activist, particularly in the wake of Hurricane Maria's devastation in Puerto Rico, for which he raised $30 million for the rescue efforts.
Lisa Milroy (born 16 January 1959 in Vancouver, British Columbia) is an Anglo-Canadian artist known for her still life paintings of everyday objects placed in lines or patterns.
The Chief Minister of West Bengal is the chief executive of the eastern Indian state of West Bengal.
A number of presidential offices have existed in Germany since the collapse of the German Empire in 1918.
The Governor of California is the chief executive of the California state government, whose responsibilities include making annual State of the State addresses to the California State Legislature, submitting the budget, and ensuring that state laws are enforced.
The following is a list of the Governors and Lieutenant Governors of Newfoundland and later Newfoundland and Labrador.
This is a list of all the mayors of Marburg in Germany since 1835.
This is a list of all reigning monarchs in the history of Russia.
Teachers' Day is a special day for the appreciation of teachers, and may include celebrations to honor them for their special contributions in a particular field area, or the community in general.
In the United Kingdom, the Lord Great Chamberlain is the sixth of the Great Officers of State (not to be confused with the Great Offices of State), ranking beneath the Lord Privy Seal and above the Lord High Constable.
The Lord Mayor of Brisbane is the head of the Brisbane City Council.
The Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports is a ceremonial official in the United Kingdom.
Lorna J. Kesterson (December 30, 1925 – January 16, 2012) was an American journalist, newspaper editor and politician.
Louis de Rouvroy, Duke of Saint-Simon (16 January 16752 March 1755), was a French soldier, diplomat and memoirist.
A low Earth orbit (LEO) is an orbit around Earth with an altitude of or less, and with an orbital period of between about 84 and 127 minutes.
Lucas Achtschellinck (alternative spellings of last name: Achtschellincks, Achtschellinckx, Achtschellincx, Aghtschellinx) (baptized 16 January 1626 – buried 12 May 1699), was a Flemish landscape painter.
Luiz-Pereira Bueno also known as Luiz Bueno (16 January 1937 – 8 February 2011) was a race car driver from Brazil.
Madrid is the capital of Spain and the largest municipality in both the Community of Madrid and Spain as a whole.
Marcia Davenport (June 9, 1903 – January 16, 1996) was an American author and music critic.
Margaret Booth (January 16, 1898 – October 28, 2002) was an American film editor.
Margaret Wilson (January 16, 1882 – October 6, 1973) was an American novelist.
Marilyn Horne (born January 16, 1934) is an American mezzo-soprano opera singer.
Marina Alandra Vaizey, Lady Vaizey CBE (born 16 January 1938) is an art critic and author based in the United Kingdom.
Marinus Bester (born 16 January 1969 in Hamburg) is a retired German football striker.
Marjorie Williams (January 13, 1958 – January 16, 2005) was a writer, reporter, and columnist for Vanity Fair and The Washington Post, writing about American society and profiling the American "political elite.".
Mark Julian Francis Pawsey (born 16 January 1957) is an English Conservative Party politician who has been the Member of Parliament (MP) for Rugby since the 2010 general election.
Mark Daniel Trumbo (born January 16, 1986) is an American professional baseball first baseman and outfielder for the Baltimore Orioles of Major League Baseball (MLB).
Marlon Ordell Anderson (born January 6, 1974) is a former Major League Baseball utility player.
Marshall Field (August 18, 1834January 16, 1906) was an American entrepreneur and the founder of Marshall Field and Company, the Chicago-based department stores.
Marshall Field's (officially Marshall Field & Company) was a department store in Chicago, Illinois, that grew to become a chain before being acquired by Federated Department Stores in 2005.
Maarten Cornelis "Martin" Jol (born 16 January 1956) is a Dutch football manager and former midfielder.
Martina Moravcová (born 16 January 1976 in Piešťany, Trnava, Czechoslovakia) is a medley, butterfly and freestyle swimmer from Slovakia.
The Marxist Left in Slovakia and the Transcarpathian Ukraine was a political organisation in eastern Czechoslovakia.
Mary Ann McMorrow (née Grohwin; January 16, 1930 – February 23, 2013) was an Illinois Supreme Court Chief Justice.
Matthew Duchene (born January 16, 1991) is a Canadian professional ice hockey center for the Ottawa Senators in the National Hockey League (NHL).
Max Schöne (January 20, 1880 – January 16, 1961) was a German swimmer who competed in the 1900 Summer Olympics.
Maxine Jones (born January 16, 1962) is an American singer-songwriter, and actress.
The Medal of Honor is the United States of America's highest and most prestigious personal military decoration that may be awarded to recognize U.S. military service members who distinguished themselves by acts of valor.
Mexico City, or the City of Mexico (Ciudad de México,; abbreviated as CDMX), is the capital of Mexico and the most populous city in North America.
Michael Simon White (16 January 1936 – 7 March 2016) was a British theatrical impresario and film producer.
