322 relations: Adjutant, Airborne forces, Aisey-sur-Seine, Aix-en-Provence, Alexander Patch, Alfortville, Allies of World War II, Alphonse Joseph Georges, Alphonse Juin, Alsace, Amiens, Angers, Angoulême, Antoine Béthouart, Arc de Triomphe, Argentan, Argentina, Armistice of 22 June 1940, Army general (France), Army of Africa (France), Arras, Asnières-sur-Seine, Aubagne, Aulnay-sous-Bois, École spéciale militaire de Saint-Cyr, Élancourt, Évry, Essonne, Battle of France, Battle of Hòa Bình, Battle of Marseille, Battle of Mạo Khê, Battle of the Bulge, Battle of the Day River, Battle of Toulon (1944), Battle of Vĩnh Yên, Battle of Verdun, Bernard de Lattre de Tassigny, Bernard Montgomery, Besançon, Bizanos, Bois-Colombes, Boissy-Saint-Léger, Bondy, Bordeaux, Bougival, Boulogne-Billancourt, Bourges, Brazil, Brest, France, Brive-la-Gaillarde, ..., Cachan, Caen, Calais, Cambrai, Carcassonne, Case Anton, Cavalry, Cavanac, Chalon-sur-Saône, Chambon-sur-Cisse, Champs-Élysées, Charenton-le-Pont, Charge (warfare), Charles de Gaulle, Chaumont, Haute-Marne, Château-d'Olonne, Châteaumeillant, Châtillon-sur-Seine, Chelles, Oise, Chenôve, Chevilly-Larue, Chief of the Defence Staff (France), Chile, Choisy-le-Roi, Clermont-Ferrand, Clichy, Hauts-de-Seine, Colmar, Colmar Pocket, Colonial Medal, Combat, Commander-in-chief, Communism, Compiègne, Corbeil-Essonnes, Courcelles-Chaussy, Crémieu, Créteil, Croissy-sur-Seine, Croix de guerre (Belgium), Croix de Guerre 1914–1918 (France), Croix de Guerre 1939–1945 (France), Croix de guerre des théâtres d'opérations extérieures, Czechoslovak War Cross 1939–1945, Da Nang, Dijon, Distinguished Service Medal (U.S. Army), Division (military), Divisional general, Douglas MacArthur, Dwight D. Eisenhower, Edgard de Larminat, Elba, Ermont, Escapees' Medal, Espéraza, Fécamp, Ferdinand Foch, Fifth Army (France), First Indochina War, Flag of France, Floing, Ardennes, Fontenay-le-Comte, Fontenay-sous-Bois, Foulayronnes, Frank W. Milburn, Free France, French Army, French Far East Expeditionary Corps, French Forces in Germany, French Forces of the Interior, French Indochina, French Navy, Gagny, Général, General (United States), Georges Clemenceau, Georgy Zhukov, Gonesse, Gun carriage, Haguenau, Haiphong, Hautmont, Hàn River, Hélie de Saint Marc, Henri Navarre, Interwar period, Jacob L. Devers, Jarny, Joseph de Goislard de Monsabert, Kepi, Killed in action, Korean War, La Celle-Saint-Cloud, La Ciotat, La Crau, La Roche-sur-Yon, La Rochelle, La Turballe, Laon, Latte, Lavelanet, Le Chesnay, Le Havre, Le Pecq, Le Thillot, Legion of Honour, Legion of Merit, Les Herbiers, Les Invalides, Levallois-Perret, Libourne, Life (magazine), Lille, Limoges, List of French paratrooper units, List of Marshals of France, List of Presidents of France, Longwy, Lost Battalion (Europe, World War II), Louviers, Lying in state, Lyon, Maisons-Alfort, Maisons-Laffitte, Manosque, Mantes-la-Jolie, Marching Regiment of the Foreign Legion, Marie-Pierre Kœnig, Marseille, Maxime Weygand, Médaille militaire, Melun, Metz, Meudon, Military awards and decorations, Military Cross, Military Health Service honour medal, Military Order of the White Lion, Moissac, Mollau, Mont-Saint-Aignan, Montereau-Fault-Yonne, Montesson, Montpellier, Mouilleron-en-Pareds, Moulins, Allier, Mourenx, Musée de l'Armée, Nancy, France, Nantes, Narbonne, National Order of Vietnam, Neuilly-sur-Marne, Neuilly-sur-Seine, Niort, Non-U.S. recipients of U.S. gallantry awards, Normandie-Niemen, Normandy, Notre-Dame de Paris, Officer (armed forces), Operation Dragoon, Operation Overlord, Operation Torch, Order of Glory (Tunisia), Order of Leopold (Belgium), Order of Liberation, Order of Merit (Chile), Order of Orange-Nassau, Order of Ouissam Alaouite, Order of St. Olav, Order of Suvorov, Order of the Bath, Order of the Black Star, Order of the Cross of Grunwald, Order of the Dannebrog, Order of the Liberator General San Martín, Order of the Million Elephants and the White Parasol, Orsay, Palace of Versailles, Paul Arnaud de Foïard, Philippe Leclerc de Hauteclocque, Philippe Pétain, Pierre Jeanpierre, Pierre Segrétain, Plivot, Pont-de-Vaux, Pontarlier, Pontoise, Provins, Ranks in the French Army, Raoul Salan, Rémy Raffalli, Reims, Remiremont, Republican Guard (France), Rethel, Rhône, Rif War, Roanne, Rodez, Romagnat, Rouen, Royal Order of Cambodia, Rue de Rivoli, Rueil-Malmaison, Saint-Andiol, Saint-Étienne, Saint-Brevin-les-Pins, Saint-Cloud, Saint-Denis, Réunion, Saint-Dié-des-Vosges, Saint-Germain-en-Laye, Saint-Gilles-Croix-de-Vie, Saint-Maximin-la-Sainte-Baume, Saint-Rémy-de-Provence, Sainte-Flaive-des-Loups, Sannois, Sarlat-la-Canéda, Sartrouville, Savigny-sur-Orge, Sète, Sélestat, Schiltigheim, Sedan, Ardennes, Seine, Senlis, Sens, Sixth United States Army Group, Skenderaj, Special forces, Strasbourg, Sucy-en-Brie, Suresnes, Tarascon, Thann, Haut-Rhin, The Pentagon, Thiais, Toulouse, Troop, Trouville-sur-Mer, Troyes, Uhlan, United States Armed Forces, United States Army Europe, Uruguay, Vanves, Vétraz-Monthoux, Võ Nguyên Giáp, Vendée, Việt Minh, Vichy France, Vienne, Isère, Villecresnes, Villiers-sur-Marne, Vincent Auriol, Violaines, Virtuti Militari, Vitry-le-François, Voiron, Western Front (World War II), Western Union (alliance), World War I, World War II, Wound, Wounded in action, XXI Corps (United States), 1914–1918 Commemorative war medal (France), 1914–1918 Inter-Allied Victory medal (France), 1st Army (France), 21st Infantry Division (France), 2nd Armored Division (France), 5th Hussar Regiment (France). 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Adjutant is a military appointment given to an officer who assists the commanding officer with unit administration.
