147 relations: A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Forum, A Tree Grows in Brooklyn (musical), Academy Award for Best Director, Academy Awards, Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences, Actors Studio, Adolph Green, Afternoon of a Faun (Robbins), American Ballet Theatre, American Masters, American Theater Hall of Fame, Arthur Kopit, Arthur Laurents, Atlantic Ocean, Barbra Streisand, Bells Are Ringing (musical), Benvolio, Bessie Schonberg, Betty Comden, Billie Holiday, Billion Dollar Baby, Bob Fosse, Burt Shevelove, Call Me Madam, Carol Channing, City University of New York, Claude Debussy, Cremation, Dance in the United States, Dances at a Gathering, David Burns (actor), Delbert Mann, Doctor of Fine Arts, Doctor of humane letters, Ethel Merman, Fancy Free (ballet), Fiddler on the Roof, Frédéric Chopin, Funny Girl (musical), George Abbott, George Balanchine, Georges Auric, Giselle, Giuseppe Verdi, Glass Pieces, Gypsy (musical), Gypsy Rose Lee, Helen of Troy, Hell's Kitchen, Manhattan, Herbert Berghof, ..., Hermes, High Button Shoes, Honorary degree, House Un-American Activities Committee, I'm Old Fashioned (ballet), Igor Stravinsky, Imogene Coca, In G Major, In the Night (ballet), Interplay (ballet), Irving Berlin, Jack Gilford, Jason Alexander, Jennifer Tipton, Jerome Kern, Jerome Robbins' Broadway, Joffrey Ballet, Johann Sebastian Bach, John Carradine, Judy Holliday, Jule Styne, Keep Off the Grass, Kennedy Center Honors, Larry Gelbart, Legion of Honour, Leonard Bernstein, Les Noces (Robbins), List of recipients of the National Medal of Arts, Lower East Side, Mack Sennett, Manhattan, Marlon Brando, Marty (film), Maureen Stapleton, Maurice Ravel, Meredith Willson, Metropolitan Opera, Metropolitan Opera House (39th Street), Montgomery Clift, Morton Gould, Mother Courage and Her Children, Moves (ballet), N.Y. Export: Op. Jazz, National Museum of Dance and Hall of Fame, NBC, New York (magazine), New York (state), New York City, New York City Ballet, New York University, Nora Kaye, Off-Broadway, Oh Dad, Poor Dad, Mamma's Hung You in the Closet and I'm Feelin' So Sad, Oliver Smith (designer), On the Town (musical), Ottorino Respighi, Parkinson's disease, Paul Cadmus, PBS, Peabody Award, Peter Pan (1954 musical), Petrushka (ballet), Philip Glass, Robert Lewis (director), Robert Prince (composer), Robert Wise, Rodgers and Hammerstein, Romani people, Romeo and Juliet, Sergei Prokofiev, Shirley MacLaine, Sidney Lumet, Stephen Sondheim, Stroke, Tanaquil Le Clercq, Tevye, The Cage (ballet), The Christian Science Monitor, The Concert (ballet), The Four Seasons (ballet), The Goldberg Variations (ballet), The King and I, The King and I (1956 film), The Music Man, The New York Times, The Pajama Game, Tony Award, Tony Award for Best Choreography, Tony Award for Best Direction of a Musical, Two's Company (musical), Union City, New Jersey, Weehawken, New Jersey, West Side Story, West Side Story (film), Wish You Were Here (musical), Wonderful Town, Zero Mostel. Expand index (97 more) » « Shrink index
A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Forum is a musical with music and lyrics by Stephen Sondheim and book by Burt Shevelove and Larry Gelbart.
A Tree Grows in Brooklyn is a musical with a book by George Abbott and Betty Smith, lyrics by Dorothy Fields, and music by Arthur Schwartz.
The Academy Award for Best Director (officially known as the Academy Award for Best Directing) is an award presented annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS).
The Academy Awards, also known as the Oscars, are a set of 24 awards for artistic and technical merit in the American film industry, given annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS), to recognize excellence in cinematic achievements as assessed by the Academy's voting membership.
The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS (often pronounced as am-pas), also known as simply the Academy) is a professional honorary organization with the stated goal of advancing the arts and sciences of motion pictures.
