197 relations: A Tale of Two Cities, A. J. P. Taylor, Alexander Sergeyevich Menshikov, Amberley, Gloucestershire, American Civil War, Andrew Rutherfurd, Lord Rutherfurd, Anne van Keppel, Countess of Albemarle, Anthony Trollope, Arnold van Keppel, 1st Earl of Albemarle, Bandon (UK Parliament constituency), Battle of Sinop, Benjamin Disraeli, Bertrand Russell, Black Sea, Broad church, Charles Boyle, 4th Earl of Orrery, Charles Dickens, Charles Grey, 2nd Earl Grey, Charles Lennox, 1st Duke of Richmond, Chenies, City of London (UK Parliament constituency), Conservative Party (UK), Constantine Phipps, 1st Marquess of Normanby, Corn Laws, Corporation Act 1661, County Meath, Courtesy titles in the United Kingdom, Crimea, David Pacifico, Devon (UK Parliament constituency), Don Pacifico affair, Dorset, Duke of Bedford, Earl Russell, Earl Spencer (peerage), Eastern Question, Edward Maitland, Lord Barcaple, Edward Smith-Stanley, 14th Earl of Derby, Elba, Factories Act 1847, First Russell ministry, Foreign minister, Francis Russell, Marquess of Tavistock, Frank Russell, 2nd Earl Russell, French Second Republic, G. M. Trevelyan, George Byng, 1st Viscount Torrington, George Byng, 3rd Viscount Torrington, George Byng, 4th Viscount Torrington, George Grote, ..., George Hamilton-Gordon, 4th Earl of Aberdeen, George Julius Poulett Scrope, George Lyall Sr., George Montagu, 6th Duke of Manchester, George Villiers, 4th Earl of Clarendon, Gilbert Elliot-Murray-Kynynmound, 2nd Earl of Minto, Glorious Revolution, Granville Leveson-Gower, 2nd Earl Granville, Great Famine (Ireland), Gunboat diplomacy, Hansard, Henry Bruce, 1st Baron Aberdare, Henry Goulburn, Henry Grey, 3rd Earl Grey, Henry John Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston, Henry Montagu Villiers, Henry Pelham-Clinton, 5th Duke of Newcastle, Henry Petty-Fitzmaurice, 3rd Marquess of Lansdowne, Holy Land, Holy See, Home Secretary, House of Commons of the United Kingdom, House of Lords, Hugh Fortescue, 2nd Earl Fortescue, Huntingdonshire (UK Parliament constituency), Infanta Luisa Fernanda, Duchess of Montpensier, Internationalization of the Danube River, Irish Poor Laws, Isabella II of Spain, Italian unification, James Bernard, 2nd Earl of Bandon, James Harris, 3rd Earl of Malmesbury, James Pattison (London MP), Jerusalem, John Arthur Roebuck, John Boyle, 5th Earl of Cork, John Calcraft (the younger), John Crocker Bulteel, John Leveson-Gower, 1st Earl Gower, John Masterman (MP), John Nicholas Fazakerley, John Peter Grant (MP), John Ponsonby, 4th Earl of Bessborough, John Russell, 1st Earl Russell, John Russell, 4th Duke of Bedford, John Russell, 6th Duke of Bedford, John Russell, Viscount Amberley, John Spencer, 3rd Earl Spencer, John Yarde-Buller, 1st Baron Churston, Jonathan Peel, Katharine Russell, Viscountess Amberley, Kingston Russell, Laissez-faire, Leader of the House of Commons, Leader of the Opposition (United Kingdom), Leaders of the British Whig Party, Liberal Party (UK), Lionel de Rothschild, List of fictional Prime Ministers of the United Kingdom, List of Prime Ministers of the United Kingdom by age, Llewellyn Woodward, Local board of health, London Conference of 1864, Lord Frederick Montagu, Lord President of the Council, Lord Robert Spencer, Lord William Russell, Louis Philippe I, M. E. Grant Duff, Mayfair, Middlesex, Moldavia, Montagu Brownlow Parker, 5th Earl of Morley, Motions of no confidence in the United Kingdom, Napoleon, Napoleon III, Napoleonic Wars, Ottoman Empire, Oxford Movement, Palliser novels, Paymaster of the Forces, Peelite, Peerage of the United Kingdom, Pembroke Lodge, Richmond Park, Prime minister, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, Queen Victoria, Rector of the University of Aberdeen, Rector of the University of Glasgow, Reform Act 1832, Richard FitzPatrick, Richmond Park, Robert Peel, Robert Wigram Crawford, Royal Historical Society, Russo-Turkish War (1768–1774), Schleswig-Holstein, Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, Secretary of State for the Colonies, Secretary of State for War and the Colonies, Sevastopol, Sidney