188 relations: Abraham Kupchik, Acetylcholine, Akiba Rubinstein, Alexander Alekhine, Algemene Vereniging Radio Omroep, Amos Burn, Anatoly Karpov, Andor Lilienthal, Argentina, Arnold Aurbach, Arnold Denker, Aron Nimzowitsch, Arpad Elo, AVRO 1938 chess tournament, Bad Kissingen, Barcelona, Baseball, Benjamin Anderson, Bishop (chess), Bobby Fischer, Boris Kostić, Boris Spassky, Botvinnik versus Capablanca, AVRO 1938, Brain herniation, British Chess Magazine, Budapest, Buenos Aires, Cambridge Springs, Pennsylvania, Capablanca Chess, Capablanca Memorial, Captaincy General of Cuba, Carl Schlechter, Cerebrospinal fluid, Charles Jaffe, Checkmate, Chess, Chess endgame, Chess Fever, Chess Olympiad, Chess opening, Chess prodigy, ChessBase, Chessmetrics, Cisterna magna, Classical World Chess Championship 2000, Cleveland, Colon Cemetery, Havana, Columbia University, Comparison of top chess players throughout history, Crafty, ..., Cuba, Database, David Vincent Hooper, Dawid Janowski, Diastole, Draw (chess), Edward Lasker, Edward Winter (chess historian), Efim Bogoljubov, Eli Moschcowitz, Emanuel Lasker, Embassy Chess, Empress (chess), Erich Eliskases, Eugene Znosko-Borovsky, Everyman Chess, Fast chess, Fedor Duz-Khotimirsky, FIDE, Frank Marshall (chess player), Fred Reinfeld, Frederick Yates (chess player), Freshman, Gambit, Gambit Publications, Garry Kasparov, Géza Maróczy, Gideon Ståhlberg, Glenn Flear, Grand Chess, Great Depression, Gyrus, Han Hollander, Hans Kmoch, Harold C. Schonberg, Harry Golombek, Hastings International Chess Congress, Havana, Hematoma, Henry Bird (chess player), Hypertension, Hypertensive crisis, ICGA Journal, Intracerebral hemorrhage, Irving Chernev, Isaac Kashdan, Jacques Mieses, Jeff Sonas, John L. Watson, Juan Corzo, Julius du Mont, Karlovy Vary, Ken Whyld, Knight (chess), Lake Hopatcong, Larry Kaufman, List of covers of Time magazine (1920s), Luděk Pachman, Lumbar puncture, Magnus Carlsen, Manhattan Chess Club, Mannheim, Margate, Max Euwe, Mikhail Botvinnik, Milan Vidmar, Milton Hanauer, Moscow 1925 chess tournament, Moscow 1935 chess tournament, Mount Sinai Hospital (Manhattan), My Great Predecessors, Nathan Divinsky, New York (state), New York 1924 chess tournament, New York 1927 chess tournament, New York City, Nick de Firmian, Nicolas Rossolimo, Norepinephrine, Nottingham, Oldřich Duras, Oscar Chajes, Ossip Bernstein, Outpost (chess), Paul Keres, Paul Morphy, Pietro Carrera, Princess (chess), Queen's Gambit Declined, Ramsgate, Raymond Keene, Reuben Fine, Richard Réti, Richard Teichmann, Rook (chess), Round-robin tournament, Rudolf Spielmann, Ruy Lopez, Saint Petersburg, Salo Flohr, Samuel Reshevsky, San Sebastián, San Sebastián chess tournament, Savielly Tartakower, Semmering Pass, Semmering, Austria, Shortstop, Siegbert Tarrasch, Simultaneous exhibition, Sir George Thomas, 7th Baronet, Soviet Union, Spain, St. Petersburg 1914 chess tournament, Stroke, Sulcus (neuroanatomy), Systole, Thalamus, The BMJ, The Fox and the Grapes, The New York Times, The Oxford Companion to Chess, Time trouble, U.S. Chess Championship, Vasoactivity, Ventricular system, Vera Menchik, Viswanathan Anand, Vladimir Kramnik, Vladimirs Petrovs, Wilhelm Steinitz, William Winter (chess player), World Chess Championship, World Chess Championship 1907, World Chess Championship 1927, World Chess Championship 1984, World Chess Championship 2013, World War I, 8th Chess Olympiad. Expand index (138 more) » « Shrink index
Abraham Kupchik (25 March 1892 – 26 November 1970) was an American chess master.
