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John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

Index John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

General John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough, 1st Prince of Mindelheim, 1st Count of Nellenburg, Prince of the Holy Roman Empire, (26 May 1650 – 16 June 1722 O.S.) was an English soldier and statesman whose career spanned the reigns of five monarchs. [1]

346 relations: Abigail Masham, Baroness Masham, Adriaen van der Werff, Aire-sur-la-Lys, Alsace, Altranstädt, Anne Hyde, Anne Spencer, Countess of Sunderland (1683–1716), Anne, Queen of Great Britain, Annotation, Arabella Churchill (royal mistress), Archibald Campbell, 9th Earl of Argyll, Arras, Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, Ash, Musbury, Avesnes-le-Comte, Axminster, Barbara Palmer, 1st Duchess of Cleveland, Battle of Almansa, Battle of Blenheim, Battle of Camaret, Battle of Ekeren, Battle of Elixheim, Battle of Entzheim, Battle of Malplaquet, Battle of Oudenarde, Battle of Poltava, Battle of Ramillies, Battle of Salzbach, Battle of Schellenberg, Battle of Sedgemoor, Battle of Sinsheim, Battle of Solebay, Battle of the Boyne, Battle of Walcourt, Bavaria, Bay of Biscay, Béthune, Berkshire, Bernard Drake, Bishop of London, Blenheim Palace, Bonn, Bouchain, Brigadier general, British Army, Broadclyst, Bruges, Brussels, Camille d'Hostun, duc de Tallard, Captain general, ..., Carl Piper, Catherine of Braganza, Catherine Sedley, Countess of Dorchester, Cavalier, Charles Churchill (British Army officer, born 1656), Charles Howard, 3rd Earl of Carlisle, Charles II of England, Charles II of Spain, Charles Maurice Le Tellier, Charles Seymour, 6th Duke of Somerset, Charles Spencer, 3rd Earl of Sunderland, Charles Talbot, 1st Duke of Shrewsbury, Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor, Charles XII of Sweden, Château de Saint-Germain-en-Laye, Christina Piper, Christopher Hibbert, Church of England, Citadel, Civil list, Classics, Claude Louis Hector de Villars, Combined arms, Commander-in-Chief of the Forces, Committee for Compounding with Delinquents, Confederation, Constable of the Tower, Cork (city), Correlli Barnett, Cumberland Lodge, Daniel Defoe, Daniel Finch, 2nd Earl of Nottingham, Danube, David G. Chandler, Devon, Diarchy, Donauwörth, Douai, Dowry, Dublin, Duel, Duke of Marlborough (title), Dutch Republic, Earl of Marlborough, Edinburgh, Edward Hyde, 3rd Earl of Clarendon, Edward Russell, 1st Earl of Orford, Electorate of Bavaria, Elizabeth Seymour, Duchess of Somerset, England, English Army, English Civil War, English Tangier, Ensign (rank), Estate in land, European History Online, Exclusion Crisis, Exeter, Eyemouth, First Lord of the Treasury, Folk music, Forlorn hope, François de Neufville, duc de Villeroy, Frances Talbot, Countess of Tyrconnel, Francis Godolphin, 2nd Earl of Godolphin, Franco-Dutch War, Frederick I of Prussia, French language, G. K. Chesterton, G. M. Trevelyan, Geertruidenberg, General (United Kingdom), General officer, Gentleman of the Bedchamber, George Churchill (Royal Navy officer), George Hamilton, 1st Earl of Orkney, George I of Great Britain, George Jeffreys, 1st Baron Jeffreys, George Legge, 1st Baron Dartmouth, German language, Ghent, Gilbert Burnet, Glanvilles Wootton, Grace (style), Grand Alliance (League of Augsburg), Great Northern War, Greek language, Grenadier Guards, Groom of the Stool, Habsburg Monarchy, Henri de La Tour d'Auvergne, Viscount of Turenne, Henrietta Godolphin, 2nd Duchess of Marlborough, Henry Boyle, 1st Baron Carleton, Henry Compton (bishop), Henry II of England, Henry Sacheverell, Henry St John, 1st Viscount Bolingbroke, Henry Sydney, 1st Earl of Romney, Henry VII of England, Hertfordshire, High Tory, History of the Royal Marines, HMS Marlborough, HMS Prince (1670), Holy Roman Empire, House of Bourbon, House of Habsburg, House of Hanover, House of Stuart, House of Wittelsbach, Hudson's Bay Company, Huy, Interregnum (England), Invitation to William, J. R. Jones, Jacobite rising of 1715, Jacobitism, James Butler, 2nd Duke of Ormonde, James Cecil, 4th Earl of Salisbury, James FitzJames, 1st Duke of Berwick, James Francis Edward Stuart, James Hamilton, 4th Duke of Hamilton, James II of England, James Scott, 1st Duke of Monmouth, James Temple, John Churchill, Marquess of Blandford, John Drummond, 1st Earl of Melfort, John Holmes (Royal Navy officer), John Lambrick Vivian, John Montagu, 2nd Duke of Montagu, John Paget (barrister), John Poulett, 1st Earl Poulett, John William Friso, Prince of Orange, John Wilson Croker, Jonathan Swift, Judas Iscariot, Keeper of the Privy Purse, Kingdom of Great Britain, Kinsale, Lady Barbara FitzRoy, Lady of the Bedchamber, Landau, Latin, Leibniz Institute of European History, Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor, Liège, Lieutenant-general (United Kingdom), Life Guards (United Kingdom), Limbourg, List of deserters from King James II to William of Orange, List of Latin phrases (N), List of senior officers of the British Army, Lord Lieutenant of Oxfordshire, Louis de Duras, 2nd Earl of Feversham, Louis Joseph, Duke of Vendôme, Louis William, Margrave of Baden-Baden, Louis XIV of France, Louis, Duke of Burgundy, Louis-François de Boufflers, Low Countries, Lyme Regis, Major general, Marlborough House, Marlborough, Wiltshire, Marlborough: His Life and Times, Marlbrough s'en va-t-en guerre, Mary II of England, Mary of Modena, Master of the Horse, Master-General of the Ordnance, Maximilian II Emanuel, Elector of Bavaria, Meinhardt Schomberg, 3rd Duke of Schomberg, Member of parliament, Military operation, Military tactics, Mindelheim, Mistress of the Robes, Monmouth Rebellion, Mons, Montagu Venables-Bertie, 2nd Earl of Abingdon, Montreuil, Pas-de-Calais, Moselle, Motto, Musbury, Napoleon, Newtown (UK Parliament constituency), Nine Years' War, No Peace Without Spain, Old Style and New Style dates, Order of the Garter, Oudenaarde, Page (servant), Palace of Whitehall, Pardon, Parliament of England, Peerage of Scotland, Philip Stanhope, 4th Earl of Chesterfield, Philip V of Spain, Philippines, Popish Plot, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, Prince Eugene of Savoy, Prince Georg Friedrich of Waldeck, Prince George of Denmark, Prince William, Duke of Cumberland, Prince William, Duke of Gloucester, Principality of Mindelheim, Privy Council of England, Privy Purse, Regicide, Restoration (England), Rhine, Richard Holmes (military historian), Richard Savage, 4th Earl Rivers, Robert Harley, 1st Earl of Oxford and Earl Mortimer, Robert Spencer, 2nd Earl of Sunderland, Robert Walpole, Roermond, Roundhead, Royal Fusiliers, Royal Household, Royal Navy, Rye House Plot, Saint-Venant, Salisbury, Sambre, Sarah Churchill, Duchess of Marlborough, Sébastien Le Prestre de Vauban, Scheldt, Scroop Egerton, 1st Duke of Bridgewater, Secretary of State (United Kingdom), Secretary of State for the Southern Department, Sedition, Sidney Godolphin, 1st Earl of Godolphin, Siege of Bouchain, Siege of Cork, Siege of Lille (1708), Siege of Maastricht (1673), Siege of Toulon (1707), Siege of Turin, Sir John Barrington, 3rd Baronet, Sir John Fenwick, 3rd Baronet, Smallpox, Somerset, South Wales Borderers, Southern Netherlands, Spanish language, Spanish Netherlands, St Albans, St James's Palace, St Paul's School, London, Stadtholder, States General of the Netherlands, Stevensweert, Suffolk, Swedish invasion of Russia (1708–1709), Tangier Garrison, The Conduct of the Allies, The Hague, Thomas Babington Macaulay, Thomas Herbert, 8th Earl of Pembroke, Thomas Lediard, Thomas Osborne, 1st Duke of Leeds, Thomas Tollemache, Titus Oates, Torbay, Tories (British political party), Tournai, Tower of London, Traben-Trarbach, Treaties of Nijmegen, Treaty of Ryswick, Treaty of Utrecht, Trier, Turin, University of Cambridge, University of Oxford, Venlo, Vienna, W. G. Hoskins, War of the Spanish Succession, Westminster Abbey, Weymouth and Melcombe Regis (UK Parliament constituency), Whig Junto, Whigs (British political party), William Cadogan, 1st Earl Cadogan, William Coxe (historian), William III of England, William Seymour (British Army officer), William Tatton, Williamite War in Ireland, Winston Churchill, Winston Churchill (Cavalier), Woodstock, Oxfordshire, 1st The Royal Dragoons, 3rd Troop of Horse Guards. Expand index (296 more) »

Abigail Masham, Baroness Masham

Abigail Masham, Baroness Masham (née Hill) (6 December 1734) was a favourite of Queen Anne and a cousin of Sarah Churchill, Duchess of Marlborough.

