265 relations: Abangan, Alas Purwo National Park, Ambonese, Anhui, Animism, Anyer, Arabs, Asceticism, Avignon, Baduy language, Baduy people, Bali, Bali Strait, Balinese language, Balinese people, Baluran National Park, Banda Islands, Bandung, Bandung metropolitan area, Banten, Banten Sultanate, Bantenese people, Banteng, Bantul, Banyumas Regency, Banyumasan dialect, Banyumasan people, Banyuwangi Regency, Basuki Tjahaja Purnama, Batavia, Dutch East Indies, Bekasi, Belief, Betawi language, Betawi people, Blitar, Bogor, Borneo, Borobudur, Brahmin, Brantas River, British Empire, Buddhism, Bugis, Cambridge University Press, Cassava, Catholic Church, Census, Central Java, Chinese Indonesians, Chinese people, ..., Chithalai Chathanar, Cholera, Christian, Christmas Island, Cilegon, Cirebon, Cirebonese people, Citarum River, Clergy, Coffea arabica, Coffee, Coffee production in Indonesia, Conduit (channeling), Cornelis de Houtman, Creole peoples, Cultivation System, Demak Sultanate, Demographics of Indonesia, Dieng Plateau, Dry season, Dutch East India Company, Dutch East India Company in Indonesia, Dutch East Indies, Dutch people, East Indies, East Java, Eastern salient of Java, Endemism, England, Folklore, Foxtail millet, France, Gajah Mada, Gamelan, Ganjuran Church, Geography (Ptolemy), Giovanni de' Marignolli, Great Post Road, Greater Jakarta, Greater Sunda Islands, Green peafowl, Gresik Regency, Hayam Wuruk, Herman Willem Daendels, Hindu, Hinduism, History of Indonesia, Homo erectus, India, Indian Ocean, Indo-Aryan peoples, Indonesia, Indonesian language, Indonesian National Revolution, Industry, Invasion of Java (1811), Islam, Island, Jakarta, Japanese occupation of the Dutch East Indies, Java Man, Java mouse-deer, Java Sea, Javan elephant, Javan hawk-eagle, Javan leopard, Javan lutung, Javan rhinoceros, Javan rusa, Javan tiger, Javan warty pig, Javanese language, Javanese people, Kakawin, Kalingga Kingdom, Kangean language, Karawang, Kauman Great Mosque, Kediri Kingdom, Kedu Plain, Kejawèn, Ken Arok, Ken Dedes, King Siliwangi, Kyai, List of amphibians of Java, List of islands by area, List of islands by population, List of islands of Indonesia, List of monarchs of Java, Luso-Sundanese padrão, Ma Huan, Madura Island, Madura Strait, Madurese language, Madurese people, Magelang, Mahabharata, Mahayana, Maize, Majapahit, Makassar people, Malay language, Malays (ethnic group), Maluku Islands, Mangrove, Manimekalai, Manuk River, Mataram Sultanate, Medang Kingdom, Mendut, Meru Betiri National Park, Minangkabau people, Ministry of Health (Indonesia), Mount Gede Pangrango National Park, Mount Halimun Salak National Park, Mount Lawu, Mount Merapi, Mountain, Multilingualism, Muslim, Mysticism, Napoleonic Wars, Natural environment, Natural rubber, Netherlands, North Carolina, North Coast Road (Java), Omsk Oblast, Osing dialect, Osing people, Paddy field, Parahyangan, Peasant, Pesantren, Portuguese colonialism in Indonesia, Portuguese Malacca, Portuguese people, Prambanan, Pramoedya Ananta Toer, Proto-Austronesian language, Provinces of China, Provinces of Indonesia, Ptolemy, Pura Parahyangan Agung Jagatkarta, Quinine, Raden Wijaya, Rama, Ramayana, Rhacophoridae, Rice, River, Roman Empire, Sangiran, Sanskrit, Santri, Savanna, Schism, Semarang, Semeru, Serang, Serayu River, Settler, Shailendra dynasty, Shaivism, Sheba, Shiva, Sidoarjo Regency, Silvery gibbon, Singhasari, Sita, Solo River, South Asia, Southeast Asia, Special Region of Yogyakarta, Spice, Spread of Islam in Indonesia, Stamford Raffles, Subud, Sugarcane, Sugriva, Suharto, Sukabumi, Sultanate of Cirebon, Sumatra, Sunda Kingdom, Sunda Strait, Sundanese language, Sundanese people, Supernatural, Surabaya, Surakarta, Tangerang, Tantu Pagelaran, Tarumanagara, Tea, Tea (poem), Tenggerese people, The History of Java, The Jakarta Post, Toll road, Transmigration program, Treaty of Paris (1814), Tribhuwana Wijayatunggadewi, Tropical rainforest, U.S. state, Ujung Kulon National Park, Volcano, Wayang, West Java, Wet season, World War II, Yingya Shenglan, Yogyakarta, Yuan dynasty. Expand index (215 more) » « Shrink index
Abangan refers to Javanese people who are Muslims who practice a much more syncretic version of Islam than the more orthodox santri.
Alas Purwo National Park is situated on Blambangan Peninsula in the Banyuwangi Regency, at the southeastern tip of East Java province.
The Ambonese, also known as South Moluccans, are an Indonesian ethnic group of mixed Austronesian-Papuan origin.
Anhui is a province of the People's Republic of China located in the eastern region of the country.
Animism (from Latin anima, "breath, spirit, life") is the religious belief that objects, places and creatures all possess a distinct spiritual essence.
Anyer, also known as Anjer or Angier, is a coastal town in Banten, formerly West Java, Indonesia, west of Jakarta and south of Merak.
Arabs (عَرَب ISO 233, Arabic pronunciation) are a population inhabiting the Arab world.
Asceticism (from the ἄσκησις áskesis, "exercise, training") is a lifestyle characterized by abstinence from sensual pleasures, often for the purpose of pursuing spiritual goals.
