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Jim Jones

Index Jim Jones

James Warren Jones (May 13, 1931 – November 18, 1978) was an American religious cult leader who initiated and was responsible for a mass suicide and mass murder in Jonestown, Guyana. [1]

211 relations: Addiction, Adolf Hitler, Affidavit, African Americans, Agnosticism, Albert Einstein, American Nazi Party, Angela Davis, Army–McCarthy hearings, Art Agnos, Assassination of John F. Kennedy, Atheism, Autopsy, Barbiturate, Basketball, Belo Horizonte, Bible, Black Panther Party, Bloomington, Indiana, Brazil, British Guiana, Butler University, California, Catherine Wessinger, CBS News, Cessna, Cherokee, China, Chris Pallis, Christian Church (Disciples of Christ), Christianity, CNN Presents, Colorectal cancer, Communism, Communist Party of the Soviet Union, Communist Party USA, Conspiracy theory, Crete, Indiana, Cuba, Cult, Cyanide, Cyanide poisoning, David Dick (journalist), Deputy chief of mission, Discovery Channel, District Superintendent (Methodism), Don Harris (journalist), Donald Freed, Drink the Kool-Aid (American Horror Story), Drinking the Kool-Aid, ..., Drug tolerance, Dynamite, E. P. Dutton, Eaten Alive!, Eldridge Cleaver, Eleanor Roosevelt, Emmy Award, ESPN, Esquire (magazine), Exploitation film, Faith healing, Fascism, Father Divine, Federal Bureau of Investigation, Fidel Castro, First Lady of the United States, Flavor Aid, Forbes Burnham, Found footage, Fred D'Aguiar, G. P. Putnam's Sons, Garden of Eden, Gautama Buddha, George Moscone, Georgetown, Guyana, Great Depression, Guyana, Guyana Airways, Guyana Tragedy: The Story of Jim Jones, Guyana: Crime of the Century, Hamish Hamilton, Harvey Milk, Heaven's Gate (religious group), History (U.S. TV network), Homosexuality, Horror film, House arrest, Human rights, Human rights commission, Indiana University Bloomington, Indiana University Health Methodist Hospital, Indiana University Press, Indianapolis, Indianapolis Police Department, Internal Revenue Service, International Peace Mission movement, Irish people, Jack Hirschman, Jackie Speier, Jerry Brown, Jesus, Jimmy Carter, Jonestown, Jonestown: Paradise Lost, Jonestown: The Life and Death of Peoples Temple, Joseph Stalin, Julius and Ethel Rosenberg, Karl Marx, Kim Il-sung, King James Version, Kool-Aid, Korea, Korean Americans, Korean War, Ku Klux Klan, Leo Ryan, List of Buddha claimants, List of mayors of Indianapolis, List of people claimed to be Jesus, Los Angeles, Los Angeles Convention Center, Los Angeles Police Department, Lynn, Indiana, MacArthur Park, Mahatma Gandhi, Mao Zedong, Mark Lane (author), Marshall Applewhite, Marshall Kilduff, Martin Luther King Jr., Marxism, Mass murder, Mass suicide, Mervyn Dymally, Methodism, Militant, Murder–suicide, NAACP, Nation of Islam, National Urban League, Native Americans in the United States, NBC, Northern California, Nuclear holocaust, Nuclear warfare, Oral Roberts, Pat Parker, Paul Robeson, Penn State University Press, Pentobarbital, Peoples Temple, Peoples Temple in San Francisco, Port Kaituma, Powers Boothe, President of the United States, Racial integration, Random House, Raven (book), Redwood Valley, California, Reincarnation, Religion in Brazil, Richmond High School (Richmond, Indiana), Richmond, Indiana, Rio de Janeiro, Rosalynn Carter, Saint Mary's College of California, San Diego State University, San Fernando, California, San Francisco, San Francisco Chronicle, Scott Blackwood, Sedative, Seductive Poison, September 11 attacks, Seventh Day Baptists, Short film, Sikivu Hutchinson, Social Gospel, South Korea, Soviet Union, Sri Lanka, Sting operation, Swastika, Syracuse University Press, Tax exemption, Taylor & Francis, The New York Times, The Sacrament (2013 film), The San Francisco Examiner, The Veil (2016 film), The Washington Post, Timothy Stoen, Transaction Publishers, Ukiah, California, Undercover operation, United States, United States Congress, United States Department of State, United States House of Representatives, United States presidential election, 1976, University of San Diego, Vladimir Lenin, Walter Mondale, Washington, D.C., Welsh people, White flight, White paper, William M. Branham, Willie Brown (politician), Wilson Harris, World War I. Expand index (161 more) »


Addiction is a brain disorder characterized by compulsive engagement in rewarding stimuli despite adverse consequences.

