144 relations: Adamantane, Adiabatic process, Aero L-29 Delfín, AGM-86 ALCM, Air Force Research Laboratory, Air New Zealand, Airbus A310, Aircraft, Aircraft carrier, Aircraft diesel engine, Algae fuel, Alkane, Alkylation, Amsterdam Airport Schiphol, Antioxidant, Antistatic agent, Arado Ar 234, Aromatic hydrocarbon, ASTM International, Atmosphere of Earth, Austro Engine, Autoignition temperature, Avgas, Aviation fuel, Axial compressor, Babassu oil, Ballistic missile, Biocide, Biofuel, Boeing, Boeing 747, Boeing B-52 Stratofortress, Boeing C-17 Globemaster III, Boeing F/A-18E/F Super Hornet, British Airways, British Airways Flight 38, Cape Town International Airport, Carbon dioxide, Carbon number, Contamination, Corrosion inhibitor, Cycloalkane, Czech Airlines, DARPA, Density, Dicyclopentadiene, Diesel engine, Diesel fuel, Dinonylnaphthylsulfonic acid, Edwards Air Force Base, ..., Energy density, Fatty acid methyl ester, Fischer–Tropsch process, Flash point, Fuel system icing inhibitor, Gas turbine, Gasoline, General aviation, General Dynamics F-16 Fighting Falcon, General Electric YJ93, Glenn Research Center, Greenhouse gas, Gummosis, Heather Willauer, Heathrow Airport, Honeywell, Hydrocarbon, Hydrogenation, Joule, JP-4, JP-7, JP-8, JPTS, Junkers Jumo 004, Junkers Jumo 205, Kerosene, Kilowatt hour, Lanseria International Airport, Larry Reithmaier, Lockheed Martin C-130J Super Hercules, Lockheed Martin F-22 Raptor, Lockheed SR-71 Blackbird, Lockheed U-2, Lubricity, McDonnell Douglas F-15 Eagle, McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom II, Melting point, Messerschmitt Me 262, Metal deactivator, Michael Wynne, Ministry of Defence (United Kingdom), MTU Aero Engines, Naphtha, NASA, NATO, Naval air station, North American XB-70 Valkyrie, Northrop T-38 Talon, Octane rating, Oligomer, Original equipment manufacturer, Peak oil, Petroleum, Phenol, Pratt & Whitney J58, Qatar Airways, Ramjet, Reciprocating engine, Reno Stead Airport, Rockwell B-1 Lancer, Rockwell International, Sasol, Specific energy, Static electricity, Supersonic speed, Syntroleum, Target drone, Technify Motors, TerraVia, Tetraethyllead, TH-dimer, The Washington Post, Tomahawk (missile), Toronto Pearson International Airport, Turbojet, United Continental Holdings, United States, United States Air Force, United States Armed Forces, United States Army, United States Department of Defense, United States Naval Research Laboratory, United States Navy, United States Secretary of the Air Force, UOP LLC, Vancouver International Airport, Václav Havel Airport Prague, Virgin Atlantic, Weapon system, West Conshohocken, Pennsylvania, Zeolite, Zip fuel, 2-(2-Methoxyethoxy)ethanol, 2000s energy crisis. Expand index (94 more) » « Shrink index
Adamantane is a colorless, crystalline chemical compound with a camphor-like odor.
In thermodynamics, an adiabatic process is one that occurs without transfer of heat or matter between a thermodynamic system and its surroundings.
The Aero L-29 Delfín (Dolphin, NATO reporting name: Maya) is a military jet trainer developed and manufactured by Czechoslovakian aviation manufacturer Aero Vodochody.
The AGM-86 ALCM is an American subsonic air-launched cruise missile (ALCM) built by Boeing and operated by the United States Air Force.
The Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL) is a scientific research organization operated by the United States Air Force Materiel Command dedicated to leading the discovery, development, and integration of affordable aerospace warfighting technologies, planning and executing the Air Force science and technology program, and providing warfighting capabilities to United States air, space, and cyberspace forces.
