241 relations: Acute pancreatitis, Agnes Macdonald, 1st Baroness Macdonald of Earnscliffe, Albert Norton Richards, Alderman, Alexander Campbell (Canadian senator), Alexander Gunn (politician), Alexander Mackenzie (politician), Alexander Morris (politician), Alexander Tilloch Galt, Allan MacNab, American Civil War, Amor De Cosmos, Antoine-Aimé Dorion, Apprenticeship, Archibald McLelan, Attorney general, Attorney General of Ontario, Étienne-Paschal Taché, Bank of Canada, Battle of the Windmill, Bellevue House, Bright's disease, British Empire, By-election, Call to the bar, Canada, Canada Day, Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, Canadian Confederation, Canadian federal election, 1867, Canadian federal election, 1872, Canadian federal election, 1874, Canadian federal election, 1878, Canadian federal election, 1882, Canadian federal election, 1887, Canadian federal election, 1891, Canadian Pacific Railway, Canadian ten-dollar note, Cardwell (electoral district), Carleton (Ontario electoral district), Cataraqui Cemetery, Charles Carroll Colby, Charles Monck, 4th Viscount Monck, Charles Tupper, Charlottetown, Charlottetown Conference, Chinese head tax in Canada, Cholera, Clark, New Jersey, Clear Grits, ..., Coalition, Colonial militia in Canada, Colonial Office, Colony of British Columbia (1858–1866), Conservative Party of Canada, Conservative Party of Canada (1867–1942), Constitution Act, 1867, Court-martial, Craigellachie, British Columbia, Crossing the floor, David Mills (Canadian politician), David Wright Allison, Dissolution of parliament, Doctor of Law, Dominion, Donald Creighton, Donald Smith, 1st Baron Strathcona and Mount Royal, Edgar Crow Baker, Edgar Dewdney, Edmund John Glyn Hooper, Edmund Walker Head, Edward Blake, Electoral district (Canada), Fathers of Confederation, Fenian, Fenian raids, Francis James Roscoe, Frederick Hamilton-Temple-Blackwood, 1st Marquess of Dufferin and Ava, Frederick Stanley, 16th Earl of Derby, French Canadians, French language in Canada, George Brown (Canadian politician), George Dickinson, George Stephen, 1st Baron Mount Stephen, George Washington, George-Étienne Cartier, Glasgow, Great Coalition, Greater Napanee, Henry Petty-Fitzmaurice, 5th Marquess of Lansdowne, Hewitt Bernard, High Commission of Canada in the United Kingdom, High commissioner, Historical rankings of Prime Ministers of Canada, Honorary degree, House of Commons of Canada, Hudson's Bay Company, Hugh Allan, Hugh John Macdonald, Hugh Segal, Isabella Macdonald, James Henry Metcalfe, Jean-Baptiste-Éric Dorion, John Abbott, John Campbell, 9th Duke of Argyll, John Diefenbaker, John Henry Pope, John Rochester (politician), John Sandfield Macdonald, John Sparrow David Thompson, John Young, 1st Baron Lisgar, Joint Premiers of the Province of Canada, Joseph O'Connell Ryan, Joseph Pope, Kingston (electoral district), Kingston, Ontario, Lake Superior, Lanarkshire, Lanterloo, Last Spike (Canadian Pacific Railway), Law Society of Ontario, Lawyer, Leader of the Official Opposition (Canada), Lennox (electoral district), Liberal-Conservative Party, Lieutenant Governor of Ontario, List of Canadian conservative leaders, List of Joint Premiers of the Province of Canada, List of Prime Ministers of Canada, London Conference of 1866, Louis Riel, Lower Canada, Lucius Seth Huntington, Macdonald, Manitoba, Mackenzie Bowell, Maclean's, Manitoba, Maritime Union, Marquette (electoral district), Métis in Canada, Member of parliament, Midland District, Upper Canada, Minister of Crown-Indigenous Relations and Northern Affairs, Minister of Justice and Attorney General of Canada, Minister of Militia and Defence (Canada), Minister of Railways and Canals (Canada), Minister of the Interior (Canada), Montreal East (electoral district), Mount Macdonald, Muskeg, Narcisse-Fortunat Belleau, National Archives of Scotland, National Historic Sites of Canada, National Policy, National Records of Scotland, New Brunswick general election, 1866, North-West Rebellion, North-Western Territory, Northern Pacific Railway, Northwest Territories, Nova Scotia, Oliver Mowat, Ontario, Ontario general election, 1886, Ontario Highway 401, Order of the Bath, Ottawa, Ottawa Citizen, Ottawa Macdonald–Cartier International Airport, Pacific Scandal, Panic of 1873, Parks Canada, Parliament Hill, Parliament of Canada, Parliament of the Province of Canada, Parliament of the United Kingdom, Parti rouge, Pembina, North Dakota, Picton, Ontario, Pierre Trudeau, Pilot (locomotive), Premier of Ontario, Prescott, Ontario, President of the Queen's Privy Council for Canada, Prime Minister of Canada, Prince Edward Island, Private (rank), Prorogation in Canada, Provencher, Province of Canada, Quebec, Quebec Conference, 1864, Quebec general election, 1886, Quebec Resolutions, Queen Victoria, Queen's Counsel, Queen's Park (Toronto), Queen's University, Ramshorn Cemetery, Rebellions of 1837–1838, Red River Colony, Red River Rebellion, Richard Gwyn, Richard John Cartwright, Robert Baldwin, Rocky Mountains, Rogers Pass (British Columbia), Royal assent, Royal Canadian Mint, Royal Commission, Rupert's Land, Savannah, Georgia, Scotland, Secret ballot, Senate of Canada, Sir John A. Macdonald Parkway, Solicitor General of Canada, Southern Railway of Vancouver Island, St George's Hanover Square Church, Stéphane Dion, Stroke, The Maritimes, The Right Honourable, Thomas White (Canadian politician), Toonie, Transcontinental railroad, Treaty of Washington (1871), Union Station (Toronto), University of Oxford, University of Toronto, Upper Canada, Upper Canada Rebellion, Upper Canada Tories, Victoria (electoral district), Wilfrid Laurier, William Cornelius Van Horne, William Henry Draper, William Lyon Mackenzie King, Winnipeg, York, Upper Canada, 3rd Canadian Parliament. Expand index (191 more) » « Shrink index
Acute pancreatitis is a sudden inflammation of the pancreas (pancreatitis).