The Actors Studio is a membership organization for professional actors, theatre directors and playwrights at 432 West 44th Street between Ninth and Tenth Avenues in the Hell's Kitchen neighborhood of Manhattan in New York City.
Adolph Green (December 2, 1914 – October 23, 2002) was an American lyricist and playwright who, with long-time collaborator Betty Comden, penned the screenplays and songs for some of the most beloved movie musicals, particularly as part of Arthur Freed's production unit at Metro Goldwyn Mayer, during the genre's heyday.
Afternoon of a Faun is a ballet made by Jerome Robbins, subsequently ballet master of New York City Ballet, to Debussy's Prélude à l'après-midi d'un faune.
American Ballet Theatre (ABT) is a classical ballet company based in New York City.
American Masters is a PBS television series which produces biographies on enduring writers, musicians, visual and performing artists, dramatists, filmmakers, and those who have left an indelible impression on the cultural landscape of the United States.
The American Theater Hall of Fame in New York City was founded in 1972.
Arthur Lee Kopit (born May 10, 1937) is an American playwright.
Arthur Laurents (July 14, 1917 – May 5, 2011) was an American playwright, stage director and screenwriter.
The Atlantic Ocean is the second largest of the world's oceans with a total area of about.
Barbara Joan "Barbra" Streisand (born April 24, 1942) is an American singer, songwriter, actress, and filmmaker.
Bells Are Ringing is a musical with a book and lyrics by Betty Comden and Adolph Green and music by Jule Styne.
Benvolio is a fictional character in Shakespeare's drama Romeo and Juliet.
Bessie Schonberg (December 27, 1906 – May 14, 1997) was a highly influential dancer, choreographer and teacher of the 20th century.
Betty Comden (born Basya Cohen, May 3, 1917 November 23, 2006) was one-half of the musical-comedy duo Comden and Green, who provided lyrics, libretti, and screenplays to some of the most beloved and successful Hollywood musicals and Broadway shows of the mid-20th century.
Eleanora Fagan (April 7, 1915 – July 17, 1959), better known as Billie Holiday, was an American jazz singer with a career spanning nearly thirty years.
Billion Dollar Baby is a musical with the book and lyrics by Betty Comden and Adolph Green and the score by Morton Gould.
Robert Louis Fosse (June 23, 1927 – September 23, 1987) was an American dancer, musical theatre choreographer, director, screenwriter, film director and actor.
Burt Shevelove (September 19, 1915 – April 8, 1982) was an American musical theater playwright, lyricist, librettist, and director.
Call Me Madam is a musical based on a book by Howard Lindsay and Russel Crouse with music and lyrics by Irving Berlin.
Carol Elaine Channing (born January 31, 1921) is an American actress, singer, dancer and comedian.
The City University of New York (CUNY) is the public university system of New York City, and the largest urban university system in the United States.
Achille-Claude Debussy (22 August 1862 – 25 March 1918) was a French composer.
Cremation is the combustion, vaporization, and oxidation of cadavers to basic chemical compounds, such as gases, ashes and mineral fragments retaining the appearance of dry bone.
There is great variety in dance in the United States of America.
Dances at a Gathering is a ballet made by New York City Ballet ballet master Jerome Robbins to the music of Frédéric Chopin: The premiere took place on Thursday, 22 May 1969 at the New York State Theater, Lincoln Center, with costumes by Joe Eula and lighting by Thomas Skelton.
David Burns (June 22, 1902 – March 12, 1971) was an American Broadway theatre and motion picture actor and singer.
Delbert Martin Mann Jr. (January 30, 1920 – November 11, 2007) was an American television and film director.
Doctor of Fine Arts (D.F.A.) is doctoral degree in fine arts, may be given as an honorary degree (a degree honoris causa) or an earned professional degree (in the UK).
The degree of Doctor of Humane Letters (D.H.L.; or L.H.D.) is almost always conferred as an honorary degree, usually to those students who have distinguished themselves in areas other than science, government, literature or religion, which are awarded degrees of Doctor of Science, Doctor of Laws, Doctor of Letters, or Doctor of Divinity, respectively.
Ethel Merman (born Ethel Agnes Zimmermann, January 16, 1908 – February 15, 1984) was an American actress and singer.
