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Burnett, Aamer Malik, Abdul Rahman Ya'kub, Adas Juškevičius, Alaska, Albert Mol, Aleksandr Abdulov, Alessandro Petacchi, Alex Wheatle, Alexander Gretchaninov, Alexandros Diomidis, Alexandros Papadiamantis, Alfie Fripp, Ali-Shir Nava'i, Allan Walker, Allie Sherman, Almaty, Alois Hitler, American Civil War, André Franquin, Angela Ruggiero, Angelos Basinas, Angolan War of Independence, Anna May Wong, Anne Stevenson, Anthony Wordsworth, Antoine Thomson d'Abbadie, Antoni Melchior Fijałkowski, Anya Linden, Apartheid, Apple Inc., Apsis, Arik Einstein, Armand Lohikoski, Armenia, Arthur Mailey, Atmospheric pressure, August Macke, Auvergne Doherty, Özgür Çek, Baga, Borno, Baixa de Cassanje, Baixa de Cassanje revolt, Baldassare Galuppi, Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas, Bantustan, Battle of Bapaume (1871), Battle of Núi Bop, Battle of Princeton, Battlestar Galactica, ..., Beatrice d'Este, Ben Matulino, Benito Mussolini, Benning Wentworth, Berlingske, Bernard Blaut, Betty Freeman, Betty Furness, Bill Plager, Bill Skate, Bill Travers, Billy Mehmet, Bitcoin, Blanche d'Alpuget, Bob Weston (guitarist), Bobby Hull, Boko Haram, Boris Lyatoshinsky, Boris Yeltsin, Brooklyn Bridge, Bruce LaBruce, Bryan Caldwell, Bryan Clay, Burkina Faso, Cafer Tayyar Eğilmez, Calendar of saints, Calendar of saints (Episcopal Church), Canadian Americans, Carl David Tolmé Runge, Carla Anderson Hills, Carlos Keller, Carolyn Haywood, Catherine of Valois, Cecil Walker, Central bank, Chaim Weizmann, Chancellor of Germany, Charles Cornwallis, 1st Marquess Cornwallis, Charles Pelham Villiers, Charles Piazzi Smyth, Cheryl Miller, Chester W. 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Larson, Gordon Moore, Governor of Queensland, Greg Nwokolo, Grenville M. Dodge, Gustavo Becerra-Schmidt, H. S. Mahadeva Prasad, Hakozaki Shrine, Hamilton Watch Company, Hank Stram, Hankyu Hanshin Holdings, Harry Elkins Widener, Helen Parkhurst, Henriette Sontag, Henry Handel Richardson, Henry Lytton, Henry V of England, Herbie Nichols, Hermann Lux (footballer), Hilton Hotels & Resorts, Hisayasu Nagata, Home Secretary, Honduras, Hubert Bland, Ian Nankervis, Ichizō Kobayashi, Igor Sergun, Ikechi Anya, Indonesia, Intel, International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, Iran, Iran–Saudi Arabia relations, Israeli–Palestinian conflict, Italian Minister of Foreign Affairs, Ivan Mackerle, Iwo Jima, J. R. Hildebrand, J. R. R. Tolkien, Jack Levine, Jack Pickford, Jack Ruby, Jacob Timpano, James Elroy Flecker, James Harrington (author), James Lick telescope, James McCormack, James Merritt Ives, Janek Kiisman, January 1913 Atlantic coast storm, January 3 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics), Japan, Jarl Alfredius, Jarmo Lehtinen, Jaroslav Hašek, Jason Marsden, János Fürst, Jean Focas, Jeremiah Horrocks, Jerson Cabral, Jessica O'Rourke, Jill Balcon, Jim Ross, Jimmy Stewart (racing driver), Joachim II Hector, Elector of Brandenburg, Jockey, John Gould Fletcher, John Marsden (lawyer), John Paul Jones (musician), John Sturges, John Thaw, Johnny Most, Joie Chitwood, Jonny Evans, Josef Škvorecký, Joseph Jenkins Roberts, Joseph Joffre, Joseph Wirth, Josephine Hull, Josiah Wedgwood, Joy Adamson, Juan García Esquivel, Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo, Judith Anderson, Jun Maeda, Jurgis Baltrušaitis, Justin Fleming, Jyotindra Nath Dixit, K. Ganeshalingam, Karel Dežman, Karine A affair, Katie McGrath, Kōhei Uchimura, Kevin Ware, Key (company), Kim Ha-eun, Kim Ok-vin, Kim Seol-hyun, Koo Chen-fu, Kuriakose Elias Chavara, Kurt Vile, Lasse Nilsson, Lü Bu, Leaders of South Vietnam, Leadership of East Germany, Leah Gibson, Lee Bowyer, Lee Il-hwa, Lee Wan, Leo de Berardinis, Leonidas Panagopoulos, Lick Observatory, Linas Kleiza, Linda Dobbs, Linda Steiner, List of Chief Ministers of Sarawak, List of Coptic Orthodox Popes of Alexandria, List of mayors of Ljubljana, List of Speakers of the North Dakota House of Representatives, List of World War II aces from Japan, London Sinfonietta, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, Lorenzo Fertitta, Louis I, Prince of Monaco, Louis-Gabriel Suchet, Lucretia Mott, Malcolm Dick (rugby union), Mandatory Palestine, Manuel Noriega, March of Dimes, Marion Davies, Marpessa Dawn, Mars Polar Lander, Martial law, Martin Anderson (economist), Martin Luther, Martin Truchseß von Wetzhausen, Mary Daly, Mary Garden, Mary Wineberg, Massachusetts Attorney General, Mathieu Molé, Matt Frattin, Matthew Nathan, Mayor of Colombo, Mayumi Iizuka, Meiji Restoration, Mel Gibson, Meltdown (security vulnerability), Metro AG, Michael Barratt (television presenter), Michael Layard, Michael Schumacher, Michalis Kritikopoulos, Miloš Juhász, Milton Avery, Minnie D. 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Bolton, Otto Beisheim, Panama, Papal bull, Pappy Boyington, Paris Peace Conference, 1919, Park Ji-yoon, Park Sol-mi, Pat Hingle, Paul Bley, Payment system, Peanuts, Peter Clarke (footballer), Peter Naur, Philip V of France, Philippines, Pierre Larousse, Pietro Metastasio, Pope Anterus, Pope Benjamin I of Alexandria, Pope John XXIII, Pope Leo X, Portuguese Angola, Portuguese Colonial War, Premier of South Australia, Premier of Western Australia, President of Liberia, President of the Community of Madrid, President of the Maldives, President of the United States, Prime Minister of Greece, Prime Minister of Papua New Guinea, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, Princess Alice, Countess of Athlone, Prussia, Public holidays in Armenia, Public holidays in Burkina Faso, Public holidays in Indonesia, Public Prosecutor General (Germany), Raewyn Connell, Raoul Koczalski, Ray Milland, Raymond Garneau, Red Sea, Refracting telescope, Reginald Punnett, Renato Carosone, Renaude Lapointe, Reto Berra, Richard Gridley, Robert L. Carter, Robert Loggia, Robert-Jan Derksen, Robin Butler, Baron Butler of Brockwell, Rodrigo de la Cadena, Roger Williams Straus Jr., Rose Ausländer, Russell Spence, Russian Turkestan, Sakamoto Ryōma, Sammy Younge Jr., Samuel C. Pomeroy, Sandra Zaniewska, Satish Dhawan, Satoshi Nakamoto, Saul Zaentz, Savitribai Phule, Sébastien Faure (footballer), Sergei Sobolev, Sergio Leone, Sergiu Nicolaescu, Shim Hyung-rae, Shin Eun-jung, Sid Gillman, Siege of Sidney Street, Siegfried Buback, Sino-French War, Sio Siua Taukeiaho, SL-1, Speaker (politics), Special Minister of State, Spectre (security vulnerability), START II, Steam explosion, Stephen F. Austin, Stephen Stills, Steve Rogers (rugby league), Stewart Hosie, Syro-Malabar Catholic Church, Texas, The Andrews Sisters, The Everly Brothers, Thomas Bangalter, Tokugawa shogunate, Twelve Days of Christmas, Tzavalas Karousos, U.S. state, Ulf G. Lindén, United Fruit Company, United States Ambassador to the United Nations, United States Congress, United States invasion of Panama, United States Navy, United States Secretary of Commerce, United States Secretary of Housing and Urban Development, United States Secretary of the Treasury, Van Dyke Parks, Veerapandiya Kattabomman, Vermont, Vernon A. Walters, Vicar (cartoonist), Victor Borge, Victor Kraft, Victoria Principal, Vought F4U Corsair, Vulnerability (computing), W. Michael Blumenthal, Walkelin, Walter James, Watch, Wedgwood, Werner Dollinger, West Indies Federation, Western Christianity, Wilhelm Cuno, Wilhelm Pieck, Wilhelm Voigt, William Gropper, William Harrison Ainsworth, William Joyce, William Leslie (British Army officer), William Maxson, William Passavant, William Renshaw, William Verity Jr., Winifred Milius Lubell, Winston Churchill, World War II, Yashawant Dinkar Phadke, Yoichiro Kakitani, ZaSu Pitts, Zionism, Zulema, 106 BC, 1098, 1196, 1322, 1437, 1489, 1497, 1501, 1509, 1521, 1543, 1571, 1611, 1641, 1653, 1656, 1670, 169, 1698, 1701, 1710, 1722, 1743, 1749, 1760, 1775, 1777, 1778, 1779, 1785, 1793, 1795, 1802, 1803, 1806, 1810, 1815, 1816, 1819, 1821, 1823, 1826, 1831, 1836, 1840, 1847, 1848, 1855, 1861, 1862, 1865, 1868, 1870, 1871, 1873, 1875, 1876, 1877, 1880, 1882, 1883, 1884, 1885, 1886, 1887, 1888, 1892, 1894, 1895, 1896, 1897, 1898, 1900, 1901, 1903, 1905, 1907, 1909, 1910, 1911, 1911 Kebin earthquake, 1912, 1913, 1915, 1916, 1917, 1919, 1920, 1921, 1922, 1923, 1924, 1925, 1926, 1927, 1928, 1929, 1930, 1931, 1932, 1933, 1934, 1935, 1936, 1937, 1938, 1939, 1940, 1941, 1942, 1943, 1944, 1945, 1946, 1947, 1948, 1949, 1950, 1951, 1952, 1953, 1956, 1957, 1958, 1959, 1960, 1961, 1962, 1963, 1964, 1965, 1966, 1967, 1969, 1970, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1974, 1975, 1976, 1977, 1978, 1979, 1980, 1981, 1982, 1983, 1984, 1985, 1986, 1987, 1988, 1989, 1990, 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1999, 2000, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2015 Baga massacre, 2016, 2017, 2018, 236, 323, 661. 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Allan James "A.
Aamer Malik (born January 3, 1963, in Mandi Bahauddin, Punjab) is a former Pakistani cricketer who played in 14 Tests and 24 ODIs from 1987 to 1994.
Tun Datuk Patinggi Haji Abdul Rahman bin Ya'kub (3 January 1928 – 9 January 2015) was a Malaysian politician of Melanau descent from Mukah.
Adas Juškevičius (born 3 January 1989) is a Lithuanian professional basketball player for Galatasaray of the Turkish Basketball Super League (BSL).
Alaska (Alax̂sxax̂) is a U.S. state located in the northwest extremity of North America.
Albert Mol (1 January 1917 – 9 March 2004) was a popular Dutch author, actor and television personality.
Aleksandr Gavrilovich Abdúlov, Ферганский государственный областной русский драматический театр, ferrusdramteatr.uz (Russian: Алекса́ндр Гаври́лович Абду́лов; May 29, 1953 – January 3, 2008) was a Soviet/Russian actor.
Alessandro Petacchi (born 3 January 1974 in La Spezia, Liguria) is an Italian former professional road racing cyclist, who last rode for the team.
Alex Alphonso Wheatle MBE (3 January 1963) is an award-winning black British novelist of Jamaican heritage, sentenced to a term of imprisonment after the Brixton riots.
Alexander Tikhonovich Gretchaninov (p;, Kaluga – 3 January 1956, New York City) was a Russian Romantic composer.