Susan Agnes Macdonald, 1st Baroness Macdonald of Earnscliffe (née Bernard; 24 August 1836 – 5 September 1920) was the second wife of Sir John A. Macdonald, the first Prime Minister of Canada.
Albert Norton Richards, (December 8, 1821 – March 6, 1897) was a Canadian lawyer and political figure.
An alderman is a member of a municipal assembly or council in many jurisdictions founded upon English law.
Sir Alexander Campbell (March 9, 1822 – May 24, 1892) was an English-born, Upper Canadian statesman and a father of Canadian Confederation.
Alexander Gunn (October 5, 1828 – September 26, 1907) was a Scottish grocery wholesaler who immigrated to Canada and was elected to the House of Commons of Canada in the 1878 election defeating incumbent Leader of the Opposition Sir John A. Macdonald.
Alexander Mackenzie (January 28, 1822April 17, 1892), was a Scottish-Canadian politician who served as the second Prime Minister of Canada, in office from 1873 to 1878.
Alexander Morris (March 17, 1826 – October 28, 1889) was a Canadian politician.
Sir Alexander Tilloch Galt, (September 6, 1817 – September 19, 1893), was a politician and a father of Canadian Confederation.
Sir Allan Napier MacNab, 1st Baronet (19 February 1798 – 8 August 1862) was a Canadian political leader and Premier of the Province of Canada, from 1854 to 1856.
The American Civil War (also known by other names) was a war fought in the United States from 1861 to 1865.
Amor De Cosmos (August 20, 1825 – July 4, 1897) was a Canadian journalist, publisher and politician.
Sir Antoine-Aimé Dorion, (January 17, 1818May 31, 1891) was a French Canadian politician and jurist.
An apprenticeship is a system of training a new generation of practitioners of a trade or profession with on-the-job training and often some accompanying study (classroom work and reading).
Archibald Woodbury McLelan, (20 December 1824 – 26 June 1890) was a Canadian shipbuilder and politician, the sixth Lieutenant Governor of Nova Scotia.
In most common law jurisdictions, the Attorney General (sometimes abbreviated as AG) or Attorney-General (plural: Attorneys General (traditional) or Attorney Generals) is the main legal advisor to the government, and in some jurisdictions, they may also have executive responsibility for law enforcement, prosecutions or even responsibility for legal affairs generally.
The Attorney General of Ontario is the chief legal adviser to Her Majesty the Queen in Right of Ontario and, by extension, the Government of Ontario.
Sir Étienne-Paschal Taché (5 September 1795 – 30 July 1865) was a Canadian doctor, politician and one of the Fathers of Confederation.
The Bank of Canada (or BoC) (Banque du Canada) is Canada's central bank.
The Battle of the Windmill was a battle fought in November 1838 in the aftermath of the Upper Canada Rebellion.
Bellevue House National Historic Site of Canada was the home to Canada's first Prime Minister Sir John Alexander Macdonald from 1848 to 1849.
Bright's disease is a historical classification of kidney diseases that would be described in modern medicine as acute or chronic nephritis.
The British Empire comprised the dominions, colonies, protectorates, mandates and other territories ruled or administered by the United Kingdom and its predecessor states.
By-elections, also spelled bye-elections (known as special elections in the United States, and bypolls in India), are used to fill elected offices that have become vacant between general elections.
The call to the bar is a legal term of art in most common law jurisdictions where persons must be qualified to be allowed to argue in court on behalf of another party and are then said to have been "called to the bar" or to have received a "call to the bar".
Canada is a country located in the northern part of North America.
Canada Day (Fête du Canada) is the national day of Canada.
The Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (Société Radio-Canada), branded as CBC/Radio-Canada, is a Canadian federal Crown corporation that serves as the national public broadcaster for both radio and television.
Canadian Confederation (Confédération canadienne) was the process by which the British colonies of Canada, Nova Scotia, and New Brunswick were united into one Dominion of Canada on July 1, 1867.
The Canadian federal election of 1867, held from August 7 to September 20, was the first election for the new nation of Canada.
