622 relations: A. E. Coppard, Al Jefferson, Alan Sutherland (rugby player), Albert Camus, Albert Tyler (athlete), Alberto Paloschi, Alfred Grünfeld, Algeria, Alicia Garza, Amadeus VI, Count of Savoy, Amtrak, André Masson, André Rouvoet, Andrei Krauchanka, Anestis Argyriou, Ange-Jacques Gabriel, Angela Harris, Baroness Harris of Richmond, Angela of Foligno, Angola, Ann Magnuson, Anna Komnene Doukaina, Anna Winlock, Anne of Brittany, Anselm Feuerbach, Ante Žižić, Antoine Chanzy, Antoine Labelle, Anwar Shamim, Ariel Sharon, Aristarkh Lentulov, Arnold Susi, Art Acord, Art Paul Schlosser, Arthur Conley, Arthur Villeneuve, Augustus John, Æthelred of Wessex, Æthelwulf of Berkshire, École Militaire, Barbara Cochran, Barbara Rush, Battle of Reading (871), Battle of Ruspina, Battle of Sofia, Benito Pérez Galdós, Bernard Sumner, Beth Gibbons, Bob Black, Bodo VIII, Count of Stolberg-Wernigerode, Bolaji Akinyemi, ..., Boston, Braille, Brian Gibson (director), Brian Horrocks, Brian Josephson, British Empire, Broadway theatre, Bucharest, Bud Poile, Bulgaria, Burj Khalifa, Burkina Faso, C. L. R. 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Alfred Edgar Coppard (4 January 187813 January 1957) was an English writer, noted for his influence on the short story form, and poet.
Al Ricardo Jefferson (born January 4, 1985) is an American professional basketball player for the Indiana Pacers of the National Basketball Association (NBA).
Alan Richard Sutherland (born 4 January 1944) is a former New Zealand rugby union player.
Albert Camus (7 November 1913 – 4 January 1960) was a French philosopher, author, and journalist.
Albert Clinton Tyler (January 4, 1872 – July 25, 1945) was an American pole vaulter who won a silver medal at the 1896 Summer Olympics in Athens.
Alberto Paloschi (born 4 January 1990) is an Italian professional footballer who plays as a striker for SPAL.
Alfred Grünfeld (Prague, July 4, 1852 – January 4, 1924, Vienna) was an Austrian pianist and composer.
Algeria (الجزائر, familary Algerian Arabic الدزاير; ⴷⵣⴰⵢⴻⵔ; Dzayer; Algérie), officially the People's Democratic Republic of Algeria, is a sovereign state in North Africa on the Mediterranean coast.
Alicia Garza (born January 4, 1981) is an African-American activist and editorial writer who lives in Oakland, California.
Amadeus VI (4 January 1334, Chambéry – 1 March 1383, Campobasso), nicknamed the Green Count (Il Conte Verde) was Count of Savoy from 1343 to 1383.
The National Railroad Passenger Corporation, doing business as Amtrak, is a passenger railroad service that provides medium- and long-distance intercity service in the contiguous United States and to three Canadian cities.
André-Aimé-René Masson (4 January 1896 – 28 October 1987) was a French artist.
André Rouvoet (born 4 January 1962) is a former Dutch politician of the ChristianUnion (CU).
Andrei Sergeyevich Krauchanka (Андрэй Сяргеевіч Краўчанка; also transliterated as Andrey Kravchenko) (born 4 January 1986) is a Belarusian decathlete.
Anestis Argyriou (Ανέστης Αργυρίου; born 4 January 1988) is a Greek footballer who last played as a defender for Agrotikos Asteras in the Football League.
Ange-Jacques Gabriel (23 October 1698 – 4 January 1782) was the principal architect of King Louis XV of France.
Angela Felicity Harris, Baroness Harris of Richmond, (born 4 January 1944) is a Liberal Democrat life peer and a Deputy Speaker in the House of Lords of the United Kingdom.
Angela of Foligno, T.O.S.F., (1248 – 4 January 1309) was an Italian Franciscan tertiary who became known as a mystic from her extensive writings about her mystical revelations.
Angola, officially the Republic of Angola (República de Angola; Kikongo, Kimbundu and Repubilika ya Ngola), is a country in Southern Africa.
Ann Magnuson (born January 4, 1956) is an American actress, performance artist, and nightclub performer.
Anna Komnene Doukaina (died 4 January 1286), known in French as Agnes, was Princess-consort of the Principality of Achaea in 1258–1278.
Anna Winlock (born September 15, 1857 in Cambridge, Massachusetts; died January 4, 1904) was an American astronomer and daughter of Joseph Winlock and Isabella Lane.
Anne of Brittany (25/26 January 1477 – 9 January 1514) was Duchess of Brittany from 1488 until her death, and queen consort of France from 1491 to 1498 and from 1499 to her death.
Anselm Feuerbach (12 September 1829 – 4 January 1880) was a German painter.
Ante Toni Žižić (born 4 January 1997) is a Croatian professional basketball player for the Cleveland Cavaliers of the National Basketball Association (NBA).
Antoine Eugène Alfred Chanzy (18 March 18234 January 1883) was a French general, notable for his successes during the Franco-Prussian War and as a governor of Algeria.
François-Xavier-Antoine Labelle (November 24, 1833 – January 4, 1891) was a Roman Catholic priest and the person principally responsible for the settlement (or "colonization") of the Laurentians.
Air Chief Marshal Mohammad Anwar Shamim (Urdu: محمد انور شمیم; October 31, 1931 – January 4, 2013), was a four-star rank air force general who was the Chief of Air Staff of Pakistan Air Force, appointed in this post in 1978 until retiring in 1985.
Ariel Sharon (אריאל שרון;,, also known by his diminutive Arik, אַריק, born Ariel Scheinermann, אריאל שיינרמן‎; February 26, 1928 – January 11, 2014) was an Israeli general and politician who served as the 11th Prime Minister of Israel from March 2001 until April 2006.
Aristarkh Vasilyevich Lentulov (Лентулов, Аристарх Васильевич) (January 16, 1882 - April 15, 1943) was a major Russian avant-garde artist of Cubist orientation who also worked on set designs for the theatre.
Arnold Susi (4 January 1896 – 29 May 1968) was a lawyer and the Minister of Education in the Estonian government of Otto Tief established on 18 September 1944 during WWII.
Arthemus Ward "Art" Acord (April 17, 1890 – January 4, 1931) was an American silent film actor and rodeo champion.
Art Paul Schlosser (born January 4, 1960) as Arthur P. Schlosser is an artist, cartoonist, comedian, journalist, musician, poet, singer, and songwriter based in Madison, Wisconsin.
Arthur Lee Conley (January 4, 1946 – November 17, 2003) was a U.S. soul singer, best known for the 1967 hit "Sweet Soul Music".
Arthur Villeneuve, (January 4, 1910, Chicoutimi, Quebec - May 24, 1990, Montreal, Quebec) was a Québécois painter and member of the Order of Canada.
Augustus Edwin John (4 January 1878 – 31 October 1961) was a Welsh painter, draughtsman, and etcher.
Æthelred I (Old English: Æþelræd, sometimes rendered as Ethelred, "noble counsel"; – 871) was King of Wessex from 865 to 871.
Æthelwulf of Berkshire (before 825 – 4 January, 871) was a Saxon ealdorman.
The École Militaire ("military school") is a vast complex of buildings housing various military training facilities in the 7th arrondissement of Paris, France, southeast of the Champ de Mars.
Barbara Ann Cochran (born January 4, 1951) is a former World Cup alpine ski racer and Olympic gold medalist from the United States.
Barbara Rush (January 4, 1927) is an American Golden Globe Award-winning movie and television actress.
The first Battle of Reading was a battle on 4 January 871 at Reading in what is now the English county of Berkshire.
The Battle of Ruspina was fought on 4 January 46 BC in the Roman province of Africa, between the Republican forces of the Optimates and forces loyal to Julius Caesar.
The Battle of Sofia (Битката при София) was the culmination of Russian General Iosif Gurko's Western Squad for the defeat of the Orkhanie army in the Russo-Turkish War (1877-1878).
Benito Pérez Galdós (May 10, 1843 – January 4, 1920) was a Spanish realist novelist.
Bernard Sumner (born 4 January 1956) is an English singer, songwriter, musician and record producer.
Beth Gibbons (born 4 January 1965) is an English singer and songwriter.
Robert Charles "Bob" Black Jr. (born January 4, 1951) is an American anarchist.
Count Bodo VIII of Stolberg-Wernigerode (nicknamed the Blissful; 4 January 1467 − 22 June 1538) was Count of Stolberg and Hohnstein and Lord of Wernigerode from 1511 until his death.
Akinwande Bolaji Akinyemi (born 4 January 1942) is a Nigerian professor of political science who was his country's External Affairs Minister from 1985 to late 1987.
Boston is the capital city and most populous municipality of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in the United States.
Braille is a tactile writing system used by people who are visually impaired.
Brian Gibson (22 September 1944 – 4 January 2004) was an English film director.
Lieutenant-General Sir Brian Gwynne Horrocks, (7 September 1895 – 4 January 1985) was a British Army officer, chiefly remembered as the commander of XXX Corps in Operation Market Garden and other operations during the Second World War.
Brian David Josephson (born 4 January 1940) is a Welsh theoretical physicist and professor emeritus of physics at the University of Cambridge.
The British Empire comprised the dominions, colonies, protectorates, mandates and other territories ruled or administered by the United Kingdom and its predecessor states.
