164 relations: Aeolipile, Aerodrome, Afterburner, Air turborocket, Air-augmented rocket, Airbreathing jet engine, Airliner, Alan Arnold Griffith, Anselm Franz, Arado Ar 234, ATREX, Austria, Avro Canada C102 Jetliner, Axial compressor, Ægidius Elling, Balancing machine, Boeing 747, Boeing X-51 Waverider, Bomber, Boundary layer, Brayton cycle, Bypass ratio, Caproni Campini N.1, Cargo, Centrifugal compressor, Combustor, Components of jet engines, Compressor, Compressor map, Cruise missile, Dassault Mirage, Dassault Rafale, De Havilland Comet, De Havilland Ghost, De Havilland Goblin, De Laval nozzle, Deflagration, Detonation, Diesel engine, Drag (physics), Drag racing, Ducted propeller, Dynamic pressure, Edgar Buckingham, Erich Warsitz, Ernst Heinkel, ETOPS, Fighter aircraft, Fireworks, Fixed-wing aircraft, ..., Frank Whittle, Gas turbine, Gasoline, Geared turbofan, General Electric CJ805, General Electric GE90, Gloster E.28/39, Gloster Meteor, Gunpowder, Hans von Ohain, Heinkel He 178, Heinkel HeS 1, Heinkel HeS 3, Helicopter, HOTOL, Hydrogen, Hypersonic speed, Inboard motor, Internal combustion engine, Ishikawajima Tsu-11, Jet (fluid), Jet aircraft, Jet airliner, Jet engine performance, Jet propulsion, Jetboat, John Barber (engineer), Junkers, Junkers Jumo 004, Kamikaze, Kinetic energy, Land speed record, Liquid air cycle engine, Liquid oxygen, Lockheed SR-71 Blackbird, Mach number, Mach wave, Maxime Guillaume, McDonnell Douglas F-15 Eagle, McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom II, Messerschmitt Me 262, Metallurgy, Mikoyan MiG-31, Military aircraft, Ministry of Aviation (Nazi Germany), Missile, Model rocket, Moon landing, Motorjet, North American XB-70 Valkyrie, Oblique shock, Overall pressure ratio, Oxidizing agent, Oxygen, Pratt & Whitney JT9D, Precooled jet engine, Pressure drop, Propeller (aeronautics), Propelling nozzle, Propfan, Propulsive efficiency, Pulse detonation engine, Pulsejet, Pump-jet, Ramjet, Reaction engine, Reciprocating engine, Rocket, Rocket car, Rocket engine, Rocket engine nozzle, Rocket turbine engine, Rolls-Royce Avon, Rolls-Royce Olympus, Rolls-Royce Trent XWB, Rostock, Royal Air Force, Royal Air Force College Cranwell, SABRE (rocket engine), Scramjet, Secondo Campini, SEPR 84, Shock wave, Soviet Union, Space exploration, Spacecraft propulsion, Spaceflight, Specific impulse, Specific thrust, Speed of sound, Standard gravity, Supersonic speed, Thermodynamic cycle, Thrust, Thrust reversal, Thrust specific fuel consumption, Thrust-to-weight ratio, ThrustSSC, Transmission (mechanics), Tupolev Tu-22, Turbine, Turbofan, Turbojet, Turbojet development at the RAE, Turboprop, Turboshaft, Unmanned aerial vehicle, V-1 flying bomb, Variable cycle engine, Water injection (engine), Water rocket, World War II, Yokosuka MXY-7 Ohka, Zero-length launch. Expand index (114 more) » « Shrink index
An aeolipile (or aeolipyle, or eolipile), also known as a Hero's engine, is a simple bladeless radial steam turbine which spins when the central water container is heated.
An aerodrome (Commonwealth English) or airdrome (American English) is a location from which aircraft flight operations take place, regardless of whether they involve air cargo, passengers, or neither.
An afterburner (or a reheat) is a component present on some jet engines, mostly those used on military supersonic aircraft.
The air turborocket is a form of combined-cycle jet engine.
Air-augmented rockets (also known as rocket-ejector, ramrocket, ducted rocket, integral rocket/ramjets, or ejector ramjets) use the supersonic exhaust of some kind of rocket engine to further compress air collected by ram effect during flight to use as additional working mass, leading to greater effective thrust for any given amount of fuel than either the rocket or a ramjet alone.
