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John Bowring

Index John Bowring

Sir John Bowring, KCB (Chinese translated name: 寶寧, 寶靈 (for Putonghua speakers) or 包令 (for Cantonese)) (Thai: พระยาสยามมานุกูลกิจ สยามมิตรมหายศ) (17 October 1792 – 23 November 1872) was an English political economist, traveller, writer, literary translator, polyglot, and the fourth Governor of Hong Kong. [1]

121 relations: American Antiquarian Society, Beetle, Belles-lettres, Bolton (UK Parliament constituency), Boulogne-sur-Mer, Bowring Treaty, British and Foreign Unitarian Association, Canal Road, Hong Kong, Catholic emancipation, Charles Canning, 1st Earl Canning, Charles Ives, Charles van Straubenzee, Chartism, Chinese language, Consul (representative), Crimean War, Decimalisation, Denmark, Des Voeux Road, Dissenting academies, Earl of Elgin, Edgar Alfred Bowring, Exeter, Florin (British coin), Free trade, George Bonham, German Empire, Giuseppe Mazzini, Glamorgan, Governor of Hong Kong, Guangzhou, Happy Valley, Hong Kong, Harriet Martineau, Henry John Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston, Henry Labouchère, Hercules Robinson, 1st Baron Rosmead, HMS Magicienne (1849), Hong Kong University Press, Hong Kong Zoological and Botanical Gardens, House of Commons of the United Kingdom, House of Keys, Isle of Man, Jardine Matheson, Jeremy Bentham, John Bright, John Campbell Colquhoun, John Charles Bowring, John Dunlop (Scottish politician), Jordan, Hong Kong, Joshua Walmsley, ..., Jury, Kilmarnock Burghs (UK Parliament constituency), Kingdom of Hawaii, Kingdom of Mysore, Kubla Khan, Land reclamation in Hong Kong, Legislative Council of Hong Kong, Lewin Bentham Bowring, Lieutenant Governor of Hong Kong, List of heads of Hong Kong by education, Literary estate, London and Blackwall Railway, London Rail, Lygosoma bowringii, Maesteg, Major general, Member of parliament, Minor Morals for Young People, Mongkut, Moretonhampstead, Netherlands, Order of the Bath, Oriental leaf-toed gecko, Panic of 1847, Peninsular War, Peter Ainsworth (Whig politician), Peter Schlemihl, Plenipotentiary, Political economy, Polyglotism, Popular education, Praya Reclamation Scheme, Queen Victoria, Radicals (UK), Ramsey, Isle of Man, Rattanakosin Kingdom (1782–1932), Reform Act 1832, Richard Cobden, River Llynfi, Robert Garrett (British Army officer), Royal Geographical Society, Royal Society, Sacred Heart Canossian College, Samuel Taylor Coleridge, Sándor Petőfi, Scandinavia, Second Opium War, Stephen Blair, Susannah York, Symphony No. 4 (Ives), Taiping Rebellion, Thai language, The Australian (1824 newspaper), The Westminster Review, Thomas Ashburnham, Translation, Treaty of Nanking, Unitarianism, United Kingdom general election, 1835, United Kingdom general election, 1837, United Kingdom general election, 1841, University College London, University of Groningen, Václav Hanka, Victoria Harbour, Wan Chai, William Bolling (MP), William Caine (Hong Kong), William Jervois (British Army officer), Wong Nai Chung Gap, World Anti-Slavery Convention. Expand index (71 more) »

American Antiquarian Society

The American Antiquarian Society (AAS), located in Worcester, Massachusetts, is both a learned society and national research library of pre-twentieth century American history and culture.

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Beetles are a group of insects that form the order Coleoptera, in the superorder Endopterygota.

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Belles-lettres or belles lettres is a category of writing, originally meaning beautiful or fine writing.

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Bolton (UK Parliament constituency)

Bolton was a borough constituency centred on the town of Bolton in the county of Lancashire.