Airborne Military parachuting or gliding form of inserting personnel or supplies.
Aisey-sur-Seine is a French commune in the Côte-d'Or department in the Bourgogne-Franche-Comté region of eastern France.
Aix-en-Provence (Provençal Occitan: Ais de Provença in classical norm, or Ais de Prouvènço in Mistralian norm,, Aquae Sextiae), or simply Aix (medieval Occitan Aics), is a city-commune in the south of France, about north of Marseille.
General Alexander McCarrell "Sandy" Patch (November 23, 1889 – November 21, 1945) was a senior United States Army officer, who fought in both World War I and World War II.
Alfortville is a commune in the Val-de-Marne department in the southeastern suburbs of Paris, France.
The Allies of World War II, called the United Nations from the 1 January 1942 declaration, were the countries that together opposed the Axis powers during the Second World War (1939–1945).
Alphonse Joseph Georges (August 15, 1875 in Allier - Montluçon – April 24, 1951 in Paris) was a French army officer.
Alphonse Pierre Juin (16 December 1888 – 27 January 1967) was a senior French Army officer who became a Marshal of France.
Alsace (Alsatian: ’s Elsass; German: Elsass; Alsatia) is a cultural and historical region in eastern France, on the west bank of the upper Rhine next to Germany and Switzerland.
Amiens is a city and commune in northern France, north of Paris and south-west of Lille.
Angers is a city in western France, about southwest of Paris.
Angoulême (Poitevin-Saintongeais: Engoulaeme; Engoleime) is a commune, the capital of the Charente department, in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of southwestern France.
Marie Émile Antoine Béthouart (17 December 1889 – 17 October 1982) was a French Army general who served during World War I and World War II.
The Arc de Triomphe de l'Étoile (Triumphal Arch of the Star) is one of the most famous monuments in Paris, standing at the western end of the Champs-Élysées at the center of Place Charles de Gaulle, formerly named Place de l'Étoile — the étoile or "star" of the juncture formed by its twelve radiating avenues.
Argentan is a commune and the seat of two cantons and of an arrondissement in the Orne department in northwestern France.
Argentina, officially the Argentine Republic (República Argentina), is a federal republic located mostly in the southern half of South America.
The Armistice of 22 June 1940 was signed at 18:36.
A général d'armée (army general) is the highest active military rank of the French Army.
The Army of Africa (Armée d’Afrique) was an unofficial but commonly used term for those portions of the French Army recruited from or normally stationed in French North Africa (Morocco, Algeria and Tunisia) from 1830 until the end of the Algerian War in 1962.
Arras (Atrecht) is the capital (chef-lieu/préfecture) of the Pas-de-Calais department, which forms part of the region of Hauts-de-France; prior to the reorganization of 2014 it was located in Nord-Pas-de-Calais.
Asnières-sur-Seine is a commune in the northwestern suburbs of Paris, France, along the river Seine.
Aubagne (Aubanha in Occitan according to the classic norm or Aubagno according to the Mistralian norm) is a commune in the Bouches-du-Rhône department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region of southern France.
Aulnay-sous-Bois is a commune in the Seine-Saint-Denis department in the Île-de-France region in the north-eastern suburbs of Paris, France.
The École Spéciale Militaire de Saint-Cyr (ESM, literally the "Special Military School of Saint-Cyr") is the foremost French military academy.
Élancourt is a commune in the Yvelines department in the Île-de-France in north-central France.
Évry is a commune in the southern suburbs of Paris, France, prefecture of the department of Essonne.
The Battle of France, also known as the Fall of France, was the German invasion of France and the Low Countries during the Second World War.
The Battle of Hòa Bình was fought during the First Indochina War.
The Battle of Marseille refers to the combat and other actions from August 21–28, 1944 which led to the liberation of Marseille by French forces in World War II.
The Battle of Mạo Khê (Mạo Khê), occurring from March 23 to March 28, 1951, was a significant engagement in the First Indochina War between the French Union and the Việt Minh.
The Battle of the Bulge (16 December 1944 – 25 January 1945) was the last major German offensive campaign on the Western Front during World War II.
The Battle of the Day River (French: bataille du Day) took place between late May and early June 1951, around the Day River Delta in the Gulf of Tonkin.
The Battle of Toulon (1944) refers to the combat and other actions in World War II from August 20–26, 1944 which led to the liberation of Toulon by French forces under the command of General Edgard de Larminat.
The Battle of Vĩnh Yên (Trận Vĩnh Yên), also called Tran Hung Dao Campaign by Vietminh, which occurred from 13 to 17 January 1951, was a major engagement in the First Indochina War between the French Union and the Việt Minh.
The Battle of Verdun (Bataille de Verdun,, Schlacht um Verdun), fought from 21 February to 18 December 1916, was the largest and longest battle of the First World War on the Western Front between the German and French armies.
Bernard de Lattre de Tassigny (11 February 1928 – 30 May 1951) was a French Army officer, who fought during World War II and the First Indochina War.
Field Marshal Bernard Law Montgomery, 1st Viscount Montgomery of Alamein, (17 November 1887 – 24 March 1976), nicknamed "Monty" and "The Spartan General", was a senior British Army officer who fought in both the First World War and the Second World War.
Besançon (French and Arpitan:; archaic Bisanz, Vesontio) is the capital of the department of Doubs in the region of Bourgogne-Franche-Comté.
Bizanos (Visanòs) is a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in southwestern France.
Bois-Colombes is a commune in the northwestern suburbs of Paris, France.
Boissy-Saint-Léger is a commune in the Val-de-Marne department in the southeastern suburbs of Paris, France.
Bondy is a commune in the northeastern suburbs of Paris, France.
Bordeaux (Gascon Occitan: Bordèu) is a port city on the Garonne in the Gironde department in Southwestern France.
Bougival is a commune (or village) in the Yvelines department in the Île-de-France region in north-central France.
Boulogne-Billancourt (often colloquially called simply Boulogne, until 1924 Boulogne-sur-Seine) is a commune in the western suburbs of Paris, France.