Alexandros Diomedes (January 3, 1875 – November 11, 1950) was a governor of the Central Bank of Greece who became Prime Minister of Greece upon the death of Themistoklis Sophoulis.
Alexandros Pepekas Papadiamantis (Ἀλέξανδρος Παπαδιαμάντης; 4 March 1851 – 3 January 1911), also spelled Alexandros Papadiamandis, was an influential Greek novelist, short-story writer and poet.
Alfred George Fripp (13 June 1914 –3 January 2013), known as "Alfie" or "Bill", was a British Royal Air Force squadron leader who was a flight sergeant during the Second World War.
Mīr 'Alisher Navaiy (9 February 1441 – 3 January 1501), also known as Nizām-al-Din ʿAlisher Herawī (Chagatai-Turkic/نظامالدین علیشیر نوایی) was a Chagatai Turkic poet, writer, politician, linguist, mystic, and painter.
Allan Walker (born 3 January 1986 in Edinburgh) is a Scottish footballer who plays as a midfielder.
Alex "Allie" Sherman (February 10, 1923 – January 3, 2015) was an American football player and coach who played 51 games in six seasons in the National Football League (NFL) as a quarterback, defensive back, and coach, and afterward served as head coach of the Winnipeg Blue Bombers of the Canadian Football League (CFL) and of the New York Giants of the NFL.
Almaty (Алматы, Almaty; Алматы), formerly known as Alma-Ata (Алма-Ата) and Verny (Верный Vernyy), is the largest city in Kazakhstan, with a population of 1,797,431 people, about 8% of the country's total population.
Alois J. Hitler Sr. (born Alois Johann Schicklgruber; 7 June 1837 – 3 January 1903) was an Austrian civil servant and the father of German dictator and leader of the Nazi Party, Adolf Hitler.
The American Civil War (also known by other names) was a war fought in the United States from 1861 to 1865.
André Franquin (3 January 1924 – 5 January 1997) was an influential Belgian comics artist, whose best known creations are Gaston and Marsupilami.
Angela Marie Ruggiero (born January 3, 1980) is an American former ice hockey defenseman.
Angelos Basinas (Άγγελος Μπασινάς, born on 3 January 1976 in Chalkida, Greece) is a retired Greek international footballer who played as a defensive midfielder.
The Angolan War of Independence (1961–1974) began as an uprising against forced cotton cultivation, and it became a multi-faction struggle for the control of Portugal's overseas province of Angola among three nationalist movements and a separatist movement.
Anna May Wong (born Wong Liu Tsong, January 3, 1905 – February 3, 1961) was an American actress, considered to be the first Chinese American Hollywood movie star, as well as the first Chinese American actress to gain international recognition.
Anne Stevenson (born January 3, 1933) is an American-British poet and writer.
Anthony Daniel Wordsworth (born 3 January 1989) is an English footballer who plays as a midfielder for Southend United.
Antoine Thomson d'Abbadie d'Arrast (3 January 181019 March 1897) was an Irish-born French explorer, geographer, ethnologist, linguist and astronomer notable for his travels in EthiopiaAlthough referred to as Ethiopia here, the region that they traveled is more accurately defined as Abyssinia or in today's geography northern Ethiopia and Eritrea.
Antoni Melchior Fijałkowski (Pszczew, near Poznań, January 3, 1778 – October 5, 1861, Warsaw) was the Archbishop Metropolitan of Warsaw and spiritual leader of the nation during the Partitions of Poland.
Anya Linden, Lady Sainsbury of Preston Candover (born 3 January 1933) is a retired English ballerina.
Apartheid started in 1948 in theUnion of South Africa |year_start.
Apple Inc. is an American multinational technology company headquartered in Cupertino, California, that designs, develops, and sells consumer electronics, computer software, and online services.
An apsis (ἁψίς; plural apsides, Greek: ἁψῖδες) is an extreme point in the orbit of an object.
Arieh Lieb "Arik" Einstein (אָרִיק אַייְנְשְׁטֵייְן,; 3 January 1939 – 26 November 2013) was an Israeli singer, songwriter, actor, and screenwriter.
Armand Lohikoski (January 3, 1912 in Astoria, Oregon, United States – March 20, 2005 in Helsinki) was an American born - Finnish movie director and writer.
Armenia (translit), officially the Republic of Armenia (translit), is a country in the South Caucasus region of Eurasia.
Arthur Alfred Mailey (3 January 188631 December 1967) was an Australian cricketer who played in 21 Test matches between 1920 and 1926.
Atmospheric pressure, sometimes also called barometric pressure, is the pressure within the atmosphere of Earth (or that of another planet).
August Macke (3 January 1887 – 26 September 1914) was a German Expressionist painter.
Auvergne Mary Doherty, M.A., B.A. (3 October 1896 – 3 January 1961) was an Australian businesswoman, working in her family's cattle business.
Özgür Çek (born 3 January 1991) is a Turkish professional footballer.
Baga is a town in the northeastern Nigerian state of Borno, close to Lake Chad, and lying northeast of the town of Kukawa.
Baixa de Cassanje (also called Baixa de Kassanje) is a kingdom in Angola.
The Baixa de Cassanje revolt is considered the first confrontation of the War of Independence in Angola and the Portuguese Colonial War throughout the colonies (then overseas provinces).
Baldassare Galuppi (18 October 17063 January 1785) was an Italian composer, born on the island of Burano in the Venetian Republic.
The Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas (commonly abbreviated as BSP in both Filipino and English) is the central bank of the Philippines.
A Bantustan (also known as Bantu homeland, black homeland, black state or simply homeland) was a territory set aside for black inhabitants of South Africa and South West Africa (now Namibia), as part of the policy of apartheid.
The Battle of Bapaume was a battle during the Franco-Prussian War which defeated French attempts to relieve the besieged city of Péronne, Somme.
The Battle of Nui Bop (3–4 January 1885) was a French victory during the Sino-French War.
The Battle of Princeton was a battle of the American Revolutionary War, fought near Princeton, New Jersey on January 3, 1777.
Battlestar Galactica is an American science fiction media franchise created by Glen A. Larson.
Beatrice d'Este (29 June 1475 – 3 January 1497), was duchess of Bari and Milan by marriage to Ludovico Sforza (known as "il Moro").
Ben Andrew Matulino (born 3 January 1989) is a New Zealand professional rugby league footballer who plays for the Wests Tigers in the National Rugby League.
Benito Amilcare Andrea Mussolini (29 July 1883 – 28 April 1945) was an Italian politician and journalist who was the leader of the National Fascist Party (Partito Nazionale Fascista, PNF).
Benning Wentworth (24 July 1696 – 14 October 1770) was the colonial governor of New Hampshire from 1741 to 1766.
Berlingske, previously known as Berlingske Tidende (Berling's Times), is a Danish national daily newspaper based in Copenhagen.
Bernard Blaut (3 January 1940 – 19 May 2007) was a Polish football player, who is most famous for his 1960s performances in both Legia Warsaw and the Polish National Team.
Betty Wishnick-Freeman (2 June 1921 – 3 January 2009) was an American philanthropist and photographer.
Elizabeth Mary Furness (January 3, 1916 – April 2, 1994) was an American actress, consumer advocate, and current affairs commentator.
William Ronald "Bill" Plager (July 6, 1945 – January 3, 2016) was a Canadian professional ice hockey defenceman.
Sir William Jack "Bill" Skate, (26 September 1953 – 3 January 2006) was a prominent Papua New Guinea politician.
William Inge Lindon-Travers MBE (3 January 1922 – 29 March 1994) was a Special Forces Army officer, English actor, screenwriter, director and animal rights activist, known professionally as Bill Travers.
Billy Mehmet (born 3 January 1985) is a professional football player who plays for Merit Alsancak Yeşilova SK in Cyprus.
Bitcoin (₿) is the world's first cryptocurrency, a form of electronic cash.
Josephine Blanche d'Alpuget (born 3 January 1944) is an Australian writer and the second wife of Bob Hawke, the longest-serving Labor Prime Minister of Australia.
Robert Joseph "Bob" Weston (1 November 1947 – 3 January 2012) was a British musician who had a brief role as guitarist and songwriter with the rock band Fleetwood Mac in the early 1970s.
Robert Marvin Hull, OC (born January 3, 1939) is a Canadian former ice hockey player who is regarded as one of the greatest players of all time.
The Islamic State in West Africa (abbreviated as ISWA or ISWAP), formerly known as Jamā'at Ahl as-Sunnah lid-Da'wah wa'l-Jihād (جماعة أهل السنة للدعوة والجهاد, "Group of the People of Sunnah for Preaching and Jihad") and commonly known as Boko Haram until March 2015, is a jihadist militant organization based in northeastern Nigeria, also active in Chad, Niger and northern Cameroon.
Boris Mykolayovych Lyatoshinsky or Lyatoshynsky (Бори́с Ми́колайович Лятоши́нський, Borys Mykolayovych Lyatoshyns′kyi; January 3, 1895 – April 15, 1968) was a Ukrainian composer, conductor, and teacher.
Boris Nikolayevich Yeltsin (p; 1 February 1931 – 23 April 2007) was a Soviet and Russian politician and the first President of the Russian Federation, serving from 1991 to 1999.
The Brooklyn Bridge is a hybrid cable-stayed/suspension bridge in New York City and is one of the oldest roadway bridges in the United States.
Bruce LaBruce (born January 3, 1964).
Bryan Craig Caldwell (May 6, 1960 – January 3, 2015) was an American football defensive end in the National Football League for the Dallas Cowboys and Houston Oilers.
Bryan Ezra Tsumoru Clay (born January 3, 1980) is an American decathlete.
Burkina Faso is a landlocked country in West Africa.
Cafer Tayyar Eğilmez (1877; Priştine (Pristina), Kosovo Vilayet, Ottoman Empire – January 3, 1958; Ankara) was an officer of the Ottoman Army and the general of the Turkish Army.
The calendar of saints is a traditional Christian method of organizing a liturgical year by associating each day with one or more saints and referring to the day as the feast day or feast of said saint.
The veneration of saints in the Episcopal Church is a continuation of an ancient tradition from the early Church which honors important and influential people of the Christian faith.
Canadian Americans are American citizens whose ancestry is wholly or partly Canadian.
Carl David Tolmé Runge (30 August 1856 – 3 January 1927) was a German mathematician, physicist, and spectroscopist.
Carla Anderson Hills (born January 3, 1934) is an American lawyer and a public figure.
Carlos Keller Rueff (January 3, 1898–February 28, 1974) was a far-right Chilean writer, historian, and political figure.
Carolyn Haywood (January 3, 1898 – January 11, 1990) was an American writer and illustrator from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
Catherine of Valois (27 October 1401 – 3 January 1437) was the queen consort of England from 1420 until 1422.
Sir Alfred Cecil Walker (17 December 1924 – 3 January 2007) was an Ulster Unionist Member of Parliament for North Belfast from 1983 to 2001. Walker was born in Belfast. His father was a police constable. He was educated at Everton Elementary School, Model Boys' School, and Belfast Methodist College. He worked for the Belfast timber trader James P. Corry after leaving school in 1941 until he was elected to Parliament in 1983. He married Ann Verrant in 1953. They had two sons. He became actively involved in Unionist politics in the 1970s, was an unsuccessful pro-White Paper Unionist candidate at the election to the 1973 Northern Ireland Assembly and was elected to Belfast City Council in 1977. He contested the Belfast North constituency in the 1979 general election, narrowly losing to John McQuade of the Democratic Unionist Party. He won the seat 4 years later, in the 1983 general election, after McQuade retired. He was one of the MPs with the lowest attendance rate at Westminster. Along with all other Unionist MPs, he resigned his seat in December 1985 in protest at the Anglo-Irish Agreement. He was re-elected at a by-election in January 1986. In 1988, he advocated internment of Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA) suspects to stem a series of murders, but also argued for the internment of suspects connected with the Ulster Defence Association and the Ulster Volunteer Force. In 1998, he was one of only two UUP MPs to support the Good Friday Agreement without reservation, and he backed UUP leader David Trimble until the end of Trimble's own political career in 2005. However, he lost his own seat to Nigel Dodds of the DUP in the 2001 general election, following a disastrous televised debate at Crumlin Road Courthouse in his constituency, in which he stumbled over some of the most rudimentary questions. His vote declined from 21,000 to 4,000, his 13,000 majority was transformed into a 6,000 majority for the DUP and he was beaten into fourth place behind Sinn Féin and the Social Democratic and Labour Party (SDLP) - although this was also partly because there had been no DUP candidate in the previous general election. He was noted for the moderation of his Unionist views, which contrasted with the deep sectarian divisions in his constituency. He said he would have no objection to amending the Act of Settlement 1701 to allow the heir to the throne to marry a Roman Catholic, and caused controversy in 2001 by saying that a united Ireland in 30 years time may not be a bad thing, though he later said that was a "throwaway line that has been taken out of context". Was created a Knight Bachelor in the Queen's Birthday Honours in June 2002.).