Acetylcholine (ACh) is an organic chemical that functions in the brain and body of many types of animals, including humans, as a neurotransmitter—a chemical message released by nerve cells to send signals to other cells.
Akiba Kiwelowicz Rubinstein (1 December 1880 – 14 March 1961) was a Polish chess grandmaster who is considered to have been one of the strongest players never to have become World Chess Champion.
Alexander Alekhine (Алекса́ндр Алекса́ндрович Але́хин, Aleksandr Aleksandrovich Alekhin;; March 24, 1946) was a Russian and French chess player and the fourth World Chess Champion.
AVRO (Algemene Vereniging Radio Omroep or in English: "General Association of Radio Broadcasting") was a Dutch public broadcasting association operating within the framework of the Nederlandse Publieke Omroep system.
Amos Burn (1848–1925) was an English chess player, one of the world's leading players at the end of the 19th century, and a chess writer.
Anatoly Yevgenyevich Karpov (Анато́лий Евге́ньевич Ка́рпов; born May 23, 1951) is a Russian chess grandmaster and former World Champion.
Andor (André, Andre, Andrei) Arnoldovich LilienthalReuben Fine, The World's Great Chess Games, Dover Publications, 1983, p. 216.
Argentina, officially the Argentine Republic (República Argentina), is a federal republic located mostly in the southern half of South America.
Arnold Aurbach (ca. 1888, Warsaw – 31 December 1952, ?) was a Polish–French chess master.
Arnold Sheldon Denker (February 20, 1914 – January 2, 2005) was an American chess player, Grandmaster, and chess author.
Aron Nimzowitsch (Ārons Nimcovičs, Аро́н Иса́евич Нимцо́вич, Aron Isayevich Nimtsovich; born Aron Niemzowitsch; 7 November 1886 – 16 March 1935) was a Russian-born, Danish leading chess grandmaster and influential chess writer.
Arpad Emmerich Elo (born Árpád Imre Élő; August 25, 1903 – November 5, 1992) was the creator of the Elo rating system for two-player games such as chess.
The AVRO tournament was a famous chess tournament held in the Netherlands in 1938, sponsored by the Dutch broadcasting company AVRO.
Bad Kissingen is a spa town in the Bavarian region of Lower Franconia and seat of the district Bad Kissingen.
Barcelona is a city in Spain.
Baseball is a bat-and-ball game played between two opposing teams who take turns batting and fielding.
Benjamin McAlester Anderson Jr. (May 1, 1886 – January 19, 1949) was an American economist of the Austrian School.
A bishop (♗,♝) is a piece in the board game of chess.
Robert James Fischer (March 9, 1943January 17, 2008) was an American chess grandmaster and the eleventh World Chess Champion.
Borislav Kostić (aka Boris or Bora Kostic, Kostitsch; 24 February 1887 – 3 November 1963) was a Serbian chess grandmaster and a noted popularizer of the game.
Boris Vasilievich Spassky (Бори́с Васи́льевич Спа́сский; born January 30, 1937) is a Russian chess grandmaster.
In Rotterdam on 22 November 1938, then future World Chess Champion Mikhail Botvinnik (as white) defeated former World Champion José Raúl Capablanca in round 11 of the AVRO tournament in one of the most famous games in chess history.
Brain herniation is a potentially deadly side effect of very high pressure within the skull that occurs when a part of the brain is squeezed across structures within the skull.
British Chess Magazine is the world's oldest chess journal in continuous publication.
Budapest is the capital and the most populous city of Hungary, and one of the largest cities in the European Union.
Buenos Aires is the capital and most populous city of Argentina.
Cambridge Springs is a home rule municipality, formerly a borough, in Crawford County, Pennsylvania, United States.
Capablanca Chess (or Capablanca's Chess) is a chess variant invented in the 1920s by former World Chess Champion José Raúl Capablanca.
The Capablanca Memorial is a chess tournament that has been held annually in Cuba since 1962.
The Captaincy General of Cuba (Capitanía General de Cuba) was an administrative district of the Spanish Empire created in 1607 as part of Habsburg Spain's attempt to better defend the Caribbean against foreign powers, which also involved creating captaincies general in Puerto Rico, Guatemala and Yucatán.
