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John James Audubon

Index John James Audubon

John James Audubon (born Jean Rabin; April 26, 1785 – January 27, 1851) was an American ornithologist, naturalist, and painter. [1]

177 relations: Academy of Natural Sciences of Drexel University, Aftershock, Alabama, Alexander Wilson (ornithologist), Alzheimer's disease, American Academy of Arts and Sciences, American Revolution, Amherst, New York, Aquatint, Archives of American Art, Audubon Avenue, Audubon County, Iowa, Audubon High School, Audubon House and Tropical Gardens, Audubon International, Audubon Mural Project, Audubon National Wildlife Refuge, Audubon Nature Institute, Audubon Park (New Orleans), Audubon Park Historic District, New York City, Audubon Park, Kentucky, Audubon Park, Minneapolis, Audubon Park, New Jersey, Audubon Parkway, Audubon State Historic Site, Audubon, New Jersey, Audubon, Pennsylvania, Benjamin Franklin, Bi-State Vietnam Gold Star Bridges, Bird ringing, Book size, Boston, Bulow Plantation Ruins Historic State Park, Camden, New Jersey, Charles Darwin, Charles Lucien Bonaparte, Charles Willson Peale, Charleston, South Carolina, Church of the Intercession (Manhattan), Coleharbor, North Dakota, Colorado, Constantine Samuel Rafinesque, Couëron, Daniel Boone, Dementia, Depression (mood), Duchy of Brittany, Eastern phoebe, Edinburgh, Engraving, ..., Feliciana Parish, Louisiana, Fencing, Florida, France, French Revolution, Garland, Texas, General store, George IV of the United Kingdom, Google, Google Doodle, Gouache, Great Americans series, Haiti, Havell family, Henderson, Kentucky, Heritage Rose District of New York City, Houghton Library, Hudson River, Indigenous peoples of the Americas, Jackson, Louisiana, Jean Ferdinand Rozier, Jefferson College (Mississippi), John Bachman, John Gregory Brown, John James Audubon Bridge (Mississippi River), John James Audubon State Park, John Kirk Townsend, John Syme, Joseph Mason (artist), Katherine Govier, Key West, Labrador, Les Cayes, Les Touches, Linnean Society of London, List of wildlife artists, Lithography, Liverpool, London, Louisville, Kentucky, Mammal, Manhattan, Maureen Howard, Memphis Botanic Garden, Memphis, Tennessee, Metro Parks (Columbus, Ohio), Mill Grove, Minnesota, Mississippi, Mississippi River, Mount Audubon, Mulatto, Multiracial, Nantes, Napoleonic Wars, Natchez, Mississippi, Nathaniel Jarvis Wyeth, National Audubon Society, Natural history, New Orleans, New York (state), New York City, New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission, New-York Historical Society, Newfoundland (island), Northeast, Minneapolis, Octavo, Ohio River, On the Origin of Species, Ornithology, Osage Nation, Owensboro, Kentucky, Painting, Panic of 1819, Paris, Park Drive (parkway), Passenger pigeon, Pays de la Loire, Perkiomen Creek, Phelps Dodge, Philadelphia, Pittsburgh, Postage stamp, Privateer, Quadroon, Quakers, Republican Guard (France), Richter magnitude scale, Robert Jameson, Robert Knox, Robert Penn Warren, Royal Society, Royal Society of Edinburgh, Saint-Domingue, Scotland, Seminole Wars, Shawnee, Slavery in the United States, Sotheby's, St. Francisville, Louisiana, St. Louis, Ste. Genevieve, Missouri, Stephen Vincent Benét, Sugar plantations in the Caribbean, Sugarcane, Taxidermy, The Birds of America, Thomas Cole, Thomas Jefferson, Thomas Nuttall, Thomas Sully, Tornado, Trinity Church Cemetery, United States Postal Service, Valley Forge, War of 1812, Washington, Mississippi, Watercolor painting, Wernerian Natural History Society, White House, Wikisource, Wildcat Glades Conservation and Audubon Center, William Home Lizars, William MacGillivray, Yellow fever, 1811–12 New Madrid earthquakes, 1906 San Francisco earthquake. Expand index (127 more) »

Academy of Natural Sciences of Drexel University

The Academy of Natural Sciences of Drexel University, formerly the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, is the oldest natural science research institution and museum in the Americas.