Air New Zealand Limited is the flag carrier airline of New Zealand.
The Airbus A310 is a medium- to long-range twin-engined wide-body jet airliner that was developed and manufactured by Airbus, then a consortium of European aerospace manufacturers.
An aircraft is a machine that is able to fly by gaining support from the air.
An aircraft carrier is a warship that serves as a seagoing airbase, equipped with a full-length flight deck and facilities for carrying, arming, deploying, and recovering aircraft.
The aircraft diesel engine or aero diesel has not been widely used as an aircraft engine.
Algae fuel, algal biofuel, or algal oil is an alternative to liquid fossil fuels that uses algae as its source of energy-rich oils.
In organic chemistry, an alkane, or paraffin (a historical name that also has other meanings), is an acyclic saturated hydrocarbon.
Alkylation is the transfer of an alkyl group from one molecule to another.
Amsterdam Airport Schiphol, known informally as Schiphol (Luchthaven Schiphol), is the main international airport of the Netherlands.
Antioxidants are molecules that inhibit the oxidation of other molecules.
An antistatic agent is a compound used for treatment of materials or their surfaces in order to reduce or eliminate buildup of static electricity.
The Arado Ar 234 Blitz (English: lightning) was the world's first operational jet-powered bomber, built by the German Arado company in the closing stages of World War II.
An aromatic hydrocarbon or arene (or sometimes aryl hydrocarbon) is a hydrocarbon with sigma bonds and delocalized pi electrons between carbon atoms forming a circle.
ASTM International is an international standards organization that develops and publishes voluntary consensus technical standards for a wide range of materials, products, systems, and services.
The atmosphere of Earth is the layer of gases, commonly known as air, that surrounds the planet Earth and is retained by Earth's gravity.
Austro Engine is an Austrian manufacturer of aircraft engines based at Wiener Neustadt in Lower Austria.
The autoignition temperature or kindling point of a substance is the lowest temperature at which it spontaneously ignites in normal atmosphere without an external source of ignition, such as a flame or spark.
Avgas (aviation gasoline, also known as aviation spirit in the UK), is an aviation fuel used in spark-ignited internal-combustion engines to propel aircraft.
Aviation fuel is a specialized type of petroleum-based fuel used to power aircraft.
An axial compressor is a compressor that can continuously pressurize gases.
Babassu oil or cusi oil is a clear light yellow vegetable oil extracted from the seeds of the babassu palm (Attalea speciosa), which grows in the Amazon region of South America.
A ballistic missile follows a ballistic trajectory to deliver one or more warheads on a predetermined target.
A biocide is defined in the European legislation as a chemical substance or microorganism intended to destroy, deter, render harmless, or exert a controlling effect on any harmful organism by chemical or biological means.
A biofuel is a fuel that is produced through contemporary biological processes, such as agriculture and anaerobic digestion, rather than a fuel produced by geological processes such as those involved in the formation of fossil fuels, such as coal and petroleum, from prehistoric biological matter.
The Boeing Company is an American multinational corporation that designs, manufactures, and sells airplanes, rotorcraft, rockets, satellites, and missiles worldwide.
The Boeing 747 is an American wide-body commercial jet airliner and cargo aircraft, often referred to by its original nickname, "Jumbo Jet".
The Boeing B-52 Stratofortress is an American long-range, subsonic, jet-powered strategic bomber.
The Boeing C-17 Globemaster III is a large military transport aircraft.
The Boeing F/A-18E and F/A-18F Super Hornet are twin-engine, carrier-capable, multirole fighter aircraft variants based on the McDonnell Douglas F/A-18 Hornet.
British Airways (BA) is the flag carrier and the largest airline in the United Kingdom based on fleet size, or the second largest, behind easyJet, when measured by passengers carried.
British Airways Flight 38 (call sign Speedbird 38) is a scheduled flight by British Airways which travels from Beijing, China to London, United Kingdom.
