191 relations: Age of Enlightenment, Albert Christoph Dies, Aloys Thomas Raimund, Count Harrach, Anthony van Hoboken, Anton I, Prince Esterházy, Antonio Salieri, Antony Hopkins, Artaria, Arteriosclerosis, Autobiographical sketch (Haydn), Baroque music, Baryton, Baryton trios (Haydn), Beethoven and his contemporaries, Bonn, Boy soprano, Calais, Caning, Canister shot, Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach, Cádiz, Chamber music, Charles Burney, Charles Rosen, Choir, Classical Archives, Classical period (music), Composer, Count Morzin, Counterpoint, Croats, David Wyn Jones, Death of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Der krumme Teufel, Deutschlandlied, Dexter Edge, Dolní Lukavice, Double variation, Eisenstadt, Esterházy, Eszterháza, Farrar, Straus and Giroux, Folk music, Friedrich Maximilian Klinger, Friedrich Wilhelm von Haugwitz, Fugue, Georg August Griesinger, George Frideric Handel, Gesellschaft der Associierten, Giovanni Battista Viotti, ..., Giovanni Gallini, Giuseppe Carpani, Gott erhalte Franz den Kaiser, Gottfried van Swieten, Gradus ad Parnassum, Gregor Werner, Gresham College, Habsburg Monarchy, Hainburg an der Donau, Harmoniemesse, Harp, Harpsichord, Haydn and folk music, Haydn and Mozart, Haydn Quartets (Mozart), Haydn's birthplace, Haydn's head, Haydn's name, Her Majesty's Theatre, Hertingfordbury, History of music, Hoboken catalogue, Hungary, Ignaz Pleyel, Impresario, James Webster (musicologist), Johann Christian Bach, Johann Evangelist Haydn, Johann Georg Reutter, Johann Joseph Fux, Johann Nepomuk Hummel, Johann Peter Salomon, Johann Sebastian Bach, John Broadwood & Sons, Joseph Haydn's ethnicity, Journeyman, Judenplatz, Kapellmeister, L'anima del filosofo, List of Austrians in music, List of Cambridge Companions to Music, List of concertos by Joseph Haydn, List of Masses by Joseph Haydn, List of operas by Joseph Haydn, List of piano trios by Joseph Haydn, List of residences of Joseph Haydn, List of solo piano compositions by Joseph Haydn, List of string quartets by Joseph Haydn, List of symphonies by Joseph Haydn, Livery, London symphonies, Ludwig Finscher, Ludwig Guttenbrunn, Ludwig van Beethoven, Luigia Polzelli, Maggio Musicale Fiorentino, Mannersdorf am Leithagebirge, Maria Anna von Genzinger, Maria Callas, Maria Theresa, Maria Wilhelmine von Thun und Hohenstein, Marianna Martines, Mathias Haydn, Michael Haydn, Michael Kelly (tenor), Michael Lorenz (musicologist), Minuet, Missa brevis (Haydn), Motif (music), Music theory, Musical form, Mutopia Project, Napoleon, Nasal polyp, National anthem, Nicola Porpora, Nicolas-Étienne Framery, Nikolaus I, Prince Esterházy, Nikolaus II, Prince Esterházy, Opera buffa, Opus number, Oratorio, Papa Haydn, Paris symphonies, Paul II Anton, Prince Esterházy, Phrenology, Piano trio, Piano Trio No. 39 (Haydn), Project Gutenberg, Rebecca Schroeter, Recapitulation (music), Requiem (Mozart), Roger Parker, Rohrau, Austria, Ron Drummond, Rosary, Scherzo, Schloss Esterházy, Schottenkirche, Vienna, Smallpox, Sonata form, Sonata rondo form, St. Stephen's Cathedral, Vienna, Steven Isserlis, String quartet, String Quartets, Op. 20 (Haydn), String Quartets, Op. 33 (Haydn), String Quartets, Op. 50 (Haydn), String Quartets, Op. 64 (Haydn), String Quartets, Op. 76 (Haydn), Sturm und Drang, Symphony, Symphony No. 100 (Haydn), Symphony No. 102 (Haydn), Symphony No. 103 (Haydn), Symphony No. 104 (Haydn), Symphony No. 44 (Haydn), Symphony No. 45 (Haydn), Symphony No. 92 (Haydn), Symphony No. 94 (Haydn), Symphony No. 95 (Haydn), Symphony No. 96 (Haydn), Symphony No. 98 (Haydn), Tempo, The Creation (Haydn), The Musical Times, The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, The Seasons (Haydn), The Seven Last Words of Christ (Haydn), Thematic transformation, Timpani, Tonkünstler-Societät, Trumpet, Trumpet Concerto (Haydn), Variations in F minor, Vienna Museum, Viol, Violin, Volkmar Braunbehrens, Wheelwright, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. Expand index (141 more) » « Shrink index
The Enlightenment (also known as the Age of Enlightenment or the Age of Reason; in lit in Aufklärung, "Enlightenment", in L’Illuminismo, “Enlightenment” and in Spanish: La Ilustración, "Enlightenment") was an intellectual and philosophical movement that dominated the world of ideas in Europe during the 18th century, "The Century of Philosophy".