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Boulogne-sur-Mer, often called Boulogne (Latin: Gesoriacum or Bononia, Boulonne-su-Mér, Bonen), is a coastal city in Northern France.

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Bowring Treaty

The Bowring Treaty is the name given to an agreement signed on 18 April 1855 between the United Kingdom and the Kingdom of Siam that liberalized foreign trade in Siam.

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British and Foreign Unitarian Association

The British and Foreign Unitarian Association was the major Unitarian body in Britain from 1825.

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Canal Road, Hong Kong

Canal Road East, Canal Road West and the Canal Road Flyover are important roads in the Wan Chai District of Hong Kong Island, between the areas of Causeway Bay and Wan Chai.

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Catholic emancipation

Catholic emancipation or Catholic relief was a process in the Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland in the late 18th century and early 19th century that involved reducing and removing many of the restrictions on Roman Catholics introduced by the Act of Uniformity, the Test Acts and the penal laws.

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Charles Canning, 1st Earl Canning

Charles John Canning, 1st Earl Canning (14 December 1812 – 17 June 1862), known as The Viscount Canning from 1837 to 1859, was an English statesman and Governor-General of India during the Indian Rebellion of 1857.

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Charles Ives

Charles Edward Ives (October 20, 1874May 19, 1954) was an American modernist composer.

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Charles van Straubenzee

General Sir Charles Thomas van Straubenzee, (17 February 1812 – 10 August 1892), was a British Army officer. He served as Commander of British Troops in China and Hong Kong, and Governor of Malta.

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Chartism was a working-class movement for political reform in Britain that existed from 1838 to 1857.

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Chinese language

Chinese is a group of related, but in many cases mutually unintelligible, language varieties, forming a branch of the Sino-Tibetan language family.

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Consul (representative)

A consul is an official representative of the government of one state in the territory of another, normally acting to assist and protect the citizens of the consul's own country, and to facilitate trade and friendship between the people of the two countries.

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Crimean War

The Crimean War (or translation) was a military conflict fought from October 1853 to February 1856 in which the Russian Empire lost to an alliance of the Ottoman Empire, France, Britain and Sardinia.

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Decimalisation is the process of converting a currency from its previous non-decimal denominations to a decimal system (i.e., a system based on one basic unit of currency and one or more sub-units, such that the number of sub-units in one basic unit is a power of 10, most commonly 100).

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Denmark (Danmark), officially the Kingdom of Denmark,Kongeriget Danmark,.

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Des Voeux Road

Des Voeux Road Central and Des Voeux Road West are two roads on the north shore of Hong Kong Island, Hong Kong.

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Dissenting academies

The dissenting academies were schools, colleges and seminaries (often institutions with aspects of all three) run by English Dissenters, that is, those who did not conform to the Church of England.

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Earl of Elgin

Earl of Elgin is a title in the Peerage of Scotland, created in 1633 for Thomas Bruce, 3rd Lord Kinloss.

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Edgar Alfred Bowring

Edgar Alfred Bowring (26 May 1826 – August 1911) was a British translator, author and civil servant, serving as librarian and registrar to the Board of Trade (1848–1863), secretary to the Royal Commission for the Exhibition of 1851, and Liberal Member of Parliament for Exeter (1868–1874).

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Exeter is a cathedral city in Devon, England, with a population of 129,800 (mid-2016 EST).

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Florin (British coin)

The British florin, or two shilling coin, was issued from 1849 until 1967, with a final issue for collectors dated 1970.

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Free trade

Free trade is a free market policy followed by some international markets in which countries' governments do not restrict imports from, or exports to, other countries.

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George Bonham

Sir Samuel George Bonham, 1st Baronet (Chinese Translated Name 般咸, 文咸 or 文翰) (7 September 1803 – 8 October 1863) was a British colonial governor, who became the 4th Governor of the Straits Settlements and the 3rd Governor of Hong Kong.

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German Empire

The German Empire (Deutsches Kaiserreich, officially Deutsches Reich),Herbert Tuttle wrote in September 1881 that the term "Reich" does not literally connote an empire as has been commonly assumed by English-speaking people.

