149 relations: Acapulco, Akihito, Aluminium, Asset, Balance of payments accounts of Japan (1960–90), Balance of trade, Bamboo, Bank of Japan, Banknotes of the Japanese yen, Bimetallism, Bretton Woods system, Byōdō-in, Cabinet of Japan, Canadian dollar, Capital flows in Japan, Carry (investment), Cherry blossom, Chrysanthemum, Coins of the Swiss franc, Copper, Cupronickel, Currency, Currency symbol, Current account, Demand, Deregulation, Dollar, Dollar (Hong Kong coin), Economics, Economy of Japan, Edo period, Effective exchange rate, English language, EURion constellation, Euro, Exchange rate, Export, Face value, Fenghuang, Financial capital, Fixed exchange-rate system, Floating exchange rate, Foreign exchange market, Fukuzawa Yukichi, Genroku, Gold standard, Goods, Great Recession, Gregorian calendar, Gross domestic product, ..., Heibonsha World Encyclopedia, Heisei period, Hideyo Noguchi, Historical kana orthography, Hong Kong, Ichiyō Higuchi, Import, Interest rate, Investment, Iris (plant), Irises screen, ISO 4217, Itō Hirobumi, James Curtis Hepburn, Japan, Japan Mint, Japanese asset price bubble, Japanese era name, Japanese military yen, Japanese mon (currency), Kana, Koban (coin), Lake Motosu, Managed float regime, Mandarin orange, Manila, Manila galleon, Market (economics), Meiji period, Meiji Restoration, Mexican peso, Mexico, Mexico City, Ministry of Finance (Japan), Monetary and fiscal policy of Japan, Mount Fuji, Names of Japan, National Printing Bureau, New World, Nickel, Nihon Ōdai Ichiran, North Korean won, Ogata Kōrin, Orders of magnitude (numbers), Paulownia, Petroleum, Plaza Accord, Pound sterling, Prefecture, Reeding, Relative value (economics), Renminbi, Reserve currency, Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain and Ireland, Russian language, Ryō, Scrip of Edo period Japan, Service (economics), Shinjitai, Shinkichi Hashimoto, Smithsonian Agreement, South Korean won, Southeast Asia, Spain, Spanish dollar, Special drawing rights, Spot contract, Standard Chinese, Summer Olympic coins, Supply (economics), Supply and demand, Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers, Swiss franc, Sycee, Tariff, The Economist, The Guardian, The Japan Times, Tin, Tokugawa coinage, Troy weight, United States dollar, Wadōkaichin, Walter Henry Medhurst, World War II, Yen sign, Zinc, 1 yen coin, 10 yen coin, 10,000 yen note, 100 yen coin, 1000 yen note, 1973 oil crisis, 1979 energy crisis, 2000 yen note, 5 yen coin, 50 yen coin, 500 yen coin, 5000 yen note. Expand index (99 more) » « Shrink index
Acapulco de Juárez, commonly called Acapulco, is a city, municipality and major seaport in the state of Guerrero on the Pacific coast of Mexico, south of Mexico City.
is the current Emperor of Japan.
Aluminium or aluminum is a chemical element with symbol Al and atomic number 13.
In financial accounting, an asset is an economic resource.
In its balance of payments accounts, Japan has traditionally run a deficit in services.
The balance of trade, commercial balance, or net exports (sometimes symbolized as NX), is the difference between the monetary value of a nation's exports and imports over a certain period.
The bamboos are evergreen perennial flowering plants in the subfamily Bambusoideae of the grass family Poaceae.
The is the central bank of Japan.
The banknotes of the Japanese yen are part of the physical form of Japan's currency.
Bimetallism is the economic term for a monetary standard in which the value of the monetary unit is defined as equivalent to certain quantities of two metals, typically gold and silver, creating a fixed rate of exchange between them.
The Bretton Woods system of monetary management established the rules for commercial and financial relations among the United States, Canada, Western Europe, Australia, and Japan after the 1944 Bretton-Woods Agreement.
is a Buddhist temple in the city of Uji in Kyoto Prefecture, Japan, built in late Heian period.
