312 relations: Achieng Oneko, African Americans, African nationalism, African socialism, All-African Peoples' Conference, Annual general meeting, Anti-communism, Anti-imperialism, Anti-Jewish legislation in prewar Nazi Germany, Anti-Slavery Society, Apartheid, Atheism, Audrey Richards, Authoritarianism, Baptism, Barack Obama, Barack Obama Sr., BBC, Beijing, Berlin, Bible, Bildad Kaggia, Birmingham, Blacklisting, Blue plaque, Boarding school, British Army, British Empire, Bronisław Malinowski, Bruce McKenzie, Buddhism, C. L. R. James, Cairo, Camden Town, Campaign against female genital mutilation in colonial Kenya, Capitalism, Catechism, Charles Njonjo, Charles, Prince of Wales, Christian name, Christianity, Church of Scotland, Circumcision, Clandestine cell system, Coast Province, Cold War, Colonial Office, Commonwealth of Nations, Communist International, Communist Party of Great Britain, ..., Communist Party of the Soviet Union, Communist University of the Toilers of the East, Congo Crisis, Conscription in the United Kingdom, Conservatism, Dagoretti, Daily Nation, Daniel arap Moi, David Koff, Democratic socialism, Denis Pritt, Dermatitis, Development studies, Dreams from My Father, Drummond Shiels, Dudley Thompson, East Africa Protectorate, East African Community, East African Federation, Easter, Economic growth, Edward Grigg, 1st Baron Altrincham, Elizabeth II, Elspeth Huxley, Embu people, English language, Entrepreneurship, Eucharist, Evelyn Baring, 1st Baron Howick of Glendale, Extra (acting), Fabian Society, Face to Face (British TV series), Facing Mount Kenya, Family planning, Far-right politics, Fascism, Father figure, Father of the Nation, Federalism, Female genital mutilation, Fenner Brockway, Fez, Frantz Fanon, Fred Kubai, Gatundu, Geneva, George Anyona, George Padmore, German East Africa, Grace Wahu, Guy Arnold, H. O. Davies, Haile Selassie, Hampstead, Harold Macmillan, Harry Thuku, Head of government, Head of state, Hilton Young Commission, Hinduism, Home Guard (United Kingdom), House of Commons, Hugh Cholmondeley, 3rd Baron Delamere, Hulda Stumpf, Human capital flight, Humphrey Slade, Hyde Park, London, Immigration Act 1971, Indefinite detention without trial, Indians in Kenya, Industrial and Commercial Development Corporation, Informant (linguistics), International African Friends of Abyssinia, International African Institute, International African Service Bureau, International Students House, London, Irish War of Independence, Islam, James Beauttah, James Gichuru, Jaramogi Oginga Odinga, Jawaharlal Nehru, Jean-Marie Seroney, John Arthur, Joseph Murumbi, Josiah Mwangi Kariuki, Judicial Committee of the Privy Council, Julius Nyerere, Kabete, Kalenjin people, Kapenguria, Kapenguria Six, Kenneth Kaunda, Kenya, Kenya African Democratic Union, Kenya African National Union, Kenya African Union, Kenya Colony, Kenya Indian Congress, Kenya Literature Bureau, Kenya People's Union, Kenyan general election, 1961, Kenyan general election, 1963, Kenyan general election, 1969, Kenyan parliamentary by-elections, 1966, Kenyatta University, Kiambu, Kikuyu Central Association, Kikuyu language, Kikuyu people, Kilimani, Kingsley Martin, Kipande, Kisumu, Kung'u Karumba, Kwame Nkrumah, Labour Monthly, Labour Party (UK), Ladipo Solanke, Lancaster House, Lancaster House Conferences (Kenya), Land grabbing, Law and order (politics), League against Imperialism, Legislative Council of Kenya, Liberal democracy, Liberalism, Lilias Armstrong, Lindfield, West Sussex, List of colonial governors and administrators of Kenya, Lodwar, Lokitaung, London, London School of Economics, Lucy Mair, Luo people (Kenya), Maasai people, Mahatma Gandhi, Malcolm MacDonald, Manchester, Maralal, Margaret Kenyatta (mayor), Martin Shikuku, Martin Webster, Marxism–Leninism, Mau Mau Uprising, Mbiyu Koinange, Medicine man, Meru people, Middle class, Mielie-meal, Milton Obote, Mission school, Mixed economy, Mogadishu, Mombasa, Monogamy, Montagu Slater, Morning Star (British newspaper), Moscow, Multinational corporation, Multiple citizenship, Murang'a, Nairobi, Nakuru, Nancy Cunard, Nandi people, Narok, National Assembly (Kenya), Nationalization, Nazi Germany, Nazism, Neo-Nazism, Neocolonialism, New Testament, Ngũgĩ wa Thiong'o, Ngina Kenyatta, Ngong Hills, Nihilism, Njoroge Mungai, North Eastern Province (Kenya), Northern Rhodesia, October Revolution, One-party state, Operation Entebbe, Opposition (parliamentary), Organisation of African Unity, Oxford University Press, Pan-African Congress, Pan-Africanism, Patrice Lumumba, Patrick Muir Renison, Paul Ngei, Paul Robeson, Penal labour, Peter Abrahams, Philip Euen Mitchell, Phonetics, Pio Gama Pinto, Populism, President of Kenya, Prime Minister of India, Prime Minister of Kenya, Prince Peter of Greece and Denmark, Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, Princess Marie Bonaparte, Protestantism, Public sector, Pumwani, Raila Odinga, Ransley Thacker, Rawson Macharia, Reactionary, Register office (United Kingdom), Remand (detention), Rhodes House, Ronald Ngala, Royal Commonwealth Society, Russell Square, Sanders of the River, Save the Children, Second Italo-Ethiopian War, Select committee, Shepperton Studios, Siberia, Social anthropology, Somali-Kenyan conflict, Southern Rhodesia, Soviet Union, Speakers' Corner, Special Branch, State funeral, Storrington, Structural functionalism, Supreme Court of Kenya, Sussex, Swahili language, Tanganyika, The Black Man's Land Trilogy, Thika, Tom Mboya, Trafalgar Square, Tuberculosis, Tunis, Two-party system, Uhuru Kenyatta, University College London, University of Nairobi, Veneration of the dead, Victorian era, West African Students' Union, West London (sub-region), Western world, White people in Kenya, Wind of Change (speech), Winston Churchill, Woodbrooke Quaker Study Centre, Workers' Educational Association, World War I, World War II, Zhou Enlai, 1964 Commonwealth Prime Ministers' Conference. Expand index (262 more) » « Shrink index
Ramogi Achieng Oneko (1920–2007) was a Kenyan freedom fighter and a politician.
