309 relations: A. J. P. Taylor, Adullamites, Afrikaner Bond, Afrikaners, Albert Dock Seamen's Hospital, Alexander Bruce, 6th Lord Balfour of Burleigh, Alfred Lyttelton, Alfred Milner, 1st Viscount Milner, Alfred von Tirpitz, Alice's Adventures in Wonderland, Anglo-Zulu War, Archibald Primrose, 5th Earl of Rosebery, Arish, Arthur Balfour, Artisans' and Labourers' Dwellings Improvement Act 1875, Ashanti Empire, Atheism, Austen Chamberlain, Austria-Hungary, Basil Dignam, Battle of Colenso, Battle of Magersfontein, Battle of Stormberg, Bechuanaland Protectorate, Benjamin Disraeli, Bernhard von Bülow, Bingley Hall, Birmingham, Birmingham (UK Parliament constituency), Birmingham and Staffordshire Gas Light Company, Birmingham by-election, 1876, Birmingham City Council, Birmingham Corporation Water Department, Birmingham Gas Light and Coke Company, Birmingham Museum and Art Gallery, Birmingham West (UK Parliament constituency), Birmingham West by-election, 1914, Black Country, Black Week, Bloemfontein, Board of Admiralty, Boer, Bonar Law, Boxing Day, British Empire, British Isles, British South Africa Company, Buckingham Palace, Bulgaria, Camberwell, ..., Cecil Rhodes, Central Board, Chamberlain Clock, Chamberlain Memorial, Chamberlain Square, Charles Gordon-Lennox, 6th Duke of Richmond, Charles Ritchie, 1st Baron Ritchie of Dundee, Charles Stewart Parnell, Chief Secretary for Ireland, Church of England, Church of the Saviour, Birmingham, Clara in Blunderland, Conservative Campaign Headquarters, Conservative Party (UK), Constitution of Australia, Corn Laws, Corporation Street, Birmingham, Council House, Birmingham, Dahomey, Dartford, David Lloyd George, Denbigh, Dick Turpin, Dudley Ryder, 3rd Earl of Harrowby, East Worcestershire (UK Parliament constituency), Edward Harold Begbie, Edward Smith-Stanley, 14th Earl of Derby, Edward VII, Egypt, Electrical telegraph, Elementary Education Act 1870, Entente Cordiale, Farrer Herschell, 1st Baron Herschell, Fenian, First Lord of the Admiralty, Franco-Prussian War, Frederick Lugard, 1st Baron Lugard, Frederick Maxse, Frederick Roberts, 1st Earl Roberts, Free trade, Friedrich von Holstein, General Assembly of Unitarian and Free Christian Churches, George Dixon (MP), George Goschen, 1st Viscount Goschen, George Robinson, 1st Marquess of Ripon, George Sclater-Booth, 1st Baron Basing, George Taubman Goldie, Gerald Balfour, 2nd Earl of Balfour, German Naval Laws, Gold Coast (British colony), Gold Coast (region), Gordon Sprigg, Gout, Government of Ireland Bill 1886, Government of Ireland Bill 1893, Grassy Lake, Alberta, Greenock, Grover Cleveland, Gustaf Gründgens, H. H. Asquith, Hawarden Castle (18th century), Hawarden Kite, Henry Campbell-Bannerman, Henry Fell Pease, Henry Hallett, Henry Labouchère, Henry Petty-Fitzmaurice, 5th Marquess of Lansdowne, Herbert Gladstone, 1st Viscount Gladstone, Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener, Hercules Robinson, 1st Baron Rosmead, Highbury, Birmingham, History of Nigeria, History of Sierra Leone, Hockley, West Midlands, Home rule, Home Secretary, Hospital for Tropical Diseases, Hugh Cecil, 1st Baron Quickswood, Hughligans, Imperial Preference, Independent Labour Party, Irish Church Act 1869, Irish Home Rule movement, Irish National Land League, J. B. M. Hertzog, Jack Cade's Rebellion, James Stansfeld, Jameson Raid, Jesse Collings, Jewellery Quarter, Johannesburg, John Bright, John Dillon, John Eldon Gorst, John Marriott (British politician), John Morley, John Russell, 1st Earl Russell, John Sutton Nettlefold, John Sutton Nettlefold (social reformer), Joseph Chamberlain Memorial Clock Tower, Joseph Chamberlain Sixth Form College, Joseph Cowen, Joseph Henry Nettlefold, Keir Hardie, Key Hill Cemetery, Kilmainham Gaol, Kilmainham Treaty, Kimberley, Northern Cape, Kingston upon Hull, Kruger telegram, Kumasi, KwaZulu-Natal, Lagos, Laissez-faire, Land reform, Leader of the House of Commons, Leader of the Opposition (United Kingdom), Leander Starr Jameson, Leeds, Leicester, Leopold Maxse, Liberal Party (UK), Liberal Unionist Party, List of mayors of Birmingham, Liverpool, Local education authority, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, Lord Frederick Cavendish, Lord George Hamilton, Lord President of the Council, Lord Randolph Churchill, Lost in Blunderland, Malietoa Laupepa, Martineau family, Mata'afa Iosefo, Michael Hicks Beach, 1st Earl St Aldwyn, Minister for Foreign Affairs (Germany), Myocardial infarction, National Conservative Convention, National Education League, Neuralgia, Neville Chamberlain, New Imperialism, Newcastle upon Tyne, Newcastle-upon-Tyne (UK Parliament constituency), Newfoundland (island), Niger River, Nile, Nonconformist, Ohm Krüger, Oldham, One-nation conservatism, Opposition to the Second Boer War, Orange Free State, Otto von Bismarck, Parliamentary secretary, Patrick Manson, Paul Cambon, Paul Kruger, Paul von Hatzfeldt, Peter Howell (historian), Philip Henry Muntz, Phoenix Park Murders, President of the Board of Trade, President of the Liberal Party, President of the Local Government Board, Pretoria, Prussia, Queen Victoria, R. A. Cross, 1st Viscount Cross, Ramsay MacDonald, Rates (tax), Rector of the University of Glasgow, Reform Act 1867, Reichstag (German Empire), Representation of the People Act 1884, Richard Chamberlain (MP for Islington West), Robert Cecil, 1st Viscount Cecil of Chelwood, Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, 3rd Marquess of Salisbury, Robert Laurie Morant, Royal charter, Royal Niger Company, Russo-Turkish War (1877–1878), Samoa, School boards in England and Wales, Second Anglo-Afghan War, Second Boer War, Secretary of State for the Colonies, Secretary of State for War, Select committee (United Kingdom), Sheffield, Siege of Ladysmith, Siege of Mafeking, Sierra Leone, Sinai Peninsula, Single-issue politics, Sir Charles Dilke, 2nd Baronet, Sir Edmund Monson, 1st Baronet, Sir George Trevelyan, 2nd Baronet, Sixty Glorious Years, Slum clearance, Sokoto, Solomon Islands, South African Republic, Southern Africa, Spencer Cavendish, 8th Duke of Devonshire, Stafford Northcote, 1st Earl of Iddesleigh, Suez Canal, Suffrage, Surrey, Tariff Reform League, The Man Who Was Thursday, The Right Honourable, Theodor Herzl, Three acres and a cow, Tonga, Transvaal Colony, Treaty of Vereeniging, Triple Alliance (1882), Tropical disease, Turkey, Uitlander, United Kingdom general election, 1868, United Kingdom general election, 1874, United Kingdom general election, 1880, United Kingdom general election, 1885, United Kingdom general election, 1886, United Kingdom general election, 1892, United Kingdom general election, 1895, United Kingdom general election, 1900, United Kingdom general election, 1906, University College School, University of Birmingham, Venezuela, Victoria Law Courts, Victoria the Great, War Office, Washington, D.C., West Africa, West Midlands Metro, Westminster Abbey, Whigs (British political party), Wilhelm II, German Emperor, William Crowninshield Endicott, William Edward Forster, William Ewart Gladstone, William Harris (Birmingham Liberal), William Hewins, William O'Brien, William Vernon Harcourt (politician), Windsor Castle, Winston Churchill, Winterbourne Botanic Garden, Workmen's Compensation Act 1897, Worshipful Company of Cordwainers, Worshipful Company of Grocers, Young Winston, 10 Downing Street, 155 mm Creusot Long Tom. 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Alan John Percivale Taylor (25 March 1906 – 7 September 1990) was an English historian who specialised in 19th- and 20th-century European diplomacy.
