273 relations: A New Refutation of Time, A Universal History of Infamy, Adolf Hitler, Adolfo Bioy Casares, Afterlife, Alberto Manguel, Alejo Carpentier, Alexandria, Alfonso Reyes, Ambrose Bierce, Anarchism, André Gide, Andrew Hurley (academic), Anthony Boucher, Arabs, Archetype, Arena (UK TV series), Argentine Civil Wars, Argentine Declaration of Independence, Argentine literature, Argentine War of Independence, Argentines, Arthur Schopenhauer, Augusto Pinochet, Avant-garde, Averroes's Search, Éditions Gallimard, Baccalauréat, Balvanera, Balzan Prize, Baruch Spinoza, Battle of Cepeda (1859), Battle of Los Corrales, Battle of Pavón, Bestiary, Blitzkrieg, Book of Imaginary Beings, Braille, Brazil, Buenos Aires, Catholic Church, Caudillo, Charles Eliot Norton Lectures, Cimetière des Rois, Clarín (Argentine newspaper), Classical liberalism, Collège Calvin, Columbia University, Communism, Communist Party of Argentina, ..., Conspiracy theory, Criollismo, Criollo people, David Viñas, David Wheatley (director), Días de odio, Death and the Compass, Deutsches Requiem (short story), Digital media, Dirty War, Don Segundo Sombra, Donato Grima, Edgar Allan Poe, Edgar Award, Edmund Husserl, Eduardo Mallea, Eduardo Montes-Bradley, Eidetic memory, El Golem, Ellery Queen's Mystery Magazine, Emanuel Swedenborg, Emecé Editores, Emma Zunz, Entre Ríos Province, Estela Canto, Eva Perón, Evaristo Carriego, Existentialism, Falklands War, Fantastic Universe, Fantasy, Federico García Lorca, Fernando Báez (writer), Ficciones, Filippo Tommaso Marinetti, Find a Grave, Francisco Narciso de Laprida, Franz Kafka, French Resistance, Fritz Mauthner, Funes the Memorious, G. K. Chesterton, Gabriel García Márquez, Gaucho, Geneva, German literature, Go (game), Gospel of John, Graham Greene, Guillaume Apollinaire, Guillermo Martínez (writer), Gustav Meyrink, H. Bustos Domecq, Harold Bloom, Harto The Borges, Harvard University, Harvard University Press, Henry James, Hepatocellular carcinoma, Herbert Spencer, Hercules, Herman Melville, Hermann Hesse, Hypertext fiction, Idealism, Imagism, In Our Time (radio series), Italian meal structure, J. M. Coetzee, James Joyce, Jean Racine, Jean-Paul Sartre, Jerusalem Prize, John Scotus Eriugena, Jorge Guillermo Borges Haslam, José Hernández (writer), Juan José Arreola, Juan Perón, Juan Rulfo, Julián Marías, Justicialist Party, Konex Award, L'Obs, La Marseillaise, La Nación, Labyrinths, Latin American Boom, Legion of Honour, Leonor Acevedo Suárez, Leopoldo Torre Nilsson, List of Axis personnel indicted for war crimes, Literary forgery, Literary modernism, Literary realism, Luís de Camões, Lugano, Macedonio Fernández, Magic realism, Mallorca, Manuel Isidoro Suárez, María Kodama, Martín Fierro, Martín Fierro (magazine), Martin Heidegger, Marxism, Miguel Ángel Asturias, Miguel de Cervantes, Miguel de Cervantes Prize, Military dictatorship, MIT Press, Modernismo, Moments (poem), Mystery Writers of America, National Geographic, National Library of the Argentine Republic, National University of Cuyo, Naturalism (literature), Nazi Party, Nick Montfort, Noah Wardrip-Fruin, Noé Jitrik, Nobel Prize in Literature, Nonlinear narrative, Norah Borges, Norman Thomas di Giovanni, Old English, Old Norse, On Exactitude in Science, One Hundred Years of Solitude, One Thousand and One Nights, One-party state, Oscar Wilde, Pablo Neruda, Palermo, Buenos Aires, Pampas, Paraguay, Paul de Man, Pedro Eugenio Aramburu, Phenomenology (philosophy), Philosophy and literature, Pierre Assouline, Pierre Menard, Author of the Quixote, Pogrom, Police state, Porto Alegre, Prix Formentor, Prix mondial Cino Del Duca, Prose Edda, Pseudepigrapha, Quran, Rafael Cansinos-Asséns, Ramón Gómez de la Serna, Redemption (theology), Revolución Libertadora, Ricardo Wullicher, Richard Burgin (writer), Robert Browning, Rudyard Kipling, Samuel Beckett, Samuel Butler (novelist), Samuel Johnson, Samuel Taylor Coleridge, Sartor Resartus, Sepsis, Set theory, Shinto, Six-Day War, Snorri Sturluson, Spanish Civil War, Spanish language, Spanish literature, Spoils system, Sur (magazine), Surrealism, Suspension of disbelief, Svenska Dagbladet, Switzerland, Symbolism (arts), Tango, The Age, The Aleph (short story collection), The Aleph (short story), The Book of Sand, The Book of Sand (short story collection), The Circular Ruins, The Garden of Forking Paths, The Golem (Meyrink novel), The Happy Prince and Other Tales, The House of Asterion, The Immortal (short story), The Library of Babel, The Lottery in Babylon, The Secret Miracle, The Sect of the Phoenix, The Theologians, The Two Kings and the Two Labyrinths, The Writing of the God, The Zahir, Thermonuclear fusion, Thomas Browne, Thomas Carlyle, Three Versions of Judas, Tlön, Uqbar, Orbis Tertius, Transcendentalism, Ulrikke (short story), Ultraist movement, Ultranationalism, University of Buenos Aires, University of Crete, University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign, University of Texas at Austin, Uruguay, Victoria Ocampo, Virgil, Virginia Woolf, Vladimir Nabokov, Walt Whitman, William Faulkner, William James, William Shakespeare, Willis Barnstone, World War I, World War II. 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"A New Refutation of Time" (Nueva refutación del tiempo) is an essay by Argentinian writer Jorge Luis Borges (written between 1944 and 1946) in which he argues that the negations of idealism may be extended to time.