African Americans (also referred to as Black Americans or Afro-Americans) are an ethnic group of Americans with total or partial ancestry from any of the black racial groups of Africa.
African nationalism is an umbrella term which refers to a group of political ideologies, mainly within Sub-Saharan Africa, which are based on the idea of national self-determination and the creation of nation states.
African socialism is a belief in sharing economic resources in a traditional African way, as distinct from classical socialism.
The 'All-African Peoples Conference' (AAPC) was partly a corollary and partly a different perspective to the modern Africa states represented by the Conference of Heads of independent Africa States.
An annual general meeting (commonly abbreviated as AGM, also known as the annual meeting) is a meeting of the general membership of an organization.
Anti-communism is opposition to communism.
Anti-imperialism in political science and international relations is a term used in a variety of contexts, usually by nationalist movements who want to secede from a larger polity (usually in the form of an empire, but also in a multi-ethnic sovereign state) or as a specific theory opposed to capitalism in Marxist–Leninist discourse, derived from Vladimir Lenin's work Imperialism, the Highest Stage of Capitalism.
Anti-Jewish legislation in prewar Nazi Germany comprised several laws that segregated the Jews from German society and restricted Jewish people's political, legal and civil rights.
The Anti-Slavery Society was the everyday name of two different British organisations.
Apartheid started in 1948 in theUnion of South Africa |year_start.
Atheism is, in the broadest sense, the absence of belief in the existence of deities.
Audrey Isabel Richards, CBE, FBA (8 July 1899 – 29 June 1984), was a pioneering British social anthropologist who worked mainly in sub-Saharan Africa.
Authoritarianism is a form of government characterized by strong central power and limited political freedoms.
Baptism (from the Greek noun βάπτισμα baptisma; see below) is a Christian sacrament of admission and adoption, almost invariably with the use of water, into Christianity.
Barack Hussein Obama II (born August 4, 1961) is an American politician who served as the 44th President of the United States from January 20, 2009, to January 20, 2017.
Barack Hussein Obama Sr. (18 June 1936 – 24 November 1982) was a Kenyan senior governmental economist and the father of Barack Obama, the 44th President of the United States.
The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) is a British public service broadcaster.
Beijing, formerly romanized as Peking, is the capital of the People's Republic of China, the world's second most populous city proper, and most populous capital city.
Berlin is the capital and the largest city of Germany, as well as one of its 16 constituent states.
The Bible (from Koine Greek τὰ βιβλία, tà biblía, "the books") is a collection of sacred texts or scriptures that Jews and Christians consider to be a product of divine inspiration and a record of the relationship between God and humans.
Bildad Mwaganu Kaggia (1921 – 7 March 2005) was a Kenyan nationalist, activist, and politician.
Birmingham is a city and metropolitan borough in the West Midlands, England, with an estimated population of 1,101,360, making it the second most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.
Blacklisting is the action of a group or authority, compiling a blacklist (or black list) of people, countries or other entities to be avoided or distrusted as not being acceptable to those making the list.
A blue plaque is a permanent sign installed in a public place in the United Kingdom and elsewhere to commemorate a link between that location and a famous person, event, or former building on the site, serving as a historical marker.
A boarding school provides education for pupils who live on the premises, as opposed to a day school.
The British Army is the principal land warfare force of the United Kingdom, a part of British Armed Forces.
The British Empire comprised the dominions, colonies, protectorates, mandates and other territories ruled or administered by the United Kingdom and its predecessor states.
Bronisław Kasper Malinowski (7 April 1884 – 16 May 1942) was a Polish-British anthropologist, often considered one of the most important 20th-century anthropologists.
Bruce Roy Douglas McKenzie (1919 – 24 May 1978) was a South African-born Kenyan politician.
Buddhism is the world's fourth-largest religion with over 520 million followers, or over 7% of the global population, known as Buddhists.
Cyril Lionel Robert James (4 January 1901 – 31 May 1989), who sometimes wrote under the pen-name J. R. Johnson, was an Afro-Trinidadian historian, journalist and socialist.
Cairo (القاهرة) is the capital of Egypt.
Camden Town, often shortened to Camden (a term also used for the entire borough), is a district of north west London, England, located north of Charing Cross (walking distance).
The campaign against female genital mutilation in colonial Kenya was an important episode in the history of that country.
Capitalism is an economic system based upon private ownership of the means of production and their operation for profit.
A catechism (from κατηχέω, "to teach orally") is a summary or exposition of doctrine and serves as a learning introduction to the Sacraments traditionally used in catechesis, or Christian religious teaching of children and adult converts.
Charles Mugane Njonjo (born 23 January 1920) is a former Attorney General of Kenya (1963 – 1979), and Minister of Constitutional Affairs (1980 – 1983).
Charles, Prince of Wales (Charles Philip Arthur George; born 14 November 1948) is the heir apparent to the British throne as the eldest child of Queen Elizabeth II.
A Christian name, sometimes referred to as a baptismal name, is a religious personal name historically given on the occasion of a Christian baptism, though now most often assigned by parents at birth.
ChristianityFrom Ancient Greek Χριστός Khristós (Latinized as Christus), translating Hebrew מָשִׁיחַ, Māšîăḥ, meaning "the anointed one", with the Latin suffixes -ian and -itas.
The Church of Scotland (The Scots Kirk, Eaglais na h-Alba), known informally by its Scots language name, the Kirk, is the national church of Scotland.
Male circumcision is the removal of the foreskin from the human penis.