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Adriaen van der Werff

Adriaen van der Werff (21 January 1659 – 12 November 1722) was an accomplished Dutch painter of portraits and erotic, devotional and mythological scenes.

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Aire-sur-la-Lys

Aire-sur-la-Lys (Dutch: Ariën-aan-de-Leie) is a commune in the Pas-de-Calais department in northern France.

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Alsace

Alsace (Alsatian: ’s Elsass; German: Elsass; Alsatia) is a cultural and historical region in eastern France, on the west bank of the upper Rhine next to Germany and Switzerland.

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Altranstädt

Altranstädt is a village in Saxony, Germany, now part of the Markranstädt district of Leipzig.

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Anne Hyde

Anne Hyde (12 March 163731 March 1671) was Duchess of York and of Albany as the first wife of the future King James II of England.

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Anne Spencer, Countess of Sunderland (1683–1716)

Anne Spencer, Countess of Sunderland (née Lady Anne Churchill) (27 February 1683 – 15 April 1716), was an English court official and noble, was the third daughter of John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough and Sarah Churchill, Duchess of Marlborough.

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Anne, Queen of Great Britain

Anne (6 February 1665 – 1 August 1714) was the Queen of England, Scotland and Ireland between 8 March 1702 and 1 May 1707.

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Annotation

An annotation is a metadatum (e.g. a post, explanation, markup) attached to location or other data.

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Arabella Churchill (royal mistress)

Arabella Churchill (23 February 1648 – 30 May 1730) was the mistress of King James II, and the mother of four of his children (surnamed FitzJames, that is, "son of James").

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Archibald Campbell, 9th Earl of Argyll

Archibald Campbell, 9th Earl of Argyll (26 February 1629 – 30 June 1685) was a Scottish peer and soldier.

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Arras

Arras (Atrecht) is the capital (chef-lieu/préfecture) of the Pas-de-Calais department, which forms part of the region of Hauts-de-France; prior to the reorganization of 2014 it was located in Nord-Pas-de-Calais.

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Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, (1 May 1769 – 14 September 1852) was an Anglo-Irish soldier and statesman who was one of the leading military and political figures of 19th-century Britain, serving twice as Prime Minister.

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Ash, Musbury

Ash in the parish of Musbury in the county of Devon is an historic estate, long the residence of the ancient Drake family, the heir of which remarkably was always called John, only one excepted, for ten generations.

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Avesnes-le-Comte

Avesnes-le-Comte is a commune in the Pas-de-Calais department in northern France.

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Axminster

Axminster is a market town and civil parish on the eastern border of the county of Devon in England, some from the county town of Exeter.

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Barbara Palmer, 1st Duchess of Cleveland

Barbara Palmer, 1st Duchess of Cleveland (– 9 October 1709), more often known by her maiden name Barbara Villiers or her title of Countess of Castlemaine, was an English royal mistress of the Villiers family and perhaps the most notorious of the many mistresses of King Charles II of England, by whom she had five children, all of them acknowledged and subsequently ennobled.

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Battle of Almansa

The Battle of Almansa was one of the most decisive engagements of the War of the Spanish Succession fought on 25 April 1707.

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Battle of Blenheim

The Battle of Blenheim (German:Zweite Schlacht bei Höchstädt; French Bataille de Höchstädt), fought on 13 August 1704, was a major battle of the War of the Spanish Succession.

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Battle of Camaret

The Battle of Camaret was an amphibious landing at Camaret Bay on 18 June 1694 by the English and Dutch in an attempt to seize the French port of Brest and destroy part of the French fleet stationed there, as part of the Nine Years' War.

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Battle of Ekeren

The Battle of Ekeren, on 30 June 1703, was a battle of the War of the Spanish Succession.

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Battle of Elixheim

The Battle of Elixheim, 18 July 1705, also known as the Passage of the Lines of Brabant was a battle of the War of the Spanish Succession.

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Battle of Entzheim

The Battle of Entzheim was a battle fought on 4 October 1674 near Entzheim in present-day Alsace between the French Royal Army under the command of the Vicomte de Turenne on one side and the Imperial Army of the Holy Roman Empire on the other side during the Franco-Dutch War.

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Battle of Malplaquet

The Battle of Malplaquet was a battle of the War of the Spanish Succession, fought on 11 September 1709, which opposed the Bourbons of France and Spain against an alliance whose major members were the Habsburg Monarchy, the United Provinces, Great Britain and the Kingdom of Prussia.

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Battle of Oudenarde

The Battle of Oudenarde (or Oudenaarde) was a battle in the War of the Spanish Succession fought on 11 July 1708 between the forces of Great Britain, the Dutch Republic and the Holy Roman Empire on the one side and those of France on the other.

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Battle of Poltava

The Battle of Poltava (Slaget vid Poltava; Полта́вская би́тва; Полта́вська би́тва) on 27 June 1709 (8 July, N.S.) was the decisive victory of Peter I of Russia, also known as "the Great," over the Swedish forces under Field Marshal Carl Gustav Rehnskiöld, in one of the battles of the Great Northern War.

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Battle of Ramillies

The Battle of Ramillies, fought on 23 May 1706, was a battle of the War of the Spanish Succession.

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Battle of Salzbach

The Battle of Salzbach or Sasbach was fought July 27, 1675, between the armies of France and the Holy Roman Empire, during the Franco-Dutch War.

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Battle of Schellenberg

The Battle of Schellenberg, also known as the Battle of Donauwörth, was fought on 2 July 1704 during the War of the Spanish Succession.

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Battle of Sedgemoor

The Battle of Sedgemoor was fought on 6 July 1685 and took place at Westonzoyland near Bridgwater in Somerset, England.

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Battle of Sinsheim

The Battle of Sinsheim was a victory of the Vicomte de Turenne, over forces from the Holy Roman Empire on 16 June 1674, during the Franco-Dutch War.

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Battle of Solebay

The naval Battle of Solebay took place on 28 May Old Style, 7 June New Style 1672 and was the first naval battle of the Third Anglo-Dutch War.

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Battle of the Boyne

The Battle of the Boyne (Cath na Bóinne) was a battle in 1690 between the forces of the deposed King James II of England, and those of Dutch Prince William of Orange who, with his wife Mary II (his cousin and James's daughter), had acceded to the Crowns of England and Scotland in 1688.

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Battle of Walcourt

The Battle of Walcourt was fought on 25 August 1689 during the Nine Years' War.

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Bavaria

Bavaria (Bavarian and Bayern), officially the Free State of Bavaria (Freistaat Bayern), is a landlocked federal state of Germany, occupying its southeastern corner.

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Bay of Biscay

The Bay of Biscay (Golfe de Gascogne, Golfo de Vizcaya, Pleg-mor Gwaskogn, Bizkaiko Golkoa) is a gulf of the northeast Atlantic Ocean located south of the Celtic Sea.

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Béthune

Béthune (archaic and Bethwyn historically in English) is a city in northern France, sub-prefecture of the Pas-de-Calais department.

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Berkshire

Berkshire (abbreviated Berks, in the 17th century sometimes spelled Barkeshire as it is pronounced) is a county in south east England, west of London and is one of the home counties.

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Bernard Drake

Sir Bernard Drake (c.1537 – 10 April 1586) of Ash in the parish of Musbury, Devon, was an English sea captain.

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Bishop of London

The Bishop of London is the ordinary of the Church of England Diocese of London in the Province of Canterbury.

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Blenheim Palace

Blenheim Palace (pronounced) is a monumental English country house situated in the civil parish of Blenheim near Woodstock, Oxfordshire, United Kingdom.

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Bonn

The Federal City of Bonn is a city on the banks of the Rhine in the German state of North Rhine-Westphalia, with a population of over 300,000.

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Bouchain

Bouchain is a commune in the Nord department in northern France.

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Brigadier general

Brigadier general (Brig. Gen.) is a senior rank in the armed forces.

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British Army

The British Army is the principal land warfare force of the United Kingdom, a part of British Armed Forces.

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Broadclyst

Broadclyst is a village and civil parish in the East Devon local government district.

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Bruges

Bruges (Brugge; Bruges; Brügge) is the capital and largest city of the province of West Flanders in the Flemish Region of Belgium, in the northwest of the country.

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Brussels

Brussels (Bruxelles,; Brussel), officially the Brussels-Capital Region (All text and all but one graphic show the English name as Brussels-Capital Region.) (Région de Bruxelles-Capitale, Brussels Hoofdstedelijk Gewest), is a region of Belgium comprising 19 municipalities, including the City of Brussels, which is the de jure capital of Belgium.

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Camille d'Hostun, duc de Tallard

Camille d'Hostun de la Baume, duc de Tallard (14 February 1652 – 20 March 1728) was a French noble, diplomat and military commander, who became Marshal of France.

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Captain general

Captain general (and its literal equivalent in several languages) is a high military rank of general officer grade, and a gubernatorial title.

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Carl Piper

Carl, Count (or Greve) Piper (July 29, 1647, Stockholm – May 29, 1716, Schlüsselburg) was a Swedish statesman.

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Catherine of Braganza

Catherine of Braganza (Catarina; 25 November 1638 – 31 December 1705) was queen consort of England, of Scotland and of Ireland from 1662 to 1685, as the wife of King Charles II.

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Catherine Sedley, Countess of Dorchester

Catherine Sedley, Countess of Dorchester, Countess of Portmore (21 December 1657 – 26 October 1717), daughter of Sir Charles Sedley, 5th Baronet, was the mistress of King James II and VII both before and after he came to the throne.