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Adolf Hitler

Adolf Hitler (20 April 1889 – 30 April 1945) was a German politician, demagogue, and revolutionary, who was the leader of the Nazi Party (Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei; NSDAP), Chancellor of Germany from 1933 to 1945 and Führer ("Leader") of Nazi Germany from 1934 to 1945.

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An affidavit is a written sworn statement of fact voluntarily made by an affiant or deponent under an oath or affirmation administered by a person authorized to do so by law.

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African Americans

African Americans (also referred to as Black Americans or Afro-Americans) are an ethnic group of Americans with total or partial ancestry from any of the black racial groups of Africa.

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Agnosticism is the view that the existence of God, of the divine or the supernatural is unknown or unknowable.

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Albert Einstein

Albert Einstein (14 March 1879 – 18 April 1955) was a German-born theoretical physicist who developed the theory of relativity, one of the two pillars of modern physics (alongside quantum mechanics).

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American Nazi Party

The American Nazi Party (ANP) is a far-right American political party founded by George Lincoln Rockwell with its headquarters in Arlington, Virginia.

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Angela Davis

Angela Yvonne Davis (born January 26, 1944) is an American political activist, academic, and author.

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Army–McCarthy hearings

The Army–McCarthy hearings were a series of hearings held by the United States Senate's Subcommittee on Investigations (April–June 1954) to investigate conflicting accusations between the United States Army and U.S. Senator Joseph McCarthy.

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Art Agnos

Arthur Christ Agnos (born Arthouros Agnos; September 1, 1938) is an American politician.

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Assassination of John F. Kennedy

John F. Kennedy, the 35th President of the United States, was assassinated on Friday, November 22, 1963, at 12:30 p.m. in Dallas, Texas, while riding in a presidential motorcade through Dealey Plaza.

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Atheism is, in the broadest sense, the absence of belief in the existence of deities.

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An autopsy (post-mortem examination, obduction, necropsy, or autopsia cadaverum) is a highly specialized surgical procedure that consists of a thorough examination of a corpse by dissection to determine the cause and manner of death or to evaluate any disease or injury that may be present for research or educational purposes.

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A barbiturate is a drug that acts as a central nervous system depressant, and can therefore produce a wide spectrum of effects, from mild sedation to death.

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Basketball is a team sport played on a rectangular court.

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Belo Horizonte

Belo Horizonte ("Beautiful Horizon") is the sixth-largest city in Brazil, the thirteenth-largest in South America and the eighteenth-largest in the Americas.

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The Bible (from Koine Greek τὰ βιβλία, tà biblía, "the books") is a collection of sacred texts or scriptures that Jews and Christians consider to be a product of divine inspiration and a record of the relationship between God and humans.

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Black Panther Party

The Black Panther Party or the BPP (originally the Black Panther Party for Self-Defense) was a political organization founded by Bobby Seale and Huey Newton in October 1966.

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Bloomington, Indiana

Bloomington is a city in and the county seat of Monroe County in the southern region of the U.S. state of Indiana.

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Brazil (Brasil), officially the Federative Republic of Brazil (República Federativa do Brasil), is the largest country in both South America and Latin America.

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British Guiana

British Guiana was the name of the British colony, part of the British West Indies (Caribbean), on the northern coast of South America, now known as the independent nation of Guyana.

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Butler University

Butler University is a private university in Indianapolis, Indiana.

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California is a state in the Pacific Region of the United States.

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Catherine Wessinger

Catherine Wessinger is the Rev.

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CBS News

CBS News is the news division of American television and radio service CBS.

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The Cessna Aircraft Company was an American general aviation aircraft manufacturing corporation headquartered in Wichita, Kansas.

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The Cherokee (translit or translit) are one of the indigenous peoples of the Southeastern Woodlands.

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China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.

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Chris Pallis

Christopher Agamemnon Pallis (2 December 1923, Bombay – 10 March 2005, London) was an Anglo-Greek neurologist and socialist intellectual.

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Christian Church (Disciples of Christ)

The Christian Church (Disciples of Christ) is a mainline Protestant Christian denomination in the United States in the Reformed tradition with close ties to the Restoration Movement.

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ChristianityFrom Ancient Greek Χριστός Khristós (Latinized as Christus), translating Hebrew מָשִׁיחַ, Māšîăḥ, meaning "the anointed one", with the Latin suffixes -ian and -itas.

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CNN Presents

CNN Presents is an American documentary program on CNN weekends.

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Colorectal cancer

Colorectal cancer (CRC), also known as bowel cancer and colon cancer, is the development of cancer from the colon or rectum (parts of the large intestine).

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In political and social sciences, communism (from Latin communis, "common, universal") is the philosophical, social, political, and economic ideology and movement whose ultimate goal is the establishment of the communist society, which is a socioeconomic order structured upon the common ownership of the means of production and the absence of social classes, money and the state.