The Adullamites were a short-lived anti-reform faction within the UK Liberal Party in 1866.
The Afrikaner Bond (Afrikaans and Dutch for "Afrikaner Union"; South African Dutch: Afrikander Bond) was founded as an anti-Imperialist political party in 19th century southern Africa.
Afrikaners are a Southern African ethnic group descended from predominantly Dutch settlers first arriving in the 17th and 18th centuries.
The Albert Dock Seamen's Hospital was a hospital provided by the Seamen's Hospital Society for the care of ex-members of the Merchant navy, the fishing fleets and their dependents.
Alexander Hugh Bruce, 6th Lord Balfour of Burleigh, (13 January 1849 – 6 July 1921) was a Scottish Unionist politician, banker and statesman, who took a leading part in the affairs of the Church of Scotland.
Alfred Lyttelton KC (7 February 1857 – 5 July 1913) was a British politician and sportsman from the Lyttelton family who excelled at both football and cricket.
Alfred Milner, 1st Viscount Milner, (23 March 185413 May 1925) was a British statesman and colonial administrator who played an influential leadership role in the formulation of foreign and domestic policy between the mid-1890s and early 1920s.
Alfred Peter Friedrich von Tirpitz (19 March 1849 – 6 March 1930) was a German Grand Admiral, Secretary of State of the German Imperial Naval Office, the powerful administrative branch of the German Imperial Navy from 1897 until 1916.
Alice's Adventures in Wonderland (commonly shortened to Alice in Wonderland) is an 1865 novel written by English author Charles Lutwidge Dodgson under the pseudonym Lewis Carroll.
The Anglo-Zulu War was fought in 1879 between the British Empire and the Zulu Kingdom.
Archibald Philip Primrose, 5th Earl of Rosebery, 1st Earl of Midlothian, (7 May 1847 – 21 May 1929) was a British Liberal politician who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from March 1894 to June 1895.
Arish or el Arīsh (العريش, Hrinokorura) is the capital and largest city (with 164,830 inhabitants) of the Egyptian governorate of North Sinai, as well as the largest city on the entire Sinai Peninsula, lying on the Mediterranean coast of the Sinai peninsula, northeast of Cairo.
Arthur James Balfour, 1st Earl of Balfour, (25 July 184819 March 1930) was a British statesman of the Conservative Party who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1902 to 1905.
The Artisans' and Labourers' Dwellings Improvement Act 1875 was an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom designed by Richard Cross, Home Secretary during Prime Minister Benjamin Disraeli's second Conservative Government, which involved allowing local councils to buy up areas of slum dwellings in order to clear and then rebuild them.
The Ashanti Empire (also spelled Asante) was an Akan empire and kingdom in what is now modern-day Ghana from 1670 to 1957.
Atheism is, in the broadest sense, the absence of belief in the existence of deities.
Sir Joseph Austen Chamberlain, KG (16 October 1863 – 16 March 1937) was a British statesman, son of Joseph Chamberlain and half-brother of Neville Chamberlain.
Austria-Hungary, often referred to as the Austro-Hungarian Empire or the Dual Monarchy in English-language sources, was a constitutional union of the Austrian Empire (the Kingdoms and Lands Represented in the Imperial Council, or Cisleithania) and the Kingdom of Hungary (Lands of the Crown of Saint Stephen or Transleithania) that existed from 1867 to 1918, when it collapsed as a result of defeat in World War I. The union was a result of the Austro-Hungarian Compromise of 1867 and came into existence on 30 March 1867.
Basil Dignam (24 October 1905 – 31 January 1979) was an English character actor.
The Battle of Colenso was the third and final battle fought during the Black Week of the Second Boer War.
The Battle of MagersfonteinSpelt incorrectly in various English texts as "Majersfontein", "Maaghersfontein" and "Maagersfontein".
The Battle of Stormberg was the first British defeat of Black Week, in which three successive British forces were defeated by Boer irregulars in the Second Boer War.
The Bechuanaland Protectorate was a protectorate established on 31 March 1885, by the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland in southern Africa.
Benjamin Disraeli, 1st Earl of Beaconsfield, (21 December 1804 – 19 April 1881) was a British statesman of the Conservative Party who twice served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.
Bernhard Heinrich Karl Martin von Bülow (3 May 1849 – 28 October 1929), created Prince von Bülow in 1905, was a German statesman who served as Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs for three years and then as Chancellor of the German Empire from 1900 to 1909.
Bingley Hall in Birmingham was the first purpose-built exhibition hall in Great Britain.
Birmingham is a city and metropolitan borough in the West Midlands, England, with an estimated population of 1,101,360, making it the second most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.
Birmingham was a parliamentary constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom for the city of Birmingham, in what is now the West Midlands Metropolitan County, but at the time was Warwickshire.
The Birmingham and Staffordshire Gas Light Company operated in Birmingham and Staffordshire from 1825 to 1875.
The Birmingham by-election of 1876 was fought on 27 June 1876.
Birmingham City Council is the local government body responsible for the governance of the City of Birmingham in England, which has been a metropolitan district since 1974.
The Birmingham Corporation Water Department was responsible for the supply of water to Birmingham, England, from 1876 to 1974.
The Birmingham Gas Light and Coke Company operated in Birmingham from 1819 to 1875.
Birmingham Museum and Art Gallery (BM&AG) is a museum and art gallery in Birmingham, England.
Birmingham West was a parliamentary constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
The Birmingham West by-election of 1914 was held on 14 July 1914.
The Black Country is a region of the West Midlands in England, west of Birmingham, and commonly refers to all or part of the four Metropolitan Boroughs of Dudley, Sandwell, Walsall and Wolverhampton.
In a disastrous week during the second Boer War, dubbed Black Week, from 10–17 December 1899, the British Army suffered three devastating defeats by the Boer Republics at the battles of Stormberg, Magersfontein and Colenso, with a total of 2,776 men killed, wounded and captured.