A central bank, reserve bank, or monetary authority is an institution that manages a state's currency, money supply, and interest rates.
Chaim Azriel Weizmann (חיים עזריאל ויצמן, Хаим Вейцман Khaim Veytsman; 27 November 1874 – 9 November 1952) was a Zionist leader and Israeli statesman who served as President of the Zionist Organization and later as the first President of Israel.
The title Chancellor has designated different offices in the history of Germany.
Charles Cornwallis, 1st Marquess Cornwallis KG, PC (31 December 1738 – 5 October 1805), styled Viscount Brome between 1753 and 1762 and known as The Earl Cornwallis between 1762 and 1792, was a British Army general and official.
Charles Pelham Villiers (3 January 1802 – 16 January 1898) was a British lawyer and politician from the aristocratic Villiers family who sat in the House of Commons from 1835 to 1898, making him the longest-serving Member of Parliament (MP).
Charles Piazzi Smyth (3 January 1819 – 21 February 1900) was an English astronomer who was Astronomer Royal for Scotland from 1846 to 1888; he is known for many innovations in astronomy and his pyramidological and metrological studies of the Great Pyramid of Giza.
Cheryl D. Miller (born January 3, 1964) is the women's basketball coach at Cal State LA and a former college basketball player and sportscaster for TNT.
Chester William Nimitz, Sr. (February 24, 1885February 20, 1966) was a fleet admiral of the United States Navy.
Chetan Anand (3 January 1921 – 6 July 1997) was a Hindi film producer, screenwriter and director from India, whose debut film, Neecha Nagar, was awarded the Palme d'Or (Best Film) award at the first ever Cannes Film Festival in 1946.
Chetan Sharma (born 3 January 1966) is a former Indian cricketer, who played Tests and ODIs as a fast medium pace bowler for Indian cricket team.
Choi Yo-sam (October 16, 1973 – January 3, 2008) was a Korean world boxing champion.
Susan Christina von Saltza (born January 3, 1944), also known by her married name Christina Olmstead, is an American former competition swimmer, Olympic champion, and former world record-holder in four events.
Marcus Tullius Cicero (3 January 106 BC – 7 December 43 BC) was a Roman statesman, orator, lawyer and philosopher, who served as consul in the year 63 BC.
Claude Bourgelat (27 March 1712 – 3 January 1779) was a French veterinary surgeon.
Clement Richard Attlee, 1st Earl Attlee, (3 January 1883 – 8 October 1967) was a British statesman of the Labour Party who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1945 to 1951 and Leader of the Labour Party from 1935 to 1955.
The Cold War was a state of geopolitical tension after World War II between powers in the Eastern Bloc (the Soviet Union and its satellite states) and powers in the Western Bloc (the United States, its NATO allies and others).
Colin James Brumby (18 June 1933 – 3 January 2018) was an Australian composer and conductor.
A comic strip is a sequence of drawings arranged in interrelated panels to display brief humor or form a narrative, often serialized, with text in balloons and captions.
Conrad Nicholson Hilton (December 25, 1887 – January 3, 1979) was an American hotel tycoon and the founder of the Hilton Hotels chain.
The Coonan Cross Oath (Koonan Kurishu Satyam), taken on 3 January 1653, was a public avowal by members of the Saint Thomas Christian community of Kerala, India that they would not submit to Portuguese dominance in ecclesiastical and secular life.
Cory Cross (born January 3, 1971 in Lloydminster, Alberta) is a Canadian retired professional ice hockey defenceman, who played twelve seasons in the National Hockey League.
Cuba, officially the Republic of Cuba, is a country comprising the island of Cuba as well as Isla de la Juventud and several minor archipelagos.
Currier and Ives was a successful American printmaking firm headed by Nathaniel Currier (1813–1888) and James Merritt Ives (1824–1895) based in New York City from 1834 to 1907.
Dabney Wharton Coleman (born January 3, 1932) is an American actor.
Daft Punk are a French electronic music duo from Paris formed in 1993 by Guy-Manuel de Homem-Christo and Thomas Bangalter.
Daniel Harmon (born January 3, 1973) is an American writer, producer, actor and voice actor.
Dana Hussain Abdul-Razak Al-Khafaji (born January 3, 1986 in Baghdad) is a sprinter on Iraq's national track and field team, coached by Yousif Abdul-Rahman.
Dane Gagai (born 3 January 1991) is an Australian professional rugby league footballer who plays for the South Sydney Rabbitohs in the National Rugby League.
Danica Mae McKellar (born January 3, 1975) is an American actress, voice actress, mathematics writer, and education advocate.
Dante Giacosa (3 January 1905 - 31 March 1996) was an Italian automobile designer and engineer responsible for a range of Italian automobile designs — and for refining the front-wheel drive layout to an industry-standard configuration.
Darren Arthur Daulton (January 3, 1962 – August 6, 2017), nicknamed Dutch, was an American professional baseball player who played catcher in Major League Baseball (MLB).
David Joseph Dobbyn (born 3 January 1957) is a New Zealand musician, singer–songwriter and record producer.
David Atherton OBE, (born 3 January 1944) is an English conductor and co-founder of the London Sinfonietta.
David Robert StarkeyStarkey had his middle name in 1986 when he stood for election but it was not mentioned when he was awarded his CBE in 2007.
David Mikel Tyree (born January 3, 1980) is a former American football wide receiver who played in the National Football League (NFL) for seven seasons.
Decet Romanum Pontificem (It Befits the Roman Pontiff) (1521) is the papal bull excommunicating Martin Luther, bearing the title of the first three Latin words of the text.
Delaware is one of the 50 states of the United States, in the Mid-Atlantic or Northeastern region.
James Desmond Corcoran AO (8 November 1928 – 3 January 2004) was an Australian politician, representing the South Australian Branch of the Australian Labor Party.
Dimitra Kalentzou (Δήμητρα (Τούλα) Καλέντζου) is a Greek professional basketball player.
Dimitrios Vergos (Δημήτριος Βέργος, Agios Efstratios May 8, 1886 - Alexandria, Egypt January 3, 1956) was a Greek champion in wrestling, weightlifting and shot put.
Dmitry Andreevich Starodubtsev (Дмитрий Андреевич Стародубцев); born 3 January 1986 in Chelyabinsk) is a Russian pole vaulter. He has a personal best of 5.90 m and was a finalist at the 2008 Summer Olympics, the 2011 World Championships in Athletics and the 2012 Summer Olympics. He has won medals at world youth and junior levels and was third at the Summer Universiade in 2007. Prior to his senior debut, Starodubtsev had much success at competitions in the younger age categories. At the 2003 World Youth Championships in Athletics he cleared a personal best of 5.10 m to take the silver medal behind Argentina's Germán Chiaraviglio. He then went on to claim consecutive gold medals at the 2004 World Junior Championships in Athletics and the 2005 European Athletics Junior Championships.. IAAF. Retrieved on 2012-01-02. He won his first national title indoors with a personal best of 5.65 m at the beginning of 2006 and went on to make his senior debut for Russia at the 2006 IAAF World Indoor Championships in Moscow, where he was eliminated in the qualifying round. Later that year he competed outdoors, finishing tenth in the qualifiers at the 2006 European Athletics Championships then ninth at the 2006 IAAF World Cup. He equalled his personal best to make the final at the 2007 European Athletics Indoor Championships, but managed only 5.41 m in the last round to finish sixth overall. While studying at university, he won his first student-level medal at the 2007 Summer Universiade, taking the bronze at the event in Bangkok. In August that year he set a new best outdoors with a clearance of 5.70 m in Tula. In 2008 he cleared 5.70 m indoors then improved to 5.75 m outdoors at a meeting in Kazan. This was enough to make the Russian Olympic team for the 2008 Beijing Olympics and he reached his first major senior final, finishing in fifth place with a vault of 5.70 m.Nickolai Dolgopolov and Rostislav Orlov (2011-01-02).. IAAF. Retrieved on 2012-01-02. He cleared 5.70 m both indoors and outdoors in 2009, but his sole international competition was the 2009 European Athletics Indoor Championships where he failed to reach the final. In 2010 he was sixth at the World Indoor Championships but did not record a valid mark in the final at the European Championships. Starodubtsev won another Russian indoor title in 2011, but was knocked out in the preliminaries of the European Indoor Championships. He was the runner-up at the Russian outdoor championships with a vault of 5.72 m and gained selection for the 2011 World Championships in Athletics. In his second senior global final, he finished in twelfth place. At the end of 2011 he showed the results of his improved physical conditioning with two clearances of 5.90 m in Chelyabinsk – a mark which raised him into the top twenty pole vaulters of all time.
Dominic Simon Wood (born 3 January 1978 in Exeter, Devon) is an English entertainer, magician and presenter of radio and television, best known as one half of the double act Dick and Dom, with the other being Richard McCourt.
Donald Joseph McKay Russell (January 3, 1900 – December 13, 1985) was an American railroad executive.
Dorothy Morrison Green (born January 3, 1919) is a retired African-American stage and screen actress who as a child actress appeared in a few Our Gang short subject films during the silent era.
Douglas Richard McDermott (born January 3, 1992) is an American professional basketball player who last played for the Dallas Mavericks of the National Basketball Association (NBA).
Douglas William Jerrold (London 3 January 18038 June 1857 London) was an English dramatist and writer.
Duncan Gillis (January 3, 1883 – May 2, 1963) was a Canadian athlete who competed in the 1912 Summer Olympics.
Earl "Dutch" Reibel (July 21, 1930 – January 3, 2007) was a Canadian ice hockey professional player.
The East End of London, usually called the East End, is the historic core of wider East London, east of the Roman and medieval walls of the City of London, and north of the River Thames.
Eastern Christianity consists of four main church families: the Eastern Orthodox Church, the Oriental Orthodox churches, the Eastern Catholic churches (that are in communion with Rome but still maintain Eastern liturgies), and the denominations descended from the Church of the East.
Edgar Cayce (March 18, 1877 – January 3, 1945) was an American clairvoyant who answered questions on subjects as varied as healing, reincarnation, wars, Atlantis, and future events while claiming to be in a trance.
Edward William Brooke III (October 26, 1919 – January 3, 2015) was an American Republican politician.
Edwin Muir (15 May 1887 – 3 January 1959) was a Scottish poet, novelist and translator.
Eeles Enok Landström (born 3 January 1932) is a retired Finnish pole vaulter, a former member of the Finnish parliament and a former business executive.
Egidio Galea (5 May 1918 – 3 January 2005) was a Maltese Augustinian Roman Catholic priest, missionary, and educator, and a significant figure in the Catholic resistance to Nazism in Italy during World War II.
Egypt (مِصر, مَصر, Khēmi), officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a transcontinental country spanning the northeast corner of Africa and southwest corner of Asia by a land bridge formed by the Sinai Peninsula.
The Eiffel Tower (tour Eiffel) is a wrought iron lattice tower on the Champ de Mars in Paris, France.
Elisha Nelson Manning IV (born January 3, 1981) is an American football quarterback for the New York Giants of the National Football League (NFL).
was the 83rd emperor of Japan,Imperial Household Agency (Kunaichō): according to the traditional order of succession.
Emperor Yuan of Jin (276 – 3 January 323), personal name Sima Rui (司馬睿), courtesy name Jingwen (景文), was an emperor of the Jin Dynasty and the first of the Eastern Jin.
Eric Philbrook Kelly (March 16, 1884 – January 3, 1960) was an American journalist, academic and author of children's books.
Ernest James Renshaw (3 January 1861 – 2 September 1899) was an English tennis player who was active in the late 19th century.
Ernst Mahle (born January 3, 1929 in Stuttgart, Germany) is a Brazilian composer and orchestra conductor.