A clandestine cell system is a method for organizing a group of people such as resistance fighters, sleeper agents, or terrorists so that such people can more effectively resist penetration by an opposing organization (such as law enforcement).
The Coast Province (Mkoa wa Pwani) of Kenya, along the Indian Ocean, was one of Kenya's eight provinces.
The Cold War was a state of geopolitical tension after World War II between powers in the Eastern Bloc (the Soviet Union and its satellite states) and powers in the Western Bloc (the United States, its NATO allies and others).
The Colonial Office was a government department of the Kingdom of Great Britain and later of the United Kingdom, first created to deal with the colonial affairs of British North America but needed also to oversee the increasing number of colonies of the British Empire.
The Commonwealth of Nations, often known as simply the Commonwealth, is an intergovernmental organisation of 53 member states that are mostly former territories of the British Empire.
The Communist International (Comintern), known also as the Third International (1919–1943), was an international communist organization that advocated world communism.
The Communist Party of Great Britain (CPGB) was a British communist party which was the largest communist party in Great Britain, although it never became a mass party like those in France and Italy.
The Communist Party of the Soviet Union was the founding and ruling political party of the Soviet Union.
The Communist University of the Toilers of the East (KUTV) (Коммунистический университет трудящихся Востока; also known as the Far East University) was a revolutionary training school for important Communist political leaders.
The Congo Crisis (Crise congolaise) was a period of political upheaval and conflict in the Republic of the Congo (today the Democratic Republic of the Congo) between 1960 and 1965.
Conscription in the United Kingdom has existed for two periods in modern times.
Conservatism is a political and social philosophy promoting traditional social institutions in the context of culture and civilization.
Dagoretti is an area in the western part of Nairobi, the capital of Kenya.
The Daily Nation is the highest circulation Kenyan independent newspaper with 170,000 copies.
Daniel Toroitich arap Moi (born 2 September 1924) is a former Kenyan politician who served as the second President of Kenya from 1978 to 2002.
David Richard Koff (September 24, 1939 – March 6, 2014) was a maker of documentary films, social activist, writer, researcher, and editor.
Democratic socialism is a political philosophy that advocates political democracy alongside social ownership of the means of production with an emphasis on self-management and/or democratic management of economic institutions within a market socialist, participatory or decentralized planned economy.
Denis Nowell Pritt, QC (22 September 1887 – 23 May 1972) was a British barrister and Labour Party politician.
Dermatitis, also known as eczema, is a group of diseases that results in inflammation of the skin.
Development studies is an interdisciplinary branch of social science.
Dreams from My Father: A Story of Race and Inheritance (1995) is a memoir by Barack Obama, who was elected as U.S. President in 2008.
Sir (Thomas) Drummond Shiels MC MB ChB (7 August 1881 – 1 January 1953) was a Scottish Labour politician.
Dudley Joseph Thompson, OJ, QC, (19 January 1917 – 20 January 2012) was a Jamaican Pan-Africanist, politician and diplomat, who made a contribution to jurisprudence and politics in the Caribbean, Africa and elsewhere internationally.
East Africa Protectorate (also known as British East Africa) was an area in the African Great Lakes occupying roughly the same terrain as present-day Kenya (approximately) from the Indian Ocean inland to Uganda and the Great Rift Valley.
The East African Community (EAC) is an intergovernmental organization composed of six countries in the African Great Lakes region in eastern Africa: Burundi, Kenya, Rwanda, South Sudan, Tanzania, and Uganda.
The East African Federation (Swahili: Shirikisho la Afrika Mashariki) is a proposed political union of the six sovereign states of the East African CommunityBurundi, Kenya, Rwanda, South Sudan, Tanzania and Ugandaas a single federated sovereign state.
Easter,Traditional names for the feast in English are "Easter Day", as in the Book of Common Prayer, "Easter Sunday", used by James Ussher and Samuel Pepys and plain "Easter", as in books printed in,, also called Pascha (Greek, Latin) or Resurrection Sunday, is a festival and holiday celebrating the resurrection of Jesus from the dead, described in the New Testament as having occurred on the third day of his burial after his crucifixion by the Romans at Calvary 30 AD.
Economic growth is the increase in the inflation-adjusted market value of the goods and services produced by an economy over time.
Edward William Macleay Grigg, 1st Baron Altrincham (8 September 1879 – 1 December 1955) was a British colonial administrator and politician.
Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary; born 21 April 1926) is Queen of the United Kingdom and the other Commonwealth realms.
Elspeth Joscelin Huxley CBE (née Grant; 23 July 1907 – 10 January 1997) was an author, journalist, broadcaster, magistrate, environmentalist, farmer, and government adviser.
The Embu are a Bantu people inhabiting Embu county in Kenya.
English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.
Entrepreneurship is the process of designing, launching and running a new business, which is often initially a small business.
The Eucharist (also called Holy Communion or the Lord's Supper, among other names) is a Christian rite that is considered a sacrament in most churches and an ordinance in others.
Evelyn Baring, 1st Baron Howick of Glendale (29 September 1903 – 10 March 1973), was Governor of Southern Rhodesia from 1942 to 1944, High Commissioner for Southern Africa from 1944 to 1951, and Governor of Kenya from 1952 to 1959.
A background actor or extra is a performer in a film, television show, stage, musical, opera or ballet production, who appears in a nonspeaking or nonsinging (silent) capacity, usually in the background (for example, in an audience or busy street scene).
The Fabian Society is a British socialist organization whose purpose is to advance the principles of democratic socialism via gradualist and reformist effort in democracies, rather than by revolutionary overthrow.
Face To Face is a BBC television series originally broadcast between 1959 and 1962, created and produced by Hugh Burnett, which ran for 35 episodes.
Facing Mount Kenya, first published in 1938, is an anthropological study of the people of the Kikuyu ethnicity of central Kenya.
Family planning services are defined as "educational, comprehensive medical or social activities which enable individuals, including minors, to determine freely the number and spacing of their children and to select the means by which this may be achieved".
Far-right politics are politics further on the right of the left-right spectrum than the standard political right, particularly in terms of more extreme nationalist, and nativist ideologies, as well as authoritarian tendencies.