Broadway theatre,Although theater is the generally preferred spelling in the United States (see American and British English spelling differences), many Broadway venues, performers and trade groups for live dramatic presentations use the spelling theatre.
Bucharest (București) is the capital and largest city of Romania, as well as its cultural, industrial, and financial centre.
Norman Robert "Bud" Poile (February 10, 1924 – January 4, 2005) was a professional ice hockey player, coach, general manager, and league executive.
Bulgaria (България, tr.), officially the Republic of Bulgaria (Република България, tr.), is a country in southeastern Europe.
The Burj Khalifa (برج خليفة, Arabic for "Khalifa Tower"; pronounced), known as the Burj Dubai before its inauguration in 2010, is a skyscraper in Dubai, United Arab Emirates.
Burkina Faso is a landlocked country in West Africa.
Cyril Lionel Robert James (4 January 1901 – 31 May 1989), who sometimes wrote under the pen-name J. R. Johnson, was an Afro-Trinidadian historian, journalist and socialist.
The calendar of saints is a traditional Christian method of organizing a liturgical year by associating each day with one or more saints and referring to the day as the feast day or feast of said saint.
The Canadian Pavilion at Expo 67 in Montreal featured an inverted pyramid structure as well as a walk through an attraction called the "People Tree." The pavilion had its highest single-day attendance on Canada Day (July 1), 1967.
Carl Humann (first name also Karl, born 4 January 1839 in Steele, part of today’s Essen - Germany; † 12 April 1896 in Smyrna, today İzmir - Turkey) was a German engineer, architect and archaeologist.
Carlos Saura Atarés (born 4 January 1932) is a Spanish film director, photographer and writer.
Carter Glass (January 4, 1858 – May 28, 1946) was an American newspaper publisher and Democratic politician from Lynchburg, Virginia.
Cecilia Ann Conrad (4 January 1955) was the Stedman-Sumner professor of economics, vice president for academic affairs, and dean of Pomona College, Claremont, California, USA, and is the current vice president of the MacArthur Fellows Program.
The title Chancellor has designated different offices in the history of Germany.
Charles I (19 November 1600 – 30 January 1649) was monarch of the three kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland from 27 March 1625 until his execution in 1649.
Charlotte Lennox, née Ramsay (c. 1730 – 4 January 1804) was a Scottish author and poet.
Chase is an unincorporated community in eastern Baltimore County, Maryland, United States.
Chen Cheng (January 4, 1897 – March 5, 1965) was a Chinese political and military leader, and one of the main National Revolutionary Army commanders during the Second Sino-Japanese War and the Chinese Civil War.
The Chief Justice of India (CJI) is the head of the judiciary of India and the Supreme Court of India.
Chris Cutler (born 4 January 1947) is an English percussionist, composer, lyricist and music theorist.
Christopher William Bradshaw Isherwood (26 August 1904 – 4 January 1986) was an English-American novelist.
Cissé Mariam Kaïdama Sidibé (born 4 January 1948) was the Prime Minister of Mali from 2011 to 2012, the first woman to be appointed to the position in the country's history.
Clara Emilia Smitt, (4 January 1864 – 13 January 1928) was a Swedish doctor and author.
In 1875, he began work as a geologist for the U.S. Geological Survey.
Clinton J. Hill (born January 4, 1932) is a former United States Secret Service agent who served under five U.S presidents; from Dwight D. Eisenhower to Gerald Ford.
Coşkun Özarı (January 4, 1931 – June 22, 2011) was a Turkish football player and coach.
Coenraadt "Coen" Moulijn OON (15 February 1937 – 4 January 2011) was a Dutch footballer who played for Feyenoord from 1955 to 1972 and was part of their European Cup victory in 1970.
Conrail, the Consolidated Rail Corporation,, was the primary Class I railroad in the Northeastern United States between 1976 and 1999, when its routes were split between the CSX Corporation and Norfolk Southern Railway.
Constantine Hangerli (Κωνσταντίνος Χατζερής, Konstantinos Chatzeris; died 18 February 1799), also written as Constantin Hangerliu, was a Prince of Wallachia, then part of the Ottoman Empire, between 1797 and the time of his death.
Cornelius Vanderbilt (May 27, 1794 – January 4, 1877) was an American business magnate and philanthropist who built his wealth in railroads and shipping.
County Armagh (named after its county town, Armagh) is one of six counties that form Northern Ireland.
Craig Revel Horwood (born 4 January 1965) is an Australian-British dancer, choreographer and theatre director in the United Kingdom.
Danilo Hondo (born 4 January 1974) is a former German professional road bicycle racer.
David Scott Foley (born January 4, 1963) is a Canadian actor, stand-up comedian, director, producer, and writer.
David Berman (born January 4, 1967) is an American poet, cartoonist, and singer-songwriter best known for his work with indie-rock band the Silver Jews.
David Wayne Toms (born January 4, 1967) is an American professional golfer, who currently plays on the PGA Champions Tour.
David Wilson (born 4 January 1967 in Brisbane, Australia) is a former Australian rugby union footballer who played on the openside flank 79 times, and who captained the Wallabies 9 times.
DC Comics, Inc. is an American comic book publisher.
Deana Kay Carter (born January 4, 1966) is a country music artist who broke through in 1996 with the release of debut album Did I Shave My Legs for This?, which was certified 5× Multi-Platinum in the United States for sales of over five million.
The Vice Minister-President of the Netherlands (Viceminister-president van Nederland), commonly referred to in English as the Deputy Prime Minister, is the official deputy of the head of government of the Netherlands.
The Office of United States Director of Central Intelligence (DCI) was the head of the American Central Intelligence Agency from 1946 to 2005, acting as the principal intelligence advisor to the President of the United States and the United States National Security Council, as well as the coordinator of intelligence activities among and between the various U.S. intelligence agencies (collectively known as the Intelligence Community from 1981 onwards).
Dominik Hrbatý (born 4 January 1978) is a professional tennis player from Slovakia.
Donald Francis Shula (born January 4, 1930) is a former professional American football coach and player who is best known as the head coach of the Miami Dolphins, the team he led to two Super Bowl victories, and to the only perfect season in the history of the National Football League (NFL).
Donald Malcolm Campbell, (23 March 19214 January 1967) was a British speed record breaker who broke eight absolute world speed records on water and on land in the 1950s and 1960s.
Doris Helen Kearns Goodwin (born January 4, 1943) is an American biographer, historian, and political commentator.
Dorothy-Marie "Dot" Jones (born January 4, 1964) is an American actress and retired athlete who has had multiple roles in television.
Dubai (دبي) is the largest and most populous city in the United Arab Emirates (UAE).
The Dutch Republic was a republic that existed from the formal creation of a confederacy in 1581 by several Dutch provinces (which earlier seceded from the Spanish rule) until the Batavian Revolution in 1795.
Dyan Cannon (born Samille Diane Friesen; January 4, 1937) is an American actress, director, screenwriter, producer, and editor.
An ealdorman (from Old English ealdorman, lit. "elder man"; plural: "ealdormen") was a high-ranking royal official and prior magistrate of an Anglo-Saxon shire or group of shires from about the ninth century to the time of King Cnut.
Earth is the third planet from the Sun and the only astronomical object known to harbor life.
Edison Studios was an American film production organization, owned by companies controlled by inventor and entrepreneur, Thomas Edison.
Eduardo Mata (5 September 19424 January 1995) was a Mexican conductor and composer.
William Edward Brooker (4 January 1891 – 18 June 1948) was an Australian Labor Party politician.
Edward William Cooke (27 March 1811 – 4 January 1880) was an English landscape and marine painter, and gardener.
Ehud Olmert (אֶהוּד אוֹלְמֶרְט,; born 30 September 1945) is an Israeli politician and lawyer.
Electrocuting an Elephant (also known as Electrocution of an Elephant) is a 1903 American, short, black-and-white, silent documentary film of the killing of the elephant Topsy by electrocution at a Coney Island amusement park.
Elephants are large mammals of the family Elephantidae and the order Proboscidea.
Elizabeth Ann Bayley Seton, S.C., (August 28, 1774 – January 4, 1821) was the first native-born citizen of the United States to be canonized by the Roman Catholic Church (September 14, 1975).
Emperor Zhezong of Song (4 January 1077 – 23 February 1100), personal name Zhao Xu, was the seventh emperor of the Song dynasty in China.
The English Civil War (1642–1651) was a series of armed conflicts and political machinations between Parliamentarians ("Roundheads") and Royalists ("Cavaliers") over, principally, the manner of England's governance.
Epameinondas Thomopoulos (Greek: Επαμεινώνδας Θωμόπουλος, 1878 - January 4, 1976) was a Greek artist who attended the academy and the first Greek impressionist.
Erwin Rudolf Josef Alexander Schrödinger (12 August 1887 – 4 January 1961), sometimes written as or, was a Nobel Prize-winning Austrian physicist who developed a number of fundamental results in the field of quantum theory, which formed the basis of wave mechanics: he formulated the wave equation (stationary and time-dependent Schrödinger equation) and revealed the identity of his development of the formalism and matrix mechanics.
Eve Arnold, OBE, Hon.
Everett McKinley Dirksen (January 4, 1896 – September 7, 1969) was an American politician of the Republican Party.
The Fabian Society is a British socialist organization whose purpose is to advance the principles of democratic socialism via gradualist and reformist effort in democracies, rather than by revolutionary overthrow.
Ferdinand I (12 January 1751 – 4 January 1825), was the King of the Two Sicilies from 1816, after his restoration following victory in the Napoleonic Wars.