Esperanza Aguirre y Gil de Biedma, Countess of Murillo and Bornos, Grandee of Spain (born 3 January 1952) is a Spanish politician and a former President of Madrid.
Ettore Marchiafava (3 January 1847 – 22 October 1935) was an Italian physician, pathologist and neurologist.
Evan James Moore (born January 3, 1985) is a former American football tight end in the National Football League (NFL) and current TV football analyst.
Extratropical cyclones, sometimes called mid-latitude cyclones or wave cyclones, are low-pressure areas which, along with the anticyclones of high-pressure areas, drive the weather over much of the Earth.
Faisal I bin Hussein bin Ali al-Hashemi (فيصل بن الحسين بن علي الهاشمي, Fayṣal al-Awwal ibn al-Ḥusayn ibn ‘Alī al-Hāshimī; 20 May 1885 – 8 September 1933) was King of the Arab Kingdom of Syria or Greater Syria in 1920, and was King of Iraq from 23 August 1921 to 1933.
The Faisal–Weizmann Agreement was a 3 January 1919 agreement between Emir Faisal, the third son of Hussein of the short-lived Kingdom of Hejaz, and Chaim Weizmann, a Zionist leader who had negotiated the 1917 Balfour Declaration with the British Government, signed two weeks before the start of the Paris Peace Conference.
Farrar, Straus and Giroux (FSG) is an American book publishing company, founded in 1946 by Roger W. Straus, Jr. and John C. Farrar.
Father Damien or Saint Damien of Molokai, SS.CC. or Saint Damien De Veuster (Pater Damiaan or Heilige Damiaan van Molokai; 3 January 1840 – 15 April 1889), born Jozef De Veuster, was a Roman Catholic priest from Belgium and member of the Congregation of the Sacred Hearts of Jesus and Mary, a missionary religious institute.
The Federal Ministry of Economic Cooperation and Development (Bundesministerium für wirtschaftliche Zusammenarbeit und Entwicklung), abbreviated BMZ, is a cabinet-level ministry of the Federal Republic of Germany.
Federico Borrell García (January 3, 1912 – September 5, 1936) was a Spanish Republican and anarchist militiaman during the Spanish Civil War, commonly thought to be the subject in the famous Robert Capa photo The Falling Soldier (Loyalist Militiaman at the Moment of Death, Cerro Muriano, September 5, 1936).
Ferdinando Galli Bibiena or Ferdinando Galli-Bibiena (18 August 1657 – 3 January 1743), also Ferdinando Galli da Bibiena or Bibbiena, was an Italian Baroque-era architect, designer, and painter.
Ferdynand Antoni Ossendowski (27 May 1876 – 3 January 1945) was a Polish writer, explorer, university professor, and anti-Communist political activist.
Fidel Alejandro Castro Ruz (August 13, 1926 – November 25, 2016) was a Cuban communist revolutionary and politician who governed the Republic of Cuba as Prime Minister from 1959 to 1976 and then as President from 1976 to 2008.
Flash Airlines Flight 604 was a charter flight provided by Egyptian private charter company Flash Airlines.
Francis Edward Cotton (born 3 January 1947) is a former rugby union prop forward who played for England and the British Lions.
Frances Payne Bingham Bolton (March 29, 1885 – March 9, 1977) was a Republican politician from Ohio.
The Reverend Francis Patrick Mary Browne, SJ, MC and Bar, Croix de Guerre by EE O'Donnell SJ, The Irish Catholic, 7 August 2014.
Francis William Caulfeild, 2nd Earl of Charlemont KP, PC (Ire) (3 January 1775 – 26 December 1863), styled Viscount Caulfeild until 1799, was an Irish peer and politician.
Franklin Delano Roosevelt Sr. (January 30, 1882 – April 12, 1945), often referred to by his initials FDR, was an American statesman and political leader who served as the 32nd President of the United States from 1933 until his death in 1945.
Frederick T. "Freddie" Haas, Jr. (January 3, 1916 – January 26, 2004) was an American professional golfer.
Alfred Henry "Freddy" Heineken (4 November 1923 – 3 January 2002) was a Dutch businessman for Heineken International, the brewing company bought in 1864 by his grandfather Gerard Adriaan Heineken in Amsterdam.
Fredrik Hasselquist (3 January 1722 – 9 February 1752) was a Swedish traveller and naturalist.
Stanley George "Frenchy" Bordagaray (January 3, 1910 – April 13, 2000) was an American professional baseball player.
is the capital city of Fukuoka Prefecture, situated on the northern shore of Japanese island Kyushu.
Gary Roy Nairn (born 3 January 1951) is a former Australian politician.
Andrew Gavin Hastings, OBE (born 3 January 1962) is a Scottish former rugby union player.
Bobby Gene Bartow (August 18, 1930 – January 3, 2012) was an American men's college basketball coach.
In the United States Army, United States Marine Corps, and United States Air Force, general (abbreviated as GEN in the Army or Gen in the Air Force and Marine Corps) is a four-star general officer rank, with the pay grade of O-10.
Saint Genevieve (Sainte Geneviève; Sancta Genovefa, Genoveva; from Gaullish geno "race, lineage" and uida "sage") (Nanterre, 419/422 AD – Paris 502/512 AD), is the patron saint of Paris in the Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox traditions.
Professor Sir Geoffrey Lionel Bindman QC (born 3 January 1933) is a British solicitor specialising in human rights law, and founder of the human rights law firm Bindmans LLP, described by The Times as "never far from the headlines." He has been Chair of the British Institute of Human Rights since 2005.
George Jerome Waldo Goodman (August 10, 1930 – January 3, 2014) was an American author and economics broadcast commentator, best known by his pseudonym Adam Smith (which was assigned by Clay Felker at New York magazine in order to keep his published articles about Wall Street anonymous).
George Herbert Walker Bush (born June 12, 1924) is an American politician who served as the 41st President of the United States from 1989 to 1993.
Sir George Henry Martin (3 January 19268 March 2016) was an English record producer, arranger, composer, conductor, audio engineer, and musician.
George Monck, 1st Duke of Albemarle, KG (6 December 1608 – 3 January 1670) was an English soldier and politician, and a key figure in the Restoration of the monarchy to King Charles II in 1660.
George Sutherland Fraser (8 November 1915 – 3 January 1980) was a Scottish poet, literary critic and academic.
George Washington (February 22, 1732 –, 1799), known as the "Father of His Country," was an American soldier and statesman who served from 1789 to 1797 as the first President of the United States.
George Monroe Woolf (May 31, 1910 – January 4, 1946), nicknamed "The Iceman", was a Canadian-born thoroughbred race horse jockey.
The George Woolf Memorial Jockey Award has been presented by Santa Anita Park in Arcadia, California, annually since 1950 to the thoroughbred horse racing jockey in North America who demonstrates high standards of personal and professional conduct, on and off the racetrack.
Gerda Weissensteiner (born 3 January 1969 in Bolzano, South Tyrol) is an Italian luger and bobsleigh pilot who has competed from the late 1980s to 2006.
Gian Girolamo Albani (1509–1591) was an Italian Roman Catholic cardinal.
Gianfranco Fini (born 3 January 1952) is an Italian politician, former President of the Italian Chamber of Deputies, former leader of the conservative National Alliance, the post-fascist Italian Social Movement and the center-right Future and Freedom party.
Gladys May Aylward (24 February 1902 – 3 January 1970) was a British evangelical Christian missionary to China, whose story was told in the book The Small Woman, by Alan Burgess, published in 1957, and made into the film The Inn of the Sixth Happiness, starring Ingrid Bergman, in 1958.
Glen Albert Larson (January 3, 1937 – November 14, 2014) was an American musician, television producer and writer.
Gordon Earle Moore (born January 3, 1929) is an American businessman, engineer, co-founder and chairman emeritus of Intel Corporation, and the author of Moore's law.
The Governor of Queensland is the representative in the state of Queensland of the Queen of Australia.
Gregory Junior Nwokolo (born 3 January 1986) is a Nigerian-Indonesian professional footballer who plays for Madura United in the Liga 1.
Grenville Mellen Dodge (April 12, 1831 – January 3, 1916) was a Union army officer on the frontier and pioneering figure in military intelligence during the Civil War, who served as Ulysses S. Grant's intelligence Chief in the Western Theater.
Gustavo Becerra-Schmidt (August 26, 1925 – January 3, 2010) was a Chilean composer.
Halahalli Shreekantha Shetti Mahadeva Prasad (5 August 1958 – 3 January 2017) was an Indian politician from the state of Karnataka and five-time Member of the Legislative Assembly from the Gundlupet constituency of the Chamarajanagar district.
is a Shintō shrine in Fukuoka.
The Hamilton Watch Company is a brand of the Swatch Group, a Swiss watch company based in Bienne, Switzerland.
Henry Louis "Hank" Stram (January 3, 1923 – July 4, 2005) was an American football coach.
is a stockholding company which owns Hankyu Corporation, Hanshin Electric Railway Co., Ltd. and affiliate companies.
Harry Elkins Widener (January 3, 1885 – April 15, 1912) was an American businessman and bibliophile, and a member of the Widener family.
Helen Parkhurst (March 7, 1887 – June 1, 1973) was an American educator, author, lecturer, the originator of the Dalton Plan, founder of The Dalton School and host of "Child's World with Helen Parkhurst" on ABC Television Network.
Henriette Sontag, born Gertrud Walpurgis Sontag, and after her marriage entitled Countess Rossi (3 January 1806 – 17 June 1854), was a German operatic soprano of great international renown.
Ethel Florence Lindesay Richardson (3 January 187020 March 1946), known by her pen name Henry Handel Richardson, was an Australian author.
Sir Henry Lytton (3 January 1865 – 15 August 1936) was an English actor and singer who was the leading exponent of the comic patter-baritone roles in Gilbert and Sullivan operas in the early part of the twentieth century.
Henry V (9 August 1386 – 31 August 1422) was King of England from 1413 until his death at the age of 36 in 1422.
Herbert Horatio Nichols (3 January 1919 – 12 April 1963) was an American jazz pianist and composer who wrote the jazz standard "Lady Sings the Blues".
Hermann Lux (20 September 1893 – 3 January 1962) was a German footballer.
Hilton Hotels & Resorts (formerly known as Hilton Hotels) is a global brand of full-service hotels and resorts and the flagship brand of Hilton.
was a Japanese politician born in Nagoya City in Aichi Prefecture.
Her Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for the Home Department, normally referred to as the Home Secretary, is a senior official as one of the Great Offices of State within Her Majesty's Government and head of the Home Office.
Honduras, officially the Republic of Honduras (República de Honduras), is a republic in Central America.
Hubert Bland (3 January 1855 – 14 April 1914) was the husband of Edith Nesbit and was known for being an infamous libertine, a journalist, an early English socialist, and one of the founders of the Fabian Society.
Ian J. Nankervis (born 3 January 1948) is a former Australian rules footballer for the Geelong Football Club in the Victorian Football League (VFL).
, occasionally referred to by his pseudonym, was a Japanese industrialist.
General Igor Dmitrievich Sergun (p, 28 March 1957 – 3 January 2016) was the Director of GRU, the Main Intelligence Directorate of the General Staff of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation from 26 December 2011 to 3 January 2016.
Ikechi Anya (born 3 January 1988) is a Scottish professional footballer who plays as a midfielder for English club Derby County and the Scotland national team.
Indonesia (or; Indonesian), officially the Republic of Indonesia (Republik Indonesia), is a transcontinental unitary sovereign state located mainly in Southeast Asia, with some territories in Oceania.
Intel Corporation (stylized as intel) is an American multinational corporation and technology company headquartered in Santa Clara, California, in the Silicon Valley.
The International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR) is a multilateral treaty adopted by the United Nations General Assembly on 16 December 1966, and came in force from 3 January 1976.