Bloemfontein (Afrikaans and Dutch "fountain of flowers" or "blooming fountain"; also known as Bloem) is the capital city of the province of Free State of South Africa; and, as the judicial capital of the nation, one of South Africa's three national capitals (the other two being Cape Town, the legislative capital, and Pretoria, the administrative capital) and is the seventh largest city in South Africa.
The Board of Admiralty was established in 1628 when Charles I put the office of Lord High Admiral into commission.
Boer is the Dutch and Afrikaans noun for "farmer".
Andrew Bonar Law (16 September 1858 – 30 October 1923), commonly called Bonar Law, was a British Conservative politician who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1922 to 1923.
Boxing Day is a holiday celebrated on the day after Christmas Day.
The British Empire comprised the dominions, colonies, protectorates, mandates and other territories ruled or administered by the United Kingdom and its predecessor states.
The British Isles are a group of islands off the north-western coast of continental Europe that consist of the islands of Great Britain, Ireland, the Isle of Man and over six thousand smaller isles.
The British South Africa Company (BSAC or BSACo) was established following the amalgamation of Cecil Rhodes' Central Search Association and the London-based Exploring Company Ltd which had originally competed to exploit the expected mineral wealth of Mashonaland but united because of common economic interests and to secure British government backing.
Buckingham Palace is the London residence and administrative headquarters of the monarch of the United Kingdom.
Bulgaria (България, tr.), officially the Republic of Bulgaria (Република България, tr.), is a country in southeastern Europe.
Camberwell is a district of south London, England, within the London Borough of Southwark.
Cecil John Rhodes PC (5 July 1853 – 26 March 1902) was a British businessman, mining magnate and politician in southern Africa who served as Prime Minister of the Cape Colony from 1890 to 1896.
After the Act of Union 1800, Ireland was under direct rule from England.
The Chamberlain Clock is an Edwardian, cast-iron, clock tower in the Jewellery Quarter of Birmingham, England.
The Chamberlain Memorial, also known as the Chamberlain Memorial Fountain, is a monument in Chamberlain Square, Birmingham, England, erected in 1880 to commemorate the public service of Joseph Chamberlain (1836–1914), Birmingham businessman, councillor, mayor, Member of Parliament, and statesman.
Chamberlain Square or Chamberlain Place is a public square in central Birmingham, England, named after statesman and notable mayor of Birmingham, Joseph Chamberlain.
Charles Henry Gordon-Lennox, 6th Duke of Richmond, 6th Duke of Lennox, and 1st Duke of Gordon, (27 February 1818 – 27 September 1903), styled Lord Settrington until 1819 and Earl of March between 1819 and 1860, was a British Conservative politician.
Charles Thomson Ritchie, 1st Baron Ritchie of Dundee, PC (19 November 1838 – 9 January 1906) was a British businessman and Conservative politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1874 until 1905 when he was raised to the peerage.
Charles Stewart Parnell (Cathal Stiúbhard Parnell; 27 June 1846 – 6 October 1891) was an Irish nationalist politician and one of the most powerful figures in the British House of Commons in the 1880s.
The Chief Secretary for Ireland was a key political office in the British administration in Ireland.
The Church of England (C of E) is the state church of England.
The Church of the Saviour in Birmingham was a liberal Unitarian church founded for the liberal nonconformist preacher, George Dawson, which was instrumental in launching Joseph Chamberlain's political career.
Clara in Blunderland is a novel by Caroline Lewis (pseudonym for Edward Harold Begbie, J. Stafford Ransome, and M. H. Temple), written in 1902 and published by William Heinemann of London.
The Conservative Campaign Headquarters (CCHQ), formerly known as Conservative Central Office (CCO) is the headquarters of the British Conservative Party, housing its central staff and committee members, including campaign coordinators and managers.
The Conservative Party, officially the Conservative and Unionist Party, is a centre-right political party in the United Kingdom.
The Constitution of Australia is the supreme law under which the government of the Commonwealth of Australia operates, including its relationship to the States of Australia.
The Corn Laws were tariffs and other trade restrictions on imported food and grain ("corn") enforced in Great Britain between 1815 and 1846.
Corporation Street is a main shopping street in Birmingham city centre, England.
Birmingham City Council House in Birmingham, England, is the home of Birmingham City Council, and thus the seat of local government for the city.
The Kingdom of Dahomey was an African kingdom (located within the area of the present-day country of Benin) that existed from about 1600 until 1894, when the last king, Béhanzin, was defeated by the French, and the country was annexed into the French colonial empire.
Dartford is the principal town in the Borough of Dartford, Kent, England.
David Lloyd George, 1st Earl Lloyd-George of Dwyfor, (17 January 1863 – 26 March 1945) was a British statesman of the Liberal Party and the final Liberal to serve as Prime Minister.
Denbigh (Dinbych) is a market town and community in Denbighshire, Wales, of which it was formerly the county town.
Richard "Dick" Turpin (bapt. 21 September 1705 – 7 April 1739) was an English highwayman whose exploits were romanticised following his execution in York for horse theft.
Dudley Francis Stuart Ryder, 3rd Earl of Harrowby, (16 January 183126 March 1900), known as Viscount Sandon from 1847 to 1882, was a British peer and politician.
East Worcestershire was a county constituency in the county of Worcestershire, represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
Edward Harold Begbie (1871–1929), also known as Harold Begbie, was an English author and journalist who published nearly 50 books and poems and contributed to periodicals.
Edward George Geoffrey Smith-Stanley, 14th Earl of Derby, (29 March 1799 – 23 October 1869) was a British statesman, three-time Prime Minister of the United Kingdom and, to date, the longest-serving leader of the Conservative Party.
Edward VII (Albert Edward; 9 November 1841 – 6 May 1910) was King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and Emperor of India from 22 January 1901 until his death in 1910.
Egypt (مِصر, مَصر, Khēmi), officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a transcontinental country spanning the northeast corner of Africa and southwest corner of Asia by a land bridge formed by the Sinai Peninsula.
An electrical telegraph is a telegraph that uses electrical signals, usually conveyed via dedicated telecommunication circuit or radio.
The Elementary Education Act 1870, commonly known as Forster's Education Act, set the framework for schooling of all children between the ages of 5 and 12 in England and Wales.
The Entente Cordiale was a series of agreements signed on 8 April 1904 between the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and the French Republic which saw a significant improvement in Anglo-French relations.
Farrer Herschell, 1st Baron Herschell, (2 November 1837 – 1 March 1899) was Lord Chancellor of Great Britain in 1886, and again from 1892 to 1895.
Fenian was an umbrella term for the Fenian Brotherhood and Irish Republican Brotherhood (IRB), fraternal organisations dedicated to the establishment of an independent Irish Republic in the 19th and early 20th centuries.
The First Lord of the Admiralty, or formally the Office of the First Lord of the Admiralty, was the political head of the Royal Navy who was the government's senior adviser on all naval affairs and responsible for the direction and control of Admiralty Department as well as general administration of the Naval Service of the United Kingdom, that encompassed the Royal Navy, the Royal Marines and other services.