Albert Christoph Dies (175528 December 1822) was a German painter, composer, and biographer.
Aloys Thomas Raimund, Count Harrach (7 March 1669, Vienna - 7 November, 1742, Vienna) was an Austrian politician and diplomat.
Anthony van Hoboken (23 March 1887 – 1 November 1983) was a musical collector, bibliographer, and musicologist.
Anton (Antal), Prince Esterházy de Galántha (11 April 1738 – 22 January 1794) was a prince of Hungary, a member of the wealthy Esterházy family.
Antonio Salieri (18 August 17507 May 1825) was an Italian classical composer, conductor, and teacher.
Antony Hopkins CBE (21 March 1921) was an English composer, pianist and conductor, as well as a writer and radio broadcaster.
Artaria & Co. was one of the most important music publishing firms of the late 18th and 19th century.
Arteriosclerosis is the thickening, hardening and loss of elasticity of the walls of arteries.
The Autobiographical sketch (1776) of Joseph Haydn is the only autobiographical document that was ever prepared by this composer.
Baroque music is a style of Western art music composed from approximately 1600 to 1750.
The baryton is a bowed string instrument similar to the viol, but distinguished by an extra set of plucked strings.
Joseph Haydn wrote 123 trios for the combination of baryton, viola, and cello.
During the course of his lifetime (1770–1827), Ludwig van Beethoven enjoyed relationships with many of his musical contemporaries.
The Federal City of Bonn is a city on the banks of the Rhine in the German state of North Rhine-Westphalia, with a population of over 300,000.
A boy soprano is a young male singer with an unchanged voice in the soprano range.
Calais (Calés; Kales) is a city and major ferry port in northern France in the department of Pas-de-Calais, of which it is a sub-prefecture.
Caning is a form of corporal punishment consisting of a number of hits (known as "strokes" or "cuts") with a single cane usually made of rattan, generally applied to the offender's bare or clothed buttocks (see spanking) or hand(s) (on the palm).
Canister shot is a kind of anti-personnel ammunition used in cannons.
Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach (8 March 1714 – 14 December 1788), also formerly spelled Karl Philipp Emmanuel Bach, was a German Classical period musician and composer, the fifth child and second (surviving) son of Johann Sebastian Bach and Maria Barbara Bach.
Cádiz (see other pronunciations below) is a city and port in southwestern Spain.
Chamber music is a form of classical music that is composed for a small group of instruments—traditionally a group that could fit in a palace chamber or a large room.
Charles Burney FRS (7 April 1726 – 12 April 1814) was an English music historian, composer and musician.
Charles Welles Rosen (May 5, 1927December 9, 2012) was an American pianist and writer on music.
A choir (also known as a quire, chorale or chorus) is a musical ensemble of singers.
Christmas is an annual festival commemorating the birth of Jesus Christ,Martindale, Cyril Charles.
The Christmas season, also called the festive season, or the holiday season (mainly in the U.S. and Canada; often simply called the holidays),, is an annually recurring period recognized in many Western and Western-influenced countries that is generally considered to run from late November to early January.
Christmas Eve is the evening or entire day before Christmas Day, the festival commemorating the birth of Jesus.
Christmas traditions vary from country to country.
Classical Archives LLC is an online digital music store focused exclusively on classical music.