Fascism is a form of radical authoritarian ultranationalism, characterized by dictatorial power, forcible suppression of opposition and control of industry and commerce, which came to prominence in early 20th-century Europe.
A father figure is usually an older man, normally one with power, authority, or strength, with whom one can identify on a deeply psychological level and who generates emotions generally felt towards one's father.
The Father of the Nation is an honorific title given to a man considered the driving force behind the establishment of his country, state, or nation.
Federalism is the mixed or compound mode of government, combining a general government (the central or 'federal' government) with regional governments (provincial, state, cantonal, territorial or other sub-unit governments) in a single political system.
Female genital mutilation (FGM), also known as female genital cutting and female circumcision, is the ritual cutting or removal of some or all of the external female genitalia.
Archibald Fenner Brockway, Baron Brockway (1 November 1888 – 28 April 1988), was a British anti-war activist and politician.
The fez (more correctly ṭarbūsh from the Persian sarpūsh) is a felt headdress in the shape of a short cylindrical peakless hat, usually red, and sometimes with a tassel attached to the top.
Frantz Fanon (20 July 1925 – 6 December 1961) was a Martinican psychiatrist, philosopher, revolutionary, and writer whose works are influential in the fields of post-colonial studies, critical theory, and Marxism.
Fred Kubai (1917–June 1, 1996) was one of the Kapenguria Six, members of the Kenya African Union arrested in 1952, tried and imprisoned.
Gatundu is a small town in Kiambu County of Kenya.
Geneva (Genève, Genèva, Genf, Ginevra, Genevra) is the second-most populous city in Switzerland (after Zürich) and the most populous city of the Romandy, the French-speaking part of Switzerland.
George Moseti Anyona (1945–2003) was a politician from Kenya.
George Padmore (28 June 1903 – 23 September 1959), born Malcolm Ivan Meredith Nurse in Trinidad, was a leading Pan-Africanist, journalist, and author.
German East Africa (Deutsch-Ostafrika) (GEA) was a German colony in the African Great Lakes region, which included present-day Burundi, Rwanda, and the mainland part of Tanzania.
Grace Wahu was the first wife of Jomo Kenyatta, the first president of Kenya.
Guy Arnold (born 6 May 1932) is a British author based in Marylebone, London, and a specialist in north-south relations who writes mainly in the areas of African history and politics, and international affairs.
Chief Hezekiah Oladipo Davies (5 April 1905 – 22 November 1989) was a leading Nigerian nationalist, lawyer, journalist, trade unionist, thought leader and politician during the nation's movement towards independence in 1960 and immediately afterwards.
Haile Selassie I (ቀዳማዊ ኃይለ ሥላሴ, qädamawi haylä səllasé,;, born Ras Tafari Makonnen, was Ethiopia's regent from 1916 to 1930 and emperor from 1930 to 1974.
Hampstead, commonly known as Hampstead Village, is an area of London, England, northwest of Charing Cross.
Maurice Harold Macmillan, 1st Earl of Stockton, (10 February 1894 – 29 December 1986) was a British statesman of the Conservative Party who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1957 to 1963.
Harry Thuku (1895– 14 June 1970) was a Kenyan politician, who was one of the pioneers in the development of modern African nationalism in Kenya.
A head of government (or chief of government) is a generic term used for either the highest or second highest official in the executive branch of a sovereign state, a federated state, or a self-governing colony, (commonly referred to as countries, nations or nation-states) who often presides over a cabinet, a group of ministers or secretaries who lead executive departments.
A head of state (or chief of state) is the public persona that officially represents the national unity and legitimacy of a sovereign state.
The Hilton Young Commission was a Commission of Inquiry appointed in 1926 to look into the possible closer union of the British territories in East and Central Africa.
Hinduism is an Indian religion and dharma, or a way of life, widely practised in the Indian subcontinent.
The Home Guard (initially Local Defence Volunteers or LDV) was a defence organisation of the British Army during the Second World War.
The House of Commons is the elected lower house of the bicameral parliaments of the United Kingdom and Canada and historically was the name of the lower houses of the Kingdom of England, Kingdom of Great Britain, Kingdom of Ireland, Northern Ireland, Southern Ireland, North Carolina and South Korea.
Hugh Cholmondeley, 3rd Baron Delamere, (28 April 1870 – 13 November 1931), styled The Honourable from birth until 1887, was a British peer.
Hulda Jane Stumpf (10 January 1867 – 3 January 1930) was an American Christian missionary who was murdered in her home near the Africa Inland Mission station in Kijabe, Kenya, where she worked as a secretary and administrator.
Human capital flight refers to the emigration of individuals who have received advanced training at home.
Humphrey Slade EBS (1905 – 10 August 1983) was a Kenyan lawyer and member of parliament who served as the inaugural Speaker of the National Assembly, from 1967 to 1970.
Hyde Park is a Grade I-listed major park in Central London.
The Immigration Act 1971 is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom concerning immigration.
Indefinite detention is the incarceration of an arrested person by a national government or law enforcement agency without a trial; the practice violates many national and international laws, including human rights laws.
Indians in Kenya (also referred to as Kenyan Asians) are citizens and residents of Kenya with ancestral roots in the Indian subcontinent.
Industrial and Commercial Development Corporation (ICDC) is a government-owned development finance and investment company in Kenya.
An informant or consultant in linguistics is a native speaker who acts as a linguistic reference for a language being studied.
The International African Friends of Abyssinia (IAFA), also known as the International African Friends of Ethiopia, was an organisation established in London, England, in 1935 to protest against Italian aggression against Abyssinia (see Second Italo-Ethiopian War).
The International African Institute (IAI) was founded (as the International Institute of African Languages and Cultures - IIALC) in 1926 in London for the study of African languages.
The International African Service Bureau (IASB) was a pan-African organisation founded in London in 1937 by West Indians George Padmore, C. L. R. James, Amy Ashwood Garvey, T. Ras Makonnen and Kenyan nationalist Jomo Kenyatta and Sierra Leonean labour activist and agitator I. T. A. Wallace-Johnson.