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Giuseppe Mazzini

Giuseppe Mazzini (22 June 1805 – 10 March 1872) was an Italian politician, journalist, activist for the unification of Italy and spearhead of the Italian revolutionary movement.

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Glamorgan, or sometimes Glamorganshire, (Morgannwg or Sir Forgannwg) is one of the thirteen historic counties of Wales and a former administrative county of Wales.

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Governor of Hong Kong

The Governor of Hong Kong was the representative in Hong Kong of the British Crown from 1843 to 1997.

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Guangzhou, also known as Canton, is the capital and most populous city of the province of Guangdong.

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Happy Valley, Hong Kong

Happy Valley is an upper-income residential area in Hong Kong, located on Hong Kong Island.

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Harriet Martineau

Harriet Martineau (12 June 1802 – 27 June 1876) was a British social theorist and Whig writer, often cited as the first female sociologist.

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Henry John Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston

Henry John Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston, (20 October 1784 – 18 October 1865) was a British statesman who served twice as Prime Minister in the mid-19th century.

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Henry Labouchère

Henry Du Pré Labouchère (9 November 1831 – 15 January 1912) was an English politician, writer, publisher and theatre owner in the Victorian and Edwardian eras.

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Hercules Robinson, 1st Baron Rosmead

Hercules George Robert Robinson, 1st Baron Rosmead, (19 December 1824 – 28 October 1897), was a British colonial administrator who became the 5th Governor of Hong Kong and subsequently, the 14th Governor of New South Wales, the first Governor of Fiji, and the 8th Governor of New Zealand.

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HMS Magicienne (1849)

HMS Magicienne was a 16 gun steam powered paddle frigate of the Royal Navy built at Pembroke Dockyard and launched on 7 March 1849.

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Hong Kong University Press

Hong Kong University Press is the university press of the University of Hong Kong.

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Hong Kong Zoological and Botanical Gardens

The Hong Kong Zoological and Botanical Gardens is one of the oldest zoological and botanical centres in the world.

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House of Commons of the United Kingdom

The House of Commons is the lower house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.

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House of Keys

The House of Keys (Yn Kiare as Feed) is the directly elected lower branch of Tynwald, the parliament of the Isle of Man, the other branch being the Legislative Council.

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Isle of Man

The Isle of Man (Ellan Vannin), also known simply as Mann (Mannin), is a self-governing British Crown dependency in the Irish Sea between the islands of Great Britain and Ireland.

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Jardine Matheson

Jardine Matheson Holdings Limited, also known as Jardines, is a British conglomerate incorporated in Bermuda, with its primary listing on the Singapore Exchange.

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Jeremy Bentham

Jeremy Bentham (15 February 1748 – 6 June 1832) was an English philosopher, jurist, and social reformer regarded as the founder of modern utilitarianism.

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John Bright

John Bright (16 November 1811 – 27 March 1889) was a British Radical and Liberal statesman, one of the greatest orators of his generation and a promoter of free trade policies.

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John Campbell Colquhoun

John Campbell Colquhoun (23 January 1803–17 April 1870) was a Scottish writer and politician.

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John Charles Bowring

John Charles Bowring (1820–1893) was a Hong Kong businessman, a partner in the firm Jardine, Matheson & Co., and a keen amateur naturalist and JP for the County of Devon.

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John Dunlop (Scottish politician)

John Dunlop (1806 – 3 April 1839) was a Scottish army officer and politician.

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Jordan, Hong Kong

Jordan is an area in the Yau Tsim Mong District of Hong Kong.

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Joshua Walmsley

Sir Joshua Walmsley (1794–1871) was an English businessman and Liberal Party politician.

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A jury is a sworn body of people convened to render an impartial verdict (a finding of fact on a question) officially submitted to them by a court, or to set a penalty or judgment.

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Kilmarnock Burghs (UK Parliament constituency)

Kilmarnock Burghs was a district of burghs constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1832 to 1918.