Count Ferenc Nádasdy de Nádasd et Fogarasföld (6 October 1555 – 4 January 1604) was a Hungarian nobleman.
Saint Ferréol (Ferreolus) of Uzès (530 – January 4, 581) was bishop of Uzès and possibly bishop of Nîmes (Catholic Encyclopedia "Nîmes") (553-581).
The Finnish Declaration of Independence (Suomen itsenäisyysjulistus; Finlands självständighetsförklaring; Провозглашение независимости Финляндии) was adopted by the Parliament of Finland on 6 December 1917.
The Five Members were those five Members of Parliament whom King Charles I (1625–1649) attempted to arrest when he, accompanied by armed soldiers, entered the English House of Commons on 4 January 1642, during the sitting of the Long Parliament.
Flora Finch (17 June 1867 – 4 January 1940) was an English-born vaudevillian, stage and film actress who starred in over 300 silent films, including over 200 for the Vitagraph Studios film company.
Floyd Patterson (January 4, 1935 – May 11, 2006) was an American professional boxer who competed from 1952 to 1972, and twice reigned as the world heavyweight champion from 1956 to 1962.
François d'Aguilon (also d'Aguillon or in Latin Franciscus Aguilonius) (4 January 1567 – 20 March 1617) was a Belgian Jesuit mathematician, physicist and architect.
François Henri de Montmorency-Bouteville, Duke of Piney-Luxembourg, called Luxembourg, (8 January 1628 – 4 January 1695) was a French general, marshal of France, famous as the comrade and successor of the great Condé.
Roblan Frank Armitage (5 September 1924 – 4 January 2016) was an Australian-born American painter and muralist, known for painting the backgrounds of several classic animated Disney films, designing areas of and painting murals for Walt Disney World and Tokyo DisneySea, and his biomedical visualization artwork.
Frank Harary (March 11, 1921 – January 4, 2005) was an American mathematician, who specialized in graph theory.
Frank Høj (born 4 January 1973) is a retired Danish professional road bicycle racer.
Frank Wellington Wess (January 4, 1922 – October 30, 2013) was an American jazz saxophonist and flautist.
Frederick I, the Belligerent or the Warlike (Friedrich der Streitbare; 11 April 1370 – 4 January 1428), a member of the House of Wettin, ruled as Margrave of Meissen from 1407 and Elector of Saxony (as Frederick I) from 1423 until his death.
Upper Volta (Haute-Volta) was a colony of French West Africa established on 1 March 1919, from territories that had been part of the colonies of Upper Senegal and Niger and the Côte d'Ivoire.
Gabriel Cramer (31 July 1704 – 4 January 1752) was a Genevan mathematician.
Gao Xingjian (born January 4, 1940) is a Chinese émigré novelist, playwright, and critic who in 2000 was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature “for an oeuvre of universal validity, bitter insights and linguistic ingenuity.” He is also a noted translator (particularly of Samuel Beckett and Eugène Ionesco), screenwriter, stage director, and a celebrated painter.
Gavin John Miller (born 4 January 1960) is an Australian former rugby league footballer of the 1970s and 1980s.
Gökhan Gönül (4 January 1985) is a Turkish professional footballer who plays as a right back for Süper Lig club Beşiktaş.
Günter Schabowski (4 January 1929 – 1 November 2015) was an official of the Socialist Unity Party of Germany (Sozialistische Einheitspartei Deutschlands abbreviated SED), the ruling party during most of the existence of the German Democratic Republic (GDR).
Charles Sherwood Stratton (January 4, 1838 – July 15, 1883), better known by his stage name "General Tom Thumb", was a dwarf who achieved great fame as a performer under circus pioneer P.T. Barnum.
Georg Friedrich, Graf von Hertling (31 August 1843 – 4 January 1919) was a Bavarian politician who served as Minister-President of Bavaria 1912–1917 and then as Minister-President of Prussia and Chancellor of the German Empire from 1917 to 1918.
George Pan Cosmatos (4 January 1941 – 19 April 2005) was a Greco-Italian film director and screenwriter.
Vice-Admiral Sir George Tryon, KCB (4 January 1832 – 22 June 1893) was a British admiral who died when his flagship HMS ''Victoria'' collided with HMS ''Camperdown'' during manoeuvres off Tripoli, Lebanon.
Sir George Villiers (c. 1544 – 4 January 1606) was an English knight and country gentleman.
Georges Prêtre (14 August 1924 – 4 January 2017) was a French orchestral and opera conductor.
A presidential election was held in the Republic of Georgia on January 4, 2004.
Gerald Rafferty (16 April 1947 – 4 January 2011) was a Scottish singer-songwriter known for his solo hits "Baker Street", "Right Down the Line" and "Night Owl", as well as "Stuck in the Middle with You", recorded with the band Stealers Wheel.
Gert Jonke (8 February 1946 – 4 January 2009) was an Austrian poet, playwright and novelist.
Giovanni Battista Draghi (4 January 1710 – 16 or 17 March 1736), often referred to as Giovanni Battista Pergolesi, was an Italian composer, violinist and organist.
The Governor of Punjab is the appointed head of state of the provincial government in Punjab, Pakistan.
The Governor-General of the Commonwealth of Australia is the representative of the Australian monarch, currently Queen Elizabeth II.
Grace Melzia Bumbry (born January 4, 1937), an American opera singer, is considered one of the leading mezzo-sopranos of her generation, as well as a major soprano for many years.
Graham Robert Rahal (born January 4, 1989) is an American race car driver.
The Grumman Aircraft Engineering Corporation, later Grumman Aerospace Corporation, was a leading 20th century U.S. producer of military and civilian aircraft.
The Grumman F-14 Tomcat is an American supersonic, twin-engine, two-seat, twin-tail, variable-sweep wing fighter aircraft.
Guy Forget (born 4 January 1965) is a French tennis administrator and retired professional tennis player.
Guy Pène du Bois (January 4, 1884 – July 18, 1958) was a 20th-century American painter, art critic, and educator.
Gypsy is a 1959 musical with music by Jule Styne, lyrics by Stephen Sondheim, and a book by Arthur Laurents.
Hamburg (locally), Hamborg, officially the Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg (Freie und Hansestadt Hamburg, Friee un Hansestadt Hamborg),Constitution of Hamburg), is the second-largest city of Germany as well as one of the country's 16 constituent states, with a population of roughly 1.8 million people. The city lies at the core of the Hamburg Metropolitan Region which spreads across four German federal states and is home to more than five million people. The official name reflects Hamburg's history as a member of the medieval Hanseatic League, a free imperial city of the Holy Roman Empire, a city-state and one of the 16 states of Germany. Before the 1871 Unification of Germany, it was a fully sovereign state. Prior to the constitutional changes in 1919 it formed a civic republic headed constitutionally by a class of hereditary grand burghers or Hanseaten. The city has repeatedly been beset by disasters such as the Great Fire of Hamburg, exceptional coastal flooding and military conflicts including World War II bombing raids. Historians remark that the city has managed to recover and emerge wealthier after each catastrophe. Situated on the river Elbe, Hamburg is home to Europe's second-largest port and a broad corporate base. In media, the major regional broadcasting firm NDR, the printing and publishing firm italic and the newspapers italic and italic are based in the city. Hamburg remains an important financial center, the seat of Germany's oldest stock exchange and the world's oldest merchant bank, Berenberg Bank. Media, commercial, logistical, and industrial firms with significant locations in the city include multinationals Airbus, italic, italic, italic, and Unilever. The city is a forum for and has specialists in world economics and international law with such consular and diplomatic missions as the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea, the EU-LAC Foundation, and the UNESCO Institute for Lifelong Learning. In recent years, the city has played host to multipartite international political conferences and summits such as Europe and China and the G20. Former German Chancellor italic, who governed Germany for eight years, and Angela Merkel, German chancellor since 2005, come from Hamburg. The city is a major international and domestic tourist destination. It ranked 18th in the world for livability in 2016. The Speicherstadt and Kontorhausviertel were declared World Heritage Sites by UNESCO in 2015. Hamburg is a major European science, research, and education hub, with several universities and institutions. Among its most notable cultural venues are the italic and italic concert halls. It gave birth to movements like Hamburger Schule and paved the way for bands including The Beatles. Hamburg is also known for several theatres and a variety of musical shows. St. Pauli's italic is among the best-known European entertainment districts.
Hanno Drechsler (24 March 1931 – 4 January 2003) was the Lord Mayor of the City of Marburg, Germany between 1970 and 1992, and the instigator of its restoration after urban renewal; he was also an important Social Democratic politician and political scientist.
Hans Heinrich Lammers (27 May 18794 January 1962) was a German jurist and prominent Nazi politician.
Harmony Korine (born January 4, 1973)"." Retrieved on 2009-10-26.
Harold Eugene "Doc" Edgerton also known as Papa Flash (April 6, 1903 – January 4, 1990) was a professor of electrical engineering at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
Harry Brakmann Helmsley (March 4, 1909 – January 4, 1997) was an American real estate billionaire whose company, Helmsley-Spear, became one of the country's biggest property holders, owning the Empire State Building and many of New York's most prestigious hotels.
Hasan ibn Ali ibn Muhammad (846 – 874) was the 11th Imam of Twelver Shia Islam, after his father Ali al-Hadi.
The Territory of Heard Island and McDonald IslandsCIA World Factbook. Accessed 4 January 2009.
Helen Wingard Hill (May 9, 1970 – January 4, 2007) was an American artist, filmmaker, writer, teacher, and social activist.