Avignon (Avenio; Provençal: Avignoun, Avinhon) is a commune in south-eastern France in the department of Vaucluse on the left bank of the Rhône river.
Baduy or Badui language is spoken by Baduy people.
The Baduy (or Badui), who call themselves Kanekes, are a traditional Bantenese community living in the southeastern part of the Indonesian province of Banten, near Rangkasbitung.
Bali (Balinese:, Indonesian: Pulau Bali, Provinsi Bali) is an island and province of Indonesia with the biggest Hindu population.
Bali Strait is a stretch of water separating Java and Bali while connecting the Indian Ocean and the Bali Sea.
Balinese, or simply Bali, is a Malayo-Polynesian language spoken by 3.3 million people on the Indonesian island of Bali as well as northern Nusa Penida, western Lombok and eastern Java.
The Balinese (Indonesian: Suku Bali) are an Austronesian ethnic group native to the Indonesian island of Bali.
Baluran National Park is located in Situbondo Regency, East Java, Indonesia.
The Banda Islands (Kepulauan Banda) are a volcanic group of ten small volcanic islands in the Banda Sea, about south of Seram Island and about east of Java, and constitute an administrative district (kecamatan) within the Central Maluku Regency in the Indonesian province of Maluku.
Bandung (Sundanese:, Bandung, formerly Dutch: Bandoeng), is the capital of West Java province in Indonesia and Greater Bandung made up of 2 municipalities and 38 districts, making it Indonesia's 2nd largest metropolitan area with over 8.5 millions inhabitants listed in the 2015 Badan Pusat Statistik data.
The Greater Bandung metropolitan area (Indonesian: Kawasan metropolitan Bandung Raya) is the metropolitan area surrounding the city of Bandung, West Java, Indonesia.
Banten is the westernmost province on the island of Java, in Indonesia.
The Banten Sultanate was founded in the 16th century and centred in Banten, a port city on the northwest coast of Java; the contemporary English spelling of both was Bantam.
The Bantenese are a distinct subgroup of the Sundanese people, native to Banten Province on the island of Java.
The banteng (Bos javanicus), also known as tembadau, is a species of wild cattle found in Southeast Asia.
Bantul is a town and the capital of Bantul Regency, Yogyakarta Province, Java, Indonesia.
Banyumas (ꦧꦚꦸꦩꦱ꧀, formerly spelt "Banjoemas") Regency is a regency (kabupaten) in the southwestern part of Central Java province in Indonesia.
Banyumasan, colloquially known as Basa Ngapak, is a dialect of Javanese spoken mainly in three areas of Java that is the Banyumasan, located in westernmost Central Java Province and surrounding the Slamet mountain and Serayu River; a neighboring area inside West Java Province; and northern region of Banten Province.
The Banyumasan people (Ngoko Javanese:, Madya Javanese:, Krama Javanese:, Ngoko Gêdrìk: wòng Banyumasan, Madya Gêdrìk: tiyang Toyåjênéan, Krama Gêdrìk: priyantun Toyåjênéan, Indonesian: suku Banyumasan) (colloquially known as Ngapak Javanese) is a collective term for a Javanese subgroup native to the Indonesia's westernmost part of Central Java.
Banyuwangi Regency is a regency (kabupaten) of East Java province in Indonesia.
Basuki Tjahaja Purnama (born 29 June 1966) is an Indonesian politician and former governor of Jakarta.
Batavia was the name of the capital city of the Dutch East Indies that corresponds to the present-day Central Jakarta.
Bekasi City (Kota Bekasi, Sundanese:, Chinese: 勿加泗市) is a city in West Java, Indonesia, located on the eastern border of Jakarta within the Jakarta metropolitan region.
Belief is the state of mind in which a person thinks something to be the case with or without there being empirical evidence to prove that something is the case with factual certainty.
Betawi Malay, also known as Jakartan Malay or Batavian Malay, is the spoken language of the Betawi people in Jakarta, Indonesia.
Betawi people or Betawis (Orang Betawi in Indonesian, meaning "people of Batavia") are an Austronesian ethnic group native to the city of Jakarta and its immediate outskirts, as such often described as the native inhabitants of the city.
Blitar is a city in East Java, Indonesia, about 73 km from Malang and 167 km from Surabaya.
Bogor (Sundanese: ᮘᮧᮌᮧᮁ, Dutch: Buitenzorg) is a city in the West Java province, Indonesia.
Borneo (Pulau Borneo) is the third largest island in the world and the largest in Asia.
Borobudur, or Barabudur (Candi Borobudur, Candhi Barabudhur) is a 9th-century Mahayana Buddhist temple in Magelang Regency, not far from the town of Muntilan, in Central Java, Indonesia.
Brahmin (Sanskrit: ब्राह्मण) is a varna (class) in Hinduism specialising as priests, teachers (acharya) and protectors of sacred learning across generations.
The Brantas is the longest river in East Java, Indonesia.
The British Empire comprised the dominions, colonies, protectorates, mandates and other territories ruled or administered by the United Kingdom and its predecessor states.
Buddhism is the world's fourth-largest religion with over 520 million followers, or over 7% of the global population, known as Buddhists.
The Buginese people are an ethnic group—the most numerous of the three major linguistic and ethnic groups of South Sulawesi, in the southwestern province of Sulawesi, third largest island of Indonesia.
Cambridge University Press (CUP) is the publishing business of the University of Cambridge.
Manihot esculenta, commonly called cassava, manioc, yuca, mandioca and Brazilian arrowroot, is a woody shrub native to South America of the spurge family, Euphorbiaceae.
The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with more than 1.299 billion members worldwide.
A census is the procedure of systematically acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population.
Central Java (Jawa Tengah, abbreviated as Jateng) is a province of Indonesia.
