129 relations: Adin Talbar, Aharon Hoter-Yishai, Aliyah Bet, Allied-occupied Austria, Amir Gilboa, Amram Zur, Balfour Declaration, Belgium, Bernard M. Casper, Bricha, Brigade group, British Army, British Empire, British Jews, Buffs (Royal East Kent Regiment), Chaim Sheba, Chaim Weizmann, Danny Matt, David Ben-Gurion, David Rubinger, Dov Gruner, Edmund Leopold de Rothschild, Eighth Army (United Kingdom), Elazar Granot, Ernest Benjamin, Europe, Exodus (1960 film), Exodus (Uris novel), Flag, Flag of Israel, Forced displacement, Franklin D. Roosevelt, French colonial empire, Generalleutnant, Gideon Ben-Yisrael, Gideon Schocken, Government of the United Kingdom, Graz, Haganah, Haim Ben-Asher, Haim Laskov, Hakhshara, Hanoch Bartov, Hans Jonas, Heinrich Trettner, Infantry, Israel Carmi, Israel Defense Forces, Israel Tal, Israeli Declaration of Independence, ..., Italian Campaign (World War II), Italy, Jewish Agency for Israel, Jewish Legion, Jewish Parachutists of Mandate Palestine, Jews, League of Nations, Leon Uris, Mandatory Palestine, Meir Argov, Meir Zorea, Mentioned in dispatches, Middle East, Military Cross, Military Medal, Mordechai Gichon, Mordechai Maklef, Mordechai Surkis, Moshe Tavor, Nakam, Nazism, Netherlands, Neville Chamberlain, Nissan Nativ, Office of Public Sector Information, Order of the British Empire, Ottoman Empire, Palestine Regiment, Pontebba, President of the United States, Rafael Medoff, Ravenna, Reuven Dafni, Royal Army Medical Corps, Royal Army Ordnance Corps, Royal Engineers, Royal Pioneer Corps, Schutzstaffel, Selvino children, Senio, Shalom Zysman, Shimon Mazeh, Shlomo Shamir, Shraga Har-Gil, Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, Soldiershop, Special Interrogation Group, Spring 1945 offensive in Italy, Tarvisio, Ted Arison, The Guardian, The Holocaust, The Jerusalem Post, The New York Times, The Sixth Battalion, Third Aliyah, Tilhas Tizig Gesheften, United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, VIII Corps (United Kingdom), Wehrmacht, White Paper of 1939, Winston Churchill, World War I, World War II, World Zionist Organization, Yad Vashem, Yehiel Duvdevani, Yehoshafat Harkabi, Yehoshua Bar-Hillel, Yehuda Amichai, Yehuda Arazi, Yigal Hurvitz, Yishuv, Yitzhak Levy, Yitzhak Orpaz, Zvi Brenner, 15th Army Group, 1948 Arab–Israeli War, 4th Parachute Division (Germany). Expand index (79 more) » « Shrink index
Adin Talbar (עדין טלבר), also Adin Theilhaber-Talbar (8 October 1921 – 6 September 2013), was Deputy Director of the Israel Ministry for Commerce and Industry, furthered German-Israeli cooperation and was the founder of the Israel Academic Sports Association (A.S.A.).
Aharon Hoter-Yishai was the Israeli Military Advocate General in 1948-1950 and testified at the Eichmann trial in 1961.
Aliyah Bet (עלייה ב', "Aliyah 'B'" – bet being the second letter of the Hebrew alphabet) was the code name given to illegal immigration by Jews, most of whom were Holocaust survivors and refugees from Nazi Germany, to Mandatory Palestine between 1934-48, in violation of the restrictions laid out in the British White Paper of 1939.
The Allied occupation of Austria lasted from 1945 to 1955.
Amir Gilboa (Hebrew: אמיר גלבע) (born 25 September 1917 - died 2 September 1984) was a Ukraine-born Israeli poet.
Amram Zur (died 2005) was a member of the Jewish Brigade and later became the first travel ministry commissioner for North America.
The Balfour Declaration was a public statement issued by the British government during World War I announcing support for the establishment of a "national home for the Jewish people" in Palestine, then an Ottoman region with a minority Jewish population (around 3–5% of the total).
Belgium, officially the Kingdom of Belgium, is a country in Western Europe bordered by France, the Netherlands, Germany and Luxembourg.