The Classical period was an era of classical music between roughly 1730 to 1820, associated with the style of Haydn, Mozart and Beethoven.
A composer (Latin ''compōnō''; literally "one who puts together") is a musician who is an author of music in any form, including vocal music (for a singer or choir), instrumental music, electronic music, and music which combines multiple forms.
Count Morzin was an aristocrat of the Austrian Empire during the 18th century.
In music, counterpoint is the relationship between voices that are harmonically interdependent (polyphony) yet independent in rhythm and contour.
Croats (Hrvati) or Croatians are a nation and South Slavic ethnic group native to Croatia.
David Wyn Jones (born 1950) is a British musicologist.
The composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart died on 5 December 1791 at the age of 35.
Der krumme Teufel (The Lame Devil or "The Limping Devil", ca. 1751), Hob. 29/1a, was Joseph Haydn's first opera.
The "italic" (English: "Song of Germany",; also known as "italic", or "The Song of the Germans"), or part of it, has been the national anthem of Germany since 1922, except in East Germany, whose anthem was "Auferstanden aus Ruinen" ("Risen from Ruins") from 1949 to 1990.
Dexter Edge (born in Tacoma, Washington, 20 January 1953) is an American musicologist.
Dolní Lukavice (Unter-Lukawitz, Unterlukawitz) is a village and municipality (obec) in Plzeň-South District in the Plzeň Region of the Czech Republic.
The double variation (also known as alternating variations) is a musical form used in classical music.
Eisenstadt (Kismarton, Željezni grad, Željezno, Železno) is a city in Austria, the state capital of Burgenland.
Esterházy (also spelled Eszterházy) is a Hungarian noble family with origins in the Middle Ages.
Esterháza is a palace in Fertőd, Hungary, built by Prince Nikolaus Esterházy.
Farrar, Straus and Giroux (FSG) is an American book publishing company, founded in 1946 by Roger W. Straus, Jr. and John C. Farrar.
Folk music includes both traditional music and the genre that evolved from it during the 20th century folk revival.
Friedrich Maximilian von Klinger (17 February 1752 – 25 February 1831) was a German dramatist and novelist.
Friedrich Wilhelm Graf von Haugwitz (Friedrich Wilhelm Graf von Haugwitz), Fridrich Vilém Haugwitz; 11 December 1702, Saxony – 30 August 1765, Deutsch Knönitz (Miroslavské Knínice), Habsburg Moravia) was Supreme Chancellor of the United Court Chancery and the head of Directorium in publicis et cameralibus under Maria Theresa of Austria. He also served as one of the key advisors in instituting Maria Theresa's reforms. Haugwitz attempted to bring both centralization and economic reform to the Habsburg lands.
In music, a fugue is a contrapuntal compositional technique in two or more voices, built on a subject (a musical theme) that is introduced at the beginning in imitation (repetition at different pitches) and which recurs frequently in the course of the composition.
Georg August von Griesinger (8 January 1769 – 9 April 1845) was a tutor and diplomat resident in Vienna during the late 18th and 19th centuries.
George Frideric (or Frederick) Handel (born italic; 23 February 1685 (O.S.) – 14 April 1759) was a German, later British, Baroque composer who spent the bulk of his career in London, becoming well-known for his operas, oratorios, anthems, and organ concertos.
The Gesellschaft der Associierten was an association of music-loving noblemen centered in Vienna and founded by Baron Gottfried van Swieten in 1786.
Giovanni Battista Viotti (12 May 1755 – 3 March 1824) was an Italian violinist whose virtuosity was famed and whose work as a composer featured a prominent violin and an appealing lyrical tunefulness.
Giovanni Andrea Battista Gallini (born Florence, Italy, 7 January 1728, died London, 5 January 1805), later known as Sir John Andrew Gallini, was an Italian dancer, choreographer and impresario who was made a "Knight of the Golden Spur" by the Pope following a successful performance.
Giuseppe Carpani (28 December 1751 – 22 January 1825) was an Italian man of letters.
"italic" (God Save Emperor Francis) is an anthem to Francis II, Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire and later of the Austrian Empire.
Gottfried, Freiherr van Swieten (October 29, 1733 – March 29, 1803) was a Dutch-born Austrian diplomat, librarian, and government official who served the Austrian Empire during the 18th century.