Bourges is a city in central France on the Yèvre river.
Brazil (Brasil), officially the Federative Republic of Brazil (República Federativa do Brasil), is the largest country in both South America and Latin America.
Brest is a city in the Finistère département in Brittany.
Brive-la-Gaillarde (Limousin dialect of Occitan language: Briva la Galharda) is a commune of France.
Cachan is a commune in the southern suburbs of Paris, France. It is located from the center of Paris. The prestigious École normale supérieure Paris-Saclay and École Spéciale des Travaux Publics are located there.
Caen (Norman: Kaem) is a commune in northwestern France.
Calais (Calés; Kales) is a city and major ferry port in northern France in the department of Pas-de-Calais, of which it is a sub-prefecture.
Cambrai (Kimbré; Kamerijk; historically in English Camerick and Camericke) is a commune in the Nord department and in the Hauts-de-France region of France on the Scheldt river, which is known locally as the Escaut river.
Carcassonne (Carcaso) is a French fortified city in the department of Aude, in the region of Occitanie.
Operation Anton, or Fall Anton, in German, was the codename for the military occupation of Vichy France carried out by Germany and Italy in November 1942.
Cavalry (from the French cavalerie, cf. cheval 'horse') or horsemen were soldiers or warriors who fought mounted on horseback.
Cavanac is a commune in the Aude department in southern France.
Chalon-sur-Saône is a commune in the Saône-et-Loire department in the region of Bourgogne-Franche-Comté in eastern France.
Chambon-sur-Cisse is a former commune in the Loir-et-Cher department in central France.
The Avenue des Champs-Élysées is an avenue in the 8th arrondissement of Paris, long and wide, running between the Place de la Concorde and the Place Charles de Gaulle, where the Arc de Triomphe is located.
Charenton-le-Pont is a commune in the southeastern suburbs of Paris, France.
A charge is a maneuver in battle in which combatants advance towards their enemy at their best speed in an attempt to engage in close combat.
Charles André Joseph Marie de Gaulle (22 November 1890 – 9 November 1970) was a French general and statesman who led the French Resistance against Nazi Germany in World War II and chaired the Provisional Government of the French Republic from 1944 to 1946 in order to reestablish democracy in France.
Chaumont is a commune of France, and the capital (or préfecture) of the Haute-Marne department.
Château-d'Olonne is a commune of the Vendée department in the Pays de la Loire region in western France.
Châteaumeillant is a commune in the Cher department in the Centre-Val de Loire region of France.
Châtillon-sur-Seine is a commune of the Côte-d'Or department in eastern France.
Chelles is a commune in the Oise department in northern France.
Chenôve (/ʃəno:v/) is a commune in the Côte-d'Or department in the Bourgogne-Franche-Comté region of France.
Chevilly-Larue is a commune in the southern suburbs of Paris, France.
The Chief of the General Staff of the Armies ((C)hef d'(É)tat-(M)ajor des (A)rmées) (acronym: C.E.M.A.) is the chief (Chef) of the general staff headquarters (État-Major) of the Armies (Armées) of France and leading senior military officer responsible for usage of the French Armed Forces, ensuring the commandment of all military operations (under reserve of the particular dispositions relative to nuclear deterrence).
Chile, officially the Republic of Chile, is a South American country occupying a long, narrow strip of land between the Andes to the east and the Pacific Ocean to the west.
Choisy-le-Roi is a commune in the Val-de-Marne department in the southeastern suburbs of Paris, France.
Clermont-Ferrand (Auvergnat Clharmou, Augustonemetum) is a city and commune of France, in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region, with a population of 141,569 (2012).
Clichy (sometimes unofficially Clichy-la-Garenne) is a commune in the northwestern suburbs of Paris, France.
Colmar (Alsatian: Colmer; German during 1871–1918 and 1940–1945: Kolmar) is the third-largest commune of the Alsace region in north-eastern France.
The Colmar Pocket (Poche de Colmar; Brückenkopf Elsass) was the area held in central Alsace, France, by the German Nineteenth Army from November 1944 to February 1945, against the U.S. 6th Army Group (6th AG) during World War II.
The Colonial Medal ("Médaille Coloniale") was a French decoration created by the "loi de finances" of 26 July 1893 (article 75) to reward "military services in the colonies, resulting from participation in military operations, in a colony or a protectorate".
Combat (French for fight) is a purposeful violent conflict meant to weaken, establish dominance over, or kill the opposition, or to drive the opposition away from a location where it is not wanted or needed.
A commander-in-chief, also sometimes called supreme commander, or chief commander, is the person or body that exercises supreme operational command and control of a nation's military forces.
In political and social sciences, communism (from Latin communis, "common, universal") is the philosophical, social, political, and economic ideology and movement whose ultimate goal is the establishment of the communist society, which is a socioeconomic order structured upon the common ownership of the means of production and the absence of social classes, money and the state.
Compiègne is a commune in the Oise department in northern France.
Corbeil-Essonnes on the River Seine is a commune in the southern suburbs of Paris, France.
Courcelles-Chaussy (Kurzel an der Straße) is a commune in the Moselle department in Grand Est in north-eastern France.
Crémieu is a commune in the Isère department in southeastern France.
Créteil is a commune in the southeastern suburbs of Paris, France.
Croissy-sur-Seine is a commune in the Yvelines department in the Île-de-France region in north-central France.
The Croix de guerre (French) or Oorlogskruis (Dutch), both literally translating as "War Cross", is a military decoration of the Kingdom of Belgium established by royal decree on 25 October 1915.
The Croix de guerre 1914–1918 (War Cross) is a French military decoration, the first version of the Croix de guerre.
The Croix de guerre 1939–1945 (War Cross 1939–1945) is a French military decoration, a version of the Croix de guerre created on September 26, 1939, to honour people who fought with the Allies against the Axis forces at any time during World War II.
The Croix de guerre des théâtres d'opérations extérieurs (War Cross for foreign operational theatres), also called the Croix de Guerre TOE for short, is a French military award denoting citations earned in combat in foreign countries.
The Czechoslovak War Cross 1939–1945 (Československý válečný kříž 1939–1945 in Czech, Československý vojnový kríž 1939–1945 in Slovak) is a military decoration of the former state of Czechoslovakia which was issued for those who had provided great service to the Czechoslovak state (in exile) during the years of World War II.
Da Nang (Đà Nẵng) is the fourth largest city in Vietnam after Ho Chi Minh City (Saigon), Hanoi and Haiphong in terms of urbanization and economy.
Dijon is a city in eastern:France, capital of the Côte-d'Or département and of the Bourgogne-Franche-Comté region.
