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Jean-Baptiste Lamarck

Index Jean-Baptiste Lamarck

Jean-Baptiste Pierre Antoine de Monet, Chevalier de Lamarck (1 August 1744 – 18 December 1829), often known simply as Lamarck, was a French naturalist. [1]

154 relations: Academy, Acclimatization, Aconitum lamarckii, Adaptation, Alpheus Spring Packard, Amelanchier lamarckii, American Philosophical Society, Amiens, André Thouin, Annelid, Antoine Laurent de Jussieu, Antoine Lavoisier, Apis mellifera lamarckii, Aplysiidae, Arachnid, Ark clam, August Weismann, Augustin Pyramus de Candolle, Azolla, Étienne Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, Baldwin effect, Bazentin, Bernard de Jussieu, Biologist, Biology, Blue jellyfish, Botany, Bourbon Restoration, Bursa lamarckii, Cambridge University Press, Carinaria lamarckii, Cengage, Central dogma of molecular biology, Centre national de la recherche scientifique, Charles Coulston Gillispie, Charles Darwin, Charles-Claude Flahaut de la Billaderie, Cockle (bivalve), Crustacean, Cultural evolution, De mortuis nil nisi bonum, Deism, Digitalis lanata, DNA, Echinoderm, Encyclopédie Méthodique, Environmental determinism, Epigenetics, Ernst Mayr, Erosaria lamarckii, ..., Eva Jablonka, Evolution, Exaptation, France, French Academy of Sciences, French language, French Republican Calendar, French Revolution, Gene, Gene-centered view of evolution, Genetic assimilation, Genicanthus lamarck, Georges Cuvier, Georges-Louis Leclerc, Comte de Buffon, Germ plasm, God, Gottfried Reinhold Treviranus, Hard inheritance, Harvard University Press, Henry Fairfield Osborn, Herbarium, History of evolutionary thought, Honey bee, Insect, International Plant Names Index, Intragenomic conflict, Invertebrate, Invertebrate zoology, James Duncan (zoologist), James Moore (biographer), Jardin des plantes, Journal of the History of Biology, Karl Friedrich Burdach, Kingdom of France, Knight, Lamarckia, Lamarckism, Linda Hall Library, Louis XVI of France, Lysenkoism, Macmillan Publishers, Malacology, Maladaptation, Marginella lamarcki, Marion J. Lamb, Martin J. S. Rudwick, Memetics, Methylation, Michael Ghiselin, Michael Ruse, Mollusca, Monaco, Montparnasse Cemetery, Morum purpureum, National Museum of Natural History (France), Natural history, Naturalism (philosophy), Neutral theory of molecular evolution, Oenothera lamarckiana, On the Origin of Species, Orthogenesis, Paleontology, Paris, Peter J. Bowler, Phenotypic plasticity, Philosophie Zoologique, Philosophy of biology, Picardy, Pomatoceros lamarckii, Prussia, Random House Webster's Unabridged Dictionary, René Louiche Desfontaines, Rhizophora × lamarckii, Richard W. Burkhardt, Ross Honeywill, Royal Society of Edinburgh, Seven Years' War, Siege of Bergen op Zoom (1747), Simon Conway Morris, Sir William Lawrence, 1st Baronet, Society of Jesus, Society of the Friends of Truth, Soldier, Soma (biology), Spandrel (biology), Species, Spontaneous generation, Stephen Jay Gould, Steve Jones (biologist), Taxonomy (biology), Teleology, The Journal of Neuroscience, The Structure of Evolutionary Theory, Thomas Beddoes, Transcription (biology), Transgenerational epigenetic inheritance, Transmutation of species, Uniformitarianism, University of California Press, University of Chicago Press, Vitalism, Washington University in St. Louis, William Healey Dall, World Register of Marine Species. Expand index (104 more) »


An academy (Attic Greek: Ἀκαδήμεια; Koine Greek Ἀκαδημία) is an institution of secondary education, higher learning, research, or honorary membership.

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Acclimatization or acclimatisation (also called acclimation or acclimatation) is the process in which an individual organism adjusts to a change in its environment (such as a change in altitude, temperature, humidity, photoperiod, or pH), allowing it to maintain performance across a range of environmental conditions.

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Aconitum lamarckii

Aconitum lamarckii is a herbaceous plant species of the genus Aconitum in the family Ranunculaceae.

