742 relations: Aaron Lufkin Dennison, Abû 'Uthmân Sa'îd ibn Hakam al Qurashi, Abdul Rahman Ya'kub, Abdullah al-Qasemi, Abraham Goldfaden, Adam Moleyns, Adolf Schlagintweit, Adrian of Canterbury, Ahmad Shah Durrani, Ahmed Sékou Touré, AJ McLean, Al Downing (musician), Albania, Alec Jeffreys, Aleksander Wolszczan, Alex Staropoli, Alfred, Lord Tennyson, Algis Budrys, Alix Le Clerc, Alma Ziegler, Amago Haruhisa, Amanda Mynhardt, American Civil War, American Indian Wars, Amiri Baraka, Anatolia, Andrei Nazarov (athlete), Andy Caldecott, Angie Martinez, Angus Scrimm, Anita Louise, Anne of Brittany, Anne Rivers Siddons, Anson Jones, Anthony Eden, Anthony Mamo, Antoine Samuel Adam-Salomon, Anton Aškerc, Apple Inc., Arnold Alexander Hall, Arthur Lake (actor), Aswan Dam, August Gailit, Augusto Gansser-Biaggi, Autogyro, Avro Lancaster, Ágnes Keleti, Édgar Álvarez, Balloon, Bangladesh, ..., Barbara Buczek, Bart Starr, Basel, Basel massacre, Basiliscus, Battle of Bear Valley, Battle of Rafa, Benjamin Danso, Berhtwald, Bernard Le Bovier de Fontenelle, Bill Cowsill, Bill Naughton, Bill Terry, Birger Brosa, Black Death, Black Nazarene, Bob Denver, Bob Dyer, Braden Uele, Brazil, Brian Curvis, Brian Friel, Brian Harradine, Brigitte Askonas, Brindisi, Bud Paxson, Buddhism, Caleb Strong, Calendar of saints, Carl Bell (musician), Carol Benesch, Caroline Herschel, Carrie Chapman Catt, Cassandra Austen, Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge, Cemal Süreya, Central California, Chad Johnson, Charles Bacon, Charles Bonaventure de Longueval, 2nd Count of Bucquoy, Charles VIII of France, Charles-Émile Reynaud, Charleston, South Carolina, Charlie Hebdo shooting, Chechens, Chic Young, Chris Sandow, Civilian, Claudette Boyer, Claudio Caniggia, Clive Dunn, CNIB, Comprehensive Peace Agreement, Connecticut, Constantinople, Constitutional Court of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Countee Cullen, Crinitus, Crystal Gayle, Dagestan, Daguerreotype, Dale Frail, Dale T. Mortensen, Dave Matthews, David Johansen, David Peoples, Davy lamp, Demetrios Chalkokondyles, Didier Camberabero, Dimitrios Golemis, Dome of Discovery, Domenico Modugno, Drew Brown (musician), Dynamite, Earl G. Graves Sr., Earl W. Renfroe, Eastern Orthodox Church, Edon Hasani, Edvard Rusjan, Edward Bok, Edward Osóbka-Morawski, Edwin Arthur Jones, Edwin Baker (CNIB), Egypt, Eldred G. Smith, Electric battery, Elmer Flick, Elmer MacFadyen, Elmer Symons, Elsie J. 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Watson, John Cicero, Elector of Brandenburg, John Dunning (writer), John Flanagan (athlete), John Gilbert (actor), John Graham (rugby union), John Hartley (tennis), John Harvard (politician), John Harvey-Jones, John Jervis, 1st Earl of St Vincent, John Knowles Paine, John Ramon III, Count of Cardona, John Sperling, John VI of Portugal, John Wise (Ontario), Johnny Grant (radio personality), Johnny Temple, Jordan Turner, Josemaría Escrivá, Josep Maria Castellet, Joseph Strauss (engineer), Juan de la Cierva, Juanfran (footballer, born 1985), Judith Krantz, Judy Malloy, Julia Chester Emery, Jurchen people, Justin Blackmon, Kaifeng, Karaburun Peninsula, Albania, Karaburun tragedy, Karel Čapek, Karl Löwith, Karl Mannheim, Katarina Johnson-Thompson, Katherine Copely, Katherine Mansfield, Kato Ottio, Kaushik Basu, Kazimierz Serocki, Kenichi Fukui, Kevin Korjus, Kingdom of Italy, Kizlyar, Kizlyar-Pervomayskoye hostage crisis, Klaipėda Region, Klaipėda Revolt, Krav Maga, Kurt Tucholsky, Lady Randolph Churchill, Lara Fabian, Lascelles Abercrombie, Laurier Palace Theatre fire, László Szekeres, League of Nations, League of Nations mandate, League of Women Voters, Lee Van Cleef, Lee Yeon-hee, Len Quested, Leonard Holliday, Levon Ter-Petrosyan, Lexington, Massachusetts, Lieutenant Governor of Indiana, Lieutenant Governor of Manitoba, Lieutenant Governor of Quebec, Lisa Walters, List of ambassadors of the United States to Greece, List of Byzantine emperors, List of Chief Ministers of Sarawak, List of Foreign ministers of Denmark, List of Presidents of Guinea, List of Presidents of Guinea-Bissau, List of Presidents of the Swiss Confederation, Lister Sinclair, Lithuanians, Lloyd Loar, Lord Randolph Churchill, Louis Bertrand Castel, Louis XII of France, Luísa Todi, Lucas Leiva, Luke Patten, Luther D. 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Aaron Lufkin Dennison (March 6, 1812 – January 9, 1895) was an American watchmaker and businessman who founded a number of companies.
Abû ‘Uthman Sa’îd ibn Hakam al Qurashi (30 December 1204 - 9 January 1282) (أبو عثمان سعيد بن الحكم القرشي) was the first Ra’îs of Manûrqa (modern Menorca) from 1234 to 1282.
Tun Datuk Patinggi Haji Abdul Rahman bin Ya'kub (3 January 1928 – 9 January 2015) was a Malaysian politician of Melanau descent from Mukah.
Abdullah al-Qasemi (1907 – 9 January 1996) (عبدالله القصيمي) was a Saudi Arabian 20th-century writer and intellectual.
Abraham Goldfaden אַבֿרהם גאָלדפֿאַדען; (born Avrum Goldnfoden; the Romanian spelling Avram Goldfaden is common; 24 July 1840 in Starokostiantyniv – 9 January 1908 in New York City) was a Russian-born Jewish poet, playwright, stage director and actor in the languages Yiddish and Hebrew, author of some 40 plays.
Adam Moleyns (died 9 January 1450) was an English bishop, lawyer, royal administrator and diplomat.
Adolf von Schlagintweit (9 January 1829 − 26 August 1857) was a German botanist and explorer of Central Asia.
Saint Adrian (or Hadrian) of Canterbury (died 9 January 710) was a famous scholar and the abbot of St Augustine's Abbey in Canterbury in the English county of Kent.
Ahmad Shāh Durrānī (c. 1722 – 16 October 1772) (Pashto: احمد شاه دراني), also known as Ahmad Khān Abdālī (احمد خان ابدالي), was the founder of the Durrani Empire and is regarded as the founder of the modern state of Afghanistan.
Ahmed Sékou Touré (var. Ahmed Sheku Turay) (January 9, 1922 – March 26, 1984) was a Guinean political leader who was elected as the first President of Guinea, serving from 1958 until his death in 1984.
Alexander James "AJ" McLean (born January 9, 1978) is an American singer, songwriter, actor, dancer, and model.
Al Downing (January 9, 1940 – July 4, 2005), later known as Big Al Downing, was an American entertainer, singer, songwriter, and pianist.
Albania (Shqipëri/Shqipëria; Shqipni/Shqipnia or Shqypni/Shqypnia), officially the Republic of Albania (Republika e Shqipërisë), is a country in Southeastern Europe.
Sir Alec John Jeffreys, (born 9 January 1950) is a British geneticist, who developed techniques for genetic fingerprinting and DNA profiling which are now used worldwide in forensic science to assist police detective work and to resolve paternity and immigration disputes.
Aleksander Wolszczan (born 29 April 1946 in Szczecinek, Poland) is a Polish astronomer.
Alessandro "Alex" Staropoli (born 9 January 1970 in Trieste, Italy) is a keyboard player, composer, leader and co-founder (with Luca Turilli) of the Italian symphonic power metal band Rhapsody of Fire.
Alfred Tennyson, 1st Baron Tennyson (6 August 1809 – 6 October 1892) was Poet Laureate of Great Britain and Ireland during much of Queen Victoria's reign and remains one of the most popular British poets.
Algirdas Jonas "Algis" Budrys (January 9, 1931 – June 9, 2008) was a Lithuanian-American science fiction author, editor, and critic.
Alix Le Clerc (2 February 1576 – 9 January 1622), known as Mother Alix, was the foundress of the Canonesses of St. Augustine of the Congregation of Our Lady (Notre-Dame), a religious Order founded to provide education to girls, especially those living in poverty.
Alma Ziegler (January 9, 1918 – May 30, 2005) was an infielder and pitcher who played from through in the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League.
was a daimyō warlord in the Chūgoku region of western Japan.
Amanda Mynhardt (born 9 January 1986) is a South African netball player.
The American Civil War (also known by other names) was a war fought in the United States from 1861 to 1865.
The American Indian Wars (or Indian Wars) is the collective name for the various armed conflicts fought by European governments and colonists, and later the United States government and American settlers, against various American Indian tribes.
Amiri Baraka (born Everett LeRoi Jones; October 7, 1934 – January 9, 2014), previously known as LeRoi Jones and Imamu Amear Baraka, was an African-American writer of poetry, drama, fiction, essays and music criticism.
Anatolia (Modern Greek: Ανατολία Anatolía, from Ἀνατολή Anatolḗ,; "east" or "rise"), also known as Asia Minor (Medieval and Modern Greek: Μικρά Ἀσία Mikrá Asía, "small Asia"), Asian Turkey, the Anatolian peninsula, or the Anatolian plateau, is the westernmost protrusion of Asia, which makes up the majority of modern-day Turkey.
Andrei Nazarov (born January 9, 1965 in Tallinn) is a retired decathlete, who competed for the Soviet Union and later for his native country Estonia.
Andy Caldecott (10 August 1964 – 9 January 2006) was an off-road motorcycle racer born in Keith, South Australia.
Angela "Angie" Martinez (born January 9, 1971) is an American radio personality, rapper, and actress of Puerto Rican, Cuban and Dominican heritage.
Angus Scrimm (born Lawrence Rory Guy; August 19, 1926 – January 9, 2016) was an American actor, author, and journalist, best known for portrayal of the Tall Man in the 1979 horror film Phantasm and its sequels.
Anita Louise (born Anita Louise Fremault, January 9, 1915 – April 25, 1970) was an American film and television actress best known for her performances in A Midsummer Night's Dream (1935), The Story of Louis Pasteur (1935), Anthony Adverse (1936), Marie Antoinette (1938) and The Little Princess (1939).
Anne of Brittany (25/26 January 1477 – 9 January 1514) was Duchess of Brittany from 1488 until her death, and queen consort of France from 1491 to 1498 and from 1499 to her death.
Anne Rivers Siddons (born January 9, 1936) is an American novelist who writes stories set in the southern United States.
Anson Jones (January 20, 1798 – January 9, 1858) was a doctor, businessperson, member of Congress, and the fourth and last President of the Republic of Texas, sometimes called the "Architect of Annexation".
Robert Anthony Eden, 1st Earl of Avon, (12 June 1897 – 14 January 1977) was a British Conservative politician who served three periods as Foreign Secretary and then a relatively brief term as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1955 to 1957.
Sir Anthony Joseph Mamo KUOM OBE QC (9 January 1909 – 1 May 2008) was the first President of Malta and previously served as the last Governor-General of the State of Malta before the country became a republic.
Antoine Samuel Adam-Salomon (9 January 1818 – 28 April 1881) was a French sculptor and photographer.
Anton Aškerc (9 January 1856 – 10 June 1912) was an ethnic Slovene poet and Roman Catholic priest who worked in Austria, best known for his epic poems.
Apple Inc. is an American multinational technology company headquartered in Cupertino, California, that designs, develops, and sells consumer electronics, computer software, and online services.
Sir Arnold Alexander Hall FRS FRAeS (23 April 1915 – 9 January 2000) was a British aeronautical engineer, scientist and industrialist.
Arthur Lake (born Arthur Silverlake Jr., April 17, 1905 – January 9, 1987) was an American actor known best for bringing Dagwood Bumstead, the bumbling husband of Blondie, to life in film, radio and television.
The Aswan Dam, or more specifically since the 1960s, the Aswan High Dam, is an embankment dam built across the Nile in Aswan, Egypt, between 1960 and 1970.