The Canadian federal election of 1872 was held from July 20 to October 12, 1872, to elect members of the House of Commons of Canada of the 2nd Parliament of Canada.
The Canadian federal election of 1874 was held on January 22, 1874, to elect members of the House of Commons of Canada of the 3rd Parliament of Canada.
The Canadian federal election of 1878 was held on September 17 to elect members of the House of Commons of Canada of the 4th Parliament of Canada.
The Canadian federal election of 1882 was held on June 20, 1882, to elect members of the House of Commons of Canada of the 5th Parliament of Canada.
The Canadian federal election of 1887 was held on February 22, 1887, to elect members of the House of Commons of Canada of the 6th Parliament of Canada.
The Canadian federal election of 1891 was held on March 5 to elect members of the House of Commons of Canada of the 7th Parliament of Canada.
The Canadian Pacific Railway (CPR), also known formerly as CP Rail between 1968 and 1996, is a historic Canadian Class I railroad incorporated in 1881.
The Canadian ten-dollar note is one of the most common banknotes of the Canadian dollar.
Cardwell, a federal electoral district in the Canadian province of Ontario, was represented in the House of Commons of Canada from 1867 to 1904.
Carleton is a federal electoral district in Ontario, Canada, represented in the House of Commons of Canada from 1867 to 1968 and since 2015.
Cataraqui Cemetery is a cemetery located in Kingston, Ontario, Canada.
Charles Carroll Colby, (December 10, 1827 – January 10, 1907) was a Canadian lawyer, businessman and politician.
Charles Stanley Monck, 4th Viscount Monck (10 October 1819 – 29 November 1894), was the last Governor-General of the Province of Canada and the first Governor General of Canada after Canadian Confederation.
Sir Charles Tupper, 1st Baronet, (July 2, 1821 – October 30, 1915) was a Canadian father of Confederation: as the Premier of Nova Scotia from 1864 to 1867, he led Nova Scotia into Confederation.
Charlottetown (Baile Sheàrlot) is the capital and largest city of the Canadian province of Prince Edward Island, and the county seat of Queens County.
The Charlottetown Conference was held in Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island for representatives from the colonies of British North America to discuss Canadian Confederation.
The Chinese head tax was a fixed fee charged to each Chinese person entering Canada.
Cholera is an infection of the small intestine by some strains of the bacterium Vibrio cholerae.
Clark is a township in southern Union County, New Jersey, United States.
Clear Grits were reformers in the Canada West district of the Province of United Canada, a British colony that is now the Province of Ontario, Canada.
The term "coalition" is the denotation for a group formed when two or more persons, faction, states, political parties, militaries etc.
The colonial militias in Canada were made up of various militias prior to Confederation in 1867.
The Colonial Office was a government department of the Kingdom of Great Britain and later of the United Kingdom, first created to deal with the colonial affairs of British North America but needed also to oversee the increasing number of colonies of the British Empire.
The Colony of British Columbia was a crown colony in British North America from 1858 until 1866.
The Conservative Party of Canada (Parti conservateur du Canada), colloquially known as the Tories, is a political party in Canada.
The Conservative Party of Canada has gone by a variety of names over the years since Canadian Confederation.
The Constitution Act, 1867, 30 & 31 Victoria, c. 3 (U.K.), R.S.C. 1985, App.
A court-martial or court martial (plural courts-martial or courts martial, as "martial" is a postpositive adjective) is a military court or a trial conducted in such a court.
Craigellachie (pronounced, but or can be substituted for the) is a locality in British Columbia, located several kilometres to the west of the Eagle Pass summit between Sicamous and Revelstoke.
In politics, crossing the floor is when a politician changes their allegiance or votes against their party in a Westminster system parliament.
David Mills, (March 18, 1831 – May 8, 1903) was a Canadian politician, author, poet and puisne justice of the Supreme Court of Canada.
David Wright Allison (1826 in Adolphustown, Upper Canada – May 15, 1906) was a Canadian politician, farmer, manufacturer, and speculator.
In parliamentary and some semi-presidential systems, a dissolution of parliament is the dispersal of a legislature at the call of an election.
Doctor of Law or Doctor of Laws is a degree in law.
Dominions were semi-independent polities under the British Crown, constituting the British Empire, beginning with Canadian Confederation in 1867.
Donald Grant Creighton, (July 15, 1902 – December 19, 1979) was a noted Canadian historian whose major works include The Commercial Empire of the St-Lawrence: 1760-1850 (first published in 1937) a detailed study on the growth of the English merchant class in relation to the St Lawrence River in Canada.
Donald Alexander Smith, 1st Baron Strathcona and Mount Royal, (6 August 182021 January 1914), was a Scottish-born Canadian businessman who became one of the British Empire's foremost builders and philanthropists.
Edgar Crow Baker (September 16, 1845 – November 3, 1920) was a Canadian politician from British Columbia.
Edgar Dewdney, (November 5, 1835 – August 8, 1916) was a Canadian surveyor, road builder, Indian commissioner and politician born in Devonshire, England.
Edmund John Glyn Hooper (July 7, 1818 – October 5, 1889) was a Canadian businessman and political figure.
Sir Edmund Walker Head, 8th Baronet, KCB (16 February 1805 – 28 January 1868) was a 19th-century British politician and diplomat.