Chinese Indonesians (Indonesian: Orang Tionghoa-Indonesia) are Indonesians descended from various Chinese ethnic groups, primarily the Han Chinese.
Chinese people are the various individuals or ethnic groups associated with China, usually through ancestry, ethnicity, nationality, citizenship or other affiliation.
Sattanar or Chithalai Sathanar (சாத்தனார், cītalai cāttanār) was the Tamil poet who composed the epic Manimekalai.
Cholera is an infection of the small intestine by some strains of the bacterium Vibrio cholerae.
A Christian is a person who follows or adheres to Christianity, an Abrahamic, monotheistic religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus Christ.
The Territory of Christmas Island is an Australian external territory comprising the island of the same name. Christmas Island is located in the Indian Ocean, around south of Java and Sumatra and around north-west of the closest point on the Australian mainland. It has an area of. Christmas Island had a population of 1,843 residents as of 2016, the majority of whom live in settlements on the northern tip of the island. The main settlement is Flying Fish Cove. Around two-thirds of the island's population is estimated to have Malaysian Chinese origin (though just 21.2% of the population declared a Chinese ancestry in 2016), with significant numbers of Malays and white Australians as well as smaller numbers of Malaysian Indians and Eurasians. Several languages are in use, including English, Malay, and various Chinese dialects. Islam and Buddhism are major religions on the island, though a vast majority of the population does not declare a formal religious affiliation and may be involved in ethnic Chinese religion. The first European to sight the island was Richard Rowe of the Thomas in 1615. The island was later named on Christmas Day (25 December) 1643 by Captain William Mynors, but only settled in the late 19th century. Its geographic isolation and history of minimal human disturbance has led to a high level of endemism among its flora and fauna, which is of interest to scientists and naturalists. The majority (63 percent) of the island is included in the Christmas Island National Park, which features several areas of primary monsoonal forest. Phosphate, deposited originally as guano, has been mined on the island since 1899.
Cilegon is a major coastal industrial city in Banten province, Indonesia, covering 175.51 km2.
Cirebon (formerly referred to as Cheribon in English) is a port city on the north coast of the Indonesian island of Java.
The Cirebonese or Cirebonese people are an Austronesian ethnic group native on the city of Cirebon and its immediate surrounding area, located in the northern part of the island of Java in Indonesia.
Citarum (Walungan Citarum) is the longest and largest river in West Java, Indonesia.
Clergy are some of the main and important formal leaders within certain religions.
Coffea arabica, also known as the Arabian coffee, "coffee shrub of Arabia", "mountain coffee", or "arabica coffee", is a species of Coffea.
Coffee is a brewed drink prepared from roasted coffee beans, which are the seeds of berries from the Coffea plant.
Indonesia was the fourth largest producer of coffee in the world in 2014.
A conduit, in esoterism, and spiritual discourse, is a specific object, person, location, or process (such as engaging in a séance or entering a trance) which allows a person to connect or communicate with a spiritual realm, metaphysical energy, or spiritual entity, or vice versa.
Cornelis de Houtman (2 April 1565 – 1 September 1599), brother of Frederick de Houtman, was a Dutch explorer who discovered a new sea route from Europe to Indonesia and who thus begun the Dutch spice trade.
Creole peoples (and its cognates in other languages such as crioulo, criollo, creolo, créole, kriolu, criol, kreyol, kreol, kriol, krio, kriyoyo, etc.) are ethnic groups which originated from creolisation, linguistic, cultural and racial mixing between colonial-era emigrants from Europe with non-European peoples, climates and cuisines.
The Cultivation System (cultuurstelsel) was a Dutch government policy in the mid-19th century for its Dutch East Indies colony (now Indonesia).
The Demak Sultanate was a Javanese Muslim state located on Java's north coast in Indonesia, at the site of the present day city of Demak.
The population of Indonesia according to the 2010 national census was 237.64 million, and it was estimated to reach 255.4 million in 2015.
Dieng Plateau is a marshy plateau that forms the floor of a caldera complex on the Dieng Volcanic Complex near Wonosobo, Central Java, Indonesia.
The dry season is a yearly period of low rainfall, especially in the tropics.
The United East India Company, sometimes known as the United East Indies Company (Vereenigde Oostindische Compagnie; or Verenigde Oost-Indische Compagnie in modern spelling; abbreviated to VOC), better known to the English-speaking world as the Dutch East India Company or sometimes as the Dutch East Indies Company, was a multinational corporation that was founded in 1602 from a government-backed consolidation of several rival Dutch trading companies.
The Dutch East India Company (Vereenigde Oost-Indische Compagnie, "United East India Company"; VOC) had a presence in the Indonesian archipelago from 1603, when the first trading post was established, to 1800, when the bankrupt company was dissolved, and its possessions nationalised as the Dutch East Indies.
The Dutch East Indies (or Netherlands East-Indies; Nederlands(ch)-Indië; Hindia Belanda) was a Dutch colony consisting of what is now Indonesia.
The Dutch (Dutch), occasionally referred to as Netherlanders—a term that is cognate to the Dutch word for Dutch people, "Nederlanders"—are a Germanic ethnic group native to the Netherlands.
The East Indies or the Indies are the lands of South and Southeast Asia.
East Java (Jawa Timur, abbreviated as Jatim, Jåwå Wétan) is a province of Indonesia.
The eastern salient of Java (Indonesian: ujung timur, "eastern end" or Tapal Kuda, "The Horseshoe" – referring to the region's shape on the map; bang wetan, "far east", Oosthoek, "eastern corner") is a region that makes up the easternmost part of the island of Java, Indonesia.
Endemism is the ecological state of a species being unique to a defined geographic location, such as an island, nation, country or other defined zone, or habitat type; organisms that are indigenous to a place are not endemic to it if they are also found elsewhere.
England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom.
Folklore is the expressive body of culture shared by a particular group of people; it encompasses the traditions common to that culture, subculture or group.