August Gailit (9 January 1891 – 5 November 1960) was an Estonian writer of Estonian and Latvian origin.
Augusto Gansser-Biaggi (28 October 1910 – 9 January 2012) was a Swiss geologist who specialised in the geology of the Himalayas.
An autogyro (from Greek αὐτός and γύρος, "self-turning"), also known as a gyroplane or gyrocopter, is a type of rotorcraft that uses an unpowered rotor in free autorotation to develop lift.
The Avro Lancaster is a British four-engined Second World War heavy bomber.
Ágnes Keleti (born Ágnes Klein, 9 January 1921) is a Hungarian-Israeli retired Olympic and world champion artistic gymnast and coach.
Édgar or Edgard Anthony Álvarez Reyes (born 9 January 1980 in Puerto Cortés) is a Honduran soccer player who currently plays for Platense in the Liga Nacional de Fútbol de Honduras.
A balloon is a flexible bag that can be inflated with a gas, such as helium, hydrogen, nitrous oxide, oxygen, air or water.
Bangladesh (বাংলাদেশ, lit. "The country of Bengal"), officially the People's Republic of Bangladesh (গণপ্রজাতন্ত্রী বাংলাদেশ), is a country in South Asia.
Barbara Buczek (9 January 1940 – 17 January 1993) was a Polish composer.
Bryan Bartlett "Bart" Starr (born January 9, 1934) is a former professional American football player and coach.
Basel (also Basle; Basel; Bâle; Basilea) is a city in northwestern Switzerland on the river Rhine.
The Basel massacre of Jews took place on 9 January 1349, as part of the Black Death persecutions of 1348–1350.
Basiliscus (Flavius Basiliscus Augustus; Βασιλίσκος; d. 476/477) was Eastern Roman or Byzantine Emperor from 475 to 476.
The Battle of Bear Valley was a small engagement fought in 1918 between a band of Yaquis and a detachment of United States Army soldiers.
The Battle of Rafa, also known as the Action of Rafah, fought on 9 January 1917, was the third and final battle to complete the recapture of the Sinai Peninsula by British forces during the Sinai and Palestine Campaign of the First World War.
Benjamin Danso (born 9 January 1984) accessed: 5 March 2010 is a German international rugby union player, playing for the Heidelberger RK in the Rugby-Bundesliga and the German national rugby union team.
Berhtwald (died 731) was the ninth Archbishop of Canterbury in England.
Bernard Le Bovier de Fontenelle (11 February 16579 January 1757), also called Bernard Le Bouyer de Fontenelle, was a French author and an influential member of three of the academies of the Institut de France, noted especially for his accessible treatment of scientific topics during the unfolding of the Age of Enlightenment.
William "Bill" Joseph Cowsill, Jr., most commonly known professionally as Billy Cowsill, (January 9, 1948 – February 18, 2006) was an American singer, musician, songwriter and producer.
William John Francis Naughton, or Bill Naughton (12 June 1910 – 9 January 1992) was an Irish-born British playwright and author, best known for his play Alfie.
William Harold Terry (October 30, 1898 – January 9, 1989) was a Major League Baseball first baseman and manager.
Birger Brosa (Old Norse: Birgir Brósa where Brósa means "smiling"), jarl of Sweden 1174–1202, d. 9 January 1202 on Visingsö, was a son of Bengt Snivil and a member of the powerful House of Bjälbo.
The Black Death, also known as the Great Plague, the Black Plague, or simply the Plague, was one of the most devastating pandemics in human history, resulting in the deaths of an estimated people in Eurasia and peaking in Europe from 1347 to 1351.
The Black Nazarene (El Nazareno Negro, Nuestro Padre Jesús Nazareno, Poóng Itím na Nazareno, Hesus Nazareno) is a life-sized image of a dark-skinned, kneeling Jesus Christ carrying the Cross enshrined in the Minor Basilica of the Black Nazarene in the Quiapo district of the City of Manila, Philippines.
Robert Osbourne Denver (January 9, 1935 – September 2, 2005) was an American comedic actor.
Robert Neal Dyer OBE (22 May 19099 January 1984), who took the stage name of Bob Dyer, was a Gold Logie-award-winning American-born vaudeville entertainer and singer, radio and television personality, and radio and television quiz show host who made his name in Australia.
Braden Uele (born 9 January 1995) is a New Zealand professional rugby league footballer who currently plays for the Cronulla-Sutherland Sharks in the National Rugby League.
Brazil (Brasil), officially the Federative Republic of Brazil (República Federativa do Brasil), is the largest country in both South America and Latin America.
Brian Nancurvis (14 August 1937 – 9 January 2012), who fought under the name Brian Curvis as a professional, was a boxer from Swansea, Wales who was active from 1959 to 1966.
Brian Patrick Friel (9 January 1929 – 2 October 2015), born in Omagh, Northern Ireland, was a dramatist, short story writer and founder of the Field Day Theatre Company.
Richard William Brian Harradine (9 January 1935 – 14 April 2014) was an Australian politician who served as an independent member of the Australian Senate, from 1975 to 2005, representing the state of Tasmania.
Brigitte Alice "Ita" Askonas, FMedSci FRS (1 April 1923 – 9 January 2013) was a British immunologist.
Brindisi (Brindisino: Brìnnisi; Brundisium; translit; Brunda) is a city in the region of Apulia in southern Italy, the capital of the province of Brindisi, on the coast of the Adriatic Sea.
Lowell White "Bud" Paxson (April 17, 1935 – January 9, 2015) was an American media executive.
Buddhism is the world's fourth-largest religion with over 520 million followers, or over 7% of the global population, known as Buddhists.
Caleb Strong (January 9, 1745 – November 7, 1819) was a Massachusetts lawyer and politician who served as the sixth and tenth Governor of Massachusetts between 1800 and 1807, and again from 1812 until 1816.
The calendar of saints is a traditional Christian method of organizing a liturgical year by associating each day with one or more saints and referring to the day as the feast day or feast of said saint.
Carl Bell (born January 9, 1970) is an American musician, producer, arranger, engineer and mixer.
Carol Benesch (January 9, 1822, Jägerndorf, Austro-Hungarian Empire, today Krnov, Czech Republic - October 30, 1896, Bucharest, Romania) was a Silesian architect of Historicism and Eclecticism orientation established in the Kingdom of Romania.
Caroline Lucretia Herschel (16 March 1750 – 9 January 1848) was a German astronomer, whose most significant contributions to astronomy were the discoveries of several comets, including the periodic comet 35P/Herschel–Rigollet, which bears her name.
Carrie Chapman Catt (January 9, 1859 – March 9, 1947) was an American women's suffrage leader who campaigned for the Nineteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, which gave U.S. women the right to vote in 1920.
Cassandra Elizabeth Austen (9 January 1773 – 22 March 1845" ". (n.d.) Jane Austen Centre Magazine. Retrieved 31 December 2006.) was an amateur English watercolourist and the elder sister of Jane Austen.
Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge (born Catherine Elizabeth Middleton; 9 January 1982) is a member of the British royal family.
Cemâl Süreya (1931, Erzincan – 9 January 1990, Istanbul), pen name of Cemâlettin Süreyya Seber, Zaza poet and writer.
Central California is a subregion of Northern California, generally thought of as the middle third of the state, north of Southern California.
Chad Javon Johnson (born January 9, 1978), formerly Chad Ochocinco, is a former American football wide receiver.
Charles James Bacon, Jr. (January 9, 1885 – November 15, 1968) was an American athlete and a member of the Irish American Athletic Club and the New York City Police Department.
Charles Bonaventure de Longueval, Count of Bucquoy (Karel Bonaventura Buquoy, Carlos Buenaventura de Longueval, Conde de Bucquoy, full name in Charles Bonaventure de Longueval comte de Bucquoy, Karl Bonaventura Graf von Buquoy) (Arras, 9 January 1571 – Nové Zámky, 10 July 1621) was a military commander who fought for the Spanish Netherlands during the Eighty Years' War and for the Holy Roman Empire during the Thirty Years' War.
Charles VIII, called the Affable, l'Affable (30 June 1470 – 7 April 1498), was a monarch of the House of Valois who ruled as King of France from 1483 to his death in 1498.
Charles-Émile Reynaud (8 December 1844 – 9 January 1918) was a French inventor, responsible for the praxinoscope (an animation device patented in 1877 that improved on the zoetrope) and the first projected animated films.
Charleston is the oldest and largest city in the U.S. state of South Carolina, the county seat of Charleston County, and the principal city in the Charleston–North Charleston–Summerville Metropolitan Statistical Area.
On 7 January 2015 at about 11:30 local time, two brothers, Saïd and Chérif Kouachi, forced their way into the offices of the French satirical weekly newspaper Charlie Hebdo in Paris.
Chechens (Нохчий; Old Chechen: Нахчой Naxçoy) are a Northeast Caucasian ethnic group of the Nakh peoples originating in the North Caucasus region of Eastern Europe.
Murat Bernard "Chic" Young (January 9, 1901March 14, 1973) was an American cartoonist who created the comic strip Blondie.
Chris Sandow (born 9 January 1989 in Kingaroy, Queensland, Australia, is an Indigenous Australian professional rugby league footballer, who currently plays for the Moranbah Miners, who play in the local grade A Mackay rugby league competition. Having previously played for the Norths Devils in the Queensland Cup, Warrington Wolves in the Super League, he has also played for the Parramatta Eels and the South Sydney Rabbitohs in the National Rugby League. A goal-kicking or, he can also fill in at.
Christmas is an annual festival commemorating the birth of Jesus Christ,Martindale, Cyril Charles.
The Christmas season, also called the festive season, or the holiday season (mainly in the U.S. and Canada; often simply called the holidays),, is an annually recurring period recognized in many Western and Western-influenced countries that is generally considered to run from late November to early January.
Christmas Eve is the evening or entire day before Christmas Day, the festival commemorating the birth of Jesus.
Christmas traditions vary from country to country.
A civilian is "a person who is not a member of the military or of a police or firefighting force".
Claudette Boyer (January 9, 1938 – February 16, 2013) was a politician in Ontario, Canada.
Claudio Paul Caniggia (born 9 January 1967) is an Argentine retired footballer who played as forward or winger.
Clive Robert Benjamin Dunn (9 January 19206 November 2012) was an English actor, comedian, artist, author, and singer.
CNIB (INCA) is a volunteer agency and charitable organization dedicated to assisting Canadians who are blind or living with vision loss, and to provide information about vision health for all Canadians.
The Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA, اتفاقية السلام الشامل, Ittifāqiyyah al-salām al-šāmil), also known as the Naivasha Agreement, was an accord signed on January 9, 2005, by the Sudan People's Liberation Movement (SPLM) and the Government of Sudan.
Connecticut is the southernmost state in the New England region of the northeastern United States.
Constantinople (Κωνσταντινούπολις Konstantinoúpolis; Constantinopolis) was the capital city of the Roman/Byzantine Empire (330–1204 and 1261–1453), and also of the brief Latin (1204–1261), and the later Ottoman (1453–1923) empires.
The Constitutional Court of Bosnia and Herzegovina (Ustavni sud Bosne i Hercegovine, Уставни суд Босне и Херцеговине) is a special court sui generis, whose main role is to be the interpreter and guardian of the Constitution of Bosnia and Herzegovina, as stated in Article VI, paragraph 3 of the Dayton Peace Accords entitled "the Constitution" ("The Constitutional Court shall uphold this Constitution").
Countee Cullen (May 30, 1903 – January 9, 1946), born Countee LeRoy Porter, was a prominent African-American poet, novelist, children's writer, and playwright during the Harlem Renaissance.
Pietro Crinito (January 9, 1475 – July 5, 1507), known as Crinitus, or Pietro Del Riccio Baldi (derived from Riccio, 'curly', translated into Latin as crinitus), was a Florentine humanist scholar and poet who was disciple of Poliziano.
Brenda Gail Gatzimos (née Webb; January 9, 1951), known professionally as Crystal Gayle, is an American singer.
The Republic of Dagestan (Респу́блика Дагеста́н), or simply Dagestan (or; Дагеста́н), is a federal subject (a republic) of Russia, located in the North Caucasus region.
The Daguerreotype (daguerréotype) process, or daguerreotypy, was the first publicly available photographic process, and for nearly twenty years it was the one most commonly used.
Dale A. Frail is an astronomer working at the National Radio Astronomy Observatory (NRAO) in Socorro, New Mexico.
Dale Thomas Mortensen (February 2, 1939 – January 9, 2014) was an American economist and Nobel laureate.
David John Matthews (born January 9, 1967) is a South African-born American singer-songwriter, musician and actor, best known as the lead vocalist, songwriter, and guitarist for the Dave Matthews Band.
David Roger Johansen (sometimes spelled David Jo Hansen; born January 9, 1950) is an American singer, songwriter and actor.
