131 relations: Alexander Pope, Alfred Drury, Allan Ramsay (artist), André Félibien, Angelica Kauffman, Apelles, Aphra Behn, Apollo Belvedere, Augustus Keppel, 1st Viscount Keppel, Balliol College, Oxford, Battle of Ushant (1778), Beaconsfield, Benjamin West, Bennet Langton, Bishop of Killaloe, Bishop of St Asaph, Burlington House, Captain George K. H. Coussmaker, Charles Alphonse du Fresnoy, Charles Lennox, 3rd Duke of Richmond, Colonel Acland and Lord Sydney: The Archers, Commonplace book, Dallas Museum of Art, Dan Cruickshank, David Garrick, Devon, Devonport, Plymouth, Ear trumpet, Edmond Malone, Edmund Burke, Edward Cornwallis, Elizabeth Johnson (pamphleteer), English art, English Channel, Estelle May Hurll, Frances Burney, Frances Reynolds, Frederick W. Hilles, French Revolution, George Augustus Eliott, 1st Baron Heathfield, George Clive (died 1779), George III of the United Kingdom, George Montagu-Dunk, 2nd Earl of Halifax, Gibraltar, Giuseppe Filippo Liberati Marchi, Giuseppe Marc'Antonio Baretti, Grand manner, Great Siege of Gibraltar, Guercino, Guinea (coin), ..., Hele's School, Henry Thrale, Hester Thrale, HMS Centurion (1732), Hugh Palliser, Huntington Library, Ian McIntyre, J. M. W. Turner, James Boswell, James Northcote, Jane Stanhope, Countess of Harrington, Jeffery Amherst, 1st Baron Amherst, John Constable, John Dryden, John Edgcumbe, John Fane, 9th Earl of Westmorland, John Milton, John Russell (art critic), Jonathan Richardson, Jonathan Shipley, Joseph Addison, Kitty Fisher, Knight Bachelor, Lady Caroline Howard, Lady Elizabeth Delmé and Her Children, Leicester Square, Leonardo da Vinci, Life of Samuel Johnson, London, Mark Antony, Martin Postle, Mary Nesbitt, Mary Palmer, Nathaniel Dance-Holland, Nathaniel Hone the Elder, National Gallery of Ireland, Nicholas Penny, Oliver Goldsmith, Ovid, Pericles, Peter Toms (painter), Philip Metcalfe, Plutarch, Plympton, Pompeo Batoni, Princeton University Art Museum, Principal Painter in Ordinary, Reflections on the Revolution in France, Richard Steele, Richard Warren, Richmond Hill, London, Royal Academy of Arts, Royal Society of Arts, Samuel Johnson, San Marino, California, Sarah Siddons as the Tragic Muse, Seneca the Younger, Sir George Baker, 1st Baronet, Society of Artists of Great Britain, St Paul's Cathedral, St. Martin's Lane, Statue of Joshua Reynolds, Tate, The Age of Innocence (painting), The Club (dining club), The Ladies Waldegrave, The Times, Theophrastus, Thomas Gainsborough, Thomas Hawkins (literary editor), Thomas Hudson (painter), Thomas Lawrence, Topham Beauclerk, Waddesdon Manor, Wick House, Richmond Hill, William Blake, William Chambers (architect), William Makepeace Thackeray, William Shakespeare, Yale University, Zachariah Mudge (priest). Expand index (81 more) » « Shrink index
Alexander Pope (21 May 1688 – 30 May 1744) was an 18th-century English poet.
(Edward) Alfred Briscoe Drury (11 November 1856 – 24 December 1944) was an English architectural sculptor and figure in the New Sculpture movement.
Allan Ramsay (13 October 171310 August 1784) was a prominent Scottish portrait-painter.
André Félibien (May 161911 June 1695), sieur des Avaux et de Javercy, was a French chronicler of the arts and official court historian to Louis XIV of France.
Maria Anna Angelika Kauffmann (30 October 1741 – 5 November 1807), usually known in English as Angelica Kauffman, was a Swiss Neoclassical painter who had a successful career in London and Rome.