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Aftershock

An aftershock is a smaller earthquake that occurs after a previous large earthquake, in the same area of the main shock.

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Alabama

Alabama is a state in the southeastern region of the United States.

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Alexander Wilson (ornithologist)

Alexander Wilson (July 6, 1766 – August 23, 1813) was a Scottish-American poet, ornithologist, naturalist, and illustrator.

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Alzheimer's disease

Alzheimer's disease (AD), also referred to simply as Alzheimer's, is a chronic neurodegenerative disease that usually starts slowly and worsens over time.

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American Academy of Arts and Sciences

The American Academy of Arts and Sciences is one of the oldest learned societies in the United States of America.

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American Revolution

The American Revolution was a colonial revolt that took place between 1765 and 1783.

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Amherst, New York

Amherst is a town in Erie County, New York, United States.

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Aquatint

Aquatint is an intaglio printmaking technique, a variant of etching.

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Archives of American Art

The Archives of American Art is the largest collection of primary resources documenting the history of the visual arts in the United States.

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Audubon Avenue

Audubon Avenue is an avenue in the Washington Heights neighborhood in Upper Manhattan that runs north-south, west of and parallel to Amsterdam Avenue.

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Audubon County, Iowa

Audubon County is a county in the U.S. state of Iowa.

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Audubon High School

Audubon High School is a comprehensive six-year community public high school that serves students in seventh through twelfth grades from Audubon, in Camden County, New Jersey, United States, operating as the lone secondary school of the Audubon School District.

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Audubon House and Tropical Gardens

The Audubon House & Tropical Gardens is located at 205 Whitehead Street, Key West, Florida.

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Audubon International

Audubon International is a not for profit 501(c)(3) environmental education organization based in Troy, New York.

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Audubon Mural Project

The Audubon Mural Project is a public art project with the goal of painting the birds depicted by John James Audubon in his early 19th century folio The Birds of America on blank walls and roll-down corrugated metal shop shutters of the Hamilton Heights and Washington Heights neighborhoods of upper Manhattan where Audubon once lived.

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Audubon National Wildlife Refuge

Audubon National Wildlife Refuge is a National Wildlife Refuge in the U.S. state of North Dakota.

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Audubon Nature Institute

The Audubon Nature Institute is a family of museums and parks dedicated to nature and based in New Orleans, Louisiana.

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Audubon Park (New Orleans)

Audubon Park (historically Plantation de Boré) is a city park located in the Uptown neighborhood of New Orleans, Louisiana, in the United States.

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Audubon Park Historic District, New York City

The Audubon Park Historic District is located on five blocks in the Washington Heights neighborhood of Manhattan, New York City, between West 155th Street and West 158th Street, and between Broadway and Edward M. Morgan Place on the east and Riverside Drive West on the west.

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Audubon Park, Kentucky

Audubon Park is a home rule-class city in central Jefferson County, Kentucky, United States.

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Audubon Park, Minneapolis

The Audubon Park neighborhood is located in the Northeast community in Minneapolis.

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Audubon Park, New Jersey

Audubon Park is a borough in Camden County, New Jersey, United States.

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Audubon Parkway

The Audubon Parkway is a four-lane controlled-access freeway (formerly a toll road) connecting the cities of Henderson and Owensboro, Kentucky.

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Audubon State Historic Site

Audubon State Historic Site is a state park property in West Feliciana Parish, Louisiana, between the towns of St. Francisville and Jackson.

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Audubon, New Jersey

Audubon is a borough in Camden County, New Jersey, United States.

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Audubon, Pennsylvania

Audubon is a census-designated place (CDP) in Montgomery County, Pennsylvania, United States.

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Benjamin Franklin

Benjamin Franklin (April 17, 1790) was an American polymath and one of the Founding Fathers of the United States.