International Students House, London (colloquially shortened to ISH said as one word, "ish") is a residence for 700 British and overseas students in London.
The Irish War of Independence (Cogadh na Saoirse) or Anglo-Irish War was a guerrilla war fought from 1919 to 1921 between the Irish Republican Army (IRA, the army of the Irish Republic) and the British security forces in Ireland.
IslamThere are ten pronunciations of Islam in English, differing in whether the first or second syllable has the stress, whether the s is or, and whether the a is pronounced, or (when the stress is on the first syllable) (Merriam Webster).
James Beauttah led the Kikuyu Central Association, Kenya's first all-African political organization together with Joseph Kang'ethe.
James Samuel Gichuru (1914–1982) was a Kenyan politician.
Jaramogi Ajuma Oginga Odinga (October 1911 – 20 January 1994) was a Luo chieftain who became a prominent figure in Kenya's struggle for independence.
Jawaharlal Nehru (14 November 1889 – 27 May 1964) was the first Prime Minister of India and a central figure in Indian politics before and after independence.
Jean-Marie Seroney (25 July 1927 – 6 December 1982) was a Kenyan human rights advocate, a legislator, and an Amnesty International prisoner of conscience.
John William Arthur (1881, Glasgow – 1952, Edinburgh) was a medical missionary and Church of Scotland minister who served in British East Africa (Kenya) from 1907 to 1937.
Joseph Zuzarte Murumbi (1911 – 22 June 1990) was a Kenyan politician who was the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Kenya from 1964 to 1966, and its second Vice-President between May and December 1966.
Josiah Mwangi Kariuki (21 March 1929 – 2 March 1975) was a Kenyan socialist politician during the administration of the Jomo Kenyatta government.
The Judicial Committee of the Privy Council (JCPC) is the highest court of appeal for certain British territories and Commonwealth countries.
Julius Kambarage Nyerere (13 April 1922 – 14 October 1999) was a Tanzanian anti-colonial activist, politician, and political theorist.
Kabete is one of 12 electrolate constituencies within Kiambu County, as of 2012 but parts of it are in Nairobi County.
The Kalenjin are a Nilotic ethnic group inhabiting much of what was the Rift Valley Province in Kenya.
Kapenguria is a town lying north east of Kitale on the A1 road in Kenya.
The Kapenguria Six – Bildad Kaggia, Kung'u Karumba, Jomo Kenyatta, Fred Kubai, Paul Ngei, and Achieng' Oneko – were six leading Kenyan nationalists who were arrested in 1952, tried at Kapenguria in 1952–53, and imprisoned thereafter in Northern Kenya.
Kenneth David Buchizya Kaunda (born 28 April 1924), also known as KK, is a Zambian former politician who served as the first President of Zambia from 1964 to 1991.
Kenya, officially the Republic of Kenya, is a country in Africa with its capital and largest city in Nairobi.
The Kenya African Democratic Union (KADU) was a political party in Kenya.
The Kenya African National Union, better known as KANU, is a Kenyan political party that ruled for nearly 40 years after Kenya's independence from British colonial rule in 1963 until its electoral loss in 2002.
The Kenya African Union (KAU) was an organization devoted to achieving independence for British Kenya.
The Colony and Protectorate of Kenya was part of the British Empire in Africa from 1920 until 1963.
The Kenya Indian Congress was a political party in Kenya.
The Kenya Literature Bureau (KLB) is a publishing house and state corporation in Kenya founded in 1947.
Kenya People's Union was a socialist political party in Kenya led by Oginga Odinga.
General elections were held in Kenya in February 1961.
General elections were held in Kenya between 18 and 26 May 1963, the last before independence later in the year.
General elections were held in Kenya on 6 December 1969, the first since independence in 1963.
A series of by-elections were held in Kenya on 11 and 12 June 1966, becoming known as the "little general election".
Kenyatta University (KU) is a public research university in Nairobi County, Kenya.
Kiambu is a town in Kiambu County, Kenya within the Nairobi Metropolitan Region.
The Kikuyu Central Association (KCA), led by James Beauttah and Joseph Kang'ethe, was a political organisation in colonial Kenya formed in 1924/5 to act on behalf of the Gĩkũyũ community by presenting their concerns to the British government.
Kikuyu or Gikuyu (Gĩkũyũ) is a language of the Bantu family spoken primarily by the Kikuyu people (Agĩkũyũ) of Kenya.
The Kikuyu (also Akikûyu/Agikuyu/Gikuyu) is the largest ethnic group in Kenya.
Kilimani is an affluent neighborhood in the city of Nairobi, the capital and largest city of Kenya.
Basil Kingsley Martin (28 July 1897, London, England – 16 February 1969, Cairo, Egypt),Dennis Griffiths (ed.) The Encyclopedia of the British Press 1422–1992, London and Basingstoke: Macmillan, 1992, p.404 usually known as Kingsley Martin, was a British journalist who edited the left-leaning political magazine the New Statesman from 1930 to 1960.
In Kenya under British rule the kipande was an identity document which featured basic personal details, fingerprints, and an employment history.
Kisumu, officially known as Kisumu City (and formerly Port Florence), is the Kenyan inland port city on Lake Victoria and the capital city of Kisumu County, Kenya.
Kung'u Karumba was a Kenyan nationalist and freedom-fighter.
Kwame Nkrumah PC (21 September 1909 – 27 April 1972) was a Ghanaian politician and revolutionary.
Labour Monthly was a magazine associated with the Communist Party of Great Britain.
The Labour Party is a centre-left political party in the United Kingdom.
Ladipo Solanke (c. 1886 – 2 September 1958) was a political activist born in Nigeria who campaigned on West African issues.
Lancaster House (previously known as York House and Stafford House) is a mansion in the St James's district in the West End of London.
The Lancaster House conferences were three meetings (1960, 1962, 1963) in which Kenya's constitutional framework and independence were negotiated.
Land grabbing is the contentious issue of large-scale land acquisitions: the buying or leasing of large pieces of land by domestic and transnational companies, governments, and individuals.