Hellmuth Karasek (4 January 1934 – 29 September 2015) was a German journalist, literary critic, novelist and the author of many books on literature and film.
Helmut Jahn (born January 4, 1940) is a Chicago-based German-American architect, known for designs such as the Sony Center on the Potsdamer Platz in Berlin, Germany, the Messeturm in Frankfurt, Germany, the One Liberty Place in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (formerly the tallest building in Philadelphia), and the Suvarnabhumi Airport, an international airport in Bangkok, Thailand.
Hennenman is a small town in the Free State goldfields in the Lejweleputswa District Municipality of the Free State province of South Africa.
Henri-Louis Bergson (18 October 1859 – 4 January 1941) was a French-Jewish philosopher who was influential in the tradition of continental philosophy, especially during the first half of the 20th century until World War II.
Sir Henry Edward Bolte GCMG (20 May 1908 – 4 January 1990) was an Australian politician.
Herman Louis Franks (January 4, 1914 – March 30, 2009) was a catcher, coach, manager, general manager and scout in American Major League Baseball.
House of Deréon was a ready-to-wear fashion line introduced by singer and actress Beyoncé and her mother/stylist Tina Lawson.
Hsieh Su-wei (or Xiè Shúwéi;; born on 4 January 1986) is a Taiwanese professional tennis player.
Hugh Boulter (4 January 1672 – 27 September 1742) was the Church of Ireland Archbishop of Armagh, the Primate of All Ireland, from 1724 until his death.
Humphrey William Bouverie Carpenter (29 April 1946 – 4 January 2005) was an English biographer, writer, and radio broadcaster.
Hwang Sok-yong (born January 4, 1943) is a South Korean novelist.
Iago Falque Silva (born 4 January 1990) is a Spanish professional footballer who plays as a forward for Italian club Torino.
Independence Day (လွတ်လပ်ရေးနေ့) is a national holiday observed annually in Myanmar every 4 January.
Iron Eyes Cody (born Espera Oscar de Corti April 3, 1904 – January 4, 1999) was an Italian-American actor.
Irving Peter Layton, OC (March 12, 1912 – January 4, 2006) was a Romanian-born Canadian poet.
Sir Isaac Newton (25 December 1642 – 20 March 1726/27) was an English mathematician, astronomer, theologian, author and physicist (described in his own day as a "natural philosopher") who is widely recognised as one of the most influential scientists of all time, and a key figure in the scientific revolution.
Sir Isaac Pitman (4 January 1813 – 22 January 1897), was a teacher of the:English language who developed the most widely used system of shorthand, known now as Pitman shorthand.
Israel, officially the State of Israel, is a country in the Middle East, on the southeastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea and the northern shore of the Red Sea.
John Richard ("Jack" or "J.R.") Simplot (January 4, 1909 – May 25, 2008) was an American entrepreneur and businessman best known as the founder of the J. R. Simplot Company, a Boise, Idaho based agricultural supplier specializing in potato products.
Jackson Hastings (born 4 January 1996) is an Australian professional rugby league footballer who most recently played for the Manly Warringah Sea Eagles in the National Rugby League.
Jacob Ludwig Carl Grimm (4 January 1785 – 20 September 1863) also known as Ludwig Karl, was a German philologist, jurist, and mythologist.
James Bond (January 4, 1900 – February 14, 1989) was an American ornithologist and expert on the birds of the Caribbean.
James Joseph Greco (born January 4, 1958) is an American businessman and entrepreneur.
James Philip Milner (born 4 January 1986) is an English professional footballer who plays for club Liverpool.
James Ussher (or Usher; 4 January 1581 – 21 March 1656) was the Church of Ireland Archbishop of Armagh and Primate of All Ireland between 1625 and 1656.
Jan Schröder (16 June 1941 – 4 January 2007) was a Dutch professional road and track cyclist.
The North American Ice Storm of 1998 (also known as Great Ice Storm of 1998) was a massive combination of five smaller successive ice storms in January 1998 that struck a relatively narrow swath of land from eastern Ontario to southern Quebec, New Brunswick and Nova Scotia in Canada, and bordering areas from northern New York to central Maine in the United States.
January 3 - Eastern Orthodox liturgical calendar - January 5 All fixed commemorations below are observed on January 17 by Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar.
The January 4 Tokyo Dome Show is a major professional wrestling show, held by Japanese professional wrestling promotion New Japan Pro-Wrestling (NJPW), held annually on January 4 in the Tokyo Dome.
Japan (日本; Nippon or Nihon; formally 日本国 or Nihon-koku, lit. "State of Japan") is a sovereign island country in East Asia.
Jørgen Løvset (4 January 1896 – 15 August 1981) was a Norwegian professor of medicine, gynecology and obstetrics. He was the son of a farmer Arnt Løvset (1873–1938) and Helle Hove (1870–1911), married Selma Margaret Nilsen (1894–1986) in 1924, divorced 1950, and married again in 1951 with the nurse Aslaug Tordis Gil (1921–1976).
Jean Etienne Valluy (15 May 1899 – 4 January 1970) was a French general.
Jean Metellus (30 April 1937 - 4 January 2014) was a Haitian neurologist, poet, novelist and playwright.
Jean Frances Tatlock (February 21, 1914 – January 4, 1944) was an American psychiatrist and physician.
Jerzy Iwanow-Szajnowicz (Γεώργιος Ιβάνωφ-Σαϊνόβιτς, Georgios Ivanof-Sainovits; Warsaw, 14 December 1911 – Athens, 4 January 1943) was a Greek-Polish athlete who fought as a saboteur in the Greek Resistance during World War II and was executed by the Germans.
Jesse Ventura (born James George Janos; July 15, 1951) is an American media personality, actor, author, former politician and retired professional wrestler, who served as the 38th Governor of Minnesota from 1999 to 2003.
James Downing (born January 4, 1942 in Atlanta, Georgia) is the five-time IMSA Championship winning, owner/driver of Downing/Atlanta Racing, and principal in the development of the HANS device.
Joan Delano Aiken MBE (4 September 1924 – 4 January 2004) was an English writer specialising in supernatural fiction and children's alternative history novels.
Johan Henri Eliza Ferrier (12 May 1910 – 4 January 2010) was a Surinamese politician who served as the 1st President of Suriname from 25 November 1975 to 13 August 1980.
Johann Friedrich Agricola (4 January 1720 – 2 December 1774) was a German composer, organist, singer, pedagogue, and writer on music.
Johanna "Hans" Westerdijk (4 January 1883 – 15 November 1961) was a Dutch plant pathologist and the first female professor in the Netherlands.
John Alexander McCone (January 4, 1902 – February 14, 1991) was an American businessman and politician who served as Director of Central Intelligence from 1961 to 1965, during the height of the Cold War.
John McLaughlin (born 4 January 1942), also known as Mahavishnu John McLaughlin, is an English guitarist, bandleader and composer.
John Willard Toland (June 29, 1912 – January 4, 2004) was an American writer and historian.
John William Draper (May 5, 1811 – January 4, 1882) was an English-born American scientist, philosopher, physician, chemist, historian and photographer.
Ivanson Ranny "Johnny" Nelson (born 4 January 1967) is a British former professional boxer who competed from 1986 to 2005.
Josef Suk (4 January 1874 – 29 May 1935) was a Czech composer and violinist.
Joseph Hubert Reinkens (March 1, 1821 – January 4, 1896) was the first German Old Catholic bishop.
Julia Karin Ormond (born 4 January 1965) is an English actress.
Julian Richard Morley Sands; accessed 4 May 2014.
Gaius Julius Caesar (12 or 13 July 100 BC – 15 March 44 BC), known by his cognomen Julius Caesar, was a Roman politician and military general who played a critical role in the events that led to the demise of the Roman Republic and the rise of the Roman Empire.
is a Japanese artist, sculptor, floral artist, land and environmental artist.
Justin Lee Ontong (born 4 January 1980) is a former South African cricketer, who played domestic cricket for the Cape Cobras.
Kathirgamathamby Thurairetnasingam (கதிர்காமத்தம்பி துரைரத்தினசிங்கம்; born 4 January 1941) is a Sri Lankan Tamil civil servant, politician and Member of Parliament.
Kaj Harald Leininger Munk (commonly called Kaj Munk) (13 January 1898 – 4 January 1944) was a Danish playwright and Lutheran pastor, known for his cultural engagement and his martyrdom during the Occupation of Denmark of World War II.
Kalpnath Rai was an Indian politician.
is a city in Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan.
Kang Hye-jung (Korean: 강혜정, born on January 4, 1982) is a South Korean actress, who first achieved recognition for her role in the arthouse film Nabi (2001), and two years later, she rose to stardom in 2003 through Park Chan-wook's revenge thriller Oldboy.
Prince was a Japanese general in the Imperial Japanese Army, politician and the longest serving Prime Minister of Japan, having served three terms.
The Kawit shooting was a mass murder that occurred in barangay Tabon 1 in Kawit, Philippines on January 4, 2013.
Kawit, officially the Municipality of Kawit (Bayan ng Kawit; formerly Cavite El Viejo) is a first class urban municipality in the province of Cavite, Philippines.
Kay Voser (born 4 January 1987) is a Swiss footballer who plays as defender for Charlotte Independence in the USL.
Cornelis "Kees" Hendricus van Wonderen (born 4 January 1969 in Bergen, North Holland) is a Dutch retired footballer who played professional football for NEC Nijmegen, NAC Breda and Feyenoord Rotterdam.