Fancy Free is a ballet by Jerome Robbins, subsequently ballet master of New York City Ballet, made on Ballet Theatre, predecessor of American Ballet Theatre, to a score by Leonard Bernstein, with scenery by Oliver Smith, costumes by Kermit Love and lighting by Ronald Bates.
Fiddler on the Roof is a musical with music by Jerry Bock, lyrics by Sheldon Harnick, and book by Joseph Stein, set in the Pale of Settlement of Imperial Russia in 1905.
Frédéric François Chopin (1 March 181017 October 1849) was a Polish composer and virtuoso pianist of the Romantic era who wrote primarily for solo piano.
Funny Girl is a 1963 musical (opened on Broadway in 1964) with a book by Isobel Lennart, music by Jule Styne, and lyrics by Bob Merrill.
George Francis Abbott (June 25, 1887 – January 31, 1995) was an American theater producer and director, playwright, screenwriter, and film director and producer whose career spanned nine decades.
George Balanchine (born Georgiy Melitonovich Balanchivadze; January 22, 1904April 30, 1983) was a choreographer.
Georges Auric (15 February 1899 – 23 July 1983) was a French composer, born in Lodève, Hérault.
Giselle (French: Giselle, ou les Wilis) is a romantic ballet in two acts.
Giuseppe Fortunino Francesco Verdi (9 or 10 October 1813 – 27 January 1901) was an Italian opera composer.
Glass Pieces is a ballet made by New York City Ballet ballet master Jerome Robbins to Philip Glass' "Rubric" and "Façades" from Glassworks and excerpts from his opera Akhnaten.
Gypsy is a 1959 musical with music by Jule Styne, lyrics by Stephen Sondheim, and a book by Arthur Laurents.
Gypsy Rose Lee (born Rose Louise Hovick, January 8, 1911 – April 26, 1970) was an American burlesque entertainer and vedette famous for her striptease act.
In Greek mythology, Helen of Troy (Ἑλένη, Helénē), also known as Helen of Sparta, or simply Helen, was said to have been the most beautiful woman in the world, who was married to King Menelaus of Sparta, but was kidnapped by Prince Paris of Troy, resulting in the Trojan War when the Achaeans set out to reclaim her and bring her back to Sparta.
Hell's Kitchen, also known as Clinton, is a neighborhood on the West Side of Midtown Manhattan in New York City.
Herbert Berghof (September 13, 1909 – November 5, 1990) was an American actor, director and acting teacher.
Hermes (Ἑρμῆς) is an Olympian god in Greek religion and mythology, the son of Zeus and the Pleiad Maia, and the second youngest of the Olympian gods (Dionysus being the youngest).
High Button Shoes is a 1947 musical with music by Jule Styne, lyrics by Sammy Cahn and book by George Abbott and Stephen Longstreet.
An honorary degree, in Latin a degree honoris causa ("for the sake of the honor") or ad honorem ("to the honor"), is an academic degree for which a university (or other degree-awarding institution) has waived the usual requirements, such as matriculation, residence, a dissertation and the passing of comprehensive examinations.
The House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC, or House Committee on Un-American Activities, or HCUA) was an investigative committee of the United States House of Representatives.
I'm Old Fashioned (The Astaire Variations) is a ballet made by New York City Ballet balletmaster Jerome Robbins to Morton Gould's adaptation of a theme by Jerome Kern, “I'm Old Fashioned,” to a Fred Astaire and Rita Hayworth sequence from the film You Were Never Lovelier.
Igor Fyodorovich Stravinsky (ˈiɡərʲ ˈfʲɵdərəvʲɪtɕ strɐˈvʲinskʲɪj; 6 April 1971) was a Russian-born composer, pianist, and conductor.
Imogene Coca (born Emogeane Coca; November 18, 1908 – June 2, 2001) was an American comic actress best known for her role opposite Sid Caesar on Your Show of Shows.
In G Major is a ballet made for New York City Ballet's Ravel Festival by ballet master Jerome Robbins to the composer's Piano Concerto in G Major (1928–31).
In the Night is a ballet in one act made by New York City Ballet ballet master Jerome Robbins to nocturnes of Frédéric Chopin.
