110 relations: Aerobee, Apollo Lunar Module, Apollo M. O. Smith, Apollo program, Army Ballistic Missile Agency, Arroyo Seco (Los Angeles County), Babylon 5, Bill Pickering (rocket scientist), Bruce C. Murray, Budget sequestration, California Institute of Technology, Cassini–Huygens, Ceres (dwarf planet), Certiorari, Charles Elachi, CloudSat, Crusade (TV series), Dana Ulery, Dawn (spacecraft), Deep Space 1, Deep Space 2, DHS Science and Technology Directorate, Edward C. Stone, Edwards Air Force Base, Explorer 1, Explorers Program, Federal government of the United States, Federally funded research and development centers, FIPS 201, First responder, France 24, Frank Malina, Galileo Probe, Goldstone Deep Space Communications Complex, Graduate school, Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment, Guggenheim Aeronautical Laboratory, Homeland security, Huntsville, Alabama, Intelligent design, International Geophysical Year, Interplanetary spaceflight, Jack Parsons (rocket engineer), JATO, Jet Propulsion Laboratory Science Division, JPL Small-Body Database, Juno (spacecraft), Juno I, Jupiter, Jupiter-C, ..., La Cañada Flintridge, California, Lew Allen, Los Angeles County Superior Court, Louis Dunn, Magellan (spacecraft), Mariner program, Mars, Mars Climate Orbiter, Mars Exploration Rover, Mars Global Surveyor, Mars Pathfinder, Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter, Mars rover, Mars Science Laboratory, Martin Summerfield, Mercury (planet), MGM-29 Sergeant, MGM-5 Corporal, Michael M. Watkins, Moon, NASA, NASA Deep Space Network, National Historic Landmark, NuSTAR, Ocean Surface Topography Mission, Opportunity (rover), Orbiting Carbon Observatory, Pasadena, California, Peanut, Phoenix (spacecraft), Pioneer program, Project Vanguard, Qian Xuesen, Radar, Ranger program, Redstone Arsenal, Robotic spacecraft, Salient (geography), Shuttle Radar Topography Mission, Small Solar System body, Space Flight Operations Facility, Space Foundation, Spitzer Space Telescope, Stardust (spacecraft), Surveyor program, Theodore von Kármán, Twenty-Five-Foot Space Simulator, United States, United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit, United States Secretary of Commerce, Venus, Viking program, Voyager program, Wernher von Braun, White Sands Missile Range, Wide Field and Planetary Camera 2, Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer, X-ray telescope, 2001 Mars Odyssey, 4 Vesta. Expand index (60 more) » « Shrink index
The Aerobee rocket was a small (8 m) unguided suborbital sounding rocket used for high atmospheric and cosmic radiation research in the United States in the 1950s.
The Lunar Module (LM, pronounced "Lem"), originally designated the Lunar Excursion Module (LEM), was the lander portion of the Apollo spacecraft built for the US Apollo program by Grumman Aircraft to carry a crew of two from lunar orbit to the surface and back.
Apollo Milton Olin Smith (usually referred to as A.M.O. Smith) (July 2, 1911 – May 1, 1997) was an important figure in the aerodynamics field at Douglas Aircraft from 1938 to 1975 and an early pioneer in the area of Computational Fluid Dynamics.
The Apollo program, also known as Project Apollo, was the third United States human spaceflight program carried out by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), which accomplished landing the first humans on the Moon from 1969 to 1972.
The Army Ballistic Missile Agency (ABMA) was formed to develop the U.S. Army's first large ballistic missile.
The Arroyo Seco, meaning "dry stream" in Spanish, is a U.S. Geological Survey.
Babylon 5 is an American science fiction television series created by writer and producer J. Michael Straczynski, under the Babylonian Productions label, in association with Straczynski's Synthetic Worlds Ltd.
William Hayward "Bill" Pickering (24 December 1910 – 15 March 2004) was a New Zealand-born rocket scientist who headed Pasadena, California's Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) for 22 years, retiring in 1976.
Bruce Churchill Murray (November 30, 1931 – August 29, 2013) was an American planetary scientist.
Budget sequestration is a procedure in United States law that limits the size of the federal budget.
The California Institute of Technology (abbreviated Caltech)The university itself only spells its short form as "Caltech"; other spellings such as.
The Cassini–Huygens mission, commonly called Cassini, was a collaboration between NASA, the European Space Agency (ESA), and the Italian Space Agency (ASI) to send a probe to study the planet Saturn and its system, including its rings and natural satellites.