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In biology, adaptation has three related meanings.

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Alpheus Spring Packard

Alpheus Spring Packard, Jr., LL.D. (February 19, 1839 – February 14, 1905) was an American entomologist and palaeontologist.

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Amelanchier lamarckii

Amelanchier lamarckii, also called juneberry, serviceberry or shadbush, is a large deciduous flowering shrub or small tree in the family Rosaceae.

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American Philosophical Society

The American Philosophical Society (APS), founded in 1743 and located in Philadelphia, is an eminent scholarly organization of international reputation that promotes useful knowledge in the sciences and humanities through excellence in scholarly research, professional meetings, publications, library resources, and community outreach.

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Amiens is a city and commune in northern France, north of Paris and south-west of Lille.

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André Thouin

André Thouin (10 February 1746 – 24 October 1824) was a French botanist born in Paris.

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The annelids (Annelida, from Latin anellus, "little ring"), also known as the ringed worms or segmented worms, are a large phylum, with over 22,000 extant species including ragworms, earthworms, and leeches.

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Antoine Laurent de Jussieu

Antoine Laurent de Jussieu (12 April 1748 – 17 September 1836) was a French botanist, notable as the first to publish a natural classification of flowering plants; much of his system remains in use today.

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Antoine Lavoisier

Antoine-Laurent de Lavoisier (also Antoine Lavoisier after the French Revolution;; 26 August 17438 May 1794) CNRS (Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique) was a French nobleman and chemist who was central to the 18th-century chemical revolution and who had a large influence on both the history of chemistry and the history of biology.

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Apis mellifera lamarckii

Lamarck's honey bee or the Egyptian honey bee, Apis mellifera lamarckii, is a subspecies of honey bee native to the Nile valley of Egypt and Sudan, named after Jean-Baptiste Lamarck.

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Aplysiidae is the only family in the superfamily Aplysioidea, within the clade Anaspidea.

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Arachnids are a class (Arachnida) of joint-legged invertebrate animals (arthropods), in the subphylum Chelicerata.

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Ark clam

Ark clam is the common name for a family of small to large-sized saltwater clams or marine bivalve molluscs in the family Arcidae.

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August Weismann

August Friedrich Leopold Weismann (17 January 1834 – 5 November 1914) was a German evolutionary biologist.

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Augustin Pyramus de Candolle

Augustin Pyramus de Candolle also spelled Augustin Pyrame de Candolle (4 February 17789 September 1841) was a Swiss botanist.

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Azolla (mosquito fern, duckweed fern, fairy moss, water fern) is a genus of seven species of aquatic ferns in the family Salviniaceae.

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Étienne Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire

Étienne Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire (15 April 1772 – 19 June 1844) was a French naturalist who established the principle of "unity of composition".

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Baldwin effect

In evolutionary biology, the Baldwin effect describes the effect of learned behavior on evolution.

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Bazentin is a commune in the Somme department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.

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Bernard de Jussieu

Bernard de Jussieu (17 August 1699 – 6 November 1777) was a French naturalist, younger brother of Antoine de Jussieu.

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A biologist, is a scientist who has specialized knowledge in the field of biology, the scientific study of life.

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Biology is the natural science that studies life and living organisms, including their physical structure, chemical composition, function, development and evolution.

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Blue jellyfish

Cyanea lamarckii, also known as the blue jellyfish or bluefire jellyfish, is a species of jellyfish in the family Cyaneidae.

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Botany, also called plant science(s), plant biology or phytology, is the science of plant life and a branch of biology.

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Bourbon Restoration

The Bourbon Restoration was the period of French history following the fall of Napoleon in 1814 until the July Revolution of 1830.

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Bursa lamarckii

Bursa lamarckii (Lamarck's frog shell) is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Bursidae, the frog shells.

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Cambridge University Press

Cambridge University Press (CUP) is the publishing business of the University of Cambridge.

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Carinaria lamarckii

Carinaria lamarckii is a species of sea gastropod, a holoplanktonic marine gastropod mollusk in the family Carinariidae.

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Cengage is an educational content, technology, and services company for the higher education, K-12, professional, and library markets worldwide.

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Central dogma of molecular biology

The central dogma of molecular biology is an explanation of the flow of genetic information within a biological system.