Carl Schlechter (2 March 1874 – 27 December 1918) was a leading Austrian chess master and theoretician at the turn of the 20th century.
Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) is a clear, colorless body fluid found in the brain and spinal cord.
Charles Jaffé (Jaffe) (circa 1879, Dubroŭna, Belarus – 12 July 1941, Brooklyn, USA) was a Belarusian-American chess master.
Checkmate (often shortened to mate) is a game position in chess and other chess-like games in which a player's king is in check (threatened with) and there is no way to remove the threat.
Chess is a two-player strategy board game played on a chessboard, a checkered gameboard with 64 squares arranged in an 8×8 grid.
In chess and chess-like games, the endgame (or end game or ending) is the stage of the game when few pieces are left on the board.
Chess Fever (Shakhmatnaya goryachka) is a 1925 Soviet silent comedy film directed by Vsevolod Pudovkin and Nikolai Shpikovsky.
The Chess Olympiad is a biennial chess tournament in which teams from all over the world compete.
A chess opening or simply an opening refers to the initial moves of a chess game.
Chess prodigies are children who can beat experienced adult players and even Masters at chess.
ChessBase GmbH is a German company that markets chess software, maintains a chess news site, and operates servers for online chess.
Chessmetrics is a system for rating chess players devised by Jeff Sonas.
The cisterna magna (or cerebellomedullaris cistern) is one of three principal openings in the subarachnoid space between the arachnoid and pia mater layers of the meninges surrounding the brain.
The Classical World Chess Championship 2000, known at the time as the Braingames World Chess Championships, was held from 8 October 2000 – 4 November 2000 in London, United Kingdom.
Cleveland is a city in the U.S. state of Ohio, and the county seat of Cuyahoga County.
The Colon Cemetery, or more fully in the Spanish language Cementerio de Cristóbal Colón, was founded in 1876 in the Vedado neighbourhood of Havana, Cuba on top of Espada Cemetery.
Columbia University (Columbia; officially Columbia University in the City of New York), established in 1754, is a private Ivy League research university in Upper Manhattan, New York City.
This article presents a number of methodologies that have been suggested for the task of comparing the greatest chess players in history.
Crafty is a chess program written by UAB professor Dr.
Cuba, officially the Republic of Cuba, is a country comprising the island of Cuba as well as Isla de la Juventud and several minor archipelagos.
A database is an organized collection of data, stored and accessed electronically.
David Vincent Hooper (31 August 1915 – May 1998), born in Reigate, was a British chess player and writer.
Dawid Markelowicz Janowski (25 May 1868 – 15 January 1927; often spelled David) was a leading Polish chess master and subsequent French citizen.
Diastole is the part of the cardiac cycle during which the heart refills with blood after the emptying done during systole (contraction).
In chess, a draw is the result of a game ending in a tie.
Edward Lasker (December 3, 1885 – March 25, 1981) was a German-American chess and Go player.
Edward Winter (born 1955) is an English chess journalist, archivist, historian, collector and author.
Efim Dmitriyevich Bogolyubov (also Romanized Bogoljubov, Bogoljubow; April 14, 1889 – June 18, 1952) was a Russian-born German chess grandmaster who won numerous events and played two matches against Alexander Alekhine for the world championship.
Eli Moschcowitz (2 August 1879 – 23 February 1964) was an American doctor best known for his role in discovering thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP), which was originally called "Moschcowitz syndrome".
Emanuel Lasker (December 24, 1868 – January 11, 1941) was a German chess player, mathematician, and philosopher who was World Chess Champion for 27 years (from 1894 to 1921).
Embassy chess is a chess variant created in 2005 by Kevin Hill.
An empress is a fairy chess piece that can move like a rook or a knight.
Erich Gottlieb Eliskases (15 February 1913 – 2 February 1997) was a chess grandmaster of the 1930s and 1940s, who represented Austria, Germany and Argentina in international competition.
Eugene Alexandrovich Znosko-Borovsky (Russian: Евгений Александрович Зноско-Боровский; Yevgeny Alexandrovich Znosko-Borovsky) (16 August 1884 – 31 December 1954) was a Russian chess master, music and drama critic, teacher and author.
Everyman Chess, formerly known as Cadogan Chess, is a major publisher of books and CDs about chess.