Cape Town International Airport is the primary airport serving the city of Cape Town, and is the second-busiest airport in South Africa and third-busiest in Africa.
Carbon dioxide (chemical formula) is a colorless gas with a density about 60% higher than that of dry air.
In organic chemistry, the carbon number of a compound is the number of carbon atoms in each molecule.
Contamination is the presence of an unwanted constituent, contaminant or impurity in a material, physical body, natural environment, workplace, etc.
A corrosion inhibitor is a chemical compound that, when added to a liquid or gas, decreases the corrosion rate of a material, typically a metal or an alloy.
In organic chemistry, the cycloalkanes (also called naphthenes, but distinct from naphthalene) are the monocyclic saturated hydrocarbons.
Czech Airlines a.s. (abbreviation: ČSA, České aerolinie, a.s.) is the national airline of the Czech Republic.
The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) is an agency of the United States Department of Defense responsible for the development of emerging technologies for use by the military.
The density, or more precisely, the volumetric mass density, of a substance is its mass per unit volume.
Dicyclopentadiene, abbreviated DCPD, is a chemical compound with formula C10H12.
The diesel engine (also known as a compression-ignition or CI engine), named after Rudolf Diesel, is an internal combustion engine in which ignition of the fuel which is injected into the combustion chamber is caused by the elevated temperature of the air in the cylinder due to mechanical compression (adiabatic compression).
Diesel fuel in general is any liquid fuel used in diesel engines, whose fuel ignition takes place, without any spark, as a result of compression of the inlet air mixture and then injection of fuel.
Dinonylnaphthylsulfonic acid (DINNSA) is an organic chemical, an aryl sulfonic acid.
Edwards Air Force Base (AFB) is a United States Air Force installation located in Kern County in southern California, about northeast of Lancaster and east of Rosamond.
Energy density is the amount of energy stored in a given system or region of space per unit volume.
Fatty acid methyl esters (FAME) are a type of fatty acid ester that are derived by transesterification of fats with methanol.
The Fischer–Tropsch process is a collection of chemical reactions that converts a mixture of carbon monoxide and hydrogen into liquid hydrocarbons.
The flash point of a volatile material is the lowest temperature at which vapours of the material will ignite, when given an ignition source.
Fuel system icing inhibitor (FSII) is an additive to aviation fuels that prevents the formation of ice in fuel lines.
A gas turbine, also called a combustion turbine, is a type of continuous combustion, internal combustion engine.
Gasoline (American English), or petrol (British English), is a transparent, petroleum-derived liquid that is used primarily as a fuel in spark-ignited internal combustion engines.
General aviation (GA) is all civil aviation operations other than scheduled air services and non-scheduled air transport operations for remuneration or hire.
The General Dynamics F-16 Fighting Falcon is a single-engine supersonic multirole fighter aircraft originally developed by General Dynamics (now Lockheed Martin) for the United States Air Force (USAF).
The General Electric YJ93 turbojet engine was designed as the powerplant for both the North American XB-70 Valkyrie bomber and the North American XF-108 Rapier interceptor.
NASA John H. Glenn Research Center at Lewis Field is a NASA center, located within the cities of Brook Park and Cleveland between Cleveland Hopkins International Airport and the Rocky River Reservation of Cleveland Metroparks, with a subsidiary facility in Sandusky, Ohio.
A greenhouse gas is a gas in an atmosphere that absorbs and emits radiant energy within the thermal infrared range.
Gummosis is the formation of patches of a gummy substance on the surface of certain plants, particularly fruit trees.
Heather D. Willauer (born 1974) is an American analytical chemist and inventor working in Washington, D.C., at the United States Naval Research Laboratory (NRL).
Heathrow Airport (also known as London Heathrow) is a major international airport in London, United Kingdom.
Honeywell International Inc. is an American multinational conglomerate company that produces a variety of commercial and consumer products, engineering services and aerospace systems for a wide variety of customers, from private consumers to major corporations and governments.