David Webb Peoples (born February 9, 1940) is an American screenwriter who wrote Blade Runner (1982), Unforgiven (1992), and 12 Monkeys (1995).
The Davy lamp is a safety lamp for use in flammable atmospheres, invented in 1815 by Sir Humphry Davy.
Demetrios Chalkokondyles (Δημήτριος Χαλκοκονδύλης), Latinized as Demetrius Chalcocondyles and found variously as Demetricocondyles, Chalcocondylas or Chalcondyles (14239 January 1511) was one of the most eminent Greek scholars in the West.
Didier Camberabero (born January 9, 1961 in Valence, Drôme), is a former French international rugby union player.
Dimitrios (or Demetrius) P. Golemis (Δημήτριος Γολέμης; November 15, 1874 in Lefkada - January 9, 1941) was a Greek athlete.
The Dome of Discovery was a temporary exhibition building designed by architect Ralph Tubbs for the Festival of Britain celebrations which took place on London's South Bank in 1951, alongside the River Thames.
Domenico Modugno (9 January 1928 – 6 August 1994) was an Italian singer, songwriter, actor, guitarist, and later in life, a member of the Italian Parliament.
Andrew John Brown (born January 9, 1984) is an American musician, multi-instrumentalist, and songwriter.
Dynamite is an explosive made of nitroglycerin, sorbents (such as powdered shells or clay) and stabilizers.
Earl Gilbert Graves Sr. (born January 9, 1935) is an American entrepreneur, publisher, businessman, philanthropist, and advocate of African-American businesses.
Earl Wiley Renfroe (January 9, 1907 – November 14, 2000) was a history-maker in the field of orthodontics and in breaking down the barriers of racism.
The Eastern Orthodox Church, also known as the Orthodox Church, or officially as the Orthodox Catholic Church, is the second-largest Christian Church, with over 250 million members.
Edon Hasani (born 9 January 1992) is an Albanian professional footballer who played as a midfielder for Iranian football club Sepahan in Iran Pro League.
Edvard Rusjan (6 June 1886 – 9 January 1911) was a Slovenian flight pioneer and airplane constructor.
Edward William Bok (born Eduard Willem Gerard Cesar Hidde Bok) (October 9, 1863 – January 9, 1930) was a Dutch-born American editor and Pulitzer Prize-winning author.
Edward Osóbka-Morawski (5 October 1909 – 9 January 1997) was a Polish activist and politician in the Polish Socialist Party (PPS) before World War II, and after the Soviet takeover of Poland, Chairman of the Communist-dominated interim government, the Polish Committee of National Liberation (Polski Komitet Wyzwolenia Narodowego) formed in Lublin with Stalin's approval.
Edwin Arthur Jones, (June 28, 1853 – January 9, 1911) was an American composer.
Edwin Albert Baker, (January 9, 1893 – April 7, 1968) was a Canadian co-founder of the Canadian National Institute for the Blind (CNIB).
Egypt (مِصر, مَصر, Khēmi), officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a transcontinental country spanning the northeast corner of Africa and southwest corner of Asia by a land bridge formed by the Sinai Peninsula.
Eldred Gee Smith (January 9, 1907 – April 4, 2013) was the patriarch emeritus of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church) and held the calling of Patriarch to the Church from 1947 to 1979.
An electric battery is a device consisting of one or more electrochemical cells with external connections provided to power electrical devices such as flashlights, smartphones, and electric cars.
Elmer Harrison Flick (January 11, 1876 – January 9, 1971) was an American professional baseball outfielder who played in Major League Baseball from 1898 to 1910 for the Philadelphia Phillies, Philadelphia Athletics, and Cleveland Bronchos/Naps.
Elmer MacFadyen (January 9, 1943 – August 17, 2007) was a Canadian politician.
Elmer Symons (14 February 1977 in Ladysmith, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa - 9 January 2007 rural Morocco) was a motorcycle enduro racer.
Elsie Jeanette Dunkerley (25 November 1880 – 9 January 1960), was an English girls' story writer, who took the name Oxenham as her pseudonym when her first book, Goblin Island, was published in 1907.
Emily Greene Balch (January 8, 1867 – January 9, 1961) was an American economist, sociologist and pacifist.
Emperor Daizong of Tang (18 May 762 – 10 June 779), personal name Li Yu (name changed in 758 after being created crown prince), né Li Chu (李俶), was an emperor of the Chinese Tang Dynasty.
Emperor Qinzong of Song (23 May 1100 – 14 June 1161), personal name Zhao Huan, was the ninth emperor of the Song dynasty in China and the last emperor of The Northern Song Dynasty.
Emperor Xizong of Jin (28 February 1119 – 9 January 1150), personal name Hela, sinicised name Wanyan Dan, was the third emperor of the Jurchen-led Jin dynasty, which ruled northern China between the 12th and 13th centuries.
was the 109th Imperial ruler of Japan,Imperial Household Agency (Kunaichō): according to the traditional order of succession.
The Episcopal Church is the United States-based member church of the worldwide Anglican Communion.
Eric Theodore Erlandson (born January 9, 1963) is an American musician, guitarist, and writer, primarily known as founding member, songwriter and lead guitarist of alternative rock band Hole from 1989 to 2002.
Sir Ernest Henry Shackleton (15 February 1874 – 5 January 1922) was a polar explorer who led three British expeditions to the Antarctic, and one of the principal figures of the period known as the Heroic Age of Antarctic Exploration.
Erwig (Flavius Ervigius; after 642 – 687) was a king of the Visigoths in Hispania (680–687).
Eskişehir (eski "old", şehir "city"), is a city in northwestern Turkey and the capital of the Eskişehir Province. In the Byzantine era its name was Dorylaeum. The urban population of the city is 717,135 with a metropolitan population of 826,135. The city is located on the banks of the Porsuk River, 792 m above sea level, where it overlooks the fertile Phrygian Valley. In the nearby hills one can find hot springs. The city is to the west of Ankara, to the southeast of Istanbul and to the northeast of Kütahya. Known as a university town, both Eskişehir Osmangazi University and Anadolu University (which has one of the largest student enrollments in the world) are based in Eskişehir. The province covers an area of.
Euzebiusz "Ebi" Smolarek (born 9 January 1981) is a former Polish footballer who is currently youth manager at Dutch club Feyenoord.
Eva Kelly Bowring (January 9, 1892January 8, 1985) was a U.S. Senator from Nebraska.
An exoplanet or extrasolar planet is a planet outside our solar system.
Farthest South was the most southerly latitudes reached by explorers before the conquest of the South Pole in 1911.
Félix-Gabriel Marchand (January 9, 1832 – September 25, 1900) was a journalist, author, notary and politician in Quebec, Canada.
Fernando Álvaro Lamas y de Santos (January 9, 1915October 8, 1982) was an Argentine-American actor and director, and the father of actor Lorenzo Lamas.
The First Battle of İnönü (Birinci İnönü Muharebesi) took place between 6 and 11 January 1921 near İnönü in Hüdavendigâr Vilayet (present-day Eskişehir Province, Turkey) during the Greco-Turkish War (1919–22), also known as the western front of the larger Turkish War of Independence. This was the first battle for the Army of the Grand National Assembly that was newly built standing army (Düzenli ordu) in place of irregular troops.
The First Chechen War (Пе́рвая чече́нская война́), also known as the First Chechen Сampaign (Пе́рвая чече́нская кампа́ния) or First Russian-Chechen war, was a rebellion by the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria against the Russian Federation, fought from December 1994 to August 1996.
The national flag of the United Kingdom is the Union Jack, also known as the Union Flag.
Francisco "Paco" Pavón Barahona (born 9 January 1980) is a Spanish retired footballer who played as a central defender.
The French Academy of Sciences (French: Académie des sciences) is a learned society, founded in 1666 by Louis XIV at the suggestion of Jean-Baptiste Colbert, to encourage and protect the spirit of French scientific research.
Johannes Friedrich August von Esmarch (9 January 1823 – 23 February 1908) was a German surgeon.
The Gallipoli Campaign, also known as the Dardanelles Campaign, the Battle of Gallipoli, or the Battle of Çanakkale (Çanakkale Savaşı), was a campaign of the First World War that took place on the Gallipoli peninsula (Gelibolu in modern Turkey) in the Ottoman Empire between 17 February 1915 and 9 January 1916.
Gamal Abdel Nasser Hussein (جمال عبد الناصر حسين,; 15 January 1918 – 28 September 1970) was the second President of Egypt, serving from 1956 until his death in 1970.
Gary Hamilton Teichmann (born 9 January 1967) is a retired South African rugby union player.
The Geneva Peace Conference was held on January 9, 1991 to find a peaceful solution to the Iraqi occupation of Kuwait in order to avoid a war between Iraq and the United States backed coalition.
Gennaro Ivan Gattuso, Ufficiale OMRI (born 9 January 1978) is a retired Italian footballer and current manager of Milan.
Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney (January 9, 1875 – April 18, 1942) was an American sculptor, art patron and collector, and founder in 1931 of the Whitney Museum of American Art in New York City.
Gilbert Abbott à Beckett (9 January 1811 – 30 August 1856) was an English humorist.
Gilles Vaillancourt (born January 9, 1941) is a former Canadian politician.
Giorgos (George) Theofanous (born in Larnaca, Cyprus on 9 January 1968) is a Greek-Cypriot composer and producer.
Giovanni Papini (January 9, 1881 – July 8, 1956) was an Italian journalist, essayist, literary critic, poet, and novelist.
Blessed Giulia della Rena (1319 - 9 January 1367) was an Italian Roman Catholic professed member of the Order of Saint Augustine in its third order branch.
The Golden Gate Bridge is a suspension bridge spanning the Golden Gate, the strait connecting San Francisco Bay and the Pacific Ocean.
The Governor of Massachusetts is the head of the executive branch of the Government of Massachusetts and serves as commander-in-chief of the Commonwealth's military forces.
The Governor of Sindh is the appointed head of the provincial government in Sindh, Pakistan.
The Governor-General of the Commonwealth of Australia is the representative of the Australian monarch, currently Queen Elizabeth II.
Dame Gracie Fields, (born Grace Stansfield; 9 January 189827 September 1979) was an English actress, singer and comedian and star of both cinema and music hall.
The Greco-Turkish War of 1919–1922 was fought between Greece and the Turkish National Movement during the partitioning of the Ottoman Empire after World War I between May 1919 and October 1922.
Guillaume du Bellay, seigneur de Langey (1491 – 9 January 1543), was a French diplomat and general from a notable Angevin family under King Francis I. He was born at the château of Glatigny, near Souday, in 1491.
Nestor Alexander Haddaway (born January 9, 1965), better known mononymously as Haddaway, is a Trinidadian-German singer, songwriter and musician best known for his 1993 hit single "What Is Love".
Hakeem Mohammed Saeed (Urdu: حکیم محمد سعید; 9 January 1920 – 17 October 1998) was a medical researcher, scholar, philanthropist, and a Governor of Sindh Province, Pakistan from 1993 until 1996.
Hal Niedzviecki (born January 9, 1971) is a Canadian novelist and cultural critic.
Halide Edib Adıvar (خالده اديب; sometimes spelled Halidé Edib in English) (11 June 1884 – 9 January 1964) was a Turkish novelist, nationalist, and political leader for women's rights.
Hallam Tennyson, 2nd Baron Tennyson, (11 August 1852 – 2 December 1928) was a British aristocrat who served as the second Governor-General of Australia, in office from 1903 to 1904.
Hammamizade İsmail Dede Efendi (b. 9 January 1778 – d. 29 November 1846) was a composer of Ottoman classical music.
Har Gobind Khorana (9 January 1922 – 9 November 2011) was an Indian American biochemist.
Harald Tammer (9 January 1899 – 6 June 1942) was an Estonian journalist, athlete and weightlifter.
Harun Farocki (9 January 1944 – 30 July 2014) was a German filmmaker, author, and lecturer in film.
Joshua Hayes Carll (born January 9, 1976), known professionally as Hayes Carll, is a singer-songwriter.
Hayim Nahman Bialik (חיים נחמן ביאליק; January 6, 1873 – July 4, 1934), also Chaim or Haim, was a Jewish poet who wrote primarily in Hebrew but also in Yiddish.
is a holiday in the tradition of Japanese Jodo Shinshu Buddhism that observes the memorial of its founder, Shinran Shonin.
Hebburn is a small town situated on the south bank of the River Tyne in North East England sandwiched between the towns of Jarrow and Gateshead and to the south of Walker.
Heiner Müller (9 January 1929 – 30 December 1995) was a German (formerly East German) dramatist, poet, writer, essayist and theatre director.
Henry Omaga-Diaz (born Henry Omaga on January 9, 1961) is a Filipino journalist, news anchor, and radio newscaster and commentator working for ABS-CBN.