Foxtail millet (botanic name Setaria italica, synonym Panicum italicum L.) is an annual grass grown for human food.
France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.
Gajah Mada (c. 1290 – c. 1364) was, according to Javanese old manuscripts, poems and mythology, a powerful military leader and Mahapatih or (equal to) Prime Minister of the Hindu empire of Majapahit, credited with bringing the empire to its peak of glory.
Gamelan is the traditional ensemble music of Java and Bali in Indonesia, made up predominantly of percussive instruments.
The Church of the Sacred Heart of Jesus (Gereja Hati Kudus Yesus), also known as the Ganjuran Church (Gereja Ganjuran), is a Roman Catholic church located in Ganjuran, Bantul, Java, Indonesia.
The Geography (Γεωγραφικὴ Ὑφήγησις, Geōgraphikḕ Hyphḗgēsis, "Geographical Guidance"), also known by its Latin names as the Geographia and the Cosmographia, is a gazetteer, an atlas, and a treatise on cartography, compiling the geographical knowledge of the 2nd-century Roman Empire.
Giovanni de' Marignolli (Johannes Marignola;.), variously anglicized as John of Marignolli or John of Florence, was a notable 14th-century Catholic European traveller to medieval China.
The Great Post Road (Jalan Raya Pos or De Grote Postweg) is the name for the historical road that runs across Java that connects Anyer and Panarukan.
Greater Jakarta (Indonesian: Jakarta Raya) is the urban agglomeration surrounding Jakarta, Indonesia, the capital and largest city in the country, home to over 30 million people (2014).
The Greater Sunda Islands are a group of four large islands within the Malay Archipelago.
The green peafowl (Pavo muticus) (from Latin Pavo, peafowl; muticus, Mute, docked or curtailed) is a species of peafowl that is found in the tropical forests of Southeast Asia.
Gresik Regency (older spelling Grissee) (Javanese:Nggersik) is a regency within East Java Province of Indonesia.
Hayam Wuruk, also called (after 1350) Rajasanagara, Pa-ta-na-pa-na-wu, or Bhatara Prabhu, (1334–1389), was a Javanese Hindu King from the Rajasa Dynasty and the fourth monarch of the Indianised Majapahit Empire.
Herman Willem Daendels (21 October 1762 – 2 May 1818) was a Dutch politician who served as the 36th Governor General of the Dutch East Indies between 1808 and 1811.
Hindu refers to any person who regards themselves as culturally, ethnically, or religiously adhering to aspects of Hinduism.
Hinduism is an Indian religion and dharma, or a way of life, widely practised in the Indian subcontinent.
The history of Indonesia has been shaped by its geographic position, its natural resources, a series of human migrations and contacts, wars and conquests, as well as by trade, economics and politics.
Homo erectus (meaning "upright man") is an extinct species of archaic humans that lived throughout most of the Pleistocene geological epoch.
India (IAST), also called the Republic of India (IAST), is a country in South Asia.
The Indian Ocean is the third largest of the world's oceanic divisions, covering (approximately 20% of the water on the Earth's surface).
Indo-Aryan peoples are a diverse Indo-European-speaking ethnolinguistic group of speakers of Indo-Aryan languages.
Indonesia (or; Indonesian), officially the Republic of Indonesia (Republik Indonesia), is a transcontinental unitary sovereign state located mainly in Southeast Asia, with some territories in Oceania.
Indonesian (bahasa Indonesia) is the official language of Indonesia.
The Indonesian National Revolution, or Indonesian War of Independence (Perang Kemerdekaan Indonesia; Indonesische Onafhankelijkheidsoorlog), was an armed conflict and diplomatic struggle between the Republic of Indonesia and the Dutch Empire and an internal social revolution during postwar and postcolonial Indonesia.
Industry is the production of goods or related services within an economy.
The invasion of Java in 1811 was a successful British amphibious operation against the Dutch East Indian island of Java that took place between August and September 1811 during the Napoleonic Wars.
IslamThere are ten pronunciations of Islam in English, differing in whether the first or second syllable has the stress, whether the s is or, and whether the a is pronounced, or (when the stress is on the first syllable) (Merriam Webster).
An island or isle is any piece of sub-continental land that is surrounded by water.
Jakarta, officially the Special Capital Region of Jakarta (Daerah Khusus Ibu Kota Jakarta), is the capital and largest city of Indonesia.
The Japanese Empire occupied the Dutch East Indies, now Indonesia, during World War II from March 1942 until after the end of the War in September 1945.
Java Man (Homo erectus erectus; Javanese: Manungsa Jawa; Indonesian: Manusia Jawa) is early human fossils discovered on the island of Java (Indonesia) in 1891 and 1892.
The Java mouse-deer (Tragulus javanicus) is a species of even-toed ungulate in the family Tragulidae.
The Java Sea (Laut Jawa) is an extensive shallow sea on the Sunda Shelf.
The Javan elephant (Elephas maximus sondaicus) was a subspecies of the Asian elephant native to the island of Java.
The Javan hawk-eagle (Nisaetus bartelsi) (earlier placed in Spizaetus) is a medium-sized, approximately 60 cm long, dark brown raptor in the family Accipitridae.
The Javan leopard (Panthera pardus melas) is a leopard subspecies confined to the Indonesian island of Java and has been listed as Critically Endangered on the IUCN Red List since 2008.
The Javan lutung (Trachypithecus auratus), also known as the ebony lutung and Javan langur, is an Old World monkey from the Colobinae subfamily.
The Javan rhinoceros (Rhinoceros sondaicus), also known as the Sunda rhinoceros or lesser one-horned rhinoceros, is a very rare member of the family Rhinocerotidae and one of five extant rhinoceroses.
The Javan rusa or Sunda sambar (Rusa timorensis) is a deer native to the islands of Indonesia and East Timor.
The Javan tiger (Panthera tigris sondaica) is an extinct tiger population that lived in the Indonesian island of Java until the mid 1970s.