Herbert, 1st Baron Herbert of Lea, Siege of Sevastopol (1854–55), Sir Charles Trevelyan, 1st Baronet, Sir Edward Knatchbull, 9th Baronet, Sir James Duke, 1st Baronet, Sir James Graham, 2nd Baronet, Sir Matthew Wood, 1st Baronet, Sir Thomas Dyke Acland, 10th Baronet, Sir William Molesworth, 8th Baronet, Soup kitchen, South Devon (UK Parliament constituency), St Michael's, Chenies, Stratford Canning, 1st Viscount Stratford de Redcliffe, Stroud (UK Parliament constituency), Suo jure, Surrey, Tavistock (UK Parliament constituency), Test Act, The Right Honourable, Treaty of Küçük Kaynarca, United Kingdom general election, 1818, United Kingdom general election, 1820, United Kingdom general election, 1826, United Kingdom general election, 1830, United Kingdom general election, 1831, United Kingdom general election, 1832–33, United Kingdom general election, 1841, University of Edinburgh, Victorian era, Wallachia, Western Wood (MP), Westminster School, Whigs (British political party), Willem van Keppel, 2nd Earl of Albemarle, William Ewart Gladstone, William Henry Fellowes, William Henry Hyett, William Henry Stanton (MP), William IV of the United Kingdom, William Lamb, 2nd Viscount Melbourne, William Mure (scholar), William Russell, 1st Duke of Bedford, William Russell, 8th Duke of Bedford, Windsor Castle, Workhouse, Wriothesley Russell, 2nd Duke of Bedford. 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A Tale of Two Cities (1859) is a historical novel by Charles Dickens, set in London and Paris before and during the French Revolution.
Alan John Percivale Taylor (25 March 1906 – 7 September 1990) was an English historian who specialised in 19th- and 20th-century European diplomacy.
Prince Alexander Sergeyevich Menshikov (Алекса́ндр Серге́евич Ме́ншиков; 26 August 17872 May 1869) was a Finno-Russian nobleman, military commander and statesman.
Amberley, Gloucestershire is a small village near Stroud in Gloucestershire, England.
The American Civil War (also known by other names) was a war fought in the United States from 1861 to 1865.
The Right Hon.
Anne van Keppel (24 June 1703 – 20 October 1789) born Lady Anne Lennox, was a British court official and noble, the daughter of the 1st Duke of Richmond and Anne Brudenell.
Anthony Trollope (24 April 1815 – 6 December 1882) was an English novelist of the Victorian era.
Arnold Joost van Keppel, 1st Earl of Albemarle,, and lord of De Voorst in Guelders (Gelderland) (baptized 30 January 167030 May 1718), was the son of Oswald van Keppel and his wife Anna Geertruid van Lintelo.
Bandon (sometimes called Bandon Bridge or Bandonbridge) was a Parliamentary constituency covering the town of Bandon in County Cork, Ireland.
The Battle of Sinop, or the Battle of Sinope, was a Russian naval victory over the Ottoman Empire during the Crimean War that took place on 30 November 1853 at Sinop, a sea port in northern Anatolia, when a squadron of Imperial Russian warships struck and defeated a squadron of Ottoman ships anchored in the harbor.
Benjamin Disraeli, 1st Earl of Beaconsfield, (21 December 1804 – 19 April 1881) was a British statesman of the Conservative Party who twice served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.
Bertrand Arthur William Russell, 3rd Earl Russell, (18 May 1872 – 2 February 1970) was a British philosopher, logician, mathematician, historian, writer, social critic, political activist, and Nobel laureate.
The Black Sea is a body of water and marginal sea of the Atlantic Ocean between Eastern Europe, the Caucasus, and Western Asia.
Broad church is latitudinarian churchmanship in the Church of England in particular and Anglicanism in general.
Charles Boyle, 4th Earl of Orrery KT PC FRS (28 July 1674 – 28 August 1731) was an English nobleman, statesman and patron of the sciences.
Charles John Huffam Dickens (7 February 1812 – 9 June 1870) was an English writer and social critic.
Charles Grey, 2nd Earl Grey, (13 March 1764 – 17 July 1845), known as Viscount Howick between 1806 and 1807, was Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from November 1830 to July 1834.