A Universal History of Infamy, or A Universal History of Iniquity (original Spanish title: Historia universal de la infamia), is a collection of short stories by Jorge Luis Borges, first published in 1935, and revised by the author in 1954.
Adolf Hitler (20 April 1889 – 30 April 1945) was a German politician, demagogue, and revolutionary, who was the leader of the Nazi Party (Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei; NSDAP), Chancellor of Germany from 1933 to 1945 and Führer ("Leader") of Nazi Germany from 1934 to 1945.
Adolfo Bioy Casares (September 15, 1914 – March 8, 1999) was an Argentine fiction writer, journalist, and translator.
Afterlife (also referred to as life after death or the hereafter) is the belief that an essential part of an individual's identity or the stream of consciousness continues to manifest after the death of the physical body.
Alberto Manguel, OC, FRSL (born 1948 in Buenos Aires) is an Argentine Canadian anthologist, translator, essayist, novelist, editor, and Director of the National Library of Argentina.
Alejo Carpentier y Valmont (December 26, 1904 – April 24, 1980) was a Cuban novelist, essayist, and musicologist who greatly influenced Latin American literature during its famous "boom" period.
Alexandria (or; Arabic: الإسكندرية; Egyptian Arabic: إسكندرية; Ⲁⲗⲉⲝⲁⲛⲇⲣⲓⲁ; Ⲣⲁⲕⲟⲧⲉ) is the second-largest city in Egypt and a major economic centre, extending about along the coast of the Mediterranean Sea in the north central part of the country.
Alfonso Reyes Ochoa (17 May 1889 in Monterrey, Nuevo León – 27 December 1959 in Mexico City) was a Mexican writer, philosopher and diplomat.
Ambrose Gwinnett Bierce (June 24, 1842 – circa 1914) was an American short story writer, journalist, poet, and Civil War veteran.
Anarchism is a political philosophy that advocates self-governed societies based on voluntary institutions.
André Paul Guillaume Gide (22 November 1869 – 19 February 1951) was a French author and winner of the Nobel Prize in Literature.
Andrew Hurley is primarily known as an English translator of Spanish literature, having translated a variety of authors, most notably the Argentine writer Jorge Luis Borges.
Anthony Boucher (born William Anthony Parker White; August 21, 1911 – April 29, 1968) was an American crime and fantastic fiction editor and author of mystery novels and short stories and radio drama scripts in those fields.
Arabs (عَرَب ISO 233, Arabic pronunciation) are a population inhabiting the Arab world.
The concept of an archetype appears in areas relating to behavior, modern psychological theory, and literary analysis.
Arena is a British television documentary series, made and broadcast by the BBC since 1 October 1975.
The Argentine Civil Wars were a series of civil wars that took place in Argentina from 1814 to 1880.
What today is commonly referred as the Independence of Argentina was declared on July 9, 1816 by the Congress of Tucumán.
Argentine literature, i.e. the set of literary works produced by writers who originated from Argentina, is one of the most prolific, relevant and influential in the whole Spanish speaking world, with renowned writers such as Jorge Luis Borges, Julio Cortázar, Leopoldo Lugones and Ernesto Sabato.
The Argentine War of Independence was fought from 1810 to 1818 by Argentine patriotic forces under Manuel Belgrano, Juan José Castelli and José de San Martín against royalist forces loyal to the Spanish crown.
Argentines, also known as Argentinians (argentinos; feminine argentinas), are the citizens of the Argentine Republic, or their descendants abroad.
Arthur Schopenhauer (22 February 1788 – 21 September 1860) was a German philosopher.
Augusto José Ramón Pinochet Ugarte (25 November 1915 – 10 December 2006) was a Chilean general, politician and the dictator of Chile between 1973 and 1990 who remained the Commander-in-Chief of the Chilean Army until 1998 and was also President of the Government Junta of Chile between 1973 and 1981.
The avant-garde (from French, "advance guard" or "vanguard", literally "fore-guard") are people or works that are experimental, radical, or unorthodox with respect to art, culture, or society.
"Averroës's Search" (original Spanish title: "La Busca de Averroes") is a 1947 short story by the Argentine writer Jorge Luis Borges.
Éditions Gallimard is one of the leading French publishers of books.
The baccalauréat, often known in France colloquially as bac, is an academic qualification that French students take after high school.
Balvanera is a neighborhood ("barrio") of Buenos Aires, Argentina.
The International Balzan Prize Foundation awards four annual monetary prizes to people or organizations who have made outstanding achievements in the fields of humanities, natural sciences, culture, as well as for endeavours for peace and the brotherhood of man.
Baruch Spinoza (born Benedito de Espinosa,; 24 November 1632 – 21 February 1677, later Benedict de Spinoza) was a Dutch philosopher of Sephardi/Portuguese origin.
The Battle of Cepeda of 1859 took place on October 23 at Cañada de Cepeda, Santa Fe, Argentina.
The Battle of Los Corrales took place in Parque Patricios, Buenos Aires, Argentina, on June 21, 1880, and confronted the side led by Carlos Tejedor, governor of Buenos Aires, against the National Army led by president Nicolás Avellaneda.
The Battle of Pavón was a key battle of the Argentine civil wars.
A bestiary, or bestiarum vocabulum, is a compendium of beasts.
Blitzkrieg (German, "lightning war") is a method of warfare whereby an attacking force, spearheaded by a dense concentration of armoured and motorised or mechanised infantry formations with close air support, breaks through the opponent's line of defence by short, fast, powerful attacks and then dislocates the defenders, using speed and surprise to encircle them with the help of air superiority.
Book of Imaginary Beings was written by Jorge Luis Borges with Margarita Guerrero and published in 1957 under the original Spanish title Manual de zoología fantástica.