Michelin (full name: SCA Compagnie Générale des Établissements Michelin) is a French tyre manufacturer based in Clermont-Ferrand in the Auvergne région of France.
Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra (29 September 1547 (assumed)23 April 1616 NS) was a Spanish writer who is widely regarded as the greatest writer in the Spanish language and one of the world's pre-eminent novelists.
Mikaela Jade Turik, (born 16 January 1995, in Sydney, NSW, Australia, ESPN Cricinfo. Retrieved 2012-03-04), is an international cricketer, who plays and captains the Canadian Women's National cricket team, (from May 2009 – present).
The Australian Minister for Defence is currently Senator Marise Payne, who took office on 21 September 2015 as a member of the Turnbull Government.
The Australian Minister for Industry, Innovation and Science was a portfolio in the Government of Australia between 1928, when the post was held by John Latham as the Minister for Industry, and 20 December 2017, when the last incumbent of the office was Senator The Hon. Arthur Sinodinos, since 24 January 2017.
The Minister for the Environment (formally cabinet minister and head of the Ministry for the Environment) is a member and minister of the Swedish Government and appointed by the Prime Minister.
Miriam Akavia also Matylda Weinfeld (1927 – 16 January 2015) was a Polish-born Israeli writer and translator, a Holocaust survivor, and the president of the Platform for Jewish-Polish Dialogue.
Miroslav Radović (Serbian Cyrillic: Мирослав Радовић; born 16 January 1984) is a Serbian professional footballer who plays as a winger for Polish club Legia Warsaw.
Mohammad Reza Pahlavi (Mohammad Reza Pahlavi,; 26 October 1919 – 27 July 1980), also known as Mohammad Reza Shah (Mohammad Rezā Šāh), was the last Shah of Iran from 16 September 1941 until his overthrow by the Iranian Revolution on 11 February 1979.
The Monument to the Unknown Hero (Споменик Незнаном јунаку / Spomenik Neznanom junaku) is a World War I memorial located atop Mount Avala, south-east of Belgrade, Serbia, and designed by the sculptor Ivan Meštrović.
Muhammed V (4 January 1338 – 16 January 1391) was the eighth Nasrid ruler of the Emirate of Granada in Al-Andalus on the Iberian Peninsula.
Murad III (Ottoman Turkish: مراد ثالث Murād-i sālis, Turkish: III.Murat) (4 July 1546 – 15/16 January 1595) was the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1574 until his death in 1595.
Nat Schachner (full name Nathaniel Schachner; January 16, 1895 – 1955), also appearing as "Nathan Schachner" was an American author.
National Religious Freedom Day commemorates the Virginia General Assembly's adoption of Thomas Jefferson's landmark Virginia Statute for Religious Freedom on January 16, 1786.
Neil Antony Back MBE (born 16 January 1969) is a former international rugby union footballer for England and the British and Irish Lions who also played for Nottingham RFC, Leicester Tigers, and captained both England and Leicester during his career.
Nelly Anna "Nel" Benschop (16 January 1918 – 31 January 2005) was a Dutch poet.
Niccolò Piccinni (16 January 1728 – 7 May 1800) was an Italian composer of symphonies, sacred music, chamber music, and opera.
Nicklas Bendtner (born 16 January 1988) is a Danish footballer who plays as a forward for Norwegian club Rosenborg and the Denmark national team.
Nikephoros Choumnos (Νικηφόρος Χοῦμνος, 1250/55 – 1327) was a Byzantine scholar and official of the early Palaiologan period, one of the most important figures in the flowering of arts and letters of the so-called "Palaiologan Renaissance".
Norman Podhoretz (born January 16, 1930) is an American neoconservative pundit and writer for Commentary magazine.
The North Sea (Mare Germanicum) is a marginal sea of the Atlantic Ocean located between Great Britain, Scandinavia, Germany, the Netherlands, Belgium, and France.
Octave Crémazie (April 16, 1827 – January 16, 1879) was a French Canadian poet and bookseller born in Quebec City.
Oliver Ivanović (Оливер Ивановић; 1 April 1953 – 16 January 2018) was a Kosovo Serb politician.
Usama ibn Mohammed ibn Awad ibn Ladin (أسامة بن محمد بن عوض بن لادن), often anglicized as Osama bin Laden (March 10, 1957 – May 2, 2011), was a founder of, the organization responsible for the September 11 attacks in the United States and many other mass-casualty attacks worldwide.
Osip Maksimovich Brik (Осип Максимович Брик) (16 January 1888 – 22 February 1945), Russian avant garde writer and literary critic, was one of the most important members of the Russian formalist school, though he also identified himself as one of the Futurists.
The Ostrogoths (Ostrogothi, Austrogothi) were the eastern branch of the later Goths (the other major branch being the Visigoths).
The history of Ottoman Bulgaria spans nearly 500 years, from the conquest by the Ottoman Empire of the smaller kingdoms emerging from the disintegrating Second Bulgarian Empire in the late 14th century, to the Liberation of Bulgaria in 1878.