The Javan warty pig or Javan pig (Sus verrucosus) is a species of even-toed ungulate in the family Suidae.
Javanese (colloquially known as) is the language of the Javanese people from the central and eastern parts of the island of Java, in Indonesia.
The Javanese (Ngoko Javanese:, Madya Javanese:,See: Javanese language: Politeness Krama Javanese:, Ngoko Gêdrìk: wòng Jåwå, Madya Gêdrìk: tiyang Jawi, Krama Gêdrìk: priyantun Jawi, Indonesian: suku Jawa) are an ethnic group native to the Indonesian island of Java.
Kakawin are long narrative poems composed in Old Javanese, also called "Kawi", written in verse form with rhythms and metres derived from Sanskrit literature.
Kalingga (Karajan Kalingga; 訶陵 Hēlíng or 闍婆 Dūpó in Chinese sources) was the 6th century Indianized kingdom on the north coast of Central Java, Indonesia.
Kangean is a language spoken in Indonesia, in the Kangean Islands which lie to the east of Madura Island.
Karawang (Kota Karawang or Karawang Kota) is the capital of the Karawang Regency of West Java, Indonesia.
Kauman Great Mosque, approximate English translation of Javanese Mesjid Gedhe Kauman (officially Mesjid Gedhe Kauman Karaton Ngayogyakarta Hadiningrat) is a Great Mosque of the Yogyakarta Sultanate in Java, Indonesia.
Kediri or Kadiri (also known as Panjalu) was a Hindu Javanese Kingdom based in East Java from 1042 to around 1222.
Kedu Plain, also known as Progo River valley, is the fertile volcanic plain that lies between the volcanoes, Mount Sumbing and Mount Sundoro to the west, and Mount Merbabu and Mount Merapi to the east, roughly corresponds to present-day Magelang and Temanggung Regency of Central Java, Indonesia.
Kejawèn or Javanism, also called Kebatinan, Agama Jawa, and Kepercayaan, is a Javanese religious tradition, consisting of an amalgam of animistic, Buddhist, Hindu and Islamic, especially Sufi, beliefs and practices.
Ken Arok (or Ken Angrok), Rajasa (died c. 1227), was the founder and first ruler of Singhasari (also Singasari), a medieval Hindu–Buddhist kingdom in the East Java area of Indonesia.
Ken Dedes was the first queen of Singhasari.
King Siliwangi or Prabu Siliwangi (Sundanese) was a semi-legendary great king of the Hindu Sunda kingdom prior to the coming of Islam in West Java.
A kyai (kyaa-ee) is a (Javanese) expert in Islam.
The following is a list of amphibians of Java and Bali, Indonesia from Iskandar (1998).
This list of islands by area includes all islands in the world greater than and several other islands over, sorted in descending order by area.
This is a list of islands in the world ordered by population.
The islands of Indonesia, also known as the Indonesian archipelago and formerly known as the Indian archipelago, may refer either to the islands comprising the nation-state of Indonesia or to the geographical groups which include its islands.
This is a partial list of the identified hereditary rulers on the Indonesian island Java, together with those of the adjacent island Madura.
The Luso-Sundanese padrão is a stone pillar commemorating a treaty between the kingdoms of Portugal and Sunda, better known as the Luso-Sundanese Treaty of Sunda Kalapa.
Ma Huan (Xiao'erjing: ﻣَﺎ ﺧُﻮًا.) (c. 1380–1460), courtesy name Zongdao, pen name Mountain-woodcutter (會稽山樵), was a Chinese voyager and translator who accompanied Admiral Zheng He on three of his seven expeditions to the Western Oceans.
Madura is an Indonesian island off the northeastern coast of Java.
Madura Strait is a stretch of water that separates the Indonesian islands of Java and Madura, in the province of East Java.
Madurese is a language of the Madurese people of Madura Island and eastern Java, Indonesia; it is also spoken on the neighbouring small Kangean Islands and Sapudi Islands, as well as by migrants to other parts of Indonesia, namely the eastern salient of Java (comprising Pasuruan, Surabaya, Malang to Banyuwangi), the Masalembu Islands, and even some on Kalimantan.
The Madurese (sometimes Madurace or Madhure) also known as Orang Madura and Suku Madura in Indonesian are an ethnic group originally from the island of Madura now found in many parts of Indonesia, where they are the third-largest ethnic group by population.
Magelang is one of six cities in Central Java, each of which is governed by a mayor rather than a bupati.
The Mahābhārata (महाभारतम्) is one of the two major Sanskrit epics of ancient India, the other being the Rāmāyaṇa.
Mahāyāna (Sanskrit for "Great Vehicle") is one of two (or three, if Vajrayana is counted separately) main existing branches of Buddhism and a term for classification of Buddhist philosophies and practice.
Maize (Zea mays subsp. mays, from maíz after Taíno mahiz), also known as corn, is a cereal grain first domesticated by indigenous peoples in southern Mexico about 10,000 years ago.
The Majapahit Empire (Javanese: ꦏꦫꦠꦺꦴꦤ꧀ꦩꦗꦥꦲꦶꦠ꧀ Karaton Majapahit, Kerajaan Majapahit) was a thalassocracy in Southeast Asia, based on the island of Java (part of modern-day Indonesia), that existed from 1293 to circa 1500.
The Makassar people (also known as Mangasara, Mengkasara, Macassar, Taena, Tena, or Gowa) are an ethnic group that inhabits the southern part of the South Peninsula, Sulawesi (formerly Celebes) in Indonesia.
Malay (Bahasa Melayu بهاس ملايو) is a major language of the Austronesian family spoken in Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia and Singapore.
Malays (Orang Melayu, Jawi: أورڠ ملايو) are an Austronesian ethnic group that predominantly inhabit the Malay Peninsula, eastern Sumatra and coastal Borneo, as well as the smaller islands which lie between these locations — areas that are collectively known as the Malay world.
