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Joseph Needham

Index Joseph Needham

Noel Joseph Terence Montgomery Needham (9 December 1900 – 24 March 1995) was a British biochemist, historian and sinologist known for his scientific research and writing on the history of Chinese science and technology. [1]

113 relations: Alicia Adélaide Needham, Allegations of biological warfare in the Korean War, Andre Gunder Frank, Anglo-Catholicism, Anthrax, Bachelor of Arts, Biochemist, Biochemistry, Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society, Biological warfare, British Academy, Buddhism, Cambridge, Cambridge Digital Library, Cambridge University Press, Cast iron, Chinese characters, Chongqing, Christian socialism, Christopher Cullen, Classical Chinese, Coching Chu, Cold War, Colin Ronan, Compass, Confucianism, Cultural Revolution, Daiwie Fu, De l'un au multiple: Traductions du chinois vers les langues européennes, Derek Bryan, Dexter Award, Diamond Sutra, Doctor of Philosophy, Dorothy M. Needham, Dunhuang, Dwight H. Terry Lectureship, Elizabeth II, Ely Cathedral, Embryology, Eurocentrism, Fellow of the Royal Society, Four Great Inventions, Frederick Gowland Hopkins, Fukuoka, Fukuoka Prize, Fuzhou, Gansu, George Sarton Medal, Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge, Great Wall of China, ..., Gujin Tushu Jicheng, Gunpowder, Gustav Haloun, Gymnosophy, HarperCollins, Hengyang, History of China, History of Science Society, Homeostasis, Joseph Needham Professor of Chinese History, Science, and Civilization, JSTOR, Julian Huxley, Karl Marx, Korean War, Leonardo da Vinci Medal, List of Chinese inventions, List of historians, List of sinologists, Lizhuang, Yibin, Lu Gwei-djen, Marxism, Master of Arts (Oxbridge and Dublin), Max Weber, Morphogenesis, Nanjing, Nathan Sivin, Navigation, Needham Research Institute, Nevill Francis Mott, North Korea, Northamptonshire, Order of the Companions of Honour, Oundle School, Parkinson's disease, Plowshare, Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, Printing, Robert K. G. Temple, Royal Society, Science and Civilisation in China, Science and technology in China, Simon Winchester, Sinology, Society for Anglo-Chinese Understanding, Soviet Union, Stirrup, Taoism, The Journal of Asian Studies, The Rise of the West, Trinity College, Cambridge, UNESCO, University of California Press, University of Cambridge, Wang Ling (historian), Wang Yinglai, William Wade (legal scholar), World Scientific, World War II, Wu Zuoren, Xiang River, Yale University Press, Yunnan, Zhou Enlai. Expand index (63 more) »

Alicia Adélaide Needham

Alicia Adélaide Needham (31 October 1863 – 24 December 1945) was an Irish composer of songs and ballads.

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Allegations of biological warfare in the Korean War

Allegations that the United States military used biological weapons in the Korean War (1950–53) were raised by the governments of People's Republic of China, the Soviet Union and North Korea.

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Andre Gunder Frank

Andre Gunder Frank (February 24, 1929 – April 23, 2005) was a German-American economic historian and sociologist who promoted dependency theory after 1970 and world-systems theory after 1984.

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The terms Anglo-Catholicism, Anglican Catholicism, and Catholic Anglicanism refer to people, beliefs and practices within Anglicanism that emphasise the Catholic heritage and identity of the various Anglican churches.

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Anthrax is an infection caused by the bacterium Bacillus anthracis.

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Bachelor of Arts

A Bachelor of Arts (BA or AB, from the Latin baccalaureus artium or artium baccalaureus) is a bachelor's degree awarded for an undergraduate course or program in either the liberal arts, sciences, or both.

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Biochemists are scientists that are trained in biochemistry.

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Biochemistry, sometimes called biological chemistry, is the study of chemical processes within and relating to living organisms.