The Distinguished Service Medal (DSM) is a military award of the United States Army that is presented to any person who, while serving in any capacity with the United States military, has distinguished himself by exceptionally meritorious service to the Government in a duty of great responsibility.
A division is a large military unit or formation, usually consisting of between 10,000 and 20,000 soldiers.
Divisional general is a rank of general in command of a division.
Douglas MacArthur (26 January 18805 April 1964) was an American five-star general and Field Marshal of the Philippine Army.
Dwight David "Ike" Eisenhower (October 14, 1890 – March 28, 1969) was an American army general and statesman who served as the 34th President of the United States from 1953 to 1961.
Edgard de Larminat (29 November 1895 – 1 July 1962) was a French general, who fought in two World Wars.
Elba (isola d'Elba,; Ilva; Ancient Greek: Αἰθαλία, Aithalia) is a Mediterranean island in Tuscany, Italy, from the coastal town of Piombino, and the largest island of the Tuscan Archipelago.
Ermont is a commune in the northern suburbs of Paris, France.
The Escapees' Medal (Médaille des Évadés) is a military award bestowed by the government of France to individuals who were prisoners of war and who successfully escaped internment or died as a result of their escape attempt.
Espéraza (Esperasan) is a commune in the Aude department in southern France.
Fécamp is a commune in the Seine-Maritime department in the Normandy region in northern France.
Marshal Ferdinand Jean Marie Foch (2 October 1851 – 20 March 1929) was a French general and military theorist who served as the Supreme Allied Commander during the First World War.
The Fifth Army was a famous fighting force that participated in World War I. Under its enthusiastic and offensive-minded commander, Louis Franchet d'Espèrey, it led the decisive attacks which resulted in the spectacular victory at the First Battle of the Marne in 1914.
The First Indochina War (generally known as the Indochina War in France, and as the Anti-French Resistance War in Vietnam) began in French Indochina on 19 December 1946, and lasted until 20 July 1954.
The flag of France (Drapeau français) is a tricolour flag featuring three vertical bands coloured blue (hoist side), white, and red.
Floing is a commune in the Ardennes department in northern France.
Fontenay-le-Comte is a commune in the Vendée department in the Pays de la Loire region in France.
Fontenay-sous-Bois is a commune in the eastern suburbs of Paris, France.
Foulayronnes is a commune in the Lot-et-Garonne department in south-western France.
Frank William Milburn (January 11, 1892 - October 25, 1962) was a general in the United States Army during World War II and the Korean War.
Free France and its Free French Forces (French: France Libre and Forces françaises libres) were the government-in-exile led by Charles de Gaulle during the Second World War and its military forces, that continued to fight against the Axis powers as one of the Allies after the fall of France.
The French Army, officially the Ground Army (Armée de terre) (to distinguish it from the French Air Force, Armée de L'air or Air Army) is the land-based and largest component of the French Armed Forces.
The French Far East Expeditionary Corps (Corps Expéditionnaire Français en Extrême-Orient, CEFEO) was a colonial expeditionary force of the French Union Army that was initially formed in French Indochina during 1945 during the Pacific War.
The French Forces in Germany were French military forces stationed in Germany after the Second World War.
The French Forces of the Interior (Forces Françaises de l'Intérieur) refers to French resistance fighters in the later stages of World War II.
French Indochina (previously spelled as French Indo-China) (French: Indochine française; Lao: ສະຫະພັນອິນດູຈີນ; Khmer: សហភាពឥណ្ឌូចិន; Vietnamese: Đông Dương thuộc Pháp/東洋屬法,, frequently abbreviated to Đông Pháp; Chinese: 法属印度支那), officially known as the Indochinese Union (French: Union indochinoise) after 1887 and the Indochinese Federation (French: Fédération indochinoise) after 1947, was a grouping of French colonial territories in Southeast Asia.
The French Navy (Marine Nationale), informally "La Royale", is the maritime arm of the French Armed Forces.
Gagny is a commune in the eastern suburbs of Paris, France.
Général is the French word for general.
In the United States Army, United States Marine Corps, and United States Air Force, general (abbreviated as GEN in the Army or Gen in the Air Force and Marine Corps) is a four-star general officer rank, with the pay grade of O-10.
Georges Benjamin Clemenceau (28 September 1841 – 24 November 1929) was a French politician, physician, and journalist who was Prime Minister of France during the First World War.
Georgy Konstantinovich Zhukov (– 18 June 1974) was a Soviet Red Army General who became Chief of General Staff, Deputy Commander-in-Chief, Minister of Defence and a member of the Politburo.
Gonesse is a commune in the north-eastern suburbs of Paris, France.
A gun carriage is a frame and mount that supports the gun barrel of an artillery piece, allowing it to be manoeuvred and fired.
Haguenau (Haguenau,; Alsatian: Hàwenau or Hàjenöi; and historically in English: Hagenaw) is a commune in the Bas-Rhin department of France, of which it is a sub-prefecture.
Haiphong (Hải Phòng) is a major industrial city, the second largest city in the northern part of Vietnam, and third largest city overall in Vietnam.
Hautmont is a commune in the Nord department in northern France.
The Hàn River (Sông Hàn, or Hàn giang) is a river located in the South Central Coast region of Vietnam.
Hélie Denoix de Saint Marc or Hélie de Saint Marc, (11 February 1922 – 26 August 2013) was a senior member of the French resistance and a senior active officer of the French Army, having served in the French Foreign Legion, in particular at the heart and corps of the Foreign Airborne Battalions and Regiments, the heirs of the 2nd Foreign Parachute Regiment 2ème REP, a part constituent of the 11th Parachute Brigade.
Henri Eugène Navarre (31 July 1898, Villefranche-de-Rouergue, Aveyron – 26 September 1983, Paris) was a French Army general.
In the context of the history of the 20th century, the interwar period was the period between the end of the First World War in November 1918 and the beginning of the Second World War in September 1939.
Jacob Loucks Devers (8 September 1887 – 15 October 1979) was a general in the United States Army who commanded the 6th Army Group in the European Theater during World War II.
Jarny is a commune in the Meurthe-et-Moselle department in north-eastern France.
Joseph Jean de Goislard de Monsabert (Libourne 30 September 1887 – Dax, 13 June 1981), was a French general who served during the Second World War.
The kepi is a cap with a flat circular top and a peak, or visor.
Killed in action (KIA) is a casualty classification generally used by militaries to describe the deaths of their own combatants at the hands of hostile forces.
The Korean War (in South Korean, "Korean War"; in North Korean, "Fatherland: Liberation War"; 25 June 1950 – 27 July 1953) was a war between North Korea (with the support of China and the Soviet Union) and South Korea (with the principal support of the United States).