Charles Lennox, 1st Duke of Richmond, 1st Duke of Lennox, 1st Duke of Aubigny (29 July 1672 – 27 May 1723) was an English nobleman and politician.
Chenies is a village and civil parish in the Chiltern district, the easternmost part of south Buckinghamshire, England, on the border with Hertfordshire east of Chesham and Chalfont St Peter.
The City of London was a United Kingdom Parliamentary constituency.
The Conservative Party, officially the Conservative and Unionist Party, is a centre-right political party in the United Kingdom.
Constantine Henry Phipps, 1st Marquess of Normanby (15 May 1797 – 28 July 1863), styled Viscount Normanby between 1812 and 1831 and known as The Earl of Mulgrave between 1831 and 1838, was a British Whig politician and author.
The Corn Laws were tariffs and other trade restrictions on imported food and grain ("corn") enforced in Great Britain between 1815 and 1846.
The Corporation Act of 1661 was an Act of the Parliament of England (13 Cha. II. St. 2 c. 1).
County Meath (Contae na Mí or simply an Mhí) is a county in Ireland.
A courtesy title is a form of address in systems of nobility used for children, former wives and other close relatives of a peer, and by certain officials such as some judges.
Crimea (Крым, Крим, Krym; Krym; translit;; translit) is a peninsula on the northern coast of the Black Sea in Eastern Europe that is almost completely surrounded by both the Black Sea and the smaller Sea of Azov to the northeast.
David Pacifico, known as Don Pacifico (1784? – 12 April 1854), was a Portuguese Jewish merchant and diplomat.
Devon was a parliamentary constituency covering the county of Devon in England.
The Don Pacifico affair was an episode of gun boat diplomacy which occurred in 1850 and concerned the Kingdom of Greece, the United Kingdom and Portugal.
Dorset (archaically: Dorsetshire) is a county in South West England on the English Channel coast.
Duke of Bedford (named after Bedford, England) is a title that has been created six times (for five distinct people) in the Peerage of England.
Earl Russell, of Kingston Russell in the County of Dorset, is a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
Earl Spencer is a title in the Peerage of Great Britain that was created on 1 November 1765, along with the title Viscount Althorp, of Althorp in the County of Northampton, for John Spencer, 1st Viscount Spencer.
In diplomatic history, the "Eastern Question" refers to the strategic competition and political considerations of the European Great Powers in light of the political and economic instability in the Ottoman Empire from the late 18th to early 20th centuries.
Sir Edward Francis Maitland, Lord Barcaple (1803–1870) was a Scottish advocate and judge and Senator of the College of Justice.
Edward George Geoffrey Smith-Stanley, 14th Earl of Derby, (29 March 1799 – 23 October 1869) was a British statesman, three-time Prime Minister of the United Kingdom and, to date, the longest-serving leader of the Conservative Party.
Elba (isola d'Elba,; Ilva; Ancient Greek: Αἰθαλία, Aithalia) is a Mediterranean island in Tuscany, Italy, from the coastal town of Piombino, and the largest island of the Tuscan Archipelago.
The Factory Act of 1847, also known as the Ten Hours Act was a United Kingdom Act of Parliament which restricted the working hours of women and young persons (13-18) in textile mills to 10 hours per day.
Whig Lord John Russell led the government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 1846 to 1852.
A foreign minister or minister of foreign affairs (less commonly for foreign affairs) is generally a cabinet minister in charge of a state's foreign policy and relations.
Francis Russell, Marquess of Tavistock (27 September 1739 – 22 March 1767) was a British politician and the eldest son of the 4th Duke of Bedford and his second wife Hon.
John Francis Stanley Russell, 2nd Earl Russell, known as Frank Russell (12 August 1865 – 3 March 1931), was the elder surviving son of Viscount and Viscountess Amberley, and was raised by his paternal grandparents after his unconventional parents both died young.
The French Second Republic was a short-lived republican government of France between the 1848 Revolution and the 1851 coup by Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte that initiated the Second Empire.
George Macaulay Trevelyan, (16 February 1876 – 21 July 1962), was a British historian and academic.
Admiral of the Fleet George Byng, 1st Viscount Torrington, (27 January 166317 January 1733) of Southill Park in Bedfordshire, was a Royal Navy officer and statesman.
Major General George Byng, 3rd Viscount Torrington (21 September 1701 – 7 April 1750) (styled The Honourable George Byng from 1721 to 1747), of Southill Park in Bedfordshire, was a British Army officer and peer.
George Byng, 4th Viscount Torrington (11 October 1740 – 14 December 1812) was an English peer.