An airbreathing jet engine (or ducted jet engine) is a jet engine propelled by a jet of hot exhaust gases formed from heated and expanded air that is drawn into the engine via a compressor, typically a centrifugal or axial type.
An airliner is a type of aircraft for transporting passengers and air cargo.
Alan Arnold Griffith (13 June 1893 – 13 October 1963) was the son of Victorian science fiction author George Griffith and an English engineer.
The Arado Ar 234 Blitz (English: lightning) was the world's first operational jet-powered bomber, built by the German Arado company in the closing stages of World War II.
The ATREX engine (Air Turbo Ramjet Engine with eXpander cycle) developed in Japan is an experimental precooled jet engine that works as a turbojet at low speeds and a ramjet up to mach 6.0.
Austria (Österreich), officially the Republic of Austria (Republik Österreich), is a federal republic and a landlocked country of over 8.8 million people in Central Europe.
The Avro C102 Jetliner was a Canadian prototype medium-range turbojet-powered jet airliner built by Avro Canada in 1949.
An axial compressor is a compressor that can continuously pressurize gases.
Jens William Ægidius Elling (also Aegidus or Aegidius) (26 July 1861 – 27 May 1949) was a Norwegian researcher, inventor and pioneer of gas turbine who is considered to be the father of the gas turbine.
A balancing machine is a measuring tool used for balancing rotating machine parts such as rotors for electric motors, fans, turbines, disc brakes, disc drives, propellers and pumps.
The Boeing 747 is an American wide-body commercial jet airliner and cargo aircraft, often referred to by its original nickname, "Jumbo Jet".
The Boeing X-51 Waverider is an unmanned research scramjet experimental aircraft for hypersonic flight at and an altitude of.
A bomber is a combat aircraft designed to attack ground and naval targets by dropping air-to-ground weaponry (such as bombs), firing torpedoes and bullets or deploying air-launched cruise missiles.
In physics and fluid mechanics, a boundary layer is an important concept and refers to the layer of fluid in the immediate vicinity of a bounding surface where the effects of viscosity are significant.
The Brayton cycle is a thermodynamic cycle named after George Brayton who describes the workings of a constant-pressure heat engine.
The normal definition for the bypass ratio (BPR) of a turbofan engine is the ratio between the mass flow rate of the bypass stream to the mass flow rate entering the core.
The Caproni Campini N.1, also known as the C.C.2, was an experimental jet aircraft built in the 1930s by Italian aircraft manufacturer Caproni.
In economics, cargo or freight are goods or produce being conveyed – generally for commercial gain – by water, air or land.
Centrifugal compressors, sometimes termed radial compressors, are a sub-class of dynamic axisymmetric work-absorbing turbomachinery.
A combustor is a component or area of a gas turbine, ramjet, or scramjet engine where combustion takes place.
This article briefly describes the components and systems found in jet engines.
A compressor is a mechanical device that increases the pressure of a gas by reducing its volume.
A compressor map is a chart created for a compressor in a gas turbine engine.
A cruise missile is a guided missile used against terrestrial targets that remains in the atmosphere and flies the major portion of its flight path at approximately constant speed.
Mirage is a name given to several types of jet aircraft designed by the French company Dassault Aviation (formerly Avions Marcel Dassault), some of which were produced in different variants.
The Dassault Rafale (literally meaning "gust of wind", and "burst of fire" in a more military sense) is a French twin-engine, canard delta wing, multirole fighter aircraft designed and built by Dassault Aviation.
The de Havilland DH 106 Comet was the world's first commercial jet airliner.
The de Havilland Ghost (originally Halford H-2) was the de Havilland Engine Company's second turbojet engine design to enter production and the world's first gas turbine engine to enter airline (BOAC) service.
The de Havilland Goblin, originally designated as the Halford H-1, is an early turbojet engine designed by Frank Halford and built by de Havilland.
A de Laval nozzle (or convergent-divergent nozzle, CD nozzle or con-di nozzle) is a tube that is pinched in the middle, making a carefully balanced, asymmetric hourglass shape.
Deflagration (Lat: de + flagrare, "to burn down") is subsonic combustion propagating through heat transfer; hot burning material heats the next layer of cold material and ignites it.