Home Shopping Network (HSN) is an American broadcast, basic cable and satellite television network that is owned by Qurate Retail Group, which also owns catalog company Cornerstone Brands.
Vice Admiral Horatio Nelson, 1st Viscount Nelson, 1st Duke of Bronté, (29 September 1758 – 21 October 1805) was a British flag officer in the Royal Navy.
Houston Stewart Chamberlain (9 September 1855 – 9 January 1927) was a British-born German philosopher who wrote works about political philosophy and natural science; he is described by Michael D. Biddiss, a contributor to the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, as a "racialist writer".
Sir Hugh Nigel Edward Bayley (born 9 January 1952) is a British Labour Party politician who was Member of Parliament for York Central until 2015, having held the predecessor City of York seat from 1992 to the 2010 general election, when boundary changes took effect.
Sir Humphry Davy, 1st Baronet (17 December 177829 May 1829) was a Cornish chemist and inventor, who is best remembered today for isolating, using electricity, a series of elements for the first time: potassium and sodium in 1807 and calcium, strontium, barium, magnesium and boron the following year, as well as discovering the elemental nature of chlorine and iodine.
This attack occurred at a Hypercacher kosher supermarket in Porte de Vincennes (20th arrondissement of Paris) in the wake of the ''Charlie Hebdo'' shooting two days earlier, and concurrently with the Dammartin-en-Goële hostage crisis in which the two Charlie Hebdo gunmen were cornered.
Iain Dowie (born 9 January 1965) is a football manager, sports pundit and former Northern Ireland international footballer.
Imelda Mary Philomena Bernadette Staunton, (born 9 January 1956) is an English stage and screen actress.
Emrich "Imre" Lichtenfeld (אימריך “אימי” ליכטנפלד) (May 26, 1910 – January 9, 1998) was a Hungarian-born Israeli martial artist who founded the Krav Maga self-defense system.
An income tax is a tax imposed on individuals or entities (taxpayers) that varies with respective income or profits (taxable income).
India (IAST), also called the Republic of India (IAST), is a country in South Asia.
Ahmad Shah Durrani raided India for eight times between 1748 and 1767.
An inflatable boat is a lightweight boat constructed with its sides and bow made of flexible tubes containing pressurised gas.
The International Alliance of Women (IAW; Alliance Internationale des Femmes, AIF) is an international non-governmental organization that works to promote women's human rights around the world, focusing particularly on empowerment of women and development issues and more broadly on gender equality.
The Invasion of Kuwait on 2 August 1990 was a 2-day operation conducted by Iraq against the neighboring state of Kuwait, which resulted in the seven-month-long Iraqi occupation of the country.
The Invasion of Lingayen Gulf (Filipino: Paglusob sa Golfo ng Lingayen), 6–9 January 1945, was an Allied amphibious operation in the Philippines during World War II.
Ion Television is an American broadcast, cable, and satellite television network that is owned by Ion Media.
iPhone is a line of smartphones designed and marketed by Apple Inc. The iPhone line of products use Apple's iOS mobile operating system software.
Iran Air Flight 277 was a passenger flight which crashed near Urmia Airport, West Azerbaijan Province, Iran, on 2011.
Iraq (or; العراق; عێراق), officially known as the Republic of Iraq (جُمُهورية العِراق; کۆماری عێراق), is a country in Western Asia, bordered by Turkey to the north, Iran to the east, Kuwait to the southeast, Saudi Arabia to the south, Jordan to the southwest and Syria to the west.
(William Henry) Irwin McLean (born 1963) FRS FRSE FMedSci is Professor of Human genetics, Head of the Division of Molecular Medicine and Scientific Director of the Centre for Dermatology and Genetic Medicine at the University of Dundee.
Jonathan Kimble Simmons (born January 9, 1955) is an American character actor and voice actor.
James Beckford (born 9 January 1975 in Saint Mary, Jamaica) is a Jamaican track and field athlete competing in the long jump.
James Goodall Francis (9 January 1819 – 25 January 1884), Australian colonial politician, was the 9th Premier of Victoria.
James McGill Buchanan Jr. (October 3, 1919 – January 9, 2013) was an American economist known for his work on public choice theory (included in his most famous work, co-authored with Gordon Tullock, The Calculus of Consent, 1962), for which he received the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences in 1986.
Jami Petteri Puustinen (born 9 January 1987) is a Finnish football player who plays as a striker for FC Haka.
Jan Tomaszewski (born 9 January 1948) is a Polish politician, football commentator, and former international footballer that played as a goalkeeper.
January 8 – Eastern Orthodox liturgical calendar – January 10 All fixed commemorations below are observed on January 22 by Eastern Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar.
Jasper Heywood (1535 – 9 January 1598) was an English Jesuit priest.
Javad Alizadeh (جواد علیزاده. Javād Alīzādeh; professional name: Javad; born 9 January 1953) is an Iranian professional cartoonist best known for his caricatures of politicians, comic actors, footballers, and for his scientific/philosophical column (including cartoons, caricatures and satire) titled 4D Humor, which has won awards from Italy, China and Japan.
James Willard "Jay" Powell (born January 9, 1972) is a former American baseball pitcher who last played for the Atlanta Braves.
Jéferson Gomes do Nascimento or simply Jéferson (born 9 January 1986), is a Brazilian footballer who plays for Santa Rita.
Józef Oleksy (22 June 1946 – 9 January 2015) was a Polish left-wing politician, former chairman of the Democratic Left Alliance (Sojusz Lewicy Demokratycznej, SLD).
Jüri Uluots (13 January 1890 – 9 January 1945) was an Estonian prime minister, journalist, prominent attorney and distinguished Professor and Dean of the Faculty of Law at the University of Tartu.
, also known as Shin Buddhism or True Pure Land Buddhism, is a school of Pure Land Buddhism.
Jean Étienne Vachier Championnet, also known as Championnet (13 April 1762, Alixan, Drôme – 9 January 1800), led a Republican French division in many important battles during the French Revolutionary Wars.
Jean-Pierre Blanchard (4 July 1753 – 7 March 1809) was a French inventor, best known as a pioneer in balloon flight.
Joseph Julien Jean-Pierre Côté, (January 9, 1926 – July 10, 2002) was a Canadian parliamentarian and the 23rd Lieutenant Governor of Quebec.
Jean-Pierre Vernant (January 4, 1914 – January 9, 2007) was a French historian and anthropologist, specialist in ancient Greece.
Jesse White (born Jonah Marcus Weidenfeld,The Washington Post and other sources give White's birth name as Jesse Marc Weidenfeld. January 3, 1917 – January 9, 1997) was an American actor and voice actor.
James Clive Adams (born 9 January 1968) is a former Jamaican cricketer, who represented the West Indies as player and captain during his career.
James Patrick Page (born 9 January 1944) is an English musician, songwriter, and record producer who achieved international success as the guitarist and founder of the rock band Led Zeppelin.
The Jin dynasty, officially known as the Great Jin, lasted from 1115 to 1234 as one of the last dynasties in Chinese history to predate the Mongol invasion of China.
Map showing the Song-Jurchen Jin wars The Jin–Song Wars were a series of conflicts between the Jurchen Jin dynasty (1115–1234) and Han Chinese Song dynasty (960–1279).
The Jingkang Incident, also known as the Humiliation of Jingkang and the Disorders of the Jingkang Period took place in 1127 during the Jin–Song Wars when the forces of the Jurchen-led Jin dynasty besieged and sacked Bianjing (present-day Kaifeng), the capital of the Han Chinese-led Song dynasty.
Joan Chandos Baez (born January 9, 1941) is an American singer, songwriter, musician, and activist whose contemporary folk music often includes songs of protest or social justice.
Joan of Arc (Jeanne d'Arc; 6 January c. 1412Modern biographical summaries often assert a birthdate of 6 January for Joan, which is based on a letter from Lord Perceval de Boulainvilliers on 21 July 1429 (see Pernoud's Joan of Arc By Herself and Her Witnesses, p. 98: "Boulainvilliers tells of her birth in Domrémy, and it is he who gives us an exact date, which may be the true one, saying that she was born on the night of Epiphany, 6 January"). – 30 May 1431), nicknamed "The Maid of Orléans" (La Pucelle d'Orléans), is considered a heroine of France for her role during the Lancastrian phase of the Hundred Years' War and was canonized as a Roman Catholic saint.
Joely Kim Richardson (born 9 January 1965) is an English actress, known for her role as Julia McNamara in the FX drama series Nip/Tuck (2003–10), and Queen Catherine Parr in the Showtime series The Tudors (2010).
Joey Lauren Adams (born January 9, 1968) is an American actress and director who has appeared in more than 40 films.
Johann Strauss III (16 February 18669 January 1939; Johann Strauß III; also known as Johann Maria Eduard Strauss) was an Austrian composer whose father was Eduard Strauss, whose uncles were Johann Strauss II and Josef Strauss, and whose grandfather was Johann Strauss I. He was unofficially entrusted with the task of upholding his family's tradition after the dissolution of the Strauss Orchestra by his father in 1901.
Johann Georg Turmair (or Thurmayr) (4 July 1477 – 9 January 1534), known by the pen name Johannes Aventinus (Latin for "John of Abensberg"), was a Bavarian Renaissance humanist historian and philologist.
John Broadus Watson (January 9, 1878 – September 25, 1958) was an American psychologist who established the psychological school of behaviorism.
John II (Johann II.; 2 August 1455 – 9 January 1499) was Elector of Brandenburg from 1486 until his death, the fourth of the House of Hohenzollern.
John Dunning (born January 9, 1942) is an American writer of non-fiction and detective fiction.
John Flanagan (John Joseph Flanagan; January 28, 1868 – June 3, 1938) was a three-time Olympic gold medalist in the hammer throw, winning in 1900, 1904, and 1908.
John Gilbert (born John Cecil Pringle; July 10, 1899 – January 9, 1936) was an American actor, screenwriter and director.
Sir David John Graham (9 January 1935 – 2 August 2017), generally known as John Graham, was a New Zealand educator and rugby union player.
Rev. John Thorneycroft Hartley (9 January 1849 – 21 August 1935) was a former World No. 1 tennis player from England, and the only clergyman to win Wimbledon.
John Harvard, (June 4, 1938 – January 9, 2016) was a Canadian journalist, politician and office holder in Manitoba.
Sir John Harvey-Jones MBE (16 April 1924 – 9 January 2008) was an English businessman.
Admiral of the Fleet John Jervis, 1st Earl of St Vincent (9 January 1735 – 14 March 1823) was an admiral in the Royal Navy and Member of Parliament in the United Kingdom.
John Knowles Paine (January 9, 1839 – April 25, 1906) was the first American-born composer to achieve fame for large-scale orchestral music.
John Ramon III Folch de Cardona i de Prades, (9 January 1418 – 1485), was a Catalan nobleman.
John Glen Sperling (January 9, 1921 – August 22, 2014) was an American businessman who is credited with having led the contemporary for-profit education movement in the United States.
John VI (Portuguese: João VI; –), nicknamed "the Clement", was King of the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves from 1816 to 1825.
John Wise, (December 12, 1935 – January 9, 2013) was a Canadian dairy cattle farmer and politician from Ontario.
Johnny Grant (May 9, 1923 – January 9, 2008) was an American radio personality and television producer who also served as the honorary mayor of Hollywood, in which capacity he was often present at Hollywood community functions, including the unveiling of new stars on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.
John Ellis Temple (August 8, 1927 – January 9, 1994) was a Major League Baseball second baseman who played for the Redlegs/Reds (1952–59; 1964); Cleveland Indians (1960–61), Baltimore Orioles (1962) and Houston Colt.45s (1962–63).
Jordan Turner is an English professional rugby league footballer who plays for the Huddersfield Giants in the Super League.
Saint Josemaría Escrivá de Balaguer y Albás (9 January 1902 – 26 June 1975) was a Roman Catholic priest from Spain who initiated Opus Dei, an organization of laypeople and priests dedicated to the teaching that everyone is called to holiness by God and that ordinary life can result in sanctity.
Josep Maria Castellet Díaz de Cossío (15 December 1926 – 9 January 2014), also known as José María Castellet, was a Spanish Catalan writer, poet, literacy critic, publisher and editor.
Joseph Baermann Strauss (January 9, 1870 – May 16, 1938) was an American structural engineer who revolutionized the design of bascule bridges.
Juan de la Cierva y Codorníu, 1st Count of De La Cierva (21 September 1895 in Murcia, Spain – 9 December 1936 in Croydon, United Kingdom) was a Spanish civil engineer, pilot and aeronautical engineer.
Juan Francisco Torres Belén (born 9 January 1985), known as Juanfran, is a Spanish professional footballer who plays for Atlético Madrid as a right back.
Judith "Judy" Krantz (née Tarcher) (born January 9, 1928) is a Jewish-American novelist who writes in the romance genre.