George Grote (17 November 1794 – 18 June 1871) was an English political radical and classical historian.
George Hamilton-Gordon, 4th Earl of Aberdeen, (28 January 178414 December 1860), styled Lord Haddo from 1791 to 1801, was a British politician, diplomat and landowner, successively a Tory, Conservative and Peelite, who served as Prime Minister from 1852 until 1855 in a coalition between the Whigs and Peelites, with Radical and Irish support.
George Julius Poulett Scrope FRS (10 March 1797 – 19 January 1876) was an English geologist and political economist as well as a magistrate for Stroud in Gloucestershire.
George Lyall (1779 – 1 September 1853) was an English merchant and politician, Chairman of the Honourable East India Company for periods 1841–3 and 1844–6.
George Montagu, 6th Duke of Manchester, etc.
George William Frederick Villiers, 4th Earl of Clarendon, (12 January 180027 June 1870) was an English diplomat and statesman from the Villiers family.
Gilbert Elliot-Murray-Kynynmound, 2nd Earl of Minto (16 November 1782 – 31 July 1859), styled as Viscount Melgund between 1813 and 1814, was a British diplomat and Whig politician.
The Glorious Revolution, also called the Revolution of 1688, was the overthrow of King James II of England (James VII of Scotland) by a union of English Parliamentarians with the Dutch stadtholder William III, Prince of Orange, who was James's nephew and son-in-law.
Granville George Leveson-Gower, 2nd Earl Granville, (11 May 1815 – 31 March 1891), styled Lord Leveson until 1846, was a British Liberal statesman from the Leveson-Gower family.
The Great Famine (an Gorta Mór) or the Great Hunger was a period of mass starvation, disease, and emigration in Ireland between 1845 and 1849.
In international politics, gunboat diplomacy (or "Big Stick ideology" in U.S. history) refers to the pursuit of foreign policy objectives with the aid of conspicuous displays of naval powerimplying or constituting a direct threat of warfare, should terms not be agreeable to the superior force.
Hansard is the traditional name of the transcripts of Parliamentary Debates in Britain and many Commonwealth countries.
Henry Austin Bruce, 1st Baron Aberdare, (16 April 181525 February 1895) was a British Liberal Party politician, who served in government most notably as Home Secretary (1868–1873) and as Lord President of the Council.
Henry Goulburn PC FRS (19 March 1784 – 12 January 1856) was an English Conservative statesman and a member of the Peelite faction after 1846.
Henry George Grey, 3rd Earl Grey (28 December 18029 October 1894), known as Viscount Howick from 1807 until 1845, was an English statesman.
Henry John Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston, (20 October 1784 – 18 October 1865) was a British statesman who served twice as Prime Minister in the mid-19th century.
Henry Montagu Villiers (4 January 1813 – 9 August 1861) was an English clergyman of the Church of EnglandCharles Mosley, editor, Burke's Peerage and Baronetage, 106th edition, 2 volumes (Crans, Switzerland: Burke's Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd, 1999), volume 1, pages 74, 789 and 800.
Henry Pelham Fiennes Pelham-Clinton, 5th Duke of Newcastle-under-Lyne KG, PC (22 May 1811 – 18 October 1864), styled Earl of Lincoln before 1851, was a British politician.
Henry Petty-Fitzmaurice, 3rd Marquess of Lansdowne, (2 July 1780 – 31 January 1863), known as Lord Henry Petty from 1784 to 1809, was a British statesman.
The Holy Land (Hebrew: אֶרֶץ הַקּוֹדֶשׁ, Terra Sancta; Arabic: الأرض المقدسة) is an area roughly located between the Jordan River and the Mediterranean Sea that also includes the Eastern Bank of the Jordan River.
The Holy See (Santa Sede; Sancta Sedes), also called the See of Rome, is the ecclesiastical jurisdiction of the Catholic Church in Rome, the episcopal see of the Pope, and an independent sovereign entity.
Her Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for the Home Department, normally referred to as the Home Secretary, is a senior official as one of the Great Offices of State within Her Majesty's Government and head of the Home Office.
The House of Commons is the lower house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
The House of Lords of the United Kingdom, also known as the House of Peers, is the upper house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
Hugh Fortescue, 2nd Earl Fortescue KG, PC (13 February 1783 – 14 September 1861), styled Viscount Ebrington from 1789 to 1841, was a British Whig politician.
Huntingdonshire was a Parliamentary constituency covering the county of Huntingdonshire in England.