Dominick Edward Blake, (October 13, 1833 – March 1, 1912), known as Edward Blake, was the second Premier of Ontario, Canada, from 1871 to 1872 and leader of the Liberal Party of Canada from 1880 to 1887.
An electoral district in Canada, also known as a "constituency" or a "riding", is a geographical constituency upon which Canada's representative democracy is based.
The Fathers of Confederation are the 36 men who attended at least one of the Charlottetown (23 attendees) and Quebec (33) Conferences in 1864 and the London Conference of 1866 (16) in England, preceding Canadian Confederation.
Fenian was an umbrella term for the Fenian Brotherhood and Irish Republican Brotherhood (IRB), fraternal organisations dedicated to the establishment of an independent Irish Republic in the 19th and early 20th centuries.
Between 1866 and 1871, the Fenian raids of the Fenian Brotherhood, an Irish Republican organization based in the United States, on British army forts, customs posts and other targets in Canada, were fought to bring pressure on Britain to withdraw from Ireland.
Francis James Roscoe (1831 – December 20, 1878) was a Canadian entrepreneur and Member of Parliament.
Frederick Temple Hamilton-Temple-Blackwood, 1st Marquess of Dufferin and Ava (21 June 1826 – 12 February 1902) was a British public servant and prominent member of Victorian society.
Frederick Arthur Stanley, 16th Earl of Derby, (15 January 1841 – 14 June 1908), known as Frederick Stanley until 1886 and as Lord Stanley of Preston between 1886 and 1893, was a Conservative Party politician in the United Kingdom who served as Colonial Secretary from 1885 to 1886 and the sixth Governor General of Canada, from 1888 to 1893.
French Canadians (also referred to as Franco-Canadians or Canadiens; Canadien(ne)s français(es)) are an ethnic group who trace their ancestry to French colonists who settled in Canada from the 17th century onward.
French is the mother tongue of about 7.2 million Canadians (20.6% of the Canadian population, second to English at 56%) according to Census Canada 2016.
George Brown (November 29, 1818 – May 9, 1880) was a Scottish-Canadian journalist, politician and one of the Fathers of Confederation; attended the Charlottetown (September 1864) and Quebec (October 1864) conferences.
George Ritchie Dickinson (11 March 1903 – 17 March 1978) was a New Zealand cricketer and rugby union player.
George Stephen, 1st Baron Mount Stephen, GCVO (5 June 1829 – 29 November 1921), known as Sir George Stephen, Bt, between 1886 and 1891, was a prominent Canadian businessman.
George Washington (February 22, 1732 –, 1799), known as the "Father of His Country," was an American soldier and statesman who served from 1789 to 1797 as the first President of the United States.
Sir George-Étienne Cartier, 1st Baronet, (pronounced; September 6, 1814May 20, 1873) was a Canadian statesman and Father of Confederation.
Glasgow (Glesga; Glaschu) is the largest city in Scotland, and third most populous in the United Kingdom.
The Great Coalition was a grand coalition of political parties that brought the two Canadas together (Canada East and Canada West) in 1864.
Greater Napanee is a town in Southeastern Ontario, Canada, approximately west of Kingston and the county seat of Lennox and Addington County.
Henry Charles Keith Petty-Fitzmaurice, 5th Marquess of Lansdowne, (14 January 1845 – 3 June 1927) was a British statesman who served successively as the fifth Governor General of Canada, Viceroy of India, Secretary of State for War, and Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs.
Hewitt Bernard, (1825 – 24 February 1893) was a Canadian lawyer, militia officer, editor, and civil servant.
The High Commission of Canada in the United Kingdom (Haut-commissariat du Canada au Royaume-Uni) in London is the diplomatic mission of Canada to the United Kingdom.
High commissioner is the title of various high-ranking, special executive positions held by a commission of appointment.
Historical rankings of Canadian prime ministers are surveys conducted in order to construct rankings of the success of individuals who have served as Prime Minister of Canada.
An honorary degree, in Latin a degree honoris causa ("for the sake of the honor") or ad honorem ("to the honor"), is an academic degree for which a university (or other degree-awarding institution) has waived the usual requirements, such as matriculation, residence, a dissertation and the passing of comprehensive examinations.
The House of Commons of Canada (Chambre des communes du Canada) is a component of the Parliament of Canada, along with the Sovereign (represented by the Governor General) and the Senate.
The Hudson's Bay Company (HBC; Compagnie de la Baie d'Hudson) is a Canadian retail business group.
Sir Hugh Allan, (September 29, 1810 – December 9, 1882) was a Scottish-Canadian shipping magnate, financier and capitalist.
Sir Hugh John Macdonald, (March 13, 1850 – March 29, 1929) was the only surviving son of the first Prime Minister of Canada, Sir John A. Macdonald, and was a politician in his own right, serving as a member of the House of Commons of Canada and a federal cabinet minister, and briefly as the eighth Premier of Manitoba.
Hugh Segal, (born October 13, 1950) is a Canadian political strategist, author, commentator, academic and former senator.
Isabella Macdonald née Clark (1809 – 28 December 1857) was the first wife of John A. Macdonald, one of the fathers of the Canadian federation, and ultimately the first Prime Minister of Canada.