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Cavalier

The term Cavalier was first used by Roundheads as a term of abuse for the wealthier Royalist supporters of King Charles I and his son Charles II of England during the English Civil War, the Interregnum, and the Restoration (1642 – c. 1679).

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Charles Churchill (British Army officer, born 1656)

General Charles Churchill (2 February 1656 – 29 December 1714) was an English politician and army officer who served during the War of the Spanish Succession.

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Charles Howard, 3rd Earl of Carlisle

Charles Howard, 3rd Earl of Carlisle, PC (c. 1669 – 1 May 1738) was a British nobleman, peer, and statesman.

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Charles II of England

Charles II (29 May 1630 – 6 February 1685) was king of England, Scotland and Ireland.

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Charles II of Spain

Charles II of Spain (Carlos II; 6 November 1661 – 1 November 1700), also known as El Hechizado or the Bewitched, was the last Habsburg ruler of the Spanish Empire.

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Charles Maurice Le Tellier

Charles-Maurice Le Tellier (1642 in Turin – 1710 in Reims) was a French Archbishop of Reims.

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Charles Seymour, 6th Duke of Somerset

Charles Seymour, 6th Duke of Somerset (13 August 1662 – 2 December 1748), known by the epithet "The Proud Duke", was a British peer.

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Charles Spencer, 3rd Earl of Sunderland

Charles Spencer, 3rd Earl of Sunderland, KG, PC (23 April 167519 April 1722), known as Lord Spencer from 1688 to 1702, was an English statesman and nobleman from the Spencer family.

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Charles Talbot, 1st Duke of Shrewsbury

Charles Talbot, 1st Duke of Shrewsbury, KG, PC (24 July 1660 – 1 February 1718) was an English politician who was part of the Immortal Seven group that invited William III, Prince of Orange to depose James II of England as monarch during the Glorious Revolution.

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Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor

Charles VI (1 October 1685 – 20 October 1740; Karl VI.) succeeded his elder brother, Joseph I, as Holy Roman Emperor, King of Bohemia (as Charles II), King of Hungary and Croatia, Serbia and Archduke of Austria (as Charles III) in 1711.

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Charles XII of Sweden

Charles XII, also Carl (Karl XII; 17 June 1682 – 30 November 1718 O.S.), Latinized to Carolus Rex, was the King of Sweden from 1697 to 1718.

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Château de Saint-Germain-en-Laye

The Château de Saint-Germain-en-Laye is a royal palace in the commune of Saint-Germain-en-Laye, in the département of Yvelines, about 19 km west of Paris, France.

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Christina Piper

Christina Piper, née Törne (1673 in Stockholm – 1752 in Krageholm Castle, Scania), was a Swedish countess, landowner and entrepreneur, married to the statesman and military count Carl Piper.

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Christopher Hibbert

Christopher Hibbert (born Arthur Raymond Hibbert) MC (5 March 1924 – 21 December 2008), was an English author, historian and biographer.

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Church of England

The Church of England (C of E) is the state church of England.

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Citadel

A citadel is the core fortified area of a town or city.

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Civil list

A civil list is a list of individuals to whom money is paid by the government.

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Classics

Classics or classical studies is the study of classical antiquity.

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Claude Louis Hector de Villars

Claude Louis Hector de Villars, Prince de Martigues, Marquis then Duc de Villars, Vicomte de Melun (8 May 1653 – 17 June 1734) was a general of Louis XIV of France, one of only six Marshals who have been promoted to Marshal General of France.

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Combined arms

Combined arms is an approach to warfare which seeks to integrate different combat arms of a military to achieve mutually complementary effects (for example, using infantry and armor in an urban environment, where one supports the other, or both support each other).

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Commander-in-Chief of the Forces

The Commander-in-Chief of the Forces, later Commander-in-Chief, British Army, or just the Commander-in-Chief (C-in-C), was the professional head of the English Army from 1660 to 1707 (the English Army, founded in 1645, was succeeded in 1707 by the new British Army, incorporating existing Scottish regiments) and of the British Army from 1707 until 1904.

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Committee for Compounding with Delinquents

In 1643, near the start of the English Civil War, Parliament set up two committees the Sequestration Committee which confiscated the estates of the Royalists who fought against Parliament, and the Committee for Compounding with Delinquents which allowed Royalists whose estates had been sequestrated, to compound for their estates — pay a fine and recover their estates — if they pledged not to take up arms against Parliament again.

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Confederation

A confederation (also known as a confederacy or league) is a union of sovereign states, united for purposes of common action often in relation to other states.

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Constable of the Tower

The Constable of the Tower is the most senior appointment at the Tower of London.

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Cork (city)

Cork (from corcach, meaning "marsh") is a city in south-west Ireland, in the province of Munster, which had a population of 125,622 in 2016.

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Correlli Barnett

Correlli Douglas Barnett CBE FRHistS FRSL FRSA (born 28 June 1927) is an English military historian, who has also written works of economic history, particularly on the United Kingdom's post-war "industrial decline".

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Cumberland Lodge

Cumberland Lodge is a 17th-century Grade II listed country house in Windsor Great Park located 3.5 miles south of Windsor Castle.

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Daniel Defoe

Daniel Defoe (13 September 1660 - 24 April 1731), born Daniel Foe, was an English trader, writer, journalist, pamphleteer and spy.

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Daniel Finch, 2nd Earl of Nottingham

Daniel Finch, 2nd Earl of Nottingham, 7th Earl of Winchilsea PC (2 July 1647 – 1 January 1730), was an English Tory statesman during the late seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries.

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Danube

The Danube or Donau (known by various names in other languages) is Europe's second longest river, after the Volga.

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David G. Chandler

David Geoffrey Chandler (15 January 1934 – 10 October 2004) was a British historian whose study focused on the Napoleonic era.

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Devon

Devon, also known as Devonshire, which was formerly its common and official name, is a county of England, reaching from the Bristol Channel in the north to the English Channel in the south.

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Diarchy

A diarchy (from Greek δι-, di-, "double", and -αρχία, -arkhía, "ruled").

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Donauwörth

Donauwörth) is a town and the capital of the Donau-Ries district in Swabia, Bavaria, Germany. It is said to have been founded by two fishermen where the rivers Danube (Donau) and Wörnitz meet. The city is part of the scenic route called "Romantische Straße" (Romantic Road) The city is situated between Munich and Nuremberg, 46 km north of Augsburg.

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Douai

Douai (Dowaai; historically "Doway" in English) is a commune in the Nord département in northern France.

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Dowry

A dowry is a transfer of parental property, gifts or money at the marriage of a daughter.

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Dublin

Dublin is the capital of and largest city in Ireland.

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Duel

A duel is an arranged engagement in combat between two people, with matched weapons, in accordance with agreed-upon rules.

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Duke of Marlborough (title)

The Duke of Marlborough is a title in the Peerage of England.

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Dutch Republic

The Dutch Republic was a republic that existed from the formal creation of a confederacy in 1581 by several Dutch provinces (which earlier seceded from the Spanish rule) until the Batavian Revolution in 1795.

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Earl of Marlborough

Earl of Marlborough is a title that has been created twice, both times in the Peerage of England.

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Edinburgh

Edinburgh (Dùn Èideann; Edinburgh) is the capital city of Scotland and one of its 32 council areas.

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Edward Hyde, 3rd Earl of Clarendon

Edward Hyde, 3rd Earl of Clarendon (28 November 1661 – 31 March 1723), styled Viscount Cornbury between 1674 and 1709, was propelled into the forefront of English politics when he and part of his army defected from the Catholic King James II to support the newly arrived Protestant contender, William III of Orange.

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Edward Russell, 1st Earl of Orford

Admiral of the Fleet Edward Russell, 1st Earl of Orford, PC (1653 – 26 November 1727) was a Royal Navy officer.

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Electorate of Bavaria

The Electorate of Bavaria (Kurfürstentum Bayern) was an independent hereditary electorate of the Holy Roman Empire from 1623 to 1806, when it was succeeded by the Kingdom of Bavaria.

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Elizabeth Seymour, Duchess of Somerset

Elizabeth Seymour, Duchess of Somerset and suo jure '''Baroness Percy''' (26 January 1667 – 24 November 1722) was a great heiress.

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England

England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom.

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English Army

The English Army existed while England was an independent state and was at war with other states, but it was not until the Interregnum and the New Model Army (raised by Parliament to defeat the Royalists in the English Civil War) that England acquired a peacetime professional standing army.

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English Civil War

The English Civil War (1642–1651) was a series of armed conflicts and political machinations between Parliamentarians ("Roundheads") and Royalists ("Cavaliers") over, principally, the manner of England's governance.

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English Tangier

Tangier was an English overseas possession between 1661 and 1684.

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Ensign (rank)

Ensign (Late Middle English, from Old French enseigne (12c.) "mark, symbol, signal; flag, standard, pennant", from Latin insignia (plural)) is a junior rank of a commissioned officer in the armed forces of some countries, normally in the infantry or navy.

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Estate in land

An estate in land is an interest in real property that is or may become possessory.

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European History Online

European History Online (Europäische Geschichte Online, EGO) is an academic website that publishes articles on the history of Europe between the period of 1450 and 1950 according to the principle of open access.

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Exclusion Crisis

The Exclusion Crisis ran from 1679 through 1681 in the reign of King Charles II of England, Scotland and Ireland.