The Maluku Islands or the Moluccas are an archipelago within Banda Sea, Indonesia.
A mangrove is a shrub or small tree that grows in coastal saline or brackish water.
Manimekalai (மணிமேகலை), by the poet Chithalai Chathanar, is one of The Five Great Epics of Tamil Literature according to later Tamil literary tradition.
Manuk River (means: Bird River in Sundanese) is a river in West Java, Indonesia.
The Sultanate of Mataram was the last major independent Javanese kingdom on Java before the island was colonised by the Dutch.
The Medang Empire or Mataram Kingdom was a Javanese Hindu–Buddhist kingdom that flourished between the 8th and 11th centuries.
Mendut is a ninth-century Buddhist temple, located in Mendut village, Mungkid sub-district, Magelang Regency, Central Java, Indonesia.
Meru Betiri National Park is a national park in the province of East Java, Indonesia, extending over an area of 580 km2 of which a small part is marine (8.45 km2).
Minangkabau people (Minangkabau: Urang Minang; Indonesian: Suku Minang; Jawi script: اورڠ مينڠ), also known as Minang, are an ethnic group indigenous to the Minangkabau Highlands of West Sumatra, Indonesia.
The Ministry of Health (Indonesian: Kementerian Kesehatan) is a government ministry which organise public health affairs within the Indonesian government.
Mount Gede Pangrango National Park is a national park in West Java, Indonesia.
Mount Halimun Salak National Park is a 400 km2 conservation area in the Indonesian province of West Java on the island of Java.
Mount Lawu, or Gunung Lawu, is a massive compound stratovolcano straddling the border between East Java and Central Java, Indonesia.
Mount Merapi, Gunung Merapi (literally Fire Mountain in Indonesian and Javanese), is an active stratovolcano located on the border between Central Java and Yogyakarta provinces, Indonesia.
A mountain is a large landform that stretches above the surrounding land in a limited area, usually in the form of a peak.
Multilingualism is the use of more than one language, either by an individual speaker or by a community of speakers.
A Muslim (مُسلِم) is someone who follows or practices Islam, a monotheistic Abrahamic religion.
Mysticism is the practice of religious ecstasies (religious experiences during alternate states of consciousness), together with whatever ideologies, ethics, rites, myths, legends, and magic may be related to them.
The Napoleonic Wars (1803–1815) were a series of major conflicts pitting the French Empire and its allies, led by Napoleon I, against a fluctuating array of European powers formed into various coalitions, financed and usually led by the United Kingdom.
The natural environment encompasses all living and non-living things occurring naturally, meaning in this case not artificial.
Natural rubber, also called India rubber or caoutchouc, as initially produced, consists of polymers of the organic compound isoprene, with minor impurities of other organic compounds, plus water.
The Netherlands (Nederland), often referred to as Holland, is a country located mostly in Western Europe with a population of seventeen million.
North Carolina is a U.S. state in the southeastern region of the United States.
The North Coast Road (Jalur Pantai Utara (Jalur Pantura)), is the name for the road, 1,430 km in length, that connects Merak and Banyuwangi along the northern coast of Java, particularly between Jakarta and Surabaya.
Omsk Oblast (О́мская о́бласть, Omskaya oblast) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast), located in southwestern Siberia.
The Osing language (Indonesian:Bahasa Osing), locally known as the language of Banyuwangi, is the language of the Osing people of East Java, Indonesia.
The Osing people (Ngoko Javanese:, Madya Javanese:, Krama Javanese:, Ngoko Gêdrìk: wòng Ôsìng, Madya Gêdrìk: tiyang Ôsìng, Krama Gêdrìk: priyantun Ôsìng, Osing: laré Using, Indonesian: suku Osing) are a community living in the eastern salient of Java, Indonesia, in the easternmost part of East Java.
A paddy field is a flooded parcel of arable land used for growing semiaquatic rice.
Parahyangan or Priangan or Preanger is a cultural and mountainous region in West Java province on the island of Java in Indonesia.
A peasant is a pre-industrial agricultural laborer or farmer, especially one living in the Middle Ages under feudalism and paying rent, tax, fees or services to a landlord.
Pesantren or Pondok Pesantren are Islamic boarding schools in Indonesia.
The Portuguese were the first Europeans to establish a colonial presence in the East Indies.
Portuguese Malacca was the territory of Malacca that, for 130 years (1511–1641), was a Portuguese colony.
Portuguese people are an ethnic group indigenous to Portugal that share a common Portuguese culture and speak Portuguese.
Prambanan or Rara Jonggrang (Rara Jonggrang) is a 9th-century Hindu temple compound in Central Java, Indonesia, dedicated to the Trimurti, the expression of God as the Creator (Brahma), the Preserver (Vishnu) and the Transformer (Shiva).
Pramoedya Ananta Toer (EYD: Pramudya Ananta Tur) (6 February 1925 – 30 April 2006) was an Indonesian author of novels, short stories, essays, polemics and histories of his homeland and its people.
The Proto-Austronesian language (PAN) is the reconstructed ancestor of the Austronesian languages, one of the world's major language families.
Provincial-level administrative divisions or first-level administrative divisions, are the highest-level Chinese administrative divisions.
The Provinces of Indonesia are the 34 largest subdivisions of the country and the highest tier of the local government (Daerah Tingkat I – level I region).
Claudius Ptolemy (Κλαύδιος Πτολεμαῖος, Klaúdios Ptolemaîos; Claudius Ptolemaeus) was a Greco-Roman mathematician, astronomer, geographer, astrologer, and poet of a single epigram in the Greek Anthology.
Pura Parahyangan Agung Jagatkarta ("the perfect divine nature") or often referred to simply as Pura Jagatkarta is a Hindu temple of Nusantara located in in Ciapus village, Tamansari subdistrict, Bogor Regency, West Java, Indonesia.