The is the executive branch of the government of Japan.
The Canadian dollar (symbol: $; code: CAD; dollar canadien) is the currency of Canada.
Capital began to flow in and out of Japan following the Meiji Restoration of 1868, but policy restricted loans from overseas.
The carry of an asset is the return obtained from holding it (if positive), or the cost of holding it (if negative) (see also Cost of carry).
A cherry blossom is the flower of any of several trees of genus Prunus, particularly the Japanese cherry, Prunus serrulata, which is called sakura after the Japanese (桜 or 櫻; さくら).
Chrysanthemums, sometimes called mums or chrysanths, are flowering plants of the genus Chrysanthemum in the family Asteraceae.
The coins of the Swiss franc are the official coins used in Switzerland and Liechtenstein.
Copper is a chemical element with symbol Cu (from cuprum) and atomic number 29.
Cupronickel (also known as copper-nickel) is an alloy of copper that contains nickel and strengthening elements, such as iron and manganese.
A currency (from curraunt, "in circulation", from currens, -entis), in the most specific use of the word, refers to money in any form when in actual use or circulation as a medium of exchange, especially circulating banknotes and coins.
A currency symbol is a graphic symbol used as a shorthand for a currency's name, especially in reference to amounts of money.
In economics, a country's current account is one of the two components of its balance of payments, the other being the capital account (also known as the financial account).
In economics, demand is the quantities of a commodity or a service that people are willing and able to buy at various prices, over a given period of time.
Deregulation is the process of removing or reducing state regulations, typically in the economic sphere.
Dollar (often represented by the dollar sign $) is the name of more than twenty currencies, including those of Australia, Canada, Hong Kong, Jamaica, Liberia, Namibia, New Zealand, Singapore, Taiwan, and the United States.
The one-dollar coin is the fourth-highest and fourth-lowest denomination coin of the Hong Kong dollar.
Economics is the social science that studies the production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services.
The economy of Japan is a highly developed and market-oriented economy.
The or is the period between 1603 and 1868 in the history of Japan, when Japanese society was under the rule of the Tokugawa shogunate and the country's 300 regional daimyō.
The effective exchange rate is an index that describes the strength of a currency relative to a basket of other currencies.
English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.
The EURion constellation (also known as Omron rings or doughnuts) is a pattern of symbols incorporated into a number of banknote designs worldwide since about 1996.
The euro (sign: €; code: EUR) is the official currency of the European Union.
In finance, an exchange rate is the rate at which one currency will be exchanged for another.
The term export means sending of goods or services produced in one country to another country.
The face value is the value of a coin, stamp or paper money, as printed on the coin, stamp or bill itself by the issuing authority.
Fenghuang are mythological birds of East Asia that reign over all other birds.
Financial capital is any economic resource measured in terms of money used by entrepreneurs and businesses to buy what they need to make their products or to provide their services to the sector of the economy upon which their operation is based, i.e. retail, corporate, investment banking, etc.
A fixed exchange rate, sometimes called a pegged exchange rate, is a type of exchange rate regime where a currency's value is fixed against either the value of another single currency, to a basket of other currencies, or to another measure of value, such as gold.
A floating exchange rate (also called a fluctuating or flexible exchange rate) is a type of exchange-rate regime in which a currency's value is allowed to fluctuate in response to foreign-exchange market mechanisms.
The foreign exchange market (Forex, FX, or currency market) is a global decentralized or over-the-counter (OTC) market for the trading of currencies.
was a Japanese author, writer, teacher, translator, entrepreneur and journalist who founded Keio University, Jiji-Shinpō (a newspaper) and the Institute for Study of Infectious Diseases.
was a after Jōkyō and before Hōei. This period spanned the years from ninth month of 1688 through third month of 1704.
A gold standard is a monetary system in which the standard economic unit of account is based on a fixed quantity of gold.
In economics, goods are materials that satisfy human wants and provide utility, for example, to a consumer making a purchase of a satisfying product.
The Great Recession was a period of general economic decline observed in world markets during the late 2000s and early 2010s.
The Gregorian calendar is the most widely used civil calendar in the world.