Interplay is a ballet in one act made by Jerome Robbins, subsequently ballet master of New York City Ballet, for Billy Rose's Concert Varieties to Morton Gould's 1945 American Concertette.
Irving Berlin (born Israel Beilin (Израиль Моисеевич Бейлин) Ministry of Culture, Russian Federation – September 22, 1989) was an American composer and lyricist, widely considered one of the greatest songwriters in American history.
Jack Gilford (July 25, 1908 – June 4, 1990) was an American Broadway, film and television actor.
Jay Scott Greenspan (born September 23, 1959), known by his stage name Jason Alexander, is an American actor, voice actor, comedian, and director.
Jennifer Tipton (born September 11, 1937) is an American lighting designer.
Jerome David Kern (January 27, 1885 – November 11, 1945) was an American composer of musical theatre and popular music.
Jerome Robbins' Broadway is an anthology comprising musical numbers from shows that were either directed or choreographed by Jerome Robbins.
The Joffrey Ballet is a professional dance company resident in Chicago, Illinois, USA.
Johann Sebastian Bach (28 July 1750) was a composer and musician of the Baroque period, born in the Duchy of Saxe-Eisenach.
John Carradine (born Richmond Reed Carradine; February 5, 1906 – November 27, 1988) was an American actor, best known for his roles in horror films, Westerns, and Shakespearean theatre.
Judy Holliday (Born Judith Tuvim, June 21, 1921 – June 7, 1965) was an American actress, comedian, and singer.
Jule Styne (December 31, 1905 – September 20, 1994) was a British-American song writer and composer known for a series of Broadway musicals, which include several famous and frequently revived shows.
Keep Off the Grass is a musical revue with sketches by Mort Lewis, Parke Levy, Alan Lipscott, S. Jay Kaufman, and Panama & Frank, lyrics by Al Dubin and Howard Dietz, and music by Jimmy McHugh.
The Kennedy Center Honors is an annual honor given to those in the performing arts for their lifetime of contributions to American culture (although recipients do not need to be U.S. citizens).
Larry Simon Gelbart (February 25, 1928 – September 11, 2009) was an American television writer, playwright, screenwriter, director and author, most famous as a creator and producer of the television series M*A*S*H, and as co-writer of Broadway musicals City of Angels and A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Forum.
The Legion of Honour, with its full name National Order of the Legion of Honour (Ordre national de la Légion d'honneur), is the highest French order of merit for military and civil merits, established in 1802 by Napoléon Bonaparte and retained by all the divergent governments and regimes later holding power in France, up to the present.
Leonard Bernstein (August 25, 1918 – October 14, 1990) was an American composer, conductor, author, music lecturer, and pianist.
Les Noces is a ballet choreographed by Jerome Robbins, subsequently New York City Ballet balletmaster, to the 1923 version of Stravinsky's eponymous music for American Ballet Theatre with sets by Oliver Smith under the supervision of Rosaria Sinisi, costumes by Patricia Zipprodt, and lighting by Jennifer Tipton.
The National Medal of Arts is an award and title created by the United States Congress in 1984, for the purpose of honoring artists and patrons of the arts.
The Lower East Side, sometimes abbreviated as LES, is a neighborhood in the southeastern part of the New York City borough of Manhattan, roughly located between the Bowery and the East River, and Canal Street and Houston Street.
Mack Sennett (born Michael Sinnott; January 17, 1880 – November 5, 1960) was a Canadian-born American film director and producer, known as the King of Comedy.
Manhattan is the most densely populated borough of New York City, its economic and administrative center, and its historical birthplace.
Marlon Brando Jr. (April 3, 1924 – July 1, 2004) was an American actor and film director.
Marty is a 1955 American romantic drama film directed by Delbert Mann.
Lois Maureen Stapleton (June 21, 1925 – March 13, 2006) was an American actress in film, theater and television.
Joseph Maurice Ravel (7 March 1875 – 28 December 1937) was a French composer, pianist and conductor.
Robert Meredith Willson (May 18, 1902 – June 15, 1984) was an American composer and playwright, best known for writing the book, music, and lyrics for the hit Broadway musical The Music Man.
The Metropolitan Opera is an opera company based in New York City, resident at the Metropolitan Opera House at the Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts.