In organic chemistry, a hydrocarbon is an organic compound consisting entirely of hydrogen and carbon.
Hydrogenation – to treat with hydrogen – is a chemical reaction between molecular hydrogen (H2) and another compound or element, usually in the presence of a catalyst such as nickel, palladium or platinum.
The joule (symbol: J) is a derived unit of energy in the International System of Units.
JP-4, or JP4 (for "Jet Propellant") was a jet fuel, specified in 1951 by the U.S. government (MIL-DTL-5624).
Turbine Fuel, Low Volatility, JP-7, commonly known as JP-7, was referred to as Jet Propellant 7, to MIL-DTL-38219 is a specific jet fuel that was developed for the United States Air Force (USAF), for use in its supersonic military aircraft that required a jet fuel with a high flash point, and high thermal stability.
JP-8, or JP8 (for "Jet Propellant 8") is a jet fuel, specified and used widely by the US military.
JPTS stands for Jet Propellant Thermally Stable (high thermal stability, high altitude fuel), and was created specifically as fuel for the Lockheed U-2 reconnaissance aircraft.
The Junkers Jumo 004, was the world's first production turbojet engine in operational use, and the first successful axial compressor turbojet engine.
The Junkers Jumo 205 aircraft engine was the most famous of a series of aircraft Diesel engines that were the first, and for more than half a century the only successful aviation Diesel powerplants.
Kerosene, also known as paraffin, lamp oil, and coal oil (an obsolete term), is a combustible hydrocarbon liquid which is derived from petroleum.
The kilowatt hour (symbol kWh, kW⋅h or kW h) is a unit of energy equal to 3.6 megajoules.
Lanseria International Airport is a privately owned international airport that is situated north of Randburg and Sandton to the north west of Johannesburg, South Africa.
Larry Reithmaier (born 28 May 1921 in Chicago, Illinois) was an American engineer and author.
The Lockheed Martin C-130J Super Hercules is a four-engine turboprop military transport aircraft.
The Lockheed Martin F-22 Raptor is a fifth-generation, single-seat, twin-engine, all-weather stealth tactical fighter aircraft developed for the United States Air Force (USAF).
The Lockheed SR-71 "Blackbird" is a long-range, Mach 3+ strategic reconnaissance aircraft that was operated by the United States Air Force.
The Lockheed U-2, nicknamed "Dragon Lady", is an American single-jet engine, ultra-high altitude reconnaissance aircraft operated by the United States Air Force (USAF) and previously flown by the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA).
Lubricity is the measure of the reduction in friction and or wear by a lubricant.
The McDonnell Douglas F-15 Eagle is an American twin-engine, all-weather tactical fighter aircraft designed by McDonnell Douglas (now Boeing) to gain and maintain air supremacy in all aspects of aerial combat.
The McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom II is a tandem two-seat, twin-engine, all-weather, long-range supersonic jet interceptor and fighter-bomber originally developed for the United States Navy by McDonnell Aircraft.
The melting point (or, rarely, liquefaction point) of a substance is the temperature at which it changes state from solid to liquid at atmospheric pressure.
The Messerschmitt Me 262, nicknamed Schwalbe (German: "Swallow") in fighter versions, or Sturmvogel (German: "Storm Bird") in fighter-bomber versions, was the world's first operational jet-powered fighter aircraft.
Metal deactivators, or metal deactivating agents (MDA) are fuel additives and oil additives used to stabilize fluids by deactivating (usually by sequestering) metal ions, mostly introduced by the action of naturally occurring acids in the fuel and acids generated in lubricants by oxidative processes with the metallic parts of the systems.
Michael Walter Wynne (born September 4, 1944) is an American business executive and was the 21st United States Secretary of the Air Force.
The Ministry of Defence (MoD or MOD) is the British government department responsible for implementing the defence policy set by Her Majesty's Government and is the headquarters of the British Armed Forces.