Bernard Moses Casper (1916–1988) was born and reared in London; educated in London and Cambridge; and served as Rabbi and educator in Manchester and London.
Bricha (בריחה, translit. Briẖa, "escape" or "flight"), also called the Bericha Movement, was the underground organized effort that helped Jewish Holocaust survivors escape post–World War II Europe to the British Mandate for Palestine in violation of the White Paper of 1939.
A brigade group is a term used primarily in armies of the Commonwealth of Nations for an ad hoc arrangement of forces and not a permanent organisation whereas, with a capital G, a Brigade Group is.
The British Army is the principal land warfare force of the United Kingdom, a part of British Armed Forces.
The British Empire comprised the dominions, colonies, protectorates, mandates and other territories ruled or administered by the United Kingdom and its predecessor states.
British Jews (often referred to collectively as Anglo-Jewry) are British citizens who are ethnically and/or religiously Jewish.
The Buffs (Royal East Kent Regiment), formerly the 3rd Regiment of Foot, was a line infantry regiment of the British Army traditionally raised in the English county of Kent and garrisoned at Canterbury.
Chaim Sheba (חיים שיבא; born 1908, died 10 July 1971) was an Israeli physician, notable for being the founder of Sheba Medical Center.
Chaim Azriel Weizmann (חיים עזריאל ויצמן, Хаим Вейцман Khaim Veytsman; 27 November 1874 – 9 November 1952) was a Zionist leader and Israeli statesman who served as President of the Zionist Organization and later as the first President of Israel.
Danny Matt (דני מט, December 10, 1927 – December 5, 2013) was a decorated career Israeli military officer who served in the Israel Defense Forces from 1948 until 1992.
David Ben-Gurion (דָּוִד בֶּן-גּוּרִיּוֹן;, born David Grün; 16 October 1886 – 1 December 1973) was the primary national founder of the State of Israel and the first Prime Minister of Israel.
David Rubinger (דוד רובינגר; 29 June 1924 – 2 March 2017) was an Israeli photographer and photojournalist.
Dov Bela Gruner (דב בלה גרונר; 1912–1947) was a Hungarian-born Zionist activist in Mandatory Palestine and a member of the pre-state Jewish underground Irgun.
Major Edmund Leopold de Rothschild, CBE, TD (2 January 1916 – 17 January 2009) was an English financier, a member of the prominent Rothschild banking family of England, and a recipient of the Victoria Medal of Honour (VMH), given by the Royal Horticultural Society.
The Eighth Army was a field army formation of the British Army during the Second World War, fighting in the North African and Italian campaigns.
Elazar Granot (אלעזר גרנות, 12 March 1927 – 19 September 2013) was an Israeli politician and a writer.
Brigadier Ernest Frank Benjamin (לוי בנימין) (5 February 1900 – 14 March 1969) was a Canadian-born British Jewish officer who commanded the British Army's Jewish Brigade during the Second World War.
Europe is a continent located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere.
Exodus is a 1960 epic film on the founding of the modern State of Israel.
Exodus is a historical novel by American novelist Leon Uris about the founding of the State of Israel.
A flag is a piece of fabric (most often rectangular or quadrilateral) with a distinctive design and colors.
The flag of Israel (דגל ישראל Degel Yisra'el; علم إسرائيل ʿAlam Israʼīl) was adopted on 28 October 1948, five months after the establishment of the State of Israel.
Forced displacement or forced immigration is the coerced movement of a person or people away from their home or home region and it often connotes violent coercion.
Franklin Delano Roosevelt Sr. (January 30, 1882 – April 12, 1945), often referred to by his initials FDR, was an American statesman and political leader who served as the 32nd President of the United States from 1933 until his death in 1945.
The French colonial empire constituted the overseas colonies, protectorates and mandate territories that came under French rule from the 16th century onward.
Generalleutnant, short GenLt, (lieutenant general) is the second highest general officer rank in the German Army (Heer) and the German Air Force (Luftwaffe).
Gideon Ben-Yisrael (גדעון בן-ישראל, 6 March 1923 – 18 December 2014) was an Israeli politician who served as a member of the Knesset for Mapai and Rafi in the 1950s and 1960s.