Gross domestic product (GDP) is a monetary measure of the market value of all final goods and services produced in a period (quarterly or yearly) of time.
The is one of Japan's two major encyclopedias, the other being the Encyclopedia Nipponica.
The is the current era in Japan.
, also known as, was a prominent Japanese bacteriologist who in 1911 discovered the agent of syphilis as the cause of progressive paralytic disease.
The, or, refers to the in general use until orthographic reforms after World War II; the current orthography was adopted by Cabinet order in 1946.
Hong Kong (Chinese: 香港), officially the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China, is an autonomous territory of China on the eastern side of the Pearl River estuary in East Asia.
was the pen name of Japanese author, also known as.
An import is a good brought into a jurisdiction, especially across a national border, from an external source.
An interest rate is the amount of interest due per period, as a proportion of the amount lent, deposited or borrowed (called the principal sum).
In general, to invest is to allocate money (or sometimes another resource, such as time) in the expectation of some benefit in the future – for example, investment in durable goods, in real estate by the service industry, in factories for manufacturing, in product development, and in research and development.
Iris is a genus of 260–300 species of flowering plants with showy flowers.
is a pair of six-panel folding screens (byōbu) by the Japanese artist Ogata Kōrin of the Rinpa school.
ISO 4217 is a standard first published by International Organization for Standardization in 1978, which delineates currency designators, country codes (alpha and numeric), and references to minor units in three tables.
Prince was a Japanese statesman and genrō.
James Curtis Hepburn (March 13, 1815 – September 21, 1911) was an American physician, translator, educator, and lay Christian missionary.
Japan (日本; Nippon or Nihon; formally 日本国 or Nihon-koku, lit. "State of Japan") is a sovereign island country in East Asia.
The is an Independent Administrative Institution of the Japanese government, responsible for producing and circulating the coins of Japan.
The was an economic bubble in Japan from 1986 to 1991 in which real estate and stock market prices were greatly inflated.
The, also known as, is the first of the two elements that identify years in the Japanese era calendar scheme.
Japanese military yen (Chinese and Japanese: 日本軍用手票, also 日本軍票 in short), commonly abbreviated as JMY, was the:currency issued to the soldiers of the Imperial Japanese Army and the Imperial Japanese Navy as a salary.
The was the currency of Japan from the Muromachi period in 1336, until the early Meiji period in 1870.
are syllabic Japanese scripts, a part of the Japanese writing system contrasted with the logographic Chinese characters known in Japan as kanji (漢字).
The was a Japanese oval gold coin in Edo period feudal Japan, equal to one ryō, another early Japanese monetary unit.
is the westernmost of the Fuji Five Lakes and located in southern Yamanashi Prefecture near Mount Fuji, Japan.
Managed float regime is the current international financial environment in which exchange rates fluctuate from day to day, but central banks attempt to influence their countries' exchange rates by buying and selling currencies.
The mandarin orange (Citrus reticulata;; 桔, jyutping: gat1), also known as the mandarin or mandarine, is a small citrus tree with fruit resembling other oranges, usually eaten plain or in fruit salads.
Manila (Maynilà, or), officially the City of Manila (Lungsod ng Maynilà), is the capital of the Philippines and the most densely populated city proper in the world.
The Manila Galleons (Galeón de Manila; Kalakalang Galyon ng Maynila at Acapulco) were Spanish trading ships which for two and a half centuries linked the Philippines with Mexico across the Pacific Ocean, making one or two round-trip voyages per year between the ports of Acapulco and Manila, which were both part of New Spain.
A market is one of the many varieties of systems, institutions, procedures, social relations and infrastructures whereby parties engage in exchange.
The, also known as the Meiji era, is a Japanese era which extended from October 23, 1868, to July 30, 1912.
The, also known as the Meiji Ishin, Renovation, Revolution, Reform, or Renewal, was an event that restored practical imperial rule to the Empire of Japan in 1868 under Emperor Meiji.
The Mexican peso (sign: $; code: MXN) is the currency of Mexico.
Mexico (México; Mēxihco), officially called the United Mexican States (Estados Unidos Mexicanos) is a federal republic in the southern portion of North America.