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Bi-State Vietnam Gold Star Bridges

The Bi-State Vietnam Gold Star Twin Bridges, usually referred to as simply The Twin Bridges, connect Henderson, Kentucky and Evansville, Indiana along U.S. Route 41 (US 41), south of the (temporary) southern terminus of Interstate 69 (I-69).

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Bird ringing

Bird ringing or bird banding is the attachment of a small, individually numbered metal or plastic tag to the leg or wing of a wild bird to enable individual identification.

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Book size

The size of a book is generally measured by the height against the width of a leaf, or sometimes the height and width of its cover.

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Boston

Boston is the capital city and most populous municipality of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in the United States.

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Bulow Plantation Ruins Historic State Park

Bulow Plantation Ruins Historic State Park is a Florida State Park in Flagler Beach, Florida.

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Camden, New Jersey

Camden is a city in Camden County, New Jersey.

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Charles Darwin

Charles Robert Darwin, (12 February 1809 – 19 April 1882) was an English naturalist, geologist and biologist, best known for his contributions to the science of evolution.

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Charles Lucien Bonaparte

Charles Lucien Jules Laurent Bonaparte, 2nd Prince of Canino and Musignano (24 May 1803 – 29 July 1857), was a French biologist and ornithologist.

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Charles Willson Peale

Charles Willson Peale (April 15, 1741February 22, 1827) was an American painter, soldier, scientist, inventor, politician and naturalist.

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Charleston, South Carolina

Charleston is the oldest and largest city in the U.S. state of South Carolina, the county seat of Charleston County, and the principal city in the Charleston–North Charleston–Summerville Metropolitan Statistical Area.

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Church of the Intercession (Manhattan)

The Church of the Intercession is an Episcopal congregation located at 550 West 155th Street, at Broadway, on the border of the Harlem and Washington Heights neighborhoods of Manhattan, New York City, on the grounds of Trinity Church Cemetery.

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Coleharbor, North Dakota

Coleharbor is a city in McLean County, North Dakota in the United States.

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Colorado

Colorado is a state of the United States encompassing most of the southern Rocky Mountains as well as the northeastern portion of the Colorado Plateau and the western edge of the Great Plains.

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Constantine Samuel Rafinesque

Constantine Samuel Rafinesque-Schmaltz, as he is known in Europe (October 22, 1783 – September 18, 1840), was a nineteenth-century polymath born near Constantinople in the Ottoman Empire and self-educated in France.

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Couëron

Couëron is a commune in the Loire-Atlantique department in western France.

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Daniel Boone

Daniel Boone (September 26, 1820) was an American pioneer, explorer, woodsman, and frontiersman, whose frontier exploits made him one of the first folk heroes of the United States.

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Dementia

Dementia is a broad category of brain diseases that cause a long-term and often gradual decrease in the ability to think and remember that is great enough to affect a person's daily functioning.

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Depression (mood)

Depression is a state of low mood and aversion to activity that can affect a person's thoughts, behavior, tendencies, feelings, and sense of well-being.

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Duchy of Brittany

The Duchy of Brittany (Breton: Dugelezh Breizh, French: Duché de Bretagne) was a medieval feudal state that existed between approximately 939 and 1547.

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Eastern phoebe

The eastern phoebe (Sayornis phoebe) is a small passerine bird.

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Edinburgh

Edinburgh (Dùn Èideann; Edinburgh) is the capital city of Scotland and one of its 32 council areas.

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Engraving

Engraving is the practice of incising a design onto a hard, usually flat surface by cutting grooves into it.

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Feliciana Parish, Louisiana

Feliciana Parish, or New Feliciana, French: Paroisse de Félicianne, was a parish of the Territory of Orleans and the state of Louisiana, formed in 1810 from West Florida territory.

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Fencing

Fencing is a group of three related combat sports.

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Florida

Florida (Spanish for "land of flowers") is the southernmost contiguous state in the United States.

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France

France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.

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French Revolution

The French Revolution (Révolution française) was a period of far-reaching social and political upheaval in France and its colonies that lasted from 1789 until 1799.