La Celle-Saint-Cloud is a commune in the Yvelines department in the Île-de-France region in north-central France.
La Ciotat is a commune in the Bouches-du-Rhône department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region in southern France.
La Crau is a commune in the Var department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region in southeastern France.
La Roche-sur-Yon is a commune in the Vendée department in the Pays de la Loire region in western France.
La Rochelle is a city in western France and a seaport on the Bay of Biscay, a part of the Atlantic Ocean.
La Turballe is a commune in the Loire-Atlantique department in western France.
Laon is the capital city of the Aisne department in Hauts-de-France, northern France.
A latte is a coffee drink made with espresso and steamed milk.
Lavelanet (L'Avelhanet in the Languedocian dialect of Occitan) is a commune in the Ariège department in the Occitanie region in southwestern France.
Le Chesnay is a commune in the Yvelines department in the Île-de-France region in north-central France.
Le Havre, historically called Newhaven in English, is an urban French commune and city in the Seine-Maritime department in the Normandy region of northwestern France.
Le Pecq is a commune in the Yvelines department in the Île-de-France region in north-central France.
Le Thillot is a commune in the Vosges department in Grand Est in northeastern France.
The Legion of Honour, with its full name National Order of the Legion of Honour (Ordre national de la Légion d'honneur), is the highest French order of merit for military and civil merits, established in 1802 by Napoléon Bonaparte and retained by all the divergent governments and regimes later holding power in France, up to the present.
The Legion of Merit (LOM) is a military award of the United States Armed Forces that is given for exceptionally meritorious conduct in the performance of outstanding services and achievements.
Les Herbiers is a commune in the Vendée department in the Pays de la Loire region in western France.
Les Invalides, commonly known as Hôtel national des Invalides (The National Residence of the Invalids), or also as Hôtel des Invalides, is a complex of buildings in the 7th arrondissement of Paris, France, containing museums and monuments, all relating to the military history of France, as well as a hospital and a retirement home for war veterans, the building's original purpose.
Levallois-Perret is a commune in the northwestern suburbs of Paris, France.
Libourne (Gascon: Liborna) is a commune in the Gironde department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France.
Life was an American magazine that ran regularly from 1883 to 1972 and again from 1978 to 2000.
Lille (Rijsel; Rysel) is a city at the northern tip of France, in French Flanders.
Limoges (Occitan: Lemòtges or Limòtges) is a city and commune, the capital of the Haute-Vienne department and was the administrative capital of the former Limousin region in west-central France.
The history of French airborne units began in the Interwar period when the French Armed Forces formed specialized paratroopers units.
Marshal of France (Maréchal de France, plural Maréchaux de France) is a French military distinction, rather than a military rank, that is awarded to generals for exceptional achievements.
Below is a list of Presidents of France.
Longwy (Langich, Longkech) is a commune in the Meurthe-et-Moselle department in northeastern France.
"The Lost Battalion" refers to the 1st Battalion, 141st Infantry (36th Infantry Division, originally Texas National Guard), which was surrounded by German forces in the Vosges Mountains on 24 October 1944.
Louviers is a commune in the Eure department in Normandy in north-western France.
Lying in state is the tradition in which the body of a dead official is placed in a state building, either outside or inside a coffin, to allow the public to pay their respects.
Lyon (Liyon), is the third-largest city and second-largest urban area of France.
Maisons-Alfort is a commune in the southeastern suburbs of Paris, France.
Maisons-Laffitte is a commune in the Yvelines department in the Île-de-France region in north-central France.
Manosque (Provençal Occitan: Manòsca in classical norm or Manosco in Mistralian norm) is the largest town and commune in the Alpes-de-Haute-Provence department in southeastern France.
Mantes-la-Jolie (often informally called Mantes) is a commune based in the Yvelines department in the Île-de-France region in north-central France.
The Marching Regiment (Régiment de Marche) of the French Foreign Legion (RMLE) was a French military unit that fought in World War I and World War II.
Marie-Pierre Kœnig (10 October 1898 – 2 September 1970) was a French army officer and politician.
Marseille (Provençal: Marselha), is the second-largest city of France and the largest city of the Provence historical region.
Maxime Weygand (21 January 1867 – 28 January 1965) was a French military commander in World War I and World War II.
The Médaille militaire (Military Medal) is a military decoration of the French Republic for other ranks for meritorious service and acts of bravery in action against an enemy force.
Melun is a commune in the Seine-et-Marne department in the Île-de-France region in north-central France.
Metz (Lorraine Franconian pronunciation) is a city in northeast France located at the confluence of the Moselle and the Seille rivers.
Meudon is a municipality in the southwestern suburbs of Paris, France.
A military decoration is an award, usually a medal of some sort that consists of a ribbon and medallion given to an individual as a distinctively designed mark of honor denoting heroism, or meritorious or outstanding service or achievement.
The Military Cross (MC) is the third-level military decoration awarded to officers and (since 1993) other ranks of the British Armed Forces, and used to be awarded to officers of other Commonwealth countries.
The Military Health Service honour medal ("Médaille d'honneur du service de santé des armées") is a French decoration created 30 August 1962.
The Military Order of the White Lion (Vojenský řád Bílého lva „Za vítězství“), also known as the Military Order of the White Lion "For Victory", was an award established on 9 February 1945 to reward military merit, either personal acts of bravery or leadership.
Moissac is a commune in the Tarn-et-Garonne department in the Occitanie region in southern France.
Mollau is a commune in the Haut-Rhin department in Grand Est in north-eastern France.
Mont-Saint-Aignan is a commune in the Seine-Maritime department in the Normandy region in north-western France.
Montereau-Fault-Yonne, or simply Montereau, is a commune in the Seine-et-Marne department in the Île-de-France region in north-central France.
Montesson is a commune in the Yvelines department in the Île-de-France region in north-central France.
Montpellier (Montpelhièr) is a city in southern France.
Mouilleron-en-Pareds is a former commune in the Vendée department in the Pays de la Loire region in western France.
Moulins (Molins) is a commune in central France, capital of the Allier department.
Mourenx is a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in south-western France.
The Musée de l'Armée (Army Museum) is a national military museum of France located at Les Invalides in the 7th arrondissement of Paris.
Nancy (Nanzig) is the capital of the north-eastern French department of Meurthe-et-Moselle, and formerly the capital of the Duchy of Lorraine, and then the French province of the same name.
Nantes (Gallo: Naunnt or Nantt) is a city in western France on the Loire River, from the Atlantic coast.