Panagiotis Poulitsas (Greek: Παναγιώτης Πουλίτσας) was a Greek judge and archeologist.
Paris is the capital and most populous city of France, with an area of and a population of 2,206,488.
The Parliament of Scotland was the legislature of the Kingdom of Scotland.
Paul Henry Nitze (January 16, 1907 – October 19, 2004) was an American statesman who served as United States Deputy Secretary of Defense, U.S. Secretary of the Navy, and Director of Policy Planning for the U.S. State Department.
Paul Cameron Rofe (born 16 January 1981, Adelaide, South Australia) is a cricketer who played for South Australia.
Pauline Esther "Popo" Phillips (née Friedman; July 4, 1918 – January 16, 2013), also known as Abigail Van Buren, was an American advice columnist and radio show host who began the Dear Abby column in 1956.
The Pendleton Civil Service Reform Act (ch. 27) is a United States federal law, enacted in 1883, which established that positions within the federal government should be awarded on the basis of merit instead of political affiliation.
The Peninsular War (1807–1814) was a military conflict between Napoleon's empire (as well as the allied powers of the Spanish Empire), the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and the Kingdom of Portugal, for control of the Iberian Peninsula during the Napoleonic Wars.
Sir Peter Bernhard Hirsch HonFRMS FRS (born 16 January 1925) is a figure in British materials science who has made fundamental contributions to the application of transmission electron microscopy to metals.
Peter Scheemakers or Pieter Scheemaeckers II or the Younger (16 January 1691 – 12 September 1781) was a Flemish sculptor who worked for most of his life in London, Great Britain where his public and church sculptures in a classicist style had an important influence on the development of sculpture.
Phan Khôi (August 20, 1887 (Đinh Hợi) Bảo An village, Điện Bàn county, Quảng Nam Province, Vietnam – January 16, 1959, Hanoi, North Vietnam) was an intellectual leader who inspired a North Vietnamese variety of the Chinese Hundred Flowers Campaign, in which scholars were permitted to criticize the Communist regime, but for which he himself was ultimately persecuted by the Communist Party of Vietnam.
Philip II (Felipe II; 21 May 1527 – 13 September 1598), called "the Prudent" (el Prudente), was King of Spain (1556–98), King of Portugal (1581–98, as Philip I, Filipe I), King of Naples and Sicily (both from 1554), and jure uxoris King of England and Ireland (during his marriage to Queen Mary I from 1554–58).
Philip Ernest Lucock, CBE (16 January 1916 – 8 August 1996) was an English born Presbyterian minister and politician.
Philippe Thys (Philippe Thĳs; 8 October 1889 – 16 January 1971) was a Belgian cyclist and three times winner of the Tour de France.
Piercarlo Ghinzani (born 16 January 1952 in Riviera d'Adda, Lombardy) is a former racing driver from Italy.
Lorenza Pilar García Seta (January 16, 1928June 2, 1996) was a Spanish (Aragonese) soprano who used the professional name Pilar Lorengar.
Polyeuctus (in Greek: Πολύευκτος), (? – 5 February 970) was Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople (956–970).
The pope (papa from πάππας pappas, a child's word for "father"), also known as the supreme pontiff (from Latin pontifex maximus "greatest priest"), is the Bishop of Rome and therefore ex officio the leader of the worldwide Catholic Church.
Pope Benjamin I of Alexandria, 38th Pope of Alexandria & Patriarch of the See of St. Mark.
Pope Marcellus I (6 January 255–16 January 309) was the Bishop of Rome or Pope from May or June 308 to his death in 309.
Prague (Praha, Prag) is the capital and largest city in the Czech Republic, the 14th largest city in the European Union and also the historical capital of Bohemia.
The Prague Spring (Pražské jaro, Pražská jar) was a period of political liberalization in Czechoslovakia during the era of its domination by the Soviet Union after World War II.
The President of Brazil, officially the President of the Federative Republic of Brazil (Presidente da República Federativa do Brasil) or simply the President of the Republic, is both the head of state and the head of government of the Federative Republic of Brazil.
The President of the Republic of Chile (Presidente de la República de Chile) is the head of state and the head of government of the Republic of Chile.
The President of Cuba (Presidente de Cuba), officially called from 1976 President of the Council of State (Presidente del Consejo de Estado de Cuba), is the head of the Council of State of Cuba.
The President of the Republic of Liberia is the head of state and government of Liberia.
Samuel Dylan Murray Preston (16 January 1982) more commonly known as Preston, is an English singer, best known for being the lead singer of The Ordinary Boys.
The Prime Minister of Finland (Suomen pääministeri) is the head of the Finnish Government.
The Prime Minister of Latvia (Ministru prezidents) is the most powerful member of the Government of Latvia, and presides over the Latvian Cabinet of Ministers.
The Prime Minister of New Zealand (Te Pirimia o Aotearoa) is the head of government of New Zealand.
Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn, (Arthur William Patrick Albert; 1 May 185016 January 1942) was a member of the British Royal Family who served as the Governor General of Canada, the tenth since Canadian Confederation.
Prohibition in the United States was a nationwide constitutional ban on the production, importation, transportation, and sale of alcoholic beverages from 1920 to 1933.
Public holidays in Thailand are regulated by the government, and most are observed by both the public and private sectors.
Robert Fitzroy 'Roy' Foster, FBA, FRHistS, FRSL (born 16 January 1949), publishing as R. F. Foster, is an Irish historian and academic.
Ralph Gibson (born January 16, 1939) is an American art photographer best known for his photographic books.
Rebecca Stead (born January 16, 1968) is an American writer of fiction for children and teens.
René Angélil, (January 16, 1942 – January 14, 2016) was a Canadian musical producer, talent manager and singer.
René of Anjou (Rainièr d'Anjau; René d'Anjou; 1409–1480), also known as René I of Naples (Renato I di Napoli) and Good King René (Rai Rainièr lo Bòn; Le bon roi René), was count of Piedmont, Duke of Bar (1430–80), Duke of Lorraine (1431–53), Duke of Anjou, Count of Provence (1434–80), King of Naples (1435–42; titular 1442–80), titular King of Jerusalem (1438–80) and Aragon including Sicily, Majorca and Corsica (1466–70).
Reto Pirmin Ziegler (born 16 January 1986) is a Swiss footballer who plays as a center-back for Major League Soccer club FC Dallas.
Ricardo Darín (born January 16, 1957) is an Argentine actor, screenwriter and film director, widely considered as one of the best and most prolific actors of Argentine cinema.
Admiral Sir Richard Goodwin Keats (16 January 1757 – 5 April 1834) was a British naval officer who fought throughout the American Revolution, French Revolutionary War and Napoleonic War.
Richard Scurrah Wainwright (11 April 1918 – 16 January 2003) was a Liberal MP for Colne Valley 1966–70, and February 1974-87.
The Ridolfi plot was a plot in 1571 to assassinate Queen Elizabeth I of England and replace her with Mary, Queen of Scots.
Robert de Vere, Duke of Ireland, Marquess of Dublin, and 9th Earl of Oxford KG (16 January 1362 – 22 November 1392) was a favourite and court companion of King Richard II of England.
Robert Hanbury Brown, AC FRS (31 August 1916 – 16 January 2002) was a British astronomer and physicist born in Aruvankadu, India.
Robert Jemison Van de Graaff (December 20, 1901 – January 16, 1967) was an American engineer, physicist, and noted for his design and construction of high-voltage Van de Graaff generators.
Robert Jay Mathews (January 16, 1953 – December 8, 1984) was an American neo-Nazi terrorist and the leader of The Order, an American white supremacist militant group.
Robert Lee Park (born January 16, 1931) is an American emeritus professor of physics at the University of Maryland, College Park, and a former director of public information at the Washington office of the American Physical Society.
Robert Roberts Hitt (January 16, 1834 – September 20, 1906) was an Assistant Secretary of State and later a member of the United States House of Representatives.
Robert Rathbun Wilson (March 4, 1914 – January 16, 2000) was an American physicist known for his work on the Manhattan Project during World War II, as a sculptor, and as an architect of the Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab), where he was the first director from 1967 to 1978.
Robert George "Bob" Schimmel (January 16, 1950 – September 3, 2010) was an American comedian who was known for his controversial blue comedy.
Robert William Service (January 16, 1874 – September 11, 1958) was a British-Canadian poet and writer who has often been called "the Bard of the Yukon".
Roger Lapébie (16 January 1911 – 12 October 1996) was a French racing cyclist who won the 1937 Tour de France.
Roger Wagner, KCSG (January 16, 1914 – September 17, 1992) was an American choral musician, administrator and educator.
The Roman Empire (Imperium Rōmānum,; Koine and Medieval Greek: Βασιλεία τῶν Ῥωμαίων, tr.) was the post-Roman Republic period of the ancient Roman civilization, characterized by government headed by emperors and large territorial holdings around the Mediterranean Sea in Europe, Africa and Asia.
The Roman Senate (Senatus Romanus; Senato Romano) was a political institution in ancient Rome.
The Romani genocide or the Romani Holocaust—also known as the Porajmos (Romani pronunciation), the Pharrajimos ("Cutting up", "Fragmentation", "Destruction"), and the Samudaripen ("Mass killing")—was the effort by Nazi Germany and its World War II allies to commit genocide against Europe's Romani people.
Ronald Thomas Villone, Jr. (born January 16, 1970) is a former Major League Baseball left-handed relief pitcher.
Ronnie Lee Milsap (born January 16, 1943) is an American country music singer and pianist.
Rostom Sipan "Ross" Bagdasarian (January 27, 1919 – January 16, 1972), otherwise known by his stage name David Seville, was an American pianist, musician, actor, voice actor, and record producer.