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Garland, Texas

Garland is a city in the U.S. state of Texas.

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General store

A general store (also known as general merchandise store, general dealer or village shop) is a rural or small town store that carries a general line of merchandise.

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George IV of the United Kingdom

George IV (George Augustus Frederick; 12 August 1762 – 26 June 1830) was King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and King of Hanover following the death of his father, King George III, on 29 January 1820, until his own death ten years later.

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Google

Google LLC is an American multinational technology company that specializes in Internet-related services and products, which include online advertising technologies, search engine, cloud computing, software, and hardware.

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Google Doodle

A Google Doodle is a special, temporary alteration of the logo on Google's homepages that commemorates holidays, events, achievements, and people.

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Gouache

Gouache, body color, opaque watercolor, or gouache, is one type of watermedia, paint consisting of Natural pigment, water, a binding agent (usually gum arabic or dextrin), and sometimes additional inert material.

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Great Americans series

The Great Americans series is a set of definitive stamps issued by the United States Postal Service, starting on December 27, 1980 with the 19¢ stamp depicting Sequoyah, and continuing through 1999, the final stamp being the 55¢ Justin S. Morrill self-adhesive stamp.

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Haiti

Haiti (Haïti; Ayiti), officially the Republic of Haiti and formerly called Hayti, is a sovereign state located on the island of Hispaniola in the Greater Antilles archipelago of the Caribbean Sea.

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Havell family

The Havell family of Reading, Berkshire, England, included a number of notable engravers, etchers and painters, as well as writers, publishers, educators, and musicians.

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Henderson, Kentucky

Henderson is a home rule-class city along the Ohio River in Henderson County in western Kentucky in the United States.

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Heritage Rose District of New York City

The Heritage Rose District of New York City is the only rose district in the United States.

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Houghton Library

Houghton Library, on the south side of Harvard Yard adjacent to Widener Library, is Harvard University's primary repository for rare books and manuscripts.

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Hudson River

The Hudson River is a river that flows from north to south primarily through eastern New York in the United States.

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Indigenous peoples of the Americas

The indigenous peoples of the Americas are the pre-Columbian peoples of the Americas and their descendants. Although some indigenous peoples of the Americas were traditionally hunter-gatherers—and many, especially in the Amazon basin, still are—many groups practiced aquaculture and agriculture. The impact of their agricultural endowment to the world is a testament to their time and work in reshaping and cultivating the flora indigenous to the Americas. Although some societies depended heavily on agriculture, others practiced a mix of farming, hunting and gathering. In some regions the indigenous peoples created monumental architecture, large-scale organized cities, chiefdoms, states and empires. Many parts of the Americas are still populated by indigenous peoples; some countries have sizable populations, especially Belize, Bolivia, Canada, Chile, Ecuador, Greenland, Guatemala, Guyana, Mexico, Panama and Peru. At least a thousand different indigenous languages are spoken in the Americas. Some, such as the Quechuan languages, Aymara, Guaraní, Mayan languages and Nahuatl, count their speakers in millions. Many also maintain aspects of indigenous cultural practices to varying degrees, including religion, social organization and subsistence practices. Like most cultures, over time, cultures specific to many indigenous peoples have evolved to incorporate traditional aspects but also cater to modern needs. Some indigenous peoples still live in relative isolation from Western culture, and a few are still counted as uncontacted peoples.

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Jackson, Louisiana

Jackson is a town in East Feliciana Parish, Louisiana, United States.

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Jean Ferdinand Rozier

Jean Ferdinand Rozier (1777–1864) was a French-American businessman whose partners included naturalist John James Audubon and lead mogul Firmin Rene Desloge.

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Jefferson College (Mississippi)

Jefferson College, in Washington, Mississippi, was founded as an all-male college but operated primarily as a college preparatory school and later military boarding school during most of its history.

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John Bachman

John Bachman (February 4, 1790 – February 24, 1874) was an American Lutheran minister, social activist and naturalist who collaborated with J.J. Audubon to produce Viviparous Quadrupeds of North America and whose writings, particularly Unity of the Human Race, were influential in the development of the theory of evolution.