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Centre national de la recherche scientifique

The French National Center for Scientific Research (Centre national de la recherche scientifique, CNRS) is the largest governmental research organisation in France and the largest fundamental science agency in Europe.

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Charles Coulston Gillispie

Charles Coulston Gillispie (August 6, 1918 – October 6, 2015) was an American historian of science, and the Dayton-Stockton Professor of History of Science, Emeritus at Princeton University.

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Charles Darwin

Charles Robert Darwin, (12 February 1809 – 19 April 1882) was an English naturalist, geologist and biologist, best known for his contributions to the science of evolution.

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Charles-Claude Flahaut de la Billaderie

Charles-Claude Flahaut de la Billaderie, comte d'Angiviller (1730–1810) was the director of the Bâtiments du Roi, a forerunner of a minister of fine arts in charge of the royal building works, under Louis XVI of France, from 1775.

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Cockle (bivalve)

A cockle is a small, edible, marine bivalve mollusc.

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Crustaceans (Crustacea) form a large, diverse arthropod taxon which includes such familiar animals as crabs, lobsters, crayfish, shrimp, krill, woodlice, and barnacles.

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Cultural evolution

Cultural evolution is an evolutionary theory of social change.

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De mortuis nil nisi bonum

The Latin phrases De mortuis nihil nisi bonum and De mortuis nil nisi bene ("Of the dead, nothing but good") indicate that it is socially inappropriate to speak ill of the dead.

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Deism (or; derived from Latin "deus" meaning "god") is a philosophical belief that posits that God exists and is ultimately responsible for the creation of the universe, but does not interfere directly with the created world.

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Digitalis lanata

Digitalis lanata (often called woolly foxglove or Grecian foxglove) is a species of foxglove.

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Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) is a thread-like chain of nucleotides carrying the genetic instructions used in the growth, development, functioning and reproduction of all known living organisms and many viruses.

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Echinoderm is the common name given to any member of the phylum Echinodermata (from Ancient Greek, ἐχῖνος, echinos – "hedgehog" and δέρμα, derma – "skin") of marine animals.

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Encyclopédie Méthodique

The Encyclopédie méthodique par ordre des matières ("Methodical Encyclopedia by Order of Subject Matter") was published between 1782 and 1832 by the French publisher Charles Joseph Panckoucke, his son-in-law Henri Agasse, and the latter´s wife, Thérèse-Charlotte Agasse.

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Environmental determinism

Environmental determinism (also known as climatic determinism or geographical determinism) is the study of how the physical environment predisposes societies and states towards particular development trajectories.

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Epigenetics is the study of heritable changes in gene function that do not involve changes in the DNA sequence.

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Ernst Mayr

Ernst Walter Mayr (5 July 1904 – 3 February 2005) was one of the 20th century's leading evolutionary biologists.

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Erosaria lamarckii

Erosaria lamarckii, common name the Lamarck's cowrie, is a species of sea snail, a cowry, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Cypraeidae, the cowries.

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Eva Jablonka

Eva Jablonka (חווה יבלונקה) (born 1952) is an Israeli theorist and geneticist, known especially for her interest in epigenetic inheritance.

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Evolution is change in the heritable characteristics of biological populations over successive generations.

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Exaptation (Stephen Jay Gould and Elisabeth Vrba's proposed replacement for what he considered the teleologically-loaded term "pre-adaptation") and the related term co-option describe a shift in the function of a trait during evolution.

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France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.

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French Academy of Sciences

The French Academy of Sciences (French: Académie des sciences) is a learned society, founded in 1666 by Louis XIV at the suggestion of Jean-Baptiste Colbert, to encourage and protect the spirit of French scientific research.

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French language

French (le français or la langue française) is a Romance language of the Indo-European family.

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French Republican Calendar

The French Republican Calendar (calendrier républicain français), also commonly called the French Revolutionary Calendar (calendrier révolutionnaire français), was a calendar created and implemented during the French Revolution, and used by the French government for about 12 years from late 1793 to 1805, and for 18 days by the Paris Commune in 1871.

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French Revolution

The French Revolution (Révolution française) was a period of far-reaching social and political upheaval in France and its colonies that lasted from 1789 until 1799.

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In biology, a gene is a sequence of DNA or RNA that codes for a molecule that has a function.