Fast chess (also known as speed chess) is a variation of chess in which each side is given less time to make their moves than under normal tournament time controls.
Fedor (Fyodor) Ivanovich Duz–Khotimirsky (sometimes transliterated Chotimirski, Khotymirsky etc.; Фёдор Дуз-Хотимирский; 25 September 1881, Chernihiv or Moscow – 5 November 1965, Moscow) was a Russian chess master.
The Fédération Internationale des Échecs or World Chess Federation is an international organization that connects the various national chess federations around the world and acts as the governing body of international chess competition.
Frank James Marshall (August 10, 1877 – November 9, 1944) was the U.S. Chess Champion from 1909 to 1936, and one of the world's strongest chess players in the early part of the 20th century.
Fred Reinfeld (January 27, 1910 – May 29, 1964) was an American writer on chess and many other subjects.
Frederick Dewhurst Yates (16 January 1884, Birstall – 11 November 1932, London) was an English chess master who won the British Chess Championship on six occasions.
A freshman, first year, or frosh, is a person in the first year at an educational institution, usually a secondary or post-secondary school.
A gambit (from ancient Italian gambetto, meaning "to trip") is a chess opening in which a player, more often White, sacrifices, usually a pawn, with the hope of achieving a resulting advantageous position.
Gambit Publications is a major publisher of chess books.
Garry Kimovich Kasparov (Га́рри Ки́мович Каспа́ров,; Armenian: Գարրի Կիմովիչ Կասպարով; born Garik Kimovich Weinstein, 13 April 1963) is a Russian chess grandmaster, former world chess champion, writer, and political activist, who many consider to be the greatest chess player of all time.
Géza Maróczy (3 March 1870 – 29 May 1951) was a Hungarian chess master, one of the leading players in the world in his time.
Anders Gideon Tom Ståhlberg (or Stahlberg) (26 January 1908, Surte near Gothenburg – 26 May 1967, Leningrad) was a Swedish chess grandmaster.
Glenn Curtis Flear (born 12 February 1959 in Leicester, England) is a British chess grandmaster now living in Montpellier, France.
Grand Chess is a large-board chess variant invented by Dutch games designer Christian Freeling in 1984.
The Great Depression was a severe worldwide economic depression that took place mostly during the 1930s, beginning in the United States.
In neuroanatomy, a gyrus (pl. gyri) is a ridge on the cerebral cortex.
Hartog "Han" Hollander (5 October 1886 – 9 July 1943) was the first Dutch radio sports journalist.
Johann "Hans" Joseph Kmoch (July 25, 1894 in Vienna – February 13, 1973 in New York City) was an Austrian-Dutch-American chess International Master (1950), International Arbiter (1951), and a chess journalist and author, for which he is best known.
Harold Charles Schonberg (November 29, 1915 – July 26, 2003) was an American music critic and journalist, most notably for The New York Times.
Harry Golombek OBE (1 March 1911 – 7 January 1995), was a British chess grandmaster, chess arbiter, chess author, and wartime codebreaker.
The Hastings International Chess Congress is an annual chess tournament which takes place in Hastings, England, around the turn of the year.
Havana (Spanish: La Habana) is the capital city, largest city, province, major port, and leading commercial center of Cuba.
A hematoma (US spelling) or haematoma (UK spelling) is a localized collection of blood outside the blood vessels, due to either disease or trauma including injury or surgery and may involve blood continuing to seep from broken capillaries.
Henry Edward Bird (Portsea in Hampshire, 14 July 1830 – 11 April 1908) was an English chess player, and also an author and accountant.
Hypertension (HTN or HT), also known as high blood pressure (HBP), is a long-term medical condition in which the blood pressure in the arteries is persistently elevated.
Severely elevated blood pressure (equal to or greater than a systolic 180 or diastolic of 110—sometimes termed malignant or accelerated hypertension) is referred to as a hypertensive crisis, as blood pressure at this level confers a high risk of complications.
The ICGA Journal is a quarterly academic journal published by IOS Press on behalf of the International Computer Games Association.
Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH), also known as cerebral bleed, is a type of intracranial bleed that occurs within the brain tissue or ventricles.
Irving Chernev (January 29, 1900 – September 29, 1981) was a chess player and prolific Russian-American chess author.
Isaac Kashdan (19 November 1905 in New York City – 20 February 1985 in Los Angeles) was an American chess grandmaster and chess writer.