In politics, law and order (also known as tough on crime and the War on Crime) refers to demands for a strict criminal justice system, especially in relation to violent and property crime, through stricter criminal penalties.
The League against Imperialism (Ligue contre l'impérialisme et l'oppression coloniale; Liga gegen Kolonialgreuel und Unterdrückung) was a transnational anti-imperialist organization in the interwar period.
The Legislative Council (LegCo) was the legislature of Kenya between 1907 and 1963.
Liberal democracy is a liberal political ideology and a form of government in which representative democracy operates under the principles of classical liberalism.
Liberalism is a political and moral philosophy based on liberty and equality.
Lilias Eveline Armstrong (29 September 1882 – 9 December 1937) was an English phonetician.
Lindfield is a village and civil parish in the Mid Sussex District of West Sussex, England.
This page contains a list of chairmen, administrators, commissioners and governors of British colonial Kenya.
Lodwar is the largest town in north-western Kenya, located west of Lake Turkana on the A1 road.
Lokitaung is a settlement in Kenya's Rift Valley Province, a few miles inland of northwest Lake Turkana.
London is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.
The London School of Economics (officially The London School of Economics and Political Science, often referred to as LSE) is a public research university located in London, England and a constituent college of the federal University of London.
Lucy Philip Mair (28 January 1901 – 1 April 1986) was a British anthropologist.
The Luo (also called Joluo or Jonagi/Onagi, singular Jaluo, Jaonagi or Joramogi/Nyikwaramogi, meaning "Ramogi's heirs") are an ethnic group in western Kenya, northern Uganda, and in Mara Region in northern Tanzania.
Maasai are a Nilotic ethnic group inhabiting central and southern Kenya and northern Tanzania.
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (2 October 1869 – 30 January 1948) was an Indian activist who was the leader of the Indian independence movement against British rule.
Malcolm John MacDonald (17 August 1901 – 11 January 1981) was a British politician and diplomat.
Manchester is a city and metropolitan borough in Greater Manchester, England, with a population of 530,300.
Maralal is a small hillside market town in northern Kenya, lying east of the Loroghi Plateau within Samburu County.
Margaret Wambui Kenyatta (16 February 1928 – 5 April 2017) was a Kenyan politician.
Joseph Martin Shikuku (c. 1933 – August 22, 2012) was a Kenyan politician.
Martin Guy Alan Webster (born 14 May 1943) is a former leading figure on the far right in the United Kingdom.
In political science, Marxism–Leninism is the ideology of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, of the Communist International and of Stalinist political parties.
The Mau Mau Uprising (1952–1964), also known as the Mau Mau Rebellion, the Kenya Emergency, and the Mau Mau Revolt, was a war in the British Kenya Colony (1920–63).
Peter Mbiyu Koinange (1907 - 2 September 1981) was a politician from Kenya.
A medicine man or medicine woman is a traditional healer and spiritual leader who serves a community of indigenous people of the Americas.
The Meru, Amîîrú, "Ameru" or Ngaa people are a Bantu ethnic group that inhabit the Meru region of Kenya on the fertile lands of north and eastern slopes of Mount Kenya, in the former Eastern Province of Kenya.
The middle class is a class of people in the middle of a social hierarchy.
Mielie Meel or mielie pap is a relatively coarse flour (much coarser than cornflour or cornstarch) made from maize which is known as mielies or mealies in southern Africa, from the Portuguese milho.
Apollo Milton Obote (28 December 1925 – 10 October 2005) was a Ugandan political leader who led Uganda to independence in 1962 from British colonial administration.
A mission school or missionary school is a religious school originally developed and run by Christian missionaries.
A mixed economy is variously defined as an economic system blending elements of market economies with elements of planned economies, free markets with state interventionism, or private enterprise with public enterprise.
Mogadishu (Muqdisho), known locally as Xamar or Hamar, is the capital and most populous city of Somalia.
Mombasa is a city on the coast of Kenya.
Monogamy is a form of relationship in which an individual has only one partner during their lifetime — alternately, only one partner at any one time (serial monogamy) — as compared to non-monogamy (e.g., polygamy or polyamory).
Charles Montagu Slater (23 September 1902 – 19 December 1956) was an English poet, novelist, playwright and librettist.
Morning Star is a left-wing British daily tabloid newspaper with a focus on social, political and trade union issues.
Moscow (a) is the capital and most populous city of Russia, with 13.2 million residents within the city limits and 17.1 million within the urban area.
A multinational corporation (MNC) or worldwide enterprise is a corporate organization that owns or controls production of goods or services in at least one country other than its home country.
Multiple citizenship, dual citizenship, multiple nationality or dual nationality, is a person's citizenship status, in which a person is concurrently regarded as a citizen of more than one state under the laws of those states.
Murang'a (or Muranga) is a town in Muranga County of Kenya.
Nairobi is the capital and the largest city of Kenya.
Nakuru is the fourth-largest city in Kenya after Nairobi, Mombasa and Kisumu.
Nancy Clara Cunard (10 March 1896 – 17 March 1965) was a writer, heiress and political activist.
The Nandi are part of the Kalenjin ethnic group found in East Africa.
Narok (sometimes referred to as Narok Town) is a town west of Nairobi that supports Kenya's economy in south-west of the country, along the Great Rift Valley.
The National Assembly is the lower house of the Parliament of Kenya.
Nationalization (or nationalisation) is the process of transforming private assets into public assets by bringing them under the public ownership of a national government or state.
Nazi Germany is the common English name for the period in German history from 1933 to 1945, when Germany was under the dictatorship of Adolf Hitler through the Nazi Party (NSDAP).
National Socialism (Nationalsozialismus), more commonly known as Nazism, is the ideology and practices associated with the Nazi Party – officially the National Socialist German Workers' Party (Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei or NSDAP) – in Nazi Germany, and of other far-right groups with similar aims.
Neo-Nazism consists of post-World War II militant social or political movements seeking to revive and implement the ideology of Nazism.
Neocolonialism, neo-colonialism or neo-imperialism is the practice of using capitalism, globalization and cultural imperialism to influence a developing country in lieu of direct military control (imperialism) or indirect political control (hegemony).