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John Gregory Brown

John Gregory Brown (July 31, 1960 -) is an American novelist.

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John James Audubon Bridge (Mississippi River)

The John James Audubon Bridge, completed and opened in 2011, is a Mississippi River crossing between Pointe Coupee and West Feliciana parishes in south central Louisiana.

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John James Audubon State Park

John James Audubon State Park is located on U. S. Route 41 in Henderson, Kentucky, just south of the Ohio River.

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John Kirk Townsend

John Kirk Townsend (August 10, 1809 – February 6, 1851) was an American naturalist, ornithologist and collector.

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John Syme

John Syme RSA (1795–3 August1861) was a Scottish portrait painter.

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Joseph Mason (artist)

Joseph Mason (1808 – October 8, 1842) was an American artist who worked as an assistant to John James Audubon, painting uncredited plant-life backgrounds for some 50 of his bird studies for the book The Birds of America.

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Katherine Govier

Katherine Mary Govier (born July 4, 1948) is a Canadian novelist and essayist.

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Key West

Key West (Cayo Hueso) is an island and city in the Straits of Florida on the North American continent, at the southwesternmost end of the roadway through the Florida Keys in the state of Florida, United States.

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Labrador

Labrador is the continental-mainland part of the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador.

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Les Cayes

Les Cayes, often referred to as Aux Cayes (Okay), is a commune and seaport in the Les Cayes Arrondissement, in the Sud department of Haiti, with a population of 71,236.

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Les Touches

Les Touches is a commune in the Loire-Atlantique department in western France.

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Linnean Society of London

The Linnean Society of London is a society dedicated to the study of, and the dissemination of information concerning, natural history, evolution and taxonomy.

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List of wildlife artists

This list of wildlife artists is a list for any notable wildlife artist, wildlife painter, wildlife photographer, other wildlife artist, society of wildlife artists, museum, or exhibition of wildlife art, worldwide.

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Lithography

Lithography is a method of printing originally based on the immiscibility of oil and water.

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Liverpool

Liverpool is a city in North West England, with an estimated population of 491,500 in 2017.

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London

London is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.

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Louisville, Kentucky

Louisville is the largest city in the Commonwealth of Kentucky and the 29th most-populous city in the United States.

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Mammal

Mammals are the vertebrates within the class Mammalia (from Latin mamma "breast"), a clade of endothermic amniotes distinguished from reptiles (including birds) by the possession of a neocortex (a region of the brain), hair, three middle ear bones, and mammary glands.

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Manhattan

Manhattan is the most densely populated borough of New York City, its economic and administrative center, and its historical birthplace.

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Maureen Howard

Maureen Howard (born June 28, 1930) is an American writer, editor, and lecturer known for her award-winning autobiography Facts of Life.

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Memphis Botanic Garden

The Memphis Botanic Garden is a botanical garden located in Audubon Park at 750 Cherry Road, Memphis, Tennessee.

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Memphis, Tennessee

Memphis is a city located along the Mississippi River in the southwestern corner of the U.S. state of Tennessee.

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Metro Parks (Columbus, Ohio)

The Metro Parks are a group of 19 metropolitan parks in and around Columbus, Ohio.

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Mill Grove

Mill Grove is a historic house and estate on Pawlings Road in Audubon, Pennsylvania.

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Minnesota

Minnesota is a state in the Upper Midwest and northern regions of the United States.

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Mississippi

Mississippi is a state in the Southern United States, with part of its southern border formed by the Gulf of Mexico.

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Mississippi River

The Mississippi River is the chief river of the second-largest drainage system on the North American continent, second only to the Hudson Bay drainage system.

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Mount Audubon

Mount Audubon is a high mountain summit of the Indian Peaks in the northern Front Range of the Rocky Mountains of North America.

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Mulatto

Mulatto is a term used to refer to people born of one white parent and one black parent or to people born of a mulatto parent or parents.

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Multiracial

Multiracial is defined as made up of or relating to people of many races.