Jacques Mieses (born Jakob Mieses; 27 February 1865 – 23 February 1954) was a German-born chess Grandmaster and writer.
Jeff Sonas is a statistical chess analyst who invented the Chessmetrics system for rating chess players, which is intended as an improvement on the Elo rating system.
John Leonard Watson (born 1951) is a chess International Master and author.
Juan Corzo y Príncipe (June 24, 1873 – September 27, 1941) was a Spanish–Cuban chess master and five-time chess champion of Cuba.
Julius du Mont (December 15, 1881, Paris – April 7, 1956, Hastings, England) was a pianist, piano teacher, chess player, journalist, editor and writer.
Karlovy Vary or Carlsbad (Karlsbad) is a spa town situated in western Bohemia, Czech Republic, on the confluence of the rivers Ohře and Teplá, approximately west of Prague (Praha).
Kenneth Whyld (6 March 1926 – 11 July 2003) was a British chess author and researcher, best known as the co-author (with David Hooper) of The Oxford Companion to Chess, a single-volume chess reference work in English.
The knight (♘ ♞) is a piece in the game of chess, representing a knight (armored cavalry).
Lake Hopatcong is the largest freshwater body in New Jersey, United States, about 4 square miles (10 km²) in area.
Lawrence C. "Larry" Kaufman (born 1947) is a chess Grandmaster, a title which he automatically earned after winning the 2008 World Senior Championship (which he later retroactively shared with Mihai Suba).
This is a list of people appearing on the cover of ''Time'' magazine in the 1920s.
Luděk Pachman (German: Ludek Pachmann, May 11, 1924 in Bělá pod Bezdězem, today Czech Republic – March 6, 2003 in Passau, Germany) was a Czechoslovak-German chess grandmaster, chess writer, and political activist.
Lumbar puncture (LP), also known as a spinal tap, is a medical procedure in which a needle is inserted into the spinal canal, most commonly to collect cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) for diagnostic testing.
Sven Magnus Øen Carlsen (born 30 November 1990) is a Norwegian chess grandmaster and the current World Chess Champion.
The Manhattan Chess Club in Manhattan was the second-oldest chess club in the United States (next to the Mechanics' Institute Chess Club in San Francisco) before it closed.
Mannheim (Palatine German: Monnem or Mannem) is a city in the southwestern part of Germany, the third-largest in the German state of Baden-Württemberg after Stuttgart and Karlsruhe with a 2015 population of approximately 305,000 inhabitants.
Margate is a seaside town in the district of Thanet in Kent, England.
Machgielis "Max" Euwe, PhD (May 20, 1901 – November 26, 1981) was a Dutch chess Grandmaster, mathematician, author, and chess administrator.
Mikhail Moiseyevich Botvinnik (Михаи́л Моисе́евич Ботви́нник,; – May 5, 1995) was a Soviet and Russian International Grandmaster and World Chess Champion for most of 1948 to 1963.
Milan Vidmar (22 June 1885 – 9 October 1962) was a Slovene electrical engineer, chess Grandmaster, chess theorist, chess arbiter, philosopher, and writer.
Milton Loeb Hanauer (5 August 1908 – 16 April 1988) was a public school principal, chess master and Marshall Chess Club official.
This international super-tournament, organised by Nikolai Krylenko, was held in Moscow, the Soviet Union, from 10 November to 8 December 1925.
Moscow 1935 was the second international chess tournament held in Moscow, taking place from 15 February to 15 March 1935.
Mount Sinai Hospital, founded in 1852, is one of the oldest and largest teaching hospitals in the United States.
My Great Predecessors is a series of chess books written by former World Champion Garry Kasparov et al.
Nathan Joseph Harry Divinsky (October 29, 1925 – June 17, 2012) was a Canadian mathematician, university professor, chess master, chess writer, and chess official.
New York is a state in the northeastern United States.
New York 1924 was an elite chess tournament held in the Alamac Hotel in New York City from March 6 to April 18, 1924.
The New York 1927 chess tournament was an elite chess tournament held in New York City from February 19 to March 23, 1927.
The City of New York, often called New York City (NYC) or simply New York, is the most populous city in the United States.
