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John Gay

Index John Gay

John Gay (30 June 1685 – 4 December 1732) was an English poet and dramatist and member of the Scriblerus Club. [1]

48 relations: Achilles (opera), Acis and Galatea (Handel), Alexander Pope, Ambrose Philips, Anne, Queen of Great Britain, Arcadia (utopia), Ballad opera, Barnstaple, Captain Macheath, Charles Douglas, 3rd Duke of Queensberry, Drama, Duke of Queensberry, Fable, Godfrey Kneller, Grammar school, Hanover, Jake Arnott, John Arbuthnot, John Rich (producer), Jonathan Swift, Lavinia Fenton, Lewis Theobald, Lord Chamberlain, Mercery, Minister (Christianity), Nonconformist, Pastoral, Playwright, Poet, Poetry, Polly (opera), Prince William, Duke of Cumberland, Robert Walpole, Samuel Johnson, Satire, Scriblerus Club, South Sea Company, The Beggar's Opera, The Guardian (1713), Theocritus, Thomas Otway, Three Hours After Marriage, Tragedy, Trivia (poem), Venice Preserv'd, Westminster Abbey, William Congreve, William Pulteney, 1st Earl of Bath.

Achilles (opera)

Achilles is a ballad opera by John Gay, first performed at the Theatre Royal, Covent Garden in 1733, a year after Gay's death, with Gay's associate John Rich as producer.

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Acis and Galatea (Handel)

Acis and Galatea (HWV 49) is a musical work by George Frideric Handel with an English text by John Gay.

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Alexander Pope

Alexander Pope (21 May 1688 – 30 May 1744) was an 18th-century English poet.

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Ambrose Philips

Ambrose Philips (167418 June 1749) was an English poet and politician.

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Anne, Queen of Great Britain

Anne (6 February 1665 – 1 August 1714) was the Queen of England, Scotland and Ireland between 8 March 1702 and 1 May 1707.

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Arcadia (utopia)

Arcadia (Ἀρκαδία) refers to a vision of pastoralism and harmony with nature.

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Ballad opera

The ballad opera is a genre of English stage entertainment that originated in the early 18th century, and continued to develop over the following century and later.

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Barnstaple is the main town of North Devon, England and possibly the oldest borough in the United Kingdom.

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Captain Macheath

Captain Macheath is a fictional character who appears both in John Gay's The Beggar's Opera (1728), its sequel Polly (1777), and roughly 200 years later in Bertolt Brecht's The Threepenny Opera.

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Charles Douglas, 3rd Duke of Queensberry

Charles Douglas, 3rd Duke of Queensberry, 2nd Duke of Dover, (1698– 22nd October 1778) was a Scottish nobleman, extensive landowner, Privy Counsellor and Vice Admiral of Scotland.

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Drama is the specific mode of fiction represented in performance: a play performed in a theatre, or on radio or television.

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Duke of Queensberry

The title Duke of Queensberry was created in the Peerage of Scotland on 3 February 1684 along with the subsidiary title Marquess of Dumfriesshire for the 1st Marquess of Queensberry.

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Fable is a literary genre: a succinct fictional story, in prose or verse, that features animals, legendary creatures, plants, inanimate objects, or forces of nature that are anthropomorphized (given human qualities, such as the ability to speak human language) and that illustrates or leads to a particular moral lesson (a "moral"), which may at the end be added explicitly as a pithy maxim or saying.

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Godfrey Kneller

Sir Godfrey Kneller, 1st Baronet (born Gottfried Kniller; 8 August 1646 – 19 October 1723), was the leading portrait painter in England during the late 17th and early 18th centuries, and was court painter to English and British monarchs from Charles II to George I. His major works include The Chinese Convert (1687; Royal Collection, London); a series of four portraits of Isaac Newton painted at various junctures of the latter's life; a series of ten reigning European monarchs, including King Louis XIV of France; over 40 "kit-cat portraits" of members of the Kit-Cat Club; and ten "beauties" of the court of William III, to match a similar series of ten beauties of the court of Charles II painted by his predecessor as court painter, Sir Peter Lely.

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Grammar school

A grammar school is one of several different types of school in the history of education in the United Kingdom and other English-speaking countries, originally a school teaching Latin, but more recently an academically-oriented secondary school, differentiated in recent years from less academic Secondary Modern Schools.

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Hanover or Hannover (Hannover), on the River Leine, is the capital and largest city of the German state of Lower Saxony (Niedersachsen), and was once by personal union the family seat of the Hanoverian Kings of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, under their title as the dukes of Brunswick-Lüneburg (later described as the Elector of Hanover).

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Jake Arnott

Jake Arnott (born 11 March 1961) is a British novelist and dramatist, author of The Long Firm and six other novels.

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John Arbuthnot

John Arbuthnot (baptised 29 April 1667 – 27 February 1735), often known simply as Dr Arbuthnot, was a Scottish physician, satirist and polymath in London.

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John Rich (producer)

John Rich (1692–1761) was an important director and theatre manager in 18th-century London.