Narbonne (Occitan: Narbona,; Narbo,; Late Latin:Narbona) is a commune in southern France in the Occitanie region.
The National Order of Vietnam (Bảo Quốc Huân Chương) was a combined military-civilian decoration of South Vietnam and was considered the highest honor that could be bestowed upon an individual by the Republic of Vietnam government.
Neuilly-sur-Marne is a commune in the eastern suburbs of Paris, France.
Neuilly-sur-Seine is a French commune just west of Paris, in the department of Hauts-de-Seine.
Niort is a commune in the Deux-Sèvres department in western France.
This is a list of non-U.S. recipients of U.S. gallantry awards.
The Normandie-Niemen Fighter Regiment (Régiment de Chasse Normandie-Niémen - (Нормандия-Неман) is a Fighter unit of the French Air Force, which has adopted different formations and designations since 1942. Originally formed as Groupe de Chasse Normandie 3 in 1942, then redesignated as a Regiment (without and with "Niemen" designation the same year) in 1944, then given four different squadron numbers (1953, 1962, 1993, & 1995), and later two Regiments designations respectively (2008, 2011). The unit served on the Eastern Front of the European Theatre of World War II with the 1st Air Army. The regiment is notable for being one of only three units from Western Allied countries to see combat on the Eastern Front during World War II,and Normandie-Niemen was the only Western Allied unit to fight with the Soviet forces until the end of the war in Europe. Initially the Groupe de Chasse 3 (GC 3) (3rd Fighter Group) in the Free French Air Force comprised a group of French fighter pilots sent to aid Soviet forces on the Eastern Front at the suggestion of Charles de Gaulle, leader of the Free French Forces, who felt it important that French servicemen serve on all fronts in the war. The groupe, first commanded by Jean Tulasne, fought in three campaigns on behalf of the Soviet Union between 22 March 1943, and 9 May 1945, during which time it destroyed 273 enemy aircraft and received numerous orders, citations and decorations from both the Free French and Soviet governments, including the French Légion d’Honneur and the Soviet Order of the Red Banner. Joseph Stalin awarded the unit the name Niemen for its participation in the Battle of the Niemen River. the unit, known as Escadron de chasse 1/30 Normandie-Niemen, flew Dassault Mirage F1CT aircraft. The squadron was briefly disbanded in June 2010 and re-activated in 2011 as a Dassault Rafale unit, with formal reactivation on 25 June 2012 as Escadron de Chasse 2/30 Normandie-Niemen.
Normandy (Normandie,, Norman: Normaundie, from Old French Normanz, plural of Normant, originally from the word for "northman" in several Scandinavian languages) is one of the 18 regions of France, roughly referring to the historical Duchy of Normandy.
Notre-Dame de Paris (meaning "Our Lady of Paris"), also known as Notre-Dame Cathedral or simply Notre-Dame, is a medieval Catholic cathedral on the Île de la Cité in the fourth arrondissement of Paris, France.
An officer is a member of an armed force or uniformed service who holds a position of authority.
Operation Dragoon (initially Operation Anvil) was the code name for the Allied invasion of Southern France on 15August 1944.
Operation Overlord was the codename for the Battle of Normandy, the Allied operation that launched the successful invasion of German-occupied Western Europe during World War II.
Operation Torch (8–16 November 1942, formerly Operation Gymnast) was a Anglo–American invasion of French North Africa, during the North African Campaign of the Second World War.
The Order of Glory (Nichan Iftikhar or Atiq Nishan-i-Iftikhar) was a Tunisian honorary order founded in 1835 by Al-Mustafa ibn Mahmud the Bey of Tunisia.
The Order of Leopold (Leopoldsorde, Ordre de Léopold) is one of the three current Belgian national honorary orders of knighthood.
The Order of Liberation ("Ordre de la Libération") is a French Order which was awarded to heroes of the Liberation of France during World War II.
The Order of Merit (Orden del Mérito) is a Chilean military order and was created in 1929.
The Order of Orange-Nassau (Orde van Oranje-Nassau) is a civil and military Dutch order of chivalry founded on 4 April 1892 by the Queen regent Emma, acting on behalf of her under-age daughter Queen Wilhelmina.
The Order of Ouissam Alaouite or the Sharifian Order of Al-Alaoui is a military decoration of Morocco which is bestowed by the King of Morocco upon those civilians and military officers who have displayed heroism in combat or have contributed meritorious service to the Moroccan state.
The Royal Norwegian Order of Saint Olav (Den Kongelige Norske Sankt Olavs Orden; or Sanct Olafs Orden, the old Norwegian name) is a Norwegian order of chivalry instituted by King Oscar I on August 21, 1847.
The Order of Suvorov (Russian Орден Суворова) is a military decoration of the Russian Federation named in honor of Russian Field Marshal Count Alexander Suvorov (1729–1800).
The Most Honourable Order of the Bath (formerly the Most Honourable Military Order of the Bath) is a British order of chivalry founded by George I on 18 May 1725.
The Order of the Black Star (Ordre de l'Étoile Noire) was an order of knighthood established on 1 December 1889 at Porto-Novo by Toffa, future king of Dahomey (today the Republic of Benin).
The Order of the Cross of Grunwald was a military decoration created in Poland in November 1943 by the High Command of Gwardia Ludowa, a World War II Polish resistance movement organised by the Polish Workers Party.
The Order of the Dannebrog (Dannebrogordenen) is a Danish order of chivalry instituted in 1671 by Christian V.
The Order of the Liberator General San Martin (Orden del Libertador General San Martín) is the highest decoration in Argentina.
The Order of the Million Elephants and the White Parasol, also called the Order of the Million Elephants and the White Umbrella, was the highest knighthood order of the Kingdom of Laos.
Orsay is a commune in the Essonne department in Île-de-France in northern France.
The Palace of Versailles (Château de Versailles;, or) was the principal residence of the Kings of France from Louis XIV in 1682 until the beginning of the French Revolution in 1789.
Paul Marie Félix Jacques René Arnaud de Foïard (9 September 1921 – 7 August 2005) was a général of the French Army who served primarily in the French Foreign Legion taking part in World War II and the conflicts of Indochina and Algeria.
Philippe François Marie Leclerc de Hauteclocque (22 November 1902 – 28 November 1947) was a French general during the Second World War.
Henri Philippe Benoni Omer Joseph Pétain (24 April 1856 – 23 July 1951), generally known as Philippe Pétain or Marshal Pétain (Maréchal Pétain), was a French general officer who attained the position of Marshal of France at the end of World War I, during which he became known as The Lion of Verdun, and in World War II served as the Chief of State of Vichy France from 1940 to 1944.