Mexico City, or the City of Mexico (Ciudad de México,; abbreviated as CDMX), is the capital of Mexico and the most populous city in North America.
The is one of the cabinet-level ministries of the Japanese government.
Monetary policy pertains to the regulation, availability, and cost of credit, while fiscal policy deals with government expenditures, taxes, and debt.
, located on Honshū, is the highest mountain in Japan at 3,776.24 m (12,389 ft), 2nd-highest peak of an island (volcanic) in Asia, and 7th-highest peak of an island in the world.
The word Japan is an exonym, and is used (in one form or another) by a large number of languages.
(NPB) is a Japanese governmental agency in charge of the production of Japanese paper money, Yen.
The New World is one of the names used for the majority of Earth's Western Hemisphere, specifically the Americas (including nearby islands such as those of the Caribbean and Bermuda).
Nickel is a chemical element with symbol Ni and atomic number 28.
, The Table of the Rulers of Japan, is a 17th-century chronicle of the serial reigns of Japanese emperors with brief notes about some of the noteworthy events or other happenings.
The won (원,; symbol: ₩; code: KPW) or Korean People's won is the official currency of North Korea.
Ogata Kōrin (尾形光琳; 1658 – June 2, 1716) was a Japanese painter, lacquerer and designer of the Rinpa school.
This list contains selected positive numbers in increasing order, including counts of things, dimensionless quantity and probabilities.
Paulownia is a genus of six to 17 species (depending on taxonomic authority) of flowering plants in the family Paulowniaceae, related to and sometimes included in the Scrophulariaceae.
Petroleum is a naturally occurring, yellow-to-black liquid found in geological formations beneath the Earth's surface.
The Plaza Accord or Plaza Agreement was an agreement between the governments of France, West Germany, Japan, the United States, and the United Kingdom, to depreciate the U.S. dollar in relation to the Japanese yen and German Deutsche Mark by intervening in currency markets.
The pound sterling (symbol: £; ISO code: GBP), commonly known as the pound and less commonly referred to as Sterling, is the official currency of the United Kingdom, Jersey, Guernsey, the Isle of Man, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, the British Antarctic Territory, and Tristan da Cunha.
A prefecture (from the Latin Praefectura) is an administrative jurisdiction or subdivision in any of various countries and within some international church structures, and in antiquity a Roman district governed by an appointed prefect.
Reeding is a technique wherein "reeds" are carved or milled into a surface.
In finance, relative value is the attractiveness measured in terms of risk, liquidity, and return of one financial instrument relative to another, or for a given instrument, of one maturity relative to another.
The renminbi (Ab.: RMB;; sign: 元; code: CNY) is the official currency of the People's Republic of China.
A reserve currency (or anchor currency) is a currency that is held in significant quantities by governments and institutions as part of their foreign exchange reserves.
The Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain and Ireland, commonly known as the Royal Asiatic Society (RAS), was established, according to its Royal Charter of 11 August 1824, to further "the investigation of subjects connected with and for the encouragement of science, literature and the arts in relation to Asia." From its incorporation the Society has been a forum, through lectures, its journal, and other publications, for scholarship relating to Asian culture and society of the highest level.
Russian (rússkiy yazýk) is an East Slavic language, which is official in Russia, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan, as well as being widely spoken throughout Eastern Europe, the Baltic states, the Caucasus and Central Asia.
A was a gold currency unit in pre-Meiji Japan Shakkanhō system.
During the Edo period, feudal domains of Japan issued scrip called for use within the domain.
In economics, a service is a transaction in which no physical goods are transferred from the seller to the buyer.
are the simplified forms of kanji used in Japan since the promulgation of the Tōyō Kanji List in 1946.
was a Japanese linguist, born in Tsuruga, Fukui Prefecture, Japan.
The Smithsonian Agreement is an agreement, announced in December 1971 that created a new dollar standard whereby the major currencies of the mostly highly industrialized nations were pegged to the US dollar at central rates, with the currencies being allowed to fluctuate by 2.25%.
The won (원,; symbol: ₩; code: KRW) or the Korean Republic Won is the currency of South Korea.