The Franco-Prussian War or Franco-German War (Deutsch-Französischer Krieg, Guerre franco-allemande), often referred to in France as the War of 1870 (19 July 1871) or in Germany as 70/71, was a conflict between the Second French Empire of Napoleon III and the German states of the North German Confederation led by the Kingdom of Prussia.
Frederick John Dealtry Lugard, 1st Baron Lugard (22 January 1858 – 11 April 1945), known as Sir Frederick Lugard between 1901 and 1928, was a British soldier, mercenary, explorer of Africa and colonial administrator.
Frederick Augustus Maxse (1833–1900) was a British Royal Navy officer, and radical liberal campaigner.
Field Marshal Frederick Sleigh Roberts, 1st Earl Roberts, (30 September 1832 – 14 November 1914) was a British soldier who was one of the most successful commanders of the 19th century.
Free trade is a free market policy followed by some international markets in which countries' governments do not restrict imports from, or exports to, other countries.
Friedrich August Karl Ferdinand Julius von Holstein (April 24, 1837 – May 8, 1909) Brockhaus Geschichte Second Edition was a civil servant of the German Empire and served as the head of the political department of the German Foreign Office for more than thirty years.
The General Assembly of Unitarian and Free Christian Churches (GAUFCC or colloquially British Unitarians) is the umbrella organisation for Unitarian, Free Christians and other liberal religious congregations in the United Kingdom and Ireland.
George Dixon (1820 – 24 January 1898) was an English Liberal Party then Liberal Unionist politician who was active in local government in Birmingham and sat in the House of Commons in two periods between 1867 and 1898.
George Joachim Goschen, 1st Viscount Goschen, PC, DL, FBA (10 August 1831 – 7 February 1907) was a British statesman and businessman best remembered for being "forgotten" by Lord Randolph Churchill.
George Frederick Samuel Robinson, 1st Marquess of Ripon, (24 October 1827 – 9 July 1909), styled Viscount Goderich from 1833 to 1859 and known as the Earl of Ripon in 1859 and as the Earl de Grey and Ripon from 1859 to 1871, was a British politician who served in every Liberal cabinet from 1861 until the year before his death, which took place forty-eight years later.
George Limbrey Sclater-Booth, 1st Baron Basing PC, FRS, DL (19 May 1826 – 22 October 1894), known as George Sclater-Booth before 1887, was a British Conservative politician.
Sir George Dashwood Taubman Goldie (20 May 1846 – 20 August 1925) was a Manx administrator who played a major role in the founding of Nigeria.
Gerald William Balfour, 2nd Earl of Balfour, PC (9 April 1853 – 14 January 1945), known as Gerald Balfour or Rt Hon G. W. Balfour until 1930, was a senior British Conservative politician who became a peer on the death of his brother, former prime minister Arthur Balfour, in 1930.
The Naval Laws (Flottengesetze, "Fleet Laws") were five separate laws passed by the German Empire, in 1898, 1900, 1906, 1908, and 1912.
The Gold Coast was a British colony on the Gulf of Guinea in west Africa from 1867 to its independence as the nation of Ghana in 1957.
The Gold Coast was the name for a region on the Gulf of Guinea in West Africa which was rich in gold and also in petroleum, sweet crude oil and natural gas.
Sir John Gordon Sprigg, (27 April 1830 – 4 February 1913) was a British administrator, politician and four-time prime minister of the Cape Colony.
Gout is a form of inflammatory arthritis characterized by recurrent attacks of a red, tender, hot, and swollen joint.
The Government of Ireland Bill 1886, commonly known as the First Home Rule Bill, was the first major attempt made by a British government to enact a law creating home rule for part of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
The Government of Ireland Bill 1893 (known generally as the Second Home Rule Bill) was the second attempt made by William Ewart Gladstone, as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, to enact a system of home rule for Ireland.
Grassy Lake is a hamlet in Alberta, Canada within the Municipal District of Taber.
Greenock (Grianaig) is a town and administrative centre in the Inverclyde council area in Scotland and a former burgh within the historic county of Renfrewshire, located in the west central Lowlands of Scotland.
Stephen Grover Cleveland (March 18, 1837 – June 24, 1908) was an American politician and lawyer who was the 22nd and 24th President of the United States, the only president in American history to serve two non-consecutive terms in office (1885–1889 and 1893–1897).
Gustaf Gründgens (22 December 1899 – 7 October 1963), born Gustav Heinrich Arnold Gründgens, was one of Germany's most famous and influential actors of the 20th century, and artistic director of theatres in Berlin, Düsseldorf, and Hamburg.
Herbert Henry Asquith, 1st Earl of Oxford and Asquith, (12 September 1852 – 15 February 1928), generally known as H. H. Asquith, was a British statesman of the Liberal Party who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1908 to 1916.
(New) Hawarden Castle (Castell Penarlâg (Newydd)) is a house in Hawarden, Flintshire, Wales.
The Hawarden Kite was a famous British scoop of 1885, an apparent instance of flying a kite, when Herbert Gladstone, son of the then Leader of the Opposition William Ewart Gladstone revealed to Edmund Rogers of the National Press Agency in London that his father now supported home rule for Ireland.
Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman (7 September 183622 April 1908) was a British statesman of the Liberal Party who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1905 to 1908 and Leader of the Liberal Party from 1899 to 1908.
Henry Fell Pease (28 April 1838 – 6 December 1896) was a coal and ironstone mine-owner from North East England and a Liberal politician who represented Cleveland.
Henry Hallett (1 February 1888 in Whitehaven, Cumbria, England, UK – 24 July 1952) was a British stage and film actor.
Henry Du Pré Labouchère (9 November 1831 – 15 January 1912) was an English politician, writer, publisher and theatre owner in the Victorian and Edwardian eras.
Henry Charles Keith Petty-Fitzmaurice, 5th Marquess of Lansdowne, (14 January 1845 – 3 June 1927) was a British statesman who served successively as the fifth Governor General of Canada, Viceroy of India, Secretary of State for War, and Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs.
Herbert John Gladstone, 1st Viscount Gladstone, (7 January 1854 – 6 March 1930) was a British Liberal statesman.
Field Marshal Horatio Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener, (24 June 1850 – 5 June 1916), was a senior British Army officer and colonial administrator who won notoriety for his imperial campaigns, most especially his scorched earth policy against the Boers and his establishment of concentration camps during the Second Boer War, and later played a central role in the early part of the First World War.
Hercules George Robert Robinson, 1st Baron Rosmead, (19 December 1824 – 28 October 1897), was a British colonial administrator who became the 5th Governor of Hong Kong and subsequently, the 14th Governor of New South Wales, the first Governor of Fiji, and the 8th Governor of New Zealand.
Highbury, also known as Highbury Hall, now a Grade II* listed building, was commissioned as his Birmingham residence by Joseph Chamberlain in 1878, two years after he became member of parliament for Birmingham.
The history of Nigeria can be traced to prehistoric settlers (Nigerians) living in the area as early as 1100 BC.
The history of Sierra Leone began when the land became inhabited by indigenous African peoples at least 2,500 years ago.