The New Testament (Ἡ Καινὴ Διαθήκη, trans. Hē Kainḕ Diathḗkē; Novum Testamentum) is the second part of the Christian biblical canon, the first part being the Old Testament, based on the Hebrew Bible.
Ngũgĩ wa Thiong'o (born 5 January 1938) is a Kenyan writer, formerly working in English and now working in Gikuyu.
Ngina Kenyatta (born 24 June 1933), popularly known as "Mama Ngina", is the former First Lady of Kenya.
The Ngong Hills are peaks in a ridge along the Great Rift Valley, located southwest near Nairobi, in southern Kenya.
Nihilism is the philosophical viewpoint that suggests the denial or lack of belief towards the reputedly meaningful aspects of life.
Magana Njoroge Mungai, M.D. EGH (January 7, 1926 – August 16, 2014) was a Kenyan Cabinet Minister, Member of Parliament, doctor, businessman, farmer, politician, nationalist and one of the founding fathers of the Republic of Kenya.
The North Eastern Province (Gobolka Woqooyi Bari) is one of the former Provinces in Kenya.
Northern Rhodesia was a protectorate in south central Africa, formed in 1911 by amalgamating the two earlier protectorates of Barotziland-North-Western Rhodesia and North-Eastern Rhodesia.
The October Revolution (p), officially known in Soviet literature as the Great October Socialist Revolution (Вели́кая Октя́брьская социалисти́ческая револю́ция), and commonly referred to as Red October, the October Uprising, the Bolshevik Revolution, or the Bolshevik Coup, was a revolution in Russia led by the Bolsheviks and Vladimir Lenin that was instrumental in the larger Russian Revolution of 1917.
A one-party state, single-party state, one-party system, or single-party system is a type of state in which one political party has the right to form the government, usually based on the existing constitution.
Operation Entebbe, or Operation Thunderbolt, was a successful counter-terrorist hostage-rescue mission carried out by commandos of the Israel Defense Forces (IDF) at Entebbe Airport in Uganda on 4 July 1976.
Parliamentary opposition is a form of political opposition to a designated government, particularly in a Westminster-based parliamentary system.
The Organisation of African Unity (OAU; Organisation de l'unité africaine (OUA)) was established on 25 May 1963 in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia with 32 signatory governments.
Oxford University Press (OUP) is the largest university press in the world, and the second oldest after Cambridge University Press.
The Pan-African Congress — following on from the first Pan-African Conference of 1900 in London — was a series of seven meetings, held in 1919 in Paris (1st Pan-African Congress), 1921 in London (2nd Pan-African Congress), 1923 in London (3rd Pan-African Congress), 1927 New York City (4th Pan-African Congress), 1945 Manchester (5th Pan-African Congress), 1974 Dar es Salaam (6th Pan-African Congress), 1994 Kampala (7th Pan-African Congress), and 2014 Accra that were intended to address the issues facing Africa as a result of European colonization of most of the continent.
Pan-Africanism is a worldwide intellectual movement that aims to encourage and strengthen bonds of solidarity between all people of African descent.
Patrice Émery Lumumba (alternatively styled Patrice Hemery Lumumba; 2 July 1925 – 17 January 1961) was a Congolese politician and independence leader who served as the first Prime Minister of the independent Democratic Republic of the Congo (then Republic of the Congo) from June until September 1960.
Sir Patrick Muir Renison GCMG (24 March 1911 – 10 November 1965) was a British colonial administrator.
The Honourable Paul Joseph Ngei (18 October 1923 – 15 August 2004) was a Kenyan politician who was imprisoned for his role in the anti-colonial movement, but who went on to hold several government ministerial positions after Kenya became independent.
Paul Leroy Robeson (April 9, 1898 – January 23, 1976) was an American bass baritone concert artist and stage and film actor who became famous both for his cultural accomplishments and for his political activism.
Penal labour is a generic term for various kinds of unfree labour which prisoners are required to perform, typically manual labour.
Peter Henry Abrahams Deras (3 March 1919 – 18 January 2017), commonly known as Peter Abrahams, was a South African-born novelist, journalist and political commentator who in 1956 settled in Jamaica, where he lived for the rest of his life.
Sir Philip Euen Mitchell, (1 May 1890 – 11 October 1964) was a British Colonial administrator who served as Governor of Uganda (1935–1940), Governor of Fiji (1942–1944) and Governor of Kenya (1944–1952).
Phonetics (pronounced) is the branch of linguistics that studies the sounds of human speech, or—in the case of sign languages—the equivalent aspects of sign.
Pio Gama Pinto (March 31, 1927 – February 24, 1965) was a Kenyan journalist, politician and freedom fighter.
In politics, populism refers to a range of approaches which emphasise the role of "the people" and often juxtapose this group against "the elite".
The President of the Republic of Kenya (Rais wa Jamhuri ya Kenya) is the head of state and head of government of Kenya.
The Prime Minister of India is the leader of the executive of the Government of India.
The Prime Minister of Kenya was a post in the Kenyan government.
Prince Peter of Greece and Denmark (Πρίγκιψ Πέτρος της Ελλάδος; 3 December 1908 – 15 October 1980) was a Greek prince, soldier and anthropologist specialising in Tibetan culture and polyandry.
Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh (born Prince Philip of Greece and Denmark, 10 June 1921) is the husband and consort of Queen Elizabeth II.
Princess Marie Bonaparte (2 July 1882 – 21 September 1962), known as Princess George of Greece and Denmark upon her marriage, was a French author and psychoanalyst, closely linked with Sigmund Freud.
Protestantism is the second largest form of Christianity with collectively more than 900 million adherents worldwide or nearly 40% of all Christians.
The public sector (also called the state sector) is the part of the economy composed of both public services and public enterprises.
Pumwani is an estate of Nairobi, the capital of Kenya.
Raila Amolo Odinga (born 7 January 1945) is a former prime minister of Kenya.
Ransley Samuel Thacker (1891 — 1965) was a British lawyer and judge.