Judy Malloy (born Judith Ann Powers January 9, 1942) is a poet whose works embrace the intersection of hypernarrative, magic realism, and information art.
Julia Chester Emery (September 24, 1852 – January 9, 1922) was the National Secretary of the Women's Auxiliary of the Board of Missions for forty years, from 1876 to 1916.
The Jurchen (Manchu: Jušen; 女真, Nǚzhēn), also known by many variant names, were a Tungusic people who inhabited the region of Manchuria until around 1630, at which point they were reformed and combined with their neighbors as the Manchu.
Justin Carl Blackmon (born January 9, 1990) is an American football wide receiver for the Jacksonville Jaguars of the National Football League (NFL).
Kaifeng, known previously by several names, is a prefecture-level city in east-central Henan province, China.
The Karaburun Peninsula (Gadishulli i Karaburunit) is a peninsula located in the southwestern Albania.
The Karaburun tragedy of 2004, also known as the 9 January tragedy, was a marine incident that occurred during an attempted sea crossing from northern Albania to Italy by 36 people, including two dinghy operators and the smugglers' leader.
Karel Čapek (9 January 1890 – 25 December 1938) was a Czech writer of the early 20th century.
Karl Löwith (9 January 1897 – 26 May 1973) was a German philosopher, a student of Husserl and Heidegger.
Karl Mannheim (March 27, 1893 – January 9, 1947), or Károly Manheim in the original spelling, was a Hungarian-born sociologist, influential in the first half of the 20th century and one of the founding fathers of classical sociology as well as a founder of the sociology of knowledge.
Katarina Mary Johnson-Thompson (born 9 January 1993) is an English track and field athlete specialising in the heptathlon.
Katherine Leigh Copely, M.D. (born January 9, 1988) is an American ice dancer who competed internationally for Lithuania.
Kathleen Mansfield Murry (née Beauchamp; 14 October 1888 – 9 January 1923) was a prominent New Zealand modernist short story writer who was born and brought up in colonial New Zealand and wrote under the pen name of Katherine Mansfield.
Benkato "Kato" Ottio (20 March 1994 – 9 January 2018) was a Papua New Guinean rugby league footballer.
Kaushik Basu (born 9 January 1952) is an Indian economist who was Chief Economist of the World Bank from 2012 to 2016.
Kazimierz Serocki (2 May 1922 – 9 January 1981) was a Polish composer and one of the founders of the Warsaw Autumn contemporary music festival.
Kenichi Fukui (福井 謙一 Fukui Ken'ichi, October 4, 1918 – January 9, 1998) was a Japanese chemist, known as the first Asian scientist to receive a chemistry Nobel Prize.
Kevin Korjus (born 9 January 1993 in Tallinn) is an Estonian racing driver.
The Kingdom of Italy (Regno d'Italia) was a state which existed from 1861—when King Victor Emmanuel II of Sardinia was proclaimed King of Italy—until 1946—when a constitutional referendum led civil discontent to abandon the monarchy and form the modern Italian Republic.
Kizlyar (Кизля́р) is a town in the Republic of Dagestan, Russia, located on the border with the Chechen Republic in the delta of the Terek River northwest of Makhachkala, the capital of the republic.
The Kizlyar-Pervomayskoye hostage crisis, known in Russia as the terrorist act in Kizlyar (Террористический акт в Кизляре), occurred in January 1996 during the First Chechen War.
The Klaipėda Region (Klaipėdos kraštas) or Memel Territory (Memelland or Memelgebiet) was defined by the Treaty of Versailles in 1920 and refers to the most northern part of the German province of East Prussia, when as Memelland it was put under the administration of the Council of Ambassadors.
The Klaipėda Revolt took place in January 1923 in the Klaipėda Region (Memel Territory, Memelland).
Krav Maga (קְרַב מַגָּע, lit. "contact-combat") is a military self-defense and fighting system developed for the Israel Defense Forces (IDF) and Israeli security forces (Shin Bet and Mossad) that derived from a combination of techniques sourced from boxing, wrestling, aikido, judo and karate, along with realistic fight training.
Kurt Tucholsky (January 9, 1890 – December 21, 1935) was a German-Jewish journalist, satirist, and writer.
Jennie Spencer-Churchill (9 January 1854 – 29 June 1921), known as Lady Randolph Churchill, was an American-born British socialite, the wife of Lord Randolph Churchill and the mother of British Prime Minister Sir Winston Churchill.
Lara Sophie Katy Crokaert (born January 9, 1970), better known as Lara Fabian, is a Canadian-Belgian singer.
Lascelles Abercrombie, FBA (9 January 1881 – 27 October 1938) was a British poet and literary critic, one of the "Dymock poets".
The Laurier Palace Theatre fire, sometimes known as the Saddest fire or the Laurier Palace Theatre crush, was a fire that occurred in a movie theatre in Montreal, Quebec, Canada on Sunday, January 9, 1927.
László Szekeres (July 4, 1921 in Győr, Hungary – January 9, 2012 in Szeged, Hungary).
The League of Nations (abbreviated as LN in English, La Société des Nations abbreviated as SDN or SdN in French) was an intergovernmental organisation founded on 10 January 1920 as a result of the Paris Peace Conference that ended the First World War.
A League of Nations mandate was a legal status for certain territories transferred from the control of one country to another following World War I, or the legal instruments that contained the internationally agreed-upon terms for administering the territory on behalf of the League of Nations.
The League of Women Voters (LWV) is an American civic organization that was formed to help women take a larger role in public affairs after they won the right to vote.
Clarence Leroy Van Cleef Jr. (January 9, 1925 – December 16, 1989), was an American actor best known for his roles in Spaghetti Westerns such as For A Few Dollars More and The Good, the Bad and the Ugly.
Lee Yeon-hee (born January 9, 1988) is a South Korean actress.
Wilfred Leonard "Len" Quested (9 January 1925 – 20 August 2012) was an English footballer.
Sir Leonard Holliday (also spelled Hollyday and Halliday) (c. 1550 – 9 January 1612) was a founder of the East India Company, and a Lord Mayor of London.
Levon Hagopi Ter-Petrosyan (Լևոն Հակոբի Տեր-Պետրոսյան; born 9 January 1946), also known by his initials LTP, is an Armenian politician.
Lexington is a town in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States.
The Lieutenant Governor of Indiana is a constitutional office in the US State of Indiana.
The Lieutenant Governor of Manitoba is the viceregal representative in Manitoba of the, who operates distinctly within the province but is also shared equally with the ten other jurisdictions of Canada, as well as the other Commonwealth realms and any subdivisions thereof, and resides predominantly in oldest realm, the United Kingdom.
The Lieutenant Governor of Quebec (French (masculine): Lieutenant-gouverneur du Québec, or (feminine): Lieutenante-gouverneure du Québec) is the viceregal representative in Quebec of the, who operates distinctly within the province but is also shared equally with the ten other jurisdictions of Canada, as well as the other Commonwealth realms and any subdivisions thereof, and resides predominantly in oldest realm, the United Kingdom.
Lisa Walters (born January 9, 1960) is a Canadian professional golfer who played on the LPGA Tour.
This is a list of United States Ambassadors to Greece.
This is a list of the Byzantine emperors from the foundation of Constantinople in 330 AD, which marks the conventional start of the Byzantine Empire (or the Eastern Roman Empire), to its fall to the Ottoman Empire in 1453 AD.
The Chief Minister of Sarawak is the head of government in the Malaysian state of Sarawak.
This is a list of Foreign Ministers of Denmark since the establishment of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in 1848.
The following is a list of Presidents of Guinea, since the country gained independence from France in 1958 (after rejecting to join the French Community in a constitutional referendum).
The following is a list of Presidents of Guinea-Bissau, since the establishment of the office of President in 1973.
Below is a list of Presidents of the Swiss Confederation (1848–present).
Lister Sheddon Sinclair, OC (January 9, 1921 – October 16, 2006) was a Canadian broadcaster, playwright and polymath.
Lithuanians (lietuviai, singular lietuvis/lietuvė) are a Baltic ethnic group, native to Lithuania, where they number around 2,561,300 people.
Lloyd Allayre Loar (1886 – 1943) was a designer for the Gibson Mandolin-Guitar Mfg. Co. Ltd. and sound engineer in the early part of the 20th century.
Lord Randolph Henry Spencer-Churchill (13 February 184924 January 1895) was a British statesman.
Louis Bertrand Castel (5 November 1688 – 11 January 1757) was a French mathematician born in Montpellier, who entered the order of the Jesuits in 1703.
Louis XII (27 June 1462 – 1 January 1515) was a monarch of the House of Valois who ruled as King of France from 1498 to 1515 and King of Naples from 1501 to 1504.
Luísa Rosa de Aguiar Todi (1753–1833) was a popular and successful Portuguese mezzo-soprano opera singer.
Lucas Pezzini Leiva (born 9 January 1987), known as Lucas or Lucas Leiva, is a Brazilian professional footballer who plays as a defensive midfielder for Italian club Lazio and the Brazil national team.
Luke Patten (born 9 January 1980) is an Australian referee and former professional rugby league footballer.
Luther Daniels Bradley (September 29, 1853 – January 9, 1917) was an American illustrator and political cartoonist associated with the Chicago Daily News.
Mahmoud Abbas (مَحْمُود عَبَّاس,; born 15 November 1935), also known by the kunya Abu Mazen (أَبُو مَازِن), is the President of the State of Palestine and Palestinian National Authority. He has been the Chairman of the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) since 11 November 2004, and Palestinian president since 15 January 2005 (Palestinian National Authority since 15 January 2005, and State of Palestine since 8 May 2005). Abbas is a member of the Fatah party and was elected Chairman of Fatah in 2009. Abbas was elected on 9 January 2005 to serve as President of the Palestinian National Authority until 15 January 2009, but extended his term until the next election in 2010, citing the PLO constitution, and on December 16, 2009 was voted into office indefinitely by the PLO Central Council. As a result, Fatah's main rival, Hamas, initially announced that it would not recognize the extension or view Abbas as the rightful president. The Jerusalem Post (9 January 2009) Yet, Abbas is internationally recognized and Hamas and Fatah conducted numerous negotiations in the following years, leading to an agreement in April 2014 over a Unity Government, which lasted until October 2016, and therefore to the recognition of his office by Hamas. Abbas was also chosen as the President of the State of Palestine by the Palestine Liberation Organization's Central Council on 23 November 2008, a position he had held unofficially since 8 May 2005. Abbas served as the first Prime Minister of the Palestinian Authority from March to September 2003. Before being named prime minister, Abbas led the PLO Negotiations Affairs Department.
Makinti Napanangka (1930 – 9 January 2011) was a Pintupi-speaking Indigenous Australian artist from Australia's Western Desert region.
Malam Bacai Sanhá (5 May 1947 – 9 January 2012) was a Guinea-Bissau politician who was President of Guinea-Bissau from 8 September 2009 to 9 January 2012.
Manila (Maynilà, or), officially the City of Manila (Lungsod ng Maynilà), is the capital of the Philippines and the most densely populated city proper in the world.
The Maratha (IAST:Marāṭhā; archaically transliterated as Marhatta or Mahratta) is a group of castes in India found predominantly in the state of Maharashtra.
Marc Crosas Luque (born 9 January 1988) is a Spanish-Mexican professional footballer who plays as a defensive midfielder and is currently a free agent.
Marcus Peters (born January 9, 1993) is an American football cornerback for the Los Angeles Rams of the National Football League (NFL).
Mardi Lunn (born 9 January 1968) is an Australian professional golfer.
Maria Gaetana Agnesi (16 May 1718 – 9 January 1799) was an Italian mathematician, philosopher, theologian, and humanitarian.
Mark Anthony Martin (born January 9, 1959) is a retired American stock car racing driver.
Marko Veselica (January 9, 1936 – February 17, 2017 in Zagreb) was a Croatian politician, economist and university professor.
Martyrs' Day is a Panamanian Day of National Mourning which commemorates the January 9, 1964 riots over sovereignty of the Panama Canal Zone.
Mathieu Carol Garon (born January 9, 1978) is a Canadian retired professional ice hockey Goaltender who played for Avangard Omsk in the Kontinental Hockey League.
Matthew Griswold Bevin (born January 9, 1967) is an American businessman and politician serving as the 62nd and current Governor of Kentucky since 2015.
Maurice William Prather (September 6, 1926 - January 9, 2001) was an American motion picture and still photographer and film director.
The Mercalli intensity scale is a seismic intensity scale used for measuring the intensity of an earthquake.
Michaëlla Krajicek (Michaela Krajíčková; born 9 January 1989) is a Dutch tennis player.
Michael Paul Beasley Jr. (born January 9, 1989) is an American professional basketball player for the New York Knicks of the National Basketball Association (NBA).