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Nantes

Nantes (Gallo: Naunnt or Nantt) is a city in western France on the Loire River, from the Atlantic coast.

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Napoleonic Wars

The Napoleonic Wars (1803–1815) were a series of major conflicts pitting the French Empire and its allies, led by Napoleon I, against a fluctuating array of European powers formed into various coalitions, financed and usually led by the United Kingdom.

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Natchez, Mississippi

Natchez is the county seat and only city of Adams County, Mississippi, United States.

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Nathaniel Jarvis Wyeth

Nathaniel Jarvis Wyeth (January 29, 1802 – August 31, 1856) was an American inventor and businessman in Boston, Massachusetts who contributed greatly to its ice industry.

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National Audubon Society

The National Audubon Society (Audubon) is a non-profit environmental organization dedicated to conservation.

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Natural history

Natural history is a domain of inquiry involving organisms including animals, fungi and plants in their environment; leaning more towards observational than experimental methods of study.

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New Orleans

New Orleans (. Merriam-Webster.; La Nouvelle-Orléans) is a major United States port and the largest city and metropolitan area in the state of Louisiana.

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New York (state)

New York is a state in the northeastern United States.

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New York City

The City of New York, often called New York City (NYC) or simply New York, is the most populous city in the United States.

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New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission

The New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission (LPC) is the New York City agency charged with administering the city's Landmarks Preservation Law.

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New-York Historical Society

The New-York Historical Society is an American history museum and library located in New York City at the corner of 77th Street and Central Park West in Manhattan, founded in 1804 as New York's first museum.

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Newfoundland (island)

Newfoundland (Terre-Neuve) is a large Canadian island off the east coast of the North American mainland, and the most populous part of the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador.

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Northeast, Minneapolis

Northeast is a defined community in the U.S. city of Minneapolis, Minnesota, composed of 13 smaller neighborhoods whose street addresses end in "NE".

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Octavo

Octavo, a Latin word meaning "in eighth" or "for the eighth time", (abbreviated 8vo, 8°, or In-8) is a technical term describing the format of a book, which refers to the size of leaves produced from folding a full sheet of paper on which multiple pages of text were printed to form the individual sections (or gatherings) of a book.

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Ohio River

The Ohio River, which streams westward from Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, to Cairo, Illinois, is the largest tributary, by volume, of the Mississippi River in the United States.

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On the Origin of Species

On the Origin of Species (or more completely, On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection, or the Preservation of Favoured Races in the Struggle for Life),The book's full original title was On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection, or the Preservation of Favoured Races in the Struggle for Life.

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Ornithology

Ornithology is a branch of zoology that concerns the study of birds.

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Osage Nation

The Osage Nation (Osage: Ni-u-kon-ska, "People of the Middle Waters") is a Midwestern Native American tribe of the Great Plains who historically dominated much of present-day Missouri, Arkansas, Kansas, and Oklahoma.

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Owensboro, Kentucky

Owensboro is a home rule-class city in and the county seat of Daviess County, Kentucky, United States.

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Painting

Painting is the practice of applying paint, pigment, color or other medium to a solid surface (support base).

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Panic of 1819

The Panic of 1819 was the first major peacetime financial crisis in the United States followed by a general collapse of the American economy persisting through 1821.

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Paris

Paris is the capital and most populous city of France, with an area of and a population of 2,206,488.

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Park Drive (parkway)

Park Drive is a mostly one-way, two-lane parkway in the Fenway-Kenmore neighborhood of Boston that runs along the northern and western edges of the Back Bay Fens before ending at Mountfort Street.

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Passenger pigeon

The passenger pigeon or wild pigeon (Ectopistes migratorius) is an extinct species of pigeon that was endemic to North America.

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Pays de la Loire

Pays de la Loire (Broioù al Liger, meaning Loire Country) is one of the 18 regions of France.

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Perkiomen Creek

Perkiomen Creek is a U.S. Geological Survey.

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Phelps Dodge

Phelps Dodge Corporation was an American mining company founded in 1834 as an import-export firm by Anson Greene Phelps and his two British sons-in-law William Earle Dodge, Sr. and Daniel James.

