92 relations: Acoustic impedance, Acoustics, Albert Medal (Royal Society of Arts), Anglicanism, Angular resolution, Argon, Arthur Balfour, Asteroid, Auricle (anatomy), Bachelor of Arts, Baron Rayleigh, Bible, Binaural beats, British people, Cambridge University Press, Cavendish Professor of Physics, Chichester Parkinson-Fortescue, 1st Baron Carlingford, Christ, Copley Medal, De Morgan Medal, Dynamic soaring, Edward Routh, Elliott Cresson Medal, Essex, Experiments of Rayleigh and Brace, Francis Greville, 5th Earl of Warwick, George Paget Thomson, Harrow School, House of Lords, Impact crater, Interaural time difference, J. J. Thomson, Jagadish Chandra Bose, James Clerk Maxwell, James Maitland Balfour, Jesus, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, List of Chancellors of the University of Cambridge, List of presidents of the Royal Society, Lord Lieutenant of Essex, Maldon, Essex, Mars, Master of Arts (Oxbridge and Dublin), Materialism, Matteucci Medal, Moon, Natural philosophy, Nature (journal), Nobel Foundation, Nobel Prize in Physics, ..., Order of Merit, Perturbation theory (quantum mechanics), Physicist, Physics, Plateau–Rayleigh instability, Principle of similitude, Psalms, Rayl, Rayleigh distance, Rayleigh distribution, Rayleigh fading, Rayleigh flow, Rayleigh law, Rayleigh Medal, Rayleigh Medal and Prize, Rayleigh number, Rayleigh quotient, Rayleigh scattering, Rayleigh wave, Rayleigh's method of dimensional analysis, Rayleigh–Bénard convection, Rayleigh–Jeans law, Rayleigh–Plesset equation, Rayleigh–Ritz method, Rayleigh–Taylor instability, Robert Strutt, 4th Baron Rayleigh, Royal Medal, Royal Society, Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, Rumford Medal, Seabird, Senior Wrangler (University of Cambridge), Sine wave, Smith's Prize, Sound localization, Spencer Cavendish, 8th Duke of Devonshire, Surface wave, Trinity College, Cambridge, University of Cambridge, William Ramsay, Witham, 22740 Rayleigh. Expand index (42 more) » « Shrink index
Acoustic impedance and specific acoustic impedance are measures of the opposition that a system presents to the acoustic flow resulting of an acoustic pressure applied to the system.
Acoustics is the interdisciplinary science that deals with the study of all mechanical waves in gases, liquids, and solids including topics such as vibration, sound, ultrasound and infrasound.
The Albert Medal of the Royal Society of Arts (RSA) was instituted in 1864 as a memorial to Prince Albert, who had been President of the Society for 18 years.
Anglicanism is a tradition within Christianity comprising the Church of England and churches which are historically tied to it or hold similar beliefs, worship practices and church structures.
Angular resolution or spatial resolution describes the ability of any image-forming device such as an optical or radio telescope, a microscope, a camera, or an eye, to distinguish small details of an object, thereby making it a major determinant of image resolution.
Argon is a chemical element with symbol Ar and atomic number 18.
Arthur James Balfour, 1st Earl of Balfour (25 July 1848 – 19 March 1930) was a British Conservative politician who was the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from July 1902 to December 1905, and later Foreign Secretary.
Asteroids are minor planets, especially those of the inner Solar System.
The auricle or auricula is the visible part of the ear that resides outside of the head.
A Bachelor of Arts (BA, B.A., AB or A.B.), from the Latin artium baccalaureus or baccalarium artium is a bachelor's degree awarded for an undergraduate course or program in either the liberal arts, the sciences, or both.
Baron Rayleigh, of Terling Place in the County of Essex, is a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
The Bible (from Koine Greek τὰ βιβλία, tà biblía, "the books") is a collection of texts sacred in Judaism and Christianity.
Binaural beats, or binaural tones, are auditory processing artifacts, or apparent sounds, caused by specific physical stimuli.
British people, or Britons, are the indigenous people or natives of the United Kingdom, British Overseas Territories, Crown Dependencies; and their descendants.
Cambridge University Press (CUP) is the publishing business of the University of Cambridge.
The Cavendish Professorship is one of the senior faculty positions in physics at the University of Cambridge.