Kerry McGregor (30 October 1974 – 4 January 2012) was a Scottish singer-songwriter and actress from West Lothian.
Khondakar Ashraf Hossain (খোন্দকার আশরাফ হোসেন; 4 January 1950 – 16 June 2013) was a leading postmodernist poet, essayist, translator, and editor from Bangladesh.
The Kingdom of Great Britain, officially called simply Great Britain,Parliament of the Kingdom of England.
The Kingsmill massacre was a mass shooting that took place on 5 January 1976 near the village of Kingsmill in south County Armagh, Northern Ireland.
Konstantinos G. Karamanlis (Κωνσταντίνος Γ. Καραμανλής,; 8 March 1907 – 23 April 1998), commonly anglicised to Constantine Karamanlis or Caramanlis, was a four-time Prime Minister and twice President of the Third Hellenic Republic, and a towering figure of Greek politics whose political career spanned much of the latter half of the 20th century.
The Korean War (in South Korean, "Korean War"; in North Korean, "Fatherland: Liberation War"; 25 June 1950 – 27 July 1953) was a war between North Korea (with the support of China and the Soviet Union) and South Korea (with the principal support of the United States).
is a part of the municipality of Kamakura, Kanagawa prefecture, Japan, located at the western end of the beach of Shichirigahama, near Fujisawa.
The first version of this article has been based in the text of:el:Κώστας Δαβουρλής of the Greek Wikipedia published under GFDL. Kostas Davourlis (Κώστας Δαβουρλής) (4 January 1948 in Patras – 23 May 1992), popularly nicknamed The Black Prince, was a former Greek footballer (central attacking midfielder) born in Agyia, Patras.
Kristopher Lee Bryant (born January 4, 1992) is an American professional baseball third baseman for the Chicago Cubs of Major League Baseball (MLB).
Kroonstad (Afrikaans for "Crown City") is the third-largest city in the Free State (after Bloemfontein and Welkom) and lies two hours drive from Gauteng.
Lars Roberg (4 January 1664 in Stockholm – 21 May 1742 in Uppsala) was a Swedish physician.
Lèse-majesté (or; also lese-majesty, lese majesty or leze majesty) is the crime of violating majesty, an offence against the dignity of a reigning sovereign or against a state.
Ferdinand Léon Delagrange (13 March 1872 – 4 January 1910) was a pioneering French aviator and sculptor.
Leroy Randle "Roy" Grumman (4 January 1895 – 4 October 1982) was an American aeronautical engineer, test pilot, and industrialist.
Lester Raymond Brown (March 14, 1912 – January 4, 2001) was an American jazz musician who led the big band Les Brown and His Band of Renown for nearly seven decades from 1938 to 2000.
Lester Lionel Wolff (born January 4, 1919) is an American politician and former Democratic member of the United States House of Representatives from New York.
Air Chief Marshal Sir Lewis Macdonald Hodges, (1 March 1918 – 4 January 2007) was a pilot for Special Operations Executive (SOE) in the Second World War, and later achieved high command in the Royal Air Force and NATO.
In Bulgarian historiography, the Liberation of Bulgaria refers to those events of the Russo-Turkish War of 1877-78 that led to the re-establishment of the Bulgarian state under the Treaty of San Stefano of March 3, 1878.
Lily Laskine (31 August 1893 in Paris– 4 January 1988 in Paris) was one of the most prominent harpists of the twentieth century.
Lionel Newman (January 4, 1916 – February 3, 1989) was an American conductor, pianist, and film and television composer.
The United States Ambassador to South Korea is the chief diplomatic representative of the United States accredited to the Republic of Korea.
The city of Kamakura in Kanagawa Prefecture has many festivals and other events in all of the seasons, usually based on its rich historical heritage.
The monarchs of the Kingdom of France and its predecessors (and successor monarchies) ruled from the establishment of the Kingdom of the Franks in 486 until the fall of the Second French Empire in 1870, with several interruptions.
This is a list of all the mayors of Marburg in Germany since 1835.
This is a list of Prime Ministers of Mali since the country gained independence from France in 1960 to the present day.
The Prime Minister of the United Arab Emirates is the head of government of the United Arab Emirates.
This is a list of rulers of Wallachia, from the first mention of a medieval polity situated between the Southern Carpathians and the Danube until the union with Moldavia in 1862, leading to the creation of Romania.
Hope Elizabeth "Liza" Soberano (born January 4, 1998) is a Filipino-American actress.
Louis Braille (4 January 1809 – 6 January 1852) was a French educator and inventor of a system of reading and writing for use by the blind or visually impaired.
Louise, Princess Royal and Duchess of Fife (Louise Victoria Alexandra Dagmar; 20 February 1867 – 4 January 1931) was the third child and the eldest daughter of the British king Edward VII and Alexandra of Denmark; she was a younger sister of George V. In 1905, her father gave her the title of Princess Royal, which is usually bestowed on the eldest daughter of the British monarch if there is no living previous holder.
Lucie Škrobáková (born 4 January 1982 in Hodonín) is a Czech athlete who competes in the 60 metres hurdles and 100 metres hurdles.
Luna 1, also known as Mechta (Мечта, lit.: Dream), E-1 No.4 and First Lunar Rover, was the first spacecraft to reach the vicinity of the Earth's Moon, and the first spacecraft to be placed in heliocentric orbit.
Luna Park was an amusement park in Coney Island, Brooklyn, New York that opened in 1903.
Mandakolathur Patanjali Sastri (4 January 1889 – 16 March 1963) was the second Chief Justice of India, serving in the post from 7 November 1951 to 3 January 1954.
Mae Questel (September 13, 1908 – January 4, 1998) was an American actress and voice artist best known for providing the voices for the animated characters Betty Boop and Olive Oyl.
María Isabel González-Meneses García-Valdecasas (born January 4, 1978), known mononymously as Mai Meneses, is a Spanish singer and songwriter and leader of the Spanish pop band Nena Daconte.
Maktoum bin Rashid Al Maktoum (ca. 1943 – 4 January 2006) (مكتوم بن راشد آل مكتوم), also referred to as Sheikh Maktoum (honorific) was the Vice President and Prime Minister of the United Arab Emirates (UAE) and the emir (ruler) of Dubai.
Malcolm Wheeler-Nicholson (January 7, 1890 – 1965) was an American pulp magazine writer and entrepreneur who pioneered the American comic book, publishing the first such periodical consisting solely of original material rather than reprints of newspaper comic strips.
Malietoa Tanumafili II (4 January 1912 – 11 May 2007), also called Susuga, was the Malietoa, the title of one of Samoa's four paramount chiefs, and the head of state, or O le Ao o le Malo, a position that he held for life, of Samoa from 1962 to 2007.
Manuel Dias de Abreu (January 4, 1894 – January 30, 1962) was a Brazilian physician and scientist, the inventor of abreugraphy, a rapid radiography of the lungs for screening tuberculosis.
Marais Viljoen, (2 December 1915 – 4 January 2007) was the last ceremonial State President of South Africa from 4 June 1979 until 3 September 1984.
Marianne Werner, née Schulze Entrup, later Ader (born 4 January 1924), is a retired West German athlete who competed mainly in the shot put events.
Marie-Thérèse Letablier (born 4 January 1947), is a French sociologist.
Mars is the fourth planet from the Sun and the second-smallest planet in the Solar System after Mercury.
A Mars rover is an automated motor vehicle that propels itself across the surface of the planet Mars upon arrival.
Marsden Hartley (January 4, 1877 – September 2, 1943) was an American Modernist painter, poet, and essayist.
Mart Port (4 January 1922 – 3 February 2012) was an Estonian architect and pedagogue.
Matthew George Frewer (born January 4, 1958) is an American Canadian actor, singer, voice artist and comedian.
Mavilus of Adrumetum was an early Christian martyr during the persecutions of Caracalla.
Max Forrester Eastman (January 4, 1883 – March 25, 1969) was an American writer on literature, philosophy and society, a poet and a prominent political activist.
Maximilian Riedmüller (born 4 January 1988) is a German footballer who plays as a goalkeeper for SV Heimstetten.
John Michael Stipe (born January 4, 1960) is an American singer-songwriter, best known as being the lead singer of the alternative rock band R.E.M. from their formation in 1980 until their dissolution in 2011.
Michael Dennis Mills MBE (born 4 January 1949) is an English former footballer who played for Ipswich Town, Southampton and Stoke City.
Luís Miguel Brito Garcia Monteiro, OIH (born 4 January 1980), known as Miguel, is a retired Portuguese footballer who played mainly as a right back.
Mikheil Saakashvili (მიხეილ სააკაშვილი, Mixeil Saak'ašvili; Міхеіл Саакашвілі, Michejil Saakašwili; born 21 December 1967) is a Georgian and Ukrainian politician.
The Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-23 (Микоян и Гуревич МиГ-23; NATO reporting name: Flogger) is a variable-geometry fighter aircraft, designed by the Mikoyan-Gurevich design bureau in the Soviet Union.
Milton Conrad "Milt" Schmidt (March 5, 1918 – January 4, 2017) was a Canadian professional ice hockey centre, coach and general manager, mostly for the Boston Bruins of the National Hockey League (NHL), where he was a member of the Kraut Line.
Milton Himmelfarb (October 21, 1918 – January 4, 2006) was an American sociographer of the American Jewish community.
The Minister of Education and Research is the senior minister at the Ministry of Education and Research (Estonian: Eesti Vabariigi Haridus- ja Teadusministeerium) in the Estonian Government.