The Metropolitan Opera House was an opera house located at 1411 Broadway in New York City.
Edward Montgomery "Monty" Clift (October 17, 1920 – July 23, 1966) was an American actor.
Morton Gould (December 10, 1913February 21, 1996) was an American composer, conductor, arranger, and pianist.
Mother Courage and Her Children (Mutter Courage und ihre Kinder) is a play written in 1939 by the German dramatist and poet Bertolt Brecht (1898–1956), with significant contributions from Margarete Steffin.
Moves (A Ballet in Silence) is a ballet without music created by Jerome Robbins for his company Ballets: USA for the Spoleto (Italy) Festival of Two Worlds, where it received its premiere 3 July 1959; the New York City Ballet première took place on Wednesday, 2 May 1984, by which time Robbins was City Ballet's ballet master, at the New York State Theater, Lincoln Center.
N.Y. Export: Op.
The National Museum of Dance and Hall of Fame, in the Saratoga Spa State Park, Saratoga Springs, New York, was established in 1986.
The National Broadcasting Company (NBC) is an American English language commercial broadcast television network that is a flagship property of NBCUniversal, a subsidiary of Comcast.
New York is an American biweekly magazine concerned with life, culture, politics, and style generally, and with a particular emphasis on New York City.
New York is a state in the northeastern United States.
The City of New York, often called New York City (NYC) or simply New York, is the most populous city in the United States.
New York City Ballet (NYCB) is a ballet company founded in 1948 by choreographer George Balanchine and Lincoln Kirstein.
New York University (NYU) is a private nonprofit research university based in New York City.
Nora Kaye-Ross (January 17, 1920 – February 28, 1987) was an American prima-ballerina known for her ability to perform dramatic roles.
An Off-Broadway theatre is any professional venue in Manhattan in New York City with a seating capacity between 100 and 499, inclusive.
Oh Dad, Poor Dad, Mamma's Hung You in the Closet and I'm Feelin' So Sad: A Pseudoclassical Tragifarce in a Bastard French Tradition was the first play written by Arthur L. Kopit.
Oliver Smith (February 13, 1918 – January 23, 1994) was an American scenic designer.
On the Town is a musical with music by Leonard Bernstein and book and lyrics by Betty Comden and Adolph Green, based on Jerome Robbins' idea for his 1944 ballet Fancy Free, which he had set to Bernstein's music.
Ottorino Respighi (9 July 187918 April 1936) was an Italian violinist, composer and musicologist, best known for his three orchestral tone poems Fountains of Rome (1916), Pines of Rome (1924), and Roman Festivals (1928).
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a long-term degenerative disorder of the central nervous system that mainly affects the motor system.
Paul Cadmus (December 17, 1904 – December 12, 1999) was an American artist.
The Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) is an American public broadcaster and television program distributor.
The George Foster Peabody Awards (or simply Peabody Awards) program, named for American businessman and philanthropist George Peabody, honor the most powerful, enlightening, and invigorating stories in television, radio, and online media.
Peter Pan is a musical based on J. M. Barrie's 1904 play Peter Pan and Barrie's own novelization of it, Peter and Wendy.
Petrushka (Pétrouchka; Петрушка) is a ballet burlesque in four scenes.
Philip Glass (born January 31, 1937) is an American composer.
Robert Lewis (March 16, 1909 – November 23, 1997) was an American actor, director, teacher, author and founder of the influential Actors Studio in New York in 1947.
Robert Prince (May 10, 1929 – March 4, 2007) was an American composer of music for dance, theater, television, film and records and a graduate of the Juilliard School of Music.
Robert Earl Wise (September 10, 1914 – September 14, 2005) was an American film director, producer and editor.
Rodgers and Hammerstein refers to composer Richard Rodgers (1902–1979) and lyricist-dramatist Oscar Hammerstein II (1895–1960), who together were an influential, innovative and successful American musical theatre writing team.
The Romani (also spelled Romany), or Roma, are a traditionally itinerant ethnic group, living mostly in Europe and the Americas and originating from the northern Indian subcontinent, from the Rajasthan, Haryana, Punjab and Sindh regions of modern-day India and Pakistan.
Romeo and Juliet is a tragedy written by William Shakespeare early in his career about two young star-crossed lovers whose deaths ultimately reconcile their feuding families.