Quinine is a medication used to treat malaria and babesiosis.
Raden Wijaya (also known as Nararya Sangramawijaya, regnal name Kertarajasa Jayawardhana), Raden Vijaya, (reigned 1293–1309) was a Javanese King, the founder and the first monarch of Majapahit empire.
Rama or Ram (Sanskrit: राम, IAST: Rāma), also known as Ramachandra, is a major deity of Hinduism.
Ramayana (रामायणम्) is an ancient Indian epic poem which narrates the struggle of the divine prince Rama to rescue his wife Sita from the demon king Ravana.
The Rhacophoridae are a family of frog species, which occur in tropical sub-Saharan Africa, South India and Sri Lanka, Japan; northeastern India to eastern China south through the Philippines and Greater Sundas, and Sulawesi.
Rice is the seed of the grass species Oryza sativa (Asian rice) or Oryza glaberrima (African rice).
A river is a natural flowing watercourse, usually freshwater, flowing towards an ocean, sea, lake or another river.
The Roman Empire (Imperium Rōmānum,; Koine and Medieval Greek: Βασιλεία τῶν Ῥωμαίων, tr.) was the post-Roman Republic period of the ancient Roman civilization, characterized by government headed by emperors and large territorial holdings around the Mediterranean Sea in Europe, Africa and Asia.
Sangiran is an archaeological excavation site in Java in Indonesia.
Sanskrit is the primary liturgical language of Hinduism; a philosophical language of Hinduism, Sikhism, Buddhism and Jainism; and a former literary language and lingua franca for the educated of ancient and medieval India.
The Santri is a cultural 'stream' of people within the population of Javanese who practice a more orthodox version of Islam, in contrast to the abangan classes.
A savanna or savannah is a mixed woodland grassland ecosystem characterised by the trees being sufficiently widely spaced so that the canopy does not close.
A schism (pronounced, or, less commonly) is a division between people, usually belonging to an organization, movement, or religious denomination.
Semarang (formerly Dutch: Samarang), is a city on the north coast of the island of Java, Indonesia.
Semeru, or Mount Semeru (Indonesian: Gunung Semeru), is an active volcano located in East Java, Indonesia.
Serang municipality (Kota Serang, Sundanese) is the capital of Banten province and was formerly also the administrative center of Serang Regency in Indonesia (the Regency's capital is now at Baros).
Serayu River is a river in Central Java, Indonesia.
A settler is a person who has migrated to an area and established a permanent residence there, often to colonize the area.
The Shailendra dynasty (derived from Sanskrit combined words Śaila and Indra, meaning "King of the Mountain", also spelled Sailendra, Syailendra or Selendra) was the name of a notable Indianised Indonesian dynasty that emerged in 8th century Java, whose reign signified a cultural renaissance in the region.
Shaivism (Śaivam) (Devanagari: शैव संप्रदाय) (Bengali: শৈব) (Tamil: சைவம்) (Telugu: శైవ సాంప్రదాయం) (Kannada:ಶೈವ ಸಂಪ್ರದಾಯ) is one of the major traditions within Hinduism that reveres Shiva as the Supreme Being.
Sheba (Ge'ez: ሳባ, Saba, سبأ, Sabaʾ, South Arabian S-b-ʾ, שבא, Šəḇā) was a South Arabian speaking kingdom believed to be in modern day Yemen mentioned in the Hebrew Bible (Old Testament) and the Quran.
Shiva (Sanskrit: शिव, IAST: Śiva, lit. the auspicious one) is one of the principal deities of Hinduism.
Sidoarjo Regency is a regency (kabupaten) of East Java, Indonesia.
The silvery gibbon (Hylobates moloch) is a primate in the gibbon family, Hylobatidae.
Singhasari was a Javanese Hindu–Buddhist kingdom located in east Java between 1222 and 1292 (today Indonesia).
Sita (pronounced, Sanskrit: सीता, IAST: Sītā) or Seeta, is the consort of Lord Rama (incarnation of Vishnu) and an avatar of Sri Lakshmi, the Hindu goddess that denotes good sign, good fortune, prosperity, success, and happiness.
Solo River (alternatively, Bengawan Solo, with Bengawan being an Old Javanese word for river) is the longest river in the Indonesian island of Java, it is approximately 600 km (370 mi) in length.
South Asia or Southern Asia (also known as the Indian subcontinent) is a term used to represent the southern region of the Asian continent, which comprises the sub-Himalayan SAARC countries and, for some authorities, adjoining countries to the west and east.
Southeast Asia or Southeastern Asia is a subregion of Asia, consisting of the countries that are geographically south of China, east of India, west of New Guinea and north of Australia.
The Special Administrative Region of Yogyakarta (occasionally pronounced or; Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta (DIY), or simply Yogyakarta) is a region of Republic of Indonesia in the middle of Java.
A spice is a seed, fruit, root, bark, or other plant substance primarily used for flavoring, coloring or preserving food.
The history of arrival and spread of Islam in Indonesia is unclear.
Sir Thomas Stamford Bingley Raffles, FRS (6 July 1781 – 5 July 1826) was a British statesman, Lieutenant-Governor of British Java (1811–1815) and Governor-General of Bencoolen (1817–1822), best known for his founding of Modern Singapore.
Subud (pronounced) is an international spiritual movement that began in Indonesia in the 1920s, founded by Muhammad Subuh Sumohadiwidjojo.
Sugarcane, or sugar cane, are several species of tall perennial true grasses of the genus Saccharum, tribe Andropogoneae, native to the warm temperate to tropical regions of South and Southeast Asia, Polynesia and Melanesia, and used for sugar production.
In the Hindu epic Ramayana, Sugriva (Sanskrit: सुग्रीव, IAST: sugrīva สุคฺรีว, lit. beautiful necked) was younger brother of Vali, whom he succeeded as ruler of the vanara or monkey kingdom of Kishkindha.