Minnesota is a state in the Upper Midwest and northern regions of the United States.
Muhammad Ali Jauhar (10 December 1878 – 4 January 1931), also known as Maulana Mohammad Ali Jauhar (Arabic: مَولانا مُحمّد علی جَوہر), was an Indian Muslim leader, activist, scholar, journalist and a poet, and was among the leading figures of the Khilafat Movement.
The Moon is an astronomical body that orbits planet Earth and is Earth's only permanent natural satellite.
Moses Mendelssohn (6 September 1729 – 4 January 1786) was a German Jewish philosopher to whose ideas the Haskalah, the 'Jewish enlightenment' of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, is indebted.
The Movement for the Survival of the Ogoni People, also known as (MOSOP), is a mass‐based social movement organization of the indigenous Ogoni people of Central Niger Delta.
Muzio Attendolo Sforza (28 May 1369 – 4 January 1424), was an Italian condottiero.
Myanmar, officially the Republic of the Union of Myanmar and also known as Burma, is a sovereign state in Southeast Asia.
Nancy Patricia D'Alesandro Pelosi (born March 26, 1940) is an American politician serving as the Minority Leader of the United States House of Representatives since 2011, representing most of San Francisco, California.
Naples (Napoli, Napule or; Neapolis; lit) is the regional capital of Campania and the third-largest municipality in Italy after Rome and Milan.
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is an independent agency of the executive branch of the United States federal government responsible for the civilian space program, as well as aeronautics and aerospace research.
The National Basketball Association (NBA) is a men's professional basketball league in North America; composed of 30 teams (29 in the United States and 1 in Canada).
The National Radical Union (Ἐθνικὴ Ῥιζοσπαστικὴ Ἕνωσις (ΕΡΕ), Ethnikī́ Rizospastikī́ Énōsis (ERE)) was a Greek political party formed in 1956 by Konstantinos Karamanlis, mostly out of the Greek Rally party.
Ellen "Nellie" Cashman (1845 – January 4, 1925), better known as Nellie Cashman, became noted across the American West and in western Canada as a nurse, restaurateur, businesswoman, Roman Catholic philanthropist in Arizona, and gold prospector in Alaska.
The New Apostolic Church (NAC) is a chiliastic Christian church that split from the Catholic Apostolic Church during a 1863 schism in Hamburg, Germany.
, operating as, is a Japanese professional wrestling promotion based in Nakano, Tokyo.
The New York Stock Exchange (abbreviated as NYSE, and nicknamed "The Big Board"), is an American stock exchange located at 11 Wall Street, Lower Manhattan, New York City, New York.
Nicholas Eymerich (Nicolau Eimeric) (Girona, c. 1316 – Girona, 4 January 1399) was a Roman Catholic theologian in Medieval Spain and Inquisitor General of the Inquisition in the Crown of Aragon in the later half of the 14th century.
Nico Hischier (born 4 January 1999) is a Swiss professional ice hockey forward who is currently playing for the New Jersey Devils of the National Hockey League (NHL).
Nikolaos Gyzis (Νικόλαος Γύζης,; 1 March 1842 – 4 January 1901) was considered one of Greece's most important 19th-century painters.
The Nobel Prize in Chemistry (Nobelpriset i kemi) is awarded annually by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences to scientists in the various fields of chemistry.
The Nobel Prize in Literature (Nobelpriset i litteratur) is a Swedish literature prize that has been awarded annually, since 1901, to an author from any country who has, in the words of the will of Swedish industrialist Alfred Nobel, produced "in the field of literature the most outstanding work in an ideal direction" (original Swedish: "den som inom litteraturen har producerat det mest framstående verket i en idealisk riktning").
The Nobel Prize in Physics (Nobelpriset i fysik) is a yearly award given by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences for those who conferred the most outstanding contributions for mankind in the field of physics.
Norberto Osvaldo Alonso (born 4 January 1953), known colloquially as "Beto" Alonso, is an Argentine former football midfielder, who played the majority of his career for the Argentine club River Plate.
Norosbaldo Morales (January 4, 1912, Puerta de Tierra – January 16, 1964, San Juan) was a Puerto Rican pianist and bandleader.
North Korea (Chosŏn'gŭl:조선; Hanja:朝鮮; Chosŏn), officially the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (abbreviated as DPRK, PRK, DPR Korea, or Korea DPR), is a country in East Asia constituting the northern part of the Korean Peninsula.
The are an island group in Okinawa Prefecture, Japan, and are the principal island group of the prefecture.
The Central Criminal Court of England and Wales, commonly referred to as the Old Bailey from the street on which it stands, is a court in London and one of a number of buildings housing the Crown Court.
During World War II, Operation Carpetbagger was the aerial supply of weapons and other matériel to resistance fighters in France, Italy and the Low Countries by the U.S. Army Air Forces that began on 4 January 1944.
The history of Ottoman Bulgaria spans nearly 500 years, from the conquest by the Ottoman Empire of the smaller kingdoms emerging from the disintegrating Second Bulgarian Empire in the late 14th century, to the Liberation of Bulgaria in 1878.
The Ottoman Empire (دولت عليه عثمانیه,, literally The Exalted Ottoman State; Modern Turkish: Osmanlı İmparatorluğu or Osmanlı Devleti), also historically known in Western Europe as the Turkish Empire"The Ottoman Empire-also known in Europe as the Turkish Empire" or simply Turkey, was a state that controlled much of Southeast Europe, Western Asia and North Africa between the 14th and early 20th centuries.
Patty Loveless (born Patricia Lee Ramey; January 4, 1957) is an American country music singer.
Paul Laurence Dunbar Chambers, Jr. (April 22, 1935 – January 4, 1969) was a jazz double bassist.
Paul Desmarais Sr. (January 4, 1927 – October 8, 2013) was a Canadian financier and philanthropist, based in Montreal.
Petrus Thomas Ratajczyk (January 4, 1962 – April 14, 2010), better known by his stage name Peter Steele, was the lead singer, bassist and composer for the gothic metal band Type O Negative.
Saint Pharaildis or Pharailde (Veerle) is an 8th-century Belgian saint in Roman Catholicism, and patron saint of Ghent.
Philip Parris Lynott (20 August 1949 – 4 January 1986) was an Irish musician and songwriter.
Phyllis Reynolds Naylor (born January 4, 1933) is an American writer best known for children's and young adult fiction.
Pino Daniele (19 March 1955 – 4 January 2015) was an Italian singer-songwriter, and guitarist, whose influences covered a wide number of genres, including pop, blues, jazz, and Italian and Middle Eastern music.
The Premier of Tasmania is the head of the executive government in the Australian state of Tasmania.
The Premier of Victoria is the Head of government in the Australian state of Victoria.
The President of Georgia (საქართველოს პრეზიდენტი, sakartvelos prezidenti) is the head of state and supreme commander-in-chief.
The President of the Slovak Republic (Prezident Slovenskej republiky) is the head of state of Slovakia and the commander-in-chief of the Armed Forces.
The President of the Republic of Suriname (President van de Republiek Suriname) is, in accordance with the Constitution of 1987, the head of state and head of government of Suriname, and commander-in-chief of Suriname National Army.
Priit Juho Vesilind (born 4 January 1943, Tallinn) is an Estonian and American senior writer and photojournalist of National Geographic magazine and an author of nonfiction.
The Prime Minister of the Hellenic Republic (Πρωθυπουργός της Ελληνικής Δημοκρατίας, Pro̱thypourgós ti̱s Elli̱nikí̱s Di̱mokratías), colloquially referred to as the Prime Minister of Greece (Πρωθυπουργός της Ελλάδας, Pro̱thypourgós ti̱s Elládas), is the head of government of the Hellenic Republic and the leader of the Greek cabinet.
The Prime Minister of Israel (רֹאשׁ הַמֶּמְשָׁלָה, Rosh HaMemshala, lit. Head of the Government, Hebrew acronym: רה״מ; رئيس الحكومة, Ra'īs al-Ḥukūma) is the head of government of Israel and the most powerful figure in Israeli politics.
The is the head of government of Japan.
The Prime Minister of Serbia and Montenegro was the head of government of Serbia and Montenegro from its establishment in 1992 up until the state's dissolution in 2006.
Angola has fifteen public holidays over the year.
This is a list of holidays in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
The Reavey and O'Dowd killings were two co-ordinated gun attacks on 4 January 1976 in County Armagh, Northern Ireland.
A revolver (also called a wheel gun) is a repeating handgun that has a revolving cylinder containing multiple chambers and at least one barrel for firing.
Richard James Logan (born 4 January 1982) is an English former footballer.
Richard Milhous Nixon (January 9, 1913 – April 22, 1994) was an American politician who served as the 37th President of the United States, serving from 1969 until 1974, when he resigned from office, the only U.S. president to do so.
Richard Royce Schrock (born January 4, 1945) is an American chemist and Nobel laureate recognized for his contributions to the olefin metathesis reaction used in organic chemistry.
Christopher Richard "Rick" Stein, CBE (born 4 January 1947) is an English celebrity chef, restaurateur and television presenter.
Saint Rigobert (died 743) was a Benedictine monk and later abbot at Orbais who subsequently succeeded St Rieul as bishop of Reims in 698.
Robert de Lisle, 1st Baron Lisle (20 January 1288 – 4 January 1344) was an English peer.
Robert L. Heilbroner (March 24, 1919 – January 4, 2005) was an American economist and historian of economic thought.
Robert R. Parrish (January 4, 1916December 4, 1995) was an American film director, editor, writer, and child actor.