Sergei Sergeyevich Prokofiev (r; 27 April 1891 – 5 March 1953) was a Russian Soviet composer, pianist and conductor.
Shirley MacLaine (née Beaty; born April 24, 1934) is an American film, television and theater actress, singer, dancer, activist and author.
Sidney Arthur Lumet (June 25, 1924 – April 9, 2011) was an American director, producer, and screenwriter with over 50 films to his credit.
Stephen Joshua Sondheim (born March 22, 1930) is an American composer and lyricist known for more than a half-century of contributions to musical theater.
A stroke is a medical condition in which poor blood flow to the brain results in cell death.
Tanaquil Le Clercq (October 2, 1929 – December 31, 2000) was a French ballet dancer and principal dancer with the New York City Ballet.
Tevye the Dairyman (טבֿיה דער מילכיקער Tevye der milkhiker, טוביה החולב) is the fictional narrator and protagonist of a series of short stories by Solomon Naumovich Rabinovich (better known by his pen-name of Sholem Aleichem), originally written in Yiddish, and first published in 1894.
The Cage is a ballet made by New York City Ballet ballet master Jerome Robbins to Stravinsky's Concerto in D for string orchestra, also known as the "Basel Concerto", which he was commissioned to compose on the twentieth anniversary of the chamber orchestra Basler Kammerorchester; it notably shifts between D major and minor.
The Christian Science Monitor (CSM) is a nonprofit news organization that publishes daily articles in electronic format as well as a weekly print edition.
The Concert (or The Perils of Everybody) is a ballet made by Jerome Robbins, subsequently New York City Ballet's ballet master, to Chopin's: The décor was by Saul Steinberg, the costumes by Irene Sharaff and the lighting by Ronald Bates.
The Four Seasons is a ballet made by New York City Ballet ballet master Jerome Robbins to excerpts from Giuseppe Verdi's I Vespri Siciliani (1855), I Lombardi (1843), and Il Trovatore (1853).
The Goldberg Variations is a ballet made by New York City Ballet's ballet master Jerome Robbins to Johann Sebastian Bach's eponymous music from 1742, BWV 988, his only work in the form of theme and variations; the theme is a sarabande he wrote for his second wife.
The King and I is the fifth musical by the team of composer Richard Rodgers and dramatist Oscar Hammerstein II.
The King and I is a 1956 American musical film made by 20th Century Fox, directed by Walter Lang and produced by Charles Brackett and Darryl F. Zanuck.
The Music Man is a musical with book, music, and lyrics by Meredith Willson, based on a story by Willson and Franklin Lacey.
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
The Pajama Game is a musical based on the 1953 novel 7½ Cents by Richard Bissell.
The Antoinette Perry Award for Excellence in Broadway Theatre, more commonly known as the Tony Award, recognizes excellence in live Broadway theatre.
The Tony Award for Best Choreography is awarded to acknowledge the contributions of choreographers in both musicals and plays.
This is a list of winners and nominations for the Tony Award for Best Direction of a Musical.
Two's Company is a musical revue with principal sketches by Charles Sherman and Peter DeVries, principal lyrics by Ogden Nash and Sammy Cahn, and principal music by Vernon Duke.
Union City is a city in Hudson County, New Jersey, United States.
Weehawken is a township in Hudson County, New Jersey, United States.
West Side Story is a musical with a book by Arthur Laurents, music by Leonard Bernstein and lyrics by Stephen Sondheim.
West Side Story is a 1961 American romantic musical tragedy film directed by Robert Wise and Jerome Robbins.
Wish You Were Here is a musical with a book by Arthur Kober and Joshua Logan and music and lyrics by Harold Rome.
Wonderful Town is a 1953 musical with book written by Joseph A. Fields and Jerome Chodorov, lyrics by Betty Comden and Adolph Green, and music by Leonard Bernstein.
Samuel Joel "Zero" Mostel (February 28, 1915 – September 8, 1977) was an American actor, singer and comedian of stage and screen, best known for his portrayal of comic characters such as Tevye on stage in Fiddler on the Roof, Pseudolus on stage and on screen in A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Forum, and Max Bialystock in the original film version of The Producers.