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Kingdom of Hawaii

The Kingdom of Hawaiʻi originated in 1795 with the unification of the independent islands of Hawaiʻi, Oʻahu, Maui, Molokaʻi, and Lānaʻi under one government.

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Kingdom of Mysore

The Kingdom of Mysore was a kingdom in southern India, traditionally believed to have been founded in 1399 in the vicinity of the modern city of Mysore.

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Kubla Khan

"Kubla Khan; or, A Vision in a Dream: A Fragment" is a poem written by Samuel Taylor Coleridge, completed in 1797 and published in 1816.

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Land reclamation in Hong Kong

The reclamation of land from the ocean has long been used in mountainous Hong Kong to expand the limited supply of usable land with a total of around 60 square kilometres of land created by 1996.

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Legislative Council of Hong Kong

The Legislative Council of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (LegCo) is the unicameral parliamentary legislature of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China.

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Lewin Bentham Bowring

Lewin Bentham Bowring (1824–1910) was a British civil servant in India who served as commissioner of Mysore between 1862 and 1870.

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Lieutenant Governor of Hong Kong

The Lieutenant Governor of Hong Kong held the second-highest position during the British colonial rule in Hong Kong from 1843 to 1902.

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List of heads of Hong Kong by education

Below is the list of leaders of Hong Kong by university education.

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Literary estate

The literary estate of a deceased author consists mainly of the copyright and other intellectual property rights of published works, including film, translation rights, original manuscripts of published work, unpublished or partially completed work, and papers of intrinsic literary interest such as correspondence or personal diaries and records.

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London and Blackwall Railway

Originally called the Commercial Railway, the London and Blackwall Railway (L&BR) in east London, England, ran from Minories to Blackwall via Stepney, with a branch line to the Isle of Dogs, connecting central London to many of London's docks.

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London Rail

London Rail is a directorate of Transport for London (TfL), involved in the relationship with the National Rail network within Greater London, UK.

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Lygosoma bowringii

Lygosoma bowringii, commonly known as the Bowring's supple skink, Bowring's writhing skink, or the Christmas Island grass-skink, is a species of skink, a lizard in the family Scincidae.

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Maesteg is a town and community in Bridgend County Borough, Wales.

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Major general

Major general (abbreviated MG, Maj. Gen. and similar) is a military rank used in many countries.

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Member of parliament

A member of parliament (MP) is the representative of the voters to a parliament.

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Minor Morals for Young People

Minor Morals for Young People is a work of Children's literature by John Bowring, published in three parts from 1834 to 1839.

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Phra Bat Somdet Phra Poramenthra Maha Mongkut Phra Chom Klao Chao Yu Hua (พระบาทสมเด็จพระปรเมนทรมหามงกุฎ พระจอมเกล้าเจ้าอยู่หัว), or Rama IV, known in English-speaking countries as King Mongkut (18 October 18041 October 1868), was the fourth monarch of Siam (Thailand) under the House of Chakri, ruling from 1851 to 1868.

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Moretonhampstead (anciently Moreton Hampstead) is a market town, parish and former manor in Devon, situated on the north-eastern edge of Dartmoor, within the Dartmoor National Park.

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The Netherlands (Nederland), often referred to as Holland, is a country located mostly in Western Europe with a population of seventeen million.

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Order of the Bath

The Most Honourable Order of the Bath (formerly the Most Honourable Military Order of the Bath) is a British order of chivalry founded by George I on 18 May 1725.

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Oriental leaf-toed gecko

The Oriental leaf-toed gecko (Hemidactylus bowringii), also known as Bowring's gecko, Sikkimese dark-spotted gecko, or Asian smooth gecko, is a species of gecko endemic to Asia.

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Panic of 1847

The Panic of 1847 was a minor British banking crisis associated with the end of the 1840s railway industry boom and the failure of many non-banks.

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Peninsular War

The Peninsular War (1807–1814) was a military conflict between Napoleon's empire (as well as the allied powers of the Spanish Empire), the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and the Kingdom of Portugal, for control of the Iberian Peninsula during the Napoleonic Wars.