Chichester Samuel Parkinson-Fortescue, 2nd Baron Clermont and 1st Baron Carlingford KP, PC (18 January 1823 – 30 January 1898), known as Chichester Fortescue until 1863 and as Chichester Parkinson-Fortescue between 1863 and 1874 and Lord Carlingford after 1874, was a British Liberal politician of the 19th century.
Christ (Χριστός, Christós, meaning "anointed") is a translation of the Hebrew מָשִׁיחַ (Māšîaḥ) and the Syriac ܡܫܝܚܐ (M'shiha), the Messiah, and is used as a title for Jesus in the New Testament.
The Copley Medal is a scientific award given by the Royal Society, London, for "outstanding achievements in research in any branch of science." It alternates between the physical and the biological sciences.
The De Morgan Medal is a prize for outstanding contribution to mathematics, awarded by the London Mathematical Society.
Dynamic soaring is a flying technique used to gain energy by repeatedly crossing the boundary between air masses of significantly different velocity.
Edward John Routh FRS (20 January 1831 – 7 June 1907), was an English mathematician, noted as the outstanding coach of students preparing for the Mathematical Tripos examination of the University of Cambridge in its heyday in the middle of the nineteenth century.
The Elliott Cresson Medal, also known as the Elliott Cresson Gold Medal, was the highest award given by the Franklin Institute.
Essex is a county in England, immediately north-east of London.
The experiments of Rayleigh and Brace (1902, 1904) were aimed to show whether length contraction leads to birefringence or not.
Francis Richard Charles Guy Greville, 5th Earl of Warwick (9 February 1853 – 15 January 1924), styled Lord Brooke until 1893, was a British Conservative politician.
Sir George Paget Thomson, FRS (3 May 1892 – 10 September 1975) was an English physicist and Nobel laureate in physics recognised for his discovery with Clinton Davisson of the wave properties of the electron by electron diffraction.
Harrow School, commonly referred to as "Harrow", is an English independent school for boys situated in the town of Harrow, in north-west London.
The House of Lords is the upper house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
An impact crater is an approximately circular depression in the surface of a planet, moon, or other solid body in the Solar System or elsewhere, formed by the hypervelocity impact of a smaller body with the surface.
The interaural time difference (or ITD) when concerning humans or animals, is the difference in arrival time of a sound between two ears.
Sir Joseph John "J.
Sir Jagadish Chandra Bose, CSI, CIE, FRS (30 November 1858 – 23 November 1937) was a Bengali polymath, physicist, biologist, biophysicist, botanist, archaeologist, as well as an early writer of science fiction.
James Clerk Maxwell (13 June 1831 – 5 November 1879) was a Scottish scientist in the field of mathematical physics.
James Maitland Balfour (5 January 1820 – 23 February 1856), of Whittinghame, East Lothian, was a Scottish land-owner and businessman.
Jesus (Ἰησοῦς; 7–2 BC to AD 30–33), also referred to as Jesus of Nazareth or Jesus Christ, is the central figure of Christianity, whom the teachings of most Christian denominations hold to be the Son of God.
The Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) is a federally funded research and development center and NASA field center located in Pasadena, California, United States.
The Chancellors of the University of Cambridge, from circa 1246 to the present day were.
The President of the Royal Society (PRS) is the elected director of the Royal Society of London who presides over meetings of the society's council.
This is a list of people who have served as Lord Lieutenant of Essex.
Maldon (locally) is a town on the Blackwater estuary in Essex, England.
Mars is the fourth planet from the Sun and the second smallest planet in the Solar System, after Mercury.
In the universities of Oxford, Cambridge and Dublin, Bachelors of Arts with Honours of these universities are promoted to the degree of Master of Arts or Master in Arts (MA) on application after six or seven years' seniority as members of the university (including years as an undergraduate).
Materialism is a form of philosophical monism which holds that matter is the fundamental substance in nature, and that all phenomena, including mental phenomena and consciousness, are identical with material interactions.
The Matteucci Medal is an Italian award for physicists, named after Carlo Matteucci.
The Moon (in Greek: Selene, in Latin: Luna) is Earth's only natural satellite.
Natural philosophy or the philosophy of nature (from Latin philosophia naturalis) was the philosophical study of nature and the physical universe that was dominant before the development of modern science.
Nature is a British interdisciplinary scientific journal, first published on 4 November 1869.
The Nobel Foundation (Nobelstiftelsen) is a private institution founded on 29 June 1900 to manage the finances and administration of the Nobel Prizes.