The Latin phrase gradus ad Parnassum means "steps to Parnassus".
Gregor Joseph Werner (28 January 1693 – 3 March 1766) was an Austrian composer.
Gresham College is an institution of higher learning located at Barnard's Inn Hall off Holborn in Central London, England.
The Habsburg Monarchy (Habsburgermonarchie) or Empire is an unofficial appellation among historians for the countries and provinces that were ruled by the junior Austrian branch of the House of Habsburg between 1521 and 1780 and then by the successor branch of Habsburg-Lorraine until 1918.
Hainburg an der Donau is a town in the Bruck an der Leitha district, Lower Austria, Austria.
The Harmoniemesse in B-flat major by Joseph Haydn, Hob. XXII:14, Novello 6, was written in 1802.
The harp is a stringed musical instrument that has a number of individual strings running at an angle to its soundboard; the strings are plucked with the fingers.
A harpsichord is a musical instrument played by means of a keyboard which activates a row of levers that in turn trigger a mechanism that plucks one or more strings with a small plectrum.
This article discusses the influence of folk music on the work of the composer Joseph Haydn (1732–1809).
The composers Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and Joseph Haydn were friends.
The "Haydn" Quartets by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart are a set of six string quartets published in 1785 in Vienna as his Op.
Haydn's birthplace is in Rohrau in Lower Austria.
The celebrated composer Joseph Haydn died in Vienna, aged 77, on May 31, 1809, after a long illness.
The name of the composer Joseph Haydn had many forms, following customs of naming prevalent in his time.
Her Majesty's Theatre is a West End theatre situated on Haymarket in the City of Westminster, London.
Hertingfordbury is a small village and civil parish in Hertfordshire, England, close to the county town of Hertford.
Music is found in every known culture, past and present, varying widely between times and places.
The Hoboken catalogue is a catalogue of the musical compositions by Joseph Haydn compiled by Anthony van Hoboken.
Hungary (Magyarország) is a country in Central Europe that covers an area of in the Carpathian Basin, bordered by Slovakia to the north, Ukraine to the northeast, Austria to the northwest, Romania to the east, Serbia to the south, Croatia to the southwest, and Slovenia to the west.
Ignace Joseph Pleyel (18 June 1757 – 14 November 1831) was an Austrian-born French composer and piano builder of the Classical period.
An impresario (from the Italian impresa, "an enterprise or undertaking") is a person who organizes and often finances concerts, plays, or operas, performing a role similar to that of an artist manager or a film or television producer.
James Webster is a musicologist, specializing in the music of Joseph Haydn and other composers of the classical era.
Johann Christian Bach (September 5, 1735 – January 1, 1782) was a composer of the Classical era, the eleventh surviving child and youngest son of Johann Sebastian Bach.
Johann Evangelist Haydn (December 23, 1743 – May 10, 1805) was a tenor singer of the classical era; the younger brother of the composers Joseph Haydn and Michael Haydn.
Johann Adam Joseph Karl Georg Reutter, during his life known as Georg Reutter the Younger (6 April 1708 – 11 March 1772) was an Austrian composer.
Johann Joseph Fux (c. 1660 – 13 February 1741) was an Austrian composer, music theorist and pedagogue of the late Baroque era.
Johann Nepomuk Hummel (14 November 177817 October 1837) was an Austrian composer and virtuoso pianist.
Johann Peter Salomon (20 February 1745 – 28 November 1815) was a German violinist, composer, conductor and musical impresario.
Johann Sebastian Bach (28 July 1750) was a composer and musician of the Baroque period, born in the Duchy of Saxe-Eisenach.
John Broadwood & Sons is an English piano manufacturer, founded in 1728 by Burkat Shudi and continued after his death in 1773 by John Broadwood.
The ethnicity of the composer Joseph Haydn was a controversial matter in Haydn scholarship during a period lasting from the late 19th to the mid 20th century.
A journeyman is a skilled worker who has successfully completed an official apprenticeship qualification in a building trade or craft.
Judenplatz (English:Jewish Square) is a town square in Vienna's Innere Stadt that was the center of Jewish life and the Viennese Jewish Community in the Middle Ages.
Kapellmeister is a German word designating a person in charge of music-making.