Pierre Paul Jeanpierre (14 March 1912 – 29 May 1958) was a Frenchman, a soldier of legend in the French Foreign Legion who initially served in the French Army.
Pierre Côme André Segrétain (7 November 1909 – 8 October 1950) was a French infantry and airborne officer of the French Army and French Foreign Legion who fought in World War II and the First Indochina War, primarily in Foreign Legion units.
Plivot is a commune in the Marne department in northeastern France.
Pont-de-Vaux is a commune in the Ain department in eastern France.
Pontarlier (Latin: Ariolica) is a commune and one of the two sub-prefectures of the Doubs department in the Bourgogne-Franche-Comté region in eastern France near the Swiss border.
Pontoise is a commune in the northwestern suburbs of Paris, France.
Provins is a commune in the Seine-et-Marne department in the Île-de-France region in north-central France.
Rank insignia in the French army are worn on the sleeve or on shoulder marks of uniforms, and range up to the highest rank of Marshal of France, a state honour denoted with a seven-star insignia that was last conferred posthumously on Marie Pierre Koenig in 1984.
Raoul Albin Louis Salan (10 June 1899 – 3 July 1984) was a French Army general.
Barthélémy “Rémy” Raffalli (16 March 1913 – 10 September 1952) was a French Army soldier who fought in World War II and the First Indochina War.
Reims (also spelled Rheims), a city in the Grand Est region of France, lies east-northeast of Paris.
Remiremont is a town and commune in the Vosges department of northeastern France, situated in southern Grand Est.
The Republican Guard (Garde républicaine) is part of the French Gendarmerie.
Rethel is a commune in the Ardennes department in northern France.
The Rhône (Le Rhône; Rhone; Walliser German: Rotten; Rodano; Rôno; Ròse) is one of the major rivers of Europe and has twice the average discharge of the Loire (which is the longest French river), rising in the Rhône Glacier in the Swiss Alps at the far eastern end of the Swiss canton of Valais, passing through Lake Geneva and running through southeastern France.
The Rif War was an armed conflict fought from 1920 to 1927 between the colonial power Spain (later joined by France) and the Berber tribes of the Rif mountainous region. Led by Abd el-Krim, the Riffians at first inflicted several defeats on the Spanish forces by using guerrilla tactics and captured European weapons. After France's military intervention against Abd el-Krim's forces and the major landing of Spanish troops at Al Hoceima, considered the first amphibious landing in history to involve the use of tanks and aircraft, Abd el-Krim surrendered to the French and was taken into exile. In 1909, Rifian tribes aggressively confronted Spanish workers of the iron mines of the Rif, near Melilla, which led to the intervention of the Spanish Army. The military operations in Jebala, in the Moroccan West, began in 1911 with the Larache Landing. Spain worked to pacify a large part of the most violent areas until 1914, a slow process of consolidation of frontiers that lasted until 1919 due to World War I. The following year, after the signing of the Treaty of Fez, the northern Moroccan area was adjudicated to Spain as a protectorate. The Riffian populations strongly resisted the Spanish, unleashing a conflict that would last for several years. In 1921, the Spanish troops suffered the catastrophic Disaster of Annual, the biggest defeat in the history of Spain, in addition to a rebellion led by Rifian leader Abd el-Krim. As a result, the Spanish retreated to a few fortified positions while Abd el-Krim ultimately created an entire independent state: the Republic of the Rif. The development of the conflict and its end coincided with the dictatorship of Primo de Rivera, who took on command of the campaign from 1924 to 1927. In addition, and after the Battle of Uarga in 1925, the French intervened in the conflict and established a joint collaboration with Spain that culminated in the notorious renowned Alhucemas landing. By 1926 the area had been pacified; Abd-el-Krim surrendered in July 1927; and the Spanish regained the previously lost territory. The Rif War is still considered controversial among historians. Some see in it a harbinger of the decolonization process in North Africa. Others consider it one of the last colonial wars, as it was the decision of the Spanish to conquer the Rif — nominally part of their Moroccan protectorate but de facto independent — that catalyzed the entry of France in 1924. The Rif War left a deep memory both in Spain and in Morocco. The Riffian insurgency of the 1920s can be interpreted as a precursor to the Algerian war of independence, which took place three decades later.
Roanne (Rouana in Arpitan) is a commune in the Loire department in central France.
Rodez is a small city and commune in the South of France, about 150 km northeast of Toulouse.
Romagnat is a commune in the Puy-de-Dôme department in Auvergne in central France.
Rouen (Frankish: Rodomo; Rotomagus, Rothomagus) is a city on the River Seine in the north of France.
The Royal Order of Cambodia (គ្រឿងឥស្សរិយយសព្រះរាជាណាចក្រកម្ពុជា; Ordre royal du Cambodge) was a French colonial chivalric order in French Cambodia, and is still in use in the present-day Cambodia.
Rue de Rivoli is one of the most famous streets in Paris, a commercial street whose shops include the most fashionable names in the world.
Rueil-Malmaison is a commune in the western suburbs of Paris, in the Hauts-de-Seine department of France.
Saint-Andiol (Sant Andiòu in Occitan) is a commune in the Bouches-du-Rhône department in southern France.
Saint-Étienne (Sant-Etiève; Saint Stephen) is a city in eastern central France, in the Massif Central, southwest of Lyon in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region, on the trunk road that connects Toulouse with Lyon.
Saint-Brevin-les-Pins is a commune in the Loire-Atlantique department in western France.
Saint-Cloud is a commune in the western suburbs of Paris, France.
Saint-Denis (or unofficially Saint-Denis de la Réunion for disambiguation) is the préfecture (administrative capital) of the French overseas region and department of Réunion, in the Indian Ocean.
Saint-Dié-des-Vosges (Sankt Didel), commonly referred to as Saint-Dié, is a commune in the Vosges department in Grand Est in northeastern France.
Saint-Germain-en-Laye is a commune in the Yvelines department in the Île-de-France in north-central France.
Saint-Gilles-Croix-de-Vie is a commune in the Vendée department in the Pays de la Loire region in western France.
Saint-Maximin-la-Sainte-Baume (Sant Maissemin la Santo Baumo) is a commune in the Var department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region in southeastern France.
Saint-Rémy-de-Provence (Provençal Occitan: Sant Romieg de Provença in classical and Sant Roumié de Prouvènço in Mistralian norms) is a commune in the Bouches-du-Rhône department in southern France.
Sainte-Flaive-des-Loups is a commune in the Vendée department in the Pays de la Loire region in western France.
Sannois is a commune in the northwestern suburbs of Paris, France.