Detonation is a type of combustion involving a supersonic exothermic front accelerating through a medium that eventually drives a shock front propagating directly in front of it.
The diesel engine (also known as a compression-ignition or CI engine), named after Rudolf Diesel, is an internal combustion engine in which ignition of the fuel which is injected into the combustion chamber is caused by the elevated temperature of the air in the cylinder due to mechanical compression (adiabatic compression).
In fluid dynamics, drag (sometimes called air resistance, a type of friction, or fluid resistance, another type of friction or fluid friction) is a force acting opposite to the relative motion of any object moving with respect to a surrounding fluid.
For the drag queen reality competition program, see RuPaul's Drag Race. Drag racing is a type of motor racing in which automobiles or motorcycles (usually specially prepared for the purpose) compete, usually two at a time, to be first to cross a set finish line.
A ducted propeller, also known as a Kort nozzle, is a marine propeller fitted with a non-rotating nozzle.
Dynamic pressure (sometimes called velocity pressure) is the increase in a moving fluid's pressure over its static value due to motion.
Edgar Buckingham (July 8, 1867 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania – April 29, 1940 in Washington DC) was an American physicist.
Erich Warsitz (18 October 1906, Hattingen, Westphalia – 12 July 1983) was a German test pilot of the 1930s.
ETOPS is an aviation acronym for Extended Operations.
A fighter aircraft is a military aircraft designed primarily for air-to-air combat against other aircraft, as opposed to bombers and attack aircraft, whose main mission is to attack ground targets.
Fireworks are a class of low explosive pyrotechnic devices used for aesthetic and entertainment purposes.
A fixed-wing aircraft is an aircraft, such as an airplane or aeroplane (note the two different spellings), which is capable of flight using wings that generate lift caused by the vehicle's forward airspeed and the shape of the wings.
Air Commodore Sir Frank Whittle (1 June 1907 – 9 August 1996) was a British Royal Air Force air officer.
A gas turbine, also called a combustion turbine, is a type of continuous combustion, internal combustion engine.
Gasoline (American English), or petrol (British English), is a transparent, petroleum-derived liquid that is used primarily as a fuel in spark-ignited internal combustion engines.
The geared turbofan is a more efficient type of turbofan aircraft engine.
The General Electric CJ805 is a jet engine which was developed by GE Aviation in the late 1950s.
The General Electric GE90 is a family of high-bypass turbofan aircraft engines built by GE Aviation for the Boeing 777, with thrust ratings from.
The Gloster E.28/39, (also referred to as the Gloster Whittle, Gloster Pioneer, or Gloster G.40) was the first British jet-engined aircraft to fly, in 1941.
The Gloster Meteor was the first British jet fighter and the Allies' only jet aircraft to achieve combat operations during the Second World War.
Gunpowder, also known as black powder to distinguish it from modern smokeless powder, is the earliest known chemical explosive.
Hans Joachim Pabst von Ohain (14 December 191113 March 1998), a German physicist, was the designer of the first operational jet engine.
The Heinkel He 178 was the world's first aircraft to fly under turbojet power, and the first practical jet aircraft.
The Heinkel HeS 1 (HeS - Heinkel Strahltriebwerke) was Germany's first jet engine, which was a stationary test item that ran on hydrogen.
The Heinkel HeS 3 (HeS - Heinkel Strahltriebwerke) was the world's first operational jet engine to power an aircraft.
A helicopter is a type of rotorcraft in which lift and thrust are supplied by rotors.
HOTOL, for Horizontal Take-Off and Landing, was a 1980s British design for a single-stage-to-orbit (SSTO) spaceplane that was to be powered by an airbreathing jet engine.
Hydrogen is a chemical element with symbol H and atomic number 1.
In aerodynamics, a hypersonic speed is one that is highly supersonic.
An inboard motor is a marine propulsion system for boats.
An internal combustion engine (ICE) is a heat engine where the combustion of a fuel occurs with an oxidizer (usually air) in a combustion chamber that is an integral part of the working fluid flow circuit.
The Ishikawajima Tsu-11 was a motorjet produced in small numbers in Japan in the closing stages of World War II.
A jet is a stream of fluid that is projected into a surrounding medium, usually from some kind of a nozzle, aperture or orifice.