L'anima del filosofo, ossia Orfeo ed Euridice (The Soul of the Philosopher, or Orpheus and Euridice), Hob. 28/13, is an opera in Italian in four acts by Joseph Haydn, the last he ever wrote.
This is a list of Austrian composers, singers and conductors.
The Cambridge Companions to Music form a book series published by Cambridge University Press.
The following is a partial list of concertos by Joseph Haydn (1732–1809).
Masses composed by Joseph Haydn are listed below.
Joseph Haydn is not primarily remembered as a composer of opera, yet the genre occupied a great deal of his time.
This is a list of piano trios by Joseph Haydn, including the chronological number assigned by H. C. Robbins Landon and the number they are given in Anthony van Hoboken's catalogue of his works.
This article is a chronologically-ordered list of the locations where the composer Joseph Haydn lived.
This is a list of solo piano pieces by Joseph Haydn.
Joseph Haydn wrote sixty-eight string quartets.
There are 106 symphonies by the classical composer Joseph Haydn (1732–1809).
A livery is a uniform, insignia or symbol adorning, in a non-military context, a person, an object or a vehicle that denotes a relationship between the wearer of the livery and an individual or corporate body.
The London symphonies, sometimes called the Salomon symphonies after Johann Peter Salomon who introduced London to Joseph Haydn, were composed by Joseph Haydn between 1791 and 1795.
Ludwig Finscher (born 14 March 1930, Kassel) was professor of Musicology in Heidelberg University from 1981–1995.
Ludwig Guttenbrunn (1750 – 15 January 1819) was an Austrian artist who worked in the latter part of the 18th century and early 19th century.
Ludwig van Beethoven (baptised 17 December 1770Beethoven was baptised on 17 December. His date of birth was often given as 16 December and his family and associates celebrated his birthday on that date, and most scholars accept that he was born on 16 December; however there is no documentary record of his birth.26 March 1827) was a German composer and pianist.
Luigia Polzelli (also Polcelli; c. 1760 – 5 October 1830) was an Italian mezzo-soprano, who sang at the Esterházy court in Hungary during the late 18th century.
The Maggio Musicale Fiorentino is an annual Italian arts festival in Florence, including a notable opera festival, under the auspices of the Opera di Firenze.
Mannersdorf am Leithagebirge is a town in Austria.
Maria Anna Sabina (von) Genzinger (6 November 1754 - 26 January 1793), called "Marianne", was a Viennese amateur musician, the mother of six children, and a friend of the composer Joseph Haydn.
Maria Callas, Commendatore OMRI (Μαρία Κάλλας; December 2, 1923 – September 16, 1977) was a New York-born Greek soprano, one of the most renowned and influential opera singers of the 20th century.
Maria Theresa Walburga Amalia Christina (Maria Theresia; 13 May 1717 – 29 November 1780) was the only female ruler of the Habsburg dominions and the last of the House of Habsburg.
Maria Wilhelmine von Thun und Hohenstein, born Uhlfeldt (Vienna 13 June 1744 – Vienna 18 May 1800) was a Viennese countess.
Marianna Martines or Marianne von Martinez (Vienna, May 4, 1744 – December 13, 1812), was an Austrian singer, pianist and composer of the classical period.
Matthias Haydn (31 January 1699 – 12 September 1763) was the father of two famous composers, Joseph and Michael Haydn.
Johann Michael Haydn (14 September 173710 August 1806) was an Austrian composer of the Classical period, the younger brother of Franz Joseph Haydn.
Michael Kelly (25 December 1762 – 9 October 1826) was an Irish singer (tenor), composer and theatrical manager who made an international career of importance in musical history.
Michael Lorenz (born 18 July 1958) is an Austrian musicologist, music teacher, musician, alpine historian and photographer, noted as a Mozart scholar and for his archival work combining music history and genealogical research.
A minuet (also spelled menuet) is a social dance of French origin for two people, usually in 4 time.
The Missa brevis in F major, Hob. XXII:1, is a mass by Joseph Haydn.
In music, a motif (also motive) is a short musical idea, a salient recurring figure, musical fragment or succession of notes that has some special importance in or is characteristic of a composition: "The motive is the smallest structural unit possessing thematic identity".
Music theory is the study of the practices and possibilities of music.
The term musical form (or musical architecture) refers to the overall structure or plan of a piece of music; it describes the layout of a composition as divided into sections.