James Henry Metcalfe (January 8, 1848 – January 1, 1925) was a Canadian businessman and political figure.
Jean-Baptiste-Éric Dorion (September 17, 1826 – November 1, 1866) was a journalist and political figure in Canada East.
Sir John Joseph Caldwell Abbott, (March 12, 1821 – October 30, 1893), was a Canadian lawyer and politician, who served as the third Prime Minister of Canada, in office from 1891 to 1892.
John George Edward Henry Douglas Sutherland Campbell, 9th Duke of Argyll, (6 August 1845 – 2 May 1914), usually better known by the courtesy title Marquess of Lorne, by which he was known between 1847 and 1900, was a British nobleman and was the fourth Governor General of Canada from 1878 to 1883.
John George Diefenbaker (September 18, 1895 – August 16, 1979) was the 13th Prime Minister of Canada, serving from June 21, 1957 to April 22, 1963.
John Henry Pope, (December 19, 1824 – April 1, 1889) was a Canadian farmer, lumberman, railway entrepreneur, and politician.
John Rochester (May 22, 1822 – September 19, 1894) was a Canadian industrialist, mayor of Ottawa, Ontario from 1870 to 1871, and a member of the House of Commons of Canada representing Carleton from 1872 to 1882.
John Sandfield Macdonald, (December 12, 1812 – June 1, 1872) was the Premier of the Province of Canada from 1862 to 1864, and was the first Premier of Ontario from 1867 to 1871, one of the four founding provinces created at the confederation of Canada in 1867.
Sir John Sparrow David Thompson (November 10, 1845 – December 12, 1894) was a Canadian lawyer, judge, and politician who served as the fourth Prime Minister of Canada, in office from 1892 until his death.
John Young, 1st Baron Lisgar (31 August 1807 – 6 October 1876) was a British diplomat and politician.
Joint Premiers of the Province of Canada were the leaders of the Province of Canada, from the 1841 unification of Upper Canada and Lower Canada until Confederation in 1867.
Joseph O'Connell Ryan (December 18, 1841 – July 26, 1938) was a Canadian politician, barrister and editor.
Sir Joseph Pope (August 16, 1854 – December 2, 1926) was a Canadian public servant.
Kingston was a federal electoral district represented in the House of Commons of Canada from 1867 to 1925 and from 1953 to 1968.
Kingston is a city in eastern Ontario, Canada.
Lake Superior (Lac Supérieur; ᑭᑦᒉᐁ-ᑲᒣᐁ, Gitchi-Gami) is the largest of the Great Lakes of North America.
Lanarkshire, also called the County of Lanark (Siorrachd Lannraig, Lanrikshire) is a historic county in the central Lowlands of Scotland.
Lanterloo or Loo is a 17th-century trick taking game of the Trump family of which many varieties are recorded.
The Last Spike of the Canadian Pacific Railway was the ceremonial final spike driven into the Canadian Pacific Railway (CPR) at Craigellachie, British Columbia at 9:22 am on November 7, 1885.
The Law Society of Ontario (LSO) (French: Barreau de l'Ontario) is the law society responsible for the self-regulation of lawyers and paralegals in the Canadian province of Ontario.
A lawyer or attorney is a person who practices law, as an advocate, attorney, attorney at law, barrister, barrister-at-law, bar-at-law, counsel, counselor, counsellor, counselor at law, or solicitor, but not as a paralegal or charter executive secretary.
The Leader of Her Majesty's Loyal Opposition (Chef de la loyale opposition de Sa Majesté) is the leader of Canada's Official Opposition, the party possessing the most seats in the House of Commons but is not the governing party or part of the governing coalition.
Lennox was a federal electoral district represented in the House of Commons of Canada from 1867 to 1904.
The Liberal-Conservative Party was the formal name of the Conservative Party of Canada until 1873, and again from 1922 to 1938, although some Conservative candidates continued to run under the label as late as the 1911 election and others ran as simple Conservatives before 1873.
The Lieutenant Governor of Ontario (in French: Lieutenant-gouverneur (if male) or Lieutenante-gouverneure (if female) de l'Ontario) is the viceregal representative in Ontario of the, who operates distinctly within the province but is also shared equally with the ten other jurisdictions of Canada, as well as the other Commonwealth realms and any subdivisions thereof, and resides predominantly in oldest realm, the United Kingdom.
This is a list of leaders and Prime Ministers of Canada after Confederation who were members of federal Conservative parties.
This is a list of the Joint Premiers of the Province of Canada, who were the heads of government of the Province of Canada from the 1841 unification of Upper Canada and Lower Canada until Confederation in 1867.
The Prime Minister of Canada is an official who serves as the primary minister of the Crown, chair of the Cabinet, and thus head of government of Canada.
The London Conference was held in London, in the United Kingdom and began on December 4 1866, and was the final in a series of conferences or debates that led to Canadian confederation in 1867.
Louis David Riel (22 October 1844 – 16 November 1885) was a Canadian politician, a founder of the province of Manitoba, and a political leader of the Métis people of the Canadian Prairies.
The Province of Lower Canada (province du Bas-Canada) was a British colony on the lower Saint Lawrence River and the shores of the Gulf of Saint Lawrence (1791–1841).