A jet aircraft (or simply jet) is an aircraft (nearly always a fixed-wing aircraft) propelled by jet engines (jet propulsion).
A jet airliner (or jetliner) is an airliner powered by jet engines (passenger jet aircraft).
In fixed-wing aircraft driven by one or more jet engines, certain aspects of performance such as thrust relate directly to the safe operation of the aircraft whereas other aspects of the engine operation such as noise and engine emissions affect the environment.
Jet propulsion is thrust produced by passing a jet of matter (typically fluid) in the opposite direction to the direction of motion.
A jetboat is a boat propelled by a jet of water ejected from the back of the craft.
John Barber (1734–1793) was an English coal viewer and inventor.
Junkers Flugzeug- und Motorenwerke AG (JFM, earlier JCO or JKO in World War I), more commonly Junkers, was a major German aircraft and aircraft engine manufacturer.
The Junkers Jumo 004, was the world's first production turbojet engine in operational use, and the first successful axial compressor turbojet engine.
, officially, were a part of the Japanese Special Attack Units of military aviators who initiated suicide attacks for the Empire of Japan against Allied naval vessels in the closing stages of the Pacific campaign of World War II, designed to destroy warships more effectively than possible with conventional air attacks.
In physics, the kinetic energy of an object is the energy that it possesses due to its motion.
The land speed record (or absolute land speed record) is the highest speed achieved by a person using a vehicle on land.
A liquid air cycle engine (LACE) is a type of spacecraft propulsion engine that attempts to increase its efficiency by gathering part of its oxidizer from the atmosphere.
Liquid oxygen—abbreviated LOx, LOX or Lox in the aerospace, submarine and gas industries—is one of the physical forms of elemental oxygen.
The Lockheed SR-71 "Blackbird" is a long-range, Mach 3+ strategic reconnaissance aircraft that was operated by the United States Air Force.
In fluid dynamics, the Mach number (M or Ma) is a dimensionless quantity representing the ratio of flow velocity past a boundary to the local speed of sound.
In fluid dynamics, a Mach wave is a pressure wave traveling with the speed of sound caused by a slight change of pressure added to a compressible flow.
In aerospace, Maxime Guillaume held a French patent for a turbojet engine in 1921.
The McDonnell Douglas F-15 Eagle is an American twin-engine, all-weather tactical fighter aircraft designed by McDonnell Douglas (now Boeing) to gain and maintain air supremacy in all aspects of aerial combat.
The McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom II is a tandem two-seat, twin-engine, all-weather, long-range supersonic jet interceptor and fighter-bomber originally developed for the United States Navy by McDonnell Aircraft.
The Messerschmitt Me 262, nicknamed Schwalbe (German: "Swallow") in fighter versions, or Sturmvogel (German: "Storm Bird") in fighter-bomber versions, was the world's first operational jet-powered fighter aircraft.
Metallurgy is a domain of materials science and engineering that studies the physical and chemical behavior of metallic elements, their inter-metallic compounds, and their mixtures, which are called alloys.
The Mikoyan MiG-31 (Микоян МиГ-31; NATO reporting name: Foxhound) is a supersonic interceptor aircraft developed for use by the Soviet Air Forces.
A military aircraft is any fixed-wing or rotary-wing aircraft that is operated by a legal or insurrectionary armed service of any type.
The Ministry of Aviation, December 1938 The Ministry of Aviation (Reichsluftfahrtministerium), abbreviated RLM, was a government department during the period of Nazi Germany (1933–45).
In modern language, a missile is a guided self-propelled system, as opposed to an unguided self-propelled munition, referred to as a rocket (although these too can also be guided).
A model rocket is a small rocket designed to reach low altitudes (e.g., for model) and be recovered by a variety of means.
A Moon landing is the arrival of a spacecraft on the surface of the Moon.
A motorjet is a rudimentary type of jet engine which is sometimes referred to as thermojet, a term now commonly used to describe a particular and completely unrelated pulsejet design.
The North American Aviation XB-70 Valkyrie was the prototype version of the planned B-70 nuclear-armed, deep-penetration strategic bomber for the United States Air Force Strategic Air Command.
An oblique shock wave, unlike a normal shock, is inclined with respect to the incident upstream flow direction.