Roderick "Rod" George Robbie, (September 15, 1928 – January 4, 2012) was a British-born Canadian architect and planner.
Roger Weightman Hanson (August 27, 1827 – January 4, 1863) was a brigadier general in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War.
Rogers Centre, originally named SkyDome, is a multi-purpose stadium in Downtown Toronto, Ontario, Canada, situated just southwest of the CN Tower near the northern shore of Lake Ontario.
Roman Ivanovich Personov (January 4, 1932 – January 17, 2002) was a Soviet and Russian scientist, professor, doctor, one of the founders of selective laser spectroscopy of complex molecules in solids (frozen solutions).
Rosalie "Rosa" Grünberg, (4 January 1878 – 11 April 1960), was a Swedish actress and opera soprano singer.
Rose Sutro (15 September 187011 January 1957) and Ottilie Sutro (4 January 187212 September 1970) were American sisters who were notable as one of the first recognised duo-piano teams.
Dame Rose Heilbron DBE QC (19 August 1914 – 8 December 2005) was an outstanding English barrister of the post-war period in the United Kingdom.
The Revolution of Roses, often translated into English as the Rose Revolution (ვარდების რევოლუცია vardebis revolutsia), describes a pro-Western peaceful change of power in Georgia in November 2003.
A royal charter is a formal document issued by a monarch as letters patent, granting a right or power to an individual or a body corporate.
Rudolf Schuster (born 4 January 1934) was President of Slovakia from 1999 to 2004.
The Rump Parliament was the English Parliament after Colonel Thomas Pride purged the Long Parliament, on 6 December 1648, of those members hostile to the Grandees' intention to try King Charles I for high treason.
The Russo-Turkish War of 1877–78 (lit, named for the year 1293 in the Islamic calendar; Руско-турска Освободителна война, Russian-Turkish Liberation war) was a conflict between the Ottoman Empire and the Eastern Orthodox coalition led by the Russian Empire and composed of Bulgaria, Romania, Serbia, and Montenegro.
This is an overview of festivals and observances held as part of the practice of Ryukyuan religion or tradition on the Ryukyu Islands.
Sarosh Homi Kapadia (29 September 1947 – 4 January 2016) was the thirty-eighth Chief Justice of India.
Sabine Reyes Ulibarrí (September 21, 1919 – January 4, 2003) was an American poet.
Salmaan Taseer (سلمان تاثیر; 4 January 2011) was a Pakistani businessman and a liberal politician, who served as the 26th Governor of Punjab from 2008 until his assassination in 2011.
Samuel Colt (July 19, 1814 – January 10, 1862) was an American inventor, industrialist, businessman, and hunter.
Sancho II, nicknamed "the Pious" (o Piedoso) and "the Caped" or "the Capuched" (Portuguese: o Capelo), King of Portugal (8 September 1209 – 4 January 1248) was King of Portugal from 1223 to 1248.
Sandro Salvadore (29 November 1939 – 4 January 2007) was an Italian footballer who played as a defender.
Sao Shwe Thaik (စဝ်ရွှေသိုက်,; 16 October 1895 – 21 November 1962) was the first president of the Union of Burma and the last Saopha of Yawnghwe.
Sarojini Sahoo (ସରୋଜିନୀ ସାହୁ) (born 1956) is an Orissa Sahitya Academy Award winner Indian feminist writer, a columnist in The New Indian Express and an associate editor of Chennai-based English magazine Indian AGE. She has been enlisted among 25 Exceptional Women of India by Kindle Magazine of Kolkata.
Süleyman Nazif (سلیمان نظیف;‎ 29 January 1870 – January 4, 1927) was an eminent Ottoman-born Turkish poet.
Sebastian Kappen (4 January 1924, Kodikulam, Travancore, Indian Empire – 30 November 1993, Bangalore, India) was an Indian Jesuit priest and liberation theologian.
The Seven Years' War was a global conflict fought between 1756 and 1763.
Shane Bannister Carwin (born January 4, 1975) is an American former mixed martial artist who competed in the Heavyweight division of the Ultimate Fighting Championship (UFC).
Shergo Biran (born 4 January 1979 in West Berlin) is a German football player of Albanian ethnic origin.
Shosholoza Meyl is a division of the Passenger Rail Agency of South Africa (PRASA) that operates long-distance (intercity) passenger rail services.
Sidney Green (born January 4, 1961) is an American retired basketball player and former coach.
Simon II (1140 – 4 January 1207) was the Duke of Lorraine from 1176 to 1205.
Bulee "Slim" Gaillard (January 4, 1916 – February 26, 1991), also known as "McVouty", was an American jazz singer and songwriter who played piano, guitar, vibraphone, and tenor saxophone.
Sofia (Со́фия, tr.) is the capital and largest city of Bulgaria.
Sol Tax (30 October 1907 – 4 January 1995) was an American anthropologist.
Solomon Northup (July 10, 1807 or 1808 –) was an American abolitionist and the primary author of the memoir Twelve Years a Slave.
Sorrell Booke (January 4, 1930 – February 11, 1994) was an American actor who performed on stage, screen, and television.
A spacecraft is a vehicle or machine designed to fly in outer space.
The Speaker of the House is the presiding officer of the United States House of Representatives.
Spirit, also known as MER-A (Mars Exploration Rover – A) or MER-2, is a robotic rover on Mars, active from 2004 to 2010.
Sputnik 1 (or; "Satellite-1", or "PS-1", Простейший Спутник-1 or Prosteyshiy Sputnik-1, "Elementary Satellite 1") was the first artificial Earth satellite.
Spyridon Markezinis or Markesinis (April 22, 1909, Athens – January 4, 2000, Athens) was a Greek politician, longtime member of the Hellenic Parliament, and briefly the 169th Prime Minister of Greece during the aborted attempt at democratization of the Greek military regime in 1973.
The State President of the Republic of South Africa (Staatspresident) was the head of state of South Africa from 1961 to 1994.
Stephen Hales (17 September 16774 January 1761), was an English clergyman who made major contributions to a range of scientific fields including botany, pneumatic chemistry and physiology.
Stephen Warren Bosworth (December 4, 1939 – January 4, 2016) was an American academic and diplomat.
Sterling Price Holloway Jr. (January 4, 1905 – November 22, 1992) was an American character actor and voice actor who appeared in over 100 films and 40 television shows.
Stephen Falk' "Steve" Krantz (May 20, 1923 – January 4, 2007) was a film producer and writer, most active from 1966 to 1996.
The Sukkur rail disaster occurred on 4 January 1990 in the village of Sangi near Sukkur in the Sindh Province of Pakistan.
Dame Susan Elizabeth Anne Devoy, (born 4 January 1964) is a former New Zealand squash player who dominated the sport in the late 1980s and early 1990s.
Thomas Stearns Eliot, (26 September 1888 – 4 January 1965), was an essayist, publisher, playwright, literary and social critic, and "one of the twentieth century's major poets".
Theodore Roosevelt Lilly III (born January 4, 1976) is an American former professional baseball pitcher in Major League Baseball.
The Scout Association is the largest Scouting organisation in the United Kingdom and is the World Organization of the Scout Movement's recognised member for the United Kingdom (UK).
The Troubles (Na Trioblóidí) was an ethno-nationalist conflict in Northern Ireland during the late 20th century.
The Twelve Imams are the spiritual and political successors to the Islamic prophet Muhammad in the Twelver or Athnā‘ashariyyah branch of Shia Islam, including that of the Alawite and the Alevi sects.
The Third Battle of Seoul, also known as the Chinese New Year's Offensive, the January–Fourth Retreat (1•4 후퇴) or the Third Phase Campaign Western SectorThe Eastern Sector is the First and Second Battles of Wonju.
Thomas George Gregson (7 February 1796 – 4 January 1874) was the second Premier of Tasmania, serving from 26 February 1857 until 25 April 1857.
Till Lindemann (born 4 January 1963) is a German singer, songwriter, musician, actor, poet, and pyrotechnician.
Célestine Ann Beyincé (born January 4, 1954), known as Tina Knowles, is an American businesswoman and fashion designer known for her House of Deréon and Miss Tina by Tina Knowles fashion brands.
Tito Rodríguez (born Pablo Rodríguez Lozada, January 4, 1923 – February 28, 1973) was a Puerto Rican singer and bandleader.
Titus Labienus (c. 100 BC – March 17, 45 BC) was a professional Roman soldier in the late Roman Republic.
Tobias Stimmer (7 April 1539 – 4 January 1584) was a Swiss painter and illustrator.
Thomas Jesse Fears (December 3, 1922 – January 4, 2000) was an American football split end for the Los Angeles Rams in the National Football League (NFL), playing nine seasons from 1948 to 1956.
Thomas William Corcoran (January 4, 1869 – June 25, 1960) was an American shortstop in Major League Baseball who played for the Pittsburgh Burghers (1890), Philadelphia Athletics (1891), Brooklyn Grooms/Brooklyn Bridegrooms (1892–1896), Cincinnati Reds (1897–1906) and the New York Giants (1907).
Toni Kroos (born 4 January 1990) is a German professional footballer who plays as a midfielder for Spanish club Real Madrid and the German national team.
Topsy (circa 1875 – January 4, 1903) was a female Asian elephant put to death at a Coney Island, New York amusement park by electrocution in January 1903.
The Treaty of Utrecht, which established the Peace of Utrecht, is a series of individual peace treaties, rather than a single document, signed by the belligerents in the War of the Spanish Succession, in the Dutch city of Utrecht in March and April 1713.