Lucius Seth Huntington, (May 26, 1827–May 19, 1886) was a Canadian lawyer, journalist and political figure.
Macdonald is an unincorporated community in Manitoba northwest of Portage la Prairie.
Sir Mackenzie Bowell (December 27, 1823 – December 10, 1917) was a Canadian newspaper publisher and politician, who served as the fifth Prime Minister of Canada, in office from 1894 to 1896.
Maclean's is a Canadian news magazine that was founded in 1905, reporting on Canadian issues such as politics, pop culture, and current events.
Manitoba is a province at the longitudinal centre of Canada.
Maritime Union is a proposed political union of the three Maritime provinces of Canada – New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, and Prince Edward Island – to form a single new province.
Marquette was a federal electoral district in Manitoba, Canada, that was represented in the House of Commons of Canada from 1871 to 1979.
The Métis in Canada are a group of peoples in Canada who trace their descent to First Nations peoples and European settlers.
A member of parliament (MP) is the representative of the voters to a parliament.
Midland District was one of four districts of the Province of Quebec created in 1788 in the western reaches of the Montreal District and partitioned in 1791 to create the new colony of Upper Canada.
The Minister of Crown-Indigenous Relations and Northern Affairs is one of two Ministers of the Crown in the Canadian Cabinet responsible for overseeing the federal Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development and administering the Indian Act and other legislation dealing with "Indians and lands reserved for the Indians" under subsection 91(24) of the Constitution Act, 1867.
The Minister of Justice is the Minister of the Crown in the Canadian Cabinet who is responsible for the Department of Justice, chief federal legal adviser and is also Attorney General of Canada.
The Minister of Militia and Defence was the federal government minister in charge of the volunteer army units in Canada, the Canadian Militia, before the creation of the Canadian Army.
The portfolio of Minister of Railways and Canals was created by Statute 42 Victoria, c. 7, assented to May 15, 1879 and proclaimed in force May 20, 1879.
The Minister of the Interior was the member of the Canadian Cabinet responsible for federal land management, immigration, Indian affairs and natural resources extraction.
Montreal East (Montréal-Est) was a federal electoral district in Quebec, Canada, that was represented in the House of Commons of Canada from 1867 to 1892.
Mount Macdonald is a mountain peak located in the Selkirk Mountains of British Columbia, Canada, immediately to the east of Rogers Pass in Glacier National Park.
Muskeg (maskek; fondrière de mousse, lit. moss bog) is an acidic soil type common in Arctic and boreal areas, although it is found in other northern climates as well.
Sir Narcisse-Fortunat Belleau, (October 20, 1808 – September 14, 1894) was a Canadian politician who served as the first Lieutenant Governor of Quebec.
The National Archives of Scotland (NAS) are the national archives of Scotland, based in Edinburgh.
National Historic Sites of Canada (Lieux historiques nationaux du Canada) are places that have been designated by the federal Minister of the Environment on the advice of the Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada (HSMBC), as being of national historic significance.
The National Policy was a Canadian economic program introduced by John Alexander Macdonald's Conservative Party in 1876 and put into action in 1879.
National Records of Scotland is a non-ministerial department of the Scottish Government.
The New Brunswick general election of 1866 was held in May and June 1866 to elect 41 members to the 21st New Brunswick Legislative Assembly.
The North-West Rebellion (or the North-West Resistance, Saskatchewan Rebellion, Northwest Uprising, or Second Riel Rebellion) of 1885 was a brief and unsuccessful uprising by the Métis people under Louis Riel and an associated uprising by First Nations Cree and Assiniboine of the District of Saskatchewan against the government of Canada.
The North-Western Territory was a region of British North America until 1870.
The Northern Pacific Railway was a transcontinental railroad that operated across the northern tier of the western United States, from Minnesota to the Pacific Northwest.
The Northwest Territories (NT or NWT; French: les Territoires du Nord-Ouest, TNO; Athabaskan languages: Denendeh; Inuinnaqtun: Nunatsiaq; Inuktitut: ᓄᓇᑦᓯᐊᖅ) is a federal territory of Canada.
Nova Scotia (Latin for "New Scotland"; Nouvelle-Écosse; Scottish Gaelic: Alba Nuadh) is one of Canada's three maritime provinces, and one of the four provinces that form Atlantic Canada.
Sir Oliver Mowat, (July 22, 1820 – April 19, 1903) was a Canadian lawyer, politician, and Liberal Party leader.
Ontario is one of the 13 provinces and territories of Canada and is located in east-central Canada.
The Ontario general election, 1886 was the sixth general election held in the Province of Ontario, Canada.
King's Highway 401, commonly referred to as Highway 401 and also known by its official name as the Macdonald–Cartier Freeway or colloquially as the four-oh-one, is a controlled-access 400-series highway in the Canadian province of Ontario.
The Most Honourable Order of the Bath (formerly the Most Honourable Military Order of the Bath) is a British order of chivalry founded by George I on 18 May 1725.
Ottawa is the capital city of Canada.
The Ottawa Citizen is an English-language daily newspaper owned by Postmedia Network in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.
Ottawa/Macdonald–Cartier International Airport or Macdonald–Cartier International Airport (L'aéroport international Macdonald-Cartier in French), in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada is an international airport named after the Canadian statesmen and two of the "founding fathers of Canada", Sir John A. Macdonald and Sir George-Étienne Cartier.