Apelles of Kos (Ἀπελλῆς; fl. 4th century BC) was a renowned painter of ancient Greece.
Aphra Behn (14 December 1640? (baptismal date)–16 April 1689) was a British playwright, poet, translator and fiction writer from the Restoration era.
The Apollo Belvedere or Apollo of the Belvedere—also called the Pythian Apollo—is a celebrated marble sculpture from Classical Antiquity.
Admiral Augustus Keppel, 1st Viscount Keppel PC (25 April 17252 October 1786) was a Royal Navy officer and politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1755 to 1782.
Balliol College, founded in 1263,: Graduate Studies Prospectus - Last updated 17 Sep 08 is one of the constituent colleges of the University of Oxford in England.
The Battle of Ushant (French bataille d'Ouessant; also called the First Battle of Ushant) took place on 27 July 1778, and was fought between French and British fleets west of Ushant, an island at the mouth of the English Channel off the north-westernmost point of France.
Beaconsfield is a market town and civil parish within the South Bucks district in Buckinghamshire centred WNW of London and SSE of the county's administrative town, Aylesbury.
Benjamin West (October 10, 1738 – March 11, 1820) was an Anglo-American history painter around and after the time of the American War of Independence and the Seven Years' War.
Bennet Langton (– 1801) was an English writer and a founding member of the Literary Club.
The Bishop of Killaloe is an episcopal title which takes its name after the town of Killaloe in County Clare, Ireland.
The Bishop of St Asaph heads the Church in Wales diocese of St Asaph.
Burlington House is a building on Piccadilly in Mayfair, London.
Captain George K. H. Coussmaker (1782) is an oil on canvas portrait by Joshua Reynolds.
Charles Alphonse du Fresnoy (1611 – 16 January 1668), French painter and writer on his art Du Fresnoy was born in Paris, son of an apothecary.
Field Marshal Charles Lennox, 3rd Duke of Richmond, 3rd Duke of Lennox, 3rd Duke of Aubigny, (22 February 1735 – 29 December 1806), styled Earl of March until 1750, was a British Army officer and politician.
Colonel Acland and Lord Sydney: The Archers is an oil-on-canvas painting by Sir Joshua Reynolds undertaken between 1769 and 1770.
Commonplace books (or commonplaces) are a way to compile knowledge, usually by writing information into books.
The Dallas Museum of Art (DMA) is an art museum located in the Arts District of downtown Dallas, Texas, along Woodall Rodgers Freeway between St.
Dan Cruickshank (born 26 August 1949) is a British art historian and BBC television presenter, with a special interest in the history of architecture.
David Garrick (19 February 1717 – 20 January 1779) was an English actor, playwright, theatre manager and producer who influenced nearly all aspects of theatrical practice throughout the 18th century, and was a pupil and friend of Dr Samuel Johnson.
Devon, also known as Devonshire, which was formerly its common and official name, is a county of England, reaching from the Bristol Channel in the north to the English Channel in the south.
Devonport, formerly named Plymouth Dock or just Dock, is a district of Plymouth in the English county of Devon, although it was, at one time, the more important settlement.
Ear trumpets are tubular or funnel-shaped devices which collect sound waves and lead them into the ear.
Edmond Malone (4 October 1741 – 25 May 1812) was an Irish Shakespearean scholar and editor of the works of William Shakespeare.
Edmund Burke (12 January 17309 July 1797) was an Anglo-Irish statesman born in Dublin, as well as an author, orator, political theorist and philosopher, who after moving to London in 1750 served as a member of parliament (MP) between 1766 and 1794 in the House of Commons with the Whig Party.
Lieutenant General Edward Cornwallis (5 March 1713 – 14 January 1776) was a British military officer who was a member of the aristocratic Cornwallis family.
Elizabeth Johnson née Reynolds (8 July 1721 – 14 May 1800) was an English pamphleteer who attempted to win one of the rewards offered by the Longitude Act passed in 1714.