The Roundabout Theatre Company is a leading non-profit theatre company based in Midtown Manhattan, New York City, affiliated with the League of Resident Theatres.
Roy Levesta Jones Jr. (born January 16, 1969) is an American former professional boxer, boxing commentator, boxing trainer, rapper, and actor who holds dual American and Russian citizenship.
Ruben Bagger (born 16 January 1972) is a former Danish football player, who spent his entire professional career for Brøndby IF in the Danish Superliga, and played more than 300 matches for the club.
Rungholt was a settlement in Nordfriesland, in what was then the Danish Duchy of Schleswig.
The Russian Empire (Российская Империя) or Russia was an empire that existed across Eurasia and North America from 1721, following the end of the Great Northern War, until the Republic was proclaimed by the Provisional Government that took power after the February Revolution of 1917.
The Russo-Turkish War of 1877–78 (lit, named for the year 1293 in the Islamic calendar; Руско-турска Освободителна война, Russian-Turkish Liberation war) was a conflict between the Ottoman Empire and the Eastern Orthodox coalition led by the Russian Empire and composed of Bulgaria, Romania, Serbia, and Montenegro.
Ruth Leone Duccini (née Robinson; July 23, 1918 – January 16, 2014) was an American actress, who became the penultimate surviving Munchkin from the 1939 film The Wizard of Oz.
Ruth Reichl (pronounced RYE-shil) is an American chef, food writer, co-producer of PBS's Gourmet's Diary of a Foodie, culinary editor for the Modern Library, host of PBS's Gourmet's Adventures With Ruth, and the last editor-in-chief of the now shuttered Gourmet magazine.
Helen Folasade Adu CBE (Fọláṣadé Adú; born 16 January 1959), known professionally as Sade Adu or simply Sade, is a British Nigerian singer and songwriter.
Blaise (Սուրբ Վլասի, Soorp Vlasi; Άγιος Βλάσιος, Agios Vlasios; also known as Saint Blase), was a physician, and bishop of Sebastea in historical Armenia (modern Sivas, Turkey).
Saint Fursey (also known as Fursa, Fursy, Forseus, and Furseus: died 650) was an Irish monk who did much to establish Christianity throughout the British Isles and particularly in East Anglia.
The Salvadoran Civil War was a conflict between the military-led government of El Salvador and the Farabundo Martí National Liberation Front (FMLN), a coalition or "umbrella organization" of several left-wing groups.
Samuel Dickinson Crooks (16 January 1908 – 3 February 1981) was an English footballer who played as outside forward or outside right for Derby County in the mid-war era.
Samuel "Sam" Symington Jones (January 16, 1880 – April 13, 1954) was an American athlete who competed mainly in the high jump.
Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyay, alternatively spelt as Sarat Chandra Chatterjee (15 September 1876 – 16 January 1938), was a prominent Bengali novelist and short story writer of the early 20th century.
Scientific Atlanta, Inc. is a Georgia-based manufacturer of cable television, telecommunications, and broadband equipment.
Self-immolation is an act of killing oneself as a sacrifice.
Sergi Bruguera i Torner (born 16 January 1971) is a former professional tennis player from Catalonia, Spain.
Popular Buddhism In Japan: Shin Buddhist Religion & Culture by Esben Andreasen, pp.
Sidharth Malhotra (born 16 January 1985) is an Indian actor and former model who appears in Hindi films.
Sigursteinn Davíð Gíslason (25 June 1968 – 16 January 2012) was an Icelandic football player and manager.
Siyaj K'ak' (alternative spelling: Siyah K'ak'), also known as Fire is Born (formerly nicknamed "Smoking Frog"), was a prominent political figure mentioned in the glyphs of Classic Period (250-800 C.E.) Maya civilization monuments, principally Tikal (which he conquered on January 16, 378), as well as Uaxactun and the city of Copan.
The Solemnity of Mary, the Holy Mother of God is a feast day of the Blessed Virgin Mary under the aspect of her motherhood of Jesus Christ, whom Christians see as the Lord, Son of God.
The South Pole, also known as the Geographic South Pole or Terrestrial South Pole, is one of the two points where the Earth's axis of rotation intersects its surface.
The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.
Soyuz 4 (Союз 4, Союз 4, Union 4) was launched on 14 January 1969, carrying cosmonaut Vladimir Shatalov on his first flight.
Soyuz 5 (Союз 5, Union 5) was a Soyuz mission using the Soyuz 7K-OK spacecraft launched by the Soviet Union on 15 January 1969, which docked with Soyuz 4 in orbit.
Space Shuttle Columbia (Orbiter Vehicle Designation: OV-102) was the first space-rated orbiter in NASA's Space Shuttle fleet.
Spanish or Castilian, is a Western Romance language that originated in the Castile region of Spain and today has hundreds of millions of native speakers in Latin America and Spain.