The Pacific Scandal was a political scandal in Canada involving bribes being accepted by 150 members of the Conservative government in the attempts of private interests to influence the bidding for a national rail contract.
The Panic of 1873 was a financial crisis that triggered a depression in Europe and North America that lasted from 1873 until 1879, and even longer in some countries (France and Britain).
Parks Canada (Parcs Canada), also known as the Parks Canada Agency (Agence Parcs Canada), is an agency of the Government of Canada run by a chief executive who answers to the Minister of the Environment.
Parliament Hill (Colline du Parlement), colloquially known as The Hill, is an area of Crown land on the southern banks of the Ottawa River in downtown Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.
The Parliament of Canada (Parlement du Canada) is the federal legislature of Canada, seated at Parliament Hill in Ottawa, the national capital.
The Parliament of the Province of Canada was the legislature for the United Province of Canada, made up the two regions of Canada West (formerly Upper Canada, later Ontario) and Canada East (formerly Lower Canada, later Quebec).
The Parliament of the United Kingdom, commonly known as the UK Parliament or British Parliament, is the supreme legislative body of the United Kingdom, the Crown dependencies and overseas territories.
The Red Party (Parti rouge, or Parti démocratique) was a political group that contested elections in the Eastern section of the Province of Canada.
Pembina is a city in Pembina County, North Dakota, United States.
Picton is an unincorporated community located in Prince Edward County in South Eastern Ontario, Canada, roughly 160 km east of Toronto.
Joseph Philippe Pierre Yves Elliott Trudeau (October 18, 1919 – September 28, 2000), often referred to by the initials PET, was a Canadian statesman who served as the 15th Prime Minister of Canada (1968–1979 and 1980–1984).
In railroading, the pilot (also known as a cowcatcher or cattle catcher) is the device mounted at the front of a locomotive to deflect obstacles on the track that might otherwise derail the train.
The Premier of Ontario (Premier ministre de l'Ontario) is the first minister of the Crown for the Canadian province of Ontario and the province’s head of government.
Prescott, Ontario is a small town on the north shore of the Saint Lawrence River in the United Counties of Leeds and Grenville, Canada.
In the Canadian cabinet, the President of The Queen's Privy Council for Canada (Président du Conseil privé de la Reine pour le Canada) is nominally in charge of the Privy Council Office.
The Prime Minister of Canada (Premier ministre du Canada) is the primary minister of the Crown, chairman of the Cabinet, and thus Canada's head of government, charged with advising the Canadian monarch or Governor General of Canada on the exercise of the executive powers vested in them by the constitution.
Prince Edward Island (PEI or P.E.I.; Île-du-Prince-Édouard) is a province of Canada consisting of the island of the same name, and several much smaller islands.
A private is a soldier of the lowest military rank (equivalent to NATO Rank Grades OR-1 to OR-3 depending on the force served in).
Prorogation is the end of a parliamentary session in the Parliament of Canada and the parliaments of its provinces and territories.
Provencher is a federal electoral district in Manitoba, Canada, that has been represented in the House of Commons of Canada since 1871.
The Province of Canada (or the United Province of Canada or the United Canadas) was a British colony in North America from 1841 to 1867.
Quebec (Québec)According to the Canadian government, Québec (with the acute accent) is the official name in French and Quebec (without the accent) is the province's official name in English; the name is.
Beginning on 10 October 1864, and lasting over two weeks, the Quebec Conference was held to discuss a proposed Canadian confederation.
The Quebec general election of 1886 on October 14, 1886 to elect members of the 6th Legislative Assembly for the Province of Quebec, Canada.
The Quebec Resolutions, also known as the seventy-two resolutions, were a group of statements written at the Quebec Conference of 1864, which laid out the framework for the Canadian Constitution.
Victoria (Alexandrina Victoria; 24 May 1819 – 22 January 1901) was Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 20 June 1837 until her death.
A Queen's Counsel (postnominal QC), or King's Counsel (postnominal KC) during the reign of a king, is an eminent lawyer (usually a barrister or advocate) who is appointed by the Monarch to be one of "Her Majesty's Counsel learned in the law." The term is also recognised as an honorific.
Queen's Park is an urban park in Downtown Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Queen's University at Kingston (commonly shortened to Queen's University or Queen's) is a public research university in Kingston, Ontario, Canada.
The Ramshorn Cemetery is a cemetery in Scotland and one of Glasgow's older burial grounds.
The Rebellions of 1837–1838 (Les rébellions de 1837) were two armed uprisings that took place in Lower and Upper Canada in 1837 and 1838.
The Red River Colony (or Selkirk Settlement) was a colonization project set up in 1811 by Thomas Douglas, 5th Earl of Selkirk on of land.
The Red River Resistance (or the Red River Rebellion, Red River uprising, or First Riel Rebellion) was the sequence of events that led up to the 1869 establishment of a provisional government by the Métis leader Louis Riel and his followers at the Red River Colony, in what is now the Canadian province of Manitoba.
Richard John Philip Jermy Gwyn, (born May 26, 1934) is a Canadian civil servant, journalist and author.