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Peter Ainsworth (Whig politician)

Peter Ainsworth DL JP (24 November 1790 – 18 January 1870) was a British landowner and operator of an important bleach works.

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Peter Schlemihl

Peter Schlemihl is the title character of an 1814 novella, (Peter Schlemihl's Miraculous Story), written in German by exiled French aristocrat Adelbert von Chamisso.

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The word plenipotentiary (from the Latin plenus "full" and potens "powerful") has two meanings.

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Political economy

Political economy is the study of production and trade and their relations with law, custom and government; and with the distribution of national income and wealth.

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Polyglotism or polyglottism is the ability to master, or the state of having mastered, multiple languages.

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Popular education

Popular education is a concept grounded in notions of class, political struggle, and social transformation.

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Praya Reclamation Scheme

The Praya Reclamation Scheme (Chinese: 海旁填海計劃) was a large scale land reclamation project carried out by the Hong Kong Land company in Colonial Hong Kong under Sir Catchick Paul Chater and James Johnstone Keswick.

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Queen Victoria

Victoria (Alexandrina Victoria; 24 May 1819 – 22 January 1901) was Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 20 June 1837 until her death.

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Radicals (UK)

The Radicals were a loose parliamentary political grouping in Great Britain and Ireland in the early to mid-19th century, who drew on earlier ideas of radicalism and helped to transform the Whigs into the Liberal Party.

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Ramsey, Isle of Man

Ramsey (Rhumsaa) is a coastal town in the north of the Isle of Man.

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Rattanakosin Kingdom (1782–1932)

The Rattanakosin Kingdom (อาณาจักรรัตนโกสินทร์) is the fourth and present traditional centre of power in the history of Thailand (or Siam).

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Reform Act 1832

The Representation of the People Act 1832 (known informally as the 1832 Reform Act, Great Reform Act or First Reform Act to distinguish it from subsequent Reform Acts) was an Act of Parliament of the United Kingdom (indexed as 2 & 3 Will. IV c. 45) that introduced wide-ranging changes to the electoral system of England and Wales.

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Richard Cobden

Richard Cobden (3 June 1804 – 2 April 1865) was an English manufacturer and Radical and Liberal statesman, associated with two major free trade campaigns, the Anti-Corn Law League and the Cobden–Chevalier Treaty.

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River Llynfi

The River Llynfi, otherwise referred to as the Llynfi River or Afon Llynfi in Welsh, is one of three main tributaries of the River Ogmore or Afon Ogwr.

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Robert Garrett (British Army officer)

Lieutenant General Sir Robert Garrett KCB KH (1794 – 13 June 1869) was Commander of British Troops in China and Hong Kong.

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Royal Geographical Society

The Royal Geographical Society (with the Institute of British Geographers) is the UK's learned society and professional body for geography, founded in 1830 for the advancement of geographical sciences.

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Royal Society

The President, Council and Fellows of the Royal Society of London for Improving Natural Knowledge, commonly known as the Royal Society, is a learned society.

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Sacred Heart Canossian College

Sacred Heart Canossian College (Chinese: 嘉諾撒聖心書院; abbr: 'SHCC') is a Catholic, all-girls' school established at Robinson and Caine Roads, Mid-Levels, Hong Kong.

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Samuel Taylor Coleridge

Samuel Taylor Coleridge (21 October 177225 July 1834) was an English poet, literary critic, philosopher and theologian who, with his friend William Wordsworth, was a founder of the Romantic Movement in England and a member of the Lake Poets.

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Sándor Petőfi

Sándor Petőfi (né Petrovics;LUCINDA MALLOWS,, Bradt Travel Guides, 2008, p. 7Sándor Petőfi, George Szirtes,, Hesperus Press, 2004, p. 1 Alexander Petrovič; Александар Петровић; 1 January 1823 – most likely 31 July 1849) was a Hungarian poet and liberal revolutionary.