Nicholas Ernest de Firmian (born July 26, 1957 in Fresno, California), is a chess grandmaster and three-time U.S. chess champion, winning in 1987 (with Joel Benjamin), 1995, and 1998.
Nicolas Rossolimo (Николай Спиридонович Россоли́мо; February 28, 1910, Kiev – July 24, 1975, New York) was an American-French-Greek-Russian chess Grandmaster.
Norepinephrine (NE), also called noradrenaline (NA) or noradrenalin, is an organic chemical in the catecholamine family that functions in the brain and body as a hormone and neurotransmitter.
Nottingham is a city and unitary authority area in Nottinghamshire, England, north of London, in the East Midlands.
Oldřich Duras (also Důras; 30 October 1882, Pchery, Bohemia, then Austria-Hungary – 5 January 1957, Prague, then Czechoslovakia) was a leading Czech chess master of the early 20th century.
Oscar Chajes (pronounced "HA-yes") (December 14, 1873 – February 28, 1928)* was an American chess player.
Ossip Samoilovich Bernstein (20 September 1882 – 30 November 1962) was a Russian-French chess grandmaster and a financial lawyer.
An outpost is a square on the fourth, fifth, sixth, or seventh which is protected by a pawn and which cannot be attacked by an opponent's pawn.
Paul Keres (January 7, 1916June 5, 1975) was an Estonian chess grandmaster and chess writer.
Paul Charles Morphy (June 22, 1837 – July 10, 1884) was an American chess player.
Pietro Carrera, (July 12, 1573 – September 18, 1647) was a chess player, historian, priest and Italian author, born in Sicily, in Militello in Val di Catania (Province of Catania), located in the Valley of Noto; here he grew up in the old colony of San Vito.
A princess is a fairy chess piece that can move like a bishop or a knight.
The Queen's Gambit Declined (or QGD) is a chess opening in which Black declines a pawn offered by White in the Queen's Gambit: This is known as the Orthodox Line of the Queen's Gambit Declined.
Ramsgate is a seaside town in the district of Thanet in east Kent, England.
Raymond Dennis Keene OBE (born 29 January 1948) is an English chess Grandmaster, a FIDE International Arbiter, a chess organiser, and a journalist and author.
Reuben Fine (October 11, 1914 – March 26, 1993) was an American chess grandmaster, psychologist, university professor, and author of many books on both chess and psychology.
Richard Selig Réti (28 May 1889, Bösing, now Pezinok – 6 June 1929, Prague) was an Austro-Hungarian, later Czechoslovak chess grandmaster, chess author, and composer of endgame studies.
Richard Teichmann (24 December 1868 – 15 June 1925) was a German chess master.
A rook (♖,♜) is a piece in the strategy board game of chess.
A round-robin tournament (or all-play-all tournament) is a competition in which each contestant meets all other contestants in turn.
Rudolf Spielmann (5 May 1883 – 20 August 1942) was an Austrian-Jewish chess player of the romantic school, and chess writer.
The Ruy Lopez, also called the Spanish Opening or Spanish Game, is a chess opening characterised by the moves: The Ruy Lopez is named after 16th-century Spanish bishop Ruy López de Segura.
Saint Petersburg (p) is Russia's second-largest city after Moscow, with 5 million inhabitants in 2012, part of the Saint Petersburg agglomeration with a population of 6.2 million (2015).
Salomon Mikhailovich Flohr (November 21, 1908 – July 18, 1983) was a leading Czech chess grandmaster of the mid-20th century, who became a national hero in Czechoslovakia during the 1930s.
Samuel Herman Reshevsky (born Szmul Rzeszewski; November 26, 1911 – April 4, 1992) was a Polish chess prodigy and later a leading American chess grandmaster.
San Sebastián or Donostia is a coastal city and municipality located in the Basque Autonomous Community, Spain.
There were two important chess tournaments in San Sebastián, Spain, in 1911 and 1912.
Ksawery Tartakower (also known as Saviely or Savielly Tartakower in English, less often Xavier Tartacover or Xavier Tartakover; 1887–1956) was a leading Polish and French chess grandmaster.
For the town of the same name, see Semmering, Austria. Semmering is a mountain pass in the Eastern Northern Limestone Alps connecting Lower Austria and Styria, between which it forms a natural border.
Semmering is a town in the district of Neunkirchen in the Austrian state of Lower Austria.