Sir Richard John Cartwright (December 4, 1835 – September 24, 1912) was a Canadian businessman and politician.
Robert Baldwin (May 12, 1804 – December 9, 1858) was a Canadian lawyer and politician who, with his political partner Louis-Hippolyte Lafontaine, led the first responsible ministry in Canada.
The Rocky Mountains, also known as the Rockies, are a major mountain range in western North America.
Rogers Pass (elevation) is a high mountain pass through the Selkirk Mountains of British Columbia used by the Canadian Pacific Railway and the Trans-Canada Highway.
Royal assent or sanction is the method by which a country's monarch (possibly through a delegated official) formally approves an act of that nation's parliament.
The Royal Canadian Mint (Monnaie royale canadienne) is a Crown corporation of Canada, operating under the Royal Canadian Mint Act.
A Royal Commission is a major ad-hoc formal public inquiry into a defined issue in some monarchies.
Rupert's Land, or Prince Rupert's Land, was a territory in British North America comprising the Hudson Bay drainage basin, a territory in which a commercial monopoly was operated by the Hudson's Bay Company for 200 years from 1670 to 1870.
Savannah is the oldest city in the U.S. state of Georgia and is the county seat of Chatham County.
Scotland (Alba) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and covers the northern third of the island of Great Britain.
The secret ballot is a voting method in which a voter's choices in an election or a referendum is anonymous, forestalling attempts to influence the voter by intimidation, blackmailing, and potential vote buying.
The Senate of Canada (Sénat du Canada) is the upper house of the Parliament of Canada, along with the House of Commons and the Monarch (represented by the Governor General).
The Sir John A. Macdonald Parkway, formerly the Ottawa River Parkway, is a four-lane scenic parkway along the Ottawa River in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.
The Solicitor General of Canada was a position in the Canadian ministry from 1892 to 2005.
| The Southern Railway of Vancouver Island is in length, and is the only remaining railway on Vancouver Island, after the formal closure of the Englewood Railway in November 2017.
St George's Hanover Square Church, is an Anglican church in the City of Westminster, central London, built in the early eighteenth century.
Stéphane Maurice Dion (born 28 September 1955) is a Canadian diplomat, political scientist, and former politician who has been the Canadian ambassador to Germany and special envoy to the European Union since May 2017.
A stroke is a medical condition in which poor blood flow to the brain results in cell death.
The Maritimes, also called the Maritime provinces (Provinces maritimes) or the Canadian Maritimes, is a region of Eastern Canada consisting of three provinces: New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, and Prince Edward Island (PEI).
The Right Honourable (The Rt Hon. or Rt Hon.) is an honorific style traditionally applied to certain persons and to certain collective bodies in the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Fiji, India, some other Commonwealth realms, the Anglophone Caribbean, Mauritius, and occasionally elsewhere.
Thomas White, (August 7, 1830 – April 21, 1888) was a Canadian journalist and politician.
The Canadian two-dollar coin, commonly called the toonie, is the highest monetary value among Canadian coins.
A transcontinental railroad is a contiguous network of railroad trackage that crosses a continental land mass with terminals at different oceans or continental borders.
The Treaty of Washington was a treaty signed and ratified by Great Britain and the United States in 1871 during the First premiership of William Gladstone and the presidency of Ulysses S. Grant that settled various disputes between the countries, including the ''Alabama'' Claims for damages to American shipping caused by British-built warships, as well as illegal fishing in Canadian waters and British civilian losses in the American Civil War.
Union Station is a major railway station and intermodal transportation hub in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
The University of Oxford (formally The Chancellor Masters and Scholars of the University of Oxford) is a collegiate research university located in Oxford, England.
The University of Toronto (U of T, UToronto, or Toronto) is a public research university in Toronto, Ontario, Canada on the grounds that surround Queen's Park.
The Province of Upper Canada (province du Haut-Canada) was a part of British Canada established in 1791 by the Kingdom of Great Britain, to govern the central third of the lands in British North America and to accommodate Loyalist refugees of the United States after the American Revolution.
The Upper Canada Rebellion was an insurrection against the oligarchic government of the British colony of Upper Canada (present-day Ontario) in December 1837.
The Tory movement in Upper Canada was formed from the elements of the Family Compact following the War of 1812.
Victoria is a federal electoral district in British Columbia, Canada, that has been represented in the House of Commons of Canada from 1872 to 1904 and since 1925.
Sir Henri Charles Wilfrid Laurier (20 November 1841 – 17 February 1919), known as Wilfrid Laurier, was the seventh Prime Minister of Canada, in office from 11 July 1896 to 6 October 1911.
William Cornelius Van Horne, (February 3, 1843 – September 11, 1915) succeeded Lord Mount Stephen as President of Canadian Pacific Railway in 1888.
William Henry Draper (March 11, 1801 – November 3, 1877) was a lawyer, judge, and politician in Upper Canada later Canada West.
William Lyon Mackenzie King (December 17, 1874 – July 22, 1950), also commonly known as Mackenzie King, was the dominant Canadian political leader from the 1920s through the 1940s.
Winnipeg is the capital and largest city of the province of Manitoba in Canada.
York was a town and second capital of the district of Upper Canada.
The 3rd Canadian Parliament was in session from March 26, 1874, until August 17, 1878.
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