Braille is a tactile writing system used by people who are visually impaired.
Brazil (Brasil), officially the Federative Republic of Brazil (República Federativa do Brasil), is the largest country in both South America and Latin America.
Buenos Aires is the capital and most populous city of Argentina.
The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with more than 1.299 billion members worldwide.
A caudillo (Old Spanish: cabdillo, from Latin capitellum, diminutive of caput "head") was a type of personalist leader wielding military and political power.
The Charles Eliot Norton Professorship of Poetry at Harvard University was established in 1925 as an annual lectureship in "poetry in the broadest sense" and named for the university's former professor of fine arts.
The Cimetière des Rois (French: Cemetery of Kings) (officially Cimetière de Plainpalais), is a cemetery in Geneva, Switzerland, where John Calvin (the Protestant reformer), Jorge Luis Borges (the Argentine author), Sérgio Vieira de Mello (the former UN High Commissioner for Human Rights), Ernest Ansermet (renowned Swiss conductor), and Jean Piaget A full-color version of the published photo of Piaget's grave can be found, although this is covered by copyright and permission is required from the APA for its re-use.
Clarín (meaning "Bugle") is the largest newspaper in Argentina, published by the Grupo Clarín media group.
Classical liberalism is a political ideology and a branch of liberalism which advocates civil liberties under the rule of law with an emphasis on economic freedom.
The Collège Calvin, formerly the Collège de Genève, is the oldest public secondary school in Geneva, Switzerland.
Columbia University (Columbia; officially Columbia University in the City of New York), established in 1754, is a private Ivy League research university in Upper Manhattan, New York City.
In political and social sciences, communism (from Latin communis, "common, universal") is the philosophical, social, political, and economic ideology and movement whose ultimate goal is the establishment of the communist society, which is a socioeconomic order structured upon the common ownership of the means of production and the absence of social classes, money and the state.
The Communist Party of Argentina (Partido Comunista de la Argentina, also simply known as "PC") is a communist party in Argentina.
A conspiracy theory is an explanation of an event or situation that invokes an unwarranted conspiracy, generally one involving an illegal or harmful act carried out by government or other powerful actors.
Criollismo is a literary movement that was active from the end of the 19th century to the beginning of the 20th century throughout Latin America.
The Criollo is a term which, in modern times, has diverse meanings, but is most commonly associated with Latin Americans who are of full or near full Spanish descent, distinguishing them from both multi-racial Latin Americans and Latin Americans of post-colonial (and not necessarily Spanish) European immigrant origin.
David Viñas (July 28, 1927 – March 10, 2011) was an Argentine dramatist, critic, and novelist.
David Wheatley (20 December 1949 – 5 April 2009) was a British film and television director.
Días de odio, literally translated as Days of Hate, is a 1954 Argentine film.
"Death and the Compass" (original Spanish title: "La muerte y la brújula") is a short story by Argentine writer and poet Jorge Luis Borges (1899–1986).
"Deutsches Requiem" is a short story by Argentine author Jorge Luis Borges.
Digital media are any media that are encoded in machine-readable formats.
The "Dirty War" (guerra sucia) is the name used for the period of state terrorism committed by Argentina's military junta from 1974 to 1983, during which military and security forces and right-wing death squads in the form of the Argentine Anticommunist Alliance (Triple A) hunted down any political dissidents and anyone believed to be associated with socialism, left-wing Peronism or the Montoneros movement.
Don Segundo Sombra is a 1926 novel by Argentine rancher Ricardo Güiraldes.
Donato Grima, is a contemporary Argentine artist.
Edgar Allan Poe (born Edgar Poe; January 19, 1809 – October 7, 1849) was an American writer, editor, and literary critic.
The Edgar Allan Poe Awards (popularly called the Edgars), named after Edgar Allan Poe, are presented every year by the Mystery Writers of America, based in New York City.
Edmund Gustav Albrecht Husserl (or;; 8 April 1859 – 27 April 1938) was a German philosopher who established the school of phenomenology.
Eduardo Mallea (14 August 1903 in Bahía Blanca – 12 November 1982 in Buenos Aires) was an Argentine essayist, cultural critic, writer and diplomat.
Eduardo Montes-Bradley (born July 9, 1960) is an award-winning documentarian, and photographer, lecturer, and published author.
Eidetic memory (sometimes called photographic memory) is an ability to vividly recall images from memory after only a few instances of exposure, with high precision for a brief time after exposure,The terms eidetic memory and photographic memory are often used interchangeably.
"El Golem" is a poem by Jorge Luis Borges, part of the 1964 book El otro, el mismo (The other, the self).
Ellery Queen's Mystery Magazine is an American digest size fiction magazine specializing in crime fiction, particularly detective fiction, and mystery fiction.
Emanuel Swedenborg ((born Emanuel Swedberg; 29 January 1688 – 29 March 1772) was a Swedish Lutheran theologian, scientist, philosopher, revelator and mystic who inspired Swedenborgianism. He is best known for his book on the afterlife, Heaven and Hell (1758). Swedenborg had a prolific career as an inventor and scientist. In 1741, at 53, he entered into a spiritual phase in which he began to experience dreams and visions, beginning on Easter Weekend, on 6 April 1744. It culminated in a 'spiritual awakening' in which he received a revelation that he was appointed by the Lord Jesus Christ to write The Heavenly Doctrine to reform Christianity. According to The Heavenly Doctrine, the Lord had opened Swedenborg's spiritual eyes so that from then on, he could freely visit heaven and hell and talk with angels, demons and other spirits and the Last Judgment had already occurred the year before, in 1757. For the last 28 years of his life, Swedenborg wrote 18 published theological works—and several more that were unpublished. He termed himself a "Servant of the Lord Jesus Christ" in True Christian Religion, which he published himself. Some followers of The Heavenly Doctrine believe that of his theological works, only those that were published by Swedenborg himself are fully divinely inspired.
Emecé Editores is an Argentine publishing house, a subsidiary of Grupo Planeta.
"Emma Zunz" is a short story by Argentine writer Jorge Luis Borges.