Shortstop, abbreviated SS, is the baseball or softball fielding position between second and third base, which is considered to be among the most demanding defensive positions.
Siegbert Tarrasch (5 March 1862 – 17 February 1934) was one of the strongest chess players and most influential chess teachers of the late 19th and early 20th century.
A simultaneous exhibition or simultaneous display is a board game exhibition (commonly chess or Go) in which one player (typically of high rank, such as a grandmaster or dan-level player) plays multiple games at a time with a number of other players.
Sir George Alan Thomas, 7th Baronet (14 June 1881 – 23 July 1972) was a British badminton, tennis and chess player.
The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.
Spain (España), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Reino de España), is a sovereign state mostly located on the Iberian Peninsula in Europe.
A stroke is a medical condition in which poor blood flow to the brain results in cell death.
In neuroanatomy, a sulcus (Latin: "furrow", pl. sulci) is a depression or groove in the cerebral cortex.
The systole is that part of the cardiac cycle during which some chambers of the heart muscle contract after refilling with blood.
The thalamus (from Greek θάλαμος, "chamber") is the large mass of gray matter in the dorsal part of the diencephalon of the brain with several functions such as relaying of sensory signals, including motor signals, to the cerebral cortex, and the regulation of consciousness, sleep, and alertness.
The BMJ is a weekly peer-reviewed medical journal.
The Fox and the Grapes is one of the Aesop's fables, numbered 15 in the Perry Index.
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
The Oxford Companion to Chess is a reference book on the game of chess, written by David Hooper and Kenneth Whyld.
In chess played with a time control, time trouble, time pressure, or its German translation Zeitnot, is the situation where a player has little time to complete the required moves.
The U.S. Chess Championship is an invitational tournament held to determine the national chess champion of the United States.
A vasoactive substance is an endogenous agent or pharmaceutical drug that has the effect of either increasing or decreasing blood pressure and/or heart rate through its vasoactivity, that is, vascular activity (effect on blood vessels).
The ventricular system is a set of four interconnected cavities (ventricles) in the brain, where the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) is produced.
Vera Frantsevna Menchik (Вера Францевна Менчик; Věra Menčíková; 16 February 1906 – 27 June 1944) was a British-Czechoslovak-Russian chess player who gained renown as the world's first women's chess champion.
Viswanathan "Vishy" Anand (born 11 December 1969) is an Indian chess grandmaster, a former World Chess Champion, and the current World Rapid Chess Champion.
Vladimir Borisovich Kramnik (Влади́мир Бори́сович Кра́мник; born 25 June 1975) is a Russian chess grandmaster.
Vladimirs Petrovs or Vladimir Petrov (27 September 1907 – 26 August 1943) was a Latvian chess master.
Wilhelm (later William) Steinitz (May 17, 1836 – August 12, 1900) was an Austrian and later American chess master, and the first undisputed World Chess Champion, from 1886 to 1894.
William Winter (11 September 1898 – 18 December 1955) was a British chess player.
The World Chess Championship (sometimes abbreviated as WCC) is played to determine the World Champion in chess.
Emanuel Lasker had virtually retired after retaining the World Chess Championship in 1897, in part due to his doctoral studies in mathematics, but defended his title against Frank J. Marshall from January 26 to April 6, 1907, in the United States, games being played in New York, Philadelphia, Washington, D.C., Baltimore, Chicago and Memphis.
The 1927 World Chess Championship was played between José Raúl Capablanca and Alexander Alekhine, in Buenos Aires from September 16 to November 29, 1927.
The World Chess Championship 1984 was a match between challenger Garry Kasparov and defending champion Anatoly Karpov in Moscow from 10 September 1984 to 15 February 1985 for the World Chess Championship title.
The World Chess Championship 2013 was a match between reigning world champion Viswanathan Anand and challenger Magnus Carlsen, to determine the 2013 World Chess Champion.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
The 8th Chess Olympiad, organised by the Fédération Internationale des Échecs (FIDE), comprised an 'open' tournament, as well as a Women's World Championship contest.
J. R. Capablanca, Jose Capablanca, Jose Casablanca, Jose R. Capablanca, Jose Raoul Capablanca, Jose Raul Capablanca, Jose Raul Capablanca y Graupera, José Capablanca, José R. Capablanca, José Raoúl Capablanca, José Raúl Capablanca y Graupera.