The Triple Alliance was a treaty between the Dutch Republic, France and Great Britain, against Spain, attempting to maintain the agreement of the 1713 Treaty of Utrecht.
Tristan Gommendy (born 4 January 1980) is a French professional racing driver.
is the most important Shinto shrine in the city of Kamakura, Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan.
(March 16, 1916January 4, 2010) was a survivor of both the Hiroshima and Nagasaki atomic bombings during World War II.
The Twelve Days of Christmas, also known as Twelvetide, is a festive Christian season celebrating the Nativity of Jesus Christ.
Twelve Years a Slave is an 1853 memoir and slave narrative by American Solomon Northup as told to and edited by David Wilson.
Nu (နု;; 25 May 1907 – 14 February 1995), known honorifically as U Nu (ဦးနု) or Thakin Nu, was a leading Burmese statesman, politician, nationalist, and political figure of the 20th century.
A state is a constituent political entity of the United States.
The Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF) is an Ulster loyalist paramilitary group in Northern Ireland.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.
The Secretary of the Treasury is the head of the U.S. Department of the Treasury which is concerned with financial and monetary matters, and, until 2003, also included several federal law enforcement agencies.
Utah is a state in the western United States.
Denise Katrina Matthews (January 4, 1959 – February 15, 2016), better known as Vanity, was a Canadian singer, songwriter, dancer, model and actress, who turned away from her music and acting career to concentrate on evangelism.
Veikko Johannes Hakulinen (4 January 1925 – 24 October 2003) was a Finnish cross country skier, triple champion in both the Olympics and world championships.
The Vice President of the Republic of China is the second-highest executive official of the Republic of China.
Wall Street is an eight-block-long street running roughly northwest to southeast from Broadway to South Street, at the East River, in the Financial District of Lower Manhattan in New York City.
Wallachia or Walachia (Țara Românească; archaic: Țeara Rumânească, Romanian Cyrillic alphabet: Цѣра Рȣмѫнѣскъ) is a historical and geographical region of Romania.
The Walt Disney Studios is an American film studio, one of the four major businesses of The Walt Disney Company and the main component of its Studio Entertainment segment.
Walter Mahlendorf (born 4 January 1935) is a retired West German sprinter who won a gold medal in the 4×100 m relay at the 1960 Summer Olympics.
The Watergate scandal was a major political scandal that occurred in the United States during the early 1970s, following a break-in by five men at the Democratic National Committee (DNC) headquarters at the Watergate office complex in Washington, D.C. on June 17, 1972, and President Richard Nixon's administration's subsequent attempt to cover up its involvement.
Western Christianity is the type of Christianity which developed in the areas of the former Western Roman Empire.
The Wilaya of Relizane massacres of 4 January 1998 took place in three remote villages around Oued Rhiou about 150 miles (240 km) west of Algiers, during the Algerian conflict of the 1990s.
Wilhelm Lehmbruck (January 4, 1881March 25, 1919) was a German sculptor.
William Egan Colby (January 4, 1920 – April 27, 1996) was an American intelligence officer who served as Director of Central Intelligence (DCI) from September 1973 to January 1976.
Sir William Patrick Deane (born 4 January 1931) is a former Australian lawyer and judge who served as the 22nd Governor-General of Australia, in office from 1996 to 2001.
International Observances denote a period to observe an issue of international interest or concern.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
Xavier Chamorro Cardenal (31 December 1932 Granada, Nicaragua – 4 January 2008),Source: article from EFE agency, on El Nuevo Diario's Website.
Yaroslav Popovych (Ярослав Попович, born 4 January 1980) is a retired Ukrainian cyclist.
Colonel Yevgeny Georgievich Pepelyaev (18 March 1918 – 4 January 2013) was a Soviet fighter pilot of the Korean War, tallying 20 kills, second only to his compatriot Nikolay Sutyagin's 21.
Younès Kaboul (born 4 January 1986) is a French footballer who plays as a centre back for English club Watford.
Yvan Attal (born 4 January 1965) is an Israeli-born French actor and director.
Zehava Gal-On (זֶהָבָה גַּלְאוֹן; born 4 January 1956) is an Israeli politician, serving as a member of the Knesset from 1999 to 2017.
Zoran Žižić (Cyrillic: Зоран Жижић; 4 March 1951 – 4 January 2013) was a Montenegrin politician.
Year 1077 (MLXXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
The One Hundred Tenth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, between January 3, 2007, and January 3, 2009, during the last two years of the second term of President George W. Bush.
Year 1207 (MCCVII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1248 (MCCXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1286 (MCCLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1334 (MCCCXXXIV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1344 (MCCCXLIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1399 (MCCCXCIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1424 (MCDXXIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1428 (MCDXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1467 (MCDLXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1490 (MCDXC) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1567 (MDLXVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1581 (MDLXXXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar, and a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Proleptic Gregorian calendar.
It is one of eight years (CE) to contain each Roman numeral once (1000(M)+500(D)+100(C)+50(L)+10(X)+(-1(I)+5(V)).
It was also a particularly cold and wet year.
In the Swedish calendar it was a common year starting on Saturday, one day ahead of the Julian and ten days behind the Gregorian calendar.
In the British Empire, it was the only year with 355 days, as 3–13 September were skipped when the Empire adopted the Gregorian calendar.
It is historically famous for the wave of revolutions, a series of widespread struggles for more liberal governments, which broke out from Brazil to Hungary; although most failed in their immediate aims, they significantly altered the political and philosophical landscape and had major ramifications throughout the rest of the century.
As of March 1 (O.S. February 17), when the Julian calendar acknowledged a leap day and the Gregorian calendar did not, the Julian calendar fell one day further behind, bringing the difference to 13 days until February 28 (O.S. February 15), 2100.
As the second year of the massive Russo-Japanese War began, more than 100,000 died in the largest world battles of that era, and the war chaos lead to a revolution against the Tsar (Shostakovich's 11th Symphony is subtitled The Year 1905 to commemorate this).
This year saw the beginning of what became known as World War I, after an heir to the Austrian throne was assassinated by a Serbian nationalist.
Below, the events of the First World War have the "WWI" prefix.
This year is famous for the end of the First World War, on the eleventh hour of the eleventh day of the eleventh month, as well as for the flu pandemic, that killed 50-100 million people worldwide.
This year marked the end of a period known in American history as the Roaring Twenties after the Wall Street Crash of 1929 ushered in a worldwide Great Depression.
Below, the events of World War II have the "WWII" prefix.
Below, the events of World War II have the "WWII" acronym.
Below, events of World War II have the "WWII" prefix.
Below, events of World War II have the "WWII" prefix.
Below, events of World War II have the "WWII" prefix.
This year also marks the end of the Second World War, the deadliest conflict in human history.
It is also known as the "Year of Africa" because of major events—particularly the independence of seventeen African nations—that focused global attention on the continent and intensified feelings of Pan-Africanism.
As MAD Magazine pointed out on its cover for the March 1961 issue, this was the first "upside-up" year — i.e., one in which the numerals that form the year look the same as when the numerals are rotated upside down, a strobogrammatic number — since 1881.
The year is associated with the first manned landing on the Moon (Apollo 11).
The world population increased by 2.1% this year, the highest increase in history.
Within the context of Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) it was the longest year ever, as two leap seconds were added during this 366-day year, an event which has not since been repeated.
It was also declared the International Women's Year by the United Nations and the European Architectural Heritage Year by the Council of Europe.
The year 1985 was designated as the International Youth Year by the United Nations.
The year 1986 was designated as the International Year of Peace by the United Nations.
The 1987 Maryland train collision occurred at 1:30 pm on January 4, 1987, on Amtrak's Northeast Corridor main line.
In the 20th century, the year 1988 has the most Roman numeral digits (11).
1989 was a turning point in political history because a wave of revolutions swept the Eastern Bloc in Europe, starting in Poland and Hungary, with experiments in power sharing, coming to a head with the opening of the Berlin Wall in November, and the Velvet Revolution in Czechoslovakia, embracing the overthrow of the communist dictatorship in Romania in December, and ending in December 1991 with the dissolution of the Soviet Union.
On 4 January 1989, two United States Navy F-14 Tomcats shot down two Soviet manufactured Libyan MiG-23 Floggers which the Americans believed were attempting to engage them, as had happened eight years prior during the Gulf of Sidra incident, in 1981.
Important events of 1990 include the Reunification of Germany and the unification of Yemen, the formal beginning of the Human Genome Project (finished in 2003), the launch of the Hubble Space Telescope, the separation of Namibia from South Africa, and the Baltic states declaring independence from the Soviet Union amidst Perestroika.
1992 was designated as.
This was the first year that the Internet was entirely privatized, with the United States government no longer providing public funding.
1996 was designated as.
1998 was designated as the International Year of the Ocean.
1999 was designated as the International Year of Older Persons.
2000 was designated as.
2001 was designated as.
2003 was designated the.
2004 was designated as.
2005 was designated as.
2006 was designated as.
2007 was designated as.
2008 was designated as.
2009 was designated as.
2010 was designated as.
2011 was designated as.
2012 was designated as.
2013 was designated as.
2014 was designated as.
2015 was designated as.
2016 was designated as.
2017 was designated as International Year of Sustainable Tourism for Development by the United Nations General Assembly.
2018 has been designated as the third International Year of the Reef by the International Coral Reef Initiative.
Year 46 BC was the last year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar.
Year 871 (DCCCLXXI) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 874 (DCCCLXXIV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.