Entre Ríos (Between Rivers) is a central province of Argentina, located in the Mesopotamia region.
Estela Canto (September 4, 1915 – June 3, 1994) was an Argentine writer, journalist and translator best known for her relationship with Jorge Luis Borges.
Eva María Duarte de Perón (7 May 1919 – 26 July 1952) was the wife of Argentine President Juan Perón (1895–1974) and First Lady of Argentina from 1946 until her death in 1952.
Evaristo Carriego (Paraná, May 7, 1883 – Buenos Aires, October 13, 1912), was an Argentine poet, best known today for the biography written about him by Jorge Luis Borges.
Existentialism is a tradition of philosophical inquiry associated mainly with certain 19th and 20th-century European philosophers who, despite profound doctrinal differences,Oxford Companion to Philosophy, ed.
The Falklands War (Guerra de las Malvinas), also known as the Falklands Conflict, Falklands Crisis, Malvinas War, South Atlantic Conflict, and the Guerra del Atlántico Sur (Spanish for "South Atlantic War"), was a ten-week war between Argentina and the United Kingdom over two British dependent territories in the South Atlantic: the Falkland Islands, and its territorial dependency, the South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands.
Fantastic Universe was a U.S. science fiction magazine which began publishing in the 1950s.
Fantasy is a genre of speculative fiction set in a fictional universe, often without any locations, events, or people referencing the real world.
Federico del Sagrado Corazón de Jesús García Lorca, known as Federico García Lorca (5 June 1898 – 19 August 1936) was a Spanish poet, playwright, and theatre director.
Fernando Báez (San Félix, Ciudad Guayana, Venezuela) is a Venezuelan writer, poet and essayist.
Ficciones is the most popular collection of short stories by Argentine writer and poet Jorge Luis Borges, often considered the best introduction to his work.
Filippo Tommaso Emilio Marinetti (22 December 1876 – 2 December 1944) was an Italian poet, editor, art theorist, and founder of the Futurist movement.
Find A Grave is a website that allows the public to search and add to an online database of cemetery records.
Francisco Narciso de Laprida (October 28, 1786 in San Juan – September 22, 1829) was an Argentine lawyer and politician.
Franz Kafka (3 July 1883 – 3 June 1924) was a German-speaking Bohemian Jewish novelist and short story writer, widely regarded as one of the major figures of 20th-century literature.
The French Resistance (La Résistance) was the collection of French movements that fought against the Nazi German occupation of France and against the collaborationist Vichy régime during the Second World War.
Fritz Mauthner (22 November 1849 – 29 June 1923) was an Austro-Hungarian novelist, theatre critic and satirist.
"Funes the Memorious"—original Spanish title "Funes el memorioso"—is a fantasy short story by Argentine writer Jorge Luis Borges (1899–1986).
Gilbert Keith Chesterton, KC*SG (29 May 1874 – 14 June 1936), was an English writer, poet, philosopher, dramatist, journalist, orator, lay theologian, biographer, and literary and art critic.
Gabriel José de la Concordia García Márquez (6 March 1927 – 17 April 2014) was a Colombian novelist, short-story writer, screenwriter and journalist, known affectionately as Gabo or Gabito throughout Latin America.
A gaucho or gaúcho is a skilled horseman, reputed to be brave and unruly.
Geneva (Genève, Genèva, Genf, Ginevra, Genevra) is the second-most populous city in Switzerland (after Zürich) and the most populous city of the Romandy, the French-speaking part of Switzerland.
German literature comprises those literary texts written in the German language.
Go is an abstract strategy board game for two players, in which the aim is to surround more territory than the opponent.
The Gospel According to John is the fourth of the canonical gospels.
Henry Graham Greene (2 October 1904 – 3 April 1991), better known by his pen name Graham Greene, was an English novelist regarded by many as one of the greatest writers of the 20th century.
Guillaume Apollinaire (26 August 1880 – 9 November 1918) was a French poet, playwright, short story writer, novelist, and art critic of Polish descent.
Guillermo Martínez (born 29 July 1962) is an Argentine novelist and short story writer.
Gustav Meyrink (January 19, 1868 – December 4, 1932) was the pseudonym of Gustav Meyer, an Austrian author, novelist, dramatist, translator, and banker, most famous for his novel The Golem.
Harold Bloom (born July 11, 1930) is an American literary critic and Sterling Professor of Humanities at Yale University.
Harto The Borges is a documentary film by Eduardo Montes-Bradley.
Harvard University is a private Ivy League research university in Cambridge, Massachusetts.
Harvard University Press (HUP) is a publishing house established on January 13, 1913, as a division of Harvard University, and focused on academic publishing.
Henry James, OM (–) was an American author regarded as a key transitional figure between literary realism and literary modernism, and is considered by many to be among the greatest novelists in the English language.
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the most common type of primary liver cancer in adults, and is the most common cause of death in people with cirrhosis.
Herbert Spencer (27 April 1820 – 8 December 1903) was an English philosopher, biologist, anthropologist, sociologist, and prominent classical liberal political theorist of the Victorian era.
Hercules is a Roman hero and god.
Herman Melville (August 1, 1819 – September 28, 1891) was an American novelist, short story writer, and poet of the American Renaissance period.
Hermann Karl Hesse (2 July 1877 – 9 August 1962) was a German-born poet, novelist, and painter.
Hypertext fiction is a genre of electronic literature, characterized by the use of hypertext links that provide a new context for non-linearity in literature and reader interaction.
In philosophy, idealism is the group of metaphysical philosophies that assert that reality, or reality as humans can know it, is fundamentally mental, mentally constructed, or otherwise immaterial.
Imagism was a movement in early 20th-century Anglo-American poetry that favored precision of imagery and clear, sharp language.
In Our Time is a live BBC radio discussion series exploring the history of ideas, presented by Melvyn Bragg since 15 October 1998.
Italian meal structure is similar to most other European ones, consisting of breakfast, lunch, and supper.