The Mutopia Project is a volunteer-run effort to create a library of free content sheet music, in a way similar to Project Gutenberg's library of public domain books.
Napoléon Bonaparte (15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a French statesman and military leader who rose to prominence during the French Revolution and led several successful campaigns during the French Revolutionary Wars.
Nasal polyps (NP) are noncancerous growths within the nose or sinuses.
A national anthem (also state anthem, national hymn, national song, etc.) is generally a patriotic musical composition that evokes and eulogizes the history, traditions, and struggles of its people, recognized either by a nation's government as the official national song, or by convention through use by the people.
New Year is the time or day at which a new calendar year begins and the calendar's year count increments by one.
New Year's Day, also called simply New Year's or New Year, is observed on January 1, the first day of the year on the modern Gregorian calendar as well as the Julian calendar.
In the Gregorian calendar, New Year's Eve (also known as Old Year's Day or Saint Sylvester's Day in many countries), the last day of the year, is on 31 December which is the seventh day of Christmastide.
Nicola (Antonio) Porpora (or Niccolò Porpora) (17 August 16863 March 1768) was an Italian composer and teacher of singing of the Baroque era, whose most famous singing student was the castrato Farinelli.
Nicolas-Étienne Framery (25 March 1745, Rouen – 26 November 1810, Paris) was a French music theorist, critic and lyric writer associated with opera, especially opéra comique.
Nikolaus I, Prince Esterházy (Esterházy I. Miklós, Nikolaus I. Joseph Fürst Esterhazy; 18 December 1714 – 28 September 1790) was a Hungarian prince, a member of the famous Esterházy family.
Nicholas II, Prince Esterházy (Esterházy II., Nikolaus II Esterházy; 12 December 1765 – 1833) was a wealthy Hungarian prince.
Opera buffa ("comic opera", plural: opere buffe) is a genre of opera.
In musical composition, the opus number is the "work number" that is assigned to a composition, or to a set of compositions, to indicate the chronological order of the composer's production.
An oratorio is a large musical composition for orchestra, choir, and soloists.
The composer Joseph Haydn is sometimes given the nickname "Papa" Haydn.
The Paris symphonies are a group of six symphonies written by Joseph Haydn commissioned by the Chevalier de Saint-Georges, music director of the orchestra the Concert de la Loge Olympique, on behalf of its sponsor, Count D'Ogny, Grandmaster of the Masonic Loge Olympique.
Prince Paul II Anton Esterházy de Galántha (22 April 1711 – 18 March 1762) was a prince of the Esterházy family.
Phrenology is a pseudomedicine primarily focused on measurements of the human skull, based on the concept that the brain is the organ of the mind, and that certain brain areas have localized, specific functions or modules.
A piano trio is a group of piano and two other instruments, usually a violin and a cello, or a piece of music written for such a group.
Joseph Haydn's Piano Trio No.
Project Gutenberg (PG) is a volunteer effort to digitize and archive cultural works, to "encourage the creation and distribution of eBooks".
Rebecca (Scott) Schroeter (1751–1826) was an amateur musician who lived in London during the 18th and early 19th centuries.
In music theory, the recapitulation is one of the sections of a movement written in sonata form.
The Requiem in D minor, K. 626, is a requiem mass by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart.
Roger Parker (born London United Kingdom, 2 August 1951) is an English musicologist and, since January 2007, has been Thurston Dart Professor of Music at King's College London.
Rohrau (Marktgemeinde Rohrau) is a village in the state of Lower Austria.
Ronald Norman Drummond (born October 17, 1959, in Seattle, Washington) is an American writer, editor, and independent scholar, currently living in Ithaca, New York.
The Holy Rosary (rosarium, in the sense of "crown of roses" or "garland of roses"), also known as the Dominican Rosary, refers to a form of prayer used in the Catholic Church and to the string of knots or beads used to count the component prayers.
A scherzo (plural scherzos or scherzi), in western classical music, is a short composition -- sometimes a movement from a larger work such as a symphony or a sonata.
Schloss Esterházy is a palace in Eisenstadt, Austria, the capital of the Burgenland state.
The Schottenkirche (Scots Church) is a parish church in Vienna attached to the Schottenstift, founded by Hiberno (Irish)-Scots Benedictine monks in the 12th century.