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Gene-centered view of evolution

The gene-centered view of evolution, gene's eye view, gene selection theory, or selfish gene theory holds that adaptive evolution occurs through the differential survival of competing genes, increasing the allele frequency of those alleles whose phenotypic trait effects successfully promote their own propagation, with gene defined as "not just one single physical bit of DNA all replicas of a particular bit of DNA distributed throughout the world".

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Genetic assimilation

Genetic assimilation is a process by which a phenotype originally produced in response to an environmental condition, such as exposure to a teratogen, later becomes genetically encoded via artificial selection or natural selection.

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Genicanthus lamarck

Genicanthus lamarck, commonly called blackstriped angelfish or Lamarck's angelfish among various vernacular names, is a species of marine fish in the family Pomacanthidae.

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Georges Cuvier

Jean Léopold Nicolas Frédéric, Baron Cuvier (23 August 1769 – 13 May 1832), known as Georges Cuvier, was a French naturalist and zoologist, sometimes referred to as the "founding father of paleontology".

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Georges-Louis Leclerc, Comte de Buffon

Georges-Louis Leclerc, Comte de Buffon (7 September 1707 – 16 April 1788) was a French naturalist, mathematician, cosmologist, and encyclopédiste.

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Germ plasm

Germ plasm is August Weismann's 19th century concept (German: Keimplasma) that heritable information is transmitted only by germ cells in the gonads (ovaries and testes), not by somatic cells.

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In monotheistic thought, God is conceived of as the Supreme Being and the principal object of faith.

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Gottfried Reinhold Treviranus

Gottfried Reinhold Treviranus (4 February 1776, Bremen – 16 February 1837, Bremen) was a German physician, naturalist, and proto-evolutionary biologist.

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Hard inheritance

Hard inheritance is the exact opposite of soft inheritance, coined by Ernst Mayr to contrast ideas about inheritance.

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Harvard University Press

Harvard University Press (HUP) is a publishing house established on January 13, 1913, as a division of Harvard University, and focused on academic publishing.

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Henry Fairfield Osborn

Henry Fairfield Osborn, Sr. (August 8, 1857 – November 6, 1935) was an American paleontologist and geologist.

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A herbarium (plural: herbaria) is a collection of preserved plant specimens and associated data used for scientific study.

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History of evolutionary thought

Evolutionary thought, the conception that species change over time, has roots in antiquity – in the ideas of the ancient Greeks, Romans, and Chinese as well as in medieval Islamic science.

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Honey bee

A honey bee (or honeybee) is any member of the genus Apis, primarily distinguished by the production and storage of honey and the construction of perennial, colonial nests from wax.

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Insects or Insecta (from Latin insectum) are hexapod invertebrates and the largest group within the arthropod phylum.

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International Plant Names Index

The International Plant Names Index (IPNI) describes itself as "a database of the names and associated basic bibliographical details of seed plants, ferns and lycophytes." Coverage of plant names is best at the rank of species and genus.

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Intragenomic conflict

Intragenomic conflict refers to the evolutionary phenomenon where genes have phenotypic effects that promote their own transmission in detriment of the transmission of other genes that reside in the same genome.

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Invertebrates are animals that neither possess nor develop a vertebral column (commonly known as a backbone or spine), derived from the notochord.

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Invertebrate zoology

Invertebrate zoology is the subsystem of zoology that consists of the study of invertebrates, animals without a backbone (a structure which is found only in fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds and mammals.) Invertebrates are a vast and very diverse group of animals that includes sponges, echinoderms, tunicates, numerous different phyla of worms, molluscs, arthropods and many additional phyla.

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James Duncan (zoologist)

James Duncan (1804–1861) was a Scottish naturalist.

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James Moore (biographer)

James Moore, historian of science at the Open University and the University of Cambridge and visiting scholar at Harvard University, is noted as the author of several biographies of Charles Darwin.

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Jardin des plantes

The Jardin des plantes (French for 'Garden of the Plants'), also known as the jardin des plantes de Paris when distinguished from other jardins des plantes in other cities, is the main botanical garden in France.

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Journal of the History of Biology

The Journal of the History of Biology is a quarterly peer-reviewed academic journal covering the history of biology as well as philosophical and social issues confronting biology.

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Karl Friedrich Burdach

Karl Friedrich Burdach (12 June 1776 – 16 July 1847) was a German physiologist.

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Kingdom of France

The Kingdom of France (Royaume de France) was a medieval and early modern monarchy in Western Europe.