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Communist Party of the Soviet Union

The Communist Party of the Soviet Union was the founding and ruling political party of the Soviet Union.

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Communist Party USA

The Communist Party USA (CPUSA) is a communist political party in the United States established in 1919 after a split in the Socialist Party of America.

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Conspiracy theory

A conspiracy theory is an explanation of an event or situation that invokes an unwarranted conspiracy, generally one involving an illegal or harmful act carried out by government or other powerful actors.

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Crete, Indiana

Crete is a small unincorporated community in Greensfork Township, Randolph County, in the U.S. state of Indiana.

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Cuba, officially the Republic of Cuba, is a country comprising the island of Cuba as well as Isla de la Juventud and several minor archipelagos.

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The term cult usually refers to a social group defined by its religious, spiritual, or philosophical beliefs, or its common interest in a particular personality, object or goal.

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A cyanide is a chemical compound that contains the group C≡N.

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Cyanide poisoning

Cyanide poisoning is poisoning that results from exposure to a number of forms of cyanide.

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David Dick (journalist)

David Barrow Dick (February 18, 1930 – July 16, 2010), was a journalist from Kentucky who was a correspondent for CBS News from 1966 to 1985 and thereafter a professor at his alma mater, the University of Kentucky in Lexington, a book author, and publisher.

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Deputy chief of mission

A deputy chief of mission (DCM, in Europe a term deputy head of mission - DHoM is used instead), is the number-two diplomat assigned to an embassy or other diplomatic mission.

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Discovery Channel

Discovery Channel (known as The Discovery Channel from 1985 to 1995, and often referred to as simply Discovery) is an American pay television channel that is the flagship television property of Discovery Inc., a publicly traded company run by CEO David Zaslav.

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District Superintendent (Methodism)

A district superintendent, often abbreviated D.S., also known as a presiding elder, in many Methodist denominations, is a minister (specifically an elder) who serves in a supervisory position over a geographic "district" of churches (varying in size) providing spiritual and administrative leadership to those churches and their pastors.

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Don Harris (journalist)

Don Harris (September 8, 1936 – November 18, 1978) was an NBC News correspondent who was killed after departing Jonestown, an agricultural commune owned by the Peoples Temple in Guyana.

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Donald Freed

Donald Freed (born 1932) is an American playwright, novelist, screenwriter, and actor.

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Drink the Kool-Aid (American Horror Story)

"Drink the Kool-Aid" is the ninth episode of the seventh season of the anthology television series American Horror Story.

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Drinking the Kool-Aid

"Drinking the Kool-Aid" is an expression commonly used in the United States that refers to a person who believes in a possibly doomed or dangerous idea because of perceived potential high rewards.

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Drug tolerance

Drug tolerance is a pharmacological concept describing subjects' reduced reaction to a drug following its repeated use.

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Dynamite is an explosive made of nitroglycerin, sorbents (such as powdered shells or clay) and stabilizers.

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E. P. Dutton


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Eaten Alive!

Eaten Alive! (Mangiati vivi!) is a 1980 Italian horror film directed by Umberto Lenzi.

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Eldridge Cleaver

Leroy Eldridge Cleaver (August 31, 1935 – May 1, 1998) was an American writer and political activist who became an early leader of the Black Panther Party.

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Eleanor Roosevelt

Anna Eleanor Roosevelt (October 11, 1884 – November 7, 1962) was an American political figure, diplomat and activist.

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Emmy Award

An Emmy Award, or simply Emmy, is an American award that recognizes excellence in the television industry, and is the equivalent of an Academy Award (for film), the Tony Award (for theater), and the Grammy Award (for music).

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ESPN (originally an acronym for Entertainment and Sports Programming Network) is a U.S.-based global cable and satellite sports television channel owned by ESPN Inc., a joint venture owned by The Walt Disney Company (80%) and Hearst Communications (20%).

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Esquire (magazine)

Esquire is an American men's magazine, published by the Hearst Corporation in the United States.

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Exploitation film

An exploitation film is a film that attempts to succeed financially by exploiting current trends, niche genres, or lurid content.

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Faith healing

Faith healing is the practice of prayer and gestures (such as laying on of hands) that are believed by some to elicit divine intervention in spiritual and physical healing, especially the Christian practice.

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Fascism is a form of radical authoritarian ultranationalism, characterized by dictatorial power, forcible suppression of opposition and control of industry and commerce, which came to prominence in early 20th-century Europe.

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Father Divine

Father Divine (c. 1876September 10, 1965), also known as Reverend M. J. Divine, was an African American spiritual leader from about 1907 until his death.

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Federal Bureau of Investigation

The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), formerly the Bureau of Investigation (BOI), is the domestic intelligence and security service of the United States, and its principal federal law enforcement agency.