Ceres (minor-planet designation: 1 Ceres) is the largest object in the asteroid belt that lies between the orbits of Mars and Jupiter, slightly closer to Mars' orbit.
Certiorari, often abbreviated cert. in the United States, is a process for seeking judicial review and a writ issued by a court that agrees to review.
Charles Elachi (born April 18, 1947 in Lebanon) is a Lebanese-American professor (emeritus) of electrical engineering and planetary science at the California Institute of Technology (Caltech).
CloudSat is a NASA Earth observation satellite, which was launched on a Delta II rocket on April 28, 2006.
Crusade is an American spin-off television series from J. Michael Straczynski's Babylon 5, released in 1999.
Dana Ulery (born January 2, 1938) is an American computer scientist and pioneer in scientific computing applications.
Dawn is a space probe launched by NASA in September 2007 with the mission of studying two of the three known protoplanets of the asteroid belt, Vesta and Ceres.
Deep Space 1 (DS1) was a NASA technology demonstration spacecraft which flew by an asteroid and a comet.
Deep Space 2 was a NASA probe part of the New Millennium Program.
The Science and Technology Directorate (S&T) is a component within the United States Department of Homeland Security.
Edward Carroll Stone (born January 23, 1936) is an American space scientist, professor of physics at the California Institute of Technology, and former director of the NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL).
Edwards Air Force Base (AFB) is a United States Air Force installation located in Kern County in southern California, about northeast of Lancaster and east of Rosamond.
Explorer 1 was the first satellite of the United States, launched as part of its participation in the International Geophysical Year.
The Explorers Program is a United States space exploration program that provides flight opportunities for physics, geophysics, heliophysics, and astrophysics investigations from space.
The federal government of the United States (U.S. federal government) is the national government of the United States, a constitutional republic in North America, composed of 50 states, one district, Washington, D.C. (the nation's capital), and several territories.
Federally funded research and development centers (FFRDCs) are public-private partnerships which conduct research for the United States Government.
FIPS 201 (Federal Information Processing Standard Publication 201) is a United States federal government standard that specifies Personal Identity Verification (PIV) requirements for Federal employees and contractors.
A first responder is a person with specialized training who is among the first to arrive and provide assistance at the scene of an emergency, such as an accident, natural disaster, or terrorist attack.
France 24 (pronounced "France vingt-quatre") is a state-owned 24-hour international news and current affairs television network based in Paris.
Frank Joseph Malina (October 2, 1912 – November 9, 1981) was an American aeronautical engineer and painter, especially known for becoming both a pioneer in the art world and the realm of scientific engineering.
The Galileo Probe was an atmospheric-entry probe carried by the main ''Galileo'' spacecraft to Jupiter, where it directly entered a hot spot and returned data from the planet.
The Goldstone Deep Space Communications Complex (GDSCC), commonly called the Goldstone Observatory, is located in the Mojave Desert near Barstow in the U.S. state of California.
A graduate school (sometimes shortened as grad school) is a school that awards advanced academic degrees (i.e. master's and doctoral degrees) with the general requirement that students must have earned a previous undergraduate (bachelor's) degree with a high grade point average.
The Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment (GRACE) was a joint mission of NASA and the German Aerospace Center.
The Guggenheim Aeronautical Laboratory at the California Institute of Technology (GALCIT), was a research institute created in 1926, at first specializing in aeronautics research.
Homeland security is an American umbrella term for "the national effort to ensure a homeland that is safe, secure, and resilient against terrorism and other hazards where American interests, aspirations, and ways of life can thrive to the national effort to prevent terrorist attacks within the United States, reduce the vulnerability of the U.S. to terrorism, and minimize the damage from attacks that do occur".
Huntsville is a city located primarily in Madison County in the Appalachian region of northern Alabama.
Intelligent design (ID) is a religious argument for the existence of God, presented by its proponents as "an evidence-based scientific theory about life's origins",Numbers 2006, p. 373; " captured headlines for its bold attempt to rewrite the basic rules of science and its claim to have found indisputable evidence of a God-like being.
The International Geophysical Year (IGY; Année géophysique internationale) was an international scientific project that lasted from July 1, 1957, to December 31, 1958.
Interplanetary spaceflight or interplanetary travel is travel between planets, usually within a single planetary system.
John Whiteside "Jack" Parsons (born Marvel Whiteside Parsons; October 2, 1914 – June 17, 1952) was an American rocket engineer and rocket propulsion researcher, chemist, and Thelemite occultist.
