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Japanese writing system

Index Japanese writing system

The modern Japanese writing system uses a combination of logographic kanji, which are adopted Chinese characters, and syllabic kana. [1]

100 relations: Acronym, Adjective, Adverb, Arabic numerals, Asahi Shimbun, Ateji, China, Chinese characters, Chinese language, Classical Chinese, Content word, De facto, East Asian Gothic typeface, Edomoji, Emperor Guangwu of Han, English language, Furigana, Gairaigo, Genkō yōshi, Gerund, Gojūon, Grammatical particle, Grammaticalization, Grapheme, Gyaru-moji, Hentaigana, Hepburn romanization, Hiragana, Historical kana orthography, Horizontal and vertical writing in East Asian scripts, Inflection, Iroha, Italic type, Iteration mark, J.League, Japan, Japanese Braille, Japanese calligraphy, Japanese dictionary, Japanese language, Japanese language and computers, Japanese manual syllabary, Japanese name, Japanese numerals, Japanese particles, Japanese sound symbolism, Jōyō kanji, Jinmeiyō kanji, JSL romanization, Kaidā glyphs, ..., Kana, Kanbun, Kanji, Katakana, King of Na gold seal, Kodansha Kanji Learner's Dictionary, Kojiki, Kunoichi, Kunrei-shiki romanization, Latin alphabet, Linguistics, List of Japanese typographic symbols, Logogram, Man'yōgana, Man'yōshū, Meiji period, Meiji Restoration, Ming (typefaces), Mora (linguistics), NATO, Natsume Sōseki, Nihon-shiki romanization, Norman conquest of England, Noun, Okinawan scripts, Okurigana, Onomatopoeia, Orthography, Paula Radcliffe, Preposition and postposition, Radical (Chinese characters), Register (sociolinguistics), Romanization, Romanization of Japanese, Ruby character, Shinjitai, Siddhaṃ script, Sino-Japanese vocabulary, Soba, Syllabary, Synonym, T-shirt, Tōyō kanji, Tokyo, Transcription into Japanese, Unidentified flying object, Verb, Wāpuro rōmaji, World War II, Written Chinese. Expand index (50 more) »

Acronym

An acronym is a word or name formed as an abbreviation from the initial components in a phrase or a word, usually individual letters (as in NATO or laser) and sometimes syllables (as in Benelux).

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Adjective

In linguistics, an adjective (abbreviated) is a describing word, the main syntactic role of which is to qualify a noun or noun phrase, giving more information about the object signified.

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Adverb

An adverb is a word that modifies a verb, adjective, another adverb, determiner, noun phrase, clause, or sentence.

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Arabic numerals

Arabic numerals, also called Hindu–Arabic numerals, are the ten digits: 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, based on the Hindu–Arabic numeral system, the most common system for the symbolic representation of numbers in the world today.

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Asahi Shimbun

The is one of the five national newspapers in Japan.

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Ateji

In modern Japanese, principally refer to kanji used to phonetically represent native or borrowed words with less regard to the underlying meaning of the characters.

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China

China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.

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Chinese characters

Chinese characters are logograms primarily used in the writing of Chinese and Japanese.

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Chinese language

Chinese is a group of related, but in many cases mutually unintelligible, language varieties, forming a branch of the Sino-Tibetan language family.

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Classical Chinese

Classical Chinese, also known as Literary Chinese, is the language of the classic literature from the end of the Spring and Autumn period through to the end of the Han Dynasty, a written form of Old Chinese.

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Content word

In linguistics content words are words that name objects of reality and their qualities.

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De facto

In law and government, de facto (or;, "in fact") describes practices that exist in reality, even if not legally recognised by official laws.

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East Asian Gothic typeface

Gothic typefaces (Japanese: ゴシック体 goshikku-tai; Korean: 돋움 dotum, 고딕체 godik-che) are a type style characterised by strokes of even thickness and lack of decorations akin to sans serif styles in Western typography.

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Edomoji

are Japanese lettering styles, which were invented for advertising in the Edo period.