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Exeter

Exeter is a cathedral city in Devon, England, with a population of 129,800 (mid-2016 EST).

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Eyemouth

Eyemouth (Heymooth) is a small town and civil parish in Berwickshire, in the Scottish Borders area of Scotland.

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First Lord of the Treasury

The First Lord of the Treasury is the head of the commission exercising the ancient office of Lord High Treasurer in the United Kingdom, and is now always also the Prime Minister.

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Folk music

Folk music includes both traditional music and the genre that evolved from it during the 20th century folk revival.

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Forlorn hope

A forlorn hope is a band of soldiers or other combatants chosen to take the leading part in a military operation, such as an assault on a defended position, where the risk of casualties is high.

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François de Neufville, duc de Villeroy

François de Neufville, (2nd) Duke of Villeroy (7 April 164418 July 1730) was a French soldier.

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Frances Talbot, Countess of Tyrconnel

Frances Talbot, Countess of Tyrconnel (née Jennings, previously Hamilton; – 9 March 1730) was a prominent figure in the Restoration court, together with her younger sister, Sarah Jennings.

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Francis Godolphin, 2nd Earl of Godolphin

Francis Godolphin, 2nd Earl of Godolphin, (3 September 167817 January 1766) was an English nobleman, courtier and philanthropist, styled Viscount Rialton 1706–1712.

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Franco-Dutch War

The Franco-Dutch War (1672–78), often simply called the Dutch War (Guerre de Hollande; Hollandse Oorlog), was a war fought by France, Sweden, Münster, Cologne and England against the Dutch Republic, which was later joined by the Austrian Habsburg lands, Brandenburg-Prussia and Spain to form a Quadruple Alliance.

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Frederick I of Prussia

Frederick I (Friedrich I.) (11 July 1657 – 25 February 1713), of the Hohenzollern dynasty, was (as Frederick III) Elector of Brandenburg (1688–1713) and Duke of Prussia in personal union (Brandenburg-Prussia).

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French language

French (le français or la langue française) is a Romance language of the Indo-European family.

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G. K. Chesterton

Gilbert Keith Chesterton, KC*SG (29 May 1874 – 14 June 1936), was an English writer, poet, philosopher, dramatist, journalist, orator, lay theologian, biographer, and literary and art critic.

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G. M. Trevelyan

George Macaulay Trevelyan, (16 February 1876 – 21 July 1962), was a British historian and academic.

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Geertruidenberg

Geertruidenberg is a city and municipality in the province North Brabant in the south of the Netherlands.

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General (United Kingdom)

General (or full general to distinguish it from the lower general officer ranks) is the highest rank currently achievable by serving officers of the British Army.

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General officer

A general officer is an officer of high rank in the army, and in some nations' air forces or marines.

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Gentleman of the Bedchamber

Gentleman of the Bedchamber was a title in the royal household of the Kingdom of England from the 11th century, later used also in the Kingdom of Great Britain.

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George Churchill (Royal Navy officer)

George Churchill (1654–1710) was an admiral of the British Royal Navy.

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George Hamilton, 1st Earl of Orkney

Field Marshal George Hamilton, 1st Earl of Orkney, KT (9 February 1666 – 29 January 1737), styled Lord George Hamilton from 1666 to 1696, was a British soldier and Scottish nobleman and the first British Army officer to be promoted to the rank of field marshal.

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George I of Great Britain

George I (George Louis; Georg Ludwig; 28 May 1660 – 11 June 1727) was King of Great Britain and Ireland from 1 August 1714 and ruler of the Duchy and Electorate of Brunswick-Lüneburg (Hanover) in the Holy Roman Empire from 1698 until his death.

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George Jeffreys, 1st Baron Jeffreys

George Jeffreys, 1st Baron Jeffreys of Wem, PC (15 May 1645 – 18 April 1689), also known as "The Hanging Judge", was a Welsh judge.

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George Legge, 1st Baron Dartmouth

Admiral George Legge, 1st Baron Dartmouth PC (c. 1647 – 1691) was an English naval commander who gave distinguished service to both Charles II and James II.

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German language

German (Deutsch) is a West Germanic language that is mainly spoken in Central Europe.

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Ghent

Ghent (Gent; Gand) is a city and a municipality in the Flemish Region of Belgium.

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Gilbert Burnet

Gilbert Burnet (18 September 1643 – 17 March 1715) was a Scottish philosopher and historian, and Bishop of Salisbury.

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Glanvilles Wootton

Glanvilles Wootton, or Wootton Glanville, is a village and civil parish in the county of Dorset in southern England.

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Grace (style)

His Grace or Her Grace is an English style used for various high-ranking personages.

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Grand Alliance (League of Augsburg)

The Grand Alliance is the name commonly used for the coalition formed on 20 December 1689 by England, the Dutch Republic and Emperor Leopold, on behalf of the Archduchy of Austria.

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Great Northern War

The Great Northern War (1700–1721) was a conflict in which a coalition led by the Tsardom of Russia successfully contested the supremacy of the Swedish Empire in Northern, Central and Eastern Europe.

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Greek language

Greek (Modern Greek: ελληνικά, elliniká, "Greek", ελληνική γλώσσα, ellinikí glóssa, "Greek language") is an independent branch of the Indo-European family of languages, native to Greece and other parts of the Eastern Mediterranean and the Black Sea.

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Grenadier Guards

The Grenadier Guards (GREN GDS) is an infantry regiment of the British Army.

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Groom of the Stool

The Groom of the Stool (formally styled: "Groom of the King's Close Stool") was the most intimate of an English monarch's courtiers, responsible for assisting the king in excretion and ablution.

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Habsburg Monarchy

The Habsburg Monarchy (Habsburgermonarchie) or Empire is an unofficial appellation among historians for the countries and provinces that were ruled by the junior Austrian branch of the House of Habsburg between 1521 and 1780 and then by the successor branch of Habsburg-Lorraine until 1918.

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Henri de La Tour d'Auvergne, Viscount of Turenne

Henri de La Tour d'Auvergne, vicomte de Turenne, often called simply Turenne (11 September 161127 July 1675) was a French Marshal General and the most illustrious member of the La Tour d'Auvergne family.

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Henrietta Godolphin, 2nd Duchess of Marlborough

Henrietta Godolphin, 2nd Duchess of Marlborough, Princess of Mindelheim, Princess of Mellenburg, Princess of the Holy Roman Empire (19 July 1681 – 24 October 1733) was the daughter of John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough, general of the army, and Sarah Jennings, Duchess of Marlborough, close friend and business manager of Queen Anne.

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Henry Boyle, 1st Baron Carleton

Henry Boyle, 1st Baron Carleton, (12 July 1669 – 31 March 1725) was an Anglo-Irish politician of the early eighteenth century.

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Henry Compton (bishop)

Henry Compton (1632 – 7 July 1713) was the Bishop of London from 1675 to 1713.

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Henry II of England

Henry II (5 March 1133 – 6 July 1189), also known as Henry Curtmantle (Court-manteau), Henry FitzEmpress or Henry Plantagenet, ruled as Count of Anjou, Count of Maine, Duke of Normandy, Duke of Aquitaine, Count of Nantes, King of England and Lord of Ireland; at various times, he also partially controlled Wales, Scotland and Brittany.

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Henry Sacheverell

Henry Sacheverell (8 February 1674 – 5 June 1724) was an English High Church Anglican clergyman who achieved nationwide fame in 1709 after preaching an incendiary 5 November sermon.

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Henry St John, 1st Viscount Bolingbroke

Henry St John, 1st Viscount Bolingbroke (16 September 1678 – 12 December 1751) was an English politician, government official and political philosopher.

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Henry Sydney, 1st Earl of Romney

Henry Sydney (or Sidney), 1st Earl of Romney (8 April 1641 – 8 April 1704) was an English politician and army officer.

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Henry VII of England

Henry VII (Harri Tudur; 28 January 1457 – 21 April 1509) was the King of England and Lord of Ireland from his seizure of the crown on 22 August 1485 to his death on 21 April 1509.

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Hertfordshire

Hertfordshire (often abbreviated Herts) is a county in southern England, bordered by Bedfordshire to the north, Cambridgeshire to the north-east, Essex to the east, Buckinghamshire to the west and Greater London to the south.

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High Tory

High Toryism (sometimes referred to as conservative gentryism) is a term used in Britain, and elsewhere, to refer to old traditionalist conservatism which is in line with the Toryism originating in the 17th century.

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History of the Royal Marines

The history of the Royal Marines began on 28 October 1664 with the formation of the Duke of York and Albany's Maritime Regiment of Foot soon becoming known as the Admiral's Regiment.

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HMS Marlborough

Six warships of the Royal Navy have been named HMS Marlborough after the Duke of Marlborough.

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HMS Prince (1670)

HMS Prince (also referred to as Royal Prince) was a 100-gun first rate ship of the line of the Royal Navy, built by Phineas Pett the Younger at Deptford Dockyard and launched in 1670.

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Holy Roman Empire

The Holy Roman Empire (Sacrum Romanum Imperium; Heiliges Römisches Reich) was a multi-ethnic but mostly German complex of territories in central Europe that developed during the Early Middle Ages and continued until its dissolution in 1806.

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House of Bourbon

The House of Bourbon is a European royal house of French origin, a branch of the Capetian dynasty.

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House of Habsburg

The House of Habsburg (traditionally spelled Hapsburg in English), also called House of Austria was one of the most influential and distinguished royal houses of Europe.