Gideon Schocken (Also spelled Gideon Shocken; גדעון שוקן; December 28, 1919 – 1981) was a Haganah fighter, major in the British Army during World War II, and aluf (major general) in the Israel Defense Forces (IDF).
The Government of the United Kingdom, formally referred to as Her Majesty's Government, is the central government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.
Graz is the capital of Styria and the second-largest city in Austria after Vienna.
Haganah (הַהֲגָנָה, lit. The Defence) was a Jewish paramilitary organization in the British Mandate of Palestine (1921–48), which became the core of the Israel Defense Forces (IDF).
Haim Ben-Asher (חיים בן-אשר, born Haim Finkel on 10 July 1904, died 14 July 1998) was an Israeli politician who served as a member of the Knesset for Mapai between 1949 and 1955.
Haim Laskov (חיים לסקוב; born 1919, Barysaw, Byelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic – 8 December 1982) was an Israeli public figure and the fifth Chief of Staff of the Israel Defense Forces.
Hakhshara (הכשרה; also spelled Hakhsharah, Hachshara or Hakhsharah) is a Hebrew word that literally means "preparation".
Hanoch Bartov (חנוך ברטוב, born 13 August 1926 - 13 December 2016) was an Israeli author and journalist.
Hans Jonas (10 May 1903 – 5 February 1993) was a German-born American Jewish philosopher, from 1955 to 1976 the Alvin Johnson Professor of Philosophy at the New School for Social Research in New York City.
Heinrich "Heinz" Trettner (19 September 1907 – 18 September 2006) was a German general serving during World War II and from 1964 to 1966 Inspector General of the Bundeswehr.
Infantry is the branch of an army that engages in military combat on foot, distinguished from cavalry, artillery, and tank forces.
Israel (Yisrael) Carmi (born Israel Weinman), born 1917 (exact date unknown), died 20 January 2008, was the founder of the Tilhas Tizig Gesheften (TTG Brigade).
The Israel Defense Forces (IDF; צְבָא הַהֲגָנָה לְיִשְׂרָאֵל, lit. "The Army of Defense for Israel"; جيش الدفاع الإسرائيلي), commonly known in Israel by the Hebrew acronym Tzahal, are the military forces of the State of Israel.
Israel Tal (ישראל טל, September 13, 1924, – September 8, 2010) also known as Talik (Hebrew: טליק), was an Israel Defense Forces (IDF) general known for his knowledge of tank warfare and for leading the development of Israel's Merkava tank.
The Israeli Declaration of Independence,Hebrew: הכרזת העצמאות, Hakhrazat HaAtzma'ut/מגילת העצמאות Megilat HaAtzma'utArabic: وثيقة إعلان قيام دولة إسرائيل, Wathiqat 'iielan qiam dawlat 'iisrayiyl formally the Declaration of the Establishment of the State of Israel (הכרזה על הקמת מדינת ישראל), was proclaimed on 14 May 1948 (5 Iyar 5708) by David Ben-Gurion, the Executive Head of the World Zionist OrganizationThen known as the Zionist Organization.
The Italian Campaign of World War II consisted of the Allied operations in and around Italy, from 1943 to the end of the war in Europe.
Italy (Italia), officially the Italian Republic (Repubblica Italiana), is a sovereign state in Europe.
The Jewish Agency for Israel (הסוכנות היהודית לארץ ישראל, HaSochnut HaYehudit L'Eretz Yisra'el) is the largest Jewish nonprofit organization in the world.
The Jewish Legion (1917–1921) is an unofficial name used to refer to five battalions of Jewish volunteers, the 38th to 42nd (Service) Battalions of the Royal Fusiliers, raised in the British Army to fight against the Ottoman Empire during the First World War.
Jewish Parachutists of Mandate Palestine were a group of 250 Jewish men and women in Mandate Palestine who volunteered to join the British army and parachute into German-occupied Europe between 1943 and 1945.
Jews (יְהוּדִים ISO 259-3, Israeli pronunciation) or Jewish people are an ethnoreligious group and a nation, originating from the Israelites Israelite origins and kingdom: "The first act in the long drama of Jewish history is the age of the Israelites""The people of the Kingdom of Israel and the ethnic and religious group known as the Jewish people that descended from them have been subjected to a number of forced migrations in their history" and Hebrews of the Ancient Near East.
