50 relations: Articles of association, Articles of incorporation, Board of directors, Business, Certificate of incorporation, Common purpose, Consortium, Cooperative, Corporate law, Cost sharing, Dividend policy, Division (business), Dow Corning, Due diligence, Emerging markets, Equity sharing, European Union law, Extraordinary general meeting, Extraordinary resolution, Feasibility study, Hulu, Institute, Intellectual property, International joint venture, Investor, Joint venture, Joint venture broker, Know-how, Mao Zedong, Memorandum of association, Memorandum of understanding, Mergers and acquisitions, MillerCoors, Natural gas, Oil, Ordinary resolution, Owens Corning, Partnership, Penske Truck Leasing, Petroleum industry, Proxy voting, Right of first refusal, Risk, Shareholders' agreement, Sony Mobile, Stock, Subsidiary, Ukraine, Vevo, World Trade Organization.
In corporate governance, a company's articles of association (AoA, called articles of incorporation in some jurisdictions) is a document which, along with the memorandum of association (in cases where the memorandum exists) form the company's constitution, defines the responsibilities of the directors, the kind of business to be undertaken, and the means by which the shareholders exert control over the board of directors.
Articles of incorporation, also referred to as the certificate of incorporation or the corporate charter, is a document or charter that establishes the existence of a corporation in the United States and Canada.
A board of directors is a recognized group of people who jointly oversee the activities of an organization, which can be either a for-profit business, nonprofit organization, or a government agency.
Business is the activity of making one's living or making money by producing or buying and selling products (goods and services).
A certificate of incorporation is a legal document relating to the formation of a company or corporation.
The doctrine of common purpose, common design, joint enterprise, or joint criminal enterprise is a common-law legal doctrine that imputes criminal liability to the participants in a criminal enterprise for all that results from that enterprise.
A consortium is an association of two or more individuals, companies, organizations or governments (or any combination of these entities) with the objective of participating in a common activity or pooling their resources for achieving a common goal.
A cooperative (also known as co-operative, co-op, or coop) is "an autonomous association of persons united voluntarily to meet their common economic, social, and cultural needs and aspirations through a jointly-owned and democratically-controlled enterprise".
Corporate law (also known as business law or enterprise law or sometimes company law) is the body of law governing the rights, relations, and conduct of persons, companies, organizations and businesses.
In health care, cost sharing occurs when patients pay for a portion of health care costs not covered by health insurance.
Dividend policy is concerned with financial policies regarding paying cash dividend in the present or paying an increased dividend at a later stage.
A division of a business, sometimes called a business sector or business unit (segment), is one of the parts into which a business, organization or company is divided.
Dow Corning was an American multinational corporation headquartered in Midland, Michigan, United States.
Due diligence is an investigation of a business or person prior to signing a contract, or an act with a certain standard of care.
An emerging market is a country that has some characteristics of a developed market, but does not meet standards to be a developed market.
Equity sharing is another name for shared ownership or co-ownership.
European Union law is the system of laws operating within the member states of the European Union.
An extraordinary general meeting, commonly abbreviated as EGM, is a meeting of members of an organisation, shareholders of a company, or employees of an official body that occurs at an irregular time. The term is usually used where the group would ordinarily hold an annual general meeting (AGM) but where an issue arises that requires the input of the entire membership and is too serious or urgent to wait until the next AGM.
In business or commercial law, an extraordinary resolution or special resolution is a resolution passed by the shareholders of a company by a greater majority than is required to pass an ordinary resolution.
Feasibility Study is an assessment of the practicality of a proposed project or system.
Hulu (stylized as hulu) is an American entertainment company that provides over-the-top media services owned by Hulu LLC, a joint venture with The Walt Disney Company (through Disney Direct-to-Consumer and International) (30%), 21st Century Fox (30%), Comcast (through NBCUniversal) (30%),Although NBC Universal is also a major shareholder (30%) of Hulu, by the Federal Communications Commission, NBC Universal and Comcast are required not to exercise any right to influence the conduct or operation of Hulu.