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Fidel Castro

Fidel Alejandro Castro Ruz (August 13, 1926 – November 25, 2016) was a Cuban communist revolutionary and politician who governed the Republic of Cuba as Prime Minister from 1959 to 1976 and then as President from 1976 to 2008.

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First Lady of the United States

The First Lady of the United States (FLOTUS) is the title held by the hostess of the White House, usually the wife of the President of the United States, concurrent with the President's term in office.

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Flavor Aid

Flavor Aid is a non-carbonated soft drink beverage made by The Jel Sert Company in West Chicago, Illinois.

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Forbes Burnham

Linden Forbes Sampson Burnham (20 February 1923 – 6 August 1985) was a Guyanese political leader and leader of Guyana from 1964 until his death, as the first Prime Minister from 1964 to 1980 and as second President from 1980 to 1985.

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Found footage

Found Footage or found footage may refer to.

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Fred D'Aguiar

Fred D'Aguiar (born 2 February 1960) is a British-Guyanese poet, novelist and playwright.

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G. P. Putnam's Sons


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Garden of Eden

The Garden of Eden (Hebrew גַּן עֵדֶן, Gan ʿEḏen) or (often) Paradise, is the biblical "garden of God", described most notably in the Book of Genesis chapters 2 and 3, and also in the Book of Ezekiel.

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Gautama Buddha

Gautama Buddha (c. 563/480 – c. 483/400 BCE), also known as Siddhārtha Gautama, Shakyamuni Buddha, or simply the Buddha, after the title of Buddha, was an ascetic (śramaṇa) and sage, on whose teachings Buddhism was founded.

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George Moscone

George Richard Moscone (November 24, 1929 – November 27, 1978) was an American attorney and Democratic politician.

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Georgetown, Guyana

Georgetown is the capital of Guyana, located in Region 4, which is also known as the Demerara-Mahaica region.

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Great Depression

The Great Depression was a severe worldwide economic depression that took place mostly during the 1930s, beginning in the United States.

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Guyana (pronounced or), officially the Co-operative Republic of Guyana, is a sovereign state on the northern mainland of South America.

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Guyana Airways

Guyana Airways was the national airline of Guyana from 1939 to 2001.

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Guyana Tragedy: The Story of Jim Jones

Guyana Tragedy: The Story of Jim Jones, also called The Mad Messiah, is a 1980 television miniseries about the Peoples Temple led by Jim Jones, and their 1978 mass suicide at Jonestown.

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Guyana: Crime of the Century

Guyana: Crime of the Century (also known as Guyana: Cult of the Damned) is a 1979 Mexican exploitation docudrama film written and directed by René Cardona Jr..

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Hamish Hamilton

Hamish Hamilton Limited was a British book publishing house, founded in 1931 eponymously by the half-Scot half-American Jamie Hamilton (Hamish is the vocative form of the Gaelic 'Seumas', James the English form – which was also his given name, and Jamie the diminutive form).

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Harvey Milk

Harvey Bernard Milk (May 22, 1930 – November 27, 1978) was an American politician and the first openly gay elected official in the history of California, where he was elected to the San Francisco Board of Supervisors.

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Heaven's Gate (religious group)

Heaven's Gate was an American UFO religious millenarian cult based in San Diego, California, founded in 1974 and led by Marshall Applewhite (1931–1997) and Bonnie Nettles (1927–1985).

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History (U.S. TV network)

History (originally The History Channel from 1995 to 2008) is a history-based digital cable and satellite television network that is owned by A&E Networks, a joint venture between the Hearst Communications and the Disney–ABC Television Group division of the Walt Disney Company.

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Homosexuality is romantic attraction, sexual attraction or sexual behavior between members of the same sex or gender.

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Horror film

A horror film is a film that seeks to elicit a physiological reaction, such as an elevated heartbeat, through the use of fear and shocking one’s audiences.

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House arrest

In justice and law, house arrest (also called home confinement, home detention, or, in modern times, electronic monitoring) is a measure by which a person is confined by the authorities to a residence.

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Human rights

Human rights are moral principles or normsJames Nickel, with assistance from Thomas Pogge, M.B.E. Smith, and Leif Wenar, December 13, 2013, Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy,, Retrieved August 14, 2014 that describe certain standards of human behaviour and are regularly protected as natural and legal rights in municipal and international law.

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Human rights commission

A human rights commission, also known as a human relations commission, is a body set up to investigate, promote or protect human rights.

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Indiana University Bloomington

Indiana University Bloomington (abbreviated "IU Bloomington" and colloquially referred to as "IU" or simply "Indiana") is a public research university in Bloomington, Indiana, United States.