The League of Nations (abbreviated as LN in English, La Société des Nations abbreviated as SDN or SdN in French) was an intergovernmental organisation founded on 10 January 1920 as a result of the Paris Peace Conference that ended the First World War.
Leon Marcus Uris (August 3, 1924 – June 21, 2003) was an American author of historical fiction who wrote two bestselling books, Exodus (published in 1958) and Trinity (published in 1976).
Mandatory Palestine (فلسطين; פָּלֶשְׂתִּינָה (א"י), where "EY" indicates "Eretz Yisrael", Land of Israel) was a geopolitical entity under British administration, carved out of Ottoman Syria after World War I. British civil administration in Palestine operated from 1920 until 1948.
Meir Argov (מאיר ארגוב, Meyer Grabovsky; 1905 – 24 November 1963) was a Zionist activist, Israeli politician and a signatory of the Israeli declaration of independence.
Meir "Zarro" Zorea MC (מאיר זורע, born Meyer Zarodinsky (מאיר זארודינסקי) on 14 March 1923, died 24 June 1995) was a general in the Israel Defense Forces (IDF) and later a member of the Knesset.
A member of the armed forces mentioned in dispatches (or despatches, MiD) is one whose name appears in an official report written by a superior officer and sent to the high command, in which his or her gallant or meritorious action in the face of the enemy is described.
The Middle Easttranslit-std; translit; Orta Şərq; Central Kurdish: ڕۆژھەڵاتی ناوین, Rojhelatî Nawîn; Moyen-Orient; translit; translit; translit; Rojhilata Navîn; translit; Bariga Dhexe; Orta Doğu; translit is a transcontinental region centered on Western Asia, Turkey (both Asian and European), and Egypt (which is mostly in North Africa).
The Military Cross (MC) is the third-level military decoration awarded to officers and (since 1993) other ranks of the British Armed Forces, and used to be awarded to officers of other Commonwealth countries.
The Military Medal (MM) was a military decoration awarded to personnel of the British Army and other services, and formerly also to personnel of other Commonwealth countries, below commissioned rank, for bravery in battle on land.
Mordechai Gichon (Hebrew:מרדכי גיחון; born August 16, 1922; died September 19, 2016) was an Israeli non-fiction author and military historian.
Mordechai (Motke) Maklef (or Makleff) (מרדכי (מותקה) מקלף; 1920–1978) was the third Chief of Staff of the Israel Defense Forces (IDF) and later, director-general of many important public companies in the Israeli economy.
Mordechai Surkis (מרדכי סורקיס, 21 January 1908 – 26 May 1995) was an Israeli politician who was the first mayor of Kfar Saba, as well as serving as a member of the Knesset for Rafi and its successors between 1965 and 1974.
Moshe Tavor (משה תבור) (1917–6 May 2006) was the second of three brothers.
The Nokmim (הנוקמים), also referred to as The Avengers or the Jewish Avengers, were a Jewish partisan militia, formed by Abba Kovner and his lieutenants Vitka Kempner and Rozka Korczak from the surviving remnants of the United Partisan Organization (Fareynikte Partizaner Organizatsye), which operated in Lithuania under Soviet command.
National Socialism (Nationalsozialismus), more commonly known as Nazism, is the ideology and practices associated with the Nazi Party – officially the National Socialist German Workers' Party (Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei or NSDAP) – in Nazi Germany, and of other far-right groups with similar aims.
The Netherlands (Nederland), often referred to as Holland, is a country located mostly in Western Europe with a population of seventeen million.
Arthur Neville Chamberlain (18 March 1869 – 9 November 1940) was a British statesman of the Conservative Party who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from May 1937 to May 1940.
Nissan Nativ (Hebrew: ניסן נתיב) (originally Notowicz; 5. November 1922 – 20 April 2008) was an influential Israeli director, actor and acting teacher.
The Office of Public Sector Information (OPSI) is the body responsible for the operation of Her Majesty's Stationery Office (HMSO) and of other public information services of the United Kingdom.
The Most Excellent Order of the British Empire is a British order of chivalry, rewarding contributions to the arts and sciences, work with charitable and welfare organisations, and public service outside the Civil service.