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Emperor Guangwu of Han

Emperor Guangwu (born Liu Xiu; 15 January 5 BC – 29 March 57), courtesy name Wenshu, was an emperor of the Chinese Han dynasty, restorer of the dynasty in AD 25 and thus founder of the Later Han or Eastern Han (the restored Han Dynasty).

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English language

English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.

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Furigana

is a Japanese reading aid, consisting of smaller kana, or syllabic characters, printed next to a kanji (ideographic character) or other character to indicate its pronunciation.

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Gairaigo

is Japanese for "loan word" or "borrowed word", and indicates a transliteration (or "transvocalization") into Japanese.

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Genkō yōshi

is a type of Japanese paper used for writing.

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Gerund

A gerund (abbreviated) is any of various nonfinite verb forms in various languages, most often, but not exclusively, one that functions as a noun.

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Gojūon

The is a Japanese ordering of kana, so it is loosely a Japanese "alphabetical order".

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Grammatical particle

In grammar the term particle (abbreviated) has a traditional meaning, as a part of speech that cannot be inflected, and a modern meaning, as a function word associated with another word or phrase to impart meaning.

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Grammaticalization

In historical linguistics and language change, grammaticalization (also known as grammatization or grammaticization) is a process of language change by which words representing objects and actions (i.e. nouns and verbs) become grammatical markers (affixes, prepositions, etc.). Thus it creates new function words by a process other than deriving them from existing bound, inflectional constructions, instead deriving them from content words.

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Grapheme

In linguistics, a grapheme is the smallest unit of a writing system of any given language.

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Gyaru-moji

or, is a style of obfuscated (cant) Japanese writing popular amongst urban Japanese youth.

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Hentaigana

In the Japanese writing system, are obsolete or nonstandard hiragana.

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Hepburn romanization

is a system for the romanization of Japanese, that uses the Latin alphabet to write the Japanese language.

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Hiragana

is a Japanese syllabary, one component of the Japanese writing system, along with katakana, kanji, and in some cases rōmaji (Latin script).

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Historical kana orthography

The, or, refers to the in general use until orthographic reforms after World War II; the current orthography was adopted by Cabinet order in 1946.

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Horizontal and vertical writing in East Asian scripts

Many East Asian scripts can be written horizontally or vertically.

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Inflection

In grammar, inflection or inflexion – sometimes called accidence – is the modification of a word to express different grammatical categories such as tense, case, voice, aspect, person, number, gender, and mood.

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Iroha

The is a Japanese poem, probably written in the Heian era (794–1179).

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Italic type

In typography, italic type is a cursive font based on a stylized form of calligraphic handwriting.

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Iteration mark

Iteration marks are characters or punctuation marks that represent a duplicated character or word.

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J.League

The (is Japan's professional football league including the first division J1 League, second division J2 League and third division J3 League. J1 League is one of the most successful leagues in Asian club football. It is currently sponsored by Meiji Yasuda Life and thus officially known as the Meiji Yasuda J.League.

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Japan

Japan (日本; Nippon or Nihon; formally 日本国 or Nihon-koku, lit. "State of Japan") is a sovereign island country in East Asia.

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Japanese Braille

Japanese Braille is the braille script of the Japanese language.

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Japanese calligraphy

also called is a form of calligraphy, or artistic writing, of the Japanese language.

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Japanese dictionary

Japanese dictionaries have a history that began over 1300 years ago when Japanese Buddhist priests, who wanted to understand Chinese sutras, adapted Chinese character dictionaries.

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Japanese language

is an East Asian language spoken by about 128 million people, primarily in Japan, where it is the national language.

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Japanese language and computers

In relation to the Japanese language and computers many adaptation issues arise, some unique to Japanese and others common to languages which have a very large number of characters.

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Japanese manual syllabary

The is a system of manual kana used as part of Japanese Sign Language (JSL).

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Japanese name

in modern times usually consist of a family name (surname), followed by a given name.

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Japanese numerals

The system of Japanese numerals is the system of number names used in the Japanese language.

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Japanese particles

Japanese particles, or, are suffixes or short words in Japanese grammar that immediately follow the modified noun, verb, adjective, or sentence.