Infanta María Luisa Fernanda of Spain, Duchess of Montpensier (30 January 1832 – 2 February 1897) was Infanta of Spain and Duchess of Montpensier.
The Danube River has been a trade waterway for centuries, but with the rise of international borders and the jealousies of national states, commerce and shipping has often been hampered for narrow reasons.
The Irish Poor Laws were a series of Acts of Parliament intended to address social instability due to widespread and persistent poverty in Ireland.
Isabella II (Isabel; 10 October 1830 – 9 April 1904) was Queen of Spain from 1833 until 1868.
Italian unification (Unità d'Italia), or the Risorgimento (meaning "the Resurgence" or "revival"), was the political and social movement that consolidated different states of the Italian peninsula into the single state of the Kingdom of Italy in the 19th century.
James Bernard, 2nd Earl of Bandon (14 June 1785 – 31 October 1856) was an Irish Conservative politician who sat in the House of Commons in three periods between 1806 and 1820.
James Howard Harris, 3rd Earl of Malmesbury, GCB, PC (25 March 1807 – 17 May 1889), styled Viscount FitzHarris from 1820 to 1841, was a British statesman of the Victorian era.
James Pattison (1786 – June 1849) was a Liberal Party politician in England.
Jerusalem (יְרוּשָׁלַיִם; القُدس) is a city in the Middle East, located on a plateau in the Judaean Mountains between the Mediterranean and the Dead Sea.
John Arthur Roebuck (28 December 1802 – 30 November 1879), British politician, was born at Madras, in India.
John Boyle, 5th Earl of Cork and 5th Earl of Orrery, FRS (13 January 1707 – 16 November 1762) was a writer and a friend of Jonathan Swift, Alexander Pope and Samuel Johnson.
John Calcraft the younger (16 October 1765 – 11 September 1831), of Rempstone in Dorset and Ingress in Kent, was an English landowner and Member of Parliament.
John Crocker Bulteel (1793–1843) of Fleet, Holbeton, in South Devon, was a Whig MP for South Devon 1832-4 and was Sheriff of Devon in 1841.
John Leveson-Gower, 1st Earl Gower (10 August 169425 December 1754),George Edward Cokayne, editor.
John Masterman MP DL (1781–23 January 1862) was a British Conservative Party politician.
John Nicholas Fazakerley (7 Mar 1787 – 16 July 1852) was a British Whig politician.
John Peter Grant (21 September 1774 – 17 May 1848) was a Scottish politician from Inverness-shire who sat in the House of Commons for English constituencies between 1812 and 1826.
John William Ponsonby, 4th Earl of Bessborough, PC (31 August 1781 – 16 May 1847), known as Viscount Duncannon from 1793 to 1844, was a British Whig politician.
John Russell, 1st Earl Russell, (18 August 1792 – 28 May 1878), known by his courtesy title Lord John Russell before 1861, was a leading Whig and Liberal politician who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom on two occasions during the early Victorian era.
John Russell, 4th Duke of Bedford (30 September 17105 January 1771) was an 18th-century British statesman.
John Russell, 6th Duke of Bedford (6 July 1766 – 20 October 1839), known as Lord John Russell until 1802, was a British Whig politician who notably served as Lord Lieutenant of Ireland in the Ministry of All the Talents.
John Russell, Viscount Amberley (10 December 1842 – 9 January 1876), was a British politician and writer.
John Charles Spencer, 3rd Earl Spencer PC DL FRS (30 May 1782 – 1 October 1845), styled Viscount Althorp from 1783 to 1834, was a British statesman.
John Yarde-Buller, 1st Baron Churston (12 April 1799 – 4 September 1871) was a British, Conservative politician.
Jonathan Peel, PC (12 October 1799 – 13 February 1879) was a British soldier, Conservative politician and racehorse owner.
Katharine Louisa Russell, Viscountess Amberley (née Stanley; 3 April 1842 – 28 June 1874), often referred to as Kate, was a British suffragist and an early advocate of birth control in the United Kingdom.
Kingston Russell is a large mansion house and manor near Long Bredy in Dorset, England, west of Dorchester.
Laissez-faire (from) is an economic system in which transactions between private parties are free from government intervention such as regulation, privileges, tariffs and subsidies.
The Leader of the House of Commons is generally a member of the Cabinet of the United Kingdom who is responsible for arranging government business in the House of Commons.
The Leader of Her Majesty's Most Loyal Opposition (more commonly known as the Leader of the Opposition) is the politician who leads the official opposition in the United Kingdom.
This is a list of the Leaders of the British Whig Party.