Hockley is a central inner-city district in the city of Birmingham, England.
Home rule is government of a colony, dependent country, or region by its own citizens.
Her Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for the Home Department, normally referred to as the Home Secretary, is a senior official as one of the Great Offices of State within Her Majesty's Government and head of the Home Office.
The Hospital for Tropical Diseases (HTD) is a specialist tropical disease hospital located in London, United Kingdom.
Hugh Richard Heathcote Gascoyne-Cecil, 1st Baron Quickswood PC (14 October 1869 – 10 December 1956), styled Lord Hugh Cecil until 1941, was a British Conservative Party politician.
The Hughligans were a faction of the British Conservative Party in the early 20th century.
Imperial Preference was a proposed system of reciprocally-enacted tariffs or free trade agreements between the dominions and colonies of the British Empire.
The Independent Labour Party (ILP) was a British political party of the left, established in 1893, when the Liberals appeared reluctant to endorse working-class candidates, representing the interests of the majority.
The Irish Church Act 1869 (32 & 33 Vict. c. 42) is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom passed during William Ewart Gladstone's administration and which came into force on 1 January 1871.
The Irish Home Rule movement was a movement that campaigned for self-government for Ireland within the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
The Irish National Land League (Irish: Conradh na Talún) was an Irish political organisation of the late 19th century which sought to help poor tenant farmers.
General James Barry Munnik Hertzog, better known as Barry Hertzog or J. B. M. Hertzog (6 April 1866 – 21 November 1942), was a South African politician and soldier.
Jack Cade was the leader of a popular revolt against the government of England in 1450.
Sir James Stansfeld GCB PC (5 October 1820 – 17 February 1898) was a British politician.
The Jameson Raid (29 December 1895 – 2 January 1896) was a botched raid against the South African Republic (commonly known as the Transvaal) carried out by British colonial statesman Leander Starr Jameson and his Company troops ("police" in the employ of Beit and Rhodes' British South Africa Company) and Bechuanaland policemen over the New Year weekend of 1895–96.
Jesse Collings (2 December 1831 – 20 November 1920) was Mayor of Birmingham, England, a Liberal (later Liberal Unionist) member of Parliament, but was best known nationally in the UK as an advocate of educational reform and land reform.
The Jewellery Quarter is an area of central Birmingham, UK.
Johannesburg (also known as Jozi, Joburg and Egoli) is the largest city in South Africa and is one of the 50 largest urban areas in the world.
John Bright (16 November 1811 – 27 March 1889) was a British Radical and Liberal statesman, one of the greatest orators of his generation and a promoter of free trade policies.
John Dillon (4 September 1851 – 4 August 1927) was an Irish politician from Dublin, who served as a Member of Parliament (MP) for over 35 years and was the last leader of the Irish Parliamentary Party.
Sir John Eldon Gorst (24 May 1835 – 4 April 1916) was a British lawyer and politician.
Sir John Arthur Ransome Marriott (17 August 1859 – 6 June 1945) was a British educationist, historian, and Conservative Member of Parliament.
John Morley, 1st Viscount Morley of Blackburn, (24 December 1838 – 23 September 1923) was a British Liberal statesman, writer and newspaper editor.
John Russell, 1st Earl Russell, (18 August 1792 – 28 May 1878), known by his courtesy title Lord John Russell before 1861, was a leading Whig and Liberal politician who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom on two occasions during the early Victorian era.
John Sutton Nettlefold (23 September 1792 – 12 April 1866) was a British industrialist and entrepreneur.
John Sutton Nettlefold, JP (2 May 1866 – 3 November 1930) was an English social reformer.
The Joseph Chamberlain Memorial Clock Tower, or simply Old Joe, is a clock tower and campanile located in Chancellor's court at the University of Birmingham, in the suburb of Edgbaston.
Joseph Chamberlain Sixth Form College is located in Highgate, Birmingham, England.
Joseph Cowen, Jr., (9 July 1829 – 18 February 1900) was an English radical Liberal politician and journalist.
Joseph Henry Nettlefold (19 September 1827 – 22 November 1881) was a British industrialist, the Nettlefold in Guest, Keen and Nettlefolds.
James Keir Hardie (15 August 185626 September 1915) was a Scottish socialist, politician, and trade unionist.
Key Hill Cemetery, (OS grid reference SP059882), originally called Birmingham General Cemetery, is a cemetery in Hockley (the Jewellery Quarter), Birmingham, England.
Kilmainham Gaol (Príosún Chill Mhaighneann) is a former prison in Kilmainham, Dublin, Ireland.
The Kilmainham Treaty was an informal agreement reached in May 1882 between Liberal British Prime Minister William Ewart Gladstone and the Irish nationalist leader Charles Stewart Parnell.
Kimberley is the capital and largest city of the Northern Cape Province of South Africa.
Kingston upon Hull, usually abbreviated to Hull, is a city and unitary authority in the East Riding of Yorkshire, England.
The Kruger telegram was a message sent by Germany's Kaiser Wilhelm II to Stephanus Johannes Paulus Kruger, president of the Transvaal Republic, on 3 January 1896.
Kumasi (historically spelled Comassie or Coomassie and usually spelled Kumase in Twi) is a city in Ashanti Region, and is among the largest metropolitan areas in Ghana.
KwaZulu-Natal (also referred to as KZN and known as "the garden province") is a province of South Africa that was created in 1994 when the Zulu bantustan of KwaZulu ("Place of the Zulu" in Zulu) and Natal Province were merged.
Lagos is a city in the Nigerian state of Lagos.
Laissez-faire (from) is an economic system in which transactions between private parties are free from government intervention such as regulation, privileges, tariffs and subsidies.
Land reform (also agrarian reform, though that can have a broader meaning) involves the changing of laws, regulations or customs regarding land ownership.
The Leader of the House of Commons is generally a member of the Cabinet of the United Kingdom who is responsible for arranging government business in the House of Commons.
The Leader of Her Majesty's Most Loyal Opposition (more commonly known as the Leader of the Opposition) is the politician who leads the official opposition in the United Kingdom.
Sir Leander Starr Jameson, 1st Baronet, (9 February 1853 – 26 November 1917), also known as "Doctor Jim", "The Doctor" or "Lanner", was a British colonial politician who was best known for his involvement in the Jameson Raid.
Leeds is a city in the metropolitan borough of Leeds, in the county of West Yorkshire, England.
Leicester ("Lester") is a city and unitary authority area in the East Midlands of England, and the county town of Leicestershire.
Leopold "Leo" James Maxse (11 November 1864 – 22 January 1932) was an English amateur tennis player and journalist and editor of the conservative British publication, National Review, between August 1893 and his death in January 1932.
The Liberal Party was one of the two major parties in the United Kingdom – with the opposing Conservative Party – in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.
The Liberal Unionist Party was a British political party that was formed in 1886 by a faction that broke away from the Liberal Party.
This is a list of the Mayors and Lord Mayors of Birmingham in the West Midlands of England.
Liverpool is a city in North West England, with an estimated population of 491,500 in 2017.
Local education authorities (LEAs) are the local councils in England and Wales that are responsible for education within their jurisdiction.