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Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society

The Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society is an academic journal on the history of science published annually by the Royal Society.

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Biological warfare

Biological warfare (BW)—also known as germ warfare—is the use of biological toxins or infectious agents such as bacteria, viruses, and fungi with the intent to kill or incapacitate humans, animals or plants as an act of war.

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British Academy

The British Academy is the United Kingdom's national academy for the humanities and the social sciences.

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Buddhism is the world's fourth-largest religion with over 520 million followers, or over 7% of the global population, known as Buddhists.

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Cambridge is a university city and the county town of Cambridgeshire, England, on the River Cam approximately north of London.

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Cambridge Digital Library

The Cambridge Digital Library is a project operated by the Cambridge University Library designed to make items from the unique and distinctive collections of Cambridge University Library available online.

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Cambridge University Press

Cambridge University Press (CUP) is the publishing business of the University of Cambridge.

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Cast iron

Cast iron is a group of iron-carbon alloys with a carbon content greater than 2%.

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Chinese characters

Chinese characters are logograms primarily used in the writing of Chinese and Japanese.

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Chongqing, formerly romanized as Chungking, is a major city in southwest China.

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Christian socialism

Christian socialism is a form of religious socialism based on the teachings of Jesus of Nazareth.

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Christopher Cullen

Christopher Cullen is an English sinologist.

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Classical Chinese

Classical Chinese, also known as Literary Chinese, is the language of the classic literature from the end of the Spring and Autumn period through to the end of the Han Dynasty, a written form of Old Chinese.

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Coching Chu

Coching Chu or Zhu Kezhen (7 March 1890 – 7 February 1974) was a prominent Chinese meteorologist, geologist and educator.

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Cold War

The Cold War was a state of geopolitical tension after World War II between powers in the Eastern Bloc (the Soviet Union and its satellite states) and powers in the Western Bloc (the United States, its NATO allies and others).

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Colin Ronan

Colin A. Ronan FRAS (London, 4 June 1920 – 1 June 1995) was a British author and specialist in the history and philosophy of science.

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A compass is an instrument used for navigation and orientation that shows direction relative to the geographic cardinal directions (or points).

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Confucianism, also known as Ruism, is described as tradition, a philosophy, a religion, a humanistic or rationalistic religion, a way of governing, or simply a way of life.

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Cultural Revolution

The Cultural Revolution, formally the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution, was a sociopolitical movement in China from 1966 until 1976.

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Daiwie Fu

Daiwie Fu is a Taiwanese academic.

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De l'un au multiple: Traductions du chinois vers les langues européennes

De l'un au multiple: Traductions du chinois vers les langues européennes Translations from Chinese into European Languages ("From one into many: Translations from the Chinese to the European languages") is an academic book in French and English with essays about translations of Chinese into European languages.

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Derek Bryan

Herman Derek Bryan OBE (16 December 1910 – 17 September 2003) was a consular official, diplomat, sinologist, lecturer, writer, translator and editor.

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Dexter Award

The Dexter Award was an honor given out by the American Chemical Society from 1956 until 2001.

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Diamond Sutra

The Diamond Sūtra (Sanskrit:Vajracchedikā Prajñāpāramitā Sūtra) is a Mahāyāna (Buddhist) sūtra from the Prajñāpāramitā sutras or 'Perfection of Wisdom' genre.

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Doctor of Philosophy

A Doctor of Philosophy (PhD or Ph.D.; Latin Philosophiae doctor) is the highest academic degree awarded by universities in most countries.

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Dorothy M. Needham

Dorothy Mary Moyle Needham FRS (22 September 1896 – 22 December 1987) was an English biochemist known for her work on the biochemistry of muscle.

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Dunhuang is a county-level city in northwestern Gansu Province, Western China.

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Dwight H. Terry Lectureship

The Dwight H. Terry Lectureship, also known as the Terry Lectures, was established at Yale University in 1905 by a gift from Dwight H. Terry of Bridgeport, Connecticut.