John Maxwell Coetzee (born 9 February 1940) is a South African novelist, essayist, linguist, translator and recipient of the 2003 Nobel Prize in Literature.
James Augustine Aloysius Joyce (2 February 1882 – 13 January 1941) was an Irish novelist, short story writer, and poet.
Jean Racine, baptismal name Jean-Baptiste Racine (22 December 163921 April 1699), was a French dramatist, one of the three great playwrights of 17th-century France (along with Molière and Corneille), and an important literary figure in the Western tradition.
Jean-Paul Charles Aymard Sartre (21 June 1905 – 15 April 1980) was a French philosopher, playwright, novelist, political activist, biographer, and literary critic.
The Jerusalem Prize for the Freedom of the Individual in Society is a biennial literary award given to writers whose works have dealt with themes of human freedom in society.
John Scotus Eriugena or Johannes Scotus Erigena (c. 815 – c. 877) was an Irish theologian, neoplatonist philosopher, and poet.
Jorge Guillermo Borges Haslam (24 February 1874 – 14 February 1938) was an Argentine lawyer and writer.
José Hernández (born José Rafael Hernández y Pueyrredón; November 10, 1834 – October 21, 1886) was an Argentine journalist, poet, and politician best known as the author of the epic poem Martín Fierro.
Juan José Arreola Zúñiga (September 21, 1918 – December 3, 2001) was a Mexican writer and academic.
Juan Domingo Perón (8 October 1895 – 1 July 1974) was an Argentine army lieutenant general and politician.
Juan Nepomuceno Carlos Pérez Rulfo Vizcaíno, best known as Juan Rulfo (16 May 1917 – 7 January 1986), was a Mexican writer, screenwriter and photographer.
Julián Marías Aguilera (17 June 1914 – 15 December 2005) was a Spanish philosopher associated with the Generation of '36 movement.
The Justicialist Party (Partido Justicialista), or PJ, is a Peronist political party in Argentina, and the largest component of the Peronist movement.
Konex Foundation Awards, or simply Konex Awards, are cultural awards from the Konex Foundation honouring Argentine cultural personalities.
L’Obs, previously known as Le Nouvel Observateur (1964–2014), is a weekly French news magazine.
"La Marseillaise" is the national anthem of France.
La Nación (The Nation) is an Argentine daily newspaper.
Labyrinths (1962) is a collection of short stories and essays by Jorge Luis Borges translated into the English-language.
The Latin American Boom (Boom Latinoamericano) was a literary movement of the 1960s and 1970s when the work of a group of relatively young Latin American novelists became widely circulated in Europe and throughout the world.
The Legion of Honour, with its full name National Order of the Legion of Honour (Ordre national de la Légion d'honneur), is the highest French order of merit for military and civil merits, established in 1802 by Napoléon Bonaparte and retained by all the divergent governments and regimes later holding power in France, up to the present.
Leonor Acevedo Suárez (1876–1975) was the mother of the Argentine author Jorge Luis Borges, and a major figure in his life and work.
Leopoldo Torre Nilsson (5 May 1924 – 8 September 1978), also known as Leo Towers and as Babsy, was an Argentine film director, producer and screenwriter.
The following is a list of people suspected of committing war crimes on behalf of Nazi Germany or any of the Axis powers during World War II.
Literary forgery (also known as literary mystification, literary fraud or literary hoax) is writing, such as a manuscript or a literary work, which is either deliberately misattributed to a historical or invented author, or is a purported memoir or other presumably nonfictional writing deceptively presented as true when, in fact, it presents untrue or imaginary information.
Literary modernism, or modernist literature, has its origins in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, mainly in Europe and North America, and is characterized by a very self-conscious break with traditional ways of writing, in both poetry and prose fiction.
Literary realism is part of the realist art movement beginning with mid nineteenth-century French literature (Stendhal), and Russian literature (Alexander Pushkin) and extending to the late nineteenth and early twentieth century.
Luís Vaz de Camões (sometimes rendered in English as Camoens or Camoëns (e.g. by Byron in English Bards and Scotch Reviewers),; c. 1524 or 1525 – 10 June 1580), is considered Portugal's and the Portuguese language's greatest poet.
Lugano is a city in southern Switzerland in the Italian-speaking canton of Ticino bordering Italy.
Macedonio Fernández (1 June 1874 – 10 February 1952) was an Argentine writer, humorist, and philosopher.
Magical realism, magic realism, or marvelous realism is a genre of narrative fiction and, more broadly, art (literature, painting, film, theatre, etc.) that, while encompassing a range of subtly different concepts, expresses a primarily realistic view of the real world while also adding or revealing magical elements.
Mallorca, or Majorca, is the largest island in the Balearic Islands, which are part of Spain and located in the Mediterranean.
Manuel Isidoro Suárez (1799 – 1846) was an Argentine colonel who commanded Peruvian and Colombian cavalry troops in their wars of independence.
María Kodama Schweizer (born March 10, 1937) is the widow of Argentine author Jorge Luis Borges and sole owner of his estate after his death in 1986.
Martín Fierro, also known as El Gaucho Martín Fierro, is a 2,316-line epic poem by the Argentine writer José Hernández.
Martín Fierro was an Argentine literary magazine which appeared from February 1924 to 1927.
Martin Heidegger (26 September 188926 May 1976) was a German philosopher and a seminal thinker in the Continental tradition and philosophical hermeneutics, and is "widely acknowledged to be one of the most original and important philosophers of the 20th century." Heidegger is best known for his contributions to phenomenology and existentialism, though as the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy cautions, "his thinking should be identified as part of such philosophical movements only with extreme care and qualification".
Marxism is a method of socioeconomic analysis that views class relations and social conflict using a materialist interpretation of historical development and takes a dialectical view of social transformation.
Miguel Ángel Asturias Rosales (October 19, 1899 – June 9, 1974) was a Nobel Prize-winning Guatemalan poet-diplomat, novelist, playwright and journalist.
Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra (29 September 1547 (assumed)23 April 1616 NS) was a Spanish writer who is widely regarded as the greatest writer in the Spanish language and one of the world's pre-eminent novelists.
The Miguel de Cervantes Prize (Premio de Literatura en Lengua Castellana Miguel de Cervantes) is awarded annually to honour the lifetime achievement of an outstanding writer in the Spanish language.
A military dictatorship (also known as a military junta) is a form of government where in a military force exerts complete or substantial control over political authority.
The MIT Press is a university press affiliated with the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in Cambridge, Massachusetts (United States).
Modernismo is a literary movement that primarily took place during the end of Nineteenth- and early Twentieth-century in Spanish-America, best exemplified by Rubén Darío.
Moments (Instantes) is the title of a text wrongly attributed to Argentine writer Jorge Luis Borges.
Mystery Writers of America (MWA) is an organization of mystery and crime writers, based in New York City.
National Geographic (formerly the National Geographic Magazine and branded also as NAT GEO or) is the official magazine of the National Geographic Society.
The Mariano Moreno National Library of the Argentine Republic (Spanish: Biblioteca Nacional "Mariano Moreno" de la República Argentina) is the largest library in Argentina.
The National University of Cuyo (Universidad Nacional de Cuyo, UNCuyo) is the largest center of higher education in the province of Mendoza, Argentina.
The term naturalism was coined by Émile Zola, who defines it as a literary movement which emphasizes observation and the scientific method in the fictional portrayal of reality.
The National Socialist German Workers' Party (abbreviated NSDAP), commonly referred to in English as the Nazi Party, was a far-right political party in Germany that was active between 1920 and 1945 and supported the ideology of Nazism.
Nick Montfort is a professor of digital media at MIT in Comparative Media Studies/Writing.
Noah Wardrip-Fruin is a professor in the Computational Media department of the University of California, Santa Cruz, and is an advisor for the Expressive Intelligence Studio.
Noé Jitrik was born in Argentina in 1928 and is one of Latin America's foremost literary critics.
The Nobel Prize in Literature (Nobelpriset i litteratur) is a Swedish literature prize that has been awarded annually, since 1901, to an author from any country who has, in the words of the will of Swedish industrialist Alfred Nobel, produced "in the field of literature the most outstanding work in an ideal direction" (original Swedish: "den som inom litteraturen har producerat det mest framstående verket i en idealisk riktning").
Nonlinear narrative, disjointed narrative or disrupted narrative is a narrative technique, sometimes used in literature, film, hypertext websites and other narratives, where events are portrayed, for example, out of chronological order or in other ways where the narrative does not follow the direct causality pattern of the events featured, such as parallel distinctive plot lines, dream immersions or narrating another story inside the main plot-line.
Leonor Fanny "Norah" Borges Acevedo (4 March 1901 – 20 July 1998), was a visual artist and art critic, member of the Florida group, and sister of the Argentine writer Jorge Luis Borges.
Norman Thomas di Giovanni (1933 – 16 February 2017) was an American-born editor and translator known for his collaboration with Argentine author Jorge Luis Borges.
Old English (Ænglisc, Anglisc, Englisc), or Anglo-Saxon, is the earliest historical form of the English language, spoken in England and southern and eastern Scotland in the early Middle Ages.
Old Norse was a North Germanic language that was spoken by inhabitants of Scandinavia and inhabitants of their overseas settlements from about the 9th to the 13th century.
"On Exactitude in Science" or "On Rigor in Science" (the original Spanish-language title is "Del rigor en la ciencia") is a one-paragraph short story by Jorge Luis Borges, about the map-territory relation, written in the form of a literary forgery.
One Hundred Years of Solitude (Cien años de soledad) is a landmark 1967 novel by Colombian author Gabriel García Márquez that tells the multi-generational story of the Buendía family, whose patriarch, José Arcadio Buendía, founds the town of Macondo, a fictitious town in the country of Colombia.
One Thousand and One Nights (ʾAlf layla wa-layla) is a collection of Middle Eastern folk tales compiled in Arabic during the Islamic Golden Age.
A one-party state, single-party state, one-party system, or single-party system is a type of state in which one political party has the right to form the government, usually based on the existing constitution.
Oscar Fingal O'Flahertie Wills Wilde (16 October 185430 November 1900) was an Irish poet and playwright.
Ricardo Eliécer Neftalí Reyes Basoalto (12 July 1904 – 23 September 1973), better known by his pen name and, later, legal name Pablo Neruda, was a Chilean poet-diplomat and politician.
Palermo is a neighborhood, or barrio of the Argentine capital, Buenos Aires.
The Pampas (from the pampa, meaning "plain") are fertile South American lowlands that cover more than and include the Argentine provinces of Buenos Aires, La Pampa, Santa Fe, Entre Ríos and Córdoba; all of Uruguay; and the southernmost Brazilian State, Rio Grande do Sul.
Paraguay (Paraguái), officially the Republic of Paraguay (República del Paraguay; Tetã Paraguái), is a landlocked country in central South America, bordered by Argentina to the south and southwest, Brazil to the east and northeast, and Bolivia to the northwest.
Paul de Man (December 6, 1919 – December 21, 1983), born Paul Adolph Michel Deman, was a Belgian-born literary critic and literary theorist.
Pedro Eugenio Aramburu Silveti (May 21, 1903 – June 1, 1970) was an Argentine Army general.
Phenomenology (from Greek phainómenon "that which appears" and lógos "study") is the philosophical study of the structures of experience and consciousness.
Philosophy and literature involves the literary treatment of philosophers and philosophical themes (the literature of philosophy), and the philosophical treatment of issues raised by literature (the philosophy of literature).
Pierre Assouline (born 17 April 1953) is a writer and journalist.
"Pierre Menard, Author of the Quixote" (original Spanish title: "Pierre Menard, autor del Quijote") is a short story by Argentine writer Jorge Luis Borges.
The term pogrom has multiple meanings, ascribed most often to the deliberate persecution of an ethnic or religious group either approved or condoned by the local authorities.