Rawson Mbugua Macharia (b. 1911, d. 5 December 2008, aged 96The Standard, 11 December 2008) was the key prosecution witness at the trial of the Kapenguria Six, who included Jomo Kenyatta.
A reactionary is a person who holds political views that favor a return to the status quo ante, the previous political state of society, which they believe possessed characteristics (discipline, respect for authority, etc.) that are negatively absent from the contemporary status quo of a society.
A register office, much more commonly registry office (except in official use), is a British government office where births, deaths and marriages are officially recorded and civil marriages take place.
Remand (also known as pre-trial detention or provisional detention) is the process of detaining a person who has been arrested and charged with a criminal offense until their trial.
Rhodes House is part of the University of Oxford in England.
Ronald Gideon Ngala (1923–1972) was a Kenyan politician who was the leader of the Kenya African Democratic Union political party from its creation in 1960 until its dissolution in 1964.
The Royal Commonwealth Society is a non-governmental organisation with a mission to promote the value of the Commonwealth and the values upon which it is based.
Russell Square is a large garden square in Bloomsbury, in the London Borough of Camden, built predominantly by James Burton.
Sanders of the River is a 1935 British film directed by the Hungarian-British director, Zoltán Korda, based on the stories of Edgar Wallace.
The Save the Children Fund, commonly known as Save the Children, is an international non-governmental organisation that promotes children's rights, provides relief and helps support children in developing countries.
The Second Italo-Ethiopian War, also referred to as the Second Italo-Abyssinian War, was a colonial war from 3 October 1935 until 1939, despite the Italian claim to have defeated Ethiopia by 5 May 1936, the date of the capture of Addis Ababa.
A select committee is a committee made up of a small number of parliamentary members appointed to deal with particular areas or issues originating in the Westminster system of parliamentary democracy.
Shepperton Studios is a film studio located in Shepperton, Surrey, England with a history dating back to 1931.
Siberia (a) is an extensive geographical region, and by the broadest definition is also known as North Asia.
Social anthropology or anthroposociology is the dominant constituent of anthropology throughout the United Kingdom and Commonwealth and much of Europe (France in particular), where it is distinguished from cultural anthropology.
Somali-Kenyan conflict within Kenya has been a consistent issue since the colonial period.
The Colony of Southern Rhodesia was a self-governing British Crown colony in southern Africa from 1923 to 1980, the predecessor state of modern Zimbabwe.
The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.
A Speakers' Corner is an area where open-air public speaking, debate, and discussion are allowed.
Special Branch is a label customarily used to identify units responsible for matters of national security and intelligence in British and Commonwealth police forces, as well as in Ireland and the Royal Malaysian Police.
A state funeral is a public funeral ceremony, observing the strict rules of protocol, held to honour people of national significance.
Storrington is a large village in the Horsham District of West Sussex, England, and one of two in the civil parish of Storrington and Sullington.
Structural functionalism, or simply functionalism, is "a framework for building theory that sees society as a complex system whose parts work together to promote solidarity and stability".
The Supreme Court of Kenya is the highest court in Kenya.
Sussex, from the Old English Sūþsēaxe (South Saxons), is a historic county in South East England corresponding roughly in area to the ancient Kingdom of Sussex.
Swahili, also known as Kiswahili (translation: coast language), is a Bantu language and the first language of the Swahili people.
Tanganyika was a sovereign state, comprising the mainland part of present-day Tanzania, that existed from 1961 until 1964.
The Black Man's Land Trilogy is a series of documentary films on colonialism, nationalism and revolution in Africa, filmed in Kenya in 1970 and released in 1973, and still widely used in African studies programs internationally.
Thika (pronounced) is an industrial town in Kiambu County, Kenya, lying on the A2 road north east of Nairobi, near the confluence of the Thika and Chania Rivers.
Thomas Joseph Odhiambo "Tom" Mboya (15 August 1930 – 5 July 1969) was a Kenyan trade unionist, educationist, Pan Africanist, author, independence activist, Cabinet Minister and one of the founding fathers of the Republic of Kenya.
Trafalgar Square is a public square in the City of Westminster, Central London, built around the area formerly known as Charing Cross.
Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease usually caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB).
Tunis (تونس) is the capital and the largest city of Tunisia.
A two-party system is a party system where two major political parties dominate the government.
Uhuru Muigai Kenyatta (born 26 October 1961) is a Kenyan politician and the fourth president of the Republic of Kenya.
University College London (UCL) is a public research university in London, England, and a constituent college of the federal University of London.
The University of Nairobi (UoN) is a collegiate research university based in Nairobi.
The veneration of the dead, including one's ancestors, is based on love and respect for the deceased.
In the history of the United Kingdom, the Victorian era was the period of Queen Victoria's reign, from 20 June 1837 until her death on 22 January 1901.
The West African Students' Union (WASU), founded in London in 1925 and active into the 1960s,, The WASU Project.
West London is an official sub-region of Greater London; consisting of the London Boroughs of Brent, Ealing, Hammersmith and Fulham, Harrow, Hillingdon, Hounslow and Richmond upon Thames West London had a gross value added of £34.4bn in 2007, around 20% of the gross value added of Greater London.
The Western world refers to various nations depending on the context, most often including at least part of Europe and the Americas.
White Kenyans are those born in or resident in Kenya who descend from Europeans and/or identify themselves as White.
The "Wind of Change" speech was a historically significant address made by the UK Prime Minister Harold Macmillan to the Parliament of South Africa, on 3 February 1960 in Cape Town.
Sir Winston Leonard Spencer-Churchill (30 November 187424 January 1965) was a British politician, army officer, and writer, who was Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1940 to 1945 and again from 1951 to 1955.
Woodbrooke Study Centre is a Quaker college in Selly Oak, Birmingham, England.
The Workers' Educational Association (WEA), founded in 1903, is the UK's largest voluntary sector provider of adult education and one of Britain's biggest charities.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
Zhou Enlai (5 March 1898 – 8 January 1976) was the first Premier of the People's Republic of China, serving from October 1949 until his death in January 1976.
The 1964 Commonwealth Prime Ministers' Conference was the thirteenth Meeting of the Heads of Government of the Commonwealth of Nations.