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Elizabeth II

Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary; born 21 April 1926) is Queen of the United Kingdom and the other Commonwealth realms.

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Ely Cathedral

Ely Cathedral is an Anglican cathedral in the city of Ely, Cambridgeshire, England.

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Embryology (from Greek ἔμβρυον, embryon, "the unborn, embryo"; and -λογία, -logia) is the branch of biology that studies the prenatal development of gametes (sex cells), fertilization, and development of embryos and fetuses.

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Eurocentrism (also Western-centrism) is a worldview centered on and biased towards Western civilization.

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Fellow of the Royal Society

Fellowship of the Royal Society (FRS, ForMemRS and HonFRS) is an award granted to individuals that the Royal Society judges to have made a "substantial contribution to the improvement of natural knowledge, including mathematics, engineering science and medical science".

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Four Great Inventions

The Four Great Inventions are inventions from ancient China that are celebrated in Chinese culture for their historical significance and as symbols of ancient China's advanced science and technology.

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Frederick Gowland Hopkins

Sir Frederick Gowland Hopkins (20 June 1861 – 16 May 1947) was an English biochemist who was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1929, with Christiaan Eijkman, for the discovery of vitamins, even though Casimir Funk, a Polish biochemist, is widely credited with discovering vitamins.

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is the capital city of Fukuoka Prefecture, situated on the northern shore of Japanese island Kyushu.

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Fukuoka Prize

The is an award established by the city of Fukuoka and the Fukuoka City International Foundation (formerly The Yokatopia Foundation) to honor the outstanding work of individuals or organizations in preserving or creating Asian culture.

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Fuzhou, formerly romanized as Foochow, is the capital and one of the largest cities in Fujian province, China.

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Gansu (Tibetan: ཀན་སུའུ་ Kan su'u) is a province of the People's Republic of China, located in the northwest of the country.

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George Sarton Medal

The George Sarton Medal is the most prestigious award given by the History of Science Society.

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Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge

Gonville & Caius College (often referred to simply as Caius) is a constituent college of the University of Cambridge in Cambridge, England.

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Great Wall of China

The Great Wall of China is a series of fortifications made of stone, brick, tamped earth, wood, and other materials, generally built along an east-to-west line across the historical northern borders of China to protect the Chinese states and empires against the raids and invasions of the various nomadic groups of the Eurasian Steppe with an eye to expansion.

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Gujin Tushu Jicheng

The Gujin Tushu Jicheng, also known as the Imperial Encyclopaedia, is a vast encyclopedic work written in China during the reigns of the Qing Dynasty emperors Kangxi and Yongzheng.

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Gunpowder, also known as black powder to distinguish it from modern smokeless powder, is the earliest known chemical explosive.

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Gustav Haloun

Gustav Haloun (12 January 1898, Brtnice, Moravia, Austria-Hungary — 24 December 1951, Cambridge, England) was a Czech sinologist.

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Gymnosophy (from Greek γυμνός gymnós "naked" and σοφία sophía "wisdom") was a movement and a philosophy practiced in Europe and the USA from the end of the 19th century to the mid 20th century.

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HarperCollins Publishers L.L.C. is one of the world's largest publishing companies and is one of the Big Five English-language publishing companies, alongside Hachette, Macmillan, Penguin Random House, and Simon & Schuster.

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Hengyang is the second largest city of Hunan Province, China.

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History of China

The earliest known written records of the history of China date from as early as 1250 BC,William G. Boltz, Early Chinese Writing, World Archaeology, Vol.

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History of Science Society

The History of Science Society (HSS) is the primary professional society for the academic study of the history of science.

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Homeostasis is the tendency of organisms to auto-regulate and maintain their internal environment in a stable state.

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Joseph Needham Professor of Chinese History, Science, and Civilization

The Joseph Needham Professorship of Chinese History, Science and Civilisation (李約瑟漢學教授席位) (previously the Professorship of Chinese) is the senior professorship of Chinese at the University of Cambridge.