Iran (ایران), also known as Persia, officially the Islamic Republic of Iran (جمهوری اسلامی ایران), is a sovereign state in Western Asia. With over 81 million inhabitants, Iran is the world's 18th-most-populous country. Comprising a land area of, it is the second-largest country in the Middle East and the 17th-largest in the world. Iran is bordered to the northwest by Armenia and the Republic of Azerbaijan, to the north by the Caspian Sea, to the northeast by Turkmenistan, to the east by Afghanistan and Pakistan, to the south by the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman, and to the west by Turkey and Iraq. The country's central location in Eurasia and Western Asia, and its proximity to the Strait of Hormuz, give it geostrategic importance. Tehran is the country's capital and largest city, as well as its leading economic and cultural center. Iran is home to one of the world's oldest civilizations, beginning with the formation of the Elamite kingdoms in the fourth millennium BCE. It was first unified by the Iranian Medes in the seventh century BCE, reaching its greatest territorial size in the sixth century BCE, when Cyrus the Great founded the Achaemenid Empire, which stretched from Eastern Europe to the Indus Valley, becoming one of the largest empires in history. The Iranian realm fell to Alexander the Great in the fourth century BCE and was divided into several Hellenistic states. An Iranian rebellion culminated in the establishment of the Parthian Empire, which was succeeded in the third century CE by the Sasanian Empire, a leading world power for the next four centuries. Arab Muslims conquered the empire in the seventh century CE, displacing the indigenous faiths of Zoroastrianism and Manichaeism with Islam. Iran made major contributions to the Islamic Golden Age that followed, producing many influential figures in art and science. After two centuries, a period of various native Muslim dynasties began, which were later conquered by the Turks and the Mongols. The rise of the Safavids in the 15th century led to the reestablishment of a unified Iranian state and national identity, with the country's conversion to Shia Islam marking a turning point in Iranian and Muslim history. Under Nader Shah, Iran was one of the most powerful states in the 18th century, though by the 19th century, a series of conflicts with the Russian Empire led to significant territorial losses. Popular unrest led to the establishment of a constitutional monarchy and the country's first legislature. A 1953 coup instigated by the United Kingdom and the United States resulted in greater autocracy and growing anti-Western resentment. Subsequent unrest against foreign influence and political repression led to the 1979 Revolution and the establishment of an Islamic republic, a political system that includes elements of a parliamentary democracy vetted and supervised by a theocracy governed by an autocratic "Supreme Leader". During the 1980s, the country was engaged in a war with Iraq, which lasted for almost nine years and resulted in a high number of casualties and economic losses for both sides. According to international reports, Iran's human rights record is exceptionally poor. The regime in Iran is undemocratic, and has frequently persecuted and arrested critics of the government and its Supreme Leader. Women's rights in Iran are described as seriously inadequate, and children's rights have been severely violated, with more child offenders being executed in Iran than in any other country in the world. Since the 2000s, Iran's controversial nuclear program has raised concerns, which is part of the basis of the international sanctions against the country. The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, an agreement reached between Iran and the P5+1, was created on 14 July 2015, aimed to loosen the nuclear sanctions in exchange for Iran's restriction in producing enriched uranium. Iran is a founding member of the UN, ECO, NAM, OIC, and OPEC. It is a major regional and middle power, and its large reserves of fossil fuels – which include the world's largest natural gas supply and the fourth-largest proven oil reserves – exert considerable influence in international energy security and the world economy. The country's rich cultural legacy is reflected in part by its 22 UNESCO World Heritage Sites, the third-largest number in Asia and eleventh-largest in the world. Iran is a multicultural country comprising numerous ethnic and linguistic groups, the largest being Persians (61%), Azeris (16%), Kurds (10%), and Lurs (6%).
Iran and Saudi Arabia have no diplomatic relations following an attack on the Saudi Embassy in Tehran in 2016.
The Israeli–Palestinian conflict (Ha'Sikhsukh Ha'Yisraeli-Falestini; al-Niza'a al-Filastini-al-Israili) is the ongoing struggle between Israelis and Palestinians that began in the mid-20th century.
The Italian Minister of Foreign Affairs is the head of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Italy.
Ivan Mackerle (March 19423 January 2013) was a Czech cryptozoologist, author, design engineer, and explorer.
, known in English as Iwo Jima, is one of the Japanese Volcano Islands and lies south of the Ogasawara Islands.
John Randal "J.R." Hildebrand Jr. (born January 3, 1988) is an American race car driver.
John Ronald Reuel Tolkien, (Tolkien pronounced his surname, see his phonetic transcription published on the illustration in The Return of the Shadow: The History of The Lord of the Rings, Part One. Christopher Tolkien. London: Unwin Hyman, 1988. (The History of Middle-earth; 6). In General American the surname is also pronounced. This pronunciation no doubt arose by analogy with such words as toll and polka, or because speakers of General American realise as, while often hearing British as; thus or General American become the closest possible approximation to the Received Pronunciation for many American speakers. Wells, John. 1990. Longman pronunciation dictionary. Harlow: Longman, 3 January 1892 – 2 September 1973) was an English writer, poet, philologist, and university professor who is best known as the author of the classic high fantasy works The Hobbit, The Lord of the Rings, and The Silmarillion.
Jack Levine (January 3, 1915November 8, 2010) was an American Social Realist painter and printmaker best known for his satires on modern life, political corruption, and biblical narratives.
Jack Pickford (born John Charles Smith; August 18, 1896 – January 3, 1933) was a Canadian-born American actor, film director and producer.
Jack Leon Ruby (born Jacob Leon Rubenstein; March 25, 1911 – January 3, 1967) was the Dallas, Texas, nightclub owner who fatally shot Lee Harvey Oswald on November 24, 1963, while Oswald was in police custody after being charged with assassinating U.S. President John F. Kennedy and the murder of Dallas policeman J. D. Tippit two days earlier.
Jacob Timpano (born 3 January 1986) in Wollongong, Australia) is a former Australian footballer and current head coach of Wollongong Wolves in the National Premier Leagues NSW.
James Elroy Flecker (5 November 1884 – 3 January 1915) was a British novelist and playwright.
James Harrington (or Harington) (3 January 1611 – 11 September 1677) was an English political theorist of classical republicanism, best known for his controversial work, The Commonwealth of Oceana (1656).
The James Lick Telescope is a refracting telescope built in 1888.
James McCormack, Jr. (8 November 1910 – 3 January 1975) was a United States Army officer who served in World War II, and was later the first Director of Military Applications of the United States Atomic Energy Commission.
James Merritt Ives (March 5, 1824 – January 3, 1895) was an American lithographer, bookkeeper, and businessman.
Janek Kiisman (born 3 January 1972) is a retired association football defender from Estonia.
The January 1913 Atlantic coast storm was a strong extratropical cyclone that affected the eastern coast of the United States on January 3, 1913.
January 2 - Eastern Orthodox liturgical calendar - January 4 All fixed commemorations below are observed on January 16 by Eastern Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar.
Japan (日本; Nippon or Nihon; formally 日本国 or Nihon-koku, lit. "State of Japan") is a sovereign island country in East Asia.
Jarl Martin Alfredius (January 3, 1943 – March 31, 2009) was a Swedish journalist and newsreader at Swedish Television.
Jarmo Lehtinen (born 3 January 1969) is a rally co-driver from Finland.
Jaroslav Hašek (30 April 1883 – 3 January 1923) was a Czech writer, humorist, satirist, journalist, bohemian and anarchist.
Jason Christopher Marsden (born January 3, 1975) is an American actor, voice actor, director and producer who has appeared in numerous voice roles in animated films, as well as various television series and video games.
János Fürst (8 August 1935 – 3 January 2007) was a Hungarian-born conductor and violinist.
Jean-Henri Focas (20 July 1909 – 3 January 1969) was a Greek-French astronomer.
Jeremiah Horrocks (1618 – 3 January 1641), sometimes given as Jeremiah Horrox (the Latinised version that he used on the Emmanuel College register and in his Latin manuscripts), – See footnote 1 was an English astronomer.
Jerson Cabral (born 3 January 1991) is a Dutch-Cape Verdean footballer who plays as a winger for Levski Sofia.
Jessica Lynne O'Rourke Çarmıklı (born Jessica Lynne O'Rourke on January 3, 1986) is an American professional soccer player from Marlton, New Jersey.
Jill Angela Henriette Balcon (3 January 192518 July 2009) was an English film and radio actress, who was also known for her stage and television work.
James William Ross (born January 3, 1952) is an American professional wrestling commentator and talent relations executive currently signed to WWE.
James Robert Stewart (6 March 1931 – 3 January 2008) was a British racing driver from Scotland who participated in a single Formula One World Championship Grand Prix, driving for Ecurie Ecosse.
Joachim II (Joachim II Hector or Hektor; 13 January 1505 – 3 January 1571) was a Prince-elector of the Margraviate of Brandenburg (1535–1571), the sixth member of the House of Hohenzollern.
A jockey is someone who rides horses in horse racing or steeplechase racing, primarily as a profession.
John Gould Fletcher (January 3, 1886 – May 10, 1950) was an Imagist poet (the first Southern poet to win the Pulitzer Prize), author and authority on modern painting.
John Robert Marsden AM (3 January 194217 May 2006) was an Australian solicitor and former President of the Law Society of New South Wales.
John Richard Baldwin (born 3 January 1946), better known by his stage name John Paul Jones, is an English multi-instrumentalist, songwriter, composer, arranger and record producer.
John Eliot Sturges (January 3, 1910 – August 18, 1992) was an American film director.
John Edward Thaw, CBE (3 January 1942 – 21 February 2002) was an English actor.
John M. Most (June 15, 1923 – January 3, 1993) was an American sports announcer, known primarily as the raspy radio voice of the Boston Celtics of the National Basketball Association from 1953 to 1990.
George Rice Chitwood (April 14, 1912 – January 3, 1988), nicknamed "Joie", was an American racecar driver and businessman.
Jonathan Grant Evans (born 3 January 1988) is a Northern Irish professional footballer who plays as a defender for English club Leicester City and the Northern Ireland national team.
Josef Škvorecký, (September 27, 1924 – January 3, 2012) was a Czech-Canadian writer and publisher.
Joseph Jenkins Roberts (March 15, 1809 – February 24, 1876) was the first (1848–1856) and seventh (1872–1876) President of Liberia.
Marshal Joseph Jacques Césaire Joffre (12 January 1852 – 3 January 1931), was a French general who served as Commander-in-Chief of French forces on the Western Front from the start of World War I until the end of 1916.
Karl Joseph Wirth, known as Joseph Wirth, (6 September 1879 – 3 January 1956) was a German politician of the Catholic Centre Party who served for 585 days as Chancellor of Germany, from 1921 to 1922.
Marie Josephine Hull (née Sherwood; January 3, 1877 – March 12, 1957) was an American stage and film actress who also was a director of plays.
Josiah Wedgwood (12 July 1730 – 3 January 1795) was an English potter and entrepreneur.
Friederike Victoria "Joy" Adamson (née Gessner, 20 January 1910 – 3 January 1980) was a naturalist, artist and author.
Juan García Esquivel (January 20, 1918 – January 3, 2002), often simply known as Esquivel!, was a Mexican band leader, pianist, and composer for television and films.
Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo (Portuguese:João Rodrigues Cabrilho) (born 1499, died January 3, 1543) was a maritime navigator, known for exploring the West Coast of North America on behalf of the Spanish Empire.
Dame Frances Margaret Anderson, (10 February 18973 January 1992), known professionally as Judith Anderson, was an Australian-born British actress who had a successful career in stage, film and television.
is a Japanese writer and co-founder of the visual novel brand Key under VisualArt's.
Jurgis Baltrušaitis (May 2, 1873 – January 3, 1944) was a Lithuanian Symbolist poet and translator, who wrote his works in Lithuanian and Russian.
Justin Fleming (born 3 January 1953), born Sydney, Australia is a playwright and author.
Jyotindra Nath Dixit (8 January 1936 – 3 January 2005) was an Indian diplomat, who as served as Foreign Secretary (1991–1994), the top bureaucrat in the Ministry of External Affairs.
Kanagasabai Ganeshalingam (3 January 1938 –4 December 2006) was a Sri Lankan Tamil politician.
Karel Dežman, also known as Dragotin Dežman and Karl Deschmann (3 January 1821 – 11 March 1889), was a Carniolan liberal politician and natural scientist.
The Karine A affair, also known as Operation "Noah's Ark" (מבצע תיבת נוח Mivtza Teyvat Noah), was an Israeli military action in January 2002 in which Israeli forces seized MV Karine A, which, according to IDF, was a Palestinian freighter in the Red Sea.
Katie McGrath is an Irish actress.
is a Japanese gymnast.