Police state is a term denoting a government that exercises power arbitrarily through the power of the police force.
Porto Alegre (local; Joyful Harbor) is the capital and largest city of the Brazilian state of Rio Grande do Sul.
The Prix Formentor (also known as Premio Formentor de las Letras, Formentor Literature Prize and The Formentor Prize) is an international literary award given between 1961 and 1967.
The Prix mondial Cino Del Duca (Cino Del Duca World Prize) is an international literary award.
The Prose Edda, also known as the Younger Edda, Snorri's Edda (Snorra Edda) or, historically, simply as Edda, is an Old Norse work of literature written in Iceland in the early 13th century.
Pseudepigrapha (also anglicized as "pseudepigraph" or "pseudepigraphs") are falsely-attributed works, texts whose claimed author is not the true author, or a work whose real author attributed it to a figure of the past.
The Quran (القرآن, literally meaning "the recitation"; also romanized Qur'an or Koran) is the central religious text of Islam, which Muslims believe to be a revelation from God (Allah).
Rafael Cansinos Assens (November 24, 1882 – July 6, 1964), born in Seville, was a Spanish poet, novelist, essayist, literary critic and translator.
Ramón Gómez de la Serna Puig (3 July 1888 in Madrid – 13 January 1963 in Buenos Aires) was a Spanish writer, dramatist and avant-garde agitator.
Redemption is an essential concept in many religions, including Judaism and Christianity.
Revolución Libertadora (The Liberating Revolution) was a military and civilian uprising that ended the second presidential term of Juan Perón in Argentina, on 16 September 1955.
Ricardo Wullicher (born 21 May 1948) is a film director from Argentina.
Richard Burgin is an American fiction writer, editor, composer, critic, and academic.
Robert Browning (7 May 1812 – 12 December 1889) was an English poet and playwright whose mastery of the dramatic monologue made him one of the foremost Victorian poets.
Joseph Rudyard Kipling (30 December 1865 – 18 January 1936)The Times, (London) 18 January 1936, p. 12 was an English journalist, short-story writer, poet, and novelist.
Samuel Barclay Beckett (13 April 1906 – 22 December 1989) was an Irish avant-garde novelist, playwright, theatre director, poet, and literary translator who lived in Paris for most of his adult life.
Samuel Butler (4 December 1835 – 18 June 1902) was the iconoclastic English author of the Utopian satirical novel Erewhon (1872) and the semi-autobiographical Bildungsroman The Way of All Flesh, published posthumously in 1903.
Samuel Johnson LL.D. (18 September 1709 – 13 December 1784), often referred to as Dr.
Samuel Taylor Coleridge (21 October 177225 July 1834) was an English poet, literary critic, philosopher and theologian who, with his friend William Wordsworth, was a founder of the Romantic Movement in England and a member of the Lake Poets.
Sartor Resartus (meaning 'The tailor re-tailored') is an 1836 novel by Thomas Carlyle, first published as a serial in 1833–34 in Fraser's Magazine.
Sepsis is a life-threatening condition that arises when the body's response to infection causes injury to its own tissues and organs.
Set theory is a branch of mathematical logic that studies sets, which informally are collections of objects.
or kami-no-michi (among other names) is the traditional religion of Japan that focuses on ritual practices to be carried out diligently to establish a connection between present-day Japan and its ancient past.
The Six-Day War (Hebrew: מלחמת ששת הימים, Milhemet Sheshet Ha Yamim; Arabic: النكسة, an-Naksah, "The Setback" or حرب ۱۹٦۷, Ḥarb 1967, "War of 1967"), also known as the June War, 1967 Arab–Israeli War, or Third Arab–Israeli War, was fought between 5 and 10 June 1967 by Israel and the neighboring states of Egypt (known at the time as the United Arab Republic), Jordan, and Syria.
Snorri Sturluson (1179 – 23 September 1241) was an Icelandic historian, poet, and politician.
The Spanish Civil War (Guerra Civil Española),Also known as The Crusade (La Cruzada) among Nationalists, the Fourth Carlist War (Cuarta Guerra Carlista) among Carlists, and The Rebellion (La Rebelión) or Uprising (Sublevación) among Republicans.
Spanish or Castilian, is a Western Romance language that originated in the Castile region of Spain and today has hundreds of millions of native speakers in Latin America and Spain.
Spanish literature generally refers to literature (Spanish poetry, prose, and drama) written in the Spanish language within the territory that presently constitutes the state of Spain.
In politics and government, a spoils system (also known as a patronage system) is a practice in which a political party, after winning an election, gives government civil service jobs to its supporters, friends and relatives as a reward for working toward victory, and as an incentive to keep working for the party—as opposed to a merit system, where offices are awarded on the basis of some measure of merit, independent of political activity.
Sur was a literary magazine published in Buenos Aires between 1931 and 1970.
Surrealism is a cultural movement that began in the early 1920s, and is best known for its visual artworks and writings.
The term suspension of disbelief or willing suspension of disbelief has been defined as a willingness to suspend one's critical faculties and believe something surreal; sacrifice of realism and logic for the sake of enjoyment.
Svenska Dagbladet ("The Swedish Daily News"), abbreviated SvD, is a daily newspaper published in Stockholm, Sweden.
Switzerland, officially the Swiss Confederation, is a sovereign state in Europe.
Symbolism was a late nineteenth-century art movement of French, Russian and Belgian origin in poetry and other arts.
Tango is a partner dance which originated in the 1880s along the River Plate (Río de Plata), the natural border between Argentina and Uruguay.
The Age is a daily newspaper that has been published in Melbourne, Australia, since 1854.
The Aleph and Other Stories (Spanish: El Aleph, 1949) is a book of short stories by Argentine writer Jorge Luis Borges.
"The Aleph" is a short story by the Argentine writer and poet Jorge Luis Borges.
"The Book of Sand" (El libro de arena) is a 1975 short story by Argentine writer Jorge Luis Borges.