The Ottoman Empire (دولت عليه عثمانیه,, literally The Exalted Ottoman State; Modern Turkish: Osmanlı İmparatorluğu or Osmanlı Devleti), also historically known in Western Europe as the Turkish Empire"The Ottoman Empire-also known in Europe as the Turkish Empire" or simply Turkey, was a state that controlled much of Southeast Europe, Western Asia and North Africa between the 14th and early 20th centuries.
The Palestine Regiment was an infantry regiment of the British Army that was formed in 1942.
Pontebba (Ponteibe, Pontafel, Tablja) is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Udine in the Italian region Friuli-Venezia Giulia.
The President of the United States (POTUS) is the head of state and head of government of the United States of America.
Rafael Medoff (born 1959) is an American historian, the founding director of The David Wyman Institute for Holocaust Studies, which is based in Washington, D.C. and focuses on issues related to America's response to the Holocaust.
Ravenna (also locally; Ravèna) is the capital city of the Province of Ravenna, in the Emilia-Romagna region of Northern Italy.
Reuven Dafni (ראובן דפני; born Ruben Kandt; Zagreb, 19132005, Israel) was a British soldier, Israeli soldier and diplomat, one of founders of kibbutz Ein Gev and longtime assistant director of the Yad Vashem memorial center.
The Royal Army Medical Corps (RAMC) is a specialist corps in the British Army which provides medical services to all Army personnel and their families, in war and in peace.
The Royal Army Ordnance Corps (RAOC) was a corps of the British Army.
The Corps of Royal Engineers, usually just called the Royal Engineers (RE), and commonly known as the Sappers, is one of the corps of the British Army.
The Royal Pioneer Corps was a British Army combatant corps used for light engineering tasks.
The Schutzstaffel (SS; also stylized as with Armanen runes;; literally "Protection Squadron") was a major paramilitary organization under Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party (NSDAP) in Nazi Germany, and later throughout German-occupied Europe during World War II.
The Selvino children were a group of approximately 810 Jewish children orphaned by the Holocaust,Ahron Megged; Vivien Eden,, August 2001, Valentine Mitchell & Co Ltd, rescued after World War II from ghettos and concentration camps and housed in a former Fascist children's home called Sciesopoli in the Alpine town of Selvino, Italy.
The Senio is a river of Romagna in Italy, the final right-sided tributary of the river Reno.
Shalom Zysman (שלום זיסמן, born 14 March 1914, died 12 February 1967) was an Israeli politician who served as a member of the Knesset for the General Zionists between 1951 and 1955.
Shimon Mazeh (Sometimes spelled Shimon Maz'ah; שמעון מזא"ה; September 3, 1907 – 2000) was Haganah fighter, a major general in the Israel Defense Forces, an agronomist, and a businessman.
Shlomo Shamir (15 June 1915 – 19 May 2009) was the third Commander of the Israeli Navy (1949–1950), and the first Israeli Navy Commander to receive the rank of Aluf.
Shraga Har-Gil (Hebrew שרגא הר-גיל), was born Paul-Philipp Freudenberger (born 19 September 1926 in Würzburg; died 20 September 2009 in Würzburg) was a German-Israeli journalist, Middle East correspondent and a writer.
The Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (SFR Yugoslavia or SFRY) was a socialist state led by the League of Communists of Yugoslavia, that existed from its foundation in the aftermath of World War II until its dissolution in 1992 amid the Yugoslav Wars.
Soldiershop Publishing is an Italian Zanica-based publishing company specializing in military history.
The Special Interrogation Group (SIG) (some sources interpret this acronym as Special Identification Group or Special Intelligence Group) was a unit of the British Army during World War II.
The spring 1945 offensive in Italy, codenamed Operation Grapeshot, was the final Allied attack during the Italian Campaign in the final stages of the Second World War.
Tarvisio (German and Tarvis, Trbiž) is a comune (town) in the Province of Udine, the northeastern part of the autonomous Friuli Venezia Giulia region in Italy.
Ted Arison (תד אריסון; 24 February 1924 – 1 October 1999) was an Israeli businessman who co-founded Norwegian Cruise Lines in 1966 with Knut Kloster and soon left to form Carnival Cruise Lines in 1972.
The Guardian is a British daily newspaper.
The Holocaust, also referred to as the Shoah, was a genocide during World War II in which Nazi Germany, aided by its collaborators, systematically murdered approximately 6 million European Jews, around two-thirds of the Jewish population of Europe, between 1941 and 1945.