The London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine (informally the LSHTM) is a public research university on Keppel Street, Bloomsbury, Camden, London, and specialised in public health and tropical medicine and a constituent college of the University of London.
Lord Frederick Charles Cavendish (30 November 1836 – 6 May 1882) was an English Liberal politician and protégé of the Prime Minister, William Ewart Gladstone.
Lord George Francis Hamilton (17 December 1845 – 22 September 1927) was a British Conservative Party politician of the late 19th and early 20th centuries who served as First Lord of the Admiralty and Secretary of State for India.
The Lord President of the Council is the fourth of the Great Officers of State of the United Kingdom, ranking below the Lord High Treasurer but above the Lord Privy Seal.
Lord Randolph Henry Spencer-Churchill (13 February 184924 January 1895) was a British statesman.
Lost in Blunderland: The further adventures of Clara is a novel by Caroline Lewis (pseudonym for Edward Harold Begbie, J. Stafford Ransome, and M. H. Temple), written in 1903 and published by William Heinemann of London.
Susuga Malietoa Laupepa (1841 – 22 August 1898) was the ruler (Malietoa) of Samoa in the late 19th century.
The Martineau family is an intellectual, business and political dynasty associated first with Norwich and later also London and Birmingham, England.
Mata'afa Iosefo (1832 – 6 February 1912) was a Paramount Chief of Samoa who was one of the three rival candidates for the kingship of Samoa during colonialism.
Michael Edward Hicks Beach, 1st Earl St Aldwyn, (23 October 1837 – 30 April 1916), known as Sir Michael Hicks Beach, Bt, from 1854 to 1906 and subsequently as The Viscount St Aldwyn to 1915, was a British Conservative politician.
The Federal Minister for Foreign Affairs (Bundesminister des Auswärtigen) is the head of the Federal Foreign Office and a member of the Cabinet of Germany.
Myocardial infarction (MI), commonly known as a heart attack, occurs when blood flow decreases or stops to a part of the heart, causing damage to the heart muscle.
The National Conservative Convention (NCC), is the most senior body of the Conservative Party's voluntary wing.
The National Education League was a political movement in England and Wales which promoted elementary education for all children, free from religious control.
Neuralgia (Greek neuron, "nerve" + algos, "pain") is pain in the distribution of a nerve or nerves, as in intercostal neuralgia, trigeminal neuralgia, and glossopharyngeal neuralgia.
Arthur Neville Chamberlain (18 March 1869 – 9 November 1940) was a British statesman of the Conservative Party who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from May 1937 to May 1940.
In historical contexts, New Imperialism characterizes a period of colonial expansion by European powers, the United States, and Japan during the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
Newcastle upon Tyne, commonly known as Newcastle, is a city in Tyne and Wear, North East England, 103 miles (166 km) south of Edinburgh and 277 miles (446 km) north of London on the northern bank of the River Tyne, from the North Sea.
Newcastle-upon-Tyne was a borough constituency in the county of Northumberland of the House of Commons of England to 1706 then of the House of Commons of Great Britain from 1707 to 1800 and of the House of Commons of the United Kingdom from 1801 to 1918.
Newfoundland (Terre-Neuve) is a large Canadian island off the east coast of the North American mainland, and the most populous part of the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador.
The Niger River is the principal river of West Africa, extending about.
The Nile River (النيل, Egyptian Arabic en-Nīl, Standard Arabic an-Nīl; ⲫⲓⲁⲣⲱ, P(h)iaro; Ancient Egyptian: Ḥ'pī and Jtrw; Biblical Hebrew:, Ha-Ye'or or, Ha-Shiḥor) is a major north-flowing river in northeastern Africa, and is commonly regarded as the longest river in the world, though some sources cite the Amazon River as the longest.
In English church history, a nonconformist was a Protestant who did not "conform" to the governance and usages of the established Church of England.
Ohm Krüger (English: Uncle Krüger) is a 1941 German biographical film directed by Hans Steinhoff and starring Emil Jannings, Lucie Höflich and Werner Hinz.
Oldham is a town in Greater Manchester, England, amid the Pennines and between the rivers Irk and Medlock, southeast of Rochdale and northeast of Manchester.
One-nation conservatism (also known as one-nationism, or Tory democracy) is a form of British political conservatism advocating preservation of established institutions and traditional principles combined with political democracy, and a social and economic programme designed to benefit the common man.
Opposition to the Second Boer War (1899–1902) was a factor in the war.
The Orange Free State (Oranje-Vrijstaat, Oranje-Vrystaat, abbreviated as OVS) was an independent Boer sovereign republic in southern Africa during the second half of the 19th century, which later became a British colony and a province of the Union of South Africa.
Otto Eduard Leopold, Prince of Bismarck, Duke of Lauenburg (1 April 1815 – 30 July 1898), known as Otto von Bismarck, was a conservative Prussian statesman who dominated German and European affairs from the 1860s until 1890 and was the first Chancellor of the German Empire between 1871 and 1890.
A parliamentary secretary is a member of a Parliament in the Westminster system who assists a more senior minister with his or her duties.
Sir Patrick Manson, (3 October 1844 – 9 April 1922), was a Scottish physician who made important discoveries in parasitology, and was the founder of the field of tropical medicine.
Pierre Paul Cambon (20 January 1843 in Paris – 29 May 1924 in Paris) was a French diplomat and brother to Jules Cambon.
Stephanus Johannes Paulus "Paul" Kruger (10 October 1825 – 14 July 1904) was one of the dominant political and military figures in 19th-century South Africa, and President of the South African Republic (or Transvaal) from 1883 to 1900.
Melchior Hubert Paul Gustav Graf von Hatzfeldt zu Trachenberg (8 October 1831 – 22 November 1901) was a German diplomat who served as ambassador to Constantinople in 1878-1881, as foreign secretary and head of the Foreign Office in 1881-1885, and as ambassador to London in 1885-1901, during which time he is best known for signing the Yantze Agreement in 1900.
Peter Adrian Howell (born 29 July 1941) is a British academic and historian.
Philip Henry Muntz (21 January 1811 – 25 December 1888) was a British businessman and Liberal politician.
The Phoenix Park Murders were the fatal stabbings of Lord Frederick Cavendish and Thomas Henry Burke in Phoenix Park in Dublin on 6 May 1882.
The President of the Board of Trade is head of the Board of Trade.
This is a list of people who served as President of the British Liberal Party.
The President of the Local Government Board was a ministerial post, frequently a Cabinet position, in the United Kingdom, established in 1871.
Pretoria is a city in the northern part of Gauteng, South Africa.
Prussia (Preußen) was a historically prominent German state that originated in 1525 with a duchy centred on the region of Prussia.
Victoria (Alexandrina Victoria; 24 May 1819 – 22 January 1901) was Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 20 June 1837 until her death.
Richard Assheton Cross, 1st Viscount Cross, (30 May 1823 – 8 January 1914), known before his elevation to the peerage as R. A. Cross, was a British statesman and Conservative politician.
James Ramsay MacDonald, (né James McDonald Ramsay; 12 October 18669 November 1937) was a British statesman who was the first Labour Party politician to become Prime Minister, leading minority Labour governments in 1924 and in 1929–31.