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A knight is a person granted an honorary title of knighthood by a monarch, bishop or other political leader for service to the monarch or a Christian Church, especially in a military capacity.

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Lamarckia is a Eurasian and African plant in the grass family.

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Lamarckism (or Lamarckian inheritance) is the hypothesis that an organism can pass on characteristics that it has acquired through use or disuse during its lifetime to its offspring.

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Linda Hall Library

The Linda Hall Library is a privately endowed American library of science, engineering and technology located in Kansas City, Missouri, sitting "majestically on a urban arboretum." It is the "largest independently funded public library of science, engineering and technology in North America" and "among the largest science libraries in the world.".

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Louis XVI of France

Louis XVI (23 August 1754 – 21 January 1793), born Louis-Auguste, was the last King of France before the fall of the monarchy during the French Revolution.

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Lysenkoism (Lysenkovshchina) was a political campaign against genetics and science-based agriculture conducted by Trofim Lysenko, his followers and Soviet authorities.

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Macmillan Publishers

Macmillan Publishers Ltd (occasionally known as the Macmillan Group) is an international publishing company owned by Holtzbrinck Publishing Group.

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Malacology is the branch of invertebrate zoology that deals with the study of the Mollusca (mollusks or molluscs), the second-largest phylum of animals in terms of described species after the arthropods.

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A maladaptation is a trait that is (or has become) more harmful than helpful, in contrast with an adaptation, which is more helpful than harmful.

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Marginella lamarcki

Marginella lamarcki is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Marginellidae, the margin snails.

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Marion J. Lamb

Marion J. Lamb (born 29 July 1939) was Senior Lecturer at Birkbeck, University of London, before her retirement.

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Martin J. S. Rudwick

Martin John Spencer Rudwick (born 1932) is a British geologist, historian, and academic.

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Memetics is the study of information and culture based on an analogy with Darwinian evolution.

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In the chemical sciences, methylation denotes the addition of a methyl group on a substrate, or the substitution of an atom (or group) by a methyl group.

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Michael Ghiselin

Michael T. Ghiselin (born May 13, 1939) is an American biologist, and philosopher as well as historian of biology, formerly at the California Academy of Sciences.

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Michael Ruse

Michael Ruse, (born 21 June 1940) is a philosopher of science who specializes in the philosophy of biology and works on the relationship between science and religion, the creation–evolution controversy, and the demarcation problem within science.

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Mollusca is a large phylum of invertebrate animals whose members are known as molluscs or mollusksThe formerly dominant spelling mollusk is still used in the U.S. — see the reasons given in Gary Rosenberg's.

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Monaco, officially the Principality of Monaco (Principauté de Monaco), is a sovereign city-state, country and microstate on the French Riviera in Western Europe.

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Montparnasse Cemetery

Montparnasse Cemetery (Cimetière du Montparnasse) is a cemetery in the Montparnasse quarter of Paris, part of the city's 14th arrondissement.

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Morum purpureum

Morum purpureum is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Harpidae, the harp snails.

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National Museum of Natural History (France)

The French National Museum of Natural History, known in French as the (abbreviation MNHN), is the national natural history museum of France and a grand établissement of higher education part of Sorbonne Universities.

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Natural history

Natural history is a domain of inquiry involving organisms including animals, fungi and plants in their environment; leaning more towards observational than experimental methods of study.

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Naturalism (philosophy)

In philosophy, naturalism is the "idea or belief that only natural (as opposed to supernatural or spiritual) laws and forces operate in the world." Adherents of naturalism (i.e., naturalists) assert that natural laws are the rules that govern the structure and behavior of the natural universe, that the changing universe at every stage is a product of these laws.

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Neutral theory of molecular evolution

The neutral theory of molecular evolution holds that at the molecular level most evolutionary changes and most of the variation within and between species is not caused by natural selection but by genetic drift of mutant alleles that are neutral.

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Oenothera lamarckiana

Oenothera lamarckiana (evening primrose or evening-primrose) is a plant species in family Onagraceae, indigenous to North American Plains (all regions of North America).

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On the Origin of Species

On the Origin of Species (or more completely, On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection, or the Preservation of Favoured Races in the Struggle for Life),The book's full original title was On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection, or the Preservation of Favoured Races in the Struggle for Life.