Muhammad Suharto (also written Soeharto;, or Muhammad Soeharto; 8 June 1921 – 27 January 2008) was an Indonesian military leader and politician who served as the second President of Indonesia, holding the office for 31 years from the ousting of Sukarno in 1967 until his resignation in 1998.
Sukabumi (ᮞᮥᮊᮘᮥᮙᮤ) is a city surrounded by the regency of the same name in the southern foothills of Mount Gede, in West Java, Indonesia, about south of the national capital, Jakarta At an altitude of approximately, the city is a minor hill station resort, with a cooler climate than the surrounding lowlands.
The Sultanate of Cirebon (Kesultanan Cirebon, Kasultanan Cirebon) was an Islamic sultanate in West Java founded in the 15th century.
Sumatra is an Indonesian island in Southeast Asia that is part of the Sunda Islands.
The Sunda Kingdom (Sundanese: Karajaan Sunda) was a Sundanese Hindu kingdom located in the western portion of the island of Java from 669 to around 1579, covering the area of present-day Banten, Jakarta, West Java, and the western part of Central Java.
The Sunda Strait (Indonesian: Selat Sunda) is the strait between the Indonesian islands of Java and Sumatra.
Sundanese (in Sundanese script ᮘᮞ ᮞᮥᮔ᮪ᮓ, literally "language of Sunda") is a Malayo-Polynesian language spoken by the Sundanese.
The Sundanese (Sundanese:, Urang Sunda) are an Austronesian ethnic group native to the western part of the Indonesian island of Java.
The supernatural (Medieval Latin: supernātūrālis: supra "above" + naturalis "natural", first used: 1520–1530 AD) is that which exists (or is claimed to exist), yet cannot be explained by laws of nature.
Surabaya (formerly Dutch: Soerabaia and later Surabaja) is a port city and the capital of East Java (Jawa Timur) province of Indonesia.
Surakarta (ꦯꦸꦫꦏꦂꦠ, often called Solo or less common spelling Sala) is a city in Central Java.
Tangerang (Sundanese:, Chinese: 丹格朗) is a city in the province of Banten, Indonesia.
Tantu Pagelaran or Tangtu Panggelaran is an Old Javanese manuscript written in the Kawi language that originated from the 15th century Majapahit period.
Tarumanagara or Taruma Kingdom or just Taruma is an early Sundanese Indianised kingdom, whose 5th-century ruler, Purnawarman, produced the earliest known inscriptions on Java island.
Tea is an aromatic beverage commonly prepared by pouring hot or boiling water over cured leaves of the Camellia sinensis, an evergreen shrub (bush) native to Asia.
"Tea" is a poem from Wallace Stevens's first book of poetry, Harmonium. It was first published in 1915 in the journal Rogue, so it is in the public domain.
The Tenggerese (Ngoko Javanese:, Madya Javanese:, Krama Javanese:, Ngoko Gêdrìk: wòng Tĕnggĕr, Madya Gêdrìk: tiyang Tĕnggĕr, Krama Gêdrìk: priyantun Tĕnggĕr, Indonesian: suku Tengger) people are a Javanese ethnic group in eastern Java who claim to be the descendants of the Majapahit princes.
History of Java is a book written by Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles, and published in 1817.
The Jakarta Post is a daily English language newspaper in Indonesia.
A toll road, also known as a turnpike or tollway, is a public or private road for which a fee (or toll) is assessed for passage.
The transmigration program (Transmigrasi, from Dutch, transmigratie) was an initiative of the Dutch colonial government, and later continued by the Indonesian government to move landless people from densely populated areas of Indonesia to less populous areas of the country.
The Treaty of Paris, signed on 30 May 1814, ended the war between France and the Sixth Coalition, part of the Napoleonic Wars, following an armistice signed on 23 April between Charles, Count of Artois, and the allies.
Tribhuwana Wijayatunggadewi, known in her regnal name Tribhuwannottunggadewi Jayawishnuwardhani, also known as Dyah Gitarja, was a Javanese queen regnant and the third Majapahit monarch, reigning from 1328 to 1350.
Tropical rainforests are rainforests that occur in areas of tropical rainforest climate in which there is no dry season – all months have an average precipitation of at least 60 mm – and may also be referred to as lowland equatorial evergreen rainforest.
A state is a constituent political entity of the United States.
Ujung Kulon (English: Western End or Point West) National Park is located at the westernmost tip of Java, within Banten province of Indonesia.
A volcano is a rupture in the crust of a planetary-mass object, such as Earth, that allows hot lava, volcanic ash, and gases to escape from a magma chamber below the surface.
Wayang (Krama Javanese: Ringgit, "Shadow"), also known as Wajang, is a form of puppet theatre art found in Indonesia and other parts of Southeast Asia, wherein a dramatic story is told through shadows thrown by puppets and sometimes combined with human characters.
West Java (Jawa Barat, abbreviated as Jabar; Sundanese: Jawa Kulon) is a province of Indonesia.
The monsoon season, is the time of year when most of a region's average annual rainfall occurs.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
The Yingya Shenglan, written by Ma Huan, is a book about the countries visited by him over the course of Zheng He's treasure voyages.
Yogyakarta (also Jogja or Jogjakarta; ꦛꦔꦪꦺꦴꦒꦾꦏꦂꦠ; formerly Dutch: Djokjakarta/Djocjakarta or Djokja) is a city on the island of Java in Indonesia.
The Yuan dynasty, officially the Great Yuan (Yehe Yuan Ulus), was the empire or ruling dynasty of China established by Kublai Khan, leader of the Mongolian Borjigin clan.
Djawa, ID-JW, Island of Java, Java (Indonesia), Java (island), Java Island, Java island, Java, Indonesia, Java-Indonesia, Jawa (Indonesia), Jawa (island), Jawa Dwipa, Jawa, Indonesia, She-po, Shepo, ꦗꦮ.