Michael Nicholson OBE (9 January 1937 – 11 December 2016) was an English journalist, newscaster, and former ITN Senior Foreign Correspondent.
Michalis Kyriakou (Μιχάλης Κυριάκου), known by his stage-name Michalis Violaris (Μιχάλης Βιολάρης) (born 9 January 1944 Agia Varvara, Nicosia Cyprus), is a popular singer and composer of modern Greek and Cypriot music.
Michel Jeury (23 January 1934 – 9 January 2015) was a French science fiction writer, reputed in the 1970s.
is an American literary critic and former chief book critic for The New York Times.
Michael Everett Capuano (born January 9, 1952) is an American politician who serves as the U.S. Representative for.
The Minister of Agriculture (Ministre de l’Agriculture) is a Minister of the Crown in the Cabinet of Canada, who is responsible for overseeing several organizations including Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Canadian Dairy Commission, Farm Credit Canada, Canadian Food Inspection Agency, National Farm Products Council and the Canadian Grain Commission.
Mirzapur Cadet College (মির্জাপুর ক্যাডেট কলেজ) is a cadet college of Bangladesh.
Mississippi is a state in the Southern United States, with part of its southern border formed by the Gulf of Mexico.
, or MMC, is a Japanese company.
On 9 January 2014, an explosion occurred at a Mitsubishi Materials chemical plant in Yokkaichi, Mie, Japan, killing at least five people and injuring 17 others.
Mogens Lykketoft (born 9 January 1946) is a Danish politician and a leading figure in the Social Democratic Party.
Mohammad Ishaq Khan (9 January 1946 – 5 April 2013) was a historian of Kashmir.
Montreal (officially Montréal) is the most populous municipality in the Canadian province of Quebec and the second-most populous municipality in Canada.
Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte (born Charles-Louis Napoléon Bonaparte; 20 April 1808 – 9 January 1873) was the President of France from 1848 to 1852 and as Napoleon III the Emperor of the French from 1852 to 1870.
The Napoleonic Wars (1803–1815) were a series of major conflicts pitting the French Empire and its allies, led by Napoleon I, against a fluctuating array of European powers formed into various coalitions, financed and usually led by the United Kingdom.
The National Assembly of Republic of Srpska (Bosnian, Croatian and Serbian: Народна скупштина Републике Српске/Narodna skupština Republike Srpske), abbreviated as NSRS (НСРС), is the legislative body of the Republika Srpska, one of two entities of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Neophytos Vamvas (Νεόφυτος Βάμβας; 1770 – 9 January 1856) was a Greek cleric and educator of the 19th century.
The New England Telephone and Telegraph Company was a very early company set up to develop the then-new telephone.
New Year is the time or day at which a new calendar year begins and the calendar's year count increments by one.
New Year's Day, also called simply New Year's or New Year, is observed on January 1, the first day of the year on the modern Gregorian calendar as well as the Julian calendar.
In the Gregorian calendar, New Year's Eve (also known as Old Year's Day or Saint Sylvester's Day in many countries), the last day of the year, is on 31 December which is the seventh day of Christmastide.
The ney (نی / نای), is an end-blown flute that figures prominently in Middle Eastern music.
Nicolas Durand, sieur de Villegaignon, also Villegagnon (1510 – 9 January 1571) was a Commander of the Knights of Malta, and later a French naval officer (vice-admiral of Brittany) who attempted to help the Huguenots in France escape persecution.
Nigel Tranter OBE (23 November 1909 – 9 January 2000) was a Scottish author.
The Nile River (النيل, Egyptian Arabic en-Nīl, Standard Arabic an-Nīl; ⲫⲓⲁⲣⲱ, P(h)iaro; Ancient Egyptian: Ḥ'pī and Jtrw; Biblical Hebrew:, Ha-Ye'or or, Ha-Shiḥor) is a major north-flowing river in northeastern Africa, and is commonly regarded as the longest river in the world, though some sources cite the Amazon River as the longest.
The British Antarctic Expedition 1907–09, otherwise known as the Nimrod Expedition, was the first of three expeditions to the Antarctic led by Ernest Shackleton.
Nikolina Konstantinova Dobreva (born January 9, 1989), better known as Nina Dobrev, is a Canadian actress.
The Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences (officially Sveriges riksbanks pris i ekonomisk vetenskap till Alfred Nobels minne, or the Swedish National Bank's Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel), commonly referred to as the Nobel Prize in Economics, is an award for outstanding contributions to the field of economics, and generally regarded as the most prestigious award for that field.
The Nobel Peace Prize (Swedish, Norwegian: Nobels fredspris) is one of the five Nobel Prizes created by the Swedish industrialist, inventor, and armaments manufacturer Alfred Nobel, along with the prizes in Chemistry, Physics, Physiology or Medicine, and Literature.
The Nobel Prize in Chemistry (Nobelpriset i kemi) is awarded annually by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences to scientists in the various fields of chemistry.
The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (Nobelpriset i fysiologi eller medicin), administered by the Nobel Foundation, is awarded once a year for outstanding discoveries in the fields of life sciences and medicine.
Noble Wimberly Jones (c. 1723 – January 9, 1805) was an American physician and statesman from Savannah, Georgia.
Norberto Bobbio (18 October 1909 – 9 January 2004) was an Italian philosopher of law and political sciences and a historian of political thought.
Oliver Goldstick (born January 9, 1961) is an American television screenwriter and producer.
Opus Dei, formally known as The Prelature of the Holy Cross and Opus Dei (Praelatura Sanctae Crucis et Operis Dei), is an institution of the Roman Catholic Church which teaches that everyone is called to holiness and that ordinary life is a path to sanctity.
Osman Cemal Kaygılı (Osman Cemal Kaygılı) (4 October 1890 in Istanbul – 9 January 1945) was Turkish writer and journalist.
Otis Junior Nixon (born January 9, 1959) is an American former professional baseball center fielder.
The Ottoman Empire (دولت عليه عثمانیه,, literally The Exalted Ottoman State; Modern Turkish: Osmanlı İmparatorluğu or Osmanlı Devleti), also historically known in Western Europe as the Turkish Empire"The Ottoman Empire-also known in Europe as the Turkish Empire" or simply Turkey, was a state that controlled much of Southeast Europe, Western Asia and North Africa between the 14th and early 20th centuries.
The Palestinian National Authority (PA or PNA; السلطة الوطنية الفلسطينية) is the interim self-government body established in 1994 following the Gaza–Jericho Agreement to govern the Gaza Strip and Areas A and B of the West Bank, as a consequence of the 1993 Oslo Accords.
The 2005 Palestinian presidential election — the first to be held since 1996 — took place on Sunday, 9 January 2005 in the West Bank and Gaza Strip.
Panama (Panamá), officially the Republic of Panama (República de Panamá), is a country in Central America, bordered by Costa Rica to the west, Colombia to the southeast, the Caribbean Sea to the north and the Pacific Ocean to the south.
The Panama Canal Zone (Zona del Canal de Panamá) was an unincorporated territory of the United States from 1903 to 1979, centered on the Panama Canal and surrounded by the Republic of Panama.
Paolo Giovanni Nutini (born 9 January 1987) is a Scottish singer, songwriter and musician from Paisley.
Paris is the capital and most populous city of France, with an area of and a population of 2,206,488.
Venerable Father Patrick Peyton, C.S.C. (January 9, 1909 – June 3, 1992), also known as The Rosary Priest, was an Irish Roman Catholic priest and promoter of the Rosary.
Paul Johan du Toit (31 October 1965 – 9 January 2014) was a South African artist, working in painting, sculpture, paper and mixed media.
Sir Paul Meernaa Caedwalla Hasluck (1 April 1905 – 9 January 1993) was an Australian statesman who served as the 17th Governor-General of Australia, in office from 1969 to 1974.
Dom Pedro I (English: Peter I; 12 October 1798 – 24 September 1834), nicknamed "the Liberator", was the founder and first ruler of the Empire of Brazil.
Peleș Castle (Castelul Peleș) is a Neo-Renaissance castle in the Carpathian Mountains, near Sinaia, in Prahova County, Romania, on an existing medieval route linking Transylvania and Wallachia, built between 1873 and 1914.
Peter Edward Cook (17 November 1937 – 9 January 1995) was an English actor, satirist, writer and comedian.
Peter Benjamin Edelman (born January 9, 1938) is an American lawyer, policy maker, and law professor at Georgetown University Law Center, specializing in the fields of poverty, welfare, juvenile justice, and constitutional law.
Peter Larsson Rypdal (10 February 1909 – 9 January 1988) was a Norwegian fiddler and famous traditional folk music composer.
Peter Frank George Twinn CBE (9 January 1916 – 29 October 2004)Dan van der Vat, "Obituary: Peter Twinn", The Guardian, 20 November 2004 was a British mathematician, Second World War codebreaker and entomologist.
Phi Beta Sigma (ΦΒΣ) is a social/service collegiate and professional fraternity founded at Howard University in Washington, D.C. on January 9, 1914, by three young African-American male students with nine other Howard students as charter members.
Saint Philip II of Moscow (11 February 1507 – 23 December 1569) was a Russian Orthodox monk, who became Metropolitan of Moscow during the reign of Ivan the Terrible.
Philippa Gregory (born 9 January 1954) is an English historical novelist who has been publishing since 1987.
The Philippines (Pilipinas or Filipinas), officially the Republic of the Philippines (Republika ng Pilipinas), is a unitary sovereign and archipelagic country in Southeast Asia.
Photography is the science, art, application and practice of creating durable images by recording light or other electromagnetic radiation, either electronically by means of an image sensor, or chemically by means of a light-sensitive material such as photographic film.
Pier Luigi Nervi (21 June 1891 – 9 January 1979) was an Italian engineer and architect.
Pierre Fresnay (4 April 1897 – 9 January 1975) was a French stage and film actor.
Pirelli Tower (Italian: Grattacielo Pirelli – also called "Pirellone", literally "Big Pirelli"), is a 32-storey, skyscraper in Milan, Italy.
Officially, the politics of Sudan takes place in the framework of a presidential representative democratic consociationalist republic, where the President of Sudan is head of state, head of government and commander-in-chief of the Sudanese Armed Forces in a multi-party system.
Ponnambalam Arunachalam (translit; 14 September 1853 – 9 January 1924) was a Ceylon Tamil civil servant and a member of the Executive Council of Ceylon and Legislative Council of Ceylon.
Pope Gregory XV (Gregorius XV; 9 January 15548 July 1623), born Alessandro Ludovisi, was Pope from 9 February 1621 to his death in 1623.
The pound sterling (symbol: £; ISO code: GBP), commonly known as the pound and less commonly referred to as Sterling, is the official currency of the United Kingdom, Jersey, Guernsey, the Isle of Man, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, the British Antarctic Territory, and Tristan da Cunha.
Pravasi Bharatiya Divas (Hindi: प्रवासी भारतीय दिवस, IAST: Pravāsī bhāratīya divas, English: Non-Resident Indian Day) is a celebratory day observed biennially (starting in 2015) on 9 January by the Republic of India to mark the contribution of the overseas Indian community towards the development of India.
The praxinoscope was an animation device, the successor to the zoetrope.
The Premier of Quebec (French: Premier ministre du Québec (masculine) or Première ministre du Québec (feminine)) is the head of government of the Canadian province of Quebec.
The Premier of Victoria is the Head of government in the Australian state of Victoria.
The President of Armenia (Հայաստանի Նախագահ, Hayastani Nakhagah) is the head of state and the guarantor of independence and territorial integrity of Armenia elected to a single seven year term by the National Assembly of Armenia.
The President of the Arab Republic of Egypt (رئيس جمهورية مصر العربية) is the head of state of Egypt.
The President of the French Republic (Président de la République française) is the executive head of state of France in the French Fifth Republic.
The President of the Lao People's Democratic Republic is the head of state of Laos.
The President of Malta (President ta' Malta) is the constitutional head of state of Malta.
The President of the Republic of Texas was the head of state when Texas was an independent republic from 1836 to 1846.
The President of the United States (POTUS) is the head of state and head of government of the United States of America.
The Prime Minister of Estonia (Estonian: Eesti Vabariigi peaminister, literally translated as Head Minister of Estonia) is the head of government of the Republic of Estonia.
The President of the Council of Ministers (Polish: Prezes Rady Ministrów), colloquially referred to as the Prime Minister of Poland (Polish: Premier Polski), is the leader of the cabinet and the head of government of Poland.
The Prime Minister of the United Kingdom is the head of the United Kingdom government.
Princess Frederica of Hanover, (9 January 1848 – 16 October 1926) was a member of the House of Hanover.
PSR B1257+12, previously designated PSR 1257+12, alternatively designated PSR J1300+1240, also named Lich, is a pulsar located 2,300 light years from the Sun in the constellation of Virgo.