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Orthogenesis, also known as orthogenetic evolution, progressive evolution, evolutionary progress, or progressionism, is the biological hypothesis that organisms have an innate tendency to evolve in a definite direction towards some goal (teleology) due to some internal mechanism or "driving force".

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Paleontology or palaeontology is the scientific study of life that existed prior to, and sometimes including, the start of the Holocene Epoch (roughly 11,700 years before present).

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Paris is the capital and most populous city of France, with an area of and a population of 2,206,488.

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Peter J. Bowler

Peter J. Bowler (born 8 October 1944) is a historian of biology who has written extensively on the history of evolutionary thought, the history of the environmental sciences, and on the history of genetics.

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Phenotypic plasticity

Phenotypic plasticity refers to some of the changes in an organism's behavior, morphology and physiology in response to a unique environment.

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Philosophie Zoologique

Philosophie Zoologique ("Zoological Philosophy, or Exposition with Regard to the Natural History of Animals") is an 1809 book by the French naturalist Jean-Baptiste Lamarck, in which he outlines his pre-Darwinian theory of evolution, part of which is now known as Lamarckism.

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Philosophy of biology

The philosophy of biology is a subfield of philosophy of science, which deals with epistemological, metaphysical, and ethical issues in the biological and biomedical sciences.

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Picardy (Picardie) is a historical territory and a former administrative region of France.

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Pomatoceros lamarckii

Pomatoceros lamarckii is a species of tube-building annelid worms which is widespread in intertidal and sub-littoral zones around the United Kingdom and northern Europe.

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Prussia (Preußen) was a historically prominent German state that originated in 1525 with a duchy centred on the region of Prussia.

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Random House Webster's Unabridged Dictionary

Random House Webster's Unabridged Dictionary is a large American dictionary, first published in 1966 as The Random House Dictionary of the English Language: The Unabridged Edition.

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René Louiche Desfontaines

René Louiche Desfontaines (14 February 1750 – 16 November 1833) was a French botanist.

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Rhizophora × lamarckii

Rhizophora × lamarckii is a hybrid of Rhizophora apiculata and Rhizophora stylosa.

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Richard W. Burkhardt

Richard Wellington Burkhardt (May 18, 1918 – March 4, 2014) was the 8th President of Ball State University, from 1978 to 1979.

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Ross Honeywill

Ross Honeywill is an Australian social scientist.

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Royal Society of Edinburgh

The Royal Society of Edinburgh is Scotland's national academy of science and letters.

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Seven Years' War

The Seven Years' War was a global conflict fought between 1756 and 1763.

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Siege of Bergen op Zoom (1747)

The Siege of Bergen op Zoom (Dutch, Beleg van Bergen op Zoom) took place during the Austrian War of Succession, when a French army, under the command of Lowendal and the overall direction of Marshal Maurice de Saxe, laid siege and captured the strategic Dutch border fortress of Bergen op Zoom on the border of Brabant and Zeeland in 1747.

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Simon Conway Morris

Simon Conway Morris (born 1951) is an English palaeontologist, evolutionary biologist, and astrobiologist known for his study of the fossils of the Burgess Shale and the Cambrian explosion.

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Sir William Lawrence, 1st Baronet

Sir William Lawrence, 1st Baronet (16 July 1783 – 5 July 1867) was an English surgeon who became President of the Royal College of Surgeons of London and Serjeant Surgeon to the Queen.

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Society of Jesus

The Society of Jesus (SJ – from Societas Iesu) is a scholarly religious congregation of the Catholic Church which originated in sixteenth-century Spain.

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Society of the Friends of Truth

The Society of the Friends of Truth (Amis de la Verité), also known as the Social Club (French: Cercle social), was a French revolutionary organization founded in 1790.

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A soldier is one who fights as part of an army.

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Soma (biology)

The soma (pl. somata or somas), perikaryon (pl. perikarya), neurocyton, or cell body is the bulbous, non-process portion of a neuron or other brain cell type, containing the cell nucleus.

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Spandrel (biology)

In evolutionary biology, a spandrel is a phenotypic characteristic that is a byproduct of the evolution of some other characteristic, rather than a direct product of adaptive selection.

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In biology, a species is the basic unit of classification and a taxonomic rank, as well as a unit of biodiversity, but it has proven difficult to find a satisfactory definition.

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Spontaneous generation

Spontaneous generation refers to an obsolete body of thought on the ordinary formation of living organisms without descent from similar organisms.