In aeronautical engineering, overall pressure ratio, or overall compression ratio, is the ratio of the stagnation pressure as measured at the front and rear of the compressor of a gas turbine engine.
In chemistry, an oxidizing agent (oxidant, oxidizer) is a substance that has the ability to oxidize other substances — in other words to cause them to lose electrons.
Oxygen is a chemical element with symbol O and atomic number 8.
The Pratt & Whitney JT9D engine was the first high bypass ratio jet engine to power a wide-body airliner.
A precooled jet engine is a concept for high speed jet engines that features a cryogenic fuel-cooled heat exchanger immediately after the air intake to precool the air entering the engine.
Pressure drop is defined as the difference in total pressure between two points of a fluid carrying network.
An aircraft propeller, or airscrew,Beaumont, R.A.; Aeronautical Engineering, Odhams, 1942, Chapter 13, "Airscrews".
A propelling nozzle is a nozzle that converts a gas turbine or gas generator into a jet engine.
A propfan or open rotor engine is a type of aircraft engine related in concept to both the turboprop and turbofan, but distinct from both.
In aircraft and rocket design, overall propulsive efficiency \eta is the efficiency with which the energy contained in a vehicle's propellant is converted into kinetic energy of the vehicle, to accelerate it, or to replace losses due to aerodynamic drag or gravity.
A pulse detonation engine (PDE) is a type of propulsion system that uses detonation waves to combust the fuel and oxidizer mixture.
A pulsejet engine (or pulse jet) is a type of jet engine in which combustion occurs in pulses.
A view of pump-jets operating ''Discovery'' jet ski pump jet Rear view of pump-jet on a Mark 50 torpedo A pump-jet, hydrojet, or water jet is a marine system that creates a jet of water for propulsion.
A ramjet, sometimes referred to as a flying stovepipe or an athodyd (an abbreviation of aero thermodynamic duct), is a form of airbreathing jet engine that uses the engine's forward motion to compress incoming air without an axial compressor or a centrifugal compressor.
A reaction engine is an engine or motor that produces thrust by expelling reaction mass, in accordance with Newton's third law of motion.
A reciprocating engine, also often known as a piston engine, is typically a heat engine (although there are also pneumatic and hydraulic reciprocating engines) that uses one or more reciprocating pistons to convert pressure into a rotating motion.
A rocket (from Italian rocchetto "bobbin") is a missile, spacecraft, aircraft or other vehicle that obtains thrust from a rocket engine.
A rocket car is a land rocket vehicle powered by a rocket engine.
A rocket engine uses stored rocket propellant mass for forming its high-speed propulsive jet.
A rocket engine nozzle is a propelling nozzle (usually of the de Laval type) used in a rocket engine to expand and accelerate the combustion gases produced by burning propellants so that the exhaust gases exit the nozzle at hypersonic velocities.
A rocket turbine engine is a combination of two types of propulsion engines: a liquid fuel rocket and a turbine jet engine.
The Rolls-Royce Avon was the first axial flow jet engine designed and produced by Rolls-Royce.
The Rolls-Royce Olympus (originally the Bristol B.E.10 Olympus) was the world's first two-spool axial-flow turbojet aircraft engine design, dating from November 1946, although not the first to run or enter service.
The Rolls-Royce Trent XWB is a British series of turbofan jet engines developed from the Rolls-Royce Trent 1000, exclusively powering the Airbus A350 XWB.
Rostock is a city in the north German state Mecklenburg-Vorpommern.
The Royal Air Force (RAF) is the United Kingdom's aerial warfare force.
The Royal Air Force College (RAFC) is the Royal Air Force training and education academy which provides initial training to all RAF personnel who are preparing to be commissioned officers.
SABRE (Synergistic Air-Breathing Rocket Engine) is a concept under development by Reaction Engines Limited for a hypersonic precooled hybrid air-breathing rocket engine.
A scramjet ("supersonic combustion ramjet") is a variant of a ramjet airbreathing jet engine in which combustion takes place in supersonic airflow.
Secondo Campini (August 28, 1904 – February 7, 1980) was an Italian engineer and one of the pioneers of the jet engine.