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House of Hanover

The House of Hanover (or the Hanoverians; Haus Hannover) is a German royal dynasty that ruled the Electorate and then the Kingdom of Hanover, and also provided monarchs of Great Britain and Ireland from 1714 to 1800 and ruled the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from its creation in 1801 until the death of Queen Victoria in 1901.

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House of Stuart

The House of Stuart, originally Stewart, was a European royal house that originated in Scotland.

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House of Wittelsbach

The House of Wittelsbach is a European royal family and a German dynasty from Bavaria.

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Hudson's Bay Company

The Hudson's Bay Company (HBC; Compagnie de la Baie d'Hudson) is a Canadian retail business group.

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Huy

Huy (Hoei; Hu) is a municipality of Belgium.

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Interregnum (England)

The Interregnum was the period between the execution of Charles I on 30 January 1649 and the arrival of his son Charles II in London on 29 May 1660 which marked the start of the Restoration.

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Invitation to William

The Invitation to William was a letter sent by seven notable Englishmen, later named the Immortal Seven, to William III, Prince of Orange, received by him on 30 June 1688 (Julian calendar, 10 July Gregorian calendar).

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J. R. Jones

J.

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Jacobite rising of 1715

The Jacobite rising of 1715 (Bliadhna Sheumais) (also referred to as the Fifteen or Lord Mar's Revolt), was the attempt by James Francis Edward Stuart (also called the Old Pretender) to regain the thrones of England, Ireland and Scotland for the exiled House of Stuart.

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Jacobitism

Jacobitism (Seumasachas, Seacaibíteachas, Séamusachas) was a political movement in Great Britain and Ireland that aimed to restore the Roman Catholic Stuart King James II of England and Ireland (as James VII in Scotland) and his heirs to the thrones of England, Scotland, France and Ireland.

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James Butler, 2nd Duke of Ormonde

James FitzJames Butler, 2nd Duke of Ormonde, 13th Earl of Ormond, 7th Earl of Ossory, 2nd Baron Butler, (29 April 1665 – 16 November 1745) was an Irish statesman and soldier.

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James Cecil, 4th Earl of Salisbury

James Cecil, 4th Earl of Salisbury (1666–1694), until 1683 known by the courtesy title of Viscount Cranborne, was an English peer, nobleman, and politician.

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James FitzJames, 1st Duke of Berwick

James FitzJames, 1st Duke of Berwick, 1st Duke of Fitz-James, 1st Duke of Liria and Jérica (21 August 1670 – 12 June 1734) was an Anglo-French military leader, illegitimate son of King James II of England by Arabella Churchill, sister of the 1st Duke of Marlborough.

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James Francis Edward Stuart

James Francis Edward, Prince of Wales (10 June 1688 – 1 January 1766), nicknamed the Old Pretender, was the son of King James II and VII of England, Scotland and Ireland, and his second wife, Mary of Modena.

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James Hamilton, 4th Duke of Hamilton

Lieutenant General James Hamilton, 4th Duke of Hamilton and 1st Duke of Brandon (11 April 1658 – 15 November 1712) was a Scottish nobleman, the Premier Peer of Scotland, and Keeper of the Palace of Holyroodhouse.

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James II of England

James II and VII (14 October 1633O.S. – 16 September 1701An assertion found in many sources that James II died 6 September 1701 (17 September 1701 New Style) may result from a miscalculation done by an author of anonymous "An Exact Account of the Sickness and Death of the Late King James II, as also of the Proceedings at St. Germains thereupon, 1701, in a letter from an English gentleman in France to his friend in London" (Somers Tracts, ed. 1809–1815, XI, pp. 339–342). The account reads: "And on Friday the 17th instant, about three in the afternoon, the king died, the day he always fasted in memory of our blessed Saviour's passion, the day he ever desired to die on, and the ninth hour, according to the Jewish account, when our Saviour was crucified." As 17 September 1701 New Style falls on a Saturday and the author insists that James died on Friday, "the day he ever desired to die on", an inevitable conclusion is that the author miscalculated the date, which later made it to various reference works. See "English Historical Documents 1660–1714", ed. by Andrew Browning (London and New York: Routledge, 2001), 136–138.) was King of England and Ireland as James II and King of Scotland as James VII, from 6 February 1685 until he was deposed in the Glorious Revolution of 1688.

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James Scott, 1st Duke of Monmouth

James Scott, 1st Duke of Monmouth, 1st Duke of Buccleuch, KG, PC (9 April 1649 – 15 July 1685) was an English nobleman.

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James Temple

James Temple (1606–1680) was a puritan and English Civil War soldier who was convicted of the regicide of Charles I. Born in Rochester, Kent, to a well-connected gentry family, he was the second of two sons of Sir Alexander Temple, although his elder brother died in 1627.

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John Churchill, Marquess of Blandford

John Churchill, Marquess of Blandford (13 February 1686 20 February 1703) (sometimes called Charles Churchill) was a British nobleman.

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John Drummond, 1st Earl of Melfort

John Drummond, 1st Earl (and titular 1st Duke) of Melfort KG KT PC (1649–1714) was a Scottish politician.

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John Holmes (Royal Navy officer)

Admiral Sir John Holmes (1640? – 28 May 1683) was an English naval leader, younger brother of the more famous Admiral Robert Holmes.

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John Lambrick Vivian

Lieutenant-Colonel John Lambrick Vivian (1830–1896) Inspector of Militia and Her Majesty's Superintendent of Police and Police Magistrate for St Kitts, West Indies, was a genealogist and historian who edited editions of the Heraldic Visitations of Devon and of Cornwall,Vivian, p. 763, pedigree of Vivian of Rosehill standard reference works for historians of these two counties.

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John Montagu, 2nd Duke of Montagu

John Montagu, 2nd Duke of Montagu, (1690 – 5 July 1749), styled Viscount Monthermer until 1705 and Marquess of Monthermer between 1705 and 1709, was a British peer.

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John Paget (barrister)

John Paget (1811–1898) was an English barrister, police magistrate and author.

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John Poulett, 1st Earl Poulett

John Poulett, 1st Earl Poulett KG (c. 1668 – 28 May 1743) was an English peer.

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John William Friso, Prince of Orange

John William Friso, Prince of Orange-Nassau (Johan Willem Friso van Oranje-Nassau; 14 August 1687 – 14 July 1711) became the titular Prince of Orange in 1702.

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John Wilson Croker

John Wilson Croker (20 December 178010 August 1857) was an Irish statesman and author.

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Jonathan Swift

Jonathan Swift (30 November 1667 – 19 October 1745) was an Anglo-Irish satirist, essayist, political pamphleteer (first for the Whigs, then for the Tories), poet and cleric who became Dean of St Patrick's Cathedral, Dublin.

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Judas Iscariot

Judas Iscariot (died AD) was a disciple and one of the original Twelve Apostles of Jesus Christ.

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Keeper of the Privy Purse

The Keeper of the Privy Purse and Treasurer to the King/Queen (or Financial Secretary to the King) is responsible for the financial management of the Royal Household of the Sovereign of the United Kingdom.

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Kingdom of Great Britain

The Kingdom of Great Britain, officially called simply Great Britain,Parliament of the Kingdom of England.

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Kinsale

Kinsale (meaning "Tide Head") is a historic port and fishing town in County Cork, Ireland, which also has significant military history.

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Lady Barbara FitzRoy

Lady Barbara FitzRoy (16 July 1672 – 6 May 1737), was the sixth and youngest child of Barbara Palmer, 1st Duchess of Cleveland, a mistress of Charles II of England.

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Lady of the Bedchamber

The Lady of the Bedchamber is the title of a lady-in-waiting holding the official position of personal attendant on a British queen or princess.

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Landau

Landau, or Landau in der Pfalz, is an autonomous (kreisfrei) town surrounded by the Südliche Weinstraße ("Southern Wine Route") district of southern Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany.

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Latin

Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.

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Leibniz Institute of European History

The Leibniz Institute of European History (IEG) in Mainz, Germany, is an independent, public research institute that carries out and promotes historical research on the foundations of Europe in the early and late Modern period.

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Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor

Leopold I (name in full: Leopold Ignaz Joseph Balthasar Felician; I.; 9 June 1640 – 5 May 1705) was Holy Roman Emperor, King of Hungary, Croatia, and Bohemia.

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Liège

Liège (Lidje; Luik,; Lüttich) is a major Walloon city and municipality and the capital of the Belgian province of Liège. The city is situated in the valley of the Meuse, in the east of Belgium, not far from borders with the Netherlands (Maastricht is about to the north) and with Germany (Aachen is about north-east). At Liège, the Meuse meets the River Ourthe. The city is part of the sillon industriel, the former industrial backbone of Wallonia. It still is the principal economic and cultural centre of the region. The Liège municipality (i.e. the city proper) includes the former communes of Angleur, Bressoux, Chênée, Glain, Grivegnée, Jupille-sur-Meuse, Rocourt, and Wandre. In November 2012, Liège had 198,280 inhabitants. The metropolitan area, including the outer commuter zone, covers an area of 1,879 km2 (725 sq mi) and had a total population of 749,110 on 1 January 2008. Population of all municipalities in Belgium on 1 January 2008. Retrieved on 2008-10-19. Definitions of metropolitan areas in Belgium. The metropolitan area of Liège is divided into three levels. First, the central agglomeration (agglomeratie) with 480,513 inhabitants (2008-01-01). Adding the closest surroundings (banlieue) gives a total of 641,591. And, including the outer commuter zone (forensenwoonzone) the population is 810,983. Retrieved on 2008-10-19. This includes a total of 52 municipalities, among others, Herstal and Seraing. Liège ranks as the third most populous urban area in Belgium, after Brussels and Antwerp, and the fourth municipality after Antwerp, Ghent and Charleroi.