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Japanese sound symbolism

Japanese has a large inventory of sound symbolic or mimetic words, known in linguistics as ideophones.

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Jōyō kanji

The is the guide to kanji characters and their readings, announced officially by the Japanese Ministry of Education.

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Jinmeiyō kanji

The are a set of 863 Chinese characters known as "name kanji" in English.

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JSL romanization

JSL is a romanization system for transcribing the Japanese language into the Latin script.

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Kaidā glyphs

Kaidā glyphs are a set of pictograms once used in the Yaeyama Islands of southwestern Japan.

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Kana

are syllabic Japanese scripts, a part of the Japanese writing system contrasted with the logographic Chinese characters known in Japan as kanji (漢字).

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Kanbun

, a method of annotating Classical Chinese so that it can be read in Japanese, was used from the Heian period to the mid-20th century.

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Kanji

Kanji (漢字) are the adopted logographic Chinese characters that are used in the Japanese writing system.

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Katakana

is a Japanese syllabary, one component of the Japanese writing system along with hiragana, kanji, and in some cases the Latin script (known as rōmaji).

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King of Na gold seal

The King of Na gold seal is a solid gold seal discovered in the year 1784 on Shikanoshima Island in Fukuoka Prefecture, Japan.

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Kodansha Kanji Learner's Dictionary

The Kodansha Kanji Learner's Dictionary is a kanji dictionary based on the New Japanese-English Character Dictionary by Jack Halpern at the CJK Dictionary Institute and published by Kenkyūsha.

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Kojiki

, also sometimes read as Furukotofumi, is the oldest extant chronicle in Japan, dating from the early 8th century (711–712) and composed by Ō no Yasumaro at the request of Empress Genmei with the purpose of sanctifying the imperial court's claims to supremacy over rival clans.

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Kunoichi

A is a female ninja or practitioner of ninjutsu (ninpo).

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Kunrei-shiki romanization

is a Cabinet-ordered romanization system to transcribe the Japanese language into the Latin alphabet.

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Latin alphabet

The Latin alphabet or the Roman alphabet is a writing system originally used by the ancient Romans to write the Latin language.

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Linguistics

Linguistics is the scientific study of language, and involves an analysis of language form, language meaning, and language in context.

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List of Japanese typographic symbols

This page lists Japanese typographic symbols that are not included in kana or kanji.

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Logogram

In written language, a logogram or logograph is a written character that represents a word or phrase.

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Man'yōgana

is an ancient writing system that employs Chinese characters to represent the Japanese language, and was the first known kana system to be developed as a means to represent the Japanese language phonetically.

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Man'yōshū

The is the oldest existing collection of Japanese poetry, compiled sometime after AD 759 during the Nara period.

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Meiji period

The, also known as the Meiji era, is a Japanese era which extended from October 23, 1868, to July 30, 1912.

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Meiji Restoration

The, also known as the Meiji Ishin, Renovation, Revolution, Reform, or Renewal, was an event that restored practical imperial rule to the Empire of Japan in 1868 under Emperor Meiji.

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Ming (typefaces)

Ming or Song is a category of typefaces used to display Chinese characters, which are used in the Chinese, Japanese and Korean languages.

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Mora (linguistics)

A mora (plural morae or moras; often symbolized μ) is a unit in phonology that determines syllable weight, which in some languages determines stress or timing.

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NATO

The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO; Organisation du Traité de l'Atlantique Nord; OTAN), also called the North Atlantic Alliance, is an intergovernmental military alliance between 29 North American and European countries.

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Natsume Sōseki

, born, was a Japanese novelist.

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Nihon-shiki romanization

Nihon-shiki, or Nippon-shiki Rōmaji (日本式ローマ字, "Japan-style," romanized as Nihon-siki or Nippon-siki in Nippon-shiki itself), is a romanization system for transliterating the Japanese language into the Latin alphabet.

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Norman conquest of England

The Norman conquest of England (in Britain, often called the Norman Conquest or the Conquest) was the 11th-century invasion and occupation of England by an army of Norman, Breton, Flemish and French soldiers led by Duke William II of Normandy, later styled William the Conqueror.