Kevin Douglas Ware Jr. (born January 3, 1993) is an American professional basketball player for Faros Larissas of the Greek Basket League.
Key is a Japanese visual novel studio which formed on July 21, 1998 as a brand under the publisher VisualArt's and is located in Kita, Osaka.
Kim Ha-eun (born Kim Hyun-jin on January 3, 1984) is a South Korean actress.
Kim Ok-vin (born 3 January 1987) is a South Korean actress.
Kim Seol-hyun (born January 3, 1995), better known by the mononym Seolhyun, is a South Korean singer and actress.
Koo Chen-fu (6 January 1917 – 3 January 2005), also known as C.F. Koo, was a Taiwanese businessman and diplomat.
Saint Kuriakose Elias Chavara, C.M.I. was an Indian Catholic priest and social reformer.
Kurt Samuel Vile (born January 3, 1980) is an American singer, songwriter, multi-instrumentalist and record producer.
Lars Thomas "Lasse" Nilsson (born 3 January 1982) is a Swedish footballer who plays for Norrby IF.
Lü Bu (died 7 February 199), courtesy name Fengxian, was a military general and warlord who lived during the late Eastern Han dynasty of Imperial China.
This is a list of leaders of South Vietnam, since the establishment of the Autonomous Republic of Cochinchina in 1946 until the fall of the Republic of Vietnam in 1975, and the reunification of Vietnam in 1976.
The political leadership of East Germany was in the hands of several offices.
Leah Diane Gibson (born January 3, 1985) is a Canadian film and television actress.
Lee David Bowyer (born 3 January 1977) is an English former professional footballer born in Canning Town, London.
Lee Il-hwa (born January 3, 1971) is a South Korean actress.
Lee Wan (born Kim Hyung-soo on January 3, 1984) is a South Korean actor.
Leo de Berardinis (3 January 1940 in Gioi on the Italian Encyclopedia Treccani (Mediaset TGcom24) – 18 September 2008 in Rome) was an Italian stage actor and theatre director.
Leonidas Panagopoulos (Λεωνίδας Παναγόπουλος, born 3 January 1987) is a Greek footballer who plays as a goalkeeper for Rodos.
The Lick Observatory is an astronomical observatory, owned and operated by the University of California.
Linas Kleiza (born January 3, 1985) is a former Lithuanian professional basketball player.
Dame Linda Penelope Dobbs, DBE (born 3 January 1951) was a High Court judge in England and Wales from 2004 to 2013.
Linda Claire Steiner (born January 3, 1950) is a professor at Philip Merrill College of Journalism, University of Maryland.
The Chief Minister of Sarawak is the head of government in the Malaysian state of Sarawak.
The following is a list of all of the Coptic Orthodox Popes of Alexandria who have led the Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria and have succeeded the Apostle Mark the Evangelist in the office of Bishop of Alexandria, who founded the Church in the 1st century, and therefore marked the beginning of Christianity in Africa.
This is a chronological list of Mayors of Ljubljana.
The following is a List of Speakers of the North Dakota House of Representatives, a position that was created with the state's constitution in 1889.
This is a list of fighter aces in World War II from Japan, as officially credited by the Imperial Japanese government.
The London Sinfonietta is an English contemporary chamber orchestra founded in 1968 and based in London.
Lord Lieutenant of Ireland was the title of the chief governor of Ireland from the Williamite Wars of 1690 till the Partition of Ireland in 1922.
Lorenzo Joseph Fertitta (born January 3, 1969) is an American entrepreneur, investor, business builder and philanthropist.
Louis I, Prince of Monaco (25 July 1642 in Prince's Palace of Monaco – 3 January 1701 in Rome) was Prince of Monaco from 1662 until 1701.
Louis-Gabriel Suchet (2 March 1770 – 3 January 1826), Duke of Albufera (Duc d'Albuféra), was a French Marshal of the Empire and one of the most successful commanders of the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars.
Lucretia Mott (née Coffin; January 3, 1793 – November 11, 1880) was a U.S. Quaker, abolitionist, women's rights activist, and social reformer.
Malcolm John Dick (born 3 January 1941) is a former New Zealand rugby union player and administrator.
Mandatory Palestine (فلسطين; פָּלֶשְׂתִּינָה (א"י), where "EY" indicates "Eretz Yisrael", Land of Israel) was a geopolitical entity under British administration, carved out of Ottoman Syria after World War I. British civil administration in Palestine operated from 1920 until 1948.
Manuel Antonio Noriega Moreno (February 11, 1934 – May 29, 2017) was a Panamanian politician and military officer who was the de facto ruler of Panama from 1983 to 1989.
March of Dimes is a United States nonprofit organization that works to improve the health of mothers and babies by preventing birth defects, premature birth and infant mortality.
Marion Cecilia Davies (née Douras, January 3, 1897 – September 22, 1961) was an American film actress, producer, screenwriter, and philanthropist.
Marpessa Dawn (January 3, 1934 – August 25, 2008), also known as Gypsy Marpessa Dawn Menor, was an American-born French actress of African American descent, as well as a singer and dancer.
The Mars Polar Lander, also known as the Mars Surveyor '98 Lander, was a 290-kilogram robotic spacecraft lander launched by NASA on January 3, 1999 to study the soil and climate of Planum Australe, a region near the south pole on Mars.
Martial law is the imposition of direct military control of normal civilian functions of government, especially in response to a temporary emergency such as invasion or major disaster, or in an occupied territory. Martial law can be used by governments to enforce their rule over the public.
Martin Anderson (August 5, 1936 – January 3, 2015) was an economist, policy analyst, author and one of President Ronald Reagan's leading advisors.
Martin Luther, (10 November 1483 – 18 February 1546) was a German professor of theology, composer, priest, monk, and a seminal figure in the Protestant Reformation.
Martin Truchseß von Wetzhausen zu Dachsbach (c. 1435 – 3 January 1489) was the 34th Grand Master of the Teutonic Knights, serving from 1477-1489.
Mary Daly (October 16, 1928 – January 3, 2010) was an American radical feminist philosopher, academic, and theologian.
Mary Garden (20 February 1874 – 3 January 1967), was a Scottish operatic soprano with a substantial career in France and America in the first third of the 20th century.
Mary Wineberg (née Danner, born January 3, 1980) is an American track and field athlete from Cincinnati, Ohio.
The Massachusetts Attorney General is an elected constitutionally defined executive officer of the Massachusetts Government.
Mathieu Molé (1584 – 3 January 1656) was a French statesman.
Matthew Frattin (born January 3, 1988) is a Canadian professional ice hockey right winger who is currently under contract with Lausanne HC of the National League (NL).
Lieutenant-Colonel Sir Matthew Nathan, (3 January 1862 – 18 April 1939) was a British soldier and colonial administrator, who variously served as the Governor of Sierra Leone, Gold Coast, Hong Kong, Natal and Queensland.
The Mayor of Colombo is the Mayor (and head) of the Colombo Municipal Council.
is a Japanese actress, voice actress and J-pop singer who was born in Tokyo and grew up in Taiwan and Yokohama.
The, also known as the Meiji Ishin, Renovation, Revolution, Reform, or Renewal, was an event that restored practical imperial rule to the Empire of Japan in 1868 under Emperor Meiji.
Mel Colmcille Gerard Gibson (born January 3, 1956) is an American actor and filmmaker.
Meltdown is a hardware vulnerability affecting Intel x86 microprocessors, IBM POWER processors, and some ARM-based microprocessors.
Metro AG, otherwise known as Metro Group, is a German global diversified retail and wholesale/cash and carry group based in Düsseldorf. It was established in 1964 by Ernst Schmidt and Wilhelm Schmidt-Ruthenbeck., it was the fourth-largest retailer in the world measured by revenues (after Wal-Mart, Carrefour and Tesco).
Michael Barratt (born 3 January 1928) is an English television presenter and announcer.
Admiral Sir Michael Henry Gordon Layard, KCB, CBE (born 3 January 1936) is a retired senior Royal Navy officer who went on to be Second Sea Lord.
Michael Schumacher (born 3 January 1969) is a retired German racing driver who raced in Formula One for Jordan Grand Prix, Benetton and Ferrari, where he spent the majority of his career, as well as for Mercedes upon his return to the sport.
Michalis Kritikopoulos (Μιχάλης Κρητικόπουλος; 3 January 1946 – 20 July 2002) was a Greek football striker.
Miloš Juhász (born 3 January 1984) is a Slovak football midfielder.
Milton Clark Avery (March 7, 1885 – January 3, 1965) was an American modern painter.
Minnie D. Craig (née Davenport, 1883–1966) was an American legislator, notable as the first female speaker of a state House of Representatives in the United States.
The Mitsubishi A6M "Zero" is a long-range fighter aircraft manufactured by Mitsubishi Aircraft Company, a part of Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, and operated by the Imperial Japanese Navy from 1940 to 1945.
Mohammed Waheed Hassan Manik (ޑރ.; born 3 January 1953) was the 5th President of the Maldives from 7 February 2012 to 17 November 2013, after the disputed resignation of the 4th President of Maldives Mohamed Nasheed.
Mohan Rakesh (मोहन राकेश; 8 January 19253 January 1972) was one of the pioneers of the Nai Kahani ("New Story") literary movement of the Hindi literature in the 1950s.
The National Security Advisor (NSA) (IAST: Rāṣṭrīya Surakṣā Salāhakāra) is the chief executive of the National Security Council (NSC), and the primary advisor to the Prime Minister of India on national and international security.
Nell Rankin (January 3, 1924 – January 13, 2005) was an American operatic mezzo-soprano.
The New Hampshire Grants or Benning Wentworth Grants were land grants made between 1749 and 1764 by the colonial governor of the Province of New Hampshire, Benning Wentworth.
Ngô Đình Diệm (3 January 1901 – 2 November 1963) was a South Vietnamese politician.
Nicholas Edward Gonzalez (born January 3, 1976) is an American actor, best known for playing Alex Santiago in the television series Resurrection Blvd. He currently portrays Dr.
Nigeria, officially the Federal Republic of Nigeria is a federal republic in West Africa, bordering Benin in the west, Chad and Cameroon in the east, and Niger in the north.
Nimr Baqir al-Nimr (نمر باقر النمر, translit. Nimr Bāqir an-Nimr; 21 June 1959 – 2 January 2016; also Romanized Bakir al-Nimr, al-Nemr, al-Namr, al-Nimer, al-Nemer, al-Namer), commonly referred to as Sheikh Nimr, was a Shia Sheikh in al-Awamiyah in Saudi Arabia's Eastern Province whose arbitrary arrest and execution was widely condemned, including by governments and human rights organizations.
Ohio is a Midwestern state in the Great Lakes region of the United States.
is the southernmost prefecture of Japan.
Oliver Payne Bolton (February 22, 1917 – December 13, 1972) was an American politician of the Republican party who served in the United States House of Representatives from 1953–1957 and from 1963-1965.
Otto Beisheim (3 January 1924 – 18 February 2013) was a German businessman and founder of Metro AG.
Panama (Panamá), officially the Republic of Panama (República de Panamá), is a country in Central America, bordered by Costa Rica to the west, Colombia to the southeast, the Caribbean Sea to the north and the Pacific Ocean to the south.
A papal bull is a type of public decree, letters patent, or charter issued by a pope of the Roman Catholic Church.
Gregory "Pappy" Boyington (December 4, 1912 – January 11, 1988) was an American combat pilot who was a United States Marine Corps fighter ace during World War II.
The Paris Peace Conference, also known as Versailles Peace Conference, was the meeting of the victorious Allied Powers following the end of World War I to set the peace terms for the defeated Central Powers.
Park Ji-yoon (Hangul: 박지윤; Hanja: 朴志胤; born January 3, 1982) is a South Korean pop singer, actress, and model, who debuted as a Haitai model at age 13.
Park Sol-Mi (born Park Hye-Jung on January 3, 1978) is a South Korean actress.
Martin Patterson "Pat" Hingle (July 19, 1924 – January 3, 2009) was an American actor who appeared in hundreds of television shows and feature films.
Hyman Paul Bley, CM (November 10, 1932 – January 3, 2016) was a Canadian pianist known for his contributions to the free jazz movement of the 1960s as well as his innovations and influence on trio playing and his early live performance on the Moog and Arp audio synthesizers.