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Scandinavia is a region in Northern Europe, with strong historical, cultural and linguistic ties.

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Second Opium War

The Second Opium War (第二次鴉片戰爭), the Second Anglo-Chinese War, the Second China War, the Arrow War, or the Anglo-French expedition to China, was a war pitting the United Kingdom and the French Empire against the Qing dynasty of China, lasting from 1856 to 1860.

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Stephen Blair

Stephen Blair (21 March 1804 – 5 July 1870) was a British Conservative politician.

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Susannah York

Susannah Yolande Fletcher (9 January 1939 – 15 January 2011), known professionally as Susannah York, was an English film, stage, and television actress.

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Symphony No. 4 (Ives)

Charles Ives's Symphony No.

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Taiping Rebellion

The Taiping Rebellion, also known as the Taiping Civil War or the Taiping Revolution, was a massive rebellion or total civil war in China that was waged from 1850 to 1864 between the established Manchu-led Qing dynasty and the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom under Hong Xiuquan.

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Thai language

Thai, Central Thai, or Siamese, is the national and official language of Thailand and the first language of the Central Thai people and vast majority Thai of Chinese origin.

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The Australian (1824 newspaper)

The Australian (Sydney, NSW, 1824 - 1848) was a weekly English language newspaper published in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

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The Westminster Review

The Westminster Review was a quarterly British publication.

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Thomas Ashburnham

General Hon.

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Translation is the communication of the meaning of a source-language text by means of an equivalent target-language text.

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Treaty of Nanking

The Treaty of Nanking or Nanjing was a peace treaty which ended the First Opium War (1839–42) between the United Kingdom and the Qing dynasty of China on 29 August 1842.

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Unitarianism (from Latin unitas "unity, oneness", from unus "one") is historically a Christian theological movement named for its belief that the God in Christianity is one entity, as opposed to the Trinity (tri- from Latin tres "three") which defines God as three persons in one being; the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit.

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United Kingdom general election, 1835

The 1835 United Kingdom general election was called when Parliament was dissolved on 29 December 1834.

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United Kingdom general election, 1837

The 1837 United Kingdom general election was triggered by the death of King William IV and produced the first Parliament of the reign of his successor, Victoria.

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United Kingdom general election, 1841

In the 1841 United Kingdom general election, there was a big swing as Sir Robert Peel's Conservatives took control of the House of Commons.

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University College London

University College London (UCL) is a public research university in London, England, and a constituent college of the federal University of London.

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University of Groningen

The University of Groningen (abbreviated as UG; Rijksuniversiteit Groningen, abbreviated as RUG) is a public research university in the city of Groningen in the Netherlands.

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Václav Hanka

Wenceslaus Hanka Czech: Vác(es)lav Hanka (10 June 179112 January 1861) was a Czech philologist.

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Victoria Harbour

Victoria Harbour is a natural landform harbour situated between Hong Kong Island and Kowloon in Hong Kong.

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Wan Chai

Wan Chai is a metropolitan area situated at the western part of the Wan Chai District on the northern shore of Hong Kong Island, in Hong Kong.

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William Bolling (MP)

William Bolling (1785 – 30 August 1848) was an English Tory and later Conservative politician who sat in the House of Commons in two periods between 1832 and 1848.

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William Caine (Hong Kong)

William Hull Caine (1799–1871) was the Colonial Secretary of Hong Kong from 1854 to 1859.

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William Jervois (British Army officer)

General William Jervois KH (1782 – 5 November 1862) was Commander and Lieutenant Governor of Hong Kong.

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Wong Nai Chung Gap

Wong Nai Chung Gap is a geographic gap in the middle of Hong Kong Island in Hong Kong.

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World Anti-Slavery Convention

The World Anti-Slavery Convention met for the first time at Exeter Hall in London, on 12–23 June 1840.

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Redirects here:

Bowring, John, Sir, John, Sir Bowring, Sir Bowring, Sir John Bowring, Sir john bowling, 包令, 寶寧, 寶靈.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Bowring

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