Sarlat-la-Canéda (Sarlat e La Canedat), or simply Sarlat, is a commune in the Dordogne department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France.
Sartrouville is a commune in the Yvelines department in the Île-de-France in north-central France.
Savigny-sur-Orge is a commune in the southern suburbs of Paris, France.
Sète (Seta in Occitan), known as Cette until 1928, is a commune in the Hérault department in the Occitanie region in southern France.
Sélestat (Alsatian: Schlettstàdt; German: Schlettstadt) is a commune in the northeast region of France.
Schiltigheim (and sometimes by non-local speakers of French; Alsatian: Schelige) is a commune in the Bas-Rhin department in Grand Est in north-eastern France.
Sedan is a commune in the Ardennes department and Grand Est region of north-eastern France.
The Seine (La Seine) is a river and an important commercial waterway within the Paris Basin in the north of France.
Senlis is a commune in the Oise department in northern France.
Sens is a commune in the Yonne department in Bourgogne-Franche-Comté in north-central France, 120 km from Paris.
The Sixth United States Army Group was an Allied Army Group that fought in the European Theater of Operations during World War II.
Skenderaj (Skënderaj) or Srbica (Србица), is a town and municipality located in the Mitrovica District of Kosovo.
Special forces and special operations forces are military units trained to conduct special operations.
Strasbourg (Alsatian: Strossburi; Straßburg) is the capital and largest city of the Grand Est region of France and is the official seat of the European Parliament.
Sucy-en-Brie is a commune in the southeastern suburbs of Paris, France.
Suresnes is a commune in the western suburbs of Paris, France.
Tarascon, sometimes referred to as Tarascon-sur-Rhône, is a commune situated at the extreme west of the Bouches-du-Rhône department of France in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region.
Thann (Alsatian: Dànn,, Thann) is a commune in the northeastern French department of Haut-Rhin, in Grand Est.
The Pentagon is the headquarters of the United States Department of Defense, located in Arlington County, Virginia, across the Potomac River from Washington, D.C. As a symbol of the U.S. military, The Pentagon is often used metonymically to refer to the U.S. Department of Defense.
Thiais is a commune in the southern suburbs of Paris, France.
Toulouse (Tolosa, Tolosa) is the capital of the French department of Haute-Garonne and of the region of Occitanie.
A troop is a military sub-subunit, originally a small formation of cavalry, subordinate to a squadron.
Trouville-sur-Mer, commonly referred to as Trouville, is a commune in the Calvados department in the Normandy region in northwestern France.
Troyes is a commune and the capital of the department of Aube in north-central France.
Uhlans (Polish: Ułan; German: Ulan) were Polish light cavalry armed with lances, sabres and pistols.
The United States Armed Forces are the military forces of the United States of America.
United States Army Europe (USAREUR), formally United States Army Europe and Seventh Army, is an Army Service Component Command of the United States Army.
Uruguay, officially the Oriental Republic of Uruguay (República Oriental del Uruguay), is a sovereign state in the southeastern region of South America.
Vanves is a commune in the southwestern suburbs of Paris, France.
Vétraz-Monthoux is a commune in the Haute-Savoie department in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region in south-eastern France.
Võ Nguyên Giáp (25 August 1911 – 4 October 2013) was a Vietnamese general in the Vietnam People's Army and a politician.
The Vendée is a department in the Pays-de-la-Loire region in west-central France, on the Atlantic Ocean.
Việt Minh (abbreviated from Việt Nam độc lập đồng minh, French: "Ligue pour l'indépendance du Viêt Nam", English: “League for the Independence of Vietnam") was a national independence coalition formed at Pác Bó by Hồ Chí Minh on May 19, 1941.
Vichy France (Régime de Vichy) is the common name of the French State (État français) headed by Marshal Philippe Pétain during World War II.
Vienne (Vièna) is a commune in southeastern France, located south of Lyon, on the river Rhône.
Villecresnes is a commune in the southeastern suburbs of Paris, France.
Villiers-sur-Marne is a commune in the eastern suburbs of Paris, France.
Vincent Jules Auriol (27 August 1884 – 1 January 1966) was a French politician who served as the first president of the Fourth Republic from 1947 to 1954.
Violaines is a commune in the Pas-de-Calais department in the Hauts-de-France region of France.
The War Order of Virtuti Militari (Latin: "For Military Virtue", Polish: Order Wojenny Virtuti Militari) is Poland's highest military decoration for heroism and courage in the face of the enemy at war.
Vitry-le-François is a commune in the Marne department in north-eastern France.
Voiron is a commune, (French municipality) in the ninth district of the Isère department in southeastern France.
The Western Front was a military theatre of World War II encompassing Denmark, Norway, Luxembourg, Belgium, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom, France, Italy, and Germany. World War II military engagements in Southern Europe and elsewhere are generally considered under separate headings. The Western Front was marked by two phases of large-scale combat operations. The first phase saw the capitulation of the Netherlands, Belgium, and France during May and June 1940 after their defeat in the Low Countries and the northern half of France, and continued into an air war between Germany and Britain that climaxed with the Battle of Britain. The second phase consisted of large-scale ground combat (supported by a massive air war considered to be an additional front), which began in June 1944 with the Allied landings in Normandy and continued until the defeat of Germany in May 1945.
The Western Union (WU), also referred to as the Brussels Treaty Organisation (BTO), was the European military alliance established between France, the United Kingdom (UK) and the three Benelux countries upon the entry into force of the 1948 Treaty of Brussels.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
A wound is a type of injury which happens relatively quickly in which skin is torn, cut, or punctured (an open wound), or where blunt force trauma causes a contusion (a closed wound).
Wounded in action (WIA) describes combatants who have been wounded while fighting in a combat zone during wartime, but have not been killed.
The XXI Corps was a corps of the U.S. Army during World War II.
The 1914–1918 Commemorative war medal ("Médaille commémorative de la guerre 1914–1918") was awarded to soldiers and sailors for service in World War I. It was also awarded to civilians who met certain requirements.
The 1914–1918 Inter-Allied Victory medal ("Médaille Interalliée de la Victoire 1914–1918") was a French commemorative medal established 20 July 1922.
The First Army (1re Armée) was a field army of France that fought during World War I and World War II.
The 21st Infantry Division (21e Division d'Infanterie, 21e DI) was a French Army formation during World War I and World War II.
The French 2nd Armored Division (2e Division Blindée, 2e DB), commanded by General Philippe Leclerc, fought during the final phases of World War II in the Western Front.
The 5th Hussar Regiment (5e régiment de hussards or 5e RH) was a French Hussar regiment.
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