A payment system is any system used to settle financial transactions through the transfer of monetary value, and includes the institutions, instruments, people, rules, procedures, standards, and technologies that make such an exchange possible.
Peanuts is a syndicated daily and Sunday American comic strip written and illustrated by Charles M. Schulz that ran from October 2, 1950, to February 13, 2000, continuing in reruns afterward.
Peter Michael Clarke (born 3 January 1982) is an English professional footballer who plays as a centre back for League Two club Oldham Athletic.
Peter Naur (25 October 1928 – 3 January 2016) was a Danish computer science pioneer and Turing award winner.
Philip V (c. 1293 – 3 January 1322), the Tall (Philippe le Long), was King of France and King of Navarre (as Philip II).
The Philippines (Pilipinas or Filipinas), officially the Republic of the Philippines (Republika ng Pilipinas), is a unitary sovereign and archipelagic country in Southeast Asia.
Pierre Athanase Larousse (October 23, 1817January 3, 1875) was a French grammarian, lexicographer and encyclopaedist.
Pietro Antonio Domenico Trapassi, better known by his pseudonym of Pietro Metastasio (3 January 1698 – 12 April 1782), was an Italian poet and librettist, considered the most important writer of opera seria libretti.
Pope Anterus (died 3 January 236) was the Bishop of Rome from 21 November 235 to his death in 236.
Pope Benjamin I of Alexandria, 38th Pope of Alexandria & Patriarch of the See of St. Mark.
Pope John XXIII (Ioannes; Giovanni; born Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli,; 25 November 18813 June 1963) was head of the Catholic Church and sovereign of the Vatican City State from 28 October 1958 to his death in 1963 and was canonized on 27 April 2014.
Pope Leo X (11 December 1475 – 1 December 1521), born Giovanni di Lorenzo de' Medici, was Pope from 9 March 1513 to his death in 1521.
Portuguese Angola refers to Angola during the historic period when it was a territory under Portuguese rule in southwestern Africa.
The Portuguese Colonial War (Guerra Colonial Portuguesa), also known in Portugal as the Overseas War (Guerra do Ultramar) or in the former colonies as the War of Liberation (Guerra de Libertação), was fought between Portugal's military and the emerging nationalist movements in Portugal's African colonies between 1961 and 1974.
The Premier of South Australia is the head of government in the state of South Australia, Australia.
The Premier of Western Australia is the head of the executive branch of government in the Australian state of Western Australia.
The President of the Republic of Liberia is the head of state and government of Liberia.
The President of the Community of Madrid is the highest-ranking officer of the Autonomous Community of Madrid and the head of the Executive Branch.
The President of the Maldives is the head of state and government of the Republic of Maldives, and the commander-in-chief of the Maldives National Defence Force.
The President of the United States (POTUS) is the head of state and head of government of the United States of America.
The Prime Minister of the Hellenic Republic (Πρωθυπουργός της Ελληνικής Δημοκρατίας, Pro̱thypourgós ti̱s Elli̱nikí̱s Di̱mokratías), colloquially referred to as the Prime Minister of Greece (Πρωθυπουργός της Ελλάδας, Pro̱thypourgós ti̱s Elládas), is the head of government of the Hellenic Republic and the leader of the Greek cabinet.
The Prime Minister of Papua New Guinea, is Papua New Guinea's head of government, consequent on being the leader of the party or coalition with majority support in the National Parliament.
The Prime Minister of the United Kingdom is the head of the United Kingdom government.
Princess Alice, Countess of Athlone, (Alice Mary Victoria Augusta Pauline; 25 February 1883 – 3 January 1981) was a member of the British royal family.
Prussia (Preußen) was a historically prominent German state that originated in 1525 with a duchy centred on the region of Prussia.
Official Holidays and remembrance days in Armenia: Other traditional, international and professional holidays, as well as religious holidays, are also celebrating in Armenia.
This is a list of holidays in Burkina Faso.
The following table indicates declared Indonesian government national holidays for the year 2018 only—cultural variants also provide opportunity for holidays tied to local events.
The Public Prosecutor General of the Federal Court of Justice (Generalbundesanwalt or Generalbundesanwältin) is the federal prosecutor of Germany, representing the federal government at the Bundesgerichtshof, the federal court of justice.
Raewyn Connell (born 3 January 1944) (also known as R.W. Connell, formerly Robert) is an Australian sociologist.
Armand Georg Raoul (von) Koczalski (3 January 1884Gregor Benko, liner notes to The Complete Raoul von Koczalski, Vol. 2, Marston Records, 2015. in Warsaw – 24 November 1948 in Poznań) was a Polish pianist and composer, who fulfilled his promise (first shown as a child prodigy) to become a leading pianist.
Ray Milland (born Alfred Reginald Jones, 3 January 1907 – 10 March 1986) was a Welsh-American actor and film director.
Raymond Garneau, (born January 3, 1935) is a Canadian businessman and politician.
The Red Sea (also the Erythraean Sea) is a seawater inlet of the Indian Ocean, lying between Africa and Asia.
A refracting telescope (also called a refractor) is a type of optical telescope that uses a lens as its objective to form an image (also referred to a dioptric telescope).
Reginald Crundall Punnett FRS (20 June 1875 – 3 January 1967) was a British geneticist who co-founded, with William Bateson, the Journal of Genetics in 1910.
Renato Carosone (3 January 1920 – 20 May 2001), born Renato Carusone, was an Italian musician.
Louise Marguerite Renaude Lapointe, (January 3, 1912 – May 11, 2002) was a Canadian journalist and a Senator.
Reto Berra (born 3 January 1987) is a Swiss professional ice hockey goaltender who is currently playing for HC Fribourg-Gottéron of the National League (NL).
Richard Gridley (3 January 1710 – 21 June 1796) was born in Boston, Massachusetts.
Robert Lee Carter (March 11, 1917 – January 3, 2012) was an American lawyer, civil rights activist and a United States District Judge.
Salvatore "Robert" Loggia (January 3, 1930 – December 4, 2015) was an American actor and director.
Robert-Jan Derksen (born 3 January 1974) is a Dutch professional golfer.
Frederick Edward Robin Butler, Baron Butler of Brockwell, (born 3 January 1938) is a retired British civil servant, now sitting in the House of Lords as a crossbencher.
Rodrigo Alvarez de la Cadena (born 3 January 1988) is a Mexican singer, performer, songwriter, radio host, and musician.
Roger Williams Straus Jr. (January 3, 1917 – May 25, 2004) was co-founder and chairman of Farrar, Straus and Giroux, a New York book publishing company, and member of the Guggenheim family.
Rose Ausländer (born Rosalie Beatrice Scherzer; May 11, 1901 – January 3, 1988) was a Jewish poet writing in German and English.
Russell Spence (born 3 January 1960 in Bradford, Yorkshire) is an English racing driver.
Russian Turkestan (Русский Туркестан, Russkiy Turkestan) was the western part of Turkestan within the Russian Empire (administered as a Krai or Governor-Generalship), comprising the oasis region to the south of the Kazakh Steppe, but not the protectorates of the Emirate of Bukhara and the Khanate of Khiva.
was a Japanese prominent figure in the movement to overthrow the Tokugawa shogunate.
Samuel Leamon Younge Jr. (November 17, 1944 – January 3, 1966) was a civil rights and voting rights activist who was murdered for trying to desegregate a "whites only" restroom.
Samuel Clarke Pomeroy (January 3, 1816 – August 27, 1891) was a United States senator from Kansas in the mid-19th century.
Sandra Zaniewska (born 3 January 1992) is a Polish tennis coach and former professional player, who is currently the coach of Petra Martić.
Satish Dhawan (25 September 1920 – 3 January 2002) was an Indian mathematician and aerospace engineer, widely regarded as the father of experimental fluid dynamics research in India.
Satoshi Nakamoto is the name used by the unknown person or people who developed bitcoin, authored the bitcoin white paper, created and deployed bitcoin's original reference implementation.
Saul Zaentz (February 28, 1921January 3, 2014) was an American film producer and record company executive.
Savitribai Jyotirao Phule (3 January 1831 – 10 March 1897) was an Indian social reformer, educationalist and poet.
Sébastien Faure (born 3 January 1991, in Lyon) is a French football player.
Sergei Lvovich Sobolev (Серге́й Льво́вич Со́болев; 6 October 1908 – 3 January 1989) was a Soviet mathematician working in mathematical analysis and partial differential equations.
Sergio Leone (3 January 1929 – 30 April 1989) was an Italian film director, producer and screenwriter, credited as the inventor of the "Spaghetti Western" genre.
Sergiu Florin Nicolaescu (13 April 1930 – 3 January 2013) was a Romanian film director, actor and politician.
Shim Hyung-rae (born January 3, 1958, sometimes credited as Hyung Rae Shim) is a South Korean former comedian and filmmaker best known for directing Yonggary and D-War, by far the most expensive Korean movie in history.
Shin Eun-jung (born January 3, 1974) is a South Korean actress.
Sidney Gillman (October 26, 1911 – January 3, 2003) was an American football player, coach and executive.
The Siege of Sidney Street of January 1911, also known as the Battle of Stepney, was a gunfight in the East End of London between a combined police and army force and two Latvian revolutionaries.
Siegfried Buback (January 3, 1920, Wilsdruff, Saxony – April 7, 1977, Karlsruhe) was the Attorney General of Germany from 1974 until his death.
The Sino-French War (Guerre franco-chinoise, សង្គ្រាមបារាំង-ចិន, Chiến tranh Pháp-Thanh), also known as the Tonkin War and Tonquin War, was a limited conflict fought from August 1884 through April 1885, to decide whether France would supplant China's control of Tonkin (northern Vietnam).
Sio Siua Taukeiaho (born 3 January 1992) is a rugby league footballer who plays for the Sydney Roosters in the National Rugby League.
The SL-1, or Stationary Low-Power Reactor Number One, was a United States Army experimental nuclear power reactor in the United States which underwent a steam explosion and meltdown on January 3, 1961, killing its three operators.
The speaker of a deliberative assembly, especially a legislative body, is its presiding officer, or the chair.
The Australian Special Minister of State is Senator the Hon. Mathias Cormann.
Spectre is a vulnerability that affects modern microprocessors that perform branch prediction.
START II (Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty) was a bilateral treaty between the United States of America and Russia on the Reduction and Limitation of Strategic Offensive Arms.
A steam explosion is an explosion caused by violent boiling or flashing of water into steam, occurring when water is either superheated, rapidly heated by fine hot debris produced within it, or heated by the interaction of molten metals (as in a fuel–coolant interaction, or FCI, of molten nuclear-reactor fuel rods with water in a nuclear reactor core following a core-meltdown).
Stephen Fuller Austin (November 3, 1793 – December 27, 1836) was an American empresario.
Stephen Arthur Stills (born January 3, 1945) is an American singer, songwriter, and multi-instrumentalist best known for his work with Buffalo Springfield and Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young.
Steve Rogers (20 November 1954 – 3 January 2006) was an Australian rugby league footballer of the 1970s and 1980s.
Stewart Hosie (born 3 January 1963) is a Scottish National Party (SNP) politician who has served as Member of Parliament (MP) for Dundee East since the 2005 general election.
The Syro-Malabar Catholic Church (Aramaic/Syriac: ܥܸܕܬܵܐ ܩܵܬܘܿܠܝܼܩܝܼ ܕܡܲܠܲܒܵܪ ܣܘܼܪܝܵܝܵܐ Edta Qatholiqi D'Malabar Suryaya); (Malayalam: സുറിയാനി മലബാര് കത്തോലിക്ക സഭ Suriyani Malabar Katholika Sabha) or Church of Malabar Syrian Catholics is an Eastern Catholic Major Archiepiscopal Church based in Kerala, India.
Texas (Texas or Tejas) is the second largest state in the United States by both area and population.
The Andrews Sisters were an American close harmony singing group of the swing and boogie-woogie eras.
The Everly Brothers were an American country-influenced rock and roll duo, known for steel-string acoustic guitar playing and close harmony singing.
Thomas Bangalter (born 3 January 1975) is a French musician, record producer, singer, songwriter, DJ, composer and film director, best known for being one half of the French house music duo Daft Punk, alongside Guy-Manuel de Homem-Christo.