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Noun

A noun (from Latin nōmen, literally meaning "name") is a word that functions as the name of some specific thing or set of things, such as living creatures, objects, places, actions, qualities, states of existence, or ideas.

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Okinawan scripts

Okinawan language, spoken in Okinawa Island, was once the official language of the Ryukyu Kingdom.

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Okurigana

are kana suffixes following kanji stems in Japanese written words.

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Onomatopoeia

An onomatopoeia (from the Greek ὀνοματοποιία; ὄνομα for "name" and ποιέω for "I make", adjectival form: "onomatopoeic" or "onomatopoetic") is a word that phonetically imitates, resembles or suggests the sound that it describes.

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Orthography

An orthography is a set of conventions for writing a language.

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Paula Radcliffe

Paula Jane Radcliffe, MBE (born 17 December 1973) is an English long-distance runner.

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Preposition and postposition

Prepositions and postpositions, together called adpositions (or broadly, in English, simply prepositions), are a class of words used to express spatial or temporal relations (in, under, towards, before) or mark various semantic roles (of, for).

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Radical (Chinese characters)

A Chinese radical is a graphical component of a Chinese character under which the character is traditionally listed in a Chinese dictionary.

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Register (sociolinguistics)

In linguistics, a register is a variety of a language used for a particular purpose or in a particular social setting.

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Romanization

Romanization or romanisation, in linguistics, is the conversion of writing from a different writing system to the Roman (Latin) script, or a system for doing so.

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Romanization of Japanese

The romanization of Japanese is the use of Latin script to write the Japanese language.

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Ruby character

are small, annotative glosses that are usually placed above or to the right of Chinese characters when writing languages with logographic characters such as Chinese, Japanese or Korean to show the pronunciation.

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Shinjitai

are the simplified forms of kanji used in Japan since the promulgation of the Tōyō Kanji List in 1946.

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Siddhaṃ script

, also known in its later evolved form as Siddhamātṛkā, is a script used for writing Sanskrit from c. 550 – c. 1200.

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Sino-Japanese vocabulary

Sino-Japanese vocabulary or refers to that portion of the Japanese vocabulary that originated in Chinese or has been created from elements borrowed from Chinese.

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Soba

() is the Japanese name for buckwheat.

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Syllabary

A syllabary is a set of written symbols that represent the syllables or (more frequently) moras which make up words.

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Synonym

A synonym is a word or phrase that means exactly or nearly the same as another word or phrase in the same language.

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T-shirt

A T-shirt (or t shirt, or tee) is a style of unisex fabric shirt named after the T shape of its body and sleeves.

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Tōyō kanji

The tōyō kanji, also known as the Tōyō kanjihyō (当用漢字表, "list of kanji for general use") are the result of a reform of the Kanji characters of Chinese origin in the Japanese written language.

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Tokyo

, officially, is one of the 47 prefectures of Japan and has been the capital since 1869.

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Transcription into Japanese

In contemporary Japanese writing, foreign-language loanwords and foreign names are normally written in the katakana script, which is one component of the Japanese writing system.

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Unidentified flying object

An unidentified flying object or "UFO" is an object observed in the sky that is not readily identified.

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Verb

A verb, from the Latin verbum meaning word, is a word (part of speech) that in syntax conveys an action (bring, read, walk, run, learn), an occurrence (happen, become), or a state of being (be, exist, stand).

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Wāpuro rōmaji

, or kana spelling, is a style of romanization of Japanese originally devised for entering Japanese into while using a Western QWERTY keyboard.

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World War II

World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.

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Written Chinese

Written Chinese comprises Chinese characters (汉字/漢字; pinyin: Hànzì, literally "Han characters") used to represent the Chinese language.

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ISO 15924:Jpan, Japanese Orthography, Japanese alphabet, Japanese character, Japanese characters, Japanese kanji, Japanese letter, Japanese letters, Japanese orthography, Japanese script, Japanese writing, Japanese writing systems, Japenese alphabet, Written Japanese.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Japanese_writing_system

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