JATO (acronym for jet-assisted take-off), is a type of assisted take-off for helping overloaded aircraft into the air by providing additional thrust in the form of small rockets.
The Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) Science Division investigates physical and chemical processes on the Earth, in the Solar System, and throughout the universe.
The JPL Small-Body Database (SBDB) is an astronomy database about small Solar System bodies.
Juno is a NASA space probe orbiting the planet Jupiter.
The Juno I was a four-stage American booster rocket which launched America's first satellite, Explorer 1, in 1958.
Jupiter is the fifth planet from the Sun and the largest in the Solar System.
The Jupiter-C was an American research and development vehicle developed from the Jupiter-A. Jupiter-C was used for three sub-orbital spaceflights in 1956 and 1957 to test re-entry nosecones that were later to be deployed on the more advanced PGM-19 Jupiter mobile missile.
La Cañada Flintridge is a city in Los Angeles County, California, with a population of 20,246 in 2010.
Lew Allen, Jr. (September 30, 1925 January 4, 2010) was a United States Air Force four-star General who served as the tenth Chief of Staff of the U.S. Air Force.
The Superior Court of Los Angeles County is the California Superior Court located in Los Angeles County.
Louis Gerhardus Dunn (1908-1979) was a South African-born engineer who played a key role in the development of early American missiles and launch vehicles.
The Magellan spacecraft, also referred to as the Venus Radar Mapper, was a robotic space probe launched by NASA of the United States, on May 4, 1989, to map the surface of Venus by using synthetic aperture radar and to measure the planetary gravitational field.
The Mariner program was a 10-mission program conducted by the American space agency NASA in conjunction with Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL).
Mars is the fourth planet from the Sun and the second-smallest planet in the Solar System after Mercury.
The Mars Climate Orbiter (formerly the Mars Surveyor '98 Orbiter) was a robotic space probe launched by NASA on December 11, 1998 to study the Martian climate, Martian atmosphere, and surface changes and to act as the communications relay in the Mars Surveyor '98 program for Mars Polar Lander.
NASA's Mars Exploration Rover (MER) mission is an ongoing robotic space mission involving two Mars rovers, Spirit and Opportunity, exploring the planet Mars.
Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) was an American robotic spacecraft developed by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory and launched November 1996.
Mars Pathfinder (MESUR Pathfinder) is an American robotic spacecraft that landed a base station with a roving probe on Mars in 1997.
Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (MRO) is a multipurpose spacecraft designed to conduct reconnaissance and exploration of Mars from orbit.
A Mars rover is an automated motor vehicle that propels itself across the surface of the planet Mars upon arrival.
Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) is a robotic space probe mission to Mars launched by NASA on November 26, 2011, which successfully landed Curiosity, a Mars rover, in Gale Crater on August 6, 2012.
Martin Summerfield (20 October 1916 – 18 July 1996) was an American physicist and rocket scientist, a co-founder of Aerojet, head of Princeton University propulsion and combustion laboratory.
Mercury is the smallest and innermost planet in the Solar System.
The MGM-29 Sergeant was an American short-range, solid fuel, surface-to-surface missile developed at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
The MGM-5 Corporal missile was a nuclear-armed tactical surface-to-surface missile.
Michael M. Watkins, an American engineer and scientist, is director of NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California, and a vice president of the California Institute of Technology, which staffs and manages JPL for NASA.
The Moon is an astronomical body that orbits planet Earth and is Earth's only permanent natural satellite.
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is an independent agency of the executive branch of the United States federal government responsible for the civilian space program, as well as aeronautics and aerospace research.
The NASA Deep Space Network (DSN) is a worldwide network of US spacecraft communication facilities, located in the United States (California), Spain (Madrid), and Australia (Canberra), that supports NASA's interplanetary spacecraft missions.
A National Historic Landmark (NHL) is a building, district, object, site, or structure that is officially recognized by the United States government for its outstanding historical significance.
NuSTAR (Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array) is a space-based X-ray telescope that uses a conical approximation to a Wolter telescope to focus high energy X-rays from astrophysical sources, especially for nuclear spectroscopy, and operates in the range of 3 to 79 keV.
The Ocean Surface Topography Mission (OSTM) on the Jason-2 satellite is an international Earth observation satellite mission that continues the sea surface height measurements begun in 1992 by the joint NASA/CNES TOPEX/Poseidon mission and followed by the NASA/CNES Jason-1 mission launched in 2001.
Opportunity, also known as MER-B (Mars Exploration Rover – B) or MER-1, is a robotic rover active on Mars since 2004.
The Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO) is a NASA satellite mission intended to provide global space-based observations of atmospheric carbon dioxide.
Pasadena is a city in Los Angeles County, California, United States, located 10 miles (16 kilometers) northeast of Downtown Los Angeles.
The peanut, also known as the groundnut or the goober and taxonomically classified as Arachis hypogaea, is a legume crop grown mainly for its edible seeds.
Phoenix was a robotic spacecraft on a space exploration mission on Mars under the Mars Scout Program.
The Pioneer program is a series of United States unmanned space missions that were designed for planetary exploration.
Project Vanguard was a program managed by the United States Naval Research Laboratory (NRL), which intended to launch the first artificial satellite into Earth orbit using a Vanguard rocket as the launch vehicle from Cape Canaveral Missile Annex, Florida.
Qian Xuesen, or Hsue-Shen Tsien (11 December 1911 – 31 October 2009), was a prominent Chinese aerodynamicist and cyberneticist who contributed to rocket science and established engineering cybernetics.
Radar is an object-detection system that uses radio waves to determine the range, angle, or velocity of objects.
The Ranger program was a series of unmanned space missions by the United States in the 1960s whose objective was to obtain the first close-up images of the surface of the Moon.
Redstone Arsenal (RSA) is a United States Army post and a census-designated place (CDP) adjacent to Huntsville in Madison County, Alabama, United States and is part of the Huntsville-Decatur Combined Statistical Area.
A robotic spacecraft is an uncrewed spacecraft, usually under telerobotic control.
A salient is an elongated protrusion of a geopolitical entity, such as a subnational entity or a sovereign state.
The Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) is an international research effort that obtained digital elevation models on a near-global scale from 56° S to 60° N, to generate the most complete high-resolution digital topographic database of Earth prior to the release of the ASTER GDEM in 2009.
A small Solar System body (SSSB) is an object in the Solar System that is neither a planet, nor a dwarf planet, nor a natural satellite.
Space Flight Operations Facility (SFOF) is a control room and related communications equipment areas at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California.
Space Foundation is a Colorado-based nonprofit organization that advocates for all sectors of the global space industry through space awareness activities, educational programs and major industry events.
The Spitzer Space Telescope (SST), formerly the Space Infrared Telescope Facility (SIRTF), is an infrared space telescope launched in 2003 and still operating as of 2018.
Stardust was a 390 kilogram robotic space probe launched by NASA on 7 February 1999.
The Surveyor program was a NASA program that, from June 1966 through January 1968, sent seven robotic spacecraft to the surface of the Moon.
Theodore von Kármán ((szőllőskislaki) Kármán Tódor; 11 May 1881 – 6 May 1963) was a Hungarian-American mathematician, aerospace engineer, and physicist who was active primarily in the fields of aeronautics and astronautics.
The Twenty-Five-Foot Space Simulator is a chamber designed for testing spacecraft in space-like conditions, including extreme cold, high radiation, and near-vacuum pressure.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
The United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit (in case citations, 9th Cir.) is a U.S. Federal court with appellate jurisdiction over the district courts in the following districts.
The United States Secretary of Commerce (SecCom) is the head of the United States Department of Commerce.
Venus is the second planet from the Sun, orbiting it every 224.7 Earth days.
The Viking program consisted of a pair of American space probes sent to Mars, Viking 1 and Viking 2.
The Voyager program is an American scientific program that employs two robotic probes, Voyager 1 and Voyager 2, to study the outer Solar System.
Wernher Magnus Maximilian Freiherr von Braun (March 23, 1912 – June 16, 1977) was a German (and, later, American) aerospace engineer and space architect.
White Sands Missile Range (WSMR) is a United States Army military testing area of almost in parts of five counties in southern New Mexico.
The Wide Field and Planetary Camera 2 (WFPC2) is a camera formerly installed on the Hubble Space Telescope.
Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer (WISE) is a NASA infrared-wavelength astronomical space telescope launched in December 2009, and placed in hibernation in February 2011.
An X-ray telescope (XRT) is a telescope that is designed to observe remote objects in the X-ray spectrum.
2001 Mars Odyssey is a robotic spacecraft orbiting the planet Mars.
Vesta, minor-planet designation 4 Vesta, is one of the largest objects in the asteroid belt, with a mean diameter of.
JPL, JPL Solar System Dynamics, Jet Propulsion Lab, Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL), Jpl, NASA JPL, NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Outer Planets Mission Analysis Group, Outer Planets Mission Design Group, Planetary science summer school.