The Tokugawa shogunate, also known as the and the, was the last feudal Japanese military government, which existed between 1600 and 1868.
The Twelve Days of Christmas, also known as Twelvetide, is a festive Christian season celebrating the Nativity of Jesus Christ.
Tzavalas Karousos (Greek: Τζαβαλάς Καρούσος; 8 September 1904 – 3 January 1969) was a Greek actor.
A state is a constituent political entity of the United States.
Ulf Gösta Lindén (13 December 1937 – 3 January 2009) was a Swedish entrepreneur, owner and president of the Lindén group.
The United Fruit Company was an American corporation that traded in tropical fruit (primarily bananas), grown on Central and South American plantations, and sold in the United States and Europe.
The United States Ambassador to the United Nations is the leader of the U.S. delegation, the U.S. Mission to the United Nations.
The United States Congress is the bicameral legislature of the Federal government of the United States.
The United States Invasion of Panama, code named Operation Just Cause occurred between mid-December 1989 and late January 1990.
The United States Navy (USN) is the naval warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces and one of the seven uniformed services of the United States.
The United States Secretary of Commerce (SecCom) is the head of the United States Department of Commerce.
The United States Secretary of Housing and Urban Development is the head of the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development, a member of the President's Cabinet, and twelfth in the Presidential line of succession.
The Secretary of the Treasury is the head of the U.S. Department of the Treasury which is concerned with financial and monetary matters, and, until 2003, also included several federal law enforcement agencies.
Van Dyke Parks (born January 3, 1943) is an American musician, songwriter, arranger, and record producer who has composed various film and television soundtracks.
Veerapandiya Kattabomman (Veerapandya Katta Brahmana) was an 18th-century Palayakarrar and chieftain from Panchalankurichi in Tamil Nadu, India.
Vermont is a state in the New England region of the northeastern United States.
Vernon A. Walters (January 3, 1917 – February 10, 2002) was a United States Army officer and a diplomat.
Vicar, a pseudonym for Víctor José Arriagada Ríos (April 16, 1934 – January 3, 2012), was a Chilean cartoonist.
Børge Rosenbaum (3 January 1909 – 23 December 2000), known professionally as Victor Borge, was a Danish and American comedian, conductor, and pianist who achieved great popularity in radio and television in the United States and Europe.
Victor Kraft (4 July 1880 – 3 January 1975) was an Austrian philosopher, best known for being a member of the Vienna Circle.
Vicki Ree "Victoria" Principal (born January 3, 1950) is an American actress, entrepreneur, and author, best known for her role as Pamela Barnes Ewing on the American prime time television soap opera series Dallas that aired on the CBS network from 1978 to 1991.
The Vought F4U Corsair is an American fighter aircraft that saw service primarily in World War II and the Korean War.
In computer security, a vulnerability is a weakness which can be exploited by a Threat Actor, such as an attacker, to perform unauthorized actions within a computer system.
Werner Michael Blumenthal (born January 3, 1926) is an American business leader, economist and political adviser who served as United States Secretary of the Treasury under President Jimmy Carter from 1977 to 1979.
Walkelin (died 1098) was the first Norman bishop of Winchester.
Sir Walter Hartwell James, (29 March 1863 – 3 January 1943) was the fifth Premier of Western Australia and an ardent supporter of the federation movement.
A watch is a timepiece intended to be carried or worn by a person.
Josiah Wedgwood and Sons, commonly known as Wedgwood, is a fine china, porcelain, and luxury accessories company founded on 1 May 1759 by English potter and entrepreneur Josiah Wedgwood.
Werner Dollinger (10 October 1918 – 3 January 2008) was a German politician and economist, a member of the Christian Social Union in Bavaria (CSU).
The West Indies Federation, also known as the West Indies, the Federation of the West Indies or the West Indian Federation, was a short-lived political union that existed from 3 January 1958 to 31 May 1962.
Western Christianity is the type of Christianity which developed in the areas of the former Western Roman Empire.
Wilhelm Carl Josef Cuno (2 July 1876 – 3 January 1933) was a German businessman and politician who was the Chancellor of Germany from 1922 to 1923, for a total of 264 days.
Friedrich Wilhelm Reinhold Pieck (3 January 1876 – 7 September 1960) was a German politician and Communist.
Friedrich Wilhelm Voigt (13 February 1849 – 3 January 1922) was a German Impostor who, in 1906, masqueraded as a Prussian military officer, rounded up a number of soldiers under his "command", and "confiscated" more than 4,000 marks from a municipal treasury.
William Victor "Bill" Gropper (December 3, 1897January 3, 1977), was a U.S. cartoonist, painter, lithographer, and muralist.
William Harrison Ainsworth (4 February 1805 – 3 January 1882) was an English historical novelist born at King Street in Manchester.
William Brooke Joyce (24 April 1906 – 3 January 1946), nicknamed Lord Haw-Haw, was an American-born, Anglo-Irish Fascist politician and Nazi propaganda broadcaster to the United Kingdom during World War II.
The Honourable William Leslie (8 August 1751 – 3 January 1777), second son of the Earl of Leven and Melville from Scotland, was a Captain in the 17th Foot of the British Army during the American War of Independence.
William B. Maxson (4 September 1930 – 3 January 2013) was an American Air Force Major General and vice commander, 15th Air Force, Strategic Air Command, March Air Force Base, Calif.
William Alfred Passavant (October 9, 1821 - June 3, 1894) was a Lutheran minister noted for bringing the Lutheran Deaconess movement to the United States.
William Charles Renshaw (3 January 1861 – 12 August 1904) was a British tennis player active during the late 19th century who was ranked world No. 1.
Calvin William Verity Jr. (January 26, 1917 – January 3, 2007) was a U.S. administrator and steel industrialist.
Winifred Milius Lubell (June 14, 1914 – January 3, 2012) was an American illustrator artist and writer.
Sir Winston Leonard Spencer-Churchill (30 November 187424 January 1965) was a British politician, army officer, and writer, who was Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1940 to 1945 and again from 1951 to 1955.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
Yashawant Dinkar Phadke (Y. D. Phadke Devanagari: यशवंत दिनकर फडके / य. दि. फडके) (January 3, 1931 – January 11, 2008) was a historian and a political activist from Maharashtra, India.
(born 3 January 1990 in Osaka) is a Japanese footballer who plays as an attacking midfielder for Cerezo Osaka.
ZaSu Pitts (born Eliza Susan Pitts; January 3, 1894 – June 7, 1963) was an American actress who starred in many silent dramas and comedies, transitioning successfully to mostly comedy films with the advent of sound films.
Zionism (צִיּוֹנוּת Tsiyyonut after Zion) is the national movement of the Jewish people that supports the re-establishment of a Jewish homeland in the territory defined as the historic Land of Israel (roughly corresponding to Canaan, the Holy Land, or the region of Palestine).
Zulema Cusseaux (3 January 1947 – 30 September 2013),.
Year 106 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar.
Year 1098 (MXCVIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1196 (MCXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1322 (MCCCXXII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1437 (MCDXXXVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1489 (MCDLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1497 (MCDXCVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1501 ('''MDI''') was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1509 (MDIX) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1521 (MDXXI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1543 (MDXLIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1571 (MDLXXI) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
1641 is the generally accepted year of the birth of the modern timepiece.
Year 169 (CLXIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
The first year of the ascending Dvapara Yuga.
In the Swedish calendar it was a common year starting on Tuesday, one day ahead of the Julian and ten days behind the Gregorian calendar.
In the Swedish calendar it was a common year starting on Saturday, one day ahead of the Julian and ten days behind the Gregorian calendar.
The American Revolution begins this year, with the first military engagement being the April 19 Battles of Lexington and Concord on the day after Paul Revere's now-epic ride.
The French Republic introduced the French Revolutionary Calendar starting with the year I.
This year was known as the Year Without a Summer, because of low temperatures in the Northern Hemisphere, the result of the Mount Tambora volcanic eruption in Indonesia in 1815.
It is historically famous for the wave of revolutions, a series of widespread struggles for more liberal governments, which broke out from Brazil to Hungary; although most failed in their immediate aims, they significantly altered the political and philosophical landscape and had major ramifications throughout the rest of the century.
This year was named by Mitchell Stephens as the greatest year to read newspapers.
In Germany, 1888 is known as the Year of the Three Emperors.
As of March 1 (O.S. February 17), when the Julian calendar acknowledged a leap day and the Gregorian calendar did not, the Julian calendar fell one day further behind, bringing the difference to 13 days until February 28 (O.S. February 15), 2100.
As the second year of the massive Russo-Japanese War began, more than 100,000 died in the largest world battles of that era, and the war chaos lead to a revolution against the Tsar (Shostakovich's 11th Symphony is subtitled The Year 1905 to commemorate this).
A highlight was the race for the South Pole.
The 1911 Kebin earthquake, or Chon-Kemin earthquake, struck Russian Turkestan on 3 January.
Below, the events of World War I have the "WWI" prefix.
Below, the events of the First World War have the "WWI" prefix.
This year was famous for the October Revolution in Russia, by Vladimir Lenin.
This year marked the end of a period known in American history as the Roaring Twenties after the Wall Street Crash of 1929 ushered in a worldwide Great Depression.
This year also marks the start of the Second World War, the largest and deadliest conflict in human history.
Below, the events of World War II have the "WWII" prefix.
Below, the events of World War II have the "WWII" acronym.
Below, events of World War II have the "WWII" prefix.
Below, events of World War II have the "WWII" prefix.
Below, events of World War II have the "WWII" prefix.
This year also marks the end of the Second World War, the deadliest conflict in human history.
It is also known as the "Year of Africa" because of major events—particularly the independence of seventeen African nations—that focused global attention on the continent and intensified feelings of Pan-Africanism.
As MAD Magazine pointed out on its cover for the March 1961 issue, this was the first "upside-up" year — i.e., one in which the numerals that form the year look the same as when the numerals are rotated upside down, a strobogrammatic number — since 1881.
The year is associated with the first manned landing on the Moon (Apollo 11).
The world population increased by 2.1% this year, the highest increase in history.
Within the context of Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) it was the longest year ever, as two leap seconds were added during this 366-day year, an event which has not since been repeated.
It was also declared the International Women's Year by the United Nations and the European Architectural Heritage Year by the Council of Europe.
The year 1983 saw both the official beginning of the Internet and the first mobile cellular telephone call.
The year 1985 was designated as the International Youth Year by the United Nations.
The year 1986 was designated as the International Year of Peace by the United Nations.
In the 20th century, the year 1988 has the most Roman numeral digits (11).
1989 was a turning point in political history because a wave of revolutions swept the Eastern Bloc in Europe, starting in Poland and Hungary, with experiments in power sharing, coming to a head with the opening of the Berlin Wall in November, and the Velvet Revolution in Czechoslovakia, embracing the overthrow of the communist dictatorship in Romania in December, and ending in December 1991 with the dissolution of the Soviet Union.
Important events of 1990 include the Reunification of Germany and the unification of Yemen, the formal beginning of the Human Genome Project (finished in 2003), the launch of the Hubble Space Telescope, the separation of Namibia from South Africa, and the Baltic states declaring independence from the Soviet Union amidst Perestroika.
It was the year that is usually considered the final year of the Cold War that had begun in the late 1940s.
1992 was designated as.
The year 1994 was designated as the "International Year of the Family" and the "International Year of Sport and the Olympic Ideal" by the United Nations.
This was the first year that the Internet was entirely privatized, with the United States government no longer providing public funding.
1999 was designated as the International Year of Older Persons.
2000 was designated as.
2002 was designated as.
2003 was designated the.
2004 was designated as.
2005 was designated as.
2006 was designated as.
2007 was designated as.
2008 was designated as.
2009 was designated as.
2010 was designated as.
2012 was designated as.
2013 was designated as.
2014 was designated as.
2015 was designated as.
The 2015 Baga massacre was a series of mass killings carried out by the Boko Haram terrorist group in the north-eastern Nigerian town of Baga and its environs, in the state of Borno, between 3 January and 7 January 2015.
2016 was designated as.
2017 was designated as International Year of Sustainable Tourism for Development by the United Nations General Assembly.
2018 has been designated as the third International Year of the Reef by the International Coral Reef Initiative.
Year 230(CCXXXVI) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 323 (CCCXXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 661 (DCLXI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.