MTU Aero Engines AG is a German aircraft engine manufacturer.
Naphtha is a flammable liquid hydrocarbon mixture.
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is an independent agency of the executive branch of the United States federal government responsible for the civilian space program, as well as aeronautics and aerospace research.
The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO; Organisation du Traité de l'Atlantique Nord; OTAN), also called the North Atlantic Alliance, is an intergovernmental military alliance between 29 North American and European countries.
A naval air station is a military air base, and consists of a permanent land-based operations locations for the military aviation division of the relevant branch of a navy (Naval aviation).
The North American Aviation XB-70 Valkyrie was the prototype version of the planned B-70 nuclear-armed, deep-penetration strategic bomber for the United States Air Force Strategic Air Command.
The Northrop T-38 Talon is a two-seat, twinjet supersonic jet trainer.
An octane rating, or octane number, is a standard measure of the performance of an engine or aviation fuel.
An oligomer (oligo-, "a few" + -mer, "parts") is a molecular complex of chemicals that consists of a few monomer units, in contrast to a polymer, where the number of monomers is, in principle, infinite.
An Original Equipment Manufacturer (OEM) is a company that produces parts and equipment that may be marketed by another manufacturer.
Peak oil is the theorized point in time when the maximum rate of extraction of petroleum is reached, after which it is expected to enter terminal decline.
Petroleum is a naturally occurring, yellow-to-black liquid found in geological formations beneath the Earth's surface.
Phenol, also known as phenolic acid, is an aromatic organic compound with the molecular formula C6H5OH.
The Pratt & Whitney J58 (company designation JT11D-20) was a jet engine that powered the Lockheed A-12, and subsequently the YF-12 and the SR-71 aircraft.
Qatar Airways Company Q.C.S.C. (القطرية, Al Qatariyah), operating as Qatar Airways, is the state-owned flag carrier of Qatar.
A ramjet, sometimes referred to as a flying stovepipe or an athodyd (an abbreviation of aero thermodynamic duct), is a form of airbreathing jet engine that uses the engine's forward motion to compress incoming air without an axial compressor or a centrifugal compressor.
A reciprocating engine, also often known as a piston engine, is typically a heat engine (although there are also pneumatic and hydraulic reciprocating engines) that uses one or more reciprocating pistons to convert pressure into a rotating motion.
Reno/Stead Airport is a large public and military general aviation airport located in the North Valleys area, 10 nautical miles (19 km) northwest of the central business district of Reno, in Washoe County, Nevada, United States.
The Rockwell B-1 LancerThe name "Lancer" is only applied to the B-1B version, after the program was revived.
Rockwell International was a major American manufacturing conglomerate in the latter half of the 20th century, involved in aircraft, the space industry, both defense-oriented and commercial electronics, automotive and truck components, printing presses, valves and meters, and industrial automation.
Sasol Limited is an integrated energy and chemical company based in Sandton, South Africa.
Specific energy is energy per unit mass.
Static electricity is an imbalance of electric charges within or on the surface of a material.
Supersonic travel is a rate of travel of an object that exceeds the speed of sound (Mach 1).
Syntroleum Corporation is a United States company engaged in development and commercialization of proprietary gas to liquids (GTL) and Coal to liquids (CTL) processes known jointly as the Syntroleum Process.
A target drone is an unmanned aerial vehicle, generally remote controlled, usually used in the training of anti-aircraft crews.
Technify Motors GmbH is an aircraft diesel engine manufacturer based in Sankt Egidien, Germany.
TerraVia Holdings, Inc. (formerly Solazyme) is a publicly held biotechnology company in the United States.
Tetraethyllead (commonly styled tetraethyl lead), abbreviated TEL, is an organolead compound with the formula (CH3CH2)4Pb.
TH-dimer, also called tetrahydromethylcyclopentadiene dimer or RJ-4, is a liquid rocket propellant used in missiles and jet engines.