The Liberal Party was one of the two major parties in the United Kingdom – with the opposing Conservative Party – in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.
Lionel Nathan Freiherr de Rothschild (22 November 1808 – 3 June 1879) was a British banker, politician and philanthropist who was a member of the prominent Rothschild banking family of England.
Fictional stories featuring the political scene in Westminster or Whitehall in the United Kingdom, often feature fictional Prime Ministers of the United Kingdom – invented characters with the position of Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.
This is a list of Prime Ministers of the United Kingdom by age.
Sir (Ernest) Llewellyn Woodward (1890–1971) was a British historian.
Local boards or local boards of health were local authorities in urban areas of England and Wales from 1848 to 1894.
The London conference of 1864 was a peace conference about the Second Schleswig War.
Lord Frederick Montagu (8 November 1774 – 4 October 1827) was a British politician.
The Lord President of the Council is the fourth of the Great Officers of State of the United Kingdom, ranking below the Lord High Treasurer but above the Lord Privy Seal.
Lord Robert Spencer (1747–1831) was a British politician who sat in the House of Commons several times between 1768 and 1818.
Lord William Russell (20 August 1767 – 5 May 1840) was a member of the British aristocratic Russell family and longtime Member of Parliament.
Louis Philippe I (6 October 1773 – 26 August 1850) was King of the French from 1830 to 1848 as the leader of the Orléanist party.
Sir Mountstuart Elphinstone Grant Duff (21 February 1829 – 12 January 1906), known as M. E. Grant Duff before 1887 and as Sir Mountstuart Grant Duff thereafter, was a Scottish politician, administrator and author.
Mayfair is an affluent area in the West End of London towards the east edge of Hyde Park, in the City of Westminster, between Oxford Street, Regent Street, Piccadilly and Park Lane.
Middlesex (abbreviation: Middx) is an historic county in south-east England.
Moldavia (Moldova, or Țara Moldovei (in Romanian Latin alphabet), Цара Мѡлдовєй (in old Romanian Cyrillic alphabet) is a historical region and former principality in Central and Eastern Europe, corresponding to the territory between the Eastern Carpathians and the Dniester River. An initially independent and later autonomous state, it existed from the 14th century to 1859, when it united with Wallachia (Țara Românească) as the basis of the modern Romanian state; at various times, Moldavia included the regions of Bessarabia (with the Budjak), all of Bukovina and Hertza. The region of Pokuttya was also part of it for a period of time. The western half of Moldavia is now part of Romania, the eastern side belongs to the Republic of Moldova, and the northern and southeastern parts are territories of Ukraine.
Montagu Brownlow Parker, 5th Earl of Morley (13 October 1878 – 28 April 1962) was a British aristocrat and army officer, best known for being one of the first real-life "Raiders of the Lost Ark".
Motions of no confidence, also called votes of confidence, votes of no-confidence or censure motions, are a feature of the Westminster system of government used in the United Kingdom that requires an executive to retain the confidence of the House of Commons.
Napoléon Bonaparte (15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a French statesman and military leader who rose to prominence during the French Revolution and led several successful campaigns during the French Revolutionary Wars.
Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte (born Charles-Louis Napoléon Bonaparte; 20 April 1808 – 9 January 1873) was the President of France from 1848 to 1852 and as Napoleon III the Emperor of the French from 1852 to 1870.
The Napoleonic Wars (1803–1815) were a series of major conflicts pitting the French Empire and its allies, led by Napoleon I, against a fluctuating array of European powers formed into various coalitions, financed and usually led by the United Kingdom.
The Ottoman Empire (دولت عليه عثمانیه,, literally The Exalted Ottoman State; Modern Turkish: Osmanlı İmparatorluğu or Osmanlı Devleti), also historically known in Western Europe as the Turkish Empire"The Ottoman Empire-also known in Europe as the Turkish Empire" or simply Turkey, was a state that controlled much of Southeast Europe, Western Asia and North Africa between the 14th and early 20th centuries.
The Oxford Movement was a movement of High Church members of the Church of England which eventually developed into Anglo-Catholicism.
The Palliser novels are six novels by Anthony Trollope.
The Paymaster of the Forces was a position in the British government.
The Peelites were a breakaway faction of the British Conservative Party from 1846 to 1859 who joined with the Whigs and Radicals to form the Liberal Party.
The Peerage of the United Kingdom comprises most peerages created in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland after the Acts of Union in 1801, when it replaced the Peerage of Great Britain.