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Indiana University Health Methodist Hospital

Indiana University Health Methodist Hospital is a hospital part of Indiana University Health, located in Indianapolis, state of Indiana, United States.

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Indiana University Press

Indiana University Press, also known as IU Press, is an academic publisher founded in 1950 at Indiana University that specializes in the humanities and social sciences.

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Indianapolis is the capital and most populous city of the U.S. state of Indiana and the seat of Marion County.

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Indianapolis Police Department

The Indianapolis Police Department (IPD) (September 1, 1854 – December 31, 2006) was the principal law enforcement agency of Indianapolis, Indiana, under the jurisdiction of the Mayor of Indianapolis and Director of Public Safety.

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Internal Revenue Service

The Internal Revenue Service (IRS) is the revenue service of the United States federal government.

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International Peace Mission movement

The International Peace Mission movement is a religious movement started by Father Divine, an African American, who claimed to be God.

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Irish people

The Irish people (Muintir na hÉireann or Na hÉireannaigh) are a nation and ethnic group native to the island of Ireland, who share a common Irish ancestry, identity and culture.

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Jack Hirschman

Jack Hirschman (born December 13, 1933) is an American poet and social activist who has written more than 50 volumes of poetry and essays.

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Jackie Speier

Karen Lorraine Jacqueline Speier (born May 14, 1950) is the U.S. Representative for, serving in Congress since 2008.

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Jerry Brown

Edmund Gerald "Jerry" Brown Jr. (born April 7, 1938) is an American politician, author and lawyer serving as the 39th and current Governor of California since 2011, previously holding the position from 1975 to 1983, making him the state's longest-serving Governor.

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Jesus, also referred to as Jesus of Nazareth and Jesus Christ, was a first-century Jewish preacher and religious leader.

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Jimmy Carter

James Earl Carter Jr. (born October 1, 1924) is an American politician who served as the 39th President of the United States from 1977 to 1981.

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The Peoples Temple Agricultural Project, better known by its informal name "Jonestown", was a remote settlement established by the Peoples Temple, an American cult under the leadership of reverend Jim Jones, in north Guyana.

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Jonestown: Paradise Lost

Jonestown: Paradise Lost is a 2007 documentary television film on the History Channel about the final days of Jonestown, the Peoples Temple, and Jim Jones.

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Jonestown: The Life and Death of Peoples Temple

Jonestown: The Life and Death of Peoples Temple, is a 2006 documentary film made by Firelight Media, produced and directed by Stanley Nelson.

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Joseph Stalin

Joseph Vissarionovich Stalin (18 December 1878 – 5 March 1953) was a Soviet revolutionary and politician of Georgian nationality.

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Julius and Ethel Rosenberg

Julius and Ethel Rosenberg were United States citizens who spied for the Soviet Union and were tried, convicted, and executed by the Federal government of the United States.

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Karl Marx

Karl MarxThe name "Karl Heinrich Marx", used in various lexicons, is based on an error.

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Kim Il-sung

Kim Il-sung (or Kim Il Sung) (born Kim Sŏng-ju; 15 April 1912 – 8 July 1994) was the first leader of North Korea, from its establishment in 1948 until his death in 1994.

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King James Version

The King James Version (KJV), also known as the King James Bible (KJB) or simply the Version (AV), is an English translation of the Christian Bible for the Church of England, begun in 1604 and completed in 1611.

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Kool-Aid is a brand of flavored drink mix owned by Kraft Foods.

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Korea is a region in East Asia; since 1945 it has been divided into two distinctive sovereign states: North Korea and South Korea.

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Korean Americans

Korean Americans (Hangul: 한국계 미국인, Hanja: 韓國系美國人, Hangukgye Migukin) are Americans of Korean heritage or descent, mostly from South Korea, and with a very small minority from North Korea, China, Japan and Post-Soviet states.

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Korean War

The Korean War (in South Korean, "Korean War"; in North Korean, "Fatherland: Liberation War"; 25 June 1950 – 27 July 1953) was a war between North Korea (with the support of China and the Soviet Union) and South Korea (with the principal support of the United States).

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Ku Klux Klan

The Ku Klux Klan, commonly called the KKK or simply the Klan, refers to three distinct secret movements at different points in time in the history of the United States.

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Leo Ryan

Leo Joseph Ryan Jr. (May 5, 1925November 18, 1978) was an American teacher and politician.

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List of Buddha claimants

The people described below have claimed to have attained enlightenment and become buddhas, claimed to be manifestations of bodhisattvas, identified themselves as Gautama Buddha or been honored as buddhas or bodhisattvas.

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List of mayors of Indianapolis

The Mayor of Indianapolis is the head of the executive branch of the consolidated city-county government of Indianapolis and Marion County.