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Lieutenant-general (United Kingdom)

Lieutenant general (Lt Gen), formerly more commonly lieutenant-general, is a senior rank in the British Army and the Royal Marines.

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Life Guards (United Kingdom)

The Life Guards (LG) is the senior regiment of the British Army and part of the Household Cavalry, along with the Blues and Royals.

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Limbourg

Limbourg or Limbourg-sur-Vesdre (German and Dutch: Limburg) is a city located in the province of Liège, Wallonia, Belgium.

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List of deserters from King James II to William of Orange

This is a list of the members of the British nobility and gentry, who in 1688 deserted King James II and pledged their allegiances to Prince William of Orange, as the events of the Glorious Revolution unfolded.

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List of Latin phrases (N)

Additional references.

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List of senior officers of the British Army

This is a list of senior officers of the British Army.

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Lord Lieutenant of Oxfordshire

This is a list of people who have served as Lord Lieutenant of Oxfordshire.

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Louis de Duras, 2nd Earl of Feversham

Louis de Duras, 2nd Earl of Feversham, KG (164119 April 1709) was a French nobleman who became Earl of Feversham in Stuart England.

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Louis Joseph, Duke of Vendôme

Louis Joseph de Bourbon, Duke of Vendôme (Louis Joseph; 1 July 165411 June 1712) was a Marshal of France and one of the most successful French military commanders during the War of the Grand Alliance and War of the Spanish Succession.

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Louis William, Margrave of Baden-Baden

Louis William, Margrave of Baden-Baden (8 April 1655 – 4 January 1707) was the ruling Margrave of Baden-Baden in Germany and chief commander of the Imperial army.

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Louis XIV of France

Louis XIV (Louis Dieudonné; 5 September 16381 September 1715), known as Louis the Great (Louis le Grand) or the Sun King (Roi Soleil), was a monarch of the House of Bourbon who reigned as King of France from 1643 until his death in 1715.

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Louis, Duke of Burgundy

Louis, Duke of Burgundy and later Dauphin of France (16 August 1682 – 18 February 1712) was the eldest son of Louis, Grand Dauphin, and father of Louis XV, and briefly heir to the throne from his father's death in April 1711 to his own death 10 months later.

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Louis-François de Boufflers

Louis François de Boufflers, Duke of Boufflers (10 January 1644 – 22 August 1711) was a French soldier.

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Low Countries

The Low Countries or, in the geographic sense of the term, the Netherlands (de Lage Landen or de Nederlanden, les Pays Bas) is a coastal region in northwestern Europe, consisting especially of the Netherlands and Belgium, and the low-lying delta of the Rhine, Meuse, Scheldt, and Ems rivers where much of the land is at or below sea level.

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Lyme Regis

Lyme Regis is a town in West Dorset, England, west of Dorchester and east of Exeter.

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Major general

Major general (abbreviated MG, Maj. Gen. and similar) is a military rank used in many countries.

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Marlborough House

Marlborough House, a Grade I listed mansion in St James's (City of Westminster, Inner London), is the headquarters of the Commonwealth of Nations and the seat of the Commonwealth Secretariat.

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Marlborough, Wiltshire

Marlborough is a market town and civil parish in the English county of Wiltshire on the Old Bath Road, the old main road from London to Bath.

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Marlborough: His Life and Times

Marlborough: His Life and Times is a panegyric biography written by Winston Churchill about John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough.

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Marlbrough s'en va-t-en guerre

Marlbrough s'en va-t-en guerre or Malbrook s'en va-t-en guerre ("Marlborough Has Left for the War" also known as Mort et convoi de l'invincible Malbrough, "The Death and Burial of the Invincible Marlbrough") is one of the most popular folk songs in French.

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Mary II of England

Mary II (30 April 1662 – 28 December 1694) was Queen of England, Scotland, and Ireland, co-reigning with her husband and first cousin, King William III and II, from 1689 until her death; popular histories usually refer to their joint reign as that of William and Mary.

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Mary of Modena

Mary of Modena (Maria di Modena) (Maria Beatrice Anna Margherita Isabella d'Este; –) was Queen of England, Scotland, and Ireland as the second wife of James II and VII (1633–1701).

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Master of the Horse

The Master of the Horse was (and in some cases, still is) a position of varying importance in several European nations.

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Master-General of the Ordnance

The Master-General of the Ordnance (MGO) was a very senior British military position from 1415 to 2013 (except 1855-1895 and 1939-1958) with some changes to the name, usually held by a serving general.

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Maximilian II Emanuel, Elector of Bavaria

Maximilian II (11 July 1662 – 26 February 1726), also known as Max Emanuel or Maximilian Emanuel, was a Wittelsbach ruler of Bavaria and a Prince-elector of the Holy Roman Empire.

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Meinhardt Schomberg, 3rd Duke of Schomberg

Meinhardt Schomberg, 3rd Duke of Schomberg, 1st Duke of Leinster, KG (30 June 1641 –), was a general in the service of Willem, Prince of Orange and Stadtholder of Holland, later King William III of England.

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Member of parliament

A member of parliament (MP) is the representative of the voters to a parliament.

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Military operation

A military operation is the coordinated military actions of a state, or a non-state actor, in response to a developing situation.

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Military tactics

Military tactics encompasses the art of organising and employing fighting forces on or near the battlefield.

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Mindelheim

Mindelheim is a town in Swabia, Bavaria, Germany.

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Mistress of the Robes

The Mistress of the Robes is the senior lady in the royal household of the United Kingdom.

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Monmouth Rebellion

The Monmouth Rebellion, also known as The Revolt of the West or The West Country rebellion, was an attempt to overthrow James II, the Duke of York.

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Mons

Mons (Bergen; Mont; Mont) is a Walloon city and municipality, and the capital of the Belgian province of Hainaut.

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Montagu Venables-Bertie, 2nd Earl of Abingdon

Montagu Venables-Bertie, 2nd Earl of Abingdon PC (4 February 1673 – 16 June 1743), styled Hon.

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Montreuil, Pas-de-Calais

Montreuil or Montreuil-sur-Mer is a sub-prefecture in the Pas-de-Calais department in northern France.

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Moselle

The Moselle (la Moselle,; Mosel; Musel) is a river flowing through France, Luxembourg, and Germany.

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Motto

A motto (derived from the Latin muttum, 'mutter', by way of Italian motto, 'word', 'sentence') is a maxim; a phrase meant to formally summarize the general motivation or intention of an individual, family, social group or organization.

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Musbury

Musbury is a village and civil parish in the East Devon district of Devon, England.

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Napoleon

Napoléon Bonaparte (15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a French statesman and military leader who rose to prominence during the French Revolution and led several successful campaigns during the French Revolutionary Wars.

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Newtown (UK Parliament constituency)

Newtown was a parliamentary borough located in Newtown on the Isle of Wight, which was represented in the House of Commons of England until 1707, then in the House of Commons of Great Britain from 1707 to 1800, and finally in the House of Commons of the United Kingdom from 1801 to 1832.

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Nine Years' War

The Nine Years' War (1688–97) – often called the War of the Grand Alliance or the War of the League of Augsburg – was a conflict between Louis XIV of France and a European coalition of Austria, the Holy Roman Empire, the Dutch Republic, Spain, England and Savoy.

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No Peace Without Spain

No Peace Without Spain was a popular British political slogan of the early eighteenth century.

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Old Style and New Style dates

Old Style (O.S.) and New Style (N.S.) are terms sometimes used with dates to indicate that the calendar convention used at the time described is different from that in use at the time the document was being written.

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Order of the Garter

The Order of the Garter (formally the Most Noble Order of the Garter) is an order of chivalry founded by Edward III in 1348 and regarded as the most prestigious British order of chivalry (though in precedence inferior to the military Victoria Cross and George Cross) in England and the United Kingdom.

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Oudenaarde

Oudenaarde (French Audenarde, English sometimes Oudenarde) is a Belgian municipality in the Flemish province of East Flanders.

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Page (servant)

A page or page boy is traditionally a young male attendant or servant, but may also have been used for a messenger at the service of a nobleman.

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Palace of Whitehall

The Palace of Whitehall (or Palace of White Hall) at Westminster, Middlesex, was the main residence of the English monarchs from 1530 until 1698, when most of its structures, except for Inigo Jones's Banqueting House of 1622, were destroyed by fire.

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Pardon

A pardon is a government decision to allow a person to be absolved of guilt for an alleged crime or other legal offense, as if the act never occurred.

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Parliament of England

The Parliament of England was the legislature of the Kingdom of England, existing from the early 13th century until 1707, when it became the Parliament of Great Britain after the political union of England and Scotland created the Kingdom of Great Britain.

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Peerage of Scotland

The Peerage of Scotland (Moraireachd na h-Alba) is the section of the Peerage of the British Isles for those peers created by the King of Scots before 1707.

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Philip Stanhope, 4th Earl of Chesterfield

Philip Dormer Stanhope, 4th Earl of Chesterfield, (22 September 169424 March 1773) was a British statesman, diplomat, man of letters, and an acclaimed wit of his time.