The SEPR 84 is a family of liquid-fuelled rocket engines used as boosters for the Dassault Mirage III mixed-power high-altitude interceptor aircraft of the 1960s.
In physics, a shock wave (also spelled shockwave), or shock, is a type of propagating disturbance.
The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.
Space exploration is the discovery and exploration of celestial structures in outer space by means of evolving and growing space technology.
Spacecraft propulsion is any method used to accelerate spacecraft and artificial satellites.
Spaceflight (also written space flight) is ballistic flight into or through outer space.
Specific impulse (usually abbreviated Isp) is a measure of how effectively a rocket uses propellant or jet engine uses fuel.
Specific thrust is a term used in gas turbine engineering to show the relative thrust per air mass flowrate of a jet engine (e.g. turbojet, turbofan, etc.) and is defined as the ratio: net thrust/total intake airflow.
The speed of sound is the distance travelled per unit time by a sound wave as it propagates through an elastic medium.
The standard acceleration due to gravity (or standard acceleration of free fall), sometimes abbreviated as standard gravity, usually denoted by or, is the nominal gravitational acceleration of an object in a vacuum near the surface of the Earth.
Supersonic travel is a rate of travel of an object that exceeds the speed of sound (Mach 1).
A thermodynamic cycle consists of a linked sequence of thermodynamic processes that involve transfer of heat and work into and out of the system, while varying pressure, temperature, and other state variables within the system, and that eventually returns the system to its initial state.
Thrust is a reaction force described quantitatively by Newton's third law.
Thrust reversal, also called reverse thrust, is the temporary diversion of an aircraft engine's thrust so that it is directed forward, rather than backward.
Thrust-specific fuel consumption (TSFC) is the fuel efficiency of an engine design with respect to thrust output.
Thrust-to-weight ratio is a dimensionless ratio of thrust to weight of a rocket, jet engine, propeller engine, or a vehicle propelled by such an engine that indicates the performance of the engine or vehicle.
ThrustSSC, Thrust SSC or Thrust supersonic car, is a British jet-propelled car developed by Richard Noble, Glynne Bowsher, Ron Ayers, Jeremy Bliss, Reece Liebenberg and Joshua Hambury.
A transmission is a machine in a power transmission system, which provides controlled application of the power.
The Tupolev Tu-22 (NATO reporting name: Blinder) was the first supersonic bomber to enter production in the Soviet Union.
A turbine (from the Latin turbo, a vortex, related to the Greek τύρβη, tyrbē, meaning "turbulence") is a rotary mechanical device that extracts energy from a fluid flow and converts it into useful work.
The turbofan or fanjet is a type of airbreathing jet engine that is widely used in aircraft propulsion.
The turbojet is an airbreathing jet engine, typically used in aircraft.
Between 1936 and 1940 Alan Arnold Griffith designed a series of turbine engines that were built under the direction of Hayne Constant at the Royal Aircraft Establishment (RAE).
A turboprop engine is a turbine engine that drives an aircraft propeller.
A turboshaft engine is a form of gas turbine that is optimized to produce shaft power rather than jet thrust.
An unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV), commonly known as a drone, is an aircraft without a human pilot aboard.
The V-1 flying bomb (Vergeltungswaffe 1 "Vengeance Weapon 1")—also known to the Allies as the buzz bomb, or doodlebug, and in Germany as Kirschkern (cherrystone) or Maikäfer (maybug)—was an early cruise missile and the only production aircraft to use a pulsejet for power.
A variable cycle engine (VCE) is an aircraft jet engine that is designed to operate efficiently under mixed flight conditions, such as subsonic, transonic and supersonic.
In internal combustion engines, water injection, also known as anti-detonant injection (ADI), can spray water into the incoming air or fuel-air mixture, or directly into the cylinder to cool certain parts of the induction system where "hot points" could produce premature ignition.
A water rocket is a type of model rocket using water as its reaction mass.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
The Yokosuka MXY-7 was a purpose-built, rocket-powered human-guided kamikaze attack aircraft employed by Japan against Allied ships towards the end of World War II.
The zero-length launch system or zero-length take-off system (ZLL, ZLTO, ZEL, ZELL) was a system whereby jet fighters and attack aircraft were intended to be placed on short-burn duration, often solid-fuel, "dropaway" rocket booster units, deployed with mobile launch platforms.
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