Rates are a type of property tax system in the United Kingdom, and in places with systems deriving from the British one, the proceeds of which are used to fund local government.
The Lord Rector (more commonly known just as the Rector) of the University of Glasgow is one of the most senior posts within that institution, elected every three years by students.
The Representation of the People Act 1867, 30 & 31 Vict.
The Reichstag (Diet of the Realm or Imperial Diet) was the Parliament of Germany from 1871 to 1918.
In the United Kingdom, the Representation of the People Act 1884 (48 & 49 Vict. c. 3, also known informally as the Third Reform Act) and the Redistribution Act of the following year were laws which further extended the suffrage in Britain after the Derby Government's Reform Act 1867.
Richard Chamberlain (7 July 1840 – 2 April 1899) was a Liberal and later Liberal Unionist politician in the United Kingdom.
Edgar Algernon Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, 1st Viscount Cecil of Chelwood, (14 September 1864 – 24 November 1958), known as Lord Robert Cecil from 1868 to 1923,As the younger son of a Marquess, Cecil held the courtesy title of "Lord".
Robert Arthur Talbot Gascoyne-Cecil, 3rd Marquess of Salisbury, (3 February 183022 August 1903), styled Lord Robert Cecil before 1865 and Viscount Cranborne from June 1865 until April 1868, was a British statesman of the Conservative Party, serving as Prime Minister three times for a total of over thirteen years.
Sir Robert Laurie Morant KCB (7 April 1863 – 13 March 1920) was an English administrator and educationalist.
A royal charter is a formal document issued by a monarch as letters patent, granting a right or power to an individual or a body corporate.
The Royal Niger Company was a mercantile company chartered by the British government in the nineteenth century.
The Russo-Turkish War of 1877–78 (lit, named for the year 1293 in the Islamic calendar; Руско-турска Освободителна война, Russian-Turkish Liberation war) was a conflict between the Ottoman Empire and the Eastern Orthodox coalition led by the Russian Empire and composed of Bulgaria, Romania, Serbia, and Montenegro.
Samoa, officially the Independent State of Samoa (Malo Saʻoloto Tutoʻatasi o Sāmoa; Sāmoa) and, until 4 July 1997, known as Western Samoa, is a unitary parliamentary democracy with eleven administrative divisions.
School boards were public bodies in England and Wales between 1870 and 1902, which established and administered elementary schools.
The Second Anglo-Afghan War (د افغان-انګرېز دويمه جګړه) was a military conflict fought between the British Raj and the Emirate of Afghanistan from 1878 to 1880, when the latter was ruled by Sher Ali Khan of the Barakzai dynasty, the son of former Emir Dost Mohammad Khan.
The Second Boer War (11 October 1899 – 31 May 1902) was fought between the British Empire and two Boer states, the South African Republic (Republic of Transvaal) and the Orange Free State, over the Empire's influence in South Africa.
The Secretary of State for the Colonies or Colonial Secretary was the British Cabinet minister in charge of managing the United Kingdom's various colonial dependencies.
The position of Secretary of State for War, commonly called War Secretary, was a British cabinet-level position, first held by Henry Dundas (appointed in 1794).
In British politics, parliamentary select committees can be appointed from the House of Commons, like the Foreign Affairs Select Committee, from the House of Lords, like the Delegated Powers and Regulatory Reform Committee, or as a "Joint Committee" drawn from both, such as the Joint Committee on Human Rights.
Sheffield is a city and metropolitan borough in South Yorkshire, England.
The Siege of Ladysmith was a protracted engagement in the Second Boer War, taking place between 2 November 1899 and 28 February 1900 at Ladysmith, Natal.
The Siege of Mafeking was a 217-day siege battle for the town of Mafeking (now called Mahikeng) in South Africa during the Second Boer War from October 1899 to May 1900.
Sierra Leone, officially the Republic of Sierra Leone, is a country in West Africa.
The Sinai Peninsula or simply Sinai (now usually) is a peninsula in Egypt, and the only part of the country located in Asia.
Single-issue politics involves political campaigning or political support based on one essential policy area or idea.
Sir Charles Wentworth Dilke, 2nd Baronet, PC (4 September 1843 – 26 January 1911) was an English Liberal and Radical politician.
Sir Edmund John Monson, 1st Baronet, (6 October 1834 – 28 October 1909), misspelled in some sources as Edward Monson, was a British diplomat who was minister or ambassador to several countries.
Sir George Otto Trevelyan, 2nd Baronet, (20 July 1838 – 17 August 1928) was a British statesman and author.
Sixty Glorious Years is a 1938 British colour film directed by Herbert Wilcox.
Slum clearance, slum eviction or slum removal is an urban renewal strategy used to transform low income settlements with poor reputation into another type of development or housing.
Sokoto is a city located in the extreme northwest of Nigeria, near the confluence of the Sokoto River and the Rima River.
Solomon Islands is a sovereign country consisting of six major islands and over 900 smaller islands in Oceania lying to the east of Papua New Guinea and northwest of Vanuatu and covering a land area of.
The South African Republic (Zuid-Afrikaansche Republiek, ZAR), often referred to as the Transvaal and sometimes as the Republic of Transvaal, was an independent and internationally recognised country in Southern Africa from 1852 to 1902.
Southern Africa is the southernmost region of the African continent, variably defined by geography or geopolitics, and including several countries.
Spencer Compton Cavendish, 8th Duke of Devonshire, (23 July 1833 – 24 March 1908), styled The Honourable Spencer Cavendish in 1833, Lord Cavendish of Keighley between 1834 and 1858 and Marquess of Hartington between 1858 and 1891, was a British statesman.
Stafford Henry Northcote, 1st Earl of Iddesleigh, (27 October 1818 – 12 January 1887), known as Sir Stafford Northcote, Bt, from 1851 to 1885, was a British Conservative politician.
thumb The Suez Canal (قناة السويس) is an artificial sea-level waterway in Egypt, connecting the Mediterranean Sea to the Red Sea through the Isthmus of Suez.
Suffrage, political franchise, or simply franchise is the right to vote in public, political elections (although the term is sometimes used for any right to vote).
Surrey is a county in South East England, and one of the home counties.
The Tariff Reform League (TRL) was a protectionist British pressure group formed in 1903 to protest against what they considered to be unfair foreign imports and to advocate Imperial Preference to protect British industry from foreign competition.
The Man Who Was Thursday: A Nightmare is a novel by G. K. Chesterton, first published in 1908.
The Right Honourable (The Rt Hon. or Rt Hon.) is an honorific style traditionally applied to certain persons and to certain collective bodies in the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Fiji, India, some other Commonwealth realms, the Anglophone Caribbean, Mauritius, and occasionally elsewhere.
Theodor Herzl (תאודור הֶרְצֵל Te'odor Hertsel, Herzl Tivadar; 2 May 1860 – 3 July 1904), Hebrew name given at his brit milah Binyamin Ze'ev (בִּנְיָמִין זְאֵב), also known in Hebrew as, Chozeh HaMedinah (lit. "Visionary of the State") was an Austro-Hungarian journalist, playwright, political activist, and writer who was the father of modern political Zionism.