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Philip V of Spain

Philip V (Felipe V, Philippe, Filippo; 19 December 1683 – 9 July 1746) was King of Spain from 1 November 1700 to his abdication in favour of his son Louis on 15 January 1724, and from his reascendancy of the throne upon his son's death on 6 September 1724 to his own death on 9 July 1746.

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Philippines

The Philippines (Pilipinas or Filipinas), officially the Republic of the Philippines (Republika ng Pilipinas), is a unitary sovereign and archipelagic country in Southeast Asia.

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Popish Plot

The Popish Plot was a fictitious conspiracy concocted by Titus Oates that between 1678 and 1681 gripped the Kingdoms of England and Scotland in anti-Catholic hysteria.

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Prime Minister of the United Kingdom

The Prime Minister of the United Kingdom is the head of the United Kingdom government.

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Prince Eugene of Savoy

Prince Eugene of Savoy (French: François-Eugène de Savoie, Italian: Principe Eugenio di Savoia-Carignano, German: Prinz Eugen von Savoyen; 18 October 1663 – 21 April 1736) was a general of the Imperial Army and statesman of the Holy Roman Empire and the Archduchy of Austria and one of the most successful military commanders in modern European history, rising to the highest offices of state at the Imperial court in Vienna.

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Prince Georg Friedrich of Waldeck

Prince Georg Friedrich of Waldeck (31 January 1620, Arolsen – 19 November 1692, Arolsen) was a German and Dutch Field Marshal and, for the last three years of his life, Grand Master of the Order of Saint John (Bailiwick of Brandenburg).

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Prince George of Denmark

Prince George of Denmark and Norway, Duke of Cumberland (Jørgen; 2 April 165328 October 1708), was the husband of Queen Anne, who reigned over Great Britain from 1702 to 1714.

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Prince William, Duke of Cumberland

Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland, (26 April 1721 – 31 October 1765), was the third and youngest son of King George II of Great Britain and Ireland and his wife, Caroline of Ansbach.

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Prince William, Duke of Gloucester

Prince William, Duke of Gloucester (24 July 1689 – 30 July 1700) was the son of Princess Anne, later Queen of England, Ireland and Scotland from 1702, and her husband, Prince George, Duke of Cumberland.

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Principality of Mindelheim

Mindelheim was a minor state of Unterallgäu in Bavaria, Germany.

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Privy Council of England

The Privy Council of England, also known as His (or Her) Majesty's Most Honourable Privy Council, was a body of advisers to the sovereign of the Kingdom of England.

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Privy Purse

The Privy Purse is the British Sovereign's private income, mostly from the Duchy of Lancaster.

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Regicide

The broad definition of regicide (regis "of king" + cida "killer" or cidium "killing") is the deliberate killing of a monarch, or the person responsible for the killing of a person of royalty.

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Restoration (England)

The Restoration of the English monarchy took place in the Stuart period.

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Rhine

--> The Rhine (Rhenus, Rein, Rhein, le Rhin,, Italiano: Reno, Rijn) is a European river that begins in the Swiss canton of Graubünden in the southeastern Swiss Alps, forms part of the Swiss-Liechtenstein, Swiss-Austrian, Swiss-German and then the Franco-German border, then flows through the German Rhineland and the Netherlands and eventually empties into the North Sea.

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Richard Holmes (military historian)

Edward Richard Holmes, CBE, TD, VR, JP (29 March 1946 – 30 April 2011), known as Richard Holmes, was a British soldier and military historian, known for his many television appearances.

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Richard Savage, 4th Earl Rivers

Richard Savage, 4th Earl Rivers PC (ca. 1654 – 18 August 1712) was the second son of Thomas, 3rd Earl and his first wife Elizabeth Scrope.

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Robert Harley, 1st Earl of Oxford and Earl Mortimer

Robert Harley, 1st Earl of Oxford and Earl Mortimer, KG (5 December 1661 – 21 May 1724) was an English and later British statesman of the late Stuart and early Georgian periods.

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Robert Spencer, 2nd Earl of Sunderland

Robert Spencer, 2nd Earl of Sunderland, (5 September 164128 September 1702) was an English nobleman and politician of the Spencer family.

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Robert Walpole

Robert Walpole, 1st Earl of Orford, (26 August 1676 – 18 March 1745), known before 1742 as Sir Robert Walpole, was a British statesman who is generally regarded as the de facto first Prime Minister of Great Britain.

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Roermond

Roermond (Remunj) is a city, a municipality, and a diocese in the southeastern part of the Netherlands.

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Roundhead

Roundheads were supporters of the Parliament of England during the English Civil War.

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Royal Fusiliers

The Royal Fusiliers (City of London Regiment) was a line infantry regiment of the British Army in continuous existence for 283 years.

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Royal Household

A royal household or imperial household in ancient and medieval monarchies, and papal household for popes, formed the basis for the general government of the country as well as providing for the needs of the sovereign and his relations.

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Royal Navy

The Royal Navy (RN) is the United Kingdom's naval warfare force.

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Rye House Plot

The Rye House Plot of 1683 was a plan to assassinate King Charles II of England and his brother (and heir to the throne) James, Duke of York.

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Saint-Venant

Saint-Venant is a commune in the Pas-de-Calais department in the Hauts-de-France region of France.

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Salisbury

Salisbury is a cathedral city in Wiltshire, England, with a population of 40,302, at the confluence of the rivers Nadder, Ebble, Wylye and Bourne.

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Sambre

The Sambre is a river in northern France and in Wallonia, Belgium.

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Sarah Churchill, Duchess of Marlborough

Sarah Churchill, Duchess of Marlborough (née Jenyns, spelt Jennings in most modern references; 5 June 1660 (Old Style) – 18 October 1744) rose to be one of the most influential women of her time through her close friendship with Queen Anne of Great Britain.

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Sébastien Le Prestre de Vauban

Sébastien Le Prestre de Vauban, Seigneur de Vauban and later Marquis de Vauban (1 May 163330 March 1707), commonly referred to as Vauban, was a French military engineer who rose in the service to the king and was commissioned as a Marshal of France.

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Scheldt

The Scheldt (l'Escaut, Escô, Schelde) is a long river in northern France, western Belgium and the southwestern part of the Netherlands.

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Scroop Egerton, 1st Duke of Bridgewater

Scroop Egerton, 1st Duke of Bridgewater (11 August 1681 – 11 January 1744), known as Viscount Brackley from 1687 to 1701 and as the Earl of Bridgewater from 1701 to 1720, was a British peer, courtier and pioneering landowner.

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Secretary of State (United Kingdom)

In the United Kingdom, a secretary of state (SofS) is a Cabinet minister in charge of a government department (though not all departments are headed by a secretary of state, e.g. HM Treasury is headed by the Chancellor of the Exchequer).

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Secretary of State for the Southern Department

The Secretary of State for the Southern Department was a position in the cabinet of the government of Kingdom of Great Britain up to 1782, when the Southern Department became the Foreign Office.

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Sedition

Sedition is overt conduct, such as speech and organization, that tends toward insurrection against the established order.

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Sidney Godolphin, 1st Earl of Godolphin

Sidney Godolphin, 1st Earl of Godolphin, (15 June 1645 – 15 September 1712) was a leading British politician of the late 17th and early 18th centuries.

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Siege of Bouchain

The Siege of Bouchain (9 August – 12 September 1711), following the Passage of the Lines of Ne Plus Ultra (5 August 1711), was a siege of the War of the Spanish Succession, and the last major victory of John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough.

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Siege of Cork

The Siege of Cork took place during the Williamite war in Ireland in the year of 1690, shortly after the Battle of the Boyne when James II attempted to retake the English throne from King William III.

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Siege of Lille (1708)

The Siege of Lille (12 August – 10 December 1708) was the salient operation of the 1708 campaign season during the War of the Spanish Succession.

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Siege of Maastricht (1673)

The Siege of Maastricht (13–30 June 1673) ended when Jacques de Fariaux, the governor of the Dutch garrison, surrendered to an army under the command of Louis XIV during the Franco-Dutch War (1672–1678).

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Siege of Toulon (1707)

The Siege of Toulon took place between 29 July to 21 August 1707 during the War of the Spanish Succession when an Allied land and sea force besieged the French naval base at Toulon.

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Siege of Turin

The Siege of Turin lasted from June to September 1706 when a French-led force besieged the Savoyard capital of Turin during the War of the Spanish Succession. The siege was broken when a combined Savoyard/Imperial army relieved the city in September; this was a major turning point for the war in Italy.

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Sir John Barrington, 3rd Baronet

Sir John Barrington, 3rd Baronet (1605 – 24 March 1683) was an English lawyer and politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1645 and 1679.

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Sir John Fenwick, 3rd Baronet

Sir John Fenwick, 3rd Baronet (c. 1645 – 28 January 1697) was an English Jacobite conspirator, who succeeded to the Baronetcy of Fenwick on the death of his father in 1676.

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Smallpox

Smallpox was an infectious disease caused by one of two virus variants, Variola major and Variola minor.

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Somerset

Somerset (or archaically, Somersetshire) is a county in South West England which borders Gloucestershire and Bristol to the north, Wiltshire to the east, Dorset to the south-east and Devon to the south-west.

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South Wales Borderers

The South Wales Borderers was a line infantry regiment of the British Army in existence for 280 years.

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Southern Netherlands

The Southern Netherlands, also called the Catholic Netherlands, was the part of the Low Countries largely controlled by Spain (1556–1714), later Austria (1714–1794), and occupied then annexed by France (1794–1815).