English art is the body of visual arts made in England.
The English Channel (la Manche, "The Sleeve"; Ärmelkanal, "Sleeve Channel"; Mor Breizh, "Sea of Brittany"; Mor Bretannek, "Sea of Brittany"), also called simply the Channel, is the body of water that separates southern England from northern France and links the southern part of the North Sea to the Atlantic Ocean.
Estelle May Hurll (1863–1924), a student of aesthetics, wrote a series of popular aesthetic analyses of art in the early twentieth century.
Frances Burney (13 June 17526 January 1840), also known as Fanny Burney and after her marriage as Madame d'Arblay, was an English satirical novelist, diarist and playwright.
Frances Reynolds (6 June 1729 – 1807) was an English artist, and the youngest sister of Sir Joshua Reynolds.
Frederick Whiley "Ted" Hilles (1900–1975) was Bodman Professor of English Literature at Yale University.
The French Revolution (Révolution française) was a period of far-reaching social and political upheaval in France and its colonies that lasted from 1789 until 1799.
George Augustus Eliott, 1st Baron Heathfield, PC, KB (25 December 1717 – 6 July 1790) was a British Army officer who served in three major wars during the eighteenth century.
George Clive (died 23 March 1779) was a British politician.
George III (George William Frederick; 4 June 1738 – 29 January 1820) was King of Great Britain and Ireland from 25 October 1760 until the union of the two countries on 1 January 1801, after which he was King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland until his death in 1820.
George Montagu-Dunk, 2nd Earl of Halifax, (6 October 1716 – 8 June 1771) was a British statesman of the Georgian era.
Gibraltar is a British Overseas Territory located at the southern tip of the Iberian Peninsula.
Giuseppe Filippo Liberati Marchi (1735 – 2 April 1808) was an Italian-English painter and engraver.
Giuseppe Marc'Antonio Baretti (24 April 1719, Turin, Piedmont – 5 May 1789, London) was an Italian literary critic, poet, writer, translator, linguist and author of two influential language-translation dictionaries.
Grand Manner refers to an idealized aesthetic style derived from classical art, and the modern "classic art" of the High Renaissance.
The Great Siege of Gibraltar was an unsuccessful attempt by Spain and France to capture Gibraltar from the British during the American War of Independence.
Giovanni Francesco Barbieri (February 8, 1591 – December 22, 1666), best known as Guercino, or il Guercino, was an Italian Baroque painter and draftsman from the region of Emilia, and active in Rome and Bologna.
The guinea was a coin of approximately one quarter ounce of gold that was minted in Great Britain between 1663 and 1814.
Hele's School, formerly Plympton Grammar School, is a mixed Academy school and Sixth Form in the Plympton district of Plymouth, England, east of Plymouth city centre.
Henry Thrale (1724/1730?–4 April 1781) was a British politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1765 to 1780.
Hester Lynch Thrale (born Hester Lynch Salusbury and after her second marriage becoming Hester Lynch Piozzi, 27 January 1741 – 2 May 1821) was a Welsh-born diarist, author, and patron of the arts.
HMS Centurion was a 60-gun fourth rate ship of the line of the Royal Navy, built at Portsmouth Dockyard and launched on 6 January 1732.
Admiral Sir Hugh Palliser, 1st Baronet (26 February 1723 – 19 March 1796) was a Royal Navy officer.
The Huntington Library, Art Collections and Botanical Gardens (or The Huntington) is a collections-based educational and research institution established by Henry E. Huntington (1850–1927) and located in Los Angeles County in San Marino, California.
Ian McIntyre (9 December 1931 – 19 April 2014) was a British BBC Radio producer, journalist, broadcaster and author.
Joseph Mallord William Turner (23 April 177519 December 1851), known as J. M. W. Turner and contemporarily as William Turner, was an English Romantic painter, printmaker and watercolourist, known for his expressive colourisation, imaginative landscapes and turbulent, often violent marine paintings.