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Stephen Jay Gould

Stephen Jay Gould (September 10, 1941 – May 20, 2002) was an American paleontologist, evolutionary biologist, and historian of science.

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Steve Jones (biologist)

(John) Stephen Jones (born 24 March 1944) is a Welsh geneticist and from 1995 to 1999 and 2008 to June 2010 was Head of the Department of Genetics, Evolution and Environment at University College London.

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Taxonomy (biology)

Taxonomy is the science of defining and naming groups of biological organisms on the basis of shared characteristics.

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Teleology or finality is a reason or explanation for something in function of its end, purpose, or goal.

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The Journal of Neuroscience

The Journal of Neuroscience is a weekly peer-reviewed scientific journal published by the Society for Neuroscience.

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The Structure of Evolutionary Theory

The Structure of Evolutionary Theory (2002) is Harvard paleontologist Stephen Jay Gould's technical book on macroevolution and the historical development of evolutionary theory.

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Thomas Beddoes

Thomas Beddoes (13 April 1760 – 24 December 1808) was an English physician and scientific writer.

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Transcription (biology)

Transcription is the first step of gene expression, in which a particular segment of DNA is copied into RNA (especially mRNA) by the enzyme RNA polymerase.

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Transgenerational epigenetic inheritance

Transgenerational epigenetic inheritance is the transmission of information from one generation of an organism to the next (i.e., parent–child transmission) that affects the traits of offspring without alteration of the primary structure of DNA (i.e., the sequence of nucleotides)—in other words, epigenetically.

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Transmutation of species

Transmutation of species and transformism are 19th-century evolutionary ideas for the altering of one species into another that preceded Charles Darwin's theory of natural selection.

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Uniformitarianism, also known as the Doctrine of Uniformity,, "The assumption of spatial and temporal invariance of natural laws is by no means unique to geology since it amounts to a warrant for inductive inference which, as Bacon showed nearly four hundred years ago, is the basic mode of reasoning in empirical science.

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University of California Press

University of California Press, otherwise known as UC Press, is a publishing house associated with the University of California that engages in academic publishing.

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University of Chicago Press

The University of Chicago Press is the largest and one of the oldest university presses in the United States.

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Vitalism is the belief that "living organisms are fundamentally different from non-living entities because they contain some non-physical element or are governed by different principles than are inanimate things".

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Washington University in St. Louis

Washington University in St.

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William Healey Dall

William Healey Dall (August 21, 1845 – March 27, 1927) was an American naturalist, a prominent malacologist, and one of the earliest scientific explorers of interior Alaska.

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World Register of Marine Species

The World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) is a database that aims to provide an authoritative and comprehensive list of names of marine organisms.

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Redirects here:

Chevalier De La Marck, Chevalier de Lamarck, Chevalier de Lamarck Jean Baptiste Pierre Antoine de Monet, De Lamarck, Inherent progressive tendency, J. B. P. Lamarck, Jean Baptiste Antoine Pierre de Monnet de Lamarck, Jean Baptiste Lamarck, Jean Baptiste Lemarck, Jean Baptiste Pierre Antoine De Monet Chevalier De Lamarck, Jean Baptiste Pierre Antoine de Monet, Jean Baptiste Pierre Antoine de Monet Lamarck, Jean Baptiste Pierre Antoinette De Monet De Lamarck, Jean Baptiste de Monet de Lamarck, Jean Lamarck, Jean-Baptiste De Monet Chevalier De Lamarck, Jean-Baptiste Lamarck's, Jean-Baptiste Lamark, Jean-Baptiste Pierre Antoine De Monet, Jean-Baptiste Pierre Antoine De Monet Chevalier De Lamarck, Jean-Baptiste Pierre Antoine De Monet, Chevalier De La Marck, Jean-Baptiste Pierre Antoine de Monet, Jean-Baptiste Pierre Antoine de Monet de Lamarck, Jean-Baptiste Pierre Antoine de Monet, Chevalier de Lamarck, Jean-Baptiste de Lamarck, Jean-Baptiste de Monet, Chevalier de Lamarck, Lam., Lam. (taxon author), Lamarck, Lamarck Jean Baptiste Pierre Antoine De Monet Chevalier, Lamarck, Chevalier de, Lamark.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jean-Baptiste_Lamarck

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