The Spanish–American War (Guerra hispano-americana or Guerra hispano-estadounidense; Digmaang Espanyol-Amerikano) was fought between the United States and Spain in 1898.
Atlatl Cauac, translated as "Spearthrower Owl" (364 – 439 AD) is the name commonly given to a Mesoamerican personage from the Early Classic period, who is identified in Maya inscriptions and iconography.
A squadron was historically a cavalry subunit, a company sized military formation.
Stanley H. Biber (May 4, 1923 – January 16, 2006) was an American physician who was a pioneer in sex reassignment surgery, performing thousands of procedures during his long career.
Stanley Jeyaraja Tambiah (16 January 1929 – 19 January 2014) was a social anthropologist and Esther and Sidney Rabb Professor (Emeritus) of Anthropology at Harvard University.
Stephan Lichtsteiner (born 16 January 1984) is a Swiss professional footballer who plays for English club Arsenal and the Switzerland national team.
Stephen "Stevie" Jackson (born 16 January 1969) is a Scottish musician and songwriter.
Stirling Dale Silliphant (January 16, 1918 – April 26, 1996) was an American screenwriter and producer.
A storm surge, storm flood or storm tide is a coastal flood or tsunami-like phenomenon of rising water commonly associated with low pressure weather systems (such as tropical cyclones and strong extratropical cyclones), the severity of which is affected by the shallowness and orientation of the water body relative to storm path, as well as the timing of tides.
Strand was an island on the west coast of Nordfriesland in the Duchy of Schleswig, which was a fiefdom of the Danish crown.
STS-107 was the 113th flight of the Space Shuttle program, and the final flight of Space Shuttle ''Columbia''.
Susan Sontag (January 16, 1933 – December 28, 2004) was an American writer, filmmaker, philosopher, teacher, and political activist.
Thambaiyah Mudaliyar Sabaratnam (translit; died 1970) was a Ceylon Tamil lawyer, politician and member of the Legislative Council of Ceylon.
Taco Bell is an American chain of fast food restaurants based out of Irvine, California and a subsidiary of Yum! Brands, Inc. The restaurants serve a variety of Tex-Mex foods that include tacos, burritos, quesadillas, nachos, novelty and specialty items, and a variety of "value menu" items.
was a Japanese science-fiction translator and author.
The Taliban (طالبان "students"), alternatively spelled Taleban, which refers to itself as the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan (IEA), is a Sunni Islamic fundamentalist political movement in Afghanistan currently waging war (an insurgency, or jihad) within that country.
Theodore Joseph "Ted" Marchibroda (March 15, 1931 – January 16, 2016) was an American football quarterback and head coach in the National Football League (NFL).
Teller Ammons (December 3, 1895 – January 16, 1972) was the 28th Governor of Colorado from 1937 to 1939.
Teotihuacan, (in Spanish: Teotihuacán), is an ancient Mesoamerican city located in a sub-valley of the Valley of Mexico, located in the State of Mexico northeast of modern-day Mexico City, known today as the site of many of the most architecturally significant Mesoamerican pyramids built in the pre-Columbian Americas.
Thaddeus William Harris (November 12, 1795 – January 16, 1856) was an American entomologist and botanist.
The Order, also known as the italic (German for Brothers Keep Silent) or Silent Brotherhood, was a white supremacist terrorist organization active in the United States between September 1983 and December 1984.
Theodore Roosevelt Jr. (October 27, 1858 – January 6, 1919) was an American statesman and writer who served as the 26th President of the United States from 1901 to 1909.
Thomas Howard, 4th Duke of Norfolk, (10 March 1536 – 2 June 1572) was an English nobleman and politician.
Thomas Jefferson (April 13, [O.S. April 2] 1743 – July 4, 1826) was an American Founding Father who was the principal author of the Declaration of Independence and later served as the third president of the United States from 1801 to 1809.
Tikal (Tik’al in modern Mayan orthography) is the ruin of an ancient city, which was likely to have been called Yax Mutal, found in a rainforest in Guatemala.
Saint Titian of Oderzo (San Tiziano di Oderzo) was a 7th-century bishop of Opitergium (Oderzo), in the Province of Treviso.
Totila, original name Baduila (died July 1, 552), was the penultimate King of the Ostrogoths, reigning from 541 to 552 AD.
Tuncay Volkan Şanlı (born 16 January 1982), or simply Tuncay, is a Turkish retired footballer.
TWA Flight 3 was a twin-engined Douglas DC-3-382 propliner, registration NC1946, operated by Transcontinental and Western Air as a scheduled domestic passenger flight from New York City, to Burbank, California, via Indianapolis, Indiana, St. Louis, Missouri, Albuquerque, New Mexico, and Las Vegas, Nevada.
Udo Lattek (16 January 1935 – 31 January 2015) was a German football player, coach, and TV pundit.