James Boswell, 9th Laird of Auchinleck (29 October 1740 – 19 May 1795), was a Scottish biographer and diarist, born in Edinburgh.
James Northcote (Plymouth 22 October 1746 – 13 July 1831 London) was an English painter.
Jane Stanhope, Countess of Harrington (née Fleming; 23 May 1755 – 3 February 1824), was a society hostess and heiress who served as a lady of the Bedchamber to the British queen Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz.
Field Marshal Jeffery Amherst, 1st Baron Amherst, (29 January 1717 – 3 August 1797) served as an officer in the British Army and as Commander-in-Chief of the Forces.
John Constable, (11 June 1776 – 31 March 1837) was an English landscape painter in the naturalistic tradition.
John Dryden (–) was an English poet, literary critic, translator, and playwright who was made England's first Poet Laureate in 1668.
John Oliver Pearce Edgcumbe, FRCP, (1920 – 18 October 2001) was a British medical practitioner who became Devon's first consultant haematologist.
John Fane, 9th Earl of Westmorland (5 May 1728 – 25 April 1774), known as Lord Burghersh until 1771, was an English peer and Member of Parliament.
John Milton (9 December 16088 November 1674) was an English poet, polemicist, man of letters, and civil servant for the Commonwealth of England under its Council of State and later under Oliver Cromwell.
John Russell CBE (22 January 1919 – 23 August 2008) was a British American art critic.
Jonathan Richardson (London 12 January 1667 – 28 May 1745 London) sometimes called "the Elder" to distinguish him from his son (Jonathan Richardson the Younger) was an English artist, collector of drawings, and writer on art, working almost entirely as a portrait-painter in London.
Jonathan Shipley (1714 – 6 December 1788) was a clergyman in the Church in Wales, also having held offices in the Church of England (including Dean of Winchester from 1760 to 1769), who became Bishop of Llandaff from January to September 1769 and Bishop of St Asaph from September 1769 until his death.
Joseph Addison (1 May 1672 – 17 June 1719) was an English essayist, poet, playwright, and politician.
Kitty Fisher (1741–1767) was a prominent British courtesan.
The dignity of Knight Bachelor is the most basic and lowest rank of a man who has been knighted by the monarch but not as a member of one of the organised orders of chivalry; it is a part of the British honours system.
Lady Caroline Howard (1778) is an oil on canvas portrait by Joshua Reynolds.
Lady Elizabeth Delmé and Her Children (1779) is an oil on canvas portrait by Joshua Reynolds.
Leicester Square is a pedestrianised square in the West End of London, England.
Leonardo di ser Piero da Vinci (15 April 14522 May 1519), more commonly Leonardo da Vinci or simply Leonardo, was an Italian polymath of the Renaissance, whose areas of interest included invention, painting, sculpting, architecture, science, music, mathematics, engineering, literature, anatomy, geology, astronomy, botany, writing, history, and cartography.
The Life of Samuel Johnson, LL.D. (1791) is a biography of Dr. Samuel Johnson written by James Boswell.
London is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.
Marcus Antonius (Latin:; 14 January 1 August 30 BC), commonly known in English as Mark Antony or Marc Antony, was a Roman politician and general who played a critical role in the transformation of the Roman Republic from an oligarchy into the autocratic Roman Empire.
Martin Postle is a British art historian who is deputy director for collections and publications at the Paul Mellon Centre for Studies in British Art, London, and a leading expert on the art of Sir Joshua Reynolds.
Mary Nesbitt (born 1742/3 – died 1825) was an English upper class socialite and courtesan who mixed in the elevated circles of government and royalty in late 18th century Great Britain.
Mary Palmer (9 February 1716 – 27 May 1794), née Mary Reynolds, was an author from Devon, England, who wrote Devonshire Dialogue, once considered the "best piece of literature in the vernacular of Devon".
Sir Nathaniel Dance-Holland, 1st Baronet (8 May 1735 – 15 October 1811) was a notable English portrait painter and later a politician.