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JSTOR (short for Journal Storage) is a digital library founded in 1995.

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Julian Huxley

Sir Julian Sorell Huxley FRS (22 June 1887 – 14 February 1975) was a British evolutionary biologist, eugenicist, and internationalist.

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Karl Marx

Karl MarxThe name "Karl Heinrich Marx", used in various lexicons, is based on an error.

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Korean War

The Korean War (in South Korean, "Korean War"; in North Korean, "Fatherland: Liberation War"; 25 June 1950 – 27 July 1953) was a war between North Korea (with the support of China and the Soviet Union) and South Korea (with the principal support of the United States).

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Leonardo da Vinci Medal

The Leonardo da Vinci Medal is the highest award of the Society for the History of Technology (SHOT) established in 1962.

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List of Chinese inventions

China has been the source of many innovations, scientific discoveries and inventions.

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List of historians

This is a list of historians.

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List of sinologists

A list of sinologists around the world, past and present.

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Lizhuang, Yibin

Lizhuang (李庄镇) is a historic town in Yibin, Sichuan Province, China.

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Lu Gwei-djen

Lu Gwei-djen (July 22, 1904 - Nov 28, 1991) was a Chinese biochemist and historian.

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Marxism is a method of socioeconomic analysis that views class relations and social conflict using a materialist interpretation of historical development and takes a dialectical view of social transformation.

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Master of Arts (Oxbridge and Dublin)

In the universities of Oxford, Cambridge, and Dublin, Bachelors of Arts with Honours of these universities are promoted to the title of Master of Arts or Master in Arts (MA) on application after six or seven years' seniority as members of the university (including years as an undergraduate).

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Max Weber

Maximilian Karl Emil "Max" Weber (21 April 1864 – 14 June 1920) was a German sociologist, philosopher, jurist, and political economist.

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Morphogenesis (from the Greek morphê shape and genesis creation, literally, "beginning of the shape") is the biological process that causes an organism to develop its shape.

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Nanjing, formerly romanized as Nanking and Nankin, is the capital of Jiangsu province of the People's Republic of China and the second largest city in the East China region, with an administrative area of and a total population of 8,270,500.

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Nathan Sivin

Nathan Sivin (born 11 May 1931), also known as Xiwen, is an American author, scholar, sinologist, historian, essayist, and currently professor emeritus at the University of Pennsylvania.

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Navigation is a field of study that focuses on the process of monitoring and controlling the movement of a craft or vehicle from one place to another.

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Needham Research Institute

The Needham Research Institute or NRI (t), located on the grounds of Robinson College, in Cambridge, England, is a centre for research into the history of science, technology and medicine in East Asia.

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Nevill Francis Mott

Sir Nevill Francis Mott (30 September 1905 – 8 August 1996) was a British physicist who won the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1977 for his work on the electronic structure of magnetic and disordered systems, especially amorphous semiconductors.

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North Korea

North Korea (Chosŏn'gŭl:조선; Hanja:朝鮮; Chosŏn), officially the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (abbreviated as DPRK, PRK, DPR Korea, or Korea DPR), is a country in East Asia constituting the northern part of the Korean Peninsula.

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Northamptonshire (abbreviated Northants.), archaically known as the County of Northampton, is a county in the East Midlands of England.

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Order of the Companions of Honour

The Order of the Companions of Honour is an order of the Commonwealth realms.

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Oundle School

Oundle School is a co-educational boarding and day independent school in the ancient market town of Oundle in Northamptonshire.

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Parkinson's disease

Parkinson's disease (PD) is a long-term degenerative disorder of the central nervous system that mainly affects the motor system.

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In agriculture, a plowshare (US) or ploughshare (UK) is a component of a plow (or plough).

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Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh

Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh (born Prince Philip of Greece and Denmark, 10 June 1921) is the husband and consort of Queen Elizabeth II.