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List of people claimed to be Jesus

This is a partial list of notable people who have been claimed, either by themselves or by their followers, in some way to be the reincarnation or incarnation of Jesus, or the Second Coming of Christ.

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Los Angeles

Los Angeles (Spanish for "The Angels";; officially: the City of Los Angeles; colloquially: by its initials L.A.) is the second-most populous city in the United States, after New York City.

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Los Angeles Convention Center

The Los Angeles Convention Center (LACC) is a convention center in the southwest portion of downtown Los Angeles.

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Los Angeles Police Department

The Los Angeles Police Department (LAPD), officially the City of Los Angeles Police Department, is the police department of Los Angeles.

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Lynn, Indiana

Lynn is a town in Washington Township, Randolph County, in the U.S. state of Indiana.

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MacArthur Park

MacArthur Park (originally Westlake Park) is a park dating back to the late nineteenth century in the Westlake neighborhood of Los Angeles, California.

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Mahatma Gandhi

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (2 October 1869 – 30 January 1948) was an Indian activist who was the leader of the Indian independence movement against British rule.

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Mao Zedong

Mao Zedong (December 26, 1893September 9, 1976), commonly known as Chairman Mao, was a Chinese communist revolutionary who became the founding father of the People's Republic of China, which he ruled as the Chairman of the Communist Party of China from its establishment in 1949 until his death in 1976.

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Mark Lane (author)

Mark Lane (February 24, 1927 – May 10, 2016) was an American attorney, New York state legislator, civil rights activist, and Vietnam war-crimes investigator.

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Marshall Applewhite

Marshall Herff Applewhite, Jr. (May 17, 1931 – March 26, 1997), also known as "Bo" and "Do", among other names, was an American cult leader who founded what became known as the Heaven's Gate religious group and organized their mass suicide in 1997, claiming the lives of thirty-nine people.

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Marshall Kilduff

Marshall Kilduff (born February 14, 1949) is a journalist currently writing for the San Francisco Chronicle.

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Martin Luther King Jr.

Martin Luther King Jr. (January 15, 1929 – April 4, 1968) was an American Baptist minister and activist who became the most visible spokesperson and leader in the civil rights movement from 1954 until his death in 1968.

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Marxism is a method of socioeconomic analysis that views class relations and social conflict using a materialist interpretation of historical development and takes a dialectical view of social transformation.

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Mass murder

Mass murder is the act of murdering a number of people, typically simultaneously or over a relatively short period of time and in close geographic proximity.

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Mass suicide

Mass suicide is a form of suicide, occurring when a group of people simultaneously kill themselves.

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Mervyn Dymally

Mervyn Malcolm Dymally (May 12, 1926 – October 7, 2012) was a Democratic politician from California.

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Methodism or the Methodist movement is a group of historically related denominations of Protestant Christianity which derive their inspiration from the life and teachings of John Wesley, an Anglican minister in England.

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The English word militant is both an adjective and a noun, and is generally used to mean vigorously active, combative and aggressive, especially in support of a cause, as in "militant reformers".

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A murder–suicide is an act in which an individual kills one or more other persons before killing themselves.

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The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) is a civil rights organization in the United States, formed in 1909 as a bi-racial organization to advance justice for African Americans by a group, including, W. E. B. Du Bois, Mary White Ovington and Moorfield Storey.

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Nation of Islam

The Nation of Islam, abbreviated as NOI, is an African American political and religious movement, founded in Detroit, Michigan, United States, by Wallace D. Fard Muhammad on July 4, 1930.

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National Urban League

The National Urban League (NUL), formerly known as the National League on Urban Conditions Among Negroes, is a nonpartisan civil rights organization based in New York City that advocates on behalf of African Americans and against racial discrimination in the United States.

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Native Americans in the United States

Native Americans, also known as American Indians, Indians, Indigenous Americans and other terms, are the indigenous peoples of the United States.

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The National Broadcasting Company (NBC) is an American English language commercial broadcast television network that is a flagship property of NBCUniversal, a subsidiary of Comcast.

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Northern California

Northern California (colloquially known as NorCal or "The Northstate" for the northern interior counties north of Sacramento to the Oregon stateline) is the northern portion of the U.S. state of California.

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Nuclear holocaust

A nuclear holocaust or nuclear apocalypse is a theoretical scenario involving widespread destruction and radioactive fallout causing the collapse of civilization, through the use of nuclear weapons.

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Nuclear warfare

Nuclear warfare (sometimes atomic warfare or thermonuclear warfare) is a military conflict or political strategy in which nuclear weaponry is used to inflict damage on the enemy.

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Oral Roberts

Granville Oral Roberts (January 24, 1918 – December 15, 2009) was an American Charismatic Christian televangelist, ordained in both the Pentecostal Holiness and United Methodist churches.