Nathaniel Hone (24 April 1718 – 14 August 1784) was an Irish-born portrait and miniature painter, and one of the founder members of the Royal Academy in 1768.
The National Gallery of Ireland (Gailearaí Náisiúnta na hÉireann) houses the national collection of Irish and European art.
Sir Nicholas Beaver Penny (born 21 December 1949) is a British art historian.
Oliver Goldsmith (10 November 1728 – 4 April 1774) was an Irish novelist, playwright and poet, who is best known for his novel The Vicar of Wakefield (1766), his pastoral poem The Deserted Village (1770), and his plays The Good-Natur'd Man (1768) and She Stoops to Conquer (1771, first performed in 1773).
Publius Ovidius Naso (20 March 43 BC – 17/18 AD), known as Ovid in the English-speaking world, was a Roman poet who lived during the reign of Augustus.
Pericles (Περικλῆς Periklēs, in Classical Attic; c. 495 – 429 BC) was a prominent and influential Greek statesman, orator and general of Athens during the Golden Age — specifically the time between the Persian and Peloponnesian wars.
Peter Toms RA (fl. 1748, died 1 January 1777) was an English painter, specialising in depicting drapery for the works of other artists.
Philip Metcalfe,, (29 August 1733 – 26 August 1818), was an English Tory politician, a malt distiller and a philanthropist.
Plutarch (Πλούταρχος, Ploútarkhos,; c. CE 46 – CE 120), later named, upon becoming a Roman citizen, Lucius Mestrius Plutarchus, (Λούκιος Μέστριος Πλούταρχος) was a Greek biographer and essayist, known primarily for his Parallel Lives and Moralia.
Plympton, or Plympton Maurice or Plympton St Maurice or Plympton St Mary or Plympton Erle, in south-western Devon, is a populous, north-eastern suburb of the city of Plymouth of which it officially became part, along with Plymstock, in 1967.
Pompeo Girolamo Batoni (25 January 1708 – 4 February 1787) was an Italian painter who displayed a solid technical knowledge in his portrait work and in his numerous allegorical and mythological pictures.
The Princeton University Art Museum (PUAM) is the Princeton University's gallery of art, located in Princeton, New Jersey.
The title of Principal Painter in Ordinary to the King or Queen of England or, later, Great Britain, was awarded to a number of artists, nearly all mainly portraitists.
Reflections on the Revolution in France is a political pamphlet written by the Irish statesman Edmund Burke and published in November 1790.
Sir Richard Steele (bap. 12 March 1672 – 1 September 1729) was an Irish writer, playwright, and politician, remembered as co-founder, with his friend Joseph Addison, of the magazine The Tatler.
Richard Warren (c. 1578 – c.1628) was one of the passengers on the Pilgrim ship Mayflower and a signer of the Mayflower Compact.
Richmond Hill in Richmond, London is a hill that rises gently on its northern side from the ancient Thames meadowlands around the site of Richmond Palace up to and slightly beyond the Richmond Gate entrance to Richmond Park, the former royal hunting grounds enclosed by Charles I. The descent southwestwards from this point back down to the upstream meadows is noticeably steeper, although the down gradient is less marked on its southerly and easterly progress through the park itself.
The Royal Academy of Arts (RA) is an art institution based in Burlington House on Piccadilly in London.
The Royal Society for the Encouragement of Arts, Manufactures and Commerce (RSA) is a London-based, British organisation committed to finding practical solutions to social challenges.
Samuel Johnson LL.D. (18 September 1709 – 13 December 1784), often referred to as Dr.
San Marino is a city in Los Angeles County, California, United States, incorporated on April 12, 1913 The city is located in the San Rafael Hills.
Sarah Siddons as the Tragic Muse is a 1784 oil painting by Joshua Reynolds.
Seneca the Younger AD65), fully Lucius Annaeus Seneca and also known simply as Seneca, was a Roman Stoic philosopher, statesman, dramatist, and—in one work—satirist of the Silver Age of Latin literature.