The Jerusalem Post is a broadsheet newspaper based in Jerusalem, founded in 1932 during the British Mandate of Palestine by Gershon Agron as The Palestine Post.
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
The Sixth Battalion is a 1998 documentary film that examines the history of Jewish soldiers who fought for the Slovak Republic, which was closely aligned with Nazi Germany during World War II.
The Third Aliyah (Hebrew: העלייה השלישית, HaAliyah HaShlishit) refers to the third wave—or aliyah—of modern Zionist immigration to Palestine from Europe.
Tilhas Teezee Gesheften (commonly known by its acronym TTG) was the name of a group of Jewish Brigade members formed immediately following World War II.
The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum (USHMM) is the United States' official memorial to the Holocaust.
VIII Corps was a British Army corps formation that existed during the First and Second World Wars.
The Wehrmacht (lit. "defence force")From wehren, "to defend" and Macht., "power, force".
The White Paper of 1939Occasionally also known as the MacDonald White Paper (e.g. Caplan, 2015, p.117) after Malcolm MacDonald, the British Colonial Secretary who presided over its creation.
Sir Winston Leonard Spencer-Churchill (30 November 187424 January 1965) was a British politician, army officer, and writer, who was Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1940 to 1945 and again from 1951 to 1955.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
The World Zionist Organization (הַהִסְתַּדְּרוּת הַצִּיּוֹנִית הָעוֹלָמִית; HaHistadrut HaTzionit Ha'Olamit), or WZO, was founded as the Zionist Organization (ZO; 1897–1960) at the initiative of Theodor Herzl at the First World Zionist Congress, which took place in August 1897 in Basel, Switzerland.
Yad Vashem (יָד וַשֵׁם; literally, "a monument and a name") is Israel's official memorial to the victims of the Holocaust.
Yehiel Duvdevani (יחיאל דובדבני, born 1896, died 30 April 1988) was a Zionist activist and politician.
Yehoshafat Harkabi (יהושפט הרכבי, born 1921, Haifa; died 1994, Jerusalem) was chief of Israeli military intelligence from 1955 until 1959 and afterwards a professor of International Relations and Middle East Studies at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem.
Yehoshua Bar-Hillel (יהושע בר-הלל; 8 September 1915, Vienna – 25 September 1975, Jerusalem) was an Israeli philosopher, mathematician, and linguist.
Yehuda Amichai (יהודה עמיחי; 3 May 1924 – 22 September 2000) was an Israeli poet.
Yehuda Arazi (יהודה ארזי; 1907–1959), code name Alon, was an Israeli who was active in the Haganah in Palestine during the British Mandate era.
Yigal Hurvitz (יִגָּאֵל הורביץ 1918 – 10 January 1994) was an Israeli politician who served as a government minister in the late 1970s and 1980s.
The Yishuv (ישוב, literally "settlement") or Ha-Yishuv (the Yishuv, הישוב) or Ha-Yishuv Ha-Ivri (the Hebrew Yishuv, הישוב העברי) is the term referring to the body of Jewish residents in the land of Israel (corresponding to Ottoman Syria until 1917, OETA South 1917–1920 and later Mandatory Palestine 1920–1948) prior to the establishment of the State of Israel.
Yitzhak Levy (יצחק לוי, born 6 July 1947) is an Israeli Orthodox rabbi and politician who served as a member of the Knesset for the National Religious Party (NRP) and the Ahi faction of the National Union between 1988 and 2009.
Yitshak Orpaz (Hebrew:יצחק אוורבוך אורפז) (born 1921 – 14 August 2015) was an Israeli writer.
Zvi Brenner was a Jewish Palestinian leader during World War II and the early days of the State of Israel.
The 15th Army Group was an Army Group consisted by the British Eighth and the U.S. Fifth Armies, which apart troops from British Empire and U.S.A., also had whole units from other allied countries/regions; like 2 of their Corps (from free France and Poland), 1 Division (from Brazil) and 7 Brigades (6 Italians and one Greek), besides supporting and being supported by the local Italian partisans.
The 1948 Arab–Israeli War, or the First Arab–Israeli War, was fought between the State of Israel and a military coalition of Arab states over the control of Palestine, forming the second stage of the 1948 Palestine war.
The 4th Parachute Division, (4.), was a divisional-sized elite formation in the Luftwaffe during World War II.