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Pat Parker

Pat Parker (January 20, 1944 – June 19, 1989) was an African-American lesbian feminist poet and activist.

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Paul Robeson

Paul Leroy Robeson (April 9, 1898 – January 23, 1976) was an American bass baritone concert artist and stage and film actor who became famous both for his cultural accomplishments and for his political activism.

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Penn State University Press

Penn State University Press, also called The Pennsylvania State University Press, was established in 1956 and is a non-profit publisher of scholarly books and journals.

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Pentobarbital (INN, AAN, BAN, USAN) or pentobarbitone (former AAN and BAN) is a short-acting barbiturate.

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Peoples Temple

The Peoples Temple of the Disciples of Christ, commonly shortened to Peoples Temple, was a new religious movement founded in 1955 by Jim Jones in Indianapolis, Indiana.

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Peoples Temple in San Francisco

The Peoples Temple, the organization at the center of the Jonestown incident, was headquartered in San Francisco, California, from the early to mid-1970s until the Temple's move to Guyana.

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Port Kaituma

Port Kaituma is a small town within the Barima-Waini administrative region of Guyana.

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Powers Boothe

Powers Allen Boothe (June 1, 1948 – May 14, 2017) was an American television, video game, and film actor and voice actor.

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President of the United States

The President of the United States (POTUS) is the head of state and head of government of the United States of America.

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Racial integration

Racial integration, or simply integration, includes desegregation (the process of ending systematic racial segregation).

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Random House

Random House is an American book publisher and the largest general-interest paperback publisher in the world.

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Raven (book)

Raven: The Untold Story of the Rev.

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Redwood Valley, California

Redwood Valley (formerly Basil) is a census-designated place in Mendocino County, California.

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Reincarnation is the philosophical or religious concept that an aspect of a living being starts a new life in a different physical body or form after each biological death.

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Religion in Brazil

Religion in Brazil is more diverse compared to other Latin American countries.

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Richmond High School (Richmond, Indiana)

Richmond High School is a public high school in Richmond, Indiana, United States.

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Richmond, Indiana

Richmond is a city in east central Indiana, United States, bordering on Ohio.

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Rio de Janeiro

Rio de Janeiro (River of January), or simply Rio, is the second-most populous municipality in Brazil and the sixth-most populous in the Americas.

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Rosalynn Carter

Eleanor Rosalynn Carter (née Smith; born August 18, 1927) served as First Lady of the United States from 1977 to 1981, as the wife of President Jimmy Carter.

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Saint Mary's College of California

Saint Mary's College of California is a private, coeducational college located in Moraga, California, United States, a small suburban community about east of Oakland and east of San Francisco.

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San Diego State University

San Diego State University (SDSU) is a public research university in San Diego, California, and is the largest and oldest higher education institution in San Diego County.

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San Fernando, California

San Fernando is a city in the San Fernando Valley, in the northwestern region of Los Angeles County, California.

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San Francisco

San Francisco (initials SF;, Spanish for 'Saint Francis'), officially the City and County of San Francisco, is the cultural, commercial, and financial center of Northern California.

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San Francisco Chronicle

The San Francisco Chronicle is a newspaper serving primarily the San Francisco Bay Area of the U.S. state of California.

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Scott Blackwood

Scott Blackwood is an American novelist, short story writer, and nonfiction writer.

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A sedative or tranquilliser is a substance that induces sedation by reducing irritability or excitement.

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Seductive Poison

Seductive Poison: A Jonestown Survivor's Story of Life and Death in the Peoples Temple is a first-hand account of the incidents surrounding Peoples Temple, written by survivor Deborah Layton, a high-level member of the Peoples Temple until her escape from the encampment.

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September 11 attacks

The September 11, 2001 attacks (also referred to as 9/11) were a series of four coordinated terrorist attacks by the Islamic terrorist group al-Qaeda against the United States on the morning of Tuesday, September 11, 2001.

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Seventh Day Baptists

Seventh Day Baptists (SDBs) are a Baptist denomination which observes the Sabbath on the seventh-day of the week—Saturday—in accordance with the Biblical Sabbath of the Ten Commandments (Exodus 20:8, Deuteronomy 5:12).

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Short film

A short film is any motion picture not long enough to be considered a feature film.

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Sikivu Hutchinson

Sikivu Hutchinson is an American feminist, atheist, author/novelist and playwright.

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Social Gospel

The Social Gospel was a movement in North American Protestantism which applied Christian ethics to social problems, especially issues of social justice such as economic inequality, poverty, alcoholism, crime, racial tensions, slums, unclean environment, child labor, inadequate labor unions, poor schools, and the danger of war.

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South Korea

South Korea, officially the Republic of Korea (대한민국; Hanja: 大韓民國; Daehan Minguk,; lit. "The Great Country of the Han People"), is a country in East Asia, constituting the southern part of the Korean Peninsula and lying east to the Asian mainland.