The Nobel Prize in Physics (Nobelpriset i fysik) is a yearly award given by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences for those who conferred the most outstanding contributions for mankind in the field of physics.
The Order of Merit (Ordre du Mérite) is a dynastic order recognising distinguished service in the armed forces, science, art, literature, or for the promotion of culture.
In quantum mechanics, perturbation theory is a set of approximation schemes directly related to mathematical perturbation for describing a complicated quantum system in terms of a simpler one.
A physicist is a scientist who specializes in physics research.
Physics (from knowledge of nature, from φύσις phúsis "nature") is the natural science that involves the study of matterAt the start of The Feynman Lectures on Physics, Richard Feynman offers the atomic hypothesis as the single most prolific scientific concept: "If, in some cataclysm, all scientific knowledge were to be destroyed one sentence what statement would contain the most information in the fewest words? I believe it is that all things are made up of atoms – little particles that move around in perpetual motion, attracting each other when they are a little distance apart, but repelling upon being squeezed into one another..." and its motion through space and time, along with related concepts such as energy and force."Physical science is that department of knowledge which relates to the order of nature, or, in other words, to the regular succession of events." More broadly, it is the general analysis of nature, conducted in order to understand how the universe behaves."Physics is one of the most fundamental of the sciences. Scientists of all disciplines use the ideas of physics, including chemists who study the structure of molecules, paleontologists who try to reconstruct how dinosaurs walked, and climatologists who study how human activities affect the atmosphere and oceans. Physics is also the foundation of all engineering and technology. No engineer could design a flat-screen TV, an interplanetary spacecraft, or even a better mousetrap without first understanding the basic laws of physics. (...) You will come to see physics as a towering achievement of the human intellect in its quest to understand our world and ourselves."Physics is an experimental science. Physicists observe the phenomena of nature and try to find patterns that relate these phenomena.""Physics is the study of your world and the world and universe around you." Physics is one of the oldest academic disciplines, perhaps the oldest through its inclusion of astronomy. Over the last two millennia, physics was a part of natural philosophy along with chemistry, certain branches of mathematics, and biology, but during the scientific revolution in the 17th century, the natural sciences emerged as unique research programs in their own right. Physics intersects with many interdisciplinary areas of research, such as biophysics and quantum chemistry, and the boundaries of physics are not rigidly defined. New ideas in physics often explain the fundamental mechanisms of other sciences while opening new avenues of research in areas such as mathematics and philosophy. Physics also makes significant contributions through advances in new technologies that arise from theoretical breakthroughs. For example, advances in the understanding of electromagnetism or nuclear physics led directly to the development of new products that have dramatically transformed modern-day society, such as television, computers, domestic appliances, and nuclear weapons; advances in thermodynamics led to the development of industrialization, and advances in mechanics inspired the development of calculus.
The Plateau–Rayleigh instability, often just called the Rayleigh instability, explains why and how a falling stream of fluid breaks up into smaller packets with the same volume but less surface area.
The principle of similitude is a supplement to the scientific method advocated by Lord Rayleigh that requires that any suggested scientific law be examined for its relationship to similar laws.
The Book of Psalms, Tehillim in Hebrew (or meaning "Praises"), commonly referred to simply as Psalms or "the Psalms", is the first book of the Ketuvim ("Writings"), the third section of the Hebrew Bible.
A Rayl, rayl or Rayleigh is one of two units of specific acoustic impedance or, equivalently, characteristic acoustic impedance; one an MKS unit, and the other a CGS unit.
Rayleigh distance in optics is the axial distance from a radiating aperture to a point at which the path difference between the axial ray and an edge ray is λ / 4.
Rayleigh fading is a statistical model for the effect of a propagation environment on a radio signal, such as that used by wireless devices.
Rayleigh flow refers to diabatic flow through a constant area duct where the effect of heat addition or rejection is considered.
The Rayleigh law describes the behavior of ferromagnetic materials at low fields.
The Rayleigh Medal is a prize awarded annually by the Institute of Acoustics for "outstanding contributions to acoustics".
The Rayleigh Medal and Prize is an award which has been made biennially in odd-numbered years since 2008 by the Institute of Physics; "for distinguished research in theoretical, mathematical or computational physics".
In fluid mechanics, the Rayleigh number (Ra) for a fluid is a dimensionless number associated with buoyancy-driven flow, also known as free convection or natural convection.