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Philadelphia

Philadelphia is the largest city in the U.S. state and Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, and the sixth-most populous U.S. city, with a 2017 census-estimated population of 1,580,863.

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Pittsburgh

Pittsburgh is a city in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania in the United States, and is the county seat of Allegheny County.

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Postage stamp

A postage stamp is a small piece of paper that is purchased and displayed on an item of mail as evidence of payment of postage.

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Privateer

A privateer is a private person or ship that engages in maritime warfare under a commission of war.

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Quadroon

Historically in the context of slave societies of the Americas, a quadroon or quarteron was a person with one quarter African and three quarters European ancestry (or in the context of Australia, one quarter aboriginal ancestry).

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Quakers

Quakers (or Friends) are members of a historically Christian group of religious movements formally known as the Religious Society of Friends or Friends Church.

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Republican Guard (France)

The Republican Guard (Garde républicaine) is part of the French Gendarmerie.

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Richter magnitude scale

The so-called Richter magnitude scale – more accurately, Richter's magnitude scale, or just Richter magnitude – for measuring the strength ("size") of earthquakes refers to the original "magnitude scale" developed by Charles F. Richter and presented in his landmark 1935 paper, and later revised and renamed the Local magnitude scale, denoted as "ML" or "ML".

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Robert Jameson

Robert Jameson Professor Robert Jameson FRS FRSE (11 July 1774 – 19 April 1854) was a Scottish naturalist and mineralogist.

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Robert Knox

Robert Knox, (4 September 1793 – 20 December 1862) was a Scottish anatomist, zoologist, ethologist and doctor.

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Robert Penn Warren

Robert Penn Warren (April 24, 1905 – September 15, 1989) was an American poet, novelist, and literary critic and was one of the founders of New Criticism.

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Royal Society

The President, Council and Fellows of the Royal Society of London for Improving Natural Knowledge, commonly known as the Royal Society, is a learned society.

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Royal Society of Edinburgh

The Royal Society of Edinburgh is Scotland's national academy of science and letters.

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Saint-Domingue

Saint-Domingue was a French colony on the Caribbean island of Hispaniola from 1659 to 1804.

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Scotland

Scotland (Alba) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and covers the northern third of the island of Great Britain.

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Seminole Wars

The Seminole Wars, also known as the Florida Wars, were three conflicts in Florida between the Seminole, a Native American tribe that formed in Florida in the early 18th century, and the United States Army.

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Shawnee

The Shawnee (Shaawanwaki, Ša˙wano˙ki and Shaawanowi lenaweeki) are an Algonquian-speaking ethnic group indigenous to North America. In colonial times they were a semi-migratory Native American nation, primarily inhabiting areas of the Ohio Valley, extending from what became Ohio and Kentucky eastward to West Virginia, Virginia, Pennsylvania, and Western Maryland; south to Alabama and South Carolina; and westward to Indiana, and Illinois. Pushed west by European-American pressure, the Shawnee migrated to Missouri and Kansas, with some removed to Indian Territory (Oklahoma) west of the Mississippi River in the 1830s. Other Shawnee did not remove to Oklahoma until after the Civil War. Made up of different historical and kinship groups, today there are three federally recognized Shawnee tribes, all headquartered in Oklahoma: the Absentee-Shawnee Tribe of Indians of Oklahoma, Eastern Shawnee Tribe of Oklahoma, and Shawnee Tribe.

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Slavery in the United States

Slavery in the United States was the legal institution of human chattel enslavement, primarily of Africans and African Americans, that existed in the United States of America in the 18th and 19th centuries.

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Sotheby's

Sotheby's is a British founded, American multinational corporation headquartered in New York City.

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St. Francisville, Louisiana

St.

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St. Louis

St.

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Ste. Genevieve, Missouri

Ste.

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Stephen Vincent Benét

Stephen Vincent Benét (July 22, 1898 – March 13, 1943) was an American poet, short story writer, and novelist.

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Sugar plantations in the Caribbean

Sugar was the main crop produced on plantations throughout the Caribbean through the 18th, 19th, and 20th centuries.