Southeast Asia or Southeastern Asia is a subregion of Asia, consisting of the countries that are geographically south of China, east of India, west of New Guinea and north of Australia.
Spain (España), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Reino de España), is a sovereign state mostly located on the Iberian Peninsula in Europe.
The Spanish dollar, also known as the piece of eight (peso de ocho or real de a ocho), is a silver coin, of approximately 38 mm diameter, worth eight Spanish reales, that was minted in the Spanish Empire after 1598.
Special drawing rights (ISO 4217 currency code XDR, also abbreviated SDR) are supplementary foreign-exchange reserve assets defined and maintained by the International Monetary Fund (IMF).
In finance, a spot contract, spot transaction, or simply spot, is a contract of buying or selling a commodity, security or currency for immediate settlement (payment and delivery) on the spot date, which is normally two business days after the trade date.
Standard Chinese, also known as Modern Standard Mandarin, Standard Mandarin, or simply Mandarin, is a standard variety of Chinese that is the sole official language of both China and Taiwan (de facto), and also one of the four official languages of Singapore.
Although the first Olympic coin can be traced back to 480 BC, the modern Olympics did not see its first commemoratives until 1951.
In economics, supply is the amount of something that firms, consumers, labourers, providers of financial assets, or other economic agents are willing to provide to the marketplace.
In microeconomics, supply and demand is an economic model of price determination in a market.
The Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers (SCAP) (originally briefly styled Supreme Commander of the Allied Powers) was the title held by General Douglas MacArthur during the Allied occupation of Japan following World War II.
The franc (sign: Fr. or SFr.; Franken, French and Romansh: franc, franco; code: CHF) is the currency and legal tender of Switzerland and Liechtenstein; it is also legal tender in the Italian exclave Campione d'Italia.
A sycee (.. from Cantonese 細絲, sai-sì,. "fine silk").
A tariff is a tax on imports or exports between sovereign states.
The Economist is an English-language weekly magazine-format newspaper owned by the Economist Group and edited at offices in London.
The Guardian is a British daily newspaper.
The Japan Times is Japan's largest and oldest English-language daily newspaper.
Tin is a chemical element with the symbol Sn (from stannum) and atomic number 50.
Tokugawa coinage was a unitary and independent metallic monetary system established by shōgun Tokugawa Ieyasu in 1601 in Japan, and which lasted throughout the Tokugawa period until its end in 1867.
Troy weight is a system of units of mass customarily used for precious metals and gemstones.
The United States dollar (sign: $; code: USD; also abbreviated US$ and referred to as the dollar, U.S. dollar, or American dollar) is the official currency of the United States and its insular territories per the United States Constitution since 1792.
, also romanized as Wadō-kaichin or called Wadō-kaihō, is the oldest official Japanese coinage, having been minted starting on 29 August 708 on order of Empress Genmei.
Walter Henry Medhurst (29 April 1796 – 24 January 1857), was an English Congregationalist missionary to China, born in London and educated at St Paul's School.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
The yen sign (¥) or the yuan sign (¥/元) is a currency sign used by the Chinese yuan (CNY) and the Japanese yen (JPY) currencies.
Zinc is a chemical element with symbol Zn and atomic number 30.
The is the smallest denomination of the Japanese yen currency.
The is one denomination of Japanese yen.
The 10,000 yen note (万円紙幣 Man-en shihei) is the largest banknote denomination of the Japanese yen.
The is a denomination of Japanese yen.
The 1000 yen note (¥1000) is currently the lowest value yen banknote and has been used since 1945, excluding a brief period between 1946 and 1950 during the American occupation of Japan.
The 1973 oil crisis began in October 1973 when the members of the Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries proclaimed an oil embargo.
The 1979 (or second) oil crisis or oil shock occurred in the world due to decreased oil output in the wake of the Iranian Revolution.
The was issued July 19, 2000, to commemorate the 26th G8 Summit and the millennium.
The is one denomination of Japanese yen.
The is a denomination of Japanese yen.
The front side of the note includes a portrait of Ichiyo Higuchi, a Meiji era writer and poet.