The Book of Sand (original Spanish title: "El libro de arena") is a 1975 short story collection by Argentine writer Jorge Luis Borges (1899–1986).
"The Circular Ruins" ("Las ruinas circulares") is a short story by Argentine author Jorge Luis Borges.
"The Garden of Forking Paths" (original Spanish title: "El jardín de senderos que se bifurcan") is a 1941 short story by Argentine writer and poet Jorge Luis Borges.
The Golem is a novel written by Gustav Meyrink in 1914.
The Happy Prince and Other Tales (sometimes called The Happy Prince and Other Stories) is a collection of stories for children by Oscar Wilde first published in May 1888.
"The House of Asterion" (original Spanish title: "La casa de Asterión") is a short fantasy and horror story by Argentine writer Jorge Luis Borges, first published in Los Anales de Buenos Aires in May 1947.
"The Immortal" (original Spanish title: "El inmortal") is a short story by noted Argentinian author Jorge Luis Borges, first published in February 1947, and later in the collection El Aleph in 1949.
"The Library of Babel" (La biblioteca de Babel) is a short story by Argentine author and librarian Jorge Luis Borges (1899–1986), conceiving of a universe in the form of a vast library containing all possible 410-page books of a certain format and character set.
"The Lottery in Babylon" (or "The Babylon Lottery"; original Spanish "La lotería en Babilonia") is a fantasy short story by Argentinian writer Jorge Luis Borges.
"The Secret Miracle" is a short story by Argentine writer and poet Jorge Luis Borges.
The Sect of the Phoenix (original Spanish title: "La secta del Fénix") is a short story by Argentine writer Jorge Luis Borges, first published in Sur in 1952.
"The Theologians" (original title: "Los teólogos") is a short story by Argentinian writer Jorge Luis Borges.
"The Two Kings and the Two Labyrinths" (original Spanish title: "Una Leyenda Arábiga (Historia de los dos Reyes y los dos Laberintos, como Nota de Burton") is a short story by Argentinian writer Jorge Luis Borges, first published in June 1939. It was later included in El Aleph under the title "Los dos reyes y los dos laberintos". It deals with a number of Borgesian themes: labyrinths, supposed obscure folk tales, Arabia, and Islam. This is one of the shorter short stories in world literature.
"The Writing of the God" (original Spanish title: "La escritura del dios") is a short story by Argentinian writer Jorge Luis Borges.
"The Zahir" (original Spanish title: "El Zahir") is a short story by the Argentine writer and poet Jorge Luis Borges.
Thermonuclear fusion is a way to achieve nuclear fusion by using extremely high temperatures.
Sir Thomas Browne (19 October 1605 – 19 October 1682) was an English polymath and author of varied works which reveal his wide learning in diverse fields including science and medicine, religion and the esoteric.
Thomas Carlyle (4 December 17955 February 1881) was a Scottish philosopher, satirical writer, essayist, translator, historian, mathematician, and teacher.
"Three versions of Judas" (original Spanish title: "Tres versiones de Judas") is a short story by Argentine writer and poet Jorge Luis Borges.
"Tlön, Uqbar, Orbis Tertius" is a short story by the 20th-century Argentine writer Jorge Luis Borges.
Transcendentalism is a philosophical movement that developed in the late 1820s and 1830s in the eastern United States.
"Ulrikke" (original Spanish title: "Ulrica") is a short story by Argentinian writer Jorge Luis Borges, collected in the anthology The Book of Sand.
The Ultraist movement was a literary movement born in Spain in 1918, with the declared intention of opposing Modernismo, which had dominated Spanish poetry since the end of the 19th century.
Ultranationalism is an "extreme nationalism that promotes the interest of one state or people above all others", or simply "extreme devotion to one's own nation".
The University of Buenos Aires (Universidad de Buenos Aires, UBA) is the largest university in Argentina and the second largest university by enrollment in Latin America.
The University of Crete (UoC; Greek: Πανεπιστήμιο Κρήτης) is a multi-disciplinary, research-oriented institution in the island of Crete, Greece, located in the cities of Rethymnon (official seat) and Heraklion, and one of the country's most academically acclaimed and reputable ones.
The University of Illinois Urbana–Champaign (also known as U of I, Illinois, or colloquially as the University of Illinois or UIUC) is a public research university in the U.S. state of Illinois and the flagship institution of the University of Illinois System.
The University of Texas at Austin (UT, UT Austin, or Texas) is a public research university and the flagship institution of the University of Texas System.
Uruguay, officially the Oriental Republic of Uruguay (República Oriental del Uruguay), is a sovereign state in the southeastern region of South America.
Victoria Ocampo (7 April 189027 January 1979) was an Argentine writer and intellectual, described by Jorge Luis Borges as La mujer más argentina ("The quintessential Argentine woman").
Publius Vergilius Maro (traditional dates October 15, 70 BC – September 21, 19 BC), usually called Virgil or Vergil in English, was an ancient Roman poet of the Augustan period.
Adeline Virginia Woolf (née Stephen; 25 January 188228 March 1941) was an English writer, who is considered one of the most important modernist 20th-century authors and a pioneer in the use of stream of consciousness as a narrative device.
Vladimir Vladimirovich Nabokov (Влади́мир Влади́мирович Набо́ков, also known by the pen name Vladimir Sirin; 2 July 1977) was a Russian-American novelist, poet, translator and entomologist.
Walter "Walt" Whitman (May 31, 1819 – March 26, 1892) was an American poet, essayist, and journalist.
William Cuthbert Faulkner (September 25, 1897 – July 6, 1962) was an American writer and Nobel Prize laureate from Oxford, Mississippi.
William James (January 11, 1842 – August 26, 1910) was an American philosopher and psychologist, and the first educator to offer a psychology course in the United States.
William Shakespeare (26 April 1564 (baptised)—23 April 1616) was an English poet, playwright and actor, widely regarded as both the greatest writer in the English language, and the world's pre-eminent dramatist.
Willis Barnstone (born November 13, 1927) is an American poet, memoirist, translator, Hispanist, and comparatist.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
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