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Printing is a process for reproducing text and images using a master form or template.

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Robert K. G. Temple

Robert Kyle Grenville Temple (born 1945) is an American author best known for his controversial book The Sirius Mystery: New Scientific Evidence of Alien Contact 5,000 Years Ago (first published in 1976 though he began writing it in 1967, with a second edition in 1998 with a new title).

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Royal Society

The President, Council and Fellows of the Royal Society of London for Improving Natural Knowledge, commonly known as the Royal Society, is a learned society.

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Science and Civilisation in China

Science and Civilisation in China (1954–) is a series of books initiated and edited by British biochemist, historian and sinologist Joseph Needham, Ph.D (1900–1995).

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Science and technology in China

Science and technology have developed rapidly in China during the 1990s to 2010s.

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Simon Winchester

Simon Winchester, (born 28 September 1944) is a British-American author and journalist.

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Sinology or Chinese studies is the academic study of China primarily through Chinese language, literature, Chinese culture and history, and often refers to Western scholarship.

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Society for Anglo-Chinese Understanding

The Society for Anglo-Chinese Understanding (SACU) is an organisation established in 1965 to promote understanding and friendship between British and Chinese people.

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Soviet Union

The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.

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A stirrup is a light frame or ring that holds the foot of a rider, attached to the saddle by a strap, often called a stirrup leather.

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Taoism, also known as Daoism, is a religious or philosophical tradition of Chinese origin which emphasizes living in harmony with the Tao (also romanized as ''Dao'').

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The Journal of Asian Studies

The Journal of Asian Studies is a quarterly peer-reviewed academic journal published by Cambridge University Press on behalf of the Association for Asian Studies, covering Asian studies, ranging from history, the arts, social sciences, to philosophy of East, South, and Southeast Asia.

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The Rise of the West

The Rise of the West: A History of the Human Community is a book by University of Chicago historian William H. McNeill, first published in 1963 and enlarged with a retrospective preface in 1991.

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Trinity College, Cambridge

Trinity College is a constituent college of the University of Cambridge in England.

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The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO; Organisation des Nations unies pour l'éducation, la science et la culture) is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) based in Paris.

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University of California Press

University of California Press, otherwise known as UC Press, is a publishing house associated with the University of California that engages in academic publishing.

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University of Cambridge

The University of Cambridge (informally Cambridge University)The corporate title of the university is The Chancellor, Masters, and Scholars of the University of Cambridge.

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Wang Ling (historian)

Wang Ling (王鈴 (王铃), 1917 or 1918–1994) was a Chinese and Australian historian and educator known for his collaboration with Joseph Needham on the history of science and technology in China.

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Wang Yinglai

Wang Yinglai (13 November 1907 – 5 May 2001), also known as Ying-Lai Wang, was a Chinese biochemist recognized as the first person to create synthetic insulin, a major scientific breakthrough that produced a biologically active compound from inorganic chemicals.

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William Wade (legal scholar)

Sir Henry William Rawson Wade (16 January 1918 – 12 March 2004), known as William Wade, was a British academic lawyer, best known for his work on the law of real property and administrative law.

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World Scientific

World Scientific Publishing is an academic publisher of scientific, technical, and medical books and journals headquartered in Singapore.

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World War II

World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.

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Wu Zuoren

Wu Zuoren (3 November 1908 – 9 April 1997)Barnhart, R. M. et al.

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Xiang River

The Xiang River is the chief river of the Lake Dongting drainage system of the middle Yangtze, the largest river in Hunan Province, China.

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Yale University Press

Yale University Press is a university press associated with Yale University.

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Yunnan is a province of the People's Republic of China, located in the far southwest of the country.

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Zhou Enlai

Zhou Enlai (5 March 1898 – 8 January 1976) was the first Premier of the People's Republic of China, serving from October 1949 until his death in January 1976.

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[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joseph_Needham

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