In mathematics, for a given complex Hermitian matrix M and nonzero vector x, the Rayleigh quotient R(M, x), is defined as: For real matrices and vectors, the condition of being Hermitian reduces to that of being symmetric, and the conjugate transpose x^ to the usual transpose x'.
Rayleigh scattering (pronounced), named after the British physicist Lord Rayleigh (John William Strutt), is the (dominantly) elastic scattering of light or other electromagnetic radiation by particles much smaller than the wavelength of the radiation.
Rayleigh waves are a type of surface acoustic wave that travel on solids.
Rayleigh's method of dimensional analysis is a conceptual tool used in physics, chemistry, and engineering.
Rayleigh–Bénard convection is a type of natural convection, occurring in a plane horizontal layer of fluid heated from below, in which the fluid develops a regular pattern of convection cells known as Bénard cells.
In physics, the Rayleigh–Jeans law attempts to describe the spectral radiance of electromagnetic radiation at all wavelengths from a black body at a given temperature through classical arguments.
In fluid mechanics, the Rayleigh–Plesset equation is an ordinary differential equation which governs the dynamics of a spherical bubble in an infinite body of liquid.
The Rayleigh–Ritz method (after Walther Ritz and Lord Rayleigh) is a widely used method used to approximate eigenvalues and eigenvectors.
The Rayleigh–Taylor instability, or RT instability (after Lord Rayleigh and G. I. Taylor), is an instability of an interface between two fluids of different densities which occurs when the lighter fluid is pushing the heavier fluid.
Robert John Strutt, 4th Baron Rayleigh FRS (28 August 1875 – 13 December 1947) was a British peer and physicist.
The Royal Medal, also known as The Queen's Medal, is a silver-gilt medal awarded each year by the Royal Society, two for "the most important contributions to the advancement of natural knowledge" and one for "distinguished contributions in the applied sciences" made within the Commonwealth of Nations.
The President, Council, and Fellows of the Royal Society of London for Improving Natural Knowledge, commonly known as the Royal Society, is a learned society for science and is possibly the oldest such society still in existence.
The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences or Kungl.
The Rumford Medal is awarded by the Royal Society every alternating year for "an outstandingly important recent discovery in the field of thermal or optical properties of matter made by a scientist working in Europe".
Seabirds (also known as marine birds) are birds that have adapted to life within the marine environment.
The Senior Wrangler is the top mathematics undergraduate at Cambridge University in England, a position once regarded as "the greatest intellectual achievement attainable in Britain." Specifically, it is the person who achieves the highest overall mark among the Wranglers – the students at Cambridge who gain first-class degrees in mathematics.
The sine wave or sinusoid is a mathematical curve that describes a smooth repetitive oscillation.
The Smith's Prize was the name of each of two prizes awarded annually to two research students in mathematics and theoretical Physics at the University of Cambridge from 1769.
Sound localization refers to a listener's ability to identify the location or origin of a detected sound in direction and distance.
Spencer Compton Cavendish, 8th Duke of Devonshire (23 July 1833 – 24 March 1908), styled Lord Cavendish of Keighley between 1834 and 1858 and Marquess of Hartington between 1858 and 1891, was a British statesman.
In physics, a surface wave is a mechanical wave that propagates along the interface between differing media, usually as a gravity wave between two fluids with different densities.
Trinity College is a constituent college of the University of Cambridge in England.
The University of CambridgeThe corporate title of the university is The Chancellor, Masters, and Scholars of the University of Cambridge.
Sir William Ramsay KCB FRS FRSE (1852–1916) was a British chemist who discovered the noble gases and received the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1904 "in recognition of his services in the discovery of the inert gaseous elements in air" (along with his collaborator, Lord Rayleigh, who received the Nobel Prize in Physics that same year for their discovery of argon).
Witham is a town in the county of Essex, in the east of England with a population (2011 census) of 25,353.
22740 Rayleigh (1998 SX146) is an outer main-belt asteroid discovered on September 20, 1998 by Eric Walter Elst at the European Southern Observatory.
3rd Baron Rayleigh, JW Strutt, John Rayleigh, John Strutt, 3rd Baron Rayleigh, John Strutt, Lord Rayleigh, John William Rayleigh, John William Strutt, John William Strutt 3rd Baron Rayleigh, John William Strutt 3rd Baron of Terling Place, John William Strutt Rayleigh, John William Strutt, Lord Rayleigh, Lord Rayleigh, Lord Rayleigh, 3rd Baron of Terling Place.