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Sugarcane

Sugarcane, or sugar cane, are several species of tall perennial true grasses of the genus Saccharum, tribe Andropogoneae, native to the warm temperate to tropical regions of South and Southeast Asia, Polynesia and Melanesia, and used for sugar production.

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Taxidermy

Taxidermy is the preserving of an animal's body via stuffing and mounting for the purpose of display or study.

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The Birds of America

The Birds of America is a book by naturalist and painter John James Audubon, containing illustrations of a wide variety of birds of the United States.

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Thomas Cole

Thomas Cole (February 1, 1801 – February 11, 1848) was an English-born American painter known for his landscape and history paintings.

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Thomas Jefferson

Thomas Jefferson (April 13, [O.S. April 2] 1743 – July 4, 1826) was an American Founding Father who was the principal author of the Declaration of Independence and later served as the third president of the United States from 1801 to 1809.

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Thomas Nuttall

Thomas Nuttall (5 January 1786 – 10 September 1859) was an English botanist and zoologist who lived and worked in America from 1808 until 1841.

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Thomas Sully

Thomas Sully (June 19, 1783 – November 5, 1872) was an American portrait painter, who was born in Britain but lived most of his life in Philadelphia.

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Tornado

A tornado is a rapidly rotating column of air that is in contact with both the surface of the Earth and a cumulonimbus cloud or, in rare cases, the base of a cumulus cloud.

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Trinity Church Cemetery

Trinity Church Cemetery consists of three separate burial grounds associated with Trinity Church in New York City.

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United States Postal Service

The United States Postal Service (USPS; also known as the Post Office, U.S. Mail, or Postal Service) is an independent agency of the United States federal government responsible for providing postal service in the United States, including its insular areas and associated states.

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Valley Forge

Valley Forge functioned as the third of eight military encampments for the Continental Army’s main body, commanded by General George Washington.

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War of 1812

The War of 1812 was a conflict fought between the United States, the United Kingdom, and their respective allies from June 1812 to February 1815.

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Washington, Mississippi

Washington is an unincorporated community in Adams County, Mississippi, United States.

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Watercolor painting

Watercolor (American English) or watercolour (British English; see spelling differences), also aquarelle (French, diminutive of Latin aqua "water"), is a painting method in which the paints are made of pigments suspended in a water-based solution.

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Wernerian Natural History Society

The Wernerian Natural History Society (12 January 1808 – 16 April 1858), commonly abbreviated as the Wernerian Society, was a learned society interested in the broad field of natural history, and saw papers presented on various topics such as mineralogy, plants, insects, and scholarly expeditions.

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White House

The White House is the official residence and workplace of the President of the United States.

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Wikisource

Wikisource is an online digital library of free content textual sources on a wiki, operated by the Wikimedia Foundation.

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Wildcat Glades Conservation and Audubon Center

Wildcat Glades Conservation and Audubon Center is a nature center located in a protected area in Joplin, Missouri.

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William Home Lizars

William Home Lizars (1788 – 30 March 1859) was a Scottish painter and engraver.

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William MacGillivray

William MacGillivray FRSE (25 January 1796 – 4 September 1852) was a Scottish naturalist and ornithologist.

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Yellow fever

Yellow fever is a viral disease of typically short duration.

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1811–12 New Madrid earthquakes

The 1811–12 New Madrid earthquakes were an intense intraplate earthquake series beginning with an initial earthquake of moment magnitude 7.5–7.9 on December 16, 1811, followed by a moment magnitude 7.4 aftershock on the same day.

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1906 San Francisco earthquake

The 1906 San Francisco earthquake struck the coast of Northern California at 5:12 a.m. on Wednesday, April 18 with an estimated moment magnitude of 7.9 and a maximum Mercalli intensity of XI (Extreme).

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Redirects here:

J. J. Audubon, J.J. Audubon, JOHN J. AUDUBON, James Audubon, Jean Rabin, Jean-Jacques Audubon, John Audobon, John Audubon, John J. Audubon, John James Audobon.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_James_Audubon

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