This is a list of holidays in South Sudan.
Pyotr Sergeyevich Novikov (Пётр Серге́евич Но́виков; 15 August 1901, Moscow, Russian Empire – 9 January 1975, Moscow, Soviet Union) was a Soviet mathematician.
Radek Bonk (born 9 January 1976) is a former Czech professional ice hockey player who most recently played for Oceláři Třinec of the Czech Extraliga.
Ralph Tubbs, OBE, FRIBA (9 January 1912 – 23 November 1996) was a British architect.
Rawhi Fattuh (روحي فتوح,, also transliterated as Rauhi Fattouh) (born 1949) is the former Speaker of the Palestinian Legislative Council and was the interim President of the Palestinian Authority, following the death of Yasser Arafat on 11 November 2004 until January 15, 2005.
Rawson Law Stovall (born January 9, 1972) is a video game producer, and the first nationally syndicated reviewer of video games in the United States.
Reinhard Keiser (9 January 167412 September 1739) was a popular German opera composer based in Hamburg.
A Republic Day is a holiday to commemorate the day when a country became a republic.
The Republic of Texas (República de Tejas) was an independent sovereign state in North America that existed from March 2, 1836, to February 19, 1846.
Republika Srpska (Република Српскa,; literally "Serb Republic") is one of two constitutional and legal entities of Bosnia and Herzegovina, the other being the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Richard Copley Christie (22 July 1830 – 9 January 1901) was an English lawyer, University teacher, philanthropist and bibliophile.
Richard Halliburton (January 9, 1900 – presumed dead after March 24, 1939) was an American traveler, adventurer, and author.
Richard Milhous Nixon (January 9, 1913 – April 22, 1994) was an American politician who served as the 37th President of the United States, serving from 1969 until 1974, when he resigned from office, the only U.S. president to do so.
Rigoberta Menchú Tum (born 9 January 1959) is a K'iche' political and human rights activist from Guatemala.
Robert Douglas "Rob" Gauntlett (10 May 1987 – 9 January 2009) was an English adventurer, explorer and motivational speaker.
Robert Duncan Drewe (born 9 January 1943) is an Australian novelist, non-fiction and short story writer.
Robert Garcia (January 9, 1933 – January 25, 2017) was a United States Representative who represented New York's 21st district (South Bronx).
Robert L. Rock (September 8, 1927 – January 9, 2013) was an American politician who served as the Lieutenant Governor of Indiana from 1965 to 1969 and as the Mayor of Anderson, Indiana from 1972 to 1980.
Sir Robert Mayer (5 June 1879 – 9 January 1985) was a German-born philanthropist, businessman, and a major supporter of music and young musicians.
Robert Vossler Keeley (September 4, 1929 – January 9, 2015) had a 34-year career in the Foreign Service of the United States, from 1956 to 1989.
Ronnie Landfield (born January 9, 1947) is an American abstract painter.
Rouen (Frankish: Rodomo; Rotomagus, Rothomagus) is a city on the River Seine in the north of France.
Roy Kent Head (born January 9, 1941 in Three Rivers, Texas) is an American singer, best known for his hit "Treat Her Right".
Roy James Tarpley (November 28, 1964 – January 9, 2015) was an American professional basketball player.
Sir Rudolf Bing (January 9, 1902 – September 2, 1997) was an Austrian-born opera impresario who worked in Germany, the United Kingdom and the United States, most notably being General Manager of the Metropolitan Opera in New York City from 1950 to 1972.
Ruth Dreifuss (born 9 January 1940 in St. Gallen) is a Swiss politician affiliated with the Social Democratic Party.
Søren Peder Lauritz Sørensen (9 January 1868 – 12 February 1939) was a Danish chemist, famous for the introduction of the concept of pH, a scale for measuring acidity and alkalinity.
Saint Stephen's Day, or the Feast of Saint Stephen, is a Christian saint's day to commemorate Saint Stephen, the first Christian martyr or protomartyr, celebrated on 26 December in the Latin Church and 27 December in Eastern Christianity.
Sam Jamie Bird (born 9 January 1987) is a British professional racing driver who currently drives for Virgin Racing in Formula E and for AF Corse in the FIA World Endurance Championship.
Samuel Gridley Howe (November 10, 1801 – January 9, 1876) was a nineteenth century United States physician, abolitionist, and an advocate of education for the blind.
San Francisco (initials SF;, Spanish for 'Saint Francis'), officially the City and County of San Francisco, is the cultural, commercial, and financial center of Northern California.
Sandy Martin (born March 3, 1949) is an American actress who has over 60 film credits and has been an actress, producer, director, and writer in professional theater productions.
The scholarly method or scholarship is the body of principles and practices used by scholars to make their claims about the world as valid and trustworthy as possible, and to make them known to the scholarly public.
Scott Christopher Thornton (born January 9, 1971) is a retired professional ice hockey winger who played in the National Hockey League.
Scott Walker (born Noel Scott Engel; January 9, 1943) is an American singer-songwriter, composer and record producer. He is noted for his distinctive baritone voice and for the unorthodox career path that has taken him from 1960s pop icon to 21st-century avant-garde musician. First coming to fame in the mid-1960s as frontman of the successful pop music trio The Walker Brothers, Walker began a solo career with 1967's Scott, moving toward an increasingly challenging baroque pop style on late '60s albums such as Scott 3 (1969) and Scott 4 (1969). His solo work drew acclaim but resulted in diminished commercial sales, leading him to reunite with Walker Brothers in the mid-1970s. Since the mid-1980s, Walker has revived his solo career while moving in an increasingly avant-garde direction that The Guardian has likened to "Andy Williams reinventing himself as Stockhausen." Walker continues to release solo material and is currently signed to 4AD Records. As a record producer or guest performer, he has worked with a number of artists including Pulp, Ute Lemper, Sunn O))) and Bat for Lashes. Walker's success has largely been in the United Kingdom, where his first three solo albums reached the top ten. Walker has lived in the UK since 1965; he became a British citizen in 1970.
Sean Paul Francis Henriques (born 9 January 1973) is a Jamaican dancehall singer and record producer.
The Second Sudanese Civil War was a conflict from 1983 to 2005 between the central Sudanese government and the Sudan People's Liberation Army.
A common definition of separatism is that it is the advocacy of a state of cultural, ethnic, tribal, religious, racial, governmental or gender separation from the larger group.
Sergei Parajanov (Սերգեյ Փարաջանով; Серге́й Ио́сифович Параджа́нов; სერგო ფარაჯანოვი; Сергій Йо́сипович Параджа́нов; sometimes spelled Paradzhanov or Paradjanov; January 9, 1924 – July 20, 1990) was a Soviet film director and artist of Armenian descent who made significant contributions to Soviet cinematography through Ukrainian, Georgian, and Armenian cinema.
Sergio García Fernández (born 9 January 1980) is a Spanish professional golfer who plays on both the PGA Tour and the European Tour.
, was a Japanese career officer in the Imperial Japanese Navy Air Service during World War II.
The shilling is a unit of currency formerly used in Austria, the United Kingdom, Australia, New Zealand, United States, and other British Commonwealth countries.
Simon Vouet (9 January 1590 – 30 June 1649) was a French painter and draftsman, who today is perhaps best remembered for helping to introduce the Italian Baroque style of painting to France.
Simone Lucie Ernestine Marie Bertrand de Beauvoir (or;; 9 January 1908 – 14 April 1986) was a French writer, intellectual, existentialist philosopher, political activist, feminist and social theorist.
Sir William Villiers, 3rd Baronet (9 January 1645 – 27 February 1712) was an English politician from the Villiers family.
Sixth Army is a field army of the United States Army.
The Song dynasty (960–1279) was an era of Chinese history that began in 960 and continued until 1279.
Prince Souphanouvong (13 July 1909 – 9 January 1995) was, along with his half-brother Prince Souvanna Phouma and Prince Boun Oum of Champasak, one of the “Three Princes” who represented respectively the communist (pro-Vietnam), neutralist and royalist political factions in Laos.
The South Pole, also known as the Geographic South Pole or Terrestrial South Pole, is one of the two points where the Earth's axis of rotation intersects its surface.
South Sudan, officially known as the Republic of South Sudan, is a landlocked country in East-Central Africa.
Southern California (colloquially known as SoCal) is a geographic and cultural region that generally comprises California's southernmost counties.
Spurgeon Ferdinand "Spud" Chandler (September 12, 1907 – January 9, 1990) was an American professional baseball player.
St Paul's Cathedral, London, is an Anglican cathedral, the seat of the Bishop of London and the mother church of the Diocese of London.
Stanley Julián Antonio Javier (born January 9, 1964) is a former Major League Baseball outfielder.
Star of the West was an American civilian steamship that was launched in 1852 and scuttled by Confederate forces in 1863.
A state funeral is a public funeral ceremony, observing the strict rules of protocol, held to honour people of national significance.
Stephen James Metcalfe (born 9 January 1966) is a Conservative Party politician in the United Kingdom, who was first elected as the Member of Parliament (MP) for South Basildon and East Thurrock in 2010.
Stephen Roy Albert Neale (born 9 January 1958) is a British Analytic philosopher and specialist in the philosophy of language who has written extensively about meaning, information, interpretation, and communication, and more generally about issues at the intersection of philosophy and linguistics.
Steve Brodie (born John Stevenson; November 21, 1919 – January 9, 1992) was an American stage, film, and television actor from El Dorado in Butler County in south central Kansas.
Steven Paul Jobs (February 24, 1955 – October 5, 2011) was an American entrepreneur and business magnate.
Stuart Woods (born January 9, 1938 in Manchester, Georgia) is an American novelist.
Logo of the Sudan People's Liberation Movement The Sudan People's Liberation Movement (SPLM) (الحركة الشعبية لتحرير السودان, Al-Ḥarakat ash-Shaʿbiyyat liTaḥrīr as-Sūdān) is a political party in South Sudan.
thumb The Suez Canal (قناة السويس) is an artificial sea-level waterway in Egypt, connecting the Mediterranean Sea to the Red Sea through the Isthmus of Suez.
The Suez Crisis, or the Second Arab–Israeli War, also named the Tripartite Aggression (in the Arab world) and Operation Kadesh or Sinai War (in Israel),Also named: Suez Canal Crisis, Suez War, Suez–Sinai war, Suez Campaign, Sinai Campaign, Operation Musketeer (أزمة السويس /‎ العدوان الثلاثي, "Suez Crisis"/ "the Tripartite Aggression"; Crise du canal de Suez; מבצע קדש "Operation Kadesh", or מלחמת סיני, "Sinai War") was an invasion of Egypt in late 1956 by Israel, followed by the United Kingdom and France.
Susannah Yolande Fletcher (9 January 1939 – 15 January 2011), known professionally as Susannah York, was an English film, stage, and television actress.
Sweden (Sverige), officially the Kingdom of Sweden (Swedish), is a Scandinavian country in Northern Europe.
In Sweden, members of medieval royal families, such as the House of Stenkil and House of Bjelbo, held the title of jarl before their accession to the throne.
Thomas Llewelyn Jones (11 October 1915 – 9 January 2009) was a Welsh language writer who, over a writing career of more than 50 years, was one of the most prolific and popular authors of children's books in Welsh.
Ted Shawn (21 October 1891 – 9 January 1972), originally Edwin Myers Shawn, was one of the first notable male pioneers of American modern dance. Along with creating Denishawn with former wife Ruth St. Denis he is also responsible for the creation of the well known all-male company Ted Shawn and His Men Dancers. With his innovative ideas of masculine movement, he is one of the most influential choreographers and dancers of his day. He is also the founder and creator of Jacob's Pillow Dance Festival in Massachusetts, and "was knighted by the King of Denmark for his efforts on behalf of the Royal Danish Ballet".
A telephone switchboard is a telecommunications system used in the public switched telephone network or in enterprises to interconnect circuits of telephones to establish telephone calls between the subscribers or users, or between other exchanges.
Thomas Birch (23 November 1705 – 9 January 1766) was an English historian.
Thomas Pelham "Tom" Curtis (January 9, 1873 – May 23, 1944) was an American athlete and the winner of the 110 metres hurdles at the 1896 Summer Olympics.
Thomas Warton (9 January 1728 – 21 May 1790) was an English literary historian, critic, and poet.
Thomas William Robertson (9 January 1829 – 3 February 1871), usually known professionally as T. W. Robertson, was an English dramatist and innovative stage director best known for a series of realistic or naturalistic plays produced in London in the 1860s that broke new ground and inspired playwrights such as W.S. Gilbert and George Bernard Shaw.
Tiberius Hemsterhuis (9 January 1685 – 7 April 1766) was a Dutch philologist and critic.
Thomas "Tom" Evenson (9 January 1910 – 28 November 1997) was an English long-distance runner who competed for Great Britain at the 1932 and 1936 Summer Olympics.