Pembroke Lodge is a Grade II listed Georgian mansion in Richmond Park in the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames.
A prime minister is the head of a cabinet and the leader of the ministers in the executive branch of government, often in a parliamentary or semi-presidential system.
The Prime Minister of the United Kingdom is the head of the United Kingdom government.
Victoria (Alexandrina Victoria; 24 May 1819 – 22 January 1901) was Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 20 June 1837 until her death.
The Lord Rector of the University of Aberdeen is the students' representative and chairman in the University Court of the University of Aberdeen.
The Lord Rector (more commonly known just as the Rector) of the University of Glasgow is one of the most senior posts within that institution, elected every three years by students.
The Representation of the People Act 1832 (known informally as the 1832 Reform Act, Great Reform Act or First Reform Act to distinguish it from subsequent Reform Acts) was an Act of Parliament of the United Kingdom (indexed as 2 & 3 Will. IV c. 45) that introduced wide-ranging changes to the electoral system of England and Wales.
General Richard FitzPatrick (24 January 1748 – 25 April 1813), styled The Honourable from birth, was an Anglo-Irish soldier, wit, poet, and Whig politician.
Richmond Park, in the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames, was created by Charles I in the 17th century as a deer park.
Sir Robert Peel, 2nd Baronet, (5 February 17882 July 1850) was a British statesman of the Conservative Party who served twice as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (1834–35 and 1841–46) and twice as Home Secretary (1822–27 and 1828–30).
Robert Wigram Crawford (18 April 1813 – 30 July 1889) was a British East India merchant, Governor of the Bank of England, and a Liberal Party politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1857 to 1874.
The Royal Historical Society (abbr. RHistS; founded 1868) is a learned society of the United Kingdom which advances scholarly studies of history.
The Russo-Turkish War of 1768–1774 was an armed conflict that brought Kabardia, the part of the Yedisan between the rivers Bug and Dnieper, and Crimea into the Russian sphere of influence.
Schleswig-Holstein is the northernmost of the 16 states of Germany, comprising most of the historical duchy of Holstein and the southern part of the former Duchy of Schleswig.
Her Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, normally referred to as the Foreign Secretary, is a senior, high-ranking official within the Government of the United Kingdom and head of the Foreign and Commonwealth Office.
The Secretary of State for the Colonies or Colonial Secretary was the British Cabinet minister in charge of managing the United Kingdom's various colonial dependencies.
The Secretary of State for War and the Colonies was a British cabinet-level position responsible for the army and the British colonies (other than India).
Sevastopol (Севастополь; Севасто́поль; Акъяр, Aqyar), traditionally Sebastopol, is the largest city on the Crimean Peninsula and a major Black Sea port.
Sidney Herbert, 1st Baron Herbert of Lea, PC (16 September 1810 – 2 August 1861) was an English statesman and a close ally and confidant of Florence Nightingale.
The Siege of Sevastopol (at the time called in English the Siege of Sebastopol) lasted from September 1854 until September 1855, during the Crimean War.
Sir Charles Edward Trevelyan, 1st Baronet, (2 April 1807 – 19 June 1886) was a British civil servant and colonial administrator.
Sir Edward Knatchbull, 9th Baronet PC, FRS (20 December 1781 – 24 May 1849) was a British Tory politician.
Sir James Duke, 1st Baronet (31 January 1792 – 28 May 1873) was a British Liberal Party politician.
Sir James Robert George Graham, 2nd Baronet GCB PC (1 June 1792 – 25 October 1861) was a British statesman.
Sir Matthew Wood, 1st Baronet (2 June 1768 – 25 September 1843) was a British Whig politician and was Lord Mayor of London from 1815 to 1817.
Sir Thomas Dyke Acland, 10th Baronet (29 March 1787 – 22 July 1871) was a British politician and baronet.
Sir William Molesworth, 8th Baronet PC (23 May 1810 – 22 October 1855), was a Radical British politician, who served in the coalition cabinet of The Earl of Aberdeen from 1853 until his death in 1855 as First Commissioner of Works and then Colonial Secretary.
A soup kitchen, meal center, or food kitchen is a place where food is offered to the hungry usually for free or sometimes at a below market price.
South Devon, formerly known as the Southern Division of Devon, was parliamentary constituency in the county of Devon in England.
St Michael's Church at Chenies, Buckinghamshire, is a Grade I listed Anglican parish church in the Diocese of Oxford in England.
Stratford Canning, 1st Viscount Stratford de Redcliffe, (4 November 1786 – 14 August 1880) was a British diplomat and politician, best known as the longtime British Ambassador to the Ottoman Empire.