The United Nations Security Council (UNSC) is one of the six principal organs of the United Nations, charged with the maintenance of international peace and security as well as accepting new members to the United Nations and approving any changes to its United Nations Charter.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
Assistant Secretary of State (A/S) is a title used for many executive positions in the United States Department of State, ranking below the Under Secretaries.
The United States Civil Service Commission was a government agency of the federal government of the United States and was created to select employees of federal government on merit rather than relationships.
The Secretary of the Navy (or SECNAV) is a statutory officer and the head (chief executive officer) of the Department of the Navy, a military department (component organization) within the Department of Defense of the United States of America.
The Secretary of the Treasury is the head of the U.S. Department of the Treasury which is concerned with financial and monetary matters, and, until 2003, also included several federal law enforcement agencies.
The United States Senate is the upper chamber of the United States Congress, which along with the United States House of Representatives—the lower chamber—comprise the legislature of the United States.
Vasili Mikhailovich Zhupikov (Василий Михайлович Жупиков) (16 January 1954 – 7 June 2015) was a Soviet football player and a Russian coach.
Vernon Duke (16 January 1969) was an American composer/songwriter, who also wrote under his original name, Vladimir Dukelsky.
The Vice President of the United States (informally referred to as VPOTUS, or Veep) is a constitutional officer in the legislative branch of the federal government of the United States as the President of the Senate under Article I, Section 3, Clause 4, of the United States Constitution, as well as the second highest executive branch officer, after the President of the United States.
Victor Ciocâltea (January 16, 1932 – September 10, 1983) was a Romanian chess master.
Viktor Maslov (Виктор Маслов) is a Russian race car driver born on 16 January 1976 in Surgut.
Villem Grünthal-Ridala, born Grünthal-Wilhelm (30 May 1885 in Kuivastu, Muhu, Estonia - 16 January 1942 in Helsinki, Finland) was an Estonian poet, translator, linguist and folklorist.
Virginia (officially the Commonwealth of Virginia) is a state in the Southeastern and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States located between the Atlantic Coast and the Appalachian Mountains.
Virginia Mauret (died January 16, 1983), sometimes seen as Virginie Mauret, was an American musician and dancer.
The Virginia Statute for Religious Freedom was drafted in 1777 (however it was not first introduced into the Virginia General Assembly until 1779) by Thomas Jefferson in the city of Fredericksburg, Virginia.
Count Vittorio Alfieri (16 January 17498 October 1803) was an Italian dramatist and poet, considered the "founder of Italian tragedy.".
Wayne Delbert Anderson (December 10, 1930 – January 16, 2013) was an American college basketball coach, the head coach for eight seasons at the University of Idaho, his alma mater.
Wayne Wendell Daniel (born 16 January 1956) is a former cricketer, who played 10 Tests and 18 One Day Internationals for the West Indies between 1976 and 1984.
Wiley Wilson Hilburn, Jr. (February 20, 1938 – January 16, 2014), was a journalist in Ruston, Louisiana, whose communications career began in the middle 1950s when he was a student at Ruston High School and then Louisiana Tech University.
William Charles Frederick Grover-Williams (born William Charles Frederick Grover, 16 January 1903 – February or March 1945), also known as "W Williams", was a Grand Prix motor racing driver and special agent who worked for the Special Operations Executive (SOE) inside France.
Sir William Hall-Jones (16 January 1851 – 19 June 1936) was the 16th Prime Minister of New Zealand from June 1906 until August 1906.
William Joseph Kennedy (born January 16, 1928) is an American writer and journalist.
Wilhelmus "Wim" Lourens Johannes Suurbier (born 16 January 1945 in Eindhoven, North Brabant) is a former Dutch football player and among others assistant coach of the Albanian national team.
Wolfgang Schmidt (born 16 January 1954) is a former German track and field athlete, who competed for East Germany at the 1976 Summer Olympics and won the silver medal in the discus throw.
Yao Beina (26 September 1981 – 16 January 2015), also known as Bella Yao, was a Chinese singer.
Yuri Alekseevich Drozdov (Юрий Алексеевич Дроздов; born January 16, 1972) is an association football coach and a former midfielder, who spent the majority of his playing career at FC Lokomotiv Moscow.
Frank J. Zamboni & Company is an American manufacturer of ice resurfacing equipment based in Paramount, California.
Zeta Phi Beta (ΖΦΒ) is an international, historically black Greek-lettered sorority.
Zhou Zuoren (16 January 1885 – 6 May 1967) was a Chinese writer, primarily known as an essayist and a translator.
Year 1093 (MXCIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1120 (MCXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1245 (MCCXLV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1263 (MCCLXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1289 (MCCLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1327 (MCCCXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1354 (MCCCLIV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1362 (MCCCLXII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1373 (MCCCLXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1391 (MCCCXCI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1400 (MCD) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1409 (MCDIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1412 (MCDXII) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) on the Julian calendar.