The Washington Post is a major American daily newspaper founded on December 6, 1877.
The Tomahawk Land Attack Missile (TLAM) is a long-range, all-weather, subsonic cruise missile that is primarily used by the United States Navy and Royal Navy in ship and submarine-based land-attack operations.
Toronto Pearson International Airport (often referred to as Toronto Pearson, Pearson Airport, or simply Pearson) is the primary international airport serving Toronto, its metropolitan area, and surrounding region known as the Golden Horseshoe in the province of Ontario, Canada.
The turbojet is an airbreathing jet engine, typically used in aircraft.
United Continental Holdings, Inc. (formerly UAL Corporation) is a publicly traded airline holding company headquartered in the Willis Tower in Chicago.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
The United States Air Force (USAF) is the aerial and space warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces.
The United States Armed Forces are the military forces of the United States of America.
The United States Army (USA) is the land warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces.
The Department of Defense (DoD, USDOD, or DOD) is an executive branch department of the federal government of the United States charged with coordinating and supervising all agencies and functions of the government concerned directly with national security and the United States Armed Forces.
The United States Naval Research Laboratory (NRL) is the corporate research laboratory for the United States Navy and the United States Marine Corps.
The United States Navy (USN) is the naval warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces and one of the seven uniformed services of the United States.
The Secretary of the Air Force (SecAF, or SAF/OS) is the head of the Department of the Air Force, a component organization within the Department of Defense of the United States.
Honeywell UOP, formerly known as UOP LLC or Universal Oil Products, is a multi-national company developing and delivering technology to the petroleum refining, gas processing, petrochemical production, and major manufacturing industries.
Vancouver International Airport is located on Sea Island in Richmond, British Columbia, Canada, about from Downtown Vancouver.
Václav Havel Airport Prague (Letiště Václava Havla Praha), formerly Prague Ruzyně International Airport (Mezinárodní letiště Praha-Ruzyně),, is the international airport of Prague, the capital of the Czech Republic.
Virgin Atlantic, a trading name of Virgin Atlantic Airways Limited and Virgin Atlantic International Limited, is a British airline with its head office in Crawley, United Kingdom.
Legend for Numeric Designations CL: Lockheed D: Douglas NA: North American WS (Weapon System) Weapon System is a United States military term that designated, along with a weapon system number (e.g., WS-110), military experimental (MX) weapons prior to official naming (e.g., under a military aircraft designation system. Preceded by the first Skunk Works program (MX-813 for the Convair XF-92 in 1946), the earliest "WS" designation was the 1954 WS-117L. Circa February 1950, an Air Research and Development Command "study prepared by Maj Gen Gordon P. Saville... recommended that a 'systems approach' to new weapons be adopted development of a weapon "system" required development of support equipment as well as the actual hardware itself." The Convair F-102 Delta Dagger in November 1949 was decided by the USAF to be built around a fire-control system--"the real beginning of the weapon system approach aircraft would be integrated into the weapon system "as a whole from the beginning, so the characteristics of each component were compatible with the others.". US weapon programs often were initiated by numbered government specifications such as an Advanced Development Objective (e.g., ADO-40) or a General Operational Requirement (e.g., GOR.80), although some programs were initially identified by contractor numbers (e.g., CL-282).
West Conshohocken is a borough in Montgomery County, Pennsylvania, United States.
Zeolites are microporous, aluminosilicate minerals commonly used as commercial adsorbents and catalysts.
Zip fuel, also known as high energy fuel (HEF), is any member of a family of jet fuels containing additives in the form of hydro-boron compounds, or boranes.
2-(2-Methoxyethoxy)ethanol, also known under trade names Methyl Carbitol, is an industrial solvent and is also commonly used as a Fuel System Icing Inhibitor (FSII) in jet fuels.
From the mid-1980s to September 2003, the inflation-adjusted price of a barrel of crude oil on NYMEX was generally under US$25/barrel.
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