Three acres and a cow was a slogan used by British land reform campaigners of the 1880s, and revived by the distributists of the 1920s.
Tonga (Tongan: Puleʻanga Fakatuʻi ʻo Tonga), officially the Kingdom of Tonga, is a Polynesian sovereign state and archipelago comprising 169 islands, of which 36 are inhabited.
The Transvaal Colony was the name used to refer to the Transvaal region during the period of direct British rule and military occupation between the end of the Anglo-Boer War in 1902 when the South African Republic was dissolved, and the establishment of the Union of South Africa in 1910.
The Treaty of Vereeniging (commonly referred to as Peace of Vereeniging) was the peace treaty, signed on 31 May 1902, that ended the Second Boer War between the South African Republic and the Republic of the Orange Free State, on the one side, and the United Kingdom on the other.
The Triple Alliance was a secret agreement between Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy.
Tropical diseases are diseases that are prevalent in or unique to tropical and subtropical regions.
Turkey (Türkiye), officially the Republic of Turkey (Türkiye Cumhuriyeti), is a transcontinental country in Eurasia, mainly in Anatolia in Western Asia, with a smaller portion on the Balkan peninsula in Southeast Europe.
Uitlander, Afrikaans for "foreigner" (lit. "outlander"), was the name given to foreign (mainly British) migrant workers during the Witwatersrand Gold Rush in the independent Transvaal Republic following the discovery of gold in 1886.
The 1868 United Kingdom general election was the first after passage of the Reform Act 1867, which enfranchised many male householders, thus greatly increasing the number of men who could vote in elections in the United Kingdom.
The 1874 United Kingdom general election saw the incumbent Liberals, led by William Ewart Gladstone, lose decisively, even though it won a majority of the votes cast.
The 1880 United Kingdom general election was a general election in the United Kingdom held from 31 March to 27 April 1880.
The 1885 United Kingdom general election was held from 24 November to 18 December 1885.
The 1886 United Kingdom general election took place from 1 July to 27 July 1886.
The 1892 United Kingdom general election was held from 4 July to 26 July 1892.
The 1895 United Kingdom general election was held between 13 July and 7 August 1895.
The 1900 United Kingdom general election was held between 26 September and 24 October 1900, following the dissolution of Parliament on 25 September.
The 1906 United Kingdom general election was held from 12 January to 8 February 1906.
University College School, generally known as UCS Hampstead, is an independent day school in Frognal, northwest London, England.
The University of Birmingham (informally Birmingham University) is a public research university located in Edgbaston, Birmingham, United Kingdom.
Venezuela, officially denominated Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela (República Bolivariana de Venezuela),Previously, the official name was Estado de Venezuela (1830–1856), República de Venezuela (1856–1864), Estados Unidos de Venezuela (1864–1953), and again República de Venezuela (1953–1999).
The Victoria Law Courts on Corporation Street, Birmingham, England is a Grade I listed red brick and terracotta building that now houses Birmingham Magistrates' Court.
Victoria the Great is a 1937 British historical film directed by Herbert Wilcox and starring Anna Neagle, Anton Walbrook and Walter Rilla.
The War Office was a department of the British Government responsible for the administration of the British Army between 1857 and 1964, when its functions were transferred to the Ministry of Defence.
Washington, D.C., formally the District of Columbia and commonly referred to as Washington or D.C., is the capital of the United States of America.
West Africa, also called Western Africa and the West of Africa, is the westernmost region of Africa.
West Midlands Metro is a light-rail/tram line in the county of West Midlands, England, operating between the cities of Birmingham and Wolverhampton via the towns of West Bromwich and Wednesbury.
Westminster Abbey, formally titled the Collegiate Church of St Peter at Westminster, is a large, mainly Gothic abbey church in the City of Westminster, London, England, just to the west of the Palace of Westminster.
The Whigs were a political faction and then a political party in the parliaments of England, Scotland, Great Britain, Ireland and the United Kingdom.
Wilhelm II (Friedrich Wilhelm Viktor Albert von Hohenzollern; 27 January 18594 June 1941) was the last German Emperor (Kaiser) and King of Prussia, ruling the German Empire and the Kingdom of Prussia from 15 June 1888 to 9 November 1918.
William Crowninshield Endicott (November 19, 1826 – May 6, 1900) was an American politician and Secretary of War in the first administration of President Grover Cleveland.
William Edward Forster, PC, FRS (11 July 1818 – 5 April 1886) was an English industrialist, philanthropist and Liberal Party statesman.
William Ewart Gladstone, (29 December 1809 – 19 May 1898) was a British statesman of the Liberal Party.
William Harris (1826 – 25 March 1911) was a Liberal politician and strategist in Birmingham, England, in an era of dramatic municipal reform.
William Albert Samuel Hewins (11 May 1865 – 17 November 1931) was a British economist and Conservative politician.
William O'Brien (2 October 1852 – 25 February 1928) was an Irish nationalist, journalist, agrarian agitator, social revolutionary, politician, party leader, newspaper publisher, author and Member of Parliament (MP) in the House of Commons of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
Sir William George Granville Venables Vernon Harcourt, KC (14 October 1827 – 1 October 1904) was a British lawyer, journalist and Liberal statesman.
Windsor Castle is a royal residence at Windsor in the English county of Berkshire.
Sir Winston Leonard Spencer-Churchill (30 November 187424 January 1965) was a British politician, army officer, and writer, who was Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1940 to 1945 and again from 1951 to 1955.
Winterbourne Botanic Garden is the botanic garden of the University of Birmingham, located in Edgbaston, Birmingham.
The Workmen's Compensation Act 1897 was British law in operation from 1897 to 1946.
The Worshipful Company of Cordwainers is one of the Livery Companies of the City of London.
The Worshipful Company of Grocers is one of the 110 Livery Companies of the City of London and ranks second in order of precedence.
Young Winston is a 1972 British film covering the early years of British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, based in particular on his book, My Early Life: A Roving Commission.
10 Downing Street, colloquially known in the United Kingdom as Number 10, is the headquarters of the Government of the United Kingdom and the official residence and office of the First Lord of the Treasury, a post which, for much of the 18th and 19th centuries and invariably since 1905, has been held by the Prime Minister.
The 155 mm Creusot Long Tom was a French siege gun (artillery piece) manufactured by Schneider et Cie in Le Creusot, France and used by the Boers in the Second Boer War as field guns.Changuion, Louis: Silence of the guns, Protea Book House, Pretoria, 2001. Four guns, along with 4,000 common shells, 4,000 shrapnel shells and 800 case shot were purchased by the South African Republic (informally known as the Transvaal) in 1897. The guns were emplaced in four forts around the country's capital, Pretoria.
Chamberlain, Joseph, Chamberlain, Sir Joseph, Francis Chamberlain (Australian politician), J Chamberlain, J. Chamberlain, Joe Chamberlain, Joe Chamberlain (politician), Joe chamberlain, Joseph Chamberlain (father), Right Hon Joseph Chamberlain, Sir Joseph Chamberlain, Split in the Liberal Party in 1886.