An institute is an organisational body created for a certain purpose.
Intellectual property (IP) is a category of property that includes intangible creations of the human intellect, and primarily encompasses copyrights, patents, and trademarks.
An international joint venture (IJV) occurs when two businesses based in two or more countries form a partnership.
An investor is a person that allocates capital with the expectation of a future financial return.
A joint venture (JV) is a business entity created by two or more parties, generally characterized by shared ownership, shared returns and risks, and shared governance.
Joint venture brokers are people who connect business joint venture partners together for profit making projects.
Know-how (or knowhow) is a term for practical knowledge on how to accomplish something, as opposed to "know-what" (facts), "know-why" (science), or "know-who" (communication).
Mao Zedong (December 26, 1893September 9, 1976), commonly known as Chairman Mao, was a Chinese communist revolutionary who became the founding father of the People's Republic of China, which he ruled as the Chairman of the Communist Party of China from its establishment in 1949 until his death in 1976.
The memorandum of association of company, often simply called the memorandum (and then often capitalised as an abbreviation for the official name, which is a proper noun and usually includes other words) is one of the most important documents and must be drafted with care.
A memorandum of understanding (MoU) is a type of agreement between two (bilateral) or more (multilateral) parties.
Mergers and acquisitions (M&A) are transactions in which the ownership of companies, other business organizations, or their operating units are transferred or consolidated with other entities.
MillerCoors is a beer brewing company in the United States.
Natural gas is a naturally occurring hydrocarbon gas mixture consisting primarily of methane, but commonly including varying amounts of other higher alkanes, and sometimes a small percentage of carbon dioxide, nitrogen, hydrogen sulfide, or helium.
An oil is any nonpolar chemical substance that is a viscous liquid at ambient temperatures and is both hydrophobic (does not mix with water, literally "water fearing") and lipophilic (mixes with other oils, literally "fat loving").
In business or commercial law in certain common law jurisdictions, an ordinary resolution is a resolution passed by the shareholders of a company by a simple or bare majority (for example more than 50% of the vote) either at a convened meeting of shareholders or by circulating a resolution for signature.
Owens Corning is a global company that develops and produces insulation, roofing, and fiberglass composites.
A partnership is an arrangement where parties, known as partners, agree to cooperate to advance their mutual interests.
Penske Truck Leasing Co., L.P. is a joint venture of Penske Corporation, Penske Automotive Group, and Mitsui & Co., Ltd.
The petroleum industry, also known as the oil industry or the oil patch, includes the global processes of exploration, extraction, refining, transporting (often by oil tankers and pipelines), and marketing of petroleum products.
Proxy voting is a form of voting whereby a member of a decision-making body may delegate his or her voting power to a representative, to enable a vote in absence.
Right of first refusal (ROFR or RFR) is a contractual right that gives its holder the option to enter a business transaction with the owner of something, according to specified terms, before the owner is entitled to enter into that transaction with a third party.
Risk is the potential of gaining or losing something of value.
A shareholders' agreement (sometimes referred to in the U.S. as a stockholders' agreement) (SHA) is an agreement amongst the shareholders or members of a company.
Sony Mobile Communications Inc. is a multinational telecommunications company founded on October 1, 2001 as a joint venture between Sony and Ericsson, headquartered in Tokyo, Japan and wholly owned by Sony.
The stock (also capital stock) of a corporation is constituted of the equity stock of its owners.
A subsidiary, subsidiary company or daughter company"daughter company.
Ukraine (Ukrayina), sometimes called the Ukraine, is a sovereign state in Eastern Europe, bordered by Russia to the east and northeast; Belarus to the northwest; Poland, Hungary, and Slovakia to the west; Romania and Moldova to the southwest; and the Black Sea and Sea of Azov to the south and southeast, respectively.
Vevo (an abbreviation for 'video evolution') is an American multinational video hosting service founded on December 8, 2009, as a joint venture between three major record companies, Universal Music Group (UMG), Sony Music Entertainment (SME) and EMI.
The World Trade Organization (WTO) is an intergovernmental organization that regulates international trade.
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