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Jonathan Swift

Jonathan Swift (30 November 1667 – 19 October 1745) was an Anglo-Irish satirist, essayist, political pamphleteer (first for the Whigs, then for the Tories), poet and cleric who became Dean of St Patrick's Cathedral, Dublin.

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Lavinia Fenton

Lavinia Powlett, Duchess of Bolton (1708 – 24 January 1760), known by her stagename as Lavinia Fenton, was an English actress.

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Lewis Theobald

Lewis Theobald (baptised 2 April 1688 – 18 September 1744), British textual editor and author, was a landmark figure both in the history of Shakespearean editing and in literary satire.

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Lord Chamberlain

The Lord Chamberlain or Lord Chamberlain of the Household is the most senior officer of the Royal Household of the United Kingdom, supervising the departments which support and provide advice to the Sovereign of the United Kingdom while also acting as the main channel of communication between the Sovereign and the House of Lords.

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Mercery (from French mercerie, the notions trade) initially referred to silk, linen, and fustian textiles imported to England in the 12th century.

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Minister (Christianity)

In Christianity, a minister is a person authorized by a church, or other religious organization, to perform functions such as teaching of beliefs; leading services such as weddings, baptisms or funerals; or otherwise providing spiritual guidance to the community.

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In English church history, a nonconformist was a Protestant who did not "conform" to the governance and usages of the established Church of England.

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A pastoral lifestyle (see pastoralism) is that of shepherds herding livestock around open areas of land according to seasons and the changing availability of water and pasture.

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A playwright or dramatist (rarely dramaturge) is a person who writes plays.

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A poet is a person who creates poetry.

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Poetry (the term derives from a variant of the Greek term, poiesis, "making") is a form of literature that uses aesthetic and rhythmic qualities of language—such as phonaesthetics, sound symbolism, and metre—to evoke meanings in addition to, or in place of, the prosaic ostensible meaning.

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Polly (opera)

Polly is a ballad opera with text by John Gay and music by Johann Christoph Pepusch.

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Prince William, Duke of Cumberland

Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland, (26 April 1721 – 31 October 1765), was the third and youngest son of King George II of Great Britain and Ireland and his wife, Caroline of Ansbach.

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Robert Walpole

Robert Walpole, 1st Earl of Orford, (26 August 1676 – 18 March 1745), known before 1742 as Sir Robert Walpole, was a British statesman who is generally regarded as the de facto first Prime Minister of Great Britain.

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Samuel Johnson

Samuel Johnson LL.D. (18 September 1709 – 13 December 1784), often referred to as Dr.

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Satire is a genre of literature, and sometimes graphic and performing arts, in which vices, follies, abuses, and shortcomings are held up to ridicule, ideally with the intent of shaming individuals, corporations, government, or society itself into improvement.

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Scriblerus Club

The Scriblerus Club was an informal association of authors, based in London, that came together in the early 18th century.

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South Sea Company

The South Sea Company (officially The Governor and Company of the merchants of Great Britain, trading to the South Seas and other parts of America, and for the encouragement of fishing) was a British joint-stock company founded in 1711, created as a public-private partnership to consolidate and reduce the cost of national debt.

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The Beggar's Opera

The Beggar's Opera is a ballad opera in three acts written in 1728 by John Gay with music arranged by Johann Christoph Pepusch.

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The Guardian (1713)

The Guardian was a short-lived newspaper published in London from 12 March to 1 October 1713.

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Theocritus (Θεόκριτος, Theokritos; fl. c. 270 BC), the creator of ancient Greek bucolic poetry, flourished in the 3rd century BC.

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Thomas Otway

Thomas Otway (3 March 1652 – 14 April 1685) was an English dramatist of the Restoration period, best known for Venice Preserv'd, or A Plot Discover'd (1682).

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Three Hours After Marriage

Three Hours After Marriage was a restoration comedy, written in 1717 as a collaboration between John Gay, Alexander Pope and John Arbuthnot, though Gay was the principal author.

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Tragedy (from the τραγῳδία, tragōidia) is a form of drama based on human suffering that invokes an accompanying catharsis or pleasure in audiences.

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Trivia (poem)

Trivia (1716) is a poem by John Gay.

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Venice Preserv'd

Venice Preserv'd is an English Restoration play written by Thomas Otway, and the most significant tragedy of the English stage in the 1680s.

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Westminster Abbey

Westminster Abbey, formally titled the Collegiate Church of St Peter at Westminster, is a large, mainly Gothic abbey church in the City of Westminster, London, England, just to the west of the Palace of Westminster.

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William Congreve

William Congreve (24 January 1670 – 19 January 1729) was an English playwright and poet of the Restoration period.

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William Pulteney, 1st Earl of Bath

William Pulteney, 1st Earl of Bath, (22 March 16847 July 1764) was an English Whig politician who was created the first Earl of Bath by King George II in 1742; he is sometimes stated to have been Prime Minister, for the shortest term ever (two days), though most modern sources reckon that he cannot be considered to have held the office.

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[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Gay

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