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Spanish language

Spanish or Castilian, is a Western Romance language that originated in the Castile region of Spain and today has hundreds of millions of native speakers in Latin America and Spain.

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Spanish Netherlands

Spanish Netherlands (Países Bajos Españoles; Spaanse Nederlanden; Pays-Bas espagnols, Spanische Niederlande) was the collective name of States of the Holy Roman Empire in the Low Countries, held in personal union by the Spanish Crown (also called Habsburg Spain) from 1556 to 1714.

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St Albans

St Albans is a city in Hertfordshire, England, and the major urban area in the City and District of St Albans.

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St James's Palace

St James's Palace is the most senior royal palace in the United Kingdom.

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St Paul's School, London

St Paul's School is a selective independent school for boys aged 13–18, founded in 1509 by John Colet and located on a 43-acre (180,000m2) site by the River Thames, in Barnes, London.

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Stadtholder

In the Low Countries, stadtholder (stadhouder) was an office of steward, designated a medieval official and then a national leader.

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States General of the Netherlands

The States General of the Netherlands (Staten-Generaal) is the bicameral legislature of the Netherlands consisting of the Senate (Eerste Kamer) and the House of Representatives (Tweede Kamer).

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Stevensweert

Stevensweert is a village in the Dutch province of Limburg.

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Suffolk

Suffolk is an East Anglian county of historic origin in England.

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Swedish invasion of Russia (1708–1709)

The invasion of Russia by Charles XII of Sweden was a campaign undertaken during the Great Northern War between Sweden and the allied states of Russia, Poland, and Denmark.

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Tangier Garrison

The Tangier Garrison was the land force which oversaw the defence of English Tangier between 1661 and 1684 when it was evacuated.

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The Conduct of the Allies

The Conduct of the Allies and of the Late Ministry in Beginning and Carrying on the Present War was a book written by Jonathan Swift in which he attacked Britain's allies in the War of the Spanish Succession.

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The Hague

The Hague (Den Haag,, short for 's-Gravenhage) is a city on the western coast of the Netherlands and the capital of the province of South Holland.

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Thomas Babington Macaulay

Thomas Babington Macaulay, 1st Baron Macaulay, FRS FRSE PC (25 October 1800 – 28 December 1859) was a British historian and Whig politician.

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Thomas Herbert, 8th Earl of Pembroke

Thomas Herbert, 8th Earl of Pembroke and 5th Earl of Montgomery (c. 1656 – 22 January 1733), styled The Honourable Thomas Herbert until 1683, was an English and later British statesman during the reigns of William III and Anne.

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Thomas Lediard

Thomas Lediard (1685–1743) was an English writer and surveyor.

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Thomas Osborne, 1st Duke of Leeds

Thomas Osborne, 1st Duke of Leeds, KG (20 February 1632 – 26 July 1712), English politician who was part of the Immortal Seven group that invited William III, Prince of Orange to depose James II of England as monarch during the Glorious Revolution.

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Thomas Tollemache

Thomas Tollemache (Talmash or Tolmach) (c. 1651 – 1694) was an English soldier.

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Titus Oates

Titus Oates (15 September 1649 – 12/13 July 1705), also called Titus the Liar, was an English perjurer who fabricated the "Popish Plot", a supposed Catholic conspiracy to kill King Charles II.

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Torbay

Torbay is a borough in Devon, England, administered by the unitary authority of Torbay Council.

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Tories (British political party)

The Tories were members of two political parties which existed sequentially in the Kingdom of England, the Kingdom of Great Britain and later the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from the 17th to the early 19th centuries.

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Tournai

Tournai (Latin: Tornacum, Picard: Tornai), known in Dutch as Doornik and historically as Dornick in English, is a Walloon municipality of Belgium, southwest of Brussels on the river Scheldt.

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Tower of London

The Tower of London, officially Her Majesty's Royal Palace and Fortress of the Tower of London, is a historic castle located on the north bank of the River Thames in central London.

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Traben-Trarbach

Traben-Trarbach on the Middle Moselle is a town in the Bernkastel-Wittlich district in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany.

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Treaties of Nijmegen

The Treaties of Peace of Nijmegen (Traités de Paix de Nimègue; Friede von Nimwegen) were a series of treaties signed in the Dutch city of Nijmegen between August 1678 and December 1679.

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Treaty of Ryswick

The Treaty or Peace of Ryswick, also known as The Peace of Rijswijk was a series of agreements signed in the Dutch city of Rijswijk between 20 September and 30 October 1697, ending the 1689-97 Nine Years War between France and the Grand Alliance of England, Spain, the Holy Roman Empire and the Dutch Republic.

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Treaty of Utrecht

The Treaty of Utrecht, which established the Peace of Utrecht, is a series of individual peace treaties, rather than a single document, signed by the belligerents in the War of the Spanish Succession, in the Dutch city of Utrecht in March and April 1713.

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Trier

Trier (Tréier), formerly known in English as Treves (Trèves) and Triers (see also names in other languages), is a city in Germany on the banks of the Moselle.

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Turin

Turin (Torino; Turin) is a city and an important business and cultural centre in northern Italy.

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University of Cambridge

The University of Cambridge (informally Cambridge University)The corporate title of the university is The Chancellor, Masters, and Scholars of the University of Cambridge.

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University of Oxford

The University of Oxford (formally The Chancellor Masters and Scholars of the University of Oxford) is a collegiate research university located in Oxford, England.

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Venlo

Venlo is a city and municipality in the southeastern Netherlands, near the German border.

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Vienna

Vienna (Wien) is the federal capital and largest city of Austria and one of the nine states of Austria.

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W. G. Hoskins

William George Hoskins CBE FBA (22 May 1908 – 11 January 1992) was an English local historian who founded the first university department of English Local History.

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War of the Spanish Succession

The War of the Spanish Succession (1701–1714) was a European conflict of the early 18th century, triggered by the death of the childless Charles II of Spain in November 1700.

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Westminster Abbey

Westminster Abbey, formally titled the Collegiate Church of St Peter at Westminster, is a large, mainly Gothic abbey church in the City of Westminster, London, England, just to the west of the Palace of Westminster.

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Weymouth and Melcombe Regis (UK Parliament constituency)

Weymouth and Melcombe Regis was a parliamentary borough in Dorset represented in the English House of Commons, later in that of Great Britain, and finally in the Parliament of the United Kingdom.

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Whig Junto

The Whig Junto is the name given to a group of leading Whigs who were seen to direct the management of the Whig Party and often the government, during the reigns of William III and Anne.

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Whigs (British political party)

The Whigs were a political faction and then a political party in the parliaments of England, Scotland, Great Britain, Ireland and the United Kingdom.

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William Cadogan, 1st Earl Cadogan

William Cadogan, 1st Earl Cadogan, (c.1671 – 17 July 1726) was a noted Irish military officer in the army of John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough during the War of the Spanish Succession.

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William Coxe (historian)

William Coxe (– 8 June 1828) was an English historian and priest who served as a travelling companion and tutor to nobility from 1771 to 1786.

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William III of England

William III (Willem; 4 November 1650 – 8 March 1702), also widely known as William of Orange, was sovereign Prince of Orange from birth, Stadtholder of Holland, Zeeland, Utrecht, Gelderland and Overijssel in the Dutch Republic from 1672 and King of England, Ireland and Scotland from 1689 until his death in 1702.

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William Seymour (British Army officer)

Lieutenant General William Seymour (8 February 1664 – 9 or 10 February 1728) was a British soldier and politician.

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William Tatton

William Tatton (1659–1736) was a career soldier in the British Army who rose to the rank of Lieutenant-General.

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Williamite War in Ireland

The Williamite War in Ireland (1688–1691) (Cogadh an Dá Rí, meaning "war of the two kings"), was a conflict between Jacobites (supporters of the Catholic King James II of England and Ireland, VII of Scotland) and Williamites (supporters of the Dutch Protestant Prince William of Orange) over who would be monarch of the Kingdom of England, the Kingdom of Scotland and the Kingdom of Ireland.

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Winston Churchill

Sir Winston Leonard Spencer-Churchill (30 November 187424 January 1965) was a British politician, army officer, and writer, who was Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1940 to 1945 and again from 1951 to 1955.

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Winston Churchill (Cavalier)

Sir Winston Churchill, MP FRS (18 April 1620 – 26 March 1688), known as the Cavalier Colonel, was an English soldier, nobleman, historian, and politician.

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Woodstock, Oxfordshire

Woodstock is a market town and civil parish northwest of Oxford in Oxfordshire, England.

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1st The Royal Dragoons

The Royal Dragoons (1st Dragoons) was a mounted infantry and later a heavy cavalry regiment of the British Army.

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3rd Troop of Horse Guards

The 3rd Troop of Horse Guards was formed in 1658 as the 2nd, or The Duke of York's Troop of Horse Guards from followers of Charles II in exile in Holland.

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Redirects here:

1st Duke Marlborough, 1st Duke of Marlborough, Churchill, John, Duke of Marlborough, Duke of Marlborough John Churchill, Duke of marlborough, First Duke of Marlborough, John Churchill, John Churchill Marlborough, John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough, Marquess Of Blandford, Earl Of Marlborough, Baron Churchill Of Sandridge, Lord Churchill Of Eyemouth, Reichsfürst, John Churchill, 1st duke of Marlborough, John Churchill, Duke of Marlborough, John Marlborough, Marlborough, John Churchill, 1st Duke of, The 1St Duke Of Marlborough.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Churchill,_1st_Duke_of_Marlborough

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