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Soviet Union

The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.

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Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka (Sinhala: ශ්‍රී ලංකා; Tamil: இலங்கை Ilaṅkai), officially the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka, is an island country in South Asia, located in the Indian Ocean to the southwest of the Bay of Bengal and to the southeast of the Arabian Sea.

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Sting operation

In law enforcement, a sting operation is a deceptive operation designed to catch a person committing a crime.

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The swastika (as a character 卐 or 卍) is a geometrical figure and an ancient religious icon from the cultures of Eurasia, where it has been and remains a symbol of divinity and spirituality in Indian religions, Chinese religions, Mongolian and Siberian shamanisms.

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Syracuse University Press

Syracuse University Press, founded in 1943, is a university press that is part of Syracuse University.

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Tax exemption

Tax exemption is a monetary exemption which reduces taxable income.

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Taylor & Francis

Taylor & Francis Group is an international company originating in England that publishes books and academic journals.

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The New York Times

The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.

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The Sacrament (2013 film)

The Sacrament is a 2013 American found footage horror thriller film directed by Ti West.

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The San Francisco Examiner

The San Francisco Examiner is a longtime daily newspaper distributed in and around San Francisco, California.

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The Veil (2016 film)

The Veil is a 2016 American supernatural horror film directed by Phil Joanou and written by Robert Ben Garant.

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The Washington Post

The Washington Post is a major American daily newspaper founded on December 6, 1877.

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Timothy Stoen

Timothy Oliver Stoen (born January 16, 1938) is best known for his central role as a member of the Peoples Temple, and as an opponent of the group during a multi-year custody battle over his six-year-old son, John.

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Transaction Publishers

Transaction Publishers was a New Jersey–based publishing house that specialized in social science books.

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Ukiah, California

Ukiah (formerly Ukiah City) is the county seat and largest city of Mendocino County, California.

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Undercover operation

To go "undercover" is to avoid detection by the entity one is observing, and especially to disguise one's own identity or use an assumed identity for the purposes of gaining the trust of an individual or organization to learn or confirm confidential information or to gain the trust of targeted individuals in order to gather information or evidence.

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United States

The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.

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United States Congress

The United States Congress is the bicameral legislature of the Federal government of the United States.

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United States Department of State

The United States Department of State (DOS), often referred to as the State Department, is the United States federal executive department that advises the President and represents the country in international affairs and foreign policy issues.

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United States House of Representatives

The United States House of Representatives is the lower chamber of the United States Congress, the Senate being the upper chamber.

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United States presidential election, 1976

The United States presidential election of 1976 was the 48th quadrennial presidential election, held on Tuesday, November 2, 1976.

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University of San Diego

The University of San Diego (USD) is a private Roman Catholic research university in San Diego, California, United States.

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Vladimir Lenin

Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov, better known by the alias Lenin (22 April 1870According to the new style calendar (modern Gregorian), Lenin was born on 22 April 1870. According to the old style (Old Julian) calendar used in the Russian Empire at the time, it was 10 April 1870. Russia converted from the old to the new style calendar in 1918, under Lenin's administration. – 21 January 1924), was a Russian communist revolutionary, politician and political theorist.

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Walter Mondale

Walter Frederick "Fritz" Mondale (born January 5, 1928) is an American politician, diplomat, and lawyer who served as the 42nd Vice President of the United States from 1977 to 1981, and as a United States Senator from Minnesota (1964–76).

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Washington, D.C.

Washington, D.C., formally the District of Columbia and commonly referred to as Washington or D.C., is the capital of the United States of America.

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Welsh people

The Welsh (Cymry) are a nation and ethnic group native to, or otherwise associated with, Wales, Welsh culture, Welsh history, and the Welsh language.

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White flight

White flight is a term that originated in the United States, starting in the 1950s and 1960s, and applied to the large-scale migration of people of various European ancestries from racially mixed urban regions to more racially homogeneous suburban or exurban regions.

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White paper

A white paper is an authoritative report or guide that informs readers concisely about a complex issue and presents the issuing body's philosophy on the matter.

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William M. Branham

William Marrion Branham (April 6, 1909 – December 24, 1965) was an influential American Christian minister and faith healer who initiated the post-World War II healing revival.

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Willie Brown (politician)

Willie Lewis Brown Jr. (born March 20, 1934) is an American politician of the Democratic Party.

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Wilson Harris

Sir Theodore Wilson Harris (24 March 1921 – 8 March 2018) was a Guyanese writer.

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World War I

World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.

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Redirects here:

James Warren "Jim" Jones, James Warren Jones, Jim Jones (cult leader), Jim Warren Jones, Jim jones, Rev. Jim Jones.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jim_Jones

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