Stroud is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2017 by David Drew, a Labour politician.
Suo jure is a Latin phrase, used in English to mean "in his/her own right".
Surrey is a county in South East England, and one of the home counties.
Tavistock was the name of a parliamentary constituency in Devon between 1330 and 1974.
The Test Acts were a series of English penal laws that served as a religious test for public office and imposed various civil disabilities on Roman Catholics and nonconformists.
The Right Honourable (The Rt Hon. or Rt Hon.) is an honorific style traditionally applied to certain persons and to certain collective bodies in the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Fiji, India, some other Commonwealth realms, the Anglophone Caribbean, Mauritius, and occasionally elsewhere.
The Treaty of Küçük Kaynarca Küçük Kaynarca Antlaşması (also spelled Kuchuk Kainarji) was a peace treaty signed on 21 July 1774, in Küçük Kaynarca (today Kaynardzha, Bulgaria) between the Russian Empire and the Ottoman Empire.
The 1818 United Kingdom general election saw the Whigs gain a few seats, but the Tories under the Earl of Liverpool retained a majority of around 90 seats.
The 1820 United Kingdom general election was triggered by the death of King George III and produced the first parliament of the reign of his successor, George IV.
The 1826 United Kingdom general election saw the Tories under the Earl of Liverpool win a substantial and increased majority over the Whigs.
The 1830 United Kingdom general election was triggered by the death of King George IV and produced the first parliament of the reign of his successor, William IV.
The 1831 United Kingdom general election saw a landslide win by supporters of electoral reform, which was the major election issue.
The United Kingdom general election, the first after the Reform Act, saw the Whigs win a large majority, with the Tories winning less than 30% of the vote.
In the 1841 United Kingdom general election, there was a big swing as Sir Robert Peel's Conservatives took control of the House of Commons.
The University of Edinburgh (abbreviated as Edin. in post-nominals), founded in 1582, is the sixth oldest university in the English-speaking world and one of Scotland's ancient universities.
In the history of the United Kingdom, the Victorian era was the period of Queen Victoria's reign, from 20 June 1837 until her death on 22 January 1901.
Wallachia or Walachia (Țara Românească; archaic: Țeara Rumânească, Romanian Cyrillic alphabet: Цѣра Рȣмѫнѣскъ) is a historical and geographical region of Romania.
Western Wood (4 January 1804 – 17 May 1863) was a British businessman and a Liberal Party politician.
Westminster School is an independent day and boarding school in London, England, located within the precincts of Westminster Abbey.
The Whigs were a political faction and then a political party in the parliaments of England, Scotland, Great Britain, Ireland and the United Kingdom.
Lieutenant-General Willem Anne van Keppel, 2nd Earl of Albemarle (5 June 1702 – 22 December 1754) was a British diplomat and courtier.
William Ewart Gladstone, (29 December 1809 – 19 May 1898) was a British statesman of the Liberal Party.
William Henry Fellowes (15 July 1769 – 23 August 1837), of Ramsey Abbey in Huntingdonshire and Haverland Hall in Norfolk, was a British Member of Parliament.
William Henry Hyett (2 September 1795 – 10 March 1877) was a British Liberal Member of Parliament representing Stroud who was elected to the House of Commons of the United Kingdom on 13 December 1832.
William Henry Stanton (6 October 1790 – 24 March 1870) was a British Liberal Party politician.
William IV (William Henry; 21 August 1765 – 20 June 1837) was King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and King of Hanover from 26 June 1830 until his death in 1837.
William Lamb, 2nd Viscount Melbourne, (15 March 1779 – 24 November 1848) was a British Whig statesman who served as Home Secretary (1830–1834) and Prime Minister (1834 and 1835–1841).
William Mure (10 July 1799 – 1 April 1860) was a Scottish scholar and Conservative politician.
William Russell, 1st Duke of Bedford KG PC (August 1616 – 7 September 1700) was an English nobleman and politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1640 until 1641 when he inherited his Peerage as 5th Earl of Bedford and removed to the House of Lords.
William Russell, 8th Duke of Bedford (1 July 1809 – 27 May 1872) was a British Whig politician.
Windsor Castle is a royal residence at Windsor in the English county of Berkshire.
In England and Wales a workhouse, colloquially known as a spike, was a place where those unable to support themselves were offered accommodation and employment.
Wriothesley Russell, 2nd Duke of Bedford KG (1 November 1680 – 26 May 1711) was an English nobleman and politician.
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