Tom Riley (January 9, 1929 – July 21, 2011) was an American lawyer from Cedar Rapids, Iowa who served two terms in the Iowa House of Representatives and four in the Iowa Senate.
The Tour de la Bourse (Stock Exchange Tower) is a 48-storey skyscraper in Montreal, Quebec, Canada.
The Treaty of Jassy, signed at Jassy (Iași) in Moldavia (presently in Romania), was a pact between the Russian and Ottoman Empires ending the Russo-Turkish War of 1787–92 and confirming Russia's increasing dominance in the Black Sea.
The Twelfth Council of Toledo was initiated on 9 January 681 by the new King Erwig.
Umberto I (Savoia; 14 March 1844 – 29 July 1900), nicknamed the Good (Italian: il Buono), was the King of Italy from 9 January 1878 until his assassination on 29 July 1900.
The United States Constitution is the supreme law of the United States.
The University of Phoenix (UOPX) is a private for-profit college, headquartered in Phoenix, Arizona, United States.
Urmia (Urmiya, اورمیه; ܐܘܪܡܝܐ; ارومیه (Variously transliterated as Oroumieh, Oroumiyeh, Orūmīyeh and Urūmiyeh); Ûrmiye, ورمێ) is the largest city in West Azerbaijan Province of Iran and the capital of Urmia County.
Uwe Hünemeier (born 9 January 1986) is a German professional footballer who plays for Brighton & Hove Albion as a defender.
Victor Mizzy (January 9, 1916 – October 17, 2009) as pen name Vic Mizzy, was an American composer for television and movies whose best-known works are the themes to the 1960s television sitcoms Green Acres and The Addams Family.
Victor Emmanuel II (Vittorio Emanuele Maria Alberto Eugenio Ferdinando Tommaso di Savoia; 14 March 1820 – 9 January 1878) was King of Sardinia from 1849 until 17 March 1861.
Vilma Bánky (9 January 1901 – 18 March 1991) was a Hungarian-born American silent film actress, although the early part of her acting career began in Budapest, spreading to France, Austria, and Germany.
Vincennes is a commune in the Val-de-Marne department in the eastern suburbs of Paris, France.
The Visigoths (Visigothi, Wisigothi, Vesi, Visi, Wesi, Wisi; Visigoti) were the western branches of the nomadic tribes of Germanic peoples referred to collectively as the Goths.
Vladimir Andreevich Steklov (Влади́мир Андре́евич Стекло́в; 9 January 1864 – 30 May 1926) was a Prominent Russian and Soviet mathematician, mechanician and physicist.
Vrindavan Lal Verma, an eminent Hindi novelist and playwright, was born on 9 January 1889 at Mauranipur and died on 23 February 1969.
Willard Cleon Skousen (January 20, 1913 – January 9, 2006) was an American conservative author and faith-based political theorist.
Walter Michael Miller Jr. (January 23, 1923 – January 9, 1996) was an American science fiction writer.
Waltraud Meier (born 9 January 1956 in Würzburg) is a Grammy Award–winning German dramatic soprano and mezzo-soprano singer.
Wang Yangming (26 October 1472 – 9 January 1529), courtesy name Bo'an, was a Chinese idealist Neo-Confucian philosopher, official, educationist, calligraphist and general during the Ming dynasty.
Digunai (24 February 1122 – 15 December 1161), also known by his sinicised name Wanyan Liang and his formal title Prince of Hailing (or Hailing Wang), was the fourth emperor of the Jurchen-led Jin dynasty, which ruled northern China between the 12th and 13th centuries.
Henry Warwick Braithwaite (9 January 1896 – 19 January 1971) was a New Zealand-born orchestral conductor.
Wayne Munn (February 19, 1896 – January 9, 1931) was an American professional wrestler, World Heavyweight Champion and collegiate football player from the University of Nebraska.
Wen Tianxiang (June 6, 1236 – January 9, 1283 AD), Duke of Xinguo （信國公）, was a scholar-general in the last years of the Southern Song Dynasty.
The Whitney Museum of American Art – known informally as the "Whitney" – is an art museum located in Manhattan.
Wilbur Addison Smith (born 9 January 1933) is a South African novelist specialising in historical fiction about the international involvement in Southern Africa across four centuries, seen from the viewpoints of both black and white families.
Heinrich Christian Wilhelm Busch (15 April 1832 – 9 January 1908) was a German humorist, poet, illustrator and painter.
William "Will" McDonough (July 6, 1935 – January 9, 2003) was an American sportswriter for the Boston Globe who also worked as an on-air football reporter for CBS and NBC.
William Dugard, or Du Gard, (9 January 1606 – 3 December 1662) was an English schoolmaster and printer.
William G. Roll (July 3, 1926 – January 9, 2012) was a noted psychologist and parapsychologist on the faculty of the Psychology Department of the University of West Georgia in Carrollton, Georgia, in the United States.
William Hedley (13 July 1779 – 9 January 1843) was born in Newburn, near Newcastle upon Tyne.
William Morris Meredith Jr. (January 9, 1919 – May 30, 2007) was an American poet and educator.
William Neville, 1st Earl of Kent KG (c. 1405 – 9 January 1463) and jure uxoris 6th Baron Fauconberg, was an English nobleman and soldier.
William Pitt the Younger (28 May 1759 – 23 January 1806) was a prominent British Tory statesman of the late 18th and early 19th centuries.
Sir Winston Leonard Spencer-Churchill (30 November 187424 January 1965) was a British politician, army officer, and writer, who was Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1940 to 1945 and again from 1951 to 1955.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
Yana Maksimava (Яна Максімава; born 9 January 1989) is a Belarusian heptathlete.
Mohammed Yasser Abdel Rahman Abdel Raouf Arafat al-Qudwa (محمد ياسر عبد الرحمن عبد الرؤوف عرفات; 24 August 1929 – 11 November 2004), popularly known as Yasser Arafat (ياسر عرفات) or by his kunya Abu Ammar (أبو عمار), was a Palestinian political leader.
is a city located in Mie Prefecture, Japan.
Yugoslavia (Jugoslavija/Југославија; Jugoslavija; Југославија; Pannonian Rusyn: Югославия, transcr. Juhoslavija)Jugosllavia; Jugoszlávia; Juhoslávia; Iugoslavia; Jugoslávie; Iugoslavia; Yugoslavya; Югославия, transcr. Jugoslavija.
Zeno the Isaurian (Flavius Zeno Augustus; Ζήνων; c. 425 – 9 April 491), originally named Tarasis Kodisa RousombladadiotesThe sources call him "Tarasicodissa Rousombladadiotes", and for this reason it was thought his name was Tarasicodissa. However, it has been demonstrated that this name actually means "Tarasis, son of Kodisa, Rusumblada", and that "Tarasis" was a common name in Isauria (R.M. Harrison, "The Emperor Zeno's Real Name", Byzantinische Zeitschrift 74 (1981) 27–28)., was Eastern Roman Emperor from 474 to 475 and again from 476 to 491. Domestic revolts and religious dissension plagued his reign, which nevertheless succeeded to some extent in foreign issues. His reign saw the end of the Western Roman Empire following the deposition of Romulus Augustus and the death of Julius Nepos, but he contributed much to stabilising the eastern Empire. In ecclesiastical history, Zeno is associated with the Henotikon or "instrument of union", promulgated by him and signed by all the Eastern bishops, with the design of solving the monophysite controversy.
Zygmunt Bauman (19 November 1925 – 9 January 2017) was a Polish sociologist and philosopher.
Year 1127 (MCXXVII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1150 (MCL) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1202 (MCCII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1282 (MCCLXXXII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1283 (MCCLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1349 (MCCCIL) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1367 (MCCCLXVII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1418 (MCDXVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1431 (MCDXXXI) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1450 (MCDL) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1463 (MCDLXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1475 (MCDLXXV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1499 (MCDXCIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1511 (MDXI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1514 (MDXIV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1529 (MDXXIX) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1534 (MDXXXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1543 (MDXLIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1554 (MDLIV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1561 (MDLXI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1571 (MDLXXI) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
The French Republic introduced the French Revolutionary Calendar starting with the year I.
As of March 1 (O.S. February 18), when the Julian calendar acknowledged a leap day and the Gregorian calendar did not, the Julian calendar fell one day further behind, bringing the difference to 12 days until 1899.
After thirteen years the First French Empire abolished the French Republican Calendar in favour of the Gregorian calendar.
This year was known as the Year Without a Summer, because of low temperatures in the Northern Hemisphere, the result of the Mount Tambora volcanic eruption in Indonesia in 1815.
It is historically famous for the wave of revolutions, a series of widespread struggles for more liberal governments, which broke out from Brazil to Hungary; although most failed in their immediate aims, they significantly altered the political and philosophical landscape and had major ramifications throughout the rest of the century.
The 1857 Fort Tejon earthquake occurred at about 8:20 am (Pacific time) on January 9 in central and Southern California.
As of March 1 (O.S. February 17), when the Julian calendar acknowledged a leap day and the Gregorian calendar did not, the Julian calendar fell one day further behind, bringing the difference to 13 days until February 28 (O.S. February 15), 2100.
According to NASA reports, 1908 was the coldest recorded year since 1880.
A highlight was the race for the South Pole.
This year saw the beginning of what became known as World War I, after an heir to the Austrian throne was assassinated by a Serbian nationalist.
Below, the events of World War I have the "WWI" prefix.
Below, the events of the First World War have the "WWI" prefix.
This year was famous for the October Revolution in Russia, by Vladimir Lenin.
This year is famous for the end of the First World War, on the eleventh hour of the eleventh day of the eleventh month, as well as for the flu pandemic, that killed 50-100 million people worldwide.
This year marked the end of a period known in American history as the Roaring Twenties after the Wall Street Crash of 1929 ushered in a worldwide Great Depression.
This year also marks the start of the Second World War, the largest and deadliest conflict in human history.
Below, the events of World War II have the "WWII" prefix.
Below, the events of World War II have the "WWII" acronym.
Below, events of World War II have the "WWII" prefix.
Below, events of World War II have the "WWII" prefix.
Below, events of World War II have the "WWII" prefix.
This year also marks the end of the Second World War, the deadliest conflict in human history.
It is also known as the "Year of Africa" because of major events—particularly the independence of seventeen African nations—that focused global attention on the continent and intensified feelings of Pan-Africanism.
As MAD Magazine pointed out on its cover for the March 1961 issue, this was the first "upside-up" year — i.e., one in which the numerals that form the year look the same as when the numerals are rotated upside down, a strobogrammatic number — since 1881.
This was the year of the Protests of 1968.
The world population increased by 2.1% this year, the highest increase in history.
Within the context of Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) it was the longest year ever, as two leap seconds were added during this 366-day year, an event which has not since been repeated.
It was also declared the International Women's Year by the United Nations and the European Architectural Heritage Year by the Council of Europe.
The year 1985 was designated as the International Youth Year by the United Nations.
The year 1986 was designated as the International Year of Peace by the United Nations.
In the 20th century, the year 1988 has the most Roman numeral digits (11).
1989 was a turning point in political history because a wave of revolutions swept the Eastern Bloc in Europe, starting in Poland and Hungary, with experiments in power sharing, coming to a head with the opening of the Berlin Wall in November, and the Velvet Revolution in Czechoslovakia, embracing the overthrow of the communist dictatorship in Romania in December, and ending in December 1991 with the dissolution of the Soviet Union.
Important events of 1990 include the Reunification of Germany and the unification of Yemen, the formal beginning of the Human Genome Project (finished in 2003), the launch of the Hubble Space Telescope, the separation of Namibia from South Africa, and the Baltic states declaring independence from the Soviet Union amidst Perestroika.
It was the year that is usually considered the final year of the Cold War that had begun in the late 1940s.
1992 was designated as.
The year 1994 was designated as the "International Year of the Family" and the "International Year of Sport and the Olympic Ideal" by the United Nations.
This was the first year that the Internet was entirely privatized, with the United States government no longer providing public funding.
1996 was designated as.
1998 was designated as the International Year of the Ocean.
2000 was designated as.
2001 was designated as.
2003 was designated the.
2004 was designated as.
2005 was designated as.
2006 was designated as.
2007 was designated as.
2008 was designated as.
2009 was designated as.
2011 was designated as.
2012 was designated as.
2013 was designated as.
2014 was designated as.
2015 was designated as.
2016 was designated as.
2017 was designated as International Year of Sustainable Tourism for Development by the United Nations General Assembly.
2018 has been designated as the third International Year of the Reef by the International Coral Reef Initiative.
Year 475 (CDLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 681 (DCLXXXI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 710 (DCCX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 727 (DCCXXVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
2019 (MMXIX) will be a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2019th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 19th year of the 3rd millennium, the 19th year of the 21st century, and the 10th and last year of the 2010s decade.