Smallpox was an infectious disease caused by one of two virus variants, Variola major and Variola minor.
Sonata form (also sonata-allegro form or first movement form) is a musical structure consisting of three main sections: an exposition, a development, and a recapitulation.
Sonata rondo form is a musical form often used during the Classical music era.
Steven Isserlis CBE (born 19 December 1958, London, England) is a British cellist.
A string quartet is a musical ensemble of four string players – two violin players, a viola player and a cellist – or a piece written to be performed by such a group.
The six string quartets opus 20 by Joseph Haydn are among the works that earned Haydn the sobriquet "the father of the string quartet".
The String Quartets, Op.
Joseph Haydn's string quartets, Op.
The six String Quartets, Op. 76 by Joseph Haydn were composed in 1797 or 1798 and dedicated to the Hungarian count Joseph Georg von ErdődyIn full, Joseph Georg Erasmus Adrian Gabriel Michael Anton Franz von Erdödy.
Sturm und Drang (literally "storm and drive", "storm and urge", though conventionally translated as "storm and stress") was a proto-Romantic movement in German literature and music that occurred between the late 1760s and the early 1780s.
A symphony is an extended musical composition in Western classical music, most often written by composers for orchestra.
The Symphony No.
The Symphony No.
The Symphony No.
Joseph Haydn's Symphony No.
Joseph Haydn completed his Symphony No.
The Symphony No.
The Symphony No.
The Symphony No.
The Symphony No.
In musical terminology, tempo ("time" in Italian; plural: tempi) is the speed or pace of a given piece.
The Creation (Die Schöpfung) is an oratorio written between 1797 and 1798 by Joseph Haydn (Hob. XXI:2), and considered by many to be his masterpiece.
The Musical Times is an academic journal of classical music edited and produced in the United Kingdom and currently the oldest such journal still being published in that country.
The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians is an encyclopedic dictionary of music and musicians.
The Seasons (German: Die Jahreszeiten), Hob. XXI:3), is an oratorio by Joseph Haydn, first performed in 1801.
The Seven Last Words of Our Saviour on the Cross (German) is an orchestral work by Joseph Haydn, commissioned in 1786 for the Good Friday service at Oratorio de la Santa Cueva (Holy Cave Oratory) in Cádiz, Spain.
Thematic transformation (also known as thematic metamorphosis or thematic development) is a musical technique in which a leitmotif, or theme, is developed by changing the theme by using permutation (transposition or modulation, inversion, and retrograde), augmentation, diminution, and fragmentation.
Timpani or kettledrums (also informally called timps) are musical instruments in the percussion family.
The Tonkünstler-Societät ("Society of Musicians") was a benevolent society for musicians in Vienna, which lasted from the mid 18th century to the mid 20th.
A trumpet is a brass instrument commonly used in classical and jazz ensembles.
Joseph Haydn's Concerto per il Clarino (Hob.: VIIe/1) (Trumpet Concerto in E flat major) was written in 1796 for his long-time friend Anton Weidinger.
The Andante with variations in F minor (Hoboken 17/6), also known as Un piccolo divertimento, was composed for piano by Joseph Haydn in 1793, and is among his most popular piano works.
The Vienna Museum (Wien Museum or Museen der Stadt Wien) is a group of museums in Vienna consisting of the museums of the history of the city.
The viol, viola da gamba, or (informally) gamba, is any one of a family of bowed, fretted and stringed instruments with hollow wooden bodies and pegboxes where the tension on the strings can be increased or decreased to adjust the pitch of each of the strings.
The violin, also known informally as a fiddle, is a wooden string instrument in the violin family.
Volkmar von Braunbehrens (born 22 March 1941 in Freiburg im Breisgau) is a German musicologist, specialising in research about Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart.
A wheelwright is a craftsman who builds or repairs wooden wheels.
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (27 January 1756 – 5 December 1791), baptised as Johannes Chrysostomus Wolfgangus Theophilus Mozart, was a prolific and influential composer of the classical era.
2018 has been designated as the third International Year of the Reef by the International Coral Reef Initiative.
2019 (MMXIX) will be a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2019th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 19th year of the 3rd millennium, the 19th year of the 21st century, and the 10th and last year of the 2010s decade.