Sir George Baker, 1st Baronet, FRS, FSA (1 January 1722 – 15 June 1809) was an English physician.
The Society of Artists of Great Britain was founded in London in May 1761 by an association of artists in order to provide a venue for the public exhibition of recent work by living artists, such as was having success in the long-established Paris salons.
St Paul's Cathedral, London, is an Anglican cathedral, the seat of the Bishop of London and the mother church of the Diocese of London.
A statue of Sir Joshua Reynolds stands in the "Annenberg Courtyard" of Burlington House, off Piccadilly in the City of Westminster, London, England.
Tate is an institution that houses the United Kingdom's national collection of British art, and international modern and contemporary art.
The Age of Innocence is an oil on canvas painting by Sir Joshua Reynolds, created in either 1785 or 1788 and measuring 765 x 638 mm.
The Club or Literary Club is a London dining club founded in February 1764 by the artist Joshua Reynolds and essayist Samuel Johnson, with Edmund Burke, the Irish philosopher-politician.
The Ladies Waldegrave is a 1780-81 portrait by Joshua Reynolds, now in the National Gallery of Scotland, who acquired it in 1952.
The Times is a British daily (Monday to Saturday) national newspaper based in London, England.
Theophrastus (Θεόφραστος Theόphrastos; c. 371 – c. 287 BC), a Greek native of Eresos in Lesbos,Gavin Hardy and Laurence Totelin, Ancient Botany, 2015, p. 8.
Thomas Gainsborough FRSA (14 May 1727 (baptised) – 2 August 1788) was an English portrait and landscape painter, draughtsman, and printmaker.
Thomas Hawkins (1729–1772) was an English Anglican priest, academic and literary editor.
Thomas Hudson (1701 – 26 January 1779) was an English portrait painter.
Sir Thomas Lawrence PRA FRS (13 April 1769 – 7 January 1830) was a leading English portrait painter and the fourth president of the Royal Academy. Lawrence was a child prodigy. He was born in Bristol and began drawing in Devizes, where his father was an innkeeper. At the age of ten, having moved to Bath, he was supporting his family with his pastel portraits. At eighteen he went to London and soon established his reputation as a portrait painter in oils, receiving his first royal commission, a portrait of Queen Charlotte, in 1790. He stayed at the top of his profession until his death, aged 60, in 1830. Self-taught, he was a brilliant draughtsman and known for his gift of capturing a likeness, as well as his virtuoso handling of paint. He became an associate of the Royal Academy in 1791, a full member in 1794, and president in 1820. In 1810 he acquired the generous patronage of the Prince Regent, was sent abroad to paint portraits of allied leaders for the Waterloo chamber at Windsor Castle, and is particularly remembered as the Romantic portraitist of the Regency. Lawrence's love affairs were not happy (his tortuous relationships with Sally and Maria Siddons became the subject of several books) and, in spite of his success, he spent most of life deep in debt. He never married. At his death, Lawrence was the most fashionable portrait painter in Europe. His reputation waned during Victorian times, but has since been partially restored.
Topham Beauclerk (22 December 1739 – 11 March 1780) was a celebrated wit and a friend of Dr Johnson and Horace Walpole.
Waddesdon Manor is a country house in the village of Waddesdon, in Buckinghamshire, England.
Wick House is a house in Richmond, Greater London, located near the corner of Nightingale Lane and Richmond Hill in Surrey.
William Blake (28 November 1757 – 12 August 1827) was an English poet, painter, and printmaker.
Sir William Chambers (23 February 1723 – 10 March 1796) was a Scottish-Swedish architect, based in London.
William Makepeace Thackeray (18 July 1811 – 24 December 1863) was a British novelist and author.
William Shakespeare (26 April 1564 (baptised)—23 April 1616) was an English poet, playwright and actor, widely regarded as both the greatest writer in the English language, and the world's pre-eminent dramatist.
Yale University is an American private Ivy League research university in New Haven, Connecticut.
Zachariah Mudge (1694–1769) was an English clergyman, known for his sermons, and his deist or Platonist views.