Year 1443 (MCDXLIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1477 (MCDLXXVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1492 (MCDXCII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1501 ('''MDI''') was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1516 (MDXVI) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1545 (MDXLV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1547 (MDXLVII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1554 (MDLIV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1556 (MDLVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1558 (MDLVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1572 (MDLXXII) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
In the Swedish calendar it was a common year starting on Tuesday, one day ahead of the Julian and ten days behind the Gregorian calendar.
In the Swedish calendar it was a common year starting on Saturday, one day ahead of the Julian and ten days behind the Gregorian calendar.
In the Swedish calendar it was a common year starting on Sunday, one day ahead of the Julian and ten days behind the Gregorian calendar.
Various sources, including the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, use the year 1750 as a baseline year for the end of the pre-industrial era.
In the British Empire, it was the only year with 355 days, as 3–13 September were skipped when the Empire adopted the Gregorian calendar.
This year was named by Mitchell Stephens as the greatest year to read newspapers.
In Germany, 1888 is known as the Year of the Three Emperors.
As of March 1 (O.S. February 17), when the Julian calendar acknowledged a leap day and the Gregorian calendar did not, the Julian calendar fell one day further behind, bringing the difference to 13 days until February 28 (O.S. February 15), 2100.
As the second year of the massive Russo-Japanese War began, more than 100,000 died in the largest world battles of that era, and the war chaos lead to a revolution against the Tsar (Shostakovich's 11th Symphony is subtitled The Year 1905 to commemorate this).
According to NASA reports, 1908 was the coldest recorded year since 1880.
A highlight was the race for the South Pole.
This year saw the beginning of what became known as World War I, after an heir to the Austrian throne was assassinated by a Serbian nationalist.
Below, the events of World War I have the "WWI" prefix.
Below, the events of the First World War have the "WWI" prefix.
This year was famous for the October Revolution in Russia, by Vladimir Lenin.
This year is famous for the end of the First World War, on the eleventh hour of the eleventh day of the eleventh month, as well as for the flu pandemic, that killed 50-100 million people worldwide.
This year marked the end of a period known in American history as the Roaring Twenties after the Wall Street Crash of 1929 ushered in a worldwide Great Depression.
This year also marks the start of the Second World War, the largest and deadliest conflict in human history.
Below, the events of World War II have the "WWII" acronym.
Below, events of World War II have the "WWII" prefix.
Below, events of World War II have the "WWII" prefix.
Below, events of World War II have the "WWII" prefix.
This year also marks the end of the Second World War, the deadliest conflict in human history.
It is also known as the "Year of Africa" because of major events—particularly the independence of seventeen African nations—that focused global attention on the continent and intensified feelings of Pan-Africanism.
As MAD Magazine pointed out on its cover for the March 1961 issue, this was the first "upside-up" year — i.e., one in which the numerals that form the year look the same as when the numerals are rotated upside down, a strobogrammatic number — since 1881.
This was the year of the Protests of 1968.
The year is associated with the first manned landing on the Moon (Apollo 11).
The world population increased by 2.1% this year, the highest increase in history.
Within the context of Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) it was the longest year ever, as two leap seconds were added during this 366-day year, an event which has not since been repeated.
It was also declared the International Women's Year by the United Nations and the European Architectural Heritage Year by the Council of Europe.
The year 1983 saw both the official beginning of the Internet and the first mobile cellular telephone call.
The year 1985 was designated as the International Youth Year by the United Nations.
The year 1986 was designated as the International Year of Peace by the United Nations.
In the 20th century, the year 1988 has the most Roman numeral digits (11).
It was the year that is usually considered the final year of the Cold War that had begun in the late 1940s.
1992 was designated as.
The year 1994 was designated as the "International Year of the Family" and the "International Year of Sport and the Olympic Ideal" by the United Nations.
This was the first year that the Internet was entirely privatized, with the United States government no longer providing public funding.
1996 was designated as.
1998 was designated as the International Year of the Ocean.
1999 was designated as the International Year of Older Persons.
2000 was designated as.
2001 was designated as.
2002 was designated as.
2003 was designated the.
2004 was designated as.
2005 was designated as.
2006 was designated as.
2007 was designated as.
2009 was designated as.
2010 was designated as.
2012 was designated as.
2013 was designated as.
2014 was designated as.
2015 was designated as.
2016 was designated as.
On 15 January 2016, gunmen armed with heavy weapons attacked the Cappuccino restaurant and the Splendid Hotel in the heart of Ouagadougou, the capital of Burkina Faso.
2017 was designated as International Year of Sustainable Tourism for Development by the United Nations General Assembly.
2018 has been designated as the third International Year of the Reef by the International Coral Reef Initiative.
Year 27 BC was either a common year starting on Sunday, Monday or Tuesday or a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar (the sources differ, see leap year error for further information) and a common year starting on Sunday of the Proleptic Julian calendar.
Year 378 (CCCLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 550 (DL) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 654 (DCLIV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 929 (CMXXIX) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 957 (CMLVII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 970 (CMLXX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 972 (CMLXXII) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.